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IR. NIK AZRAN BIN ABDUL HADI

PREPARED BY;
SARAVANAN A/L SUKUMARAN

B071210044

TAN KHAI JOE

B071210102

YOON BOON HONG

B071210010

TIAN SU YEE

B071210083

NURFAZLINA BINTI RAMLI

B071210048

NURLIYANA BINTI MAT AINI

B071210041





To identify types of hazard in Radio Frequency
Laboratory
To make Risk Assessments
To suggest Risk Control to Organization
To implementing Risk Controls
To review Risk Controls

HAZARD
A source or situation with a potential for harm in terms of
human injury or ill health, damage to property and
damage to the environment or a combination of these.
HAZARD CONTROL
the process of implementing measures to reduce the risk
associated with a hazard.
RISK
A combination of likelihood of occurrence and severity of
injury or damage.
Risk = Likelihood x Severity

The purpose o HIRARC are as follows:
 To identify all the factors that may cause harm to
employees
 To enable organization of FTK UTeM to plan, introduce
and monitor preventive measures to ensure that the risks
are adequately controlled at all times.
 Law of requirement:
(a) The Occupational Safety and Health
Act 1994.
(b) Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards
(c) Use and Standard of Exposure of Chemical
Hazardous to Health Regulation

HIRARC activities shall be plan and conducted:

Organization
o Intending to continuously improve OSHA Management System

For situation
o Where hazard appear to pose significant threat.
o Uncertain whether existing controls are adequate
o Before implementing corrective or preventive measures.

Classify work activities
Employer
Representative

Consultation

Worker
Representative

Identify Hazards

Prepare Risk Control Action Plan
(If necessary)
Implement

Review

Risk Assessment

a)

b)

HEALTH HAZARDS
An occupational health hazard is any agent that can
cause illness to an individual.
Example: chemical (battery acid and solvent), biological
hazard (bacteria, viruses, dust and molds, energy source
that harm the body like electric current, heat, light,
vibration, noise and radiation.

SAFETY HAZARD
Any force that can cause injury or damage to property.
Example: slipping/tripping hazard (wires run across the
floors and fire hazard ( Flammable material)

c) ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
 A environmental hazard that release to the environment
that may cause harm or deleterious effects.
 Example: A worker who drains a glycol system and
release the liquid to a storm sewer.

The Laboratory assistant shall develop a hazard
identification and assessment methodology taking into
account the following documents and information:



Any hazardous occurrence investigation report
First aid records and minor injury records
Any user complaints and comments.
Any report under the regulation of Occupational safety
and Health Act, 1994
The record of hazardous substances in Radio Frequency
Laboratory.

PHYSICAL HAZARDS
Factors within the environment
can harm the body without
necessarily touching it.

SAFETY
HAZARDS
any unsafe
condition that
cause injury,
illness and death.
ERGONOMIC HAZARDS
Occur when the type of work,
body positions and working
conditions put strain on body.

Types of
hazard

CHEMICAL
HAZARDS
exposed
to
any
chemical preparation
in the workplace in
any
form
(solid,
liquid, gas).

BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS :
substances that pose a
threat to the health of
living organisms, primarily
that of humans such as
medical waste.

Qualitative
Analysis

Semiquantitative
Analysis

Uses words to
describe potential
and likelihood that
those severity will
occur.

Described with a
values to produce
more expended
ranking scale.

Quantitative
Analysis

Uses numerical
values for severity
and
likelihood
using data from
variety of source.

LIKELIHOOD OF AN OCCURRENCE
 Example Situation: A small spill of bleach from a
container when filling a spray bottle is most likely to
occur during every shift. Alternatively, a leak of diesel
fuel from a secure holding tank may be less probable.
LIKELIHOOD (L)

Most likely
Possible
Conceivable
Remote
Inconceivable

EXAMPLE

RATING

The most likely result of the hazard/ event being
realized

5

Has a good chance of occurring and is not unusual

4

Might be occur at sometime in future

3

Has not been known to occur after many years

2

Is practically impossible and has never occurred

1

SEVERITY OF HAZARD
 Severity are based upon an increasing level of severity
to an individual’s health, the environment or to property.
SEVERITY (S)

EXAMPLE

RATING

Catastrophic

Numerous fatalities irrecoverable property
damage and productivity

5

Fatal

Approximately one single fatality major
property damage if hazard is realized

4

Non-Fatal injury, permanent disability

3

Disabling but not permanent injury

2

Minor abrasions, bruises, cuts, first aid type
injury.

1

Serious
Minor
Negligible


Is the process of evaluating the risk to safety and health
from hazard at work.
Types;
a) Qualitative
b) Semi-Quantitative
c) Quantitative
Calculation:
LxS
Where; L = Likelihood
S = Severity





Identifying the Hazards
Evaluate the risk and control it from happening again.
Record the finding.
Review the assessment and revise it if necessary.
Assessing the risks.

RISK RATING

SCORE

ACTION

HIGH (H)

15-25

a) Informed at the Highest Management immediately.
b) Removed immediately and not be tolerate.
c) Approval of the Budget directly to NC.

MEDIUM HIGH
(MH)

10-14

a) Inform to the Faculty Management or Dean
b) Should be eliminated or control within a month.
c) Approval of the budget directly to Dean or committee
of OSHA

MODERATE (M)

5-9

a) Internal Solution
b) Communicate and give a warning to residents of
UTeM, Notice and enforcement division level of
security.
c) Administrative control such as SOP.
d) Monitoring has been conduct in 3-6 month.
e) Depending on the fund’s annual and committee
support.

TOLERABLE (L)

1-4

a) Acceptable risk.
b) Do not need special control.
c) It should be constantly monitored and recorded.

a) ELIMINATE :
Getting rid of a hazardous job, tools, process, machine or substances is
perhaps the best way of protecting workers.
b) SUBSTITUTE:
Replace or change the hazard or harmful practices
c) ISOLATION:
Isolate hazard or dangerous working practices and kept it away from workers.
d) ENGINEERING CONTROL:
Design, isolation from sources of danger, fence and barrier
e) ADMINISTRATION CONTROL:
Safe work procedure and specific sequence of steps to complete the work
safely
f) PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT(PPE) :
An equipment which is intended to be worn or
held by a person at work and which protects him against one or more risks to
his health or safety.