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Strength of Materials 2

1. What is stress?
A. Force per unit length
B. Mass per unit acceleration
C. Force per unit area
D. Force per unit volume
2. Find the required diameter of a steel member if the tensile design load is
7,000 pounds. Assume a safety factor of 5 based on an ultimate strength of
60,000 lbf/sq, in.
A. 5.406 cm
B. 0.8618 cm
C. 4.695 cm
D. 3.2367 cm
3. A 1000-kg homogenous bar AB 2 m long is suspended horizontally from two
vertical cables AC and BD, each 1.8 m long and connected at both ends, with
cross-sectional area 400 sq. mm. Determine the magnitude of the largest
additional force acting downward which can be applied to the bar. The
stresses in the cables AC and BD are limited to 100 MPa and 50 Mpa,
respectively.
A. 50.2 kN
B. 55.0 kN
C. 59.0 kN
D. 67.0 kN
4. Determine the outside diameter of a hollow steel tube that will carry a tensile
load of 500 kN at a stress of 140 MN/sq. m. Assume the wall thickness to be
one tenth of the outside diameter.
A. 111.3 mm
B. 109.7 mm
C. 113.7 mm
D. 112.4 mm
5. What is the force to punch a 0.75 inch circular hole through a piece of 5/8
inch thick steel plate (ultimate shear strength of 42 ksi)?
A. 154 kip
B. 732 kip
C. 43 kip
D. 61.85 kip

6. A hole is punched out to a plate having an ultimate shearing stress of 310


MPa. If the compressive stress is greatest in what direction?
A. 25.4 mm
B. 18.5 mm
C. 32.5 mm
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D. 27.8 mm
7. A thin walled pressurized vessel consists of a right circular cylinder with flat
ends. Midway between the ends, the stress is greatest in what direction?
A. Longitudinal
B. Circumferential
C. Radial
D. At an angle of 30 degrees to the longitudinal and circumferential direction
8. In designing a cylindrical pressure tank 3 feet in diameter, a factor of safety
of 2.5 is used. The cylinder is made of steel (yield stress = 30 ksi) and will
contain pressures up to 1000 psi. What is the required wall thickness, t,
based on circumferential stress considerations?
A. 0.75 in
B. 1.50 in
C. 3.0 in
D. 3.75 in
9. Find the limiting peripheral velocity of a rotating steel ring if the allowable
stress is 140 MN/sq. m and the mass density of the steel is 7850 kg/cu. m.
A. 130.62 m/s
B. 129.58 m/s
C. 142.37 m/s
D. 133.55 m/s
10.A rotating steel ring has a mass density of 7850 kg/cu. m. At what angular
velocity will the stress reach 200 MN/sq. m if the mean radius is 250 mm?
A. 750.30 rad/sec
B. 654.33 rad/sec
C. 700.21 rad/sec
D. 638.47 rad/sec

11.The simple mathematical statement of the relationship between elastic stress


and strain: stress is proportional to strain. What is this law?
A. Hookes law
B. Boyles law
C. Gas law
D. Charles law
12.For normal stress, what is the constant of proportionality?
A. Modulus of plasticity
B. Modulus of cavity
C. Modulus of elasticity
D. Modulus of varsity

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13.What is the decrease in height of an 8-inch round x 16-inch high concrete
cylinder (E = 2.5 x 10 to the positive 6 power lb/sq. in) when the unit
deformation is 0.0012?
A. 392 m
B. 0.0192 in
C. 355 cm
D. 891 mm
14.What is the stress of an 8-inch round x 16-inch high concrete cylinder (E =
2.5 x 10 to the positive 6 power lb/sq. in) when the unit deformation is
0.0012?
A. 500 lbf/ sq. in
B. 210 lbf/sq. in
C. 8100 lbf/sq. in
D. 3000 lbf/sq. in
15.Find the elongation of the aluminum (in inch) specimen 100 inch long when
loaded at each point. E = 10 x 10 raised to 6 psi and yield stress = 37 ksi.
Neglect the weight of the bar.
A. 0.65
B. 0.37
C. 0.43
D. 0.25

16.A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300 sq. mm and a length of 150
m is suspended vertically from one end. It supports a tensile load of 20 kN at
the lower end. If unit mass of steel is 7850 kg/cu. m and E = 200 x 10 to the
positive 3 MN/sq. m, find the total elongation of the rod.
A. 52.48 mm
B. 60 mm
C. 54.33 mm
D. 56 mm
17.A reinforced concrete column 250 mm in diameter is designed to carry axial
compressive load of 400 kN. Using allowable stresses of concrete 6 MPa and
steel at 120 MPa, find the required area of stresses of reinforcing steel.
Assume Ec = 14 GPa and Es = 200 GPa.
A. 1720 sq. mm
B. 1600 sq. mm
C. 1320 sq. mm
D. 1440 sq. mm

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Strength of Materials 2
18.A 10 mm diameter round bar is made of aluminum alloy 7075-T6. An axial
force stretches the bar resulting in a decrease in its diameter by 0.016 mm.
Find the magnitude of the axial load, in kN.
A. 27.4
B. 28.3
C. 25.6
D. 24.7
19.A 60-kg motor sits on four cylindrical rubber blocks. Each cylinder has a
height of 3 cm and a cross-sectional area of 15 sq. cm. The shear modulus
for this rubber is 2 MPa. If a sideways force of 300 N is applied to the motor,
how far will it move sideways?
A. 0.124 cm
B. 0.075 cm
C. 0.102 cm
D. 0.092 cm
20.A 20 N weight is supported by two springs in series. The first spring has
stiffness of 1 N/mm and the second spring has a stiffness of 2.0 N/mm. The
natural period of vibration is
A. 0.55 sec
B. 0.35 sec
C. 1.15 sec
D. 0.75 sec
21.Determine the stresses set up in the rails of the tramway when the
temperature rises from 0 to 50 deg F. The rails are welded together so that
there are no clearance and are laid so that they cannot expand. For steel;
assume = 6.5 x 10 to the negative 6 per deg F abd E = 20 x 10 to the
positive 10 N/sq. m.
A. 55 MPa
B. 60 MPa
C. 65 MPa
D. 70 MPa
22.At 90 deg F, the stress in a steel rod is 2000 psi (C). What is the stress at 0
deg F?
A. 15,550 psi (T)
B. 53,900 psi (C)
C. 68,210 psi (T)
D. 27,430 psi (C)
23.A solid steel shaft 5 m long with diameter of 0.104 m is stressed to 60 MPa
when twisted through 4 degrees.
Determine the power that can be
transmitted by the shaft at 20 rad/sec.
A. 1.9 MW
B. 2.1 MW
C. 1.6 MW
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D. 2.5 MW
24.A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 60 MPa when twisted through 4
degrees. Using G = 83 GPa, compute the shaft diameter.
A. 0.104 m
B. 1.174 cm
C. 5.214 mm
D. 9.432 in
25.A hollow bronze shaft of 75 mm outer diameter and 50 mm inner diameter is
slipped over a solid steel shaft 50 mm in diameter and of the same length as
the hollow shaft. The two shafts are then fastened rigidly together at their
ends. Find the maximum shearing stress developed in the bronze by end
torque of 3 kN-m. For bronze G = 35 GPa and for steel G = 83 GPa.
A. 28.5 MPa
B. 84 Pa
C. 10 kPa
D. 65.2 GPa
26.A flanged bolt coupling consist of eight steel 20 mm diameter bolt spaced
evenly around a bolt circle 3000 mm diameter. Determine the torque
capacity of the coupling if the allowable shearing stress on the bolts is 40
MN/sq. m.
A. 22.1 kN-m
B. 20.5 kN-m
C. 15.08 kN-m
D. 18.4 kN-m
27.A flanged bolt coupling consist of six 10 mm diameter steel bolts evenly
spaced around a bolt circle 300 mm in diameter and four 20 mm diameter
aluminum bolts on a concentric bolt circle 200 mm diameter. What torque
can be applied without exceeding a shearing stress of 60 MN/sq. m in the
steel or 40 MN/sq. m in the aluminum?
A. 9.75 N-cm
B. 2.8 MN-mm
C. 5.94 kN-m
D. 4.5 GN-in
28.Determine the maximum shearing stress in a helical steel spring composed of
20 turns of 20 mm diameter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm when the spring
is supporting a load of 2 kN?
A. 140 MPa
B. 115 MPa
C. 121 MPa
D. 160 MPa

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Strength of Materials 2
29.A 14 foot long simple beam is uniformly loaded with 200 pounds per foot over
its entire length. If the beam is 3.625 inches wide and 7.625 inches deep,
what is the maximum bending stress?
A. 6332 lbf/sq. in
B. 1674 lbf/sq. in
C. 7974 lbf/sq. in
D. 8205 lbf/sq. in
30.What uniform load will cause a simple beam 10 feet long to deflect 0.3 inch if
it is supported by a spring at the beams midpoint? The spring has a spring
constant of 30,000 pounds per inch. Assume the beam is steel, 10 inch deep,
rectangular, and with a centroidal moment of inertia of 100 inches to the
fourth power.
A. 5440 lbf/ft
B. 2100 lbf/ft
C. 8970 lbf/ft
D. 4550 lbf/ft

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