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Status of Asbestos in the Philippines 4 th Asian Asbestos Initiative (AAI4) International Seminar Pusan, Republic
Status of Asbestos in the
Philippines
4 th Asian Asbestos Initiative (AAI4) International Seminar
Pusan, Republic of Korea, 16-18 November 2011
ELMER G. BENEDICTOS, ME, MPA

ELMER G. BENEDICTOS, ME, MPA

Supervising Health Program Officer/OIC-EOHO Department of Health, Philippines

Status of Asbestos in the Philippines 4 th Asian Asbestos Initiative (AAI4) International Seminar Pusan, Republic
n Challenges/Recommendations n Enabling Laws and Policies n Present Initiatives and Activities Outline of Presentation n
n Challenges/Recommendations
n Enabling Laws and Policies
n Present Initiatives and Activities
Outline of Presentation
n Responsible Agencies
n General Profile
n Confirmed cases of asbestosis/mesothelioma: 9 (ECC/LCP) – 3,667 MT/YR (DENR)/ 4,000 MT/YR (DTI) – 6,000
n Confirmed cases of asbestosis/mesothelioma: 9
(ECC/LCP)
– 3,667 MT/YR (DENR)/ 4,000 MT/YR (DTI)
– 6,000 MT/YR (ACIP)
n Total ban on all types of asbestos except Chrysotile
n Compensation of P315 M/YR (USD 7.32M)
n Over P5 Billion Industry (USD 100M)
General Profile
n 12,000 workers employed
n Volume of Importation:
§ 5,000 direct
§ 30,000 indirect
n DOLE - BWC establishes rules and regulations and programs for controlling work related hazards, accidents
n DOLE - BWC establishes rules and regulations
and programs for controlling work related
hazards, accidents and injuries in the
workplace.
n DOH – NCDPC establishes rules and
regulations to ensure the health and welfare of
the population.
n DENR-EMB establishes rules, regulations, and
programs for controlling chemical substances
and hazardous wastes in the Philippines.
Agency Responsible
n § Solid Waste § Sanitation § Toxic and Hazardous Substances § Occupational Health § Food
n
§ Solid Waste
§ Sanitation
§ Toxic and Hazardous Substances
§ Occupational Health
§ Food Safety
– Composed of 7 Sectors
Agency Responsible
Inter Agency Committee on Environmental
Health(IACEH-EO 489) resolve issues that need
several agencies interventions/actions
§ Water
§ Air
Agency Responsible n NEHAP (same framework of IACEH) NEDA, DOE, DA, DepEd, and PIA – Members:
Agency Responsible
n NEHAP (same framework of IACEH)
NEDA, DOE, DA, DepEd, and PIA
– Members: DOLE DTI DILG DOST DPWH
n RIACEH (17 CHDs/Regions)
n IACEH Composition
– Co-Chair: DENR
– Chair: DOH
,
,
,
,
,
Laws and Policies
Laws and Policies
Laws and Policies § Regulate, restrict or prohibit the importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use and
  • § Regulate, restrict or prohibit the importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment.

DAO NO. 29 “Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 6969”

Republic Act 6969 “An Act to Control Toxic

Substances & Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes”

n

Laws and Policies n DAO NO. 29 (IRR of RA 6969), Chapter IV, - Primary criteria
Laws and Policies
n DAO NO. 29 (IRR of RA 6969), Chapter IV,
- Primary criteria for adding new chemicals in the priority
control list (PCL) : Persistence, Bioaccumulation
posed by the import, manufacture, transport and
- Provides the need to compile and amend the
the potential health and environmental risks
the inventory (PICCS) should be included.
PCL and determine which chemical substances from
g
potential, toxicity and hazards potential
use of regulated chemicals.
Re uire information for the
Section 19
ur ose of assessin
- q
pp
exposure potential, quantity of chemicals manufactured - Secondary criteria for adding new chemicals to PCL: -
exposure potential, quantity of chemicals manufactured
- Secondary criteria for adding new chemicals to PCL:
- List of existing and new chemicals that DENR has
determined to potentially pose unreasonable risk to
public health, workplace and the environment.
Laws and Policies
- There are 48 chemicals listed on the PCL.
n DAO 2005-27 – Revised Priorit
Chemicals List
and used.
y
CHLORINATED ETHERS Methane, trichloronitro CHLOROPICRIN 76-06-2 Trichloromethane CHLOROFORM 67-66-3 CHLOROFLUORO CARBONS** General Name 18540-29-9 General Name
CHLORINATED ETHERS
Methane, trichloronitro
CHLOROPICRIN
76-06-2
Trichloromethane
CHLOROFORM
67-66-3
CHLOROFLUORO CARBONS**
General Name
18540-29-9
General Name
CARBON TETRACHLORIDE**
56-23-5
Cadmium
CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
7440-43-9
Beryllium
BERYLLIUM COMPOUNDS
Sulfuric acid,diethyl ester
Chemical Substances (PICCS) Name
Chemical Abstract
Services No.
Philippine Inventory of Chemicals and
Chemical Abstract Services (CAS)/
INDEX Name
PRIORITY CHEMICAL LIST
1,2 Dibromoethane
ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE
106-93-4
7440-41-7
DIETHYL SULFATE
64-67-5
Cyanide
CYANIDE COMPOUNDS*
57-12-5
Chromium
CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS
Benzene,1,2-dichloro
1,2 DIPHENYLHYDRAZINE
122-66-7
Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-
1,2-DICHLOROETHANE
107-06-2
Benzene,1,4-dichlro-
1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE
106-46-7
Hydrazobenzene
0-DICHLOROBENZENE
95-50-1
Ethane,1,2-dibromo
1,2-DIBROMOETHANE
106-93-4
Benzene,chloro-
1,4-CHLOROBENZENE
7440-38-2
Benzene
BENZENE
71-43-2
Asbestos
ASBESTOS*
1332-21-4
Arsenic
ARSENIC COMPOUNDS
108-90-7
PENTACHLORIDE
Antimony chloride
ANTIMONY
7647-18-9
1,3-Benzenediol
3-HYDROXYPHENOL
108-46-3
– Submit annual report (production and management – Required to register with DENR and secure import
– Submit annual report (production and management
– Required to register with DENR and secure import
– Prohibits, limit, and regulate the use, manufacture,
n DAO 2000-02 Chemical Control Order for
import, export, transport, processing, storage,
possession, and wholesale of asbestos
Laws and Policies
information)
Asbestos
clearance
– Demolition Contractors (haulers, transporter, disposer) – Owner/Operator of a demolition or renovation activity – Industrial
– Demolition Contractors (haulers, transporter, disposer)
– Owner/Operator of a demolition or renovation activity
– Industrial Facility Owners/Operators & Contractors
n Scope/Coverage of DAO 2000-02
– Waste Management Service Providers
Laws and Policies
– Shipbreakers
– Ship Builders
– Transporters
– Manufacturers
– Importers
Laws and Policies
Laws and Policies
Laws and Policies • fire-proof clothing • roofing felts or related products • asbestos cement roofin

• fire-proof clothing • roofing felts or related products • asbestos cement roofin g • asbestos cement flat sheet • friction materials • high temperature textile products • gaskets • mechanical packing materials • high-grade electrical paper • battery separators • other high density products

Control Order (CCO) are strictly limited to the

Allowable Uses of Asbestos under the Chemical

following high-density products:

- Manufacture of Pipes & Boiler Lagging - Corrugated and Commercial Paper n Prohibited Use of
- Manufacture of Pipes & Boiler Lagging
- Corrugated and Commercial Paper
n Prohibited Use of Asbestos
- Low Density Jointing Compounds
- Other Low Density Products
- Flooring Felt and Covering
- Manufacture of Toys
- Specialty Paper
- Untreated Textiles
- Rollboards
Section 4: Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Processes, n DOLE Memorandum Circular No. 02 S. 1998 (a)
Section 4: Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Processes,
n DOLE Memorandum Circular No. 02 S. 1998
(a) Classified the Manufacture or Handling of
Laws and Policies
Asbestos and Other Similar Products as
Activities or Operations.
Hazardous Process.
Current permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 2 fibers/cc of air Only asbestos fibers greater than 5um
Current permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 2 fibers/cc of air
Only asbestos fibers greater than 5um in length are
as time-weighted average (TWA) concentration over an 8
considered for the following exposure limits of the DOLE:
The current PEL is now being reviewed by an Inter-Agency
Laws and Policies
Technical Committee created by DOLE
hour work shift with an action level of 1 fiber/cc
q DOLE Recommended OSHS for Asbestos
•Exposure Limits:
3. Annual Medical Surveillance and Inspections of workplaces will be strictly implemented starting 2010-2018 and data
3. Annual Medical Surveillance and Inspections of workplaces will
be strictly implemented starting 2010-2018 and data to be
gathered shall be the basis for the total ban of Chrysotile
Asbestos by 2018
1. Management and Control on the Use, Handling, Transport and
Disposal of Asbestos in the Workplace
The Philippine Code of Practice for Asbestos (2008)
2. Initial Agreement Set on Total Ban of Chrysotile Asbestos on
2018
3) Strengthen the enforcement of the CCO for Asbestos under DAO 2000-02 of Republic Act 6969
3) Strengthen the enforcement of the CCO for Asbestos under DAO
2000-02 of Republic Act 6969 of the Toxic Substances and
Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act; Book IV of the Labor
Standards: PD 856 (Sanitation Code of the Philippines) and its
Implementing Rules and Regulations.
1) Develop and provide practical guidance & information for proper
dismantling, transport & disposal of Asbestos containing
material (ACM) for use of concerned industrial owners and
related sector, workers, environmental authority, occupational
safety and health professionals and the general public.
OBJECTIVES OF THE CODE OF
PRACTICE (CP) FOR ASBESTOS
2) Support and complement the preventive and mitigation measures
to minimize if not avoid potential exposures risks and health
related-diseases of asbestos to workers.
• Recommended General Asbestos Safety • Procedures on Transport and Disposal of • Procedures on Dismantling
• Recommended General Asbestos Safety
• Procedures on Transport and Disposal of
• Procedures on Dismantling and Removal
CP - Areas of Concerns
• Procedures on Post Dismantling
Program in the Workplace
Asbestos Waste
Activities
sbestos
f A
o
National Eco-Labeling Program – Seal of Other Relevant Policies Green Choice (Philippines) Green Building Initiative Green
National Eco-Labeling Program – Seal of
Other Relevant Policies
Green Choice (Philippines)
Green Building Initiative
Green Procurement
q
q
q
Present Initiatives and Activities

Present Initiatives and Activities

Poison Control & Information Centers EAMC-PCC UP-NPMCC BRH-PCC RMC-PCC ZRHMC-PCC EVRMC-PCC
Poison Control & Information Centers
EAMC-PCC
UP-NPMCC
BRH-PCC
RMC-PCC
ZRHMC-PCC
EVRMC-PCC
Asbestos Information –– Provides information Provides information
Asbestos Information
–– Provides information
Provides information

toto workers

workers onon thethe

hazards ofof asbestos,

hazards

asbestos,

itsits illill--effects

effects andand

pp revention

revention

–– Serves

Serves asas referral

referral

hospital forfor ARDARD

hospital

Asbestos Information DeskDesk

Lung Center of the Philippines (LCP

Lung Center of the Philippines (LCP

National Program Institutional Framework
National Program
Institutional Framework

National Program onon thethe Elimination

Elimination ofof

Asbestos Related Disease (NPEAD)

Asbestos Related Disease (NPEAD)

nn Dev.Dev. ofof Institutional Framework forfor NPEAD

NPEAD

§§ formulate mandates relevant

formulate mandates relevant toto thethe elimination

elimination ofof

ARDARD

§§ supervise

supervise thethe development, implementation andand

development, implementation

evaluation ofof thethe NPEAD

evaluation

NPEAD

nn Dev.Dev. ofof thethe National Asbestos Profile

National Asbestos Profile

§§ Serve

Serve asas valuable instrument inin thethe preparation

valuable instrument

preparation ofof

NPEAD

NPEAD

§§ Provides baseline information regarding thethe

Provides baseline information regarding

magnitude ofof ARD,

magnitude

ARD, thethe amount

amount ofof asbestos

asbestos

consumed andand population

consumed

population atat riskrisk

nn Review National Program
nn Review
National Program

National Program onon thethe Elimination

Elimination ofof

Asbestos Related Disease (NPEAD))

Asbestos Related Disease (NPEAD

Review andand Dev.Dev. ofof Legislations, Regulations andand

Legislations, Regulations

Guidelines Relevant toto thethe Elimination

Guidelines Relevant

Elimination ofof ARDARD

§§ Formulate

Formulate aa legal instrument andand itsits IRRIRR toto phase

legal instrument

phase--outout

asbestos usedused

asbestos

§§ Provide technical andand lele alal

related ILOILO standards

Provide technical

standards

related

gg

gg uidance inin thethe ratification

ratification ofof

uidance

§§ Review

Review andand recommend amendments toto National Building

recommend amendments

National Building

CodeCode ofof thethe Philippines including local permits issued

Philippines including local permits issued byby LGULGU

forfor thethe construction

construction ofof infrastructures

infrastructures

§§ Review

Review andand recommend amendments toto ECCECC lawlaw pertaining

recommend amendments

pertaining toto

prescription period inin filingfiling forfor workwork--related

prescription period

related diseases

diseases toto

provide exemptions forfor specific

provide exemptions

specific forfor Occ. cancers andand ARDARD

Occ. cancers

Advocacy and Information Dissemination

Advocacy and Information Dissemination

Hard Hat
Hard Hat

Personal Protective Equipment

Coverall / Overall

Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber

Safety Goggles

Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber
Apron
Apron
Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber

Face Mask

Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber

Heavy-duty

Gloves

Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber
Hard Hat Personal Protective Equipment Coverall / Overall Safety Goggles Apron Face Mask Heavy-duty Gloves Rubber

Rubber Boots

Ear Muffs
Ear Muffs

No PPE, No Work Policy

n Training of Safety Officers and Pollution Control Officers n Effective X-ray Readings of Asbestos Related
n Training of Safety Officers and Pollution Control Officers
n Effective X-ray Readings of Asbestos Related Diseases
n Training of occupational health nurses of the common
Prevention of Lung Disease: Pneumoconiosis including
n Training of Asbestos Handlers/Removers on proper
for Medical Radiologists(mesothelioma/asbestosis)
materials and its final disposal (continuing activity)
methods and procedures of dismantling asbestos
n OH Module on Recognition, Management and
symptoms and signs of ARD for referral purposes
2011 Training
on recognition of ACM
ARDs (Part I)
Approval of the New House Bills (479 and 896) “An Act banning the Importation, Manufacture, Processing,
Approval of the New House Bills (479 and 896) “An Act
banning the Importation, Manufacture, Processing, Use and
Distribution in Commerce of Asbestos and Asbestos
Containing Products”.
Distinction of asbestos related diseases (mesothelioma and
asbestosis) from the existing list of cancer cases in the
Philippine Cancer Registry.
Realization of the GOP commitment as has been written in the
draft Code of Practice on Asbestos to finally ban Chrysotile
Asbestos in 2018.
Industry realization of the ill-effects of continuous
manufacturing and used of asbestos containing
materials/products.
Establishments of treatment facilities and landfills for the final
disposal of asbestos wastes
n
n
n
n
n
Asbestos FreeFree Phili pppp ines! Final Target: Final Target: Phili ines! Asbestos

Asbestos FreeFree Phili pppp ines!

Final Target:

Final Target:

Phili ines!

Asbestos