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Ques1.WhatisMicrowaveEngineering?
Ans. Microwave engineering is the study and design of microwave
circuits,components,andsystems.Fundamentalprinciplesareapplied
toanalysis,designandmeasurementtechniquesinthisfield.Theshort
wavelengths

involved distinguish this discipline from

electronic engineering . This is because there are


different interactions with circuits, transmissions and
propagationcharacteristicsatmicrowavefrequencies.

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Ques2.Definesmatrixanditsproperties?
Ans. In a microwave junction there is an interaction of three or more
components.There will be an output port, in addition there may be
reflection from the junction of other ports. Totally there may be many
combination,thesearerepresentedeasilyusingamatrixcalledSmatrix.
Propertiesofsmatrix
1.itpossesssymmetricpropertiessij=sji
2.itpossessunitaryproperty
3.[s][s]*=[i]
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GKQuestionsPDF
Ques

3.

applications

Write
of

the

microwave

engineering?
Ans.

Following

applications

are

of

the

microwave

engineering
1. Antenna gain is proportional
to the electrical size of the
antenna. At higher frequencies,
more antenna gain is therefore
possible for a given physical
antenna
important

size,

which

has

consequences

implementing

for

miniaturized

microwavesystems.
2. More bandwidth can be
realized at higher frequencies.
Bandwidth is critically important
because

available

frequency

bands in the electromagnetic


spectrum

are

being

rapidly

depleted.
3. Microwave signals travel by
line of sight are not bent by the

inDelhi
Onlinedigitalmarketing
class

ionosphere

as

are

lower

frequency
signals and thus satellite and
terrestrial communication links
with very high capacities are
possible.

Handheld Antenna
Wideband Monitoring LPDA
Antenna Direction Finding
Application

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Ques4.Whyissmatrixused

TOP SCHOOLS

TOP COLLEGES

inMWanalysis?
Ans. Matrix is used in MW
analysis

to

overcome

the

problem which occurs when H,Y


& Z parameter are used in high MicrowaveComponents
frequencies.
Ques

5.

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What

are

the

advantagesofABCDmatrix?
Ans. The advantages of ABCD

GeneralKnowledgePDF
ExamSampleQuestions
RFAntennaDesign

matrixareasfollows
1.Theyareusedinpowertransmissionlines
2.Theyarehelpfulincaseofcascadenetworks.
Ques 6. What are junctions ?
Givesomeexample
Ans. A microwave circuit consists of
severalmicrowavedevicesconnected
in some way to achieve the desired
transmission of MW signal. The
interconnection of two or more microwavelabcomponents
microwavemayberegardedasMWjunction.
E.g.:TEE,HYBRIDRING
Ques7.Whatarenonreciprocaldevices?Givetwoexamples?
Ans. The devices which are having the properties that the forward
characteristicsarenotequaltothereversecharacteristicsarecallednon
reciprocaldevices.
Ques8.Whataretheapplicationsofreflexklystron?
Ans.Themainapplicationsofareflexklystronareasfollows
1.SignalsourceinMWgenerator
2.Localoscillatorsinreceivers

PLACEMENT

OPINION

3.ItisusedinFMoscillatorinlowpowerMWlinks.
4.Inparametricamplifieraspumpsource.
Ques 9. What is the purpose of slow wave structures used in
TWTamplifiers?
Ans. Slow wave structures are special circuits that are used in
microwave tubes to reduce wave velocity in a certain direction so that
the electron beam and the signal wave can interact. In TWT, since the
beamcanbeacceleratedonlytovelocitiesthatareaboutafractionofthe
velocityoflight,slowwavestructuresareused.

TWTAmplifier

Ques10.Givetwoexamplesfortwoportjunctions.
Ans.Followingarethetwoexamplesoftwoportjunctions
1.Thejunctionoftworectangularguidesofunequalheight
2. A symmetrical junction consisting of two similar rectangular guides
joinedbyanIntermediateguideofgreaterwidth.
Downloadtheabovequestionswiththeiranswerstopracticefor
your technical interviews or exams in pdf here QUESTIONS ON
MICROWAVEENGINEERINGWITHANSWERSPdf
AlsogetRFandMicrowaveEngineeringunitwisequestionbank
inpdfRFANDMICROWAVEENGINEERINGQuestionBankPdf
Please write your suggestions and ideas if any in the comment section
belowthispostandhelpusinmakingitmoreeasyforyou.
RelatedLinks
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MicrowaveFrequencyControl
Microwavesource:Klystron

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR: KAMAL KASWAN

12 RESPONSES TO IMPORTANT QUESTIONS ON MICROWAVE


ENGINEERING

kayanagarjuna
10/11/2015at8:19pm

guidemeformyfuture

Reply

kayanagarjuna
10/11/2015at8:19pm

guidemeformyfuture

Reply

kayanagarjuna
10/11/2015at8:19pm

Reply

HusenOli
10/11/2015at10:26am

examwithanswer

Reply

HusenOli
10/11/2015at10:26am

examwithanswer

Reply

ksaicharan
03/11/2015at9:01pm

Reply

soumya
02/11/2015at11:12am

howtoscoremarks

Reply

soumya
02/11/2015at11:12am

Reply

navaneetha
30/10/2015at7:23pm

b.tech

Reply

navaneetha
30/10/2015at7:23pm

Reply

VipinSahu
09/06/2013at11:05pm

This article helps in gaining information regarding


MICROWAVE ENGINEERING especially for electronics and

electrical branch students. As we all know microwave


engineering is very important for competitive exams. Go
throughthisarticleitcontainalltheconceptsofmicrowave
engineering.

Reply

ShilpaRanjan
25/01/2013at2:49am

These are some of the important and introductory


microwave engineering questions. this is mainly an
electronic subject and taught in final year of engineering.
goingthroughthisarticlecanbevaluableforanaddtoyour
knowledge.

Reply

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