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Selection, Calculation, Checklists

Critical Buckling Force of the Lifting Screws


fk = 0,25

fk = 2

fk = 4

Version S
guided lifting motion with
hinged plate

Version S
non guided lifting motion,
gear firmly mounted

Version S
guided lifting motion,
gear firmly mounted

Version R
for a small L1 there applies: fk = 2
guided lifting motion

Critical buckling force Fk in kN

fk = 1

There is a buckling risk especially


with gearboxes with long, thin
spindles in combination with
compression load. With the
following calculation you can find
the max. allowed axial load acc.
to Euler.

Maximum allowed axial load


Fall = 0.8 x Fk x fk
Fall maximum allowable axial load (kN)
Fk theoretical critical buckling force
(kN) acc. to diagram
fk correction value (considers kind of
bearing support, respectively
guidance of lifting load)
see pictograms above
free length L in mm

If the maximum calculated load is lower than


required, a larger spindle diameter could
be selected. The calculations must then
be reworked.
With the rotating screw version a larger
diameter screw can be selected (from the
next bigger gearbox size).
Any increase in pitch/ lifting speed must
be taken into account.
The safety factors for the type of system
specified must be used, as shown above,
to calculate the max allowable axial load
for the system.

169

Selection, Calculation, Checklists

theoretical spindle whirling speed nkr [min-1]

Critical Whirling Speed of Spindle - R Version


with opposed
bearing plate

fkr = 1

without opposed
bearing plate

fkr = 0.5

Maximum allowable
spindle speed
nall = 0.8 x nkr x fkr

. .

spindle speed =

unsupported screw lengths [m]

For R version gearboxes (with rotating


spindle) with long, thin spindles it is
necessary to calculate the maximum allowable
spindle speed. Please take the theoretical
critical speed nkr from the diagram. Also
consider the additional lengths for spindle
covers, etc. when calculating the unsupported
screw lengths .
Together with the correction factor for
the bearing layout the max. allowable
spindle speed can be calculated.

If the calculated maximum spindle speed is


lower than that required, a larger spindle
should be selected. The calculations must
then be reworked.
If a larger diameter spindle is used in the
R version the potential for higher drive
torque's must be considered.
The safety factors for the type of system
specified must be used, as shown above,
to calculate the maximum allowable axial load
for the system.

170

input speed
igearbox

Selection, Calculation, Checklists


Determining the Drive Torque [MG] of a Lifting Gear
With the formula shown below it is
possible to calculate the necessary
drive torque.
In order to facilitate the calculation of
the drive torque we have determined
multiplication factors out of this formula
and have stated them in the
technical data for the single gearbox
version.

MG
F
Gearbox
Spindle

P
i
ML
PM

Required drive torque [Nm] of a lifting gear


Lifting load (dynamic) [kN]
Efficiency of the lifting gear (without spindle)
Efficiency of the spindle
Spindle pitch [mm]
Transmission of the lifting gear
Idling torque [Nm]
Power of motor

Formula1):
Drive torque: MG =

Example:
F [kN] P [mm]
2

Power of motor: PM[kW] =

Gearbox

i
Spindle

+ ML [Nm]

MG [Nm] n [min-1]
9550

Safety factor (start torque) = calculated


drive torque x 1.3 to 1.5 (for smaller
systems use up to x 2).

MSZ-25-SN
F = 12 kN (lifting load dynamic)
Gearbox = 0.87
Spindle = 0.375
P=6
i=6
MG =

12 kN 6mm
+ 0.36 Nm = 6.21 Nm
0,87 0,375 6
-1

PM =

6.21 Nm 1500 min


= 0.975 kW
9550

Example: 0.975 kW 1.4 = 1.365 kW

motor 1.5 kW

1)

For gearboxes with one-pitch trapezoidal spindles it is also possible to multiply the
factor which is stated on the corresponding gearbox page with the load.
Tr spindle Spindle
Efficiency
single pitch
Tr
12
18
20
30
40
50
60
80
100
120
140

P lubricated
0.427
3
0.399
4
0.375
4
0.375
6
0.344
7
0.314
8
0.368
12
0.368
16
0.314
16
0.273
16
0.288
20

Tr spindle Spindle
Efficiency
double pitch
Tr
12
18
20
30
40
50
60
80
100
120
140

P lubricated
0.592
6
0.565
8
0.540
8
0.540
12
0.509
14
0.474
16
0.532
24
0.532
32
0.474
32
0.426
32
0.444
40

The efficiency of a trapezoid


screw is substantially lower
than that of ball screws due
to friction.
However, the trapezoid screw
is technically more simple
and more favourable. A
safety device (e.g. a brake) is
rarely required for trapezoid
Efficiency of gearboxes

Gearbox

screws due to their selflocking capability.


With a ballscrew system an
efficiency factor of =0.9
can be used.
It is essential to incorporate
a break into a ballscrew
system.

(without spindle) at n = 1.500

5
2
10
25
50 100 150 250 350 500 650
MSZ
N 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.87 0.89 0.85 0.84 0.86 0.87 0.84 0.85
0.77 0.62 0.69 0.69 0.74 0.65 0.67 0.72 0.70 0.62 0.65
L

Idling torques ML of gearboxes [Nm]


5
2
10
25
50 100 150 250 350 500 650
MSZ
N 0.06 0.10 0.26 0.36 0.76 1.68 1.90 2.64 3.24 3.96 5.60
0.04 0.08 0.16 0.26 0.54 1.02 1.20 1.94 2.20 2.84 3.40
L

With ball screws you basically can calculate with an efficiency factor of

171

=0.9

Selection, Calculation, Checklists


Drive Torque for Gearboxes

MR = MG x 2.25

Calculation
The required drive torque of a
lifting gear results from the sum of
the moments of the individual
lifting units. This is increased due to
frictional losses of transmission
components like couplings,

MR = MG x 2.1

MR = MG x 3.1

MR = MG x 3.35

MR = MG x 4.6

MR = MG x 6.8

MR = MG x 4.4

MR = MG x 3.34

MR = MG x 3.27

connecting shafts, bevel gears, etc.


To simplify the calculation, some
factors for determining the drive
torque in the most common
applications are provided below.

MR - Total drive torque for the


whole system
MG - Input torque of a single gearbox
MA - Starting torque max. 1.5 x MR

Example (example from previous page, 12 kN per gearbox)

MR = MG x 4.6 = 6.21 Nm x 4.6 = 28.57 Nm


x safety factor 1.3 = 37.14Nm

172

Attention:
It is recommended to multiply the
calculated value with a safety
factor of 1.3 to 1.5 (for smaller
systems factor up to 2). The
indicated values are applicable in
cases of uniform distribution of the
lifting gear load onto all gears!

Selection, Calculation, Checklists


Maximum Power / Moments

Load definitions

lifting screw

FS

F - Lifting load tension and/or compression


FS - Side forces on the spindle
vH - Lifting speed of the spindle
(or nut of the R version)
FA - Axial load of the input shaft
FR - Radial load of the input shaft
MR - Drive torque
nR - Drive speed

VH

FR

MR

Please examine the information on the following pages before making


your choice of the lifting gear suited for your application. Various
influences and assumptions can only be estimated on the basis of
information gained by experience. In case of doubt please contact T.E.A.

Maximum side force FS [N] (static)

Max. drive torque


The stated values of the table
on the right should not be
exceeded. If gearboxes are
arranged in tandem or in
larger arrangements the
maximum drive torque may
be higher. If there are more
than 5 gearboxes in an
arrangement please contact
T.E.A.

Maximum drive torque MR [Nm]

Radial load on the input


shaft
The radial forces of the table
on the right should not be
exceeded if you use chain
drives or belt drives.

Maximum radial load acting on the input shaft FR [N]

100
360
600
900
3000
5000
5500
9000
15000
29000
34800
46000

200
160
280
470
2000
4000
5000
9000
13000
29000
34800
46000

Type

min-1

MR SN/RN
MR SN/RN
MR SL/RL
MR SL/RL

1500
500
1500
500

300
100
180
300
1300
3000
3900
6500
12000
29000
34800
39000

SHZ02
0.7
1.0
0.5
0.7

extended screw length in mm

500
700
800
900
1000 1200 1500 2000 2500
400
600
55
38
32
28
25
20
18
12

70
45
100
70
60
50
47
40
30
20
15
130
80
180
90
70
60
45
35
130
110
100
240
150
700
330
280
230
160
130
500
420
380
900
600
850
700
600
400
350
950
2300 1800 1500 1300 1100
850
750
500
400
2800 2300 1800 1500 1300 1200 1000
900
760
4900 3800 3000 2500 2200 2000 1900 1450 1250
10000 8800 7000 6000 5500 4800 4300 3500 3000 2000 1600
29000 29000 24000 20000 17000 15000 14000 12000 9000 7000 5600
34800 34800 28800 24000 20400 18000 16800 14400 10800 8400 6720
36000 32000 30000 25000 29000 25000 23500 20000 17000 12000 10000

MSZ5
6.4
10.4
2.6
4.3

MSZ10
12.6
20.5
5.3
8.4

MSZ25
21.7
34.2
7.8
12.5

MSZ50
44.7
70.3
15.5
24.5

MSZ100
72.0
114.9
17.0
27.8

MSZ150
67.3
107.0
17.3
27.7

MSZ250
118.4
185.1
23.5
36.6

MSZ350
187.0
295.7
40.2
63.9

MSZ500
204.3
325.6
42.8
71.2

MSZ650
268.3
427.9
62.8
102.6

MSZ750
415.0
663.0
83.0
132.0

- Consider that the starting torque is factor 1.5 of the operation torque
- Limit values are mechanical - consider thermical factors depending on operating time

FR max.

SHZ02
18

MSZ5
110

MSZ10
215

173

MSZ25
300

FA

input shaft
= worm shaft

Side forces on the spindle


Please refer to the adjoining
table for the maximum
permissible side force. Side
forces should be supported by
a guidance system whenever
possible. The bronze bushings
in the gearbox are a
secondary support only and
should not be relied upon as
adequate guidance. The
maximum side force at a
given screw extension must
not exceed that stated in the
adjoining table. Attention:
only statically allowed!

MSZ
5
10
25
50
100
150
250
350
500
650
750

nR

MSZ50
520

MSZ100
800

MSZ150
810

MSZ250
1420

MSZ350
2100

MSZ500
3780

MSZ650
4536

3000

30
100
250
350
660
1400
4900
5880
8000

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