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This is a lecture note on Contact topic. It's the fifth part on contact topic. This is taught at University of Melbourne, Australia as a subject for mechanical engineering degree. Contact is about metal being in contact with another metal.

This is a lecture note on Contact topic. It's the fifth part on contact topic. This is taught at University of Melbourne, Australia as a subject for mechanical engineering degree. Contact is about metal being in contact with another metal.

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MCEN90029

Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L28

Contact5

Lecture L29 - 1

Summary

In this lecture we will study the effects of friction on

objects sliding relative to one another. We will

assume that the objects are in line contact

Lecture L29 - 2

Principal stresses presented as a function of x and b on the

contact surface (z=0) and below the surface at z = b/4

Assuming = 0.333

1

3

Lecture L29 - 3

Roller on a plane

Principal stresses 1 and 2 are in tension near the edges of

b

b

=

0.667

;

=

0.167

the contact area! Max tension: 2

3

and b, we can read off the maximum principal stresses

With friction

= 0.333

(from charts)

1 = 1.4

b

3 = 0.53

2 = 0.72

Without friction

(from equations 6 )

b

2 =

1 =

b

3 = 0.5

A coefficient

of friction = 0.333 increases

the maximum

MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 4

From the maximum and minimum principal stresses on the

contact surface, the maximum (surface) shear stress when

= 0.333 is

max =

&b)

1

1 & 1.4b 0.53 )

+

=

0.43

(

+

( +

(

3)

'*

2 1

2'

*

(-ve = compression)

First, plot the three shear stresses at the surface and z=b/4 below

surface.

1 =

1

1

1

1 3 ); 2 = (1 2 ) 3 = ( 2 3 )

(

2

2

2

Lecture L29 - 5

= 0.333

2

1

distances below surface, max value is

0.36b/ occurring at b/4 from surface

1

MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 6

Max octahedral stress can be determined from

oct

2

2

2

1

= (1 2 ) + (1 3 ) + ( 2 3 )

3

1/ 2

principal stress curves (see earlier slides)

Occurs at same point that max

principal stress and max shear

stress occur

Lecture L29 - 7

determines magnitude of frictional force f, for a given w, and

Max principal stresses

Max shear stresses

Max octahedral stresses

Lecture L29 - 8

Static loading: magnitude of max shear stress/oct stress indicates if

yielding has occurred

Fatigue loading: range of shear stress indicates loading severity

No friction? From previous, max range of

orthogonal shear stress (=0):

2 0 = 0.5

where 0 = zx(max)

b

max =

0.3

b

oct(max) = 0.27

Friction significantly affects range of non-orthogonal shear stresses

MCEN90029 Advanced Mechanics of Solids

Lecture L29 - 9

relative to fixed point 0

Direction of principal

stresses of fixed point 0

their directions, = 0.333

Max shear stress

max =

1

1&

b

b)

b

1 3 ) = ( 0.67 0 + = 0.335

(

2

2'

max =

1

1&

b

b)

b

1 3 ) = ( 1.39 + 0.53 + = 0.43

(

2

2'

horizontal plane is 0.67b/

Max shear stress

max =

1

1&

b

b)

b

1 3 ) = (0.67 0 + = 0.335

(

2

2'

Lecture L29 - 10

Example

Two cylindrical steel rollers (E = 200 MPa and v = 0.29), each 80 mm in

diameter and 150 mm long, are mounted on parallel shafts and loaded

by a force P = 80 kN. The two cylinders are rotated at slightly different

speeds so that the roller surfaces slide across each other. If the

coefficient of sliding friction is = 0.333, determine

(i) The maximum compressive principal stress

(ii) The maximum shear stress

(iii) The maximum octahedral stress

Lecture L29 - 11

Example cont.

If it is found that fatigue failure occurs in the cylinders after

109 cycles for max = 1500 MPa when = 0, what load P

would cause this failure?

Determine the load P that can be applied to the cylinders to

cause fatigue failure at 109 cycles for = 0.333

NOTE: Assume that max to cause failure is inversely

proportional to the maximum range of shear stress on a

given plane

Lecture L29 - 12

Lecture summary

In this lecture we showed that in contact,

friction affects the range of orthogonal shear

stresses and non-orthogonal shear stresses

Lecture L29 - 13

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