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PROBLEMA: En la estructura cargada como se muestra por el mtodo de distribuciones con

desplazamientos horizontales determinar:


a)
b)
c)
d)

Los momentos en los extremos de las barras.


Las reacciones en los apoyos.
Los diagramas N, V y M.
Las deflexiones en el centro de las vigas.
3.4 T

3.4 T
3.4 T/m

14 T

3.15
5.1 T

5.1 T

4.08 T

5.1 T/m

4.08 T
4.08 T/m

21 T

3.78

2.8

1.4

1.4

1.4

2.8

1.4

SOLUCIN:
a) Calculo de Momentos
1. Prtico sin desplazamiento
3.4 T

3.4 T
3.4 T/m

14 T

5.1 T

5.1 T
5.1 T/m

21 T

4.08 T

4.08 T
4.08 T/m

1.1. Momentos de Empotramiento:


12 = 12.455 .
21 = +12.455 .
34 = 18.683 .
43 = +18.683 .
45 = 14.946 .
54 = +14.946 .
1.2. Factores de Distribucin:
Nudo1:
12 = 742.746
13 = 214.286
= 957.032

12 = 0.776
13 = 0.224

21 = 742.746
24 = 214.286
= 2494.048

21 = 0.776
34 = 0.224

31 = 214.286
34 = 2041.667
36 = 238.095
= 2494.048

31 = 0.086
34 = 0.819
36 = 0.095

42 = 214.286
43 = 2041.667
47 = 1102.293
45 = 1430.339
= 4783.585

42
43
47
45

54 = 1430.339
58 = 145.185
= 957.032

54 = 0.908
58 = 0.092

Nudo2:

Nudo3:

Nudo4:
= 0.045
= 0.426
= 0.230
= 0.299

Nudo5:

1.3. Proceso Iterativo


1 3
0.224
0.776
-12.455
0.803
2.610
9.042

2 4
0.776
0.224
12.455

-6.587

4.521
13.173

-3.803
-0.062

5.136
-0.972

2.568
-1.944

0.782
-0.155

0.391
-0.310

0.127
-0.028

0.064
-0.057

0.023
-0.006

0.012
-0.011

0.005
-0.001

0.002
-0.002

0.001
0.000

0.000
0.000

-5.089

4.514

-0.031
1.482
-0.036
0.226
-0.009
0.037
-0.002
0.007
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000

5.089

3 1
0.086
0.095
1.607
1.305
-0.063
0.741
-0.071
0.113
-0.017
0.018
-0.004
0.003
-0.001
0.001
0.000
0.000
3.633

1.775
-0.069
-0.078
-0.019
-0.004
-0.001
0.000
1.603
0.801

0.819
-18.683
15.301
-0.575
-0.598
0.084
-0.676
0.087
-0.164
0.025
-0.036
0.006
-0.008
0.001
-0.002
0.000

0.426
18.683
7.651
-1.151
-0.299
0.169
-0.338
0.175
-0.082
0.050
-0.018
0.012
-0.004
0.003
-0.001
0.001

-5.235

24.850

-0.561
0.009
-0.090
0.009
-0.016
0.003
-0.003
0.001
-0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
-4.514

4 5
0.230
0.046

0.000

-1.901
-0.124
-0.281
0.018
-0.045
0.019
-0.008
0.005
-0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.299
-14.946
-6.785
-0.808
0.183
0.118
-0.027
0.123
-0.028
0.035
-0.008
0.008
-0.002
0.002
0.000
0.000

-0.401

-2.317

-22.134

-0.621
0.091
0.094
0.027
0.006
0.001

-0.200

5 2
0.908
0.092
14.946
-13.571 -1.375
-0.404
0.367
0.037
0.059
-0.054
-0.005
0.061
-0.056
-0.006
0.018
-0.016
-0.002
0.004
-0.004
0.000
0.001
-0.001
0.000
0.000
1.351

-1.351
0.000

1.4. Cortante en las Columnas

14 T
2.769 T

2.169 T

5.089

2.769 T

4.514

2.169 T

3.633

2.769 T

2.317

2.169 T

2.769 T

2.169 T

21 T
0.636

1.603

0.636

0.801

0.636

0.636

0.159 T
0.401

0.200

0.801

V12 =
V345 =

0.357 T

0.159 T

1.351

0.357 T

0.159 T

0.357 T

0.159 T

0.357 T

0.200

14
21
0.636

+
-

2.769
2.769
0.159

+
-

2.169
2.169
0.357

=
=

14.600 T
20.520

2 prtico con desplazamiento en el nivel 3-4-5

2.1. Momentos de empotramiento.


30403
= 90 000
12
40503
=
= 416 666.667
12

36 =
47

58 =

40283
= 73 173.333
12

= 6(
Si: = 10

36 = 63 = 3 779.29
47 = 74 = 17 496.7

58 = 85 = 3 072.7

)( /L)

2.2. Proceso Iterativo


1 4
0.224
0.776
2.257
-0.506
-1.751
-9.385
-155.801
37.002
128.184
-3.204
-29.450
7.315
25.340
-0.734
-5.702
1.441
4.994
-0.161
-1.173
0.299
1.035
-0.035
-0.249
0.064
0.220
-0.008
-0.053
0.014
0.047
-0.002
-0.012
0.003
0.010
-0.0004
-0.002
0.001
0.002
-0.0001
-0.001
0.0001
0.0005
34.361

-34.361

2 1
0.086
0.095
-3779.289
4.514
-0.253
-9.385
18.501
-3.204
3.657
-0.734
0.721
-0.161
0.149
-0.035
0.032
-0.008
0.007
-0.002
0.001
0.000
0.0003
-0.0001

2 5

4.987
-10.367
-3.539
-0.810
-0.177
-0.039
-0.008
-0.002
0.000
-0.0001

13.802 -3789.246
-3779.289
-3784.268
-7563.557

0.819

0.426

3726.799
42.989
109.382
-89.377
18.753
-30.511
4.873
-6.986
1.147
-1.530
0.256
-0.332
0.056
-0.072
0.012
-0.016
0.003
-0.003
0.001

7453.599
21.495
218.764
-44.688
37.507
-15.256
9.746
-3.493
2.294
-0.765
0.512
-0.166
0.112
-0.036
0.024
-0.008
0.005
-0.002
0.001

-0.001

0.776

0.224

-0.876
-311.602
64.092
-58.901
12.670
-11.403
2.497
-2.346
0.517
-0.498
0.110
-0.107
0.024
-0.023
0.005
-0.005
0.001
-0.001
0.0002

402.424
-89.947
11.811
-17.002
2.025
-3.292
0.526
-0.677
0.124
-0.144
0.028
-0.031
0.006
-0.007
0.001
-0.001
0.0003
-0.0003
0.0001

-0.0002

-0.0001

-305.845
305.845
4 1
0.230
0.046
-17496.711
4024.243
804.849
-44.973
118.112
23.622
-8.501
20.250
4.050
-1.646
5.262
1.052
-0.339
1.238
0.248
-0.072
0.276
0.055
-0.015
0.060
0.012
-0.003
0.013
0.003
-0.001
0.003
0.001
-0.0002
0.001
0.0001

7679.645 -13327.251

3775.444

778.341

0.299
5231.516
-490.051
153.545
-34.855
26.325
-5.976
6.840
-1.553
1.610
-0.365
0.359
-0.082
0.079
-0.018
0.017
-0.004
0.004
-0.001
0.001
4887.393

5 3
0.908
0.092
-3072.702
2615.758 1536.351
-980.102
-99.305
76.773
-69.710
-7.063
13.163
-11.952
-1.211
3.420
-3.105
-0.315
0.805
-0.731
-0.074
0.180
-0.163
-0.017
0.039
-0.036
-0.004
0.009
-0.008
-0.001
0.002
-0.002
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000

1644.341 -1644.341
-17496.711
-15411.981

3072.702

-32908.692

1 -3072.702
0

2.3. Cortantes en las columnas:

15.290 T

344.186 T

34.361

15.290 T

305.845

344.186 T

13.802

15.290 T

778.341

361.395 T

15.290 T

344.186 T

3003.387

12231.731 T

3003.387

3003.387

3003.387

3789.246

7563.557

13327.251

V345 =

1644.341
12231.731 T

32908.692

7563.557

V12 =

435.011 T
435.010719

12231.731 T

435.011 T

12231.731 T

435.011 T

32908.692

15.290
15.290
3003.387

+
+
+

344.186
344.186
12231.731

435.011

359.476 T

16029.605 T

3. Prtico con desplazamiento e el nivel 1-2

3.1 Momentos de empotramiento


30303
= 67 500
12
30303
=
= 67 500
12

13 =
24

= 6(
Si: = 10
13 = 31 = 4 081.633
24 = 42 = 4 081.633

)( /L)

3.2. Proceso Iterativo:


1 3
0.224
0.776
-4081.633
138.127
883.345
3060.161
-13.921
953.578
-210.483
-729.174
10.280
153.183
-36.616
-126.847
2.688
25.207
-6.248
-21.646
0.604
4.742
-1.197
-4.148
0.132
0.968
-0.246
-0.854
0.029
0.205
-0.052
-0.181
0.006
0.044
-0.011
-0.039
0.001
0.009
-0.002
-0.008
0.000
0.002
-0.001
-0.002
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-3315.199
3315.199
2 1
0.086
0.095
-4081.633
276.253
441.673
-13.921
-105.242
10.280
-18.308
2.688
-3.124
0.604
-0.599
0.132
-0.123
0.029
-0.026
0.006
-0.006
0.001
-0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
-3491.316

2 4
0.776

0.819

0.426

0.000

869.388
2630.829
-279.806
-132.569
-14.291
97.897
-12.946
25.597
-3.896
5.750
-0.936
1.257
-0.210
0.273
-0.046
0.059
-0.010
0.013
-0.002
0.003

1738.776
1315.414
-559.611
-66.285
-28.582
48.949
-25.892
12.798
-7.793
2.875
-1.873
0.629
-0.420
0.136
-0.092
0.030
-0.020
0.006
-0.004
0.001

0.000

0.000
0.001

-0.001
2429.042

305.163
-15.377
11.356
2.969
0.667
0.146
0.032
0.007
0.001

304.964
152.4818742

0.224
-4081.633

1530.080
93.878
1907.156
550.519
-364.587
-30.214
306.365
88.435
-63.423
-1.543
50.414
14.553
-10.823
-1.398
9.484
2.738
-2.074
-0.421
1.936
0.559
-0.427
-0.101
0.410
0.118
-0.091
-0.023
0.088
0.025
-0.019
-0.005
0.019
0.005
-0.004
-0.001
0.004
0.001
-0.001
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
3364.507
-3364.507
4 1
0.230
0.046
-4081.633
938.776
187.755
275.260
-302.137
-60.427
44.218
-15.432
-3.086
7.276
-13.979
-2.796
1.369
-4.207
-0.841
0.279
-1.011
-0.202
0.059
-0.227
-0.045
0.013
-0.050
-0.010
0.003
-0.011
-0.002
0.001
-0.002
0.000
0.000
-0.001
601.719

3186.353

0.000
-3632.812

0.299
1220.408
-277.033
-392.779
89.161
-20.061
4.554
-18.173
4.125
-5.469
1.242
-1.314
0.298
-0.295
0.067
-0.065
0.015
-0.014
0.003
-0.003
0.001
-0.001
604.667

5 5
0.908
0.092
610.204
-554.065
-196.389
178.322
-10.031
9.108
-9.086
8.250
-2.735
2.483
-0.657
0.597
-0.147
0.134
-0.032
0.029
-0.007
0.006
-0.002
0.001
0.000
0.000
35.983

300.859449

-56.139
18.068
0.923
0.836
0.252
0.060
0.014
0.003
0.001
0.000
0.000
-35.983
0

3.3 Cortante en las columnas.

2160.799 T

2221.371 T

3315.199

2160.799 T

3364.507

2221.371 T

3491.316

2160.799 T

3632.812

2221.371 T

2160.799 T

2221.371 T

121.017 T

238.777 T

304.964

9.519 T

601.719
121.017 T

152.482

35.983
238.777 T

121.017 T

300.859

121.017 T

9.5192566

238.777 T

9.519 T

238.777 T

9.519 T

152.482

V12 =
V345 =

2160.799
238.777

2160.799
+
+

2221.371
9.519

2221.371
+

121.017

-4382.170 T

4732.445 T

4. Calculo de las Constantes.

14.600

359.476

20.520

16 029.605

4 382.17

4 732.445

C.C.D . del
1 nivel

359.476

4 382.17

16 029.605

4 732.445

C.C.D . del
1 nivel

C.C.D . del
2 nivel

16.600 + 359.476 4382.170 = 0


20.520 16 029.605 4732.445 = 0

= 0.00231993
= 0.00231993

5. Calculo de los momentos Finales.

= + 1 + 2
M12= -5.089 +
-34.361(0.00231993) +
M13= 5.089 +
34.361(0.00231993) +
M21= 4.514 + -305.845(0.00231993) +
M24= -4.514 +
305.845(0.00231993) +
M31= 3.633 +
13.802(0.00231993) +
M34= -5.235 + 3775.444(0.00231993) +
M36= 1.603 + -3789.246(0.00231993) +
M42= -2.317 +
778.341(0.00231993) +
M43= 24.85 + 7679.645(0.00231993) +
M45= -22.134 + 4887.393(0.00231993) +
M47= -0.401 + -13327.251(0.00231993) +
M54= 1.351 + 1644.341(0.00231993) +
M58= -1.351 + -1644.341(0.00231993) +
M63= 0.801 + -7563.557(0.00231993) +
+ -32908.692(0.00231993) +
M74=
-0.2
M85=

3315.199(0.00231993)
-3315.199(0.00231993)
3364.507(0.00231993)
-3364.507(0.00231993)
-3491.316(0.00231993)
3186.353(0.00231993)
304.964(0.00231993)
-3632.812(0.00231993)
2429.042(0.00231993)
604.667(0.00231993)
601.719(0.00231993)
35.989(0.00231993)
-35.989(0.00231993)
152.482(0.00231993)
300.859(0.00231993)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

6.507 T.m
-6.507 T.m
15.654 T.m
-15.654 T.m
-8.631 T.m
14.746 T.m
-6.114 T.m
-13.306 T.m
51.221 T.m
-8.666 T.m
-29.2 T.m
5.293 T.m
-5.293 T.m
-16.209 T.m
-75.486 T.m
0 T.m

b) Calculo de las Reacciones

c) Diagramas N, V y M

2.

d) Calculo de las deflexiones en el Centro de las Vigas.


Calculo de las Deflexiones en el centro de las Vigas:

Viga 1-2:

Related Interests