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Fundamental concepts of Mechanics

There are four fundamental concepts of mechanics
Space
Time
Mass
Force
It is difficult to define these four concepts. These concepts
accepted on the basis of our experiences and used as a reference
of study of mechanics.
Space
Space is concern with the position of a body to fix the position of
a point or origin.
Mass
To distinguish behavior of the two bodies under the action of an
identical force.
Time
Time mostly used in dynamics to relate the sequence of events.
To define an event it is not enough to indicate its position in
space. Event time should also be given
Force
Force s an essential action which changes or tends to change the
state of rest or uniform motion of body.
Fundamental Principles of Mechanics
There are six fundamental principles of Mechanics
1. Law of parallelogram of forces

 Law of transmissibility This law states that conditions of equilibrium or motion of rigid body will remain unchanged if a force acting at a given point of the rigid body is replaced by a force of the same magnitude and the same direction. but acting at different points.    Newton's first law of motion If all the resultant forces acting on a particle is zero. This is obtained by drawing the diagonal of parallelogram. Law of transmissibility Newton's first law of motion Newton's first law of motion Newton's third law of motions Newton's law of universal gravitation    Law of parallelogram of forces When two forces acting on a particle may be replaced by a single force. the particle will remain at rest if originally at rest or will be in motion with constant speed in a straight line if originally in motion. 6. called resultant of two forces. The particle will have the acceleration proportional to the magnitude of the resultant in the direction of this resultant forces F = ma    Newton's third law of motions . The sides of parallelogram equal to the given forces. 5. 4. 3.2. These two forces have the same line of action.  Newton's second law of motion If all the resultant forces acting on a particle is zero.

It is assumed to occupy a single point in space.    Newton's law of universal gravitation When two particles of mass m1 and m2 are attracted mutually with equal and opposite forces F and -F of magnitude F as by formula F=G m1m2/r2 What is Mechanics The branch of physical science that deals with energy and forces. . same line of action and in opposite sense. Particle It means a very small amount of matter. and their effects on bodies.The forces of action and reaction between bodies in contact have the same magnitude. OR Mechanics is a science that describes or predicts condition of rest and motion under the action of forces. Rigid body it is a combination of many particles occupying fixed positions with respect to each other.