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System Information
• Sprinkler System:

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A fire sprinkler system is an active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply
system, providing adequate pressure and flow rate to a water distribution piping system, onto which
fire sprinklers are connected.

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Over the years, fire sprinklers have become mandatory safety equipment in most parts of
India, in certain occupancies like newly constructed hospitals, schools, hotels and other public
buildings, Industries, etc. subject to the local building codes and enforcement.

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Sprinklers may be required to be installed to reduce potential property losses or business
interruption. Each sprinkler activates independently when the predetermined heat level is reached.
Because of this, the number of sprinklers that operate is limited to only those near the fire, thereby
maximizing the available water pressure over the point of fire origin.

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Fire Sprinkler Systems have been the biggest breakthrough in fire protection in the last 100
years. Fire sprinklers are the most effective method of protecting lives and property. Sprinkler systems
are now recognized as being so effective they are being made mandatory in many situations.

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Every building should be classified for fire risk under the following categories: light hazard,
ordinary hazard group and high hazard group. Factors involved in classifying a building's hazard level
include the material used in construction, the occupancy level, the materials stored in the building, the
processes performed in the building (and whether these processes include flammable liquids), ceiling
heights, ease of egress, and the amount of floors and rooms.

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Fire safety standards indicate the colour of the bulb and the respective perating temperature:

Temperature
Temperature
Colour of liquid inside
bulb

°C
°F

68
155

79
174

93
200

141
286

Red

Yellow

Green

Blue

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Black

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Fire Fighting Pumps & Accessories.
Piping
Panels
Sprinklers
Sprinkler Alarm Valve
Wiring & Instrumentations

260
500

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Components of the System:

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Keshavji Jadhavji Trust Blgd., 2 Floor, Office No. 86, 112 Yusuf Meherali Road, Masjid Bunder, Mumbai – 3.

Tel: +91-22-2345 4498 Mob: +91-98670 64498 Email: fireknock09@gmail.com

Web: www.fireknock.com

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Operational Information
• Sprinkler System:

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An automatic sprinkler system is intended to detect, control and extinguish a fire, and
warn the occupants of occurrence of fire. The installation comprises fire pumps, water storage
tanks, control valve sets, sprinkler heads, flow switches, pressure switches, pipe work and valves.
The system operates automatically without human intervention.

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Each sprinkler head contains a glass bulb or a fusible link. The bulb contains a liquid and a
quantity of vapour. The liquid expands under the influence of heat as do the fusible link heads.
When the temperature reaches a certain level – typically at 68 Degree Centigrade – it will expand
the liquid and break the bulb or fusible link, which in turn releases water directly onto the seat of
the fire.

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The hot gases from a fire will make the sprinkler operate. A fire creates a narrow plume of
hot air and gasses that rise to the ceiling and spread out. These hot gasses activate the sprinkler
head at the correct temperature.

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The installation is the most common type and a typical sprinkler is shown as below.

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Keshavji Jadhavji Trust Blgd., 2 Floor, Office No. 86, 112 Yusuf Meherali Road, Masjid Bunder, Mumbai – 3.

Tel: +91-22-2345 4498 Mob: +91-98670 64498 Email: fireknock09@gmail.com

Web: www.fireknock.com