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50 General Knowledge Questions On Earth & Universe

1. How does the earth rotate around its axis? From west to east
2. What is the word used to describe the shape of earth? Oblate spheroid
3. What is the radius of the earth approximately? 6400 km
4. On which date does Summer Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere occur? December, 22
5. How much does one degree of the circumference of the earth measure (approx.)? 111 km
6. Where is the speed of rotation of the earth highest? Along the Equator
7. What can be the maximum duration of totality for a solar eclipse? 7 minutes 40 seconds
8. What is the total surface area of earth? 510 million sq km
9. What is the approximate equatorial circumference of the earth? 40,000 Km
10. What is the approximate diameter of the earth? 12,800 Km
11. Which is the place that has the longest day and the shortest night on 22nd December,?
Melbourne
12. Geostationary orbit is at a height of howmany km? 36,000 km
13. On which date the earth is at the least distance from the sun (Perihelion)? January 3rd
14. On which date the earth is at the largest distance from the sun (Apehelion)? July 4th
15. The Earth rotates-around an axis pointing towards which side? The pole star
16. Which part of the Earths surface receives the highest amount of insolation? Tropical deserts
17. Which layer of the earth is believed to have the heaviest mineral materials of highest density?
Central core
18. The mapping of which part of earth is most difficult? Interior of the Earth
19. What does lattitude place indicate? temperature
20. What is the upper part of the mantle upon which the crust of the Earth floats called?
Asthenosphere
21. Which is present in the largest amount in terms of percent by mass in the earths crust?
Oxygen
22. When does the difference in the duration of day and night increases? As one moves from
equator to poles
23. When is the term syzygy referred? When the Moon, sun and earth lie along a straight line
24. When does the sun reaches its maximum angular distance from the equator? At the solstice
25. When does the South Pole experiences continuous light? At winter solstice
26. What will be the shortest day in Australia? June 21
27. Which best describes longitude? The angular distance east or west of the Greenwich meridian
28. The latitude of a place expresses its angular position relative to the which place? Equator
29. One degree of longitude on the equator is equal to howmuch distance? 50 miles
30. At the summer solstice, which latitude will have the longest night? 60S
31. Through where does the Tropic of Cancer passes? India and Saudi Arabia
32. What is an imaginary line that separates mantle and crust? Mohorovic Discontinuity
33. Which is not the effect of the revolution of the Earth? Change in the direction of winds and
ocean currents
34. Where is the maximum difference in the spacing of longitudes? At equator

35. How is the lattitude of a point on the earth is measured? By the distance in angles from the
equator
36. How are Latitude and Longitude? Perpendicular to each other
37. The latitude of a place is the same as which place? Celestial pole
38. Of the total volume of the earth, which layer forms the major part? Core
39. How much the equatorial circumference is greater than the polar circumference? Approximately
68 km
40. What is the distance of the equator from either of the poles? 10,002 km
41. On the 21st June, the day light is seen at the North Pole for howmany hours? 24 hrs.
42. If a place is located at 20N, 80E in which continents does it lie ? Asia
43. The longest circle which can be drawn on the earths surface passes through where? Equator
44. Which phenomenon gives an evidence for the spherical shape of the earth? Lunar eclipse
45. What speed of rotation of the earth? 9.72 km/sec.
46. Howmany time in a year Sun shines vertically on the equator? Twice a year
47. The distance between the earth and the sun is smallest in which month? January
48. How much does the earth revolves round the sun in its orbit by approximately? 1 per day
49. What are Antipodes? Places diametrically opposite on earths surface
50. Which pair of metals- are supposed to constitute the internal core of the earth? Nickel and Iron