AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE INDUSTRIES

FACTS & FIGURES

INTRODUCTION
Data for the aeronautics, land and
naval defence sectors are sourced
via a well-established process used
for the collection of ASD’s “Facts
and Figures”. Since 2011, a simplified
questionnaire is in place. This follows
the requests from several countries
and the consensus of all National
Associations being members of ASD.
Concerning the space sector ASDEurospace has been running a
specific survey for a number of
years, the results of which have
been incorporated within this
publication.
ASD statistics include the
data provided by the National
Associations for the purpose
of publication by ASD only at a
European consolidated level. A
very limited number of figures
relate to available sources for
the purpose of cross-check. Note
that ASD Facts & Figures does
not include the thousands of
suppliers to the aeronautics, space
and defence sectors throughout
Europe, which are not members
of ASD or whose main interest
is not one of these sectors. They
neither specify information on dual
use nor the security sector whose
perimeter has not yet been fully
defined.

In 2014 ASD 
member associations
were spread across

EUROPEAN
COUNTRIES
17 of them in the
European Union plus
Norway, Switzerland
and Turkey

COMPARED TO 2014 DATA, UNCONSOLIDATED FIGURES
FOR THE EUROPEAN AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE SECTORS
SHOW THE FOLLOWING RESULTS:
• Military turnover for all sectors (Aeronautics, Land and Naval Defence, Space)
stands at 97.3 billion euro
• Aeronautics turnover level represents 140.5 billion euro compared to
138.4billion euro in 2013
• Civil Aeronautics shows an increase of 2.6% with a turnover amounting to
91.6 billion euro in 2014, compared to 89.2 billion euro in 2013
• Land and Naval Defence turnover is stable
• Space revenues indicate a significant growth of 7.5% over 2013
• Total R&D reaches 20 billion euro, with an equally split between civil and military
activities; 16 billion euro for Aeronautics and 4 billion euro for Land and Naval
Defence; total R&D breakdown is 80% Aeronautics and 20% Land and Naval
Defence; one third of total R&D is assumed to be financed by governments; in
terms of R&T, the amount is estimated to be 3.5 billion euro with 40% dedicated
to civil and 60% to military activities
• Round figures for total export (intra and out of Europe) show an amount of 109
billion euro out of which 68 billion euro represent exports outside of Europe
and 41 billion euro as intra-Europe. Civil exports represent 65% of the total,
with the following split: 91.5% for Aeronautics and 8.5% for Space. In Civil
Aeronautics, 38% represent exports in Europe while extra Europe exports
amount to 62%. Regarding Space, 70% of the exports are intra-Europe and
30% outside of Europe. Regarding military exports, they represent 35% of the
total, the majority of which from Aeronautics, and are split as follows: 30%
intra-Europe and 70% outside of Europe
• The Supply Chain is estimated to represent one third of total revenues

MAJOR TRENDS

IN THE EUROPEAN ASD
INDUSTRY IN 2014

In 2014, the European aerospace and defence industries were stable, showing
resilience against a global and European environment characterised by uncertainties
and economic slowdown.
Overall, our industry creates new jobs which contribute
to sustain the European economy overall, mainly
thanks to the air transport growth.

aeronautics sector, with an increase of 2.6% in civil
activities. However, some external factors affected
the real industrial output:

In parallel, considering Research and Technology
(R&T) investments, where the European Union
(EU) contribution is a valuable support for our
competitiveness to better face international
competition, the industry continues to invest in
R&T to secure its technology edge in the long term.

• New EU accounting rules on Joint Ventures, currency
variations on non-EU denominated revenues, i.e.
British pound (GBP) and US Dollar (USD)

Cuts in defence budgets in Europe are starting to
affect our revenues in military business, which are
limited thanks to our worldwide exports. These
cuts can undermine the European technology lead.
Nevertheless, employment in Defence was maintained
at the same level in order to keep our capabilities – a
situation that cannot be sustained if investments do
not increase.
ASD industries achieved a turnover of 199.4 billion
euro, an increase of 1% in comparison with 2013
(197.3 billion euro), mainly due to growth in the

• Negative effects of the British pound devaluation
• 2014 inflation in Europe was 0.43, corresponding
to 1 billion euro “loss” in revenue
Methodological note: Year-to-year comparison
cannot always be linear due to possible changes of
perimeter by some companies / National Associations
occurring in the year that can affect significantly
national figures. Moreover, ASD does not include
some defence associations, consequently, 2 billion
euro and 30,000 units are not accounted.

AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE INDUSTRIES
KEY CHARACTERISTICS FOR THE YEAR 2014

TURNOVER

199.4
BILLION €

51.3 %
Civil

48.7 %
Military

•D 
irect employment .............. 794,695 employees
  •o 
f which aeronautics ...... 534,621 employees
•R 
&D expenditure ................... 20 billion euro
  •o 
f which aeronautics ...... 16 billion euro

SYNOPTIC CHART
OF ALL ASD SECTORS

TOTAL SALES IN BILLION EURO

AERONAUTICS 140.5

civil

military

91.6

48.9

LAND 24.9
NAVAL 22.5
SPACE 11.5
civil

CIVIL
ACTIVITIES

10,5

102.2

military

MILITARY
ACTIVITIES

1

97.3

BILLION €

BILLION €

BILLION EURO

TOTAL AEROSPACE
AND DEFENCE

AER ONAUTICS
(CIVIL + MILITARY)

47.4
2014

2013

2012

2011

45.5
46.8
49.3
48.8
48.1
2010

2009

11.5

2013

2014

SPACE

2012

2011

8.8
9.4
9.78
9.8
10.5
2010

2009

140.5
2014

2013

2012

2011

100.4
106.6
112.4
127.5
138.4
2010

2009

199.4
2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

155
163
171.48
186.8
171.5

ASD SECTOR TURNOVER
BREAKDOWN 2009 - 2014

LAND & NAVAL
DEFENCE

AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE INDUSTRY
EMPLOYMENT BETWEEN 2009 AND 2014
+ 2.2 %

Employment in ASD industries
reached 794,695 in 2014, which
represents an overall increase of 2.2%
in comparison with 2013.

733
696

2009

EMPLOYEES (‘000)

795
778

752

704

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE 2014
EMPLOYMENT BREAKDOWN
10%

5%

SPACE

LAND AND
NAVAL
DEFENCE

BY SECTORS

67%

AERONAUTICS

PRODUCTION

22%

MANAGER

28%

35%

OTHERS

BY ACTIVITY

21%

OTHERS

BY QUALIFICATION

32%

TECHNICAL EDUCATION

33%
R&D

38%

UNIVERSITY
GRADUATES

OVERVIEW

OF EUROPEAN
AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE

Key Figures from 2009 to 2014

AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE
DEFENCE SALES BY PRODUCT GROUP

2009
2010

TOTAL SALES

AERONAUTICS

155

100

163

CIVIL
AERO.

MILITARY LAND &
AERO.
NAVAL

171.5

112.4

2012

187

128

9

46

47

47

9

69.8

42.6

49.3

9.8

81

46

49

11

60

2011

SPACE

41

59

107

BILLION EURO

2013

197

138

89

49

48

11

2014

199

141

92

49

47

11.5

AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE
EMPLOYMENT

2009
2010

TOTAL EMPLOYMENT

AERONAUTICS

681
704.9

EMPLOYEES (‘000)

458.3
458.7

LAND &
NAVAL

192

SPACE
30.6

211.9

34.3

2011

733.7

479.6

219

35.1

2012

752.5

498.2

218.5

35.7

2013

777.8

515.2

226.4

36.2

2014

794.7

221.8

38

534.6

SPACE
Important Notice: All Space sector data are copyright by Eurospace. Any reproduction, full or partial of any
data text or table must be authorised by Eurospace.
Visit www.eurospace.org for the copyright policy
In 2014 the space manufacturing industry sales continued to increase, supported by the take up of
European institutional spending in space (mostly driven by European Commission programmes) together
with a good resistance of Commercial markets. As always, business growth supported employment growth
in the Space sector.

MAIN INDUSTRY
FACTS
DIRECT INDUSTRY
EMPLOYMENT FULL
TIME EQUIVALENT

FINAL SALES
(MILLION EURO)

2013 36,184
2014 38,233

2013 6,815
2014 7,258
© by Eurospace - used with permission

SPACE 2014
TOTAL SALES
0.55 4.93

TOTAL

5.48
SALES TO EUROPEAN
FINAL CUSTOMERS

0.26 3.98

TOTAL

4.24
SALES TO EUROPEAN
INDUSTRIES

BILLION EURO

0.22 1.56

MILITARY

TOTAL

1.77

EXPORT OUT
OF EUROPE

CIVIL

© by Eurospace - used with permission

1.41

1.28

ND EE
SE RIN
RV G
GR
IC
ES
OU
ND
SY
UN
ST
KN
EM
OW
S
N

3.48

SC
IE
(IN NT
CL IFI
.I CS
SS Y
AC ST
TI EM
VI S
TI
EN
ES
GI
)
A N

BILLION EURO

LA
U
SY NC
ST HE
EM R
S

SA
T
AP ELL
P IT
SY LIC E
ST AT
EM IO
S NS

SPACE 2014 FINAL
SALES BY PRODUCT

0.45 0.43 0.20

total 7.25
© by Eurospace - used with permission

SALES BY MAIN MARKET SEGMENT - EUROPEAN
PUBLIC ENTITIES vs COMMERCIAL AND EXPORTS

MILLION EURO
SALES
TO EUROPEAN
PUBLIC ENTITIES

4,500
4,000
3,500
3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0

3,939

COMMERCIAL
AND EXPORTS
SALES

3,106

OTHER/
UNKNOWN

2014

2011

2008

2005

2002

1999

1996

1993

2,140

The European space industry has access to a large domestic market, its core market. It also exports its
systems outside Europe. In both markets space systems are sold to a variety of customers, mostly public
entities such as space agencies in Europe and worldwide, but also private customers such as satellite or
launch service operators.
© by Eurospace - used with permission

SPACE 2014 EMPLOYMENT
BREAKDOWN BY QUALIFICATION

6%

4%

APPRENTICESHIP

1%

GENERAL
SCHOOL
ONLY

1% not available

VOCATIONAL
SCHOOL

38%

21%

HIGHER
VOCATIONAL
SCHOOL

UNIVERSITY

≥4 YEARS

29%

UNIVERSITY
3 YEARS

© by Eurospace - used with permission

SALES AND EMPLOYMENT IN THE SPACE
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY (EUROPE)
FINAL
SALES

MILLION EURO / FTE

DIRECT SPACE
EMPLOYMENT

8,000

45,000

7,000

40,000
35,000

6,000

30,000

5,000

25,000

4,000

20,000

3,000

15,000

2,000

10,000

1,000

5,000

0
2013

2010

2007

2004

2001

1998

1995

1992

0

© by Eurospace - used with permission

2014 AEROSPACE INDUSTRY
GLOBAL OVERVIEW
Source: Members of ICCAIA

EUROPE

(ASD COUNTRIES)

CANADA
76,000

EMPLOYMENT 

27.7 billion US Dollar
REVENUES

34%

573,000

40%

170.3 billion US Dollar

EMPLOYMENT

5%

6%

REVENUES

UNITED
STATES
606,000

EMPLOYMENT

228.4 billion US Dollar
REVENUES

JAPAN
35%

2%

4%

46

%

24,000

6.4 billion US Dollar
REVENUES

EMPLOYMENT

17.6 billion US Dollar*
REVENUES

RUSSIAN
FEDERATION

BRAZIL
EMPLOYMENT

36,500*

1%

403,000

EMPLOYMENT

1%

26.7 billion US Dollar
REVENUES

23%
3%

* estimated for 2014

ASD NATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
AAI

Austrian Aeronautics Industries Group

ASW

Austrian Defence & Security Industry Group

Agoria

Aeronautics Enterprise Group

BSDI

Belgian Security & Defence Industry

BDIA

Bulgarian Defence Industry Association

ALV CR

Association of Aviation Manufacturers of the Czech Republic

AOBP

Defence and Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic

Denmark

FAD

Danish Defence & Security Industries Association

Finland

AFDA

Association of Finnish Defence and Aerospace Industries

France

GIFAS

French Aerospace Industries Association

BDLI

German Aerospace Industries Association

BDSV

Federation of German Security & Defence Industries

Greece

HASDIG

Hellenic Aerospace & Defence Industries Group

Ireland

FAEI

Federation of Aerospace Industries in Ireland

Italy

AIAD

Italian Industries Federation for Aerospace Defence & Security

Norway

FSI

Norwegian Defence and Security Industries Association

Poland

APAI

Association of Polish Aviation Industry

AED
Portugal

Portuguese Association of Defence related Industries
& New Technologies Companies

TEDAE

Spanish Association for Defence, Security and Space Technologies

SAI

Swedish Aerospace Industries Association

SOFF

Swedish Security and Defence Industry Association

Austria

Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic

Germany

Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Netherlands
Turkey
United Kingdom

SWISSMEM Division for Aeronautics, Security and Defence
NAI

Netherlands Aerospace Group + Fokker

NIDV

Netherlands Defence Manufacturers Association

SaSaD

Turkish Defense and Aerospace Industry Manufacturers Association

ADS

Advancing UK Aerospace, Defence & Security Industries

ABOUT ASD

The AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD)
represents the Aeronautics, Space, Security and Defence industries in
Europe. It raises awareness and promotes the values of its members to
the European institutions. The essence of the Association is to provide a
single platform for the development of joint positions for the industries
it represents.
Located in the heart of Brussels, ASD’s membership today comprises 15 major
European aerospace and defence companies and 26 member associations
in 19 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK.

CONTRIBUTION

The ASD Facts and Figures 2014 result from the contribution of
the National Associations that are members of ASD, with ASD as
coordinator. Process coordination and data analysis were performed
by Fabrizio Braghini, Chairman of ASD Data Analysis Committee and
Pierre Lionnet, ASD-Eurospace Research Director for the Space chapter.
Editor: AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of
Europe, Communication and Information Team.

Rue Montoyer 10, 1000 Brussels
Tel +32 2 775 81 10 | Fax +32 2 775 81 12
info@asd-europe.org | www.asd-europe.org

Published in October 2015