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I.

PRESENT TENSES
1. Present Simple

S + V.1 (es/s)

Pattern/Pola

Examples/Contoh
It rains everyday

Adverbial of Time/Keterangan Waktu
every …… (everyday, every week, every month, etc), always,
usually, often, rarely, etc.

2. Present
Progressive
3. Present Perfect

S + is/am/are +V.ing

We are studying English

now, at the moment, at present

S + have/has +V.3

We have finished our test

4. Present Perfect
Progessive

S + have/has been +V.ing

We have been studying for two hours

since …………
for …………..
already, yet
since …………
for …………..
all morning, all day, all week

Function/Meaning
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang biasa terjadi, selalu
terjadi, merupakan suatu kebiasaan, menunjukkan suatu
kebenaran umum
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sedang terjadi saat
ini (saat pembicaraan)
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sudah terjadi di
masa lampau, akan tetapi pengaruh yang ditimbulkan masih
dirasakan pada saat sekarang (saat pembicaraan)
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sudah mulai terjadi
di masa lampau, masih berlangsung sampai sekarang

II. PAST TENSES
1. Past Simple

S + V.2

Pattern/Pola

Examples/Contoh
It rained yesterday

Adverbial of Time/Keterangan Waktu
yesterday, …… ago (a month ago, two months ago, etc), last ……
(last week, last month, etc)
yesterday, …… ago (a month ago, two months ago, etc), last ……
(last week, last month, etc)
since …………
for …………..

2. Past
Progressive
3. Past Perfect

S + was/were +V.ing

We were studying English

S + had +V.3

We had finished our test.

4. Past Perfect
Progessive

S + had been +V.ing

We had been studying for two hours

since …………
for …………..

Pattern/Pola
S + will + V.1
S + be going to + V.1
S + will be + V.ing

Examples/Contoh
It will rain tomorrow
It is going to rain tomorrow
We will be studying English

Adverbial of Time/Keterangan Waktu
tomorrow, next …… (next week, next month, next year, etc)

S + will have + V.3

We will have finished our test

tomorrow, next …… (next week, next month, next year, etc)

Function/Meaning
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sudah terjadi di
masa lampau
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sedang terjadi di
masa lampau
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sudah terjadi di
masa lampau, pengaruh yang ditimbulkan berakhir dimasa
lampau pula
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang sudah mulai terjadi
di masa lampau, dan berakhir dimasa lampau pula

III. FUTURE TENSES
1. Future Simple
2. Future
Progressive
3. Future Perfect
PASSIVE FORMS
present simple
present
progressive
present perfect
past simple
past progressive
past perfect
will
be going to
future perfect

ACTIVE
Anna helps Peter
Anna is helping Peter

PASSIVE
Peter is helped by Anna
Peter is being helped by Anna

Anna
Anna
Anna
Anna
Anna
Anna
Anna

Peter
Peter
Peter
Peter
Peter
Peter
Peter

Eng-lax

has helped Peter
helped Peter
was helping Peter
had helped Peter
will help Peter
is going to help Peter
will have helped Peter

has been helped by Anna
was helped by Anna
was being helped by Anna
had been helped by Anna
will be helped by Anna
is going to be helped by Anna
will have been helped by Anna

tomorrow, next …… (next week, next month, next year, etc)

Function/Meaning
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi akan terjadi dimasa
mendatang, merupakan suatu rencana
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang akan sedang terjadi
dimasa mendatang
menerangkan suatu keadaan/kondisi yang akan terjadi dan
akan selesai di masa mendatang, dan pengaruh yang
ditimbulkan baru akan dirasakan pada masa mendatang pula

Modals: will. should. may. can. might. etc S + modals+V1 Eng-lax .