Steel Exams

© All Rights Reserved

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Steel Exams

© All Rights Reserved

- APSC 279 Lab 1 Handout Modified 2012(2) (3)
- ASTM A328
- Steel Frame Structure Modeling by Staad-Pro (Example -2) by Prof. Dr. Nabeel Al-Bayati
- Mechanical Repo
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Steel & Composite Structures

P l e a s e fill in y o u r n a m e a n d s t y d e o t nyinniber

on e v e r y a n s w e r i n g s h e e t t h a t y o u h a n d in.

Question

Points

la

lb

lc

Id

le

If

1 Plasticity

2a

2b

3 stability

3a

3b

4a

4b

4c

4d

5a

5b

5c

4 Simple Joint

5 Welded beam

5 Bolted connection

6a

6b

6c

6d

7a-h

8 CHS-X-joint

8a

8b

9 RHS to H-section

Total points

9a

9b

9c

100

12

Friday, October 30, 2015

13.30- 16.30 hrs

EXm

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Steel & Composite Structures

Friday, October 30, 2015

13.30- 16.30 iirs

QUESTION 1 Plasticity

Mp,

2Mpi

E

Connections in C and E are rigid

Sr?

A

H = Vz V

A

2C

2:

< -

4t

Figure 1: Frame loaded by the horizontal load H in point E and by the vertical load V in point D.

la.

Why is it necessary to use class 1 cross sections when plastic theory is used?

lb.

Calculate the value of the shape factor a of a rectangular cross section.

Estimate the value of the shape factor a of an l-shaped cross section.

lc.

Draw the possible plastic failure mechanisms for the frame given in Figure 1.

Id.

Calculate the maximum load according to the combined failure mechanism obtained in question

lc.

le.

Prove that this combined mechanism as determined in question l c and I d is the real collapse

load of the frame.

If.

In addition to the determination of the lowest collapse load based on the possible mechanisms an

additional "collapse load" is determined based on a deformation limit of 46/50.

Explain why the "real" collapse load is the lowest of both collapse loads.

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Steel Ci Composite Structures

QUESTION 2

Friday, October 30, 2015

13.30- 16.30 hrs

Stress=straira relaiiiionship

3Sy(])

CJ

Figure 2: One rectangular cross section made of tv\/o different steel grades, the strain distribution and

the stress-strain relations.

2a.

Calculate the bending moment in the cross section for the given strain distribution (note that the

stress distribution is related to the strain distribution).

2b.

Calculate the curvature of a beam with this cross section and for the given strain distribution.

QUEST!0M3 Stability

o

Frame I

Frame 11

Figure 3

3a. Draw the buckling shape for Frame I and Frame II in Figure 3. Motivate your answer.

3b. Determine the Euler buckling load of both structures. Motivate your answer.

-2-

Friday, October 30, 2015

1 3 . 3 0 - 1 6 . 3 0 iirs

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Steel & Composite Structures

CONNECTBOWS

QUESTIOW 4 : S i m p l e Joint: b o l t e d c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p a r t i a l d e p t h e n d p l a t e

50

100

50

HEA 200

h = 190 m m

b = 200 m m

10

tf = 10 mm

80

a = 4-

45 j

Bolt row 1

Bolt row 2

70

Bolts M 2 0

701

2301

70

Bolt row 3

180 mm

TT

! 70

I 45I

= 6.5 m m

rc

= 18 mm

IPE300

+

+

tw

h = 300 m m

b = 190 mm

tf = 10.7 mm

IPE300

tw

= 7.1 mm

rc

= 15 mm

End Plate

h = 230 mm

b = 200 m m

HEA 200

t = 10 mm

Bolts

M20, class 8.8

Bolt row 1:

138 l<N

166 kN

Non pre-loaded

Bolt rows 1, 2 & 3: 166 kN

4a Explain why this joint predominantly transfers shear forces, and no bending moments.

4b Calculate the design resistance of the bolt group in the connection of the end plate to the

column flange.

4c Calculate the design resistance of the welded connection (double fillet weld a = 4 mm) between

the end plate and the beam web.

4d Draw the failure patterns of the end plate and calculate it's design resistance.

Friday, October 30, 2015

13.30- 16.30 hrs

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Steel & Composite Structures

QUESTiOW 5:

190 m m

afiange = 9

11

II

II

mm

HEA 320

h = 310 m m

M I i I M IM I I I i I I

b = 300 m m

K

tf=

aweb = 6 m m

15.5 m m

t = 9 mm

r^ = 27 m m

450

IPE450

h = 450 m m

b = 190 m m

tf = 14.6 m m

IPE450

I [ I I I

11

M I 1 t I

tw

= 9.4 m m

r. = 2 1 m m

HEA 320

5a List all joint components that should be considered t o determine the bending moment

resistance of this joint.

5b Calculate t h e design tension resistance of t h e connection between the flange of the beam and

the flange of the column.

5c

design bending moment resistance of this joint.

= 4-

EXAIVl S T E E L S T R U C T U R E S 2: GSE4-J15

Friday, October 3 0 , 2 0 1 5

1 3 . 3 0 - 16.30 hrs

Faculty of Civil Engineering and G e o s c i e n c e s

Steel & Composite Structures

QUESTIOW 6: VJomeiTi resislLance Join'c boled coiminiecliion with ereinided end plate

HE300B

80

tf = 19 mm

-r

t = 11 m m

70

r = 27 mm

?1

70

-2

1PE500

tf = 16 m m

70

t = 10.2 m m

'eff

r = 21 mm

End plate

tp = 20 m m

IPE500

IPE500

a = 9 mm

Welds end plate - web

a = 6 mm

Bolts

M20, class 10.9

HE300B

6S

170

65

Non pre-loaded

Holes w i t h normal

clearance

6a Make sketches of 4 possible yield line patterns in the end plate for the bolt row 1.

6b Calculate the design tension resistance of the bolt row 3 for the end plate. Assume

^ e f f ~ 232 m m for your calculations.

6c Discuss which bolt row will have the higher strength for the end plate: the row 2 or the row 3.

6d What is a critical component in case of a brittle and a ductile failure o f t h i s type of joint?

= 5-

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

Steel & Composite Structures

Friday, October 30, 2015

1 3 . 3 0 - 16.30 hrs

QyESTlON 7

Answer the questions in the table below. Copy your answers t o your answering sheet!

that for a cold formed hollow section.

7b

The corner radius for cold formed RHS is generally ... than for

hot finished hollow sections.

7c

formed RHS is generally .... than that of a hot finished hollow

section

7d

7e

section is generally

7f

a lattice girder with 1 section chords is generally .... than that

with RHS section chords.

7g

For an RHS joint, the tolerance in the chord thickness to has for

chord punching shear failure a .... influence than for chord face

plastification.

7h

generally

higher

lower

the

or

or

same

better

worse

or

or

or

similar

more

less

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