You are on page 1of 8

# Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1).

## | Electrical Notes & Articles

1 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

## Electrical Notes & Articles

Sharing Abstracts,Notes on various Electrical Engineering Topics.

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1).

JULY 27, 2013

Cable Capacity:
For Cu Wire Current Capacity (Up to 30 Sq.mm) = 6X Size of Wire in Sq.mm
Ex. For 2.5 Sq.mm=62.5=15 Amp, For 1 Sq.mm=61=6 Amp, For 1.5 Sq.mm=61.5=9 Amp
For Cable Current Capacity = 4X Size of Cable in Sq.mm ,Ex. For 2.5 Sq.mm=42.5=9 Amp.
Nomenclature for cable Rating = Uo/U
where Uo=Phase-Ground Voltage, U=Phase-Phase Voltage, Um=Highest Permissible Voltage

## Current Capacity of Equipments:

1 Phase Motor draws Current=7Amp per HP.
3 Phase Motor draws Current=1.25Amp per HP.
Full Load Current of 3 Phase Motor=HPx1.5
Full Load Current of 1 Phase Motor=HPx6
No Load Current of 3 Phase Motor =30% of FLC
KW Rating of Motor=HPx0.75
Full Load Current of equipment =1.39xKVA (for 3 Phase 415Volt)
Full Load Current of equipment =1.74xKw (for 3 Phase 415Volt)

Earthing Resistance:
Earthing Resistance for Single Pit=5 ,Earthing Grid=0.5
As per NEC 1985 Earthing Resistance should be <5.
Voltage between Neutral and Earth <=2 Volts
Resistance between Neutral and Earth <=1
Creepage Distance=18 to 22mm/KV (Moderate Polluted Air) or
Creepage Distance=25 to 33mm/KV (Highly Polluted Air)

Minimum Bending Radius for LT Power Cable=12xDia of Cable.
Minimum Bending Radius for HT Power Cable=20xDia of Cable.
Minimum Bending Radius for Control Cable=10xDia of Cable.

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

2 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

Insulation Resistance:
Insulation Resistance Value for Rotating Machine= (KV+1) M.
Insulation Resistance Value for Motor (IS 732) = ((20xVoltage (L-L)) / (1000+ (2xKW)).
Insulation Resistance Value for Equipment (<1KV) = Minimum 1 M.
Insulation Resistance Value for Equipment (>1KV) = KV 1 M per 1KV.
Insulation Resistance Value for Panel = 2 x KV rating of the panel.
Min Insulation Resistance Value (Domestic) = 50 M / No of Points. (All Electrical Points with Electrical ing & Plugs).Should
be less than 0.5 M
Min Insulation Resistance Value (Commercial) = 100 M / No of Points. (All Electrical Points without ing & Plugs).Should be
less than 0.5 M.
Test Voltage (A.C) for Meggering = (2X Name Plate Voltage) +1000
Test Voltage (D.C) for Meggering = (2X Name Plate Voltage).
Submersible Pump Take 0.4 KWH of extra Energy at 1 meter drop of Water.

Lighting Arrestor:
Arrestor have Two Rating=
(1) MCOV=Max. Continuous Line to Ground Operating Voltage.
(2) Duty Cycle Voltage. (Duty Cycle Voltage>MCOV).

Transformer:
Current Rating of Transformer=KVAx1.4
Short Circuit Current of T.C /Generator= Current Rating / % Impedance
No Load Current of Transformer=<2% of Transformer Rated current
Capacitor Current (Ic)=KVAR / 1.732xVolt (Phase-Phase)
Typically the local utility provides transformers rated up to 500kVA For maximum connected load of 99kW,
Typically the local utility provides transformers rated up to 1250kVA For maximum connected load of 150kW.
The diversity they would apply to apartments is around 60%
Maximum HT (11kV) connected load will be around 4.5MVA per circuit.
4No. earth pits per transformer (2No. for body and 2No. for neutral earthing),
Clearances, approx.1000mm around TC allow for transformer movement for replacement.

Diesel Generator:
Diesel Generator Set Produces=3.87 Units (KWH) in 1 Li er of Diesel.
Requirement Area of Diesel Generator = for 25KW to 48KW=56 Sq.meter, 100KW=65 Sq.meter.
DG less than or equal to 1000kVA must be in a canopy.
DG greater 1000kVA can either be in a canopy or skid mounted in an acoustically treated room
DG noise levels to be less than 75dBA @ 1meter.
DG fuel storage tanks should be a maximum of 990 Li er per unit Storage tanks above this level will trigger more stringent
explosion protection provision.

Current Transformer:
Nomenclature of CT:

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

3 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

## Ratio: input / output current ratio

Burden (VA): total burden including pilot wires. (2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 30VA.)
Class: Accuracy required for operation (Metering: 0.2, 0.5, 1 or 3, Protection: 5, 10, 15, 20, 30).
Accuracy Limit Factor:
Nomenclature of CT: Ratio, VA Burden, Accuracy Class, Accuracy Limit Factor.Example: 1600/5, 15VA 5P10 (Ratio: 1600/5,
Burden: 15VA, Accuracy Class: 5P, ALF: 10)
As per IEEE Metering CT: 0.3B0.1 rated Metering CT is accurate to 0.3 percent if the connected secondary burden if impedance
does not exceed 0.1 ohms.
As per IEEE Relaying (Protection) CT: 2.5C100 Relaying CT is accurate within 2.5 percent if the secondary burden is less than 1.0
ohm (100 volts/100A).
Quick Electrical Calculation
1HP=0.746KW

Star Connection

1KW=1.36HP

Delta Connection

1KWH=3.6 MJ

1Cal=4.186 J

## 1Tone= 3530 BTU

85 Sq.ft Floor Area=1200 BTU
1Kcal=4186 Joule
1KWH=860 Kcal
1Cal=4.183 Joule

## FILED UNDER UNCATEGORIZED

Jignesh Parmar has completed M.Tech (Power System Control), B.E(Electrical) from Gujarat University. He has more than 13 years
experience in Power Transmission-Power Distribution-Electrical energy theft detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical
Projects(Planning-Designing-coordination-Execution). He is Presently associate with one of the leading business group as a Deputy
Manager at Ahmedabad,India. He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel Sheets of Electrical
Engineering as per IS,NEC,IEC,IEEE codes. He is technical Author for Electrical Mirror and Electrical India Magazines. He is
Technical Blogger and Familiar with English, Hindi, Gujarati, French languages. He wants to Share his experience & knowledge and
help technical enthusiasts to nd suitable solutions and updating themselves on various Engineering Topics.

## 49 Responses to Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1).

July 27, 2013 at 5:56 pm
Very useful information
Thanks

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

4 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

MASILAMANI.V says:
July 28, 2013 at 2:36 am
excellent for this words
Dillip Kumar Deo says:
April 16, 2014 at 9:29 am
Jignesh it is very usefull for all engineers.
Chisi says:
July 28, 2013 at 6:04 am
Man, you are the best..I never knew most of these rules.
Long live Jignesh!
HEENA says:
July 28, 2013 at 8:50 am
3 PHASE MOTOR DRAWS CURRENTS 2.5 AMP/hp.if it is 230 v
and 1.5A/HP If it is 440 volt .
Jignesh.Parmar says:
July 28, 2013 at 12:22 pm
Read Tile of this Page.This is THUMB RULES so There is no any formula/References/Code For that !!!
This is used for Quick calculation
SUBRAMANIAN.P says:
July 28, 2013 at 12:49 pm
Really the topics is very useful to me
arvind says:
July 28, 2013 at 5:21 pm
VERY USEFUL AND HANDY INFO
arvind says:
July 28, 2013 at 5:22 pm
very imp info
shaileshkumar.patel@Linde-LE.com says:
July 29, 2013 at 4:38 am
Dear Jignesh
I am regularly ge ing updateds from this websites. It is very useful.
As per Indian standrad : Emergency standby duty generator ( for
example : 1250 KVA,415 V) can be loaded for full load (i.e 1250 KVAconstant or vairiable load ) in case of
main power source outgae for 3 days. If any supporting IS number is
In case Alternate relevant international standard is clarifying this
With best regards
Shailesh G Patel

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

5 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

## July 29, 2013 at 4:53 am

it is very useful for electrical engineer and thank you very much Mr jignesh
Suresh says:
July 29, 2013 at 2:52 pm
Very useful in short. Thanks
boy sandra says:
August 2, 2013 at 7:00 pm
Praveen Malviya says:
August 3, 2013 at 11:37 am
Sir please help me My question is, what is the suitable stater and breaker for 400kw,1440rpm induction motor
engelect says:
August 3, 2013 at 10:44 pm
Thanks for this rule of thumbs. It is really usefull for short assesment.
Murali.k says:
August 4, 2013 at 2:01 am
Thanks yery useful for all electrical engineers in the world
malebogo moupi says:
August 4, 2013 at 7:17 am
hie sir help me herea single phase load consists of 1. 12kw of lighting & heating at unity pf.2. 8kw of motors at 0.8pf lagging & 3.
10kva of motors at 0.7 pf lagging.calculate (a)kwt (b)kvart (c)kvat (d)overall pf and the total supply current at 240v.my main
wory is how to come with 30.3total kva.13.1total kvar &overall pf pliz help!
vamsi says:
August 7, 2013 at 3:35 pm
as a site engineer this info is very helpfull to me ..
Rasika says:
August 13, 2013 at 5:02 am
what are electrodynamic stresses?
pankaj says:
August 20, 2013 at 11:21 am
yes
Almoutaz Safwan says:
September 2, 2013 at 11:41 am
Its useful info. thanks
Dharmendra Kumar says:
September 29, 2013 at 11:26 am
THIS INFORMATION IS VERY USEFUL FOR EVERY ENGINEER AND ELECTRICAL MAINT. PERSON.
THANKS JIGNESH.
_ DHARMENDRA KUMAR
jayesh says:
September 29, 2013 at 11:33 am
so greatful job you had done.

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

6 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

## Jay jay garvi gujarat

chandresh says:
October 8, 2013 at 5:25 am
thank u sir.
Nilesh Prajapati says:
October 13, 2013 at 5:06 am
Thank you sir
Steve says:
October 23, 2013 at 5:34 pm
thank you for all your hard work in pu ing this together.Greetings from West Texas
surender says:
October 26, 2013 at 8:02 am
in what case voltage reading between ground and neutral up to 230 at distribution transformer L T side .The transformer ratio is
33 kv / .415 kv .
Jignesh.Parmar says:
October 26, 2013 at 6:06 pm
Already given in the Blog !!!!! (< 5V)
Ravindra Kumar says:
November 10, 2013 at 10:51 pm
thank you very much sir
November 15, 2013 at 12:46 pm
All the three phase are generate in the power plantSir plz tell me about the neutral generation
Sumit Sharma says:
November 23, 2013 at 11:06 am
Dear Sir
i am working in residential building my one at load is 15 kw so how to calculate diversity factor.
regards
Sumit Sharma
Bhavin Patel says:
December 18, 2013 at 3:35 am
sir
thanks for sharing such a information
K.Gopinath says:
January 3, 2014 at 7:38 am
Alwin Paul says:
January 23, 2014 at 2:29 pm
Dear Mr. Jignesh
1 Phase Motor draws Current=7Amp per HP.

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

7 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

## 3 Phase Motor draws Current=1.25Amp per HP

Can you explain the above information, please?
Jignesh.Parmar says:
January 23, 2014 at 4:56 pm
Dear Alwin..
This is THUMB RULE..This is Quick and handy calculation which is near to mathematical calculation or its equation.
Paramasivan Tsp says:
January 27, 2014 at 6:23 pm
Dear Mr. Jignesh,
Kindly use reference and standards. This ll help us to improve the knowledge about standards and it ll also induce to search
-Paramasivan Tsp (My FB id)
Jignesh.Parmar says:
January 29, 2014 at 1:51 pm
Normally I always indeed to indicate Standard and mention for the same..But where it is not possible,it is not mentioned..
as in the case of THUMB RULE
karan says:
February 21, 2014 at 12:15 pm
prakash parmar says:
March 1, 2014 at 10:29 am
Dear sir,
I m gating regular mail Its a very use full information from for me
Thank you
July 8, 2014 at 5:58 am
Dear
Which rule have you followed for cable current carrying capacity?
ikoh says:
July 10, 2014 at 10:35 am
thank you for all the information!!!
kashyap raval says:
August 4, 2014 at 2:45 pm
Dear Sir,
Thanks a lot for such technical information which will help to solve day to day workings.
It is reallya most valuable and sound as well as perfect calculations ..
Please be in touch by mail,
I shall be grateful if send me such an electrical related informations,calculations etvc.
rajvasanth1983 says:
September 24, 2014 at 5:56 am
Dear sir,
Thanks for your lot of Technical information.

11/30/2015 7:53 PM

## Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1). | Electrical Notes & Articles

8 of 8

https://electricalnotes.wordpress.com/2013/07/27/electrical-thumb-rules-...

One our customer in UK.Their asking for Below ground earthing calculation used BS (british standard).But I have IEEE80 format
Ex sheet. Their not accepting IEEE80. Hence.Hence Kindly send the BS format for below ground earthing.
This is very useful for Us.
Regards
V.vasantha kumar.
Jose says:
October 7, 2014 at 12:46 pm
Dear Sir,
can you prepare thumb rule based on DEWA regulations.
Mohanty says:
November 8, 2014 at 2:42 am
Gud information for public knowladge.. Thanks lot.
January 21, 2015 at 6:44 pm
In domestic wiring, if neutral line is shotred with housing earth line, What problem we can face? Whether it will eect on KWH
meter reading? Is there any chances of ge ing my electronic equipments damage?
GK says:
January 28, 2015 at 8:33 am
Excellent information. LIVE LONG DEAR ENGR JIGNESH. GK
parag says:
June 11, 2015 at 2:25 am
WHAT IS 10X RULE IN VOLTAGE DIVIDER CIRCUIT