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Programme for the Water Sector between South

Sudan and the Netherlands Water for Eastern

Equatoria State - Lot2: ProWaS/SSN-EES

Programme for the Water Sector between South Sudan and the Netherlands Water for
Eastern Equatoria State Lot 2: (ProWaS/SSN-EES)
Terms of Reference for KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practices) Assessments
1. Background
The Water for Eastern Equatoria State (ProWaS/SSN-EES)Project, Lot 2, is part of the broader bilateral
water programme funded through the Dutch Multi Annual Strategic Plan 2012-2015 for South Sudan and
carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Electricity, Dams, Irrigation and Water Resources of the
Republic of South Sudan. Niras-Denmark is providing direct technical assistance to the Ministry of Land,
Housing and Public Utilities at state level. The other two components of this programme are: Lot 1: Water
for Lakes State (ProWaS/SSN-Lakes) with TA provided by Euroconsult Mott McDonald and Lot 3: From
Policy and Strategy to Governance and Knowledge (ProWaS/SSN-PSGK). The latter being suspended
because of the conflict situation.
The Water for Eastern Equatoria State Project consists of three interrelated components: 1) Integrated Land
and Water Resources Management (ILWRM) in the Kenneti Watershed (in Torit and Lafon/Imehejek
administrative areas), 2) Water for Productive Use (agriculture, horticulture, livestock) in the Kenneti
Watershed and Kapoeta North, Kapoeta East and Kapoeta South Counties and 3) Water, Sanitation and
Hygiene (WASH) in the Kenneti Watershed and the three Kapoeta Counties. Project activities should,
however, not be seen in isolation: an integrated approach both within a sector and across sectors is followed.
An Inception Phase of 6 months started on 1st May 2014 mostly planning, institutional integration of the
Project within the State and partner analyses. In November 2014 implementation started and the Project
works with a fund management strategy. This consists of fund management for NGOs to implement the
project activities including capacity building of Government and communities. The introduction of
sustainability and community ownership are at the foundation of these activities for all three components.
The ultimate aim, in the longer term, is that State Government institutions and especially the Counties that
are responsible for implementation, take up their responsibilities and have attained the required capability to
do so through strong emphasis on capacity building. In the interim and with technical support, Counties will
also be granted pre-conditional finance, to take up WASH activities by themselves, especially the
rehabilitation of broken down boreholes.
The Project has pilot and implementation activities ongoing and starting on a larger scale from early 2016.
To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of the targeted communities is an important pre-phase to
carry-out community development and provide the guidance required for their success and above all
sustainability. This does not only consist of technical advice, but more so building on traditional
organizational community structures and improving on them for development and ownership.
The Project has chosen the use of focused and geographically concentrated KAPs, where activities will be
implemented, rather than extensive, more quantitative, large-scale socio-economic base-line surveys based
on a questionnaire and executed with enumerators. This is in view of the wide variety of ethnic groups and
vast cultural differences in Eastern Equatoria and the limitation of a one template questionnaire.
Furthermore, the difficulty of accessibility to cover the entire Project Area.

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Programme for the Water Sector between South

Sudan and the Netherlands Water for Eastern
Equatoria State - Lot2: ProWaS/SSN-EES

With the KAPs, the Project expects to obtain in-depth information of the knowledge, attitude and existing
practices for specific project activities and especially for the more complicated pilot activities introducing
irrigation (WPU), improved land management and farming systems (ILWRM). The KAPs will be repeated
annually to measure change and impact of the activities.
The Project seeks to deploy one or two short-term consultants to carry out the KAPs as soon as possible for
the three components of the Project, in specific areas of the Project. Apart from the overall content of the
KAPs to be agreed upon with the Technical Team of the Project, gender issues, especially the engagement
of women and youth in the activities; and potential conflict and its management pertaining to the activities,
are two important cross-cutting concerns to be adequately addressed in each KAP.

2. Objective and Scope of Work

2.1 Objective
The objective of this consultancy is to provide in-depth and individual KAP assessments for each particular
area agreed upon and based on the activities that are planned. Thus, a KAP for a pilot irrigation project
activity will differ from a KAP where WASH is the main activity. Although some quantitative information
will be gathered, the in-depth qualitative information is regarded the most important, especially where up to
now unknown activities are going to be implemented for the first time. In that respect it is also very
important to get the community perspective on their willingness to contribute, the activity is fully community
owned and sustainability is ensured.
2.2 Scope of Work
The consultant(s) main tasks will be:

Submit a work plan to the Team Leader for this consultancy within one week of signing the
Review the wide variety of project activities and establish the core KAP issues with the Project
Technical Team for each component and for each KAP area;
Jointly with the TA Team set KAP priorities for all components and establish a realistic timing of
KAPs to be done before mid-December 2015 and a second round of KAPs in early 2016.

Apart from more detailed inputs by the TAT to be agreed upon, the following over-arching issues:
Examine and critically analyse gender /youth roles, leadership (governance), grassroot
institutions, traditional conflict management and social relations among the ethnic groups
Investigate if the planned pilot actions could bring potential conflict from the perspective of
the inter-community Conflicts, based on use of common resources, internal conflicts,
neighbours; and look into community based conflict resolutions
In-depth assessment of the willingness of the community to participate fully in the activities
proposed and to own the project and contribute financially
Assessment of current knowledge with regard to the proposed action(s) and list lack of
technical, organisational capacity that will require training.
Assess the attitude towards the introduction of savings and loans (village bank/micro
finance?) system at community level to provide financial support for those actions where
this is required (i.e. irrigation and Fisheries).
Look into present overall constraints in livelihoods options; including skills, input and
marketing chains as presently exist.

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Programme for the Water Sector between South

Sudan and the Netherlands Water for Eastern
Equatoria State - Lot2: ProWaS/SSN-EES

Conduct brief presentation for the TA Team after each two KAPs.
Develop key KAP findings to be followed in subsequent annual follow-up KAPs and
principle indicators for measuring impact of the actions.
Coordinate logistical support by the Project in a timely fashion with the Team Leader.
Provide concise reports for each KAP for submission to the Team Leader.

3. Qualification requirements

Masters Degree in Development Studies, Social Sciences, Sociology or related fields

Ability to work in cross-cultural settings, under pressure and in fluid situations

Good communication skills and personal disposition, fluency in English.

4. Experience
At least 10 years experience in community development in Africa and specifically in the
Republic of South Sudan. Experience in Eastern Equatoria State is an advantage.
Experience in developing the content for KAP surveys is essential
Experience with implementation of KAP surveys is important
Work experience in conflict areas is an advantage
Experience in report writing and presentation
Experience in travelling and working in remote areas
Experience in organising and conducting work shops

Good training and facilitation skills at community level
Good skills in developing manuals and guidelines
Excellent communication skills
Excellent data collation and analytical skills
Good computer skills

6. Language
Fluency in both spoken and written English. Where translation services are required, the Project will assist
and finance.
7. Methodology
The KAPs will be held at village/boma level with the relevant communities and inclusive of both
traditional, administrative leadership and a representative community participation.
As much as possible and as culture allows a good representation of women, youth and elders is
important and should be promoted strongly to obtain a good cross-section of participants.
The time taken for a KAP should not be excessive and accommodate villagers to also deal with their
daily chores. This requires coordination at village level, also to avoid excessive travel and
disappointing participation.
The consultant will not undertake any other work for a third party during this assignment.
8. Duration
It is estimated that one KAP inclusive of report writing will take 3 field days and 2 workdays for travel
while the report will take two more work days per KAP in areas within Torit County. The KAP surveys
will have to be carried out in two phases. First phase from mid-November till mid-December. It is
expected that at least two KAPs can be finalised during this period, including one week for defining the

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Programme for the Water Sector between South

Sudan and the Netherlands Water for Eastern
Equatoria State - Lot2: ProWaS/SSN-EES

content for each KAP clearly (5 workdays) at inception. The contract will be divided into two phases,
total 19 workdays inclusive of field travel.
9. Timing
The consultancy will be divided over two phases, 19 work days before mid-December 2015 and a second
phase from mid-January 2016 onwards. Exact timing of that phase is still to be determined and depends
on progress during the first phase. Thus two separate contracts will guide implementation.
10. Supervision
The consultant will be supervised by the Team Leader of the Project or as delegated by the TL. Draft
reports for each KAP will be submitted within 2 days after a KAP has been finished. A final report for
the first phase is submitted by 20th December end of the business day in one soft copy.
11. Location
The consultancy will take place within the Project Area in Eastern Equatoria State. The first phase will
concentrate on the western part of the State.
12. Transport and accommodation
The consultant will be provided with transport by the Project, while accommodation is payable from the
consultants DSA and is to be invoiced with the fees to NIRAS Denmark.
13. Outputs
The following deliverables are expected:

Ten hard copies of each KAP report and one soft copy of each;
A proposed schedule for phase 2 KAPs;
Recommendations in writing of any improvements to the KAP strategy.

Torit, 9th November 2015

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