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Science Class 10 Syllabus

Course Structure
First Term Units

Mar
ks

I. Chemical Substances

33

II
World of Living
.

21

II
Effects of Current
I.

29

I
V Natural Resources
.

7
90

Second Term Units
I.

Chemical Substances - Nature &
Behaviour

23

II
World of Living
.

30

II
Natural Phenomenon
I.

29

I
V Natural Resources
.

8
90

First Term SA-I
Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour
Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a
balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition,
displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.
Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions,
General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale(Definition relating to
logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of
sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

field due to a current carrying conductor. Resistivity. Basic concept of nutrition.Metals and non metals: Properties of metals and non-metals. Ohm's law. voluntary. Series combination of resistors. Force on current carrying conductor. reactivity series. valency. Electric power. transport and excretion in plants and animals. World of Living Life processes: "living being". field lines. I and R.Nature and Behaviour Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Modern periodic table. Fleming's left hand rule. Direct current. Fleming's Right Hand Rule. Renewable versus non-renewable sources. Effects of Current Electric current. wind. nuclear energy. Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants. addition and substitution reaction). metallic and non-metallic properties. solar energy. basic metallurgical processes. Induced potential difference. Electromagnetic induction. field due to current carrying coil or solenoid. atomic number. chemical co-ordination: animal hormones. Inter relation between P. Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification. potential difference and electric current. alkanes and alkynes). corrosion and its prevention. involuntary and reflex action. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion. Resistance. Introduction to plant hormones. difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. oxidation. gradation in properties. Alternating current : frequency of AC. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens. respiration. biogas. Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field. V. Natural Resources Sources of energy: Different forms of energy. alcohol. ketones. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. control and co-ordination in animals : nervous system. Domestic electric circuits. conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: fossil fuels. Second Term SA-II Chemical Substances . Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses). Advantage of AC over DC. formation and properties of ionic compounds. . soaps and detergents. parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Induced current. aldehydes. water and tidal energy.

Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction. To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:  a. applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism. Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution  d. Dilute NaOH solution  c. centre of curvature. scattering of light. coal and petroleum conservation.World of Living Reproduction: Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. Water . Our environment: Eco-system. Heridity and evolution: Heredity. Child bearing and women's health. waste production and their solutions. First Term Practicals 1. Natural Resources Conservation of natural resources Management of natural resources. principal focus. Refraction of light by spherical lens. laws of refraction. Magnification. Power of a lens. Mendel's contribution. Image formed by spherical lenses. Dilute Hydrochloric Acid  b. Natural Phenomenon Reflection of light at curved surfaces. Functioning of a lens in human eye. safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. mirror formula (Derivation not required). dispersion of light. Lemon juice  e. refractive index. principal axis. Forest and wild life. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances. Ozone depletion. alternatives if any. Images formed by spherical mirrors. defects of vision and their corrections. Water harvesting. Environmental problems. Basic concepts of evolution. focal length. magnification. Sustainability of natural resources. Refraction. Examples of People's participation for conservation of natural resources. applications in daily life. The Regional environment: Big dams : advantages and limitations. Lens formula (Derivation not required). Conservation and judicious use of natural resources.

6. Fe. 10 To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration. 9 To show experimentally that light is necessary for photosynthesis. Second Term Practicals 1. Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result. 5. Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:  a. Litmus solution (Blue/Red)  b. Also plot a graph between V and I. Displacement reaction  iv. Decomposition reaction  iii. To study the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:  a. 8 To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata. To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series. i) To observe the action of Zn. Fe. CuSO4 (aq)  d. Combination reaction  ii. FeSO4 (aq)  c. To study the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid): . To study the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate solution 2. Zinc metal  c. 7 To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel. Double displacement reaction  1) Action of water on quick lime  2) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals  3) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution  4) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions 4. Al2(SO4)3 (aq) ii) Arrange Zn. f. To perform and observe the following reactions and classify them into:  i. Solid sodium carbonate 3. ZnSO4 (aq)  b.

To find the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and draw corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed. i) odour  ii) solubility in water  iii) effect on litmus  iv) reaction with sodium bicarbonate 2.  ii. 5. To study saponification reaction for preparation of soap. 10. 4. To study (a) binary fission in Amoeba. 6. 9. Convex lens. To identify the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea. 8. Concave mirror. Measure the angle of incidence. . To trace the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. gram or red kidney bean). by obtaining the image of a distant object. To study the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water. 3. angle of emergence and interpret the result. To determine the focal length of:  i. 7. angle of refraction. and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides. To trace the path of the rays of light through a glass prism. To study homology and analogy with the help of models/charts of animals and models/ charts/ specimens of plants.