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was 29,928,987. The 42% of total population of Afghanistan, 29,928,987 is 12,570,000. According to Demographics of Pakistan, Pashtuns constitute over 15.42% of Pakistan's population. Pakistan's population in 2005 was 162,400,000. The 15.42% of total population of Pakistan, 162,400,000 is 25,042,080. Afghanistan Total Population:29,928,987 Pashtun Population:12,570,000 Pakistan Total Population:162,400,000 Pashtun Population:25,042,000 Total Pashtun Population: 37,612,000 Language & Economic argument Another argument against Pashtuns remaining as part of Pakistan is that the Pakistani Government have in fact little interest in the promotion of Pashtun culture, they cite the widespread usage of Urdu and its use as the only national language of Pakistan. While there is considerable resentment towards the use of Urdu, this resentment is shared by most of Pakistan's province including a sizeable number of Panjabis who also do not have official patronage of their language. With the exception of Urdu (Language of the Mohajir) and Sindhi (which was introduced as a provincial language in the 1970's after much protests and ethnic tension against mohajir's), no other indigenous ethnic group of Pakistan has official patronage of their maternal tongues. However, Population wise, the Punjab province at 47% dominates many aspects of social, political, and economic society. Critics point out that in Afghanistan, though not always the case, but at current, both Dari and Pashto are official languages that are taught to students. Pashto culture is a main aspect of Afghan culture particularly in the south and east. Many Pashtuns and in fact non Pashtun Pakistani's support the official patronage of Pashto language and culture (and that of other indigenous groups of Pakistan like Balochi, Saraiki, Punjabi, Hindko, Khowar, Shina, Persian etc..) by the government and believe that that state should do more to promote these native languages at least at the elementary level.