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# Aspects ofMultivanate Statistical Theow

Copyright 8 1982.2WS by John Wiley & Sons. I ~ C .

APPENDIX

Some Matrix Theory

AI.

INTRODUCTION

In this appendix we indicate the results in matrix theory that are needed in
the rest of the book. Many of the results should be familiar to the reader
already; the more basic of these are not proved here. Useful references for
matrix theory are Mirsky ( 1 9 5 9 , Bellman (1970), and Graybill (1969). Most
of the references to the appendix earlier in the text concern results involving
matrix factorizations; these are proved here.
A2.

DEFINITIONS

A p X q matrix A is a rectangular array of real or complex numbers
a , , , a , * , .,.,app,written as

so that a,, is the element in the ith row and j t h column. Often A is written
as A =(u,,). We will assume throughout this appendix that the elements of a
matrix are real, although many of the results stated hold also for complex
matrices. If p = q A is called a square matrix of order p. If q = 1 A is a
column uector, and if p = 1 A is a row vecfor. If aij=O for i = l , . . . , p ,
j = 1 ,...,q, A is called a zero matrix, written A =0, and if p = q, a,, = 1 for
i = 1,. ..,p and aij = 0 for i # j then A is called the identity matrix of order
p, written A = I or A = Ip.The diagonul elements of a p X p matrix A are
aII. a22,...,app.
512

Definitions

573

The transpose of a p X q matrix A , denoted by A’, is the q X p matrix
obtained by interchanging the rows and columns of A , i.e., if A = ( a , , ) then
A’=(a,,). If A is a square matrix of order p it is called symmetric if A = A’
and skew-symmetric if A = - A’. If A is skew-symmetric then its diagonal
elements are zero.
A p X p matrix A having the form

so that all elements below the main diagonal are zero, is called uppertriangular. If all elements above the main diagonal are zero it is called
lower-triangular. Clearly, if A is upper-triangular then A’ is lower-triangular.
If A has the form

so that all elements off the main diagonal are zero, it is called diagonal, and

is often written as

..

A =diag( a , I , . ,a p p).

The sum of two p X q matrices A and B is defined by
A+B=(a,,+b,,).

If A is p X q and B is 4 X r (so that the number of columns of A is equal to
the number of rows of B ) then the product of A and B is the p X r matrix
defined by

The product of a matrix A by a scalar a is defined by
a A = ( aa,,).

314

Sonre Murrtw Theory

The following properties are elementary, where, if products are involved, it
is assumed that these are defined:
A +( - I ) A =O
( A B ) ’ = A’A’
(A’)’ = A
( A + B)’= A‘+ B’
A( B C ) = ( A E ) C
A( B t-C ) = A B A C
( A + B ) C = A C + BC
A1 = A .

+

A p X p matrix A is called orrhogonol if AA‘= Ipand idempotent if A’ = A .
If A = ( a , , ) is a p X q matrix and we write
A , , = ( u , , ) , i - 1, ...,k ; j = l , ...,/

A,, “ ( a , , ) , i = l , . . . , k ,j = I

+ 1 ,...,q

A2,=(u,,),i=k +l,...,p;j=l,,..,/

A,, = (u ,,), i = k t I ,...,p ; j = I + 1 ,...,q

then A can be expressed as

and is said to bepuriifioned inlo submatrices A , , , A,,, A,, and A,,, Clearly
if B is a p X q matrix partitioned similarly to A as

where B , , is k XI, B I Zis k X ( q -/), B,, is ( p - k ) X / a n d B2,is ( p - k ) X

( 9 - /), then

m ) . The dererminanf of a square p X p matrix A..aPJr n where C.I ) X m .+c. (iii) If all the elements in any row (or column) of A are multiplied by a scalar a the determinant is multiplied by a. The following are elementary properties of determinants which follow readily from the definition: (i) (ii) If every element of a row (or column) of A is zero then det A =O. . a22 9 ../ ) X ( r . denoted by det A or / A [ .*.. denotes the summation over all p! permutations R = ( j ... b. (vi) If two rows (or columns) of A are identical. C..is / X m . ( 9 . . up2 1 . is / X ( r .1 according as the permutation n is even or odd..aZJ2. is DETERMINANTS A3.. A=[ I b... (vii) If (v) b... J p ) of ( I ..+c. (iv) det(aA)=aPdet A... then det A =O.alJ. If B is the matrix obtained from A by interchanging any two of its rows (or columns). then it is readily verified that and C. if C is a q X r matrix partitioned as where C.is defined by det A = E.+Cl.. is ( 9 . . p ) and en = + 1 or . . . . . ...Derermrinanrs 575 Also.... then det B = -det A. .m ) .. C . aPP I* so that every element in the first row of A is a sum of two scalars. . det A =det A’..

k p ) denotes the p X p matrix whose ith row is the k..)=O if any two of the integers . The result given in the following theorem is extremely useful. THEOREM A3.k.th row of B. Hence if every element in ith row (or column) of A is the sum of n t e r m then det A can be written as the sum of n determinants...... By property (vi) d e t B ( k .. From the definition where B ( k l . .576 Sonie Murrix Theory then A similar result holds for any row (or column). If A and B are both p X p matrices then det(AA)=(det A)(det B ) Proo/..1. (viii) If B is the matrix obtained from A by adding to the elements of its ith row (or column) a scalar multiple of the corresponding elements of another row (or column) then det B =det A.

A number of useful results are direct consequences of this theorem. det(AB)= XE... k p )= E. A... is p X q. det(AA')?O. . . ..1 according as the permutation a = ( k . = (det A. This follows from Theorem A3. . A .) kl=l k. .det B . . are equal..A.. r=l = (det A )(det B ) . are all p .. 1.1 and property (ii).. is p X p .. .det B .. and hence P P 2 -.. and A. .. anu det[ :y]=det A. 'I By property (v) it follows that det B( k .... If A is p X p . ..) . X p matrices then det( A I A 2.#k. )(det A Proo/. If A . + where E. .( fi u i k .Derermmunrs 511 k. Hence .. THEOREM A3.. THEOREM A3. It is easily shown that '' det[ 0 A22 ]=detA2..A. .. is q X p . p ) is even or odd..3. . . ..# . This is easily proved by induction on n . = 1 or . . If A .kp) of (1. THEOREM A3. ) = (det A )(det A ) .k..4. .(det A .=I k. ). is 9 X q then det [ A" '1 [ A" ] 22 =det A" A21 22 .' Zk.2... 2 det(AB)= detB(k .k.. .

Two additional results about determinants are used often. .)(det A Z 2 ) . [-I.+ A B 0 A A Iq]=[?B so that + (1) [ det( l p A B ) =det JB Similarly so that det (Iq + BA) = det IP 1 9 ] [B 4.. det[ :::]=det[ Similarly det[ i l l 21 A” ] A:. If H is an orthogonal matrix then det H = t 1.ldet[ IO ’ 11 =det[ det[ 22 :y]=(det ’dl .5.578 Some Mutrix Theory Then from Theorem A3.. can write [ I. 21 A21 ] Al. = (dct All)(det A 2 2 ) . (ix) (x) If T is m X m triangular (upper or lower) then det T=ny!&. THEOREM A3.‘. I . We. 4- Equating ( I ) and (2) gives the desired result. If A is p X 9 and B is 9 X p then det( Ip Prooj + A B ) =det( I9 + BA).

In this case there is a unique matrix B such that A B = Zp.. 579 MINORS AND COFACTORS If A =(a..e.. A is calied a nunsingular matrix. The i .’ = C .) is p X p.I = A . det(A-’)=(det A ) .I)’ = (A’). I N V E R S E O F A MATRIX If A =(a.’ = A‘.I)l+’det MIJ.. In general. If A and Care nonsingularp X p matrices then ( A C ) . ( A .litverse of a Marnx A4.is the cofactor of aJi.. . denoted by ail’ is alJ=( . A5.j t h element of B is given by cuJJ blJ = det A ’ where aJ.) is a p X p matrix the minor of the element aIJis the determinant of the matrix MI. detA= P 2 aIJcu. . The cojucfor of a. obtained from A by removing the ith row andjth column.p) J=I A principal minor of A is the determinant of a matrix obtained from A by removing certain rows and the same numbered columns of A.I.’ A .. ( i = l .. It is proved in many matrix theory texts that det A is equal to the sum of the products obtained by multiplying each element of a row (or column) by its cofactor. A ..’ . if A is a p X q matrix an r-square minor of A is a determinant of an r X r matrix obtained from A by removing p . with det A fO. (v) If A is an orthogonal matrix. The following basic results hold: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) AA ..I . i.I A = I.The matrix B is called the inoerse of A and is denoted by A .r rows and q-r columns.’ .

whereA... respectively. . Let A and B be nonsingular p X p and y X y matrices. # 0 ( i = 1.. Put P = A + CBD. and B.'CB) .... and B.u. completing the proof. is ( p .'CB( B + BDA . The next theorem gives the elements of the inverse of a partitioned matrix A in terms of the submatrices of A . and let B = A-I.I ..2..Then Premultiplying the right side of ( I ) by P gives Prooj (A + CBD)[ A ....A . The following result is occasionally useful. I. .. (vii) If T is an rn X m upper-triangular nonsingular matrix then T-I is upper-triangular and its diagonal elements are I. are ( p ..(I + DA ... are nonsingular.CBDA-ICB( =I + CB[ E - I + BDA .k ) . are k x k .k ) .'.. and B .. THEOREM A 5 I ....ICB)-'BDA - I] =I-CB(E+ BDA-'CB)~~'EDA~'+CEDA-' .I . .l ( B C BDA-'CB)(B+BDA-'CO)-']BDA-' =I . i = 1. p ) then A . THEOREM A5.' BDA.B . .= diag( a. and A. assume that A.580 Some Mutnx Theory . .k ) X k and A. Put . i n .'CB)( B + EDA .I ] EDA B =l+CB[B-I ..k ) X ( p . and let C be p X y and D be q X p. A.I c B ) ..). (vi) If A =diag( u I. Let A be a p Partition A and B as X p nonsingular matrix. A.upp) with a.are k X ( p ..

. (a) If A...3..det (b) If A . = . The determinant of a partitioned matrix is given in the following theorem. .!(. . B. To prove (a) note that if then I . and A. B.. ! 2 . . B 2 2which r when substituted in (7) gives A.B.. .det A.A. B z l = .A ~ ’ A l .= I so that B . . Proof. . THEOREM A5..A.A. A ~ ’ A . is nonsingular then det A =det A..’.2=-A. B . = A . = 1 so that BZ2= A&’...A ~ 1 A 2 1 B land l substituting this in (4) gives A I I B ...IA.. .f2.A . is nonsingular then det A =det A. .. . From ( 5 ) we have B.Inverse of a Mutrtx 581 Then B . . be given by (3)...A. Let A be partitioned as in ( I ) and let A . .. Proof.1A1. =A..!.’A. The equation AB = I leads to the following equations: From (6) we have BZl= . . B.=A..?1..

L A T E N T ROOTS A N D L A T E N T V E C T O R S For a p X p matrix A the chamferistic equarion of A is given by (1) det( A . X (7. B is p then + B)srank(A)+rank( B).4. A7.2. then rank( B ) 5 q -rank(A).A I p ) = O . (iii) If A is p X 4. The left side of ( I ) is a polynomial of degree p in h so that this equation has exactly p roots. called the latent roots (or characteristic roots or eigenvalues) . then (ii) rank( AB)lmin[rank( A).2 and A3. If A is p X q. R A N K OF A M A T R I X If A is a nonzero p X q matrix it is said to have rank r . rank( A BC) = rank( 8 ) . written rank( A ) = r . C is q X q. . B is q X r. if at least one of its r-square minors is different from zero while every ( r I)-square minor (if any) is zero. (iv) If A and B are p X q.rank( B ) ] . A6. Clearly if A is a nonsingular p X p matrix. rank(A)= p .Some Murnx Theory 502 (This was demonstrated in Theorem 1. (vi) If A is p X 4 and B is q X r such that AB =0.det A. . then rank( A (v) If A is P X P.) Hence det(CAC’) =(det C)(det A)(det C’)=det A =det A . If A =O it is said to have rank 0. q). The proof of (6) is similar. rank(A)smin( p .. The following properties can be readily established: + (i) rank( A)=rank( A’). I . where we have used Theorems A3.10. and A and C are nonsingular.

or complex. ~ + E is real.1. Hence there is a nonzero real vector x such that B x = O and consequently +f12x'x = x'( a l . THEOREM A7. and put . THEOREM A7. Prooj Since we have det(E-AI)=detCdet(A-Al)detCL'=det(A-hl) so that A and E have the same characteristic equation. Proof: Suppose that a B =[(u+ip)I + ifl is a complex latent root of A. or both.3. THEOREM A7.l)=O so that A .A l l is singular.A)'( al . and x. where A.A.. such that ( A .A ) x + PZX'X.A)'x Since x'(a1. then A and B have the same latent roots. called a latent vector (or characteristic vector or eigenvector) of A corresponding to A. If A is a real symmetric matrix then its latent roots are all real. and A. which means that no latent roots of A are complex.A)x>O and x'x>O we must have /3 =0. are two distinct latent roots of A then the corresponding latent vectors x.A ) ' ( a l . If A is a real symmetric matrix and A.I-urent ROOISmd Latent Veclors 583 of A.A]=(*]- A > +P'I.2. O=x'Ex =x'( a l .~][(a-ip)l. =0. and singular because (a \$ ) I . I ) x . If B = CAC-'. . B and C are all p X p. Hence there is a nonzero vector x. The following three theorems summarize some very basic results about latent roots and vectors. are orthogonal. These roots are not necessarily distinct and may be real.A is singular. If X i is a latent root of A then det(A-X.

. A x .. ... . . . x: Ax..k / has latent roots A .(O. < l * ~ P d e t .k ...a . .O... .xJr i t follows that x.. .... = A. ..l.kA.i .Ap’are the latent rootsofA-I.. . A p then A . Let A..A Ip)can be obtained in terms of the principal minors of A. .. . = A. ...x. .. (ii) If A has latent roots A . The set of linear combinations of these vectors is called the lutent space corresponding to A. . < 1 2 . (ix) If T is triangular (upper or lower) then the latent roots of 7 are the diagonal elements... If A is symmetric it is idempotent ( A 2= A ) if and only if its latent roots are 0’s and 1’s. . 1.lz. A--l (vi) If A is an orthogonal matrix ( A N = I ) then all its latent roots have absolute value I .I ..584 Some Mutrix Theory Proot Since Ax... (viii) If A isp X q the nonzero latent roots of AA’ and A’A are the same. (iv) If A and R are p X p and A is nonsingular then the latent roots of A B and RA are the same. = A . and define the k th trace of A as trk(A)= ~ l s . If A.A. ... Hence ( A ..Ap .. (v) If A. (vii) An expression for the characteristic polynomial p ( A ) = det( A . . ..x:x..u p are the latent roots of A and the vectors (l..... . . .. so that x..x:x.k and kA has latent roots k A .. .. (i) (iii) If A=diag(u. . and Aj are two different iatent roots their corresponding latent spaces arc orthogonal.O). (x) I f A has a latent root A of multiplicity r there exist r orthogonal latent vectors corresponding to A..lk be the k X k matrix formed from A by deleting all but rows and columns numbered I . K .A..O. 1) are associated latent vectors.. .O)... are the latent roots of the nonsingular matrix A then . . Axj =A. . ) then al. ”0. =O.)x:x. . Some other properties of latent roots and vectors are now summarized. . The latent roots of A and A’ are the same. (0. .

D is q X p then tr(CD)=tr(DC).I trp-k( A ) . i. Note also that tr..(A)= I].e. this is commonly expressed as A >O ( A KO). so that tr(A)=Zf= .A. * IsiI<rl< Equating coefficients of Ak in (xi) and (xii) shows that . . A p ) denotes the j th elementary symmetric funclioti of h .(A) Let A have latent roots A. POSITIVE DEFINITE MATRICES A p X p symmetric matrix A is called positive (negative) definite if x’Ax>O (KO) for all vectors x f 0.... We now summarize some well-known properties about positive definite matrices. denoted by tr(A). I t is called non-negutioe definite if A >O or A 20. .k ( A . S p ~ l l h 2 .Ap so that p(A) = (-1)J’ [tr.(A)=det(A).a. 1. 2 (A . ...X)’det Adet(A-’ =(-X)’detA -A .. It is called positive (negative) semidefinite if x ’ A x 2 O (SO)for all x Z 0 . A p ) = trk(A).A )‘rp. ...hi).. given by r ( A . . This function has the elementary properties that tr(A)= tr(A’) and if C is p X q. and non-positive definite if A <O or A SO....... . A p ) = 2..XZ. where 5( A .-... . .( . It is worth noting that p ( h ) can also be written as p ( X ) = ( . . < r . if x’Ax>O for all x. ~ l .. written as A 20 ( S O ) ..Posrrroe Definite Mutrices 585 The first trace ( k = 1) is called the trace. .(A)’tr. . A8..A.. Using basic properties of determinants i t can be readily established that: (xi) p(A)=det(A ..)=C[=.I I ) P z (-A-l)ktrp-k(A-l) k =Q and equating coefficients of hk here and in (xii) gives (xiv) trk( A -‘)=det A . . (xiii) r k ( h l . i= I Expanding this product gives (xii) p ( A )=Z[=.

586 Some Mufnx Theory (i) A is positive definite if and only if det A l ... > O and A . + (ix) If A 1 0 and whereA.... where A. A .'yi)'/2]yl. ..is the i X i matrix consisting of the first i rows and columns of A..Our first matrix factorization utilizes this process.B >O then B .. with i = 1.. . .I > O and det A >det B.... .. (iii) A symmetric matrix is positive definite (non-negative definite) if and only if all of its latent roots are positive (non-negative). =[ l/(y..... (vii) If A 10.m.. (iv) For any matrix B. y3 =x3 .l >O. thenA.. We define YI =XI yz =x2 4x2 -.' > O . ...--y1 YiY.x. (ii) If A > O then A .p . . (v) If A is non-negative definite then A is nonsingular if and only if A >O..1A. .. SOME M A T R I X FACTORIZATIONS Before looking at matrix factorizations we recall the Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization process which enables us to construct an orthonormal basis of R"' given any other basis xI.. Then z.I Y Y2Y2 2 y.. Y...z..... (vi) I f A > O i s p X p a n d B i s q X p ( 9 S p ) o f r a n k r then BAB'>OiP r = q and BAB'ZO if r C q. A9...xm of R". form an orthonormal basis for Rm... BB'rO.. > O for i = 1.B >O.A .x2.2A... (viii) If A X I and B>O then det(A B ) r d e t A +det B...... and put z.. ....--yt YiYI . isa squarematrix..A.x..

have the same latent roots. . X m .h. Hence where A . is ( m .O. is also a latent vector of A corresponding to A. be any other vectors such that x l r x 2.2 ) with latent roots h 3 . it is (A. an orthonormal basis given as the columns of the orthogonal matrix HI.. Proot Let A.. so that h. . H l = A . This is real since the latent roots are real...1 ) matrix H2 whose first column is a latent vector of A . Let x 2.... Then the first column of AH. Now.A I ) = ( A .1. ish. ....I ) X ( m . Since this is the first column of A I H .x. is Ah. construct from x I . are A 2 . An immediate consequence of this theorem is given next.Am.. .... using a construction similar to that above. Repeating this procedure an additional m -3 times we now define the ort hogonai matrix and note that H A H is upper-triangular with diagonal elements equal to A... A H . is proportional to x. and hence the first column of H i A H .. Since det(A . the lalent roots of A . .... .1)..x. is ( m.'A.0)'. find an orthogonal ( m .. -A l ) and A and H .H. = X.h.Some Matrix Factorizutrons 587 THEOREM A9. I . .2 ) x ( m ..l ) X ( m . ... corresponding to A *. .where the first column h. If A is a real m X m matrix with real latent roots then there exists an orthogonal matrix H such that H'AH is an upper-triangular matrix whose diagonal elements are the latent roots of A..Am be the latent roots of A and let x t be a latent vector of A corresponding to A. . . Using the Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization process..Then where A.. -A)det(A.x.. ... form a basis for Rm.

. . is a latent vector of A corresponding to the latent root A..we have D t / 2 D 1 /= 2 D. * THEOREM A9. =A. are the latent roots of A .. p . Since A is non-negative definite. . If P =( p. =O. Similarly each B.. if Al. is positive definite and is called the positive definite square root of A.. ... ... . A m ) . .. Putting D112 = diag(A’/2.. Proof: Let H be an orthogonal matrix such that H’AH= D.Then A ’ / . Moreover.h. . . ‘Then PI)= DP with P = Q’If. and hence the matrix H given by ( I ) satisfies H‘AHdiag(Al. . The term A’/’ in Theorem A9....) it follows that pIJA. Consequently. ..... .). .) with Al. If A is positive definite A ‘ / ... ...3....4.Alm/2).. so that 11.. are all distinct the representation (2) is unique up to sign changes in the first row of H. and H = QP. .. written as such that A =~ 1 / 2 ~ 1 / 2 .Am being the latent roots of A . Now define the matrix At’’’ by A’/* = HD1/211’. is non-negative definite and = ~ 1 / 2 ~ 1 /= 2 I I D ~ / ~ H ’ ~ I D ~H/ ~ DII~/ ’~ D V ~ ~H~D ’H=‘ = A . = O for i f J.. THEOREM A9. .m .. If H =[hl.A.I). is symmetric i t follows that B . A m there exists an orthogonal rn X m matrix H such that (2) H’AH = D =diag( A.2. = :[ -I: where A*. where D=diag(A. and.3 is called a non-negative definite square root of A.] then Ir.. -L 1. . Now suppose that we also have Q’AQ= D for a orthogonal matrix Q.h.A. in the proof of Theorem A9. since A.AN..588 Sonre Mutrrx Theory THEOREM A9.An. Since P is orthogonal i t must then have the form P = diag( 1. # A. A h . = plJA. A.1 there exists an orthogonal m X m matrix H I such that N.......A. 2 0 for i = 1.. -C I).. m . If A is an m X m non-negative definite matrix of rank r then : (i) There exists an m X r matrix B of rank r such that A = BB’. . Proof: As in the proof of Theorem A9. If A is a non-negative definite m X m matrix then there exists a non-negntive definite m X nt matrix.I is zero ( i = I. if A is a real symmetric m X m matrix with latent roots A l . is a latent vector of A corresponding to the latent root A... Since H i A H .

X'/2). THEOREM A9.?#such that A H = B. and let H be an m X m orthogonal matrix such that H'AH = diag( A.. . Now suppose that AA'= BB'... we then have where B = H ID:/' is m X r of rank r... As for statement (ii). =diag(A... then Putting DI/' =diag(h'(2. Suppose that A and B are real matrices.5.Ar are the nonzero latent roots of A . . Then BB'= AHH'A'= AA'. Pro05 As for statement (i). where A is k X in and B is k X n ...4).. First suppose there exists an m X n matrix H with HH'= I.. E = C . such that A H = B. Proo/.O. Then AA'= BB' if and only if there exists an m X n matrix H with HH'= I.Some Mutrix Fuctoriturtons 589 (ii) There exists an m X m nonsingular matrix C such that A =C[ 0 '1 0 C'. from Vinograd (1950). with m I n . let C be an m X ni nonsingular matrix whose first r columns are the columns of the matrix B in (i)..' A .. Then The following theorem. is m X ( m .O)... Partition H as H =[H I : H 2 ] . Now put D = C .A. . where HI is m X r and H .. Let C be a k X k nonsingular matrix such that AA'= BB'= C [5 #' (Theorem A9..r).A..' B and . is used often in the text.) where Al.. where rank (AA')= r... let D..

E l is r X n . = D . and 0. = O .m ) matrix b3such that is an n X n orthogonal matrix. and choose an ( n . E. is Then (k-r)Xm. and which imply that E l E .r ) X n .r ) X n matrix such that is an n X n orthogonal matrix. is ( k . so that Now let E2 be an ( 1 1 . and E. Then and .r ) X m matrix 6.r ) X ( n . is r X m . D . =O. and an ( n . = I . U.590 Some Murrrx 7heoy partition these as where D .

m ) matrix H2so that H = [ H .m) x n. is n X m with H . Then We now turn to decompositions of positive definite matrices in terms of triangular matrices.. THEOREM A9.Some Morrix Fucrorrzarinns and hence 59 I E = [ D :01 fi'E = [ D :O ] Q .5 A can be written as A = H .. : H 2 Jis n X n orthogonal. (ii) A can be written as where H is n X n orthogonal and B is m X m positive definite. let H I be the matrix in (i) such that A = H .6. where H . = In. Proof: As for statement (i). B . As for statement (ii). B and choose an n X ( n . The next result is an immediate consequence of Theorem A9. Let A be an n X m real matrix of rank m ( n r m ) . completing the proof.1 ~ ~ so that B = AH. and c . .3). Then : (i) A can be written as A = H IB.. and B is m X m positive definite. where H . so that A'A = B 2 = B'B. we then have HH' = I. H . let B be the positive definite square root of the positive definite niatrix A'A (see Theorem A9. By Theorem A9. H .1 =~E = D H c~ .5. is n X m with H . = I. Partitioning Q as where His m x n and P is (n . where Q = D'g is n X n orthogonal.

2..T.I ) upper-triangular matrix T . up to sign changes in the first row of L . are all distinct.. Suppose the result holds for positive definite matrices of size m .By the induction hypothesis therc exists a unique ( m . Prooj: Since A’A is m X m positive definite it follows from Theorem A9. 1 ( T ~ .. For this to hold we must have x = (Til)-1a.where H I is n X m with H . The stated result holds trivially for m = 1.8...tl. with positive diagonal elements such that A . being the latent roots of A-IB.... If A is an n X m real matrix of rank m ( t i 2 m ) then A can be uniquely written as A = H I T ..... and thcn -..d.. such that A = /f...3). H . If B is positive definite and Jlr..9... By Theorem A9. .. Note that this is positive by (ix) of Section A8..I ) X ( m . Proof: An induction proof can easily be constructed.2A. Proof: Let A ’ / * be the positive definite square root of A (see Theorem A9.592 Same Murrrx I’hearv THEOREM A9. .2.Now suppose that where x is ( m . = l..Iw. THEOREM A9..a12==a22 ) -a’.a ’ . is ( m . where D=diag(dl .2)1/2. If A is an m X M positive definite matrix and B is an m X m symmetric matrix there exists an m X m nonsingular matrix L such that A = LL’ and tl= LDL’..5 there exists an n X m matrix H I with H.d.2 there exists an m X m . and the unique Y’O satisfying this i s y = ( a 2 2-a’. L is unique. = I.T.1a. . Note that HI is unique because T is unique and rank( T )= M .7.and T is m X m upper-triangular with positive diagonal elements. = T.1)X 1 and y E HI.7 that there exists a unique m X m upper-triangular matrix with positive diagonal elements such that A’A = T’T.).I ) X ( m I). so that A = A 1 / 2 A 1 / 2 .2A.I. with d. .Partition the m X m matrix A as - where A ...d.x ’ x = a 2 2 . 2 T . If A is an m X 1 ) ~positive definite matrix then there exists a unique m X m upper-triangular matrix T with positive diagonal elements such that A = T’T.By Theorern A9.I y 2 = a 2 2 . THEOREM A9.

are all distinct. THEOREM A9.d..‘ L is orthogonal and QD = DQ.220 for i = 1 .. If Q = ( 9 . . = O for i # j . where D = diag(d.. .. . d. ) we then have q..Q.. we now have LL‘= A and B = LDL‘.d i ) ..It = M. 2 1.1. .. 2 0 for i = 1.. ...d. ..‘ / 2 = HDH’. Let H be an orthogonal m X m matrix such that AA’= H’D2N.‘LLfM-I / = M . Assume that as well as A = LL’ and B = LDL’ we also have A = M M ’and B = MDM’.2. 2! .2 l). If H is a proper m X m orthogonal matrix (det H = 1) then there exists an m X m skew-symmetric U such that H =exp(U) zz I 1 1 + I/ + U * + 3U 3+ .’ / 2 B A ..‘ A M . where M is m X m nonsingular.. 2 0 for i = 1... we now have A = H’DQ.d.. Proo/. m and d:.. .. then AA’=(H‘D)(H’D)’. det H = I ) in terms of a skew-symmetric matrix. . = q. with 6. Since Q is orthogonal it must then have the form Q =diag(? I..). Then ( M -‘L)(M .. The final result given here is not a factorization theorem but gives a representation for a proper orthogonal matrix H (i.. Now suppose that B is positive definite and the d. .I .. m because AA‘ is non-negative definite.Some M u m x Fuctorrzurtotrs 593 orthogonal matrix H such that A . d m ) with d. are the latent roots of A X ... ..and the proof is complete.5 there exists an m X n matrix Qt with Q. where D 2 =diag(d: . so that q. such that A = H’DQ. I 1. Putting L = A’/’H.. = H ’ [ D : O ] Q so that HAQ’=[D:O].. The result is used in Theorem 9. If A is an m X n real matrix ( m5 n ) there exist an m X m orthogonal matrix H and an n X n orthogonal matrix Q such that where d.. Note that d . and by Theorem A9.d:. and L = MQ.e...5.. ... Choose an ( n . THEOREM A9. Let D =diag(d. are the latent roots of A-IB..‘MM’M’.111..10.‘L)’= M . so that the matrix Q = M .= 1..m ) X n matrix Q2 so that the n X n matrix Q=[ Q! Q2 is orthogonal...

0 0 1 where Q is rn X m orthogonal and -. -8. Suppose H is a proper orthogonal matrix of odd size. m = 2 k f 1. e. . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 I . 0 sin 8 .594 Some Murrix Theory Proo/. I n . sin 8. it can then be expressed as 0 cos8. cos 8. 0 0 Q. cos 8. 0 0 o 0 we then have 0 = exp( Q ’ H Q ) = exp( U ). cos8. 0 sin 8. where U = Q’HQ is skew-symmetric.. n < 8. cos 0 H=Q’ 0 0 -sin 8.p. Bellman. -sin 8. .. 1970. 0 o -e2 82 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o -ek o 0 0 ek o ’ * .) Putting o 8.. k (see. cos 0. -sine. the last row and column are deleted. say.65). (If m = 2 k . with i = 1 . .g.

022 I .3367 26.023 1.005 1.025 1.005 I008 I010 1017 1.0228 21 6660 23.076 1.001 1.006 1.359 1.006 1.084 1.041 1.5894 1.008 I .437 0.179 1.127 I 2 18 20 M 0.001 1009 1007 I005 1004 1004 1.001 loo0 lo00 1002 1003 1.071 1.043 1.017 1.010 6 1.i ( m .OOo 1.008 1.174 0050 1.037 1.001 1.013 1.054 1.107 1.010 I .005 1.004 16 14 I2 7 8 9 10 1.1.005 1010 I031 1.Ooo I .2170 lo00 1.018 1.026 I .r + 1 ) ] 1 o g ~ Source: Adapted from Schatzoff (1966a). Lee (1972).422 1.011 1018 1015 1.028 1.W5 1.o00 1.004 1.153 1.020 1.ooo 28.140 1.032 5 1.ooo 1.002 1.003 I002 1.OOo 1.037 1.042 I .005 C= level for x z on mr degrees of freedom level for -[ n .9190 19.53)‘ .OOo 1.394 1.032 1.006 1.015 I030 1.5494 21 0261 23.045 3 4 1.005 1.018 1.007 1. M=n-p-m+l:and “Here.080 I .o00 1.014 I012 1.002 1.001 1001 1.019 1.001 I .023 1.6837 16..ooo 1.100 r=3 0.ooo 1.468 1.001 1.016 1.007 1.ooo 24 30 40 60 120 Q: I058 Iooo 1.012 1.002 1001 1. and Davis (1979).159 0.019 1.033 I .025 1.003 1.006 1.oOl I .002 1.OOo 1.035 1.001 1004 1.057 1.006 I .514 0.001 lo00 lo00 lo00 I003 I002 1001 1001 lo00 1.001 1.463 0.004 1.011 1.220 1.049 1.018 1. xz adjustments to Wiks likelihood ratio statistic W: factor c for uppet percentiles of Nlog W (see Section 10.025 1021 1017 I012 I040 1.025 n - Tabk9.005 1004 1.322 1.o00 1001 1002 1003 1.010 m=3 14.091 1.p .003 1.005 IOM.070 1050 1.004 1.005 1.002 1.007 1.ooo 1.008 1.007 1.060 1.098 1.013 1.011 1.o00 1.053 1.092 1.004 I . r = hypothesis degrees of freedom: n .016 1. P i h and Gupta (l%9).2995 1.OOo 1.009 1.379 1. M=number of variables.168 1.003 1.001 1.550 0.099 1065 1046 1. 1.014 1.020 1035 I027 I 022 1.100 1006 1.023 1.005 1. with the kind permission of the Biometrika Trustees.032 1.002 1.026 1.050 0.003 x:. 1.013 1.025 r=4 lo00 1.014 1.077 1.o00 1002 1.010 I .207 1.029 1.016 1.007 I012 1009 1.123 1.062 1.008 1.021 1.116 1.004 1.043 0.188 1.p =error degrees of freedom: ~~ 18.

005 1 .030 1.007 I .015 1.030 1.020 1.052 0.014 1.025 1.004 1.w 1.001 1 .042 1.047 1.038 1.003 1.019 1.035 1.Ooo I.033 1.019 1.01 1 1.224 1.482 1.OM 1.001 1 .298 1.002 1.025 ~ 1.Ooo 1.282 1.016 1.586 1.002 1.072 1.013 1. 00 24 30 40 60 120 20 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 5 4 2 3 1 Q 1.056 0.007 1.007 I .4884 30.001 1.099 1.8013 1.010 ~~ I .048 1.005 1 .017 1.131 1.008 1.9894 28.028 1.Ooo 1 .021 1.025 ~ 1 .087 1.050 0.024 I .191 1.094 1.001 1.041 1 .003 1.007 1.015 1.027 1.002 1.150 1.033 1.002 1.260 0.259 1.001 1 .241 1.Ooo 25.024 1.005 m =3 - 1.007 I .028 1.145 1.010 1.001 1.Ooo 1.006 1.038 1.119 1.045 1.010 1.005 1.OOo 1 .006 1.042 1 .004 1.004 1.059 1.082 1.063 1.017 1.050 1.050 1.055 1.xf.010 ~~ 1.004 I .018 1.009 1.Ooo 1.003 1.013 1.142 1.022 1.006 0.027 1.002 1..009 0.113 1.015 1.010 1.481I .003 1.009 1.009 1.006 1.527~ 1.3071 24.100 ~ 1.011 1.535 1.100 ~ .027 1.001 I .014 1.002 1.009 1.Ooo 1 .003 1.023 1.8053 37.086 1.208 1.003 1.066 1.001 1.Ooo 1.025 1 .Ooo 1.176 1.008 1.222 1.584 1.649 1.008 I .OOo 1.040 1.Ooo 1 .012 1.008 1.014 1.068 1.059 1.004 1.035 1.ooo 22.001 1.024 1.009 1.082 1.004 I .008 1.009 1.029 1.9958 27.1564 I .041 1.002 1.122 1.012 1.032 1.006 1.005 1.044 1.004 I .007 r=5 0.092 1.021 1.071 1.076 1.034 1.167 1.Ooo 1 .694 1.Ooo 1 .077 1.OM 1.054 1.011 1.013 1.028 1.245 1.002 1.063 1.m5 1 .030 1.5779 32.020 1.042 1.017 1.052 1.m 1.022 1.135 1.068 1.Ooo 1 .011 1.01I 1.001 0.ooo 1.012 1.Ooo 0.155 r=6 0.433 1.5264 34.8693 3 1.036 1.014 1.051 1.Ooo 1 .625 1.006 1.002 1.1 13 I .105 I.

5585 1.041 I .632 1.043 1.037 1.Ooo 1 .087 1.202 1.4789 38.001 I .Ooo 33.015 1.585 1.060 1.4151 39.1963 36.002 1.014 1.177 0.075 0.105 1.009 1.026 1.004 1.002 1 .046 1.157 1.091 I .Ooo 00 1.058 1.9798 45.073 1.012 1.816 1.037 1.006 I .054 r=8 0.009 0.011 0.014 1.008 I .019 1.033 1.008 1.035 I .132 1.082 1.007 1.024 1.020 1.Ooo xs.016 1.038 1.ooo 1.018 1.013 1.026 1.025 1.050 1.006 !.020 1.9322 41.317 1.292 1.011 1.001 1.091 1.086 1.168 1.280 1..002 1..052 1.116 1.016 1.050 1.018 1.021 1.102 1.690 1.025 1.028 1.007 1.043 1.049 1.138 1.758 1.062 1.123 1.640 r=7 0.067 1.003 I .010 1.010 1.109 1.014 1.4011 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 10 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 0.003 1.Ooo 1.041 1.005 1.005 1.Ooo 1.190 1.001 1.017 1.048 0.133 1.350 1.053 I .017 1.100 1.Ooo 1.272 1.078 1.050 1.097 I .023 1.043 1.001 I .708 1.Ooo I .024 1.066 1.6706 35.012 1.201 1.007 1.014 1.041 1.004 I .529 1.141 1.041 I.3641 42.002 1.034 1.010 I .014 1.227 1.060 1.031 1.192 1.010 I .324 1.021 1.029 1.Ooo I .ooo 1.017 1.\ 1.1 12 1.572 1.046 1.216 1.100 .049 1.005 1.005 1.251 1.013 1.003 1.070 1.Ooo 1.036 1.015 1.007 0.Ooo 1.01 1.059 1.003 I .302 1.125 1.008 1. 29.003 1.056 1.094 1.081 1.006 I.005 1.022 1.156 I .009 1.031 1.100 1.019 1.018 1.010 I .002 1.Ooo 1.011 I .370 1.Ooo 1.023 1.017 1.070 I .004 1.078 I .003 1.763 1.117 0.027 1.335 1.025 I .150 1.035 1.6151 32.Ooo 1.050 1.032 1.Ooo I .006 1.004 1.Ooo I .044 1.022 1.063 1.073 1.008 1.Ooo I .002 I .014 1.178 1.063 1.029 1.051 1.01I 1.013 1.001 1.039 1.012 1.005 1.

m 43.001 1.211 1.017 1.157 1.094 1.043 1.058 1.240 1.094 1.005 .1 16 1.1 12 1.6720 1.036 1.113 1.021 1.6449 1 .01 8 1.814 1.089 1.001 1 1.020 1.099 1.101 1.020 1.003 1.025 53.091 1.048 1.042 1.001 I .001 1.043 1.133 r=10 0.120 0.002 1.1.008 49.056 1.274 1.012 1.141 1.262 1.002 1.010 1.Ooo 46.038 1.001 1.007 1.028 1.015 1.072 1.050 1.040 1.676 1.005 1.Ooo 1.175 1.016 1.013 1.018 1.063 1.068 1.002 1.Ooo 1.147 0.005 rn =3 - 1.030 1.084 1.383 1.132 0.921 1.005 1.036 1.057 1.075 1.001 1.026 1.158 1.025 1.107 1 2 3 4 5 0.009 1.382 1.033 1.03 1 1.038 1.034 1.014 1.028 1.003 1.127 0.020 1.010 1.004 1.403 1.001 1.354 1.1945 1.150 1.007 1.005 1.016 1.012 1.002 1.106 1.Ooo 1.245 1.008 1.031 1.OM 1.025 1.33 1 1.060 1.016 1.224 1.612 1.001 24 30 40 40.023 1.7730 1.Ooo 1.359 1.011 1.008 1.078 1.127 1.023 1.9792 50.065 1.027 1.006 1.055 1.650 1.Ooo 46.069 1.232 1.019 1.095 1.02 1.7412 M xlZm 120 60 1.737 1.Ooo 36.082 I .006 1.041 6 7 8 9 10 1.003 1.005 1.435 1.057 1.084 1.014 1.061 1.100 1.014 1.002 1.871 1.103 1.053 1.047 1.050 1.001 1.009 1.251 1.002 1.017 40.01 1 1.066 1.1133 .002 1.064 1.141 0.716 1.OOo 1.019 1.076 1.022 1.Ooo 1.004 1.218 1.010 I .067 1.8922 1.027 1.024 1.2560 43.781 1.1 19 1.058 1.187 1.078 1.045 ~ 0.024 1.029 1.080 1.072 1.033 1.02 1 1.012 1.195 1.012 1.052 1.169 1.05 1 1.om 1.333 1.198 1.019 1.OD 1.010 1.307 1.001 1.005 1.050 r=9 0.008 1.025 1.Ooo 1.019 1.048 12 14 16 18 20 ~~ 1.1’76 1.9629 1.068 1.009 1.014 1.030 1.167 1.862 1.086 1.413 1.055 1.016 1.

6192 61.128 1.006 1.003 1.047 1-049 1.115 I .060 1.016 1.146 1.035 1.821 1.081 1.039 1.m 1.004 1.OOo 1.410 1.141 1.156 1.073 1.010 1.4373 58.024 1.021 1.949 1.030 1.001 r=ll 0.040 1.063 .860 r=12 0.718 1.003 1.003 1.012 I .029 I .011 1.014 1.2122 50.154 1.015 1.007 I .306 1.101 1.092 1.073 1.043 1.012 1.001 1.003 1.221 1.Ooo 47.754 1.021 1.064 1.048 .050 0.209 1.014 1.025 0.106 1.072 1.170 1.037 1.237 1.003 1.034 1.319 I .252 1.053 1.437 1.093 1 .199 1.022 .140 1.066 1.005 I .011 1.256 1.358 1.382 1.028 1.065 1.037 I .029 1.087 1.745 47.020 1.204 1.096 1.213 1.133 1.001 0.147 1.442 1.OOo 1 .033 1.117 1.004 1.OOo 1.OOo 43.495 1.400 50.097 1.082 1.725 54.068 1.001 1 .022 1.006 1.056 1.013 1.027 1.019 1.136 1.230 1.I x:.071 0.385 1.969 1.011 1.001 1.266 1.062 1.042 1.017 1.111 1.062 1.023 1.003 1.043 1.050 1.001 1.410 0.026 1.466 1.123 1.089 1.054 2.648 1.024 1.OOo 1 .105 1.192 1.077 1.080 1.284 1.084 1.003 1.016 1.776 57.013 1.188 1.117 1.017 1.032 .001 1.161 1.297 1.010 1.006 1.001 1.008 1.027 1.010 1.018 1.041 1.085 1.050 1.025 1.011 1.020 1.173 1.069 1.087 1.272 1.007 1.007 1.124 1.080 1.036 1.009 1.907 1.106 I .025 1.097 1.029 1.410 1.685 1.162 1.045 1.183 1.069 0.008 1.101 1.074 1.129 1.287 1.016 1.031 1.054 1.Ooo 1.022 1.ooo 1.007 1.004 1.OOo 1.039 .046 1.005 1.9985 54.026 . 00 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0.100 1.030 1.176 1.019 1.010 1.100 .025 1.023 1.001 0.076 1.034 1.025 1.001 1.5812 1.112 1.033 1.791 1.059 1.007 1.

001 1.ow 1.001 1.134 1.572 58.053 1 .140 1.057 1.097 1.238 0.476 1.486 1.102 1.427 1.203 1.001 1.014 1.013 1.038 1.028 1.106 1.013 1.033 1.004 1.005 1.055 1.076 1.005 1.004 1 .824 1.188 1.020 1.022 1.004 1.8% 1.090 1.035 1.014 1.014 1.059 1.102 1.021 1.095 1.047 1.056 1.018 1.076 1.1 15 1.009 1.292 1.136 1.043 1.025 0.009 1.079 1.080 1.247 1.001 1.OM 1.025 1.042 1.Ooo 1.036 1.264 1.132 1.050 1.106 1.037 1.2062 69.004 1.128 18 20 I2 14 16 6 7 8 9 10 1.126 1.069 1.010 1.010 1.225 1.428 65.089 1.004 1.025 1.023 1.148 1.054 1.Ooo 1 .019 1.M)o 1.031 1.0902 58.008 1.029 1.405 r=13 0.072 1.099 1.523 0.326 1.010 1.750 1 2 3 4 5 1.229 1.462 1.016 1.037 1.031 1.001 60 120 1.039 1.035 1.045 1.326 1.001 1.016 1.522 1.044 1.660 54.217 0.780 1.116 1.179 0.073 1.OOo 1.Ooo 1.3360 1.009 1.001 1.152 1.OOo 1.214 1.100 a .083 1.059 1.031 1.026 1.120 62.066 1.023 1.015 1.497 1.001 6 1.106 1.064 1.138 1.549 1.082 1.049 1.015 1.052 1.095 1.094 1.026 1.".153 1.008 1.W5 2.004 1.1.078 1.021 54.066 1.019 1.008 1.028 1.004 1.020 1.001 1.091 1.205 2.048 1.001 1.240 r=l4 0.174 1.171 1.050 0.040 1.931 1.009 1.340 1.012 24 30 40 1.034 1.041 1.126 1.041 1.857 1.010 x.027 1.032 1.027 1.988 1.005 1.033 1.145 1.191 0.306 1.111 1.274 1.122 1.7768 66.100 1.158 1.061 1.1240 1 .291 1.076 1.OOo 1.088 1.434 1.030 1.159 1. 50.088 1.009 1.165 1.121 1.005 I .198 0.Ooo x 1.048 1.OOo 1.309 1.029 1.115 1.098 1.052 I .046 1.458 1.111 1.024 1.167 1.061 1.034 1.028 1.361 1.184 2.254 1.346 1.OOo 1.

072 1.048 I .01 1 1.036 1.019 1.2% 1.656 65.002 1.120 1.325 I .ow 1.083 0.599 I .145 1.133 1.016 1.027 1.100 1.177 1.070 1.095 1.147 1.505 1.061 1.005 1.1 10 1.OOo 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 120 00 x.043 I .032 I .280 1.195 1.090 1.224 0.033 2.157 1.309 1.023 1.480 I .183 I 2 3 4 5 1.026 1.271 1.244 1.045 1.037 1.182 1.218 0.zoo 1.01I 1.335 1.107 1.002 1.057 1.9066 65.006 1.133 1.017 1.010 .047 69.092 1.012 1.270 1.01 1 I .964 1.025 1.6826 76.018 1.381 I .469 0.245 1.Ooo 1.026 1.056 I .Ooo 1.041 1.013 1.1 15 1 2.089 1.076 1.152 1.501 1.Ooo 1.100 a 1.010 1.030 1.130 1.01 I 1.061 1.085 1.111 1.006 1.067 1.001 1.039 1.510 1.051 I .005 1.258 1.002 I .049 1.103 1.005 1.006 1.043 1.005 1.025 1.204 0.040 1.010 1.159 1.024 1.571 1.050 1.036 1.018 1.115 I .Ooo 1.012 I .Ooo 1.001 1.070 I .001 I .041 1.067 1.095 1.099 I .017 1.1708 69.016 1.344 1.050 1.034 I .166 I .052 I .188 1..079 6 7 8 9 10 40 60 1.OOo 73.102 I .124 1.034 1.575 1.035 1.097 2.005 1.129 1.285 1.887 1.025 1.050 r=I5 6 1.Ooo 1.167 1.065 I .1% 1.054 1.010 1.005 60.005 1.059 1.091 1.062 1.058 1.106 1.063 I .026 1.123 1.086 I .142 1.001 I .Ooo 1.135 1.035 1.547 1.032 1.093 1.156 1.01 1 1. 57.384 1.037 .124 1.211 0.054 1.327 1.410 1.119 1.995 1.020 1.005 2.050 0.174 1.03 1 1.916 1.163 1.133 1.365 1.232 0.139 1.105 1.256 0.010 1.006 1.045 1.028 1.I .039 1.078 1.022 1.192 1.808 1.002 1.344 I .532 I .Ooo 1.213 r=16 0.098 1.0226 73.171 1.017 1.362 1.%88 1.149 1.400 I .038 1.052 1.232 1.044 1.957 1 .1 14 1.449 1.047 1.002 I .002 1.018 1.

522 1.575 1.179 1.151 1.237 0.OOo 1.073 1.327 1.379 1x17 0.031 1.081 1.007 1.0688 84.110 1.616 77.012 1.419 1.076 1.193 1.225 2.162 1.200 1.594 1.021 1.295 68.114 1.050 1.177 1.508 1.033 .044 .OOo 1.1.013 1.025 1.OOo l.216 0.184 1.127 1.002 1.056 1.014 1.3% 1.100 1.043 1.028 1.119 1.100 0.002 1.066 1.747 1.258 1.203 1.055 1.002 1.045 1.031 1.616 1.073 1.051 .286 1.623 1.078 1.035 1.050 0.015 1.158 1.041 1.055 1.092 6 7 2 3 4 5 1 a m=3 - Table 9 (Continued) .245 1.123 1.167 1.006 1.6728 72.164 1.1532 76.032 .127 1.038 1.272 1.m 1.005 1.Ooo 1.104 1.071 1.049 12 14 16 9 8 10 1.013 1.029 1.002 1.06 1 .171 1.114 1.195 2.007 1.030 1.099 1.218 2.043 1.090 1.117 1.971 1.228 1.023 1.300 1.100 1.020 1.m 67.084 1.5019 1.112 1.357 1.079 1.135 1.386 80.061 1.177 1.012 24 20 18 30 40 60 1.021 1.132 2.542 1.057 .020 1.377 1. 00 1.044 1.030 1.259 1.127 1.010 1.087 1.014 1.053 1.025 1.022 1.048 .204 1.059 1.002 1.002 1.029 1.040 1.038 1.006 1.285 1.027 1.149 1.046 1.669 72.Ooo 1.040 1.861 1.238 0.006 1.007 1.146 1.151 1.107 0.341 1.158 1.142 1.944 1.105 1.096 1.002 1.066 1.082 1.169 1.420 0.002 1.142 1.249 1.013 1.006 1.OOo 1.1920 81.554 1.121 1.646 2.361 1.188 .050 0.053 1.059 1.Ooo 64.002 1.064 1.068 1.068 1.122 1.002 120 x:.013 1.312 1.051 1.MI .023 .886 1.013 1.437 1.006 1.046 1.138 1.489 1.064 1.037 1.010 .315 2.025 r=18 - 1.103 1.154 1.299 1.206 1.007 1.ill 1.OOo 1.129 1.107 1.084 1.005 .130 1.019 1.235 0.041 1.007 1.053 1.273 1.140 1.021 1.022 1.402 1.047 1.211 1.

016 1.009 1.274 1.9517 0.668 1.050 0.Ooo 1.038 1.344 1.215 1.240 1.176 1.526 1.050 1.341 1.084 1.017 1.189 0.090 1.356 1.3970 79.Ooo 0.054 1.027 1.015 1.387 1.119 1.046 1.124 1.002 r=19 0.472 1.134 1.102 1.146 1.061 I .271 1.002 1.OOo 1.106 1.624 79.040 75.089 I .118 1.016 1.024 I .0819 83.025 1.025 1.198 1.046 1.297 1.163 1.055 1.181 1.261 1.109 I .052 1.262 1.151 1.052 1.168 1.061 1.008 I .453 I .035 1.657 1.065 1.003 I .125 1.057 1.595 1.112 1.035 1.138 1.544 1.1 I6 1.078 1.372 1.005 2.043 1.023 1.044 1.010 .9% 1.148 1.Ooo I .129 1.069 1.008 1.251 1.048 1.002 1.014 1.100 0.412 1.105 1.059 1.015 1.026 1.057 I .142 1.022 1.167 1.182 1.049 1.3794 91.08I 1.Ooo I .076 1.199 1.095 I .121 1.216 1.008 1.428 1.002 1.222 1.078 1.454 1.063 1.080 2.Ooo 88.O25 1.034 1.017 1.050 0.Ooo 1.283 1.160 1.127 1.099 1.027 1.047 1.093 1.1 13 1.073 1.285 1.063 1.313 1.132 1.007 1.437 1.059 1.002 1.561 1.002 1.393 1.128 1.233 1.226 1.065 1.236 1.157 1.330 1.039 1.261 1.036 1.055 I .067 1.173 1.298 1.136 1.229 1.032 1.a8 1.071 1.033 I .188 2.024 1.041 1.075 1.015 1.159 1.016 1.752 84.034 1.008 1.ooo 1.053 1.208 1.021 1.909 1.025 71.155 1.048 1.168 1.009 1.2976 0.016 1.100 0.092 I .1 xf.044 1.205 1.ooo 1.002 1.689 1.250 I .036 1.733 88.068 1. M 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 14 12 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 I .145 1.002 1.1% 1.050 1.007 1.614 1.186 1.025 r =20 1.083 1.580 2.120 1.073 1.087 I .008 1.002 I .932 2.005 2.313 1.240 1.190 1.008 1.143 1.216 2.300 I .637 1.010 0.O% 1.327 1.137 1.Ooo 74.

357 1.307 0.008 1.236 1.127 2.029 1.514 1.069 1.010 1.561 1.286 0.094 1.072 1.353 1.284 r=22 0.269 1.370 1.036 1.415 1.401 1.ooo 86.156 1.048 10 9 1.118 6 7 8 5 0.459 1.05 1 1.975 1.002 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 xf.6257 1.088 1.080 1.236 1.470 1.044 1.160 1.438 1.020 1.295 0.067 1.105 1.173 1.444 1.050 95.044 0.065 1.124 1.176 1.030 1.053 1.353 1.139 1.209 1.180 1.018 1.099 1.061 1.003 1.243 1.009 1.083 1.103 1.122 1.830 i .3489 1.322 1.217 1.082 1.056 1.063 1.115 1.025 1.250 1 2 3 4 1.005 m =3 - 81.384 1.017 1.065 1.423 1.133 1.205 1.106 1.325 1.029 1.677 1.Ooo 1.038 I .159 1.649 1.141 2.009 1.009 1.310 1.157 1.078 1.578 1.226 1.061 1.745 1. 30 120 40 60 77.529 1.054 1.063 1.010 1.154 1.165 1.6% 1.OOo 82.040 1.325 1.005 .003 1.172 1.010 1.262 2.071 1.Ooo 1.016 1.029 1.041 1.055 1.0oO 1.039 1.003 1.246 1.031 1.133 2.018 1.086 1.1.074 1.051 1.052 1.208 1.371 1.003 1.031 1.336 1.057 1.129 2.0855 1.100 a 1.054 1.200 1.OOo 1.651 1.338 1.025 1.177 1.184 1.009 1.049 1.003 1.002 1.108 1.085 1.Ooo 1.261 0.018 1.340 1.185 1.059 1.091 1.028 1.9649 90.142 1.110 1.183 1.067 1.135 2.218 1.243 1.041 1.144 1.139 2.Ooo 1.OOo 1.059 1.954 1.297 0.069 1.098 1.040 1.191 1.151 1.065 1.010 1.026 1.147 1.087 1.003 1.213 1.OOo 92.027 1.273 0.019 1.003 1.010 99.488 1.077 1.010 1.Ooo 1.273 r =21 0.101 1.076 1.167 1.153 1.131 1.254 1.057 1.709 1.020 1.227 1.616 1.043 1.161 1.132 2.009 1.093 1.193 1.729 1.019 1.633 1.200 1.485 1.039 1.073 1.018 1.598 1.009 1.050 95..100 Table9 (Canlinrred) 85.150 1.028 1.

012 1.016 1.9999 34.063 0.405 1.002 1.243 1.001 24 30 40 60 120 ~5.Ooo I .014 1.094 1.076 1.002 1.530 1.007 1.005 1.001 1.048 I .007 0.015 1.017 1.046 1.632 1.OOo I .010 1.012 1.008 1.026 I .114 1.010 1.061 1.025 1.005 1.001 1.014 1.050 1.OOo 1.089 I .036 1.039 1.021 1.026 1.Ooo I .069 0.008 1.019 I .047 1.051 1.178 I 2 3 4 5 0.022 1.044 I .001 1.003 1.Ooo 1.m 1.010 I .010 1.105 1.035 1.028 1.004 1.006 1.020 1.005 1.003 1.001 I .006 1.001 1 .004 1.017 1.074 1.033 1.066 1.Ooo I .002 1.269 1.030 I .009 1.005 I .025 IS50 I .494 I .100 m =4 - I .008 1.002 1.034 1.002 1.008 1.Ooo I .9968 I .042 1.009 1.2962 28.139 1.023 1.008 1.589 0.150 1.010 I .002 I .435 1.Ooo 1.005 1.088 1.121 1.013 I .010 I .01 I 1.483 1.042 1.014 1.032 1.OOo I .16% 37.038 I .014 1.006 1.002 1.083 1.209 1.028 I .194 1.009 1.012 1.025 1.010 1.008 1.03 I 1.016 1.003 1.139 1.199 1.253 1.158 1.027 1.008 1.077 0.Ooo 23.ow 1.030 I .011 1.056 1.Ooo I .012 1.007 1.4120 3 1.025 r =5 1.132 I .003 1.2672 1.08 1 1.005 20 18 1.025 I .Ooo 1.451 1.100 .050 1.004 1.015 1.092 0.005 I .065 1.021 1.004 I .019 1.027 I .1.040 1.004 1.013 1.018 1.007 I .002 1.001 1.007 1.216 0.022 1.018 10 1.007 1.008 12 14 16 1.055 1.044 1.101 I .Ooo I .003 1.8454 31.012 1.032 1.020 6 7 8 9 1.004 1.5418 26.Ooo 1.004 I .003 I .001 1 .Ooo 1. DTJ I .058 r =4 0.037 1.001 1.002 I .4104 34.030 I .039 1.OOo 28.OM 1.006 1.229 1.053 I .025 1.009 1.Ooo I .006 1.589 I .031 1.001 1 .001 1.023 1.OOo 1.071 1.130 1.024 1.006 I .002 1.059 1.037 1.OOo 1.050 0.122 I .233 1.106 I .5662 29.

Ooo 18.036 1.121 1.049 1.036 1.006 1.009 1.1.034 1.165 1.043 1.188 1.004 1.4607 .019 1.071 1.029 1.002 1.012 1.1 15 1.003 1.025 0.028 I .055 1.003 1.012 1.109 1.Ooo 1.015 1.004 1.497 1.059 1.003 1.032 1.601 1.032 r =7 0.044 1.240 1.031 1.102 1.014 1.034 1.007 1.037 1.038 1.010 36.010 1.Ooo 1.005 I .003 1.038 1.027 I .012 I .017 1.008 1.045 1.043 1.010 1.Ooo 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 x\$.025 1 =6 45.002 1 .010 .012 1.Ooo .021 1.004 1.013 1.001 1.OOo 1.008 1.026 1. 30 60 120 33.032 1.02 1 1.3372 1 1.Ooo 1.263 1.020 1.Ooo 1.281 1.005 1.175 1.305 1.092 1.076 1.087 1.9933 1.079 1.011 1.0% 1.055 6 7 8 9 10 5 4 1.036 1.002 1.015 1.566 1257 1.3641 42.001 1.295 1.007 I .027 1.017 1.001 1 I .Ooo 1.010 1.222 1.018 1.024 1.036 1.155 1.052 1.050 1.057 1.012 1.116 1.026 1.001 1.030 1.002 1.OOo 1.076 1.014 1.064 1.667 1.012 1.018 1.001 1.177 1.047 1.168 1.061 1.OOo 1.9159 41.055 1.130 1.016 1.085 1.063 1.068 1.001 1.Ooo 1.009 1.020 1.ooo 1.015 1.m 44.017 1.005 1.024 1.001 1.517 1.2782 50.Ooo 1.004 I .002 1.082 0.1963 1.101 0.008 1.628 1.466 1.097 0.322 1.01 1 1.674 1.010 1.013 1.030 1.062 1.068 1.ooo 1.003 1.010 1.040 1.016 1.052 1.040 1.136 1.011 1.100 I .279 1.023 1.108 1.244 1.007 1.005 1.Ooo 1.019 1.015 1.197 1.005 1.550 1.005 m =4 - 37.045 1.009 I .044 1.037 I .066 1.122 1.003 1.006 1.4151 39.047 1.080 0.9798 1.042 1.014 1.052 1.148 1.022 1.005 1.Ooo 1.071 1 2 3 0.157 1.715 1.OOo 1.007 1.089 0.006 1.018 1.008 1.013 1.013 1.050 1.023 1.OOo 1.006 1.5585 1.138 1.003 1.

001 1.109 1.048 1.002 I .004 1.083 1.010 1.052 I .005 I .152 1.6I4 1.043 1.x:.027 I .4804 53.060 1.093 1.5847 46.009 1.152 1.021 I .068 1.012 1.027 1.016 1.Ooo I .002 I .330 1.023 1.041 I .038 I .108 1.005 1.130 1.636 1.4858 56.002 1.011 1.001 1.161 1.010 1.Ooo 1 .2122 50.583 0.007 1.078 1.050 I .060 1.137 1.089 1.016 1.033 1.6192 61.Ooo 1 .-704 0.043 .348 1.Ooo 1.212 I .030 I .036 1.008 1.023 1.193 1.020 1.074 I .1943 49.115 1.017 1.172 1.309 1.010 1.020 1.146 1.167 0.02 1 1.107 1.032 1.9985 54.007 I .123 1.07I I .026 0.006 1.Ooo 1.042 1.002 1.002 I .OO0 1 .Ooo 1 .015 .226 1.050 I .109 I .740 1.355 1.008 I .Ooo 1.005 1.060 1.078 1.014 1.266 1.013 1.022 1.Ooo 1.754 1.011 1.072 1.029 1.007 1.050 1.023 1.3281 1.207 1.045 1.012 1.025 r =8 1.103 1.016 .137 1.002 1.099 1.373 1.070 1.005 1.1 I4 1.O% 1.049 1.010 ~ 1.053 1.065 1.127 1.216 1.001 1.034 1.Ooo 47.008 1.001 I .288 1.305 1.001 1.005 I .201 1.010 1.100 .057 1.086 1.015 1.144 0.018 1. a0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 1 a 1.075 1.018 1.002 I .036 1.004 1.062 1.1 10 1.044 1.021 1.039 1.012 1.026 1.055 I .Ooo 1.081 1.os 1 1.329 1.001 1.017 1.Ol4 1.019 1.003 1.025 I .020 .007 1.050 1.014 . I05 1.025 1.013 1.047 1.5812 I .007 1.017 1.048 1.Ooo 42.029 I .015 1.004 1.004 1.088 1.669 r=9 0.068 0.046 1.Ooo I .002 1.029 1.1.100 1.4373 58.001 1.792 1.006 1.057 1.004 1.528.091 1.009 1.236 1.031 1.024 1.025 1.041 1.058 1.189 1.002 1.286 1.557 1.050 1.002 1.037 1.066 1.183 1.014 1.010 .033 .004 I .100 1.122 0.055 I .063 1.

035 1.128 I .001 1.026 1.071 1.010 1.374 1.092 1.379 1.262 1.3417 63.255 1.331 ~ 0.222 1.191 1.OM 1.025 1.050 0.024 1.OM 1.003 1.016 1.398 1.014 1.774 1.002 1.025 1.001 1.014 1.176 1.041 1.M 1.010 1.097 1.001 1.018 1.028 1.173 1.893 1.352 1.069 1.020 1.081 1.020 68.OM 1.070 1.006 1.097 1.127 0.352 1.064 1.007 1.062 1.016 1.Ooo m Xr”.064 I .150 1.090 1.48 1 1 .828 1.037 1.7585 59.057 1.003 1.054 1.067 1.019 1.010 1.330 1.030 1.033 1.024 1.Ooo 1.100 5 1.134 - 1.029 1.Ooo 64.013 1.003 1.02 1 1.Ooo 1.103 1.019 1.159 1.422 1.025 1.Ooo .009 1.003 1.037 1.088 1.1.181 1.060 1.001 1.042 1.023 1.166 1.038 1. 2 56.066 I .118 1.107 1.017 1.047 1.015 1.015 1.022 1.029 I .005 1.007 1.122 1.061 1.Ooo 1.051 1.049 1.139 0.1 12 1.402 0.235 1.034 1.8050 -55.023 1.050 1.033 I .1 16 1.013 1.710 1 .01 1 1.009 1.055 71.027 1.006 1.147 1.Ooo 1.Ooo 1.003 1.006 1.022 1.122 1.022 1.014 1.027 1.164 1.001 60.044 1.030 1.089 1.008 24 30 40 60 1 20 20 18 1.218 12 14 16 6 7 8 9 10 1.003 1.644 1.038 1.057 1.010 1 .102 I .053 1.077 1.230 1.021 1.003 1.073 1.001 1.100 n m =4 Table9 (Conlinued) .005 0.055 1.076 1.071 1.005 1.134 0.064 1.034 1.023 1.003 1.198 1.019 1.076 1.ooo 1 1.152 1.107 1.214 1.011 1.036 1.183 1.062 1.009 1.006 1.585 1 2 3 4 5 0.010 1.075 1.001 1.019 1.012 I .001 1.010 1.016 1.100 1.083 1.041 1.6907 66.039 1.369 1.001 1.006 1.026 1.025 r=lO 0.059 1.020 1.201 1 .03 1 1.701 1.003 1.247 1.111 1.244 1.140 - r=ll 0.031 1.005 1.309 1.080 1.001 1.043 1.Ooo 1 .093 1.206 1.7659 1.005 1 .

073 .Ooo 1.070 I .051 .100 u 65.143 1.760 I .895 0.005 I .03 I I .058 1.128 0.118 1.100 73.012 1.050 .0226 73.007 1 .017 1.132 1.053 .049 1.024 1.1708 69.013 1.1 12 1.832 1.Ooo .422 1.700 1.029 .001 1.9066 65.075 1.004 1.024 1.042 1.020 1.186 1.001 1. I 20 1 .Ooo 1.004 1.350 1.050 0.025 78.205 1.067 1.004 1 .369 1.056 I .035 1.I52 1.008 1.254 1.011 .159 1.008 1.838 I .008 I .150 0.066 1.132 1.616 1.016 1.373 1.019 1.045 1.310 I .008 1.005 .014 1.054 1.118 1.001 1.001 1.165 1.030 1.004 1.090 1.039 I .638 1.OOo 1.029 1.OOo 1.393 1.02 1 1.010 82.085 .026 1.097 1.122 I .001 1.004 1.027 1.008 1.115 I .028 .238 1.6826 76.050 0.034 .025 1.Ooo 1.280 1.101 .068 1.001 1.047 1.003 I .007 I .171 1.109 I .026 1.163 - r=13 0.001 .3% r=12 0.024 1.007 40 xf.001 1.139 2 3 4 5 1 0.083 1.022 1.063 .106 1.%88 I .025 I .086 1.061 1.I22 I .004 1.139 1.009 1.01I 24 30 oc 1.070 1.031 I .077 1.044 1.213 1.033 .037 1.093 1.042 .001 1.041 .177 1.810 1.209 1.030 1.446 - 0.228 1.220 1.252 1.100 1.008 1.076 1.106 1.052 I .012 1.004 I .023 1.073 1.200 1.003 I .032 1.082 1.013 I .157 - 1.127 1.028 .020 1.Ooo 1.298 I .068 .037 I .019 1.018 I .093 1.033 .025 I .059 10 1.145 1.079 I .417 1.018 1.079 6 7 8 9 .018 . 102 1.110 1.097 1.032 1.092 I .424 1.017 1.036 1.001 1.086 I .001 .089 1.004 .292 1.038 1.046 12 14 16 18 20 60 1.190 1.177 - 0..080 1.281 1.047 I .446 1.268 I .014 1.010 60.Ooo 1.1.013 1.027 1.027 1.041 .264 1.065 69.012 I .I95 .Ooo 1.074 I .038 1.Ooo 1.468 1.

242 1.039 1.Ooo 1.005 1.076 1.109 1.216 1.124 1.001 1.009 1.058 I .168 0.02 1 1.oQo 1.033 1.001 1.133 1.077 r=15 0.1 13 1.050 1.236 1.154 1.956 I .01 1 1.299 1.088 1.ow 1.024 1.314 1.046 I .001 1.101 1.010 91.203 1.025 83.149 1.022 1.489 1.097 1.248 1.005 1.015 I .397 79.049 1.087 1.511 1.436 1.009 1.005 1.073 1.017 1.08 1 1.OH 1.131 1.098 1.041 1.050 0.045 1.046 1.109 1.432 1.004 1.ooo 1.005 .ooo 74. 60 120 30 40 24 69.08 1 1.ooo 1.043 I .005 1.029 1.183 0.413 1.456 1.379 1.07 I 6 7 8 9 10 co x?.Ooo 1.010 1.060 1.9937 1 I .159 1.952 1 .115 1.087 1.137 1.256 - 0.056 1.034 I .045 1.063 1.005 1.388 1.327 1.026 I .Ooo 1.119 1.284 1.005 1.001 1.059 1.467 1.069 1.03 1 1.ooo 1.005 1.080 .100 Q ~~ .014 1.010 1.175 r=14 0.269 1.128 1.025 1.030 74.010 1.110 1.105 1.001 1.09 1 1.406 1.9185 1.147 1.213 1.027 1.128 1.039 1.09 1 1.153 1.05 1 1.023 1.344 1.222 1.313 1.8% 1.284 1.033 1.042 1.004 1.189 0.062 1.032 1.164 1.123 1.030 1.042 1.202 1.5671 1.234 1.195 - 0.331 1.001 1.028 1.01 1 1.161 1 2 3 4 5 12 14 16 18 20 0.1 18 1.034 1.015 1.009 1.021 1.187 1.1 I 6 1.032 1.101 1.023 1.001 1.03 1 1.814 1.010 .179 1.4683 1 1.016 1.751 1.141 1.001 I .05 1 I .017 1.037 I .015 1.082 - 1.005 m =4 - 1.085 1.020 1.029 1.686 I .014 I .001 1.297 1.035 1.016 1.009 1.488 1.035 1.5134 1 .084 1.142 1.172 1.226 1.038 1.001 1.Ooo 1.101 1.100 Table9 (Continued) 83.079 1.065 1.ooo 83.105 1.137 1.022 1.f 0 1.094 1.038 1.082 I .036 1.050 ~ 78.054 1.023 1.064 1.298 1 1.025 0.005 1.067 1.010 1.093 1.ooo 86.016 1.052 1.048 1.

033 1.042 .075 1.108 1.050 0.2168 %.027 1.024 1.041 1.098 I .8781 1.054 1.100 1.108 1.010 1.086 1.094 18 1.070 1.012 1.058 1.101 1.025 I .213 0.037 1.027 1.731 1.018 1.313 1.125 1.001 1.423 1.006 1.150 1.080 1.074 1.073 .006 1.180 1.006 I .025 1.089 1.140 1.105 1..049 1.038 1.1 I3 1.Ooo 1.0 12 1.308 88.002 1.Ooo 78.027 1.250 92.006 1.036 .OOo 1.136 1.059 1.089 I .120 1.098 1.051 1.145 1.0040 93.045 1.314 1.270 1.252 1.055 1.Ooo 1.026 1.1 1.377 1.036 a 9 .047 1.063 1.044 1.070 1.OOo 1.018 1.045 1.475 1.012 1.360 1.034 1.OOo 1.092 1.124 1.185 1.101 1.155 1.020 1.776 1.209 - 0.347 1.06Q .019 .000 1.117 1.006 1.050 I .116 1.002 1.065 1.494 1.002 1.239 1.010 1.078 1.002 1.182 6 7 8 9 5 2 3 4 0.468 1.002 1.157 I .056 I .132 1.038 1.100 .050 0.6753 88.053 1.151 1.299 1.262 1.002 1.133 1.020 1.065 1.083 1.005 83.043 1.101 1.073 1.450 1.166 1.440 0.799 I .019 1.112 1.053 1.019 I .094 1.002 1.01 1 I .218 - 0.129 1.105 .198 r=16 0.040 1.028 101.121 2.00s 1.551 - 0.284 1.26 1 I .021 1.531 1.329 1.689 98.025 r = I7 1.012 .002 1.225 1.8597 83.006 .035 .160 1.048 1.864 1.012 1.039 1.949 I SO7 I .344 1.011 1.007 1.172 1.030 1.057 1.146 1.329 1.193 - 1.019 1.005 1.Ooo 1.240 1.026 1.011 I .Ooo 1.068 I .527 1.223 1.035 I .115 1.249 1.029 1.017 1.207 0.032 10 12 14 16 20 X.135 1.040 1.108 1. 03 2 24 30 40 60 120 I .013 1.142 1.169 1.006 1.013 1.061 1.163 1.174 1.201 1.095 1.002 1.042 .037 1.092 1.190 1.OOo 1.028 1.005 I .046 1.012 .275 1.127 1.363 1.

393 1.014 1.212 1 .024 1.042 1.007 I .048 1.051 1.020 1.040 1.Ooo 1.132 1.Ooo 1.050 1.185 1.128 1.237 0.123 1.149 1.529 1.7431 92.485 I .310 1.160 1.149 1.8083 97.031 1.130 1.114 92.080 1.030 1.025 1.073 1.089 1.164 1.114 1.182 1.195 1.101 1.118 1.015 1.002 1 .392 1.154 1.056 I .145 1.126 1.050 1.007 1.327 1.015 1.069 I .300 1.108 1.OOo 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 ffi xs.141 1.051 1.007 1.057 1.1.068 1.199 1.074 1.214 L - - 0.050 m =4 - Table 9 (Confinwd) .220 r=18 0.085 1.545 1.588 1.135 1.098 1.034 1.178 1.041 1.Ooo 106.473 I .014 1.065 1.241 - 0.063 1.7% 1.083 1.373 1.122 1.101 1.049 1.013 1.022 1.274 1.095 1.457 1.068 1.025 0.357 1.033 1.055 1.287 1.166 97.006 1.044 1.015 1.061 1.105 1.297 1.583 11 1.091 1.1 15 1.007 1.648 1.130 1.140 1.264 1.OOo 1.143 1.014 1.511 1.408 1.502 1.066 1.010 1.022 1.ooo 1.162 1.3531 I 02.276 1.002 1.Ooo 1.040 1.031 1.061 1.122 1.107 1.911 1.351 101.032 1.999 0.176 1.023 1.039 1.137 1.111 1.005 1.843 1.080 1.378 1.014 1.570 1.007 1. 5 ~~ 1.02 1 1.058 1.002 1.022 1.010 - r=19 0.002 1.008 1.359 1.002 1.023 1.002 1.025 87.008 1.030 1.340 1.169 1.045 1.287 1.151 1.078 I .032 1.048 1.173 1.045 1.014 1.002 1.075 1.1 11 1.157 1.Ooo 1.086 1.023 1.1 I9 1.205 1.100 1.002 1.083 1.248 1.029 1.Ooo 1.062 1.231 0.053 1.203 1 0.264 1.007 1.007 1.065 1.053 1.252 1.OM 1.189 1.169 1.495 1.046 1.104 1.044 1.059 1.070 1.013 1.035 1.343 1.002 !.005 1.ooo 1.047 1.8 16 1.563 1.999 107.002 1.107 1.191 1.037 1.043 1.223 1.230 !.042 1.

025 1.048 1.002 .026 1.040 1.299 1.335 1.005 .099 .241 r =20 0.164 1.a’ W 1.147 1.088 .046 1.079 1.190 1.5782 101.008 1.144 1.034 1.024 1.210 1.504 1.102 1.054 1.016 1.1 I8 1.143 1.043 1.017 1.033 1.064 1.121 1.287 1.035 1.066 1.215 1.201 1.005 x:m 96.114 1.606 2.047 1.082 .025 1.353 1.145 1.170 1.624 1.OOo 1.038 1.017 1.884 1.116 1.010 100.084 1.187 1.003 1.OOo 1.299 1.06 I .127 1.028 1.629 112.002 1.129 1.070 1.016 1.069 .OOo 1.262 - 0.371 1.036 1.018 1.384 1.010 1.159 1.980 106.234 0.137 1.045 0.055 I .243 1.m 1.203 1.954 1.138 1.422 1.002 1.062 I .039 1.015 1.051 .242 117.008 1.O% 1.072 1.037 1.107 6 7 8 9 1.140 1.533 1.165 1.167 1.091 1.127 1.063 1.050 1.009 1.288 1.002 1.OOo 1.036 1.321 1.155 1.233 1.121 1.OOo .057 121.074 1.027 1.580 I .025 1 .017 1.002 1.OOo 1.026 1.070 1.100 Q - 1.057 1.065 1.094 1.053 1.275 1.252 1.066 1.598 1.016 1.009 1.422 1.037 1.562 - r=21 0.120 1.056 1.408 2.133 1.323 I .1% 1.078 1.879 106.311 1.160 1.329 116.009 1.218 1.028 .126 1.094 1.096 1.173 1.113 1.008 1.008 1.025 1.150 1.153 1.003 1.186 1.024 1.113 0.052 1.518 1.002 1.049 1.077 1.048 1.052 .125 1.059 1.208 1.124 1.059 1.252 1.016 1.026 1.177 I .003 1.046 1.437 1.259 1.091 I .313 1.008 I .367 1.055 1.045 .050 0.194 1.ooo I .157 1.132 1.100 .387 1.401 1.OOo 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 oc 1.008 1.812 1.Ooo 1.077 I .018 1.224 2 3 4 5 1 0.325 1.1 10 1.488 1.270 - 0.179 1.075 1.002 1.008 1.060 1.136 1.545 1.086 1.224 1.182 1.395 I 1 1.050 0.

310 1.Ooo 1.212 1.086 1.107 1.028 1.058 1.134 2.253 0.436 1.066 1.322 1.003 1.074 1.45 1 1.614 1.019 1.243 1 2 3 4 5 10.063 I .168 1.088 1.172 1.228 1.151 1.119 1.039 1.055 1.187 1. 60 120 30 1.273 0.042 1.298 1.003 1.072 I .025 r=22 m =4 - 121.019 1.841 1.337 1.029 1.130 2.194 1.142 1.158 1.030 1.062 1.003 1.009 1.017 1.041 1.009 1.397 1.010 25.003 1.08 1 1.005 .009 1.030 1.549 1.162 1.372 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 40 CQ xt.138 1.050 115.095 1.098 1.157 1.347 1.181 1.Ooo 1.219 1.414 0.Ooo 1.577 1.05 1 1.126 1.767 1.038 1.010 1.100 a 0.068 1.053 1.922 I .898 1.Ooo 105.088 1.234 1.518 1.083 1.027 1.052 1.060 I .199 1.079 1.018 I .049 1.147 1.101 1.1.010 1.018 1.175 1.Ooo 1.848 1.134 1.379 1.123 1.003 1.994 I .641 1.204 1.152 1.913 1.281 0.262 I .070 1.057 1.104 1.040 1.

1 10 I .OOo I .025 1.005 I .024 1.Ooo 1.050 m =5 - I .Ooo 40.Ooo 1 .005 I .013 1.017 1.262 1.6465 44.007 1.465 1.003 1. 33 60 120 30 40 24 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 9 6 7 2 3 4 5 1.169 1.001 1 .183 1.649 0.009 I .230 1.003 1.050 1.030 I .022 1.018 1.009 1.006 1.030 1.Ooo I .072 1.010 1.002 1.039 1.013 1.011 I .141 1.007 1.563 1.032 I .05 I 1.015 1.012 1.056 1.Ooo 1.048 I .008 1.085 1.003 1.016 1.005 1.052 1.004 1.010 1.014 1.544 I .154 1.127 0.056 I .013 1.9279 1.Ooo 34.029 1.448 1.033 1.2M 1.022 I .025 1.035 1.029 1.042 1.042 1.007 I .070 1.3141 46.246 1.059 1.163 1.037 1.004 1.094 1.010 1.011 1.034 I .081 0.001 I .016 1.004 1.001 1 .040 1.1 I6 1.OOo I .016 1.011 1.9792 50.Ooo 1 .102 1.7730 I .009 1.Ooo 1.085 r=6 0.103 1.012 1.003 I .006 I .010 0.132 1.002 1.OM 1.007 1.002 1.6720 1.003 1.161 1.212 1.037 1.060 1.029 1.Ooo 1.OOo 1.059 I .671 1.034 1.026 I .001 1.063 I .053 I .041 1.3816 37.121 0.017 1.092 0.031 1.008 1.076 1.006 I .001 1.001 I .025 1.040 I .007 I .8922 53.228 0.003 1.035 1.005 I .100 .005 1.150 1.031 I .019 1.009 I .300 1.003 1.014 I .Ooo I .om 1.013 1.066 I .053 (1.046 I .044 1.014 1.011 I .019 1.OOo 1.025 r=5 0.Ooo 1.015 1.108 1.245 1.005 1.017 1.047 I .014 1.011 1.Ooo 1.I xs.144 I .077 1.6525 40.063 1.065 I .022 1.035 1.008 1.098 1.604 1.039 1.267 1.005 1.625 I .002 1.01I 1.283 1.009 1.004 1.001 1 .018 1.Ooo I .OOo 1.048 1.026 1.081 1.514 I .001 1.020 I .010 1.1 14 1.068 1.175 1.4% I .020 1.001 1.045 1.Ooo 46.Ooo 1.oo5 1.027 1.020 1.073 I .043 1.008 1.023 1.012 1.2560 43.034 1.010 1.

244 1.029 I .7659 1.018 1.062 1.029 1.086 1.648 1.074 1.319 1.321 1.Ooo I .008 1.Ooo 1 .535 1.013 1.100 1.035 1.484 1.063 1.Ooo 55.013 1.262 1.302 1.xf.168 1.052 1.100 1.040 1.008 1.044 1.182 1.054 1.011 1.044 1.076 1.556 i .010 1.SO50 0.721 1.017 1.009 1.007 1.022 1.584 1.002 1.Ooo 1 .006 1.056 1 .023 1.009 1.010 0.006 1-06 1.023 1.8019 53.048 1.050 1.027 1.010 1.017 1.002 I .017 1.012 1.119 1.007 1 .083 1.015 1.004 1.081 1.002 1.158 1.007 1.198 1.015 1.090 1.002 1.090 1.Ooo 1.015 1.695 1.071 1.018 1.280 1.010 1.006 1.058 1.016 1.003 1.039 1.104 1.079 1.024 I .039 1.010 1.298 1.204 1.054 1.031 1.050 m=5 - 1 SO5 1.068 1.3421 60.050 1.110 1.025 0.113 1.001 1.007 1.078 1.095 1.137 1.021 1.338 1.008 1.071 1.073 1.w 1.019 1.1 14 0.003 i .Ooo 1.002 1.001 1.060 1.a42 1.014 1.0588 49.672 1.Ooo 1.038 1 .025 0.087 1.025 1.Ooo 1 .171 1.002 1.011 1.Ooo 5 1 .052 1.061 I .6907 0.213 1.016 1.012 1.001 1.030 1.002 1.145 1.Ooo 1.3417 63.133 1.002 1.131 1.068 1. 03 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 r=7 0.033 1.095 1.004 1.043 1.052 1.002 1.005 .038 1.017 1.001 1 .7585 59.013 1.014 1.004 1.005 1.020 1.005 1.177 1.189 1.261 1.Ooo 1 .013 1.030 1.004 1.005 1.041 I .151 1.065 1.124 1.018 1.Ooo 1.066 1.015 1.009 1.055 0.280 1.2033 57.046 1.a48 1.021 1.011 1.027 1.001 1 .026 1.015 1.105 1.192 1.2748 1.059 1.026 1.002 1.022 1.046 1.125 1.004 1.006 I .OOo I .050 66.036 1.139 1.020 1.025 1.013 1.100 Table 9 ( ContinUd) r=8 0.044 1 -046 1.Ooo 1 .014 1.019 1.004 1.Ooo 16.021 1.033 1.038 1.034 1.

089 1.029 1.002 1.136 1.5048 71.027 1.199 1.076 I .OOo w 40 60 I20 1.026 1.043 1. I 10 1.746 1.136 0.721 I .001 1.009 I .101 I .600 1.034 .016 1.020 0.058 1.010 1.026 1.177 1.060 .001 1.046 1.025 1.171 1.048 1.056 1.079 1.359 1.Ooo 1.067 .Ooo I.4202 76.070 1.025 r=lO 1.002 1.063 1.ow 1.150 r=9 0.298 1.018 1.013 1.547 I .022 1.038 I .037 1.035 I .069 1.005 1.001 1.162 1.121 1.OOo 1.1539 79.015 1.006 1.120 1.08 1 .030 1.1% .002 1.5053 61.295 1.003 1.105 I. I .219 1.040 1.#2 I .029 I .001 1.005 1.Ooo 1.001 1.034 1.9568 73.048 '050 1.058 1 1.001 1.005 1.019 I .087 1.020 I .003 1.012 1.032 1.013 1.062 1.018 1.083 I .005 0.009 1.001 24 30 18 20 16 12 14 10 6 7 8 9 2 3 4 5 0.229 1.020 1.115 1.055 1.033 1.011 1.024 1.006 1.064 1.050 0.21 1 155 .066 1.22 1 1.054 1.055 1.340 1.013 1.334 I .023 1.019 1.027 1.033 1.015 I .244 1.037 1.105 1...017 1.012 1.125 0.084 1.006 1.003 1.Ooo I .002 1.158 1.008 1.005 1.003 I .185 1.050 1.075 1.002 1.164 0.115 1.578 I .630 1.017 .059 1.Ooo 63.008 1.1671 67.005 1.109 1.022 1.018 1.526 1.011 1.025 1.044 I .005 I .1661 1.Ooo 1.017 1.206 1.014 1.005 1.6562 65.316 1.4900 I .009 1.03 1 1.125 I .377 1.772 1.Ooo 1.697 1.097 .OOo I .4102 69.072 .014 1.010 57.041 1.278 1.073 1.021 1.024 1.010 I .038 1.005 1.008 1.131 0.024 1.003 1.092 1.05 1 .O% 1.043 1.003 1.064 I .053 1.075 1.009 1.010 1.088 .049 1.I x:.028 1.018 1.358 I .653 1.057 1.315 1.235 1.092 I .021 1.051 I .023 I .068 1.028 1.008 1.050 1.100 .022 1.014 1.109 I .147 1.143 .001 1.080 .

030 1.OM 1.007 1.021 1.153 1.065 1.003 1.038 .250 1.044 1.063 1.070 1.Ooo 1 .046 1.Ooo 1.089 1.380 1.003 1.ooo 1.3794 91.024 1.171 1.034 1.032 1.037 1.136 1.067 1.1 14 1.ooo I .260 1.225 1.a7 1.312 1.026 1.007 1.019 1.3970 79.015 1.010 1.038 1.033 1.053 1.186 1.015 1.106 1.174 1.049 1.007 1.007 .057 I .3 1 1 1 .023 1.035 1.236 1.066 1.023 1.001 1.1% 1.003 1.025 1.103 1.239 1.051 1.001 1 .587 1.016 1.3% 1.333 1.017 1.067 I .3% 1.110 I .9517 1.071 1.016 .003 1.158 1. m 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 I20 2 3 4 5 1 n 68.029 1.082 1.142 0.075 1.Ooo I .012 1.058 1.003 1.011 1.022 .005 m=5 I .265 1.042 1.055 1.021 1.005 1.329 I .OOO 1.098 1.100 ~ .159 1.025 1.070 1.020 1.027 1.011 1.018 1.146 ?=I2 0.033 1.001 I .022 1.008 1.006 1.091 1.011 1.004 1.037 1.028 1.292 1.796 1.415 1.031 1.010 1.007 1.012 1.ooo 82.029 I .059 - 1.179 1.017 1.OOo 1.105 1.095 1.Ooo 74.125 1.030 1.023 - 0.084 1.095 1.010 1.039 1.190 1.ooo 77.001 0.027 1.203 1.370 1.100 73.643 1.001 1.087 1.092 0.026 .008 1.041 1.0819 83.124 1.128 1.077 I r=ll 0.074 1.041 1.135 1.052 1.001 1.251 1.167 1.063 1.046 1.003 1.013 1.031 .024 1.004 1.183 1.018 1.01I .068 1.768 1.047 1.378 1.025 1.003 1.2977 88.050 0.350 1.697 1.001 I .072 I .050 1.001 1.043 1 .006 - 1.141 1.275 1.352 1.213 1.147 0.101 1.025 ~~~~ 1.001 1.130 1.061 1 .014 0.012 0.099 1.115 1.081 1.119 1.016 1.028 1.061 1.087 1.001 1 .077 1.821 1.024 I .010 - 85.110 1.078 1.004 1.227 1.006 1.749 1.1 18 - 1.061 1.xf.080 1.022 1.084 1.

79.5270 90.099 1.004 1.4252 104.2149 1.137 1.001 1.074 1.044 1.069 1.037 I .005 1.203 1.137 1.055 1.045 1.027 1.104 1.08 I 1.om 1.008 60 1.047 I .431 1.199 1.001 I .010 1.015 1.084 1.050 1.155 0.404 1.095 1.025 0.001 1.105 1.014 I .683 1.133 1.029 1.228 1.1 14 I .028 1.Ooo I .022 1.005 95.973 1.013 I .094 1.107 1.064 6 7 8 9 10 89.07 I 1.267 1.020 1.005 1.45 1 1.123 1.009 1.077 1.1 I5 I .057 1.254 1.021 1.066 1.038 1.100 1.215 1.030 1.035 1.058 1.174 0.021 1.020 1.414 1.085 1.072 1..083 I .014 1.013 40 1.180 0.038 1.024 12 14 16 I8 20 84.345 1.019 1.026 1.073 1.068 - 94.032 1.Ooo 1.010 1.057 1.004 1.050 0.100 a 98.073 1.367 1.088 1.107 1.088 1.033 1.035 1.043 1.128 1.132 1.054 I .027 1.161 0.OOo 1.821 1.004 1.052 1.091 1.008 1.082 1.079 1.041 1.005 1.009 1.241 1.21 1 1.016 1.001 24 1.020 1.Ooo 1.Ooo 85.025 1.076 1.034 1.008 1.055 1.042 1.03 1 I .208 1.040 1.169 - 0.001 1.010 r=13 0.740 r=14 0.028 1.422 1.062 1.019 1.013 1.050 1.0232 100.009 1.098 I .001 1.1.143 1.Ooo 1.004 1.118 1.03 1 I .Ooo 1.004 120 1.279 1.1 I 9 1.010 1.029 1.022 1.078 1.OOo 1.22 1 1.014 1.294 1.157 1.102 1.280 1.025 .091 1.oOl I .383 1.037 I .097 1.103 1.005 1.049 1.626 1.290 1.079 I .032 I .265 1.867 I .813 1.147 1.194 1.253 1.Ooo 1.015 1.361 1.433 1.164 I .123 1.127 1.009 1.004 I .001 1.050 1.001 m 1.001 1.004 1.387 1.305 1.182 1.033 I .018 30 1.039 1.5312 1.111 1.177 1.191 1.145 1 2 3 4 5 0.060 1.046 1.009 1.040 1.014 1.030 1.046 1.OOo xf.167 I .026 1.036 1.151 1.1 11 1.026 1.

048 1.393 1 10.722 1.136 1.116 1.152 1.015 1.307 1.m2 1.839 106.016 1.016 1.032 1.017 1.065 1.214 1.122 1.006 I .059 1.119 1.293 1.3211 1.465 1.005 1.033 1.156 1.083 1.066 1.205 1 a 0.070 .165 1.323 1.025 1.155 1.N 0 m 1.050 2 1.002 1.139 1.097 I .017 1.01s 1.780 1.216 1.115 1.ooo x:.001 I .201 96.I09 .005 .024 1.399 1.088 1.01 1 1.002 1.012 I .045 1.019 1.012 1.032 1.2 17 100.052 1.245 1.223 1.171 - 0.5782 101.063 1.164 1.037 1.102 1.127 .253 1.0100 0.037 1.005 1.437 1.280 1.091 1.01 1 1.309 1.181 0.131 1.041 1.005 1.098 1.m 1.089 .057 .421 1.ool 1.174 1.1 12 1.377 3 1.018 1.OOo 1.085 10 1.038 .006 1.083 1.127 1.045 .064 1.1 12 1.011 1.080 1.281 1.469 1.075 1.294 I .233 1.035 1.136 6 7 8 9 1.095 .105 1.038 1.8795 106.002 I .072 1.240 1.029 1.185 1.010 r=15 0.040 1.392 1.061 1.190 0.002 !.Ooo 96.OOo I .005 1.011 I .109 1.Ooo 1.005 120 1.086 1.911 1.098 1.048 1.091 1.078 1.ow 1.040 1.068 1.043 1.I01 .041 1.486 1.150 .415 1.104 1.002 I .ooo 1 1.017 1.146 1.035 1.Ooo 1.001 1.119 1.010 1.033 .177 5 - 0.Ooo 1.320 1.141 1.067 1.267 4 1.144 1.011 1.123 1.091 1.023 1.188 r=16 0.005 I .234 1.043 1.051 I .046 1.ow 1.Ooo 1.049 1.os 1 1.105 1.195 1.OM 1.031 1.334 I .449 1.3288 116.100 m =5 - Table9 (Cmrinucd) .027 1.226 1.010 1.023 1.005 1.085 1.006 1.OM 1.024 1.025 1.005 1.055 .025 1.019 1.050 .036 1.6286 112.061 00 1.855 0.161 .286 1. 91.050 1.131 1.010 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 1.034 1.039 1.022 1.026 1.033 1.010 1.044 I .001 1.035 1.663 1.059 I .025 1.053 1.

350 1.818 I .006 1.Ooo 1.953 1.025 r=17 1.038 1.257 I .014 1.238 1.005 I .097 1.067 1.013 1.268 1.1 16 1.071 I .002 1.022 I .Ooo 102.002 .OOo 113.758 0.019 1. I07 1.077 .029 1.069 .216 0.034 20 24 30 40 GO .139 1.325 .1 19 1.006 1.147 1.030 1.064 I .103 1.156 1.040 1.519 1.333 1.208 r=18 0.027 1.130 1.175 1.498 1.013 1.248 1.101 1.002 1.058 .031 I .079 107.048 1.073 .098 1.042 . I26 1.002 1.277 I .021 1.119 1.320 1.053 1.Ooo I .453 1.037 1.066 1.142 1.050 .184 1.044 1.062 1.265 1.052 1.020 I .173 1.482 1.407 1.006 1.026 1.007 I .020 1.206 0.095 I.336 1.193 0.237 1.164 1.002 .212 - 1 SO3 - 1.006 1.047 12 14 16 .110 1.073 I .421 1.012 1.060 1.112 1.445 1.201 1.002 I .092 1.089 1.028 1.236 122.010 1.037 1.147 I .110 1.060 1.522 112.076 1.002 .OOo 1 .1453 118.144 1.ooo 1.2989 1.184 I 2 3 4 5 0.031 1.320 1.124 1.078 1.02 I 1.038 1.029 1.431 I .895 1.04I .047 1.Ooo 1.014 1.062 1.468 1.Ooo 1.002 1.100 1.293 1.092 1.036 .075 1.050 I .198 - 0.257 I . I08 1.086 6 7 8 9 10 18 1.153 1.006 I .025 1.013 1.022 1.098 1.002 I .040 1.123 1.095 .082 I .161 1.043 1.222 0.Ooo I .02 1 1.012 1.044 I .698 1.131 1.167 1.050 107.114 1.007 I .X L 7 00 120 - .OOo I .191 1.170 1.012 1.159 1.127 1.006 1.104 1.1163 128.063 .362 1.056 1.179 1.013 1.045 1.117 1.134 1.035 .007 1.101 1.348 1.1359 124.055 1.307 1.305 1.010 1.041 1.007 1.002 .056 .039 1.028 I .080 I .227 1.048 .020 .104 I .005 0.050 .044 .246 1.393 118.05 1 1.013 1.152 1.137 1.052 .134 1.019 1.029 1.5650 1.

064 1.043 1.069 1.047 1.933 1.Ooo 1.022 1.5612 135.056 1.034 1.061 1.291 1.002 1.051 1.002 1.513 1.044 1.008 1.154 1.103 1.008 1.101 1.044 1.036 1.025 ~~ 1.992 1.002 1.127 1.436 1.052 1.210 1.188 1.203 - - - 0.123 1.078 1.114 1.Ooo 1.002 1.106 1.181 1.318 1.036 1.227 =20 0.332 1.853 1.178 1.100 r=19 0.024 1.09 1 1.050 1.ax.049 1.126 1.046 1.085 1.107 1.474 1.363 1.025 1.121 1.145 1.OOo 118.024 1.376 1.016 1.217 1.137 1.138 1.045 1.066 1.Ooo 1.232 - 0.088 1.268 1.280 1.015 1.049 1.072 1.049 1.973 134.34 1.149 1.375 1.124 1.002 I . 1.042 1.3421 129.184 1.Ooo 1.035 1.068 1.103 i.100 ~~ . 1.016 1.008 1.047 1.73i 1.023 1.8067 140.498 1.010 ~~~ 1.025 1.076 1.043 1.007 1.535 1.1695 1.008 1.145 1.193 1.157 1.050 1.007 1.002 1.022 1.033 1.132 1.279 1.014 1.031 1.075 1.247 1.388 1.064 1.130 1.460 1.190 1.002 1.Ooo 1.141 1.150 1.083 1.202 1.031 1.220 0.120 1.054 1.008 1.134 1.449 1.226 - 0.046 1.345 1.051 1.015 1.176 1.Ooo 1.197 1.162 1.060 1.007 I .054 1.130 1.002 1.086 1.483 1.024 1.072 1.002 1.116 1.050 1 2 3 4 5 a 0.015 1.024 1.083 1.038 1 18.07 1 1.259 1.236 0.025 1 1.016 1.141 1.005 1.026 1.057 1.793 1.4980 124.010 ~~~ 1.110 1.015 1.041 1.164 1.1 13 1.092 1.117 1.358 1.053 1.249 1.097 6 7 8 9 10 1.259 1.752 123.#2 1.300 1.330 1.034 1.288 1.063 1.058 1.270 1.Ooo 24 30 40 60 120 m X5.858 129.Ooo 1.040 12 14 16 18 20 1.014 1.081 1.528 1.168 1.033 1.070 1.087 1.109 1.55 1 1.1 15 1.160 1.m N 1.015 I.032 1.172 1.059 1.109 1.00s 1.170 1.212 0.152 1.005 m=5 113.008 1.242 ~ 0.

064 1.016 1.037 I .004 I .Ooo 1.481 1.027 1.014 1.008 I .OW 1.083 2 3 4 1 0.9985 54.005 1.053 1.266 1.088 1.038 1.006 1.041 I .019 1.017 1.042 1.3360 1.568 1.579 1.642 1. 18 20 1.012 1.109 1.002 1.041 1 .064 1.009 1.044 1.059 1.009 I .048 1.035 1.020 1.249 1.072 1.105 1.006 1.015 1.043 1.Ooo 1.044 I .006 I .Ooo I .009 I .079 1.066 1.062 1.007 I .163 1.002 1.1240 61.237 1.007 1.083 I .056 1.021 1.Ooo I .101 1.004 1.013 1.006 1.272 1.100 .010 1.520 1.025 54.013 1.036 1.116 1.025 1.153 1.072 1.5812 I .631 1.688 1.051 1.037 1.Ooo 1 .008 I .471 1.006 1.058 1.024 1.Ooo 24 30 40 60 120 16 a.061 1.032 I .069 1.310 1.058 I .109 1.Ooo 1.203 0.086 1.075 1.172 1.026 1.031 1.010 1.009 I .183 1.003 I .003 1.100 a r =6 0.015 1.OOo 1.029 1.042 1.001 1.090 0.004 1.032 6 7 8 9 5 1.016 1.173 1.677 1.056 I .012 1.070 1.002 1.015 1.095 0.076 1.002 1.022 1.131 1.134 0.010 1.020 1.043 1.530 1.Ooo 1.010 1.097 1.002 1.018 1.I .022 1.020 1.294 0.034 1.050 1 .002 1.047 1.OOo 1.7768 66.079 1.Ooo 1.028 1.004 1.Ooo 1.014 1.001 1.108 1.118 1.025 I .017 1.01I 10 12 14 1.016 1.124 I .003 I .049 1.6192 61.019 1.006 1.013 1.129 1.4373 58.013 1.002 1.001 1.009 I .014 1.002 1.005 m =6 - I .163 1.004 1.030 1.045 1.014 1.013 1.004 I .0902 58.322 1.049 1.046 1.011 1.004 1.Ooo 47.023 1.053 I .050 0.007 1.025 I .255 1.039 1.OOo 1.039 1.037 1.ooo 1.122 1.018 1.306 0.2062 69.023 1.284 r=7 0.092 1 .2122 50.002 1.144 1.192 1.014 1.005 1.029 1.051 1.138 1.Ooo 1.194 1.099 1.Ooo I .010 1.012 1.182 1.002 I .022 1.024 1.053 1.067 1.

002 1.065 1.044 1.001 1.017 1.019 1.022 1.122 0.OOo 1.048 1.021 1.205 1.011 1.150 1.002 1.9066 65.ow 1.558 1.002 1.031 1.003 1.100 ~~~~~~ u ~ .054 1.083 1.508 1.058 1.003 1.007 1.108 1.108 1.016 1.OOo 1.050 1.009 1.046 1.043 1.016 I .021 1.011 1.333 1.028 1.019 1.ooo 1.101 1.153 1.079 1.008 1.062 1.005 m=6 - Table 9 (Cmthued) 60.137 1.016 1.070 1.017 1.015 1.103 1.004 1.008 I .059 1. 2 1.002 1.022 1.126 1.107 0.6728 72.020 1.227 0.008 1.023 1.050 1.059 1.020 1.005 67.065 1.158 1.196 1.1532 76.Ooo 1.031 1.703 1.184 1.07 1 1.Ooo 1 .001 1.607 0.037 1.032 1.319 I .053 1.174 1.051 1.062 1.005 1.Ooo 1.002 1.025 1.OM 1.036 I .011 1.022 1.001 1.005 1.148 1.050 1.074 I .6826 76.086 1.042 1.012 1.010 1.140 0.027 1.025 1.021 1.014 20 16 18 1.218 1.040 1.127 1.035 1.025 r =8 .134 1.024 1.0226 73.069 1.543 1.024 1.592 1.028 1.076 1.017 1.093 1.113 1.098 1.31 I 1.194 1.031 1.035 1.001 1.OOo 1.016 I .052 1.018 1.116 1.004 1.037 1.020 1.074 I .050 0.080 1.5016 1.003 1.010 1.013 1.005 1.033 1.350 1.019 1.006 1..009 1.048 1.008 1.005 I .005 1.046 1.100 1.026 1.027 1.055 1.046 12 14 6 7 8 9 10 1.013 1.036 1.336 1.OOo 1.144 1.082 1.015 1.002 1.086 1.001 1.012 1.018 1.077 1.002 1.164 1.045 1 1.214 1.014 1.013 1.656 1.1 17 0.261 1.719 1.OOo 1.001 1.1.279 1.671 1.025 r =9 1.068 1.098 1.OOo 24 30 40 60 I20 00 X.012 1.005 1.001 1.067 1.009 1.205 0.057 1..ow 1 1.002 1.275 1.1708 69.494 I 2 3 4 5 0.010 1.185 1.209 1.%88 1.001 1.1921 81.293 1.007 1.024 I .1 12 ~ 0.008 1.034 1.051 .060 1.093 1.001 1.063 1.0688 84.005 1.297 1.

059 1.061 1.025 1.025 1.081 1.523 1.013 1.003 1.230 1.3794 91.2976 88.042 1.010 1.OOo 1.068 I .052 1.120 24 30 40 60 120 1.029 1.010 1.032 1.08I 1.125 ~ 0.041 1.067 1.117 1.003 1.093 1.167 1.083 1.009 1.135 0.033 1.031 1.018 1.027 1.091 1.175 1.109 1.687 1.023 1.019 1. 1.190 1.063 1.051 1.010 1.395 1.004 1.161 1.221 1.019 1.6476 1.018 1.049 1.125 1.005 87.004 I .154 0.005 1.365 I .031 1.106 1.018 12 14 16 18 20 1.042 I .025 r=lO 1.288 1.010 1.023 1.070 1.087 1.ow 1.113 1.208 1.056 1.076 1.065 I .019 1.1.012 1.169 1.038 1.063 1.Ooo 1.232 0.055 1.7430 92.001 1.098 1.065 I .147 1.039 1.001 1.028 1.OOo 1.006 1.623 1.061 1.Ooo 1.Ooo 1.001 1.012 1.089 1.102 1.015 1.OOo 00 xf.046 1.8083 97.048 1.095 1.109 I .078 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 0.006 1.023 I .131 0.218 1.032 1.072 1.078 1.033 1.115 1.023 1.001 74.605 1.736 1.77 1 1.Ooo 1.013 1.006 1.021 1.722 1.175 1.100 1.056 1.006 1 .001 1.034 1.239 1.348 1.154 1.040 1.059 1.090 1.086 I .354 I .150 1.101 1.007 1.074 0.9517 1.8163 106.043 1.004 1.133 0.001 1.003 1.003 1.027 1.008 1.028 1.001 1.025 1.017 1.050 .050 1.242 1.Ooo 1.067 1.307 1.034 1. 197 1.001 1.3970 79.010 1.655 1.316 1.255 1.035 1.020 1.Ooo 1.008 1.001 1.014 1.012 1.013 1.074 1.018 1.Ooo 1.104 1.138 1.0819 83.097 1.027 1.003 1.037 1.022 1.004 1.182 r=12 0.004 1.197 1.041 1.066 1.014 1.010 1.076 1.024 1.022 1.144 1.017 1.006 1.026 1.053 1.021 1.325 1.007 I .071 1.040 1.554 1.265 I.026 1.049 1.051 1.353I 102.015 1.573 1.122 1.026 1.034 1.335 1.378 I .008 1.001 I .

095 1-092 I-084 1.049 1.081 1.050 0.036 1.117 1.397 1.025 - 0.048 1.112 1.256 1.005 1.214 1.145 118.016 1.125 1.054 1.016 1.806 I .565 113.021 1.062 1.044 1.041 1.147 1.585 1.031 1.029 1.268 1.102 I .171 1.116 128.010 I .281 1.9800 1M.160 1.133 1.069 1.014 1.005 1.001 1.756 1.010 ~~ ~ - 0.127 1.041 1.023 1.142 1.061 1.004 1.ooo I .100 1.046 1.005 x.058 1.027 1.005 1.129 1.083 1.055 1.034 1.OOo 1.023 1.105 1.169 1.151 1.081 1.037 1.083 1.005 1.ooo 1 .2423 117.ooo 1 .005 1.032 1.022 1.034 1.001 1.011 1.030 1.0565 121.059 1.009 1.029 1.ow 1.017 1.3948 1 1 1.OOo 107.440 1.422 1.071 1.022 1.256 1.035 1.097 1.050 ~ m =6 - Table9 (Continurd) .005 1.162 1.157 1.001 1.064 1.001 1.030 1.024 1..212 1.017 1.357 1.299 0.016 1.ooo 1.178 1.087 1 .279 1.044 1.291 1.074 1.183 1.086 1.053 1.ooo 1 .174 1.124 1.142 1.100 ~ 0.188 1.060 1.028 1.042 1.1.037 1.100 0.076 1.035 1.005 1.079 1.203 1.010 1.425 - r=15 0.688 1.010 1.031 1.016 1.1263 Q: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 60 120 0.010 1.005 1.137 1.040 1.001 1.078 1.078 - - I .139 1.383 1.198 1.001 1 .040 1.009 1.002 1.106 1.076 1.025 1.015 1.050 1.021 r=14 0.223 1.032 1.377 1.637 1.050 1.166 1.363 1.047 1.001 1.Ooo 1 .151 1.045 1.038 1.267 1.005 1.051 1.132 1.343 1.032 I .1 12 1.005 1.033 1.061 1.120 1.119 1.293 1.090 1.025 1 .407 1.017 1.1% 1.088 1.020 1.073 1.096 1.038 1.109 1.244 1.103 1.206 1.010 1.OOo 1.056 1.219 1.039 1.109 1.009 1.093 1.Ooo 1.01 1 1.010 1.066 1.303 1.001 1.028 1. 100.1 16 1.136 124.089 1.015 1.230 1.OGt 1.

020 1.067 1.017 1.316 1.061 1.544 1.116 1.085 1.002 I .668 1.841 I .012 1.126 1.018 1.012 I .Ooo 1 .002 1.035 1.168 1.134 142.234 0.101 1.721 1.000 1.838 138.002 1.O% 1.100 a - - 1.058 1.106 I .291 1.050 0.002 1.0001 131.045 1.158 1.005 1.028 1.175 I .135 1.032 12 14 16 18 20 1.100 .218 1.41 I 1.OOo 1.679 126.052 1.012 I .012 1.059 1.Ooo 1.053 1.789 1.168 1.197 I .159 1.305 1.123 1.002 1.025 1.047 1.~ 00 24 30 40 60 120 1.095 I .052 1.177 0.469 1.532 1.134 1.062 1.267 1.615 1 2 3 4 5 1.026 1.Ooo 1.027 1.142 1.026 1.Ooo 1.4330 1.019 1.019 1.153 1.043 1.370 1.120 1.082 1.404 1.155 1.1 13 1.047 1.021 1.328 1.140 1.011 1.006 I .006 I . I45 1.034 1.006 1.127 1.099 1.038 1.074 1.056 1.056 1.034 1.148 1.107 1.241 1.044 1.011 1.005 1.184 I .036 1.087 I .391 1.139 1.037 1.226 1.006 1.025 1.216 1.012 1.1307 119.OM 1.040 I .050 0.Ooo 1.Ooo 120.087 1.040 1.072 1.25 1 1.cQ6 1.002 1.436 1.006 1.006 1.090 0.033 1.303 1.063 1.007 I .190 1.002 1.093 1.116 1.049 1.450 1.025 1.019 1.383 1.041 1.279 1.006 I .109 I .046 I .150 1.002 1.188 0.OOo 1.010 1.280 1.039 I .048 1.038 1..069 1.071 I .028 1.005 1 .101 1.181 r=16 0.037 1.018 1.119 1.041 1.208 1.234 1.574 131.025 I .099 1.193 0.035 1.002 I .048 1.079 10 1.164 1.020 1.202 - 0.019 1.244 1.113 1.024 1.130 1.317 1.027 1.068 1.011 1.ow 1.051 I .224 1.Ooo 114.105 1.033 1.8709 125.109 I .092 1.094 I .075 1.029 1.057 I .042 1.131 1.103 6 7 8 9 x:.065 I .424 1.089 1.055 1.291 1.123 1.013 1.070 I .002 I .013 I .010 r = 17 0.043 1.1412 135.1.

039 - 0.032 1.237 1.083 1.038 1.637 1.014 1.417 1.055 1.014 1.066 1.119 1.020 1.031 1.329 1.098 1.122 1.451 1.029 1.874 1.101 1.133 1.107 1.048 1.105 1.043 1.644 1 2 3 4 5 1.729 139.023 1.079 I .1.136 1.040 1.007 1.031 1.464 1.180 1.133 1.483 1.007 1.145 1.341 1.030 1.077 1.111 1.033 1.002 1.OOo 1.1 19 1.063 1.6506 145.0988 149.002 1.050 1.022 1.098 1.262 1.477 1.095 1.199 1.013 1.021 1.164 1.149 1.Ooo x:m 127.043 1.Ooo 1.065 1.050 0.074 1.255 1.050 1.146 1.047 1.129 1.315 1.060 1.022 1.0% 1-046 1.007 1.186 1.008 1.157 1.063 1.172 1.037 1.037 156.053 1.106 1.065 1.002 1.140 1.007 1.208 - r=19 0.024 1.061 1.059 1.025 .010 a2 1.129 1.013 1.005 1.008 1.085 1.221 1.002 1.OOo 1.2569 138.046 1.1 10 1.100 I .053 1.014 1.166 1.OOo - 1.5994 60 120 40 24 30 20 18 12 14 16 10 1.002 1.090 1.215 1.265 - 0.023 1.107 1.497 1.154 1.246 1.051 1.015 1.117 1.069 1.044 1.441 152.030 1.184 1.002 1.113 1.212 0.104 1.014 1.041 1.095 1.352 1.301 1.113 1.005 rn =€ - 1.273 0.ooo 133.Ooo 1.Ooo 1.041 1.ooo I .430 1.245 1.169 1.303 1.127 1.176 1.116 1.255 1.047 1.072 1.314 I .043 1.055 1.093 1.195 1.oc2 1.156 1.033 1.067 1.126 1.326 1.002 1.123 1.002 1.138 1.039 1.228 1.028 1.OOo 1.015 1.050 0.013 1.058 1.752 1.408 1.045 1.100 a r=18 0.025 Table9 (Contimud) 1.438 1.070 1.290 0.174 1.101 1.100 1.081 I .079 1.921 1.031 1.007 1.237 1.076 1.015 1.698 1.3% 6 7 8 9 1.822 0.2111 133.206 1.161 1.201 1.041 1.021 1.340 1.022 1.010 145.007 1.150 1.142 1.022 1.049 1.006 1.056 1.007 1.080 1.193 1.002 1.

.057 1.123 1.025 1.036 1.126 1.051 1.193 1.6482 1.5674 152.024 1.008 1.008 1.182 1.042 1.033 1.147 1.ooo 1.116 1.247 1.025 1.ow 1.781 r=20 0.165 I .043 1.106 1.025 1.008 1.265 1.044 1.100 60 120 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 10 9 6 7 8 5 4 2 3 1 u .049 1.086 1.853 0.067 1.016 1. 1.2114 158.177 1.109 1.053 1.510 1.016 1.136 140. 143 1.088 I.026 1.x:.035 1.224 1.033 1.050 1.443 1.015 1.210 I .002 1.045 I .152 1.113 1.217 1.008 1.010 1.005 1.002 1.128 1.312 1.015 1.101 1.069 1.008 1.2326 146.002 ~ 0.Ooo 1.171 1.046 1.420 1.490 1.034 1.074 1 1.188 1.337 1.464 1.1 I 1 1.002 1.283 1.672 1.325 1.052 1.060 1.364 I .062 1.140 1.727 1.203 1.058 1.084 .050 1.132 1.161 1.275 1.Ooo 1.230 0.906 1.119 1.Ooo 1.023 1.061 1.002 1.016 I .9502 163.353 1.071 1.073 1.103 1.256 0.081 1.Ooo 00 1.156 1.

643 1.484 1.Ooo 78.532 1.037 1.002 1.010 1.Ooo 1.020 1.016 83.014 12 14 16 18 20 1.069 1..179 1.002 1.039 6 7 8 9 10 1.084 1.145 1.001 1.015 1.018 1.024 1.063 1.108 0.028 1. 1.2307 1.117 0.091 I .003 1.022 1.023 1.049 1.131 1.008 1.180 1.028 1.018 1.055 1.012 1.045 1.218 1.337 1.034 1.049 1.007 1.380 1.023 1.011 1.088 1.125 1.689 1.321 1.030 1.081 1.027 1.648 1.100 a r=7 0.100 1.049 1.121 0.021 1.5134 1.001 1.Ooo 1.016 1.001 1.152 1.022 1.002 1.008 1.103 0.001 1.201 1.008 1.158 1.074 1.198 1.068 1.003 1.021 1.3386 70.020 1.Ooo 69.150 1.010 1.004 1.139 1.016 1.010 1.016 1.044 1.490 1.170 1.Ooo 62.005 1.010 0.0375 24 30 40 60 120 00 xt.035 1.013 1.012 1.065 1.060 1.005 1.053 1.009 1.189 1.001 1.051 1.5672 1.273 1.007 1.Ooo 1.022 1.005 .OOo 1.101 1.074 1.018 1.019 1.002 1.072 1.210 1.M2 1.053 1.032 1.008 1.071 1.329 1.112 0.538 1.001 1.045 1.007 1.027 1.035 1.002 1.014 1.265 1.015 1.Ooo 1.025 r=8 86.132 1.012 1.002 1.145 1.001 1.312 1.005 1.256 1.001 1.041 1.019 1.001 1.005 1.029 1.189 1.057 1.137 1.046 1.062 1.051 1.210 1.111 1.011 1.038 I .060 1.009 1.017 1.025 1.001 1.033 1.004 1.083 1.050 0.586 1.050 78.067 I .9195 1.015 66.077 1.058 1.044 1.2224 74.017 1.002 1.005 1.105 1.694 1.047 1.026 1.024 1.008 1.080 I .019 1.012 I .005 m =7 - Table9 (Conthud) 74.4683 1.011 1.053 1.034 1.048 1.086 1.066 1.028 1..097 1.043 1.282 1.055 1.290 1.017 1.094 1.090 1.017 1.004 1.096 I 2 3 4 5 0.9185 1.042 1.031 1.020 1.005 1.9938 1.026 1.058 1.002 1.OOo 1.077 1.299 1.025 1.OOo 1.114 0.005 1.1.

6493 I .117 I .320 1.020 1.040 1.275 1.666 1.014 1.557 1.013 1.062 1.006 1.006 1.083 1.022 1.030 1.010 1.5312 95.309 1.Ooo 1.656 1.068 1.019 1.034 1.063 0.ool 1 .096 1.006 1.028 1.060 1.5271 90.0231 100.016 1.010 1.034 1.010 I .021 1.162 1.011 1.022 1.0100 95.023 1.Ooo I .017 1.003 1.003 1.050 1.009 1.7454 1.077 1.021 1.208 1.015 1.077 I .006 1.050 . I03 I .070 I .348 1.093 1.073 1.o% 1.026 1.020 .228 0.003 1.086 1.006 1.036 1.065 1.Ooo 1.032 1.1 19 0.342 I .062 I .003 1.169 1.025 1.013 1.007 I .085 I .006 1.103 1.010 1.229 1.303 1.036 1.331 1.Ooo 1.006 1.080 1.091 1.207 1.007 1.001 1.188 1.547 1.025 1.019 .w 1.060 1.003 1.065 1.075 1.053 I .047 1.5287 86.197 1.014 1.129 1.001 1 .003 1.070 0.Ooo 1 .024 1.001 0.074 1.026 1.050 I .080 I .053 .x:.020 1.Ooo 77.014 1.054 1.005 1.713 1.148 1.024 .132 1.125 1.010 1.003 1.025 r =9 1.161 1.083 1.499 1.155 1.031 I .054 1.82% 92.110 0.025 r=lO 1.023 .238 1.042 1.107 1.010 1.010 1.013 1.051 1 so9 0.001 1.Ooo 1.058 1.018 1.001 1.041 .019 1.029 .001 1.147 0.122 1.019 1.029 I .001 1.Ooo 1 1.099 1.604 0.001 1.024 1.136 1.032 1.023 1.001 .021 1.038 1. 20 24 30 40 60 120 oc 16 18 12 14 10 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 01 1.175 1.014 1.285 1.140 1.005 1.045 1.003 1.# 1.052 1.056 1.359 1.217 1.594 1.015 1.048 1.042 1.100 .292 1.089 1.127 1.100 1.219 1.056 0.703 1.005 85.058 1.1 15 I ..027 .100 I .028 1.166 1.153 1.2150 I .066 1.Ooo 82.044 1.029 1.003 1.039 1.067 1.089 1.009 1.110 1.033 .009 1.018 1.003 1 .4250 104.072 1.058 1 .011 .036 .198 1.

062 1.259 1.027 1.118 1.003 1.001 1.025 m=7 - 1.078 1.704 1 .048 1.005 0.004 1.037 I .248 - 1.366 1.135 0.095 1.003 I20 1.019 1.OOo 1.098 1.089 .o 8 1.013 1.0565 121.228 1.102 .007 1.007 1.036 .043 1.028 1.067 1.019 1.579 1.017 1.012 I .004 1.Ooo 1.022 1.021 1.064 1.9800 106.008 1.100 1.Ooo 1.106 .184 - - 1.188 1.031 1.011 1.029 1.130 103.122 .086 1.075 1.067 I .027 1.060 1.024 1.028 1.063 1.143 0.227 1.049 I .627 I .217 0.070 1.032 1.043 1.087 .052 .001 1.016 30 1.050 1.035 1.076 .045 .OM 1.046 I .180 1.164 1.004 .012 1. 98.039 1.042 .024 1.070 1.171 1.737 1.001 1.371 I .001 1.035 1.038 1.057 .032 1.179 0.001 1.Ooo 100.059 1.053 1.004 1.009 I .326 1.025 1.690 1.153 0.1.383 1.016 1.017 1.531 1.125 1.098 1.032 I .004 1.029 1.062 1.017 1.025 r=12 1.092 1.Ooo 1.030 1.001 1.771 112.073 1.013 1.Ooo I .012 1.104 1.061 1.011 40 1.005 1 .050 a 0.025 1.047 1.344 1.308 1.010 r=ll 0.066 .013 1.041 1.027 1.008 1.089 1.207 4 1.030 1.239 1.270 12 14 16 18 20 24 1.012 1.017 1.OOo 1 .018 1.100 Table9 (Continued) .157 5 1.012 IN .024 1.023 1.081 1.1 10 1.w) 1.3948 11 1.114 1.095 1.ow 1.484 1.033 I .133 1.297 3 1.007 1.2423 117.008 1..072 1.049 1.140 1.194 1.073 I .007 60 1.083 1.035 I .055 1..08I I .001 1.125 1.1263 1.145 108.023 1.149 0.001 1.238 1.004 1.117 1.102 1.008 1.354 1.Ooo 1.Ooo 6 7 8 9 10 m xz.068 1.004 1.077 1.315 1.332 I .158 1.Ooo 1.166 1.026 1.038 1.113 1.018 1.079 1.173 1.004 1.001 1.092 1.218 1 2 1.023 1.025 1.109 1.OM 1.138 0.100 1.039 1.065 .001 1.021 93.

098 1.050 1.108 1.043 1.068 1.009 1.715 1.356 I .170 0.108 1.182 1.2821 133.008 1.001 1.ooo 1.213 1.015 1.020 1.082 1.050 24 30 40 60 120 14 1.045 1.010 1.029 I .Ooo 1.320 3 1.004 1.009 1.046 1.026 - 1.014 I .072 1.005 1.175 5 1.652 1.001 1.038 1.111 1.165 0.046 1.1 1 I 1.028 1.035 18 1.015 1.146 1.005 1.032 I .203 1.064 6 7 8 9 I 2 1.004 1.088 I .016 1.248 1.080 1.151 1.132 1.661 114.076 1.078 I .073 1.047 1.036 1.001 1.023 1.391 1.009 1.1077 127.032 1.033 1.005 1.556 1.069 1.050 1.027 1.019 1.282 125.Ooo 1.015 1.132 1.021 1.022 1.033 1.137 1.004 1.009 1.Ooo 1.184 1.261 1.oOl 1. 108.022 1.021 1..198 1.030 1.009 1.083 1.025 1.060 1.228 4 1.036 1.101 1.272 1.001 1.128 1.238 1.124 1.013 1.015 1.084 1.105 1.120 1.055 1.1 15 1.021 1.192 1.116 1.Ooo 1.m1.259 1.042 16 1.041 I .086 I .095 1.3153 122.491 I .032 1.281 1.051 10 1.001 1.034 1.157 0.4757 137.005 xf.763 1.238 1.038 1.o% 1.001 1.054 1.161 - 0.149 1.350 I .026 1.Ooo 1.010 1.076 1.087 1.100 .154 0.041 1.028 1.33I 0.249 1.378 1.020 1.010 1.189 1.093 1-08I I .093 1.077 1.123 1.141 a 0.010 r=13 0.140 1.025 0.270 1.009 1.045 1.058 1.004 1.027 1.014 1.8032 1.010 1.037 1.001 1.Ooo 1.005 1.001 I .102 1.056 I .07 1 1 .oOl I .159 r=14 0.Ooo 1.197 1.053 1.207 1.005 1 .OI W 1.03 1 1.025 12 1..268 119.030 1.066 1.057 1.090 1.099 I .395 1.039 1.090 1.078 1.035 1.005 1.289 129.105 I .100 1.044 1.368 1.029 20 1.039 1.07 I I .073 1.057 1.049 1.021 I .OOo #) 1 .014 1.005 116.016 1.129 1.338 1.030 1.Ooo 1. a 8 1.118 1.061 1.

. .. . .-.e m - 2 .Ice liii i 634 . . . . . .e m - c . .. 4 . . .

481 1.365 1.427 1.020 1.179 1.226 1.103 1.050 139.014 1.O% 1.278 1.019 1.02 1 1.014 1.6341 I .095 1.05 1 1.007 I .Ooo 1.142 1.060 1.01 3 1.035 .192 r=18 0.OOo 1.385 1.103 1.111 1.002 1.049 1.062 1.154 1.3% I .027 1.055 1.139 1.100 1.445 1.050 1.304 1.1.040 1.061 I .219 .242 1.280 .051 1.054 1.100 1.173 0.069 1.131 1.Ooo 1.019 1.268 1.768 I .117 1.038 1.301 I .152 1.002 1.114 1.097 .315 1.040 1.072 I .012 1.010 r=17 0.314 1.134 1.415 1.093 I .041 1.100 1.800 I .028 1.077 I .052 1.043 1.161 1.149 145.OOo 1.138 1.050 1.029 1.022 1.044 1.022 1.006 1.181 0.021 1.075 1.039 I .042 1.025 0.098 1.067 1.I50 1.Ooo 1.064 1.020 1.114 1.Ooo 162.028 1.252 1.013 1.204 0.091 I .007 1.007 I .028 1.007 1.211 1.091 1.057 1.1% - 1.034 10 1.131 1.8410 170.005 146.026 1.120 1.037 1.002 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 Xrm 2 a0 120 40 60 8 9 1.245 1.086 .108 1.228 1.703 1.108 1.088 - 157.006 1.1 17 1.105 1.02 I 1.002 1.047 1.187 0.654 1.03 1 1.002 1.07 I 1.065 1.163 1.012 1.046 1.002 I .038 1.136 1.050 1.120 1.014 1.171 1.084 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 (I .1979 158.020 1.044 I .074 1.145 1.220 1.324 1.006 I .I11 .159 1.184 1.235 1.007 I .002 1.013 1.Ooo I .461 151.7241 153.025 I .037 1.OOo 1.Ooo I .126 1.010 1.167 1.002 1.Ooo 1.056 1.074 1.157 1.377 I .036 1.084 1.100 1.093 I .005 0.045 I .030 I .007 1.124 1.007 1.013 1.I28 .07Y 1.089 I .124 1.043 1.146 1.236 1.9264 165.048 1.058 1.073 1.199 I .403 I .040 1.002 1.059 1.29 1 1.029 1.03 1 1.816 1.191 0.290 1.105 1.457 1.605 1.047 1.061 I .013 1.439 0.002 1.

335 1.755 00 1.046 1.034 1.008 1.261 1.451 1.238 - 0.Ooo 1.@I7 1 1.w 1.221 0.033 1.024 1.104 1.164 I2 1.015 1.058 1.427 1.201 - I 2 1.056 1.122 1.209 r=20 0.057 1.007 120 1.016 1.099 1.002 24 1.679 1.208 1.002 1.043 1.125 1.024 1.101 1.m 1 .132 1.041 .288 4 1.114 1.015 1.263 1.058 1.325 1.195 1.137 1.6478 181.111 1.052 1.002 1.213 1.088 1.335 1.015 1.OOo 1.166 1.728 1.002 1.793 1.Ooo 1.069 1.094 6 7 8 9 1.010 r=19 0.063 16 1.246 1.059 1.008 1.144 1.8270 168.8403 186.141 1.023 1.469 1.149 1.015 1.270 1.039 1.@?9 1.002 1.050 1.005 1.245 1.148 1.066 1.109 161.139 1.008 1.854 178.300 I .182 1.w 1.016 1.145 1.045 20 1.156 1.462 1.136 1.053 18 1.123 1.116 1.080 1.086 1.014 60 1.229 5 1.065 1.033 1.008 1.084 1.078 1.002 1.033 1.216 0.108 1.002 I .480 1.103 1.152 1.346 1.843 1.042 I .007 1.132 1.101 1.OOo 1.100 Q .025 1.051 1.005 0.076 14 1.311 1.030 30 1.068 1.045 1.062 1.176 1.060 1.117 1.015 1.816 173.408 1.186 1.915 166.130 1.023 1.054 I .025 1.032 1.083 1.Ooo 1.043 1.042 1.008 1.1% 1.048 1.031 1.254 1.010 1.026 1.310 1.024 1.082 1.172 1.178 1.438 1.033 1.067 1.159 1.159 1.025 0.6130 174.129 1.399 1.100 1.072 1.096 1.022 1.056 1.044 1.082 1.254 1.203 0.629 1.107 1.OOo 1.025 1.007 1.050 1.073 1.050 1.298 1.014 I .002 1.111 1.105 10 1.Ooo 1.114 1.049 1.070 1.050 0.8468 1.035 1.388 3 1.151 1.016 1.002 1.169 1.174 1.008 1.048 1.189 1.Ooo x:m 154.283 160.119 1.002 1.008 1.1.068 I .120 1.022 40 1.419 1.035 1.321 1.237 0.053 1.126 1.080 1.

Ooo 93.Ooo 1.026 1.027 1.006 1.014 1.013 1.003 1.-a w h 1.012 1.050 m=8 - .088 1.02 1 1.018 1 1.003 1.113 1.048 I .009 1.646 1.0041 1.305 I .066 1.060 1.Ooo 83.001 1.009 1.028 1.126 0.005 1.ooo 1.270 1.053 1.046 1.003 1.342 1.010 88.185 1.85% 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 xR cr) 120 40 60 1.102 1.03 1 1 .059 1.009 1.014 1.052 1.2169 .071 I .001 1.6753 1.005 1.041 1.w5 1.005 1.018 96.150 1.031 1.491 1.003 1.001 1 1.030 1.585 1.055 1.215 1.009 1.082 I .144 1.326 1.538 1.020 1.051 1.025 1.108 1 2 3 4 r =8 0.692 1.ox 1.224 1.018 1.039 1.010 1.069 1.023 1.138 1.099 I .040 1.022 1.017 1.Ooo 78.100 a 0.073 1.036 1.049 .023 1.084 1.013 1.001 1.091 1.163 1.003 1.195 1.158 I.022 1.076 1.006 1.038 1.117 6 7 8 9 10 5 1.064 1.017 1.878 1 1.078 I . 123 0.032 1.05 1 I .025 0.204 1.288 1.001 1.061 1.006 1.

277 1.050 0.Ooo 1.648 1.047 1.089 1.003 1.061 1.319 1.oOl 1.001 24 30 40 20 1.021 1.192 1.547 1.114 0.007 I .060 1.049 6 7 8 9 10 0.024 1.239 1.5782 101.295 1.028 1.3288 116.I .003 1.010 1.100 0.Ooo 1.065 1.Ooo 1.043 1.123 1.026 1.033 1.Ooo 1.003 1.001 1.m w m 1.001 1.230 1.098 1.042 1.011 1.044 1.341 1.043 1.7430 1.001 1.078 1.022 1.OOo x:.Ooo 1.303 1.01 I 1.020 1.019 1.069 1.036 1.055 I .006 1.088 I.023 1. 102 1.014 1.219 1..086 1.01 1 1.027 1.m 1.113 1.023 1.202 1.075 1.139 1.077 1.022 1.02 1 1.039 1.005 1.037 1.05 1 1.029 1.083 1.015 1.026 1.003 1.010 1.007 1.007 %.125 I SO1 1.333 1.100 1.144 1.094 1.055 1.070 1.164 1.100 .286 1.120 0. 107 1.130 1.006 1.003 1.593 1.059 1.020 97.006 1.063 1.073 1.046 1.026 1.018 12 14 16 18 92.024 1.177 1.050 1 2 3 4 5 0.059 1.106 1.068 1.132 1.001 1.001 1.222 1.031 1.035 I . m 120 60 87.019 1.092 1.015 1.209 1.003 1.070 1.007 1.034 1.082 1.ON 1.001 1.158 1.017 1.053 I .003 1.020 1.311 1211 1.032 I .01 1 1.6286 112.014 1.Ooo 1.007 1.165 1.010 1.086 1.029 1.357 I .698 1.015 1.135 1.Ooo 1.030 1.1 19 0.012 1.231 1.200 1.073 1.022 1.061 1.495 1.003 1.321 1 1.080 1.541 1.005 1.694 1.O% 1.104 1.041 1.106 1.024 1.080 1.067 1.057 I .653 1.010 r =9 0.016 1.057 1.003 1.015 1.1 10 1.OOo 1.025 0.106 1.028 1.8163 106.001 1.8083 1.053 1.349 1.035 1.063 1.151 1.157 1.010 1.075 1.026 1.3531 102.021 1.006 1.093 1.025 r=lO 0.004 .097 1.03 1 1.01 1 1.025 1.172 1.587 1.040 1.006 1.170 1.030 1.010 1.001 1.151 1.038 1.044 1.129 1.6476 1.066 1.8795 106.064 I .

004 1.030 1.100 I .216 1.294 1.036 .012 1.028 .009 1.041 1.059 1.008 1.033 1.034 1.010 1.097 .024 1.022 1.025 1.103 I .127 I .072 1.4330 1.149 1.078 1.051 1 .075 1.020 .004 1.083 1.165 1.321 1.038 1.029 1.143 1.312 1.134 1.Ooo 1.065 I .159 1.100 0.093 1.1307 119.036 1..072 0.001 1.013 1.032 1.057 1.080 I .132 1.001 1.026 1.085 1.218 1.022 I .105 0.008 1.122 1.008 1.0001 131.Ooo 1 .126 1.042 1.014 .064 1.001 1.767 125.004 1.040 1.050 1.375 1.913 0.044 1.069 I .005 1.026 I .OOo 1 .172 1.025 1.372 110.004 1.328 1.068 1.046 I .048 1.050 .153 1.004 1.028 I .001 1.359 1.562 1.070 1.063 1.208 1.094 1.037 1.001 1.1412 135.023 1.256 1.020 1.001 1.Ooo 1.111 1.146 1.Ooo 114.080 1.035 I .114 .041 1.013 1.026 1.I73 . 108 1.226 .012 1. 142 1.049 1.018 1.076 1.050 I .Ooo 105.004 I .005 1.8709 125.516 - 1.007 1.030 1.001 1.366 1.667 I .065 1.001 1.050 1.091 1.063 1.088 1.012 1.018 1.112 1.018 1.010 0.083 .045 I .004 1.180 1.024 1.OOo 1.304 0.053 1.008 1.ow 1.004 1.185 1.227 1.1 I6 1.014 1.013 I .008 .841 121.031 1.031 .067 1.049 .166 1.I39 .025 r=ll 0.073 1.024 .187 1.026 .017 1..007 I .350 1.013 1.1 x.028 I .001 1.193 1.236 1.061 1.024 1.029 1.248 1.017 1.004 1.017 1.338 1.090 1. 00 60 120 40 18 20 24 30 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 - - - - 1.019 1.OOo 1.008 1.239 1.067 1.004 1.074 1.1 I8 r=12 0.Ooo 1.088 1.608 I .039 I .078 1.039 .Ooo 1.119 1.034 1.061 .013 1.019 1..179 1.898 I15.136 1.009 0.097 1.104 I .713 1.247 1.027 1.OH .043 I .001 I .085 I .033 .

131 1.015 1.148 0.005 1.036 1.036 I .254 1.146 34.093 1.323 1.009 1.245 1.127 1.033 1.111 1.121 1.027 1.010 1.059 1.731 1.043 1.042 1.257 1.108 1.045 0.016 1.395 1.076 1.017 1.028 1.331 1.023 1.891 1.028 1.009 10 1.347 1.Ooo 28.005 1.051 1.070 1.W 1.204 0.1% 1.025 r = 14 1 .032 1.081 1.037 1.010 1.093 1.189 1.102 1.079 1.369 1.069 1.02 1 1.023 1.015 1.168 0.626 1.164 1.111 1.105 1.038 1.082 1.341 0.052 1.067 1.153 1.004 120 1.201 1.7015 143.047 1.109 1.158 0.038 1.009 1.090 1. 1.105 1.581 1.266 1.050 1.048 1.141 a 0.041 1.ooo 1.031 1.357 1.058 1.035 1.088 1.151 1.004 1.005 31.020 30 1.034 1.001 1.Ooo 1.033 1.029 1.OOo x.074 1.Ooo I .020 1.015 I .OOo 1.005 1.054 I .014 40 1.056 t .225 4 1.061 1.Ooo 1.010 1.Ooo 140.032 1.235 1.005 1.129 1.010 r=13 0.057 1.028 1.022 1.7269 154.161 - 0.OOo 1.132 1.079 1.100 Table 9 ( C o n f k e d ) .029 1.117 6 7 8 9 l 2 1.055 1.099 1.001 24 1.535 1.1% 1.010 1.085 1.044 1.oOl ~ 44.101 1.156 1.2944 1 1.686 1.015 1.062 1.459 .313 3 1.244 1.026 12 14 16 18 20 1.001 1.035 1.174 5 1.005 1.091 1.025 0.086 1.1801 149.1 18 1.001 1.030 1.001 1.099 1.02 1 1.005 1.111 1.084 1.022 1.001 1.100 .136 1.022 1.005 1.02 I 1.096 1.039 1.03 1 1.1.066 1.210 1.07 I 1.016 1..OOo 1.181 1.125 1.078 1.005 1.050 60 1.072 1.0% 1.385 1.234 1.001 1.001 1.027 I .088 1.046 1.010 1 .009 1.804 1.005 1.077 1.379 1.050 1.858 00 1.047 1.014 I .188 1.033 1.1 15 1.057 1.275 1.139 1.266 1.046 - - - 1.039 1.073 1.083 1.010 1. 122.001 1.5576 137.010 1.030 1.182 1.016 1.123 1.074 1.

002 I .025 1.153 .Ooo I .Ooo I .093 1.141 1.087 1.179 I .111 1.117 1.018 1.016 1.091 I .03 1 1.2087 168.006 1.176 - 0.221 .120 1.002 .012 I .Ooo 1.054 1.706 1.263 1.033 1.035 1.OOo 1.171 1.039 I .006 I .950 163.012 1.218 1.002 1.026 1.074 1.035 1.104 I .038 1.406 1.168 0.044 I .105 1.050 1.204 1.006 I .099 .648 1.025 I .Ooo 1.Ooo 1.416 I .042 1.138 1.285 1.124 1.053 1.005 120 1.162 1.9575 1.038 1. O N 1.092 1.012 1.243 r=15 0.149 1.400 0.018 1.033 1.041 1.036 1.123 1.019 1.113 .027 1.361 1.002 1.019 1.054 1.052 1.117 1.024 1.75 1 0.601 1.002 1.155 1.010 1.085 1.056 1.1 10 1.040 1.079 1.066 I .012 I .047 1.084 1.212 1.212 1.198 1.005 1. I83 I .1332 172.050 1.097 1.069 I .002 1.057 I .8853 155.555 0.045 1.378 I .070 1.165 1.Ooo 1 .567 152.050 1.101 1.067 1.351 I .01 1 1.044 1.083 1.100 .368 1.136 1.233 146.082 1.006 I .060 1.P m - 1 .010 60 1.Ooo 00 I .646 r=16 0.333 1.019 1.206 1.134 1.037 1.043 1.027 1.024 1.01I I .389 - 0.025 1.065 1.078 1.006 I .221 1.011 1.023 1.284 1.045 1.114 1.127 1.038 1.173 I .046 1.018 1.130 1.100 1 .160 I .005 1.253 1.002 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 40 6 7 8 9 10 2 3 4 5 I u 0.026 1.032 1.252 1.107 I .006 I .002 1.Ooo I .017 1.294 .018 1.048 1.005 148.08 1 1.01I 1.107 1.055 1.061 1.063 I .272 1.343 1.041 1.002 1.101 I .002 1.034 I .052 1.032 1.089 1.089 1.143 1.010 1.049 1.4047 161.035 1.275 1.025 1.038 1.0% 1.08 1 1.146 1. 140.064 1.065 1.2ll 158.025 0.130 .030 1.017 1.006 1.198 1.011 1.190 - 1.087 1.076 1.263 1.005 xf.032 1.145 1.094 1.Ooo 1.121 1.

104 1.3930 191.064 1.158 1.014 I .381 1.057 1.002 1.4585 1.Ooo 1.013 1.112 1.007 1.058 1.O22 1.021 1.019 1.021 1.199 1.100 Table9 (Conllrared) .229 1.214 1.071 1.191 - - 0.002 1.OOo 1.073 1.104 1.123 1.437 1.006 1.041 I .010 1.010 1.031 1.007 1.040 1.238 1.170 1 0.007 1.029 1.059 1.062 I . 1.029 1.075 1.110 1.002 1.002 I .014 1.621 1.097 1.029 1.038 1.099 I .013 1.002 1.020 1.040 1.035 1.109 1.Ooo 1.667 1.022 1.0041 179.061 1.272 1.183 0.046 1.060 1.014 I .014 1.518 164.Ooo 1.115 1.049 1.025 r=18 1.118 1.007 1.107 I .136 1.002 1.143 1.Ooo 1.207 1.180 1.143 1.050 1.163 1.012 1.353 1.270 1.187 1.147 1.126 24 30 40 60 12 14 16 18 20 10 1.410 - 0.084 6 7 8 9 1.007 1.156 1.281 1.134 1.051 1.044 1.Ooo 1.093 1.038 1.304 1.006 1..037 1.021 1.050 1.055 1.398 1.727 0.042 1.773 0.027 1.116 1.194 1.054 1.036 1.136 1.388 1.157 1.291 1.013 1.031 1.1 13 1.154 1.002 1.244 1.092 1.294 1.007 1.061 1.050 0.150 1.107 1.050 1 .303 1.177 0.067 1.045 1.222 1.216 170.040 1.074 1.575 1.039 1.420 1.229 0.OX8 1.037 1.029 1.073 1.215 1.090 1.078 1.130 1.086 1.Ooo 1.133 1.048 1.007 1.140 1.020 1.025 1.099 1.175 177.047 1.Ooo 1.124 1.071 1.002 1.036 1.030 1.OOo 1.056 1.313 1.005 166.235 1.013 I .129 1.077 1.371 1.188 1.Ooo 120 a2 x.065 1.021 1.007 1.226 1 .047 1.088 1.022 1.044 1.102 1.280 182.261 1.088 1.069 1.118 1.097 1.013 1.151 1.175 - 1.002 1.100 2 3 4 5 (I r=17 1.043 1.002 1.094 1.363 1.221 - 0.027 1.1I37 186.1.102 1.091 1.052 1.095 1.051 1.122 1.282 1.043 1.160 1.005 m=8 - 157.1318 173.

124 0.045 1.2989 I .005 1.03I 1.025 1.052 1.097 1.Ooo 1.353 1.030 1.059 0.108 I .010 I .236 1.0095 107.015 1.Ooo 1.137 0.175 1.5242 1.023 1.1359 124.026 I .070 1.007 1.012 1.133 1.037 1.089 1.Ooo 1.155 1.016 I .061 1.Ooo 1.101 I .059 1.092 1.129 0.m 1.1 11 1.w 1.001 1.064 1.e QI 1 x:.026 I .068 I .7834 113.645 I .023 1.040 1.321 I .025 1.017 1.007 1.008 I .044 1.497 I . I09 1.123 1.242 1.031 1.008 1.004 1.357 1.015 1.072 1.072 I .023 1.045 1.083 1.233 1.033 1.020 1.044 1.001 1.064 1.156 1.222 1.133 1.227 1.049 I .006 1.007 1.017 1.016 1.001 1.203 1.67% 103.020 1.012 I .Ooo 107.004 1.690 I .540 1.w 1.001 1 .079 1.586 1.026 1.197 1.690 1.005 m=9 - 97.081 1.010 1.017 1.036 1.168 1.062 1.054 1.207 1.213 1.025 r=lO 1.Ooo 1.077 1.01 1 1.169 1.102 1.175 1.038 1.003 1.022 1.542 1.095 1.028 1.037 1.068 1.097 1.162 1.305 1.216 1.011 1.030 1.143 0.074 I .342 1.029 1.001 1 1.013 1.007 1.282 1.Ooo 1.047 1.016 1.076 1.041 1.Ooo 1.024 1.1 163 128.027 1.645 1.01 1 1.032 1.056 1.066 I .012 1.069 0.007 1.046 1.149 1. m 120 24 30 40 60 12 14 16 18 20 10 9 8 6 7 5 2 3 4 I .024 1.078 I .043 I .073 I .033 1.585 1.034 1.087 1.056 1.007 1.039 I .104 1.018 1.001 1.001 1.003 1.058 I .299 1.050 r=9 0.315 1.035 1.1453 118.066 I .003 I .024 1.02I 1.060 1.093 1.119 1.5124 117.1 I3 I .001 1.011 1.081 1.003 1.086 1.OOO I .139 0.050 .021 1.036 1.495 1.063 1.022 1.116 1.337 1.001 1.012 I .022 1.003 1.010 1.5650 113.106 1.162 1.003 1.ow 1.048 1.288 I .001 1.025 1.OM I .007 1.100 .058 1.027 I .128 0.018 1.181 1.028 1.030 1.

1.018
1.012
1.008

24
30

1.OOo

03

1.008
1.004
1.001

1.018
1.013

1.024

I .048
1.039
1.033
1.028
1.018
1.013
1.008
1.004
1.001

1.034
1.028
1.024

1.040

I .050

1.083
1.072
1.063

1.1 14
I .096

1.001

1.004

1.019
1.013
1.008

1.05I
1.042
1.035
1.029
1.025

1.119
1.100
1.085
1.074
I .065

1.144

1.182

1.014
1.008
1.004
1.001

1.019

1.052
1.043
1.035
1.030
1.025

1.076
1.066

1.087

1.122
1.102

I .364
1.248
1.187
1.148

-

0.005

m =9

1.ooo
1 .OoO
1.Ooo
1.Ooo
x ; , 1 17.407 123.225 128.422 134.642 138.987

1.004
1.001

60
120

40

20

16
18

1.047
1.038
1.032
1.027
1.023

12
14

10

1.094
1.080
1.070
1.061

1.078
1.068
1.059

1.091

1.111

1.107

6
7
8
9

I .348

1.327
1.229
1.174
1.139

1.311
1.219
1.168
1.134
1240

-

-

-

1.294
1.210
1.161
1.130

1
2
3
4
5

0.010

0.025

0.050

r=ll

1.Ooo

1.009
1.004
1.001

1.019
1.014

1.052
1.042
1.035
1.030
1.026

1.065

.I16
1.099
I .085
1.074

.550
.319
.227
.175
.I41

0.050

1.OOo

1.001

I .053
1.@I3
1.036
1.030
1.026
1.020
1.014
1.009
1.004

1.087
1.076
1.067

1.101

1.120

1.594
I .335
1.236
1.181
1.145

r=12
0.025

1.078

1.Ooo

1.001

1.005

1.020
1.014
1.009

1.027

1.03 1

1.037

1.044

1.055

1.069

1.124
1.105
I .ow

1.452
1.355
1.247
1.188
1.151

0.010

1.Ooo

1.OM
1.001

1.02 1
1.015
1.009

1.038
1.032
1.027

1.045

I .056

1.127
1.107
1.092
1.080
1.070

1.155

1.194

1.6%
1.37 1
1.256

~

0.005

127.211 I 133.2569 138.6506 145.0988 149.5994

I .Ooo

1.008
I .004
1.001

1.019
1.013

1.029
1.025

1.034

1.041

1.050

1.113
1.095
I .082
1.072
1.063

I so6
1.302
1.217
1.168
1.136

0.100

Tabte9 (Continued)

0.100

1.118

xs,,

I .Ooo

1.Ooo

160.146

1.016
1.010
I .005
1.001

I .022

1.034
I .029

I .040

1.059
1.048

1.074

I .084

1.133
1.113
1.097

.022
1.016
1 .OlO
I .005
I .001

.034
.029

.QQo

,058
.047

1.130
1.1 10
I .095
I .083
1.073

136.982 143.246 148.829 155.4%

1 .Ooo

1 .Ooo

w

1.Ooo

1.056
1.046
I .039
1.033
1.028
1.02 1
1.015
1.010
I .005
1.001

.028

.038
.032

,045

.055

1.126
1.107
I .092
I .080
1.07 1

.021
1.015
1.009
1.005
1.001

,037
.03 I
.027

.w

,054

1.122
1.104
I .089
1.078
1.069

1.234
1.181
I . I47

1.379
1.263
1.201
1.161

-

1.343
1.243
1.188
1.151

I .326
1.363
1.255
1.195
1.157

0.005

0.010

0.025

r=13

0.050

,020
1.015
1.009
60 1.005
120 1.001

24
30
40

12
14
16
18
20

8 1.087
9 1.076
10 1.067

7 1.101

6

1
2 1.310
3 1.224
4 1.175
5 1.142

(1

I .Ooo

1.023
1.016
1.010
1.005
1.001

1.034
I .030

I .w

1.059
1.048

1.128
1.109
1.094
1.083
1.073

1.563
I .335
I .242
1.189
1.151

0.050

1.Ooo

1.002

I .005

1.016
1.010

I .023

1.060
1.049
1.041
1.035
1.030

1.085
1.075

1.097

1.132
1.112

I .607
I .35 1
1.25 I
1.195
1.158

r=14
0.025

1.Ooo

1.024
1.017
1.01I
1.005
1.002

1.062
1.051
I .042
1.036
1.03 1

1.136
1.116
1.100
1.087
1.077

1.371
1.263
1.203
1.164

I .664

0.010

I .OOo

1.024
1.017
1.011
1.005
1.002

1.063
1.051
I .043
1.037
I .032

1.139
1.118
1.102
I .089
1.079

I .708
1.387
1.271
1.208
1.168

0.005

146.7241 153.1979 158.%24 165.8410 170.6341

I .Ooo

1.022
1.016
1.010
1.005
1.001

1.057
1.047
1.039
1.033
1.029

1.124
1.106
1.092
1.080
1.071

I.520
1.318
1.232
1.182
1.148

0.10

1.024
1.017
1.011
1.006
1.002

1.OOo

1.024
1.017
1.011
60 1.005
120 1.002

1.OOo

24
30
40

xs,

156.440

1.062
1.051
1.043
1.037
1.032

12 1.061
14 1.050
16 1.042
18 1.036
20 1.031

00

1.134
1.115
1.099
1.087
1.077

1.130
1.111
1.097
1.085
1.075

163.1 16 169.056

1.OOo

1.025
1.018
1.011
1.006
1.002

1.064
1.052
1.044
1.037
1.032

1.138
1.118
1.102
1.089
1.079

176.138

1.OOo

1.025
1.018
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.065
1.054
1.045
1.038
1.033

1.142
1.121
1.105
1.092
1.081

1.279
1.216
1.174

1.271
1.210
1.170

6
7
8
9
10

-

181.070

1.OOo

1.026
1.018
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.066
1.055
1.046
1.039
1.034

1.145
1.124
1.107
1.094
1.083

-

-

1.359
1.259
1.202
1.165

1.343
1.250
1.1%
1.160

1.326
1.240
1.189
1.155

1
2
3
4
5

0.005

0.010

0.025

r=15

0.050

0.100

a

m=9
-

1.OOo

1.026
1.019
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.066
1.054
1.046
1.039
1.034

1.140
1.120
1.104
1.092
1.082

1.579
1.352
1.258
1.203
1.166

0.050

1.Ooo

1.027
1.019
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.067
1.056
1.047
1.040
1.035

1.144
1.123
1.107
1.094
1.083

1.622
1.368
1.267
1.210
1.171

r=16
0.025

1.028
1.020
1.013
1.006
1.002

1.OOo

1.OOo

1.070
1.058
1.049
1.042
1.036

1.152
1.130
1.1 12
I .099
1.087

1.722
1.404
1.288
I .223
1.181

0.005

1.027
1.020
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.069
1.057
1.048
1.041
1.035

1.148
1.127
1.1 10
1.097
1.086

1.679
1.389
1.279
1.218
1.177

0.010

166.1318 173.0041 179.1137 186.3930 191.4585

1.ooo

1.026
1.018
1.012
1.006
1.002

1.064
1.053
1.045
1.038
1.033

1.136
1.117
1.102
1.089
1.079

1.536
1.335
1.248
1.1%
1.161

0.100

Table 9 (Cmrhued)

100 .010 1.070 1.013 1.083 1.166 24 30 40 60 120 1.008 1.067 1.069 1.05 1 1 .069 1.031 1.082 1.111 1.019 I .054 1.148 1.077 1.172 1.042 1.024 1.641 0.018 1.047 1.010 1.ow 1.013 I .062 1.005 1.029 1.019 I .014 1.048 I .308 1.238 1.125 1.004 1.Ooo 1.133 0.034 1.349 1.001 1.005 1.4% 1.026 1.033 1.1.077 1.147 1.074 1.052 I .025 r=lO 18.013 I .027 1.093 1.004 1.103 1.095 I .029 1.001 1.586 I .025 1.073 1.584 0.324 1.020 1.079 1.066 1.001 I .171 1.180 1.004 1.Ooo I .023 1.222 1.008 1.160 1.120 1 1.017 1.001 1.059 1.Ooo 129.019 1..05 1 1.052 1.001 1.025 I .m 1.143 1.012 1.004 1.152 1.020 1..251 - 0.5612 135.122 1.008 1.032 1.072 1.345 1.050 m=lO 1.291 1.009 1.208 12 14 16 18 20 10 6 7 8 9 I 2 3 4 5 0.099 1.049 1.026 1.110 1.085 1.26 1.018 1.034 1.008 1.2% 1.035 1.001 I .117 .097 1.025 1.OOo 1.540 I .071 1.055 1.329 1.243 - 0.246 0.041 1.1 14 I .3421 129.oQo 1.105 1.213 1.Ooo 1. I42 - r=ll 0.038 1.008 1.08I I .1 18 1.034 1.014 1.217 1.113 1.027 1.031 1.061 I .360 1.190 1.013 1.029 1.075 1.313 1.001 1.086 1.014 1.138 - - 1.090 1.004 1.044 1.028 1.177 1.067 1.009 1.030 1.044 1. I .001 1.917 147.Ooo 1.948 1.101 I .035 1.Ooo 1.Ooo 1.028 I .231 1.088 1.008 1.4980 124.031 1.133 I .8067 140.001 1.013 1.019 1.1695 1.009 1.005 1.062 1.165 1.385 135.023 1.090 1.Ooo 1.064 1.OM 1.004 1.049 1.025 1-041 I .065 1.414 151.078 1.020 1.024 1.008 1.036 1.050 0.039 1.037 1.185 1.027 1.004 1.004 1.094 1.480 140.040 1.Ooo M x:.185 1.106 1.137 1.2.128 1.001 1.042 1.064 1.013 1.

086 1.074 1.03 1 1.057 1.090 1.098 1.047 I .261 1.5674 152.021 1.690 1.190 1.010 r=14 0.042 1.024 1.061 1.001 1.154 1.141 1.107 1.040 1.257 1.098 1.036 1.500 1.004 1.015 1.001 1.035 I .024 1.OOo 1.369 1.148 1.354 1.032 1.038 1.028 1.8468 I .006 1.072 1.035 1.133 1.130 1.093 1.382 1.078 1.053 1.014 1.237 1.071 1.111 1.2326 146.016 1.058 1.089 1.005 ~ 161.159 1.096 1.9502 163.076 1.183 1.039 1.002 30 1.044 1.509 1.002 1.100 a ~~ .232 1.076 1.177 1.011 1.067 1.064 1.8270 168.126 1.010 1.025 1.037 1.269 1.021 1.023 1.031 1.020 1.8403186.048 i .182 1.001 xf.21 14 158.248 1.129 1.ooo 1.006 1.042 1.050 0.367 1.002 1.054 1.025 1.6130 174.250 1.100 @.044 1.228 1.009 1.036 1.039 1.049 1.060 1.046 1.033 1.OOo 1.005 1.063 1.101 1.006 1.090 1.01 1 1.001 1.123 1.551 1.6482 1.005 1.OM 1.058 1.015 1.025 ~ Table 9 (Conrinued) 24 30 40 60 120 20 I8 14 16 12 1.110 1.OOo 1.094 1.104 1.119 1.081 1.334 1.020 1.03 1 1.641 1.005 1.585 1.002 1.164 1.189 1. ~ m=lO r=12 0.318 1.009 1.050 0.005 1.033 1.Ooo 1.009 1.315 I .027 1.033 1.107 1.113 1.011 1.080 1.157 1.052 1.038 1.010 1.005 1.043 1.011 1.OOo I .149 1.170 1.065 3 4 5 1.648 1.082 1.593 1.073 1.127 1.331 1.153 1.018 1.030 1.087 1.069 .045 1.208 1.195 1.684 1.078 1.302 1.052 1.143 1.018 1.010 1.002 1.1.015 1.OOo I .017 1.203 1.138 I 2 0.025 0.OOo 1 1 .026 6 7 8 9 10 1.032 1.055 1.005 1.103 1.001 1.168 3.005 0.043 1.022 1.6478 181.082 1.101 1.092 1.119 1.075 0.029 1.010 1.137 1.030 1.1% 1.543 1.219 1.015 1.027 1.OoO 140.OOo 1.037 1.117 1.241 1.05 1 I .347 1.115 1.085 1.017 1.

078 1.023 1.356 0.184 0.062 1.017 1.163 1.048 1.126 1.371 1262 0.160 1.322 1.023 1.024 1.016 1.037 1.088 1.043 1.074 1.495 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 1 .104 1.576 1.098 1.072 1.3930 191.050 1.129 1.OOo 1.031 1.006 1.002 1.116 1.084 1.01 1 1.630 1.671 1.100 1.X rm 2 00 120 30 40 60 1.002 1.114 1.011 1.040 1.225 1.005 1.154 1.034 1.ooo 1.005 1.025 I .190 1.010 1.01 1 1.m 1.337 1.051 1.Ooo 1.091 1.022 1.057 I .234 1.005 1.110 1.001 1.145 1.049 1.047 1.058 1.039 1.1137 186.030 1.016 1.036 1.017 1.071 1.034 1.082 1.OOo 1.1318 173.002 1.050 I .122 1.010 1.306 0.041 1.076 1.243 1.005 1.Ooo 1.024 1.136 1.035 1.133 1.107 1.080 1.095 1.029 1.0041 179.017 1.100 a m=12 .254 1.032 1.010 1.042 1.197 1.4585 1.002 r=12 0.030 1.086 1.005 166.202 1.093 1.061 1.060 1.150 1.