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SECTION 2

Finishes

Section 2 FINISHES

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART/CLAUSE

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2
3
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TITLE

Lath and Plaster


Tiles
Natural Stones
Floor Screeds and Treatments
Joints Caulking and Sealants
Carpeting
Vinyl Floor Covering
Ceilings
Acoustic Wood wool Panels

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ARCHITECTURAL
SPECIFICATIONS

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SECTION 2 FINISHES
FINISHES TO BUILDINGS
1. LATH AND PLASTER
1.1

General

1.1.1 Scope
Add the following at the end of paragraph no. 1:
Type of plaster used in this project shall be as follows:
-

Rendering with ordinary Portland cement mixes for both internal and external
wall applications, two-coat work on solid backgrounds and 3-coat work on metal lath.

Plaster with ordinary Portland cement, one-coat work for bottom of structural slabs
concealed by suspended ceilings.

Rendering with ordinary Portland cement, one-coat work for walls to have tile finish
fixed with thin adhesive bedding.

1.1.2 References
Delete first reference in list of references and replace with:
BS EN 197-1 Cement, Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common
cements
1.1.3 Submittals
1

In accordance with the relevant provisions of Section 1 General, the Contractor is to


furnish the following:

Product Data for each product specified.

Samples of each material, miscellaneous material and accessory to be used in the


Works.

Field samples for verification at least 1200 mm square of each type of finish indicated;
in sets for each colour, texture, and pattern specified, showing the full range of
variations expected in these characteristics.

Material Certificates: Submit certificate signed by manufacturer for each plaster


material used certifying that materials comply with requirements.

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1.2

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Metal Lath

1.2.1 General

1.3

Expanded metal lath for use as background for plaster shall be rib lath in
sheet form manufactured to BS 1369: Part 1:1987 of galvanised steel to BS EN
10142-DX5 1D, weight of zinc coating 275/m2 total both sides. Weight of expanded
metal lath shall not be less than 1.90 kg/m2. Lath shall have a minimum aperture of 6
mm measured the short way of the mesh.

Expanded metal lath for use as reinforcement for plaster shall be diamond lath in coil
or strip form manufactured to BS 1369: Part 1:1987 of galvanised steel to BS EN
10142-DX5 1D, weight of zinc coating 275/m2 total both sides. Weight of expanded
metal lath shall not be less than 1.22 kg/m2. Width of coil or strip shall not be less than
200mm. Prefabricated L- shaped pieces shall be used for corners.

Beads and Stops

1.3.1 Materials
1

BEADS/STOPS:

Provide beads/stops at all external angles and stop ends except where specified otherwise.
Cut neatly, form mitres at return angles and remove sharp edges, swarf and other
potentially
dangerous projections.
Fix securely, plumb, square and true to line and level. Fix at not more than 600 mm centres,
ensuring full contact of wings with background. Dabs, if used, to be of undercoat
material, fastenings to be stainless steel.
After coatings have been applied, remove coating material while still wet from surfaces of
beads/stops which are to be exposed to view.
2

ANGLE BEADS:

Angle beds provide true and straight corners which are ressitant to chipping and cracking
giving strength and protection against everyday knocks.
Fix either by nailing or using plaster dabs.
Material is manufactured from stainless steel to BS 1449: Part 2: 1983, Grade 304S15. all
beds are manufactured in accordance with BS 6452: Part 1 :1984
3

PLASTER STOP BEADS:

Plaster stop beds provide clean, neat edges at openings or abutments onto other wall
surfaces or ceiling finishes. Available to suit plaster thickness of 10/13/16/19 mm. The

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addition of a PVC extension to 2 plaster stop beads provides a movement bead to allow
movement between surfaces resulting form differential expansion or settlement.
Fix either by nailing or using plaster dabs.
Material is manufactured from stainless steel to BS 1449: Part 2:1983, grade 304S15. Beds
are manufactured in accordance with BS 6452: Part 1: 1984.
4

RENDER STOP BEADS:

Material is used to obtain a neat, bell cast lower edges to external finishes and helps to
protect against run of water.
Fix either by nailing or using plaster dabs.
Material is manufactured from stainless steel to BS 1449: Part 2:1983 grade 304S15. All beds
are manufactured in accordance with BS 6452: Part 1:1984
5

Casing Beads and Grooves:


Square-edged style, with expanded flanges of
stainless steel minimum 0.45 mm thick

Control Joints: Prefabricated, of stainless steel minimum 0.45 mm thick, one piece
type. Provide removable protective tape on plaster face of control joints.

Grooves: Prefabricated, of stainless steel minimum 0.45 mm thick, with expanded


flange at one side of large-mesh diamond-metal lath allowing full plaster encasement.
Comply with details indicated on Drawings or approved shop drawings for depth and
width of groove. Provide removable protective tape on core of groove.

Lath Attachment Devices: Material and type recommended by lath manufacturer


of same corrosion resistance standard as lath.
1.3.2 Fixing Beads and Stops
1.

General:
Comply with referenced lathing and furring installation standards for
provision and location of plaster accessories of type indicated. Mitre or cope
accessories at corners; install with tight joints and in alignment. Attach
accessories securely to plaster bases to hold accessories in place and in
alignment during plastering. Install accessories of type indicated on

Drawings at following locations:


2

External Corners: Install corner reinforcement at external corners.

Terminations of plaster: Install casing beads, unless otherwise indicated.


3

Control Joints: Install at locations indicated or, if not indicated, at locations complying
with the following criteria and approved by Engineer:

Where an expansion or construction joint occurs in surface of construction directly behind


plaster membrane.
Distance between Control Joints:

Comply

with

requirements

for

standards

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referenced for application hereafter.


Where plaster panel sizes or dimensions change, extend joints full width or height of
plaster membrane.
Maximum distance between consecutive stops or beads shall not exceed 3.00m in
both directions.
4
1.4

1.5

Grooves: Install to the panel indicated on Drawings or approved shop drawings.

Preparation of Substrata
1

Prior to applying any plaster coat, etch concrete and concrete unit masonry surfaces
indicated for direct plaster application.
Scrub with acid-etching solution on
previously wetted surface and rinse thoroughly with clean water. Repeat application,
if necessary, to obtain adequate suction and mechanical bond of plaster Acid-Etching
Solution shall be muriatic acid (10 percent solution of commercial hydrochloric acid)
mixed 1 part to not less than 6 nor more than 10 parts water.

Reinforcement to Service Chases: Where plastering crosses service chases and the
like, cover chases with expanded metal strip fixed at not more than 600 mm centres
along both edges.

Install plaster beads and stops as specified.

Refer to Section 18 for installing permanent wood grounds, if any.

Preparation of mixes for rendering

1.5.1 Preparation Procedures and Selection of materials


1

The terms Renderand "plaster" is used equally in Contract Documents for exterior
and interior cement-based coating (render).
The specifications of " rendering"
materials, preparation of backgrounds, fixing beads and stops, preparation of mixes,
application of various coats; as included in the QCS specifications and these
alterations shall be equally applied to all wall surfaces indicated on Drawings to be
plastered.

All render mixes shall be cement-sand mixes. Use of lime is not permitted. Approved
liquid-type admixture that replaces the effect of lime in the mix can be used to the
instructions of the manufacturer. Do not use calcium chloride or any admixtures
containing calcium chloride. Comply with requirements of paragraph number 8.

Cement for all render mixes shall be ordinary Portland cement to BS EN 197-1. Sand
shall be to BS 1199, table 1. Mixes for rendering below ground level which will come
in contact with soil shall be with sulphate resistant Portland cement if the soil report
has recommended the same for foundation concrete.

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4

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Render work shall be two-coat work for render on solid wall backgrounds including
blockwork and concrete and 3-coat work over metal lath. Excluding spatter dash
keying mix, overall thickness of internal render (plaster) coats shall be 15 mm and
of external plaster shall be 20 mm. Thickness of coats shall be as follows:
Base Coat (undercoat): 10 12 mm
Finish (Final) Coat:

5 - 8 mm.

For application on metal lath, a scratch coat as specified in paragraph 6 of Clause


2.10.2 of this section shall precede the two-coat work. Mix proportions for scratch
coat shall be 300 Kg ordinary Portland cement to 1 m3 sand
5

Cement: sand proportions for render mixes shall be as follows, by volume: Base Coat
(undercoat): 1 part cement: 4.5 to 5 parts sand.
Finish (Final) Coat 1 Part cement to 6-7 parts sand.

6
7

Mix for base coat shall always be richer in cement than mix for finish coat. Base
mix may be used for both base and finish coats. Mix proportions and preparation
for spatter dash keying shall be as specified in sub-paragraph (b) of sub-clause 2.9.1 of
this Section.
Render on walls to receive tile finish shall be 1-coat work using same mix for
base coat, excluding work the spatterdash keying coat, 15 mm thick.
Where bonding agent is approved by the Engineer for use in lieu of spatter dash
keying, bonding agent shall be Styrene-Butadiene co-polymer latex. Apply bonding
agent in strict accordance with manufacturers printed instructions.

1.5.2 Application of the Various Render Coats


1

Plaster Application Standard: Apply plaster materials, composition, and mixes to


comply with BS
5492 and BS 8000: Part 10 for internal plastering, and BS 5262 and BS 8000:
Part 10 for external plastering.

Flat Surface Tolerances: Do not deviate more than plus or minus 3 mm in 3 m from a
true plane in finished plaster surfaces, as measured with a 3m straightedge placed at
any location on surface.
Smooth finish for render or plaster to receive painting shall be by trowelling or floating
to produce a tight, matt, smooth surface with no hollows, abrupt changes of level or
trowel marks. Do not use water brush and avoid excessive trowelling and over
polishing.
Comb surface of coats to receive tile finish as specified in paragraph 5 of sub clause 2.10.2 of this section. Accuracy of rendering to receive tiles fixed with adhesive:
The variation in gap under a 2m straight edge (with feet) placed anywhere on the
surface to be not more than 3mm.

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2 Tiles
2.1 General
2.1 .1 References
Amend list of references to read as follows:
British Standards Institute (BSI) - UK
BS 5385-1

Wall and floor tiling. Code of practice for the design and installation of
internal ceramic and natural stone wall tiling and mosaics in normal
conditions (includes grouting).

BS 5385-3

Wall and floor tiling. Code of practice for the design and installation of
ceramic floor tiles and mosaics

BS 5980

Specification for adhesives for use with ceramic tiles and mosaics

BS 6431- 6

Ceramic floor and wall tiles. Specification for dust- pressed ceramic
tiles with a low water absorption (E <= 3%). Group B1

BS 6431 -7

Ceramic floor and wall tiles

2.1.2 Submittals
1

In accordance with the relevant provisions of Section 1 General, the Contractor is to furnish
the following:

Product Data: For each type of tile, mortar, grout, and other products specified.

Shop Drawings: For the following:


-

Tile patterns and locations.

Widths, details, and locations of perimeter and intermediate movement joints in


tile substrates and finished tile surfaces.
4

Tile Samples for Initial Selection: Manufacturer's colour charts consisting of actual tiles
or sections of tiles showing the full range of colours, textures, and patterns available for each
type and composition of tile indicated. Include Samples of accessories involving colour
selection.

Samples for Verification: Of each item listed below, prepared on Samples of size
and construction indicated. Where products involve normal colour and texture variations,
include Sample sets showing the full range of variations expected.
Each type and composition of tile and for each colour and texture required, at least 300
mm square, mounted on braced cementitious backer units, and with grouted joints using

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product complying with specified requirements and approved for completed work in colour
or colours selected by Engineer.
Full- size units of each type of trim and accessory for each colour required. Metal edge strips in
300 mm lengths. Movement joint systems in 300 mm lengths.
6

Product Certificates: Signed by manufacturers certifying that the products furnished comply
with requirements.

Qualification Data: For firms and persons specified in the "Quality Assurance" Article
to demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include lists of completed projects with
project names and addresses, names of Engineers and owners, and other information
specified.

Tile Test Reports:


Indicate and interpret test results for compliance of tile with
specified performance requirements.

Setting and Grouting Material Test Reports: Indicate and interpret test results for compliance
of tile setting and grouting products with specified requirements.

2.1.3 Quality Assurance


1

Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced installer who has completed tile


installations similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and with a
record of successful in service performance.

Source Limitations for Tile: Obtain each colour, grade, finish, type, composition, and variety
of tile from one source with resources to provide products from the same production run for
each contiguous area of consistent quality in appearance and physical properties without
delaying the Work.

Source Limitations for Setting and Grouting Materials: Obtain ingredients of a uniform quality
for each mortar, adhesive, and grout component from a single manufacturer and each
aggregate from one source or producer.

Source Limitations for Other Products: Obtain each of the following products specified in this
Section from one source and by a single manufacturer for each product: Movement joint systems
Joint sealants.
Waterproofing.

Mock ups: Before installing tile, construct mock ups for each form of construction and
finish required to verify selections made under Sample submittals and to demonstrate
aesthetic effects and qualities of materials and execution. Build mock ups to comply with the
following requirements, using materials indicated for completed Work.

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Locate mock ups in the location and of the size as selected by the Contractor and approved
by Engineer.
Notify Engineer 7 days in advance of the dates and times when mock ups will be
constructed. Demonstrate the proposed range of aesthetic effects and workmanship.
Obtain Engineer's approval of mock ups before proceeding with final unit of
Work.
Maintain mock ups during construction in an undisturbed condition as a standard for judging
the completed Work.
Approved mock ups in an undisturbed condition, as judged by the Engineer, at the time of
substantial completion of ceramic tile works may become part of the completed Works,
otherwise the Contractor shall demolish, remove from site mock ups and install permanent
works.
6

Environmental Limitations: Do not install tile until construction in spaces is completed and
ambient temperature and humidity conditions are being maintained to comply with
referenced standards and manufacturer's written instructions.

2.1.4 Delivery, Storage and Handling


1

Deliver and store packaged materials in original containers with seals unbroken and labels
intact until time of use.

Prevent damage or contamination to materials by water, foreign matter, and other causes.

Handle tile with temporary protective coating on exposed surfaces to prevent coated
surfaces from contacting backs or edges of other units. If coating does contact bonding
surfaces of tile, remove coating from bonding surfaces before setting tile.

2.2

Tiles Adhesives
Add the following new paragraph numbered 2:

Adhesive shall be Type (3), dispersion cement adhesive based on ordinary Portland cement
to BS EN 197-1, Class: AA, shall not show any evidence of mould growth when tested to
Appendix B of referenced standard. Furnish certification from manufacturer that adhesive is
suitable for external applications including fixing of ceramic mosaics.

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2.3

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Ceramic Tiles

2.3.1 Glazed Ceramic Wall Tiles


1.

Ceramic wall tiles and fittings for interior use shall be extruded tiles to BS 6431: Part 3, 3% < E
<or= 6%.

2.

All ceramic wall tiles shall be of glazed finish. Back of tiles shall be keyed.

3.

Unless otherwise indicated on Drawings, size of ceramic wall tiles shall be 200 x
200mm.Thickness shall not be less than 6 mm. Colour and pattern shall be as selected by
the Engineer from manufacturer's full range if not indicated on Drawings.

Ceramic fittings shall be used for external and internal corners.

2.3.2 Fixing Internal Ceramic Wall Tiles


Amend paragraph no. 9 to read as follows:
9

Movement joints not less than 6 mm and not more than 10 mm are to be provided:
in compliance with requirements of referenced BS Standard.
Amend paragraph no. 14 to read as follows:

14

Joints between tiles are to be even, 3 mm wide and where tiles without spacer lugs are
used, spacer pegs of suitable and even thickness to be inserted between tiles as the work
proceeds.
Add the following new paragraphs:

17

Back Buttering Installation may be used in lieu of thin adhesive fixing; obtain 100 percent
mortar coverage by complying with applicable special requirements for back buttering
of tile in referenced standard specification for installation. Prior to tile installation, apply
spatter dash coat to walls and metal lath reinforcement at separation between dissimilar
backgrounds, as specified in Part 2 of this Section Lath and Plaster. Wet cure dash coat for
two days, minimum.

2.3.3 Floor Tiles


1

Ceramic floor tiles and fittings for interior use shall be extruded tiles to BS 6431: Part 3, E <3%.
All floor tiles shall have body of white ceramic mix with abrasive admixture of silicone
carbide, aluminium oxide or other rustproof abrasive in the wearing surface.

Ceramic floor tiles shall be with surface treatments to reduce the possibility of slipping and
with unglazed finish. Hardness rating shall index of 50 or greater to ASTM C501. Back of
tiles shall be keyed.

Unless otherwise indicated on Drawings, size of ceramic floor tiles shall be 200 x200.

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Thickness, excluding keying, shall not be less than 8 mm. Colours and patterns shall be
as selected by the Engineer from manufacturersfull ranges.
4

Ceramic floor tiles shall be laid in semi dry mix method as specified in Clause 5.3.6 of
This section.

2.3.4 Laying Ceramic Floor Tiles by the Semi Dry Mix Method
1

Cement shall be BS EN 1971, ordinary Portland type grey for setting beds and white for grout.
Sand shall be BS 1199/1200.

Latex additive (water emulsion) shall be styrene butadiene rubber, serving as replacement
for part or all of gaging water, of type specifically recommended by latex additive
manufacturer for use with job mixed Portland cement and aggregate mortar bed.

Water shall be potable.

Flexible (Control) Joint Systems: Shall be pre fabricated, heavy duty EPDM rubber
section reinforced with stainless steel angles and confirming to the requirements of BS
5385: Part 3. Select depth of section to comply with depths of tiles or pavers and bedding
according to manufacturer's details.

2.3.5 General Requirements for Ceramic Tile Installation


1

Examination: Examine substrates, areas, and conditions where tile will be installed, with
Installer present, for compliance with requirements for installation tolerances and other
conditions affecting performance of installed tile.
Verify that substrates for setting tile are firm; dry; clean; free from oil, waxy films, and
curing compounds; and within flatness tolerances required by referenced tile installation
standards for installations indicated.
Verify that installation of grounds, anchors, recessed frames, electrical and mechanical units
of work, and similar items located in or behind tile have been completed before installing tile.
Verify that joints and cracks in tile substrates are coordinated with tile joint locations; if not
coordinated, adjust latter in consultation with Engineer.
Do not proceed with installation until unsatisfactory conditions have been
corrected.

Waterproofing Installation: Install waterproofing to comply with requirements of


manufacturer's written instructions to produce a waterproof membrane of uniform thickness
bonded securely to substrate. Do not install tile over waterproofing until waterproofing has
cured and been tested to determine that it is watertight.

Preparation: Remove coatings, including curing compounds, and other substances that
contain wax, oil, or silicone and are incompatible with tile setting materials by using a

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terrazzo or concrete grinder, a drum sander, or a polishing machine equipped with a heavy
duty wire brush.
4

Floor Movement Joints: Shall be as defined in BS 5385 Part 3, including structural


movement joints (expansion joints), perimeter and intermediate flexible joints
Joint system for intermediate flexible and control joints shall be prefabricated joint system as
specified in this Section.
Joints system for perimeter joints shall be sealant filled system as specified in Part 10 of
this section "Joint Caulking and Sealants.
Locate movement joints as per requirements of BS 5385: Part 3 and as indicated on
approved shop drawings.
Install movement joint systems so as top surface of angle frames is flush with adjoining tiles
at floor level finish indicated on Drawings.

Wall Movement Joints: Comply with requirements of BS 5385: Part 1.


be sealant filled joint.

Joint system is to

Field Applied Temporary Protective Coating: Protect exposed surfaces of tile against
adherence of mortar and grout by precoating them with a continuous film of temporary
protective coating from one of those indicated below, taking care not to coat unexposed tile
surfaces:
Petroleum paraffin wax, applied hot.
Grout release.
Petroleum paraffin wax or grout release.

Tile Cleaner: A neutral cleaner capable of removing soil and residue without harming tile
and grout surfaces, specifically approved for materials and installations indicated by tile
and grout manufacturers.

Tile Installation Standards: Comply with BS 5385; Part 1 for internal wall installations, Part 3
for floor installations and Part 4 for installations within water tank.

Extend tile work into recesses and under or behind equipment and fixtures to form a
complete covering without interruptions, unless otherwise indicated.
Terminate work
neatly at obstructions, edges, and corners without disrupting pattern or joint alignments.

10

Accurately form intersections and returns.


Perform cutting and drilling of tile without
marring visible surfaces. Carefully grind cut edges of tile abutting trim, finish, or built in items
for straight aligned joints. Fit tile closely to electrical outlets, piping, fixtures, and other
penetrations so plates, collars, or covers overlap tile.

11

Jointing Pattern:

Lay tile in grid pattern, unless otherwise indicated.

Align joints when

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adjoining tiles on floor, base, walls, and trim are the same size. Lay out tile work and centre
tile fields in both directions in each space or on each wall area. Adjust to minimize tile
cutting. Provide uniform joint widths, unless otherwise indicated. Align joints in walls and
floors to the maximum possible extent.
12

Lay out tile wainscots to next full tile beyond dimensions indicated.

13

Grouting: Epoxy grout tile to comply with the requirements of appropriate parts of BS 5385.

14

Cleaning: On completion of placement and grouting, clean all ceramic tile surfaces so they
are free of foreign matter. Remove latex Portland cement grout residue from tile as soon as
possible. Unglazed tile may be cleaned with acid solutions only when permitted by tile and
grout manufacturer's written instructions, but no sooner than 10 days after installation.
Protect metal surfaces, cast iron, and vitreous plumbing fixtures from effects of acid
cleaning. Flush surface with clean water before and after cleaning. Remove temporary
protective coating by method recommended by coating manufacturer that is acceptable to
brick and grout manufacturer. Trap and remove coating to prevent it from clogging drains.

15

Leave finished installation clean and free of cracked, chipped, broken, unbounded, and
otherwise defective tile work. Provide final protection and maintain conditions, in a manner
acceptable to manufacturer and Installer that ensure tile is without damage or
deterioration at the time of Taking Over by the Employer. When recommended by tile
manufacturer, apply a protective coat of neutral protective cleaner to completed tile walls
and floors. Protect installed tile work with Kraft paper or other heavy covering during
construction period to prevent staining, damage, and wear. Prohibit foot and wheel traffic
from tiled floors for at least 7 days after grouting is completed. Before final inspection,
remove protective coverings and rinse neutral cleaner from tile surfaces.

2.4

Waterproofing Under Floor Tiles in Wet Areas

latex based cold applied waterproofing: shall be single component, latex based, cold
liquid applied, rubber, membrane waterproofing including reinforcing fabric forming a
seamless membrane complying with performance and physical requirements of ASTM c836.
Primer is to be manufacturer's standard factory formulated compatible epoxy based primer.
Reinforcing strip is to be manufacturer's standard fabricated from polyester fabric.

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3 Natural Stones
3.1

General Description

3.1.1 Scope
Natural stone works required for the Project includes / but not limited to:
- 20 mm thick granite tiles through granite floorings
- Marble thresholds, 30 mm thick minimum
- Marble vanities with back splashes and front fascia, 40 mm thick for vanity and 20 mm
thick for back splash and front fascia.
- 40 mm granite stair treads with non-slip strips and 20 mm thick granite risers
- 20 mm thick granite skirtings.
3.1.2 References
Amend the list of references referred to in the Section to be as follows:
British Standards Institute (BSI) - UK
BS 882

Aggregates from natural sources for concrete

BS 1199/1200

Building sands from natural sources

BS 4551-1

Methods of testing mortars, screeds and plasters. Physical testing

BS 4721

Ready mixed building mortars

BS 4887-1&2

Mortar admixtures

BS 5385-5

Wall and floor tiling. Code of practice for the design and installation of
terrazzo tile and slab, natural stone and composition block floorings

BS 5980
BS 8000-11.2

Adhesives for use with ceramic tiles and mosaics


Workmanship on building sites. Code of practice for wall and floor tiling.
Natural stone tiles

BS EN 197-1

Cement Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for


common cements

3.1.3 Allowable Tolerances


1

Variation in Line: For positions shown in plan for edges of flooring, steps, changes in colour
or finish, and continuous joint lines, do not exceed 3 mm in 2400 mm or 6 mm in 6 m.

Variation in Joint Width: Do not vary joint thickness more than 1.5 mm or 1/4 of nominal
joint width, whichever is less.

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3

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Variation in Plane between Adjacent Units (Lipping):


between planes of adjacent units.

Do not exceed 0.8-mm difference

3.1.4 Submittals
Samples shall be 150 mm square. After selection of marble types by the Engineer, the
Contractor shall submit one sample of each selected type in full size of units required for
flooring or patterns to verify selection made. Samples shall have surface finish same as
specified for the works in this Section.
Shop drawings shall indicate details of all floorings, dimensions of units and joints
and installation details
( c ) Product Data: For each type of marble proposed for use in flooring or flooring
patterns. (d) Product Data: For each type of material used in the works of this Section.
(e) Installer Experience: List of five projects (minimum) of a similar nature carried
out successfully by the installer.
3.1.5 Product Delivery, Storage and Handling
The Contractor shall coordinate the delivery of natural stone types with the supplier to
ensure that natural stone is arranged in the sequence in which they will be installed. Natural
stones units shall be packed carefully for transportation and all necessary precautions shall be
taken against damage in transit. Care shall be taken to prevent cracks, chips, staining and
other damage. Special care shall be taken in the selection of packing material in order that
there is no discoloration or staining of the marble due to the protective material used.
Any damage or defects resulting from transportation shall be reinstated at the Contractors
own expense to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Where components are delivered to the
site in crates, then each crate shall be labelled on the outside giving the identity, exact
location and orientation references and quantity of contents so that deliveries can be identified
without the necessity of breaking or opening of any package.
The Contractor shall provide adequate lifting plant to unload and handle natural stone fittings
and pieces. The lifting and handling position of crates and slabs shall be clearly defined and
where necessary, special facilities (e.g. bolt holes or projecting loops) shall be provided.
Fittings and pieces shall be stored and handled in a manner so that they will be protected
from wetting, staining and chipping and any other damage and shall be staked in an enclosed
space on platforms, timber pallets or laths 100mm above ground level to protect against
water staining from below. Units not in crates shall be stacked face to face to prevent
scratching and laths or thin battens shall be inserted between rows of slabs. Oils, grease,
bitumen, paint etc., should not be used in close proximity to the area in which units are
stocked. If units are stored for prolonged period, polythene of other suitable plastic film

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shall be placed between any timber and finished surfaces and shall be used also as an overall
protective covering.
The Contractor shall take great care during construction to ensure that damage arising from
site handling, erection, protective devices, levering, wedging and adjustment does not occur.
Mortar materials shall be stored on site in a manner to prevent intermixing with each other or
with foreign matters or soil. Cement shall be stored as specified in Section 5 of the QCS
Concrete.
3.1.6 Quality Assurance
1
Installer Qualifications: A qualified installer who employs workers for this Project that
is competent in stone flooring and patterns installations. Engage an installer who employs
workers for this Project who have minimum five years experience of successful installations in
projects of similar quality.
2

Mock ups: Prior to commencement of marble floorings installations, erect mock-ups to


verify selections made under sample Submittals and to demonstrate aesthetic effects and
qualities of materials and execution and to set quality standard for fabrication and installation.
Locations of mock ups shall be as selected by Contractor and approved by
Engineer.
Extent of mock ups: Full area of flooring in one building space not less than 10 sq. m for
each type of stone selected.
Approved mock ups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed at time of
substantial completion of marble flooring works as judged by the Engineer, otherwise
demolish mock ups, dispose rubbles of site and install permanent works.

Source Limitations for Stone: Obtain each type of stone, regardless of finish, from a
single quarry with resources to provide materials of consistent quality in appearance and
physical properties.

Source Limitations for Other Materials:


Obtain each type of cementitious material,
grout, admixture, stone accessory, sealant, and other material from a single manufacturer.

Hot Weather Requirements for Stone Paving: Protect stone paving when temperature
and humidity conditions produce excessive evaporation of setting beds and grout. Provide
artificial shade and windbreaks and use cooled materials as required. Do not apply mortar to
substrates with temperatures of 38 deg C and above.

Matching: All stone flooring shall be dry matched prior to fixing with mortar

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3.2

SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

Materials

3.2.1 General
1

Natural stone units used in the works shall be sawed, cut, split and finished to
shapes, dimensions and patterns indicated on Drawings with true, clean, neat, sharp edges;
straight, unless otherwise indicated on Drawings. Units shall be uniform in shape and
thickness. Units that are warped, broken, spalled, stained or otherwise defective will not be
acceptable. Maximum permissible deviation from dimensions indicated shall be as follows:
- Length and Width:

+/- 1.00mm

- Deviation from Straight Line: +/- 1.00mm


- Thickness:
2

+/- 2.00mm

Marble shall comply with following physical requirements:


Absorption by weight, max., %ASTM C 97 0.20
Density, min., Kg/m3 ASTM C 97
Calcite

2595

Dolomite

2800

Serpentine

2690

Travertine

2305

Comp. strength, min., MPa ASTM C 170

52

Modulus o rupture, min., Mpa ASTM C 99 7


Abrasion resist., min., hardness ASTM C 241

10

Flexural strength, min., MPa ASTM C 880 7


The Contractor shall submit to the approval of the Engineer test reports that
demonstrates compliance of used marble supplies with requirements specified here before.
3

Marble Classification: For marble applications indicated in this Section, use only marble
classified as Calcite or Dolomite, except that Serpentine or Travertine my be used for front
fascia of vanity where use o two types of marble is approved by the Engineer.
For marble types used in floor patterns, the difference in abrasion hardness between any
two types shall not exceed 5 points.

Granite shall comply with the following physical requirements:


-

Specific weight:
Porosity:

2.64
0.96%, by volume, maximum

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-

Water absorption:
Compression strength:
Bending strength:
Abrasion resistance:
Acid resistance:
Thermal expansion:

0.36%, by weight, maximum


1720 (+20) kg/cm2, minimum
163 (+15) kg/cm2, minimum
good
resistant to hydraulic and sulphuric acids
0.008 mm/m/C, maximum

Treads and risers shall be in one integral unit across the width of the stair, to the
maximum possible extent.

Include special units for curved work and changes in direction.

Bases shall be cut to lengths to the Engineers approval to coordinate with floor and walls slab
Provide special units to suit end and edge situations.

Stone types shall be as selected by the Engineer from types available in local market if
not selected by the Engineer.

Stone Finishes shall be as follows, unless otherwise directed by the Engineer:


Polished Finish: For floorings, flooring patterns, vanities, stair risers, shelves and bases.
Grind exposed surface in the workshop to a high gloss with reflections.
Honed Finish: For stair treads. Grind exposed surface in the workshop to a low gloss
without reflections.

10

Exposed edges and rebates shall be finished to match stone surface.

11

Dimensions, edge treatments and chamfering of different natural stone units shall be as
shown on Drawings.

12

Vanities shall be furnished in one integral slab for each length indicated on Drawings with
pre- opened holes to the dimension of approved lavatory for assembly of lavatories. Grind
edges of opening smooth. Back splash shall be fixed with epoxy-based adhesive. Fascia
shall be fixed both with epoxy-based adhesive and mechanically.

13

Supports for vanities and counters shall be as specified in Section 17 of the Specifications.

3.2.2 Other Materials


1

Portland cement shall be ordinary type to BS EN 197-1. grey colour except for marble types
that may stain as a consequence of use of grey cement, use white cement, otherwise
install such types with non staining self drying thin set mortar as specified on a hardened
cement based screed.
Pigments shall comply with BS EN 10110.

Water: Potable.

Latex additive shall be Styrene butadiene rubber or acrylic resin (water emulsion), serving

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as replacement for part of or all mixing water, of type specifically recommended by latex
additive manufacturer for use with site mixed Portland cement mortar and not containing a
retarder.
3.2.3 Mortar
1

Cement-Sand Mortar: Site-mixed mortar, for bedding tiles and slabs, is to comprise:
-

Ordinary Portland cement as specified in this Section.

Plasticizers to BS 4887, air entraining to BS 4887-1 as workability aids and to approval


of Engineer.

Sand: As specified in this Section.

Water: Potable.

Latex Additive: As specified

Submit mix for approval to give a 28-day compressive strength of not less than 5 MPa.
Minimum cement sand ratio should not be less than 1:3-4 by volume.
2

Thin-Set Mortar: Shall be latex-Portland cement adhesive to BS 5980, Type 1, Class AA.

3.2.4 Grout
1

3.3

Grout shall be of mixture of factory-prepared, dry-grout mix and latex additive,


unsanded manufactured for use in joints 3 mm and narrower. Latex Additive shall be
styrene butadiene rubber or acrylic resin as specified.
Execution of Work
Examination: Examine surfaces indicated to receive stone paving and flooring, with Installer
present, for compliance with requirements for maximum moisture content, installation
tolerances, and other conditions affecting performance.
Preparation: Sweep concrete substrates to remove dirt, dust, debris, and loose
particles. Remove substances from concrete substrates that could impair mortar bond,
including curing and sealing compounds, form oil, and laitance. Clean dirty or stained stone
surfaces by removing soil, stains, and foreign materials before setting. Clean stone by
thoroughly scrubbing with fibre brushes and then drenching with clear water. Use only mild
cleaning compounds that contain no caustic or harsh materials or abrasives.

Finishes

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SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

Installation, General:
Comply with requirements of BS 8000 11.2 and BS 5385 5. Do necessary field cutting, as stone is
set. Use power saws with diamond blades to cut stone. Cut lines straight and true, with edges
eased slightly to prevent snipping. Set stone to comply with Drawings and Shop Drawings
approved by the Engineer. Match stone for colour and pattern by using units numbered in sequence
as indicated on Shop Drawings. Scribe and field-cut stone as necessary to fit at obstructions.
Produce tight and neat joints.
Control Joint Installation: Locate and install according to requirements of BS 5385 5 and approved
Shop
Drawings. Prefabricated sections for control joints shall be same as
specified.
Movement joints at perimeter and at intermediate vertical surfaces shall be sealant filled joint
system;
Joint sealant materials and installation are specified in Part 10 "Joint Caulking and
Sealants."
Point lugs of vanities steel support with cement sand mortar composed of 350 ordinary Portland
cement to 1.00 m3 sand. Addition of approved setting accelerating admixture is permissible. Install
supports to lines, grades and level.
Jordan Lime Stone
Jordan Lime Stone with the dimension and fixation as shown in the drawing. The lime Stone should be
free from defects which included but not limited to the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Vents
Sand and clay holes
Shelly bars
Shakes
Mottle
Chart
Color and fossil

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The limestone will be subjected to the following inspection.


1. Physical appearance
The consultant will take various samples from the lime stone. Physical defects will then be recorded
and is subject for consultants approval. Consultant has the right to reject the limestone if any of the
above mentioned defects is detected.
2. Absorption of specific gravity.
The engineer will take random samples from the lime stone, which will be delivered to the site and
will do the following:
A. Samples should not less than 50.8 x 50.8 and not more than 76 mm.
B. The percentage between value/surface areas not less than 0.3 mm.
C. The samples will be dried in the oven with a temperature of (60 2c) till the weight will be
stable
D. Leave the sample for 30 minutes in a room temperature then record the new weight.
E. Place the sample in distilled water.
Absorption ratio will be computed as follows:

x 100%
A = dry weight
B = Saturated weight with dry surface.
Maximum allowable absorption ratio will be 3%

A = Dry Weight
B = Saturated weight with dry surface
C = Fully Saturated Weight
Maximum Allowable Specific Gravity = 2.56

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3. Modules of Rapture.
The engineer will take 3 samples by the dimension of 203.2 x 57.2 x 101.6 mm
The centre line of the sample will be justified.
Draw another 2 line parallel to the center line the distance between each line and the
center will be 90mm.
The samples will be dried at the oven for 48 hours in a temperature of ( 60 + 2c)
The sample will be saturated by water and will let it dry.
Loading will be as shown in figure

Load

Support

Support

Span = 18 mm

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R = Modules of Rapture
W = loading which will be 44n at the initial case then will be increased by the rate of 4450
N/minute.
L = span = 180m
B= sample width
D = sample height
Module rapture will be a minimum of = 6.9 n/mm2.
Abrasions Resistance
1. Using 3 samples with the dimension of 50.8 x 50.8 with thickness of 25.4 mm.
2. Sample will be placed in the oven for 48 hours with the temperature of ( 60 + 2c) and will
leave for 30 minutes.
3. Specify the sample dry weight.
4. Install the sample on the abrasion machine. Rotate the sample for 225 times with the use
of abrasive material.
5. Remove the sample from the abrasion machine and clean it properly.
6. Specify the sample weight.

G = specific gravity
Ws = sample weight rate before and after inspection
Wa = losses of weight because of inspection.
HA = abrasion factor
Abrasion factor should be minimum of = 10

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Compressive strength

C=
C= compressive strength
W = actual load (n)
A = Surface Area
Cc = Cp/ 0.778 + 0.222 (b/h)
Cc = coefficient of compression strength
Cp = coefficient of compression for sample which the heist is bigger than the height.
H = height
B = diameter
Coefficient of compression strength = 5S is the minimum requirement.
Installing the limestone
This is a requirement for mortar.
1. Cement as per the standard by Qatar Construction Specification & General Condition.
2. Sand as per the standard by Qatar Construction Specification & General Condition.
3. Water as per the standard water that can be used for concrete by Qatar Construction
Specification & General Condition.

Installation tolerance for horizontal levelling will be 5 mm maximum per each 1m.
It should be recessed distance between each line stone tile will not be less than 1
cm from each side horizontal & vertical late recessed type and the groove
thickness should be .5 cm.

Lute will be from special grout by Fosroc or equal approved with the color approved by the
Architect.

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4 Floor Screeds and Treatments


4.1

General

4.1.1 Scope
Amend paragraph 1 to read as follows:
1

This Section specifies:


A Normal weight aggregate bonded cement based floor screeds of the following types:
Levelling screeds to attain required levels under vinyl, epoxy based and terrazzo tile
floor finishes. Roof screeds to attain roof slopes as indicated on Drawings. B Epoxy
based floor hardener.

4.1.2 References
British Standards Institute (BSI) - UK
BS 882

Specification for aggregates from natural sources for concrete

BS 4887

Mortar admixtures.

BS 4483

Steel fabric for the reinforcement of concrete

BS 4551-1

Methods of testing mortars, screeds and plasters. Physical testing

BS 8000

Workmanship on building sites

BS 8204-1

Screeds, bases and in-situ floorings. Concrete bases and cement sand
levelling screeds to receive floorings. Code of practice

BS EN 197-1
cements

Cement. Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common

4.1.3 Submittals
1

In accordance with provisions and procedures in Section 1 General, the Contractor is to


submit the following for the approval of the Engineer:
Product Data: For each material product included or used. Include manufacturer's technical
data, installation instructions, and recommendations for each resinous flooring component
required.
Mix Design and Test Reports: For each mix used for screeds.
Joint details and arrangements.
Test reports for field quality control testing.
Samples for Initial Selection: Manufacturer's colour charts showing the full range of colours,
textures, and patterns available for each floor treatment system indicated.

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Samples for Verification: Of each floor treatment system required, 150 mm square, applied
by Installer for this Project to a rigid backing, in colour, texture, and finish indicated. Where
finishes involve normal colour and texture variations, include Sample sets showing the full
range of variations expected.
Material Test Reports:
From a qualified independent testing agency indicating and
interpreting test results of the floor treatment reaction to chemicals and other reagents and
substantiating compliance with requirements.
Maintenance Data: For floor treatment system.
4.1.4 Quality Assurance
1

Screed Installer Qualifications: A qualified firm specializing in performing the work of this
Section with minimum three years documented experience and that is approved, authorized,
or licensed by the product manufacturer to install his product. Include project names and
addresses, names and addresses of Engineers and Employers, and other information
specified

Applicator Qualifications:
Engage an experienced applicator who has specialized in
applying floor treatment system similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this
Project and who is acceptable to resinous flooring manufacturer. Engage an applicator who
employs only persons trained and approved by floor treatment manufacturer and who is
certified in writing by floor treatment manufacturer as qualified to apply the used system.

Source Limitations: Obtain primary floor treatment system materials, including primers,
resins, hardening agents, and sealing or finish coats, through one source from a single
manufacturer. Provide secondary materials including patching and fill material, joint
sealant, and repair materials of type and from source recommended by manufacturer of
primary materials.

Field Samples: On floor area selected by Engineer, provide full-thickness floor treatment
system samples that are at least 5.00 meters square to demonstrate texture, colour, thickness,
chemical resistance, cleanability, and other features of system required.

Obtain Engineers approval of field samples before applying floor treatment. If field samples
are unacceptable, make adjustments to comply with requirements and apply additional
samples until
field samples are approved. After field samples are approved, these surfaces will be used
to evaluate floor treatment.

Coordination: Coordinate cement-based screed with requirements of finish flooring


products, including adhesives.

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4.1.5 Delivery, Storage and Handling


1

Deliver materials in original packages and containers, with seals unbroken,


bearing manufacturer's labels indicating brand name and directions for storage, mixing with
other components, and application.

Store loose materials in a manner to prevent intermixing.

Store packaged materials to comply with manufacturer's written instructions


prevent deterioration from moisture, heat, cold, direct sunlight, or other detrimental effects.

to

4.1.6 Project Conditions


1

Environmental Limitations: For proprietary products, comply with manufacturer's


written recommendations for substrate temperature and moisture content, ambient
temperature and humidity, ventilation, and other conditions affecting screed or treatment
performance.

Close areas to traffic during screed application and for appropriate time period after
application as recommended in writing by manufacturer.

4.2

Materials

4.2.1 Screed Materials


1

Portland Cement: BS EN 197-1, ordinary type of grey colour.

Sand: BS 882, grading and fine limits according to Table 1 of BS 8204-1, but with 100%
passing sieve size 5.00 mm to BS 410.

Aggregates for Fine Concrete Screeds: Shall be composed of:

Gravel: 10 mm single sized material to BS 882, Table 3.

Sand: As specified of Sub Clause 2.1/B of this Section

Reinforcement: BS 4483, welded steel wire fabric, eye size not more than 50 x 50 mm and
wire diameter 3.00 mm minimum.

Fibrous Reinforcement: 100 % virgin polypropylene, fibrillated fibres containing no


reprocessed olefin materials and specifically manufactured to an optimum gradation for use as
concrete secondary reinforcement. Fibrous reinforcement shall have the following properties:
Specific gravity: 0.91
Tensile strength: 345 - 758 N/mm2

Water for Mixing and curing: Potable.

Absorptive Cover for Curing: Burlap cloth made from jute or kenaf, weighing approximately
305 g/sq. m when dry.

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10

Joint Filler Strips: Asphalt saturated cellulosic fibre, cork, brass, PVC or self expanding cork.

11

Acrylic Bonding Agent: Non redispersible, acrylic emulsion or styrene butadiene. Use of
PVA based bonding agents shall not be permitted.

12

Admixtures: To BS 4887, certified by manufacturer to contain not more than 0.1% water
soluble chloride ions by mass of cementitious material and compatible with other admixture
and cementitious materials. Do not use admixtures containing calcium chloride. Use only
liquid type admixtures.

13

Flexible Joints: Are to be pre fabricated, heavy duty EPDM rubber section reinforced
with aluminium or PVC angles and confirming to the applicable requirements of BS 5385:
Part 3. Select depth of flexible joints so as top edges of side angles will be flush with
adjoining finish material.

4.2.2 Screed Materials


1

Epoxy Based Floor Hardener: Shall be two pack, epoxy based floor hardening coating
that impregnates the surface of the concrete or cementations screed and case hardens
and dust proofs the wearing surface. Penetrating substance shall be epoxy resins. Engineer
shall select colour from manufacturer's full range. Finished colour is to be totally even.
Hardener shall be certified by manufacturer as produced for use for industrial and warehouse
and plants floorings. Finished surface shall be of remarkable wear and chemical resistance
with high bonding strength to substrate.

4.3

Preparation and Procedures

4.3.1 Cement and Sand Floor Screeds


Delete in its entirety paragraphs 3 and 4. and add the following new paragraphs:
1

Examine substrates, with Installer present, for conditions affecting performance of


screed
Proceed with application only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected. Verify
that base slabs meet finish and surface profile requirements in BS 8204-1.

Preparation, General: Prepare substrate to receive bonded cement based screeds in


strict accordance with requirements of BS 8204-1

Joint Fillers: Install joint filler strips where screed abuts vertical surfaces, such as
column pedestals, foundation walls, grade beams and other locations, as indicated.

Extend joint filler strips full width and depth of joint, terminating flush with screed surface,
unless otherwise indicated.

Terminate full width joint filler strips 13 mm below screed surface where joint sealants
specified in Part 10 "Joint Caulking and Sealants " are used.

Install joint filler strips for perimeter in lengths as long as practicable.

Where more than

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one length is required, lace or clip sections together. Install joint filler full depth of joints.
7

Flexible Joints: Locate intermediate movement joints to comply with requirements


of Specification Section covering finish layer to overlay screed or to produce bays unless
otherwise recommended in BS 8204-1, not more than 15.00 square meter in plan; with a ratio
of length to width not more than 3:2 and a joint occurring over every joint in base slab.
4.3.2 Mixing
1

Mix bonding slurry according to manufacturer's written instructions to a thick paint consistency.

Levelling Screed Mix:


Design mix, with or without admixture, to produce screed of
insitu material crushing resistance category B and the following characteristics:
Compressive strength at 28 days: Not less than 22 MPa to BS 4551-1 (Cylinder Test).
Slump: maximum 125 mm
Cement content: Minimum 300 kg cement per 1.00 m3 sand.
For levelling screeds 70 mm and more in depth, use fine concrete screed with minimum
cement content of 350 kg/m3.

Roof Screed: Design mix, with or without admixture, to produce screed of in-situ
crushing strength category C and the following characteristics:
Compressive strength: Not less than 18 MPa to BS 455-1 (Cylinder
test). Slump: 125 mm maximum.
Cement content: 250 kg/m3, minimum.
Reinforcement: Fibermesh as specified. Add fibermesh in strict accordance with manufacturer
s
printed instructions.

Screed Mix: Mix screed materials, admixtures and water in appropriate drum-type batch machine mixer
or truck mixer according to manufacturer's written instructions.

Resinous Materials: Mix components and prepare materials for resinous floor treatment systems
according to manufacturer's written instructions. Use patching and fill material to fill holes and
depressions in substrates according to manufacturer's written instructions.

4.4

Installation

4.4.1 Screed Application


1

General: Apply screeds in strict accordance to with requirements of BS 8204-1


Start screed application in presence of manufacturer's technical representative.

Bonding Agent: apply in strict accordance with manufacturers printed instructions.

Thickness of Levelling Screed: As required to attain finish floor levels indicated on Drawings
for different overlaying floor finishes.

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4

SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

Roof Screeds: Minimum 30 mm at roof drains; comply with roof slopes indicated
Place screed continuously in a single layer, tamping and consolidating to achieve tight
contact with bonding surface. Do not permit cold joints or seams to develop within pour strip.

Screed surface with a straightedge and strike off to correct elevations.

Slope surfaces uniformly where indicated or where necessary to drain surface water to
floor drains in toilets, bathrooms, laundries and other similar wet areas

Begin initial floating using bull floats to form a uniform and open-textured surface plane free
of humps or hollows.

Wire and Steel Mesh Reinforcement: Where thickness of levelling screeds is 70 mm and
more, use one layer of fabric reinforcement as specified placed at mid height of screed. Cast
screed in two layers and vibrate to achieve monolithic consolidated construction. Provide
minimum 100 mm laps at edges of fabric reinforcement. A steel mesh is required at heavy
traffic areas e.g. machine rooms.

Finishing of Levelling Screeds: Consolidate surface with power-driven floats as soon as


screed can support equipment and operator. Restraighten, cut down high spots, and fill
low spots. Repeat float passes and restraightening until surface is left with a uniform and
smooth texture.

17

Finishing of Roof Screed: Smooth float finish using hand float or skip float to give an
even surface without ridges or steps.

18

Tolerances: Comply with BS 8204-1, if not covered in this clause.

19

Field Quality Testing: Engage an inspection and testing agency approved by the Engineer
to perform field quality testing specified in this Article. All field quality testing shall be at the
Contractors expense
Mix sample sets at point of placement, testing and inspecting agency shall take a set of 3
moulded-cylinder samples from the screed mix for the first 50 sq. m plus 1 set of samples
for each subsequent 150 sq. m of screed, or fraction thereof, but not less than 6 samples for
each day's placement. Samples shall be tested according to BS 4551-1 for compliance with
compressive strength requirements.

4.4.2 Screed Protection, Curing and Cleaning


1

Protect freshly placed screed from premature drying and excessive cold or hot temperatures.

Begin curing immediately after finishing screed. Cure by one or a combination of the
following methods, according to screed manufacturer's written instructions.

Moisture Curing: Keep surfaces continuously moist for not less than seven days with water
or absorptive cover, water saturated and kept continuously wet. Cover screed surfaces and
edges with 300-mm lap over adjacent absorptive covers.

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Joint Filling: For joints to be finished with sealant, prepare and clean perimeter joints according
to sealant manufacturer's written instructions, once screed has fully cured. Remove dirt,
debris, mortar from joints; leave contact faces of joint clean and dry. Overfill joint and tool
flush with adjoining finish surface after hardening.

Protect screeds from damage and wear during the remainder of construction period.
Use protective methods and materials approved by Engineer, including temporary covering.

Clean screeds not more than 4 days before dates scheduled for inspections intended to
install final finishes.

4.4.3 Hardener Application


1

Preparation: Prepare and clean substrate according to resinous flooring manufacturer's


written instructions for substrate indicated. Provide clean, dry, and neutral substrate for
resinous flooring application.

Concrete and Cementations Substrates: Provide sound concrete surfaces free of laitance,
glaze, efflorescence, curing compounds, form-release agents, dust, dirt, grease, oil, and other
contaminates incompatible with resinous flooring. Comply with ASTM C 811
requirements, unless manufacturer's written instructions are more stringent. Cementitious
surface shall be at least 4 weeks old at time of application.

Shot blast surfaces with an apparatus that abrades the concrete or screed surface, contains
the dispensed shot within the apparatus, and recirculates the shot by vacuum pickup.

Repair damaged and deteriorated concrete


flooring manufacturer's written recommendations.

Treat control joints and other non-moving substrate cracks to prevent cracks from
reflecting through resinous flooring according to manufacturer's written recommendations.

Coating: shall be applied to the prepared surface using airless spray, brush or lambs wool
roller
Ensure that the area is completely coated and that ponding of the material does not
occur. Comply with manufacturers printed instructions for application pertaining, but not
limited to, the following:

or

screed

according

to

resinous

-Time elapse between successive coats


- Wet film thickness required to achieve the specified dry film thickness.
Erect epoxy floor hardener in two-coat application and finish to a low
sheen.
7

Cleaning And Protecting: Protect floor treatment from damage and wear during the remainder
of construction period. Use protective methods and materials, including temporary covering,
recommended in writing by resinous flooring manufacturer. Clean floor treatment not more

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than 4 days before dates scheduled for inspections intended to establish date of Taking Over
by Employer in each Project area. Use cleaning materials and procedures recommended in
writing by treatment manufacturer.
5 Joints Caulking and Sealants.
5.1

General

5.1.1 Scope
5.1.2 Delivery, Storage and Handling
1

Deliver materials to Project site in original unopened containers or bundles with labels
indicating manufacturer, product name and designation, colour, expiration date, pot life,
curing time, and mixing instructions for multicomponent materials.

Store and handle materials in compliance with manufacturer's written instructions to prevent
their deterioration or damage due to moisture, high or low temperatures, contaminants,
or other causes.

5.2

Movement Joints in Tiled Floors

5.2.1 Installation and Workmanship


Where intermediate movement joints or flexible joints are used to divide floors into bays
they will erected with prefabricated joint sections as specified in alterations for relevant
Specifications Sections.
5.2

Materials

5.4.2 Products
Joint sealants used in wet areas, toilets and kitchens shall be with a fungicide to
prevent mildew growth.
1

Provide elastomeric joint sealants that establish and maintain watertight and airtight
continuous joint seals without staining or deteriorating joint substrates.

Colours of Exposed Joint Sealants: Shall be as selected by Engineer from manufacturer's


full range for this characteristic.

Compatibility:
Provide joint sealants, backings, and other related materials that are
compatible with one another and with joint substrates under conditions of service and
application, as demonstrated by sealant manufacturer based on testing and field experience.

Masking Tape: Nonstaining, non absorbent material compatible with joint sealants and
surfaces adjacent to joints.

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5.5

SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

Workmanship

5.5.2 Products
1

Sealant Installation Standard: Comply with the following.


BS 5212-2 for installing cold-applied joint sealant systems for concrete pavement.
BS 8000-16 for installing joint sealants in buildings and workmanship
requirements.

Tooling of Nonsag Sealants: Immediately after sealant application and before skinning or
curing begins, tool sealants according to requirements specified below to form smooth,
uniform beads of configuration indicated; to eliminate air pockets; and to ensure contact and
adhesion of sealant with sides of joint.
Remove excess sealants from surfaces adjacent to joint as specified.
Use tooling agents that are approved in writing by sealant manufacturer and that do not
discolour sealants or adjacent surfaces.
Provide concave joint configuration, unless otherwise indicated.
Use masking tape to protect adjacent surfaces of recessed tooled joints.

Cleaning: Clean off excess sealants or sealant smears adjacent to joints as the Work
progresses by methods and with cleaning materials approved in writing by manufacturers of
joint sealants and of products in which joints occur.

Protection: Protect joint sealants during and after curing period from contact with
contaminating substances and from damage resulting from construction operations or other
causes so sealants are without deterioration or damage at time of Substantial
Completion.
If, despite such protection, damage or deterioration occurs, cut out and
remove damaged or deteriorated joint sealants immediately so installations with repaired
areas are indistinguishable from the original work.

6 Carpeting
6.1 Pressed Fibre Anti-Fungus Fire resistant Carpet Rolls
6.1.1

Product

1.

Drawings and specifications to be based on the manufacturers information as produced by


the recommended models manufacturer.

2.

Unless otherwise indicated, other manufacturers must comply with the minimum levels
of material and detailing indicated on the drawing and/or the specified herein.

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6.1.3 Nylon carpet tile


Textured, patterned loop pile in 100% nylon carpet tile. Allergy and mates free. Pile height
minimum 2 mm, module: 400*400 mm minimum. Primary backing in woven synthetic,
secondary backing in reinforced vinyl. 15 years warranty, trimmed to suit area. Colour and pattern
to engineers approval. Carpets scotch guard to be applied after installation.

7 Vinyl Floor Covering


7.1 TYPE(S) OF VINYL:
7.1.1 SHEET VINYL HEAVY DUTY :
7.1.2 VINYL SHEET:
Multi-layered vinyl flooring sheet of pure PVC wear layer, two compact PVC Layer having a fiber
glass layer imbedded in between and a foam Backing layer for sound absorption & comfortable
under
foot.
The product should be wax free with protective layer of polyurethane.
Colors & patterns from approved manufacturer standard range to be selected by the Engineer.
7.1.3 ADHESIVE
Adhesive to be acrylic base as per manufacturer recommendations.
7.1.4 SKIRTING:
Skirting to be flexible PVC of set-in Type in continuous stretches i.e having a base of 50mm heat
welded to the vinyl flooring sheet and to be 100mm high.
PVC Skirting to be of 2.0mm thick to the wall and 3.30mm thick to the base.
Color to be selected by the Engineer.
7.1.5 Welding ROD
To be PVC rod for joints of 3-4mm diameter. PVC Rods to be inserted at joints by heat. Color to
match the color of selected vinyl-flooring material.
7.1.6 STAIRS
Multi-layered vinyl flooring sheets for treads & risers having corrugated part for anti-slipping
purposes.
The product is to be of same specification of the vinyl flooring with a wear layer of 1.0mm thick.

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7.2 GENERAL:
7.2.1 SAMPLES
Contractor to submit samples of each color selected for approval of the Engi neer.
7.2.1 MATERIAL PACKING:
Vinyl flooring material to be in rolls of 2.00 m wide, protected with carton packing and having the
color reference & batch no. mentioned on the roll.
7.2.2 STORAGE:
Vinyl flooring rolls to be stored in vertical position in a clean, dry and well ventilated place.
7.2.3 SCREED SUB-FLOOR:
Screed shall consist of a mix of cement, sand and coarse of aggreg ates (10mm maximum size) in
the ratio 1:1:3, mixed with the minimum practicable amount of water cement ratio shall not ex ceed
0.42.
Screed shall be laid in bays of area not exceeding 16.00 sq. and length not exceeding 5.00 sq.
Screed Shall be dry ( about 90 days ) with 4.5% moisture at depth of 50mm.
7.2.4 VINYL FLOOR COVERING (Contd):
In case of electrical conduits to be buried in screed, they shall be rigidly fixed to the concrete floor
and the screed continuously reinforced along the length of conduits with a 150mm wide strip of
galvanized expanded metal mesh. The mesh shall be positioned mid way between the crown of
the conduit and finished screed level and shall be fixed to concrete floor at 300mm cent er on both
sides of the conduit by shot fired masonry nails or other accepted means.
Screed material shall be compacted and finished by wooden floats to the required levels. A
maximum deviation of 3mm under 3m straight edge and a maximum of 1.5mm under a bar of
300mm are allowed.

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Material Specifications:
Description
Multi-layered Vinyl:

Specifications
a) PVC Transparent Wear Layer ,
b) (PUR) Treatment Very high Resistance to Abrasion.
c) High Indentation Resistance.
d) Compact PVC Layers.
e) Fiber Glass Layer.
f) PVC Foam Backing Layer.

Total Thickness EN 428:


Wear Layer Thickness EN 429
Total Weight EN 430:
U.P.E.C Classification:
Resistance to Abrasion EN 660:
Castor Chair Test EN 425:
Sound Insulation:
Residual Indentation EN 433:
Fire Resistance:
Inflammability DIN 4102:
Color Fastness:
Dimensional Stability EN 434:
Slip Resistance:
Resistance to Bacteria:

3.2mm. min
0.75mm. min
2.90 Kg / sq. min
U4P3E2/3C2 for heavy traffic applications.
0.08 mm.
No Damage.
17-19 dB.
0.05-0.20 mm.
Bfl-S1
B1
6
0.10%
R9-R10
Biostatic Treatment.

7.3 INSTALLATION:
7.3.1 APPLICATION OF VINYL SHEETS:
Check the sub-floor to make sure that it is
a) Dry (4.5% moisture at depth of 5cm) Thus Screed Sub-floor should be done at
early stage; a moisture indicator will be used in checking the moisture
percentage in sub-floor.
b) Rigid & Clean (Free of Paint, plaster, etc)

c) Flat with a variation of 3mm in 3.0 m.


d) Free of Cracks.
- Check the batch no. of each vinyl roll to be used to make sure that th ey are consecutively by
numbers (You can use close numbers of rolls of the same Batch).
- Take the exact measurements of the location and cut the vinyl sheets. Avoid any joint between
two sheets at the doors.

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-Sweep the sub-floor to make sure it is clean before laying the vinyl sheets.
-Apply the recommended adhesive and start laying the vinyl sheets.
-Roll the surface width-wise & length-wise after laying each vinyl sheet.
-Leave an over-lap of 15mm at the joint between two sheets.
-After 24 hours of applying the adhesive, make a groove at the joint between two sheets by
grooving machine 2.5mm depth & 3.5mm wide.
-Remove any dirt from the grooved joint.
-Start welding the joint with welding rod at 350C.
-After the welding rod is set and cold, trim the excess material on two stages to get smooth joint.

7.3.2 APPLICATION PVC SET-IN SKIRTING:

- Check the Walls to make sure that it is smooth to avoid any unevenness.
- Take the exact measurements of the location and cut the PVC skirting required Length.
- Sweep the Walls to make sure it is clean before installing the skirting.
- Apply the recommended adhesive at wall, floor and at the back of the PVC Skirting.
- Start laying the PVC Skirting to the wall and floor.
- After 24 hours of applying the adhesive, make a groove at the joint between the vinyl & skirting
by Grooving machine 2.5mm depth & 3.5mm wide.
- Remove any dirt from the grooved joint.
- Start welding the joint with welding rod at 350C.
- After the welding rod is set and cold, trim the excess material on two stages to get smooth joint .

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7.4 CONDUCTIVE VINYL TILES:


A Single Layer high density homogenous conductive tiles.
(PUR) Treatment for resistance to Abrasion and Indentation and for Easy cleaning.

MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS:
Description
Classification EN 685 :

34,43

Thickness EN 428 :

2.0 mm

Dimensions :

610x610mm

Residual Indentation EN 433 :

0.05 mm

Castor chair :

No damage

Fire Resistance EN 4102 :

B1

Electrical Resistance EN 1081 :

5x104 <R<106

Color fastness EN ISO 105-B02 :

Level 6

Chemical Resistance EN 423 :


Fungi And Bacteria Resistance :
Carbon Backing:

Good Resistance
Excellent
Yes.

INSTALLATION:
7.4.1 APPLICATION CONDUCTIVE VINYL TILES:
- Check the sub-floor to make sure that it is dry, rigid & smooth to avoid any surface unevenness.
- Check the batch no. of each vinyl tiles to be used to make sure that they are consecutively by
numbers.
- Take the exact measurements of the location and mark the center of the area, from which to start
laying the tiles.
- Sweep the sub-floor to make sure it is clean before laying the vinyl tiles.
- Install the required length of Copper tape and connect it to the earthing outlet.
- Apply the recommended adhesive and start laying the vinyl tiles.
- After 24 hours of applying the adhesive, make a groove at the joint between the tiles by grooving
machine.

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- Remove any dirt from the grooved joint.


- Start welding the joint with welding rod at 350C.
- After the welding rod is set and cold, trim the excess material on two stages to get smooth joint.
7.5 RUBBER FLOORING MATERIAL:
(For Chemistry, Physics and Biology Laboratories including Preparation Room)
Material must be with max.1000x1000 mm. dimensions with overall thickness of 4 mm. The
material shall beanti-acid, anti-static, slip resistant, fire resistant and impact resistant.
Installation to be carried out on smooth and leveled screed with welded joints and with approved
adhesive as per manufactures recommendations.
Material Specifications:
Description
Hardness ASTM D2240

>80

Abrasion DIN 53516

< 150

Residual Indentation EN 433

< 0.25 mm

Dimensional Stability EN 434

+ - 0.4%

Fire resistance DIN 4102

B1

Slip Resistance

Minimum 0.4

Anti- Slip Prporerties DIN 51130

R9

Footfall Sound Absorption ISO 140-8

10-12 dB

Thermal Conductivity DIN 52612


Electrical Insulation Properties DIN 53596

0.39 W/ mK
1010 ohm

INSTALLATION:
7.5.1 APPLICATION CONDUCTIVE VINYL TILES:
-On-grade and below-grade sub floors must be protected against ground moisture and with an
adequatemembrane moisture barrier to prevent moisture migration or water vapor transmission.
- New concrete should be cured at least 28 days prior to installation and prior to testing for
moisture.
- Adequate moisture testing must be done. Not more than 3% moisture content is acceptable.
- The contractor surface should be dry and clean. The surface should be level, without surface
Imperfections which would telegraph through the rubber flooring. The surface should be flat within
1/8'' in 10 feet.

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8 Ceilings
8.1

General Description

8.1.1 Scope
1

This part specifies requirements for suspended false ceilings including the following types
and constructions:
-

Gypsum board suspended ceilings and coffers

Acoustical perforated clip-in metal pan ceilings

Clip-in metal pan ceilings

References
1

The following standards are referred to in this Section:


British Standard Institute (BSI) - UK
BS 1230-1

Gypsum plasterboard Specification for plasterboard excluding materials


submitted to secondary operations

BS 3958-5

Thermal insulating materials. Specification for bonded man-made mineral


fibre slabs

BS 6496

Specification for powder organic coatings for application and stoving to


aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet and preformed sections for external
architectural purposes, and for the finish on aluminium alloy extrusions,
sheet and performed sections coated with.

BS 8212

Code of practice for dry lining and partitioning using gypsum plasterboard

BS 8290-1

Suspended ceilings. Code of practice for design

BS 8290-2
BS 8290-3

Suspended ceilings. Specification for performance of components and


assemblies
Suspended ceilings. Code of practice for installation and maintenance

BS EN 485

Aluminium and aluminium alloys.

BS EN 10142

Continuously hot dip zinc coated low carbon steels strip and sheet for
cold forming. Technical delivery conditions

BS EN 10143

Continuously hot dip metal coated steel sheet and strip Tolerances
on dimensions and shape

BS EN 10218

Steel wire and wire products

BS EN 10244

Steel wire and wire products

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Deutsches Institute fur Normung (DIN) - Germany


DIN 18168-2

Lightweight ceiling linings and suspended ceilings; verification of the


load bearing capacity of metal substructures and hangers

DIN 18182-2

Accessories for use with gypsum plasterboards; dry wall screw

DIN 4102-1

Fire behaviour of building materials and building components

Part 1: Building materials; concepts, requirements and tests.


8.1.3 General Requirements
1

Delivery, Storage and Handling: Deliver materials for all types of suspended in
manufacturers original unopened packages, containers, or bundles bearing brand name
and identification of manufacturer or supplier.
Store materials indoors, under cover and on raised platforms and keep them dry and
protected against damage from weather, sun, surface contamination, rust, soil, corrosion,
construction traffic, and other causes.
Comply with manufacturersrecommendations for storing of materials. Do not stack material
in a manner that may cause damage or distortion under its own weight. Stack gypsum boards
flat to prevent sagging.

Source Limitations for Suspended Ceilings:


Obtain each suspended ceiling system
including suspension system and ceiling membrane boards, panels or tiles from one source
with resources to provide products of consistent quality in appearance and physical
properties without delaying the Work.

Coordination: Coordinate layout and installation of suspended ceilings with other


construction that penetrates ceilings or is supported by them, including light fixtures, HVAC
equipment, fire- suppression system and partition assemblies.

Access Panels: Provide access panels at locations selected by the Engineer and indicated
on approved reflected ceiling plans.

8.1.4 Submittals
1
2

In accordance with provisions and procedures in Section 1 General, the Contractor is to


submit the following for the approval of the Engineer:
Product Data: For each type of product specified.

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SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

Coordination Drawings: Reflected ceiling plans drawn to minimum drawing scale:


and coordinating penetrations and ceiling-mounted items. Show the following:

1:50

Joint pattern.

Ceiling suspension system members.

Method of attaching suspension system hangers to building structure.

Initial direct-access openings.

Ceiling-mounted items including light fixtures; air outlets and inlets; speakers;
sprinklers; and special mouldings at walls, column penetrations, and other junctures
of acoustical ceilings with adjoining construction.

Samples for Initial Selection: Manufacturer's colour charts consisting of actual acoustical
metal pan tiles or sections of acoustical metal pan tiles and mouldings showing the full
range of colours, textures, and patterns available for each type of ceiling assembly indicated.

Samples for Verification: Full size units of each type of ceiling assembly indicated; in sets
for each colour, texture, and pattern specified, showing the full range of variations expected in
these characteristics.
600 mm- square metal pan units.
300 mm- long samples of each exposed moulding.

Qualification Data: For firms and persons specified in "Quality Assurance" Article to
demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include lists of completed projects with project
names and addresses, names and addresses of architects and owners, and other information
specified.

Product Test Reports: Indicate compliance of acoustical snap-in metal pan ceilings
and components with requirements based on comprehensive testing of current products.

Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced installer who has completed acoustical snap
in metal pan ceilings similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and
with a record of successful in-service performance.

Mock ups:
Before installing suspended ceilings, install mock ups to demonstrate
aesthetic effects and qualities of materials and execution of suspended ceilings. Erect mock
ups using materials and products matching samples approved by the Engineer. Install
mock ups for the following applications:
a- A gypsum board suspended ceiling complete with coffer
b- An acoustical clip in metal pan suspended ceiling.
Install mock ups in the spaces selected by Engineer. Mock ups shall be for full area of the
space.

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Notify Engineer seven days in advance of the dates and times when mock ups will be
constructed.
Demonstrate the
workmanship.

proposed

range

of

aesthetic

effects

and

Obtain Engineer's approval of mock ups before starting construction of acoustical metal pan
ceilings.
Maintain mock ups during construction in an undisturbed condition as a standard for judging
the completed Work.
Approved mock ups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed and are in
good condition as judged solely by the Engineer at time of Substantial Completion, otherwise
the Contractor shall dismantle mock ups, remove dismantled components from site and install
Permanent Works.
8.1.5 General Requirements for Installation of Suspension Systems
1

Comply with requirements specified in this Clause for installing suspension systems
for suspended ceilings and soffit framing:

Erect the work of suspended ceilings assemblies to details indicated on Drawing or


approved shop drawings.

Suspend ceiling hangers from building structure as follows:


Install hangers plumb and free from contact with insulation or other objects within ceiling
plenum that are not part of supporting structural or ceiling suspension system.
Splay hangers only where required to miss obstructions and offset resulting horizontal forces
by bracing, counter splaying, or other equally effective means.
Where width of ducts and other construction within ceiling plenum produces hanger spacing
that interfere with the location of hangers required to support standard suspension system
members, install supplemental suspension members and hangers in form of trapezes or
equivalent devices. Size supplemental suspension members and hangers to support
ceiling loads within performance limits established by referenced standards.
Secure wire hangers by looping and wire tying, either directly to structures or to inserts,
eye screws, or other devices and fasteners that are secure and appropriate for substrate, and
in a manner that will not cause them to deteriorate or otherwise fail.
Secure flat and angle hangers to structure, including intermediate framing members, by
attaching to inserts, eye screws, or other devices and fasteners that are secure and
appropriate for structure and hanger, and in a manner that will not cause hangers to
deteriorate or otherwise fail.
Do not connect or suspend steel framing from ducts, pipes, or conduit.

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Installation Tolerances: Install steel framing components for suspended ceilings so members
for membrane attachment are level to within 3 mm in 3.0 m measured lengthwise on each
member and transversely between parallel members. Use laser orient levelling instrument for
maintaining ceiling level.

8.3

Fixed Type Suspended Ceilings

8.3.1 General Requirements


1.Type of fixed type suspended ceilings used in the project is Gypsum Board Suspended Ceilings.
Extent of Gypsum Board Suspended Ceilings is indicated on Drawings.
8.3.2 Materials
For this project, use boards of longitudinal tapered edges.
1

Steel Suspended Ceiling And Soffit Framing: Furnish all necessary components for
fixed suspended gypsum board ceilings as indicated in technical data sheets of
approved manufacturer for selected system and comply with requirements indicated hereafter.

Clips: Steel wire, minimum Z275 zinc coating, soft temper, and 2.65-mm diameter minimum.

Hanger Attachments to Concrete: Shall be post installed anchors in concrete, expansion


type fabricated from carbon steel and of zinc plated finish with minimum zinc coating
thickness of
0.005 mm (5 microns), complete with holes or loops for attaching hangers and of capability
to
sustain, without failure, a load equal to five times to that imposed by ceiling construction.

Wire Hangers: to BS EN 10218 AND 10244 zinc coating, soft temper, and 4.12-mm
diameter minimum. Load capacity Class 25 kg to Din 18168 T2

Flat Hangers: Steel sheet, BS EN 10142, Z275 hot dip galvanized zinc coating, furnish
complete with cleats and anchors as specified. Minimum load capacity shall be Class 40 kg
to Din 18168 T2.

Carrying Channels: Cold rolled, steel sheet with a base metal thickness of 0.80 mm, a
minimum12.50 mm wide flange, to BS EN 10142, Z275 hot dip galvanized zinc coating.
Depth shall be as recommended by manufacturer.

Furring Channels (Furring Members): Cold rolled channels, steel sheet to BS EN 10142,
Z275, hot dip galvanized zinc coating, 0.55-mm bare steel thickness minimum.

Cross Connectors: Manufacturers standard fabricated from corrosion resistant material.

Joint Treatment Materials: Shall comply with


manufacturers recommendations, as follows:

requirements of

BS

8212

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a- Jointing Compounds: for gypsum boards shall be proprietary drying type factory
packaged vinyl based factory mixed products complying with specified requirements for
formulation and intended use.
b- Joint Tapes: Shall be pressure sensitive or staple attached proprietary reinforcing
tapes, compatible with and as recommended for particular purpose and application by
jointing compound manufacturer.
8.3.3 Installation
1

Applying And Finishing Boards, General: Comply with BS 8212 unless otherwise more
stringent requirements are specified hereafter.

Installation, General: Install ceiling board across framing to minimize the number of abutting
end joints and to avoid abutting end joints in the central area of each ceiling. Stagger
abutting end joints of adjacent boards not less than one framing member.
Install gypsum boards with face side out. Butt boards together for a light contact at edges
and ends with not more than 1.5 mm of open space between boards. Do not force into place.
Locate edge and end joints over supports, except in ceiling applications where intermediate
supports or gypsum board back blocking is provided behind end joints. Do not place
tapered edges against cut edges or ends. Stagger vertical joints on opposite sides of
partitions. Do not make joints other than control joints at corners of framed openings.
Attach gypsum boards to framing provided at openings and cut outs.
Form control and expansion joints with space between edges of adjoining gypsum
boards.
Space fasteners in gypsum boards according to referenced gypsum board application
and finishing standard and manufacturer's written recommendations.
Install control joints according to requirements of referenced installation standards and in
specific locations approved by Engineer for visual effect.
Space screws a maximum of 200 mm o.c. for ceilings.

Board Application Methods: Apply gypsum boards for ceilings in single-layer application.
Apply gypsum boards before wall/partition board application to the greatest extent possible
and at right angles to framing, unless otherwise indicated. Apply gypsum boards to supports
with steel drill screws.

4.

Coffers: Shall be constructed to details indicated on Drawings and shop drawings. Provide
furring studs and runners at maximum intervals of 600 mm constructed from galvanized steel
sheets as specified in sub clause 14.3.2 Materialsin this Section. Coffer membrane shall
be same as ceiling.

Installing Trim Accessories: For trim with back flanges intended for fasteners, attach to
framing with same fasteners used for boards.
Otherwise, attach trim according to

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manufacturer's written instructions.


6

Finishing Gypsum Board Ceilings: Treat gypsum board joints, interior angles, edge trim,
control joints, penetrations, fastener heads, surface defects, and elsewhere as required
to prepare gypsum board surfaces for decoration. Promptly remove residual joint compound
from adjacent surfaces. Prefill open joints, rounded or bevelled edges, and damaged surface
areas. Apply joint tape over gypsum board joints, except those with trim having flanges not
intended for tape.
Gypsum Board Finish: Taped seamless finish as follows:
Lightly sand cut edges of boards to remove paper burrs; apply PVAC sealer to exposed
cut edges of boards to which tape is to be applied.
Fill all joints and gaps and cover with continuous lengths of tape, fully bedded; when set,
cover with joint finish, feathered out to give a flush, smooth, seamless surface; apply two
coats of joint finish at external angles.
Spot nail and screw depressions with joint filler and when set applies a continuous overall coat
of joint finish, feathered off to give a flush, smooth surface.
Fill minor indents and, after joint, angle and spotting treatments have dried, apply surface
finish slurry to give a continuous, consistent texture to surface of boards.

Recessed Lighting Enclosure: Shall be constructed from 16.00 mm thick gypsum boards fixed
to galvanized steel furring channels not less than 0.70 mm thick with galvanized steel
plasterboard screws. Provide alloy 304 S16 stainless steel griller of satin finish loosely laid
onto T-section supports of material and finish matching that of the adjoining suspended
ceiling. Inner surfaces of plasterboards are to receive smooth acrylic paint finish of white
colour.

8.3.4 Acoustical Metal Pans


1

Acoustical Metal Pan Standard:


Provide manufacturer's standard metal pans of
configuration indicated that comply with BS 8290 classifications as designated by types,
patterns, acoustical ratings, and light reflectance, unless otherwise indicated.

Sheet Metal Characteristics:


Form metal pans from sheet metals selected for their
surface flatness, smoothness, and freedom from surface blemishes where exposed to view
in finished unit. Do not use materials whose exposed surfaces exhibit pitting, seam marks,
roller marks, variations in flatness exceeding those permitted by referenced standards for
stretcher-levelled metal sheet, stains, discolorations, or other imperfections.
Aluminium Sheet: Complying with BS EN 485, alloy and temper recommended by
aluminium producer and finisher for type of use and finish indicated, and with not less than the
strength and durability properties of the alloy and temper designated below:
Alloy and Temper for Colour Coated Finish: 3003-H14 or 3105-H14, as standard with
manufacturer.

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Fabrication: Die form acoustical snap in metal pans, from metal indicated, into units of
size indicated and configuration standard with manufacturer, with dimples, continuous
beads, or spring clips on flanges for snap in engagement with concealed suspension system,
and finished according to requirements indicated in "Finishes, General" Article.

Sound Absorbent Fabric Layer: Provide fabric layer, sized to fit concealed surface of
perforated pan, and consisting of black, nonwoven, non flammable, acoustic inlay material.
Acoustical fabric is to comply with the following requirements:
Fibre:

Cellulose/fibre. Binder:
Synthetic resin

Thickness:

0.20 mm, minimum.

Weight:

6 gm/m2, minimum.

Flammability:

Combination of perforated ceiling pans and the acoustical felt shall be


non flammable and meet the requirements of building material class A2 to
DIN
4102/Part I.

Bond fabric layer to pans in the factory with manufacturer's standard non flammable adhesive.
5

Sound Absorbent Pads: Provide sound absorptive pads of width and length to completely fill
the inside of each acoustical unit and to comply with the following requirements. Pads shall be
plastic sheet wrapped mineral fibre Insulation consisting of nonrigid vinyl chloride plastic
or fire- retardant rated polyethylene sheet encapsulating unfaced mineral-fibre insulation
complying with BS 3958-5 for installation over metal spacer grid to separate pad from pan; and
as follows:
Plastic Sheet Thickness and Colour: Not less than 0.38 mm; flat black.
Mineral-Fibre Type and Thickness: Fibre from slag (mineral wool); 30 mm thick, minimum.

Spacer Grid: Provide manufacturers standard aluminium grid unit that provides an air
cushion between the metal pan and insulation pad and that acts to improve sound absorption
of the following materials. Finish of aluminium shall be as standard with manufacturer.

Aluminium Pan Finish: Shall be powder coating finish: Manufacturers standard


polyester powder coat baked on coating complying with BS 6496 and written instructions of
coating manufacturers for surface preparation, pre treatment, application baking and
minimum dry film thickness.
Colour: Shall be to the selection of the Engineer from manufacturers full range.

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SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

8.3.5 Metal Suspension Systems, General


1

Metal Suspension System Standard: Provide ceiling manufacturer's standard metal


suspension systems of types, structural classifications, materials, and finishes indicated that
comply with applicable BS 8290 requirements. Provide systems complete with snap-in
runners, splice plates, connector and alignment clips, hangers, trim, seismic- and wind-load
clips and struts, and other suspension components required to support ceiling units
and other ceiling supported construction.

Attachment Devices: Size for five times design load calculated according to Drawings
and recommendations of BS 8290-1.
Post installed Anchors in Concrete: Post installed expansion anchors fabricated from
carbon- steel components zinc plated to comply with minimum zinc coating thickness of
0.005 mm (5 microns), with holes or loops for attaching hangers of type indicated and
with capability to sustain, without failure, a load equal to five times that imposed by ceiling
construction.

Hold Down Clips: Manufacturer's standard hold down clips spaced to secure acoustical snap
in metal pans in place as recommended for each application.

Exposed Metal Edge Mouldings and Trim: Provide exposed members as indicated or required
to conceal edges of and penetrations through ceiling, to conceal edges of pans and
runners, for fixture trim and adapters, for fascia at changes in ceiling height, and for other
conditions; of metal and finish matching acoustical snap in metal pans, unless otherwise
indicated. For Circular Penetrations of Ceiling: Fabricate edge mouldings to diameter required
to fit penetration exactly.

8.3.6 Indirect Hung Suspension Systems:


1

System composed of snap in main runners connected to carrying channels that are attached
by hangers to building structure, and complying with requirements specified hereafter in
following paragraphs of this Clause.

Hangers, Generally: Type and metal standard with ceiling system manufacturer, sized to
comply with structural classification indicated.

Wire Hangers, Braces, and Ties: Provide wires complying with the following
requirements: Zinc Coated Carbon Steel Wire: BS EN 10218 and 10244 zinc coated, soft
temper.
Size: Select wire diameter so its stress at three times hanger design load will be less than
yield stress of wire, but provide not less than 2.69 mm diameter wire.

Hanger Rods: Mild steel, zinc coated or protected with rust inhibitive paint.

Flat Hangers: Mild steel, zinc coated or protected with rust inhibitive paint.

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Angle Hangers: Angles with legs not less than 22 mm wide, formed with 1 mm thick,
galvanized steel sheet complying with BS EN 10142 and 10143, Z275 coating designation,
with bolted connections and 8-mm- diameter bolts.

Main Runners: Formed from galvanized Steel Sheet: BS EN 10142 and 10143
coating designation.

Carrying Channels: Cold rolled steel, not less than 1.5 mm nominal thickness of base
(uncoated) metal and 11 mm- wide flanges, hot dip galvanized according to BS EN
10142 and 10143 coating intensity not less 275 gm/m2 total both faces, and depth and
weight as recommended by manufacturer for each particular application.

8.3.7 Perforated Steel Acoustical Snap-In Metal Pan Ceilings


1

Steel Pans: Perforated Steel facing (pan) units with sound absorbent fabric backing as follows:
Pattern of Perforated Pans: Perforated, regularly spaced holes 2.5 mm dia.), arranged in
parallel alignment to pan edge with uniform perforations of dimension, holes per square foot,
and percent open area as 16 %. Arrangement of perforations is to be as recommended by
manufacturer to obtain acoustical performance specified.
Pan Thickness: Not less than 0.6 mm.
Pan Edge Detail: Square.
Pan Size: 600x600 mm. Furnish border pieces as required to attain ceiling
arrangement approved by the Engineer.
Pan Face Finish: Smooth coloured as specified.

Suspension System Installation Method: Indirect-hung snap-in suspension system.

Sound Absorbent Pads: Shall be as specified.

Acoustical Sealant for Exposed and Concealed Joints: Manufacturer's standard nonda,
pintable, no staining latex sealant complying, effective in reducing airborne sound
transmission through perimeter joints and openings in building construction.
Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that may be
incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:
Acoustical Sealant for Exposed and Concealed Joints:
SHEETROCK Acoustical Sealant; United States Gypsum Co.

Access Panels: For access at locations indicated, provide acoustical snap-in metal pan
ceiling units, each with one removable knob placed at middle of unhinged edge of panel.

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8.3.8 Solid Steel Snap-In Metal Pan Ceilings


1

Steel Pans: Solid Steel facing (pan) units as follows:


Pan Thickness

: Not less than 0.6 mm. Pan

Edge Detail

: Square.

Pan Size

: 600x600 mm. Furnish border pieces as required to attain ceiling


arrangement approved by the Engineer.

Pan Face Finish

: Smooth coloured as specified.

Suspension System Installation Method: Indirect hung snap in suspension system.

Sound Absorbent Pads: Shall not be used.

Sealant for Exposed and Concealed Joints: Polyurethane or silicone based type as specified
Section Joints Caulking and Sealants.

Access Panels: For access at locations indicated, provide acoustical snap in metal pan
ceiling units, each with one removable knob placed at middle of unhinged edge of panel.
Install suspension system runners so they are square and securely interlocked with one
another. Remove and replace dented, bent, or kinked members.
Scribe and cut acoustical metal pan units for accurate fit at borders and at interruptions and
penetrations by other work through ceilings. Stiffen edges of cut units as required to
eliminate evidence of buckling or variations in flatness exceeding referenced standards
for stretcher- levelled metal sheet.
Install acoustical snap-in metal pan units in coordination with suspension system and exposed
mouldings and trim. Align joints in adjacent courses to form uniform, straight joints parallel
to room axis in both directions, unless otherwise indicated.
Fit adjoining units to form flush, tight joints. Scribe and cut units for accurate fit at borders
and around construction penetrating ceiling. Install directionally patterned or textured panels in
directions indicated.
Install sound-absorptive pads in perforated metal pan units over metal spacer
grids.
Lay sound absorptive pads directly on ceiling system to manufacturers standard details
and close major openings to form complete coverage in required areas.

8.4.Cleaning
1

Clean exposed surfaces of acoustical snap-in metal pan ceilings, including trim and edge
mouldings. Comply with manufacturer's written instructions for cleaning and touch-up of minor
finish damage. Remove and replace work that cannot be successfully cleaned and repaired to
permanently eliminate evidence of damage, including dented and bent units.

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SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

8.5. Wall Finishes


8.5.1 Glass
8.5.2 Clear Glass
Toughened 12mm thick glass sheets, size, shape and penetrations as per drawings.
8.5.3 Sandblasted Glass
Toughened 12mm thick glass panels, size, shape and penetrations as per drawings, mechanically
fixed with steel bolts.
8.5.4 Colour paint spray Glass
Toughened 12mm thick glass panels, shape, colour and penetrations as per drawings,
mechanically fixed with steel bolts.
8.5.5 Joints
Dimensions: 2 mm width, concealed height to be as per wall pattern details unless otherwise
specified in drawings.
Finish: As specified in drawings.

8.6. Floor Finishes


8.6.1

Stone Floor

All stone finishes to be allocated as per drawings.


8.6.2

Reconstituted stone

Polished finish, reconstituted natural stone with additional elements. Fixing as per manufacturers
recommendation. Colour, pattern and size as shown on drawings.
8.7

Skirting

Dimensions: As per drawings and finishes scheduled


8.8

SUSPENDED CEILING FOR PLENUM BOXES IN SPECIFIED PLANNED DRAWING.

Shop drawings to be supplied by the Contractor for approval.


Acoustical Gypsum plaster board on galvanized suspension system, regular type for dry area
Material

12.5mm thick Gypsum Board complying with B.S. 1230

Sound insulation

26-35db

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Fire Reaction

: Class DIN Part 1, Class A2 (Non Combustible) test

Perforated

Density

Square Perforation 12mm x 12mm with textile on the back


: 880kg/m3

Thermal Conductive: Complying with ASTM C 36-85 and B.S 1230


Suspension System : Cold rolled mild steel, hot dip galvanised finish
Accessories
: Components used for suspension, metal furring grid system (MF
system) for securing plasterboard, channel sections-intermediate supports for M/F sections and
angle section-hanger brackets and perimeter angle, soffit cleats, wire ties, nuts and bolts and
screws.
8.8.1

8.8.2

CONDITIONS: Do not install membrane material until the building is weathertight, wet trades
have finished their work, services are complete above the level of the ceiling and heating is on.
Before, during and after installing, ensure that temperature and humidity are maintained at
levels similar to those which will prevail after building is occupied
WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY:

Handle, store and fix suspended ceiling materials in accordance with manufacturers'
recommendations and Guide no. 1, 'Good practice for the installation of suspended ceilings'
published by the Suspended Ceilings Association, ensuring compliance with design and
performance requirements.

Set out accurately to give level soffits free from undulations and lipping, with all lines and joints
straight and parallel to walls unless specified otherwise.

Fix securely with additional bracing and stiffening as necessary to give a rigid system resistant
to wind uplift.

8.8.3

SETTING OUT: Where not shown otherwise set out ceilings to ensure that edge tiles/sheets are
never less than half in width or length. Position grid to suit board/tile size(s), allowing for
permitted deviations from nominal size(s).

8.8.4

ADEQUATELY PROTECT suspended ceilings from damage and dirt. Ensure that membrane
materials are handled carefully and kept clean if subsequently removed for access to services,
for inspection or for remedial work.

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9

SCHOOLS COMPLEX & STAFF HOUSING AT AL KHIYSA UMM SALAL DOHA QATAR

ACOUSTIC WOOD WOOL PANELS:

9.1 FOR CEILINGS AND WALLS:


-

Magnesite bound wood wool panels


Fine pored top surface
Suitable for biological sound construction
Size 1200-1220 x 600-610 x 25 mm thick for Ceiling
Size 1200-1220 x 600-610 x 35 mm thick for Walls
Fire Class 2 to NEN 6065
Diffusion resistance coefficient u 2/5
Thermal Conductivity : 0.10 (w/mk)
Sound Absorption : 0.44 for 25 mm
Acoustical Rating : NRC 0.85-0.90
Ceiling Panels color : Off White Color
Wall Color : To be selected by the Engineer
Wall panels according to the requirement of the Engineer
Wall panels to be chamfered on all sides
Ceiling tiles to be straight edge (Water/moist resistant)
Wall tiles to be fixed to wooden batten of thickness not to less than 40mm or as per approved
manufacturer recommendation.

9.2 SHOP DRAWING:


-

Shop drawing must clearly indicate pattern and method of fixing for ceiling & wall panels and to
be approved by the Engineer.

End of Section 2

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