# Geodetic (Lat, Long, Ellip Ht.

) to Cartesian (XYZ)

Conversion of Geodetic Coordinates to "Earth-centred" Cartesian Coordinates
deg 47° 23° 400.000 min 00' 00' secs 00.00000" 00.00000"

Latitude Longitude Ellipsoidal height Ellipsoid ANS (AGD84) Semi major axis (a) Inverse flattening (1/f)

X Y Z

4,011,590.696 1,702,819.223 ,4,642,139.193

6378245.00 298.2997

Instructions: 1. Enter the name of the ellipsoid associated with the geodetic coordinates in C12 2. Enter the semi major axis (metres) and inverse flattening of the associated ellipsoid in D13:D14 3. Enter the latitude in D7:F7 (south latitudes are negative) 4. Enter the longitude in D8:D7 5. Enter the ellipsoidal height (metres) in D9 (note that it must be the ELLIPSOIDAL height) 6. Note the Earth-centred Cartesian coordinates (metres) from L7:L9 To see the intermediate calculations, use Excel's outlining tool to show the hidden rows.

Input Output

http://www.anzlic.org.au/icsm/gdatm.htm

03/31/2010

Similarity Transformation

3 Dimensional Similarity Transformation
INPUT X Y Z AGD84 4011590.696 1702819.223 4642139.193 Parameters (from -> to) DX -117.7630 (metres) DY DZ RX RY RZ Sc -51.5100 (metres) 139.0610 (metres) -0.2920 (seconds) -0.4430 (seconds) -0.2770 (seconds) -0.1910 (ppm) OUTPUT Xs Ys Zs GDA94 4011479.850 1702766.204 4642271.162

Instructions: 1. Enter the name of the starting coordinate system in C5 (documentation only) 2. Enter the starting coordinates in D6:D8 (by default they will be tajken from the output of the Geodetic to Cartesian sheet. 3. Enter the name of the resulting coordinate system in C5 (documentation only) 4. Enter the 7 transformation parameters in G6:G12 5. Note the transformed position from K6:K8 Warning: be careful of the sign convention for rotations. See the attached notes.

Input Output

http://www.anzlic.org.au/icsm/gdatm.htm

03/31/2010

Cartesian (XYZ) to geodetic (lat, long, ellip. ht.)

Conversion of "Earth-centred" Cartesian Coordinates to Geodetic Coordinates
X Y Z Ellipsoid GRS80 (GDA94) Semi major axis (a) Inverse flattening (1/f) 4,011,479.850 1,702,766.204 4,642,271.162 Latitude Longitude Ellipsoidal height deg 47° 22° min 00' 59' sec 05.90794" 59.73997" 522.237

6378137.00 298.2572

Instructions: 1. Enter the name of the reference ellipsoid in C11 (documentation only) 2. Enter the semi major axis (metres) and inverse flattening of the reference ellipsoid in D12 & D13 3. Enter the XYZ coordinates in D6:D8 (by default they are taklen from the transformation sheet) 4. Read the resulting latitude, longitude and ellipsoidal height from G6:I8 (note that it is the ELLIPSOIDAL height) To see the intermediate calculations, use Excel's outlining tool to show the hidden rows.

Input Output

http://www.anzlic.org.au/icsm/gdatm.htm

03/31/2010

Test Data

From deg Latitude Longitude Ellipsoidal height

min -37° 143° 39' 55'

secs 15.5647" 30.5501" 749.671 X Y Z -4086966.080 2977519.575 -3875610.134

Ellipsoid ANS (AGD84) Semi major axis (a) Inverse flattening (1/f)

6378160 298.25

DX DY DZ RX RY RZ Sc To deg Latitude Longitude Ellipsoidal height

-117.763 (metres) -51.510 (metres) 139.061 (metres) -0.292 (seconds) -0.443 (seconds) -0.277 (seconds) -0.191 (ppm) min sec -39 55 -10.1598" 35.3730" 737.574 X Y Z -4087095.384 2977467.494 -3875457.340 Ellipsoid GRS80 (GDA94) Semi major axis (a) Inverse flattening (1/f)

-37 143

6378137 298.26

http://www.anzlic.org.au/icsm/gdatm.htm

03/31/2010