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Fluid mechanics : impact of jets

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Estimate the

force exerted and work done by the jet if. Q= 76LPS

a) The plate is stationary

b) The plate is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s away from the jet along the line of jet.

c) When the plate is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s towards the jet along the same line.

2) A jet of data 75 mm diameter has a velocity of 30 m/s. It strikes a flat plate inclined at 45 to the axis

of jet. Find the force on the plate when.

a) The plate is stationary

b) The plate is moving with a velocity of 15 m/s along and away from the jet.

3) A 75 mm diameter jet having a velocity of 12 m/s impinges a smooth flat plate, the normal of which

is inclined at 60 to the axis of jet. Find the impact of jet on the plate at right angles to the plate

when the plate is stationery.

a) What will be the impact if the plate moves with a velocity of 6 m/s in the direction of jet and away

from it. What will be the force if the plate moves towards the plate.

4) A square plate weighing 140 N has an edge of 300 mm. The thickness of the plate is uniform. It is

hung so that it can swing freely about the upper horizontal edge. A horizontal jet of 20 mm diameter

having 15 m/s velocity impinges on the plate. The centre line of jet is 200 mm below the upper

edge of plate. Find what force must be applied at the lower edge of plate in order to keep it vertical.

5) A jet of water of diameter 50 mm strikes a stationary, symmetrical curved plate with a velocity of 40

m/s. Find the force extended by the jet at the centre of plate along its axis if the jet is deflected

through 120 at the outlet of the curved plate.

6) A jet of water strikes a stationery curved plate tangentially at one end at an angle of 30. The jet of

75 mm diameter has a velocity of 30 m/s. The jet leaves at the other end at angle of 20 to the

horizontal. Determine the magnitude of force exerted along 'x' and 'y' directions.

7) A jet of water of diameter 75 mm strikes a curved plate at its centre with a velocity of 25 m/s. The

curved plate is moving with a velocity of 10 m/s along the direction of jet. If the jet gets deflected

through 165 in the smooth vane, compute.

a) Force exerted by the jet. b) Power of jet. c) Efficiency of jet.

8) A jet of water from a nozzle is deflected through 60 from its direction by a curved plate to which

water enters tangentially without shock with a velocity of 30m/s and leaver with a velocity of 25 m/s

as shown in figure. If the discharge from the nozzle is 0.8 kg/s, calculate the magnitude and

direction of resultant force on the vane.

9) A jet of water 50 mm in diameter impinges on a fixed cup which deflects the jet by 165 as shown in

figure. If the reaction of the cup was found to be 26.5 N when the discharge was 980 N/minute

compute the ratio of.

a) Actual force to theoretical force of jet.

b) Velocity of outlet to velocity at inlet.

10) A jel of water impinges a curved plate with a velocity of 20 m/s making an angle of 20 with the

direction of motion of vane at inlet and leaves at 130 to the direction of motion at outlet. The vane

is moving with a velocity of 10 m/s. Compute.

i) Vane angles, so that water enters and leaves without shock.

ii) Work done/s

11) A pipe of diameter 1.5 m is required to transmit an oil of S = 0.9 and viscosity 3 x 10-2 poise at 3000

Ips. Tests were conducted on 15 cm diameter pipe using water at 20C. Find velocity and rate of

flow of model if viscosity of water at 20C is 0.01 poise.

12) In a 1 in 40 model discharge are 2 m/s and 2.5 m3/s. velocity and discharge in prototype of spillway

velocity and Find the corresponding

13) Water at 15C flows at 4 m/s in a 150 mm diameter pipe. At what velocity oil at 30C must flow in a

75 mm diameter pipe for the flows to be dynamically similar? Take kinematic viscosity of water at

15C as 1.145 x 10-6 m2/s and that for oil at 30C as 3 x 10-6 m2/s.

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