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theory of columns
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942211-2581 2240119

GATE

COLUMN

1) A long column of unsupported length L is hinged at both ends, when supports are fixed

and moment of inertia is reduced by 2 times. The load carrying capacity as per Eulers

theory is

a) decreases by 2 times

c) decreases by 4 times

b) increases by 2 times

d) increases by 4 times

2) A solid circular bar of 20 mm diameter and 2 m length is freely supported at its two ends in a

horizontal position and loaded at the centre with a concentrated load of 120 N. The central

deflection is found to be 4 mm. If the bar is placed vertical and loaded along its axis, the load at

which the bar buckle as per Euler is

a) 11.32 KN

b) 12.34 KN

c) 14.36 KN

d) 15.38 KN

3) The roof beams of warehouse are supported by pipe column having OD = 100mm and ID = 90mm.

The column have length L = 4m and E = 210 GPa and both ends are fixed. Find critical load

a) 15.5KN

b) 875 KN

c) 114.4KN

d)6.327KN

4) Find the Euler's crippling load for a hollow cylindrical steel column of length 2.3m, 38mm OD and

2.5mm thick, hinged at both ends. E= 205GPa

a) 16.8KN

b) 875 KN

c) 114.4KN

d)6.327KN

5) Determine the critical load for column of length 3m and hinged at both ends if cross section is

100mm x 50mm. E= 100GPa

a) 16.8KN

b) 875 KN

c) 114.4KN

d)6.327KN

6) Slenderness ratio of column is defined as the ratio of its length to its

a) Least radius of gyration

c) Least lateral dimension

b) Maximum lateral dimension

d) Maximum radius of gyration

7) Rankine Gorden formula for buckling is valid for

a) Long column b) Short column

c) Both long and short column

d) Very long column

8) The length of a strut is L and its one end is fixed and other end is free. The equivalent length of this

column is

a) 0.5L

b)0.707L

c)L

d)2 L

9) The piston rod of diameter 20mm and length 700mm in a hydraulic cylinder is subjected to a force

of 10KN due to internal pressure. The end conditions for the rod may be assumed as guided at the

piston end and hinged at the other end. The Young's modules is 200GPa. The FOS for the piston

rod is

a) 0.68

b) 2.75

c) 5.62

d) 11.0

10) The ratio of the compressive critical load for a long column fixed at both ends and a column with

one fixed and other end free is

a) 1:2

b) 1:4

c) 1:8

d) 1:16

11) The Eulers crippling load for a 2m long slender steel rod of uniform cross section hinged at both

ends is 1 KN. The Eulers crippling load for a 1m long steel rod of the same cross section and

hinged at both ends will be

a) 0.25KN

b) 0.5KN

c) 2KN

d) 4KN

12) The length of a strut is L and its both ends are hinged. The equivalent length of this column is

a) 0.5L

b)0.707L

c)L

d)2 L

13) The length of a strut is L and its one end is fixed and other end is hinged. The equivalent length of

this column is

a) 0.5L

b)0.707L

c)L

d)2 L

14) The length of a strut is L and its both ends are fixed. The equivalent length of this column is

a) 0.5L

b)0.707L

c)L

d)2 L

15) The slenderness ratio of a strut 100 cm long and 5 cm diameter is

a) 160

b)80

c)40

d)20

16) What is slenderness ratio?

a) It is the ratio of effective length of a column to least radius of gyration of the column

b) It is the ratio of effective length of column to width of column

c) It is the ratio of maximum size of a column to minimum size of column

d) It is the ratio of width of column to depth of column

942211-2581 2240119

GATE

17) Four column of the same material and having identical geometric

properties are supported in different ways as shown below. It is

required to order these four beams in the increasing order of their

respective first buckling loads. The correct order is given by

a) I,II,III,IV

c) III,IV,I,II

b) II,I,IV,III

d) I,II,IV,III

18) The rod PQ of length L and flexural rigidity EI is hinged at both

ends. For what minimum force F is it expected to buckle?

a) Pcr

b) Pcr

2 EI

L2

2 EI

2 L2

2 2 EI

L2

2 EI

d) Pcr

2 L2

c) Pcr

19) The buckling load for a column pinned at both ends is 10KN. If the ends are fixed, the buckling load

changes to

a) 40KN

b)2.5KN

c) 5KN

d) 20KN

20) The ratio of Eulers buckling loads of column with the same parameters having (i) both ends fixed

and (ii) both ends hinged is

a) 2

b) 4

c) 6

d) 8

21) A solid steel column is to be replaced by a hollow column whose internal diameter is of external

diameter. Both columns have same unsupported length and end conditions and cross sectional

area. The load carrying capacity of hollow column to that solid column is

a) 7/25

b) 20/7

c) 25/7

d) 7/20

22) Which of the following is not an assumption given by Euler in the theory of columns

P . The column is perfectly straight & the load can be within minimum eccentric zone

Q. The cross - section of column is uniform and homogeneous

R. Failure of column can be by buckling followed by crushing in case of brittle material used column

a) P only

b) Q only

c) R only

d) P, Q and R

a) KL/3

b) 2KL

c) KL/2

d) 3KL

24) A hollow alloy tube 5m long with diameters 40mm (outer) and 25 mm (inner) was found to extend

6.4mm under a tensile load of 60kN. The column has pinned ends. Factor of safety=4. The Youngs

modulus of column is

a) 4.3x104MPa

b)6.1x104MPa

c)8.8x104MPa

d) 7.2x104MPa

25) The safe load on column based on Eulers theory is

a) 600N

b) 640N

c) 740N

d) 820N

Determine the critical load, Pcr, for the bar-spring system shown in Fig. The load P

remains vertical as the bar rotates about the pin at A. The force in spring BD is

proportional to the elongation of the spring, with spring constant K. That is, F, = Ke,

where e is the elongation of the spring. The spring is unstretched when =0.

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