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MCEN90029

Lecture L28
Contact5

## MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 1

Summary
In this lecture we will study the effects of friction on
objects sliding relative to one another. We will
assume that the objects are in line contact

Lecture L29 - 2

## Roller on a plane, = 0.333

Principal stresses presented as a function of x and b on the
contact surface (z=0) and below the surface at z = b/4
Assuming = 0.333

1
3

## MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 3

Roller on a plane
Principal stresses 1 and 2 are in tension near the edges of
b
b

=
0.667
;

=
0.167
the contact area! Max tension: 2
3

## From these charts of principal stresses as a function of x

and b, we can read off the maximum principal stresses

With friction
= 0.333
(from charts)

1 = 1.4

b
3 = 0.53

2 = 0.72

Without friction
(from equations 6 )

b
2 =

1 =

b
3 = 0.5

A coefficient
of friction = 0.333 increases
the maximum

Lecture L29 - 4

## Roller on a plane: maximum shear stress

From the maximum and minimum principal stresses on the
contact surface, the maximum (surface) shear stress when
= 0.333 is
max =

&b)
1
1 & 1.4b 0.53 )

+
=
0.43
(
+
( +
(
3)
'*
2 1
2'
*

(-ve = compression)

## Need to compute max shear stress at all other points, but:

First, plot the three shear stresses at the surface and z=b/4 below
surface.
1 =

1
1
1
1 3 ); 2 = (1 2 ) 3 = ( 2 3 )
(
2
2
2

Lecture L29 - 5

= 0.333

2
1

## When 2 is plotted for several different

distances below surface, max value is
0.36b/ occurring at b/4 from surface
1

Lecture L29 - 6

## Roller on a plane: maximum octahedral stress

Max octahedral stress can be determined from
oct

2
2
2
1
= (1 2 ) + (1 3 ) + ( 2 3 )
3

1/ 2

## by substituting values of principal stresses 1, 2, 3 from

principal stress curves (see earlier slides)

## Max value is oct(max) = 0.37b/

Occurs at same point that max
principal stress and max shear
stress occur

Lecture L29 - 7

## Effect of magnitude of friction coefficient

determines magnitude of frictional force f, for a given w, and
Max principal stresses
Max shear stresses
Max octahedral stresses

Lecture L29 - 8

## Range of shear stress for one load cycle

yielding has occurred
No friction? From previous, max range of
orthogonal shear stress (=0):

2 0 = 0.5

where 0 = zx(max)

b
max =
0.3

b
oct(max) = 0.27

## Friction doesnt significantly affect range of 0

Friction significantly affects range of non-orthogonal shear stresses

Lecture L29 - 9

## Position of contact surface

relative to fixed point 0

Direction of principal
stresses of fixed point 0

## Principal stresses, and

their directions, = 0.333
Max shear stress
max =

1
1&
b
b)
b
1 3 ) = ( 0.67 0 + = 0.335
(
2
2'

## Max shear stress

max =

1
1&
b
b)
b
1 3 ) = ( 1.39 + 0.53 + = 0.43
(
2
2'

## Thus, range of shear stress in

horizontal plane is 0.67b/
Max shear stress
max =

1
1&
b
b)
b
1 3 ) = (0.67 0 + = 0.335
(
2
2'

Lecture L29 - 10

## MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Example
Two cylindrical steel rollers (E = 200 MPa and v = 0.29), each 80 mm in
diameter and 150 mm long, are mounted on parallel shafts and loaded
by a force P = 80 kN. The two cylinders are rotated at slightly different
speeds so that the roller surfaces slide across each other. If the
coefficient of sliding friction is = 0.333, determine
(i) The maximum compressive principal stress
(ii) The maximum shear stress
(iii) The maximum octahedral stress

## MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 11

Example cont.
If it is found that fatigue failure occurs in the cylinders after
109 cycles for max = 1500 MPa when = 0, what load P
would cause this failure?
Determine the load P that can be applied to the cylinders to
cause fatigue failure at 109 cycles for = 0.333
NOTE: Assume that max to cause failure is inversely
proportional to the maximum range of shear stress on a
given plane

## MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 12

Lecture summary
In this lecture we showed that in contact,
friction affects the range of orthogonal shear
stresses and non-orthogonal shear stresses

Lecture L29 - 13