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System Information
• Fire Alarm System (Conventional):

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A Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP) / Fire Alarm Control Unit (FACU), is an electric panel that is
the controlling component of a fire alarm system which is installed at various places as a protective
measure against fire; sounds an alarm when actuated by a fire detection system. Fire Alarm System is
essential to warn all occupants that a fire or emergency situation exists. Sometimes fire detection and
alarm systems are used to compensate or to give special cover for items of high value. In case of fire
early detection of smoke and heat helps in fighting the fire effectively & extinguishing it in nascent
stage. Thus by early detection, we can prevent the fire from spreading in turn saving life and loss of
property and business.

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Whatever the reason, an automatic fire detection and alarm system generally provides a
network of manual call points, fire sensors and alarm warning devices over the area covered. It is,
in effect, the eyes and mouth of the building to constantly monitor the building and warn if a fire
breaks out, or is suspected in the way we do, if we see flames or smell burning.
Types of Fire Alarm system:

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Conventional Systems are used for small installation as it becomes cost effective and also
serves the purpose of safety and location identification is easy.

Addressable Systems are used for high ends like hotels, hospitals, high rise buildings, BPO’s
etc. The system gives you pin point location of detection and complex operations are also
possible such as HVAC trip off, lift management, access control door release etc

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Components of the System:

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Fire Alarm Panel.
Detectors (Smoke / Heat / Multi / Beam / Flame / UV IR / Gas / Etc)
Manual Call Points.
Panic Switches.
Hooters.
Cable and Instrumentation.
Linear Heat Sensing Cables.

The panel receives information from environmental sensors designed to detect changes
associated with fire, monitors their operational integrity and provides for automatic control of
equipment, and transmission of information necessary to prepare the facility for fire based on a
predetermined sequence. A fire alarm control panel is required under the building code for a majority
of new commercial building construction in most countries.
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Keshavji Jadhavji Trust Blgd., 2 Floor, Office No. 86, 112 Yusuf Meherali Road, Masjid Bunder, Mumbai – 3.

Tel: +91-22-2345 4498 Mob: +91-98670 64498 Email: fireknock09@gmail.com

Web: www.fireknock.com

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Operational Information
• Fire Alarm System (Conventional):

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Conventional Systems are used for small installation as it becomes cost effective and also serves
the purpose of safety and location identification is easy. It is a well-proven technology protecting many
hundreds of thousands of properties worldwide.

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In a typical Conventional Fire Alarm System the 'intelligence' of the system resides solely within
the Fire Alarm Control Panel, which receives a trigger signal from a Conventional Detector or Call Point
and in turn, signals the condition to other devices such as alarm sounders and remote signalling
equipment. The control panel operates from house power but also usually contains an emergency
battery which can operate the system for about 24 hours during a power outage.

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A typical Conventional Fire Alarm Arrangement:

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Basic System Functional Operation:

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When a fire alarm condition i.e. Smoke is detected and reported by the system Initiating devices, the
following functions shall immediately occur:

o The System Alarm LED shall flash.
o An electric signal in the control panel shall sound.
o The LCD display shall indicate all information associated with the fire alarm condition,
including the type of alarm point and its location within the protected premises.
o The audio portion of the system shall sound the proper audio signal consisting of alarming
tone.

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Keshavji Jadhavji Trust Blgd., 2 Floor, Office No. 86, 112 Yusuf Meherali Road, Masjid Bunder, Mumbai – 3.

Tel: +91-22-2345 4498 Mob: +91-98670 64498 Email: fireknock09@gmail.com

Web: www.fireknock.com