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# LSC SYSTEM

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

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Hydraulic

Description:

Service Training

Date: 04 / 00

Linde - Synchron - Control - System
simplified schematic

Page: 1 / 6

Function of the LSC system explained by a simplified schematic with three functions
Fig. 1: All three spools are in neutral position, engine is on.
Stand by pressure of the HPR pump is in front of the three spools. Theoretically the
pressure under this condition would correspond to the spring in the load sensing regulator
(e.g. »p= 20 bar).
The stand by pressure that really ensues is higher, due to the backlash forces of the pump
(some 30 bar, depending on the spring setting).
Fig. 2: Only the function 1 spool is opened.
Compensator 1 opens up completely, and function 1 pressure p1 is signalled to the LSC
control via LS line and LS connection port. At the metering orifice of spool 1 the LS control
maintains a

»p that correspondens to the spring setting of the LS control (e.g. »p=20 bar).
^ A
Q=

∗ ∆p

So the pump flow Q demanded in terms of orifice area A stays always the same, even though
the function pressure may vary.

The pressure difference between function 1 and 2 pushes the shuttle to the opposite side.
As a result pressure of function 1 (= LS pressure) is now available on the left hand side of the
compensator of function 2. Hence compensator 2 maintains at the metering orifice of spool 2
the same »p as at metering orifice 1. The residual difference between pressure of function 1
and 2 is throttled off by compensator 2.
Important:
Pressure fluctuations at function 1 (LS pressure) are corrected by the LS control of the pump;
Pressure fluctuations at function 2 are corrected by compensator 2.
Qges. = Q1 + Q2
Qges. ^= (A1∗ ∆ p ) + (A2 ∗
Qges. ^= (A1 + A2)∗ ∆ p

∆p )

This equation applies as long as the pump can meet the flow demand by A1 and A2.
If e.g. the power limiter reduces flow while cross section A = A1 + A2 remains unchanged
drop to a smaller value.

»p will

The configuration of fig. 3 shows that »pdrops by the same amaunt at each orifice. This is why
the individual flows change proportionally - the great advantage of the LSC system.
Should pressure at function 2 rise over that of function 1, then function 2 becomes leader function,
and now it is its pressure that is signalled to the LS control.
In the case of three functions and more the procedure is still the same. At all spools it is the same

»pwhich has to be kept stable.
LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

M. Zivkovic
Department HK 1

L

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

LS

Fig. 1:
All spools are in neutral position (close center),
Engine is running.

(Example with 3 functions)

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

Basic circuit diagram

Control spool

Compensator

Shuttle

LS - signal line

PCO

Control spool

Compensator

simplified schematic

U
T
PV = pump valve (60 bar)
PCO = pressure cut off valve

Shuttle

Function 3

Description:

HPR pump with
LS control

P

P - supply line

Control spool

LS - signal line

Compensator

Function 2

Service Training

PV

Shuttle

Function 1

Hydraulic

X

)*
Date: 04 / 00

Linde - Synchron - Control - System
Page: 2 / 6

M. Zivkovic

Department HK 1

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

LS

LS - signal line

PCO

Control spool

Compensator

simplified schematic

T

Fig. 2:
Function 1 is active.

(Example with 3 functions)

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

Basic circuit diagram

Shuttle

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

HPR pump with
LS control

P

Control spool

Compensator

Description:

PV = pump valve (60 bar)
PCO = pressure cut off valve

U

L

P - supply line

Shuttle

Function 3

Service Training

Control spool

LS - signal line

Compensator

Function 2

Hydraulic

PV

Shuttle

Function 1

)*
Date: 04 / 00
Page: 3 / 6

M. Zivkovic

Department HK 1

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09
LS - signal line

simplified schematic

T

LS

Fig. 3:
Function 1 is under high load,
Function 2 is under low load and
Function 3 is not active.

(Example with 3 functions)

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

Basic circuit diagram

PCO

Control spool

Compensator

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

HPR pump with
LS control

P

Control spool

Compensator

Shuttle

Function 3

Description:

PV = pump valve (60 bar)
PCO = pressure cut off valve

U

L

P - supply line

Function 2

Service Training

Control spool

LS - signal line

Compensator

Shuttle

Hydraulic

PV

Shuttle

Function 1

)*
Date: 04 / 00
Page: 4 / 6

M. Zivkovic

Department HK 1

)*
Hydraulic

Service Training

Description:

Date: 04 / 00

Linde - Synchron - Control - System
Functional description: control valve operation for one load

Page: 5 / 6

Control valve is shown in neutral

LS

T

A

P

Control valve starts tomove

LS

T

A

P

Control valve is shown in full actuating operation.

LS

T

A

P

∆p
P

Q^
= K∗ A ∗

A

∆p

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

M. Zivkovic
Department HK 1

)*
Hydraulic

Description:

Service Training

Date: 04 / 00

Linde - Synchron - Control - System
Functional description: control valve combined

Page: 6 / 6

Control valve V1 is shown in full actuating operation.

LS

T

A

T

A

P

V1

Control valve V2 is shown in neutral.
LS

P

V2

Control valve V1, with highest work port
pressure, is shown in full actuating operation.
LS

T

A

T

A

P

V1

Control valve V2, with lowest
work port pressure, is shown in
full actuating operation.

LS

P

V2

Q^
= K∗ A ∗

∆p

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

M. Zivkovic
Department HK 1

)*
Hydraulic

Service Training

Description:

Date: 09 / 97

Linde - Synchron - Control - System

Example:
Qtotal = 270 l/min = 100 %
Q1 + Q2 + Q 3 = Qtotal
100 % + 30 % + 20 % = 150 %

Requirement
Q1

Pump
Qtotal = 270 l/min
(100%)

Page: 1 / 1

Calculation of flow split-up

Requirement
Q2

Requirement
Q3

}

Requirement

100%
Q1 =
* 100% =
100%+30%+20%
Q1 =

270 l/min
150%

67%

180 l/min

* 100% =

30%
Q2 =
* 100% =
100%+30%+20%
Q2 =

270 l/min
150%

20%

20%
Q3 =
* 100% =
100%+30%+20%
Q3 =

270 l/min
150%

54 l/min

* 30% =

* 20% =

13%
36 l/min

100%
270 l/min

LINDE AG
Industrial Trucks and Hydraulics Division.
Schweinheimer Straße 34, 63743 Aschaffenburg, Telephone: 0 60 21 / 99 15 66
Hanauer Landstraße 100, 63796 Kahl / Main, Telephone: 0 61 88 / 4 16 09

M. Zivkovic
Department HK 1