You are on page 1of 7

Integrated bridge design and analysis system

Autor(en):

Soerensen, Kaj A. / Andersen, Georg B. / Jakobsen, Peder F.

Objekttyp:

Article

Zeitschrift:

IABSE congress report = Rapport du congrs AIPC = IVBH


Kongressbericht

Band (Jahr): 13 (1988)

PDF erstellt am:

30.11.2015

Persistenter Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.5169/seals-12986

Nutzungsbedingungen
Mit dem Zugriff auf den vorliegenden Inhalt gelten die Nutzungsbedingungen als akzeptiert.
Die ETH-Bibliothek ist Anbieterin der digitalisierten Zeitschriften. Sie besitzt keine Urheberrechte an
den Inhalten der Zeitschriften. Die Rechte liegen in der Regel bei den Herausgebern.
Die angebotenen Dokumente stehen fr nicht-kommerzielle Zwecke in Lehre und Forschung sowie fr
die private Nutzung frei zur Verfgung. Einzelne Dateien oder Ausdrucke aus diesem Angebot knnen
zusammen mit diesen Nutzungshinweisen und unter deren Einhaltung weitergegeben werden.
Das Verffentlichen von Bildern in Print- und Online-Publikationen ist nur mit vorheriger Genehmigung
der Rechteinhaber erlaubt. Die Speicherung von Teilen des elektronischen Angebots auf anderen
Servern bedarf ebenfalls des schriftlichen Einverstndnisses der Rechteinhaber.
Haftungsausschluss
Alle Angaben erfolgen ohne Gewhr fr Vollstndigkeit oder Richtigkeit. Es wird keine Haftung
bernommen fr Schden durch die Verwendung von Informationen aus diesem Online-Angebot oder
durch das Fehlen von Informationen. Dies gilt auch fr Inhalte Dritter, die ber dieses Angebot
zugnglich sind.

Ein Dienst der ETH-Bibliothek


ETH Zrich, Rmistrasse 101, 8092 Zrich, Schweiz, www.library.ethz.ch
http://retro.seals.ch

179

Integrated Bridge Design and Analysis System


Programme integre pour la conception et l'analyse de ponts
Integriertes Brckenplanungs- und Berechnungssystem

Kaj. A. SOERENSEN

Georg B. ANDERSEN

Peder

Civil Engineer

Civil Engineer

Cowiconsult
Virum, Denmark

Virum, Denmark

Mechanical Engineer
Cowiconsult
Virum, Denmark

Cowiconsult

F.

JAKOBSEN

-*

**T

^-=T*

4mtr
7*

Kaj A. Soerensen, born 1939,


gained his M.Sc. in civil enginee
ring and his Ph.D. at the Techni
cal University of Denmark. He joi
ned Cowiconsult in 1978 as head
of the Research and Develop
ment Department. He has been
in Charge of the development of
IBDAS since 1983.

Georg B. Andersen, born 1952,


gained his M.Sc. in civil engineer
ing at the Technical University of
Denmark and his Ph.D. at Aal
borg University Centre. He joined
Cowiconsult's Research and De
velopment Department in 1979
as a specialist in structural engi
neering and Computers. He has
worked as System designer in
the development of IBDAS since

Peder F. Jakobsen, born 1956,


gained his M.Sc. in mechanical
engineering at the Technical Uni
versity of Denmark. He joined Cowiconsult's Bridge Department
in 1981. He has been working on
the development of IBDAS since
1983.

1983.

SUMMARY
This paper briefly describes the structure, function and capabilities of a newly developed, fully integrated
bridge design and analysis system based on three dimensional parametric solid modelling.

RESUME
Cet article donne un apercu sommaire de la composition, du fonctionnement et de la capacite d'un Pro
gramme integre et nouvellement developpe, base sur la modelisation parametrique tridimentionnelle et
utilise pour la conception et l'analyse de ponts.

ZUSAMMENFASSUNG
Der vorliegende Artikel beschreibt in kurzer Form Aufbau, Funktion und Kapazitt von einem neuentwickel
ten, integrierten Brckenplanungs- und Berechnungssystem, das auf dreidimensionaler parametrischer
Modellierung basiert.

INTEGRATED BRIDGE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM

180

1. INTRODUCTION
IBDAS is a fully integrated bridge design and analysis System based on three
dimensional parametric solid modelling.

It

has been developed by the authors of this paper and financed jointly by
Cowiconsult and the Development Foundation under the Danish Ministry of

Industry.

IBDAS has been developed primarily for the integrated design of reinforced and
prestressed concrete bridges and the calculation of permissible loads on exist
ing reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges with regard to the bridges'

current condition.

At the same time the System can also be used for the design of steel and com
posite bridges and for the design of structures in general.
IBDAS has been programmed in Standard FORTRAN 77 and has been implemented on
the VAX/VMS operating System. The program comprises approximately 170.000 lines

of code of which 75.000 lines are executable and consists of a database module
application modules for statical analyses, geometrical analyses, optimiza
tion, drawing generation and report generation.

and

The

simplified

gram whose

System diagram

function

and

in Fig.

capabilities

shows the component

briefly

are

parts of the pro

described in this paper.

USER

Model

REFERENCE

Input File

Generation
Sub-chopter

3. 1)

Sub-chapter

2. 1)

MODELS

pt

MODEL DATABASE

Statical

Geometrlco1

Drawing

Ana 1yaes

Ana Iyses

Generation

Sub-chapter 2. 2)

RESULTS
DATABASE

Sub

Fig.

Simplified

pt er

System diagram

Sub-chopter

2. 3)

MATER AL
QUANT

IT I ES ETC

chap

(Sub-chapter 2.4)

GRAPH CS

LES

hop ter

K. A. SOERENSEN

- G. B. ANDERSEN - R

F.

JAKOBSEN

181

2. INTEGRATED LOGICAL DESIGN WITH IBDAS

2.1 Model Database

user defined model database constitutes, in an actual design Situation, the


integrated basis for the production of drawings and written documentati
on as well as statical and geometrical analyses.

common

is built up as a sequential system of data entity defini


tions (points, curves, surfaces, volumes, etc.). The definition of each data
entity in the sequence of definitions can logically refer to previously
defined entities. This enables an automatic update of secondary data entities
The model database

after

any user

defined changes to primary data

entities.

For example, the model database for a bridge design task will normally first of
all contain definitions of the overpassing and underpassing roads (alternative-

ly railways or waterways).
Fig.

shows a simple example

of such

defined road System.

Perspective view
Fig.

Top view

Road System

Secondly, the model database

of the actual bridge type,


previously

will

and material definitions


definitions logically refer to the

contain geometrical

where geometrical
defined road Systems.

Fig. 3 shows a simple bridge defined logically in relation to the previously


defined road System.

Top view

Perspective view
Fig.

Simple bridge defined in

relation to

road System

Fig.

4 shows

nition after

the result of the automatic consequence update of the bridge defi


changing the road System.

Top view

Perspective view
Fig.

#1

INTEGRATED BRIDGE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM

182

Automatic update of bridge

after

changing the road System

model database's component parts, i.e. definitions of re


statical
inforcement,
analysis modeis, loads, construction processes, drawings,
documentation,
written
etc., will similarly update automatically when defined
in
relation
to
previously defined data entities.
logically
The

rest of the

2.2 Statical Analyses


Statical analyses are carried out by the statical analysis module, which operates directly on the model database where actual analysis modeis, building
processes, loads and load combinations, and design criteria are defined.

Fig. 5 shows an example of a finite element model, which has been logically
defined in relation to the bridge definition illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4.

yr
V

Fig.

Finite element

..->

model

The analyses may comprise load

effect analyses, statical verification

and

dimensioning.

effect analyses may be construction process analyses, where the accumulated effects of dead loads, temporary supports, pre-stressing, shrinkage,
creep and relaxation etc. are calculated, or service load analyses where ex
treme effects of traffic, wind and temperature loads are calculated.
The load

K. A. SOERENSEN

- G. B. ANDERSEN - R

F.

JAKOBSEN

Fig.

shows a

183

result (deflect

ion corresponding to uniform


distributed load) from a simple
load effect analysis carried
out with the analysis model
shown

in Fig. 5.

calculated load effects are


stored in a results database.
The verification analysis and
dimensioning programs subse
quently operate on this data
base in combination with the
model database.
The

Fig.

Deflection corresponding to uniform distributed load

2.3 Geometrical Analysis


based project documentation as, for instance, material
quantities, bending schedules and setting out data tables, are generated by the

Written geometrically

geometrical analysis module, which operates directly on the model database


where the required geometrical project documentation is defined logically in
relation to the geometrical and material definitions of the actual bridge type.
2.4 Drawing Generation
The drawings are built up as organized collections
dimensioned 2-D pictures, and text blocks.

of

3-D

pictures, fully

They are generated as graphics files by the drawing module which operates di
rectly on the model database where the required drawings are defined in rela
tion to the geometrical and material definitions of the actual bridge type.

All the figures in


module.

this

paper are examples

of drawings produced

by the drawing

Fig.

7 shows a simple example


drawing, which has been
defined logically in relation
to the bridge definition il

of
56.8

24

Longitudinal section

Fig.

24 4

lustrated in Figs.

2.

consists og
special
interfaces to external graphics
Systems. In the first version
of IBDAS an interface to the
Intergraph IGDS graphics System

The drawing module


a general part and

OF IBDAS MODEL DATABASES

3.1 Model Input Files


A model database is generated by the database module by compiling and
model input

and 4 and

the road System shown in Fig.

has been implemented.

Drawing

3. DEFINITION

-4^7

file.

linking

INTEGRATED BRIDGE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM

184

The model

input

definition.

It

is built

IBDAS model

file

is

readable text

interactively with
definition language.
up

file

which constitutes the user's task

the help of

text editor

and

written in the

This language has been developed on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of


the work processes and data which structural design entails. It is a high level
language which enables logical and parametric descriptions of design objects,
statical and geometrical analyses as well as drawings and written design docu
mentation.

input file may be done stepwise and recursively with a degree


which
of detail
at each step corresponds to the user's actual requirements.
Defined coordinate Systems, geometrical elements, design objects, etc. can be
visualized in their entirety or selectively at any stage during the creation of
Creating

a model

input

model

files.

3.2 Reference Models


The user may use

modeis during the

previously defined modeis as parametric or fixed reference


creation of an actual model input file.

These modeis are then included

definition.

logically

as

part definition in the actual task

it

used as a fixed reference model,


and operates as the same fixed
model
database
tained as an individual
used
the
task
in
definition.
is
definition wherever

When a

previously defined model is

it

is main
part

the other hand, when a previously defined model is used as a parametric


reference model, data entities in the reference model may be substituted by
corresponding data entities defined in the actual, higher-level, model input
file. In this way parametric reference modeis are able to adapt to the specific
requirements of the actual task. Parametric reference modeis are linked
together with the actual, higheilevel, model input file and are then included
as integral parts of the corresponding model database.

On

ZTW

^>

flfr

y
Perspective view

Fig.

Simple parametric

ZBW

Cross section

girder

model

graphical representation of the model which has been used as


parametric reference model for the superstructure in the model of the simple
bridges shown in Figs. 3 to 7.

Fig.

8 shows a

Models which are used as reference modeis are themselves able to use reference
modeis. This means that different kinds of tasks may be defined individually as
a multi-level structure of reference modeis with optimum use of Standard mod
eis, which have been defined once and for all.