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Title/Date: Water of Crystallization, 9/20/13
Purpose: To find the number of molecules of water of crystallization present in
iron(II) sulfate (FeSO4.xH2O)
Background Information: The strong dipole of water makes it an excellent solvent
for the ions of ionic solids such as salts and bases. Many ionic compounds, when
crystallized from water solution, take up definite proportions of water as an integral
part of their crystal structures. It also causes water molecules to attach themselves
to ions in solution. Such ions in solution are called hydrated ions. When some
solutions of hydrated ions are evaporated, the solid salt crystallizes from the
solution and a fixed number of water molecules are incorporated into the crystal
structure. These number of molecules are called water of hydration or water of
crystallization. This water of crystallization may be driven off by the application of
heat. Since the law of definite composition holds for crystalline hydrates, the
formula of the anhydrous compound is known, you can then determine the formula
of the hydrate.
List of Materials and Apparatus:

Clamp stand
Pipette filler
Acidified aqueous potassium manganate (VII) (KMnO4)
Aqueous Iron(II) Sulphate (FeSO4)
White tile
Conical flask
1 Name: Sheldon Miller

5.10 24. Ensure that all readings are taken at eye level.99 26.48 28.10 Average volume of FA3: 24.89 26.79 2.99 24.16 cm3 Trial 4 2.WATER OF CRYSTILLIZATION Procedure: The burette was filled with FA3. Remove any water bubbles from the liquid first and then remove any droplets of inside or outside of the container. Precautions: 1. 25 cm 3 HCl) the bottom of the meniscus touches the mark. 4.g. This solution was titrated with FA 3 from the burette until the first permanent pink color remained in the solution. Ensure that ALL laboratory glassware is cleaned before using.10 24.01 Trial 5 2.21 23.Twenty five cm 3 FA2 was pipetted into a conical flask and a measuring cylinder was used to add approximately 20 cm 3 of FA 4. Sufficient further titrations were performed to obtain accurate results.39 reading/ ml Titre/ml 24.39 26.01 Trial 6 4.29 reading/ ml Final 26. Ensure that no movement is done while recording the mass of the specimen. Data Table: Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Initial 2. 3. The titration results were recorded in a data table. Ensure that when taking exact values (e.22 25. 00 Calculations: 5 Fe2+(aq) + 8H+(aq) + MnO4-(aq)  5Fe3+(aq) + Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l) 2 Name: Sheldon Miller .47 24.29 2. 2.

8 g Mass of FeSO4 = 56 + 32 +(16*4) = 152 Mass of H2O in FeSO4.xH2O 1 : 1 Therefore the number of moles of FeSO4.8-152 = 139. the number of moles of H2O= 8 The calculated number of moles of H2O in FeSO4.416 x10-4 Due to the mole ratio (5:1).XH2O is 8 moles Error in taking measurements form the burette = ± 0.80 g Mass of H2O = 1+1+16 = 18g Number of moles of H2O = 139.77 Therefore.04832 moles/dm3 = 291.001208 moles Mole Ratio of Fe2+ : FeSO4.01)/1000 =2.41x 10-4 )x5 = 0.80/18 Number of moles of H2O = 7.01208*1000)/25 X= 0.xH2O = 0.001208 moles : 25 cm3 X moles : 1000 cm3 X = (0.xH2O = 0.1 g/dm3 ÷ 0.WATER OF CRYSTILLIZATION Mole ratio of Fe2+ : MnO4 is 5:1 # of moles of KMnO4 = 0.01 moles : 1000 cm3 : 24. the number of moles of Fe 2+ ions = (2.16*0.xH2O = 291.16 cm 3 x x= (24.01205 moles Conc. of FeSO4.15 3 Name: Sheldon Miller .04832 moles/dm3 Molar mass of compound = mass concentration/molar concentration = 14.

it is safe to say that the results obtained were reliable.24%.29 % Discussion: Because of the low percentage error (14.29%) in the calculation of the number of moles of water in FeSO4. taking a more accurate average. 4 Name: Sheldon Miller .xH2O is 8 moles.xH2O could produce more accurate results if more trials were done.16)* 100= 1. This procedure used to determine the number of moles of water in FeSO4.xH2O.WATER OF CRYSTILLIZATION Therefore the percentage apparatus error = (0.30/24.24% The percentage error in calculating the Number of moles in H 2O = ((8-7)/7 )*100 =14. The percentage error in taking readings from the burette was found to be 1. Conclusion: The calculated number of moles in water in FeSO 4. More accurate instruments could also be used in order to obtain better results.