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Mali watch this video & answer the questions:
LG 2b: Identify key figures and significant economic, political, and social characteristics associated
with Mali. SS.912.W.3.11

1. What does Mali mean?
2. Why did Ghana fall? (2 reasons)
3. Who was the first king of Mali?
4. Mali was the first to use what?
5. Did they use slave labor for farming?
6. Every single trader for the __________ and __________ mines had to pay a tax to Mali.
7. How did they make more money than Ghana?
8. Describe Mansa Musa and his achievements?
9. What city became the center of education?
Use your book to find who Ibn Battuta was and his accomplishments? P. 168

What was the role of slavery in Mali?

LG 3: Identify key figures and significant economic, political, and social characteristics associated with Songhai.

1. Sunni Ali-p. 163
2. Askia Mohammad the Great (back of do now)

(find the “Trade in Songhai” slide)
3. Gold4. Salt trade-

5. Cowries as a medium of exchange6. Sankore University- video
7. Slavery-
8. Professional army- (163 paragraph 2)

9. Provincial political structure-(163 paragraph 2)


What is the capital of Songhai? Where is it located?


Name: ______________________________________________________ A Visit to Mali
Ibn Battuta was a 14th­century Muslim traveler. Ibn Battuta spent 24 years traveling the Muslim world to 
meet scholars and rulers. Ibn Battuta's stories about life in the Middle Ages give us a first hand account of
historical events and ceremonies such as the one below.
Read the passage below and pay close attention to Ibn Battuta's description of the public­sitting 
ceremony of Mali's king and religious leader, the Sultan Sulayman. Use this author's description to help 
you answer the questions. Discuss your answers with classmates.

"[The sultan] has a lofty pavilion, of which the door is inside his house, where he sits for most of the 
time. . . . There came forth from the gate of the palace about 300 slaves, some carrying in their hands 
bows and others having in their hands short lances and shields. . . Then two saddled and bridled horses 
are brought, with two rams which, they say, are effective against the evil eye. . . . Dugha, the interpreter, 
stands at the gate of the council­place wearing fine garments of silk brocade and other materials, and on 
his head a turban with fringes which they have a novel way of winding. . . . The troops, governors, young 
men, slaves, the Masufa, and others sit outside the council­place in a broad street where there are 
trees. . . . Inside the council­place beneath the arches a man is standing. Anyone who wishes to address 
the sultan addresses Dugha and Dugha addresses that man standing and that man standing addresses the 
sultan. If one of them addresses the sultan and the latter [the Sultan] replies he uncovers the clothes from 
his back and sprinkles dust on his head and back, like one washing himself with water. I used to marvel 
how their eyes did not become blinded."
1. How does this passage provide evidence of Mali's wealth?      

2. West Africa was considered the edge of the Muslim World. Many scholars claim West Africa had a 
blend of Islamic and traditional West African customs. What customs do you think were of West African 

3. What do you think are Ibn Battuta's impressions of the public sitting ceremony? Do you think this 
ceremony was typical in the Muslim world?      

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