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GOVERNA A52

Balea, Raymond
Ching, Catherine Anna
Espiritu, Maria Nikka
Guzman, Anne Clarisse
I.

Introduction
A. Crafting the RO-RO policy
1. load-on/load-off (Lolo) system
a. Predominant method for shipping prior to Ro-Ro
b. Cargo handling and wharfage cost.
2. Roll on/Roll-Off (RO-RO) system
B. Brief description of the project
1. Transport infrastructure integrates the island economies of an
archipelago.
a. Road networks handle most of the passengers movement.
b. Ports are important for long-distance logistical needs and interisland routes.
c. Airport and rail infrastructure provide alternative means of
transporting people
and goods to major economic hubs around
the country.
2. Objectives of the project
a. Reduce transport costs of inter-island transportation.
b. Enhance tourism, transportation, and commerce throughout the

country.
c. Facilitate the governments agro-fisheries modernization and
food security programs.
d. Promote private sector participation in the establishment,
construction, and operation of Ro-Ro Ferry Terminal System (RRTS)
facilities.
e. Establish a new policy to promote the development of RRTS.
f. Facilitate the decongestion of Metro Manila via transport logistics
and efficient
linkages.
g. Strengthen national unity and bond through potent movement of
people.
C. Background of the Project
a. Ro-Ro system based on critical policy reform measures.
b. Maritime Equity Corporation of the Philippines
c. Executive Order 170 signed in January 2003
d. Executive Order 170-A signed in June 2003 and Executive Order
170-B signed in September 2005
e. RA 9295
f. Eliminated cargo handling and wharfage fees
g. Shifted freight charging from weight to lane meter
h. Eliminated commodity classification on RO-RO cargoes
i. Eliminated monopolies/cartels

D. Opposition in the early 2000s

II.

Body
A. Significance of the project on the following
1. Countrys economy
2. Maritime Industry
3. Passenger Mobility
4. Cargo Mobility
5. Transport Costs
6. Local Area Development
7. Business Opportunities
8. Tourism
9. Agricultural Productivity
B. Components of the Project
1. Routes of Ro-Ro
a. Western Nautical Highway
b. Central Nautical Highway
c. Eastern Nautical Highway
2. Status of Ro-Ro in these routes
C. Impacts brought about by the project
1. Goods are shipped more efficiently.
2. Transportation costs have been reduced.
3. New inter-island and regional links are being created.
4. Regional markets have expanded.
5. Tourism is a beneficiary of the expanding Ro-Ro network.
6. Local area development is being accelerated.
7. Logistics practices are changing.
8. The domestic shipping industry is restructuring and becoming more
competitive.
D. Program for the affected port workers
E. Response of experts and citizens
1. Positive
2. Negative

III.

Conclusion
A. Evaluation
B. Recommendation