115 views

Uploaded by Bao Kim

Viscosity for Non-Newtonian Fluids

- Rheology of a Non-Newtonian Fluid
- Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow Through Concentric Annuli
- Fluid and Cement
- Oil Viscocity
- Set4ans_12
- therminol_55
- A TwoPhaseEulerFoam Tutorial
- Viscosity Calculations
- p04908
- Non Newtunion
- LP_image_en_12_15
- Sizing
- hjhkhjhjkhkh
- 2014 Revision Physics as Level
- TechBrief13 - Oil Viscosity
- a47a042
- 328888529-ASTM-D7152-2011.pdf
- Tranport 3
- 7.3 Flow Rate and Viscosity.pdf
- EDEM+CFD-2Phase_lagrangian_Tutorial

You are on page 1of 7

Page 1 sur 7

For incompressible Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is proportional to the rate-of-deformation

tensor :

(8.4-14)

where

is defined by

(8.4-15)

and

For some non-Newtonian fluids, the shear stress can similarly be written in terms of a nonNewtonian viscosity :

(8.4-16)

In general,

rate

only.

. However,

and is defined as

(8.4-17)

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 2 sur 7

power law

Carreau model for pseudo-plastics

Cross model

Herschel-Bulkley model for Bingham plastics

Note that the non-Newtonian power law described below is different from the power law

described in Section 8.4.2.

Note: Non-newtonian model for single phase is available for the mixture model and it is

recommended that this should be attached to the primary phase.

Appropriate values for the input parameters for these models can be found in the literature (e.g.,

[ 368]).

If you choose non-newtonian-power-law in the drop-down list to the right of Viscosity, nonNewtonian flow will be modeled according to the following power law for the non-Newtonian

viscosity:

(8.4-18)

FLUENT allows you to place upper and lower limits on the power law function, yielding the

following equation:

(8.4-19)

where

, and

of the fluid (the consistency index); is a measure of the deviation of the fluid from Newtonian

(the power-law index), as described below;

is the reference temperature; and

and

are, respectively, the lower and upper limits of the power law. If the viscosity computed from the

power law is less than

, the value of

will be used instead. Similarly, if the computed

viscosity is greater than

viscosity is limited by

, the value of

and

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 3 sur 7

According to the Non-Newtonian Power Law

The value of

Newtonian fluid

shear-thickening (dilatant fluids)

shear-thinning (pseudo-plastics)

To use the non-Newtonian power law, choose non-newtonian-power-law in the drop-down list to

the right of Viscosity. The Non-Newtonian Power Law panel will open, and you can enter the

Consistency Index , Power-Law Index , Reference Temperature

, Minimum Viscosity

Limit

value of

should be set to zero. If the energy equation is not being solved, FLUENT uses a

default value of

The power law model described in Equation 8.4-18 results in a fluid viscosity that varies with

shear rate. For

,

, and for

,

, where

and

are,

respectively, the upper and lower limiting values of the fluid viscosity.

The Carreau model attempts to describe a wide range of fluids by the establishment of a curve-fit

to piece together functions for both Newtonian and shear-thinning (

) non-Newtonian laws.

In the Carreau model, the viscosity is

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 4 sur 7

(8.4-20)

where

(8.4-21)

, and

is the power-law index (as described above for the non-Newtonian power law),

zero by default, while

and

and

is set to

and

are the

and

at low

According to the Carreau Model

Inputs for the Carreau Model

To use the Carreau model, choose carreau in the drop-down list to the right of Viscosity. The

Carreau Model panel will open, and you can enter the Time Constant , Power-Law Index

Reference Temperature

, Zero Shear Viscosity

, Infinite Shear Viscosity

, and

Activation Energy

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 5 sur 7

Cross Model

The Cross model for viscosity is

(8.4-22)

where

= zero-shear-rate viscosity

= natural time (i.e., inverse of the shear rate

at which the fluid changes from Newtonian to

power-law behavior)

= power-law index

The Cross model is commonly used when it is necessary to describe the low-shear-rate behavior

of the viscosity.

Inputs for the Cross Model

To use the Cross model, choose cross in the drop-down list to the right of Viscosity. The Cross

Model panel will open, and you can enter the Zero Shear Viscosity

, Time Constant , and

Power-Law Index

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 6 sur 7

The power law model described above is valid for fluids for which the shear stress is zero when

the strain rate is zero. Bingham plastics are characterized by a non-zero shear stress when the

strain rate is zero:

(8.4-23)

where

For

For

The Herschel-Bulkley model combines the effects of Bingham and power-law behavior in a fluid.

For low strain rates (

), the "rigid'' material acts like a very viscous fluid with viscosity

(8.4-24)

where

model.

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

Page 7 sur 7

Shear Rate According to the Herschel-Bulkley

Model

If you choose the Herschel-Bulkley model for Bingham plastics, Equation 8.4-24 will be used to

determine the fluid viscosity.

The Herschel-Bulkley model is commonly used to describe materials such as concrete, mud,

dough, and toothpaste, for which a constant viscosity after a critical shear stress is a reasonable

assumption. In addition to the transition behavior between a flow and no-flow regime, the

Herschel-Bulkley model can also exhibit a shear-thinning or shear-thickening behavior depending

on the value of .

Inputs for the Herschel-Bulkley Model

To use the Herschel-Bulkley model, choose herschel-bulkley in the drop-down list to the right of

Viscosity. The Herschel-Bulkley panel will open, and you can enter the Consistency Index ,

Power-Law Index , Yield Stress Threshold

, and Yielding Viscosity

.

Previous: 8.4.4 Composition-Dependent Viscosity for

Up: 8.4 Viscosity

Next: 8.5 Thermal Conductivity

Fluent Inc. 2006-09-20

http://aerojet.engr.ucdavis.edu/fluenthelp/html/ug/node340.htm

27/11/2015

- Rheology of a Non-Newtonian FluidUploaded byKeisha Richards
- Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow Through Concentric AnnuliUploaded byDr. Engr. Md Mamunur Rashid
- Fluid and CementUploaded bypakde jongko
- Oil ViscocityUploaded byjaspreet964
- A TwoPhaseEulerFoam TutorialUploaded bylino
- therminol_55Uploaded byGaurav Singh
- Set4ans_12Uploaded byM.k. Varma
- Viscosity CalculationsUploaded byarcelitas
- LP_image_en_12_15Uploaded by최봉상
- SizingUploaded byAditya Tapkir
- p04908Uploaded byasyyas
- Non NewtunionUploaded byAfnan ZenshinKyoki Hannan
- 2014 Revision Physics as LevelUploaded byad
- TechBrief13 - Oil ViscosityUploaded bySeunghee Lee
- hjhkhjhjkhkhUploaded byjunomars
- a47a042Uploaded bygplese0
- 328888529-ASTM-D7152-2011.pdfUploaded bypercyocana
- Tranport 3Uploaded byAyman Al Kafrawy
- 7.3 Flow Rate and Viscosity.pdfUploaded byAtif Kamal
- EDEM+CFD-2Phase_lagrangian_TutorialUploaded bygurpinder.rajgarh1331
- Velez 2013Uploaded byjucasega
- OpenFVM-v1.1.pdfUploaded byAshish Kotwal
- 803225cd33fUploaded byGrecella Marliyani Sinaga
- Dr._Eisa-libre.pdfUploaded bySlavenko Andre
- viscosidadUploaded bygabo mango
- Appendix a Glossary of Selected Terminology 2013 Exergy Second EditionUploaded byAnonymous dUXvWL61
- Grand VivaUploaded byAbhishek Padmasale
- Chapter 2Uploaded byMuhammad Abdullah

- msdsUploaded byBao Kim
- AB-525-2013 - Overpressure Protection Requirements for Pressure Vessels and Pressure PipingUploaded byCristian Visoiu
- Auto Cad CommandsUploaded bykrishnamech
- Compressed Air - Chapter 5 Calculations - Atlas CopcoUploaded byppluis90
- 27-38Uploaded byBao Kim
- Lam Nguoi Bang Khong Khi - Thang, ThanhUploaded byBao Kim
- Urea Recycle.pdfUploaded byBao Kim
- SIL_MagetrolUploaded byrujisak_m
- Tank ComponentsUploaded bystefanovicana1
- Customize Autocad p IdUploaded byBao Kim
- 5.4 Design Basis for Co2 Recovery PlantUploaded byHalcu Razvan
- Comsol PolymerUploaded byWaheed Ur Rehman

- Trends Graph WorksheetUploaded bymamazookeepr
- Paper-CFD Analysis and Optimization of a Car SpoilerUploaded byahilana003
- exercises.docxUploaded byCarlos Madera Sarmiento
- Transformer Loss ListUploaded byShuhan Mohammad Ariful Hoque
- 2 Blab ManualUploaded byCarolina Andrea Aracena Ibacache
- Constants of the Universe, By Vic STENGERUploaded byColin Kline
- Book Proposal Form - Alpha.pdfUploaded byOmid Behniya
- sw8 chp06Uploaded byapi-115560904
- Yang-Mills theory on the Light ConeUploaded bys4suchi
- BeeUploaded byy.sai shiva
- An amplitude equation for the non-linear vibration of viscoelastically damped sandwich beamsUploaded byRot
- C3 Flow Past Immersed BodyUploaded byhahaha
- Lesson_Plan Engineering MechanicsUploaded byThiru Moorthy
- Reynolds NumberUploaded bypaoloasequia
- Kinetic Energy of a Moving Charged Particle and a Mass-energy Equivalence Law as E = 1/2 mc^2Uploaded bydssgss
- Green's Functions in Perturbed Space-timeUploaded byYuri Müller Plumm
- BDM Example 6_20180101Uploaded bymustafurade1
- RevModPhys.81.865.Horodecki.horodecki.horodecki.horodecki.quantum EntanglementUploaded byNagy Alexandra
- Master Opp GaveUploaded byDoan Phi
- Mos Capacitor 1Uploaded byvinod
- Temperature Effects in SemiconductorsUploaded byAnand Chaudhary
- Phys622_midterm_typofree.pdfUploaded byFidel Ruiz-Robles
- Cheat SheetUploaded bydeepfriedcats
- 11 17 2014 Differential CalculusUploaded byEj Apelo
- Paper Gamma Ray LogUploaded bykharisma agung
- Thermal and Lifetime Behavior of Innovative Insulation Systems for Rotating MachinesUploaded byGreg Rabulan
- 1010.2067Uploaded byliewananda
- Finite Element Modeling of RCC voided Beam and it’s comparison with conventional RCC beamUploaded byinventionjournals
- Analysis of Skew Plate using FSDTUploaded byAnonymous vQrJlEN
- Timothy Leary - Think for Yourself, Question AuthorityUploaded byEllie Nale