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Chemistry 1A

Practice Test II
1. The melting point of nitrogen is 63 K. This
temperature corresponds to
[A] 63°C.
[B] –63°C.
[C] –210°C.
[D] 483°C.
[E] –336°C.
2. A given mass of gas occupies a volume of
4.00 L at 60°C and 550 mmHg. Which of the
following mathematical expressions will yield
its pressure at 3.00 L and 30°C?
[A] 550 ×

4.00 30
×
3.00 60

[B] 550 ×

3.00 30
×
4.00 60

[C] 550 ×

3.00 333
×
4.00 303

[D] 550 ×

4.00 303
×
3.00 333

[E] 550 ×

3.00 303
×
4.00 333

3. How many moles of gas are in a gas sample
occupying 0.250 L at 215 mmHg and 25°C?
[A] 0.00217
[B] 0.00289
[C] 0.0345
[D] 0.416
[E] 1.27

4. At standard conditions, it was found that
1.17 L of a gas weighed 5.45 g. The gas is
[A] NH3.
[B] HNF2.
[C] N2F4.
[D] NH3.
[E] NO2.
5. What volume of nitrous oxide, N2O, has the
same number of ATOMS as 10.0 L of neon at
the same temperature and pressure?
[A] 1.67 L
[B] 2.50 L
[C] 3.33 L
[D] 7.50 L
[E] 10.0 L
6. Which of the following statements
concerning equal volumes of the gases
nitrogen(I) oxide, N2O, and propane, C3H8, at
the same temperature and pressure, is (are)
true?
1. They have the same number of atoms.
2. They have the same number of molecules.
3. They have the same density.
[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] 1 and 2 only
[D] 2 and 3 only
[E] 1, 2, and 3
7. If ρ is the density of a gas, M its relative
molecular mass, R the gas constant, T the
temperature, and P its pressure, which of the
following expressions represents the density of
a gas?
PM
RT
RTM
[D]
P
[A]

RM
PT
RT
[E]
PM
[B]

[C]

RMP
T

1

under the same conditions have equal 1. CH3SH. [C] pressures within the chemical bonds. Real gases deviate from ideal behavior because of the attractive forces between the gas molecules and 11. numbers of atoms. 3.0°C is 21 mmHg. A sample of hydrogen was collected by water displacement at 23. O3. numbers of molecules. [A] 1 only [B] 2 only [C] 3 only [D] 1 and 2 only [E] 1 and 3 only 10. After water vapor is removed. 2 . [A] ionization energies.0 L) of ozone.8.0°C and an atmospheric pressure of 735 mmHg.) [A] 509 mL [B] 539 mL [C] 552 mL [D] 568 mL [E] 585 mL 9. 2. [E] The volume of the sample would be zero at –273°C. [E] the gas molecules are in rapid motion. [E] the actual volume of the molecules. and methanethiol. [B] molecular vibrations. Its volume is 568 mL. All the following are postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory of gases except [A] the collisions between molecules are elastic. masses. [B] The pressure exerted by gaseous nitrogen is due to collisions of the molecules with the walls of the container. [D] the volumes of the molecules are negligible compared with the volume of the container. [C] The average kinetic energy of the gaseous nitrogen is proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. [D] the molecules all having different velocities. [B] the gas molecules are in constant motion. 12. Equal volumes (1. [C] at a constant temperature. what volume would the hydrogen occupy at the same conditions of pressure and temperature? (The vapor pressure of water at 23. Which of the following statements is LEAST likely to be true of a sample of nitrogen gas? [A] Molecules of gaseous nitrogen are in constant random motion. [D] Collisions between the gaseous molecules are elastic. each molecule has the same kinetic energy.

and the process is exothermic. [C] is endothermic. and the process is endothermic. The sign of ∆H for the process CO2(s) CO2(g) is →  [A] positive. [C] positive. [E] impossible to predict with confidence because ∆H of for CO2(s) and ∆H of for CO2(g) are not given. and the process is exothermic. [B] is exothermic. and the process is exothermic. which metal will have the highest temperature? [A] copper [B] magnesium [C] mercury [D] silver [E] lead 18. [D] cannot occur. [B] negative. [B] H2O molecules are smaller and more attracted to each other than SO2 molecules. whereas nitrogen required 48 seconds.87 SO2 we can conclude that 0.0568 [A] H2O molecules are smaller and less attracted to each other than SO2 molecules. Consider the following specific heats of metals. and the process is endothermic. and the process is endothermic. [C] positive. The molecular weight of an unknown gas was measured by an effusion experiment. 14. and the process is endothermic. [B] 24 g/mol. which are all at the same temperature.13. [C] 30 g/mol. that process [A] occurs rapidly. 16. [C] H2O molecules are larger and more attracted to each other than SO2 molecules. [B] positive. 3 . a(atm • L2 / mol 2 ) b(L / mol) H2 O 5.02 J (g • ° C) mercury 0. [E] impossible to predict because ∆H of for NaCl(s) and ∆H of for NaCl(l) are not given.0305 0.138 J (g • ° C) silver 0. [D] H2O molecules are larger and less attracted to each other than SO2 molecules. [D] negative.237 J (g • ° C) lead 0.0 g of each of the metals. [E] None of these conclusions is correct.385 J (g • ° C) magnesium 1. 15. [E] requires a catalyst. [D] 40 g/mol. From a consideration of the van der Waals constants for water and sulfur dioxide. [E] 50 g/mol. 17. and the process is exothermic. If ∆U = –65 kJ for a certain process. [D] negative. It was found that it took 64 seconds for the gas to effuse. The molecular mass of the gas is [A] 16 g/mol.54 6. Metal Specific Heat copper 0.129 J (g • ° C) If the same amount of heat is added to 25. The sign of ∆H for the process NaCl(s) NaCl(l) is →  [A] negative.

(∆H of for Cr2O3(s) is –1140 kJ/mol. 2. What is the quantity of heat evolved when 200. and 3 20. g H2O(l) is formed from the combustion of H2(g) and O2(g)? 1 H2(g) + O2(g) → H2O(l) ∆H° = –  2 285. Calculate the heat of the reaction for the following thermochemical equation: HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaCl(aq) +  H2O(l) Assume that the heat capacity of the system is 209. the temperature of the water increases by 13. amount of ethanol 3. [B] the temperature of the surroundings increases.0 g of Cr at 25°C and 1 atm pressure is oxidized. Which substance has a heat of formation equal to zero at 25°C and 1 atm? [A] C2H6(g) [B] C2H6(l) [C] Br2(s) [D] Br2(l) [E] Br2(g) 25.300 J/mol [E] +115.000 J/mol 21. Which of the following would be needed to determine the energy of combustion of ethanol in a bomb calorimeter? 1. [E] T. 22. [C] U.7°C.0500 mol of NaOH in 50. [B] H.2 J/°C. [A] –57. All the following are state functions EXCEPT [A] w. When 0.0500 mol of HCl is reacted with 0.300 J/mol [B] –2870 J/mol [C] + 2870 J/mol [D] +57. All the following statements are true for an exothermic reaction EXCEPT [A] the temperature of the reaction system increases.8 kJ [B] 1590 kJ [C] 3170 kJ [D] 4360 kJ [E] 57200 kJ 23.19.) 4Cr(s) + 3O2(g) → 2Cr2O3(s)  [A] –1140 kJ [B] +1140 kJ [C] –570 kJ [D] +570 kJ [E] –285 kJ 24. [C] heat passes from the reaction system to the surroundings. Calculate the change in enthalpy when 52. [D] the products have a higher heat content than the reactants. [D] P. 4 . temperature increase 2.8 kJ [A] 285. heat capacity of calorimeter [A] 1 only [B] 1 and 2 only [C] 1 and 3 only [D] 2 and 3 only [E] 1.0 mL of water. [E] the enthalpy change for the reaction is negative.

5 kJ 30. [B] heat flows from a system into the 1 N 2 ( g ) + O2 ( g)  → NO 2 ( g ) ∆H = 33. [A] –207.4 kJ [B] +1411. C2H4.77 × 103 kJ [B] 3. Given the following data: 3 N 2 ( g) + O2 ( g)  → N 2 O 3 ( s) ∆H = 83. N2O3(g) →  NO(g) + NO2(g) [E] the value of q is positive in an endothermic process.7 kJ[A] the value of q is positive when heat flows 2 N 2 ( g) + O2 ( g)  → 2NO(g) ∆H = 180.5 kJ [E] +1306. KBrO3. Pb(s) + PbO2(s) + 2SO3(g) → 2PbSO4(s)  [A] –3. Given the following data at 25°C and 1. Using the following data.3 CO 2 ( g ) − 393. The equation for the standard enthalpy of formation of potassium bromate.5 H 2 O(l ) − 285. ∆H° ( kJ mol) S( s) + O 2 ( g )  → SO 2 ( g ) − 395 S( s) + O 2 ( g )  → SO 2 ( g ) − 618 find the heat required for the reaction converting solid sulfur to gaseous sulfur at 298 K and 1 atm pressure.2 kJsurroundings in an endothermic process.1 kJ [D] –1306. corresponds to which reaction? [A] K(s) + KBrO3(s) 1 2 Br2(g) + 3 2 O2(g) →  [B] K(g) + KBrO3(s) 1 2 Br2(g) + 3 2 O2(g) →  [C] K(s) + KBrO3(s) 1 2 Br2(l) + 3 2 O2(g) →  [D] K(g) + Br(g) + 3O(g) → KBrO3(s)  [E] K(s) + Br(g) + 3O(g) → KBrO3(s)  27. Given the following data.77 × 103 kJ [C] –639 kJ [D] –521 kJ [E] –769 kJ 31.9 [A] +731.26.1 kJ 5 .7 kJ [E] 207.4 into kJ a system from the surroundings.3 kJ [D] 39. what is ∆H for the reaction [D] energy is a state property.7 kJ [C] 24.00 atm pressure: Pb( s) + PbO 2 ( s) + 2H 2SO 4 (l )  → 2PbSO 4 ( s) + 2H 2 O(l ) SO 3 ( g ) + H 2 O(l )  → H 2SO 4 (l ) evaluate ∆H° for the reaction below at 25°C. All of the following statements are TRUE EXCEPT 28.1 kJ [C] –1411.1 kJ [B] –39. determine the heat of reaction for the combustion of 1 mol of ethylene. [A] –1013 kJ/mol [B] +618 kJ/mol [C] –618 kJ/mol [D] –223 kJ/mol [E] +223 kJ/mol 29. 2CO2(g) + 2H2O(l) C2H4(g) + 3O2(g) →  ° Compound ∆H f (kJ / mol) C2 H 4 ( g) + 52. 2 [C] enthalpy is a state property.

ultraviolet. [B] his statement that no electron can have identical values for all four quantum numbers. ultraviolet [B] microwaves. Which of the following combinations of quantum numbers are permissible? n l ml ms 1. Ultraviolet [A] x-rays. [E] his statement that electrons occupy all the orbitals of a given sublevel singly before pairing begins. Einstein’s work on the photoelectric effect made extensive use of the equation [A] E = mc2. Infrared. ultraviolet. microwaves 33. ultraviolet. infrared. X-rays. [C] his proposal that particles of matter should be associated with wavelike behavior. Microwaves. [A] 137 nm [B] 231 nm [C] 274 nm [D] 548 nm [E] 684 nm 34. x-rays [D] infrared. 4 3 1 0 −1/ 2 −1/ 2 3. Rank the following regions of the electromagnetic spectrum in order of decreasing energy. 3 3 2. 37. What is the wavelength of light emitted when the hydrogen atom undergoes a transition from level n = 5 to level n = 2? R H = 2.63 × 10 − 34 J • s. Which one of the orbital occupancy designations shown below does NOT make sense? [A] 2s1 [B] 3d10 [C] 4p7 [D] 4f7 [E] 2p6 6 . The contribution for which de Broglie is remembered in modern science is 1 1 − 2 . [E] ∆E = − R H 36. infrared. 3 2 1 +1/ 2 [A] 1 only [B] 2 only [C] 3 only [D] 1 and 2 only [E] 2 and 3 only 38.26 × 10 −19 J / photon? h = 6. m1 = –1? [A] s [B] p [C] d D] f 35. What orbital has the quantum numbers n = 4. ultraviolet. x-rays [C] microwaves. infrared. What is the wavelength of light associated with the radiation of 7. l = 3. [B] υ = c/λ R [C] E = − 2H . 2 n 2 n1 E] g 39. microwaves. infrared.180 × 10−18 J [A] 663 nm [B] 833 nm [C] 546 nm [D] 521 nm [E] 434 nm [A] his statement that an electron can exist in an atom only in discrete energy levels. [D] his statement that elements show periodic repetition of properties. n [D] E = hυ. microwaves.32. x-rays [E] x-rays.

Which of the following orbital diagrams is IMPOSSIBLE according to the Pauli exclusion principle? 46. Which of the following atoms has the LARGEST atomic radius? [A] Option 1 [B] Option 2 [C] Option 3 [D] Option 4 [E] Option 5 [A] Sr [B] Mg [C] P [D] I [E] Kr 7 . [D] 4. The formula that one would expect for calcium nitride is [A] Ca3N2. [B] Ca2N3. [C] 3. E] 5. [A] He: 1s2 [B] Ne: 1s2 2s2 2p6 [C] Na: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2 4s1 [D] P: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2 4s1 [E] N: 1s2 2s2 2p3 41. 2. The elements that are filling the 5f subshell is (are) called 1. [C] CaNO2. [E] Ca(NO3)2. [B] 7. [C] indium. Which of the following electron configurations represents an excited state? [A] 1. 42. [C] 5. [A] 1 only [B] 2 only [C] 3 only [D] 1 and 2 only [E] 2 and 3 only 47.40. actinides. 48.1[B] 3. 43. [D] 8. The maximum number of electrons in a 4d subshell is 45. The maximum number of 5d electrons is [A] 10. An element that has the same valence electron configuration as tin is [A] antimony. 3. [D] 4. [D] selenium. 44. [E] 10. [D] Ca(NO2)2. inner transition elements. [B] 2. [E] 3. [E] germanium. lanthanides. The angular momentum quantum number of the first two valence electrons in an atom of lead is [A] 1. [C] 5. [B] tellurium.

[B] atomic radii. 8 . Which of the following atoms designated by electronic configurations has the highest ionization energy? [A] [Ne] 3s2 3p2 [B] [Ne] 3s2 3p3 [C] [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3 [D] [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3 [E] [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3 50.→  Ca-(s) [C] Ca(g) →  Ca+(g) + e[D] Ca(s) →  Ca+(g) + e[E] Ca(g) →  Ca2+(g) + 2e- [A] Li [B] Cs [C] F [D] Br [E] I 51. [C] electron configurations.49. the elements exhibit periodicity for all the following properties EXCEPT [A] ionization energy. Which of the following equations represents the first ionization energy of calcium? [A] Ca(s) →  Ca+(s) + e[B] Ca(s) + e. Which of the following atoms has the most negative electron affinity? [A] Na [B] Cl [C] Br [D] S [E] As 52. [D] electron affinity. [E] atomic masses. Which one of the following elements would be expected to have the SMALLEST atomic radius? 53. When arranged in order of increasing atomic number.

ANSWERS [1] [C] [2] [D] [3] [B] [4] [C] [5] [C] [6] [D] [7] [A] [8] [C] [9] [E] [10] [E] [11] [C] [12] [E] [13] [E] [14] [A] [15] [B] [16] [A] [17] [E] [18] [C] [19] [E] [20] [A] [21] [A] [22] [C] [23] [C] [24] [D] [25] [D] [26] [C] [27] [E] [28] [D] [29] [C] [30] [E] [31] [B] [32] [E] [33] [C] [34] [E] [35] [D] [36] [C] [37] [E] [38] [D] [39] [C] [40] [E] [41] [A] [42] [A] [43] [E] [44] [B] [45] [D] [46] [E] [47] [A] [48] [A] [49] [B] [50] [C] [51] [B] [52] [E] [53] [C] 9 .