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11/12/2015

DurabilityofConcreteFactorsAffectingDurability

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Durabilityofconcretemaybedefinedastheabilityof
concretetoresistweatheringaction,chemicalattack,
and abrasion while maintaining its desired
engineeringproperties.
Durability is defined as the capability of concrete to
resist weathering action, chemical attack and
abrasion while maintaining its desired engineering
properties. It normally refers to the duration or life
spanoftroublefreeperformance.Differentconcretes
require different degrees of durability depending on
the exposure environment and properties desired.
Forexample,concreteexposedtotidalseawaterwill
havedifferentrequirementsthanindoorconcrete.

Concretewillremaindurableif:
Thecementpastestructureisdenseandoflowpermeability
Underextremecondition,ithasentrainedairtoresistfreezethawcycle.
Itismadewithgradedaggregatethatarestrongandinert
Theingredientsinthemixcontainminimumimpuritiessuchasalkalis,Chlorides,sulphatesandsilt

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&Specs

Theabilityofconcretetowithstandtheconditionsfor
which it is designed without deterioration for a long
periodofyearsisknownasdurability.

FactorsAffectingDurabilityofConcrete
DurabilityofConcretedependsuponthefollowingfactors:

Cementcontent
Mixmustbedesignedtoensurecohesionandpreventsegregationandbleeding.Ifcementisreduced,then
atfixedw/cratiotheworkabilitywillbereducedleadingtoinadequatecompaction.However,ifwateris
addedtoimproveworkability,water/cementratioincreasesandresultinginhighlypermeablematerial.

Compaction

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11/12/2015

DurabilityofConcreteFactorsAffectingDurability

Varnishes&
Distemper

Theconcreteasawholecontainvoidscanbecausedbyinadequatecompaction.Usuallyitisbeing
governedbythecompactionequipmentsused,typeofformworks,anddensityofthesteelwork

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Itisveryimportanttopermitproperstrengthdevelopmentaidmoistureretentionandtoensurehydration
processoccurcompletely

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Thicknessofconcretecovermustfollowthelimitssetincodes

Permeability

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Itisconsideredthemostimportantfactorfordurability.Itcanbenoticedthathigherpermeabilityisusually
causedbyhigherporosity.Therefore,apropercuring,sufficientcement,propercompactionandsuitable
concretecovercouldprovidealowpermeabilityconcrete
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TypesofDurabilityofConcrete
TherearemanytypesbutthemajorConcreteDurabilitytypesare:
1. Physicaldurability
2. Chemicaldurability

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PhysicalDurability

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Physicaldurabilityisagainstthefollowingactions
1. Freezingandthawingaction
2. Percolation/Permeabilityofwater
3. Temperaturestressesi.e.highheatofhydration

ChemicalDurability
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Chemicaldurabilityisagainstthefollowingactions

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1. AlkaliAggregateReaction
2. SulphateAttack
3. ChlorideIngress
4. DelayEttringiteFormation
5. Corrosionofreinforcement
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CausesfortheLackofDurabilityinConcrete
1.ExternalCauses:

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Iwona
b. ExtremeTemperature
c. ExtremeHumidity
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d. Abrasion
e. ElectrolyticAction
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Rummy 2.InternalCauses
a. ExtremeWeatheringConditions

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a)Physical

ChandraMouli
LakshmiKala
RamaChandra
Kasargod,Kerala
Vadakara,Kerala
Hyderabad,AP

Volumechangeduetodifferenceinthermalpropertiesofaggregatesandcementpaste
FrostAction
t&c

b)Chemical
AlkaliAggregateReactions

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DurabilityofConcreteFactorsAffectingDurability

i.AlkaliSilicaReaction
ii.AlkaliSilicateReaction
iii.AlkaliCarbonateReaction
CorrosionofSteel
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