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International Journal of Engineering and Science Invention (IJESI) is an international journal intended for professionals and researchers in all fields of computer science and electronics. IJESI publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field Engineering Science and Technology, new teaching methods, assessment, validation and the impact of new technologies and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. The publications of papers are selected through double peer reviewed to ensure originality, relevance, and readability. The articles published in our journal can be accessed online.
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www.ijesi.org ||Volume 4 Issue 11|| November 2015 || PP.13-17

Transform

Akilahmad Sheikh1, Alka Gudadhe2

1

Nagpur, India

Department of mathematics, Government Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities, Amravati, India

Abstract: The generalized fractional Hilbert transform has been used in several areas, including optical, signal

processing. In this paper, we have proved inversion theorem for generalized fractional Hilbert transform using

Zemanian technique.

Key Words: Hilbert transform, generalized fractional Hilbert Transform, Signal Processing.

I. INTRODUCTION

Fractional integral transforms play an important role in signal processing, image reconstruction, pattern

recognition [7, 8]. The Fourier transform plays a major role in the theory of optics, signal processing and many

other branch of engineering. In 1980 Victor Namias [5] introduced generalization of Fourier transform, the

fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT) through eigen value method which he applied it to quantum mechanics.

Zayed [9] has discussed about the product and convolution concerning that transform. Numbers of other integral

transforms also have been extended in the fractional domain for example, Akay [1] had studied fractional Mellin

transform, Gudadhe, Joshi [3] discussed generalized Half Linear Canonical transform, Sontakke, Gudadhe [6]

studied number of operation transform formulae of fractional Hartley transform. These fractional transforms

found number of applications in signal processing, image processing, quantum mechanics etc.

The Hilbert transform based on Fourier transform has widely been applied in many areas such as

optical systems, modulation, edge detections [2, 4], etc. The Hilbert transformation is also used in the

construction of analytic signals, which in turn can be used to construct the complex envelop of a real signal. The

complex envelop method is very useful in finding the output of band pass filters [11].

The Hilbert transform of a signal f ( x) is defined as [11]

H [ f ( x )](t )

f ( x)

t x dx

One of the most important properties of analytic signals is that they contain no negative frequency

components of the real signal. Zayed [11] defined the fractional Hilbert transform (FrHT) for the signal f ( x)

with angle as

H [ f ( x )](t ) f (t )

f ( x ) K ( x , t ) dx

i

cot 2 cot 2

t i

x

2

e 2

(t x )

t , 0,

, , t x

2

when the integral exist, where the integral is a Cauchy Principal value.

where the kernel K ( x, t )

Notice that generalized fractional Hilbert transform reduces to standard one as in [11] when

.

2

In this paper first we define fractional Hilbert transform on the spaces of generalized functions in section two.

Section three is devoted for proving Inversion and Uniqueness theorem for generalized fractional Hilbert

transform. Lastly conclusion is given in section four.

www.ijesi.org

13 | Page

II. GENERALIZED FRACTIONAL HILBERT TRANSFORM

For dealing fractional Hilbert transform in the generalized sense, first we define,

n

An infinitely differentiable complex valued function

on

E , K ( ) sup D ( x )

K

xK

Clearly E is complete and so a Frechet space. Moreover, we say that f is a fractional Hilbert transformable if it

is a member of E ' (the dual space of E).

n

n

The generalized fractional Hilbert transform of f ( x) E '( ) where E '( ) is the dual of the testing

n

H [ f ( x)](t ) f ( x ), K ( x, t )

i

where K ( x, t )

cot 2 2

(t x )

2

(t x )

for each

(1)

0, ,

2

f E ' to K ( x, t ) E . H [ f ( x)](t ) is

th

In this section we have proved the inverse theorem in the generalized sense using Zemanian technique.

n

n

transform of f as defined by

Then for each

D( I )

H [ f ( x)](t ) H (t ) f ( x), K ( x, t )

we have

lim

r

H (t ) K ( x, t )dt , ( x)

f ( x), ( x)

where

K ( x, t )

1e

cot 2 2

(t x )

2

and

tx

K ( x, t )

1e

cot 2 2

(t x )

2

x t

Proof: To prove the inversion theorem, we require the following lemmas to be used in the sequel.

0 s. t. 0,

, and supp

f S a x : x ,| x | a, a 0 for ( x) D( I ) , set (t )

n

r

(t )

( x)K ( x, t )dx

r ,

r

(2)

Proof: The case ( x) 0 is trivial, so that consider ( x) 0 , it can be easily seen that

n

www.ijesi.org

14 | Page

r

(t ) K (v, t ) d ,

To prove the equality, we construct the Riemann- sum for this integral and write

r

m 1

lim

m

K (v, i

f (v),

n m

n,m

m 1

n m

) ( i n,m ) n,m

Taking the operator Dv within the integral and summation signs, which is easily justified as,

K ,k

r

m1

n m

sup

vK

r

m1 k

k

Dv K (v, i n,m ) ( i n ,m ) n ,m (t ) Dv K (v, t )d

n m

m 1

As

lim

m

n m

k

v

vK

It follows that for every m, the summation is a member of E and it converges in E to the integral on the right

side of (2).

3.2 Lemma: For

,

r

then

M r (v) (t ) K (v, t )d ,

t i

K (v, t )d (t ) K ( x, t )d

n

converges in E ( ) , to

(v )

as r .

It is to show

k

K ,k [M r (v) (v)] sup

v K Dv [ M r (v) (v )] 0

as r

k 0,

lim

r

M r (v) (v)

Since the integrand is a C function of v and D( I ) , we can repeatedly differentiate under the integral

sign in (3) and integrals are uniformly convergent, we have

v K

Now let ( x) D( I ), we shall show that

r

K ( x, t ) H (t )d , ( x)

tends to

f ( x), ( x) as r

(4)

www.ijesi.org

15 | Page

From the analyticity of H (t ) on C and the fact that ( x) has compact support in I, it follows that the left

side expression in (4) is merely a repeated integral with respect to x and t and the integral in (4) is continuous

function of x as the closed bounded domain of the integration.

Therefore, we can write (4) as

( x) K ( x, t ) H (t )d dx ( x) K ( x, t )

f (v), K (v, t ) d dx

( x)K ( x, t )dxd

f (v), K (v, t )

Since ( x) is compact support and the integrand is a continuous function of ( x , t ) , the order of integration

may be changed. The changed in the order of integration is justified by appeal to lemma 3.1.

This yield,

r

f (v), K (v, t ) (t )d

f (v), K (v, t ) (t )d

r

that is

r

f (v), K (v, t )

f ( x), ( x) as r .

Proof of Inversion Theorem:

Let D , we have to show that

r

lim

r

(t ) K ( x, t )dt , ( x) f ( x), ( x)

The integral on t is a continuous function of x and therefore the left hand side without the limit notation can be

written as

( x) K ( x, t ) f (v), K (v, t )) d dx ,

s i , r

may be changed. This yield

r

f (v), K (v, t )

f (v), K (v, t ) (t )d

r

r

( x) K ( x, t )dxd

r

f ( x), ( x)

as

www.ijesi.org

16 | Page

3.3. UNIQUENESS THEOREM

If H [ f ( x)](t ) and H [ g ( x)](t ) are generalized fractional Hilbert transform of f(x) and g(x) respectively

such

supp g

0, ,

that

and

supp f S a :

Sa x : x n , | x | a, a 0

Sb : Sb x : x n , | x | b, b 0 if H [ f ( x)](t ) H [ g ( x)](t )

then

and

f g in

Proof: By Inversion theorem

r

f g

lim

r

[ f ( x)](t ) H [ g ( x)](t ) K ( x, t ) dt

=0

Thus f = g in

where

D( I ).

K ( x, t )

1e

cot 2 2

(t x )

2

x t

IV. CONCLUSION

In this paper fractional Hilbert transform is extended to the distribution of compact support by using the kernel

method. Since fractional Hilbert transform is useful in signal processing tool, we believe that generalized

fractional Hilbert transform will also become useful tool for signal processing and image processing particularly

when the signals are impulse type.

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9]

[10]

[11]

Akay. O., Boudreaux-Bartels F., Fractional Mellin Transformation: an extension of fractional frequency concept for scale, 8th

IEEE, Dig. Sign. Proc. workshop, Bryce, Canyan, Utah. 1998.

Gabor D.: Theory of communications, J. Inst. Elect. Eng., Vol. 93, pp. 429-457, Nov. 1946.

Gudadhe A. S., Joshi A. V.: Generalized half Linear Canonical Transform and Its Properties, International Journal of

engineering Research and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 6, June-2013.

Kohalman K.: Corner detection in natural images based on the 2-d Hilbert transform, Signal Process, Vol. 48, pp. 225-234,

Feb. 1996.

Namias V: The fractional Fourier transform and its application to quantum mechanics, J. Inst. Math. Appl., vol. 25, pp. 241265,

1980.

Sontakke, Gudadhe A. S.: On Generalized fractional Hankel transform, Int. Journal of Math. Analysis, Vol. 6, No. 18, pp. 883

896, 2012.

Tatiana Alieva and Bastiaans Martin J.: On Fractional Fourier transform moments, IEEE Signal processing Letters, Vol. 7, No.

11, Nov. 2000.

Tatiana Alieva and Bastiaans Martin J.: Wigner distribution and fractional Fourier transform for 2- dimensional symmetric

beams, JOSA A, Vol. 17, No. 12, Dec. 2000, pp. 2319-2323.

Zayed A I: A Convolution and Product theorem for the fractional Fourier transform, IEEE signal processing letters, Vol. 5, No.

4, April 1998.

Zayed A. I.: Function and Generalized Function Transformations, CRC press, Boca Raton, FL, 1996.

Zayed A I: Hilbert Transform Associated with the Fractional Fourier Transform, IEEE signal processing letters, Vol. 5, No. 8,

Aug 1998.

www.ijesi.org

17 | Page

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