Abstract Book

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND MAGNETISM
25-30 April 2010, Antalya, TURKEY
www.icsm2010.org W W
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I IN NT TE ER RN NA AT TI IO ON NA AL L C CO ON NF FE ER RE EN NC CE E O ON N
S SU UP PE ER RC CO ON ND DU UC CT TI IV VI IT TY Y A AN ND D M MA AG GN NE ET TI IS SM M
I IC CS SM M- -2 20 01 10 0
2 25 5- -3 30 0 A AP PR RI IL L 2 20 01 10 0
A An nt ta al ly ya a, , T TU UR RK KE EY Y



25 April 2010
Dear Colleagues,

I am very pleased to extend you all a very warm welcome to ICSM-2010 on behalf of Local Steering
Committee for the conference. It is particularly pleasing to see participation of so many overseas
colleagues as session chairs, invited speakers and participants. We are very grateful to you for your
contributions and support. We should also like to thank our sponsors for their generous contributions
and the exhibitors for their valuable role in this conference.

The organizers have put together and pushed very hard for very exciting scientific and social
programmes for our conference guests and I am very grateful to them for all their hard work. We
believe that the conference provides a forum where all matters of interest to the community of
Superconductivity and Magnetism can be debated. We also thank Professors Vladimir Kresin and
Annette Bussmann-Holder for their generous contributions from the editorial board of Journal of
Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism to publish the proceedings as a special issue. The committees
for the conference are listed on our web site- please do contact us or Dr. Ali Bozbey with any query
during the conference. This year conference is also jointly held with Spring School and Educational
Courses (SSEC-2010) between 20-25 April, 2010 at the same venue to give young talents an
opportunity to advance their knowledge and skills with the help of world experts on Superconductivity
and Magnetism.

Thank you again for your participation. We wish you all a successful and enjoyable conference and a
very happy visit to Antalya, one of the most beautiful and attractive parts of Turkey.
Yours Sincerely,

Prof. Dr. Ali GENCER
On Behalf of Organising Committee
for ICSM-2010- Conference Director


I IN NT TE ER RN NA AT TI IO ON NA AL L C CO ON NF FE ER RE EN NC CE E O ON N
S SU UP PE ER RC CO ON ND DU UC CT TI IV VI IT TY Y A AN ND D M MA AG GN NE ET TI IS SM M
I IC CS SM M- -2 20 01 10 0
2 25 5- -3 30 0 A AP PR RI IL L 2 20 01 10 0
A An nt ta al ly ya a, , T TU UR RK KE EY Y



25 April 2010

Dear Guests,

On behalf of Ankara University I am very pleased to extend you a very warm welcome to ICSM to be
held in Antalya between 25-30 April 2010. This conference has been very successful and growing in
popularity over the last years and we hope that our conference will be equally enjoyable and rewarding
for you. The feature of this conference is the special sessions placed in each day together with 8
parallel sessions in the halls in addition to plenary sessions.

We are very grateful to conference organizers who have arranged such a varied and interesting
programme. Professor Ali Gencer and his colleagues in the local steering committee have done so
much to make this conference run smoothly with a very high level of participation from many
countries. The conference committees are listed in the following pages:

Please do contact Prof. Dr. Ali Gencer or Dr. Ali Bozbey with any query.

We wish you a successful conference and an enjoyable visit to Antalya!

Yours Sincerely





Prof. Dr. Cemal TALUĞ
Rector of Ankara University





GENERAL INFORMATION
CAR PARKING
Delegates staying at Porto Bello Hotel are urged to park their cars in the Car Park of the Hotel where
there is a private car park for hotel guests. Parking on the other places is severely limited and without any
parking permits, cars are likely to be towed away.
REGISTRATION DESK OPENING TIMES
The ICSM2010 Conference Registration desk will be open at the following times:
DAY OPEN BETWEEN LOCATION
Sunday 25th April 14:00-23:00 Porto Bello Hotel-Lobby
Monday 26th April 08:00-18:00 Porto Bello Hotel-Lobby
Tuesday 27th April 08:00-18:00 Porto Bello Hotel-Lobby
Wednesday 28th April 08:00-13:00 Porto Bello Hotel-Lobby
Thursday 29th April 08:00-13:00 Porto Bello Hotel-Lobby

MESSAGES AND MAIL FOR DELEGATES
A message board for delegates will be situated in the Lobby of Porto Bello Hotel. Mail for delegates
should be addressed to:
Name of the delegate clearly marked.
c/o International Conference on Superconductivity & Magnetism(ICSM2010)
25-30 April 2010
Porto Bello Hotel Resort & SPA,
Akdeniz Bulvarı,6. Sokak, Konyaaltı/Antalya
TÜRKİYE
Contact details:
Telephone :+90-242-259 40 41 (30 Lines)
Fax :+90-242- 259 24 47
e-mail: info@portobello.com.tr



BREAKFAST AND MEAL TIMES
07:00- 10:00, Breakfast
10:00-11:00- Late Breakfast
12:30-14:00- Lunch
19:00- 21:00- Dinner

























CONFERENCE VENUE LOCATION










EXHIBITORS / SPONSORS
The ICSM2010 Conference has received very genereous Sponsorship from the following
organizations in the form of exhibitor packages:

COMPANY NAME LOCATION (FOYER)
TUBITAK (MAIN SPONSOR)
ANKARA UNIVERSITY
ANTALYA GREATER CITY MUNICIPALITY
AMERICAN MAGNETICS
ATTOCUBE
BIOSTAR
CRYOGENIC LTD
CRYOZONE
CS ANALITIK
GLOBAL
IMTEK
LOT
NANOMAGNETICS
OXFORD INSTRUMENTS
QUANTUM DESIGN
STIRLING CRYOGENICS, INC.
TEKNIS
THEVA
The Conference Organising Committee expresses its very sincere thanks for their support.
EXHIBITION OPENING TIMES:
MONDAY 26 APRIL 08:30 – 20:00
TUESDAY 27 APRIL 08:30 – 20:00
WEDNESDAY 28 APRIL 08:30 – 14:00
THURSDAY 29 APRIL 08:30 – 20:00



EXHIBITION& POSTER AREA FLOOR PLAN



























FLOOR PLAN OF LECTURE HALLS & FOYER FOR POSTER SESSIONS &
EXHIBITIONS
















SPECIAL EVENTS:

SUNDAY 25 APRIL
You are kindly invited to attend the welcome reception with cultural presentations.
Conference Directors & Organising Committee will kindly host a Welcome Reception for
delegates which will take place at Porto Bello Hotel on Sunday, 25 April 2010, between
20.00-22.00. This will provide delegates with the opportunity of meeting one another before
the scientific program begins the following day.

MONDAY 26 APRIL
You are kindly invited to attend the live music and entertainment on Monday, 26 April 2010,
between 20:00-22:00

TUESDAY 27 APRIL
You are kindly invited to attend the Turkish Night with the Turkish Folk (Traditional, Public)
Music Concert on Tuesday, 27 April 2010, between 20:00-23:00

WEDNESDAY 28 APRIL
You are kindly invited to attend the excursion of the conference all afternoon of 28 April
Wednesday: 1) visit to minicity between 14:00-16:00, 2) 16:00- 19:00 Boat Tour with live
entertainment.

THURSDAY 29 APRIL
You are kindly invited to attend the Conference Dinner given by conference organization, on
Thursday, 29 April 2010, between 20:00-24:00. Location will be announced later depending
on weather conditions.
























ANTALYA - TURKEY
INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE
ON SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
AND MAGNETISM
(ICSM 2010 )
25-30 April 2010

Scientific Programme
SCHEDULE FOR PRESENTATIONS


ICSM2010
TECHNICAL SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMME

Requirements for Presentations
Oral Presentations:
* Presentation time for plenary lectures is 40+5=45
minutes, for invited speakers is 25+5=30 minutes or
15+5=20 minutes depending on the session template.
Presentation time for oral presentations is 15+5= 20
minutes.
* PC projectors will be available for all oral presentations.
* Presentation must be virus-checked first and up-loaded
on pc before talk by using CD or usb memory. (Internet
will not be available at the presentation PCs due to
security reasons.)
* MS Windows and MS Office 2007 will be available at all
the presentation PCs.
Poster Presentations:
* For poster presentations, a poster size should not
exceed 95 cm wide and 150 cm height.




Abstract Code Legend:
- -
X1:
S: Superconductivity
M: Magnetism
SM: Superconductivity and
Magnetism
LSA: Large Scale Applications
ELA: Electronics Aplications
LS: Late Submission

X2:
I: Invited
O: Oral
P: Poster

X2 No
X1

I-PLENARY SESSIONS

PAMFILYA 1 & 2 26 April, Monday
Time

Presenter


Presentation Title

Abs.
Code
08:45
09:15
OPENING ADDRESSES BY THE ORGANIZATION
COMMITTEE
PLENARY TALKS
09:15
10:00
Vladimir
Kresin
Superconducting state of metallic
clusters: Potential for room
temperature superconductivity,
novel nano-based tunneling
networks
PLN
004
10:00
10:45
Paul
Canfield
Intermetallic superconductivity in
the post copper-oxide age
PLN
002
11:00
11:45
Kevin
O'Grady
A New Paradigm for Exchange Bias
in Polycrystalline Films (IEEE
Magnetics Society distinguished
lecture)
PLN
007
11:45
12:30
Archie
Campbell
The fundamentals of
electromagnetism in ferromagnets
and superconductors
PLN
001
PAMFILYA 1 27 April, Tuesday
08:30
09:15
Victor V.
Moshchalkov
Type-1.5 Superconductivity
PLN
006
PAMFILYA 1 28 April, Wednesday
08:30
09:15
Guenter
Reiss
Spin torque switching and dielectric
breakdown in MgO based Tunnel
Junctions
PLN
008
PAMFILYA 1 29 April, Thursday
08:30
09:15
Ruslan
Prozorov
Experimental Studies of the
Superconducting Gap Structure
PLN
005
PAMFILYA 1 30 April, Friday
10:15
11:00
Akira
Fujimaki
Recent Progress in Single Flux
Quantum Integrated Circuits
PLN
003
11:00
11:45
Lenar
Tagirov
Superconducting triplet spin valves
PLN
009







II-ORAL PRESENTATIONS






PAMFILYA-1 : Iron-based Superconductors:Fundamental Properties
and Mechanisms- I (Chair: Ruslan Prozorov) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
RUSLAN
PROZOROV
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
ANDREY
CHUBUKOV
Interplay between magnetism and
superconductivity in Fe-pnictides
S-I
024
14:30
15:00
MAKARIY
TANATAR
Anisotropy of the normal and
superconducting states of iron
pnictides: Charge and heat transport
measurements
S-I
019
15:00
15:20
P. SAMUELY
Multigap superconductivity evidenced
by the point contact Andreev
Reflection Spectroscopy. The cases of
magnesium diboride and iron
pnictides
S-O
048
15:20
15:40
G. A.
UMMARINO
Predictions of multiband strong-
coupling Eliashberg theory compared
with experimental Andrev reflection
data in iron pnictides
S-O
040

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
ANTONY
CARRINGTON

Normal state electronic structure of
iron-pnictides investigated by the de
Hass-van Alphen Effect
S-I
016

16:30
16:50
L. DEGIORGI
Optical Investigation of the Charge
Dynamics in Ba(CoxFe1-x)2As2
S-O
046
16:50
17:10
VADIM A.
GRINENKO
Global and granular critical currents of
LaO0.9F0.1FeAs and LaO0.9F0.1FeAs1-
δ
S-O
058
17:10
17:30
A. I.
KAPUSTIN
New challenging negative-U centers
approach to transport properties
problem of High-Tc cuprates
S-O
037
17:30
17:50
ATHENA S.
SEFAT

Synthesis and Doping of Parents of Fe-
Superconductors

S-O
111
17:50
18:10

PAMFILYA-2 : Magnetization Dynamics and Resonance
(Chair: Bekir Aktaş) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
BEKİR AKTAŞ SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
BEKİR AKTAŞ
Magnetic Properties of Exchange
Coupled Py/Cr/Py trilayer films
LS
004
14:30
15:00
FARKHAD G.
ALIEV
Precise probing spin wave dynamics in
circular magnetic dots: influence of
dots aspect ratio, magnetic field and
direction of microwave field pumping
M-I
041
15:00
15:20
JOSE M. DE
TERESA
Imaging and manipulation of magnetic
domain walls in cobalt nanowires and
nanoconstrictions grown by focused-
electron-beam-induced deposition
M-O
047
15:20
15:40
ABDULLAH
NURETTIN
KOCBAY
Magnetic properties and Gilbert
damping constant study of Co2MnAl1-
xSnx Heusler Alloy thin films
M-O
023

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
BULAT Z.
RAMEEV
Magnetic resonance studies of thin
films for spintronic applications
M-O
081
16:30
16:50

16:50
17:10
MASAHIKO
HIROI
Magnetic Properties of Ru-rich Ru2-
xFexCrZ (Z= Si, Ge)
M-O
043
17:10
17:30
SUMEYRA
GULER
Anisotropic ferromagnetism in Fe-
implanted TiO2 rutile single crystals

M-O
101
17:30
17:50
YUKSEL
KOSEOGLU
Superparamagnetic resonance studies
on ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles
M-O
058
17:50
18:10
ANDREI A.
GIPPIUS
Temperature evaluation of
incommensurate magnetic structure in
quantum spin-chain compound
LiCu2O2 as monitored by NMR
M-O
041






PAMFILYA-3 : Stongly Correlated Electrons and Systems
(Chair: Tuson Park) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
TUSON
PARK
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
TUSON
PARK
Field-induced quantum critical point
and unconventional superconductivity
in CeRhIn5
SM-I
004
14:30
15:00
KEN-ICHI
KUMAGAI
NMR study of magnetically-ordered
state and spatially-modulated
superconducting gap in CeCoIn5
S-O
033
15:00
15:20
AMALIA
COLDEA
Quantum oscillations reveal the role of
structure and Fe in ternary iron and
ruthenium pnictides
S-O
081
15:20
15:40
AMINOLLAH
VAEZ

The effects of 5f localization on the
structural, electronic and magnetic
properties of UFe2 and PuFe2

M-O
104

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
DAI AOKI

Reentrant superconductivity and the
field-induced magnetic instability in
ferromagnetic superconductors

S-I
015
16:30
16:50
ZAHRA
NOURBAKHSH

The effects of 5f localization on
magnetic properties of UAl3

M-O
111
16:50
17:10
PETER
THALMEIER

Effect of f electron excitations in heavy
fermion and unconventional
superconductors

S-O
035
17:10
17:30
POORAN
SINGH

Coexistence of superconductivity and
ferromagnetism

S-O
036


OLYMPOS : Superconductivity and Magnetism in Perovskite Oxides
(Chair: Chang Uk Jung) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
CHANG UK
JUNG
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
JIN HO
LEE
Simultaneous r-space and k-space
probing of emergent phenomena in
oxides and pnictides using STM
LS
002
14:30
15:00
ARTURAS
VAILIONIS
Misfit strain accommodation in
epitaxial ABO3 perovskites: Lattice
distortions and lattice modulations
M-I
031
15:00
15:20
CHANG UK
JUNG
The relation between magnetism and
Structure in SrRuO3 thin film
M-I
033
15:20
15:40
ALEKSANDR
KURBAKOV
Crystal and electronic structures and
magnetic properties of the unique
colossal magnetoresistive Sm1-
xSrxMnO3 manganites
M-O
002

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
CARLOS
VAZ
Charge-mediated magnetoelectric
coupling in all-oxide multiferroic
heterostructures
M-I
032
16:30
16:50
YOUNG JUN
CHANG
Magnetic and electronic structure in
epitaxial ABO3 perovskite ultrathin
films
M-I
034
16:50
17:10
STEFANO
GARIGLIO

Mapping the phase diagram of the
LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface using the
electric field effect

SM-I
003
17:10
17:30
BOAZ
ALMOG

Long range odd triplet order
parameter with equal spin pairing in
diffusive Co/In contacts

M-O
112
17:30
17:50
MAJA
DLOUHA
Structure and electric transport in
LaCo2/3Cu1/3O3
M-O
114
17:50
18:10
LJUDMILA
SHCHUROVA

Coherent states of charge carriers on
two-dimensional system of magnetic
ions

SM-O
007



TERMESSOS : Superconductivity Theory
(Chair: Vladimir Kresin) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
VLADIMIR
KRESIN
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
RAJEEV
AHUJA
Superconductivity in transition metals
and rare-earths trihydride: Theory
LS
003
(INV)
14:30
15:00
ALESSIO
FILIPPETTI
Study of underdoped Y1-
xCaxBaCuO6+y: Hole pockets and
chain formation described by First-
Principles band theory
S-O
002
15:00
15:20
AMINE
SELLAM
Intercalation- and pressure- driven
stabilization of superconductivity In
1T-TaS2
S-O
003
15:20
15:40
QUAN LI
Numerical analysis of bulk
superconductors magnetized by
thermally actuated periodical
magnetic waves
S-O
025

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
ANDREA
PERALI
The pseudogap phase of ultracold
fermi atoms: Quantitative comparison
between theory and experiment and
connections with underdoped
cuprates
S-O
014
16:30
16:50
RANJAN
CHAUDHURY
Mechanism for superconducting
pairing in layered systems
S-O
075
16:50
17:10
LJUPKA
STOJCHEVSKA
Comparison of the optically measured
vaporization energy by ultrafast laser
spectroscopy and the condensation
energy determined from specific heat
measurements
S-O
100
17:10
17:30
TAREK
GUERFI
High-Tc superconductivity mechanism
controlled by electric dipole
correlation and charge correlation
S-O
020
17:30
17:50
AJAY
Influence of intra cell coupling and
inter cell resonant tunneling on the
electronic spectra in bilayer high Tc
cuprates
S-O
118
17:50
18:10
ALEJANDRO
CABO BIZET
La2CuO4 properties predicted by
Hartree-Fock symmetry breaking
effects: Hints for clarifying the Mott-
Slater debate
S-O
001


ASPENDOS : Terahertz Emission and Josephson Junctions
(Chair: Lütfi Özyüzer) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
LÜTFİ
ÖZYÜZER
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
PAUL
MULLER
Tuning superconductivity by carrier
injection
ELA-I
007
14:30
15:00
PAUL
WARBURTON
Intrinsic Josephson junctions:
Bridging the gap between
underdamped and overdamped
Dynamics

ELA-I
006
15:00
15:20
KENSUKE
NAKAJIMA

Novel features of vortex motion in Bi-
2212 intrinsic Josephson junctions
affected by resonance effects

ELA-I
003
15:20
15:40
NIELS
PEDERSEN

THz radiation due to fluxon dynamics
in stacked Josephson junctions

ELA-I
005

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
JOHN
ZASADZINSKI
The IcRn product in Intrinsic
Josephson Junctions of
Bi2S2CaCu2O8+d Mesas
ELA-I
002
16:30
16:50
LÜTFİ
ÖZYUZER
Frequency dependence of spectral
features in terahertz wave emitting
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d mesas
ELA-I
004
16:50
17:10
YASUHIRO
ASANO
Unusual Cooper pairs in
superconducting proximity structures
ELA-I
001
17:10
17:30
GABRIEL
NIEBLER

Analytical Calculation of the Excess
Current in the OTBK theory

ELA-O
012
17:30
17:50
HASAN
KÖSEOĞLU
Reactive ion etching of
superconducting Bi2212 using
PRʹ /Ta/PR mask for the generation of
THz waves
S-O
007
17:50
18:10
FULYA
TÜRKOĞLU
Emission of THz waves from large
area mesas of superconducting
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ by spin polarized
tunneling
S-O
006




SIDE : Ferrites
(Chair: Muhammad Anis-Ur Rehman) 26 April-MONDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
13:50
14:00
M. ANIS-UR-
REHMAN
SESSION INTRODUCTION
14:00
14:30
M. ANIS-UR-
REHMAN
Synthesis and thermophysical studies
of nano ferrites
M-I
039
14:30
15:00
SUJEET
CHAUDHARY

Growth of Fe3O4 nanowires and films
by electrochemical deposition

M-O
034
15:00
15:20
JORN INGE
VESTGARDEN

Striped ferrite garnet films as
micromagnetic manipulators

M-O
067
15:20
15:40
GIULIANA
AQUILANTI

X-ray absorption spectroscopy: A tool
for tailoring the properties of spinel
nanoferrites

M-I
043

15:40 - 16:00 COFFEE BREAK

16:00
16:30
U.BOVENSIE
PEN

Ultrafast Magnetization Dynamics of
Lanthanide Surfaces

M-I
040
16:30
16:50
SUBHASH
C.KASHYAP
Effect of temperature on the
polycrystalline hard barium hexaferrite
in a single mode (H-field) microwave
processing

M-O
033
16:50
17:10
KASHIF
NADEEM
Exchange bias, memory and freezing
effects in NiFe2O4 nanoparticles
M-O
027
17:10
17:30
HÜSEYİN
SÖZERİ
Magnetic and dielectric
characterization of alginic acid-Fe3O4
nanocomposite

M-O
026
17:30
17:50
YAVUZ
ÖZTÜRK
Preparation of magnetic field assisted
CoFe2O4 nanoparticle by wet
chemical route

M-O
035
17:50
18:10
AMITAVA
MITRA
Development of FeSiB/CoSiB bilayered
Ribbons by Melt Spinning Technique

M-O
003


PAMFILYA-2 : Spintronics-I (Chair: Guenter Reiss) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
STUART
WOLF
Novel materials for spintronic applications
M-I
027
10:00
10:30
CLAUDIA
FELSER
Heusler compounds: From spintronics via
thermoelectrics to new superconductors
SM-I
001
10:30
10:50
OKSANA
YASTRUBCH
AK
Photoreflectance study of the fundamental
optical properties of (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial
films
M-O
010
10:50
11:10
ANKIT
KUMAR
Annealing effects on the antiphase
boundary in Fe3O4 thin films
M-O
098
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
T.
FUKUMARA
Electrical control of room temperature
ferromagnetism in magnetic oxide
semiconductor
M-I
028
11:50
12:10
LUIDMILA
KOROLEVA
Manganese-doped CdGeAs2, ZnGeAs2 and
ZnSiAs2 chalcopyrites: New advanced
materials for spintronics
M-O
099
12:10
12:30
S. C.
KASHYAP
Room temperature ferromagnetism in
doped oxide semiconductors
LS
006
12:30
12:50
ABDUL
MAJID
Structural, optical and magnetic
properties of Ce-GaN based diluted
magnetic semiconductor
M-O
102
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
Spintronics Cont. (Chair: Stuart Wolf )
14:00
14:30
KOKI
TAKANASHI
Large magnetoresistance in half-metallic
Heusler alloy Co2MnSi-based current-
perpendicular-to-plane magnetoresistive
devices
M-I
004
14:30
14:50
NUMAN
AKDOĞAN
ZnO-based diluted magnetic
semiconductors for spintronic applications
M-I
003
14:50
15:10
DANIELA
PETTI
Fe/MgO/Ge(001) heterostructures for spin
dependent transport
M-O
117
15:10
15:30
SNEHAL
JANI
Study of magnetic properties of granular
Heusler alloy (Fe2CrAl) thin film
ELA-O
007
15:30
15:50
T. NOVOTNY
Interplay btween interference and Coulomb
interaction in the ferromagnetic Anderson
model with applied magnetic field
M-O
096
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
R.WIESEND
ANGER
Spin mapping and magnetometry on the
atomic scale
M-I
009
16:40
17:00
TOMAS
JUNGWIRTH
Band character of itinerant holes and
magneto-transport phenomena in GaMnAs
M-I
018
17:00
17:20
IVAN COSTA
LIMA
Transport and magnetism in GaMnAs layers:
The roles of the localized and the extended
hole states in the metallic and the hopping
conduction channels
M-O
006
17:20
17:40
SIMON
GRANVILLE
SQUID magnetometry investigations of Co
and Co+Cu doped electrodeposited ZnO
nanowires
M-I
029
17:40
18:00
S. BAYRAKÇI
Magnon lifetimes in 2D and 3D
antiferromagnets
M-O
095
PAMFILYA-1 :Pnictides-2 (Chair: Ruslan Prozorov) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
KENJI
ISHIDA
NMR studies on iron-pnictide
superconductors
S-I
018
10:00
10:30
BEENA
KALISKY
Local enhancement of diamagnetic
susceptibility in pnictide
superconductors
S-I
026
10:30
10:50
I.SEGA
Transport properties of iron pnictides:
A phenomenological theory
S-O
043
10:50
11:10
Kh. A. ZIQ
Magnetic and transport properties of
FeAs and RhAs
S-O
045
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
TAKASADA
SHIBAUCHI
Non-fermi liquid transport properties
and non-universal gap structure in
iron-pnictide High-Tc superconductors
S-I
022
11:50
12:10
D.N.
INOSOV
Energy and temperature dependence
of spin fluctuations in electron-doped
iron arsenide superconductors
S-O
039
12:10
12:30
GUY
DEUTSCHER
Critical currents through HTS grain
boundaries: Evidence for a strain
sensitive pairing mechanism
S-I
001
12:30
12:50



12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
MARCIN
KONCZYKO
WSKI
Flux pinning regimes in pristine and
ion irradiated BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 crystals

S-I
025
14:30
14:50
H.KAWANO-
FURUKAWA
First observation of well-ordered
vortex lattice in non-doped KFe2As2
superconductor by SANS technique
S-O
042
14:50
15:10
J. HANISCH
Jc anisotropy in 122 and 1111 pnictide
thin films
S-O
044
15:10
15:30
S. HAINDL
Magnetic phase diagram of iron
pnictide thin films
S-O
051
15:30
15:50
M. KIDSZUN
Anisotropy and vortex matter of
LaFeAs(O,F)
S-O
047
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
SERGEY
BUD’KO
Phase diagrams and physical
properties of Ba(Fe1-xTMx)2As2 (TM =
Co, Ni, Cu, Rh, Pd)
S-I
021
16:40
17:00
T. MERTELJ
Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in
undoped and near-optimally doped
SmFeAsO1-xFx single crystals
S-O
052
17:00
17:20
ROLF HEID
Lattice dynamics of 122 pnictides from
first principles
S-O
049
17:20
17:40
C. PARLAK
Lattice dynamical and electronical
properties of superconductor
SrNi2As2 from first principles
S-O
038
17:40
18:00
SARITA
KHANDKA
High-Tc and quasi-local lattice modes
in Iron Pnictides
S-O
050
PAMFILYA-3 : Superconductor Ferromagnet Hybrids - I
(Chair: Alexander Bouzdine) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
K. EFETOV
Odd triplet superconductivity in
superconductor/ferromagnet hybrids
SM-I
012
10:00
10:30
N. BIRGE
Spin-triplet superconductivity in Co-
based Josephson junctions
SM-I
010
10:30
10:50
Y.
KHAYDUKO
V
Experimental observation of the inverse
proximity effect in the superconductor /
ferromagnet bilayer
SM-O
013
10:50
11:10
A.JENKINS
Superconducting Proximity Effect in
Non-Homogeneous Ferromagnets
SM-O
008
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
J. AARTS
On odd-frequency spin triplet
supercurrents
SM-I
016
11:50
12:10
G.OVSYANNI
KOV
Proximity effect and current transport in the
oxide superconductor/magnetic interfaces
SM-O
009
12:10
12:30
J.
ROBINSON
Josephson junctions with composite
magnetic barriers
SM-O
010
12:30
12:50
C.
BERNHARD
Neutron reflectometry and infrared
ellipsometry studies of
heterostructures from complex oxides
SM-I
007
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
M.
BLAMIRE
Josephson junctions with
inhomogeneous magnetic barriers
SM-I
009
14:30
14:50
SORAYA
SANGIAO
Andreev reflection in FEBID-Co –
FIBID-W nanocontacts for current-in-
plane measurements
ELA-O
022
14:50
15:10
Y. FOMINOV
Effective spin-flip scattering in
diffusive superconducting proximity
systems with magnetic disorder
SM-O
012
15:10
15:30
P. GENTILE
Superconducting states with mixed
spin and time symmetries in intrinsic
and hybrid structures of ferromagnets
and superconductors
SM-O
011
15:30
15:50
WEN-HSIEN
LI
Development of superconductivity
through interparticle interactions in Sn
nanoparticle assemblies
SM-O
005
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
M. HOUZET
Charge transport in hybrid
superconducting/ferromagnetic junctions
with precessing magnetization
SM-I
014
16:40
17:00
G. PEPE
Superconductor/Ferromagnet
proximized nanostructures for
advanced optical applications
SM-I
013
17:00
17:20
C.
ATTANASIO
Electric transport properties in S/F
hybrids
SM-I
006
17:20
17:40
SUANO
SHIMIZU
NMR studies on antiferromagnetism
and superconductivity in multilayered
High-Tc cuprates Ban-2Can-
1CunO2n(FyO1-y)2
S-O
012
ASPENDOS : Magnetism of Molecules, Nanoparticles and
Nanostructures (Chair: Dino Fiorani) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
Eugene M.
Chudnovsky
Collective quantum dynamics of molecular
magnets
M-I
021
10:00
10:30
BERNARD
BARBARA
New coherence effects in magnetism:
Nanometer-size qubits and spin-orbit qubits
M-I
001
10:30
10:50
MIGUEL
KIWI
Exchange bias in patterned systems
M-O
052
10:50
11:10
S. N.
VDOVICHEV
Magnetoresistance of multilayer
ferromagnetic nanoparticles
M-O
119
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
IMRE
BAKONYI
Giant magnetoresistance in
(electrodeposited) magnetic nanostructures
M-I
015
11:50
12:10
K. ZUZEK
ROZMAN
Electrodeposited Fe-Pd-based magnetic
nanostructures with reduced dimensionality
M-O
050
12:10
12:30
CHANDANA
RATH
Magnetic phase transitions in cobalt
chromite nanoparticles
M-O
049
12:30
12:50
ALİ R.
KÖYMEN
New Method to Synthesize Magnetic
Diamond Nanoparticles and Possible
Applications
M-I
010
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
H.U.HABER
MEIER
Complex Oxide Interfaces – A Laboratory for
Generating Novel Quantum States
SM-I
002
14:30
14:50
PAUL
McGUINESS
A high resolution FEG-SEM investigation of
anisotropic hydrogen decrepitation and
corrosion in Nd-Fe-B-based sintered
magnets
M-O
045
14:50
15:10
MANI
ALAGIRI
Wet chemical synthesis and characterization
of agarose polysaccharide coated Fe
nanoparticles
M-O
051
15:10
15:30
VIOREL
SANDU
Magnetite development in Fe-
containing glass
M-O
055
15:30
15:50
JAVED
IQBAL
Synthesis, Raman, near band edge and
ferromagnetic properties of Mn doped ZnO
dilute magnetic semiconductor
nanostructures
M-O
057
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
Thin Films and Mutilayers (Session Chair - Young Jun CHANG)
16:10
16:40
D. FIORANI
CoPt-based films for perpendicular
magnetic recording
M-I
012
16:40
17:00
H.J. HUG
Evolution of ferromagnetic domains
over a distribution of uncompensated
antiferromagnetic spins
M-O
046
17:00
17:20
SEVİL ÖZER
Exchange bias enhancement by Cr addition
to CoO in a CoO-Co/Pt multilayer system
M-O
063
17:20
17:40
A.
Kharmouche
Magnetic studies of evaporated Co/Si
(100) and Co/glass thin films
M-O
001
17:40
18:00
A.KAMZIN
Magnetic properties of FeCo thin films and
L10 Fe/Pt multilayers of new generation for
ultrahigh-density recording
M-O
008
OLYMPOS : Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors-I
(Chairs: Adrian Crisan and Milorad Milosevic) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
FRANCOIS
PEETERS
Tuning superconductivity in
nanomaterials
S-I
062
10:00
10:30
TRISTAN
CREN
Vortex confinement studied by
scanning tunneling spectroscopy
S-I
063
10:30
10:50
ARKADY
SHANENKO
Nanosized superconductors: A new
type of the BCS-BEC crossover induced
by quantum-size effects
S-I
058
10:50
11:10
C.J. DE
MATOS
Physical vacuum in superconductors
S-O
077
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
AKINOBU
KANDA
Manipulation of quantum vortex
states by local current injection into
mesoscopic superconductors
S-I
056
11:50
12:10
BOLDIZSAR
JANKO
Andreev bound states in
superconductor ferromagnet hybrids
S-I
061
12:10
12:30
J. ALBINO-
AGUIAR
Vortex-Antivortex dynamics in a
mesoscopic superconducting prism
with a centered anti-dot
LS
009
12:30
12:50

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
DANIEL
GOLUBCHIK
Magneto-optical measurements of
spontaneous creation of vortices
S-I
070
14:30
14:50
VICTOR
KABANOV
Phase slip phenomena in
inhomogeneous two dimensional
superconducting film
S-I
059
14:50
15:10
ALEJANDRO
SILHANEK
Mapping the vortex pinning-depinning
transition via scanning ac-susceptibility
technique
S-I
068
15:10
15:30
GAIA
GRIMALDI
Non linear flux flow resistance of type-
II superconducting films
S-I
074
15:30
15:50
JOFFRE
GUTIERREZ
Visualization of the critical state formation
at the microscopic level in a superconductor
with periodic array of antidots
S-O
090
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
G.KARAPET-
ROV
Anisotropic superconductivity and
vortex dynamics in magnetically
coupled F/S and F/S/F hybrids
S-I
075
16:40
17:00
JORIS VAN
DE VONDEL
Local probing of the vortex-antivortex
dynamics in superconducto/
ferromagnet hybrid structures
S-O
095
17:00
17:20
XAVIER
HALLET
Continuously tunable high magnetic field-
induced superconductivity In NbN obtained
by template grown ferromagnetic
nanowires array
S-O
097
17:20
17:40
M.S.
ZAKHAROV
Retardation of the Magnetic
Relaxation in a Superconductor near a
Ferromagnet
S-O
091
SIDE : MgB2 (Chair: Rene Flukiger) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
H.
KUMAKURA
Development of high performance
MgB2 tapes and wires
S-I
047
10:00
10:30
E.W.
COLLINGS
Formation, flux pinning, connectivity, and
the evolution of structural and
superconducting properties with heat
treatment time in in-situ-C-doped MgB2
S-I
042
10:30
10:50
L.
SIMONELLI
Boron isotope effect on the E2g
phonon mode in Mg1−xAlxB2 system
S-O
068
10:50
11:10
V.V.
YURCHENKO
Thermo-magnetic instability in
composite superconductors
S-O
096
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
T. PRIKHNA
Effects of high pressure on the
physical properties of MgB2
S-I
083
11:50
12:10
M. KULICH
Superconducting properties of
MgB2/Ti wires with oxidized
precursors
S-O
116
12:10
12:30
M.B.
KADAM
Electrophoretic deposition of the
MgB2 coils and their superconducting
properties
S-O
069
12:30
12:50
M. MUDGEL
Heat capacity of pure and carbon
doped MgB2
S-O
071
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
S.X. DOU
Chemical doping and strain effect for
improvement in Jc and Hirr and Hc2 in
MgB2
S-I
082
14:30
14:50
R. FLUKIGER
Recent progress in cold high pressure
densified (CHPD) in situ MgB2 wires
with square cross section
S-I
046
14:50
15:10
M.
HERRMANN
Mechanically alloyed MgB2: A
reasonable precursor for technical low
temperature superconductors
S-O
070
15:10
15:30
A.KARIO
High energy milled ex situ MgB2
precursors for powder in tube
conductors
S-O
064
15:30
15:50
Eugino
Monticone
Analysis of current noise produced in
stationary conditions in MgB2 films at
different stages of the superconducting
transition
S-O
065
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
C.SENATORE
Enhanced superconducting properties
of in situ MgB2 wires after Cold High
Pressure densification
S-I
041
16:40
17:00
I.N.
ASKERZADE
Fluctuational specific heat jump of
two-band superconductors:
Applications to MgB2
S-O
067
17:00
17:20
P. J. UADRA-
SOLIS
Vortex dendritic avalanches induced
by microwave pulses in MgB2
S-O
072
17:20
17:40
SERAP
SAFRAN
AC loss measurement of
multifilamentary MgB2 wires
S-O
112
TERMESSOS : Wires, Tapes and Coated Superconductors
(Chair: Wilfred Goldacker) 27 April-TUESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
WILFRED
GOLDACKER
Properties of ROEBEL cables from
coated conductors
LSA-I
007
10:00
10:30
AREND
NIJHUIS
Progress in testing and analysis of
Nb3Sn wires and cables for ITER
LSA-I
006
10:30
10:50
Sonja
Schlachter
HTS cables for high-current
applications
S-I
065
10:50
11:10
AKIO OOTA
Study for AC loss reduction in Bi2223
tapes by introducing oxide barriers
LSA-O
008
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
PAVOL
KOVAC
Wires and cables from MgB2
S-I
045
11:50
12:10
R. NATH
BHATTACHA
RYA
Electrodeposited Cu-stabilization layer
for high temperature superconducting
coated conductors
LSA-O
005
12:10
12:30
X.X. XI
Hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition
for MgB2 coated-conductors
LSA-I
008
12:30
12:50
DONG HO
KIM
Korean industrial standard on DC critical
current measurement method for
superconducting power cables
LSA-I
005
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
DANKO VAN
DER LAAN
Effect of strain on the critical current and
flux pinning in YBa2Cu3O7-
conductors and Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox tapes
LSA-I
009
14:30
14:50
VADIM A.
GRINENKO
YBCO pancake coils with low AC losses
LSA-O
003
14:50
15:10
PIERRE
BERNSTEIN
Investigation of the transport properties of
coated conductors and comparison to that
of YBCO films deposited on single crystal
substrates
S-O
015
15:10
15:30
Z. BINTI
ZULKIFLI
Investigation of current limiting mechanism
in IBAD based filamentary hts coated
conductor using spatially resolved
measurement technique
ELA-O
018
15:30
15:50
H. HEIDARI
Evaluation of MCDM techniques for optimal
design of superconducting fault current
limiters in electrical systems
LSA-O
007
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
Bulk Superconductivity -1 (Session Chair: Andres Sotelo)
16:10
16:40
PAVEL DIKO
New possibilities in microstructural design
of REBCO bulk superconductors
S-I
006
16:40
17:00
J. G.
NOUDEM
Development of shaping textured YBaCuO
superconductors
S-I
066
17:00
17:20
MUSTAFA
AKDOĞAN
AC losses in multilayered
Bi1.8Pb0.4Ca2.2Sr2Cu3Ox/Ag
superconductor
S-O
023
17:20
17:40
S. POLAT
ALTINTAŞ
Influence of Gd addition on magnetic and
structural properties of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2-
xGdxCu3Oy superconductors by means of ac
susceptibility
S-O
010
PAMFILYA-1 : New Superconductors
(Chair: Jun Akimitsu) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
J.
AKIMITSU

New superconductors recently
developed by our group

S-I
048
10:00
10:30
P.
WACHTER

Cu, Pu and Fe high Tc superconductors:
All the same mechanism

S-I
049
10:30
10:50
J.C. DE
MATOS

Are vortices in rotating superfluids
breaking the weak equivalence
principle?

S-O
088
10:50
11:10
S.
ISHIGURI

New superconductivity produced by
electrostatic field and diffusion current
in semiconductor

S-O
078

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
R.
PROZOROV

Suprafroth and topological hysteresis
in Type-I Superconductors

S-I
051
11:50
12:10
SATOSHI
FUJIMOTO

Topological hall effect in
inhomogeneous pairing states of
noncentrosymmetric superconductors

S-O
076
12:10
12:30
P.
ESQUINAZI

Superconducting behavior of interfaces
in graphite: Transport measurements
of micro-constrictions

S-O
032

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
Visit to Minicity & Boat Tour




PAMFILYA-2 : Spintronics-2
(Chair: Claudia Felser) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
KOUCHIRO
INOMATA

A large tunnel magnetoresistance at
room temperature in epitaxial magnetic
tunnel junctions using Co2FeAl Heusler
Alloy electrodes

M-I
026
10:00
10:30
A. SERGA

Spin wave logic

M-I
025
10:30
10:50
NEJAT
BULUT

DFT+QMC Approach to Ferromagnetic
Semiconductors

M-I
022
10:50
11:10
HIRONORI
NISHIHARA

Magnetization Process near the Curie
Temperature of a Ferromagnetic
Heusler Alloy Co2VGa

M-O
066

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK


Manganites
(Session Chair: Koki Takanashi)
11:20
11:50
A.WAHEB
CHEIKHROU
HOU

Magnetocaloric effects in manganites
with perovskite structure

M-I
035
11:50
12:10
L.
KOROLEVA

Magnetocaloric effect in
Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 manganite

M-O
082
12:10
12:30
PINAKI
MAJUMDAR

Using disorder for phase control in the
manganites

M-O
115

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
Visit to Minicity & Boat Tour




PAMFILYA-3 : Superconductor Ferromagnet Hybrids - II
(Chair: Alexander Bouzdine) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
T.
TAMEGAI

Interplay of superconductivity and
magnetism in
superconductor/ferromagnet bilayer

SM-I
011
10:00
10:30
V.
VLASKO-
VLASOV

Combined domain structures in
superconducting/ferromagnetic
hybrids

SM-I
015
10:30
10:50
ANATOLI
SIDORENKO
Re-Entrant Superconductivity
Phenomenon in SF-Hybrids

SM-I
005
10:50
11:10
MARKO
APRILI
Cavity sideband cooling of the
Josephson phase
S-O
113

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
J.
VILLEGAS
Proximity and stray magnetic field
induced effects in
superconducting/ferromagnetic
hybrids

SM-I
008
11:50
12:10
A.BUZDIN
Magnetic moment manipulation by a
Josephson Current
SM-O
014
12:10
12:30
RAMINDER
GILL

Coexistence of superconductivity,
ferromagnetism and
antiferromagnetism

SM-O
002

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
Visit to Minicity & Boat Tour





OLYMPOS : Junctions & SQUIDS
(Chair: Francesco Tafuri) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
F. TAFURI

Coherent phenomena in high
critical temperature
superconductor nano-structures

ELA-I
009
10:00
10:30
F. LOMBARDI

HTS devices at the nanoscale

ELA-I
011
10:30
10:50
I.SİDDİQİ

Dispersive magnetometry with a
noiseless SQUID parametric
amplifier

ELA-I
010
10:50
11:10
S.
CHARPENTIER

Proximity effect in electron-doped
cuprate josephson junctions

ELA-O
016

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
S. RODDARO

Hot quasiparticle control of
supercurrent in nanowire
Josephson transitors

ELA-I
012
11:50
12:10
S. GUENON

Low-temperature scanning laser
microscopy of intrinsic Josephson
junctions

ELA-I
008
12:10
12:30
MEHDI
FARDMANESH

An efficient SQUID NDE defect
detection approach by using an
adaptive finite element modeling

ELA-O
015
12:30
12:50
MINTU
MONDAL

Coinciding metal-insulator and
superconductor-insulator transition
in homogenously disordered 3D-
NbN films

S-O
022

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
Visit to Minicity & Boat Tour


TERMESSOS : Bio-inspired Magnetic Nanomaterials and Biomagnetism
(Chair: Tanya Prozorov) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
T.
PROZOROV

Iron et al.: The incorporation of
manganese into the crystal lattice of
magnetosome magnetite

M-I
006
10:00
10:30
C.J. LOPEZ

Biomagnetite: A promising nanoparticle
and biomarker

M-I
005
10:30
10:50
T.H.
JOHANSEN
Mobile magnetic walls as particle
manipulators
M-O
024
10:50
11:10
H. CHIRIAC

Magnetic micro- and nanomaterials for
biosensing applications

M-I
011

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
R.
BERTACCO

On chip manipulation of biological
entities carried by magnetic beads via
domain wall conduits

M-I
007
11:50
12:10
M.P.
MORALES
Synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles for
NMR imaging of liver and brain
M-I
036
12:10
12:30
NAEM
AHMAD

Structural and magnetic properties of
ferromagnetic nanowires and
nanotubes

M-O
061

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
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ASPENDOS : Carbon Related Superconductivity
(Chair: Junji Haruyama) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
J. HARUYAMA
Superconductivity in carbon-
nanotubes
LS
001
10:00
10:30
P. BARBARA

Search for superconductivity at Van
Hove Singularities in carbon
nanotubes

S-I
013
10:30
10:50
T. KORETSUNE
Electronic structures of boron- or
nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube
S-I
014
10:50
11:10
A.GAUZZI

Pressure-induced enhancement of
superconductivity and instability of
the Ca-sublattice in CaC6

S-I
009

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
H. MUKUDA

Local structure and
superconductivity in boron-doped
diamond: 11B-NMR study

S-I
011
11:50
12:10
I.FELNER

Superconductivity at 32-38 K and
peculiar magnetism in amorphous
(and sulfur doped) carbon

S-I
012
12:10
12:30
H. BOUCHIAT

Spin dependent superconducting
proximity effect in metallo
fullerenes and carbon nanotubes

S-I
010

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
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SIDE : Numerical Methods for ac Losses
(Chair: Fedor Gömöry) 28 APRIL-WEDNESDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
A. CAMPBELL
An introduction to numerical
methods in superconductors
S-I
055
10:00
10:30
F. GÖMÖRY

Numerical simulation of magnetic
flux penetration and AC loss in
HTSC coated conductor tapes

S-I
053
10:30
10:50
E.H.
BRANDT
Continuum computation of vortex
dynamics for various geometries
S-I
072
10:50
11:10
O. ÇİÇEK

Transport ac Loss Measurements
and Simulations in Bi-2223/Ag Tape
with Ni-Cover at the Edges

S-O
021

11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK

11:20
11:50
N.
AMEMIYA

Some key issues in numerical AC
loss calculations in coated
conductors

LSA-I
003
11:50
12:10
D.
MIYAGI

Study of AC loss characteristics of
HTS coated conductor with
magnetic substrate using FEM
analysis

S-I
052
12:10
12:30
ENRIC PARDO

Coupling and hysteresis AC loss for
superconducting windings made of
coated conductors

S-I
054

12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
EXCURSION ALL AFTERNOON
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PAMFILYA-1 : Lattice and Isotope Effects in Layered Superconductors
(Chair: Annette Bussmann-Holder) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
HUGO
KELLER
Isotope effects and multi-band
superconductivity in layered high-
temperature superconductors
S-I
039
10:00
10:30
HIROYUKI
OYANAGI
Lattice anomalies and HTSC in pnictides and
cuprates studied by XAS: Polaron resonance
as a common clue
S-I
037
10:30
10:50
ANTONIO
BIANCONI
Resonant multicomponent
superconductivity in heterostructures
at atomic limit from high to room
temperature superconductors
S-I
057
10:50
11:10
J. M. DE
LEON
Isotope effect and role of pressure in a
polaronic model
S-I
038
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
E.
Liarokapis
Lattice effects in diborides
S-I
043
11:50
12:10
A. S.
ALEXANDR
OV
Key pairing interaction in cuprate and
related superconductors
S-I
040
12:10
12:30
HOSSEIN
KHOSROA
BADI
Phonon Softening of Bond Stretching Mode in
Ba1-xKxBiO3 Superconductor
S-O
061
12:30
12:50



12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
A.
SHENGELA
YA
Charge, Spin and Lattice dynamics in
YBa2Cu3Ox studied by Electron
Paramagnetic Resonance
S-I
081
14:30
14:50
A.B.
HOLDER
Lattice effects and two-component physics in
layered high temperature superconductors
S-I
036
14:50
15:10
CHIH WEI
LUO
Electron-boson coupling constant of oxygen-
deficient Y0.7Ca0.3Ba2Cu3O7-δ measured by
ultrafast spectroscopy
S-O
059
15:10
15:30
ERAN
AMIT
Why do similar superconductors have
different phase diagrams?
S-O
062
15:30
15:50
GULSHAN
P. MALIK
A study of the thallium-, and bismuth-based
high-temperature superconductors in the
framework of the generalized BCS equations
S-O
060
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
Hard Magnetics (Session Chair N. Lupu)
16:10
16:40
NICOLETA
LUPU
Spark plasma sintered NdFeB-based
nanocomposite hard magnets with enhanced
magnetic properties
M-I
008
16:40
17:00
M. FAISAL
RATHORE
Microstructure and coercivity variation in Ball
Milled 2-17 type
Sm(CobalFe0.1Cu0.1Zr0.033)6.93 high
temperature magnetic alloy
M-O
044
17:00
17:20
B. OZCELIK
Physical Properties of Nd1-xGdxNi4B
compounds
M-O
020
17:20
17:40
F. M.
AHMED
Microstructure and magnetic properties of
Nd-Fe-B alloys by Nb and Co additions
M-O
019

PAMFILYA-2 : Iron-based Pnictide Superconductors: Materials and
Potential Applications (Chair: Carlo Ferdeghini) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
ALEX
GUREVICH
Impurity effects and current transport
in oxypnictides at high magnetic fields
S-I
10:00
10:30
DIRK
JOHRENDT
Chemical and structural aspects of iron
pnictide superconductors
S-I
017
10:30
10:50
JANUSZ
KARPINSKI
Single crystal growth and superconducting
properties of LnFeAsO (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd)
and AFe2As2 (A=Ba, Ca, Rb, Eu)
S-I
032
10:50
11:10
HIRAKU
OGINO
Iron pnictide oxides with thick
perovskite-type blocking layers
S-I
034
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
MARINA
PUTTI
Role of disorder on Fe based
oxypnictides superconductors
S-I
020
11:50
12:10
A.
Yamamoto
Inter- and intra-granular critical current
in iron-pnictides
S-I
027
12:10
12:30
K. J.
ROGACKI
Critical currents enhancement due to
the peak effect in REFeAsO1-xFx (RE =
Sm, Nd) single crystals
S-O
056
12:30
12:50
B.
Holzapfel
Structural and electric transport
properties of epitaxially grown
superconducting iron based pnictide
thin films prepared by Pulsed Laser
Deposition
S-I
035
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
YANWEI
MA
Transport and superconducting
properties of Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2
superconductors: The role of silver
addition
S-I
033
14:30
14:50
K. IIDA
Growth of epitaxial Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2
thin films and their superconducting
properties
S-O
055
14:50
15:10
Carlo
Ferdeghini
Tc=21K in epitaxial FeSe0.5Te0.5 thin
films with biaxial compressive strain
S-I
029
15:10
15:30
C.T. LIN
A comparative study of Fe
1+
Te
1-x
Se
x
single
crystals grown by Bridgman and self flux
techniques
S-O
054
15:30
15:50
S.
SPELLER
Microstructural characterisation of
Fe(Se,Te) thin films grown using an ex-
situ process
LS
007
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
GUNTER
FUCHS
Pauli-limiting behavior at high fields versus
enhanced upper critical fields near Tc in
several disordered FeAs based
superconductors
S-I
030
16:40
17:00
VEER P.S.
AWANA
Appearance and disappearance of
superconductivity with Fe site Co substitution
in SmFe1-xCoxAsO (x = 0.0 to 1.0)
S-I
023
17:00
17:20
SUJA
ELIZABETH
Phase Co-existence in superconducting
chalcogenide single crystals
S-O
057
17:20
17:40
E.
Cappelluti
Fermi surface shrinking and band shifts in
iron-based pnictides
S-O
082
PAMFILYA-3 : Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors - II
(Chairs: Adrian Crisan and Milorad Milosevic) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
E.H.
BRANDT
Attractive vortex interaction and the
intermediate-mixed state
S-I
005
10:00
10:30
M.
MILOSEVIC
Vortex matter in two-band mesoscopic
superconductors
S-I
077
10:30
10:50
A.CRISAN
Exotic vortex matter: Pancake vortex
molecules and fractional-flux molecules
in some exotic and/or two-component
superconductors
S-I
067
10:50
11:10
M. DORIA
A new ground state for the two
component order parameter
superconductor
S-I
050
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
P.MIKHEE
NKO
Nano techniques for enhancing critical
current in superconducting YBCO films
ELA-I
013
11:50
12:10
A.PALAU
Flux pinning in chemical solution YBCO
films with tailored nanostructures
S-I
079
12:10
12:30
ALI
CHIRGUI
The effect of the pinning center size on
the vortex pinning by embedded ZrO2
nano-particles
S-O
087
12:30
12:50
M.I.TSINDL
EKHT
AC response of the single crystals
niobium in a swept magnetic field
S-O
092
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
F.
LAVIANO
Study and application of controlled
vortex dynamics in patterned YBCO
films
S-I
073
14:30
14:50
V.R.
MISKO
Controlling the critical current in
superconductors with quasiperiodic
pinning arrays
S-I
060
14:50
15:10
V.
A.SHKLOV
SKIJ
The Hall effect and the AC power
absorption by vortices in a
superconductor with a periodic
S-I
078
15:10
15:30
M.
KAMRAN
Temperature and current dependent
matching field in superconducting NbN
film of square array of holes
S-O
093
15:30
15:50
G.
PASQUINI
Oscillatory dynamics in vortex matter
near the order-disorder transition
S-O
089
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
L. MIU
Vortex dynamics in YBa2Cu3O7 films and
superlattices: A magnetization relaxation
study
S-I
076
16:40
17:00
C. MICLEA
Vortex dynamics in noncentrosymmetric
superconductors
S-I
069
17:00
17:20
M.
ZEHETMAY
ER
On the defect density dependence of the
fishtail effect in superconductors
S-I
080
17:20
17:40
L.
VINNIKOV
Vortex structure in superconducting
iron pnictide single crystals 122 and
1111 type
S-O
117

OLYMPOS : Multiferroics and Magnetic Oxides
(Chair: Reinhard Kremer) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
M.MOSTO
VOY
Unified theory of magnetoelectric
effects
M-I
042
10:00
10:30
M.KENZEL
MANN
Magnetically-driven electric polarization
in magneto-electrics and multiferroics
M-I
016
10:30
10:50
A.GAUZZI
Bi 6s2 lone-pair-induced magnetic order and
center of symmetry breaking in the
quadruple perovskite BiMn7O12
M-O
079
10:50
11:10
SUJA
ELIZABETH
Study of low temperature glassy phase
in Gd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 single crystals
M-O
121
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
K.DÖRR
Reversible Strain Dependence of Ferroic
Orders in Oxide Films
M-I
002
11:50
12:10
YOUNG
SUN
Electrically driven magnetic relaxation
in multiferroic LuFe2O4
M-O
086
12:10
12:30
RICCARDO
BERTACCO
Magnetoelectric effects in
Fe/BaTiO3(001) interfaces for
spintronics devices
M-O
118
12:30
12:50
F.MIKAILZ
ADE
Magnetoelectric effects in Co implanted
surface layer of perovskite BaTiO3 crystal
M-O
083
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
P.
LEMMENS
Multiferroicity in Cu2OSeO3 studied by
Raman scattering
M-I
017
14:30
14:50
M.
PREGELJ
Magnetoelectricity in a novel
multiferroic FeTe2O5Br system
M-O
084
14:50
15:10
N.FURUKA
WA
Spin-charge coupled phenomena in
R2Mo2O7: Monte Carlo study of double-
exchange model on a frustrated pyrochlore
lattice
M-O
085
15:10
15:30
R.K.
KREMER
Search for multiferroic behavior in new
spin spiral chain Cu systems
M-I
019
15:30
15:50
FRANZ D.
CZESCHKA
Giant magnetic anisotropy changes in
Sr2CrReO6 thin films on BaTiO3
M-O
122
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK

Soft Magnetic Materials / Special-new Magnetic Materials
(Session Chair: Arcady Zhukov)
16:10
16:40
ARCADY
ZHUKOV
Tailoring of magnetic properties of
magnetostatically-coupled glass-covered
magnetic microwires
M-I
023
16:40
17:00
FAUSTO
FIORILLO
Energy losses in soft magnets from DC to
radiofrequencies: Theory and experiment
M-I
020
17:00
17:20
I. E.
SULIMAN
Effect of microwave annealing on the
structure and magnetic properties of Co-
based amorphous ribbons
M-O
090
Study of Fermi Surface of HTS by Magnetic Quantum Oscillations
17:20
17:40
P.GRIGORI
EV
Angular dependence of magnetoresistance in
layered metals and superconductors
S-O
085
17:40
18:00
TONI
HELM
Probing the Fermi surface of an electron
doped cuprate superconductor by high-field
magnetotransport
S-O
083
TERMESSOS : Rare Earth Magnetic Materials
(Chair: Bekir Ozcelik) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
J.
HERRERO
MARTIN
Magnetic structure and induced charge
anisotropies in EuFe2As2 revealed by
magnetic and resonant x-ray scattering
M-O
105
10:00
10:30
T.ALTSHUL
ER
Magnetic ordering and phase separation in
EuB5.93C0.07
M-O
072
10:30
10:50
K. ZIQ
Effect of Cr-doping on the magnetic
properties of Er0.55Sr0.45Mn1-xCrxO3
M-O
073
10:50
11:10
P. A.
ALEKSEEV
Physics of the Kondo-insulators: Neutron
scattering study
M-O
011
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
ANIL
KUMAR
Observation of spin glass behavior in
La0.85Sr0.15CoO3 single crystals
M-O
036
11:50
12:10
A.
ABDULLAH
Synthesis and structural properties of
Ce(OH)3 for useful applications
M-O
025
12:10
12:30
S.M.
HAMIDI
The influence of target rotating and substrate
temperature on the properties of pulsed laser
deposited Bi substituted garnet thin films
M-O
032
12:30
12:50
H. AĞIL
Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric
effect of Ce2GdCo11B4 boride
M-O
123
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK

Superconducting Devices, Circuits and Computing
(Session Chair: Mehdi Fardmanesh)
14:00
14:30
STEFAN
FILIPP
Entanglement of superconducting qubits in
circuit QED
ELA-I
015
14:30
14:50
HASEM
ZANDI
Effects of Junction and Bias Parameters on
the State Measurement of a Leaking Phase
Qubit
ELA-O
024
14:50
15:10
SHABNAM
SAFAEI
High-fidelity gates for phase qubits through
full optimization
ELA-O
025
15:10
15:30
AKIRA
FUJIMAKI
Single Flux Quantum Signal Processing for a
Compact Neutron Diffractometer
ELA-O
026
15:30
15:50
ALİ
BOZBEY
Design and circuit analysis of quasi one
junction SQUID comprators for low
temperature detector array read-out
ELA-O
010
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
16:10
16:40
M.G.
CASTELLA
NO
Experiments on a superconducting qubit
manipulated by fast flux pulses:The issue of
non-adiabaticity
ELA-I
014
16:40
17:00
PIOTR
TROCHA
Proximity effect in a quantum dot system
coupled to ferromagnetic and
superconducting leads
SM-O
006
17:00
17:20
O.V.
SNIGIREV
Implementation of molecular transistor
electrodes by electromigration
ELA-O
002
17:20
17:40
ILBEYI
AVCI
Development of a Full Wafer Fabrication
Process for Tantalum Based Superconducting
Tunnel Junction (STJ) X-ray Detectors
LS
010
17:40
18:00
SANSHENG
WANG
The calculatation and fabrication of new
ultra-sensitive superconductor and GMI
hybrid magnetic sensor
ELA-O
009

ASPENDOS : Bulk Superconductivity - II
(Chair: Ekrem Yanmaz) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
ANDRES
SOTELO
Precursor influence on the electrical
properties of textured Bi-2212
superconductors
S-I
004
10:00
10:30
DANIJEL
DJUREK
Ag5Pb2O6/CuO composite, an approach to
ambient temperature superconductivity
S-O
019
10:30
10:50
NEVEN
BARISIC
Microwave measurements in the model high-
Tc material HgBa2CuO4+δ: Discriminating
between superconducting fluctuations and
pseudogap effects
S-O
030
10:50
11:10
YUSUF S.
HASÇİÇEK
High temperature insulation systems for bulk
applications of superconductors
S-O 028
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
TSUYOSHI
TAKAMI
Study of the onset of superconductivity in
underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4
S-I
008
11:50
12:10
S.TROMML
ER
Dynamic studies on the influence of strain on
superconducting properties using
piezoelectric substrates
S-O
086
12:10
12:30
VITALIY
ANTAL
Behaviour of superconducting properties of
Al doped TSMG YBCO bulk superconductors
after different oxygenation process
S-O
026
12:30
12:50
AMIT
KANIGEL
Insensitivity of the Superconducting gap in
Zn-substituted Bi2212 to variation in Tc
S-O
004
12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00
14:30
G. F. de la
FUENTE
Laser shaping of oxide superconductors
S-I
064
14:30
14:50
AZHAN
HASIM
Effect of heat treatments and Zr doped on
superconducting properties of

S-O
017
14:50
15:10
PRIMOZ
KUSAR
Light induced evaporation and subsequent
condensation of superconducting condensate
in cuprates
S-O
024
15:10
15:30
MURAT
ERDEM
Investigation of superconducting properties
of Gd added Bi-2223
S-O
099
15:30
15:50
SALEH
NAQIB
On pseudogap and the doping dependent
magnetic properties of Zn substituted La2-
xSrxCuO4
S-O
106
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
Superconducting Thin Films (Session Chair: Dogan Abukay)
16:10
16:40
IVAN
BOZOVIC
Insight in high-temperature superconductivity
from cuprate heterostructures
S-I
003
16:40
17:00
M. ABDEL-
HADI
Abnormal behavior of the angular
dependence of resistivity in YBCO thin films
S-O
105
17:00
17:20
R.
CORDOBA
Transport properties of superconducting
amorphous W-based nanowires fabricated by
focusedion-beam-induced-deposition
S-O
098
17:20
17:40
ADAM
SEBASTIEN
Discontinuous propagation of stabilized
normal hotspots in superconducting NbN
multicontacts microstrips
ELA-O
003
17:40
18:00
A.M.
SALEM
Preparation and characterization of
nanometer grained high temperature
superconducting high-quality epitaxial Bi-
2223 thin films grown by DC sputtering
S-O
104
SIDE : Magntetization Dynamics (Chair: L. Tagirov) 29 April-THURSDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:30
10:00
DANIEL
BÜRGLER
Fe/Ag/Fe(001) spin torque vortex oscillators
M-I
013
10:00
10:30
C.
MARROWS
Spintronics at magnetic domain walls
M-I
038
10:30
10:50
ROMAN
ADAM
Ultrafast element-selective demagnetization
measurements of Ni and Fe employing a
tabletop high-harmonic soft X-ray source
M-O
070
10:50
11:10
SEBASTIAN
VAN
DIJKEN
Angular dependence of domain wall
dynamics in magnetic films with in-plane
uniaxial anisotropy
M-O
071
11:10 11:20 COFFEE BREAK
11:20
11:50
HERMANN
STOLL
Vortex-antivortex mediated vortex core
reversal in magnetic nanodots
M-I
014
11:50
12:10
ULRICH
NOWAK
Theoretical investigation of thermally assisted
magnetization reversal
M-I
037
12:10
12:30
M. USMAN
Magnetization Reversal Mechanism in Cobalt
Nanowires Prepared by Chemical
Electrodeposition in Ion Track Etched
Membranes
M-O
064
12:30
12:50



12:50 14:00 LUNCH BREAK

Magnetism Miscel. (Session Chair: Bernard Barbara)
14:00
14:30
S.V.
MALEYEV
Spin helixes in magnetic field
M-O
016
14:30
14:50
YURI V.
KORNYUSHIN
Clausius-Mossotti Approximation in
Superconductivity and Magnetism
SM-O
001
14:50
15:10
EVGENIJ
KRASNOPER
OV
The Hybrid Cryogenic Magnet with a
Logaritmic in Time Field Deviation
S-O
108
15:10
15:30
S.KRAVCHEN
KO
Critical behavior of the Pauli spin
susceptibility of strongly correlated 2D
electrons
M-O
110
15:30
15:50
MING LUN
CHEN
Decoherence of the Kondo Singlet caused
by phase-sensitive detection
M-O
077
15:50 16:10 COFFEE BREAK
Theoretical Magnetism / (Session Chair: Nejat Bulut)
16:10
16:40
ALI ZAOUI
Magnetic and half-metallic properties of TiPo,
VPo, CrPo, MnPo and FePo compounds
M-I
024
16:40
17:00
RADU
COLDEA
Quantum phase transition in a ferromagnetic
Ising chain in transverse field
M-O
040
17:00
17:20
A.RADUTA
Collective dipole excitations in sodium
clusters
M-O
048
17:20
17:40
FARHAD
SHAHBAZI
Tetra-critical transition in Pyrochlore-FeF3
M-O
037
17:40
18:00
FİKRET IŞIK
Angle dependent exchange interaction in
some dinuclear Cu2+ complex:
ferromagnetism versus antiferromagnetism
M-O
038
18:00
18:20
JERZY
MIZIA
Hubbard model with hopping interaction and
intersite kinetic correlations: Scattering
correction effect
M-O
106
PAMFILYA-1: Miscellaneous – I
(Chair: Eyyüphan Yakıncı) 30 April-FRIDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:00
09:30
B. A.
GLOWACKI

Hydrogen cryomagnetic a possible way
forward for applied superconductivity

LSA-I
002
09:30
10:00
ALEXANDER
KOVALENKO
Modern Trends in Superconductivity
and Nuclotron-based Ion Collider
Facility NICA at Dubna
LSA-O
001



10:00 - 10:15 BREAK

ASPENDOS : Miscellaneous – II
(Chair: Yusuf Hasçiçek) 30 April-FRIDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
Abs.
Code
09:00
09:30
YOUNG KIL
KWON
Status of high temperature
superconducting motor development in
Korea
LSA-I
004
09:30
10:00
RYU
The current status of superconductivity-
based industrial application in Korea
S-O
119

10:00 - 10:15 BREAK

PAMFILYA-1
(Chairs: Eyüphan Yakıncı & Yusuf Hasçiçek) 30 April-FRIDAY
TIME P. Author Presentation Title
10:15
11:00
Akira
Fujimaki
Recent Progress in Single Flux
Quantum Integrated Circuits
PLN
003
11:00
11:45
Lenar
Tagirov
Superconducting triplet spin valves
PLN
009
11:45
12:00
ALI
GENCER

National Centre for Superconductivity Project at
Turkey

12:00 - 12:20 CLOSING REMARKS













III. POSTER PRESENTATIONS













POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
1
MUKESH
KUMAR
Characterization of silicon carbide (SiC) thin
films deposited by physical vapor
deposition
ELA-P
001
2
RAAD SH.
ALNAYLI
Performance enhancement of the solid
saturable absorber for laser passive-
switching at 1.353 μm
ELA-P
024
3
SUKRU
KARATAS
The temperature dependence of electrical
properties in the metal semiconductor
structures
ELA-P
003
4
H.M.
ABDALLAH
Mössbauer and electrical studies of
MnxCo1-xFe2O4 compounds prepared via
glycothermal route
M-P
033
5 M.BELONENKO
Antiferromagnetic solitons in carbon
nanotubes
ELA-P
029
6
HUSEYIN
SOZERI
Synthesis, Structural and Conductivity
Characterization of Alginic Acid-Fe3O4
Nanocomposite
M-P
035
7
JAGDISH
CHAND
Effect of Gd3+ doping on the electric and
dielectric properties of Mg ferrite
processed by conventional ceramic
technique
M-P
036
8 R.C.KAMBALE
Effect of Mn substitution on magnetic and
dielectric properties of cobalt ferrite
synthesized by an autocombustion route
M-P
139
9
MUHAMMAD
NAEEM ASHIQ
Synthesis of Zr-Co substituted M-type
strontium hexaferrite nanomaterials for
potential application in high density
recording media
M-P
137
10
P. ABDUL AJIJ
SHAIKH
Magnetic properties of Co1–
xNixFe1.9Mn0.1O4 ferrite
M-P
138
11 MEHMET BAY
Magnetic properties of Mn0.4Ni0.6Fe2O4
nanoparticles synthesized by PEG assisted
hydrothermal method
M-P
143
12 JUSTICE MSOMI
XRD, magnetic and Mössbauer spectral
studies of AgxNi1-xFe2O4 ferrite
nanoparticles
M-P
037
13
MUHAMMAD
NAEEM ASHIQ
Synthesis, magnetic and dielectric
properties of Al-Cr substituted M-type
strontium hexaferrite
M-P
039
14
V.E.
KORONOVSKYY
Magneto-electric phenomena in
temperature-influensed yttrium iron
garnets
M-P
038
15
ALEXANDER A.
BARANNIK
Microwave Impedance Characterization of
Single Crystal Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 Using
Sapphire Disk Quasi-Optical Resonator
S-P
055
16 A.E.. KARKIN
Superconductivity in iron silicide Lu2Fe3Si5
probed by radiation-induced disordering
S-P
056
17 JIN-MING CHEN
High-pressure X-ray absorption
spectroscopy study on β-Fe1.01Se
superconductor
S-P
058
18 C. STIEHLER
AC loss measurements of tapes and YBCO
double-pancake racetrack coils and the
effect of soft magnetic shielding
LSA-P
026
19
V.
DIMITROV
Magnetic State of an Assembly of Magnetic
Dipoles
LS
008
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER


Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
20
MOHAMED
MAHTALI
Superconductive and magnetic
properties of Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ
ceramics doped by Pb
S-P
010
21 TAKUYA KATO
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and
Spectroscopy on Iron Chalcogenide
Superconductor Fe1+δSe1-xTex
S-P
057
22 ANAND PAL
Synthesis and Superconductivity of
FeTe1-xSex (0.0 ≤ x ≥ 0.50)
S-P
059
23
M.Y.HACISALIHOG
LU
Structural and magnetic properties of
FeSe and FeSe0.5Te0.5 superconductors
S-P
099
24
DAULET
MAKSATULY
SERGEYEV
Influence of anharmonicity current-
phase dependence on properties weak
links of Josephson type
ELA-P
010
25
MARIA ANGELES
NAVACERRADA
Resonant behaviour of the barrier of
YBa2Cu3O7 grain boundary Josephson
Junctions fabricated on bicrystalline
substrates with different geometries
ELA-P
011
26 GAVIN BURNELL
Hybrid Graphene-Superconductor
Devices
ELA-P
012
27
OLEG VASILJEVICH
SNIGIREV
Development of ultra low field nuclear
magnetic resonance imaging system
using HTS rf SQUID
ELA-P
013
28 TARAS GOLOD
Detection and manipulation of
Abrikosov vortices in mesoscopic
josephson junctions
S-P
089
29 SALIH AKBUDAK
The effective-field theory of the mixed
Spin-1 and Spin-3/2 Ising Ferrimagnetic
System on a bilayer honeycomb lattice
M-P
145
30 ALIYE INTEPE
Ferromagnetic resonance in double
perovskite La2NiMnO6 epitaxial thin
films
M-P
003
31 CENGIZ OKAY
Room-temperature Ferromagnetisms in
Ni-implanted ZnO Thin Films
M-P
005
32
ASIYE GONCA
SALE
Magnetic Resonance Studies of Co
Implanted BaTiO3
M-P
004
33
DUMITRITA
PINZARU
Electrodeposition and Study of Magnetic
and Transport Properties of [Fe/Pt]n
Multilayers
M-P
024
34 ERDAL ARAS
ESR OF the paramagnetic centers
formed in 5,5 dimethyl-1,3-
cyclohexanedione using gamma and UV-
rays, and investigation with simulation
technique
M-P
123
35 H. GHOLIZADE Ferromagnetism of electron gas
M-P
006
36
KHALAF ABDEL
AZEZ
Paramagnetic to Ferromagnetic to
Reentrant Paramagnetic and spin-glass
behavior
M-P
012
37 LAVINIA VLAD
Magnetic and Structural Properties of
Nanogranular Co/Zn-ZnO Films
M-P
013
38
MAMDOUH A.
AHMED
Micrstructure Analysis of Co and Zn
ferrites nanopowders by means of XRD,
SEM and Mossbauer Spectroscopy
M-P
014
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER


Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
39
MEVLANA
CELALETTIN
BAYKUL
Studies on Surface Morphology, Structural
and Magnetic Properties of
Electrodeposited NiFeCu/Cu Thin Films
M-P
015
40
MUHAMMAD
ATHAIR
Effect of Ca2+ substitution on Dielectric
and Electrical properties of barium M-type
hexa-ferrites at room temperature
M-P
016
41
MUHAMMED
ACIKGOZ
Investigations of ZFS parameters for Fe3+
and Mn4+ ions in rutile TiO2 crystals
M-P
017
42
NOUICER
ABDELMADJID
A Hybrid algorithm for the Identification of
the Parameters of the Preisach Hysteresis
Model
M-P
019
43
OZNUR
KARAAGAC
The Effect of Electrolyte pH on
Electrodeposited Cobalt Films
M-P
020
44
PATRIK
GRYCHTOL
Interlayer coupling in multilayer wedge
systems studied by resonant reflectivity
measurements in the extreme ultraviolet
range
M-P
022
45
PETRONELA
PASCARIU
Influence of Zn or Co seed layers on the
magnetotransport properties of [Co/Zn]
multilayers
M-P
021
46
SEYMA AKKAYA
DEVIREN
Spin-2 ising model on the bilayer bethe
lattice
M-P
027
47 PETR VASEK
Experimental determination of the Curie
temperature in Ga(Mn)As
M-P
023
48
JAMIL
KHALIFEH
Electronic structure calculations of
Fe3−xMnxSi heusler Alloy
M-P
131
49
SHILPI
KARMAKAR
Superspin Glass Like Memory Effects in Sol-
Gel Derived La0.7Ca0.3MnO3
Nanomanganite
M-P
135
50
PRABHAT
KUMAR
MANDAL
Effect of external perturbation on the
nature of ferromagnetic transition in
narrowband manganites
M-P
133
51
RACHID
MASROUR
Magnetic and electronic properties of
semimagnetic semiconductors
M-P
134
52
ANJANA
DOGRA
Neutron diffraction and magnetization
study of La0.7Ca0.3FeO3
M-P
130
53
MAHARAM Z.
ZARBALIYEV
Synthesis and characterization of
perovskite like La2/3Ag1/2MnO3 thin films
produced on pyrex glass by sol-gel dip
coating method
M-P
132
54
ADAM DAVID
NAYLOR
Point contact Andreev reflection
measurements on an exchange-biased spin
valve
SM-P
001
55
ALY MOHAMED
AHMED
Effect of Li substitution on the resistivity
and magnetoresistance of LaMnOy
M-P
070
56 ROYA MAJIDI
Magnetoresistance of the domain wall in a
magnetic nanowire in the presence of
pulsed magnetic field
M-P
071
57
UMUT
AYDEMIR
The investigation of hysteresis properties
on metal-ferroelectric-semiconductor
structures by using capacitance-voltage (C-
V) measurements
M-P
127
58 M.A. IBRAHIM
Electrically tunabile transadmittance-mode
lowpass and bandpass filter suitable….
ELA-P
030
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER


Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
59
TAHIRA HAZI
KERIMOVA
The orientation dependences of
magnetoresistance in compounds of
АV2BVI3 type
M-P
072
60 YEN FU HSIAO
The dependence of tunneling
magnetoresistance on different device
area fabricated by self-aligned technique
M-P
073
61 ILKE TASCIOGLU
Annealing effect on Au/SrTiO3/n-Si
structures prepared by RF magnetron
sputtering
M-P
125
62 R.KHUSNUTDINOV
Application of optimal filtering in
multipulse NQR detection of the
nitrogen-based compounds
ELA-P
015
63 SEDA BENGI
The dielectric characteristics of
Au/PVA/n-Si structure at various
temperature
M-P
126
64
JAGDISH KUMAR
BAINS
Impact of CNT addition on
superconducting critical parameters of
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8
S-P
007
65
DIARY R.
SULAIMAN
Design of Low Phase Noise 3rd Order
Phase Locked Loops for Computer
Systems
ELA-P
023
66
CANAN AKSU
CANBAY
The investigation of thermal and
magnetic properties and microstructure
analysis of Cu-Al-Mn shape memory
alloys
M-P
121
67
MEHMET AKIF
SABANER
Field dependence of the orbital
contribution to the magnetic moment of
3d6 octahedral complexes
M-P
057
68 PAWEL WOJCIK
Influence of barrier width on values of
spin polarization measured by point
contact Andreev reflection
SM-P
002
69
JANUSZ
SADOWSKI
Magnetic Properties of Molecular Beam
Epitaxy Grown GaMnAs/GaAs and
MnAs/GaAs Nanowires
ELA-P
019
70 Md. AL-AMIN
Anomalous Hall effect arising from the
injected spin current in nonmagnetic
semiconductors
ELA-P
020
71 M. SINDLER
Magneto-optical transmission
measurements of thin NbN
superconducting films in Faraday and
Voigt orientation at THz frequencies
S-P
084
72 UTKAN ALP
Investigation of mechanical properties of
RuSr2RECu2O8 (RE=Eu, Gd, Ho) bulk
superconductors with different models
ELA-P
022
73
ANTONIO S.T.
PIRES
Spin and Heat Transport in Low
Dimensional Magnetic System
M-P
098
74 G.M.ABRAMOVA
TN shift of Mott insulator MnS induced
by Fe-substitution
M-P
099
75 JENH -YIH JUANG
Magnetic ordering anisotropy in
epitaxial orthorhombic multiferroic
HoMnO3 thin films
M-P
100
76
POLINA
AGZAMOVA
Magnetic properties of YTiO3
M-P
111
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER


Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
77
MAHBOOBE
SHABANI
ARBOSARA
Zero-temperature study of the
Anisotropic Tetrameric Spin-1/2 Chain in
a transverse magnetic field
M-P
102
78
MOSTAFA
MOTAMEDIFAR
One-dimensional quantum compass
model in an out-plane magnetic field
M-P
103
79
MOUSSA
MOHAMED EL
AMINE
Electronic structure of new RENiAsO (RE
= Rare Earth Elements) compounds: Ab
initio spin-density functional theory
M-P
104
80
M. SHAHRI
NASERI
A novel plateau in the magnetization
curve of the the alternating Heisenberg
Chain
M-P
101
81 NEILA DHAHRI
Structural, magnetic and electrical
properties of La0.67Pb0.33Mn1-
xCoxO3(0≤x≤0.3)
M-P
105
82 ORION CIFTJA
Products of Landau and Plane Wave
Functions for even-denominator
quantum hall states
M-P
106
83
ROGHAYYEH
NEMATI
Low-dimentional gapped Spin-1/2
systems in a transverse magnetic field
M-P
107
84
ILKNUR
OZGUR HAMZA
Effective Surface Resistance of
Superconductors: Numerical Simulation
S-P
121
85
ZAHRA
NOURBAKHSH
The electronic and magnetic properties
of half-metal type MnFe
2
Co
2-x
Si
(withx=0,0.25,0.5,0.75 and 1) alloys
M-P
129
86
YASEMIN
DEMIRHAN
Adjustment of doping level of as-grown
Bi2212 single crystals for the generation
of terahertz radiation
S-P
014
87 YU-JEN CHEN
Doping-dependent phase diagram of Ca-
doped YBCO observed by femtosecond
spectroscopy
S-P
015
88
Y. SERGEEVICH
YERIN
Josephson effect in point contacts
between different two-band
superconductors
S-P
017
89
YU -TING
WANG
Ultrafast dynamics in optimally doped
YBa2Cu3O7-δ observed with white light
pump-probe spectroscopy
S-P
016
90 ZEYNEP MERIC
c-axis tunneling of round mesas in high
temperature superconductors for
terahertz emission
S-P
018
91
MOUMITA
PATRA
Anisotrpic magnetocaloric effect in
single crystalline Pr0.48Sr0.52MnO3
M-P
116
92
TADASHI
MACHIDA
Impurity-related local density-of-states
modulation in Bi2Sr2Ca(Cu1-xZnx)2O8+δ
probed by scanning tunneling
spectroscopy
S-P
013
93
HESHMAT
YAVARI
Specific heat of spin-polarized Fermi
superfluid in the BEC region
S-P
025
94
JAN
ENGELMANN
The influence of magnetic stray field on
the critical current in NbN/SmCo5-
bilayers
S-P
008
95
HESHMAT
YAVARI
Transition temperature and
superconducting energy gap of single-
wall carbon nanotubes
S-P
113
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
26 APRIL – MONDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER


Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
96
JOSE BARZOLA
QUIQUIA
Andreev reflection and granular
superconductivity features observed in
mesoscopic samples using amorphous
tungsten carbide superconductors
SM-P
003
97
PRASANNA
KUMAR ROUT
Superconductivity in La1.84Sr0.16CuO4 /
La1.48Nd0.4Sr0.12CuO4 bilayers
S-P
096
98
VLADIMIR
MARKOVICH
Spin-glass features in magnetic and
transport properties of La0.8Ca0.2MnO3
nanoparticles
M-P
109
98
A. IVANOVNA
RYKOVA
Magnetic properties of system La1-
xSmxMnO3 at low temperature
M-P
110
99 IL JIN PARK
Mössbauer and magneto caloric effect
for La0.7Ca0.3Mn0.9957Fe0.01O3
M-P
113
100
CHUL SUNG
KIM
The magnetic properties for europium
doped BiFeO3
M-P
114
101
VALERY
EVSTAFIEVITCH
GRISHIN
Stimulation of superconductivity in
submolecular structures with weak
josephson junction
SM-P
009
102
OLGA
BOYTSOVA
The YBa2Cu3O7-based film with defect
comprised of self-assembled
nanoinclusions
S-P
124
103 JAMES WEBB
Crossed Andreev Reflection in Nanoscale
Ferromagnet-Superconductor Devices
SM-P
006
104 KOHEI OHNISHI
Pure spin current injection into a
superconducting wire
SM-P
007
105
HUSNUGUL
YIMAZ ATAY
Investigations of radar absorbing activity
of barium hexaferrite reinforced
polymer composite coatings
M-P
155
106
GABRIELA
PASQUINI
Matching effects and hysteretic
response in superconducting films with
arrays of magnetic nanodots
SM-P
004
107
GYANENDRA
SINGH
Effect of Magnetic Ordering of HoNi5 on
Superconducting Transition of NbN in
NbN-HoNi5 Bilayers
SM-P
005
108
L.
SIMONELLI
d–d excitations and charge ordering in
La
5/3
Sr
1/3
NiO
4

LS
005
109
R.K.
SINGHAL
Oxygen vacancy induced room
temperature ferromagnetism in Co
doped TiO
2
M-P
157
110 ELENA GALKINA
Electron Density Lattices of Ultrashort
Period in Models Described by
the Hubbard Hamiltonian
ELA-P
028
111
SAIDUR
RAHMAN
BAKAUL
Effect of the frozen magnetic flux on the
electrical transport characteristics of
superconductor-ferromagnet junction
SM-P
008
112 N TASALTIN
AAO template-assisted fabrication of Nb
nanohillock arrays
S-P
027
113
M.M.
ABDEL-HADI
Effect of nickel doping on the magneto-
transport properties of Sm
0.55
Sr
0.45
MnO
3

manganites
M-P
158
114 ARPITA DAS
Chaotic Properties and its applications in
nonlinear magnetized plasma system
M-P
160
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstr
act
Code
1
ROBERT
ROSSMANITH
Performance optimization of
superconducting undulators with nested
HTSC loops
LSA-P
025
2
KAZUO
WATANABE
Cryogen-free 23 T superconducting magnet
employing YBa2Cu3O7 coated conductor
insert coil
LSA-P
001
3
MYUNGHUN
KANG
Optimization of a gap between pancake
windings in a superconducting magnet by
using Response Surface Method
LSA-P
006
4
MYUNGHWAN
KU
Properties of a BSCCO superconducting
magnet with an gap between pancake
windings
LSA-P
007
5 SANGJIN LEE
A ferromagnetic shimming method for
NMR/MRI magnets adopting two consecutive
optimizing techniques: Linear programming
and evolution strategy
LSA-P
008
6 WEI XIAN
Pulse field magnetization of a 75 YBCO bulks
surface mounted rotor of HTS motor
LSA-P
009
7
LEV
DOROSINSKII
Magnetooptic characterization of
microstructured FePt and CoPd thin films for
quantitative magnetic force microscopy
M-P
048
8 AHMED ZAIM
Monte Carlo study of the magnetic behavior
of a ferrimagnetic nanoparticle Ising model
M-P
049
9
DMITRY
MOGILYANSKY
Size-Dependent Magnetic and Structural
Properties of La0.8Ca0.2CoO3 Nanoparticles
M-P
050
10 FİKRET IŞIK
Determination of covalency effect in some
nearly perfect octahedral Co2+ complexes
M-P
051
11 HAKAN KOÇKAR
Synthesis of Iron-oxide Nanoparticles at
Different Temperatures
M-P
052
12 ILKER KUCUK
Phase Identification of Nanocrystalline La-
Doped Hard Magnetic Barium Hexaferrite
using Artificial Neural Network
M-P
053
13 JAEUN YOO
Magnetic Field Effect on Growth of
Ferromagnetic Thin Films and Nano Clusters
M-P
054
14
KHALIL
GHEISARI
Structure and magnetic properties of
nanocrystalline Fe–50% Ni alloys produced by
mechanical alloying
M-P
055
15
L. PAVLOVNA
OLKHOVIK
Effects of the interacting nanoparticles
BaFe12O19
M-P
056
16
PAWAN
KUMAR
SHARMA
Room temperature ferromagnetic ordering in
lanthanum substituted nano cobalt ferrite
M-P
058
17 SEDA BEYAZ
Understanding the role of EGBE solvent in the
thermal decompositon of iron-oleate: From
low to high oleic acid concentration
M-P
059
18 SEPIDE IZADI
Structure, electronic and magnetic properties
of nanolayer and bulk of MnCo2Si and
MnFeCoSi compounds
M-P
060
19
VALERIA S.
ZAGAYNOVA
Synthesis and magnetic properties of Mn12
single-molecule magnet
Mn12O12(O2CC6H4CN(-p))16(H2O)4 with
enhanced magnetic anisotropy
M-P
061

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstr
act
Code
20 WEI LU
Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties
of FePt nanoparticles
M-P
062
21
YASEMIN
AKTAS
Preparation, Growth, and Magnetic
properties of Al doped ZnMgAlO
nanopowders and thin films
M-P
063
22 ZDENEK JIRAK
Magnetic heating in nanoparticles La1-
xSrxMnO3
M-P
064
23 SAHIN AKTAS
Size effect on magnetic stability of
nanoparticles
M-P
141
24
MUHAMMED
TAN
Magnetic properties of Mn0.6Ni0.4Fe2O4
nanoparticles synthesized by PEG assisted
hydrothermal method
M-P
144
25
SYED KHURSHID
HASANAIN
Magnetism in oxide nanoparticles: Size and
oxygen vacancy effects
M-P
142
26 ANUJ KUMAR
Impact of Mn substitution at Ru site in
RuSr2(Eu1.4Ce0.6)Cu2O10-δ magneto-
superconductor
S-P
112
27 YU YAN
The next generation Thermally Actuated Flux
pump for High Temperature Superconductors
S-P
092
28
TUBA G.
ALTINCEKIC
Synthesis and magnetic characterization of
CuFe2O4 nanorods by Polyol Method
M-P
026
29
TUBA G.
ALTINCEKIC
Polyol synthesis of PVP – Mn3O4
nanocomposite
M-P
025
30 RASIM ALI ZADE
Influence of magnetic field to dielectric
properties of nanocomposites on the base of
magnetite nanoparticles and polymer
matrices: Collagen, polystyrene
M-P
032
31 KISUNG KWAK
Comparative study for magnetic properties of
ferromagnetic bulks, films and nano clusters
M-P
066
32
MATHIAS
WEILER
Spin mechanics with surface acoustic waves
M-P
067
33
VALENTINA
ZHUKOVA
Role of defects on domain wall propagation in
magnetically bistable glass-covered
microwires
M-P
069
34
VIKTOR S.
GERASIMCHUK
Motion of domain walls in crossed fields
M-P
068
35
GEORGY
MOZZHUKHIN
Multi-frequency Nuclear Quadrupole
Resonance
M-P
152
36
NORA
BOUSSOUF
The transport properties of Bi-2212
superconducting doped by Mg
ELA-P
014
37 DIDEM BUMIN
Magnetic characterization of SiC doped bulk
MgB2 superconductor
S-P
052
38 ERCAN ERTEKİN Carbon addition in Bulk MgB2
S-P
050
39 TUĞBA DİLEK
The magnetic and structural properties of SiC-
doped MgB2 bulks prepared by the standard
ceramic processing
S-P
053
40
AHMED FATEHI
SALEM
AC Magnetic Susceptibility of MgB2 Samples
Doped with Al
S-P
068
41
ARPITA
VAJPAYEE
Impact of Sintering Temperature on
Superconducting Properties of n-SiC added
Bulk MgB2 Superconductor
S-P
060

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
42
BHAVESH
BHARAT SINHA
Ambiance Dependent Influence of Heavily
Blended Mg on MgB2 Samples Synthesized
by Solid State Synthesis Technique
S-P
061
43 DENIZ YAKINCI
Synthesis and characterization of MgB2
thin films prepared by 2.4 MHz ultrasonic
spray pyrolysis system
S-P
104
44 DENIZ YAKINCI
Thickness dependence of critical current
density in MgB2 films prepared by thermal
evaporation method
S-P
103
45
DOGAN
ABUKAY
MgB2 thin films prepared in situ by using
pulsed laser deposition technique and
characterization
S-P
067
46
EZGI TAYLAN
KOPARAN
Fabrication of MgB2 Thin Films on MgO
Substrace by Electron Beam Evapuration
Technique and Superconducting Properties
S-P
069
47
LAURA
GOZZELINO
Mitigation of magnetic fields by MgB2 bulk
samples of different geometries
S-P
063
48
MOHAMED
FAIZ
Surface characterization of MgB2 and AlB2
by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
S-P
064
49
MURAT
OZABACI
Effect of substrates on superconducting
properties of MgB2 thick films fabricated
by spraying method
S-P
065
50 NUSRET GUCLU
Calculation of the β-material for bulk MgB2
superconductor
S-P
066
51
AHMED FATEHI
SALEM
Reversible and irreversible properties of
MgB2 Samples Doped with Al
S-P
119
52
JONNA MAARIT
VILJAMAA
Empirical critical current density model for
undoped monofilamentary Ti-sheathed
MgB2 tapes
S-O
115
53
MILOSLAV
KULICH
Superconducting properties of MgB2/Ti
wires with oxidized precursors
S-O
116
54
SERGEY
USHERENKO
New methods for creation of large-
dimension electrical composite materials
M-P
147
55
VLADIMIR
SOKOLOVSKIY
Losses in coated conductors under non-
sinusoidal currents and magnetic fields
LSA-P
002
56
KAZUHIRO
KAJIKAWA
AC loss evaluation of MgB2
superconducting windings located in a
stator core slot with a finite element
method
S-P
073
57
AHMET NURI
OZCIVAN
AC Loss of a Multi-layer per Phase Tri-axial
HTS Cable with Balanced Current
Distribution
LSA-P
010
58
ANABELA
GONCALVES
PRONTO
Measurement and separation of magnetic
losses at room and cryogenic temperature
for three types of steels used in HTS
transformers
LSA-P
020
59
RONALD
GARTNER
Development of a simplified biaxially
textured buffer architecture based on
IBAD-TiN for coated conductor applications
LSA-P
005
60 LUTFI ARDA
Studies of textured La2Zr2O7 buffer layers
for YBCO coated conductors
LSA-P
004
61
DONG CHUL
CHUNG
Design of Improve Matrix Type SFCL with 1
x 3 Matrix Module and 2 x 3 Matrix Module
LSA-P
013

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
62
MAKOTO
TSUDA
Current distribution in YBCO coated
conductors of a toroidal coil composed of
multiple pancake coils
LSA-P
014
63
MICHAL
VOJENCIAK
Design of ferromagnetic parts in practical
high temperature superconductor
applications
LSA-P
015
64 MINWON PARK
HTS SMES applied for the frequency
stabilization of wind power generation
system
LSA-P
016
65
NASRI A.
HAMID
A finite element analysis on the magnetic
flux distribution of a synchronous DC
superconducting electric motor
LSA-P
017
66 PAULO BRANCO
Superconductor losses and damping effects
at zero field cooling and field cooling
conditions in a HTSC-magnet levitation
system
LSA-P
018
67
SEUNGKYU
BAIK
3 dimensional electromagnetic analysis of
a superconducting homopolar motor
LSA-P
021
68
YONG -SUN
CHO
Development of new superconducting fault
current limiter integrated into the power
transformer
LSA-P
019
69
DIARY R.
SULAIMAN
Microprocessor Temperature and Power
Management Using DTM-DVS Technique
LSA-P
024
70
ADLER
GAMZATOV
Dependence of a percolation threshold on
concentration potassium in La1-xKxMnO3
manganites
M-P
092
71
AYAZ ARIF
KHAN
Temperature dependence of transport
properties of Co-Fe-B/MgO/Co-Fe-B
magnetic tunnel junctions
M-P
093
72 HAEIN YIM
Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of
amorphous CoSiB/Pt multilayers
M-P
094
73
RAHUL
TRIPATHI
Study of TCR/MR responses of
La0.7Ca0.2Ba0.1MnO3+Ag and
La0.7Ca0.2Sr0.1MnO3+Ag compounds: A
promising candidate for infrared/magnetic
sensing devices
M-P
146
74
ALEXANDER
GOIKMAN
Magnetic properties of Fe/Fe3O4 bilayers
M-P
153
75
SUDESH
SHARMA
High temperature DC-magnetization
investigation on pure and 5 at% Cobalt
incorporated TiO2
M-P
154
76
RAMAZAN
TOPKAYA
The effect of substrate and annealing
temperatures on magnetic properties of
Cu2MnAl Heusler Alloy films
M-P
097
77
KALYANASHIS
DE
Nonlinear electrical transport through the
grain boundary tunneling in La-deficient
compound La0.9Mn0.9Co0.1O3
M-P
095
78
SORIN IULIAN
TANASE
Giant tunneling magnetoresistance at
room temperature in Al/Co-Ni-N granular
thin films
M-P
096
79
A.AMIRABADIZ
ADEH
A different calcination process to prepare
polycrystalline Bi-based superconductor
with improved Bi(2223) phase
S-P
102
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
80
EYYUPHAN
YAKINCI
Nano-sized spherical MgB2
superconducting powder fabrication using
MHz range ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP)
system
S-P
105
81
EYYUPHAN
YAKINCI
Effects of in-situ and ex-situ heat
treatment procedures on the transport
properties of the MgB2 superconducting
thin films fabricated by ultrasonic spray
pyrolysis
S-P
106
82
ALEXANDR A
KOSTIKOV
Vortex pairs in inhomogeneous
superconductors films
S-P
001
83
ANITA
GUARINO
Transport properties of over-doped
epitaxial NCCO films
S-P
002
84 AUREL V POP
Structural and transport properties of
different doping states induced by varying
oxygen in Bi2Sr2Ca2 (Cu0.99Zn0.01)2O 6+d
thin film
S-P
003
85 SERIFE TOZAN
Characterization of YBCO Thin Film by AC
susceptibility measurements
S-P
011
86 SIRVAN SEZER
Characterization of Lu Doped YBCO thin
films prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition
in situ Tecnique (PLD)
S-P
012
87 BEKIR OZCELIK
Effect of Vanadium-Titanium co-doping on
the BPSCCO Superconductor
S-P
100
88 BEKIR OZCELIK
Effect of high valancy cations on the
(BiPb)2Sr2Ca3Cu4O12+δ compounds
S-P
101
89 DUYGU YAZICI
Improvement of high Tc phase formation in
BPSCCO superconductor by adding
Vanadium and Titanium
S-P
098
90
EL HARBI
BOUDJEMA
Properties of the YBaCuO superconducting
ceramic doped by Ca and Co
S-P
005
91 ASIS SARKAR
Improved critical current densities in
YBa2Cu3O7-d multilayer films interspaced
with Palladium nanodots
S-P
077
92
ATLE JORSTAD
QVILLER
Intermittent flux penetration in YBCO on
miscut substrates
S-P
078
93 FEDAI INANIR
A Model for Temperature Effect on
Levitation Force of High-Temperature
Superconductors
S-P
079
94
ASGHARI
MAQSOOD
Structural and electrical characterization of
Ni-Co Nanoferrites, Fabricated by Co-
precipitation route
M-P
128
95
OLEKSANDR V.
DOBROVOLSKIY
Fabrication of artificial anisotropic pinning
structures in thin niobium films sputtered
onto sapphire substrates
S-P
087
96 SAMIR KHENE
Detailed elaboration method and magnetic
study of nano-metrical YBCO/YIG system
S-P
086
97
LEONID
VASILYEVICH
BELEVTSOV
Surface impedance in inhomogeneous
superconductors in mixed state
S-P
081
98
A.I.
COLDEA
Quantum oscillations and the effect of spin
fluctuations on the ground state of a
frustrated antiferromagnetic metal
SM-P
011
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
27 APRIL – TUESDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
99
MARIA RAMOS
SANDIM
Grain structure and irreversibility line
of bronze route Nb3Sn
superconducting multifilamentary
wire
S-P
082
100 MARIA SPARING
Quasimultilayers of YBa2Cu3O7−x and
gas-phase condensated nanoparticles
S-P
083
101
OLEKSANDR V.
DOBROVOLSKIY
Influence of the AC current on the
nonlinear DC resistive response in a
tilted washboard pinning potential
S-P
085
102 SUKRU YILDIZ
A model for temperature effect on
levitation force of high-temperature
superconductors
S-P
079
103 SUKRU YILDIZ
A comparative study of peak effect in
microwave surface resistance
S-P
088
104 VAN SON DANG
Combination of Ag substrate
decoration and BaZrO3 nano-
inclusions for enhancing critical
current density of YBa2Cu3O7 films
S-P
090
105 VICTOR ROUCO
Flux pinning in nanostructured YBCO
films grown by chemical solution
deposition
S-P
091
106 ERSIN YUCEL
Fabrication and superconducting
properties of ex-situ processed
MgB2/Fe/Cu multifilament wires
without any intermediate annealing
S-P
062
107
EVGENII
IVANOVICH
DEMIKHOV
Modification in Many-layers
YBCO(123) Tapes under the Action of
Irradiation by High Energy Electron
and Heavy Ion Beams
LSA-P
022
108 LAURI ROSTILA
New type of low loss MgB2 wires –
First sight to hysteretic AC losses with
numerical simulations
LSA-P
023
109 ISIL BIRLIK
The Zr-doped REBCO Films Grown by
TFA-MOD Method
LSA-P
003

110

T.PRIKHNA
Nanostructural high-pressure
synthesized MgB
2
-based materials
with extremely high SC performance
S-P
109
111 JINCANG ZHANG
Behavior of trapping flux from minor
hysteresis loops in superconducting
Y
0.928
Pr
0.072
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
single crystal
S-P
019
112 P. PAIROR
Tunneling conductance in two-
dimensional electron gas/d-wave
superconductor junctions with Rashba
spin-orbit coupling
S-P
028
113 ASHOK RAO
Magneto-resistance, thermal
conductivity, thermoelectric power
and specific heat of superconductor
Gd0.95Pr0.05Ba2Cu3-x MxOy (M= Fe,
Mn, Zn and Ni)
S-P
031
114
A.F.
MOUSTAFA
Magnetic characterization of home
made strontium hexaferrite
M-P
159
115 M.APRILI
Spin and phase Dynamics in
ferromagnetic Josephson junctions
S-P
125
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
1
CARLA
CARBONELL
CORTES
Superconductor-Insulator Transition and
Matching Effects in Nanoperforated thin TiN
Films
ELA-P
004
2 LING CHEN
Structure and properties of TiAlN and
TiAlN/TiN films produced by magnetic filter
assisted cathodic arc vapor deposition
ELA-P
005
3
MOHAMED
MAHTALI
Magnetic and electrical properties of
superconducting ceramic YBa2Cu307-δ co-
doped by Ca and Zn
S-P
009
4
KI-SEOG
CHANG
Structural and Optical Characteristics of
ZnS/CdS Thin Films
S-P
114
5
SELCUK
KERVAN
Magnetic properties of the MnB boride by
density functional theory
M-P
119
6
BEKIR
OZCELIK
Physical properties of Sm1-xGdxNi4B
compounds
M-P
118
7
BEKIR
OZCELIK
Physical Properties of Sm1-xTbxNi4B
compounds
M-P
030
8
WONCHOON
LEE
c-axis anisotropy of ErNi2B2C single crystal
M-P
118
9
ABDERREZAK
AMIRA
Structural and transport properties of Bi(Pb)-
2212 superconductors doped by low content
of yttrium
S-P
029
10
ARTJOM
VARGUNIN
Effect of interband interaction on the thermal
fluctuations in two-band superconductors
S-P
030
11 W.C. LEE c-axis anisotropy of ErNi
2
B
2
C single crystal
S-P
028
12
AYSE BELKIS
KARCI
The Effect of Lu Doping on Y1-
xLuxBa2Cu3O7-δ Superconductors
S-P
032
13
CAFER MERT
YESILKANAT
Magnetic Levitation of YBaCuO
Superconductor Prepared by Top Seeded
Melt Growth Process
S-P
033
14
EKATERINE
ENUKI
SANAIA
Physical- Mechanical Properties of Y 1-2-3
Superconductor Ceramics Doped by Gallium
S-P
034
15
FATEN BEN
AZZOUZ
Excess conductivity studies in
Zn0.95Mn0.05O and ZnO added YBa2Cu3Oy
superconductors
S-P
035
16
FIKRET
YILMAZ
Influence of pelletization pressure on the
nanomechanical behavior of TlCaBaCuO
superconductor

S-P
048
17
OLCAY
KIZILASLAN
A model for nucleation-crystallization in the
glass-ceramic Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+d
superconducting system
S-P
040
18
OZGUR
OZTURK
Influence of diffusion-annealing temperature
on the physico-mechanical properties of Au-
doped Bi-2223 superconductors
S-P
051
19 YAKUP BALCI
Oxidation Behaviour of Bi(Pb,Ga) SrCaCuO
System
S-P
049
20
HARI BABU
NADENDLA
Development of high performance (RE)BCO
bulk nanocomposites for high field
engineering applications
S-P
111

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
21
ASIF
MAHMOOD
Milling effect of Y2BaCuO5 precursor
powder with 1 wt.% CeO2 addition on the
critical current density of liquid infiltration
growth processed YBa2Cu3O7-y bulk
superconductors
S-P
117
22 RECEP OZTURK
Influence of Ce substitution on
superconducting properties of
Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+x Material Fabricated
by Glass-Ceramic Technique
S-P
022
23
ABDUSSALLAM
N ELDEWIK
New superconducting Tl-based 1212
cuprates containing Selenium, (Tl1-x Sex)
Sr2Ca Cu2 O7- δ
S-P
120
24 KEMAL OZTURK
Effect of Yb211 doping on the critical
current Jc and susceptibility of (Sm123)1-
x(Yb211)x bulk superconductor
S-P
036
25
MOHAMED
BEN SALEM
Magnetoresistive effect in polycrystalline
1-2-3 YBaCuO embedded with nano-
YBaCuO particles
S-P
037
26
MOHAMED
FAYCAL
MOSBAH
Effect of Zn doping on magnetic and
structural properties of Bi(Pb)2223 ceramic
superconductors
S-P
038
27 NUSRET GUCLU
Low field AC susceptibility study of YBCO
prepared by Top Seeded Melt Growth
S-P
039
28
RAMADAN
KAHAMIS
AWAD
Magnetorsisance studies of (Bi,Pb)-2223
added SnO2-nano Oxide
S-P
041
29
JOSE ERINALDO
FONSECA
Continuous Models for Two-Dimensional
Spin Ice
M-P
042
30 SEZAI KUTUK
Levitation force density in different
thicknesses of YBa2Cu3O7-x bulk
superconductor fabricated by FQMG
Process
S-P
044
31 SEZAI KUTUK
Microstructure study in different
thicknesses of disc shaped YBa2Cu3O7-x
prepared by FQMG method
S-P
046
32
SHERIF GAMAL
MOHMAED
ELSHARKAWY
Thermal analysis studies of (Bi, Pb)-2223 /
linear low density polyethylene composite
materials
S-P
047
33
SHIVA K.
KUMAR
Superconductivity and solubility of Co ion
in Cu(BaSr)2YCu2O7-δ
S-P
043
34 SUKRU CELIK
Formulation of the experimental levitation
force results of the (Sm123)1-x(Yb211)x
superconductor samples
S-P
045
35
NAHED
MOUTALBI
Size effect of insulating nano-inclusions in
Y-Ba-Cu-O bulk superconductors fabricated
by seeded infiltration growth
S-P
123
36
A.K.M. A.
ISLAM
Superconductivity in Undoped Diamond-
like BC3 Phase
S-P
118
37
MIKHAYLO
OLEGOVICH
DZYUBA
Superconductivity of molybdenum with
surface carbided
S-P
054
38
M.
FARDMANESH
Fabrication and characterization of YBCO
thin films prepared by
non-fluorine metal-organic method
ELA-P
033
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
39
SONIA DE
ALMEIDA
DIDRY
Investigations for the growth of large
underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d single crystals
and neutron scattering measurements
S-P
115
40
A.V.
TIMOFEEV
Quantum limit of electron refrigeration in
superconducting - normal metal structures
ELA-P
006
41
EUGENIO
MONTICONE
Ti/Au TESs For Single Photon Detection
ELA-P
008
42
ROBERTO
GERBALDO
Radiation hardness of nanostructured
YBa2Cu3O7 film-based detectors operating in
harsh environments
ELA-P
007
43
OZER
ONEREN
Portative time-domain NMR device for
testing various substances
ELA-P
027
44 YASIN GENC
Low frequency Characterization Setup for
Superconductor Digital Circuits Based on a
Closed Cycle Refrigerator System
ELA-P
026
45 YIGIT TUKEL
Design of a 4-bit Time to Digital Converter
Circuit for Use in a Superconducting Flash
Analog-Digital Converter
ELA-P
025
46
PASCAL
FEBVRE
Analysis of a new architecture of
superconducting analog-to-digital converters
for improved resolution and large dynamic
range
ELA-P
009
47
BILGIDAY
YUCE
Design of Relaxation Oscillator Based Ultra-
wideband SFQ Amplifier for the X-ray
Sensitive Detector Array
ELA-P
002
48
VALERY
EVSTAFIEVIT
CH GRISHIN
Nonlinear TE and TM –polarized guided
waves in coplanar superlattice transmission
lines
S-P
107
49 GUIXIN CAO
Antiferromagnetic thickness impact on the
exchange bias field in FM/AFM bilayers
system
M-P
040
50
HAMID
MOSADEQ
J1 − J2 anti-ferromagnetic quantum
Heisenberg model on honeycomb lattice
M-P
041
51
BAHRUZ
RASHID
GADJIEV
Magnetic phase transition in generalized
inhomogeneous ‘cubic’ systems
M-P
140
52
SENOL
AKBULUT
Levitation force properties in different
cooling conditions of (Sm123)1-x(Yb211)x
bulk superconductor fabricated by MPMG
Process
S-P
042
53 P.N. BIBIKOV
Three-magnon bound states in exactly rung-
dimerized spin ladders
M-P
043
54
SAPTARSHI
MANDAL
Novel spin correlations, fractionalisation in
Kitaev Model and emergent Fermionic and
Bosonic excitations in a generalized Kitaev
model
M-P
044
55
MUHAMMA
D FAISAL
RATHORE
The effect of demagnetizing loop squareness
on high temperature magnetic properties of
Sm (CobalFe0.1Cu0.1Zr0.033) 6.93
permanent magnets
M-P
047
56 G.E. JANG
Chemical solution deposition of YBa2Cu3O7-δ
thin films on STO substrates with Au
nanoparticles
S-P
075

POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
57
SELCUK
KERVAN
Molecular field theory analysis of TbCo3-xCux
compounds
M-P
046
58
PAUL
McGUINESS
Surfactant-assisted milling of Gd-Ge-Si flake-
like nanoparticles for composite
magnetocaloric elements
M-P
156
59
ABDELMAJID
AINANE
The magnetic properties of the spin-1 Ising
System with the effect of the transverse
crystal field
M-P
001
60
ABDELMAJID
AINANE
Effects of biaxial crystal-field on the magnetic
properties on a spin-1 Ising system
M-P
002
61 AHMET KILIC
XRD, AC susceptibility and DSC studies of
NdMn2-2xNixGe2 compounds
M-P
122
62
BAYRAM
DEVIREN
Dynamic phase transitions in the kinetic
mixed Spin-1/2 and Spin-5/2 Ising Model
under a time-dependent oscillating magnetic
field
M-P
028
63 AYSE DURAN
The (kBTc/J, K/J) phase diagram for the D/J=1
on the four dimensional Blume-Emery-
Griffiths (BEG) Model
M-P
029
64
HASAN
MOHAMAD
EL GHANEM
Magnetic behavior of Polycarbosilazane –CoII,
-CoIII and mixed valence –CoII-III chloride
metallopolymers
M-P
007
65 ILKER KUCUK
Computational Modelling of Glass Forming
Ability and Critical Diameter of Magnetic Bulk
Amorphous Alloys
M-P
009
66 ILKER KUCUK
Effects of Mo and W on Soft Magnetic
Properties of Melt-Spun Fe-Co-B-Si-Mo-W
Amorphous Ribbons
M-P
010
67
KALENGAY
MBELA
Structural and Magnetic properties of (Sn,
Mn)-CrFe compounds
M-P
011
68
VLADIMIR
SOKOLOVSKI
Y
Positive and negative magnetocaloric effect
in Heusler Ni50Mn34In16 shape memory
alloy: Monte Carlo study
M-P
090
69
YILDIRIM
AYDOGDU
The magnetic behavior and physical
characterization of Cu-Mn-Al ferromagnetic
shape memory alloy
M-P
031
70
ATSUSHI
SAITO
Design and Fabrication of Superconducting
Transmit Filter using Gd-Ba-Cu-O Bulks
ELA-P
016
71
GIANLUCA
GHIGO
Switching response of MgB2 thin-film
microwave resonators
ELA-P
017
72 TAO ZUO
Superconducting filter and module for deep
space network in China
ELA-P
018
73
ABDALLA
AHMAD
OBEIDAT
Effect of anisotropy and particle – particle
interaction in one dimensional trimer model
M-P
074
74
ALDULKARIM
A AMIROV
Magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of
multiferroic composites хPb(Ti0,53Zr0,47)O3
– (1-х)Mn0,4Zn0,6Fe2O4
M-P
076
75
AKHMED
BATDALOVIC
H BATDALOV
Thermal and Magnetocaloric properties of A-
site ordered manganites
M-P
075
76
ARCHANA
SRIVASTAVA
The Role of A-Site Cation Variance in Deciding
the Thermal and Elastic Properties of Half
Doped Perovskite Manganites
M-P
077
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
77
SERDAR
ALTIN
Normal state electronic properties under
applied magnetic fields of whiskers fabricated
by Bi, Ga and Sb doping
S-P
024
78
CENGIZ
BIRLIKSEVEN
Improvement of Magnetic and Structural
Properties of Some Ferric Compounds with
Boron Addition
M-P
079
79
HUSEYIN
SOZERI
Sonochemical Synthesis and Characterization
of Mn3O4 Nanoparticles
M-P
081
80
IVAN
BOBRIKOV
Magnetostructural Phase Separation in
R0.5Sr0.5MnO3
M-P
082
81 K.H. WU
Polaron Dynamics and Coherent Acoustic
Phonons in La0.45Ca0.55MnO3 Thin Films
Studied by Ultrafast Pump-Probe
Spectroscopy
M-P
083
82
LONG YI
CHEN
Ultrafast dynamics in (111) BiFeO3 thin films
observed by femtosecond spectroscopy
M-P
084
83 LUTFI ARDA
Microstructure and magnetic properties of
multiferroic ErCoO3 nanoparticles and thin
films
M-P
085
84
NEERAJ
KUMAR
Sintering Time Effect on Dielectric and
Magnetic Properties of BiFeO3
M-P
086
85
VASILIY
BUCHELNIKO
V
The investigation of isothermal entropy and
adiabatic temperature changes of Heusler
Ni2.18Mn0.82Ga alloy by Monte Carlo
simulations
M-P
089
86 B. DKHIL
Novel and original features on the model
multiferroic BiFeO3 under strain effects
M-P
148
87
H.
RANGANATH
NAREN
Superconductivity in Pd17Se15 as contrasted
with Rh17S15
S-P
070
88
ABUZER
YAMAN
Some transport properties of high
temperature superconductors
S-P
023
89
ROBERTO
ESCUDERO
Superconductivity and magnetism in In2O3-
ZnO observed in bulk and nano-samples
S-P
072
90
MIKHAIL
TRUNIN
Microwave Surface Impedance of κ-(BEDT-
TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br Single Crystals
S-P
122
91
ELENA A.
GAN’SHINA
Magneto-Optical Investigations of Magnetism
in Diluted Magnetic Oxides TiO2-d:Co
M-P
151
92
BALASAHEB
J. NAGARE
Ferromagnetism in Carbon doped Zinc Oxide
Systems
M-P
150
93
AKHMED
MAGOMEDO
VICH ALIEV
Direct Measurements of Magnetocaloric
Effect in Mn50Ni40In10 and Ni50Mn37Sn13
melt spun ribbons
M-P
136
94 W.KIM
Spin-reorientation and Mössbauer studies of
orthoferrites TbFe0.75Mn0.25O3
M-P
088
95
HAKAN
GUNGUNES
Effect of Co on microstructure and magnetic
properties in Fe-Ni-Si-Co alloys
M-P
120
96
ANATOLI S.
DIMOGLO
Investigation of polyoxometalates and crown
ethers based supramolecular complexes by
means of FI-IR-EPR-spectroscopy methods
M-P
124
97 UGUR TOPAL
Coexistence of Ferromagnetism and
Diamagnetism in Y-Ba-Zn-O compound
S-P
094
98 A.MUMTAZ
Atomic force microscopy study of PS/PMMA
blend thin films
ELA-P
031
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
99 SERDAR ALTIN
Effect of glassification by adding Bi2O3
on the BiSrCaCuO whiskers fabrication
and their properties
S-P
076
100
ENRICO
ARRIGONI
Consistent description of magnetic
excitations and phase diagram of High-
Tc cuprates within a strong-coupling
approach
S-P
095
101 RIZA ERDEM
Static and dynamic quadrupolar
susceptibility for a Spin-1 Ising model
M-P
091
102
DEVINA
SHARMA
Influence of Grain Size on the
Superconductivity of La1.85Sr0.15CuO4
S-P
004
103 EMINE ALTIN
Power law dependences on I-V of Bi-
2212 whiskers at low magnetic fields
S-P
026
104
OLGA I.
YUZEPHOVICH
Magnetic field-tuned superconductor-
insulator transition in interface
superconducting nanostructures based
on PbTe/PbS and PbTe/YbS
heterostructures
S-P
071
105
HIROSHI
NAKAMURA
Effect of Zn, Ni and Fe Impurities on
Bi2Sr1.6La0.4CuO6+δ
S-P
006
106
IOSEB ROBERT
METSKHVARISH
VILI
Low fields high harmonic response of
the PMS polycrystalline superconductor
in linearly polarized and circularly
polarized ac fields
S-P
020
107
I.R.METSKHVAR
ISHVILI
Influence of Boron Doping on Transport
Properties of YBa2Cu3O7-y HTS
S-P
021
108 M.S.A. HOSSAIN
Enhancement of transport and
mechanical properties of alloyed in situ
MgB
2
wires after cold high densification
(CHPD)
S-P
108
109
P.S. ANIL
KUMAR
Observation of higher suppression of
superconducting transition temperature
in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7- 
/ La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3
as
compared to YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7- 
/
La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
bilayers
S-P
110
110
NAZMİYE
KERVAN
Magnetic properties of Ce
3-x
Gd
x
Co
11
B
4

borides
M-P
008
111 H. BHARGAWA
Cluster glass behavior of
Cu
0.25
Co
0.25
Zn
0.25
Fe
2
O
4
ferrite: A magnetic
and Mossbauer study
M-P
034
112
S.
MAHDAVIFAR

Ground state magnetic phase diagram of
the one-dimensional quantum compass
model
M-P
108
113
S.V.
TRUKHANOV
Magnetoresistance of A-site ordered Pr
1-
x
Ba
x
MnO
3
(x=0.20, 0.25, 0.30)
manganites
M-P
112
114
A.
AJAYAGHOSH
Self-assembly of molecular wires
M-P
117
115 M.S. ANWAR
Triplet superconductivity induced in
ferromagnetic CrO
2
SM-P
010
116 M. MOYZYKH
Influence of Y
2
O
3
inclusions in YBCO film
on film orientation and superconducting
properties
ELA-P
032






POSTER PRESENTATIONS
29 APRIL – THURSDAY
BETWEEN 18:00-19:30 LOCATION : FOYER

Presenting
Author
Presentation Title
Abstract
Code
117
A.MAHMO
OD
Effect of Y2BaCuO5 precursor refinement on
the critical current density of liquid
infiltration growth processed YBa2Cu3O7-y
bulk superconductors
S-P
116
118 I.KUCUK
Effects of Mo, W, Nb Additions and heat
treatments on thermal and magnetic
properties of Fe-Co-B based bulk metallic
glass alloys produced by centrifugal casting
M-P
149














PLENARY TALKS


























PLN-001

The fundamentals of electromagnetism in ferromagnets and superconductors

A.M.CAMPBELL

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington St. Cambridge CB2 1PZ UK
amc1@hermes.cam.ac.uk


The understanding of magnetic fields in materials has been bedevilled by a number of wrong
turnings taken by the early pioneers. The main problem at that time was that nobody knew about
atoms and electrons, so that they had to work in terms of macroscopic variables and the forces on
bodies. A second problem was that they tried to include free space and materials in the same all
embracing theory. Also they ascribed magnetic forces to magnetic poles and tried to make the
magnetic equations analogous to the electrostatic ones. Finally forces could only be measured in
magnetic fluids, and there weren‘t any, so the theoreticians said what they thought the experiments
would show, but they could not agree on the results.
These problems should have been resolved by Lorentz, who knew about atoms and defined
fields in materials in terms of averages of local fields. However this advance was not taken on board
by electrical engineers, and even many physicists, to the great confusion of most undergraduates right
up to the present day. Even in the twenties there was a long standing and completely pointless
controversy over the force on a magnet in a fluid and in my own department the lectures in
electromagnetism still do not define what is meant by the electric or magnetic field in a material.
The discovery of Type II superconductors created a completely new type of magnetic material
which could not be fitted into conventional magnetic theory, as then understood. This led to two
theoretical treatments, one by Josephson and the other by Evetts. Josephson treated the general case of
any material in thermodynamic equilibrium, including superconductors. Evetts treated
superconductors in terms of flux lines. These are not in conflict and are in fact more similar than
appears at first sight.
This work shows the astonishing intuition of Maxwell and Faraday who described concepts
which were made flesh and observable by vortices in superconductors. Even the vector potential
becomes real, it is the distance the flux lines move. The result is a lot of new physics. For example the
thermomagnetic effects in the Onsager theory of irreversible thermodynamics in superconductors can
be described entirely in terms of the forces and flows of flux lines.
The use of averages implies a length scale over which the average is taken and this has led to a
lot of confusion over the Ginzburg –Landau equations. G-L, as one would expect, go it right by
defining a Helmholtz free energy which is entirely local, but many texts quote a ‗Gibb‘s Function‘
which can include a magnetisation, a local H or an external field. This limts the application to long
thin cylinders in a parallel filed. Changes in magnetic energy can be described by H DB or B dH as
well as in terms of external fields but magnetic energies remain a minefield. For example the
extension by Braunbeck of Earnshaw‘s theorem to diamagnets is invalid because he does not
distinguish between internal energy and mechanical energies. I hope the talk will make all this clear.








PLN-002

Intermetallic superconductivity in the post copper-oxide age

PAUL C. CANFIELD
1,2


1
Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 USA
2
Department of Physics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 USA


In this talk, I will present a broad overview of humanity's 100 year search for higher transition
temperature, and generally more useful, superconductors. Particular emphasis will be placed on the
past 20 years [1-4]. The talk will start with an introduction to superconductivity (historically,
phenomenological, and theoretically) and then progress through several of the key discoveries of the
past one-score years. The basic conclusion is that this is a field that is still dominated by highly
intuitive searches and sudden discoveries. That being said, the past decade has seen several
discoveries that seem to point toward a very promising and rich phase space. The talk is intended to be
a light and fluffy [5,6] review of an exciting field. Mildly off colour jokes about one and all will be
included free of charge.




[1] P.C. Canfield, P.L. Gammel, D.J. Bishop, New magnetic superconductors: a toy box for solid-state
physicists… Physics Today 51, 40-46 (1998).
[2] P.C. Canfield, S.L. Bud'ko, Magnesium diboride: one year on… Physics World 15, 29-34 (2002).
[3] P.C. Canfield, G.W. Crabtree, Magnesium diboride: better late than never… Physics Today 56, 34-
40 (2003).
[4] P.C. Canfield, S.L. Bud'Ko, Low-temperature superconductivity is warming up… Scientific
American 292, 80-87 (2005).
[5] P.C. Canfield, Fishing the Fermi sea… Nature Physics 4, 167-169 (2008).
[6] P.C. Canfield, A cook's tale… Nature Physics 5, 529-530 (2009).



















PLN-003

Recent Progress in Single Flux Quantum Integrated Circuits

A. FUJIMAKI

Department of Quantum Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
fujimaki@nuee.nagoya-u.ac.jp


I report the recent progress in superconductor single flux quantum (SFQ) integrated circuits
(ICs). SFQ signals appear in the impulse shape of voltage with height of about 1 mV and width of a
few pico-seconds. These features enable ultra high-speed operations up to a sub-tera-hertz range with
ultra low power consumption.
We have demonstrated a lot of SFQ ICs such as microprocessors, routers, analog-to-digital
converters based on the 2.5-kA/cm
2
Nb/AlO
x
/Nb Josephson junction process named the SRL
(Superconductivity Research Laboratory) standard process [1]. Typical operating frequency is 20 GHz
for SFQ ICs made up of more than 10000 junctions. As an example, I will introduce an accelerator
prototype used for future scientific high-end computers. The number of Josephson junctions in the
prototype reaches 14040, which is one of the largest SFQ-ICs.
Recently, SRL has developed the new fabrication process named the advanced process 2 (ADP2)
with the critical current density of 10 kA/cm
2
[2]. This process provides 8-10 Nb layers including 2
layers dedicated to interconnects, while there are only 4 Nb layers in the standard process. SFQ signals
propagate at the speed of light along strip lines formed utilizing 2 dedicated layers, enabling 100-GHz
operation even in large-scale integrated circuits. In addition, increased number of Nb layers leads to
remarkable reduction in occupied area of the circuit. This also contributes to high-speed operation
because of the reduction in the distance between logic gates. I will show experimental results of a 4x4
switch based on the ADP2. The switch operated at 89 GHz and had 20% area compared to the 4x4
switch designed with the standard process.
Main direction of the development is to apply the SFQ ICs to future IT devices such as high-end
routers, high-end computers, digital-RF radio transceivers. However, even in such SFQ devices, we
should reduce power consumption for obtaining much advantage to semiconductor devices under the
times of greening information technology. Note that reducing power consumption is also essential in
the application fields related to superconductive sensors, detectors, and qubits.

The developments were partly supported by CREST, JST and by SENTAN, JST.

[1] A. Fujimaki, M. Tanaka, T. Yamada, Y. Yamanashi, H. Park, and N. Yoshikawa, IEICE Trans.
Electron. 342, E91-C (2008).
[2] M. Hidaka, S. Nagasawa, K. Hinode, and T. Satoh, IEICE Trans. Electron. 318, E91-C (2008).











PLN-004

Superconducting state of metallic clusters: Potential for room temperature superconductivity,
novel nano-based tunneling networks

VLADIMIR KRESIN

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
vzkresin@lbl.gov


The nanoclusters form a new family of high temperature superconductors. We focus on small
metallic nanoclusters M
n
(n is a number of atoms) which contain delocalized electrons (N~ 10
2
-10
3
; N
is a number of free carriers). These electrons form energy shells similar to those in atoms or nuclei
(e.g.,s,p,d,..). Presence of the shell structure and corresponding orbital degeneracy 2(2L+1) leads to an
increase in the effective density of states and great strengthening of the pairing interaction. Under
special, but perfectly realistic conditions, the superconducting pairing is very strong and leads to high
T
c
. For some specific clusters, e.g., Al
56
,

Zn
83
, there arise T
c
~ 150-200

K and the energy spectrum
becomes strongly modified. With a realistic set of parameters, it should be possible to raise T
c
up to
room temperature. Specific experiments capable of detecting this phenomenon can be identified
(spectroscopic, magnetic and thermodynamic measurements). The observation of a heat capacity jump
for the specific Al clusters at T
c
~200K (Cao et al.,2008) yielded first experimental support for the
phenomenon; the amplitude, width and position of the jumps are in good agreement with the theory .
Pairing raises the possibility to observe the Josephson tunneling between the clusters. The
discrete nature of the spectrum makes the analysis very different from that for conventional
superconductors. Especially interesting is the case of resonant tunneling. The effect is promising for
the creation superconducting tunneling networks with current densities greatly exceeding those of
usual superconductors.






















PLN-005

Experimental Studies of the Superconducting Gap Structure

RUSLAN PROZOROV

Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics & Astronomy
Iowa State University

Knowing the structure of the energy gap is essential for understanding the microscopic pairing
mechanism in superconductors. Various thermodynamic and electromagnetic properties depend
sensitively on the presence of nodes, anisotropy and the existence of multiple gaps in the electronic
density of states. I will review the major experimental methods capable of obtaining at least some
information about the gap structure. While phase sensitive techniques provide a direct test of the
symmetry-imposed nodal structure, other approaches are required to study anisotropy, residual in-gap
states and multigap superconductivity. Only the combination of different experimental tests performed
on high-quality samples can give reliable and objective information. However, the interpretation of the
experimental data is usually not straightforward and, first, requires isolating the quantity of interest
from the raw data. The next step is the use of (semi)-phenomenological models to provide a link
between microscopic theory and experiment. Some of the often used approaches will be discussed.































PLN-006

Type-1.5 Superconductivity

VICTOR V. MOSHCHALKOV

INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, K.U. Leuven,
Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001, BELGIUM
victor.moshchalkov@fys.kuleuven.be


The existence of the novel superconducting state has been demonstrated in two-component
high quality MgB
2
single crystalline superconductors where a unique combination of both type-1 and
type-2 conditions is realized in a single material: λ
1

1
<1/√2 for the first component of the order
parameter and λ
2

2
>1/√2 for the second one. Such materials are, in fact, type-1.5 superconductors
(PRL 102, 117001 (2009)), since they combine simultaneously both type-1 and type-2
superconductivity. This leads to a drastic change in the vortex-vortex interaction, which results in the
appearance of stable vortex stripes, clusters and gossamer-like vortex patterns. We have directly
visualized these novel patterns by using Bitter decoration and scanning SQUID microscopy. The
observed patterns are in a good agreement with the molecular dynamics simulations based on the
vortex-vortex interaction corresponding to the type-1.5 superconductivity.

In collaboration with: A.V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, J. Van de Vondel, M. Menghini, J. Fritzsche,
R. Kramer, T. Nishio, Q.H. Chen, V. H. Dao, L. F. Chibotaru, N. D. Zhigadlo, J. Karpinski, and V.
Metlushko.



























PLN-007
A New Paradigm for Exchange Bias in Polycrystalline Films
KEVIN O'GRADY
The University of York
The phenomenon of exchange bias has remained something of a mystery since it was discovered in
core-shell particles in 1956 [1]. Over the subsequent years many different models have been proposed
to explain this effect, most of which agree with some experimental data that can be found in the
literature. No single theory, however, has been able to explain the data consistently for different
systems.
In this lecture the reason for our inability to explain exchange bias will be reviewed, and a new
paradigm to explain the phenomenon in sputtered polycrystalline films will be presented. This new
paradigm is based on an original granular model described by Falcomer and Charap [2]. Its premise is
that very careful thermal and magnetic cycling is required to ensure that the order in the
antiferromagnetic grains is controlled. Without such careful control, reproducible data cannot be
obtained.
These time-consuming and complex measurement procedures, to which we refer as the York protocol,
have been developed over the last 9 years. Using the York protocol and an extension of the former
granular model, effects such as the film thickness dependence and grain size dependence of exchange
bias can be fully explained with an excellent fit between theory and experiment [3]. The York protocol
also allows for the measurement of the anisotropy constant of antiferromagnetic grains [4]. This model
provides an understanding of the behavior of the individual antiferromagnetic grains in detail. Since
the behavior of the "bulk" of the antiferromagnetic grains is now known, preliminary data describing
the behavior of the interface spins can now be distinguished from the behavior of the bulk. Possible
mechanisms for the behavior of the interfaces themselves will also be presented.
[1] W. H. Meiklejohn and C. P. Bean, Phys. Rev., vol. 102, pp. 1413-1414, June 1956; IEEE Trans.
Magn., vol. 37, pp. 3866-3876, November 2001.
[2] E. Fulcomer and S. H. Charap, J. Appl. Phys., vol. 43, pp. 4190-4199, October 1972.
[3] G. Vallejo-Fernandez, L. E. Fernandez-Outon, and K. O‘Grady, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 41,
112001, June 2008.
[4] G. Vallejo-Fernandez, L. E. Fernandez-Outon, and K. O‘Grady, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 91, 212503,
November 2007.

2010 Distinguished lecturer of IEEE by Magnetics Society








PLN-008

Spin torque switching and dielectric breakdown in MgO based Tunnel Junctions

AYAZ A. KHAN
1
, J. SCHMALHORST
1
, A. THOMAS
1
, O. SCHEBAUM
1
,
V. DREWELLO
1
, M. SCHÄFERS
1
, A. WEDDEMANN
1
, G. REISS
1
, G. EILERS
2
,
M. MÜNZENBERG
2
, K. THIEL
2
, M. SEIBT
2
, H.-W. SCHUMACHER
3
and
S. SERRANO-GUISAN
3


1
Bielefeld University, Physics Department, P.O. Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, GERMANY
2
IV. Physikalisches Institut der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen,
GERMANY
3
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig, GERMANY
reiss@physik.uni-bielefeld.de


The magnetic switching of the soft electrode in magnetic tunneling junctions is one of the major
challenges in the development of both Magnetic Random Access Memory as well as Field Programmable
Logic Gate Arrays. Here, we show that the spin torque of the spin polarized current driven through a
magnetic tunneling junction with low resistive MgO barriers can switch the free layers magnetization quasi
ballistically within a very short time without magnetic ―ringing‖ (CIMS, Current Induced Magnetization
Switching). This can be obtained, by using a precise timing of the current pulses sent through the tunnel
junction.
The natural limit of CIMS is reached, when the voltage or the current applied for switching destroys the
tunnel barrier. We therefore also discuss the intrinsic failure due to voltage stress-in-duced degradation,
which is characterized by an abrupt decrease in resistance at the breakdown. In high resolution TEM cross
sections, a remarkable difference occurred when comparing Al2O3 and MgO based junctions. Whereas only
a small number of local breaks were found in the first case, numerous ―hot spots‖ could be identified for
the MgO. The results can well be explained by the E-model relating the breakdown to a field induced
displacement of atomic bonds at the oxide barrier.














PLN-009

Superconducting triplet spin valves

M.YU. KUPRIYANOV
1
, T.YU. KARMINSKAYA
1
, YA.V. FOMINOV
2
, A.A. GOLUBOV
3
,
R.G. DEMINOV
4
and L.R. TAGIROV
4


1
Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119992, RUSSIA
2
L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 117940 Moscow, RUSSIA
3
Faculty of Science and Technology and MESA+ Institute of Nanotechnology, University of Twente,
7500 AE Enschede, THE NETHERLANDS
4
Solid State Physics Department, Kazan State University, Kazan, 420008, RUSSIA
ltagirov@mail.ru

The current status of investigations of the spin valve effect in ultrathin heterostructures comprising
superconducting (S), normal (N) and ferromagnetic (F) layers is briefly reviewed. New kinds of
superconducting spin valves are proposed which utilize the long-range spin-triplet pairing.
Since the superconducting spin-valve effect was proposed [1-3], the physics of the superconductor-
ferromagnet hybrids was intensively investigated and clarified [4-6]. It appeared that the odd-in-frequency,
long-range triplet component of the superconducting pairing plays an essential role in the superconducting
properties of the hybrids (see details in Ref. [6]). The striking difference in the decay length of the singlet
components of the superconducting wave function (of the order of 1 nanometer) and the projection-one triplet
component (up to dozens of nanometer) in a ferromagnetic metal can be utilized to manage superconductivity in
the structure, generating the long range odd triplet component of the superconducting pairing.
The idea was implemented in Josephson spin valves [7-10] where FNF weak links were used to control
the critical current through the junction. The implementation has several advantages against conventional FIF or
FSF links. In the S-FNF-S Josephson spin valve devices the superconducting correlations in N layer are induced
by the proximity effect with S electrodes rather than by its own superconductivity. As a result, the N layer
thickness can be small enough to provide necessary interaction between the F layers. Even a small misalignment
between magnetizations of the F layers against the initial antiferromagnetic configuration is sufficient to
generate the odd triplet component and modulate the critical current by orders in magnitude.
Another strategy to manage superconductivity using magnetism is to control the superconducting
transition temperature T
C
[1-3]. Depending on the choice of material properties and thickness of the layers the
FNFS structure can be switched between the superconducting and resistive normal states rotating
magnetizations of the F layers on a few dozens of degree [11]. It seems that unconventional ―inverse‖ switching
effect observed in [12] can be explained by generation of the odd triplet component of superconductivity in the
certain range of magnetic field.
The work was partially supported by RFBR grants No 09-02-12176-ofi_m and No 09-02-12260-ofi_m.

[1] L.R. Tagirov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2058 (1999).
[2] A.I. Buzdin, A.V. Vedyayev and N.V. Ryzhanova, Europhys. Lett. 48, 686 (1999).
[3] Ya.V. Fominov. A.A. Golubov, and M.Yu. Kupriyanov, JETP Lett. 77, 510 (2003).
[4] A.A. Golubov, M.Yu. Kupriyanov, and E. Ilichev. Rev. Mod. Phys. 76, 411 (2004).
[5] A.I. Buzdin. Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 935 (2005).
[6] F.S. Bergeret, A.F. Volkov, and К.В. Efetov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 1321 (2005).
[7] Т.Yu. Karminskaya and M.Yu. Kupriyanov, JETP Lett. 85, 286 (2007).
[8] T.Yu. Karminskaya and M.Yu. Kupriyanov, JETP Lett. 86. 61 (2007).
[9] T.Yu. Karminskaya, M.Yu. Kupriyanov, and A.A. Golubov, JETP Lett., 87, 570 (2008).
[10] T.Yu. Karminskaya, M.Yu. Kupriyanov, and A.A. Golubov, Phys. Rev. В 79, 214509 (2009).
[11] M.Yu. Kupriyanov, Ya.V. Fominov, R.G. Deminov, T.Yu. Karminskaya, A.A. Golubov, and L.R. Tagirov
(submitted).
[12] G. Nowak, H. Zabel et al., Phys. Rev. В 78, 134520 (2008).














SUPERCONDUCTIVITY











INVITED TALKS












S-I-001
Critical currents through HTS grain boundaries: Evidence for a strain sensitive pairing
mechanism

G. DEUTSCHER

School of Physic and Astronomys, Tel-Aviv University, ISRAEL
guyde@post.tau.ac.il


The reduced critical current at grain boundaries of HTS is arguably the most serious obstacle
that stands in the path of large scale applications of these materials, such as power cables and rotating
machines. Converging experiments on all cuprates and more recently on the pictnides point out to the
fundamental nature of this problem in perovskite superconductors. Here we develop the proposition
that its origin lies in the pairing mechanism itself, which is very sensitive to the Cu-O bond length.
According to a model recently proposed by Deutscher and de Gennes, pairing requires a contraction of
these bonds. Because Grain Boundaries in the HTS are the site of tensile strain generated by edge
dislocations, pairing becomes energetically unfavorable in their vicinity up to distances of several
nanometers. At misalignment larger than about 7 degrees, these non-pairing regions overlap all along
the boundary, resulting in low critical current and weak pinning. For the successful large scale
application of HTS such misalignments must be eliminated. Ways to achieve this objective will be
discussed.

































S-I-003

Insight in high-temperature superconductivity from cuprate heterostructures

IVAN BOZOVIC

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton NY 11973, USA
bozovic@bnl.gov


Using a unique molecular beam epitaxy system (see Figure) , we synthesize atomically smooth HTS
thin films, multilayers and superlattices [1]. Such heterostructures enable novel experiments that probe
the basic physics of HTS. For example, we have established that HTS and antiferromagnetic phases
separate on Ångstrom scale, while the pseudo-gap state apparently mixes with HTS over an
anomalously large length scale (―Giant Proximity Effect‖) [2].



In this talk, I will review our most recent experiments on such films and superlattices, including
XRD, AFM, angle-resolved TOF-ISARS, transport measurements, high-resolution TEM, resonant X-
ray scattering, low-energy muon spin resonance, ultrafast photo-induced RHEED, COBRA surface
crystallography, and ultra-high magnetic field spectroscopy. The results include an unambiguous
demonstration of strong coupling of in-plane charge excitations to out-of-plane lattice vibrationS [3], a
discovery of interface HTS [4], and evidence that HTS occurs in a single CuO2 plane [5].


[1] I. Bozovic et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 107001 (2002); P. Abbamonte et al., Science 297, 581 (2002).
[2] I. Bozovic et al., Nature 422, 873 (2003); Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 157002 (2004).
[3] N. Gedik et al., Science 316, 425 (2007); Z. Radovic et al., Phys. Rev. B 77, 092508 (2008); H.
Shim et al., Phys.
Rev. Lett. 101, 247004 (2008).
[4] A. Gozar et al., Nature 455, 782 (2008); S. Smadici et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2009) 102, 107004
(2009), V. Butko
et al, Adv. Mater. 21, 1 (2009).
[5] G. Logvenov et al., Science 326, 699 (2009).




S-I-004


Precursor influence on the electrical properties of textured Bi-2212 superconductors

A. SOTELO, SH. RASEKH, M. A. MADRE and J. C. DIEZ

Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA) (CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza), C/Mª de Luna, 3 50018 Zaragoza.
Spain
asotelo@unizar.es


Bulk high temperature superconductors are being used in several high power applications, as
for instance, hybrid current leads or superconducting fault current limiters. Due to the intrinsic
granularity and anisotropy of these materials, their superconducting properties are strongly determined
by current percolation problems. This depends on several factors as the characteristics and properties
of individual grains and the quality of the grain boundaries. In consequence, to obtain bulk materials,
adequate for high power applications, it is necessary to develop fabrication techniques that control the
material microstructure and shape.
There are several processing techniques that induce texture in the superconducting material.
They are used to orientate High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) grains with their a-b planes
parallel to the growth direction. Some techniques produce the grain orientation through a directional
growth from the melt. One of them is the Laser Floating Zone (LFZ) method has demonstrated to be
very effective to obtain a good grain alignment and, as a consequence, high critical current densities
[1].
In this technique, laser radiation produces a small melt volume, on top of the precursor ceramic
bar, which is displaced throughout the material leading to well textured rods. The final characteristics
of the textured materials are determined by the growth conditions (growth speed, rotation, atmosphere,
etc) as well as the precursor characteristics (diameter, composition, homogeneity, etc).
In this work it has been studied the influence of the synthetic methods used to obtain the
ceramic precursors (solid state, sol-gel, polymer solution method [2]). On the other hand, it has also
been used mixtures of secondary phases [3] and amorphous ceramic precursors.


[1] L. A. Angurel, J. C. Diez, E. Martínez, J. I. Peña, G. F. de la Fuente and R. Navarro, Growth rate
effects on thin Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+o
textured rods, Physica C 302, 39-50 (1998).
[2] A. Sotelo, H. Szillat, P. Majewski and F. Aldinger, Rapid synthesis of the Bi-2212 phase by a
polymer matrix method, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 10, 717-720 (1997).
[3] A. Sotelo, P. Majewski, H.-S. Park and F. Aldinger, Synthesis of highly pure Bi-2223 ceramics
using defined precursors, Physica C 272, 115-124 (1996).














S-I-005
Attractive vortex interaction and the intermediate-mixed state of superconductors

ERNST HELMUT BRANDT
1
AND MUKUNDA P. DAS
2


1
Max Planck Instuitute for Metals Research, 70506 Stuttgart, Germany
ehb@mf.mpg.de
2
Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering

The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
mukunda.das@anu.edu.au


The existence of magnetic vortices in type-II superconductors was predicted from Ginzburg-
Landau Theory in 1957 by A. A. Abrikosov, each vortex carrying one quantum of magnetic flux Φ
0
.
From the measured magnetization curve it was obvious that these Abrikosov vortices repel each other.
When the applied magnetic field H
a
reaches the lower critical field H
c1
, the first vortex penetrates the
superconductor (if vortex pinning, surface barrier, and demagnetization effects are absent). With
increasing H
a
more vortices penetrate, their density n increases and also the magnetic induction B = n
Φ
0
. When H
a
reaches the upper critical field H
c2
one has B = μ
0
H
c2
and the magnetization M = H
a
-
B/μ
0
reaches zero and superconductivity vanishes. The repulsive vortex interaction can be derived
from London theory, which applies at low B << μ
0
H
c2
when the Ginzburg-Landau parameter κ is
large.

However, soon after the first decoration experiments had shown a triangular vortex lattice on the
flat surface of a Nb crystal [1], further decoration showed that very clean Nb crystals at temperatures T
< T
c
exhibit islands of vortex–free Meissner state embedded in a vortex lattice or islands of vortex
lattice embedded in Meissner state (intermediate-mixed state) [2]. It was also observed that the
magnetization curves B(H
a
) of clean Nb crystals exhibit a jump (or a straight part) of height B
0
. This
unexpected observation is explained by a minimum in the vortex interaction at an equilibrium distance
a
0
~ (Φ
0
/B
0
)
1/2
, where we have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction of the vortices. In
view of attractive interaction the Ginzburg-Landau and London theories do not apply to these
experiments, therefore microscopic BCS-Gor´kov theory has to be used. Computations based on this
theory indeed explain [3] the observed attraction, which occurs in clean type-II superconductors when
κ is near 0.71, i.e., when the superconductor is almost of type I.

Recently attractive interaction of vortices has been reported in thin crystals of the 2-band
superconductor MgB
2
[4], see also the comments [5]. Decoration images taken after field-cooling
claims the occurrence of vortex-chains, vortex-clusters, and vortex-free islands, which are ascribed to
simultaneous type-I and type-II behavior of the 2-band superconducting MgB
2
. In this talk we shall
provide some critical analysis of the observed features of the recent work [4].

[1] U. Essmann and H. Träuble, Sci. American 224, 75 (1971).
[2] E. H. Brandt, Rep. Prog. Phys. 58, 1465 (1995).
[3] E. H. Brandt, J. Low Temp. Phys., 24, 427 (1976); phys. stat. sol (b) 77, 105 (1976).
[4] V. Moshchalkov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 117001 (2009).
[5] E. H. Brandt and Shi-Ping Zhou, Physics 2, 22 (2009).



S-I-006


New possibilities in microstructural design of REBCO bulk superconductors

P. DIKO

Institute of Experimental Physics, SAS, Watsonva 47, 04001 Košice, Slovakia
dikos@saske.sk

Although the permanent magnets based on YBCO bulk single-grain superconductors (BSS)
prepared by the Top-Seeded Melt-Growth (TSMG) process can trap magnetic field much higher than
the best permanent magnets, they are still deeply below the theoretical limit for the YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7
(Y123)
superconductor. Reserves are mainly in the improvement of critical current density in high magnetic
fields by better flux line pinning and in elimination of oxygenation cracks. Effective pinning produced
in YBCO BSS is limited by pushing of Y
2
BaCuO
5
(Y211) particles with subcritical size by growing
Y123 crystal. The pushing effect causes macroscopic inhomogeneity of pinning centers in the bulk and
induces macroscopic stresses. The promising solutions of this problem are focused on the formation of
new nonsuperconducting submicron nanoparticles [1] or formation of nanosize pining centers trough
chemical doping [2-3].
As-grown YBCO bulks have low oxygen content, YBa
2
Cu
3
O
6.3
, are not superconducting, and
must be oxygenated to form YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7
. During standard oxygenation at 400 - 450 ºC the shortening
of crystal lattice parameters causes intensive cracking [4]. The created cracks allow oxygen penetration
into the bulk and cause the oxygenation time to be technologically acceptable but the effective cross
section of the bulk is significantly reduced to the value about 30 % of the original sample cross section
[5]. It was recently shown that it is possible to eliminate the formation of oxygenation cracks and to
reach a critical current density 2.5 – 3 times higher than in the YBCO BSS oxygenated in a standard
way [6]. The oxygenated crack-free samples were obtained by high pressure, high temperature
oxygenation with progressively increasing oxygen partial pressure [7].

Acknowledgements
This work was performed within the frame of the project ―Centre of Excellence of Advanced
Materials with Nano- and Submicron- Structure‖, and the project NFP26220220056 (ITMS
26220220041), supported by the Operational Program ―Research and Development‖ financed through
the European Regional Development Fund, by the VEGA project No.- 2/7052/27, the APVV projects
No. 51-061505 and LPP-0334-06, the EU Marie Curie network NESPA, and by the Centre of
Excellence of the Slovak Academy of Sciences NANOSMART.

[1] Hari Babu N, Kambara M, Shi Y, Cardwell DA, Tarrant CD and Schneider KR Physica C 392–396 110
{2003).
[2] Y. Ishii, J. Shimoyama, Y. Tazaki, T. Nakashima, S. Horii, and K. Kishio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89 202514
(2006).
[3] P. Diko, V. Antal, M. Kanuchova, M. Sefcikova and J. Kovac, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22 065005 (2009).
[4] Diko P Supercond. Sci. Technol. 17 R45 (2004).
[5] M Eisterer, S Haindl, M Zehetmayer, R Gonzalez-Arrabal, H W Weber, D Litzkendorf, M Zeisberger, T
Habisreuther, W Gawalek, L Shlyk and G Krabbes Supercond. Sci. Technol. 19 S530 (2006).
[6] P. Diko, X. Chaud, V. Antal, M. Kaňuchová, M. Šefţíková and J. Kováţ, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21
11508 (2008).
[7] X. Chaud, J. Noudem, T. Prikhna, Y. Savchuk, E. Haanappel, P. Diko, C.P. Zhang Physica C 469 1200
(2009).




S-I-008


Study of the onset of superconductivity in underdoped La
2-x
Sr
x
CuO
4


T. TAKAMI
1,2
, J.-S. ZHOU
1
, J.-G. CHENG
1
, J. B. GOODENOUGH
1
, K. MATSUBAYASHI
3
and
Y. UWATOKO
3


1
Texas Materials Institute, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C2201, Austin, TX 78712, USA
2
Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science,Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
3
Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581, Japan
takami.tsuyoshi@g.mbox.nagoya-u.ac.jp


The origin of the appearance of superconductivity in the high-transition-temperature (high-T
c
)
copper oxides has remained the subject of active inquiry. In order to address this issue, we chose La
2-
x
Sr
x
CuO
4
, which has no charge reservoir, as a model system and studied how superconductivity takes
place as a function of doping density. Systematic magnetization measurements at ambient pressure and
under high pressure (P) have been performed on a series of underdoped samples [1].
Figure1 shows the schematic phase diagram for La
2-x
Sr
x
CuO
4
. We focused in this study on how
superconductivity evolves around the critical doping by investigating T
c
for 0.050 ≤ x ≤ 0.060,
indicated by the circle. As shown in the
inset of Fig. 1, T
c
did not emerge smoothly
at a critical hole concentration, p
c
, ---i.e., T
c

emerges abruptly at a p
c
. This result
indiactes that a critical doping instead of a
bandwidth is needed to introduce
superconductivity in the cuprates. T
c
and
the absolute value of the Meissner signal
below T
c
increased progressively with Sr
content. Furthermore, T
c
shifted to higher
temperatures with increasing P. A linear
relationship between T
c
and P was found at
least up to ~ 1 GPa. The determination of
dT
c
/dP in this work and the data reported by
Zhou et al.[2] provide a complete dT
c
/dP
versus x over the entire phase diagram.
One of the important observations is that
dT
c
/dP peaks out within the range where
Uemura‘s relationship between T
c
and
superfluid density n
s
(0) holds. These
experimental findings support that
superconductivity emerges within a single
phase at a critical hole concentration.

[1] T. Takami, J.-S. Zhou, J.-G. Cheng, J. B. Goodenough, K. Matsubayashi and Y. Uwatoko, New J.
Phys.11, 013057 (2009).
[2] J.-S. Zhou, H. Chen and J. B. Goodenough, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9084 (1994).


Figure 1. Schematic phase diagram for La
2-x
Sr
x
CuO
4
.
Inset: T
c
versus x obtained by using a SQUID
magnetometer down to 1.7 K and an Oxford
3
He
refrigerator down to 0.4 K. The arrows in the inset
represent the absence of superconductivity and the T
range below 0.4 K is described by gray color.


S-I-009



Pressure-induced enhancement of superconductivity and instability of the Ca-sublattice in CaC
6


A. GAUZZI
1
, N. BENDIAB
1
, M. D‘ASTUTO
1
, B. CANNY
1
, M. CALANDRA
1
, F. MAURI
1
, G.
LOUPIAS
1
, S. TAKASHIMA
2
, H. TAKAGI
2
, N. TAKESHITA
3
, C. TERAKURA
3
, N. EMERY
4
, C.
HEROLD
4
, PH. LAGRANGE
4
, M. HANFLAND
5
and M. MEZOUAR
5


1
IMPMC, Université Pierre et Marie Curie and CNRS, 4, place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, FRANCE
2
Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581, JAPAN
3
CERC, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, JAPAN

4
Laboratoire de Chimie du Solide Minéral-UMR 7555, Université Henri Poincaré Nancy I, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy,
FRANCE
5
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, France
andrea.gauzzi@upmc.fr


The discovery of superconductivity above 10 K in the graphite intercalated compound (GIC)
CaC
6
[1,2] has renewed the interest in superconductivity in GIC‘s as well as in other carbon-based
compounds. This breakthrough opens the possibility of further increasing the superconducting critical
temperature, T
c
, and raises the question of the factors limiting T
c
in these systems. Since high pressure,
P, is known to be an important control parameter of the superconducting state, in order to address the
above points, we have carried out an electrical resistivity and synchrotron x-ray diffraction study as a
function of pressure up to 16 GPa on high-quality CaC
6
bulk samples. We found that CaC
6
exhibits
two important pressure effects: 1. a large P-induced T
c
enhancement up to 15.1 K at 7.5 GPa, the
highest T
c
value hitherto reported for GICs; 2. a dramatic T
c
drop down to ~3 K at a critical pressure of
~9 GPa suggestive of a structural instability. We show that our combined electrical resistivity and x-
ray diffraction study under high pressures provides a comprehensive account of both phenomena
within the frame of the BCS theory in terms of a P-induced softening of the in-plane Ca mode relevant
to the electron-phonon coupling. Our data analysis indicates that, below ~8 GPa, the softening
contributes to the T
c
enhancement whilst, at higher pressures, it drives the system to a disordered phase
presumably characterized by a disordering of the Ca sublattice. Thus, pressure induces a simultaneous
order-disorder and lattice-softening phase transition from a good metal phase with high T
c
to a bad
metal phase with low T
c
.




[1] Th. E. Weller et al., Nature Physics 1, 39 (2005).
[2] N. Emery et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087003 (2005).
[3] A. Gauzzi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 067002 (2007)
[4] A. Gauzzi et al., Phys. Rev. B 78, 064506 (2008).










S-I-010


Spin dependent superconducting proximity effect in metallo fullerenes and carbon nanotubes

HÇLÈNE BOUCHIAT, RICHARD DEBLOCK, S.GUÇRON and A. KASUMOV

Université Paris Sud Orsay, FRANCE
bouchiat@lps.u-psud.fr


Proximity induced superconductivity constitutes a powerful tool for the investigation of
coherent transport through a normal conductor connected to superconducting electrodes. The
conversion of Cooper pairs into Andreev pairs in the normal region is a very sensitive probe of phase
breaking events such as spin flip or electron phonon scattering.
In particular coherent transfer of Cooper pairs is a very sensitive probe of magnetism at the
single molecule level. In this spirit, we discuss experiments on metallo-fullerenes trapped between
suspended superconducting electrodes and on nanotubes in the Kondo transport regime.

Collaborations: Riken Institute and University of Basel.






























S-I-011


Local structure and superconductivity in boron-doped diamond:
11
B-NMR study

H. MUKUDA
1
, T. TSUCHIDA
1
, Y. KITAOKA
1
,
Y. TAKANO
2
, T. TAKENOUCHI
3
, H. KAWARADA
3
and T. OGUCHI
4


1
Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, JAPAN
2
National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, JAPAN
3
School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, JAPAN
4
Department of Quantum Matter, ADSM, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima 739-8530, JAPAN
mukuda@mp.es.osaka-u.ac.jp


We have investigated the superconductivity discovered in boron-doped diamonds by means of
11
B-NMR on heteroepitaxially grown (111) and (100) films[1-3].
11
B-NMR spectra for all of the films
are identified to arise from the substitutional B(1) site as single occupation and lower symmetric B(2)
site probably substituted as boron+hydrogen (B+H) complex or B+B dimer, respectively. Clear
evidence is presented that the effective carriers introduced by B(1) substitution are responsible for the
superconductivity, whereas the charge neutral B(2) sites does not offer the carriers effectively[4]. The
result is also corroborated by the density of states deduced by 1/T
1
T measurement, indicating that the
evolution of superconductivity is driven by the effective carrier introduced by substitution at B(1) site.
We will discuss the relation between the superconductivity and the local structure of doped boron from
microscopic points of view.




[1] E. A. Ekimov et al., Nature 428, 542 (2004)
[2] Y. Takano et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2851 (2004)
[3] H. Umezawa et al., condmat/ 0503303.
[4] H. Mukuda et al., Phys. Rev. B 75, 033301(2007).




















S-I-012


Superconductivity at 32-38 K and peculiar magnetism in amorphous
(and sulfur doped) carbon

ISRAEL FELNER

Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, ISRAEL
email:israela@vms.huji.ac.il


DC magnetic studies performed on commercial (75 years old) amorphous carbon (AC) revealed
traces of inhomogeneous superconductivity (SC) at T
C
=32 K. The AC powder contains a tiny amount
of sulfur (S). The non- superconducting AC samples, exhibit a large zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-
cooled (FC) thermal hysteresis in the magnetization curves up to room temperature. A paramagnetic-
like behavior at low temperatures and a pronounced peak at 65-80 K were observed in the ZFC
branches. These peaks may imply spin orientation of carbon atoms with localized electrons.
A mixture of AC and S synthesized at 250 C (AC-S) shifts T
C
to 38 K and increases
significantly the SC volume fraction. The SC state in AC-S is manifested by the shielding and
Meissner states. It is proposed that in both the pristine AC and AC-S materials, SC stems from an
unknown C-S phase immersed in the AC powder. The H-T phase diagram of AC-S resembles that of
type-II superconductors. However, the anomalies observed, such as: (1) a non-monotonic behavior of
the lower critical field H
c1
(T); (2) a pronounced positive curvature of the ―upper critical field
boundary‖ that is associated with the flux lattice melting line H
m
(T); (3) a spontaneous ferromagnetic-
like magnetization coexisting with SC, propose a non-standard SC state in AC-S. No SC was found in
a mixture of AC and S synthesized at 400 C. Similar to the non-SC AC materials, a complex inter-
relation between the ZFC and FC branches is observed. The ZFC curves show a pronounced peak
around 70 K and in some cases the FC curves cross these ZFC peaks. The magnetic features observed
are unstable and change within a few hours. The origin of the peculiar phenomena is not yet known.




















S-I-013


Search for superconductivity at Van Hove Singularities in carbon nanotubes

Y. YANG
1
, G. FEDOROV
1
, S. SHAFRANIUK
2
, R. M. LEWIS
3
, B. COOPER
3
, C. J. LOBB
3
and
P. BARBARA
1


1
Department of Physics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
3
Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
barbara@physics.georgetown.edu


Single-walled carbon nanotubes are one-dimensional conductors consisting of a layer of carbon
atoms wrapped in the shape of a cylinder, with diameter of a few nanometers and length of several
micrometers. Although it is well known that a carbon nanotube can be semiconducting or metallic
depending on its chirality, the occurrence of superconductivity in this system with a very small number
of conducting channels is still not understood.
Measurements of intrinsic superconductivity in ropes [1] and arrays [2] of carbon nanotubes, as
well as multi-walled carbon nanotubes (carbon nanotubes nested into each other) [3] and films of
boron doped carbon nanotubes [4], show a wide range of critical temperatures, from 500 mK to 12 K.
One possible cause for the large spread in critical temprature is the fact that samples with multiple
nanotubes may contain tubes with different chiralities and thus different electronic properties. Here we
discuss samples made of isolated single-walled carbon nanotubes and relate the occurrence of
superconductivity to their density of states. We measure anomalous transport features indicating that
nanotubes may become superconducting when the gate voltage shifts the Fermi energy into van Hove
singularities of the electronic density of states. In this scenario, the transport features are caused by
proximity effect at the interface between the superconducting nanotube and the normal electrode [5]
and the superconducting properties can be tuned by chemical doping or by applying an electric field.




[1] M. Kociak, et al., Superconductivity in ropes of single-walled carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. Lett.
86, 2416-2419 (2001).
[2] Z. K. Tang et al., Superconductivity in 4 angstrom single-walled carbon nanotubes, Science 292,
2462-2465 (2001).
[3] M. Takesue et al., Superconductivity in entirely end-bonded multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Phys.
Rev. Lett. 96, 057001-057004 (2006).
[4] N. Murata et al., Superconductivity in thin films of boron-doped carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev.
Lett. 101, 027002-027005 (2008).
[5] J. Zhang et al., Zero-bias anomaly and possible superconductivity in single-walled carbon
nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155414-155422 (2006).








S-I-014


Electronic structures of boron- or nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes

T. KORETSUNE and S. SAITO

Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN
koretune@stat.phys.titech.ac.jp


Carbon nanotubes are considered to be attractive materials for nanoscale electronic device in
the next generations. To control transport properties, impurity doping will play an important role.
Besides, the possibility of superconductivity in carbon nanotube [1,2] by carrier doping is a promising
issue because of high Debye frequency. In fact, several carbon allotropes show superconductivity with
high transition temperatures by carrier doping. Thus, to clarify the effect of impurity doping in carbon
nanotubes, we study boron- or nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes using the density functional theory.
First, we calculate the formation energy to discuss the stability of impurity-doped carbon
nanotubes. It is found that thinner tube needs smaller energy cost for both boron- and nitrogen-doped
nanotubes. Compared to the case of diamond, nitrogen doping is found to be easier than boron doping.
Next, we obtain the electronic structures for various doping rate. From the extrapolation to the low
density limit, we estimate the ionization energy of the boron acceptor state and the nitrogen donor
state. Furthermore, we calculate the density of states at the Fermi level to discuss the possibility of
superconductivity. The result indicates that in boron-doped nanotubes, the density of states at the
Fermi level can be understood as a rigid-band picture [3], whereas in nitrogen-doped nanotubes, there
tends to be only an impurity state at the Fermi level. We will also discuss the effect of three
dimensionality [4] and the electron-phonon interactions.




[1] I. Takesue et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057001 (2006).
[2] N. Murata et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 027002 (2008).
[3] T. Koretsune and S. Saito, Phys. Rev. B 77, 165417 (2008).
[4] T. Koretsune and S. Saito, Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 9, 044203 (2008).



















S-I-015


Reentrant superconductivity and the field-induced magnetic instability in ferromagnetic
superconductors

D. AOKI, T.D. MATSUDA, A. MIYAKE, V. TAUFOUR, E. HASSINGER, G. KNEBEL
and J. FLOUQUET

INAC/SPSMS, CEA-Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble, FRANCE
dai.aoki@cea.fr


The coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity has attracted much attention in the
strongly correlated electron systems. In the past, it had been believed that superconductivity is
antagonistic to ferromagnetism, since the Cooper pairs are easily destroyed by the strong internal field
due to the ferromagnetism. The first breakthrough was the discovery of UGe
2
[1], where the
superconductivity emerges in the ferromagnetic phase under pressure, and the superconducting critical
temperature T
sc
is lower than the Curie temperature T
Curie
.
Soon after that, the weak ferromagnet URhGe was found to show superconductivity at ambient
pressure [2]. T
sc
(=0.25K) is much lower than T
Cruie
(=9.5K). In spite of this small T
sc
, the upper
critical field H
c2
is very large, exceeding the Pauli paramagnetic limit. Thus the nonunitary spin-triplet
paring is most likely realized as a paring symmetry. Surprisingly, the field-reentrant superconductivity
was found between 8 and 13T in URhGe, when the field is applied along the hard magnetization b-
axis, where the metamagnetic transition occurs at H
R
=12T [3]. Thus the field induced quantum critical
point is discussed. Recently we found the enhancement of effective mass near H
R
, which can explain
the reentrant superconductivity by adopting the McMillan-type formula [4].
Another ferromagnetic superconductivity was recently found in UCoGe [5,6]. We performed
magnetoresistivity measurements with fine tuning of the field direction on high quality single crystals
[7]. H
c2
is quite anisotropic. H
c2
for H∥b-axis is strongly enhanced with decreasing temperature with an
S-shape and reaches nearly 20T at 0K. These results indicate that the field-induced ferromagnetic
instability or magnetic quantum criticality reinforces superconductivity.




[1] S.S. Saxena, P. Agarwal, K. Ahilan, F.M. Grosche, R.K.W. Haselwimmer, M.J. Steiner, E. Pugh,
I.R. Walker, S.R. Julian, P. Monthoux, G.G. Lonzarich, A. Huxley, I. Sheikin, D. Braithwaite and J.
Flouquet, Nature 406, 587 (2000).
[2] D. Aoki, A. Huxley, E. Ressouche, D. Braithwaite, J. Flouquet, J.-P. Brison, E. Lhotel and C.
Paulsen, Nature 413, 613 (2001).
[3] F. Lévy, I. Sheikin, B. Grenier and A.D. Huxley, Science 309, 1343 (2005).
[4] A. Miyake, D. Aoki and J. Flouquet, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 094709 (2008).
[5] N.T. Huy, A. Gasparini, D.E. de Nijs, Y. Huang, J.C.P. Klaasse, T. Gortenmulder, A. de Visser, A.
Hamann, T. Görlach and H.v. Löhneysen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 067006 (2007).
[6] E. Hassinger, D. Aoki, G. Knebel and J. Flouquet, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 073703 (2008).
[7] D. Aoki, T.D. Matsuda, V. Taufour, E. Hassinger, G. Knebel and J. Flouquet, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 78,
113709 (2009).




S-I-016


Normal state electronic structure of iron-pnictides investigated by the de Hass-van Alphen Effect

A. CARRINGTON
1
, A.I. COLDEA
1
, H. SHISHIDO
3
, J.A. ANALYTIS
4
, A. BANGURA
1
,
K. HASHIMOTO
1,3
, P. ROURKE
1
, M. YAMASHITA
2
, S. KASAHARA
3
, Y. SENSHU
2
,
N. NAKATA
2
, S. TONEGAWA
2
, K. IKADA
2
, T. TERASHIMA
3
, H. IKEDA
2
, T. SHIBAUCHI
2
,
Y. MATSUDA
2
, Y. ONUKI
5
, D. VIGNOLLES
6
, C. PROUST
6
, B. VIGNOLLE
6
,
A. MCCOLLAM
7
, J.-H. CHU
4
, I.R. FISHER
4
and R.D. MCDONALD
8


1
H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, UK
2
Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
3
Research Center for Low Temperature and Materials Sciences, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, JAPAN
4
Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, USA
5
Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, JAPAN
6
Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés, UMR CNRS-UPS-INSA 5147, Toulouse, FRANCE
7
Radboud University Nijmegen, High Field Magnet Laboratory, Faculty of Science, 6500 GL Nijmegen, NETHERLANDS
8
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA


Discovering how the Fermi surface of the Iron-pnictides evolves as a function of the various
material parameters which drive the material from an antiferromagnetic spin density wave state,
through the superconducting dome and eventually towards a paramagnetic non-superconducting metal,
should be an important step towards a theory of the mechanism that drives high temperature
superconductivity in these materials. Measurements of the de Hass-van Alphen effect give a unique
insight into the bulk three dimensional normal state electronic structures of these materials. Here I will
discuss measurements of the Fermi surface of several different iron-pnictide materials using the dHvA
effect. Measurements of stoichiometric phosphide materials including superconducting LaFePO [1]
and non-superconducting SrFe
2
P
2
[2] reveal that their band-structure is generally in good overall
agreement with band-structure calculations but with some important differences. It is found that the
sections of Fermi-surface which are closest to fulfilling a nesting condition are significantly shifted in
energy and reduced in size compare to the calculations. The quasiparticle masses are enhanced by a
factor of around 2. This trend is clearly demonstrated in measurements of the BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
family
[3]. In this series the isoelectronic cross-substitution of As and P does not cause too dramatic an
increase in the scattering rate (at least on the electron Fermi surface sheets), so is it is possible to
observe quantum (dHvA) oscillations even in samples with T
c
as high as 25 K. These measurements
show that as x is decreased from the non-superconducting compositions (x>0.75) towards the optimal
value for superconductivity (x=0.33, T
c
=30 K), the Fermi surface sheets shrink in size and the quasi-
particle effective mass is significantly enhanced. These effect are likely not due to simple one-
electron band-structure effects but rather originate from the same many-body effect which lead to high
temperature superconductivity as the quantum critical point of the phase diagram is approached.




[1] A.I. Coldea et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 216402, (2008)
[2] J.A. Analytis et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 076401, (2009)
[3] H. Shishido et al., arXiv:0910.3634 (2009).





S-I-017


Chemical and structural aspects of iron pnictide superconductors

D. JOHRENDT

Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, GERMANY
johrendt@lmu.de


BaFe
2
As
2
is the parent compound of the 122-type iron arsenides [1] where superconductivity
up to 38 K can be induced by several kinds of doping

[2-4] or by pressure [5]. It is widely accepted
that superconductivity in iron arsenides is unconventional and a number of experiments agree with the
s±-scenario [6]. The latter relies on Fermi surface nesting which depends on both the electron count
and the crystal structure. However, the coincidence of doping and pressure effects on the structure as
well as a remarkable scaling of the T
c
with the As-Fe-As bond angle of BaFe
2
As
2
emphasizes the role
of the structure [7]. Another open issue is the co-existence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetic
ordering.
57
Fe-Mössbauer experiments with underdoped Ba
0.8
K
0.2
Fe
2
As
2
(T
c
= 24 K) revealed full
magnetic splitting, which indicates such a co-existence [8].
Recently reported compounds like Sr
2
VO
3
FeAs (T
c
= 37-45 K) are promising candidates for
higher T
c
due to the stronger anisotropy of the crystal structure, but their crystal chemistry is not yet
understood. By neuton diffraction experiments with non-superconducting Sr
2
CrO
3
FeAs, we have
detected a significant non-stoichiometry of the Fe-site according to Fe
0.93(1)
Cr
0.07(1)
and C-type
antiferromagnetic ordering of the Cr
3+
-layers [9]. The Cr-doping of the FeAs layer is probably
detrimental to superconductivity in Sr
2
CrO
3
FeAs as it is known from Cr-doped BaFe
2
As
2
. A similar
non-stoichiometry may also play a vital role in superconducting Sr
2
VO
3
FeAs.




[1] M. Rotter, M. Tegel, I. Schellenberg, et al., Phys. Rev. B 78, 020503 (2008).
[2] M. Rotter, M. Tegel, and D. Johrendt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 107006 (2008).
[3] S. Jiang, C. Wang, Z. Ren, et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 382203 (2009).
[4] A. S. Sefat, R. Jin, M. A. McGuire, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 117004 (2008).
[5]

P. L. Alireza, Y. T. C. Ko, J. Gillett, et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 012208 (2009).
[6] I. Mazin, D. J. Singh, M. D. Johannes, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 057003 (2008).
[7]

M. Rotter, M. Pangerl, M. Tegel, et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 7949 (2008).
[8]

M. Rotter, M. Tegel, I. Schellenberg, et al., New J. Phys. 11, 025014 (2009).
[9] M. Tegel, Y. Su, F. Hummel, et al., arXiv0911.0450.













S-I-018

NMR studies on iron-pnictide superconductors

K. ISHIDA
1,2
, Y. NAKAI
1,2
,

S. KITAGAWA
1,2
, T. IYE
1,2
, Y. KAMIHARA
2,3
, M. HIRANO
3
,
H. HOSONO
3,4
, S. KASAHARA
5
, T. SHIBAUCHI
1
, Y. MATSUDA
1
and T. TERASHIMA
5


1
Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
2
TRIP, JST, Sanban-cho, Chiyoda, Tokyo 102-0075, JAPAN
3
Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8503, JAPAN
4
Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8503, JAPAN
5
Research Center for Low Temperature and Materials Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606, 8502, JAPAN
kishida@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp

We present NMR results on iron-pnictide superconductors of LaFeAs(O
1-x
F
x
) and BaFe
2
(As
1-
x
P
x
)
2
. In LaFeAs(O
1-x
F
x
), 1/T
1
in the undoped LaFeAsO exhibits a distinct peak at T
N
~ 142 K below
which NMR spectra become broadened due to the internal magnetic field attributed to an
antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering. In the x=0.04 sample, 1/T
1
T of
75
As exhibits a Curie-Weiss
temperature dependence down to 30 K, suggesting the development of AFM spin fluctuations, and
decreases below superconducting(SC)-transition temperature T
c
~ 16 K. The AFM fluctuations are
significantly suppressed with F-doping, and a pseudogap behavior is observed in 1/T
1
T in the x=0.11
sample with a maximum T
c
~ 23 K in LaFeAs(O
1-x
F
x
) [1]. The spin dynamics vary markedly with F-
doping, which is ascribed to the change of the nesting between hole and electron Fermi-surfaces by
the electron doping, and the pseudogap behavior in 1/T
1
T is shown to originate from the
characteristic energy dependence of the density of state around the Fermi energy. The significant
suppression of 1/T
1
T upon F doping while T
c
remains nearly unchanged suggests that the low-energy
AFM fluctuations probed by the NMR measurements do not play an important role in the
superconductivity in LaFeAs(O
1-x
F
x
)[2].
On the contrary, 1/T
1
T in BaFe
2
(As
0.67
P
0.33
)
2
with a maximum T
c
~ 30 K in BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2

continues to increase down to T
c
, indicating the development of the AFM fluctuations, and sharply
decreases below T
c
due to opening of the SC gap. The AFM fluctuations are suppressed and T
c
also
decreases with increasing P content. From the analyses of 1/T
1
T in the normal state, it is shown that
the maximum T
c
sample is located in the vicinity of the quantum critical point of the AFM ordering,
and that the AFM fluctuations are intimately related to the superconductivity in BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
. It
was found that the relationship between the AFM fluctuations and superconductivity are quite
different between LaFeAs(O
1-x
F
x
) and BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
.
We also show that the SC gap in BaFe
2
(As
0.67
P
0.33
)
2
revealed by 1/T
1
below T
c
possesses the
residual density of state near E
F
, suggesting the presence of the nodes in the SC gap[3]. This is
different from other iron-pnictide superconductors. We discuss possible SC state in
BaFe
2
(As
0.67
P
0.33
)
2
and other iron pnictides, and the similarity between BaFe
2
(As
0.67
P
0.33
)
2
and
heavy-fermion superconductors.


[1] Y. Nakai, K. Ishida, Y. Kamihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 073701
(2008).
[2] Y. Nakai, S. Kitagawa, K. Ishida, Y. Kamihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, New Journal Of
Physics 11, 045004 (2009).
[3] Y. Nakai, T. Iye, S. Kitagawa, K. Ishida, S. Kasahara, T. Shibauchi, Y. Matsuda, and T. Terashima,
arXiv. 0908.0625.



S-I-019


Anisotropy of the normal and superconducting states of iron pnictides: Charge and heat
transport measurements

M. A. TANATAR
1
, N. NI
1,2
, S. L. BUD‘KO
1,2
, P.C.CANFIELD
1,2
, J.-P. REID
3
,
H. SHAKERIPOUR
3
, X.-G. LUO
3
, N. DOIRON-LEYRAUD
3
, L. TAILLEFER
3,4
and
R. PROZOROV
1,2


1
Ames Laboratory US DOE, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
3
Departement de Physique, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1, CANADA
4
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Ontario, CANADA
tanatar@ameslab.gov


Anisotropy of the electronic transport is used to characterize the electronic structure and
superconducting pairing mechanism of electron-doped iron arsenide superconductors Ba(Fe,Co)
2
As
2
.
The anisotropy of electrical resistivity in the normal state is very modest at room temperature, but
increases on cooling [1,2]. The temperature dependence of the inter-plane resistivity is found to be
different from that for the resistivity for current flow along the tetragonal plane.
In the superconducting state, measurements of thermal conductivity reveal systematic evolution
of the anisotropy of the superconducting gap with doping [3]. The gap evolves from being big of all
Fermi surface into highly anisotropic for the compositions with doping level higher than optical.
Implications of these finding for the superconducting pairing mechanism will be discussed.




[1] M. A. Tanatar, N. Ni, C. Martin, R. T. Gordon, H. Kim, V. G. Kogan, G. D. Samolyuk,S. L.
Bud‘ko, P. C. Canfield, and R. Prozorov, Phys. Rev. B 79, 094507 (2009).
[2] M. A. Tanatar, N. Ni, G. D. Samolyuk, S. L. Bud'ko, P. C. Canfield, and R. Prozorov, Phys. Rev. B
79, 134528 (2009).
[3] M. A. Tanatar, J.-Ph. Reid, H. Shakeripour, X. G. Luo, N. Doiron-Leyraud, N. Ni, S. L. Bud'ko, P.
C. Canfield, R. Prozorov, and Louis Taillefer, arXiv:0907.1276.
















S-I-020


Role of disorder on Fe based oxypnictides superconductors

M.PUTTI
1
, M.TROPEANO
1
, I.PALLECCHI
1
, G.LAMURA
1
, C.FERDEGHINI
1
, A.MARTINELLI
1
,
A.PALENZONA
1
, M.R.CIMBERLE
2
, C.TARANTINI
3
, A.GUREVICH
3
, D.C.LARBALESTIER
3
,
Y. SHEN
4
, R.K.SINGH
4
, J.M. ROWELL
4
, N. NEWMAN
4
, P. CHENG
5
, Y. JIA
5
and H.H.WEN
5

1
CNR-INFM-LAMIA, University of Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova, ITALY
2
CNR-IMEM, Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova, ITALY
3
Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, FSU, Tallahassee, FL, USA
4
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, ASU, Tempe, AZ, USA
5
Institute of Physics, National Laboratory of Condensed MatterPhysics, Beijing, CHINA
putti@fisica.unige.it


The strong dependence of structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Fe based
superconductors on chemical substitution makes rather complex to separate the effects of disorder,
doping and magnetisms on the superconducting properties of these compounds. For this reason the role
of disorder has not yet been clarified.
In this work we investigated the suppression of T
c
in a NdFeAsO
0.7
F
0.3
single crystal irradiated
with 2MeV o-particles and in a series of SmFe AsO
0.85
F
0.15
in which Fe has been progressively
substituted by isovalent Ru. Our results indicate that irradiation defects produce both nonmagnetic and
magnetic scattering, resulting in a significant Kondo-like excess resistance Ap(T) · lnT above T
c
over
2 decades in temperature, whereas isovalent substitution produces only nonmagnetic scattering.
With introducing disorder T
c
progressively decreases and the upper critical field evolves in
both the series indicating that the dirty limit condition is established. However, despite very high
densities of defects, the rate at which T
c
is suppressed to zero is far lesser than that observed for
cuprates and similar to that found for the s-wave two-band superconductor MgB
2
. This is even more
remarkable taking into account that irradiation increases significantly magnetic scattering, which is
considered strongly pair-breaking also in s-wave superconductors.
The observed resilience of multiband superconductivity in pnictides to strong magnetic and
nonmagnetic disorder presents a challenge to the existing theories.




















S-I-021


Phase diagrams and physical properties of Ba(Fe
1-x
TM
x
)
2
As
2
(TM = Co, Ni, Cu, Rh, Pd)

SERGEY L. BUD‘KO

Ames Laboratory, US DOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
budko@ameslab.gov


A brief overview and summary of the effects of transition metal (Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, and Rh)
doping on physical properties of BaFe
2
As
2
will be presented. A comparison of the phase diagrams for
different dopants will be examined in detail. A range of experimental parameters that allow for the
stabilization of superconductivity will be outlined [1-3]. The evolution of physical properties with
doping, in particular, a possible Lifshitz transition at low doping as inferred from thermoelectric power
and Hall measurements (as well as ARPES) will be examined [4,5]. In addition, a "universal" behavior
of specific heat jump at T
c
and peculiarities of thermal expansion in Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
for a wide range
of Co-concentrations will be discussed [6,7].
In collaboration with P. C. Canfield, N. Ni, E. D. Mun, A. Kracher and A. Thaler. Work at the
Ames Laboratory was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy — Basic Energy Sciences under
Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358.



[1] N. Ni, et al., Phys. Rev. B 78, 214515 (2008).
[2] P.C. Canfield, et al., Phys. Rev. B 80, 060501 (2009).
[3] N. Ni, et al., Phys. Rev. B 80, 024511 (2009).
[4] E.D. Mun, et al., Phys. Rev. B 80, 054517 (2009).
[5] C. Liu, et al., arXiv:0910.1799.
[6] S.L. Bud‘ko, et al., Phys. Rev. B 79, 220516 (2009).
[7] S.L. Bud‘ko, et al., Phys. Rev. B 79, 054525 (2009).






















S-I-022


Non-fermi liquid transport properties and non-universal gap structure in iron-pnictide High-T
c

superconductors

T. SHIBAUCHI
1
, K. HASHIMOTO
1
, M. YAMASHITA
1
, S. KASAHARA
2
, Y. SENSHU
1
,
N. NAKATA
1
, S. TONEGAWA
1
, K. IKADA
1
, A. SERAFIN
3
, A. CARRINGTON
3
,
H. SHISHIDO
2
, T. TERASHIMA
2
, H. IKEDA
1
and Y. MATSUDA
1


1
Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
2
Research Center for Low Temperature and Materials Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, JAPAN
3
H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
shibauchi@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp


The discovery of Fe-pnictide superconductors with transition temperature T
c
exceeding 55 K
raises fundamental questions about origin of high-T
c
superconductivity. The microscopic pairing
interactions with give rise to superconductivity are intimately related to the structure of the
superconducting energy gap. Recent single-crystal studies in several Fe-arsenide compounds [1,2]
have suggested that the energy gap is fully formed in all directions. This is in sharp contrast to the
high-T
c
cuprate superconductors where zeros (nodes) in the energy gap are found at some points on the
Fermi surface.
Here we report normal-state transport properties [3] as well as bulk measurements of the
magnetic penetration depth and heat transport in high-quality single crystals of BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
[4]. In
the normal state at the critical doping near the SDW phase boundary, we find the non-Fermi liquid
transport properties including T-linear resistivity, strong temperature dependence of Hall coefficient,
and violation of Kohler‘s rule in magneto-resistance. These anomalous properties become less
pronounced with x, which points to an important role of antiferromagnetic fluctuations in the non-
Fermi-liquid transport properties in the Fe-pnictides. In the superconducting state, the linear-in-
temperature superfluid density, finite residual normal fluid in the zero-temperature limit and the
striking enhancement of the quasiparticle excitations out of the condensed electrons by magnetic
fields, consistently provide unambiguous evidence for line nodes in the order parameter, where the gap
changes its sign at some lines on the Fermi surface. This is distinctly different from the nodeless gap
found for (Ba,K)Fe
2
As
2
[2] which has similar T
c
, electronic structure, and phase diagram. Our results
indicate that repulsive electronic interactions play an essential role for Fe-based high-T
c

superconductivity but that uniquely there are quasi degenerate pairing states, with and without nodes,
which have similar T
c
.




[1] K. Hashimoto et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 017002 (2009).
[2] K. Hashimoto et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 207001 (2009).
[3] S. Kasahara et al., arXiv:0905.4427.
[4] K. Hashimoto et al., arXiv:0907.4399.






S-I-023


Appearance and disappearance of superconductivity with Fe site Co substitution in
SmFe
1-x
Co
x
AsO (x = 0.0 to 1.0)

V.P.S. AWANA, ANAND PAL and H. KISHAN

National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
awana@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


We report synthesis, structural details and magnetization of SmFe
1-x
Co
x
AsO with x ranging from
0.0 to 1.0 at close interval of 0.10. It is found that Co substitutes fully at Fe site in SmFeAsO in an
iso-structural lattice with slightly compressed cell. The parent compound exhibited known spin density
wave (SDW) character below 150K. Successive doping of Co at Fe site suppressed the SDW transition
for x = 0.05 and later induced superconductivity for x = 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 respectively at 14, 15.5
and 9K. The lower critical field as seen from magnetization measurements is below 200Oe. The
appearance of bulk superconductivity is established by wide open isothermal magnetization M(H)
loops. For higher content of Co i.e. x > 0.30, superconductivity is not observed and instead weak
magnetic order starts appearing at around 300 K. For further higher values of x i.e. for x = 0.80 and 1.0
the magnetic transition becomes slightly prominent and ferromagnetic (FM) like but with a lower
temperatures of around 230 and 130 K respectively. Clearly the Co substitution at Fe site in SmFe
1-
x
Co
x
AsO diminishes the Fe SDW character (x = 0.05), introduces bulk superconductivity for x from
0.10 to 0.20 and finally becomes a non-superconducting FM for x = 0.50, 0.80 and 1.0. The SmCoAsO
also exhibits a secondary AFM like transition at below 30K (Fig.1). The reported AFM ordering of Sm
spins is seen from heat capacity Cp(T) at 4.5 K and the same remains invariant with Co doping in
SmFe
1-x
Co
x
AsO. Further the FM ordering of Co-spins (seen in magnetization measurements) is not
evident in Cp(T) studies, suggesting weak correlation between ordered Co-spins in these systems
(Fig.2).



Figure 1. Magnetization of SmCoAsO. Figure 2. Heat capacity of SmCoAsO.




S-I-024

Interplay between magnetism and superconductivity in Fe-pnictides

A.V. CHUBUKOV

Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
chubukov@physics.wisc.edu


I will share with the audience the excitement in condensed-matter community about the
discovery of a new class of superconductors – Fe-pnictides, with T
c
as high as 55 K. The phase
diagram of Fe-pnictides is quite similar to that for high-temperature cuprates, and this fueled early
speculations that the physics should be similar. However, Fe-pnictides differ from the cuprates in one
important aspect – these systems are metals even without doping. I plan to review recent experiments
on three different families of Fe-pnictides, and discuss various theoretical proposals for the pairing
mechanism and the symmetry of the pairing gap. I also plan to discuss magnetically ordered phase in
undoped and weakly doped pnictides, type of magnetic order, and possible co-existence between
magnetism and superconductivity.






























S-I-025


Flux pinning regimes in pristine and ion irradiated BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
crystals

M. KONCZYKOWSKI
1
, C. J VAN DER BEEK
1
, R. OKAZAKI
2
, S. KASAHARA
2
,
T. SHIBAUCHI
2
and Y. MATSUDA
2


1
Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau, FRANCE
2
Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
marcin.konczykowski@polytechnique.edu


Semi-metallic pnictides, obtained by partial substitution of arsenic by isovalent phosphorus,
manifest peculiar flux pinning properties. While weak collective pinning description seems to apply
for the other families of charge-doped pnictides, only residual "strong" pinning by extended defects
was identified in isovalently substituted BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
. Local magnetic measurements by Hall array
technique were realized on pristine single crystals of BaFe
2
(As
1-x
P
x
)
2
. Irreversible magnetization loops
show very pronounced central peak. The magnetic field dependence of the irreversible magnetization
and it invariance with thickness (for thin samples) are compatible with model of strong collective
pinning (SCP).
1,2

In order to modify pinning properties, we exposed the samples to the beam of 5.8 GeV Pb ions.
Such irradiation is expected to create correlated defects along ion trajectories and induce strong
pinning centers surpassing preexisting disorder. Indeed, magnetic hysteresis was strongly enhanced
after irradiation and the signatures of SCP were depressed. However, the irreversibility line, identified
from the onset of 3
rd
harmonic generation in AC susceptibility, was essentially unchanged after
exposure to the fluence equivalent to the matching fields of 6T.
In my presentation, I will discuss the implications of those experimental results to the
understanding of the carrier scattering and pairing mechanism of pnictide superconductors.




[1] Yu. N. Ovchinnikov and B. I. Ivlev, Phys. Rev. B 43, 8024 (1991).
[2] C.J. van der Beek et al. Phys.Rev. B 66, 024523 (2002).

















S-I-026


Local enhancement of diamagnetic susceptibility in pnictide superconductors

B. KALISKY

Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045, USA
Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045, USA
beena@stanford.edu


Scanning magnetic probe microscopy is a powerful tool for investigating the pnictides.
Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) microscopy shows increased diamagnetic
susceptibility on the twin boundaries in underdoped, but not overdoped, single crystals of Ba(Fe
1-
x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
. Vortices avoid pinning on the twins, and prefer to travel parallel to them. These results
indicate a relationship between superfluid density, local strain, and frustrated magnetism, and
demonstrate two mechanisms for enhancing critical currents [1,2]. Scanning SQUID microscopy can
be used to measure locally changes in the a-b plane penetration depth λ(T), with the advantage of
minimizing effects of inhomogeneity and sample-geometry-dependent errors [3]. Magnetic force
microscopy (MFM) can measure the absolute value of the penetration depth, as well as probe the
mechanics of individual isolated vortices [4].




[1] B. Kalisky, J.R. Kirtley, J.G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, A. Vailionis, I.R. Fisher, K.A. Moler,
arXiv:0906.5184v2
[2] J.R. Kirtley, B. Kalisky, Lan Luan, K.A. Moler, arXiv: 0912.1032
[3] C. W. Hicks, T. M. Lippman, M. E. Huber, J. G. Analytis, J. H. Chu, A. S. Erickson, I. R. Fisher,
and K. A. Moler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 127003 (2009).
[4] L. Luan, O. M. Auslaender, T. M. Lippman, C. W. Hicks, B. Kalisky, J. H. Chu, J. G. Analytis, I.
R. Fisher, J. R. Kirtley, and K. A. Moler, arXiv:0909.0744v1



















S-I-027

Inter- and intra-granular critical current in iron-pnictides

A. YAMAMOTO
1
, J. JIANG
1
, A. POLYANSKII
1
, F. KAMETANI
1
, D. ABRAIMOV
1
,
E. HELLSTROM
1
, D. LARBALESTIER
1
, A. PALENZONA
2
, M. TROPEANO
2
and M. PUTTI
2


1
1Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
2031 E. Paul Dirac, Dr., Tallahassee, FL 32310, USA
2
Physics Department, University of Genova and CNR/INFM-LAMIA
Via Dodecaneso, 33 - I16146 – Genova, ITALY
yamamoto@asc.magnet.fsu.edu


The iron pnictide superconductors have very high upper critical field B
c2
(0) of over 100 T for
1111 and 50-70 T for 122. We have shown [1] that polycrystalline 1111 samples exhibit
electromagnetic granular behavior, perhaps in an analogous way to that seen now to be intrinsic to the
HTS cuprates. Studies of magneto-optical imaging and the field dependence of remanent
magnetization showed that global currents over the whole sample does exist but that the intergranular
and intragranular currents have distinctively different current density and temperature dependence.
Meanwhile it appears that all present polycrystalline oxypnictides are multi-phase. Especially a normal
metal Fe-As impuirty phase wets superconducting grains and produces a dense array of SNS contacts
[2]. On the other hand, very high intra-grain critical current due to the strong pinning reminiscent of
Nb-Ti is observed in the Co doped Ba122 pnictide [3]. In this talk we report our efforts to synthesize
more single phase polycrystalline Sm-1111 samples by employing hot isostatic pressing (HIP) as well
as detailed investigation of the two currents. In particular we are using combinational remanent
magnetization analysis and magneto-optical imaging to study the local variation of current density and
then performing detailed microstructural analysis by SEM, TEM and grain orientation analysis to
understand intergranular current flow in samples synthesized at different temperatures and pressure.




[1] A. Yamamoto et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 252501 (2008); Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 095008
(2008).
[2] F. Kametani et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 142502 (2009).
[3] A. Yamamoto et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 062511 (2009).














S-I-028

Impurity effects and current transport in oxypnictides at high magnetic fields

ALEX GUREVICH

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32310, USA
gurevich@magnet.fsu.edu


The effect of impurity scattering and the pairing symmetry on the upper critical fields H
c2
(T) and
critical temperatures of oxypnictides is discussed with the emphasis on the role of multiband effects on
the observed anomalous temperature dependencies of anisotropic H
c2
(T) significantly exceeding the
BCS paramagnetic limit. The results of recent o particle irradiation experiments [1], which show an
unusual resilience of multiband superconductivity in Nd-1111 single crystals to strong magnetic and
nonmagnetic scattering produced by irradiation defects are presented. We also discuss results of recent
experiments on current transport in oxypnictides at high magnetic fields, particularly the effect of
strong thermal activation of vortices [2] and current-blocking effect of grain boundaries [3].




[1] C. Tarantini, M. Putti, A. Gurevich, Y. Shen, R.K. Singh, J.M. Rowell, N. Newman, D.C.
Larbalestier, P. Cheng, Y. Jia, and H-H Wen. arXiv:0910.5198
[2] J. Jaroszynski, L. Balicas, Youn-jung Jo, F. Hunte, I. Raivcevic, A. Gurevich, D. C. Larbalestier, F.
F. Balakirev, Ying Jia, Peng Cheng, Lei Fang, Huiqian Luo, Huan Yang, Cong Ren, Lei Shan,
Changzhi Gu, Hai-Hu Wen. Physical Review B 78, 174523 (2008).
[3] S. Lee, J. Jiang, J. D. Weiss, C. M. Folkman, C. W. Bark, C. Tarantini, A. Xu, D. Abraimov, A.
Polyanskii, C. T. Nelson, Y. Zhang, S. H. Baek, H. W. Jang, A. Yamamoto, F. Kametani, X. Q. Pan,
E. E. Hellstrom, A. Gurevich, C. B. Eom, and D. C. Larbalestier. Applied Physics Letters, 95, 212505
(2009).



















S-I-029


T
c
=21K in epitaxial FeSe
0.5
Te
0.5
thin films with biaxial compressive strain

E. BELLINGERI
1
, I. PALLECCHI
1
, R. BUZIO
1
, A. GERBI
2
, D. MARRÈ
1,2
, M.R. CIMBERLE
3
,
M. TROPEANO
1,2
, M. PUTTI
1,2
, A. PALENZONA
1,2
and C.FERDEGHINI
1

1
CNR/INFM-LAMIA corso Perrone 24, 16152 Genova, ITALY
2
Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova, ITALY
3
CNR-IMEM, Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova, ITALY
4
Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova, ITALY
carlo.ferdeghini@lamia.infm.it


High purity epitaxial FeSe
0.5
Te
0.5
thin films with different thickness were grown by Pulsed
Laser Ablation on different substrates. By varying the film thickness, T
c
up to 21K were observed,
significantly larger than the bulk value. Structural analyses indicated that the a axis changes
significantly with the film thickness and is linearly related to the T
c
. The latter result indicates the
important role of the compressive strain in enhancing T
c
. T
c
is also related to both the Fe-(Se,Te) bond
length and angle, suggesting the possibility of further enhancement.






























S-I-030


Pauli-limiting behavior at high fields versus enhanced upper critical fields near T
c
in several
disordered FeAs based superconductors

G. FUCHS
1
, S.-L. DRECHSLER
1
, N. KOZLOVA
1
, A. KAUFFMANN
1
, M. BARTKOWIAK
2
,
G. BEHR
1
, C. HESS
1
, R. KLINGELER
1
, A. KÖHLER
1
, V. GRINENKO
1
, K. NENKOV
1
,
B. BÜCHNER
1
and L. SCHULTZ
1


1
IFW Dresden, Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, D- 01171 Dresden,
GERMANY
2
Hochfeld-Magnetlabor Dresden, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, GERMANY
fuchs@ifw-dresden.de


We report resistivity and upper critical field B
c2
(T) data for polycrystalline arsenic-deficient
(AD) LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-o
samples and Ba(Fe
0.925
Co
0.075
)
2
As
2
(Ba-122) single crystals in a wide
temperature and field range up to 60 T. These disordered samples exhibit significantly enlarged slopes
dB
c2
/dT = –5.4 T/K (AD sample) and dB
c2
/dT = –6.2 T/K (Ba-122 for fields H||ab) near T
c
which is in
the case of the AD samples combined with a slightly enhanced transition temperature of T
c
= 29.0 K.
The high-field B
c2
(T) data obtained for H||ab from resistance measurements in pulsed magnetic fields
follow up to about 30 T the WHH (Werthamer-Helfand-Hohenberg) curve for the orbital limited upper
critical field, but show a clear flattening above 30 T. This flattening evidences Pauli limiting behavior
(PLB) with B
c2
ab
(0) ~ 63 T for the AD sample [1] and B
c2
ab
(0) ~ 57 T for the Ba-122 single crystal. We
compare our results with B
c2
(T) data reported in the literature for clean and disordered samples.
Whereas clean samples show no PLB for fields below 70 T [2] as measured so far, the hitherto
unexplained flattening of B
c2
(T) for applied fields H||ab observed for several disordered closely related
systems [3] is interpreted as a manifestation of PLB. Meanwhile, at present in total at least seven
different ferro-pnictide superconductors exhibit PLB which now seems to become a rather general
feature.
The improved superconductivity found in the AD sample and the Ba-122 single crystal at high
temperatures and low fields can be understood within conventional s
++
-wave superconductivity by
enhanced disorder. In contrast, for clean FeAs superconductors an unconventional s
±
-wave scenario
has been proposed. Based on our results, two alternative scenarios of opposite disorder effects are
suggested: (i) an impurity-driven change of the pairing state from s
±
to conventional s
++
-wave
superconductivity and (ii) a special impurity-driven stabilization of the s
±
state where the As-vacancies
are assumed to scatter mainly within the bands only, but not between them.
The vortex matter phase diagram of an AD sample and a reference sample without arsenic
vacancies was studied by magnetization measurements. In both cases, a significant variation of the
transition temperature (of about 2.5 K) was detected within the polycrystalline samples. Remarkably,
the grains of the AD sample had slightly higher T
c
values than those of the reference sample.
Furthermore, the AD sample exhibits a much more extended vortex lattice range which is due its rather
steep irreversibility line. This is in accord with a strong intragrain pinning effect observed for the AD
samples which contrasts with the very small intergranular current density found for these samples.

[1] G. Fuchs, S.-L. Drechsler, N. Kozlova et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 237003 (2008).
[2] Y. Kohama, Y. Kamihara, S.A. Baily et al., Phys. Rev. B 79, 144527 (2009).
[3] G. Fuchs, S.-L. Drechsler, N. Kozlova, M. Bartkowiak et al., New J. Physics 11, 075007 (2009).



S-I-032


Single crystal growth and superconducting properties of LnFeAsO (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd) and
AFe
2
As
2
(A=Ba, Ca, Rb, Eu)

J. KARPINSKI
1
, N.D. ZHIGADLO
1
, S. KATRYCH
1
, Z. BUKOWSKI
1
, R. PUZNIAK
1
,
K. ROGACKI
1
, P. MOLL
1
, B. BATLOGG
1
, S. WEYENETH
2
, H. KELLER
2
, M. TORTELLO
3
,
R. GONNELLI
3
and F. BALAKIREV
4


1
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, SWITZERLAND
2
Physik-Institut der Universität Zürich, 8057 Zurich, SWITZERLAND
3
Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, ITALY
4
High Magnet. Field Lab. Los Alamos, USA
karpinski@phys.ethz.ch


Growth, structure, and superconducting properties of LnFeAsO (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd) and
AFe
2
As
2
(A=Ba, Ca, Eu) single crystals are presented and compared. LnFeAsO single crystals were
grown from flux at high-pressure of 30 kbar. Superconductivity in LnFeAsO has been induced by
partial substitution of O by F, Ln by Th or As by P. Superconducting single crystals of Ba
1-x
Rb
x
Fe
2
As
2
,
CaFe
2-x
Co
x
As
2
and EuFe
2-x
Co
x
As
2
were grown in quartz ampoules from flux at low pressure. X-ray
diffraction studies confirmed high structural perfection of the studied crystals. Four-probe magneto-
resistivity measurements on SmFeAs(O,F) were performed with in- and out-of-plane current flow in
magnetic field up 65 T applied along both the c-axis and the ab-plane. The critical current density was
found to be remarkably high and at low temperature almost independent on field and current direction
and exceeds 10
6
A/cm
2
measured both magnetically and by transport. Isotropic character of critical
current seems to be very promising for practical application of pnictides. The penetration depth
anisotropy γ
λ
and upper critical field anisotropy γ
H
are different and temperature dependent, what
indicates multigap electronic structure. Ba
1-x
Rb
x
Fe
2
As
2
crystals are electronically more isotropic than
LnFeAsO
1-x
F
x
, indicative of better coupling of the FeAs layers by the (Ba,Rb) layers than by the
Sm(O,F) layers. Point-Contact Andreev-Reflection spectroscopy studies show the existence of two
gaps in the SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
crystals, which energy varies with doping level. Magnetic field dependence
of the superfluid density in SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
was determined. This experimental observation can be
reliably described theoretically, invoking a two-gap mechanism, where the superfluid density to the
large gap is field independent, whereas that of the small gap is strongly suppressed with increasing
magnetic field.
















S-I-033


Transport and superconducting properties of Sr
0.6
K
0.4
Fe
2
As
2
superconductors: The role of silver
addition

YANWEI MA, L. WANG, Y. P. QI, D. L. WANG, X. P. ZHANG and Z. S. GAO

Key Laboratory of Applied Superconductivity, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
P. O. Box 2703, Beijing 100190, CHINA
ywma@mail.iee.ac.cn


We present our recent progress in Sr
0.6
K
0.4
Fe
2
As
2
bulks and tapes in this talk, especially on the
efforts to improve Jc by silver addition. The bulks and tapes, fabricated by the in-situ powder in tube
(PIT) method, were heat treated at 800-900C. We found that the transition temperature T
c
was not
depressed, and the irreversibility field H
irr
, magnetic and transport critical current density Jc were
much enhanced upon Ag addition. Most interestingly, we also demonstarted that significant
improvement of transport Jc in 122 type tapes is attributed to the absence of reaction layer between the
silver sheath and superconducting core, as well as an improved connectivity between grains. The
utilizing of Ag sheath as well as Ag addition can be very beneficial in the fabrication of Fe-based
superconducting tapes for potential applications.




























S-I-034


Iron pnictide oxides with thick perovskite-type blocking layers

H. OGINO
1,2
, K. KISHIO
1,2
and J. SHIMOYAMA
1,2


1
Department of Applied Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, JAPAN
2
JST-TRIP, Sanban-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075, JAPAN
tuogino@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp


Since the discovery of high-T
c
superconductivity in REFeAsO system (abbreviated as 1111)[1],
development of new materials containing iron tetragonal lattice become subject of study. From ten years
before, we have developed materials composed by antifluorite Cu
2
S
2
layers and perovskite-type oxide
layers[2], and last year similar compound (Sr
3
Sc
2
O
5
)Fe
2
As
2
[3] has been reported. Because of flexibility of
perovskite-type structure, there is a possibility of new materials in this system by changing elements and/or
structure of the perovskite layers. We have discovered new system of iron pnictides (Fe
2
Pn
2
)(Sr
4
M
2
O
6
) by
systematic investigation of the system. As shown in Fig. 1, the structure of the compounds consists of
stacking of FePn layers and perovskite-type oxide layers, and interlayer Fe-Fe distances of about 16 Å are
the longest ever reported in iron pnictides. Many cations can be introduced to the oxide layer such as
Sc
3+
[4], Cr
3+
[5], V
3+
[6] and combination of the cations(Mg
2+
/Ti
4+
[7]). Moreover, perovskite-based system
tends to have lower Pn-Fe-Pn angle and higher pnictogen height compared to 1111 system as shown in the
fig. 2. Those structural features indicate the potential of higher T
c
in this system. Superconductivity at 17 K
in (Fe
2
P
2
)(Sr
4
Sc
2
O
6
), which is the highest in FeP-based materials, strongly suggests that this system is a
new family of iron-based superconductors. Though its arsenic relatives (Fe
2
As
2
)(Sr
4
Sc
2
O
6
) and
(Fe
2
As
2
)(Sr
4
Cr
2
O
6
) did not show superconductivity until now, (Fe
2
As
2
)(Sr
4
(Mg,Ti)
2
O
6
) show high T
c

superconductivity above 30 K at ambient pressure and above 40 K under high pressure. Moreover,
superconductivity in (Fe
2
As
2
)(Sr
4
(Mg,Ti)
2
O
6
) can be induced by Co substitution of Fe like 1111. These
facts indicate that at least second highest T
c
after 1111 system is possible and control of carrier
concentration is also important in this system. The large variety of structures and elements in perovskite-
type layers will open new windows for search of iron pnictide superconductors and we believe still there
are rooms for development of new materials. Summary of our research in this system as well as recent
progress will be presented.




1] Kamihara et al., JACS 130 (2008) 3296.
[2] Otzschi et al., J. Low Temp. Phys. 117 (1999) 729.
[3] Zhu et al., Phys. Rev. B 79 (2009) 024516.
[4] Ogino et al., SUST 22 (2009) 075008.
[5] Ogino et al., SUST 22 (2009) 085001.
[6] Zhu et al., Phys. Rev. B 79 (2009) 220512(R).
[7] Sato et al., arXiv:0909.2945





Fig. 1 Crystal structure of (Fe
2
Pn
2
)(Sr
4
M
2
O
6
). Fig. 2 Relationship between pnictogen height, Pn-Fe-
Pn angle and a axis length of iron pnictides. Chemical
formulas are abbreviated such as M426 for
(Fe
2
Pn
2
)(Sr
4
M
2
O
6
).































S-I-035


Structural and electric transport properties of epitaxially grown superconducting iron based
pnictide thin films prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition

B. HOLZAPFEL, M. KIDSZUN, S. HAINDL, K. IIDA, T. D. THERSLEFF, S. BAUNACK,
A. KAUFFMANN, K. NENKOV, G. FUCHS, N. KOZLOVA, J. FREUDENBERGER, J. WERNER
and L. SCHULTZ

B.Holzapfel@ifw-dresden.de

Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in LaFeAsO
1-x
F
x
by Kamihara et al.
an intensive investigation of this material system has started. We report on the progress in
superconducting thin film fabrication of the so called 1111 and 122 phase superconductors. Both
polycrystalline and epitaxial thin films were successfully grown by a two step Pulsed Laser Deposition
approach for the 1111-LaFeAs(O,F) superconductors. For Co substituted 122-BaFeAs thin films in-
situ epitaxial growth is possible on a number of substrate materials. Structural investigations by XRD
and TEM indicate a nearly phase pure and homogeneous film growth. For the 1111 films resistive
measurements show a high superconductive transition temperature up to 28 K and pulsed field
investigations up to 40 T demonstrate a steep slope of the upper critical field. An overview on the
current status with regard to the obtained magnetic phase diagram including the results of U(I)-
measurements, critical current and anisotropy for both systems will be presented. Further, the role of
flux pinning and possible applications will be discussed.


























S-I-036


Lattice effects and two-component physics in layered high temperature superconductors

ANNETTE BUSSMANN-HOLDER

1
Max-Planck-Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, GERMANY
a.bussmann-holder@fkf.mpg.de


The occurrence of high temperature superconductivity in layered cuprates or pnictides is
frequently attributed to strong electronic correlations. However, a variety of unusual lattice and isotope
effects [1] strongly suggest that a purely electronic mechanism fails in capturing the basic properties of
these material classes.
Here we show that both systems are multi component materials with multiple order parameters.
While one subsystem shows strong polaronic effects, the other exhibits the properties of the undoped
parent compounds. The interaction between both is through the lattice where especially strong strain
fields enhance the interaction. As a consequence pressure is crucial in enhancing or suppressing the
superconducting transition temperature.
The polaronic nature of the carriers has two complementary effects since the electronic degrees
of freedom are exponentially renormalized whereby various unconventional isotope effects are
induced [2]. On the other hand the lattice degrees of freedom experience a rigid oscillator shift which
leads to local mode softening and novel temperature dependences in the local Debye-Waller factor [3].
Further consequences of the above detailed model are discussed and applications to cuprates
and pnictides demonstrated.




[1] For a recent review see: H. Keller, A. Bussmann-Holder and K. A. Müller, Materials Today 11, 38
(2008).
[2] A. Bussmann-Holder and H. Keller, Europ. Phys. J. 44, 487 (2005).
[3] A. Bussmann-Holder, A. R. Bishop, H. Keller, A. Simon, and K. A. Müller, J. Supercond., in press.


















S-I-037


Lattice anomalies and HTSC in pnictides and cuprates studied by XAS: Polaron resonance as a
common clue

H. OYANAGI and C. J. ZHANG

Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology,
1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568, JAPAN
h.oyanagi@aist.go.jp


The mechanism of newly discovered iron pnictide superconductors RFeAsO
1-x
F
x
(R=La, Sm) [1]
is still unclear. DFT calculations indicated a weak electron-phonon coupling while mechanisms based
on strong electron correlation are also unlikely as Hubbard U is small (U<W). We studied temperature-
dependent local lattice structures in RFeAsO
1-x
F
x
(R=La, Sm) by extended x-ray absorption ※ne
structure (EXAFS) [2] and compared with cuprates [3]. As electron carriers are introduced by doping
with F ions in iron pnictides, pnictgen coordination around Fe atom shows unusual lattice distortion,
described as anomalous behaviour of the mean-square relative displacement below T*. Such a local
lattice displacement (leading to two distinct Fe-As bond lengths R
1
and R
2
where AR= R
1
-R
2
~0.1 Å),
is a signature of localized polaron formation [4] rather than stripe order [5]. In pnictides and cuprates,
onset of lattice anomalies coincides the opening of pseudogap, followed by a sharp polaron resonance
(tunneling) [6-8] at the critical temperature of superconductivity. Although magnitude of bond
disproportionation is smaller in pnictides than in cuprates, dependences on carrier doping and
temperature are quite similar. Recent magnetic impurity effects in cuprates [3] further indicate that
planar anti-Jahn Teller (JT) lattice distortion modes suppress magnetic pair breaking, suggesting strong
coupling between polaronic distortion and HTSC. Carrier-induced local lattice distortions observed in
cuprates and pnictides may serve as a common clue to microscopic HTSC mechanis although how
polaronic resonance drives Cooper pairing or supercurrent arising from spin vortices [9] is still an open
question. Presence of polaronic lattice and resonance is revealed by local lattice studies which is
considered as a common clue to the unsolved problem of HTSC.




[1] Y. Kamihara et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 3296 (2008).
[2] C. Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. B 78, 214513 (2008).
[3] C. Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. B 79, 064521 (2009).
[4] S. Miyaki et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 034702 (2008).
[5] A. Bianconi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3412 (1996).
[6] A. Bussmann-Holder et al., Europhys. Lett. 72, 423 (2005).
[7] J. Mustre de Leon et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1675 (1990)
[8] J. Ranninger et al. Phys. Rev. B 78, 054527 (2008).
[9] H. Koizumi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77 (2008) 034712.







S-I-038

Isotope effect and role of pressure in a polaronic model

J. MUSTRE DE LEÓN
1
and A.R. BISHOP
2


1
Departamento de Física Aplicada, Cinvestav-Mérida, Mérida, 97300 MÉXICO
2
Theory Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM,87545 USA
mustre@ cinvestav.mx


We present an electron-phonon model Hamiltonian on a three-site cluster. The three-site
cluster was identified with the O(4)-Cu(1)-O(4) present in YBa
2
CuO
7
, in order to interpret the
presence of local lattice distortions from x-ray absorption fine structure experiments However, the
results obtained with the use of this model have a more general applicability. The model Hamiltonian
contains an electronic part represented by a single band Hubbard model with onsite electronic
correlations and a phononic part consisting of non-interacting Raman and infrared active phonons. For
strong electron-phonon coupling this model generates polaron formation. Both the electron-electron
correlation and electron-phonon interaction play a crucial role in polaron formation. Using this model
we have compared excitation spectra, and the isotopic effect on the spectra with available experimental
data in YBa
2
CuO
7
and La
2
CuO
4.1
. We have simulated the effect of application of hydrostatic pressure
in the polaron formation using this model. Finally, we discuss the effect of the superconducting
transition on the experimentally observed lattice distortions and relate these to recent two component
models of superconductivity.

























S-I-039

Isotope effects and multi-band superconductivity in layered high-temperature superconductors

H. KELLER

Physik-Institut der Universität Zürich,Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich, SWİTZERLAND
keller@physik.uzh.ch


High-temperature superconductors (HTSs) such as cuprates, MgB
2,
and the iron-based
superconductors appear to have some common features: 1) they have a layered structure with strongly
anisotropic properties, 2) they show pronounced isotope effects (on various physical quantities in the
cuprates, including the superconducting transition temperature, the superconducting gap
,
the in-plane
penetration depth, the pseudogap temperature, the antiferromagnetic transition temperature, and the
spin-glass freezing temperature, 3) they are multi-band superconductors with mixed order parameters.
In the first part some isotope effect results obtained for cuprate HTSs, MgB
2
, and iron-based HTSs are
discussed. These results clearly demonstrate that lattice effects play an essential role in the basic
physics of these layered HTSs and are the origin of these isotope effects. In the second part it is shown
that the cuprate and iron-based HTSs are multi-band superconductors, similar to MgB
2
. Magnetic
penetration depth measurements in cuprate HTSs reveal that the in-plane superconducting order
parameter is a mixture of s+d-wave symmetry, whereas it is mainly s-wave along the c-direction.
Various experiments indicate that the iron-based HTSs are also multi-band superconductors.


























S-I-040


Key pairing interaction in cuprate and related superconductors

A.S. ALEXANDROV


Department of Physics, Loughborough University, UNITED KINGDOM
a.s.alexandrov@lboro.ac.uk


It has been now over 20 years since the discovery of the first high temperature superconductor by
Georg Bednorz and Alex Müller and yet, despite intensive effort, no universally accepted theory exists
about the origin of superconductivity in cuprates. A controversial issue on weather the electron-phonon
interaction (EPI) is crucial for high-temperature superconductivity or weak and inessential has been one of
the most challenging problems of contemporary condensed matter physics. First-principles calculations
based on density functional theory (DFT) often predict a rather weak EPI insufficient to explain high
transition temperatures in the framework of the conventional (BCS) theory. Hence many researchers
maintain that the repulsive electron-electron interaction in novel superconductors is pairing and provides
high transition temperatures without phonons.
We as some other researchers are of the opinion that EPI is considerably enhanced by correlation
effects beyond DFT. Here I present our recent theoretical results, which in conjunction with a number of
experimental observations provide a definite answer to the fundamental question on a key pairing
interaction in high-temperature superconductors. Theoretical studies using advanced numerical (QMC)
techniques have shown that purely repulsive models do not account for high-temperature superconductivity
[1]. On the other hand our recent QMC studies have found that even a relatively weak finite-range EPI
induces substantial d-wave superconducting order in strongly-correlated Mott-Hubbard insulators [2],
while a strong finite-range EPI provides superlight small bipolarons, which bose-condense at high
temperatures [3]. Besides, there is direct experimental evidence that EPI is an important player, e.g. from
isotope substitution experiments, high resolution angle resolved photoemission (ARPES), earlier optical,
neutron-scattering, recent pump-probe [4,5] and tunnelling [6] spectroscopes. Some time ago I proposed
that the true origin of high-temperature superconductivity is found in a proper combination of strong
electron-electron correlations with the significant finite-range EPI, so that low energy quasi-particles are
small mobile polarons and bipolarons in cuprate superconductors [7]. We have shown that the conventional
finite-range EPI explains the unconventional symmetry of the superconducting order parameter both in the
weak-coupling (BCS) and in the strong-coupling (bipolaronic) regimes [8], and localization of quasi-
particles below the mobility edge in the impurity band of doped charge-transfer Mott insulators accounts
for the giant normal state Nernst effect [9] and diamagnetism [10], unusual ARPES [11] and tunnelling
[12] spectra of cuprates.

[1] T. Aimi and M. Imada, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 76 (2007) 113708.
[2] T. M. Hardy, J. P. Hague, J. H. Samson, and A.S. Alexandrov, Phys. Rev. B79, 212501 (2009).
[3] J. P. Hague, P. E. Kornilovitch, J. H. Samson, and A. S. Alexandrov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 037002.
[4] Z. Radoviš, N. Boţoviš, and I. Boţoviš, Phys. Rev. B77 (2008) 092508.
[5] C. Gadermaier et al., arXiv:0902.1636.
[6] H. Shim, P. Chaudhari, G. Logvenov, and I. Bozovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 247004.
[7] A. S. Alexandrov, Phys. Rev. B53 (1996) 2863.
[8] A. S. Alexandrov, Phys. Rev. B77 (2008) 094502.
[9] A. S. Alexandrov and V. N. Zavaritsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 (2004) 217002.
[10] A. S. Alexandrov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 (2006) 147003.
[11] A. S. Alexandrov and K. Reynolds, Phys. Rev. B76 (2007) 132506.
[12] A. S. Alexandrov and J. Beanland, to be published (2009).



S-I-041


Enhanced superconducting properties of in situ MgB
2
wires after Cold High Pressure
densification

C. SENATORE, M.S.A. HOSSAIN and R. FLUKIGER

Department of Condensed Matter Physics & MaNEP/NCCR, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4, SWITZERLAND
carmine.senatore@unige.ch


The cold high pressure densification technique (CHPD) was recently developed in Geneva for
improving the in-field critical current density J
c
in in situ binary and alloyed MgB
2
wires and tapes [1,
2]. For wires alloyed with malic acid (C
4
H
6
O
5
), the highest J
c
values reported so far in in situ wire
were found, reaching 10
4
A/cm
2
at 13.4 T.
In order to understand the fundamental mechanism behind this improvement of J
c
, the pinning
properties of binary and alloyed MgB
2
wires have been investigated before and after CHPD, using
resistivity and magnetization measurements in the temperature range 5-35 K at magnetic fields up to
15 T.
The effect of this process on the electrical transport properties is related to the enhancement of
the MgB
2
filament mass density and thus to the improved grain connectivity. A model is proposed for
explaining the reported enhancement of J
c
on the basis of the T
c
distribution measured on binary and
alloyed MgB
2
wires and bulk samples.




[1] R. Flükiger, M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, Strong enhancement of J
c
in binary and alloyed in-situ
MgB
2
wires by a new approach: Cold High Pressure Densification, arXiv: 0901.4546.
[2] M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, M.A. Rindfleisch, M.J. Tomsic, J. H. Kim, S. X. Dou , R. Flükiger,
Enhancement of J
c
and B
irr
of in situ MgB
2
wires and tapes alloyed with C
4
H
6
O
5
(malic acid) after cold
densification, submitted to Supercond. Sci. Technol.


















S-I-042


Formation, flux pinning, connectivity, and the evolution of structural and superconducting
properties with heat treatment time in in-situ-C-doped MgB
2


E.W. COLLINGS, M.A. SUSNER, S.D. BOHNENSTIEHL and M.D. SUMPTION

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
collings.2@osu.edu


Magnesium diboride pellets and strands may be C-doped by heat treating stoichiometric
mixtures of Mg and B powders with additions (10 mol% more-or-less) of SiC and malic acid powders,
respectively. DSC measurements of various binary and ternary mixtures of the three constituents
revealed violent exothermic reactions of Mg with SiC at 520
o
C and with malic acid at 138
o
C (slightly
above its MP) both below the binary MgB
2
formation temperature (~625
o
C). Either of these reactions
present the remaining mixture of Mg and B with free C for incorporation into the B lattice. Carbon
substitution (whose level is determined by calibrated a-lattice-parameter measurement) enhances B
c2
at
all temperatures and by so doing enhances the grain-boundary (GB) pinning force density (F
p
), hence
J
c
(B). Increases in the GB surface area density (hence reductions in grain size, typically averaging 50
nm) also improve J
c
(B) for which reason grain growth should be restricted by making the heat
treatment (HT) time as short as possible. It is suspected that the products of dopant-reduction by Mg
(Mg
2
Si and MgO) in the early stages of the HT add to the impurities that already decorate the grain
boundaries of MgB
2
and, together with the intrinsic porosity of in-situ-formed material, reduce the
overall connectivity. Rowell-method-analyzed resistivity measurements revealed connectivities in the
range of 6~10% for SiC-doped MgB
2
and 10~12% after malic-acid doping. Clearly connectivity
increases into the 70% range by chemical methods (if possible) or by intense densification would
results in correspondingly large increases in J
c
(B). It turns out that the connectivity of in-situ MgB
2

strand can be treated at two levels – microstructural and macrostructural. During wire drawing, the Mg
component of the mixture elongates into cigar-shaped stringers typically 25 µm x 2.5 µm; then during
the HT MgB
2
forms by an infiltration reaction leaving behind elongated pores occupying the former
Mg positions. Thus the resulting MgB
2
is a ―brick-wall‖ assembly (macrostructure) of polycrystalline
―bricks‖ each consisting of a very large number of

randomly oriented grains. The evolution of this
macrostructure with HT time at temperature is easily observable at 750X in BSE SEM. The anisotropic
macrostructure gives rise to an anisotropic strand-averaged J
c
i.e. J
c,transverse
< J
c,longitudinal
which
manifests itself as a deviation at high fields of the magnetic- and transport measured J
c
(B)s. The
deviation is a result of a field dependent reduction in transverse connectivity between the MgB
2

―bricks‖, combined of course with the finite length/diameter ratios of the magnetically measured strand
samples.












S-I-043


Lattice effects in diborides

E. LIAROKAPIS
1
, P. PARISIADES
1
and J. KARPINSKI
2


1
Department of Physics, Nationl Technical University of Athens, Zografos 15780,GREECE
2
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH, 8093 Zurich, SWITCHERLAND
eliaro@central.ntua.gr


The lattice effects in diborides have been investigated by Raman spectroscopy using several
atomic substitutions for Mg and B. The doping dependence of T
c
can be associated with the gradual
filling of the ζ- and the π- bands and the modifications in the Fermi surface. The data show that C
doping for B induces a much faster reduction in T
c
than Al for Mg, while the simple Li substitution has
a minor effect. On the other hand, the double Li-C substitution reduces T
c
faster than the simple C
doping, which can be attributed to the different role of hole and electron doping for the π- and ζ- bands
[1]. Finally, Mn ions have a drastic effect on superconductivity apparently acting as magnetic pair
breaking centers [2].
In the Raman spectra of the mixed compounds two modes of E
2g
symmetry appear at ~600 cm
-1

and ~850 cm
-1
(defined as the renormalized and hard modes respectively), which do not evolve one to
the other with doping, but they coexist in a typical two-mode behavior for both Mg(B
1-x
C
x
)
2
and Mg
1-
x
Al
x
B
2
sets of compounds. MgB
2
appears to be metastable with intrinsic structural and electronic phase
competition, close to topological electronic transitions of the Fermi surface that can be tuned by
doping or internal strain from the atomic substitutions. The analysis of the phonon frequency
dependence on doping indicates that the behavior of the renormalized mode can explain the reduction
of T
c
in the phase coexistence level but, beyond that where the ζ-bands have a three-dimensional
topology, the variation of T
c
cannot be reproduced. This signifies that other effects, such as phase
separation, play some role in the superconductivity of diborides.
The activation of the B
1g
mode in all substitutions and its intensity variation with the amount of
doping proves the disorder and the internal strains introduced with the substitutions. The Raman data
indicate an appreciable contribution of anharmonicity to the E
2g
mode at ~600 cm
-1
and that electron-
phonon interaction alone cannot justify its very large bandwidth. On the other hand, anharmonicity
does not seem to contribute to the hard E
2g
mode. Finally, the low temperature Raman spectra have
revealed the pair breaking 2Δ
ζ
peak below Τ
c
. This band has been observed at low doping levels, but
its temperature dependence shows deviations from the expected behaviour.




[1] F. Bernardini and S. Massidda, Phys. Rev. B. 74, 014513 (2006).
[2] A. A. Abrikosov and L. P. Gor'kov, ZETF 39, 1781 (1960).









S-I-044


Properties of irradiated MgB
2


M.PUTTI
1
, P.BROTTO
1
, C.FERDEGHINI
1
, E.GALLEANI D‘AGLIANO
1
, P.MANFRINETTI
1
,
A.MARTINELLI
1
, A.PALENZONA
1
, I.PALLECCHI
1
and C.TARANTINI
2


1
CNR-INFM-LAMIA, University of Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova, ITALY
2
Applied Superconductivity Center, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, FSU, Tallahassee, FL, USA
putti@fisica.unige.it


Neutron irradiation has shown to be a powerful tool to vary systematically the superconducting
properties of MgB
2
. We irradiated Mg
11
B
2
polycrystals [1] and MgB
2
thin films [2]. These samples
have been deeply studied in order to understand the kind of disorder introduced by irradiation as well
as the mechanisms which suppress the superconductivity. Increasing progressively the irradiation
level, the residual resistivity increases by more than two orders of magnitude and consequently the
critical temperature, T
c
decreases. The suppression of T
c
comes out to be related to the increase of
interband scattering with impurities that progressively isotropize the two gap features [3] and to the
intraband scattering that smears the density of states [4].
In an intermediate range of fluence, when T
c
is not strongly suppressed we observed a strong
enhancement of the upper critical field due to atoms displacements and great improvement of the in
field critical current. Transmission electron microscopy study gives clear evidence that neutron
irradiation creates also nanometric amorphous regions within the crystal lattice whose density correctly
scales with the neutron dose [5]. The size of these defects matches with the coherence length so that
they act as pinning centers and are responsible for the strong increase of the critical current density at
high field and for shifting the maxima of the pinning force curves toward higher fields.




[1] Tarantini C et al Phys. Rev. B 73 134518 (2006).
[2] Ferrando V et al J. Appl. Phys. 101 043903 (2007).
[3] Putti M, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 077003 (2006).
[4] Putti M, et al., Europhys. Lett. 77 57005 (2007).
[5] Martinelli A, et al., Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21 012001 (2008).














S-I-045


Wires and cables from MgB
2


P. KOVÁŢ, I. HUŠEK, T. MELIŠEK and L. KOPERA

Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
Pavol.Kovac@savba.sk


Copper stabilized multi-core composite wires of variable design have been made by powder-in-
tube technique. Their transport current properties are influenced by the used precursor powders,
sheaths material and applied deformation. MgB
2
wire need to have well deformable metallic materials
playing different roles: (i) barrier - separating reactive MgB
2
filaments against not chemically inert
materials (ii) stabilizer – allowing good thermal and electrical conductivity and (iii) reinforcement –
providing sufficient stress to densify the powdered filaments during deformation and protecting the
filament against all acting mechanical stresses. Critical current densities J
c
of MgB
2
wires with
different barrier and reinforcement materials were compared [1-3].
Multi-strand cables and continually transposed conductor (CTC) have been assembled from
selected MgB
2
wires. It was shown that the engineering current densities J
e
and the window current
densities J
w
depend strongly on the cable composition and play important role for future applications in
superconducting windings [3-5]. MgB
2
cables show apparently lower sensitivity to bending strain than
monolithic wires. The measurement of the resistance to tensile strain has shown the best performance
for wires and cables with stainless steel reinforcement, while the lowest irreversible strain is measured
for cables having low fill factor and no reinforcing element.




[1] P. Kováţ, W. Pachla, I. Hušek, T. Melišek, M. Kulczyk, T. Holubek, R. Diduszko and M. Reissner,
Physica C 468, 2356 (2008).
[2] P. Kováţ, T. Melišek, L. Kopera, I. Hušek, M. Polák and M. Kulich, Sup. Sci. and Technology 22,
075026 (2009).
[3] P. Kováţ, I. Hušek, T. Melišek, L. Kopera and M. Reissner, will be published by Sup. Sci. and
Technology 23 (2010).
[4] P. Kováţ, I. Hušek, and T. Melišek, Sup. Sci. and Technology 21, 125003 (2008).
[5] I. Hušek, P. Kováţ, T. Melišek and L. Kopera, Cryogenics 49, 366 (2009).













S-I-046


Recent progress in cold high pressure densified (CHPD) in situ MgB
2
wires with square cross
section

R. FLUKIGER
1,2
, M.S.A. HOSSAIN
2
, C. SENATORE
1,2
and M. RINDFLEISCH
3


1
Department of Condensed Matter Physics (DPMC), University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, SWITZERLAND

2
Department of Applied Physics (GAP), University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, SWITZERLAND
3
Hyper Tech Research Incorporated, Columbus, OH 43212, USA
rene.flukiger@physics.unige.ch


A considerable enhancement of the superconducting parameters of in situ MgB
2
wires has
recently been obtained by a new method: Cold High Pressure Densification (CHPD). The relative
MgB
2
mass density d
f
of binary MgB
2
monofilaments was enhanced from 43 to ~ 60% after applying 2
Gpa

[1]. The enhancement of J
c
and B
irr
was observed after applying homogeneous pressures of >1.0
GPa on the wires at 300K before the final heat treatment. The enhancement was observed in both
binary and alloyed monofilamentary wires, regardless of the nature of the additives. The results for the
additives C
4
H
6
O
5
(malic acid) and SiC are presented, with a particular emphasis on C
4
H
6
O
5
, which
showed the highest critical current densities.
Rectangular wires with aspect ratios ≤ 2 exhibited an almost isotropic behavior of J
c
and B
irr
.
Our best values measured so far were obtained on a C
4
H
6
O
5
added wire of 1.0 x 0.5 mm
2
cross section,
densified at 1.8 GPa and reacted 4 hours at 650°C. At 4.2K, the fields B(10
4
)
//
and B(10
4
)
±
at which J
c
//
and

J
c
±
reach 1x10
4
A/cm
2
were determined as 13.4 and 13.0T, respectively (criterion of 0.1 uV/cm).
These are the highest values reported so far for in situ MgB
2
wires (using 1.0 uV/cm, used in most
publications, B(10
4
)
//
was 13.8 T). The corresponding values for B(10
4
)
//
and B(10
4
)
±
at 20K were 6.4
and 6.2 T, respectively, while B
irr
(20K) was raised to ~10 T.
Low temperature specific heat measurements on binary MgB
2
wires show unambiguously that
the filaments of densified MgB
2
wires exhibit a narrower T
c
distribution: the onset point remains
almost unchanged, while the low temperature tail is shifted to higher temperatures. This reflects a
higher homogeneity in densified wires, which explains not only the enhancement of J
c
, but also of B
irr

and B
c2
.
The positive effects of cold high pressure densification (CHPD) have also been observed on
MgB
2
wires up to 15 cm length, with overlapping pressure regions. This is a first step in view of the
application of CHPD to industrial wire lengths.




[1] R. Flükiger, M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, SuSt 22, 085002 (2009).
[2] M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, R. Flükiger, M.A. Rindfleisch, M.J. Tomsic, J.H. Kim, S.X. Dou,
SuST 22, 095004 (2009).








S-I-047

Development of high performance MgB
2
tapes and wires

H. KUMAKURA

National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1, Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JAPAN
KUMAKURA.Hiroaki@nims.go.jp


Powder-In-Tube (PIT) method is now the most popular method to fabricate MgB
2
tapes and wires.
The microstructure and critical current density J
c
are much influenced by many factors related to the tape
and wire fabrications. In the case of in situ PIT process impurity addition is one of the effective methods to
improve J
c
values, and many impurity additions are now being tried out in the world. Among many kinds
of impurities, nano-SiC powder is the most popular additive. Carbon substitution for boron is introduced by
the SiC addition. This substitution enhances H
c2
and hence J
c
in high magnetic fields. Unfortunately
however, the connectivity of MgB
2
grains is deteriorated by this SiC addition, which decreases J
c
values in
low magnetic fields. Some organic material additions are also effective in enhancing J
c
values. We found
that ethyltoluene (C
9
H
12
) addition was much effective in enhancing J
c
value in spite of small amount of
carbon substitution for boron site. This suggests that the dominant mechanism of J
c
enhancement for
C
9
H
12
-added tape is different from carbon substitution for boron. The analysis by the Rowell‘s method
indicated that the connectivity of MgB
2
grains was enhanced by the C
9
H
12
addition. The addition of both
C
9
H
12
and SiC was much more effective in increasing J
c
values. This is because both mechanisms of J
c

improvement--one comes from the addition of C
9
H
12
and the other comes from the carbon substitution for
boron by the SiC addition--work together. The highest J
c
values at 4.2K reached 32kA/cm
2
in 10T for
10mol% C
9
H
12
and 10mol%SiC-added tape. However, this J
c
is still below the practical level due to the
low density of MgB
2
cores.
Recently, we succeeded in the fabrication of MgB
2
wires having high density MgB
2
core applying
an internal Mg diffusion (IMD) process. A pure Mg rod with a diameter of 2 mm was placed at the center
of a metal tube with an outer diameter of 6mm and inner diameter of 3.5 mm, and space between the Mg
rod and the metal tube was filled with Boron powder or B+SiC mixed powder. The composite was
successfully cold worked into 1.3 mm wire at room temperature without any breakage. Multicore wires can
also be fabricated by a similar method. The wires were heat treated at 600 ~ 700
o
C for 1 hr under Ar gas
atmosphere. During the heat treatment, Mg diffused into the Boron layer and reacted with Boron to form
MgB
2
. SEM analysis of the heat treated wire clearly indicated that the density of MgB
2
reacted layer in the
wire was higher than that of a PIT processed wire. However, the reacted layer contained some amount of
impurity phases such as MgB
4
. Transport J
c
values (calculated for the reacted layer) of 7-core wire reached
100kA/cm
2
in 10T at 4.2K and 130kA/cm
2
in 3T at 20K for the SiC added wire. These J
c
values are much
higher than those of PIT processed wires, and should be attributed to the high density MgB
2
layer obtained
by this diffusion process.
Another useful method to increase MgB
2
core density is the application of cold high pressure before
the heat treatment. Hot pressing is also an effective method to increase MgB
2
core density. We applied hot
pressing to PIT processed precursor tapes under 100MPa at 630
o
C and under an Ar gas atmosphere for 1-
10hr. A 16-18% decrease of the MgB
2
core thickness was obtained by this hot pressing compared to the
sample heat treatment under 1atm.. This indicates the increase of the MgB
2
core density from ~50% for
the heat treatment under 1atm. to ~70% for hot pressing. MgB
2
grain connectivity was also improved from
17.4 to 21.7 by the hot pressing. This hot pressing enhanced J
c
from 3kA/cm
2
to 9kA/cm
2
at 4.2K and 10T
for the pure tape and from 25kA/cm
2
to 45kA/cm
2
for the C
9
H
12
and SiC co-added tape.




S-I-048

New superconductors recently developed by our group

JUN AKIMITSU

Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama-Gakuin University,
Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8558, JAPAN
jun@phys.aoyama.ac.jp


In this conference, we review the three kinds of superconductors recently developed by our
group.
(I) Superconductivity in carrier-doped wide gap semiconductors
We report the recent works on a carrier-doped semiconductors (SiC and AlN), Al-doping SiC
(3C-SiC:Al) and carrier-doped AlN (AlN
x
). 3C-SiC:Al exhibits zero resistivity and diamagnetic
susceptibility below a critical temperature T
c
of ~1.5 K with an effective hole-carrier concentration, n,
higher than 10
20
cm
-3
. We present the H-T phase diagram of these superconductors determined from H-
scan and T-scan of resistivity, revealing no hysteresis and supercooling in 3C-SiC:Al.These indicate,
3C-SiC:Al reveals type-II superconductivity. In AlN
x
, zero resistivity and diamagnetic susceptibility
below T
c
of ~2.8 K. AlN
x
show type-II superconductivity with an upper critical field H
c2
(0)~0.9 T and
a lower critical field H
c1
(0)~40 Oe.
(II) Tm-based reentrant superconductor Tm
5
Rh
6
Sn
18

We report here the magnetic properties of the thulium-based reentrant superconductor
Tm
5
Rh
6
Sn
18
(T
c
=2.2 K), which were determined by magnetization and µSR measurements. The
spontaneous oscillation signal in the µSR spectra gradually develops under zero magnetic field below
13 K. The development of a quasi-static local magnetic field is also observed even below T
c
, indicating
the coexistence of magnetism and superconductivity at zero magnetic field. From the analysis of
longitudinal µSR measurements, magnetic ordering can be considered to be not truly long range but
short range order.
(III) Ag, Cu-clathrate compounds Ag
6
O
8
MX and Cu
6
O
8
MX (M = cation, X = anion)
Ag
6
O
8
MX and Cu
6
O
8
MX (M = cation, X = anion) compounds are clathrate-type structure
which consists of face sharing Ag
6
O
8
- or Cu
6
O
8
-cage containing X anions at their centers. Family of
silver oxide Ag
6
O
8
AgX (X = NO
3
, HF
2
, and BF
4
) show the superconductivity below 1.5 K as previous
reported by M.B. Robin et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 17 (1966) 917.). We successfully synthesized the high
quality samples of Ag
6
O
8
AgX (X = NO
3
-
, HF
2
-)
and Cu
6
O
8
MCl (M = rare earth, Pb, Y, Sc, and In). In
Ag
6
O
8
AgX (X = NO
3
-
, HF
2
-
), we determined the H-T phase diagram and obtained the superconducting
parameters. The superconductivity in Ag
6
O
8
AgX (X = NO
3
-
, HF
2
-
) has an isotropic gap symmetry by
means of the specific heat data. In Cu
6
O
8
MCl, the ground state of these compounds changes from
metallic to semiconducting state by changing the valence state of M site ion.












S-I-049


Cu, Pu and Fe high T
c
superconductors: All the same mechanism

P. WACHTER

Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, SWITZERLAND


The more than 20 years old Cu high T
c
superconductors exhibit as undoped parent materials
antiferromagnetism. Upon doping the long-range antiferromagnetism disappears and only short-
range antiferromagnetic clusters remain which show a spin pseudo gap. There are no good ideas why
long-range antiferromagnetism disappears upon the appearance of superconductivity because
antiferromagnetism and superconductivity are compatible.
A breakthrough has come about with the discovery of a Plutonium Pu containing alloy
PuCoGa
5
with a T
c
of 18.5 K. In principle not very exciting, but in the field of actinides T
c
‘s are not
more than 3 K because of the high mass and corresponding low phonon energies. The compound is a
high T
c
material in the field of actinides. But also this Pu containing compound is a short-range
antiferromagnet with a spin pseudo gap. A pattern starts to develop! As well in the Cu as in the Pu
compounds the magnetic ions Cu
2+
and Pu
3+
are replaced upon doping with nonmagnetic Cu
3+
and
Pu
2+
ions, thus a mixed valence configuration appears with spin holes in antiferromagnetic clusters.
The newly discovered Fe pnictide superconductors, however, have only one valence, Fe
2+

above and below T
N
, the Nèel temperature of 150 K, as well above and below T
c
., as judged by the
isomer shift of the Mössbauer effect. However, doping with fluorine, replacing oxygen, not only
introduces electrons, but it changes locally the crystal field acting on the iron ions. Divalent iron 3d
6

has a high spin configuration t
2
4
e
2
in a magnetic I
5
configuration and a nonmagnetic low spin
configuration t
2
6
in a I
1
state. So with the same valence we can have a magnetic and a nonmagnetic
configuration, triggered by variation of the local crystal field induced by doping, causing again spin
holes.
We show that these spin holes in antiferromagnetic clusters have an attractive interaction and
combine to make nonmagnetic bipolarons, which can condense and lead to superconductivity.




















S-I-050

A new ground state for the two component order parameter superconductor

MAURO DORIA
1
and ANTONIO R.DE C. ROMAGUERA
2


1
Departamento de Física dos Sólidos, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL
2
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, 52171-900 Recife, Pernambuco, BRAZIL
mmd@if.ufrj.br


The phenomenological Ginzburg-Landau (GL) approach to Normal-Superconductor phase
transitions relies on the assumptions of an order parameter and of a free energy expansion in its powers
such that, near the critical temperature, the order parameter becomes small and the free energy
becomes a sum of just a few terms. A superconducting state with two distinct complex orders
parameters has been considered since long ago, e.g., the heavy fermion compound U
1-x
Th
x
Be
13
[1,2].
Recently a two order parameter GL expansion was proposed for the compound MgB
2
[3], which has
two electronic bands that carry the superconductivity. Evidence for two energy gaps has also been
found in the pnictide Ba
0.6
K
0.4
Fe
2
As
2
[4]. For the high-Tc cuprates the superconducting order
parameter is an admixture of s and d wave, the last one caused by the presence of lines of nodes along
the diagonal directions in momentum space. To discuss the physics of the vortex state of the high-Tc
cuprates one must consider an admixture of the s-wave component induced by spatial variations in the
dominant d wave [5,6]. Moreover a second kind of admixture is present in the high-Tc cuprates as two
distinct orders coexist below and above the critical temperature [7], namely, the superconducting gap
and the so-called pseudogap, the last one with a still unclear origin.
Our theoretical considerations start with the one component GL expansion, known to have just
a single coupling parameter, k, that at a critical value (k
c
=0.707) splits superconductors into two
families, type I and II. Interestingly, this critical value also appears in the Abrikosov treament of the
GL theory near the upper critical field. We obtain families of two component GL free energies with
well defined k and from them unveil the existence of a new ground state. We discuss here several
properties of this new ground state, such as the surface energy cost, the vortex patterns near the upper
critical field, the thermal fluctuations and others. We apply the present results to the above materials
according to their layered structure or not.




[1] P. Kumar and P. Wolfle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1954 (1987).
[2] H. R. Brand, M. M. Doria and H. Pleiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2810 (1988).
[3] V. Moshchalkov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 117001 (2009).
[4] C. Ren et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 257006 (2008).
[5] A. J. Berlinsky, A. L. Fetter, M. Franz, C. Kallin, and P. I. Soininen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2200
(1995).
[6] Y. Ren, J. H. Xu and C. S. Ting: Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 3680 (1995).
[7] M.R Norman and C. Pepin, Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1547 (2003).






S-I-051

Suprafroth and topological hysteresis in Type-I Superconductors

RUSLAN PROZOROV

Ames Laboratory
Department of Physics & Astronomy, Iowa State University, U.S.A.
prozorov@ameslab.gov


Most macroscopic measurements yield integrals of the quantities of interest and as such rely on
certain assumptions regarding the spatial distribution of those quantities. For example, magnetic
moment is an integral of the magnetic induction over the sample volume. However, in finite systems
with complex patterns one cannot use energy minimization to determine which pattern corresponds to
the energy minimum. Furthermore, imperfections and defects in the crystal structure result in a
hysteretic behavior due to pinning of the magnetic flux in superconductors or domain walls in
ferromagnets. The hysteresis may also be caused by shape and surface - related barriers that lead to a
spatially non-uniform free energy and corresponding metastable states of the system.
First, I will describe a different type of magnetic hysteresis that is only observed in clean,
pinning-free type-I superconductors where structure of the intermediate state patterns becomes a
variable in finding the ground state. This hysteresis cannot be annealed or removed by any sample
improvement. We call this phenomenon a ―topological hysteresis‖ to indicate that the difference in the
topologies can lead to a measurable hysteretic response of the macroscopic magnetization.
Next, I will show that the structure of the intermediate state in type-I superconductors maps
onto a 2D froth – the ―suprafroth‖. However, unlike usual soap foam where time – driven coarsening is
irreversible (via drainage and drying), coarsening of the suprafroth is driven by easily manageable
parameters – temperature and magnetic field. Similarities and differences between the suprafroth and
conventional froths will be discussed.

Movies and images will be a substantial part of the presentation…




[1] R. Prozorov, R. W. Giannetta, A. A. Polyanskii and G. K. Perkins, "Topological hysteresis in the
intermediate state of type-I superconductors", Phys. Rev. B 72, 212508 (2005).
[2] R. Prozorov, "Equilibrium topology of the intermediate state in type-I superconductors of different
shapes", Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 257001 (2007).
[3] R. Prozorov, A. F. Fidler, J. Hoberg and P. C. Canfield,"Suprafroth in Type-I Superconductors",
Nature Physics 4, 327 (2008).











S-I-052

Study of AC loss characteristics of HTS coated conductor with magnetic substrate using FEM
analysis

D. MIYAGI
1
, M. UMABUCHI
1
, S. YAMASHITA
1
, N. TAKAHASHI
1
and O. TSUKAMOTO
2


1
Department of Eectrical and Electronic Engineering, Okayama University, Okayama, JAPAN
2
Division of Electrical and Computer Engineering,Yokohama National University, Yokohama, JAPAN
miyagi@elec.okayama-u.ac.jp


Compared with Bi/Ag sheathed wires, the HTS (high-T
c
superconducting) coated conductors
potentially have higher critical current density at higher magnetic field. Recently, HTS coated
conductors with ferromagnetic Ni-alloy substrates are promising as low-cost conductors because the
Ni-alloy can be well-texturized by a simple process. On the other hand, it has been reported that the
magnetic property of the substrate strongly affects the AC transport current losses and the AC
magnetization losses. The AC transport current loss is increased until the magnetic saturation in the
substrate, because the current distribution changes in superconducting layer due to the concentration of
magnetic flux in the substrate [1]. The AC magnetization loss of the coated conductor with the
magnetic substrate is smaller than that of the coated conductor with non magnetic substrate under the
external magnetic field perpendicular to the wide face of a conductor [2-3]. AC losses in HTS wire are
the major losses in the AC HTS apparatuses and dominate their efficiency and the economic
feasibility. Therefore, the knowledge of AC loss characteristic of coated conductors with magnetic
substrate is important for designing highly-efficient apparatuses.
In this paper, the AC loss and the current distribution in the superconducting (SC) layer of the
HTS coated-conductor with magnetic substrate are analyzed using the edge-based hexahedral finite
element method (FEM) taking account of both the nonlinear E-J characteristics and the nonlinear
magnetic property of the substrate at 77 K [3-4]. The magnetization loss of the substrate is calculated
using the flux distribution obtained by FEM analysis and the measured flux density vs. iron loss curve.
The characteristic of the total AC losses which are the sum of the AC loss in a SC layer and the
magnetization loss in a magnetic substrate is examined and the effect of the thickness and the width of
the magnetic substrate on the AC magnetization loss and AC transport current loss. Furthermore, the
characteristic of total AC losses of the HTS coated-conductor with the magnetic substrate assembled in
the plane or the stack are examined and the effect of the gap length between conductors on the total
AC losses is also investigated.




[1] D. Miyagi, M. Umabuchi, N. Takahshi and O. Tsukamoto, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., vol.18,
no.2 pp.1297-1300 (2008).
[2] Y. Mawatari, Phys. Rev. B 77, 104505 (2008).
[3] D. Miyagi, M. Umabuchi, N. Takahashi and O. Tsukamoto, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., vol.19,
no.3 pp.3336-3339 (2009).
[4] D. Miyagi, Y. Yunoki, M. Umabuchi, N. Takahashi and O.Tsukamoto, Physica C 463-465
pp.1743-1746 (2008).





S-I-053

Numerical simulation of magnetic flux penetration and AC loss in HTSC coated conductor tapes

F. GOMORY

Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
elekgomo@savba.sk


Tapes prepared by the deposition of thin (~1 μm) layer of high temperature superconductor
(HTSC) on a metallic substrate are considered in the design of some key elements of the electricity
network, e.g. power transmission cables and fault current limiters. Strong pinning of magnetic vortices
secures high values of critical current density (in the range of 10
10
A/m
2
), on the other hand it is
responsible for significant dissipation in AC transport, generally called the AC loss.
To predict the AC loss in hard superconductors, the critical state model has been developed
nearly 50 years ago by C. P. Bean [1]. Analytical solutions have been found for the magnetization of a
superconducting slab in parallel field and for a thin strip in perpendicular field, as well as the transport
of AC current by a tape with elliptic or strip-like cross-section. The use of these models is often
problematic for currently available HTSC coated conductor tapes, because of several factors:
- Dependence of critical current on the magnitude of magnetic field and its orientation
- Non-uniformity of superconductor properties across the tape width or thickness
- Magnetism of the substrate
Plausible solution is a numerical model for the process of magnetic flux penetration and
associated time evolution of current density distribution. State-of-the-art commercial codes for finite
element calculations allow to resolve this problem.
Numerical method based on the relation between the current density and the change of vector
potential of magnetic field in two-dimensional geometry is presented and the results obtained for two
kinds of coated conductor tapes are reported. The influence of two arbitrary factors of the model is
analyzed. These are the shape of the mesh elements and the thickness of boundary between opposite
current densities. The values suitable for practical simulations are discussed.




[1] C. P. Bean, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 250 (1962).















S-I-054

Coupling and hysteresis AC loss for superconducting windings made of coated conductors

E. PARDO, M. EISTERER and H.W. WEBER

Atominstitut, Vienna University of Technology, Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, AUSTRIA
epardo@ati.ac.at


AC applications with superconducting windings are very promising, like motors, generators
and transformers. The most advanced high-temperature superconductors are ReBCO coated
conductors. Unfortunately, the AC loss in coated conductors is too large. Therefore, it is imperative to
find routes to decrease it. In this contribution we study different ways of reducing the AC loss by
means of simulations and measurements. In particular, we study the AC loss reduction due to striations
and magnetic diverters. First, we simulate the coupling loss effects in striated conductors. These
calculations enlighten our AC Hall scan measurements. Afterwards, we predict the hysteresis loss in
windings with striations and magnetic diverters with a very quick simulation method. We found that at
power frequencies the coupling effects cancel the loss reduction by the striations. This is avoided by
transposition, like in Roebel cables. In conclusion, the AC loss in a winding can be reduced by
transposed cables and magnetic diverters. The resistance between filaments and the shape of the
diverters can be optimized with our simulations.





























S-I-055

An introduction to numerical methods in superconductors

A.M.CAMPBELL

Department of Engineering, Trumpington St., Cambridge, UK


Superconductors present quite different problems from conventional conductors, and a wide
range of methods have been used. In this talk some of the most popular methods will be compared and
a number of questions raised. Most methods are one of two types, either a direct solution of the Bean
model or an eddy current method using a non-linear V-I characteristic. Another distinction can be
made between methods using conventional finite element methods and those using constrained
minimisation methods. For two dimensional magnetic fields a number of techniques make use of the
mutual inductance between current elements. This runs into problems at large sizes due to the limited
memory of computers. The most general problem requires three field components, a scalar potential
and three space dimensions as well as a time variable. However nearly all published results are much
more limited than this. Two problems require particular attention. One is where the currents are not
perpendicular to the field, where we do not have enough experimental data to verify a model. Another
is the effect of cycling a field many times where it is difficult to eliminate the accumulation of
numerical errors.
This talk is intended to set the scene for more the detailed papers to follow, rather than to
provide answers.



























S-I-056

Manipulation of quantum vortex states by local current injection into mesoscopic
superconductors

A. KANDA
1
, M.V. MILOŠEVIŠ
2
, S. HATSUMI
1
, Y. KURODA
1
, Y. OOTUKA
1

and F.M. PEETERS
2


1
Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8571, JAPAN
2
Departement Fysica, Universiteit Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, BELGIUM
kanda@lt.px.tsukuba.ac.jp


The quantum vortex is a common matter in quantum-mechanical systems such as
superconductors, superfluids, and Bose-Einstein condensates. Usually vortices are singly quantized
and form a triangular lattice. However, when vortices are confined in a small space, they take a
formation which is quite different from that of bulk samples; the vortices tend to be arranged to fit the
sample shape (multivortex state (MVS)), and/or, when the confinement is strong enough, a multiply-
quantized vortex called a giant vortex may appear (giant vortex state (GVS)).
The confinement effect of the quantum vortices is best studied in type-II superconductors;
theoretically, by solving the Ginzburg-Landau equations numerically, the mesoscopic vortex states
have been studied for more than a decade, while experimentally the vortex arrangements peculiar to
mesoscopic superconductors have confirmed recently.
It should be noted that in most studies transitions between vortex states take place by the
change in magnetic fields or temperature. For the manipulation of the vortex states, however,
temperature or magnetic fields are not necessarily suitable parameters.
In this talk, I report a trial to induce vortex state transitions by local supercurrent injection into
mesoscopic superconductors. Samples are thin mesoscopic superconducting square made of
Aluminum, and the multiple-small-tunnel-junction (MSTJ) method is used to detect the vortex states
[1]. We have succeeded in inducing vortex penetration/expulsion, and transitions between a GVS and
an MVS or between different MVSs with a fixed vorticity. I will discuss the details of the transitions
and possible applications of current-induced transitions.




[1] A. Kanda, B. J. Baelus, F. M. Peeters, K. Kadowaki and Y. Ootuka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 257002
(2004).
[2] M. V. Milosevic, A. Kanda, S. Hatsumi, F. M. Peeters, and Y. Ootuka. Phys. Rev. Lett., 103
217003 (2009).











S-I-057

Resonant multicomponent superconductivity in heterostructures at atomic limit from
high to room temperature superconductors

ANTONIO BIANCONI

1
Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00185 Roma, ITALY
antonio.bianconi@roma1.infn.it


High-T
c
superconductivity in metallic multilayers, cuprates, diborides and pnictides evading
temperature decoherence effects in a quantum condensate, is assigned to a Feshbach resonance (called
also shape resonance) in the exchange-like interband pairing. The resonance is switched on by tuning
the chemical potential at an electronic topological transition (ETT) near a band edge, where the Fermi
surface topology of one of the subbands changes from 1D to 2D topology. We show that the tuning is
realized by changing i) the misfit strain between the superconducting planes and the spacers ii) the
charge density and iii) the disorder. The system is at the verge of a catastrophe i.e. near a structural and
magnetic phase transition associated with the stripes (analogous to the 1/8 stripe phase in cuprates)
order to disorder phase transition. High resolution micro X-ray diffraction studies and photoinduced
effects in superoxigenated La
2
CuO
4.1
will be discussed as evidence for the proximity to a strain critical
point. Finally we show that borides and pnictides are pratical realization of high Tc superconductors in
heterostructurres at atomic limit like it has been described in the patent: Antonio Bianconi, European
Patent No. 0733271: ―High Tc superconductors made by metal heterostructures at the atomic limit‖
(published in European Patent. Bulletin 98/22, May 27 1998)) (priority date 7 Dec 1993).


























S-I-058

Nanosized superconductors: A new type of the BCS-BEC crossover induced by
quantum-size effects

A. A. SHANENKO
1
, M. D. CROITORU
2
, A. VAGOV
2
and F. M. PEETERS
1


1
Condensed Matter Theory Group, Antwerp University, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020, Antwerpen, BELGIUM
2
University of Bayreuth, Institute of Theoretical Physics, D-95440 Bayreuth, GERMANY
arkady.shanenko@ua.ac.be


The Cooper-pair size (i.e., the BCS coherence length) in low-dimensional superconductors is
dramatically modified by quantum-size effects. In particular, for nanowires made of conventional
superconducting materials, we show that the coherence length exhibits size-dependent drops by two-
three orders of magnitude and reaches values found in high-T_c superconductors. This phenomenon is
surprisingly similar to the well-known BCS-BEC crossover but with one important exception: it is
driven by the transverse quantization of the electron spectrum rather than by the strength of the
fermion-fermion interaction. Similar results can be expected for other systems with the same structure
of the single-particle spectrum, e.g, for superfluid Fermi gases confined in a quantum-wire or
quantum-well geometry.































S-I-059

Phase slip phenomena in inhomogeneous two dimensional superconducting film

V.V. KABANOV
1
and M. M. LU-DAC

1
Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
viktor.kabanov@ijs.si


We analyze phase the kinetics of the phase slip phenomena in two dimensional
inhomogeneous superconducting films by solving time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation. It is
shown that there are two values of critical currents j
c1
and j
c2
. When local currents is larger then j
c1
the
phase slip is governed by the superfluid velocity discontinuity instability. In that case the number of
vortex-antivortex pairs is determined by the number of phase slip processes. Very often the local phase
slip Kinetics is determined by the creation of kinematic vortex-antivortex pairs.
When local current exceeds j
c2
value the vortex generation is governed by the Kibble-Zurek
quench mechanism. The Kibble-Zurek vortices annihilate relatively quickly and then instability
develops as in the case of the small current.
































S-I-060

Controlling the critical current in superconductors with quasiperiodic pinning arrays

V. R. MISKO

Department of Physics, University of Antwerp (UA), Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, BELGIUM
Vyacheslav.Misko@ua.ac.be


The increase of the critical current in superconductors is one of the main goals of applied
superconductivity. The motion of magnetic flux lines, or vortices, driven by an external current in type
II superconductors leads to the energy dissipation and thus to the deterioration of the superconducting
properties. Therefore, the critical depinning current J
c
can be enhanced by pinning the magnetic flux
lines. Recent progress in fabrication of nanostructures has provided a wide variety of well-controlled
vortex confinement topologies, including different regular arrays of pinning sites (APS). Periodic APS
are efficient only for matching flux u
1
(and nu
1
, where n is an integer)

corresponding to one trapped
vortex per pinning site resulting in a sharp peak in J
c
. However, this peak in J
c
is too narrow and not
very robust against changes in u. We studied [1] the critical depinning current J
c
(u) in quasiperiodic
(QP) pinning arrays, including one-dimensional (1D) chains and two-dimensional (2D) APS placed on
the vertices of a five-fold Penrose tiling. In 1D QP chains of pinning sites, the peaks in J
c
(u) are
determined by a sequence of harmonics of long and short periods of the chain. This sequence includes
as a subset the sequence of successive Fibonacci numbers. The critical current J
c
(u) in QP APS has a
remarkable self-similarity. This effect is demonstrated both in real space and in reciprocal k-space. In
2D QP pinning arrays (e.g., Penrose tiling), the pinning of vortices is related to matching conditions
between the vortex lattice and the QP APS. We predicted analytically and numerically the main
features of J
c
(u) for Penrose-tiling APS. Comparing the J
c
's for QP (Penrose), periodic (triangular)
and random APS, we found that the Penrose-tiling provided an unusually broad critical current J
c
(u),
that could be useful for practical applications demanding high J
c
's over a wide range of fields. The
predicted broad peak in J
c
(u) was verified in experiments with APS of antidots [2] and magnetic dots
[3] placed on the vertices of the Penrose tiling. We studied theoretically and experimentally J
c
(u) in
various non-periodic APS and we found that QP APS are superior to other APS with many built-in
periods [4,5]. We will also discuss our recent findings on the enhancement of J
c
(u) for magnetic
fluxes u > u
1
.
This work was done in collaboration with F. Nori and S. Savel'ev (RIKEN, Japan),
D. Bothner, M. Kemmler, and D. Koelle (U.Tübingen, Germany), and F.M. Peeters (UA).

[1] V. Misko, S. Savel'ev, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 177007 (2005); V.R. Misko, S. Savel'ev,
and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 74, 024522 (2006).
[2] M. Kemmler, C. Gürlich, A. Sterck, H. Pöhler, M. Neuhaus, M. Siegel, R. Kleiner, and D. Koelle,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 147003 (2006).
[3] A.V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, V. V. Moshchalkov, B.Y. Zhu, J. Moonens and L. H. A. Leunissen,
Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 152507 (2006).
[4] V.R. Misko, Abstracts of the 10
th
International Conference on Quasicrystals ICQ10, Zürich,
Switzerland, July 6-11, 2008.
[5] V.R. Misko, Abstracts of the 5
th
Asian International Workshop on Quasicrystals (AIWQ5), Tokyo,
Japan, June 1-4, 2009.



S-I-061

Andreev bound states in superconductor ferromagnet hybrids

S-H. LIN
1
, M.V. MILOŠEVIŠ
2
, F.M. PEETERS
2
and B. JANKÓ
1


1
Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
2
Department of Physics, Universiteit Antwerpen, Antwerpen 2020, BELGIUM
bjanko@nd.edu


We investigate the electronic structure of a superconductor in proximity of nanoscale
ferromagnets (SC/FM hybrids) and find that a wide variety of superconducting order parameter
landscape can be achieved by varying the parameters and the magnetic state of the nanomagnets. In
particular, we propose an energy-angular momentum dispersion ε(l) with the energy minimum at l ≠ 0
in systems with superconductivity suppressed in a ring. This resembles to Landau's energy-momentum
dispersion ε(k) for the roton in superfluid, a dispersion that also exhibits a local minimum at k≠0. We
show how such structures will emerge in specific examples SC/FM hybrids and investigate these
systems via Ginzburg-Landau and Bogoliubov-de Gennes calculations. Our results show that the low-
lying bound states correspond to a non-zero angular momentum. In the presence of injected current,
our system becomes analogous to an inverted pendulum, which could be driven towards equilibrium
with an AC magnetic field.






























S-I-062

Tuning superconductivity in nanomaterials

FRANCOIS PEETERS

Departement Fysica, Universiteit Antwerpen, B-2020 Antwerpen, BELGIUM


Quantum confinement of electrons in metallic clean nanowires and nanofilms results in the
formation of a series of subbands that move in energy with changing thickness. When the bottom of
such a subband moves throught the Fermi surface, the density of states changes and a shape resonance
appears leading to oscillations in the critical temperature, the critical magnetic field, the critical current
and the size of the Cooper pairs as function of the wire/film width. Our theoretical formulation is based
on a numerical solution of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. A quantitative description is given of
recent experimental data on the thickness dependence of T
c
in Al and Sn nanowires and Pb nanofilms.
At a shape resonance the density of the superconducting condensate in a superconducting
nanowire is very inhomogeneous, leading to new Andreev-type of states.
The longitudinal distribution of electrons in a Cooper pair becomes strongly localized when the
lower edge of one of the single-electron subbands is close to the Fermi surface. For nanowires made of
conventional superconducting materials, the coherence length drops by two-three orders of magnitude
and reaches values found in high-T
c
superconductors. The underlying physics of this phenomenon
suggests it will also be found in other superconducting/superfluid systems with a similar single-
fermion spectrum, e.g. in ultrathin metallic nanofilms and atomic Fermi gases confined in a quantum-
wire or quantum-well geometry.
In the presence of a parallel magnetic field we predict that the superconductor-to-normal
transition at zero temperature occurs as a cascade of subsequent jumps in the order parameter (this is
opposed to the smooth second-order phase transition in the mesoscopic regime). Each jump is
associated with the depairing of electrons in one of the single-electron subbands. Pronounced
quantum-size oscillations of the critical magnetic field with giant resonant enhancements are predicted.

* Work done in collaboration with A. Shanenko and M. Croitoru.



















S-I-063

Vortex confinement studied by scanning tunneling spectroscopy

T. CREN, D. FOKIN, F. DEBONTRIDDER, V. DUBOST and D. RODITCHEV

Institut des Nanosciences de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie – Paris 6 and CNRS-UMR 7588, 4 place Jussieu,
75252 Paris, France
dimitri.roditchev@insp.jussieu.fr


We report a detailed scanning tunneling microscopy study of a superconductor in a strong
vortex confinement regime. This is achieved in a thin nano-island of Pb having a size d about 2-3
times the effective coherence length, and a thickness h such that h << d << λ , where λ is the effective
London penetration depth. In this geometry the magnetic field evolution of local tunneling spectra
reveals only two superconducting configurations to exist: zero and single vorticity. The normal state is
reached at HC ≈ 0.46 T, about 6 times the critical field of bulk Pb, with no higher order vorticity
observed [1]. The comparison of the acquired Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy data with the
numerically resolved Usadel equations allowed us to reveal the fundamental role played in both
configurations by the circulating supercurrents.



Figure 1. (a) Constant current STM image of the Pb island grown on Si(111) substrate that was
selected for the study. (b) In non-zero magnetic field the tunneling spectra become spatially
inhomogeneous over the island: the color-coded Zero-Bias Tunneling Conductance (ZBC) map of the
island (here at H= 180 mT) shows the radial distribution of ZBC values with higher ZBC observed
close to the island border due to the pair-breaking effect of the circulating supercurrents.


*This work supported by French ANR Project GAPSUPRA.




[1] T. Cren et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 127005 (2009).





a)


S-I-064

Laser shaping of oxide superconductors

L.A. ANGUREL
1
, C. LÓPEZ-GASCÓN
2
and G. F. DE LA FUENTE
1


1
ICMA (CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza), Zaragoza, SPAIN
2
Instituto Tecnológico de Aragón, Zaragoza, SPAIN
xerman@unizar.es


Lasers are ideal for shaping oxide superconductors, regardless of their degree of texture, as
long as emission parameters are adequately controlled [1-3]. This starts with a convenient choice of
emission wavelength, pulse width and irradiance levels. In principle, short pulse widths should provide
ideal conditions to machine these materials in a satisfactory manner, althogh this may be accomplished
at the expense of overall process efficiency [4].
Textured oxide superconductors have been machined into different shapes using CO
2
(ì = 10.6
µm) and Nd:YAG (ì = 1064 nm) lasers with different pulse widths (from ms to ns). Laser processing
parameters and their relationship with the final shaped interfaces of the superconductor have been
studied using scanning electron microscopy and transport property measurements.
Heat affected zones and microstructural changes associated to the machining interfaces are
correlated with the superconductor transport properties, and the potential use of different available
commercial lasers for superconductor shaping and processing will be discussed.




[1] L. A. Angurel, J. C. Diez, G. F. de la Fuente, F. Gimeno, F. Lera, C. López-Gascón et al, Physica
Status Solidi (a) 203 2931-2937 (2006).
[2] M. Mora, J. C. Diez, C. I. López-Gascón, E. Martínez and G. F. de la Fuente, IEEE Trans. Appl.
Supercon. 13 3188-3191 (2003).
[3] L. A. Angurel, J. C. Diez and G. F. de la Fuente, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635 (2009) 1767-1772.
[4] C. López Gascón, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Zaragoza (2005).


















S-I-065

HTS cables for high-current applications

S.I. SCHLACHTER, A. DRECHSLER, B. RINGSDORF, W. GOLDACKER, F. GRILLI, R.
HELLER, A. KUDYMOW and S. TERZIEVA

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Physics, GERMANY
sonja.schlachter@kit.edu


Many technical superconductor applications like transformers, rotating machinery, and ramped
magnets require conductors with high current carrying capability and low ac losses. Round or
rectangular strands of low-temperature superconductors like NbTi or Nb
3
Sn can easily be cabled in
different geometries with transposed strands and small twist pitches. MgB
2
conductors, which are
sometimes referred as high-temperature superconductors (HTS) due to the relatively high transition
temperature, allow similar cabling processes when having a round geometry. For tape-like high-
temperature superconductors like Bi-2223 tapes or RE-Ba-Cu-O coated conductors, however, cabling
is a challenge due to the poor bending properties in the tape plane. As we demonstrated in the past, a
possibility to cable RE-Ba-Cu-O tapes is the Roebel technique with meander-shaped tapes. We
successfully developed Roebel cables with currents up to 2.6 kA with different width, strand number
and transposition length. The realization of high-current cables with low ac-losses and current carrying
capabilities exceeding 10 kA, however, requires more than a simple scale-up with higher strand
numbers. Especially for magnet applications also thermal and mechanical stability or jointing are
important issues.
We present an overview on the properties of MgB
2
cables prepared with a cable-and-react
method that allows realization of small twist pitches without degradation of the superconducting
properties. Furthermore, we present the status of Roebel cables and show how a scale-up towards
higher current-carrying capabilities in progressed cable designs could be realized. First results of a
Rutherford cable structure with a single Roebel strand will be shown.





















S-I-066

Development of shaping textured YBaCuO superconductors

J.G. NOUDEM


CRISMAT, ENSICAEN/CNRS UMR 6508, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, 6 Bd Maréchal Juin, 14050 CAEN Cedex,
FRANCE
jacques.noudem@ensicaen.fr


The recently reported superconducting YBa
2
Cu
3
O
y
(Y123) with artificially patterned holes is highly
interesting in view to improve the material quality and also promising for a wide variety of
applications. It is well known that, the core of plain bulk superconductors needs to be fully oxygenated
and some defects like cracks, pores and voids must be suppressed in order that the material can trap
high magnetic field or carry high current densities. To minimize the above defects, we have used the
combination of a standard superconducting ceramic processing and an infiltration technique, to prepare
(i) regular YBa
2
Cu
3
O
y
(Y123) bulk superconductors with multiple holes and (ii) Y123
superconducting foams. This process involves negligible shrinkage and a uniform distribution of Y211
inclusions. Flux mapping was used to verify the homogeneity of the samples and to investigate the
field trapping ability. Large increase of the trapped field in pulse magnetization up to 60% in
comparison to the hole-free parent sample with the same thermal history has been obtained. In
addition, the textured drilled samples were reinforced using resin and metal impregnation and the
mechanical properties have been investigated.




























S-I-067

Exotic vortex matter: Pancake vortex molecules and fractional-flux molecules in some exotic
and/or two-component superconductors

ADRIAN CRISAN
1,2
, YASUMOTO TANAKA
3
and AKIRA IYO
3


1
School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UNITED KINGDOM
2
National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest 077125, ROMANIA
3
Nanoelectronics Research Institute of AIST Tsukuba, 305-8568 JAPAN
I.A.Crisan@bham.ac.uk

The discovery of superconductivity in MgB
2
and, more recently, in iron pnictides, revived the
interest in two-component and other exotic superconductors, including in the field of vortex matter, as
was shown recently by the discovery of ―type 1.5‖ superconductivity [1]. However, even some exotic
cuprates grown by high-pressure technique showed interesting anomalies related to the interplay
between Josephson and magnetic coupling and/or two-gap superconductivity [2-3]. Here we will
present two such examples of exotic vortex matter: magnetically-coupled pancake-vortex molecules in
super-multi-layered cuprates, and vortex molecules composed of fractional flux quanta glued by an
interband phase difference soliton.
It was recently shown that in HgBa
2
Ca
n-1
Cu
n
O
y
(Hg:12(n-1)n), T
c
(of about 100 K) becomes
independent of n for n ≥ 6 and vortex melting lines are the same for all Hg:12(n-1)n phases (n = 6-14),
and looks qualitatively the same as the theoretically-simulated melting lines of magnetically-coupled
pancakes (with zero Josephson coupling). By comparing with melting lines of Hg:1234 and Hg1245,
the fact that the addition of an extra CuO
2
Inner Plane (IP) does not change the melting line means
that, for n=6 already, the short-range Josephson coupling becomes negligible compared to the (usually
weaker) long-range magnetic coupling. In this scenario, there are two types of pancake vortex pairs in
the CuO
2
Outer Plane: those separated by the thick block of (n-2) IPs, which are weakly coupled by
the magnetic interaction, and, respectively, those separated by the thin HgBa
2
O
x
charge reservoir layer,
which are much stronger coupled by the Josephson coupling. The melting line common to all Hg:12(n-
1)n phases (n ≥ 6), separates two new vortex phases, pancake-molecule-solid, and pancake-molecule-
liquid.
Multilayer cuprate superconductors with CuO
2
layers ≥ 3 can also be considered as novel
multi-band superconductor. It is theoretically proposed that there is a soliton in a superconductor
having two bands (two gap superconductors), when the inter-band interaction is much smaller than
intra-band interaction. The relative phase difference between two components is an important
parameter and theoretically its magnitude can grow up to 2t and makes a stable soliton. This is the
inter-component phase difference soliton (i - soliton). Gurevich and Vinokur [3] proposed possible
ways to seek the i-soliton experimentally. Recently we have observed a lower temperature second peak
in the out of phase ac magnetic susceptibility of multi-component cuprate superconductors, which we
attributed to the dissipation due to rotation of a vortex molecule, composed of fractional vortices due
to the two components, glued by an i-soliton bond. Basic properties of vortex molecule and i-soliton in
multilayer cuprates, and their phase diagram will be discussed.

[1] V. Moshchalkov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 117001 (2009).
[2] A. Crisan et al., Phys. Rev. B 74, 184517 (2006); Phys. Rev. B 76, 212518 (2007); Phys. Rev. B
77, 144518 (2008), Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L451-L453 (2007).
[3] Y. Tanaka et al., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 134-145; Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 085011 (2008).
[4] A. Gurevich and V.M. Vinokur, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 047004 (2003).



S-I-068

Mapping the vortex pinning-depinning transition via scanning ac-susceptibility technique

A. V. SILHANEK, R. B. G. KRAMER, G. W. ATAKLTI and V. V. MOSHCHALKOV

INPAC – Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Nanoscale and Superconductivity Group, K.U. Leuven,
Celestijnenlaan 200D, Leuven, BELGIUM
alejandro.silhanek@fys.kuleuven.be


In order to map the pinning-depinning transition in superconducting materials we have
developed an entirely novel technique which consist on recording locally the in-phase and out-phase
magnetic response under a homogeneous magnetic ac-excitation. This ac-susceptibility scanning
microscopy has been combined with standard scanning Hall probe microscopy in order to spatially
map simultaneously the static and the dynamic response of the system with single vortex resolution.
This non-invasive technique was applied to study the stability of vortex-chain formations in narrow
superconducting ribbons. Surprisingly, although the vortex arrangement in a one dimensional confined
potential has attracted the attention of physicist for more than 20 years [1], so far all experimental
evidences are indirect. Here we report the first direct visualization of the buckling transition from
linear chains of vortices to a zig-zag vortex distribution as the external field is increased. In addition,
we show that vortices pinned at random defects oscillate around a mean value when the system is
excited with an ac-magnetic field of small amplitude. This so called Campbell regime of intra-pinning-
potential motion can be switched to inter-pinning-potential hoping when the ac-amplitude is increased
above a certain value. Furthermore, these investigations provide the first reliable estimation of the
temperature at which the vortex lattice is frozen in a typical field cooling experiment. This temperature
is a crucial parameter to understand and interpret most of the results obtained for instance using Bitter
decoration techniques.




[1] J. Guimpel, L. Civale, F. de la Cruz, J.M. Murduck, I.K. Schuller, Phys. Rev. B 38, 2342 (1988).



















S-I-069

Vortex dynamics in noncentrosymmetric superconductors

C.F. MICLEA
1,2
, A.C. MOTA
2
, M. NICKLAS
2
, F. STEGLICH
2
, M. SIGRIST
3
, M.B. MAPLE
4
and
E. BAUER
5


1
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
2
Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, 01187 Dresden, GERMANY
3
Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zürich,CH-8093 Zürich, SWITZERLAND
4
Department of Physics and Institute for Pure and Applied Physical Sciences, University of 5California–San Diego, La
Jolla, California, USA
5
Institut für Festkoerperphysik, Technische Universität Wien, A-1040 Wien, AUSTRIA
miclea@lanl.gov


Vortex dynamics studies in non-cetrosymmetric superconductors Li
2
Pt
3
B [1] and CePt
3
Si [2]
revealed unconventional behavior for both compounds; extremely slow movement of the flux lines in
conjunction with modest critical currents. The initial decays of the remanent magnetization display
logarithmic time dependence as expected from the Kim-Anderson theory. The creep rates are lower
than observed in any other centrosymmetric superconductor and are not caused by high critical
currents. In addition, for the Li
2
Pt
3
B which has the highest critical current among the two
superconductors (i.e. higher vortex density), the slow decay of the remanent magnetization is followed,
in a certain temperature range, by avalanche-like relaxation.
The apparent contradiction of extremely low relaxation rates in spite of low critical currents
could be explained by the existence of an unconventional and very effective flux trapping mechanism.
A possible understanding of such pinning mechanism could be based on fractionalized vortices. Since
the superconducting phases for both CePt
3
Si and Li
2
Pt
3
B conserve time reversal symmetry, the
fractionalized vortices would be localized in the twin boundaries of the crystals which would then
introduce strong planar barriers for flux-line motion without affecting the critical current. However,
this scenario needs independent verification.
This extreme flux pinning observed in both compounds might indicate a characteristic of a
certain class of non-centrosymmetric superconductors.




[1] C.F. Miclea, A.C. Mota, M. Sigrist, F. Steglich, T.A. Sayles, B.J. Taylor, C.A. McElroy and M.
B. Maple, Phys. Rev. B 80, 132502 (2009).
[2] C.F. Miclea, A.C. Mota, M. Nicklas, R. Cardoso, F. Steglich, M. Sigrist, A. Prokofiev and E.
Bauer, to be published
[3] M. Sigrist and D. Agterberg, Prog. Theor. Phys. 102, 965 (1999).










S-I-070

Magneto-optical measurements of spontaneous creation of vortices

D. GOLUBCHIK, E. POLTURAK and G. KOREN

Department of Physics, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 06100, ISRAEL
daniel.golubchik@gmail.com


According to a prediction by Kibble and Zurek [1,2], vortices are spontaneously created during
a conductor-superconductor phase transition under nonequilibrium conditions. This prediction (the
Kibble-Zurek model) is relevant both to cosmology and to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Several
conflicting predictions exist with respect to the spatial density of vortices and the correlations within
the vortex array.
In order to test this model we developed a new magneto-optical system with single vortex
resolution. Kerr effect in thin EuSe film is used to measure locally magnetic field above the surface of
superconductor.
The sample (thin film of niobium) heated above critical temperature by 10 ns laser pulse, and
then the heat transferred from the film to the sapphire substrate. In this setup cooling rates are in the
order of magnitude of 10
8
K/sec. During phase transition vortices are created in the sample even at
zero external field. We will present new measurements of total density and spatial distribution of
spontaneously created flux lines. Surprisingly, we found that in the vortex array, there exist long range
correlations which extend well beyond the nearest neighbor distance.



[1] W. H. Zurek, Nature 31, 505 (1985).
[2] T.W. Kibble and A. Rajantie, Phys. Rev. B 68, 17451 (2003).






















S-I-071

Manipulating a vortex by the tip of a magnetic force microscope

ERNST HELMUT BRANDT
1
and GRIGORII P. MIKITIK
1,2


1
Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, 70506 Stuttgart, GERMANY
2
B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics & Engineering, Kharkov 61103, UKRAINE
ehb@mf.mpg.de

In a recent paper [1] a magnetic force microscope (MFM) was employed to image and
manipulate individual vortices in a thick single crystal of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7.
A dramatic enhancement of the
response of a vortex to pulling by the magnetic tip of the MFM was discovered when the tip is wiggled
transversely. To obtain some insight into the nature of this effect, we consider the vortex as an elastic
string with a driving force applied to the vortex by the tip. We also account for vortex pinning by point
defects by adding a uniform pinning force [2,3]. When the tip moves with wiggles, the vortex is not
only curved but also twisted. The shape of the vortex, described by two functions x(z), y(z), and the
position x(0), y(0) of its end on the upper surface z=0 of the superconducting crystal, depend on the
trajectory of the tip at previous times. Our calculations show that even for isotropic flux-line pinning
(in-plane anisotropy δ=1) the wiggle of the tip (along x) indeed leads to an enhanced shift of the vortex
end in the direction y perpendicular to the oscillations, see Fig.1.
Path of vortex end, ζ = 1.3
fast scan slow scan
Vortex shape
[μm]

Fig.1. Left and middle: Computed zig-zag path of the vortex end when the magnetic tip of the MFM
oscillates along x and slowly moves along y starting at x=y=0. The in-plane anisotropy of the pinning
force is chosen as δ =1.3. Right: Inside the superconductor the vortex line oscillates along x with
small amplitude but the excursion along y can be large. At depths z < z
0
the vortex remains rigidly
pinned. Shown is the vortex shape at a time t and at some previous times (dashed).

[1] O. M. Auslaender et al., Nature Physics 5, 35 (2009).
[2] G. P. Mikitik and E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 79, 020506(R) (2009).
[3] E. H. Brandt, G. P. Mikitik, and E. Zeldov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054513 (2009).



S-I-072

Continuum computation of vortex dynamics for various geometries

ERNST HELMUT BRANDT

Max Planck Instuitute for Metals Research, 70506 Stuttgart, GERMANY
ehb@mf.mpg.de

In type-II superconductors the distribution and motion of magnetic vortices determines the
electromagnetic response of the specimen, i.e., the magnetic moment and electric resistance as
functions of the applied magnetic field and/or applied current. An important feature of each such
experiment is the ―geometry‖, i.e., the size and shape of the specimen and the orientation and space
and time dependence of the applied magnetic field or current. Usually continuum theory can be used to
describe such problems, assuming the vortex distance to be small. The very useful critical state model
of pinned vortices stating that the local current density everywhere is zero or has the critical value j
c

(with j
c
independent of the induction B in the Bean model of 1964), usually was applied to
―longitudinal geometry‖, e.g. long cylinders in parallel field, where demagnetization effects are absent
[1]. The analytical solutions of the Bean model for thin circular discs [2] and thin long strips [3] in
perpendicular magnetic field H
a
where obtained only in 1993.
Problems with other geometries usually have to be solved numerically. This was done by
numerous authors, see the present session. My own work comprises the following cases. For thin
superconducting strips and disks and rectangular films or plates in perpendicular H
a
see [4], for films
of arbitrary shape (e.g. SQUIDs) and for strips with applied ac current see [5]. These theories where
applied to linear SQUIDs in [6]. Thick strips and thick disks where considered in [7]. The equations
which have to be solved if the current density j(r) is not exactly perpendicular to B(r) are presented in
[8]. In all these theories it was assumed that B = μ
0
H, equivalent to assuming B >> B
c1
, the lower
critical field, and typically a power-law electric field-current density E ~ (j/j
c
)
n
(n >>1) was used to
describe the thermally activated depinning and flux creep. Finite B
c1
can lead to edge barriers for
vortex penetration and to geometric irreversibility of pin-free superconductors [9]. Finite London
penetration depth λ in problems of several geometries is allowed for in [10]. The Meissner-London
surface currents in superconductors with rectangular cross section are given in [11]. The present talk
discusses the application of these various numerical methods (using matrices) to the ac response. Also
discussed are various effects of the edge barrier for flux penetration.



[1] A. M. Campbell and J. E. Evetts, Adv. Phys. 21, 199 (1972).
[2] P. N. Mikheenko and Yu. E. Kuzovlev, Physica C 204, 229 (1993).
[3] E. H. Brandt, M. V. Indenbom, and A. Forkl, Europhys. Lett. 22, 735 (1993).
[4] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9024 (1994); B 50, 4093 (1994); B 52, 15442 (1995).
[5] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 72, 24529 (2005); B 73, 92511 (2006).
[6] J. R. Clem and E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 72, 174511 (2005).
[7] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4246 (1996); B 58, 6506, 6523 (1998).
[8] G. P. Mikitik and E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 71, 12510 (2005); B 76, 64526 (2007).
[9] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 60, 11939 (1999).
[10] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 64, 2505 (2001).
[11] E. H. Brandt and G. M. Mikitik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4164 (2000).



S-I-073

Study and application of controlled vortex dynamics in patterned YBCO films

F. LAVIANO
1.2
, R. GERBALDO
1.2
, G. GHIGO
1.2
, L. GOZZELINO
1.2
, B. MINETTI
1.2
and
E. MEZZETTI
1.2


1
Department of Physics, Politecnico di Torino, c.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, ITALY
2
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Sez-To, Via P. Giuria 1, 10134 Torino, ITALY
francesco.laviano@polito.it


Quantitative imaging of the local magnetic field and of current density distribution in
superconductors (with microscopic resolution over macroscopic length scales), is achieved by means
of the magneto-optical imaging technique with an indicator film [1]. We exploit this technique to study
the vortex arrangement and the corresponding supercurrent distribution in high temperature
superconducting YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
films. Several patterned superconducting films were studied, either non-
simply connected structures, which imply macroscopic flux quantization, and superconductors whose
local properties were tailored by means of confined heavy-ion irradiation. Moreover, by means of
electrical transport measurements coupled with the real-time imaging of the magnetic pattern [2], it is
directly shown how the local current distribution in patterned superconductors is affected by the
electrical transport both in the Meissner and in the vortex regimes. The relevance of a controlled and
localized dissipation induced by the confined vortex motion in tailored superconducting films is
demonstrated for direct applications of this phenomenology to superconducting devices, such as
magnetic field and photon detectors.




[1] F. Laviano, D. Botta, A. Chiodoni, R. Gerbaldo, G. Ghigo, L. Gozzelino, S. Zannella and E.
Mezzetti, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16 (2003) 71-79; F. Laviano, D. Botta, A. Chiodoni, R. Gerbaldo,
G. Ghigo, L. Gozzelino, and E. Mezzetti, Phys. Rev. B 68, 014507 (2003).
[2] F. Laviano, R. Gerbaldo, G. Ghigo, L. Gozzelino, B. Minetti and E. Mezzetti, Applied Physics
Letters 89 (2006) 082514.


















S-I-074

Non linear flux flow resistance of type-II superconducting films

G. GRIMALDI
1
, A. LEO
1
, C. CIRILLO
1
, C. ATTANASIO
2
, A. NIGRO
2
, S. PACE
2

and R. P. HUEBENER
3

1
CNR-INFM, Regional Laboratory SuperMat, Via S. Allende 84081, Baronissi (SA), ITALY
2
Physics Department E. R. Caianiello, Università di Salerno, I- 84081 Baronissi (SA), ITALY
3
Physikalishes Institut, Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen, GERMANY
grimaldi@sa.infn.it

Non linear effects in the vortex motion of type-II superconductors in the mixed state have been
studied so far both from theoretical and experimental point of view [1]. Here we focus our analysis on
the flux-flow regime in materials exhibiting quite strong pinning properties. By driving the vortex
lattice (VL) up to high dissipative states, the moving VL undergoes an abrupt change from the flux
flow state to the normal resistive one, which is reflected in the current-voltage characteristics as a
sudden voltage jump at a critical vortex velocity v*. Several mechanisms have been proposed to
explain this non linear flux flow behavior. As shown by Larkin and Ovchinnikov (LO), the energy
increase of the quasiparticles in the vortex core due to the electric field generated by vortex motion,
results in a shrinking of the vortex core, a corresponding reduction of the damping coefficient and an
instability of the flux-flow resistance [2]. We study the dependence of vortex critical velocity v* on
temperature and magnetic field in Nb superconducting strips of different widths and thicknesses [3, 4].
We observe an original behavior, unpredictably within the LO model, in the magnetic field
dependence of the vortex critical velocity. A new crossover magnetic field is found between the
commonly observed decreasing dependence v*(B)~B
-1/2
at higher fields and an opposite increasing
dependence in the lowest magnetic field range investigated [5]. This observation has been also
confirmed in Al type-II superconducting thin film by varying its pinning properties with an artificial
magnetic pinning structure [6].
In addition, the vortex dynamics shows a non linear flux flow resistance before the vortex
velocity instability takes place. This non linear behavior displays a ―peak effect‖ in the current
dependence of the flux flow dynamic resistance R
ff
(I) as function of the magnetic field in a well
defined temperature dependent magnetic field range. The occurrence of such peak in the flux flow
dynamic resistance of Nb films is compatible with a current dependence of the pinning force, and a
dynamic transition from a disordered VL to an ordered moving one [7].
Finally, we conclude that pinning plays the crucial role in determining both the observed
unusual effects: the low field crossover in v*(B) and the R
ff
(I) peak.

[1] R. P. Huebener, Vortices in Unconventional Superconductors and Superfluids (Springer, Berlin
2002) p 341.
[2] A. I. Larkin and Yu. N. Ovchinnikov, J. Low Temp. Phys. 34, 409 (1979).
[3] G. Grimaldi, A. Leo, A. Nigro, S. Pace, C. Cirillo, C. Attanasio, Physica C 468, 765 (2008).
[4] G. Grimaldi, A. Leo, A. Nigro, S. Pace, A. A. Angrisani, C. Attanasio, Jour. Phys. C. S. 97, 012111
(2008).
[5] G. Grimaldi, A. Leo, C. Cirillo, C. Attanasio, A. Nigro, S. Pace, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21,
254207 (2009).
[6] A. Leo, G. Grimaldi, A. Nigro, S. Pace, N. Verellen, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, V. V.
Moshchalkov, V. Metlushko, B. Ilic, Physica C (2009) in press.
[7] G. Grimaldi, A. Leo, A. Nigro, S. Pace, and R. P. Huebener, Phys. Rev. B 80, 144521 (2009).



S-I-075

Anisotropic superconductivity and vortex dynamics in magnetically coupled F/S and F/S/F
hybrids

G. KARAPETROV
1
, A. BELKIN
1,2
, M. IAVARONE
1,3
, J. FEDOR
1
, V. NOVOSAD
1
,
M.V. MILOSEVIC
4
and F.M. PEETERS
4


1
Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory,Argonne, IL 60439, USA
2
Physics Division, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Il 60610, USA
3
Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
4
Departement Fysica, Universiteit Antwerpen,Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, BELGIUM
goran@anl.gov


Magnetically coupled superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids offers advanced routes for
nanoscale control of superconductivity. Magnetotransport characteristics and scanning tunneling
microscopy images of vortex structures in superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids reveal rich
superconducting phase diagram. Focusing on particular combination of a ferromagnet with a well-
ordered periodic magnetic domain structure with alternating out-of-plane component of magnetization,
and a small coherence length superconductor, we find directed nucleation of superconductivity above
domain wall boundaries. We show that near the superconductor-normal state phase boundary the
superconductivity is localized in narrow mesoscopic channels.
In order to explore the Abrikosov flux line ordering in F/S hybrids, we use a combination
scanning tunneling microscopy and Ginzburg-Landau simulations [1]. The magnetic stripe domain
structure induces periodic local magnetic induction in the superconductor, creating a series of pinning-
antipinning channels for externally added magnetic flux quanta. Such laterally confined Abrikosov
vortices form quasi-1D arrays (chains). The transitions between multichain states occur through
propagation of kinks at the intermediate fields. At high fields we show that the system becomes non-
linear due to a change in both the number of vortices and the confining potential.
In F/S/F hybrids we demonstrate the evolution of the anisotropic conductivity in the
superconductor that is magnetically coupled with two adjacent ferromagnetic layers [2]. Stripe
magnetic domain structures in both F-layers are aligned under each other resulting in directional
superconducting order parameter in the superconducting layer. The conductance anisotropy strongly
depends on the period of the magnetic domains and the strength of the local magnetization. The
anisotropic conductivity of up to three orders of magnitude can be achieved with spatial critical
temperature modulation of 5% of T
c
.
Induced anisotropic properties in the F/S and F/S/F hybrids have a potential for future
application in switching and non-volatile memory elements operating at low temperatures.




[1] G. Karapetrov, M.V. Milosevic, M. Iavarone, J. Fedor, A. Belkin, V. Novosad, and F.M. Peeters,
accepted in Phys. Rev. B - Rapids
[2] A. Belkin, V. Novosad, M. Iavarone, R. Divan, J. Hiller, T. Proslier, J.E. Pearson, and G.
Karapetrov, submitted to APL.





S-I-076

Vortex dynamics in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7 ÷ o
films and superlattices: A magnetization relaxation study

L. MIU

National Institute of Materials Physics, 77125 Bucharest-Magurele, P.O. Box MG-7, ROMANIA
elmiu@infim.ro


Vortices in clean superconductors arrange into a lattice, which melts with increasing
temperature T through a first-order transition. When the random quenched disorder is significant, at
least in the high magnetic field H region the vortex system is disordered. The nature of the disordered
vortex phase at high H is not yet clarified.
Analyses of standard current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of various high-temperature
superconductors (HTS) have led to the conclusion that the disordered vortex phase should be an elastic
vortex glass [1] in the low-T region, with diverging pinning barriers at low current densities, where the
linear resistivity should vanish. On the other hand, magnetization relaxation experiments performed
on the same HTS reveal the presence of nondiverging pinning barriers well below the vortex-glass
transition line predicted by the I-V curve scaling [2].
We measured the relaxation of the irreversible magnetization for a series of optimally doped
YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7 ÷ o
(YBCO) films and YBCO/PrBCO superlattices with H oriented along the c axis. The
observed common behavior is dominated by the presence of a crossover elastic (collective) vortex
creep at low T – plastic creep at high T generated by the T dependent current density J of the
macroscopic currents induced in the specimen during experiments. Magnetization relaxation in the
―flux-creep annealing‖ regime shows the drastic reduction of the creep-crossover temperature with
decreasing J, which indicates that in static conditions (J ÷ 0) the disordered vortex phase at high H
behaves like a plastically pinned vortex assembly, rather than an elastic vortex glass. We show that
the often reported I-V curve scaling in agreement with an elastic vortex glass – vortex fluid transition
originates from the crossover plastic creep – elastic creep generated by an increasing transport current.




[1] D. S. Fisher, M. P. A. Fisher, and D. A. Huse, Phys. Rev. B 43, 130 (1991).
[2] L. Miu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 132502 (2005); L. Miu, D. Miu, T. Petrisor, A. El Tahan, G. Jakob, and
H. Adrian, Phys. Rev. B 78, 212508 (2008).














S-I-077

Vortex matter in two-band mesoscopic superconductors

M. V. MILOŠEVIŠ, R. GEURTS, L. KOMENDOVA and F. M. PEETERS

Departement Fysica, Universiteit Antwerpen, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, BELGIUM
milorad.milosevic@ua.ac.be


Using two-band Ginzburg-Landau theory, we discuss the effect of Josephson coupling and the
mutual drag between two interacting superconducting condensates in mesoscopic samples (disks,
polygons, and films) exposed to a homogeneous magnetic field. We show that the drag between
condensates in combination with order parameter coupling strongly affects the interband vortex-vortex
interaction. This leads to a unique set of possible vortex configurations, comprising asymmetric, non-
composite, even dynamic vortex states. We also calculate the demagnetization properties of the
samples, and show how latter exotic vortex states can be detected by magnetometry [1]. Finally we
introduce the magnetic coupling between condensates, and study in particular the case where one band
is type II and the other type I, i.e. the sample is effectively of I.x type [2]. Both the found vortex states
and the calculated M(H) loops show a clear signature of the mixed type of superconductivity, which
we find to be strongly affected by the ratio of coherence lengths in two condensates.




[1] A. Oral, S. J. Bending, and M. Henini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1324 (1996);
[2] V. V. Moshchalkov, M. Menghini, T. Nishio, Q. H. Chen, A. V. Silhanek, V. H. Dao, L. F.
Chibotaru, N. D. Zhigadlo, and J. Karpinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 117001 (2009).























S-I-078

The Hall effect and the AC power absorption by vortices in a superconductor with a periodic
pinning potential

VALERIJ A. SHKLOVSKIJ
1,2


1
Institute of Theoretical Physics, NSC-KIPT, 61108, Kharkov, UKRAINE
2
Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077, Kharkov, UKRAINE
shklovskij@univer.kharkov.ua


The theoretical analysis of a two-dimensional (2D) nonlinear guided vortex motion in a
tilted cosine pinning potential at zero temperature in the presence of a subcritical dc and a small ac
current is presented at arbitrary value of the dimensionless Hall constant ε and anisotropic vortex
viscosity. The influence of the weak ac current of arbitrary frequency on the dc and ac
magnetoresistivity tensors is considered. Analytical formulas for complex 2D linear impedance tensor
which depends on the angle α between the current density vector and the direction of the pinning
potential channels are derived and analyzed. Influence of the dc current density j , viscosity and the
pinning anisotropy , and the Hall parameter on the frequency dependence of linear power absorption
by vortices in terms of( j, α, ε )-dependence of the well-known [1] depinning frequency ω
p
is
elucidated and its decreasing with j and ε increasing is proved. It is shown that only in transverse and
longitudinal geometry of experiment (α=0 and α=π/2, respectively) the absorbed power P does not
depend on the reversal of the magnetic field direction, i.e. P( B )=P( -B )=P( B ) where B= | B |
.However, for α ≠ 0, π/2 the abovementioned dependence appears, i.e. P( B ) = P
+
( B )+ P
-
( -B ) where
P
±
( B ) = [ P
+
( B ) ± P( -B ) ] /2 are even (+) and odd (-) power absorption with respect to the B
inversion. In contradistinction to a more general stochastic approach to the same problem (discussed
recently in Ref. [2]) the results at zero temperature allow us to obtain simple analytical formulas for
frequency-dependent ac magnetoresistivity responses and power absorption which have simple
physical structure and interpretation.




[1] J.I. Gittleman and B. Rosenblum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 734 (1966).
[2] V.A. Shklovskij and O.V. Dobrovolskiy, Phys. Rev. B 78, 104526 (2008).
















S-I-079

Flux pinning in chemical solution YBCO films with tailored nanostructures

A. PALAU, C. MONTÓN, V. ROUCO, R. LUCCAS, T. PUIG, P. ABELLÁN, J. ZABALETA,
A. LLORDÇS, M. GIBERT, A. CARRETERO, F. MARTÍNEZ, R. VLAD, F. SANDIUMENGE,
S. RICART, N. MESTRES, X. GRANADOS and X. OBRADORS

Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Barcelona, SPAIN
palau@icmab.es


Nano-engineering the defect structure in YBCO thin films and coated conductors appears as a
formidable task, allowing to improve their vortex pinning properties and to open a new frontier in the
use of superconductors. However, the complexity of vortex matter in high temperature
superconductors poses tantalizing questions to the objective of correlating nanostructure and vortex
properties. The major challenge is faced in the ability to tailor novel nano-structures (based on non-
superconducting oxides or ferromagnetic materials) efficient in the immobilization of the magnetic
flux and in the understanding of the vortex-pinning mechanisms involved.
Our group has devoted much effort on using chemical routes to grow successful nanostructured YBCO
films, by following two general approaches transferable to long length coated conductors. The first
methodology consists of growing YBCO films on top of oxide nanostructured substrates (including
nanodots, nanowires and nanopyramids of different composition, crystal structrure, sizes and density).
The other approach comprises the generation of YBCO nanocomposites with secondary phases
embedded in the YBCO matrix, again with different composition, crystal structure, size, distribution
but also crystal orientation. The pinning mechanisms associated to these nanostructured films have
been thoroughly evaluated and correlated with the particular nanostructure. Moreover, we have used
high resolution nanolithography techniques (Focused Ion Beam, Electron Beam Lithography and nano-
indentation) in order to create model systems with specific pinning nanostructures in the YBCO films.
The analysis of these systems, with very well controlled pinning potentials, enables us to manipulate
and gather knowledge on vortex motion in YBCO films. In particular, we have observed vortex ratchet
effects in YBCO films with asymmetric pinning sites.



















S-I-080

On the defect density dependence of the fishtail effect in superconductors

M. ZEHETMAYER

and H.W. WEBER

Vienna University of Technology, Atominstitut, 1020 Vienna, AUSTRIA
zehetm@ati.ac.at


The fishtail effect in superconductors, which denotes the second maximum of the critical
current density as a function of magnetic field, is assumed to result from the different field and
temperature dependences of the pinning energy and the elastic energy of the flux line lattice. The
pinning energy depends also on the defect matrix, and thus we expect the position of the second peak
to change significantly with the defect density. The defect density is, however, usually not known in
as-grown single crystals. The problem may be sloved by introducing defects in an artificial way, as
provided, e.g., by neutron irradiation.
We investigate single crystals, which are very clean, i.e. show an almost reversible magnetization and
do not exhibit a second peak in the as-grown state, and show that the fishtail emerges when adding
defects by neutron irradiation. The defect dependence of the fishtail effect can be studied by irradiating
the same sample successively. "Dirtier" materials, e.g. high temperature superconductors that show a
fishtail in the as-grown state, usually lead to quite different results, namely to the disappearance of the
fishtail upon irradiation. We present neutron irradiation results on MgB
2
, NbSe
2
and some high
temperature superconductors, discuss the effect on the fishtail effect and compare the results with
theory.


























S-I-081

Charge, Spin and Lattice dynamics in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
x
studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance

A. SHENGELAYA
1
, A. MAISURADZE
2
, K. POMJAKUSHINA
3
, K. CONDER
3
, H.KELLER
2
and
K. A. MULLER
2


1
Department of Physics, Tbilisi State University, GE-0128 Tbilisi, Georgia
2
Physik-Institut der Universiät Zürich, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland
3
Laboratory for Developments and Methods, Paul Scherrer Institute,
CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland


Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) of Yb
3+
was used to study fluctuating electric and magnetic
fields in Y
0.98
Yb
0.02
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
x
from undoped insulating to optimally doped, superconducting region
(6sxs7).

Measurements of the temperature dependence of Yb
3+
EPR linewidth demonstrated that both electronic
and phononic mechanisms contribute to relaxation. We were able to separate these processes and
studied their relative contributions as a function of oxygen doping. As expected, electronic
contribution decreases with decreasing oxygen doping, while phononic part is practically doping
independent. It was found that traditional Raman and Orbach mechanisms involving acoustic phonons
can not explain the temperature dependence of the Yb
3+
EPR linewidth. Instead, a Raman process via
the coupling to high-energy (~450 K) optical B
1g
phonons is responsible for the phononic part of Yb
3+

relaxation in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
x
.

A drastic broadening of the EPR line was observed below oxygen doping level x=6.4, showing that the
spin fluctuations are strongly modified near the critical value for superconductivity in agreement with
recent neutron scattering measurements. Implications of obtained results will be discussed.













S-I-082

Chemical doping and strain effect for improvement in J
c
and H
irr
and H
c2
in MgB
2


S. X. DOU

Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW
2522, Australia

Chemical doping has proved to be the most effective means to modify and enhance the
superconducting properties of MgB
2
. More than 100 different forms of dopants have been investigated
over the past 8 years. The most effective dopants have been identified to be C, SiC, CNT,
carbohydrates, hydrocarbon. A significant improvement on the critical current density, J
c
,
irreversibility field, H
irr
, and the upper critical field, H
c2
of doped MgB
2
have been achieved. A dual
reaction model was proposed to classify, evaluate and explain the effect of all dopants. According to
this model the optimal doping effect can be achieved when the C substitution and MgB
2
formation take
place at the same time at low temperatures. The understanding of dual reaction model has led to the
discovery of the advantages of carbohydrate doping in MgB
2
, resulting in an achievement of
benchmarking J
c
, H
irr
, and H
c2
. The chemical doping has also been responsible for the achievement in
high T
c
and H
c2
in the newly discovered Fe-As superconductors as well as for the achievement of room
temperature spintronic materials. A strain engineering has offered an alternative strategy that does not
alter the materials intrinsic properties but achieve a significant improvement in desired properties. The
strain can be controlled by both lattice mismatch and residue thermal stress. By making SiC-MgB
2

composite a strong residue thermal strain is caused by the huge difference in thermal expansion
coefficients (α) of the MgB
2
and SiC. The thermal strain in the MgB
2
phase was demonstrated with
XRD, Raman spectroscopy, and TEM. By taking advantage of residual thermal strains, we are able to
design a composite with only a small decrease in T
c
, and little increase in ρ, but a significant
improvement in J
c
and H
irr
.










S-I-083

Effects of high pressure on the physical properties of MgB
2


T. PRIKHNA


Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev 04074, UKRAINE
prikhna@mail.ru, prikhna@iptelecom.net.ua

The main advantages of the use of high-pressure synthesis and sintering (0.5-2 GPa, 600- 1050
o
C, 1 h) to manufacture polycrystalline MgB
2
are the possibility to get almost theoretically dense (99
%) nanostructural (15-37 nm average grain sizes) materials with high critical current densities, fields
of irreversibility, upper critical fields, thermoconductivity and mechanical characteristics. High density
prevents the materials from fast degrading and the attained characteristics can be maintained for at
least 5-6 years even if high-pressure manufactured materials are kept in air. The modern high-pressure
equipment available allows manufacturing blocks of 60 – 100 mm in diameter and the developed
technologies of cutting bulk dense blocks make it possible to produce intricate products thus opening
the possibilities for practical applications of the above materials. Hot pressing (up to 30 MPa) and
spark plasma sintering (up to 50 MPa) techniques can be used to manufacture of blocks much larger in
size and despite the fact that attained SC properties of materials are somewhat lower and the
manufacture is somewhat longer than those of high-pressure produced materials, their practical
application is challenging as well. Recently the high SC properties have been attained for MgB
2
wires
produced using high-pressure (3.9 GPa) densification before sintering. The MgB
2
-based materials are
very promising for SC fault current limiters, electromotors, pumps, generators, shields of magnetic
fields, etc. that operate at 4.2-30 K. For high-pressure (2 GPa) synthesized materials in self field at 20
K j
c
=1.8·10
6
A/cm
2
(with 10% Zr), j
c
=1.0·10
6
A/cm
2
(without additions) and at 35 K j
c
=1.5·10
5
A/cm
2

(without additions); T
c
=39.4 K have been attained even for materials with 10% of Ti addition. For
materials without additions H
C2
=15 T at 22 K, H
irr
=13 T at 20 K and j
c
=10
3
A/cm
2
in 8 T field at 20 K
have been registered. The highest mechanical properties are as follows: the Vickers hardness under a
148.8 N-load H
v
=10.12±0.2 GPa and fracture toughness under the same load K
1C
=7.6± 2.0 MPa m
0.5
,
Young modulus E=273 GPa.
The structure of all MgB
2
-based materials manufactured under high or elevated pressure
contains small amount of MgO (detected by X-ray) and 5-14 wt% oxygen seems bonded to Mg and B,
the presence of which could not be determined by X-ray analysis. No correlations were found between
the amount of oxygen in initial B or MgB
2
and its amount in synthesized or sintered materials as well
as between amount of oxygen in material structure and its T
c
and j
c
. But distribution of oxygen bonded
to Mg and B essentially influences SC characteristics. In parallel with grain boundaries oxygen-
enriched Mg-B-O inclusions and grains of higher borides (with near MgB
12
stoichiometry, in
particular) can be responsible for increase of pinning in nanocrystalline high-pressure produced
materials. It is highly probable that the positive effect of additives such as Ti, Ta, Zr, SiC on SC
characteristics of MgB
2
can be due to their influence on distribution of oxygen and hydrogen in the
material structure as well as on the formation of larger amount of higher borides. The formation of
TiH
2
, Ta
2
H and ZrH
2
due to the adsorption of admixture hydrogen can lead to the improvement of
mechanical properties because of preventing cracks from forming during synthesis and sintering. The
most pronounced role in attaining of high SC characteristics is played by the quality of initial boron or
magnesium diboride powders. The high critical current densities (commensurable with that for the
materials with additions) can be attained in materials produced only from Mg and B or from MgB
2
.
This supports the view of the primary importance of distribution of oxygen, higher borides, hydrogen
and carbon admixture in the material structure for SC characteristics of MgB
2
-based materials.









SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
















ORAL PRESENTATIONS










S-O-001

La
2
CuO
4
properties predicted by Hartree-Fock symmetry breaking effects:
Hints for clarifying the Mott-Slater debate

A. CABO-BIZET
1
and A. CABO MONTES DE OCA
2


1
Departamento de Física, Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo
Nuclear (CEADEN), Calle 30, esq. a 5ta, La Habana, CUBA.
2
Departamento de Física Teórica, Instituto de Cibernética, Matemática y Física (ICIMAF),
Calle E, No. 309, entre 13 y 15, Vedado, La Habana, CUBA.
cabo@icmf.inf.cu


It is argued that a Hartree-Fock (HF) solution for Coulomb interacting electrons in a simple
model of the Cu-O planes in La
2
CuO
4
is able to predict some of the most interesting properties of this
material, such as its insulator character and the antiferromagnetic order. Moreover, the natural
appearance of pseudogaps in their paramagnetic and superconductor phases is also suggested by the
discussion. These results follow after the elimination of some symmetry restrictions which are usually
imposed on the single particle HF orbitals. One of them is the simplification of their spinor
dependence to be of the so called α or β types. This constraint seems to strongly reduce the largest
space of orbitals corresponding to the rotational invariant HF formulation originally introduced by
Dirac. We also remove the demand on the HF orbitals of having a Bloch structure in the Bravais lattice
of the crystal. This procedure allows for the consideration of HF solutions having the same symmetry
than the known (symmetry breaking) antiferromagnetic structure of the material. It turns out that the
most stable HF solution of the problem corresponds to an antiferromagnetic and insulating state (IAF).
Encouragingly, the evaluated magnetic moment per cell is 0.67 μB, a result that satisfactorily
reproduces the experimentally measured value: 0.68 μB. Another HF solution having a slightly higher
energy arises and corresponds to a paramagnetic state showing a pseudogap (PPG). It follows after
only imposing the Bloch structure on the single particle states. Finally a third paramagnetic but
metallic solution (no gap) is also obtained by including both of the mentioned restrictions. The
interesting result follows that this state only differs from the PPG pseudogap state in the form of
excited empty orbitals. That is, the occupied single particle states and the HF energy at T = 0 for both
solutions, are identical. In general, the discussion helps to clarify the role of the antiferromagnetic
correlations in the physics of the HTSC materials. In addition, these initial results indicate a promising
way for start conciliating the Mott and Slater pictures in the physics of the strongly correlated electron
systems. This possibility could directly result from checking the suspicion about that the same
procedure can also describe the similar properties of the transition metal oxides. This search will be
considered elsewhere.













S-O-002

Study of underdoped Y
1-x
Ca
x
BaCuO
6+y
: Hole pockets and chain formation described by First-
Principles band theory

A. FILIPPETTI, D. PUGGIONI

and V. FIORENTINI

Sardinian Lab for Computational material Science (SLACS-INFM CNR), Department of Physics, University of Cagliari,
Monserrato 09042, Cagliari, ITALY
alessio.filippetti@dsf.unica.it


Theoretical investigation of strong-correlated materials, such as magnetic and superconducting
oxides, requires accurate and computationally affordable First-Principles methods. Standard theories
such as LSDA and GGA are not adequate to this aim, and innovative approaches are needed. The
pseudo-self-interaction corrected local spin density functional theory (pSIC) [1, 2] is based on a smart
approximation which makes the method conceptually and computationally manageable. Furthermore,
it does not make use of adjustable parameters and is universally applicable to Mott insulators and
metals alike
Here we present results of applications to superconducting Y
1-x
Ca
x
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
6+y
at low-doping,
that is a paramount challenge for First-Principles theories. The pSIC possesses the unprecedented
capability of correctly describing the system in both Mott insulating and metallic limit, thus allowing
the reliable description of the doped system at any doping concentration. Our study delivers important
insights on several aspects of chain formations and the relation between order-disorder and metal-
insulating transitions within the CuO
y
chains [3]. Furthermore, we have calculated the Fermi surface
(FS) at low doping for several magnetic and non magnetic phases [4]. In Fig.1 we illustrate our
calculated FS for antiferromagnetic (AF, left) and paramagnetic (PM, right) ordering at hole doping
h=0.125. Our results show, for the first time by First-Principles, that AF ordering gives rise to small
pockets with area consistent with the Shubnikov-de Haas measurement, while the PM ordering shows
the large Fermi cylinder compatible with the Fermi liquid behavior. This result is a strong indication
that the pockets-arcs dichotomy can be resolved in terms of coexistent AF-PM nanoscopic domains.


Figure 1

[1] A. Filippetti and N. Spaldin, Phys. Rev. B 67, 125109 (2003).
[2] A. Filippetti and V. Fiorentini, Eur. Phys. J B, 71, 139 (2009).
[3] A: Filippetti, G. Lopez, M. Mantega, and V. Fiorentini, Phys. Rev. B 78, 233103 (2008).
[4] D. Puggioni, A. Filippetti, and V. Fiorentini, Phys. Rev. B 79, 064519 (2009).




S-O-003

Intercalation- and pressure- driven stabilization of superconductivity In 1T-TaS
2


A. SELLAM
1
, M. D‘ASTUTO
1
, M. CALANDRA
1
, F. MAURI
1
, Y. LE GODEC
1
, G. ROUSSE
1
,
D. TAVERNA
1
, G. LOUPIAS
1
, A. SHUKLA
1
, E. GILIOLI
2
and A. GAUZZI
1


1
IMPMC, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6 and CNRS, Paris, FRANCE
2
Istituto Materiali per Elettronica e Magnetismo, CNR, Parma, ITALY
amine.sellam@upmc.fr


By means of high resolution neutron powder diffraction, magnetization and electrical resistivity
measurements as a function of temperature, we studied the structural, magnetic and transport
properties of pure and intercalated 1T-TaS
2
samples synthesized under high pressure up to 6 GPa. Our
data analysis shows that high-pressure synthesis stabilizes sizable changes in the 1T structure, thus
controlling the competition between charge density wave (CDW) and superconducting ground states.
These changes mainly consist of an expansion of the out-of-plane (c)-axis and a shrinking of the in-
plane (a)-axis, thus enhancing the two-dimensional character of the electronic structure, concomitant
to a stabilization of the SC state at T
c
~ 4 K, in agreement with a previous transport study under high
pressure [1]. With the help of ab initio calculations of the electronic structure and of the phonon
dispersion within the Density Functional Theory, we discuss the link between the above structural
changes measured experimentally and the onset of phonon or Peierls-like instabilities that may be
responsible for the CDW state. We finally discuss the relationship between the T
c
changes measured
experimentally and the above instabilities in order to elucidate the role of the electron-phonon coupling
on superconductivity in layered dichalcogenides.




[1] B. Sipos et al., Nature Materials 7, 960 (2008).





















S-O-004

Insensitivity of the superconducting gap in Zn-substituted Bi2212 to variation in T
c


Y. LUBASHEVSKY and A. KANIGEL

Department of Physics, Technion, Haifa 32000, ISRAEL
amitk@physics.technion.ac.il


There are two energy scales that govern the phase diagram of the High-T
c
cuprates, the
superconducting temperature, T
c
, and the pseudogap temperature- T*. The doping affects both energy
scales and makes it difficult to identify the role each of them play in determining the low-temperature
gap shape. In our work, we use Zn-substitution to, effectively, separate the energy scales. The Zn
atoms replaces Cu in the planes, and reduces T
c
, while T* stays unchanged. We used high resolution
ARPES to measure the momentum-dependent gap-shape in a series of optimally doped Zn-Bi2212
samples, with different Zn levels. We find no change in the gap shape, although T
c
is changed by about
20%. Our results indicate that T
c
plays no role in the determination of the gap-shape at low
temperatures.
































S-O-006

Emission of THz waves from large area mesas of superconducting Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
by spin
polarized tunneling

F. TURKOGLU
1
,

L. OZYUZER
1
, H. KOSEOGLU
1
, Y. DEMIRHAN
1
, Y. SIMSEK
2
,
S. PREU
3
, D. PLOSS
3
, S. MALZER
3
, H.B. WANG
4
and P. MULLER
2


1
Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), 35430, Izmir, TURKEY
2
Physical Institute III, University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, GERMANY
3
Max Planck Optics Group, University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, GERMANY
4
National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, JAPAN
fulyaturkoglu@iyte.edu.tr

There is an increasing interest in science and technology of electromagnetic waves in terahertz
frequency range (0.1-10 THz) because of their emerging application areas including physics, biology,
chemistry, astronomy, medicine etc. The observation on generation of THz radiation emitted from lateral
dimension of high temperature superconductor (HTS) Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
(Bi2212) and responses to THz
waves increase the importance of these HTSs [1]. Single crystal of HTS Bi2212 forms natural
superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) layered junctions, which are called intrinsic Josephson
junctions (IJJ). The stacks of IJJs in Bi2212 can be used such a voltage-frequency converter and their large
energy gap allows the emissions at THz frequency range. Recently, it is demonstrated that rectangular IJJ
mesa structures of Bi2212 can be used as a source of continuous, coherent and polarized THz radiation [1].
It is shown that all THz emitting mesas are below a certain underdoped level, which has relatively small
critical current in contrast to optimally doped and overdoped Bi2212 [2]. In this work, we deposited Au (8
nm)/Co (60 nm)/Au (100 nm) multilayer top of mesa and obtained small critical current from mesas
fabricated by as-grown Bi2212 single crystals due to injection of spin polarized current. Mesa shaped
photoresist mask was patterned by using optical photolithography process and the rectangular mesa
structures with required sizes (60x300 to 100x300 µm
2
) were fabricated using Ar-ion beam etching. In
order to characterize the Bi2212 mesas, c-axis resistance versus temperature (R-T) and current-voltage (I-
V) tunneling characteristics were investigated. During I-V characterization, we used a Si composite
bolometer to detect the THz emission. The c-axis R-T measurements of the mesas exhibit near underdoped
behavior of Bi2212 single crystal. Some of the hysteretic quasiparticle branches are observed in the I–V
characteristics of as-grown Bi2212 crystals. The magnitude of Josephson critical current of one of the as-
grown Bi2212 single crystal is 18 mA for 60x300 µm
2
mesa

when spin polarized current is injected through
the c-axes of the mesa. At high bias (> +1.5 V), back bending of the I-V curve is observed because of high
doping level and the large volume of the mesa. THz emission was obtained before heating severely affects
the local mesa temperature, near 0.61 V. Michelson interferometer setup was used to form an interference
pattern. Signals detected by bolometer indicate that the emission frequency is 0.537 THz for 60 µm wide
mesa.
The research is partially supported by TUBITAK (Scientific and Technical Research Council of
Turkey) project number 108T238.


[1] L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T.
Tamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W. K. Kwok and U. Welp, Science 318,
1291 (2007).
[2] L. Ozyuzer, Y. Simsek, H. Koseoglu, F. Turkoglu, C. Kurter, U. Welp, A. E. Koshelev, K. E.
Gray, W. K. Kwok, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, Y. Koval, H. B. Wang, P. Müller, Supercond. Sci. and
Technol. 22,114009 (2009).



S-O-007

Reactive ion etching of superconducting Bi2212 using PRʹ/Ta/PR mask for the generation of
THz waves

H. KOSEOGLU, F. TURKOGLU, Y. DEMIRHAN, Z. MERIC and L. OZYUZER

Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), 35430, Izmir, TURKEY
hsnkoseoglu@gmail.com


High temperature superconducting Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
(Bi2212) single crystals have natural
junctions called intrinsic Josephson Junctions (IJJs). They play an important role for generation of THz
radiation when a static voltage applied along the c-axis of Bi2212 (ac Josephson Effect) [1].
Generation of powerful THz radiation requires mesas with large lateral dimension but there are
difficulties in fabrication of perfect rectangular mesa. It should be close to 90 degrees to obtain IJJs
with same planar dimensions for synchronization of IJJs [2]. Since thick photoresist layer shades the
lateral dimension of mesa during ion beam etching, we patterned a PRʹ/Ta/PR mask on Bi2212 and
used selective ion etching to overcome this problem [3]. Firstly, thin gold (Au) layer was evaporated
on Bi2212 in vacuum chamber, then photoresist (PRʹ) was coated onto the gold layer by using spin
coater but for this photoresist layer (PRʹ) the spinner was rotated for 25 s giving a 750 nm layer of
resist and then hard baked at the 200 °C for 40 minutes to get strongest photoresist layer. After that Ta
layer was deposited on PRʹ/Au/Bi2212 using DC magnetron sputtering system. Finally, photoresist
layers with required sizes (from 40x300 to 100x300 µm
2
) were patterned on Ta layer using standard
optical photolithography process. By using PRʹ/Ta/PR mask, reactive ion beam etching have done with
ion beam of Ar, N
2
and O
2
and we have obtained mesas taller than 1 µm with lateral angle of
approximately 60 to 75° which is better than the previous studies. Atomic Force Microscopy,
Profilometer and SEM were used to measure the lateral angle and heights of the mesas. Moreover,
continues flow liquid He cryostat was used to examine electrical properties of mesas. The
resistance versus temperature (R-T) measurements of the Bi2212 single crystals was obtained between
300 and 10 K. The current-voltage (I-V) tunneling behavior of the Bi2212 mesas was obtained and
multi-branch structures were observed. During I-V measurements, we have also searched for THz
emission from mesas using Si bolometer.
The research is partially supported by TUBITAK (Scientific and Technical Research Council of
Turkey) project number 108T238.




[1] L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T.
Tamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W. K. Kwok and U. Welp, Science
318, 1291 (2007).
[2] A. E. Koshelev and L. N. Bulaevskii, Phys. Rev. B 77, 014530 (2008).
[3] Y. Nagai, K. Tsuru, A. Terada and K. Yanagisawa, IEEE Trans. on Mag. 27 1622 (1991).







S-O-010

Influence of Gd addition on magnetic and structural properties of Bi
1.6
Pb
0.4
Sr
2
Ca
2-x
Gd
x
Cu
3
O
y

superconductors by means of ac susceptibility

A.VARILCI, C.TERZIOGLU and S.ALTINTAS

Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Physics, Material Science Laboratory, 14280 Bolu, TURKEY
polat_fs@windowslive.com


We report the results of the influence of ac magnetic fields on hysteretic ac losses on Gd-
added Bi
1.8
Pb
0.35
Sr
1.9
Ca
2.1
Cu
3
Gd
x
O
y
superconductors with x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 by means of
home made ac susceptibility measurements, scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction
investigations. Ac magnetic field and temperature dependent of the susceptibility measurements was
carried out in the range of 270-1352 A/m with the frequency of 800 Hz and no dc part. The critical on
set temperatures were estimated from the temperature dependence of the ac susceptibility curves. To
estimate the intergrain critical current density value for each sample, the ac susceptibility versus
temperature plots is used by applying Bean‘s model. We have also employed X-ray diffraction,
scanning electron microscopy techniques to investigate the effect of Gd addition on the microstructural
properties. We have also discussed the observed changes in microstructure and superconducting
properties due to Gd-addition.





























S-O-012

NMR studies on antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in multilayered High-T
c
cuprates
Ba
n-2
Ca
n-1
Cu
n
O
2n
(F
y
O
1-y
)
2


S. SHIMIZU
1
, S. TABATA
1
, H. MUKUDA
1
, Y. KITAOKA
1
, P.M. SHIRAGE
2
, H. KITO
2
and
A. IYO
2


1
Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-8531, JAPAN
2
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba 305-8568, JAPAN
shimizu@nmr.mp.es.osaka-u.ac.jp

Despite of more than 23 years of research, there is still no universally accepted theory for mechanism
of cuprate high-Tc superconductors. A relationship between antiferromagnetism (AFM) and
superconductivity (SC) is believed to be a key to understand the origin of their remarkably high SC
transition. Experimentally, it is important to unravel the intrinsic property of underdoped cuprates, where
AFM and SC approach in the phase diagram. As a resent progress, interesting phenomena, such as the
reconstruction of the Fermi surface [1] and field-induced magnetic order [2], have been reported in under-
doped region, which urges us to focus on the relationship between the antiferromagnetism (AFM) and
high-T
c
SC. Here we discuss particularly on the issues, (i) can AFM order coexist with high-T
c
SC? and
(ii) where is the quantum critical point of the AFM order? These are keys to understanding of cuprate-
superconductivity.
Ba
n-2
Ca
n-1
Cu
n
O
2n
(F
y
O
1-y
)
2
is known as a relatively new family of multilayered copper oxides with
apical-fluorine. The crystal structures are shown in Figure 1 for n=2-4; n is the number of the CuO
2
layers.
Substitution of oxygen (O
-2
) for apical fluorine (F
-1
), i.e. a decrease in nominal fluorine content (y) results
in increasing the carrier density (N
h
) and T
c
from
under-doped to optimally-doped region [3,4]. This
system provides an opportunity to investigate the
characteristics of CuO
2
layers over a wide range of N
h
.
We report on magnetic and superconducting
characteristics in the apical-fluorine system, Ba
n-2
Ca
n-
1
Cu
n
O
2n
(F
y
O
1-y
)
2
, through
63
Cu- and
19
F-NMR. The
NMR studies reveal that AFM order, which can
uniformly coexist with superconductivity, exists up to
N
h
~ 0.16 and 0.18 when n = 4 and 5, respectively
[4,5]. On the other hand, such an AFM order has not
been observed at N
h
~ 0.15 when n = 2; the magnetic
quantum critical point (QCP) would be smaller than, at
most, N
h
~ 0.15. The fact that the QCP moves to a
region of larger carrier density with increasing n
ensures that an interlayer magnetic coupling, which
stabilizes an AFM order, increases with n.

[1] N. Doion-Leyraud et al., Nature 447, 565 (2007);
C. Jaudet et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 187005 (2008);
T. Helm et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 157002 (2009).
[2] J. Chang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 177006 (2009).
[3] P.M. Shirage et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 222501 (2008).
[4] S. Shimizu et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 78, 064705 (2009).
[5] H. Mukuda et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 124706 (2008).



S-O-014

The pseudogap phase of ultracold fermi atoms: Quantitative comparison between theory and
experiment and connections with underdoped cuprates

A. PERALI

Universita` di Camerino, Dipartimento di Fisica, I-62032 Camerino, ITALY
andrea.perali@unicam.it


The microscopic origin of the pseudogap phase observed in underdoped high-temperature
cuprate superconductors has long being a central issue in both theoretical and experimental
investigations. As the origin of the pseudogap opening remains unclear, one possible candidate is the
occurrence of strong pairing fluctuations above the critical temperature T
c
. It is therefore relevant to
clarify whether pairing fluctuations alone could unambiguously lead to the existence of a pseudogap
above T
c
. Ultracold Fermi atoms appear as ideal system for the purpose, being free of structural
complications of cuprate superconductors and where only pairing fluctuations are present, with the
possibility of tuning the inter-particle coupling. We present here momentum resolved RF spectroscopy
data for couplings close to resonance at Tc, obtained at JILA by the Jin's group and analyzed by us
using a t-matrix approach to pairing fluctuations in the normal state. The good agreement that results
from this combined experimental and theoretical analysis confirms the occurrence of a pseudogap
phase at and above T
c
in a range of couplings close to resonance, and evidences remnants of a Fermi-
liquid behavior in these strongly non-Fermi-liquid systems in which only pairing fluctuations are
active. Our results, therefore, leaves further open the possibility that the pseudogap found in
underdoped cuprate superconductors might have a similar origin.

























S-O-015

Investigation of the transport properties of coated conductors and comparison to that of YBCO
films deposited on single crystal substrates

P. BERNSTEIN
1
, Y. THIMONT
1
and C. MCLOUGHLIN
1,2


1
CRISMAT (UMR-CNRS 6508) -ENSICAEN and Université de Caen-Basse Normandie, Boulevard du Maréchal Juin
F14050 Caen cedex, FRANCE
2
National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology, School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin,
Dublin 9, IRELAND
pierre.bernstein@ensicaen.fr


The existence of non-superconducting zones in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
(YBCO) films below the
transition temperature to the non-resistive state can limit the performances of YBCO devices,
especially of coated conductors for power transportation. In this work, we present detailed
measurements of the temperature dependence of the surface critical current density of commercial
YBCO coated conductors, that we compare to measurements carried out by other authors [1] on the
same type of samples and to measurements carried out on films deposited on SrTiO
3
single crystal
substrates. The main results obtained can be summarised as follows:
i) The investigated coated conductors, whoever the manufacturer and the fabrication process,
show the same maximum critical current density at low temperature. The same conclusion applies to
films deposited on single crystals, but the maximum critical current density of these films is about
twice as large as that of the coated conductors.
ii) The superconducting thickness of the samples, d
s,
can be different from d
d
, their deposited
thickness. In the case of the films deposited on SrTiO
3
single crystals, the ratio
d
s
d
d
can be related to
the substrate temperature during deposition.
iii) For both types of samples, the superconducting critical temperature, T
c
, is modulated and
shows steps along the c-axis of the sample (see Fig.1). In most of the measured coated
superconductors, the width of the high T
c
step is equal to about
2
d
s
. The 200-350 A/cm surface current
density measured at 77K on the coated conductors is due to this part of the films only. The possible
improvement of the performances of the YBCO devices suggested by these results will be discussed.


0 200 400 600 800 1000
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
S
U
B
S
T
R
A
T
E


T
c
(
K
)
z(nm)
American Superconductor



Figure1. Critical temperature distribution along
the thickness of a coated conductor


[
1] A. O. Ijaduola, J. R. Thompson, R. Feenstra,
D. K. Christen, A. A. Gapud and X. Song,
Phys.Rev.B 73, 134502 (2006).



S-O-017

Effect of heat treatments and Zr doped on superconducting properties of Bi
1.6
Pb
0.4
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
o

ceramics

H. AZHAN, R. F. FARIESHA and S. KHALIDA

Faculty of Applied Sciences
Universiti Teknologi Mara
Lintasan Semarak, 26400 Bandar Jengka
Pahang, Malaysia
dazhan@pahang.uitm.edu.my


The effects of heat treatments and the role of Zr have been studied using x-ray diffraction
(XRD) method, resistance measurement technique and FESEM equipment for the structural
identification, determination of critical temperature, T
c
and morphologies characteristics respectively.
Generally, all samples displayed a normal metallic behavior above T
conset
. The values of T
c
(R=0)
have
been found to decrease as Zr concentration increases. Heat treatments at 830
o
C and 860
o
C however
have increased the critical temperature, T
c
and elongates the c-lattice for samples x = 0.15 and x =
0.20. The volume of 2223-phase ratio on 2212-phase has decreased gradually towards Zr
concentration. However for samples x = 0.15 and x = 0.20, the ratio of 2223-phase were improved
after applying heat treatment processes. The crystallographic structure remains in tetragonal form
where a = b = c. A few Zr is still exist in sample x = 0.15 and x = 0.20 although after sintering and heat
treated at 830
o
C implies that the excess Zr cannot incorporated into crystalline structure of BSCCO
system. After heat treatment process at 860
o
C, all these Zr peaks suddenly disappeared and hence
improved the volume of 2223 phase. The c-parameter that contributes to the superconducting
properties has shortened obviously in sample x = 0.15 and x = 0.20 and therefore contracted the
volume of cell unit.























S-O-019

Ag
5
Pb
2
O
6
/CuO composite, an approach to ambient temperature superconductivity

D. DJUREK

Alessandro Volta Applied Ceramics (AVAC), 10 000 Zagreb, Kesten brijeg 5, Croatia
danijel.djurek@zg.t-com.hr


Byström-Evers compound Ag
5
Pb
2
O
6
[1] is highly conducting oxide metal, prepared from the
components Ag
2
O

and PbO
2
fired in 300 bar O
2
atmosphere and 350 °C. Compound was then milled,
and particles of the size 11-300 nm were dispersed in powdered CuO matrix. Pellets of a given density
exhibit peculiar electric and magnetic properties. For low concentrations (< 40 w/w percents) material
is semiconductor or insulator, while for concentrations > 50 w/w percents composite is metallic, down
to liquid helium temperatures.
Intermediate concentrations exhibit properties characteristic for superconductors with transition
temperatures 178 < T
c
< 350 K, depending on the size of dissolved metallic particles and their mutual
distance. Magnetic data support a presumption of the novel superconducting material.
By a careful increase of the concentration samples are prepared crossing from the semiconducting to
SC state with the onset temperature 178 K. For temperatures T > 178 K electric resistivity obeys the
temperature dependence ~ exp (oT
–1/2
) up to 800 K, which sounds for the possibility of one
dimensional conduction mechanism [2] that assists appearance of the SC state. Low dimensionality
could be introduced by a phonon assisted tunnelling between the grains.

[1] A. Byström and L. Evers, Acta Chem. Scand. 4, 613 (1950).
[2] N. Mott, Phil. Mag. 19, 835 (1969).
























S-O-020

High-T
c
superconductivity mechanism controlled by electric dipole correlation and charge
correlation

T. GUERFI

Department of Physics, M'hamed bougara University, Boumerdes 35000, Algeria
tarek.guerfi@gmail.com


It is well known that the properties of high-temperature superconductors HTSC vary in an
unusual way when a moderate density of holes is introduced into the material by chemical doping.
Correlations show the parent undoped compound to be Mott insulator and, upon doping the
underdoped compounds displays unusual metallic behaviour with increasing T
c
. Doping beyond the
optimal level yields normal metals with Fermi liquid behaviour and with decreasing T
c
. This is one of
the reasons why, despite large experimental and theoretical efforts, the nature of superconductivity in
these materials remains unexplained.
Superconductivity is of course a quantum phenomenon. However, classical arguments can shed
important light into the fundamental physics of superconductors. In the sense of Bohr‘s
correspondence principle, one can argue that the macroscopic quantum manifestations of
superconductivity should be also understandable from a classical point of view. In this paper, a new
approach explaining the phenomenon of superconductivity, straightforwardly based on Coulombic
framework interaction without invoking phonons, and leading to a unified description of low and high
T
c
superconductivity, with a point of view differing from that of BCS theory, is presented. The model
is based on parity and time broken symmetries phase transition leading to a particle antiparticle
condensation. It is strongly argued that high-temperature superconductors transform to an anti-
ferroelectric state (long range order) prior to the onset of superconductivity, whereas in conventional
materials, the material‘s crystal structure symmetry is the key to understand the mechanism of pairing
by introducing a mirror plane polarization effect in the lattice. This effect is responsible for strong
coupling and of two dimensionality aspect of HTSC.




















S-O-021

Transport ac Loss Measurements and Simulations in Bi-2223/Ag Tape with Ni-Cover at the
Edges

Ö. ÆİÆEK
1,2
, F. GÖMÖRY
1
and A. GENCER
2


1
Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 842 39, Bratislava, Slovakia
2
Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, Tandogan, 06100, Ankara, Turkey
ozlemthecicek@gmail.com

Measurements on Bi-2223 multifilamentary tapes covered on edges by nickel showed a substantial ac
loss reduction [1] and an increasement in the critical current of the tape. Samples prepared by Ni
deposition on commercial Bi-2223 tape with different cover properties. After measuring the critical
current and the transport ac loss of the tapes, cross-section photos of these tapes are taken. According
to these photos, the properties of nickel cover determined. These geometrical properties used in the
calculations for simulations. Measurements on the samples with the different thickness of Ni layer
shows; with increasing thickness the transport ac loss of the wire is decreasing except in the region less
than 40A. In this region because of the contribution of the Ni (ferromagnetic) cover, transport ac loss
of the Ni-covered tapes are larger than the bare one. Our calculations according to the method which is
detailed in [1], shows a good agreement with the measurements and the potential distribution of
current in the wire is plotted.



[1] Gömöry F, Vojenciak M, Pardo E and Souc J 2009 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22 034017

























S-O-022

Coinciding metal-insulator and superconductor-insulator transition in homogenously disordered
3D-NbN films

MINTU MONDAL
1
,

MADHAVI CHAND
1
, ANAND KAMLAPURE
1
, JOHN JESUDASAN
1
,
VIVAS C. BAGWE
1
, ARCHANA MISHRA
1, 2
, S. P. PAI
1
, VIKRAM TRIPATHI
3
and
PRATAP RAYCHAUDHURI
1


1
Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha
Road, Mumbai 400005, India
2
Institute Instrumentation Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
3
Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005, India
mondal@tifr.res.in


We present the evolution of superconductivity in epitaxial homogeneously disordered 3D-NbN
films down to the Metal-Insulator transition. The Ioffe-Regel parameter calculated from the resistivity
measured using standard 4-probe techniques and Hall coefficient measured using standard Hall bar
geometry, varies between k
F
l~1-10. The effective disorder is tuned by controlling the deposition
parameter. The superconducting energy gap (A) and magnetic penetration depth (ì) are measured
using planar tunnel junction and standard ―Two Coils Mutual Inductance‖ techniques respectively.
As we approach towards metal-insulator transition, the superconducting transition temperature
(T
c
) decreases and we observe a coinciding metal-insulator and superconductor-insulator transition at
k
F
l~1. In the lower disorder limit superconducting energy gap (A) and magnetic penetration depth (ì)
follows BCS behavior. However, as we approach the metal-insulator transition, the superconductivity
is characterized by suppression of coherence peaks in the differential conductance spectra of planar
tunnel junctions and a linear temperature dependence of superfluid density (n
s
·ì
-2
). Our results
indicate that close to the quantum critical point the elementary excitations are different than that of a
conventional superconductor.




[1] S. P. Chockalingam, M. Chand, J. Jesudasan, V. Tripathi, and P. Raychaudhuri, Phys. Rev. B 77,
214503 (2008).
[2] S. P. Chockalingam, Madhavi Chand, Anand Kamlapure, John Jesudasan, Archana Mishra,Vikram
Tripathi, and Pratap Raychaudhuri1, Phys. Rev. B 79, 094509 (2009).
[3] Madhavi Chand, Archana Mishra, Y. M. Xiong, Anand Kamlapure, S. P. Chockalingam, John
Jesudasan, Vivas Bagwe, Mintu Mondal, P. W. Adams, Vikram Tripathi, and Pratap Raychaudhuri,
Phys. Rev. B 80, 134514 (2009).










S-O-023

AC losses in multilayered Bi
1.8
Pb
0.4
Ca
2.2
Sr
2
Cu
3
O
x
/Ag superconductor

M. AKDOGAN, A. VARILCI, C. TERZIOGLU and I. BELENLI

Department of Physics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu, Turkey
akdogan_m@ibu.edu.tr


We have investigated the effect of field amplitude and orientation of the field on AC losses in
Bi
1.8
Pb
0.4
Ca
2.2
Sr
2
Cu
3
O
x
/Ag superconductor with 2, 4 and 8 layers. These measurements performed
using a handmade ac susceptometer. The susceptibility measurements were carried out for ac field
amplitudes of 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 A/m with the frequency of 1 kHz and no dc part. The
critical temperatures were estimated from the temperature dependence of the ac susceptibility curves.
We have also employed X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectrum and scanning electron
microscopy techniques to investigate the effect of Ag layers between the Bi
1.8
Pb
0.4
Ca
2.2
Sr
2
Cu
3
O
x

superconductors on structural properties. The experimental results show that the ac losses depend on
field amplitude, temperature and orientation of the field.
































S-O-024

Light induced evaporation and subsequent condensation of superconducting condensate in
cuprates

PRIMOŢ KUŠAR, TOMAŢ MERTELJ, LJUPKA STOJŢEVSKA and DRAGAN MIHAILOVIŢ


Department of Complex Matter, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
primoz.kusar@ijs.si


Ultrafast optical spectroscopy has been intensively used for studying conducting electron
relaxation for more than a decade. With the pump-probe technique the relaxation rates of fast
processes have been studied. It has been shown that small superconducting energy gap and the
biparticle nature of superconducting bosons (Cooper pairs) must be taken into account to model the
temperature and excitation fluence behavior of the relaxation.
Recently we used the method to measure the absorbed light energy needed for destruction of
superconducting condensate in La
2-x
Sr
x
uO
4
. The energy required to destroy the superconducting state
is 2.0±0.8 and 2.6±1.0 K/Cu for x = 0.1 and 0.15, respectively. This is significantly larger than the
thermodynamic condensation energy density, indicating that the quasiparticles share a large amount of
energy with the boson glue bath within a few picoseconds. With detailed study of the possible
relaxation pathways through spin and lattice system on the relevant time scale of 10
-12
s, the
experiments appear to show that phonons must accept most of the energy.
We additionally performed measurements on other high temperature cuprate superconductors.
The optical evaporation energy was found to be proportional to square of the critical temperature and
is more than 10 times greater than the condensation energy extracted from specific heat measurements
making the previous conclusions more general.
We also used a three pulse pump probe experiment with one pulse used to destruct/evaporate
superconducting condensate and the remaining two to observe the relaxation back to the
superconducting state. This method gives a more detailed insight in the condensation process and
enabled us to monitor the heating effects in our experiments.




















S-O-025

Numerical analysis of bulk superconductors magnetized by thermally actuated periodical
magnetic waves

Q. LI, C. RAWLINGS and T. A. COOMBS

Electrical Division,Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge,Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1PZ, UK
ql229@cam.ac.uk


High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) bulks, such as YBCO bulks, have the potential to trap
extremely high magnetic flux densities. Therefore, HTS bulks have been broadly applied as strong field magnets
[1]. According to the Bean model, a strong magnetic field, twice as high as the critical magnetic field H
C
, is
needed to fully magnetize superconductors, which is called the full penetration field. Hence, for conventional
magnetization methods, strong magnetic pulses are generated as the source in order to increase the magnetic
flux density trapped by HTS bulks [2]. The devices used to generate these pulses are usually solenoid coils,
which are big in size, high in cost and high in energy consumption. To avoid this problem, it is desirable to
make the magnetic field applied to HTS bulks as small as possible.
In this paper, a detailed numerical analysis of a YBCO bulk superconductor magnetized by the Thermally
Actuated Superconductor Magnetization System (TASMS) [3] is presented. Instead of using strong applied
pulses, the TASMS uses a rare-earth bulk magnet to magnetize a YBCO bulk. The rare-earth bulk magnet,
together with a Gadolinium (Gd) bulk and a heating/cooling switch system, composes a thermally actuated
magnet, which is developed to generate periodical magnetic waves. The magnetic waves travel from the
periphery to the center of the YBCO bulk and get trapped little by little, as shown in Figure 1. In this way, the
YBCO bulk can be gradually magnetized. Experimental results show that, after a number of magnetic waves, a
notable accumulation of magnetic flux density in the YBCO bulk can be achieved, which proves the possibility
of magnetizing bulk superconductors using multiple magnetic pumps and has the potential to produce strong
superconducting magnets.
Firstly, the details of the thermal actuated magnet are described. Modelling of the thermal actuated
magnet was carried out with COMSOL software and the simulation results are analyzed. Following this, a
model of the YBCO bulk under the periodical magnetic waves is built in MATLAB. A clear process of the
accumulation of magnetic flux trapped by the YBCO bulk is presented and a detailed analysis is completed.


Figure 1. Periodical magnetic waves, which are generated by the thermally actuated magnet, travel from the
periphery to the center of the YBCO bulk.

[1] T. Kiyoshi, S. Choi, S. Matsumoto, T. Asano and D. Uglietti, ―Magnetic Flux Concentrator Using Gd-Ba-
Cu-O Bulk Superconductors,‖ IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., vol. 19, pp. 2174-2177, Jun. 2009.
[2] G. P. Lousberg, J-F Fagnard, E. Haanappel, X. Chaud, M. Ausloos, B. Vanderheyden and Ph.
Vanderbemden, ―Pulsed-field magnetization of drilled bulk high-temperature superconductors: flux front
propagation in the volume and on the surface,‖ Supercond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, 125026, 2009.
[3] Q. Li, Y. Yan, C. Rawlings, T. A. Coombs, ―Magnetization of Bulk Superconductors Using Thermally
Actuated Magnetic Waves,‖ IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., being published.



S-O-026

Behaviour of superconducting properties of Al doped TSMG YBCO bulk superconductors after
different oxygenation process

V. ANTAL
1,2
, K. ZMORAYOVÁ
1
, M. KAŇUCHOVÁ
1
, M. ŠEFŢIKOVÁ
1
, J. KOVÁŢ
1
,
V. KAVEŢANSKÝ
1
, P. DIKO
1
, M. EISTERER
2
, H.W. WEBER
2
and X. CHAUD
3


1
Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 04001 Košice, Slovakia
2
Vienna University of Technology, Atominstitut, Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria
3
CNRS/CRETA, 25, Avenue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
antal@saske.sk


Effective nanosized pinning centres were created in TSMG YBCO bulk superconductors by
introduce of Al atoms which substitute Cu atoms in CuO chains. The influence of different
thermochemical treatments on the superconducting properties of Al doped TSMG YBCO bulk
superconductors were studied. Three oxygenation processes, such as standard oxygenation (SO), high
– pressure oxygenation (HPO) and preannealing in argon, were used. A significant increase of the
critical current density was observed by a factor of 3 in Al doped samples after HPO compared to
samples subjected to SO. Completely different pinning behaviour and microstructural properties were
observed in the samples after preannealing in argon in comparison to SO and HPO.






























S-O-028

High temperature insulation systems for bulk applications of superconductors

Y.S. HASCICEK

Turksat AS, Konya Yolu 40. Km Golbasi-Ankara, Turkey
IEMM, Innovative Environmental Magnets and Materials Inc. 314 White Dr. Tallahassee,
Florida 32304, USA
UN-SPIDER, Langer Eugen UN Campus, Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, D-53113 Bonn, Germany
fairtradeysh@gmail.com


Almost all of the superconductor applications which use superconductors as conductors, require
good insulating systems. Except very few superconductors, most are brittle, and in a lot of applications
necessitate the Wind-and-React (W&R) process. Superconducting conductor is insulated, put into final
form (eg: wound into coil etc.) and then reacted, heat treated at appropriate temperatures depending on
the superconductor type. Then the gadget (eg: coil, reactor, transformer etc) is cured with minimal
handling.
Therefore high temperature, robust, thin enough insulating coatings had been in great demand
for a very long time. We have developed a thin, oxide, easy to apply insulation coating systems by
using chemical solution coating process. These insulation systems, their microstructural and electrical
characterizations, and examples of their uses in various applications will be presented.






























S-O-030

Microwave measurements in the model high-T
c
material HgBa
2
CuO
4+δ
: Discriminating between
superconducting fluctuations and pseudogap effects

N. BARIŠIŠ
1,2
, M. S. GRBIŠ
3
, A. DULŢIŠ
3
, I. KUPŢIŠ
3
, Y. LI
4
, X. ZHAO
1,5
, G. YU
4
,
M. DRESSEL
2
, M. GREVEN
6,7
and M. POŢEK
3


1
1. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford, California 94309, USA
3
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, P.O. Box 331, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia
4
Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
5
State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, 2699
Qianjin Street, Changchun 130012, People's Republic of China
6
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
7
Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
barisic@pi1.physik.uni-stuttgart.de


Superconducting fluctuations belong to fundamental properties of high-T
c
superconductors.
They precede the superconducting long range order and carry important information about the
dimensionality of the superconducting phase. Although studied by various experimental techniques the
highest temperature at which the superconducting fluctuations can be observed, is not yet
unambiguously determined. Consequently, its relation with the pseudogap temperature T* and thus the
connection between T* and T
c
is not yet understood. Moreover, it has been recently shown that the
Nernst effect, considered a pivotal experiment for the determination of the fluctuation regime, should
be interpreted with care. Thus, an alternative experimental verification of the SC fluctuation regime is
desirable. We are proposing a novel approach to microwave conductivity measurements to elucidate
the phase diagram of high-T
c
cuprates. Measurements are performed on HgBa
2
CuO
4+δ
which is
considered to be a model high-Tc material due to its high-symmetry tetragonal crystal structure,
relatively simple unit cell with a small number of atoms, its record superconducting transition
temperature among all single Cu-O layer materials, and its property of confining chemical disorder to
the Hg-O layers which are relatively far away from the pivotal superconducting Cu-O layers. By
magnetic susceptibility and resistivity measurements we demonstrate the very high-quality nature of
the studied crystals [1]. The microwave loss measurements [1/(2Q)] were made in an
e
TE
112
resonant
mode (13.1 GHz) of an elliptic copper cavity, using a resonant method. From a set of the single c-axis
data for a sample close to optimal doping we can clearly discern the opening of the pseudogap at
T*=185 (15) K, the appearance of the superconducting fluctuations at a much lower temperature
T'=105 (2) K, and the full transition to the superconducting state at the critical temperature T
c
=94.3 K.
Thus, with the presently acquired high sensitivity we establish that the superconducting fluctuations
extend only to about 10 K above T
c
. By applying a uniform magnetic field, we demonstrate that T‘ is
associated with the SC fluctuations. This is consistent with the notion that the onset of SC fluctuations
is distinct from the pseudogap phenomenon [2].


[1] N. Barišiš, Y. Li, X. Zhao, Y.-C. Cho, G. Chabot-Couture, G. Yu, and M. Greven Phys. Rev. B 78,
054518 (2008).
[2] M. S. Grbiš, N. Barišiš, A. Dulţiš, I. Kupţiš, Y. Li, X. Zhao, G. Yu, M. Dressel, M. Greven, and
M. Poţek, Phys. Rev. B 80, 094511 (2009).



S-O-032

Superconducting behavior of interfaces in graphite: Transport measurements of micro-
constrictions

S. DUSARI, J. BARZOLA-QUIQUIA and P. ESQUINAZI

Division of Superconductivity and Magnetism, University of Leipzig, D-04013 Leipzig, GERMANY
esquin@physik.uni-leipzig.de


The possibility of having granular superconductivity in graphite has been discussed recently
based on magnetization data obtained in bulk [1] as well as transport results in nanometer thin
mesoscopic graphite samples [2,3]. It has been found that this superconducting-like behavior appears
to be related to internal interfaces between crystalline regions inside oriented samples [4], an effect
similar to that found in the semi-metal Bi [5], a twin of graphite. The possible reason for triggering
superconductivity at temperatures T > 10K at the interfaces appears to be related to the increase in
carrier density of the graphene sheets due to disorder and/or hydrogen influence [6].
However, due to the granular nature of the superconductivity, transport measurements directly
at or of a single interface or superconducting ―grain‖ is extraordinarily tough [3]. In this study we used
a novel approach based on high-resolution measurement of the resistance of micro-constrictions
prepared in tens of nanometers thick graphite samples. These constrictions have been done using a
focused ion beam on graphite samples previously covered with a 300 nm thick resin in order to avoid
any change in the intrinsic properties of the sample during the cutting procedure.
We have measured clear hysteresis loops in the magneto-resistance as a function of magnetic
field applied perpendicular to the graphene planes. These loops are anomalous and reflect the behavior
expected for granular superconductivity [2,7]. Due to the localization of the current path through the
interface regions, an increase in the sensitivity of the measured voltage drop to the superconducting
effects is achieved. We observed that the smaller the constriction width the clearer the hysteresis in the
magneto-resistance observed up to temperatures T~50K, the temperature where the resistance vs.
temperature shows a maximum. The overall results support the existence of superconductivity at high
temperatures in internal regions of oriented graphite. They also indicate that the metal-like behavior of
the resistivity in oriented bulk graphite sample is not intrinsic and not related to the commonly
assumed scattering of conduction electrons with phonons.




[1] Y. Kopelevich and P. Esquinazi, J. Low Temp. Phys. 146, 629 (2007).
[2] P. Esquinazi et al, Phys. Rev. B 78, 134516 (2008).
[3] J. Barzola-Quiquia and P. Esquinazi, J Supercond Nov Magn DOI: 10.1007/s10948-009-0596-0
[4] J. Barzola-Quiquia et al., phys. stat. sol. (a) 205, 2924 (2008).
[5] F. M. Muntyanu et al., Solid State Commun. 147, 183 (2008) and Refs. therein.
[6] N. García and P. Esquinazi, J Supercond Nov Magn 22, 439 (2009).
[7] J. Li et al., Phys. Rev. B 47, 470 (1993).






S-O-033

NMR study of magnetically-ordered state and spatially-modulated superconducting gap in
CeCoIn
5


K. KUMAGAI
1
, H. SHISHIDO
2
and Y. MATSUDA
2


1
Division of Physics, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, JAPAN
2
Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
kumagai@phys.sci.hokudai.ac.jp


A heavy-fermion superconductor, CeCoIn
5
, is believed to host a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-
Ovchinnkov (FFLO) [1] state at a restricted region at high field and at very low temperature. [2] This
compound is also located near at the field induced quantum critical point. Recent NMR [3] and
neutron scattering [4] studies discover an anomalous modulated magnetic order within the novel
superconducting phase. We direct our attention to NMR measurement in order to clarify a puzzling
interplay between novel superconducting state and modulated magnetism of CeCoIn
5
.
NMR of the In(1), In(2) and Co site in the direction of both H//a and H//c-axis have been
measured in the low temperature range down to 40mK. In the case of H//a-axis, NMR spectra change
dramatically below T(H
c
) in all the sites upon entering the novel SC state. The most striking future is
that a well-separated peak structure and characteristic broadening of the spectra of the In(2) site are
observed only in the novel superconducting phase. The experimental fact indicates an appearance of
finite hyperfine fields coupled to magnetically-ordered Ce moments. The magnetic ordering is never
observed in the normal state and also in the BCS superconducting phase. Based on our detail magnetic
and temperature dependences of the NMR results, we will discuss a possible magnetic structure
coupled inhomogeneous superconducting order parameter expected in the FFLO phase.
In the case of H//c-axis, well-separated peaks of the NMR spectra are observed at the Knight
shift positions expected for the normal and superconducting state for 4.75T<H<4.95T, suggesting the
appearance of a nordal plane structure as expected for the FFLO phase. However, apparent magnetic
ordering is not confirmed down to the lowest temperature (~40mK), different from the case for H//a-
axis.
We obtain also the temperature and field dependences of the Knight shift in the
superconducting state, and will discuss strong Pauli paramagnetic effects on the spatial distribution of
the spin susceptibility in the vortex state of CeCoIn
5
.




[1] P. Fulde, R.A. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. 135 (1964) A550, and A. I. Larkin and Y.N. Ovchinnikov, Sov.
Phys. JETP 20, 762 (1965).
[2] A. Bianchi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 187004 (2003).
[3] B. L.Young et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 036402 (2007).
[4] M. Kenzelmann et al., Science 321, 1161818 (2008).




S-O-035

Effect of f electron excitations in heavy fermion and unconventional superconductors

P. THALMEIER
1
, A. AKBARI
2
, I. EREMIN
2
and P. FULDE
2


1
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, 01187 Dresden, GERMANY
2
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, 01187 Dresden, GERMANY
thalm@cpfs.mpg.de


The low energy spin fluctuations and crystalline electric field (CEF) excitations of f electrons
play a double role in many unconventional or anisotropic superconductors. They may act as a glue for
the formation of Cooper pairs and simultaneously as a probe to investigate the symmetry of the order
parameter. The former has been found in the skutterudite heavy fermion compound PrOs
4
Sb
12
where a
singlet-triplet CEF excitation contributes to the pair formation and enhances Tc with respect to the La
homologue. The symmetry probing may be achieved by investigating the superconducting feedback
effect below Tc on the dynamical magnetic response. Interaction of quasiparticles may lead to the
formation of a spin exciton around wave vector Q and within the superconducting gap if the order
parameter fulfils A(k+Q)=-A(k). Striking feedback resonance effects were found in Ce- and U- heavy
fermion superconductors [1] like CeCoIn
5
and UPd
2
Al
3
as well as Ce-based Fe-pnictides [2]. These
observations are both intriguing many body effects and give a powerful tool to identify the symmetry
of the superconducting gap function.




[1] I. Eremin, G. Zwicknagl, P. Thalmeier and P. Fulde, Phys. Rev Lett. 101, 187001 (2008).
[2] A. Akbari, I. Eremin, P. Thalmeier and P. Fulde, Phys. Rev. B 80, 100504(R) (2009).






















S-O-036

Coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism

P. SINGH

Physics Department, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, P. O. Box 1176 ETHIOPIA
psinghgbpup@yahoo.com


An overview of the problem of the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in
Uranium based superconductors such as UGe
2
, URhGe, UIr
2
, UCoGe and ZrZn
2
will be briefly
presented. Starting with a pairing Hamiltonian with equal spin superconducting triplet pairs and using
quantum field theory Green function formalism the coexistant ferromagnetic order with
superconductivity will be shown to be a very distinct and real possibility. The singlet
superconductivity coexisting with ferromagnetism in these systems is against the experimental
observations [1,2]. It will be argued that the superconductivity can be destroyed at two points as a
result of magnetic fields both intrinsic and/or extrinsic and thus establishing re-entrant
superconductivity as observed most recently in URhGe [3]. In the absence of consensus on the
mechanism the same is not highlighted [4,5] although magnetic fluctuations emanating from a
quantum critical point could provide the pairing [6]. The limitations of the model will also be
discussed.




[1] H. Suhl Phys. Rev. Lett.87. 167007 (2001).
[2] A. A. Abrikosov J. Phys. Conden.13, 943 (2001).
[3] K. P. Sinha and P. Singh J. Low Temp. Phys. 37, 389 (1979).
[4] P. Singh and K . P. Sinha J. Sol. Stat. Commun.73, 45 (1990).
[5] K. Sarita and P. Singh J. Physica Stat. Solidi 277b, 699 (2007).
[6] F. Levy et al., J. Phys. Cond. Matter 21,16421 (2009).



















S-O-037

New challenging negative-U centers approach to transport properties problem of High-T
c

cuprates

S.V. BARYSHEV
1
, A.I. KAPUSTIN
2
, K.D. TSENDIN
1
, F.YU. SOLDATENKOV
1
and
A.V. BOBYL
1


1
Ioffe Institute, St. Petersburg, RUSSIA
2
Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University, Saint-Petersburg, RUSSIA
kapustinalex@yandex.ru


One of the ways to describe properties of HTS cuprates is negative-U centres (NUC) model [1].
In the present work, at various x values, normal phase temperature dependence (T -dependence) of
Hall coefficient for YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7−x
[2] and La
2−x
Sr
x
CuO
4
[3] films was described in the framework of
NUC model. Model parameters were received for each x : effective mass of charge carriers m (several
tens of free electron mass), NUC concentration (~10
21
-10
22
1/cm3), Δ value - energy distance between
Fermi level and the top of valence band (|Δ | ~ 100 K), and T -dependence of chemical potential.
Obtained data coupled with proposition that main contribution to carriers scattering is due to acoustic
phonons [4] were used to describe T-dependencies of resistivity of the HTS films. The results of model
calculation suggest that
(i) NUCs are the base units of HTS cuprate materials rather than crystal lattice defects;
(ii) NUC charge states D+,0,− correspond to states Cu3+,2+,+ of copper ions in local
environment of oxygen and cations [5];
(iii) it describe temperature dependences of Hall coefficient and resistivity self-congruent;
(iv) changing of conductivity type (from metallic to semiconducting) is due to changing
of Δ.




[1] Tsendin K.D. et al. SUST 16 , 80 (2003).
[2] Jones E.C. et al. PRB47 , 8986 (1993).
[3] Suzuki M. PRB 39 , 2312 (1989).
[4] Micnas R. et al. PRB 36 , 4051 (1987).
[5]Possible structure of NUC is widely discussed, but mainly the authors concur as we‘ve done in (ii)
(see e.g. Mitsen K.V. et al. Physics-Uspekhi 47, 493 (2004).














S-O-038

Lattice dynamical and electronical properties of superconductor SrNi
2
As
2
from first principles

C. PARLAK and R. ERYIGIT

Department of Physics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu, TURKEY
Parlak_c@ibu.edu.tr


The recent discovery of superconductivity in family of FeAs based compounds has opened an
intensive research interest for high-T
c
noncuprate superconductors with possibly different
superconductivity mechanism. After iron-pnictides, a large number of similarly structured materials
have been investigated and found to be superconducting. We have investigated the properties of
recently reported "122 phases" superconductor SrNi
2
As
2
using first-principles calculations. The
calculations have been carried out within the local density functional approximation (LDA) using
norm-conserving pseudopotentials and a plane-wave basis. Full phonon dispersions and electron-
phonon interaction parameters are calculated using density functional perturbation theory. The band
structure, total and partial densities of states and Fermi surface topology for SrNi
2
As
2
are discussed.
































S-O-039

Energy and temperature dependence of spin fluctuations in electron-doped iron arsenide
superconductors

D.S. INOSOV
1
, J. T. PARK
1
, P. BOURGES
2
, D.L. SUN
1
, Y. SIDIS
2
, A. SCHNEIDEWIND
3, 4
,
K. HRADIL
5, 4
, D. HAUG
1
, C. T. LIN
1
, B. KEIMER
1
and V. HINKOV
1


1
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstraße 1, 70569 Stuttgart, GERMANY
2
Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, FRANCE
3
Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Dresden, D-01062 Dresden, GERMANY
4
Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM-II), TU München, D-85747 Garching, GERMANY
5
Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, GERMANY
d.inosov@fkf.mpg.de


The proximity of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the phase diagram of iron
arsenides, the apparently weak electron-phonon coupling and the ―resonance peak‖ in the
superconducting spin excitation spectrum have fostered the hypothesis of magnetically mediated
Cooper pairing. However, since most theories of superconductivity are based on a pairing boson of
sufficient spectral weight in the normal state, detailed knowledge of the spin excitation spectrum above
the superconducting transition temperature Tc is required to assess the viability of this hypothesis.
Using inelastic neutron scattering we have studied the spin excitations in optimally doped
BaFe1.85Co0.15As2 (Tc = 25 K) over a wide range of temperatures and energies [1]. We present the
results in absolute units and find that the normal state spectrum carries a weight comparable to
underdoped cuprates. In contrast to cuprates, however, the spectrum agrees well with predictions of the
theory of nearly antiferromagnetic metals [2], without complications arising from a pseudogap or
competing incommensurate spin-modulated phases. We also show that the temperature evolution of
the resonance energy follows the superconducting energy gap, as expected from conventional Fermi-
liquid approaches. Our observations point to a surprisingly simple theoretical description of the spin
dynamics in the iron arsenides and provide a solid foundation for models of magnetically mediated
superconductivity.




[1] Inosov D S, Park J T, Bourges P, Sun D L, Sidis Y, Schneidewind A, Hradil K, Haug D, Lin C T,
Keimer B and Hinkov V, arXiv:0907.3632 (2009), to be published in Nature Phys.
[2] Moriya T, Spin Fluctuations in Itinerant Electron Magnetism (Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg,
1985).












S-O-040

Predictions of multiband strong-coupling Eliashberg theory compared with experimental
Andrev reflection data in iron pnictides

G.A. UMMARINO, D. DAGHERO, M. TORTELLO and R.S. GONNELLI

Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino and CNISM, 10129 Torino, ITALY
giovanni.ummarino@infm.polito.it


The experimental critical temperatures and the gap values of the superconducting materials
LaFeAsO
1-x
F
x
, SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
and Ba
1-x
K
x
Fe
2
As
2
, which are exponent of the most important families
(1111 and 122) of iron pnictides, can be reproduced by a s-wave three-band Eliashberg model.
According to the most widely accepted theoretical proposals for the coupling mechanism in pnictides,
in this model the dominant role is played by interband interactions and the order parameter undergoes
a sign reversal between hole and electron bands (s±-wave symmetry) [1]. The values of all the gaps
(and their temperature dependence as determined by point-contact Andreev reflection experiments
[2,3]) can be obtained by using high values of the electron-boson coupling constants and small typical
boson energies (in agreement with neutron diffraction experiments). The upper critical field, the
penetration depth and other physical quantities can be calculated as well and compared to experimental
data. Finally, the energy-dependent gap functions Δ
i
(ω,T), obtained by solving the three-band
Eliashberg equations, can be inserted in the Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk model [4] to calculate the
Andreev-reflection spectra to be compared with experimental point-contact results.




[1] G.A. Ummarino, M. Tortello, D. Daghero and R.S. Gonnelli, Phys. Rev. B. 80, 172503 (2009);
G.A. Ummarino, Advances in Condensed Matter Physics. 2010, 1 (2009).
[2] R. S. Gonnelli et al., Phys. Rev. B 79, 184526 (2009).
[3] D. Daghero et al., Phys. Rev. B 80, 060502(R) (2009).
[4] G. E. Blonder, M. Tinkham and T. M. Klapwijk, Phys. Rev. B 25, 4515 (1982).


















S-O-042

First observation of well-ordered vortex lattice in non-doped KFe
2
As
2
superconductor by SANS
technique

H. KAWANO-FURUKAWA
1
, C. J. BOWELL
2
, E. M. FORGAN
3
, A. CAMERON
3
, R. W. HESLOP
3
,
K. KIHOU
4,5
, C. H. LEE
4,5
, A. IYO
4,5
, H. EISAKI
4,5
, T. SAITO
6
, H. FUKAZAWA
5,6
, Y. KOHORI
5,6

and R. CUBITT
7

1
Division of Natural/Applied Science, G.S.H.S., Ochanomizu University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, JAPAN
2
Dep. of Materials Science and Metallurgy, Univ. of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, UK
3
School of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
4
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562, JAPAN
5
JST, TRIP, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075, JAPAN
6
Dep. of Physics, Chiba Univ., Chiba 263-8522, JAPAN
7
Institut Laue-Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble, FRANCE
furukawa.hazuki@ocha.ac.jp


Since the discovery of new Fe-based quaternary oxypnictide superconductor [1] much effort has
been expended to lay bare the nature of these new exotic materials. Six families have been revealed,
categorized by the structures 1111-, 122-, 111-, 11-, 21113- and 32225-type. Superconductivity with
transition temperatures as high as 56 K [2-4] has been achieved. The technique of small angle neutron
scattering (SANS) is ideal for studying the field profile of the superconducting vortices. Recently, the
vortex state in Ba(Fe
0.93
Co
0.07
)
2
As
2
was studied at D22 ILL by Eskildsen et al. [5]. However, they could
only observe powder-ring patterns. Furthermore, K.-F. has performed SANS measurements at CG2 ORNL
on another Fe-based superconducting member, FeTe
0.6
Se
0.4
but she has not been able to see clear Bragg
peaks on that material either. Powder ring patterns indicate that the vortices are not well ordered in a real
space due to strong pinning, which is introduced by local defects and/or disorder of the crystals and this can
obscure intrinsic features. It is therefore desirable to study new systems. Note that the most important point
here is to study systems which have a very clean electronic state and no structural disorder to minimize
pinning effects.
In order to clarify the nature of the vortex state of Fe-based superconductors, we have chosen the
KFe
2
As
2
compound, which shows superconductivity without doping and no mixed sites exist. Very
recently we have succeeded in growing high quality large single crystals, with superconducting transition
temperature T
c
(0) = 3.9K. It should be stressed here that a tested crystal shows a transition width of 0.2 K,
RRR is over 500, and that a de Haas–van Alphen signal is observable; this indicates that the sample is ultra
clean and ultra high quality. We have performed SANS measurements with H // c at D11 and D22 ILL on a
mosaic of these crystals and succeeded in observing clear Bragg spots for the first time. We also measured
temperature and field dependences of the scattering pattern and integrated intensity. We shall discuss the
observed behaviour and what they imply for the symmetry of the superconducting order parameter.

[1] Y.Kamihara, T.Watanabe, M.Hirano, and H.Hosono: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 3297 (2008).
[2] Z.-A.Ren, J.Yang, W.Liu, W.Yi, X.-L.Shen, Z.-C.Li, G.-C.Che, X.-L.Dong, L.-L.Sun, F.Zhou, and Z.-
X.Zhao: Europhys. Lett. 83, 17002 (2008).
[3] X.H.Chen, T.Wu, G.Wu, R.H.Liu, H.Chen, and D.F.Fang:Nature 453, 761 (2008).
[4] M.Rotter, M.Tegel, and D.Johrendt: Phys. Rev. B78, 020503(R) (2008).
[5] M. R. Eskildsen, L. Ya. Vinnikov, T. D. Blasius, I. S. Veshchunov, T. M. Artemova, J. M. Densmore,
C. D. Dewhurst, N. Ni, A. Kreyssig, S. L. Bud'ko, P. C. Canfield, A. I. Goldman, Phys. Rev. B 79,
100501(R) (2009).




S-O-043

Transport properties of iron pnictides: A phenomenological theory

I. SEGA
1
and P. PRELOVŠEK
1,2


1
Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
2
Faculty for Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
igor.sega@ijs.si


We present a phenomenological theory of the anomalous normal state transport properties of
superconducting iron pnictides. A simplified two-band model coupled via spin flusctuations is first
introduced [1] on which the calculation of the quasiparticle relaxation to lowest order in coupling is
based. Vertex corrections are neglected. Temperature dependence of resistivity, thermopower and Hall
constant are calculated under the marginality assumption [2,3] for the dynamical spin susceptibility
;‖(e), which enters the interaction kernel. In analogy with anomalous transport properties in cuprates
it is shown that here also similar anomalous properties emerge in qualitative agreement with
experimental data. In the region of optimal (electron) doping, as appropriate e.g. for Ba(FeCo)As
compound, a linear-in-temperature resistivity ρ(T) · T results, while a large (negative) thermopower
S(T) emerges from a combined effect of a pronounced asymmetry in energy dependence of the
quasiparticle damping Г(T,e) and the change in the density of states close to the chemical potential. It
is also shown that the above (anomalous) effects require rather large interband coupling since as one
approaches the region of small density of minority carriers (holes) the response approaches the normal,
i.e. Fermi-liquid-like behavior of majority carriers (electrons). Open questions are also briefly
discussed.

























S-O-044

J
c
anisotropy in 122 and 1111 pnictide thin films

J. HÄNISCH
1
, K. IIDA
1
, M. KIDSZUN
1,3
, S. HAINDL
1
, T. THERSLEFF
1,2
, A. KAUFFMANN
1,2
,
F. KURTH
1,2
, B. HOLZAPFEL
1
and L. SCHULTZ
1,2,3


1
IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, P.O. Box: 270116, 01171 Dresden, GERMANY
2
Dresden University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Materials Science, 01062
Dresden, GERMANY
3
Dresden University of Technology, Department of Physics, Institute for Physics of Solids, 01062 Dresden, GERMANY
j.haenisch@ifw-dresden.de


We have successfully grown epitaxial, superconducting films in two families of iron pnictides,
Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
(122) [1] and LaFeAs(O
1-x
,F
x
) (1111) [2]. Detailed investigations of their critical
current density J
c
with respect to temperature as well as both the applied magnetic field magnitude and
orientation will be shown in this contribution. Both films grow very clean and without observable
correlated defects parallel to the c-axis, as confirmed by TEM. This is also reflected in the absence of a
c-axis peak in J
c
(u). In contrast to cuprate high-T
c
superconductors such as YBCO or even Bi2223, the
pnictides have very low anisotropies in their J
c
(u) behaviour as well as in their characteristic and
critical fields, such as H
irr
and H
c2
. Both families show the same anisotropy behaviour, 122 having
slightly lower anisotropies.




[1] K. Iida, J. Hänisch, R. Hühne, F. Kruth, M. Kidszun, S. Haindl, J. Werner, L. Schultz and B.
Holzapfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 192501 (2009).
[2] M. Kidszun, S. Haindl, E. Reich, J. Hänisch, K. Iida, L. Schultz and B. Holzapfel, Supercond. Sci.
and Techn., in print.





















S-O-045

Magnetic and transport properties of FeAs and RhAs

KH. A. ZIQ and A. F. SALEM

Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Dhahra, 31261, SAUDI ARABIA
kaziq@kfupm.edu.sa


Magnetic and transport measurements have been performed on FeAs and RhAs samples
prepared in a sealed quartz tube. Magnetic measurements on FeAs sample revealed a transition to
ferromagnetic state below 80K, while the RhAs sample reveals paramagnetic behavior down to 4.2K.
Arrot-Kouvel plots were used to reveal the presence of spontaneous magnetization in FeAs sample.
The resistivety of RhAs drops to a minimum at about 245 K, then rises suddenly to a maximum at
215K, revealing sharp metal-insulating-like transition with a mid point at 230K. The resistivity shows
another drop at low temperature with a broad minimum 125K. Within this temperature range~150-200
K, the parent superconducting materials RO
1-x
F
x
FeAs (R = rare earth) undergo structural distortion,
from tetragonal (P4/nmm) to orthorhombic at low temperatures.
































S-O-046

Optical Investigation of the Charge Dynamics in Ba(Co
x
Fe
1-x
)
2
As
2


F. PFUNER
1
, A. LUCARELLI
1
, J.G. ANALYTIS
2
, J.-H. CHU
2
, I.R. FISHER
2
and L. DEGIORGI
1


1
Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH - Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich, SWITZERLAND
2
Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University,
Stanford, California 94305-4045, U.S.A.


We report on a thorough optical investigation of Co-doped BaFe
2
As
2
over a broad spectral
range (from the far infrared up to the ultra-violet) and as a function of temperature. We focus first our
attention on the spin-density-wave (SDW) phase transition at T
SDW
=135 K for the undoped compound
[1]. While the title compounds remain metallic at all temperatures, we observe a depletion below
T
SDW
in the far infrared energy interval of the optical conductivity for the x=0 material (Fig. 1),
ascribed to the formation of a pseudogap-like feature in the excitation spectrum. This is accompanied
by the narrowing of the Drude term consistent with the dc transport results and is suggestive of a
suppression of scattering channels in the SDW state. About 20% of the spectral weight in the far
infrared energy interval is affected by the SDW phase transition. Second, we will present novel
optical data on Ba(Co
x
Fe
1-x
)
2
As
2
collected for various Co-doping in the energy intervals of relevance
for the pseudogap excitation as well as the superconducting gap. We will address their evolution when
mapping the phase diagram of Ba(Co
x
Fe
1-x
)
2
As
2
and discuss the optical fingerprints due to the
interplay between structural/magnetic and superconducting phase transitions.




Figure 1. Real part o
1
(e) of the optical conductivity as a function of temperature in the far infrared
spectral range for the x=0 compound.

[1] F. Pfuner et al., Eur. Phys. J. B67, 513 (2009).




S-O-047

Anisotropy and vortex matter of LaFeAs(O,F)

M. KIDSZUN, S. HAINDL, J. HÄNISCH, A. KAUFFMANN, L. SCHULTZ and
B. HOLZAPFEL

IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, PO - Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden, GERMANY
M.Kidszun@ifw-dresden.de


The successful growth of epitaxial LaFeAs(O,F) thin films opens the way to study intrinsic
properties of this novel superconductors. Exploring the magnetic phase diagram up to 42 T we were
able to investigate the temperature dependence and anisotropy of the upper critical field as well as the
irreversibility field in this iron oxypinictide. The anisotropy of the irreversibility field was determined
using a combination of resistive measurements in high magnetic fields and critical current density
measurements. A substantial report about the anisotropy and the vortex matter will be given in this
contribution.

































S-O-048

Multigap superconductivity evidenced by the point contact Andreev Reflection Spectroscopy.
The cases of magnesium diboride and iron pnictides

P. SAMUELY
1
, P. SZABÓ
1
, Z. PRIBULOVÁ
1
, J. KAŢMARŢÍK
1
, S.L. BUD‘KO
2
, P.C. CANFIELD
2

and J. MARCUS
3

1
Centre of Ultra Low Temperature Physics at the Institute of Experimental Physics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and
P.J. Šafárik University, Watsonova 47, 04001 Košice, SLOVAKIA
2
Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50111, U.S.A.
3
Institut Néel, CNRS, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, FRANCE
samuely@saske.sk


The point contact Andreev reflection spectroscopy experiments brought one of the first direct
evidences of the two band/two gap superconductivity in magnesium diboride [1]. Moreover the point
contact measurements on MgB
2
in magnetic fields have shown that the two bands contribute
differently at different parts of the Magnetic field versus Temperature phase diagramme. Indeed,
unusual temperature [2] and magnetic field dependence [3] of the superconducting anisotropy has been
found as one of the peculiar characteristics of a two band/two gap system.
Our recent point contact measurements performed on the iron pnictides also show a presence of
multigap superconductivity underlying the multiband character of this new class of the high
temperature superconductors. On the hole doped Ba
1-x
K
x
Fe
2
As
2
single crystals two s-wave gaps are
found where the smaller gap has a size below the BCS value while the large gap reveals much higher
coupling strength [4]. In the optimally electron doped Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
our measurements indicate
that if there are two gaps present they are very close to each other both having a strong coupling 2A/
T
c
between 5 and 6 [5]. We will present new results focused on a role of doping on the
superconducting energy gaps in these systems.




[1] P. Szabó, P. Samuely, J. Kaţmarţík, T. Klein, J. Marcus, D. Fruchart, S. Miraglia, C. Marcenat,
A.G.M. Jansen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 137005 (2001).
[2] S.L. Bud‘ko and P.C. Canfield, Phys. Rev. B 65, 212501 (2002); L. Lyard et al., Phys. Rev. B 66,
180502 (R) (2002).
[3] L. Lyard et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 057001 (2004).
[4] P. Szabó, Z. Pribulová, G. Pristáš, S. L. Bud‘ko, P. C. Canfield, and P. Samuely, Phys. Rev. B 79,
012503 (2009).
[5] P. Samuely, Z. Pribulová, P. Szabó, G. Pristáš, S.L. Bud‘ko, P.C. Canfield, in Superconductivity
of Iron Pnictides, eds. Alexei Koshelev, Wai Kwok, Igor Mazin, Ulrich Welp, Hai-Hu Wen, Special
issue of Physica C 469, 507 (2009).







S-O-049

Lattice dynamics of 122 pnictides from first principles

ROLF HEID and KLAUS-PETER BOHNEN

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Solid-State Physics, 76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
rolf.heid@kit.edu


The pnictide superconductors exhibit a complex interplay of structural and magnetic degrees of
freedom, which also has a significant impact on the lattice dynamics properties. Here, we present a
first-principles study of the phonon dispersion of 122 pnictides using density-functional based linear-
response theory within a mixed-basis pseudopotential approach. We focus in particular on the
dependence of the phonon spectra on structural parameters and magnetic order, and also consider the
impact of pressure and doping. The accuracy and potential shortcoming of this first-principles
approach are discussed by detailed comparison with experimental phonon measurements on CaFe
2
As
2

(both at ambient pressure and in the collapsed phase [1,2]) and on BaFe
2
As
2
(both pure and doped [3]).




[1] Mittal et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 217001 (2009).
[2] Mittal et al., arXiv0911.1665 (2009).
[3] Reznik et al., arXiv0908.4359 (2009).


























S-O-050

High-T
c
and quasi-local lattice modes in Iron Pnictides

SARITA KHANDKA
1
and K. P. SINHA
2

1
Uttarakhand Council of Science & Tech., Dehradun, 248006 INDIA
2
Dept. of Physics, Indian Institue of Science, Bangalore, 560012 INDIA
1
saritakh@rediffmail.com &
2

kpsinha@gmail.com

A new mechanism involving transition between nearly degenerate levels of iron pnictides [1], a
new class of high T
c
superconductors, is suggested. This mechanism along with phonon mediated
pairing is considered in the present model and an expression of T
c
is obtained. This combined
mechanism is able to give the right order of T
c
in this class of superconductors. Earlier also, local
structural excitations were considered which provide strong coupling for the pair formation [2-3], but
we have considered the quasi-local lattice modes arising from the transition of electrons between two
nearly degenerate levels which comes into play only after distortion and is relevant to the iron
pnictides.
The Hamiltonian for the system of conduction electrons interacting with phonons and quasi –
local lattice field modes can be written as-
H=
k k k
k
a a
o o
o
c
+
¯
-
k k k k
kk
V a a a a
+ +
' ' | ÷ | ÷ | |
'
¯
+
m m m
m
c c
oo oo oo
oo
c
+
¯
+
( )
1 2
.
d k q k m m
kq
V a a c c h c
+ +
+ | | | |
+
¯
(1)
Here
k
a
o
+
( )
k
a
o
and ( )
m m
C C
oo oo
+
are the creation (annhilation) operators of conduction and
localized electrons respectively. The first term in eq. (1) is the energy of free charge carriers within the
FeAs layers , the second

term is the BCS type attractive interaction due to phonons and the third term
is the energy of localized electrons. The last term represents the new interaction.T
c
for the combined
mechanism (ie. Phonons and quasi-local lattice modes) comes out to be
Tc=1.14
1
exp
p
l
r ph r
ph l
ph l
ì
e e
ì ì
| | +
÷
|
|
+
\ .
, Where
ph
p
ph l
r
ì
ì ì
=
+
and
l
l
ph l
r
ì
ì ì
=
+

Table 1 gives the value of Tc for different values of e
l
for iron pnictides . Following values of
the parameters are used during the calculations ì
ph
= 0.25, ì
l
= 0.75,e
ph
= 317K. The calculated values
of T
c
gives the correct order found in pnictides. Further, calculation of magnetic moment associated
with iron, based on this model will give further understanding. This will be attempted somewhere else.
Table 1.
e
l
(k)

40 50 60 80 100 120 130
Tc(k) 22 26 30 37 44 50 53

Acknowledgment: One of the authors (SK), acknowledges IASc-INSA-NASI fellowship to carry out
the present work at IISc., Bangalore.

[1] Y. Kamihara, T. Watanabe, M. Hirano and H. Hosono, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 3296 (2008).
[2] K. P. Sinha (2009) arXiv: 0903.1181
[3] G. M. Vujicic, V. L. Aksenov, N. M. Plakida and S Stamenkovic, J. Phys. C: solid state phys. 14
2377 (1981).



S-O-051

Magnetic phase diagram of iron pnictide thin films

S. HAINDL, M. KIDSZUN, F. KURTH, K. IIDA, A. KAUFFMANN, N. KOZLOVA,
J. FREUDENBERGER, J. HÄNISCH, K. NENKOV, L. SCHULTZ

and B. HOLZAPFEL

IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, PO - Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden, GERMANY
S.Haindl@ifw-dresden.de


The new iron pnictide superconductors with transition temperatures up to 55 K and high upper
critical fields are found to be candidates for multiband superconductivity as it has been suggested by
theory and experiment. A serious investigation, however, is restricted to single crystals and epitaxial
thin films. Latter offer a defined current path (two-dimensionality) and a higher voltage resolution in
transport measurements.
Epitaxial LaFeAsO
1-x
F
x
and Co-doped BaFe
2
As
2
thin films have been successfully grown by
pulsed laser deposition (PLD). We have performed transport measurements in static fields up to 14 T
and pulsed fields up to 42 T for different crystallographic directions. The upper critical field and its
temperature dependent anisotropy are discussed in terms of a two gap superconductivity scenario. In
addition, the vortex matter has been studied using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM).






























S-O-052

Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in undoped and near-optimally doped SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
single
crystals

T. MERTELJ
1
, V.V. KABANOV
1
, L. STOJŢEVSKA, N.D. ZHIGADLO
2
, S. KATRYCH
2
,
J. KARPINSKI
2
and D. MIHAILOVIC
1


1
Complex Matter Dept., Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, Ljubljana, SI-1000, Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
2
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, SWITZERLAND
tomaz.mertelj@ijs.si


We use femtosecond spectroscopy to investigate the quasiparticle relaxation and low-energy
electronic structure in undoped and near-optimally doped SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
iron-pnictide superconductor
single crystals (SC).
In the undoped SC a single relaxation process with a divergent relaxation time at the spin density
wave (SDW) transition is observed. From the relaxation time at the room temperature the second
moment of the Eliashaberg function is determined to be 10 135 =
2
± > < e ì meV
2
. Below T
SDW
the
temperature dependence of the relaxation indicates appearance of a bottleneck due to opening of a
SDW gap with a BCS-like temperature dependence and the amplitude of 5 = / 2
SDW B SDW
T k A at 4.2 K.
In the superconducting SC multiple relaxation processes are present, [1,2] with distinct
superconducting state quasiparticle (QP) recombination dynamics exhibiting a T-dependent
superconducting (SC) gap consistent with 5 . 3 = / 2
c B
T k A , and a pseudogap (PG)-like feature with an
onset above 180K consistent with the existence of a temperature-independent gap of magnitude 2Δ
PG
=
120 meV. At high pump fluence a complete destruction of the superconducting state is observed with
the critical optical excitation density 1.8 /
B p
~ k U K/Fe which is similar to the value observed in
(La,Sr)CuO
4
.[3]

Figure 1 Temperature dependence of the optical reflectivity transients ΔR/R in undoped (a) and
near optimally doped (b) SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
single crystals

[1] T. Mertelj, V. Kabanov, C. Gadermaier, N. Zhigadlo, S. Katrych, J. Karpinski, and D. Mihailovic,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 117002 (2009).
[2] T. Mertelj, V. Kabanov, C. Gadermaier, N. Zhigadlo, S. Katrych, Z. Bukowski, J. Karpinski, and
D. Mihailovic, Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 22, 575 (2009).
[3] P. Kusar, V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, T. Mertelj, S. Sugai and D. Mihailovic, Physical Review Letters
101, 227001, (2008).


S-O-054

A comparative study of Fe
1+o
Te
1-x
Se
x
single crystals
grown by Bridgman and self flux techniques

Y. LIU and C. T. LIN

Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstraße 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany

Single crystals of Fe
1+o
Te
1-x
Se
x
( 50 . 0 0 s s x ) were grown by Bridgman and self flux techniques,
respectively. Large crystals of size 50 10× o mm could be obtained with Bridgman method. The excess
of iron, 07 . 0 ~ o , at interstitial sites was observed to deteriorate the superconductivity of the samples.
Study of semiconducting and Curie-Weiss-like behavior indicates that an appearance of hump for
FeTe
0.60
Se
0.40
is more pronounced for the self flux growth than Bridgman method. This was observed
by the measurements of the normal state of resistivity and magnetic susceptibility decreasing with
lower temperatures. Furthermore, our results give evidence that the phase with x~0.40 is readily
formed in self flux method despite the use of various ratios of initial mixtures.

PACS numbers: 74.70.Dd, 81.10.-h, 74.25.-q
































S-O-055

Growth of epitaxial Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
thin films and their superconducting properties

K. IIDA, J. HÄNISCH, R. HÜHNE, T. THERSLEFF, F. KURTH, M. KIDSZUN, S. HAINDL,
L. SCHULTZ and B. HOLZAPFEL

IFW-Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials (IMW), P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden, GERMANY
k.iida@ifw-dresden.de


High-quality, epitaxial thin films have been a mandatory requirement for both investigating
their intrinsic properties and exploring possible device applications. On such demand, epitaxial Ba(Fe
1-
x
Co
x
)As
2
thin films have been successfully deposited on various substrates, such as SrTiO
3
(STO),
(La,Sr)(Ta,Al)O
3
(LSAT), and LaAlO
3
(LAO) by pulsed laser deposition.[1] The key to epitaxial
growth was to optimise and control the substrate temperature precisely during deposition. A thin
epitaxial Fe layer of ~2 nm thickness was observed between the Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
thin film and LSAT
substrate. Despite the presence of such an Fe layer, the Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
thin film grows epitaxially
with the relation (001)[100]Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
|| (001)[110]Fe || (001)[100]LSAT. Detailed studies on
microstructures and superconducting properties on other substrates will be discussed in this
contribution.




[1] K. Iida, J. Hänisch, R. Hühne, F. Kruth, M. Kidszun, S. Haindl, J. Werner, L. Schultz and B.
Holzapfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 192501 (2009).
























S-O-056

Critical currents enhancement due to the peak effect in REFeAsO
1-x
F
x
(RE = Sm, Nd)
single crystals

K. ROGACKI
1,2
, B. BATLOGG
1
, N. D. ZHIGADLO
1
, S. KATRYCH
1
and J. KARPINSKI
1


1
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, SWITZERLAND
2
Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences,
P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wroclaw, POLAND


In addition to presenting intriguing physics, the FeAs based superconductors revive our hopes
for large scale applications due to their high upper critical fields and relatively low anisotropy. An
important question arises if the pinning properties of these compounds are sufficient to provide high
critical currents at elevated temperatures.
In this work the superconducting critical currents j
c
> 10
6
A/cm
2
have been measured
magnetically for the SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
(Sm111) single crystals in the ab-plane at temperatures T ~ 5 K
and magnetic fields B ~ 7 T. Results for Sm111 single crystals with two different F substitution levels
and thus superconducting transition temperatures T
c
~ 46 and 51 K are reported, together with results
for a Nd111 single crystal (T
c
~ 47 K) for comparison. The highest j
c
has been observed for the Sm111
crystal with T
c
~ 46 K, which shows slightly lower B
c2
(T) if compare to the Sm111 crystals with higher
T
c
and to the Nd111 crystal.
Clear evidence for an increase of the pinning force F
p
with increasing field has been observed
as a pronounced peak in j
c
(B). The pinning force has been analyzed by a scaling procedure using
Kramer´s approach. For a wide range of fields and temperatures, all F
p
(B) results can be expressed as a
single function of a reduced field b
k
= B/B
k
, where B
k
has been related to the irre-versibility field or the
filed where a maximum of F
p
(B) appears. For temperatures higher than 7 K, the peak in j
c
(B) occurs in
a magnetic field B
peak
available in our experiments. Extrapolating the measured peak field to lower
temperatures, where it exceeds the range accessible in our measurements, we estimate B
peak
~ 10 T at 2
K. This large value, together with the measured critical currents, is indeed promising for applications.




















S-O-057

Phase Co-existence in superconducting chalcogenide single crystals

S. ELIZABETH
1
, D. CHERIAN
1
, S. HARIKRISHNAN
1
, S. ROESSLER
2
, H.L. BHAT
1
,
F. STEGLICH
2
, S. WIRTH
2
and L. H. TJENG
2

1
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, INDIA
2
Max Planck Institute for ChemicalPhysics of Solids, Nothnitzer Strasse40, 01187 Dresden, GERMANY
liz@physics.iisc.ernet.in


The discovery of superconductivity in iron based pnictides has triggered intense search for
new superconductors of similar crystal structure. Several new superconducting phases have been
found, a recent one being tetragonal FeSe
0.82
with a T
c
~ 8 K [1]. Differently doped single
crystals (Fe
1+y
Te
1-x
Se
x
) with three different Fe concentrations (y = 0.26, 0.15, 0.12 and x =0.32, 0.34,
0.36 respectively) have been grown in our laboratory by horizontal Bridgman method. Structural,
magnetic and transport properties of these crystals are investigated and results are discussed.
Rietveld refinement of XRD data confirmed the tetragonal structure for all three compositions
with a small change in lattice parameters. The influence of Fe excess on the electrical transport
properties of these crystals is discernible from the temperature variation of the resistivity, as measured
by the four probe method. All three samples exhibit sharp superconducting transitions with critical
temperatures T
c
(onset) ~ 15K. However, the temperature dependence of the resistivity in the normal
state changes from metallic to semiconducting behavior with increasing Fe concentration. DC
magnetization studies indicate that the superconducting volume fraction is about 60%. Linear and
non-linear responses of the ac-susceptibility of these samples suggest that the superconducting state
remains inhomogeneous. It is reported that a magnetically ordered state co-exists with
superconductivity [2]. Our results on these three compositions are suggestive of a phase co-existence, a
possible origin of this being due to a magnetic coupling between the interstitial Fe in the chalcogen
planes with those in the Fe-square lattice. It is inferred that excess Fe occupying interstitial sites in the
chalcogen planes suppresses superconductivity.




[1] F. C. Hsu, J.Y. Luo, K. W. Yeh, T. K. Chen, T.W. Huang, P. M. Wu, Y. C. Lee, Y.L. Huang,
Y.Y. Chu, D.C. Yan and M.K. Wu, PNAS 105, 14262 (2008).
[2] R. Khasanov, M. Bendele, A. Amato, P. Babkevich, A. Boothroyd, A. Cervellino, K. Conder, S.N.
Gvasaliya, H. Keller, H.H. Klauss, H. Luetkens, V. Pomjakushin, E. Pomjakushina and B. Roessli,
eprint. arXiv:0907.3429 (2009).












S-O-058

Global and granular critical currents of LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs and LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ


V. GRINENKO, K. NENKOV, G. BEHR, A. KÖHLER, G. FUCHS and B. HOLZAPFEL

Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden, GERMANY
v.grinenko@ifw-dresden.de


High magnetic fields measurements have shown that the iron-based superconductors have very
high upper critical fields, [1] what is very important for potential applications. On the other hand, their
layered structure, the rather high anisotropy and short coherence length can lead to small critical
currents in polycrystalline bulk samples which are limited by weak intergranular links. It was observed
that in SmFeAsO
0.85
and NdFeAsO
0.94
F
0.06
the ratio between global (intergranular) and local
(intragranular) currents never exceeded ~0.004 [2], whereas in LaO
0.89
F
0.11
FeAs the global currents
even were not observed at all [3].
In this work inter- and intra- granular critical currents and irreversibility fields of two
polycrystalline samples LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs and LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
have been investigated. Data obtained
from remanent magnetization measurements and from the initial slope of magnetization curves m(H)
show that global currents over the whole sample do exist only in LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs. In contrast, only
intragranular currents were observed in LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
from these measurements. Global and
intragranular currents in LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs have different temperature dependence and the ratio between
these currents is about 1000. The field and temperature dependence of global currents obtained from
magnetization measurements show that intergranular links in LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs are dominated by
Josephson junctions of the SNS type. Intragranular currents for the two samples have a different
temperature and field dependence, but nearly the same magnitude of about 10
6
A/cm
2
at T=5K and
B=0T. It is supposed that the absence of Josephson currents in LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
is related to a
admixture of (<0.1 volume %) FM iron nano-particles within this sample. These particles have local
moments which dump Josephson currents. Transport current measurements of LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
show
in contrast to magnetization measurements that global currents over the whole sample do exist, but
with a very low magnitude of about 12A/cm
2
at self field.
The irreversibility field H
irr
for the two samples was determined from magnetization
measurements. Nearly linear temperature dependence was found for H
irr
(T) for both samples, but the
irreversibility line is significantly steeper for LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
than for LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs.
The DC magnetic susceptibility of two samples was investigated in the normal state up to
300K. The temperature dependence of susceptibility for LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs is very weak and shows a
behavior which was described in Ref. [4] wile the temperature dependence of susceptibility of
LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
is completely different. The high field susceptibility of LaO
0.9
F
0.1
FeAs
1-δ
(higher
than the saturation field of iron) is paramagnetic and consists of a Curie like temperature-dependent
part and a Pauli paramagnetic susceptibility which is independent of temperature in the measured
temperature range. This Pauli susceptibility might be responsible for the high-field Pauli limiting
behavior of the upper critical field H
c2
observed in this superconductor [1].

[1] G. Fuchs, S.-L. Drechsler, N. Kozlova et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 237003 (2008).
[2] A. Yamamoto, A. A. Polyanskii, J. Jiang et al, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 095008 (2008).
[3] A. Yamamoto, J. Jiang, C. Tarantini et al, Appl. Phys. Lett 92, 252501 (2008).
[4] R. Klingeler, N. Leps, I. Hellmann et al, Preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/0808.0708v1.



S-O-059

Electron-boson coupling constant of oxygen-deficient Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
measured by ultrafast
spectroscopy

C.W. LUO
1
, J.-Y. CHEN
1
, T.C. HUANG
1
, K.H. WU
1
, J.-Y. LIN
2
, J.Y. JUANG
1
and T.M. UEN
1


1
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2
Institute of Physics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
cwluo@mail.nctu.edu.tw


The ultrafast dynamics in a single (001) oxygen-deficient Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7
-δ thin film were
measured by using the ultrafast spectroscopy. According to the two-temperature model [1], the
electron-boson coupling constant λ could be directly obtained from the relaxation time of the transient
reflectivity change (ΔR/R). For the overdoped case with T
c
= 61.3 K (i.e. in a oxygen-full
Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7
-δ thin film), the relaxation time of ΔR/R is around 6.24 ps and corresponds to the
λ~0.03. However, the λ become larger ~0.15 in the optimal doped region with T
c
= 82.3 K (i.e. in a
oxygen-deficient Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7
-δ thin film) while the relaxation time of ΔR/R shrinks to ~1.51 ps.
These results indicate that the electron-boson coupling constant λ is strongly hole doping-dependent,
which may govern the T
c
of cuprates.




[1] S. D. Broson, A. Kazeroonian, J. S. Moodera, D. W. Face, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, M. S.
Dresselhaus and G. Dresselhaus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2172 (1990).
























S-O-060

A study of the thallium-, and bismuth-based high-temperature superconductors
in the framework of the generalized BCS equations

G.P. MALIK
1,#
and USHA MALIK
2

1
Theory Group, School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University
New Delhi 110067, INDIA
2
Physics Department, Miranda House, University of Delhi
Delhi 110007, INDIA
gulshanpmalik@yahoo.com; malik@mail.jnu.ac.in


We present here - in the framework of the generalized1 BCS equations (GBCSEs), which are
based on multiple phonon exchange mechanisms for the formation of Cooper pairs (CPs) – a study of
the principal members of the Tl-, and Bi- based high-Tc superconductors (HTSCs). For any of these
SCs, we show that with the inputs of its Debye temperature and any two superconducting parameters
from the set {critical temperature, the smaller gap, the larger gap}, one can calculate the remaining
parameter without any arbitrariness. This is similar to what normal BCS equations achieve for a simple
SC: given its Tc (and the Debye temperature), one can calculate its gap, and vice versa. Further, we
show that these equations enable one to derive upper bounds on the gap and the Tc values of a HTSC,
beyond which one must employ 2/3-phonon mechanism for the formation of CPs. A new and rather
interesting insight that we are led to is: the senior members of the said families of cuprates may well be
three-gap SCs. Since the approach followed here has already been employed2 to deal with such
superconductors as MgB2, Nb3Sn and YBCO, it follows that, as of this day, GBCSEs constitute the
only viable framework that can deal in a unified manner with all HTSCs.




[1] G.P. Malik, On the equivalence of the binding energy of a Cooper pair and the BCS energy gap: a
framework for dealing with composite superconductors, IJMPB (in press).
[2] G.P. Malik, Generalized BCS equations: Applications, Accepted for publication in IJMPB.


# Present address: B-208 Sushant Lok I, Gurgaon 122002, INDIA.















S-O-061

Phonon softening of bond stretching mode in Ba
1-x
K
x
BiO
3
superconductor

H. KHOSROABADI
1,2
, J. KOBAYASHI
1
, K. TANAKA
1
, S. MIYASAKA
1
, S. TAJIMA
1

H. UCHIYAMA
3
and A.Q.R. BARON
3


1
Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyamacho, Toyonaka, 560-0043 JAPAN
2
Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, 11365-9161, Tehran, IRAN
3
RIKEN/SPring-8, JASRI/SPring-8 Mikazuki, Hyogo, 679-5148, JAPAN
hkhosroa@tagen.tohoku.ac.jp


Recently, anomalous softening of some phonon mode has been intensively studied in relation
to superconductivity for high temperature cuprtae superconductors [1] and MgB
2
[2]. The strong
softening of zone center E
2g
mode in MgB
2
is the distinct evidence for the phonon mediated
superconductivity in this system. However, the relation between superconductivity and the softening
of bond stretching mode in the cuprtae superconductors is not clear yet. Similar phenonema have also
been observed in Ba
1-x
K
x
BiO
3
(x=0.4) system [3] where the phonon plays an important role in
insulator and superconducting properties. A precise doping dependence of the phonon softening in this
system should give an insight to the mechanism of metal-insulator transition and superconductivity in
this system. It is expected to help the understanding of a simmilar phenomenon in the cuprates.
In this study inelastic x-ray scattering was applied to study the softening in Ba
1-x
K
x
BiO
3

system near metal to insulator transition at room temperature. Single crystals of Ba
1-x
K
x
BiO
3
for
0<x<0.6, from insulator to metallic (superconducting) region, have been grown by electrochemical
method. The momentum dependence of the phonon modes has been investigated for various x value.
The phonon dispersions for low energy phonons are almost consistent with the published neutron
data[3]. However, anomalous phonon softening has been observed for the high energy modes only
when the system is a metal (superconductor). This is a sign for the correlation between the phonon
softening and metal-insulator transition (and perhaps superconductivity) in this system.




[1] D. Reznik et al., Nature (London) 440, 1170 (2006).
[2] A.Q.R. Baron et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 197004 (2004).
[3] M. Braden et al., J. Supercond. 8, 595 (1995).















S-O-062

Why do similar superconductors have different phase diagrams?

E. AMIT and A. KEREN

Physics Department, Technion- Israel Institute of Technionlegy, Haifa 32000, ISRAEL
erana@physics.technion.ac.il


There are several critical doping levels in the phase diagram of the cuprates where the ground
state changes its nature. These are the levels where: antiferromangetisem is destroyed and replaced by
a spin glass state, where superconductivity emerges, where the spin glass is destroyed, and, finally,
where superconductivity is destroyed. These levels are not universal and the physical parameter that
determines them is not clear. In this work we address this problem by studying the density of oxygen
P
ζ
holes in the CuO
2
planes of the high temperature superconductor (Ca
x
La
1-x
)(Ba
1.75-x
La
0.25+x
)Cu
3
O
y
(CLBLCO) using the oxygen 17 nuclear quadrupole resonance parameter ν
Q
. The two compounds we
compare are of x=0.1 and 0.4 since they have a significant difference in the critical doping levels. We
find that the efficiency of hole injection into the P
ζ
orbital in the CuO
2
planes is x dependent. In fact,
the phase diagram is universal when using the P
ζ
hole density rather than the total oxygen level. This
allows us to generate a unified phase diagram across the entire doping range, with no adjustable
parameters, for the CLBLCO system even though the maximum T
c
varies by 30%.





























S-O-064

High energy milled ex situ MgB
2
precursors for powder in tube conductors

A. KARIO
1
, W. HÄßLER
1
, M. HERRMANN
1
, C. RODIG
1
, M. SCHUBERT
1
, B. HOLZAPFEL
1
,
L. SCHULTZ
1
, S. SCHLACHTER
2
, B. RINGSDORF
2
and W. GOLDACKER
2


1
Institute for Metallic Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, D-01069 Dresden, GERMANY
2
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Technische Physik, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-
Leopoldshafen, GERMANY


MgB
2
is a promising material for superconducting magnet application, but therefore long
length conductors are needed. A lot of effort has already been made to increase the critical current
density (J
c
) in tapes and wires, but only in the laboratory scale. Now additional effort must be made to
make long length conductors with higher critical current. The main problem in obtaining long tapes
and wires is the deformation, which is complicated for powder in tube (PIT) technique with fine
grained in situ powder.
In these paper two different routes of preparation for the ex situ precursor powders will be
discussed: high energy milled commercial Alfa Aesar powder and so called in-ex situ powder. This
second method consists of home made ex situ powder from mechanically alloyed magnesium and
boron - mixture followed by a heat treatment at 700°C/30 min in argon atmosphere. Monofilament
wires and tapes of 2 m length were prepared with those powders by PIT technique using Monel sheath
material with niobium or titanium chemical barrier. Microstructural and superconducting properties for
green conductors as well as sintered ones were measured.
X-ray examination and Rietveld analysis show, that the amount of secondary phases as MgO
and MgB
4+x
is increasing with increasing time and temperature of sintering. Conductors with both
precursor powders showed good deformation behavior and a dense microstructure. J
c
measurements
were performed in liquid helium in both parallel and perpendicular field. For the tape with commercial
milled powder, sintered at 900°C/1 h, critical current density of
10
4
A/cm
2
was obtained at 8.3 T. In green wire with in-ex situ powder J
c
=10
4
A/cm
2
at 7 T was
measured.



















S-O-065

Analysis of current noise produced in stationary conditions in MgB
2
films at different stages of
the superconducting transition

E. MONTICONE
1
, C. PORTESI
1
, E. TARALLI, M. RAJTERI, V. ANDREOLI
2
, C. GANDINI
3
and
A. MASOERO
3


1
Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino, ITALY
2
Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Fisica, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, ITALY
3
Università del Piemonte Orientale 'Amedeo Avogadro', Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate-Centro
Interdisciplinare Nano-SISTEMI, Viale Michel 11, 15121 Alessandria, ITALY
e.monticone@inrim.it


In previous papers [1,2] the mechanism of transition from the superconductive to the resistive
state of MgB
2
films has been investigated by the analysis of the non-stationary noise produced during
the transition process. The model, developed to interpret the experimental results, suggested that, when
the transition occurs very near to the critical temperature at low bias current, a mixed state consisting
of normal and superconductive domains takes place. This model complements a different one,
appropriate when the transition occurs at strong bias currents and temperatures much lower than the
critical one. In this case the transition occurs by depinning and motion of fluxoids, generated by the
current and/or by an external field. The purpose of this paper is a further investigation of the transition
process at low bias currents by detecting and analysing the 1/f power spectra of the noise, taken in
stationary conditions at different values of the specimen resistance along the R vs.T transition curve.
Preliminary measurements, show that these spectra, when renormalized, are practically coincident, a
fact that is in agreement with the above cited model.




[1] P. Mazzetti, C. Gandini, A. Masoero, M. Rajteri and C. Portesi, Phys. Rev. B 77, 064516 (2008).
[2] L. Ponta, A. Carbone, M. Gilli and P. Mazzetti, Phys. Rev. B 79, 134513 (2009).



















S-O-066

Structural transition and superconductiviy of Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2
: Compared with high pressure effect

F.L. TANG
1,2
, W.J. LU
2
and Z.Y. MA
2


1
State Key Lab. of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou Uni. of Tech.,Lanzhou 730050 CHINA
2
Key Lab. of Non-ferrous Metal Alloys and Processing of Ministry of Education,Department of Materials Science and
Engineering, Lanzhou Uni. of Tech.,Lanzhou 730050 CHINA
tfl03@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn


Al-doping effect in MgB
2
was investigated by lattice statistics and lattice dynamics with newly
fitted AlB
2
and previously fitted MgB
2
classical potentials. Our simulated lattice parameters c, a (Fig.
1), volume (Fig. 2), and c/a ratio (inset of Fig. 3) agree well with experimental data [1-3] of Mg
1-
x
Al
x
B
2
.


0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
3.05
3.10
3.3
3.4
3.5
c


L
a
t
t
i
c
e

p
a
r
a
m
e
t
e
r
s

(
A
)
Al-doping density x
This work
Ref. [1]
Ref. [2]
Ref. [3]
a


0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
27.0
27.5
28.0
28.5
29.0


L
a
t
t
i
c
e

v
o
l
u
m
e

(
A
3
)
Al doping density x
Ref. [1]
Ref. [2]
Ref. [3]
This work


0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
c
/
a
Al doping density x
This work ¸
N
=0.46 ¸
G
=2.55
This work ¸
N
=0.46 ¸
G
=3.59


T
c
Al doping density x
Ref. [3]
Ref. [4]
Ref. [5]
Ref. [1]
This work
Ref. [2]
Ref. [3]





Figure 1. Lattice parameters a and
c.
Figure 2. Lattice volume. Figure 3. Critical temperature T
c
.

With simulated lattice structure, the superconductivity critical temperature T
c
of Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2

was calculated with McMillan expression: the lattice stiffening dominants the behavior of T
c
upon Al-
doping, just like that under high pressure. The calculated T
c
(Fig. 3) agrees well with experimental
results [3-5] when Grüeisen parameter γ
G
= 3.59 (2.25 for high pressure effect). Additionally
considering the difference of c/a-T
c
relation (not shown here), we suggest that lattice transiton effect
on Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2
introduced by doping is different from that by high pressure.


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1.72 1.74 1.76 1.78
2.60 2.62 2.64 2.66 2.68


R
D
F

(
B
-
B
)
r (A)
x = 0
x = 1/16
x = 1/4





200 400 600 800 1000 1200
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
x = 1/4
P
h
o
n
o
n

D
O
S
Total DOS
Mg contribution
B

contribution
Al contribution
Frequence (cm
-1
)
x = 1/8

x = 0

Figure 4. RDF of B-B bood lengths. Figure 5. Phonon density of states (DOS) of Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2



A critical factor to T
c
is E
2g
phonon vibration mode (Fig. 4: the high friquency part). Only
containing B contribution, E
2g
splits itself and its frequency increases as x increases. Changes in E
2g

phonon mode has a close relation to B-B bond lengths [its radial distribution function (RDF) is shown
in Fig. 5].




[1] M. Mudgel, V.P.S. Awana, H. Kishan and G.L. Bhalla, Physica C, 467, 31 (2007).
[2] J.S. Slusky et.al., Nature 410, 186 (2001).
[3] J.Y. Xiang, Phys. Rev. B. 65, 214536 (2002).
[4] M. Mudgel et al., J. Phys. Cond. Matt. 20, 095206 (2008).
[5] J. Karpinski et al., Physica C, 408, 81 (2004).




































S-O-067

Fluctuational specific heat jump of two-band superconductors: Applications to MgB
2


I.N.ASKERZADE
1,2


1
Department of Computer Engineering, Ankara University, Tandoğan 06100, Ankara, TURKEY
2
Institute of Physics Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences,Baku, AZERBAIJAN
iasker@science.ankara.edu.tr & iaskerzade@yahoo.com


The energy spectrum of many superconductors exhibits a complicated character; in particular
there are several overlapping energy bands near the Fermi level. In recent years a generalized e-ph
Eliashberg theory for two-band superconductors was used to study nonmagnetic borocarbides [1] and
magnesium diboride [2]. Up to now Ginzburg-Landau theory remains powerful method in study of
some physical properties of superconductors. Ginzburg-Landau theory was generalized fort he case
two-band superconductors [3,4]. In this study three-dimensional two-band Ginzburg-Landau theory
applied for the calculation fluctuational specific heat jump of two-band superconductors. It is shown
that fluctuational specific heat jump of two-band superconductors is enhanced in comparison with
single band isotropic superconductors. Results in qualitative agreement with theoretical calculations
for MgB
2
[5]. Two-band Ginzburg-Landau theory gives nonlinear temperature dependence of
fluctuational specific heat near critical temperature. Similar result observed experimentally in [6].
This work partially supported by CNRS-ANAS (2009) research grant.




[1] S.V. Shulga et al, Phys. Rev. Lett.. 80, 1730 (1998).
[2] S.V.Shulga et al , condmat 0103154 (2001).
[3] I. N. Askerzade, A.Gencer et al , Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, L13 (2002).
[4] I. N. Askerzade, Physics Uspekhi 49, 1003 (2006).
[5] A.E. Koshelev, A.A. Varlamov, V.M.Vinokur, Phys. Rev. B72 , 064523 (2005).
[6] T. Park, M.B. Salamon et al , Phys. Rev. B66 , 134515 (2002).



















S-O-068

Boron isotope effect on the E
2g
phonon mode in Mg
1−x
Al
x
B
2
system

L. SIMONELLI
1
, V. PALMISANO
2
, M. FILIPPI
2
, P. PARISIADES
3
, D. LAMPAKIS
3
,
E. LIAROKAPIS
3
, M. FRATINI
4
, and A. BIANCONI
4

1
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex, FRANCE
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam,
THE NETHERLANDS
3
Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Zografou Campus, Athens GR157 80, GREECE
4
Department of Physics, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, ITALY


The MgB
2
, with its high T
c
around 40 K [1], is a very interesting system in the study of the high
T
c
superconductivity due to its simple crystal and electronic structure. The value of the isotope
coefficient, lower respect the one expected from the standard BCS theory [2], up to now was one of the
most important unresolved issues in the physics of MgB
2
[3].
Many theoretical works have identified the intraband electron-phonon coupling between the
holes in the ζ band and the E
2g
mode in MgB
2
as the driving mechanism for the highest
superconducting critical temperature T
c
(40K) in intermetallics [4].
Here we report the study of the boron isotope effect on the E
2g
phonon mode by micro-Raman
spectroscopy on the ternary Mg
1−x
Al
x
B
2
system, synthesized with pure isotopes
10
B and
11
B, in a wide
range of Al content (0 < x < 0.57) [5].
The crystal structure evolution as a function of doping and isotope substitution has been studied
by high resolution x-ray powder diffraction [6].
We find that the isotope coefficient on the E
2g
mode frequency is nearly 0.5 in the full range (0
< x < 0.57), decreasing near x = 0.
The intraband electron-phonon coupling, for the electrons in the sigma band, has been extracted
from the E
2g
line-width and frequency softening. The results suggest a minor role of the intraband
phonon mediated pairing in the control of the high critical temperature in Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2
.




[1] J. Nagamatzu, N. Nagakawa, T. Muranka, Y. Zenitanim, and J. Akimitzu, Nature 420, 63(2001).
[2] S. L. Bud’ko, G. Lapertot, C. Petrovic, C. E. Cunningham, N. Anderson, and P. C. Canfield, Phys.
Rev. Lett. 86, 1877-1880 (2001); D. G. Hinks, J. D. Jorgensen, Physica C 385, 98–104 (2003).
[3] Matteo Calandra, Michele Lazzeri, Francesco Mauri, Physica C 456, 38 (2007).
[4] Y. Kong, O. V. Dolgov, O. Jepsen, and O. K. Andersen, Phys. Rev. B 64, 020501 (2001).
[5] L. Simonelli, V. Palmisano, M. Fratini, M. Filippi, P. Parisiades, D. Lampakis, E. Liarokapis, A
Bianconi, Phys. Rev. B 80, 014520 (2009).
[6] V. Palmisano, L. Simonelli, A. Puri, M. Fratini, Y. Busby, P. Parisiades, E. Liarokapis, M.
Brunelli, A N Fitch and A. Bianconi, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 434222 (2008).








S-O-069

Electrophoretic deposition of the MgB
2
coils and their superconducting properties

M.B. KADAM
1,2
, B.B. SINHA
1
and S.H. PAWAR
2


1
Superconductivity Lab, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur 416004
Maharashtra, INDIA
2
Department of Technology, D. Y. Patil University, Kolhapur 416006 INDIA
kmahadeo2003@yahoo.co.in


Initially commercially available MgB
2
powder is studied for its superconducting properties.
Also attempts have been made to study the oxidation behavior of superconducting MgB2 powder with
and without addition of Mg in the wide range of temperature in air as well as in argon atmosphere.
TGA-DTA studies were used to investigate the oxidation kinetics of these powder samples. The
oxidation activation energy of MgB
2
powder is estimated by using the Freeman–Carroll method based
on the Arrhenius relation and it is found to be in the range of 60 -81 KJ mol
−1
. The effects of addition
of Mg in MgB
2
powder and effect of gaseous atmosphere on the stability of superconducting MgB
2

powder is studied and reported for the first time in the literature. Electrophoretic deposition of the
commercially available MgB
2
powder on stainless steel base from methanol dispersion media and is
also is reported for the first time. Various deposition parameters such as deposition media, quantity of
powder loading, deposition potential and the time of deposition have been optimized. Coils were
subjected to heat treatment in flowing argon ambience and excess magnesium powder. The Coils are
found to be adherent, uniform and no traces of MgO. XRD, SEM and SQUID measurements revealed
the structural, morphological, superconducting properties of the coils.


























S-O-070

Mechanically alloyed MgB
2
: A reasonable precursor for technical low temperature
superconductors


M. HERRMANN
1
, W. HAESSLER
1
, C. RODIG
1
, M. SCHUBERT
1
, A. KARIO
1
, K. NENKOV
1
,
J. SCHEITER
1
, L. SCHMOLINGA
2
, A. AUBELE
2
, B. SAILER
2
, K. SCHLENGA
3
, B. HOLZAPFEL
1

and L. SCHULTZ
1


1
IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, 01069 Dresden, GERMANY
2
Bruker HTS GmbH, Development HTS, Alzenau, GERMANY
3 Bruker EAS GmbH, Hanau, GERMANY
m.herrmann@ifw-dresden.de


To face the challenge of introducing MgB
2
wires and tapes into low temperature applications, it
is essential to adapt its preparation to the industrial scale. Only a reasonable interplay of both key
parameters, current carrying capability and an appropriate preparation route, will allow for a
widespread use of MgB
2
conductors. As shown previously, mechanical alloying is an excellent
technique to adjust the microstructure in the MgB
2
precursor [1,2]. The resulting nanocrystalline
particle size is beneficial to obtain high critical current densities in MgB
2
conductors. Due to the
milling treatment, the morphology and flowability of the powder is affected. As a consequence the
deformability of the conductor will differ when used in the powder-in-tube approach. To allow for an
easy and reliable production of MgB
2
wires on the kilometer scale, it is essential to make use of a
precursor which can be deformed properly within the sophisticated architecture of a conductor as
required for all different aspects of the application.
In this paper, the influence of different milling parameters on the microstructure and the
superconducting properties of MgB
2
is discussed. With increasing milling energy, a refined
microstructure and improved homogeneity of the powder and subsequently improved critical current
densities are observed. At the same time the changing flowability of the precursor requires for an
appropriate modification of the wire processing and an adaption of intermediate heat treatment is
necessary. Finally the capability of mechanically alloyed MgB
2
as a precursor for long length
superconductor fabrication will be illustrated.




[1] W. Häßler, O. Perner, C. Fischer, K. Nenkov, C. Rodig, M. Schubert, M. Herrmann, L. Schultz, B.
Holzapfel and J. Eckert, Superconductivity Research Horizons (Nova Science Publisher, 2007) p 193
[2] M. Herrmann, W. Häßler, C. Mickel, W. Gruner, B. Holzapfel and L. Schultz, Supercond. Sci.
Technol. 20, 1108 (2007).










S-O-071

Heat capacity of pure and carbon doped MgB
2


MONIKA MUDGEL
1, 2
, ARPITA VAJPAYEE
1, 2
, RAJVEER JHA
1
, V. P. S. AWANA
1
,
H. KISHAN
1
and G.L. BHALLA
2


1
National Physical Laboratory, Dr K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
2
Deptartment of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110007, INDIA
mudgelmk@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


The behavior of heat capacity with temperature is studied for MgB
2
superconductor under applied
magnetic field of up to 7 Tesla (Fig. 1). The C
p
(T) with and without applied magnetic field is being
measured on a Quantum design (Q.D.) Physical property measurement system (PPMS). MgB
2
shows a
clear and dominant peak at transition temperature under zero field. With the increment in field value,
both the transition temperature and dominance of this peak decreases. The magnitude of jump in
specific heat at superconducting transition temperature (39 K) is calculated by subtracting the non-
superconducting contribution. The non-superconducting behavior is brought out by applying a
magnetic field of 7 Tesla and thus reducing the T
c
below 30 K. The net change (AC
p
=C
p
(0)-C
p

(7Tesla)) at T
c
decreases monotonically with increase in carbon content (Fig. 2). It is concluded that
carbon doping not only decreases the T
c
but also induces disorder in host MgB
2
.














S-O-072

Vortex dendritic avalanches induced by microwave pulses in MgB
2


P. J. CUADRA-SOLÍS
1
, J. M. HERNÁNDEZ
1
, A. GARCÍA-SANTIAGO
1
, J. TEJADA
1
,
J. NOSKOVIC
2
, A. PIDIK
2
and M. GRAJCAR
2


1
Grup de Magnetisme, Departament de Física Fonamental, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028,
Barcelona, SPAIN
2
Department of Experimental Physics, Comenius University, Mlynská Dolina, 84248, Bratislava, SLOVAK REPUBLIC
jcuadra@ubxlab.com


The discovery of the superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride (MgB
2
) [1] has
stimulated a great deal of interest in studying both its fundamental properties and potential application.
One critical issue of thin-film superconducting devices designed for real applications is the
pronounced instabilities in the magnetic flux penetration, which in MgB
2
occurs in the form of
dendritic vortex avalanches [2]. It is well accepted that a vortex avalanche with a dendritic shape
develops as a result of a thermomagnetic instability driven by heat generated by moving vortices [3].
Different experimental techniques as dc magnetization [4] and magneto-optical imaging [2], have been
extensively used in order to get qualitative and quantitative information on these patterns.
Here we report the evidence of magnetic flux penetration via dendritic patterns of flux
avalanches obtained by pulsed microwave frequency fields in superconducting MgB
2
films. The main
feature consists of abrupt dips in the variation of the output voltage signal of the SQUID magnetometer
used in the experiments as a function of temperature, magnetic field, pulse width and applied nominal
power. The existence of avalanches has also been detected through the formation of noise in low-
temperature magnetic hysteresis loops. Flux shaking provided by the microwave induced currents and
local heating produced by vortex motion are suggested to explain the origin of these phenomena.




[1] J. Nagamatsu, et al., Nature 410, 63 (2001).
[2] T. H. Johansen, et al., Europhys. Lett., 59 599 (2002).
[3] D. V. Danisov, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 077002 (2006).
[4] Jae-Yeap Lee, et al., J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083904 (2009).
















S-O-075

Mechanism for superconducting pairing in layered systems

R. CHAUDHURY

S.N. Bose National Centre For Basic Sciences, Kolkata (Calcutta) , INDIA
ranjan@bose.res.in


The interplay of charge fluctuations and spin fluctuations in the low-dimensional conducting
electron systems is studied theoretically in both strong and weak correlation regimes. In the Fermi-
liquid regime, the static charge and spin response functions can be related in a rather straightforward
manner. More precisely, the longitudinal dielectric function, the spin susceptibility and the
polarizability function for an itinerant system in the usual metallic density limit get connected through
the various perturbative corrections to the total energy, which includes exchange and correlation
contributions as well [1]. For the strongly correlated electronic systems however, such connection is
highly non-trivial, as the intra-site correlation energy plays the most dominant role. Nevertheless, the
spin and charge responses for the strongly correlated systems expressed in terms of the corresponding
stiffness constants, can be linked to each other [2,3].
An attempt is made to unify these different approaches used for the weakly and strongly
correlated systems. Calculational results for the static response functions for these two types of
systems are briefly presented. The consequences of these results are extended to explore possible
cooperation, coexistence and competition between superconductivity, charge ordering or phase
separation and magnetism in layered systems, as a function of various parameters including the carrier
concentration. This study is carried out for both weak correlation and strong correlation regime. Both
long range and short range orderings are considered. This analysis is based upon the determination of
intra-layer effective couplings between the itinerant charge degrees of freedom and the spin degrees of
freedom, which are themselves governed by the various relevant response functions. The emergence of
attractive interaction between the charge degrees of freedom is crucial for the superconducting pairing.
These calculations also exhibit the possibilities of the intra-layer particle-particle pairing arising or
being facilitated by the enhancement of the spin fluctuations and / or the charge fluctuations under
certain conditions for both strongly correlated and weakly correlated systems in general. In addition, a
modeling for the inter-layer pair transfer is introduced to describe the final occurrence of
superconductivity of 3-dimensional character. The theoretical results are discussed in the light of
observations from various novel experimental systems like the transition metal oxypnictides and the
cuprates.




[1] R. Chaudhury, Cond-mat/0901.1438 (2009).
[2] R. Periyasamy and R. Chaudhury, Theoretical Studies of Charge Stiffness Constant for the t-J
Model on Low-dimensional Lattices, Unpublished (2009).
[3] R. Chaudhury, J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 19, 496203 (2007).







S-O-076

Topological hall effect in inhomogeneous pairing states of noncentrosymmetric superconductors

S. FUJIMOTO

Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, JAPAN
fuji@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp


For noncentrosymmetric superconductors which lack inversion center in their crystal structures,
various exotic superconducting properties raised by broken inversion symmetry have been investigated
extensively from both theoretical and experimental sides [1]. Here, we propose a novel mechanism of
the Hall effect for quasiparticles which is realizable in inhomogeneous pairing states of
noncentrosymmetric superconductors. It has been discussed by many authors that in
noncentrosymmetric superconductors under applied magnetic fields, inhomogeneous pairing states
called the Helical vortex phase can be stabilized because of antisymmetric spin-orbit interactions
which break parity and induce Cooper pairs with finite center of mass momentum [2]. Such
inhomogeneous states are characterized by spatially-varying order parameters as in the case of the
Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) state which are also attracting much interests in connection
with the recent experimental studies on heavy fermion systems. We demonstrate that in the
inhomogeneous superconducting states, the slowly varying order parameter fields give rise to a
topological Berry phase effect which produces a fictitious ―Lorentz force‖ acting on quasiparticles, and
leads to the Hall effect. This effect is akin to the topological Hall effect theoretically predicted for
magnetic systems with nontrivial spin textures [3,4]. We discuss distinct features of the topologically-
induced Hall effect in inhomogeneous pairing states including experimental implications, which are
remarkably different from conventional properties of the Hall effect due to magnetic fields. Our basic
idea for the topological Hall effect in inhomogeneous superconducting states is not restricted to
noncentrosymmetric superconductors, but is applicable to more general classes of the FFLO states
mentioned above. We would like to furthermore extend our argument to such FFLO states and clarify
the condition for the realization of the topological effect in the inhomogeneous pairing states.




[1] E. Bauer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett 92, 027003 (2004); P. A. Frigeri et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 097001
(2004); S. Fujimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 76, 051008 (2007); Y.Tada, N. Kawakami, and S. Fujimoto,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 267006 (2008).
[2] R. P. Kaur, D. F. Agterberg, and M. Sigrist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 137002 (2005); K. Samokhin,
Phys. Rev. B70, 104521 (2004); C. K. Lu and S. K. Yip, Phys. Rev. B77, 054515 (2008); S. Fujimoto,
Phys. Rev. B72, 024515 (2005).
[3] P. Bruno, V. K. Dugaev, and M. Taillefumier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 096806 (2004).
[4] S. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 047203 (2009).








S-O-077

Physical vacuum in superconductors

CLOVIS JACINTO DE MATOS

European Space Agency (ESA, Head Quarter), 8-10 rue Mario Nikis,75015 Paris, FRANCE
clovis.de.matos@esa.int


Although experiments carried out by Jain et al. [1] showed that the Cooper pairs obey the
strong equivalence principle, The measurement of the Cooper pairs inertial mass by Tate et al. [2]
revealed an anomalous excess of mass. In the present paper we interpret these experimental results in
the framework of an electromagnetic model of dark energy for the superconductors' vacuum [3]. We
argue that this physical vacuum is associated with a preferred frame. Ultimately from the conservation
of energy for Cooper pairs we derive a model for a variable vacuum speed of light in the
superconductors‘ physical vacuum in relation with a possible breaking of the weak equivalence
principle for Cooper pairs.




[1] A. K. Jain, J. Lukens, and J. S. Tsai, Phys. Rev. Lett., 58, 1165 (1987).
[2] J. Tate, B. Cabrera, S.B. Felch, J.T. Anderson, "Precise determination of the Cooper-pair mass",
Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 (8) 845–848 (1989).
[3] C. J. de Matos, C. Beck, "Possible measurable effects of dark energy in rotating superconductors",
Advances in Astronomy, 2009, 931920, (2009) (also available as arXiv:0707.1797).
























S-O-078

New superconductivity produced by electrostatic field and diffusion current in semiconductor

S. ISHIGURI

Fukui National College of Technology, JAPAN
kckyg592@ybb.ne.jp

This paper proposes a unique polarization superconducting device that is considerably different
from conventional superconductors. This device, which uses a constant current source, demonstrates the
potential of a new superconductivity concept. The device is based on the idea that the voltage that produces
Joule heating can be in proportion to the voltage derived from the line integral of an internal electric field
using a condenser when the current is supplied to a doped semiconductor by a current source. In this case,
charge carrier concentration is spatially non-uniform. The concentration gradient of the current source
leads to diffusion of the charge carriers, and the motion of these carriers contributes to current density. An
electric field is not needed to move the charge carriers, because they move by diffusion and not by drift.
Because the voltage associated with Joule heating is in proportion to the voltage from the internal electric
field, the total voltage in the semiconductor is zero; however, the current carried from the current source
prevents the total current from being zero. This study demonstrates that the above phenomenon results in
superconducting state from the diffusion-current state. In the theory, it is demonstrated that two electrons in
the device form a pair and Bose-Einstein (BE) condensation of all pairs is produced. From this, we obtain
the superconducting current without voltage. Furthermore, we developed an experimental setup and
confirmed a reproducible drop in the electrical resistance and production of an energy gap: In Fig. 1, a
result of the experiments using our proposed superconducting device is indicated. As shown in this figure,
we can confirm that the sample voltage dropped almost to zero. However, the transport current was not
zero but constant. Fig. 2 indicates another result of the experiments. Sample voltages in this figure also
drop almost to zero. In this figure, some data points are not shown. These points were measured as negative
voltages despite dc current. In general, when dc current is supplied to a substance, a positive voltage is
generated, and this substance consumes energy (i.e., generation of Joule heating). However, in this study,
negative voltages were generated although the direction of the current was constant. This means that,
similar to the function of a battery in a circuit, the sample of the experiment emitted energy (not consumed
it), i.e., it did not generate Joule heating despite current being supplied. Because this emitted energy was
not heat, it must be the magnetic field energy in the semiconductor, which resulted in the Meissner effect
and the phase transition to BE condensation. At this time, we can mention that the electric resistance in the
semiconductor was completely zero. Note that electrons at the minimum-level energy neither consume nor
emit energy, as they have no kinetic energy. Thus, energy emission in this experiment means that the free
electron energy drops to lower levels than the minimum-energy level and that an energy gap in terms of
superconductivity was produced. Note that the experiments in Figs. 1 and 2 were conducted on different
days to confirm the reproducibility of the phenomenon. From our many experiments, the dropping of the
sample voltage to zero was certainly observed when the conditions of the experiments were the same.

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5
S
a
m
p
l
e

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

(
m
V
)

Time (min)


Time (min)

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
12 12.2 12.4 12.6 12.8
S
a
m
p
l
e

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

(
m
V
)


Fig. 1 A result of the experiments to confirm our proposed device. Fig. 2 Another result of the experiment.



S-O-081

Quantum oscillations reveal the role of structure and Fe in ternary iron and ruthenium pnictides

A.I. COLDEA
1
, C.M.J. ANDREW
1
, A. CARRINGTON
1
, J. ANALYTIS
2,3
, J.-H. CHU
2, 3
,
I.R. FISHER
2, 3
and A. MCCOLLAM
4

1
H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL, UK
2
Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
3
Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, USA
4
Radboud University Nijmegen,High Field Magnet Laboratory,Faculty of Science,6500 GL Nijmegen,
THE NETHERLANDS
amalia.coldea@bristol.ac.uk


We present quantum oscillations obtained using torque measurements in high magnetic fields
(45T) and low temperatures (0.3K) in non-magnetic iron pnictides which allow mapping out of an un-
reconstructed Fermi surface characteristic to ternary iron pnictides. We find that in systems with
reduced c/a ratio or when the bonding between the pnictogen ions becomes relevant, like in CaFe
2
P
2

[1] or the collapsed tetragonal phase of CaFe
2
As
2
, the Fermi surface is three dimensional and suffers a
topological change from the usual two warped electron and hole cylinders, as found in the
paramagnetic phase of BaFe
2
As
2
or LaFePO [2]. A similar effect is found when replacing Fe by an
isolectronic 4d ion, Ru, but this time the effective masses are strongly reduced compared with the Fe
related systems. The role of electronic correlations, dimensionality and Fermi surface warping and its
relevance to superconductivity will be discussed.

[1] A. I. Coldea et al ., Phys. Rev. Lett., 103, 026404 (2009).
[2] A. I. Coldea et al ., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 216402 (2008)

(a)


(b) BaFe
2
As
2




(c) CaFe
2
P
2


Figure 1. a) Torque signal in SrRu
2
P
2
at 1.3 K and 30 T. b) Calculated Fermi surface of BaFe
2
As
2

in the paramagnetic state and CaFe
2
As
2
, the latter being well described by the experimental data [1].



S-O-082

Fermi surface shrinking and band shifts in iron-based pnictides

E. CAPPELLUTI
1,2
, L. ORTENZI
2
, L. BENFATTO
2
and L. PIETRONERO
2


1
SMC Research Center, INFM-CNR, Rome, ITALY
2
Department of Physics, University “La Sapienza”, Rome, ITALY
emmanuele.cappelluti@roma1.infn.it

The new superconducting iron-based pnictides represent a new challenge in the field of condensed
matter. First-principle calculations identify four main bands at the Fermi level with two-dimensional
character: two hole-like pockets around the I point and two electron-like pockets around the M point, so
that these systems present an interesting multiband phenomenology. Although a qualitative agreement is
found between LDA calculations and experiments, interesting discrepancies remain. In particular de Haas-
van Alphen measurements observe Fermi areas which are systematically much smaller than the theoretical
predicted [1,2,3]. This discrepancy can be reconciled by assuming a systematic shift of the bands, whose
origin has been not so far not assessed. Notably, such effects must be band-sensitive, since they give a
downward shift of the hole-bands and an upward shift of the electronic ones.
In this contribution we present a comprehensive explanation for the origin of the band shifts
observed in de Haas-van Alphen experiments. Using a four band Eliashberg analysis, we show that they are
a natural consequence of the multiband character of these systems and of the strong particle-hole
asymmetry of the bands. We also show that the relative sign of such shifts provides a direct experimental
evidence of a dominant interband scattering [4]. A quantitative analysis in LaFePO yields a spin-mediated
interband coupling of the order V ~ 0.46 eV which corresponds to a mass enhancement Z ~ 1.4 [4]. We
show also how the present framework can account for the momentum-selective band shift observed in
SrFe2P2 [3] where quantum oscillations report a significant shift for the minimal Fermi area and negligible
shift for the maximal Fermi area within the same band. This feature appears as a natural consequence in our
analysis of the different nesting properties for different momenta.


Figure 1. Iintensity map of the spectral function for the interacting hole bands (left panel) and for the two
degenerate electron bands (right panel). The dashed lines represent the non-interacting parabolic bands.

[1] D.H. Lu et al., Nature 455, 81 (2008).
[2] A.I. Coldea et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 216402 (2008).
[3] J.G. Analytis et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 076401 (2009).
[4] L. Ortenzi, E. Cappelluti, L. Benfatto, L. Pietronero, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 046404 (2009).



S-O-083

Probing the Fermi surface of an electron doped cuprate superconductor by high-field
magnetotransport

T. HELM
1
, M.V. KARTSOVNIK
1
, M. BARTKOWIAK
2
, F. WOLF-FABRIS
2
, I. SHEIKIN
3
,
M. LAMBACHER
1
, A. ERB
1
, J. WOSNITZA
2
and R. GROSS
1


1
Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, D-85748 Garching, GERMANY
2
Hochfeld-Magnetlabor Dresden, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01328 Dresden, GERMANY
3
Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, FRANCE
mark.kartsovnik@wmi.badw.de


We present results of high-field studies of the interlayer magnetoresistance of high-quality
electron-doped Nd
2-x
Ce
x
CuO
4
single crystals at different doping levels x. In pulsed magnetic fields, the
magnetoresistance displays Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations for optimally doped (x = 0.15) and
overdoped (x = 0.16 and 0.17) compositions, thus providing direct evidence for a well-defined
continuous Fermi surface [1]. At the highest doping level, the oscillations reveal a large cylindrical
Fermi surface consistent with band structure calculations and ARPES results [2]. Most interestingly,
the oscillation spectrum changes dramatically upon reducing the Ce concentration below 0.17. The
corresponding Fermi surface reconstruction can be explained by a (t;t) superlattice potential which
likely originates from an magnetic ordering in CuO
2
layers. Remarkably, this superlattice emerges
deep in the overdoped regime, by contrast to what was expected from the recent ARPES [2] and
neutron scattering studies [3].
Besides quantum oscillations, the semiclassical magnetoresistance component is found to
display the so-called angle-dependent magnetoresistance oscillations (AMRO). The latter phenomenon
has been widely used in other layered systems like organic conductors for mapping their Fermi
surfaces [4]. It has also been observed on the hole-overdoped cuprate superconductor Tl
2
Ba
2
CuO
6+o

[5], although its interpretation in this case becomes complicated due to relatively short scattering
lifetimes. We discuss the AMRO features in Nd
2-x
Ce
x
CuO
4
in connection with the Shubnikov-de Haas
data and argue that the superlattice potential survives most likely over the entire superconducting
doping range. This suggests an intimate relation between magnetic ordering and superconductivity.




[1] T. Helm, M. V. Kartsovnik, M. Bartkowiak, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 157002 (2009).
[2] N. P. Armitage, P. Fournier, and R. L. Greene, Arxiv:0906.2931; unpublished.
[3] E. M. Motoyama, G. Yu, I. M. Vishik, et al., Nature 445, 186 (2007).
[4] M. V. Kartsovnik, Chem. Rev. 104, 5737 (2004).
[5] N. E. Hussey, M. Abdel-Jawad, A. Carrington, et al., Nature 425, 814 (2003); M. Abdel-Jawad, M.
P. Kennett, L. Balicas, et al., Nature Phys. 2, 821 (2006).









S-O-085

Angular dependence of magnetoresistance in layered metals and superconductors

P.D. GRIGORIEV

Landau Instituute for Theoretical Physics, Chernogolovka, 142432, RUSSIA
grigorev@itp.ac.ru


The systematic theoretical study of the angular dependence of magnetoresistance and magnetic
quantum oscillations in layered metals is performed [1]. Both these effects are traditionally used to
extract the Fermi surface geometry and the electron dispersion in various compounds. The Fermi
surface in layered metals is a corrugated cylinder, and the extraction of the parameters of this
corrugation and of the in-plane electron dispersion from the experimental data requires the reliable
and simple theoretical formulas for the angular dependence of magnetoresistance. The knowledge of
the electron dispersion and of the Fermi-surface geometry is especially useful for the understanding of
the ground state and many-electron properties in high-temperature cuprate superconductors. The
analytical and numerical results on the angular dependence of magnetoresistance, illustrating the
calculation procedure and its pitfalls, will be presented. The results are applied to analyze the
electronic dispersion in layered cuprate superconductors and organic metals.
The differences between magnetotransport in the coherent and incoherent limits will be
discussed. Very unusual angular and temperature dependence of magnetoresistance has been observed
in several layered compounds with weak interlayer coupling. In particular, contrary to the standart
theory of magnetoresistance, in strong magnetic field the interlayer conductivity was found to be
almost independent on the magnetic field perpendicular to the conductivity, but depends strongly on
the magnetic field component along the conductivity. This unusual interlayer conductivity is not
thermally activational, but has almost metallic temperature dependence at low temperature. The model
is proposed [2] to explain this anomalous angular and temperature dependence of magnetoresistance in
the incoherent case, observed in several layered metals and superconductors. This model includes the
interlayer electron hopping via the local crystal defect, as, e.g., resonance impurities, with in-sequence
transport along the conducting layers. The predictions of this model are thouroghly compared with the
experimental data.




[1] P.D. Grigoriev, ―Angular dependence of the Fermi-surface cross-section area and
magnetoresistance in quasi-2D metals‖, in preparation.
[2] .M. V. Kartsovnik, P. D. Grigoriev, W. Biberacher, and N. D. Kushch, "Magnetic field induced
coherence-incoherence crossover in the interlayer conductivity of a layered organic metals", Phys.
Rev. B 79, 165120 (2009).









S-O-086

Dynamic studies on the influence of strain on superconducting properties using piezoelectric
substrates

S. TROMMLER
1
, R. HÜHNE
1
, K. IIDA
1
, P. PAHLKE
1
, T. THERSLEFF
1
, L. SCHULTZ
1
and
B. HOLZAPFEL
1


1
IFW Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden, Germany
s.trommler@ifw-dresden.de


It is known that the application of strain has a significant influence on the functional properties
of superconducting materials. Typically, thin films are prepared on substrates with a different lattice
misfit inducing a biaxial tensile or compressive strain to study this effect. Unfortunately, this approach
is often restricted to very thin films. Furthermore, it is difficult to correlate strain and
superconductivity directly, as the preparation conditions and the resulting microstructure may severely
affect the superconducting properties. An alternative approach is the preparation of superconducting
films on single crystalline piezoelectric substrates enabling a dynamical variation of the induced strain
by applying an electric field on the substrate. This approach is used to study the strain dependence of
superconducting properties in different materials. Therefore, thin epitaxial YBCO, La1-xSrxCuO4 and
BaFe2-xCoxAs2 films were prepared on piezoelectric (001) Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.72Ti0.28O3 (PMN-PT)
substrates. Depending on the lattice parameter of these materials, additional buffer layers are required
to achieve an epitaxial growth of the superconductor on these substrates. The structural as well as the
electrical properties of the grown films were characterized in detail. Finally, results on the influence of
strain on superconducting properties like the transition temperature will be presented for these
materials using dynamic investigations.
























S-O-087

The effect of the pinning center size on the vortex pinning by embedded ZrO
2
nano-particles

NAHED MOUTALBI, ASMA OUERGHI and ALI M‘CHIRGUI

Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, 7021 Zarzouna Bizerte TUNISIA
ali.mchirgui@fsb.rnu.tn


The pinning stability and the optimization of flux line pinning in high temperature
superconductor are of the most performed ways to improve the transport properties in these materials.
The optimization of the size and the distribution of artificial pinning centres lead to the achievement of
a high critical current density (J
c
) in applied magnetic field. To this effect, the influence of pinning
centres size on the superconducting properties was investigated in this work. Through the introduction
of three batches of ZrO
2
nano-particles with mean size of about D
1
=13nm, D
2
=21nm and D
3
=85nm,
we have succeeded in incorporating effective artificial pinning centres within the YBCO matrix of
bulk superconductor. As a result, we have achieved an enhancement in the flux pinning and a
consequent improvement in the critical current densities (transport critical current density J
ct
and
magnetic critical current density J
cm
). The results indicate that slight inclusions of ZrO2 can greatly
enhance the flux pinning capability of samples. Moreover, the predicted dependence of the
strengthening of the resulting pinning force on the size of the incorporated pinning centres was
elucidated. Comparative analyses of the critical current densities (J
ct
and J
cm
) and the resulting pinning
force F
p
for the three diameters have shown that pinning centres with finer size are much more
efficient than those with a size larger than the coherence length ξ. Our results reveal that the
optimization of the size of the introduced nano-particles is a feasible way to solve the pinning
degradation in YBCO in applied magnetic field.
























S-O-088

Are vortices in rotating superfluids breaking the weak equivalence principle?

CLOVIS JACINTO DE MATOS

European Space Agency (ESA, Head Quarter), 8-10 rue Mario Nikis,
75015 Paris, FRANCE
clovis.de.matos@esa.int


Due to the breaking of gauge symmetry in rotating superfluid Helium, the inertial mass of a
vortex diverges with the vortex size [1]. The vortex inertial mass is thus much higher than the classical
inertial mass of the vortex core. An equal increase of the vortex gravitational mass is questioned. The
possibility that the vortices in a rotating superfluid could break the weak equivalence principle in
relation with a variable speed of light in the superfluid vacuum is debated. Experiments to test this
possibility are investigated on the bases that superfluid Helium vortices would not fall, under the single
influence of a uniform gravitational field, at the same rate as the rest of the superfluid Helium mass.




[1] J. M. Duan, Phys. Rev. B, 49, 12381 (1994).





























S-O-089

Oscillatory dynamics in vortex matter near the order-disorder transition

D. PÇREZ DAROCA
1
, G. PASQUINI
1,2
, G. LOZANO
1,2
and V. BEKERIS
1,2


1
Departamento de Física, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA
2
IFIBA, CONICET, ARGENTINA
pasquini@df.uba.ar


Vortex matter in type II superconductors provides a model complex system ideal to explore the
behavior of elastic media in the presence of quenched disorder. In this system competing interactions
give rise to a complex phase diagram that, in a broad variety of materials, involves an order-disorder
(O-D) transition from a quasi-ordered Bragg glass (BG) to a disordered phase with proliferation of
topological defects. In the vicinity of this transition, vortex lattice (VL) configurations are generally
metastables and display a very complex dynamics that includes memory effects, dynamical assisted
reorganization, aging, etc.
In a recent work [1], we have explored the VL configuration (VLC) landscape in NbSe
2
single
crystals. By applying a shaking ac field of moderate amplitude before measurment, we were able to
access stationary configuration that are independent of the initial VLC, at each temperature (field). We
have found a transition region between the ordered and disordered phases, where stationary VLCs
have an intermediate degree of disorder that increases with temperature.
In the present work we go into the physics underlying the effect of the shaking field. By means
of linear ac susceptibility experiments in the Campbell regime (that exclude current induced vortex
lattice reorganization), we explore the VLC landscape reached by varying the frequency and wave
form of the shaking field throughout the O-D transition. Surprisingly, in the intermediate region, at
fixed temperature and field, the VLCs reached after shaking are independent of the initial conditions
but are frequency dependent. On the other hand, numerical simulations of molecular dynamics
qualitatively reproduce the experimental results, including the independence of the initial
conditions, and allow us to propose a consistent picture.




[1] G. Pasquini, D. Pérez Daroca, C. Chiliotte, G. Lozano and V. Bekeris; Phy. Rev. Lett. 100, 247003
(2008).















S-O-090

Visualization of the critical state formation at the microscopic level in a superconductor with
periodic array of antidots

R. B. G. KRAMER
1
, A. V. SILHANEK
1
, J. GUTIERREZ
1
, G. W. ATAKLTI
1
, J. VAN DE
VONDEL
1
, V. V. MOSHCHALKOV
1
, C. NAVAU
2
, A. SANCHEZ
2
, N. DEL-VALLE
2
and
D.-X. CHEN
2


1
INPAC -- Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Nanoscale Superconductivity and Magnetism Group,
K.U.Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B--3001 Leuven, BELGIUM
2
Departament de Fisica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, SPAIN
Joffre.GutierrezRoyo@fys.kuleuven.be


The field penetration in a thin Pb superconducting film after zero field cooling under
perpendicular magnetic field is investigated by Low Temperature Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy
(LT-SHPM). Mapping the local field profile near the border of the sample allow us to determine the
characteristic length scales for field penetration in the Meissner state. The temperature dependence of
the field at which the first vortex appears (H
*
) in the scanning frame is also estimated. Increasing the
field above H
*
leads to a complete occupation of the first row of antidots before the occupation of the
next row occurs, in close agreement with the terraced critical state proposed by Cooley [1]. Further
increasing the field shows that even though the first row of antidots (parallel to the sample border)
remains populated with single quantized vortices, double quantized vortices can appear deeper into the
sample. We investigate the formation of the critical state and the effects of reversing the field
periodically, thus mimicking the vortex dynamics under perpendicular ac-excitation.




[1] L. D. Cooley and A. M. Grishin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2788 (1995).





















S-O-091

Retardation of the Magnetic Relaxation in a Superconductor near a Ferromagnet

B.M. SMOLYAK, G.V. ERMAKOV and M.S. ZAKHAROV

Institute of Thermal Physics, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, RUSSIA
b-smolyak@yandex.ru


The creep of a magnetic flux trapped in a bulk high-temperature superconductor has been
studied. It is found that the magnetic relaxation is retarded when the superconductor is placed near a
ferromagnet. The value of the retardation effect depends on the sequence of the magnetization and the
approach of the superconductor and the ferromagnet. If a superconducting sample first is placed near a
ferromagnet and then is magnetized, the magnetic relaxation in the sample is twice as slow as the
"free" relaxation (i.e., in the absence of the ferromagnet). If a superconducting sample first is
magnetized and then is brought close to the ferromagnet, the magnetic relaxation is almost fully
suppressed.
An interpretation of this effect has been discussed. When the sample is magnetized in the
presence of a ferromagnet, the retardation of the magnetic relaxation can be related to an increase in
the length and the curvature of the vortices. A full suppression of the creep is observed when a
ferromagnet is brought into the magnetic field of the superconductor. Being magnetized, the
ferromagnet produces its own magnetic field. While penetrating into the disk sample through its
planes, the ferromagnet field induces screening currents, which circulate in the boundary region
oppositely to the current that arises upon trapping of the magnetic flux. As a result, the stability of the
magnetic structure with respect to the creep increases sharply since opposite driving forces can act on
different sections of the vortices.
























S-O-092

AC response of the single crystals niobium in a swept magnetic field

M.I. TSINDLEKHT, V.M. GENKIN, G.I. LEVIEV and I. FELNER

The Racah Institute of Physics, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
91904, Jerusalem, ISRAEL
mtsindl@vms.huji.ac.il


We report the results of an experimental study of the low frequency ac response of two niobium
single crystals in a swept magnetic field. Both samples have the same T
c
, but different magnetization
curves and H
c2
. The samples with dimensions 10 by 3 by 1 mm were inserted in the pick-up coils and
the ac response at the first, second, third and fourth harmonic was measured concurrently over wide
range of exitation amplitudes and frequencies for different sweep rates. We found that the second and
fourth harmonic appeared in swept field only when the signal at third harmonic was registered also
under stationary conditions for H
c3
>H
0
>H
c2
. Transition between Abrikosov phase and surface
superconducting states accompanied by sharp jump in all harmonics. Character of magnetic field
dependencies is different for different sample. Detail description of the experimental findings together
with possible explanations will be presented.































S-O-093

Temperature and current dependent matching field in superconducting NbN film of square
array of holes

M. KAMRAN
1
, M. ANIS-UR-REHMAN
1
, KHALID MANSOOR
2
, S. K. HE
3
, W.H. CAO
3
and
X.G. QIU
3


1
Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, PAKISTAN
2
Gomal University, Department of Physics D.I.Khan NWFP, PAKISTAN
3
Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing National Laboratory

of Condensed matter Physics,
Beijing100190, CHINA
muhammad_kamran@comsats.edu.pk


Patterned superconducting thin films having a periodic array of sub-micrometric pinning centers
have been of great interest due to their excellence for the studies of the flux pinning mechanisms in the
type-II superconductors. Square hole array has been fabricated over a micro-bridge of Nb thin film by
electron beam lithography. Previous works have been mainly carried out in Nb, Pb and Al thin films
where the residue pinning effect is assumed to be small. It is of great interest to carry out similar study
in superconducting samples with strong residue pinning. NbN is a type II superconductor with a bulk
T
c
of 16.00 K. In this work, we study the matching pinning effect by the artificial hole array in
superconducting NbN thin films. We observed the interplay between the vortex quantization and the
artificial hole array. Magneto-resistance minima at integer matching fields up to five times of H
1
(the
first matching field corresponding to one vortex inside each hole) and fractional matching fields at
1/2H
1
, 3/2H
1
and 5/2H
1
have been observed.

















S-O-095

Local probing of the vortex-antivortex dynamics in superconductor/ferromagnet
hybrid structures

J. VAN DE VONDEL
1
, A. V. SILHANEK
1
, V. N. GLADILIN
1,2
, J. TEMPERE
2
, J. T. DEVREESE
2
,
B. RAES
1
, G.W. ATAKLTI
1
, W. GILLIJNS
1
and V. V. MOSHCHALKOV
1

1
INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Nanoscale Superconductivity and Magnetism Group, K.U.Leuven,
Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, BELGIUM
2
Departement Natuurkunde, Universiteit Antwerpen (UIA), Universiteitsplein 1, B2610 Antwerpen, BELGIUM
Joris.vandevondel@fys.kuleuven.be


We have recently demonstrated that by properly distributing micrometer size magnets in the
vicinity of a superconducting film, it is possible to order the associated v-av lattice at will [1]. In
particular, well defined rows of vortices separated from rows of antivortices can be created using two-
dimensional arrays of in-plane ferromagnetic bars and even make them to slide in opposite directions
with a bias current flowing perpendicular to the rows [2]. More surprising is the fact that at low
magnetic fields, the external field seems to play no role as evidenced by a field-independent flux-flow
resistance and a field insensitive mode locking effect [2, 3]. The proposed models lack a clear direct
experimental verification but also a solid theoretical modeling. In order to fill this gap we have
extended the previous experimental investigations on collective ensembles of magnetic bars by
recording the dissipation produced by individual rows of vortices and antivortices. The most relevant
achievement obtained with these local measurements is the identification of the contribution of each
row to the total resistance. The obtained results confirm the earlier proposed model [3] showing an
immobilization of one type of channels, while producing little changes in the channels of opposite
polarity. In addition, simulations based on time dependent Ginzburg-Landau formalism shed new light
on the microscopic mechanism of vortex creation, hopping and annihilation. These results not only
confirm the presence of highly mobile vortex channels induced by the densely packed ferromagnets,
but also reproduce the passivation of one of the channels, by the applied magnetic field.




[1] J. Van de Vondel, A. V. Silhanek, B. Raes, W. Gillijns, R. B. G. Kramer, V. V. Moshchalkov, J.
Sautner, and V. Metlushko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 95, 032501 (2009).
[2] A. V. Silhanek, J. Van de Vondel, A. Leo, G. W. Ataklti, W. Gillijns and V. V. Moshchalkov,
Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22, 034002 (2009).
[3] J. Van de Vondel, A. V. Silhanek, B. Raes, W. Gillijns, R. B. G. Kramer, V. V. Moshchalkov, J.
Sautner, and V. Metlushko, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 95, 032501 (2009).











S-O-096
Thermo-magnetic instability in composite superconductors

V. V. YURCHENKO
1
, A.J. QVILLER
1
, J.I. VESTGÅRDEN
1
, Y.M. GALPERIN
1
, E.-M. CHOI
2
, S.-I.
LEE
3
, S. S. CHAUDHURI
4
, M. R. NEVALA
4
, I. J. MAASILTA
4
, T.H. JOHANSEN
1

1
Department of Physics, University of Oslo, P.B.1048, Blindern, 0316, Oslo, Norway
2
BK21 Physics Division and Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
3
Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, Korea
3
Nanoscience Center, Department of Physics, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, FIN 40014, Finland
vitaliy.yurchenko@fys.uio.no


Magneto-optical imaging (MOI) was used previously to demonstrate that dendritic flux
avalanches, which appear in superconducting thin films as a result of thermo-magnetic instability
(TMI), may be suppressed by coating the superconductor with a thin layer of metal [1]. Measurements
of magnetic hysteresis loops (MHL) confirmed this effect [2]. Besides disappearance of sharp drops on
magnetization curves, widening of the MHL was observed. It has been considered as a consequence of
the suppression of TMI, which destroys a metastable critical state on the length scale comparable with
the dimensions of the entire sample. The mechanism of the suppression of TMI is still a subject of an
active debate. Most likely it is a combination of two effects: i) a metallic layer provides an additional
heat sink for the heat dissipated by an avalanche, and ii) electromagnetic braking, i.e. stray fields of
the moving vortices induce the electro motive force in the metallic part, which acts against the rapid
change of the magnetic flux. In this work we present results of a real-time MOI of magnetic flux
distribution and dynamics in MgB
2
and NbN thin films with various coating. We selected coating
materials with different electrical and heat conductivities in order to separate contributions of the
above mentioned effects, namely, the heat sink and the electromagnetic braking.

[1] M. Baziljevich, A.V. Bobyl, D.V. Shantsev, E. Altshuler, T.H. Johansen, S.I. Lee, Physica C 369,
93 (2002)
[2] E.-M. Choi, V. V. Yurchenko, T. H. Johansen, H.-S. Lee, J.Y. Lee, W. N. Kang, D.G. Jung, and S.-
I. Lee ―Effect of metallic coating on flux stability in MgB
2
thin films‖. To be published.



















S-O-097

Continuously tunable high magnetic field-induced superconductivity In NbN obtained by
template grown ferromagnetic nanowires array

X. HALLET
1
, M. MÁTÇFI-TEMPFLI
1
, L. PIRAUX
1
, J. VANACKEN
2
, V.V. MOSHCHALKOV
2

and S. MÁTÇFI-TEMPFLI
1

1.
Unité de Physico-chimie et de Physique des Matériaux (PCPM), Université Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud
1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, BELGIUM
2.
Nanoscale Superconductivity and Magnetism & Pulsed Fields Group, Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry
(INPAC), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, BELGIUM
xavier.hallet@uclouvain.be


Dense arrays of ordered (triangular symmetry) single-domain ferromagnetic nanowires
(100nm-spaced) have been used to create periodic magnetic pinning centers in thin superconducting
NbN films. The nanowires were electrodeposited in a highly-ordered porous alumina membrane. Then
a thin insulating layer is deposited on top of the perpendicularly oriented magnetic nanowires followed
by the thin NbN film. We studied the influence of the NbN film thickness, the insulator thickness, the
diameter of the nanowires and the ferromagnetic material (Ni, Co, CoFe). A rich variety of magnetic
field dependence was observed. For large nanowire diameters, matching effects are observed up to
2.5T (11
th
matching effects). For thin superconducting layers, field-induced superconductivity (FIS) is
observed at high field (0.21T) compared to the previously reported FIS (a few mT) [1,2]. Furthermore,
playing on the magnetic history, the first matching field can be arbitrarily tuned in the range 0.21T-
0.14T. This leads to a wide range of different resistive states that can be reached at fixed temperature,
current and magnetic field. These effects are interpreted in terms of interactions between the single-
domain ferromagnetic nanowires array and the thin superconducting film.




[1] M. Lange, M. J. Van Bael, Y. Bruinseraede and V.V. Moshchalkov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 197006
(2003).
[2] W. Gillijns, A. V. Silhanek and V.V. Moshchalkov, Phys. Rev. B 74, 220509 (2006).

















S-O-098

Transport properties of superconducting amorphous W-based nanowires fabricated by focused-
ion-beam-induced-deposition

R. CÓRDOBA
1, 2
, J. M. DE TERESA
2, 3
, J. SESÇ
1, 2
, A. FERNÁNDEZ-PACHECO
1, 2, 3
,
M. R. IBARRA
1,2,3
, I. GUILLAMÓN
4
, H. SUDEROW
4
and S. VIEIRA
4

1
Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragón, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 50009, SPAIN
2
Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, Facultad de Ciencias, Zaragoza, 50009,
SPAIN
3
Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, Universidad de Zaragoza-CSIC, Facultad de Ciencias, Zaragoza, 50009,
SPAIN
4
Laboratorio de Bajas Temperaturas, Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Instituto de Ciencia de
Materiales Nicolás Cabrera, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049, Madrid, SPAIN
rocorcas@unizar.es

The creation of superconducting materials in the nanometre scale is opening interesting
research fields in Nanotechnology [1]. Focused-ion-beam-induced-deposition (FIBID) is an interesting
one-step technique that allows the local growth of nanostructures on a substrate where precursor gas
molecules are adsorbed and dissociated by the focused-ion-beam (FIB)[2]. It was found that FIBID
can produce superconducting W-based nanostructures with T
C
~5 K [3], closely following the BCS
theory with a well-defined Abrikosov vortex lattice that has recently allowed the direct observation of
the melting of the two-dimensional vortex lattice [4].
In the present work, we report transport measurements of superconducting amorphous W-based
nanowires (NWs) fabricated by FIBID using W(CO)
6
as a precursor material. We have fabricated
superconducting NWs with widths ranging from ~
technique (Figure 1). The values obtained for T
C
range from 5.2 K to 4.3 K, as the lateral size of the
NW decreases. The critical current density found in these NWs is in the range of 0.08 MA/cm
2
at 2 K
and decreases as the lateral size of the NW decreases (Table 1) [5]. All these features open the route of
using this material in a fascinating and wide range of applications in the field of Nanotechnology.






Table 1. Summary of deposition parameters and transport
measurements results of several W FIBID NWs.



Figure 1. SEM image of a typical W FIBID NW

[1] M. Velez et al., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 320, 2547 (2008).
[2] I. Utke, P. Hoffmann, and J. Melngailis, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1197 (2008).
[3] E. S. Sadki, S. Ooi, and K. Hirata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6206 (2004).
[4] I. Guillamon et al., Nat Phys 5, 651 (2009).
[5] J. M. De Teresa et al., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1180 (2009).



S-O-099

Investigation of superconducting properties of Gd added Bi-2223

M.ERDEM, A.VARILCI, C.TERZIOGLU, M.AKDOGAN, G.YILDIRIM and S.ALTINTAS

Department of Physics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, TURKEY
erdem_m@ibu.edu.tr


We have investigated the effect of addition of Gd in Bi
1.8
Pb
0.35
Sr
1.9
Ca
2.1
Cu
3
Gd
x
O
y

superconductor with x=0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5. The samples were prepared by standard solid-state
reaction method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and DC electrical
resistivity measurements under DC magnetic fields up to7T are made. The resistivity versus applied
magnetic field at constant temperature for various temperatures were measured to estimate the upper
critical field (H
c2
) values for the samples. The coherence length is calculated using Ginzburg-Landau
formula. The Arrhenius plots show that the electrical resistivity is thermally activated in the low
resistivity region.


















S-O-100

Comparison of the optically measured vaporization energy by ultrafast laser spectroscopy and
the condensation energy determined from specific heat measurements

L. STOJCHEVSKA, P. KUŠAR, T. MERTELJ, V. V. KABANOV and D. MIHAILOVIŠ

Complex Matter Department , Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, Ljubljana, SI-1000, Ljubljana, SLOVENIA
ljupka.stojchevska@ijs.si


The condensation energy can be thought as the difference in ground state energy between the
normal state and the superconducting state of a superconductor. For better understanding of the
superconducting mechanism, an accurate measurement of the condensation energy is needed [1].
Unfortunately there are very few experimental methods which can attempt to measure the
condensation energy. One method is by measuring the thermodynamical critical field and alternatively,
the condensation energy can be found by integrating the difference in specific heats in the normal and
superconducting state from 0 = T to the superconducting transition temperature
c
T [2,3].
With use of femtosecond laser spectroscopy we can measure the absorbed light energy needed
to destroy the superconducting condensate. The method relies on accurate measurement of the energy
v
U needed to transform the superconducting state into the normal state (i.e. vaporize the condensate).
By changing the laser pulse intensity, the superconducting state is destroyed, and the characteristic
superconducting signal saturates, which can be determined very accurately. The accuracy of the
deposited energy is thus limited only by the geometric factors related to the laser beam profile and
optical absorption length
op
ì . The first measurements in
4 2
CuO Sr La
x x ÷
gave a vaporization energy
v
U which was significantly higher than the condensation energy
c
U determined from the specific heat
measurements [4]. Here we report on systematic measurements of the vaporization energy in a two
different cuprates:

YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7÷o
and
4 2
CuO Sr La
x x ÷
ranging from the underdoped to the overdoped
region.
We found that the condensate vaporization energy
v
U increases as a square power of
c
T and is
approximately 16-18 times greater than condensation energy extracted from specific heat
measurements, implying a significant heat capacity of the 'bosonic glue' responsible for its formation.
This study shows that the initial results reported for
4 2
CuO Sr La
x x ÷
are valid also for
o ÷ 7 3 2
O Cu YBa and
are a general property of cuprate superconductors.




[1] E. Demler and S. Zhang, Nature 396, 733-735 (1998).
[2] J. W. Loram, J. L. Tallon and W. Y. Liang, Phys. Rev. B 69, 060502 (2004).
[3] M. Roulin, A. Junod and E. Walker, Physica C 296, 137-152 (1998).
[4] P. Kusar, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, T. Mertelj, S. Sugai and D. Mihailovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,
227001 (2008).






S-O-104

Preparation and characterization of nanometer grained high temperature superconducting high-
quality epitaxial Bi-2223 thin films grown by DC sputtering

A. SALEM
1
, A. E. AL-SALAMI
2
,G. JAKOB
3
and H. ADRIAN
3


1
Physics Department, South Valley University, Qena, EGYPT
2
Physics Department, King Khalid University, Abha, SAUDI ARABIA
3
Institute of Physics, Johannes Gutenberg University, 55099 Mainz, GERMANY
salemabouelwafa@yahoo.co.uk


Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+δ
HTSC epitaxial thin films with thickness in the order of 6.0 nm were
prepared onto (100) aligned SrTiO
3
single crystal substrates by DC sputtering from stoichiometric
targets. As-grown samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, AC-susceptibility and scanning
electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction patterns show that all obtained superconducting thin films were
c-axis oriented with a Bi-2223 phase. All reflections (except the substrate ones) can be assigned to the
(00l) reflections of the film material (h = k = 0, l ≠ 0), indicating that the films were grown
preferentially with the c-axis normal to the film plane. In order to investigate the crystal quality of
these Bi-2223 films, the rocking curves of the (0012) peaks were explored by ω-scans. The rocking
curve of the (0012) reflection, had a full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 0.3°. This demonstrates
that our prepared Bi-2223 thin films have good crystalline quality and high degree of c-axis
orientation. The grain size has well known important effects in the magnetic, optical, and electrical
properties of metals and alloys. High temperature superconducting thin films, obtained in this work,
have nanometer grain size. The mean size of the grains of the samples were determined by X-ray
diffraction (XRD) and found to be in the order of 34.8 nm. The superconducting transitions
temperature of several Bi-2223 samples is about 103 °K. Surface morphology of the films and
chemical composition were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive
X-ray microanalysis (EDX).












S-O-105

Abnormal behavior of the angular dependence of resistivity in YBCO thin films

M.M. ABDELHADI

Department of Physics, University of Hail, PO Box 2440 Hail, SAUDI ARABIA
Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7, CANADA
maher@uoh.edu.sa


Careful investigation of the angular dependence of resistivity p(u) (u is the angle between the
magnetic field and the ab-planes) as a function of the temperature within the superconducting
transition in an applied magnetic field B up to 1 T for a series of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
(YBCO) thin films
revealed a large variation in the shape and width of the minimum displayed in the vicinity of u =0
o
,
from a flat to a very sharp behavior. The series of films studied included both optimally doped and
underdoped samples of different T
c
, critical current density J
c
, film thickness, and preparation
techniques.
p(u) measured for B close to u =0
o
(B parallel to ab-planes) for both B parallel to J and B
perpendicular to J (J is the applied current density) showed two classes of samples; class of samples
where p(u) is independent of the direction of B relative to J and the other class where p(u) depends
on the orientation B relative to J. This unusual unique behavior motivated us to investigate its origin
by looking at the scaling of p(u) as a function of the reduced field. Scaling of p(u)) with the reduced
field B(¸
÷2
cos
2
u + sin
2
)
1/2
allowed a quantitative determination of the value of ¸ (intrinsic anisotropy)
which varies between 7 and 400 (values never been reported before) , and is independent of film
thickness and J
c
. The sharper the minimum in p(u) around u =0
o
the larger is the anisotropy. Analysis
of the microstructure though XRD of the films studied showed that the anisotropy is somehow related
to microstrain of the films. The high anisotropy samples showed the smallest values of the
microstrain.













S-O-106

On pseudogap and the doping dependent magnetic properties of Zn substituted La
2-x
Sr
x
CuO
4


S. H. NAQIB and R. S. ISLAM

Department of Physics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, BANGLADESH
salehnaqib@yahoo.com


The effects of hole content in the CuO
2
plane, p (÷ x), on the uniform (q = 0) magnetic
susceptibility, ;(T), of La
2-x
Sr
x
Cu
1-y
Zn
y
O
4
compounds were investigated over a wide range of Sr (x)
and Zn (y) contents. The non-magnetic Zn substitution strongly affects ;(T). The magnitude of this
effect is strongly p-dependent. The calculated apparent Zn induced magnetic moment (p
eff
2
/Zn in the
units of u
B
2
) decreases systematically as p increases. This decrement is quite sharp in the underdoped
region but flattens around p ~ 0.19 and does not change much for further overdoping. This is indicative
of a possible role of the pseudogap on the Zn induced magnetic behavior, as there are growing
evidence that pseudogap vanishes quite abruptly at p ~ 0.19 ± 0.01. We have extracted the
characteristic pseudogap energy scale, ε
g
, from the analysis of the ;(T, y) data and have found again
that (i) ε
g
(p) falls almost linearly with increasing p and vanishes at p ~ 0.19 and (ii) Zn, the most
proficient destroyer of superconductivity, does not affect the pseudogap energy scale. Both of these
features seem to support a non-superconducting (non-precursor pairing) origin for the pseudogap
correlation.















S-O-108

The hybrid cryogenic magnet with a logaritmic in time field deviation

E.P. KRASNOPEROV, A.A. KARTAMYSHEV and D.I. PUZANOV

Kurchanov Institute, 123182, Moscow, RUSSIA
kep@isssph.kiae.ru

The pulsed field magnetization (PFM) of hybrid magnet (soft ferromagnetic and melt-grown
superconductor Y-Ba-Cu-O) was investigated at T = 78K. It is shown that choosing the pulse
amplitude; one can create a logarithmic in time field deviation near the specified value.
Original Hybrid magnet was made. Magnet has two permendyur cylinder (C 16 mm and 20
mm length) with gap 1.5mm. Each cylinder is embedded in a superconducting melt-grown Y-Ba-Cu-
O ring, which has outside diameter C 38 mm and thickness 11 mm. System is immersed in liquid
Nitrogen (Т=78К). Magnetization was carry out by pulsed coil which generates field in form of a half
sinusoidal. Pulse amplitude was H
a
~1,2-1,4Т; duration ~10 ms. Direction of magnetizing field was not
changed during experiment. In this work we investigated the field trapped behavior under multi pulse
magnetization and field stability.
As a result of multi PFM a quasi-steady field B~2.2 T in the magnet gap was achieved.
Amplitudes uH
a
>1.5 T destroyed ring‘s super currents, and trapped flux in center ring changed its
direction to opposite.
Due to flux relaxation known in superconductors as a creep, the magnetic field changes in time.
In Hybrid magnet the value and sign of relaxation rate depends on magnetization. If field in gap is less
B<1.8 T, then one increases in time! Near the magnetization maximum B reduces in time. Choosing
of pulse amplitude it is possible to make a regular field deviation near the selected value. For example
at field B ~0.74 T after pulse amplitude uH
a
~1.1T the field jumps down and then increases linearly in
a logarithmic time scale. Such behavior of B(t) is shown in fig.1.

Fig.1. Magnetic field deviation in Hybrid magnet at B ~0.74 T after magnetizatin uH
a
~1.1T

The growth of the field on fig.1 is provided that the maximum trapped fields is located inside a
ring‘s body. In this case, super currents on the inside of the ring (J
in
) relaxed faster with compare to
outside super currents (J
out
) [1]. As a result the field in the center of the ring grows and therefore the
core magnetization increases.

[1] A.A. Kartamyshev, E.P. Krasnoperov, Yu.D. Kuroedov, N.A. Nizhelskiy, O.L. Poluschenko,
Physica C 469, 805 (2009).



S-O-111

Synthesis and Doping of Parents of Fe-Superconductors

A. S. SEFAT, M. A. MCGUİRE, B. C. SALES AND D. MANDRUS

Materials Science & Technology Division, Oak Ridgen National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 37831-6114, USA
sefata@ornl.gov



This talk is an overview of the various synthesis techniques used in making the high-temperature Fe-
superconductors based on the 1111, 122, 11, 42622, 32522 parents. Some of the basic properties will
be discussed.






















S-O-112

AC loss measurement of MgB
2
wires

S. SAFRAN
1,2
, J. SOUC
1
, L. ROSTILA
3
and A. GENCER
2

1 Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia
2 Ankara University, Faculty of Sciences, Physics Department, 06 200, Tandogan, Ankara, Turkey
3 Columbus Superconductors S.p.A., Via delle Terre Rosse 30, 16133 Genova, Italy
ssafran@gmail.com

Magnesiumdiboride (MgB2) is a good candidate for some of the conventional superconductors due to
its low costs of raw materials, and to its simple production process. MgB2 wires have also been
considered for AC applications. In this work, we present the magnetization AC loss results of MgB
2

tapes when magnetic fields applied perpendicular to the wire axis. Losses were measured by the
calibration free method [1] using a lock-in amplifier. To see whether there is any frequency
dependence or not, the measurements were performed at different frequencies.

[1] Souc J, Gömöry F and Vojenciak M 2005 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18 592



















S-O-113

Cavity sideband cooling of the Josephson phase

J. HAMMER
1
, M. APRILI
2
and I. PETKOVIC
2


1
Institute for Experimental and Applied Physics University of Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany
2
Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, University Paris-Sud, CNRS, UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay, France.


The ―friction of light‖ has been used for cooling atoms, ions and more recently mechanical
oscillators. As first pointed out by Branginskii and Manukin
1
the radiation pressure in a Fabry-Perrot
interferometer in which one of the mirror vibrates can reduce the Brownian motion of the mirror and
hence its effective temperature. A mm-size Josephson junction, formed by two superconducting
electrodes separated by an insulating layer is at the same time a microwave cavity and a Josephson
resonator. The coupling between the electric field across the junction and the Josephson phase arises
from the non-linear Josephson inductance and it is formally equivalent to the radiation pressure. As a
consequence photons act on the Josephson phase dynamics as the radiation pressure does on a
vibrating mirror. We show that oscillations of the Josephson phase produce side-bands in the cavity
modes. When the cavity is pumped red tuned or bleu tuned we observe respectively cooling or heating
of the Josephson phase. In a quantum view this corresponds to pump Josephson plasmons in (heating)
and out (cooling) from the junction.


[1] V.B. Branginskii and A.B. Manukin JETP 25, 653 (1967)

This work was in part supported by ERASMUS, and ANR Blanche (DYCOSMA)














S-O-115

Empirical critical current density model for undoped monofilamentary Ti-sheathed MgB
2
tapes

J. VILJAMAA
1
, L. ROSTILA
2
, P. KOVÁŢ
1
, T. MELİŠEK
1
, A. HINTERBERGER
3
and
M. REISSNER
3


1
Department of Superconductor Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84101 Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
2
Columbus Superconductors S.p.A., Via delle Terre Rosse 30, 16133 Genoa, ITALY
3
Institute of Applied and Technical Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna,
AUSTRIA
jonna.viljamaa@gmail.com


A semi-empirical model was developed to describe the J
c
(B)-dependence of several different
undoped monofilamentary MgB
2
tapes above 1.5 T. In addition, this model was shown to be applicable
for temperatures ranging from 4.2 to 15 K. The model, which is based on Kim model, requires only
three free parameters to fit the J
c
(B) behavior acquired by both transport and magnetization
measurements. All of the parameters have clear physical interpretations; zero field critical current (J
c0
),
irreversibility field (B
irr
), and steepness factor (α). The temperature dependence of these parameters for
obtaining critical surfaces for the samples is further discussed. The series of samples were all
previously manufactured without any additions and the precursor powder was either in situ or a 60%-
40% mixture of in situ and ex situ powders, respectively. All the samples were monofilamentary tapes
in a titanium sheath. In addition to the differences in core composition, various fabrication routes were
utilized in manufacturing. After rotary swaging and two-axial rolling, some of the tapes were
uniaxially or cold isostatically pressed. All the samples went through the same heat treatment at 650
°C for 30 minutes. The first results indicated that the simple J
c
(B)-model is usable for different kinds
of tapes and measurement methods in various temperatures. It also enables the reconstruction of the
J
c
(B)-dependence even from a limited number of data points or a short measurement range.









S-O-116

Superconducting properties of MgB
2
/Ti wires with oxidized precursors

M. KULICH
1
, P. KOVAC
1
, W. HAESSLER
2
, M. HERRMANN
2
, A. KARIO
2
and I. HUSEK
1

1
Institute of Electrical Engineering of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
2
Institute for Metallic Materials, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, GERMANY
miloslav.kulich@savba.sk


Effect of different types of precursor condition before filling of Ti tubes was studied by
transport, magnetic and structural analyses. We compared each behavior between milled (M) and just
mixed (X) precursors, all done in Ar atmosphere. First type – reference precursor (RM and RX) – was
handled and filled into Ti tube in the inert atmosphere of glove-box. Second type was oxidized
precursor which was expressed to air for 2 days at room temperature (AM and AX). The oxidation of
the last precursor was performed by heating at 400
o
C for 2 hours in air. Importance of using inert
atmosphere during preparation of in situ MgB2 samples was discussed.


































S-O-117

Vortex structure in superconducting iron pnictide single crystals 122 and 1111 type

L.YA. VINNIKOV
1
, T.M. ARTEMOVA
1
, I.S. VESHCHUNOV
1
, N.D. ZHIGADLO
2
,
J. KARPINSKI
2
, P. POPOVICH
3
, G.L. SUN
3
, CH.T. LIN
3
and A.V. BORIS
3,4


1
Institute of Solid State Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, 142432 RUSSIA
2
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Z¨urich, 8093 Z¨urich, SWITZERLAND
3
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, GERMANY
4
Department of Physics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UNITED KINGDOM
veshchunov2009@yandex.ru


The vortex structures were observed in a new family of FeAs based superconductors on 122
type Ba
1-x
K
x
Fe
2
As
2
, Sr
1-x
K
x
Fe
2
As
2
single crystals and 1111 type SmFeAsO
1-x
F
x
single crystals by
decoration method [1]. Strongly disordered vortex lattices were revealed at all the magnetic fields
investigated (up to 200 Oe). The decoration patterns are very similar to what was observed recently in
Ba(Fe
0.93
Co
0.07
)
2
As
2
single crystals [2,3]. This highly disordered vortex configuration, most likely due
to strong pinning in these materials, is discussed.




[1] L. Ya. Vinnikov, T. M. Artemova, I. S. Veshchunov, N. D. Zhigadlo, J. Karpinski, P. Popovich, D.
L. Sun, C. T. Lin, A. V. Boris, ―Vortex structure in superconducting iron pnictide single crystals‖,
JETP Lett. Vol.90, 4, 299 (2009).
[2] M. R. Eskildsen, L. Ya. Vinnikov, T. D. Blasius, I. S. Veshchunov, T. M. Artemova, J. M.
Densmore, C. D. Dewhurst, N. Ni, A. Kreyssig, S. L. Bud‘ko, P. C. Canfield, and A. I. Goldman,
Phys. Rev. B 79, 100501(R) (2009).
[3] M.R. Eskildsen, L.Ya. Vinnikov, I.S. Veshchunov, T.M. Artemova , T.D. Blasius, J.M. Densmore,
C.D. Dewhurst, N. Ni, A. Kreyssig, S.L. Bud‘ko, P.C. Canfield, A.I. Goldman,
Physica C 469, pp. 529–534 (2009).










S-O-118

Influence of intra cell coupling and inter cell resonant tunneling on the electronic spectra in
bilayer high T
c
cuprates

AJAY
1
, B.S.TEWARI
2
and GOVIND
3


1
Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus-Saharanpur -247001,
U.P., INDIA
2
Department of Physics, Skyline Institute of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida-201306, U.P., INDIA
3
National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S.Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
ajphyfpt@iitr.ernet.in ajay_phys@yahoo.co.in


The role of intra unit cell coupling along with inter unit cell resonant tunneling between the
copper-oxygen planes on the electronic spectral function in normal state of bilayer high T
c
cuprates
like Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+x
is investigated[1-3]. The Hubbard model including terms representing hopping
between the planes within the unit cell, and resonant tunneling between the planes in two adjoining
cells is used along with the Green‘s function equation of motion approach to obtain an expression of
spectral function. The spectral function at
( )
0 , π point of the Brillouin zone is numerically calculated. It
is found that the intra unit cell coupling lead to splitting of spectral peak especially close to ( ) 0 , π point,
while the inter unit cell resonant tunneling lead to a broadening in the spectral function and
suppression of bilayer splitting in the normal state. In the presence of finite electron correlations the
inter unit cell tunneling induce strong broadening in the spectral features. The electron correlations and
inter unit cell tunneling play a role in determining the shape of the spectral function in optimal doped
bilayer cuprates[4,5]. These results are viewed in terms of the existing ARPES measurements.




[1] A. Damacelli, Z. Hussain and Z.X. Shen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473 (2003).
[2] R. Lal, Ajay, R.L. Hota, and S.K. Joshi, Phys. Rev. B 57, 6126 (1998).
[3] Ajay, A. Pratap and S.K. Joshi, Physica C 371, 139 (2002).
[4] A.A. Abrikosov , Phys. Rev. B 55, 11735 (1997).
[5] B.S. Tewari, A. Dhyani and Ajay, Eur. Phys. J. B 66, 67 (2008).
















SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
















POSTER PRESENTATIONS




S-P-001

Vortex pairs in inhomogeneous superconductors films

L.V.BELEVTSOV and A.A.KOSTIKOV

Department of Applied Mathematics, Donbass Engineering Academy, 84313 Kramatorsk, UKRAINE
alex.kostikov@dgma.donetsk.ua


The dynamics of flux vortices in ordinary as well as high T
c
superconducting films under the
influence of external probes and for a wide range of temperatures has been an area of vigorous
experimental and theoretical research [1]. On the other hand, the microwave power absorption in
inhomogeneous superconductors is widely studied [2]. Because of the potential applications, it is
important to study the properties of a general 2D-dimensional array of Josephson junctions shunted by
resistance (R), capacitance (C), and with inductance (L), together with inclusion of some random
variations of the junction parameters.
As a first step, in this paper we consider a hypervortex pair and a vortex-antivortex system in
order to study the motion of the hypervortex under the influence of the force due another nearby
hyperantivortex . It was shown the possibility to study of hypervortex pairs by the microwave power
absorption. The interaction energy of vortex-antivortex pair has been obtained from a distance between
the hypervortices.




[1] G. Blatter, M.V. Feigel'man, V.B. Geshkenbein, A.I. Larkin, and V.M. Vinokur, Rev. Mod. Phys.
66, 1125 (1994).
[2] J. Stankowski, P.K. Kahol, N.S. Dalal, J.S. Moodera, Phys. Rev.B 36, 7126 (1987).






















S-P-002

Transport properties of over-doped epitaxial NCCO films

A. GUARINO
1,2
, C. CIRILLO
1,2
, A. LEO
1
, G. GRIMALDI
1
, A. POLCARI
1,3
, R. FITTIPALDI
1
,
C. ATTANASIO
1,2
, P. ROMANO
1,3
, A. ROMANO
1,2
, A. VECCHIONE
1
and A. NIGRO
1,2


1
CNR-INFM, Regional Laboratory SuperMat, Via S. Allende, I- 84081, Baronissi (SA) ITALY
2
Physics Department E. R. Caianiello, Università di Salerno, I- 84081 Baronissi (SA) ITALY
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche ed Ambientali, Via Port’Arsa 11, Universitá del Sannio, I-82100 Benevento ITALY
guarino@sa.infn.it


The superconducting and normal state transport properties of overdoped Nd
2-x
Ce
x
CuO
4-o

(NCCO) c-axis oriented superconducting thin films, with x=0.17, have been investigated in the
temperature range from 2.5 K to 300 K and in applied magnetic fields up to 7 T oriented perpendicular
to the CuO
2
planes. The films have been grown by a dc sputtering technique by using a homemade
single target of the stoichiometric compound in on axis configuration [1]. The samples have been
optimized on (001)-oriented SrTiO
3
substrates in a mixed atmosphere of Argon and Oxygen and
successively annealed in pure Argon at 900°C [2]. Structural and compositional analyses were carried
out by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy equipped with a wavelength
dispersive spectroscopy detector [2]. In this work, the temperature and magnetic field dependence of
the current–voltage (I–V) characteristics of the NCCO films have been measured in order to study the
critical current density Jc(T,H) [3, 4]. Moreover, the behaviour of the low-temperature magneto-
resistance in the normal state has been acquired and discussed on the basis of a field tuned
superconductor-insulator transition and weak localization [5, 6].




[1] S. Uthayakumar, R. Fittipaldi, A. Guarino, A. Vecchione, A. Romano, A. Nigro, H.-U.
Habermeier, S. Pace, Physica C 468, 2271 (2008).
[2] A. Guarino, Investigation of the electron-doped cuprate Nd
2-x
Ce
x
CuO
4±o
: from thin films growth
and characterization to spectroscopic analysis, Tesi di Dottorato di Ricerca, Università di Salerno,
2009.
[3] C. Cirillo, A. Guarino, A. Nigro, and C. Attanasio, Phys. Rev. B 79, 144524 (2009).
[4] C. Attanasio, C. Cirillo, A. Guarino, A. Leo, S. L. Prischepa, A. Nigro, Proceeding in Physics
Chemistry and Application of Nanostructures 224 (2009).
[5] S. J. Hagen, X. Q. Xu, W. Jiang, J. L. Peng, Z. Y. Li, and R. L. Greene, Phys. Rev. B 45, 515
(1992).
[6] C. Barone, A. Guarino, A. Nigro, A. Romano, S. Pagano, Phys. Rev. B 80, 1 (2009).











S-P-003

Structural and transport properties of different doping states induced by varying oxygen in
Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
(Cu
0.99
Zn
0.01
)
2
O
6+d
thin film

A.V. POP
1
, I. MATEI
1
, M. POP
2
and

H. RAFFY
3


1
Faculty of Physics, University Babes-Bolyai, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, ROMANIA
2
Technical University Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Materials Engineering
Processing, Technical University, 400641Cluj-Napoca ,ROMANIA
3
Laboratoire de Physique des Solides,C.N.R.S. Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, FRANCE
avpop@phys.ubbcluj.ro


Superconducting thin film Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
(Cu
1-x
Zn
x
)
2
O
6+d
(with x = 0.01), was deposited onto
SiTiO
3
by RF magnetron sputtering. The optimally doped state T
c
(R=0) = 78 K is obtained for the state
named in-situ, and the underdoped states are subsequently achieved by progressively removing oxygen
through repeated vacuum annealing treatments.
The orientation and phase purity of the film was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) with θ-
2θ, ω and θ scans. The peaks symmetry and their linewidth suggest the absence of intergrowth, and the
presence only of (00l) shows the c-axis orientation of Bi-2212 film.
Different doping states of the film were attained by annealing under vacuum. To characterize
the quantitative degree of underdoping, we performed Hall effect measurements at room temperature
using a magnetic field of 1 Tesla. After each treatment, the Hall constant at 300K and R(T) were
measured. More than 21 doping states from overdoped to underdoped were performed successively
and reversibly across the phase diagram.
It was observed in Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
y
and Bi
2
Sr
1.6
La
0.4
CuO
y
thin films [1,4], that in the vicinity of
critical given hole content p
c
there is an interval of doping where the resistance curve R(T) exhibits the
so-called reentrant resistive behavior. In the present study, the re-entrant behavior of Bi:2212 thin film
was obtained by decreasing T
c
by partial substitution of Cu by Zn in CuO
2
layers, and by controlling
the oxygen content in BiO charge reservoir. Transport properties were investigated in the vicinity of
the superconductor–insulator (SIT) transition by resistivity function of temperature. This re-entrant
behaviour in R(T) is discussed in relation by a phase segregation phenomenon in the presence of strong
electronic correlations and inhomogeneities. A phase diagram for the dependence of characteristic
temperatures of reentrant behavior versus doping was obtained.




[1] Z.Konstantinovic , Z.Z.Li and H.Raffy , Physica C 341-348, 859 (2000).
[2] L. Fruchter, Z. Z. Li and H. Raffy, Cond-mat. super-cond, 9 Sept.2008,arXiv 0809 1597v1
[3] I.Matei, Z.Z.Li, H.Raffy, Journal of Physics:ConferenceSeries 150, 052154 (2009).
[4] S.Oh , T.A.Crane , D.J.Van Harlingen and J.N.Eckstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 107003 (2006).









S-P-004

Influence of grain size on the superconductivity of La
1.85
Sr
0.15
CuO
4


DEVINA SHARMA
1
, RANJAN KUMAR
1
, V.P.S. AWANA
2
and H. KISHAN
2


1
Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigrah- 160014, INDIA
2
National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
sharmadevina@yahoo.com


The superconductivity of samples with different grain size has been directly investigated and
identified in La
2-x
Sr
x
CuO
4
(x=0.15). La
1.85
Sr
0.15
CuO
4
prepared by sol-gel method, was sintered at
various temperatures to produce samples of different grain size. Using the sol-gel method, we were
able to produce samples with improved homogeneity as compared to the solid state method. The
orthorhombic single phase of all the samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (Fig.1). The electrical
resistivity measurement revealed that the decreasing grain size leads to the lowering of the
superconducting transition temperature and broadening of the transition width (Fig.2). Also, the
normal state resistivity decreases with the grain size. ). The size of the particles was also examined
using scanning electron microscopy (Fig.3a,b).The grain size dependence on the superconducting
parameters is explained by a theoretical model which took the granular structure of the samples into
account.
The formation of superconductor (grain)-insulator(grainboundary)-superconductor(grain)
junctions with varying contributions of grain boundary channels due the change in particle size can
phenomenologically explain the results.






S-P-005

Properties of the YBaCuO superconducting ceramic doped by Ca and Co

E.H. BOUDJEMA
1
, M. MAHTALI
1
, S. CHAMEKH
1
and A. TAOUFIK
2


1
Thin Films and Interfaces Laboratory, Department of Physics, University Mentouri, Constantine, 25000 ALGERIA
2
Equipe des Matériaux Supraconducteurs à Haute Tc .Université IBN ZOHR, Faculté des Sciences, BP 8106, 8000,
Agadir. MAROCCO
eh_Boudjema@yahoo.fr


In layered cuprate YBaCuO superconductors, the Superconductivity is believed to occur in the
Cu(2)–O
2
sheets through hole charge carriers. The Carrier concentration can be widely changed
without introducing significant disorder. This makes them a suitable system for the study of impurity
effect on superconducting properties. It is known that few Cu atoms in Y123 can be replaced by the
Transition metals which generally have a great effect on Y123‘s properties. While, rare-earth elements
substitute for Y and Ba atoms and have a small effect on the superconducting transition temperature.
The substituent elements (as Zn atoms) mainly take the Cu (2) sites in the CuO
2
planes. While Co
atoms occupy the Cu(1) sites in the CuO chains. Such substitutions may be useful in understanding the
mechanism of superconductivity in these materials. In this paper, we have investigated on the effect of
Ca and Co substitution on the structural and physical properties for a series of (Y
1-
x
Ca
x
)Ba
2
(Cu
0,98
Co
0,02
)
3
O
7-δ
ceramic. The Ca YBC(Co)O Doped samples are prepared by conventional
solid state reaction method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron
Microscopy (SEM), Thermogravimetry (TG), Differential Thermal Analysis method (DTA) and
resistivity measurements.


























S-P-006

Effect of Zn, Ni and Fe impurities on Bi
2
Sr
1.6
La
0.4
CuO
6+δ


H. NAKAMURA
1
, H. FUNAHASHI
1
, M. FUJIMOTO
1
, M. IGUCHI
1
, T. YAMASAKI
1
,
T. MACHIDA
2
, T. KATO
1
and H. SAKATA
1


1
Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science,1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601, JAPAN
2
Superconducting Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science,1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba,
Ibaraki 305-0047, JAPAN
j1209622@ed.kagu.tus.ac.jp


The effect of Zn, Ni and Fe substitution for Cu in Bi
2
Sr
1.6
La
0.4
CuO
6+δ
were investigated both
macroscopically and microscopically: the reduction of the transition temperature was measured by the
resistivity and the susceptibility measurements, and the local density of states near the impurity sites
were observed by the scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Systematic reduction of the
transition temperature with increasing impurity density up to 1% was observed in each impurity doped
sample. In Zn substituted sample, the local peak in the density of states below 10 meV was observed
near the impurity site. This local electric structure is compared to that of the samples with Ni, Fe
impurities and to that of Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
reported previously.






























S-P-007

Impact of CNT addition on superconducting critical parameters of Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8


J.K. BAINS
1,2
, P.K. AHLUWALIA
2
, V.P.S. AWANA
1
and H. KISHAN
1


1
National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-11001, INDIA
2
Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla-171005, INDIA
bainsjk@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


We have synthesized the samples of Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8
(Bi-2212) and Carbon Nano Tune (CNT)
added Bi-2212 with varying concentrations (2, 4, 6 and 8 weight percent). The Bi-2212 samples are
prepared by solid-state synthesis route [1]. The room temperature XRD patterns confirmed the
obtained single phase. The prepared samples of Bi-2212 then are mixed with varying concentration of
CNT as given above, using ultrasonic mixing technique to ensure the proper homogeneity of CNT in
the samples. The as mixed powders are then pressed into pellets at 100N/cm
2
. These pellets are then
heated to 750
o
C at 5
o
C/ min and then sintered at 750
o
C for 24 hours and then cooled slowly to room
temperature in argon (Ar) atmosphere. Also one pellet of the Bi-2212 pure sample is processed by
usual partially melted route [2]. A comparison of superconducting properties is done between pure and
CNT added Bi-2212 samples. It is observed that addition of CNT into Bi-2212 matrix enhances the
critical current density (J
c
) and T
c
in magnetic field (T
c
R=0
). The observed results can be explained in
terms of the improved pinning of vortices by CNT addition [3].




[1] V. P. S. Awana et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 7, L171 (1995).
[2] V.P.S. Awana et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 3, 8893-8901 (1991).
[3] Sun-Li Huang et al., Physica C 311, 172–186 (1999).





















S-P-008

The influence of magnetic stray field on the critical current in NbN/SmCo5-bilayers

J. ENGELMANN, S. HAINDL, J. MOENCH, L. SCHULTZ and B. HOLZAPFEL

IFW Dresden, P. O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden, GERMANY
j.engelmann@ifw-dresden.de


The coexistence of superconductivity (sc) and ferromagnetism (fm) in artificially grown
heterostructures, sc/fm-bilayers in the simplest case, leads to new interesting phenomena like field
compensation- and stray field effects. The intermetallic permanent magnet SmCo
5
is especially known
for its large magnetic anisotropy energy. Thin films of SmCo
5
have been prepared with extremely high
coercivity fields up to 3 T (at room temperature) and up to 5 T at 10 K. To investigate the influence of
the magnetic stray field on a conventional superconductor, 50 nm NbN layers have been grown on
SmCo
5
thin films using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The magnetic properties were determined by
VSM and MFM measurements. Critical current measurements were made by a standard four-probe
technique. The angular-dependent critical current has been investigated.
































S-P-009

Magnetic and electrical properties of superconducting ceramic YBa
2
Cu
3
0
7-δ
co-doped
by Ca and Zn

M. MAHTALI
1
, E. H. BOUDJEMA
1
,
S. CHAMEKH
1
, L. BOUAFIA
1
and A. TAOUFIK
2


1
Department of Physics, Université Mentouri, Route Ain El Bey 25000, constantine, ALGÉRIE
2
Equipe des Matériaux Supraconducteurs à Haute T
c.
Université Ibn Zohr, Faculté des Sciences, BP 8106, 8000, Agadir.
MAROC.
msmahtali@yahoo.fr


Ceramics type Y
1-x
Ca
x
Ba
2
(Cu
0.98
Zn
0.02
)
3
O
7-δ
were prepared by the standard method of the
solid state reaction from a powder mixture Y
2
O
3
-BaCO
3
-CuO-ZnO-CaCO
3
. The structural, magnetic
and electrical properties of elaborated samples were studied according to Ca content (
5 . 0 0 s s x
) for a
Zn fixed doping. The characterization has been achieved with the help of the X-rays diffraction
(XRD), the electronic beam microscopy (SEM), the differential thermal measurements (DTA; GTA),
and the DC susceptibility. We also report measurement and calculations of the relationship between
the low field cycle and the normal state resistivity of the weak link network, the magnetic critical
current of the weak link. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that single phase materials result only for
x<0.3. The obtained crystalline structure is mainly orthorhombic. The DC susceptibility measurements
show that the superconducting volume fraction decreases with increasing of Ca doping until x=0.3,
then increases again for x=0.4. Further, we have found that granular superconductors exhibit a low
field hysteresis cycle which related to the weak link network and to the macroscopic shape of the
sample.


























S-P-010

Superconductive and magnetic properties of Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+δ
ceramics doped by Pb

M. MAHTALI
1
, E.H. BOUDJEMA
1
,
S. CHAMEKH
1
, L. BOUAFIA
1
AND A. TAOUFIK
2


1
Département de Physics, Université Mentouri, 25000, Constantine, ALGÉRIE
2
Equipe des Matériaux Supraconducteurs à Haute T
c.
Université Ibn Zohr, Faculté des Sciences, BP 8106, 8000, Agadir.
MAROC.
msmahtali@yahoo.fr

Among the superconducting phases of bismuth-based Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O, compound
Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+δ
(Bi-2223) is the most interesting because of its relatively high critical temperature
(T
C
= 95-110 K) and numerous applications. However, this phase is also known for its low stability
and the difficulty of purifying parasites phases including the Bi-2212. To this end, the Pb used in
relatively high proportions can stabilize, purify and improve the further enhancement of T
C
. The
influence of Pb on structural, superconducting and magnetic properties has been extensively
investigated in Bi-2223 phase. Polycrystalline Bi
2-X
Pb
X
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+δ
ceramics with 0<x< 1 have
been prepared by solid state reaction method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD),
scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrical resistivity measurements and AC susceptibility versus
temperature measurements. The specimens are sintered in two sintering stages in order to enhance the
formation of the 2223 phases. Structural analysis shows that the obtained crystalline structure is
mainly tetragonal. For low Pb amounts the Bi-2223 phase is difficult to achieve without Bi-2212
phase, and for high Pb content a large fraction of secondary phases containing Pb is detected. Our
results confirm that the optimal Pb content for obtaining a Bi-2223 single phase is x= 0.3, 0.4. For
these values the critical transition temperature T
C
is the best with a single transition.


























S-P-011

Characterization of YBCO thin film by AC susceptibility measurements

S. TOZAN, S. SEZER and D. ABUKAY

Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, Urla 35430, Izmir, TURKEY
serifetozan@iyte.edu.tr


We have fabricated YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7−δ
(YBCO) superconducting thin films on (100) MgO
substrates by pulsed laser deposition(PLD).The electrical property and the structural characteristics of
YBCO films have been studied by susceptibility, R–T measurement and X-ray diffraction, EDX and
AFM [1]. The temperature dependence of AC susceptibility of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7−δ
thin film have been
measured as a function of frequency and AC field amplitude. The real, or in-phase component and the
imaginary, or out of-phase, component of the complex susceptibility have been measured a computer
program which is Labview designed specially for our subject. The critical temperature, T
c
, critical
current density, J
c
, and electrical resistivity are calculate from experiment data [2,3].




[1] P.N. Arendt, S.R. Foltyn, L. Civale, R.F. DePaula, P.C. Dowden, J.R. Groves, T.G. Holesinger,
Q.X. Jia, S. Kreiskott, L. Stan, I. Usov, H. Wang and J. Y. Coulter, Physica C 412-414,795-800(2004).
[2] E. Pardo, A. Sanchez, and E. Bartolomé, Applied Physics Letters 89, 072501 (2006).
[3] H. Salamati and P. Kameli, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 278(1),237-243(2004).

























S-P-012

Characterization of Lu Doped YBCO thin films prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition in situ
technique (PLD)

S. SEZER, S. TOZAN and D.ABUKAY

Department of Physics, İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, 35430, İzmir, TURKEY
sirvansezer@iyte.edu.tr


We have fabricated Lu doped YCBO thin films deposited on MgO substrates by using a
standard pulsed laser deposition (PLD) working with an Excimer laser of ì=248 nm and 125 mJ/pulse.
Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is one of the most convenient methods to obtain thin ※lms of this
material [3].We have used an in situ process to achieve epitaxial growth of YBCO thin films, with
high J
c
values and a smooth surfaces that are convenient for device applications.
It‘s known that YBCO thin films grown by in situ PLD method have high critical current
density(Jc) and high Tc around 90K.We have tried to find out the effect of Lutetium on Jc and Tc
before and after annealing process. We have used a Lu doped YBCO target during the process. After
deposition the films are annealed at temperatures between 760°C - 800°C with 250 mTorr pressure in
oxygen in the chamber [2,3]. Substrates are glued with silver paste onto a sample holder which is in
contact with a heater. We have used different laser fluencies from 2 J/cm
2
to 6 J/cm
2
. Characterization
of the samples were done by R(T), AC-susceptibility, XRD, EDX and AFM measurements.




[1] M Li, B Ma, R E Koritala, B L Fisher, K Venkataraman, U Balachandran, Supercond.Sci.Technol.
16, 105-109 (2003).
[2] Maria Branescu, A Vailionis, I. Ward, J Huh, G Socol, Applied Surface Science 252, 4573-4577
(2006).
[3] M Branescu, I Ward, J Huh, Y Matsushita, G Zeltzer, Journal of Physics; Conference Series 94,
012007 (2008).


















S-P-013

Impurity-related local density-of-states modulation in Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca(Cu
1-x
Zn
x
)
2
O
8+o
probed by
scanning tunneling spectroscopy

T. MACHIDA
1
, T. KATO
2
, H. NAKAMURA
2
, M. FUJIMOTO
2
, T. MOCHIKU
1
, S. OOI
1
,
H. SAKATA
2
and K. HIRATA
1


1
Superconducting Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen,
Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 JAPAN
2
Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8601, JAPAN
MACHIDA.Tadashi@nims.go.jp


We have performed scanning tunneling spectroscopy on a single crystal of Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca(Cu
1-
xZn
x
)
2
O
8+o
(x = 0.005). We found several regions where at least two Zn impurities collect within a few
nm. In these regions, there are two dimensional local density-of-states (LDOS) modulations with the
period of about √2a
0
(a
0
is Cu-O-Cu distance) along the direction tilted 45˚ from Cu-O-Cu direction at
the energy of below ± 10 meV. Since these modulations are suppressed in a map of the ratio between
LDOS at a positive energy (+E) and that at its negative (-E), it can be considered that these
modulations do not stem from the quasiparticle interference whose pattern should be emphasized in the
ratio map. In the presentation, we will show the details of the LDOS modulations and discuss its
origin.





























S-P-014

Adjustment of doping level of as-grown Bi2212 single crystals for the generation of terahertz
radiation

Y. DEMIRHAN
1
, Z. MERIC
1
, F. TURKOGLU
1
, H. KOSEOGLU
1
,
M. MINEMATSU
2
, H. ARAKI
2
, N. MIYAKAWA
2
, Y. SIMSEK
3
, P. MULLER
3
and L. OZYUZER
1


1
Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), 35430, Izmir, TURKEY
2
Department of Applied Physics, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo, JAPAN
3
Department of Physics, University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, GERMANY
yasemindemirhan@iyte.edu.tr


THz electromagnetic radiations are more versatile in sensing, imaging, and spectroscopy
applications across the physical and biological sciences. There is still lack of coherent, continuous,
tunable and compact solid-state sources of electromagnetic radiation at THz frequency range.
Recently, the observation of THz radiation from intrinsic Josephson junction (IJJ) made
Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
(Bi2212) single crystals better candidate to generate THz emission [1]. Bi2212 high
temperature superconductor single crystals include natural superconductor-insulator superconductor
multi-junctions called intrinsic Josephson junctions. Their energy gap intervals are available for
radiations at THz frequency range. They were used as a converter from DC-voltage to high frequency
radiation. It is shown that, all of the THz emitting rectangular mesa structures are below a certain
underdoped level of Bi2212 single crystal [2]. So in this work, we annealed the as-grown crystals
under high vacuum at 500 °C for 6 hrs and Argon flow at 400 °C for 48 hrs to obtain underdoped
Bi2212 single crystals. Crystals of a typical size of 1x1 mm
2
were glued on sapphire substrates with
silver epoxy. In order to get a fresh surface, the crystal was cleaved and then a gold layer (~100 nm)
was deposited immediately using evaporation technique. To obtain natural IJJ stacks with various size
(e.g. 60 x 300 um
2
) and height, mesa on Bi2212 were fabricated using photolithography and argon ion
beam etching techniques. Surface profilometer was used for height measurements. We measured
temperature dependence of c-axis resistivity and I-V tunneling characteristics of mesa stacks from
room temperature to below T
c
. During I-V measurements, we have also searched for the THz emission
from mesas using Si bolometer.




[1] L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T.
Tamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W. K. Kwok and U. Welp, Science
318, 1291 (2007).
[2] L. Ozyuzer, Y. Simsek, H. Koseoglu, F. Turkoglu, C. Kurter, U. Welp, A. E. Koshelev, K. E.
Gray, W. K. Kwok, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, Y. Koval, H. B. Wang, P. Müller, Supercond. Sci.
and Technol. 22,114009 (2009).


* The research is partially supported by TUBITAK (Scientific and Technical Research Council of
Turkey) project number 108T238.




S-P-015

Doping-dependent phase diagram of Ca-doped YBCO observed by femtosecond spectroscopy

Y.-J. CHEN
1
, K.H. WU
1
, C.W. LUO
1
, J.-Y. LIN
2
, J.Y. JUANG
1
and T.M. UEN
1

1
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2
Institute of Physics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
heero.ep95g@nctu.edu.tw


The quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in a single (001) Ca-doped YBCO (Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
)
superconducting thin film was probed by using the femtosecond time-resolved spectroscopy. The
(001) Y
0.7
Ca
0.3
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
thin film was prepared on a (100)STO substrate by pulsed laser deposition.
Through controlling the oxygen pressure and the annealing temperature within quartz tube, the doping
level (0.08 < p < 0.22) in the phase diagram could be widely tuned from the overdoped region to the
underdoped region with varying the hole concentration (p) in a single sample. In the overdoped region,
two different components (positive/negative) were obviously identified in the transient reflectivity
curves (AR/R). The negative component in AR/R emerges at T<T
c
and quickly defeated by the
development of the positive component. The dramatic change in the positive component of AR/R
arises well below T
c
. However, this anomaly change does not appear in the underdoped region. Only
the positive AR/R was clearly observed at whole temerpatures. These results indicate that the scenario
of high-T
c
superconductivity in the overdoped region would be different from the underdoped region.


S-P-016

Ultrafast dynamics in optimally doped YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
observed with white light pump-probe
spectroscopy

Y.T. WANG
1
,Y.H.LEE
1
, Y.-J.CHEN
1
, W.T. TSUNG
1
, C.W. LUO
1
, A. YABUSHITA
1
, K.H. WU
1
,
J.–Y. LIN
2
, J.Y. JUNG
1
, T.M. UEN
1
and T. KOBAYASHI
1, 3, 4, 5


1
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, TAIWAN
2
Institute of Physics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, TAIWAN
3
ICORP, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, JAPAN
4
Department of Applied Physics and Chemistry and Institute for Laser Science, University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-
1 Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585, JAPAN
5
Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0971, JAPAN
wongmom.ep97g@nctu.edu.tw


The quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in optimal doped (001) YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
thin films were
measured at various temperatures by white light pump-probe technique. The ultrafast 2D spectroscopy
with broadband (~200 nm) and high time-resolution (~9 fs) performed in this study are from the non-
collinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) [1]. The relaxation time and the amplitude of the
transient absorbance change (ΔA) are strong probe-wavelength-dependent. The maximum ΔA appears
at around 620 nm which corresponds to the transition between the Fermi level and the UHB (upper
Hubbard band). Furthermore, the oscillations with ~150 cm
-1
at 550 nm, 650 nm, and 690 nm have
been clearly observed in the Fourier transformed graph of the ultrafast 2D spectroscopy, that are
consistent with the phonon modes in Raman-scattering spectra [2,3].




[1] T. Kobayashi and A. Baltuska, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1671 (2002).
[2] R. Liu, C. Thomsen, W. Kress, M. Cardona, and B. Gegenheimer, Phys. Rev. B 37, 7971 (1988).
[3] P. X. Zhang, T. Sekinger, U. Sticher, B. Leigold, H.–U. Habermeier, and M. Cardona, Physica C
282-287, 1047 (1997).


















S-P-017

Josephson effect in point contacts between different two-band superconductors

A.N. OMELYANCHOUK and Y.S. YERIN

B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
UKRAINE
yerin@ilt.kharkov.ua


Discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in iron-based compounds have expanded a
range of multiband superconductors besides well-known magnesium diboride MgB
2
with Т
с
=39 К.
The coexistence of two distinctive order parameters renewed interest in phase coherent effects in
superconductors. The Josephson Effect in superconducting junctions is the probe for research of these
phenomena.
In this paper we generalize KO theory [1,2] of stationary Josephson effect in point contacts for
the case of ―dirty‖ different two-band superconductors. Within the microscopic Usadel equations we
developed the microscopic theory of Josephson effect in point contacts between two-band
superconductors and obtained the general expression for the Josephson current, which is valid for
arbitrary temperatures, not only in the vicinity of T
c
[3]. We calculated phase-current relations and
temperature dependence of critical current for point contacts, which connect two-band superconductors
with interband scattering effect and without one. It is shown that for both cases and for some values of
microscopic parameters of these superconductors the critical current can be negative, which means the
π-junction behavior. Moreover as have shown our calculations the situation when there is a switching
from a π-contact to ―ordinary‖ contact on increasing temperature is possible.




[1] I. О. Kulik, A. N. Omelyanchouk, Pis‘ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 21, 216 (1975).
[2] I. О. Kulik, A. N. Omelyanchouk, Fiz. Nizk. Temp. 4, 296 (1978).
[3] A.N. Omelyanchouk, Y.S. Yerin, arXiv:0910.1429.



















S-P-018

c-axis tunneling of round mesas in high temperature superconductors for terahertz emission

Z. MERIC
1
, Y. DEMIRHAN
1
, F. TURKOGLU
1
, H. KOSEOGLU
1
, Y. SIMSEK
2
, P. MULLER
2
,
H. B. WANG
3
and L. OZYUZER
1


1
Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), 35430, Izmir, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, GERMANY
3
National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, JAPAN
zeynepmeric@iyte.edu.tr


The layered structure of Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+δ
(Bi2212) superconducting single crystals are natural
stacks of superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) multi-junctions and are called intrinsic
Josephson junctions (IJJ). Bi2212 has large anisotropic structural and electrical properties are
considered an important source for superconductivity and device physics. IJJs can be used to generate
terahertz (THz) radiation that has potential application areas in materials characterization, biology,
communication, medicine and security. Recently, strong, continuous and monochromatic THz
radiation was generated by rectangular mesas of single crystal Bi2212 IJJ [1]. For the high power
emission of THz waves, both experimental and theoretical studies have been carried out. In this work,
we fabricated round mesas for the powerful THz emission which is proposed theoretically [2]. Round
IJJ mesas were obtained using vacuum deposition, e-beam lithography and argon ion beam etching
techniques. After the mesa fabrication, we characterized fabricated mesas. For the electrical
properties, temperature dependence of c-axis resistivity and I-V tunneling characteristics of mesa
stacks from room temperature to well below T
c
were obtained. During I-V measurements, we have
also searched for the THz emission from mesas using Si bolometer.

The research is partially supported by TUBITAK (Scientific and Technical Research Council
of Turkey) project number 108T238.




[1] L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T.
Tamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W. K. Kwok and U. Welp, Science
318, 1291 (2007).
[2] X. Hu and S. Lin, Phys. Rev. B 80, 064516 (2009).














S-P-019

Behavior of trapping flux from minor hysteresis loops in superconducting Y
0.928
Pr
0.072
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-x

single crystal

JINCANG ZHANG
1
, ZHENGPING QIN
1
, GANG JIN
2
, MIOAQIN CHEN
1
, XIN YAO
3
,
CHUANBING CAI
1
and SHIXUN CAO
1


1
Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, Shanghai, CHINA
2
Department of Physics, Zhoukou Nomal University, Zhoukou 466000, CHINA
3
Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, CHINA
jczhang@staff.shu.edu.cn


The properties of the flux pinning are very important both for a better understanding of the
nature of the interaction causing pair formation in high-T
c
superconductors and also for the material
applications. Among high-Tc superconductors, YBCO crystals with Pr ions doping are of particular
interest, providing a continuous variation of most superconducting properties by varying the structure
deficiency in the system. Particularly, the reduction of the critical temperature T
c
, as compared with the
crystals without doping, allows a study of their rich magnetic phase diagram (H,T). And literatures
lack in flux dynamics studies of the temperature dependence of this feature in a wider range of the (H,
T) phase diagram for YBCO with Pr doped. Such study will certainly contribute to a better
understanding of the vortex dynamics in HTS‘s and is the subject of this work. In this paper, we
present our results of the minor magnetic hysteresis loop in superconducting Y
0.928
Pr
0.072
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
(YPBCO) bulk single-crystal. The grown crystal was characterized by using XRD technique (Cu-Kα,
40 kW generator). The single diffraction peak of the (005) face was found for the crystal at room
temperature. The single crystal with a θ-scan full width at half maximum of 0.5° is also presented. Our
study shows that high-quality Pr-doped YBCO single crystal can be obtained by the TSSG method.
The critical temperature T
c
was measured to be 86.2 K for the experimental YBCO single crystal. The
electric and magnetic measurements were made with the field parallel to the c axis. The single vortex
pinning regime has been obtained much more accurately than in previous work. In this work, The
minor magnetic hysteresis loops was systemically studied from the evolvement of magnetization
obtained in the whole range of measurement magnetic fields at 40 and 77 K for superconducting
Y
0.928
Pr
0.072
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
single crystal. The experimental single crystal sample was grown by the Top-
Seeded Solution Growth Method. The behavior of trapped flux was also shown as the magnetic field at
ascending and descending branches of the virgin loop. In order to explain the present experimental
results of the minor hysteresis loop, an average collectivity magnetization model is devised and a
certain crossover field H
cross
was analyzed corresponding to the transition from the single vortex
pinning to the vortex-vortex interaction region. By introducing H
cross
and an average magnetization of
the entire sample, substituting the actual flux distribution in the sample without considering flux jump,
creep, and the sample geometry, these make us to understand reasonably the difference between the
single vortex pinning and collectivity pinning easily. Furthermore, the collectivity magnetization, the
peak effect becomes reasonable for the existence of the repulsive force f
r
among vortex lines.These
make us to understand reasonably the difference between the single vortex pinning and collectivity
pinning. The present results will be very meaningful for understanding of the vortex dynamics in high-
T
c
superconductor.






S-P-020

Low fields high harmonic response of the PMS polycrystalline superconductor in linearly
polarized and circularly polarized ac fields

I. METSKHVARISHVILI
1
, N. MARGIANI
2
, T. LOBZHANIDZE
1
, M. METSKHVARISHVILI
3
and
Z. MIKAVA
1


1
Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, 0128, Chavchavadze Ave.3,
GEORGIA
2
Department of Coherent and Quantum Optics, Institute of Cybernetics, S. Euli 5 st., Tbilisi, 0186, GEORGIA
3
Department of Physics, Georgian Technical University, Kostava st. 77, Tbilisi, 0175, GEORGIA
ioseb.metskhvarishvili@tsu.ge


PbMo
6
S
8
polycrystalline superconductors have been studied in weak linearly polarized and
circularly polarized ac magnetic fields (0-1 Oe) with existence of constant dc field (0-8 Oe).
In order to study the behavior of the critical current density of the Josephson junctions in a
linearly and circularly polarized ac fields, the method of high harmonics is used. We consider an
infinitely large slab in yz-plane having a thickness d along x-axis. We assume that the dc field is
directed along z-axis, while the ac field h(t)=coset lies in yz-plane and makes an angle¸ with respect
to H. In case of rotating ac magnetic field, the dependencies of z and y components of the odd and
even harmonics on the inclination angle y are different in the anisotropic and isotropic theoretical
models [1].
Numerical results of our Experiments with a linearly polarized oscillating field orientated at
various angles to a constant field and also with a rotating oscillating field superimposed on a constant
field have shown that the isotropic model is preferable for investigated sample.




[1] S. L Ginzburg et al, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 11, 255 (1998).




















S-P-021

Influence of boron doping on transport properties of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-y
HTS

N.G. MARGIANI
1
, I.R. METSKHVARISHVILI
2
, I.A. MZHAVANADZE
1
, N.A. PAPUNASHVILI
1

and V.V. ZHGAMADZE
1

1
Department of Coherent and Quantum Optics, Institute of Cybernetics, S. Euli str. 5, Tbilisi, 0186, GEORGIA
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Chavchavadze
Ave. 3, Tbilisi 0128, GEORGIA
nmargiani@gmail.com


The nominally pure and boron-doped YBa
2
Cu
3
B
x
O
7-y
samples with B-doping level x varying
between 0 and 0.15 were prepared by the solid state reaction. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that all
the obtained compounds are single YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-y
phase. Temperature dependence of resistivity was
measured by the four-probe method. Superconducting transition and grain boundary critical current
density measurements were performed using contactless method of high harmonics. The small
additives of boron in YBa
2
Cu
3
B
x
O
7-y
(x= 0.025 and 0.05) does not essentially affect the critical
temperature T
c
and it remains near 90 K. The high-level boron doping causes degradation of T
c
and tail
remains on the p(T) curve for x=0.15 at 65K. Lowest-level boron doping applied leads to a significant
improvement in J
c
compared to the undoped sample (from 100 A cm
-2
for a control sample to 147 A
cm
-2
for a B-doped sample with x=0.025). Grain boundary critical current density

decreases with
increasing boron doping amount. The obtained results indicate possibility of added dopant being
entered into the lattice-sites.



























S-P-022

Influence of Ce substitution on superconducting properties of Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+o
material
fabricated by glass-ceramic technique

R. OZTURK, M.A. AKSAN, M.E. YAKINCI and Y.BALCI

Inonu Universitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakultesi, Fizik Bolumu 44280 Malatya, TURKEY
maksan@inonu.edu.tr

In this study, the samples with nominal composition of Bi
2-x
Ce
x
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+o
, where x=0,
0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 were fabricated by using conventional glass-ceramic technique. Effects of
the Ce substitution on the thermal, structural/microstructural and electrical properties of the Bi-2223
system have been investigated in detailed. The Ce substitution caused a glassification problem in the
system. The crystallization kinetics has been studied by non-isothermal DTA and TG analysis.
Crystallization activation energy, E
a
, of the samples prepared was calculated between 410 and 345
kJ/mol, depending on the Ce concentration. XRD and SEM-EDX investigations showed that the Ce-
substituted samples had multiphase, complex and deformed structure. It was found that electrical
properties degraded with increasing the Ce concentration. Especially in high substitution level,
superconductivity was destroyed and an insulating behavior obtained.

This work was supported by the Research Fund of Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey, under
grant contracts no. 2008/42.




























S-P-023

Some transport properties of high temperature superconductors

ALI IHSAN DEMIREL, ABUZER YAMAN, TUBA SARICA and HILAL SENEL

Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Sciences, Van, TURKEY
yaman@yyu.edu.tr & aidemirel@yyu.edu.tr


Charge transport mechanism includes electron and Cooper pair tunneling phenomena in
superconductors, and beyond that, in high temperature superconductors there are some processes,
occurring both above and below T
c
, which provide additional information on transport in
superconductors. In this work we firstly investigated a model for ac current flow and then related this
subject parallel inductances, inductors, alternating current (ac) impedance, current density
equilibration, critical current, magnetoresistance, Hall effect (above T
c
and below T
c
), thermal
conductivity (in the normal state and below T
c
), thermoelectric and thermomagnetic effects,
photoconductivity and transport entropy. These processes are also quite important to characterize
superconducting material and studied intensively by worldwide superconductor researchers on many
different superconductors. We present some useful collected data on this topic to help for interested
people for high temperature superconductivity.































S-P-024

Normal state electronic properties under applied magnetic fields of whiskers fabricated by Bi,
Ga and Sb doping

S. ALTIN, M. A. AKSAN, Y. BALCI, E. ALTIN and M. E. YAKINCI

Inonu Universitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fizik Bölümü, Süperiletkenlik Araştırma Grubu, 44280, Malatya, TURKEY
saltin@inonu.edu.tr


In this work, superconducting Bi-2212 whiskers have been fabricated by using Bi
2
(Bi, Ga,
Sb)Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
8+o
compositions. Electronic properties of whiskers fabricated were investigated under
0-4 T applied magnetic fields. T
c
values of whiskers fabricated were found to be dependent on applied
magnetic field and doping. Normal state resistivity of whiskers showed nonlinear dependence of
temperature. Resistivity of whiskers deviated above a certain temperature depending on doping
element and applied magnetic field. Zero resistivity after extrapolation on the normal state resistivity
gave at 1.1-11.8 K depends on doping element and applied magnetic fields.


































S-P-025

Specific heat of spin-polarized Fermi superfluid in the BEC region

H. YAVARI

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, IRAN
hs_yavary@phys.ui.ac.ir


The temperature dependence of the specific heat of an ultracold atomic Fermi gas with spin population
imbalance is investigated. To determine the specific heat of the system first we calculate the
thermodynamic of the system by using a many-body functional integral formalism. By separating of
the fermionic and bosonic parts of the thermodynamic potential the temperature dependence of
specific heat is evaluated. We show that the ferminic part of specific heat change exponentially while
bosonic part varies as power low (T
3
) with temperature.




































S-P-026

Power law dependences on I-V of Bi-2212 whiskers at low magnetic fields

S. ALTIN, M. A. AKSAN, Y. BALCI, E. ALTIN and M. E. YAKINCI

Inonu Universitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fizik Bölümü, Süperiletkenlik Araştırma Grubu, 44280, Malatya, TURKEY
saltin@inonu.edu.tr


Bi-2212 whiskers were fabricated by using glass-ceramics process. T
c
value of whiskers
fabricated was found to be 80 K. I-V characteristics of Bi-2212 whiskers were determined at the range
of 5-75 K under low magnetic fields. The transport critical current density of whiskers was calculated
between 19-0.63 x10
4
A/cm
2
at 5-50 K. I-V results were fitted using Levenberg-Marquardt technique.
Calculated results showed a deviation above certain magnetic fields from experimental data. Results
were discussed depend of on magnetic and electrical properties of superconductors.




































S-P-027

AAO template-assisted fabrication of Nb nanohillock arrays

N. TASALTIN, S. OZTURK, N. KILINC and Z.Z. OZTURK

Gebze Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, 41400 Gebze-Kocaeli, TURKEY
ntasaltin@gmail.com


A fundamental problem in the field of nano-science research is to understand the nature of the
nanostructured materials. Especially, if the material such as Nb is superconductor a number of
interesting things happen which include superconductor-insulator transition, superconducting
transition temperature (T
c
) and other superconducting parameters like upper critical field. Despite a
large number of theoretical as well as experimental works, a complete understanding of such system is
yet to be achieved. Niobium nanostructures compared to Nb thin films are ideal for several
superconducting devices for their robust superconductivity. Over the last several years, Nb
nanostructures have been fabricated by various methods. In this study, Nb nanohillock arrays were
fabricated with high surface area using AAO/Nb template. At first, AAO template was fabricated by
using a two-step anodization of an Al film deposited on Nb foil using evaporation method. Then, Nb
nanohillocks were obtained via anodization process as a nature of the Al-Nb binary. Fabrication of
AAO/Nb template and Nb nanohillocks were reported in details. The morphologies of the AAO/Nb
template and Nb nanohillock arrays were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy
Dispersive X-Ray (EDX). As fabricated AAO/Nb template was observed approximately 55 nm in
diameters with 80 nm interpore distances, Nb nanohillocks were obtained approximately 50 nm in
diameters with high surface area. We could calculate the Nb nanohillocks density is approximately
1,2.10
10
cm
-2
. We believe that, this method offers a new and convenient route to fabricate
superconductor nanostructure arrays and find potential applications.
























S-P-028

c-axis anisotropy of ErNi
2
B
2
C single crystal

W.C. LEE

Department of Physics, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul 140-74l, KOREA
wclee@sookmyung.ac.kr


The resistivities along c-axis ρ
c
(H,T) of ErNi
2
B
2
C have been measured with applied magnetic
field H ┴

c and H∥c-axis for temperatures 2K < T < 300K and the superconducting upper critical
field H
c2
(T) curves were constructed for each applied magnetic field directions. From these, we
estimated the dH
c2
/dT┃
T=Tc
values to be (-1.67 kG/K) and (-2.50 kG/K) for H ┴

c and H∥c-axis,
respectively and by using the relation of H
c2
(0) = - 0.69T
c
(dH
c2
/dT┃
T=Tc
), the extrapolated H
c2
(0)
values are obtained as 12.10 kG and 18.11 kG, which are estimated values ignoring the existence of
the antiferromagnetic ordering below T
c
and its influence on H
c2.
The estimated superconducting
coherence lengths, ξ = [φ
o
/2πH
c2
(0)]
1/2
, are found to be 165 Å and 135 Å for H ┴

c and H∥c-axis,
respectively and the anisotropic factor defined as γ = (dH
c2
Hllc
/dT┃
T=Tc
) /( dH
c2

H┴ c
/dT┃
T=Tc
) is
1.50. The anisotropy in H
c2
(T) curves from ρ
c
(H,T) is similar to the result from ρ
ab
(H,T), which
explains the anisotropy and its temperature dependence of H
c2
(T) are thought to arise from magnetic
pair breaking and the anisotropic field dependence of Neél temperature T
N
originated from Er
+3

sublattice. Since the antiferromagnetic ordering in ErNi
2
B
2
C is 3-dimensional long range ordering, all
electrons in ρ
c
(H,T) measurement are still under influence of magnetic Er
+3
sublattice ,which means
the anisotropy and shapes of H
c2
(T) curves in our ρ
c
(H,T) maybe, also, can be explained by the
magnetic pair breaking and the anisotropic field dependence of T
N
originated from Er
+3
sublattice, too
(depending on H ┴

c or H∥c-axis). However, more theoretical and experimental works are needed to
clarify the antiferromagnetic magnetic ordering effect quantitatively in H
c2
(T) curves at low
temperature region (T ≤ 6 K).






















S-P-029

Structural and transport properties of Bi(Pb)-2212 superconductors doped by low content of
yttrium

Y. BOUDJADJA
1
, A. AMIRA
1
, A. SAOUDEL
1
, A. VARILCI
2
, M. AKDOGAN
2
,
C. TERZIOGLU
2
, F. BOUAÏCHA
3
, N. BOUSSOUF
3
and M.F. MOSBAH
3


1
LEND, Faculty of Science and Technology, Jijel University, BP 98, 18000 Jijel, ALGERIA
2
Departement of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280 Bolu, TURKEY
3
LCMI, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Mentouri University, 25017 Constantine, ALGERIA
amira@mail.univ-jijel.dz & amira_abderrezak@yahoo.fr


In this work, a comparative study of the effect of doping by low content of Y
3+
between (Ca
site) and out of (Sr site) the CuO
2
planes of Bi(Pb)-2212 phase is presented. Ceramics of
Bi
1.6
Pb
0.4
Sr
2
Ca
1-x
Y
x
Cu
2
O
8+o
(called CY series) and Bi
1.6
Pb
0.4
Sr
2-x
Y
x
CaCu
2
O
8+o
(called SY series) with
x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 are elaborated in air by conventional solid state reaction. They are
characterized by X ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), density, Vickers
microhardness and resistivity measurements.
The XRD analysis shows that the samples are of high purity. The refinement of cell parameters
is done by considering the structural modulation. In comparison with the undoped sample (x=0), the
cell parameters a, b and c are reduced by the doping for both series. This decrease is associated with
the lower ionic radii of Y
3+
than those of the substituted Ca
2+
and Sr
2+
cations. The intensity of the
modulation vector increases as x is increased, a result which is in agreement with the oxygen model [1]
and other results obtained in La
3+
[2] and Eu
3+
[3] doped Bi-2201 phase. For all values of x, this vector
is higher for SY series. A good correlation between the variations of the bulk density and the Vickers
microhardness with x is obtained. These parameters are improved by Y
3+
doping and are
approximately constant for 0.025≤x≤0.075. For both series, the SEM analysis shows that the doped
samples exhibit a reduced grain size than that of the undoped one, similarly to the result seen in Eu
3+
[4] and La
3+
[5] doped phase at Sr and Ca sites, respectively. The variation of resistivity with
temperature shows that all samples exhibit a metallic-like character in the normal state. For all doping
levels, the CY series present higher onset critical transition temperature than that of the undoped
sample which is equal to 85.43 K. The opposite is obtained for SY series. The highest value of this
temperature is obtained for x=0.075 in the doped samples and is about 92.15 K and 79.96 K for CY
and SY series, respectively. These values may correspond to a near optimally doped state since the
slope (dp/dT) of resistivity shows a maximum at the same value of x=0.075. For both series, when Y
3+

is introduced into the samples, the residual resistivity decreases first for x=0.025, and increases after
this value in an approximately linear manner until x=0.1. This resistivity is slightly greater for SY
series. A correlation between the structural and the transport properties is presented.


[1] H. W. Zandbergen, W.A. Groen, F.C. Mijlhoff, G.Van Tendelloo, S. Amelinckx, Physica C 156,
325 (1988).
[2] N.R. Khasanova, E.V. Antipov, Physica C 246, 241 (1995).
[3] A. Amira, F. Bouaïcha, N. Boussouf, M.F. Mosbah, Solid State Sciences, in press.
[4] P.M. Sarun, S. Vinu, R. Shabna, A. Biju, U. Syamaprasad, Materials Letters 62, 2725 (2008).
[5] A. Ait Kaki, F. Benmaamar, M.F. Mosbah, A. Amira, International Journal of Materials Researsh
100, 1226 (2009).



S-P-030

Effect of interband interaction on the thermal fluctuations in two-band superconductors

A. VARGUNIN, T. ÖRD and K. RÄGO

Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, 4 Tähe Street, 51010, Tartu, ESTONIA
bh@ut.ee


The extensions of BCS theory for multiple bands were known since the 1950s, but only recently,
after the general acceptance of the multi-gap superconductivity in MgB
2
, cuprates and iron-arsenic
systems, multi-component theoretical schemes become an object of growing interest. In connection
with the presence of interacting order parameters, the superconducting ordering, kinetics and
fluctuational properties of the multiband systems are quite different from the corresponding
characteristics in one-band superconductors. Nowadays, the examinations of the superconducting
peculiarities by means of the multiband models become very popular.
In the present contribution, we derive the partition function of the finite two-band superconductor
by means of the Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation and consider its thermodynamic properties in
the static path approximation. The heat capacity ∆c=c(T)-c
n
(T) of a bulk two-band superconductor
shows considerably non-monotone behavior in the temperature scale as a function of interband
interaction (see Figure). In case of small interband interactions, the additional maximum of the heat
capacity appears in the superconducting phase, pointing at the memory about autonomous phase
transition at the corresponding temperature. As the interband interaction increases, the latter feature
disappears and the behavior of heat capacity resembles the one-band case. However, the quantity
∆c/γT
c
differs at temperature T
c
from the one-band value 1.43 and increases with interband interaction.
In the finite systems the behavior of the heat capacity becomes more rounded as volume decreases
(thermal fluctuations increase). The effect of the interband interaction on the thermal fluctuations
appears to be temperature dependent. The thermal fluctuations decrease with the increase of the
interband interaction at low temperatures in the superconducting phase. This occurs due to ―losing
sight‖ of the autonomous phase transition in the corresponding temperature range. By contrast, in the
vicinity of the critical temperature the thermal fluctuations increase with interband interaction. Thus,
there is a redistribution of the fluctuations in the temperature scale driven by the interband interaction
in a finite two-band superconducting system.







S-P-031

Magneto-resistance, thermal conductivity, thermoelectric power and specific heat of
superconductor Gd
0.95
Pr
0.05
Ba
2
Cu
3-x
M
x
O
y
(M= Fe, Mn, Zn and Ni)

ASHOK RAO
1
, TIRTHANKAR CHAKRABORTY
2
, BHASKAR GAHTORI
3
, A. SONI
4
and
G.S. OKRAM
4


1
Department of Physics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal-576104, Karnataka, INDIA
2
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Jadhavpur University, Kolkatta, INDIA
3
Superconductivity and Cryogenics Division, NPL, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
4
UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Indore-452017, INDIA
ashokanu_rao@rediffmail.com


It is well known that Pr-123 compounds are non-superconducting, but the underlying
mechanism for suppression of superconductivity is not known till now [1]. There are many studies on
partial substitution of Y by Pr, along with co-doping of Fe, Co, Zn for Cu [2-4]. To the best of our
knowledge, no work seems to have been done on co-substitution of Pr by other rare-earths, such as Gd,
Eu etc. It would thus be interesting to study such a system. We have chosen Gd system, in particular,
as the concentration of Pr required to suppress superconductivity in Gd-123 system is less compared to
that in Y- 123 system[5].
In the present communication, we present thermal and electrical transport properties of pristine
and co-doped samples of high temperature superconductors Gd
0.95
Pr
0.05
Ba
2
Cu
3-x
M
x
O
y
(M= Fe, Mn, Zn
and Ni). All the samples were prepared using solid state reaction technique. Thermal conductivity and
thermo-power measurements were performed using a heat pulse technique in a helium closed cycle
refrigerator from 10 – 300 K. Specific heat measurements were carried out using high resolution ac
calorimeter, using chopped light as a heat source.
It is found that all the samples, except the Mn co-doped sample, show metallic behaviour in the
normal state and the transition temperature decreases with increasing impurity content. The XRD
patterns of powder specimens indicate that the samples were formed in a single phase. It is observed
that the upper critical field increases with co-doping. Thermal conductivity κ(T) of all the samples,
except the one with Zn co-doping, exhibit hump like structure around their respective transition
temperatures. A negative sign of the measured thermo-power (S) in Gd-123 indicates that electron-like
carriers dominate the heat transport in the pristine sample; whereas a sign reversal in S as a
consequence of the change of dominant carrier upon doping is observed. It may be mentioned that we
have employed theoretical models for thermal conductivity and thermo-power and the experimental
results match well with the theoretical ones. Specific heat measurements on Gd-123 and Gd-Pr5%
samples exhibit a jump around the transition temperature; however the anomalous feature in specific
heat is strongly suppressed in the co-doping samples.


[1] M. Akhavan, Physica B 321 265(2002).
[2] M. R. Mohammadizadeh, H. Khosroabadi and M. Akhavan, Physica B 321 301(2002).
[3] T. Harada and K. Yoshida, Physica C 383 48(2002).
[4] F. M. Barros, V. N. Vieira, F. W. Fabris, M. P. Cantão, A. R. Jurelo, P. Pureur and J. Schaf,
Physica C 408-410 632(2004).
[5] V. Daadmehr, M. D. Niry and A. T. Rezakhani, Iranian Journal of Physics Research 6 3(2006).




S-P-032

The effect of Lu doping on Y
1-x
Lu
x
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
superconductors

A.B. KARCI and M. TEPE

Department of Physics, Ege University, Bornova 35100, Izmir, TURKEY
belkis.karci@ege.edu.tr


We have investigated theY
1-x
Lu
x
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
(x=0; 0.1; 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; 0.5) bulk superconducting
compound. The samples have been produced by using solid state reaction method. Powder compounds
calcinated at 920
o
C for 24 hours and sintered at 950
o
C for 50 hours. The effect of Lu doping
concentration on the microstructure, electrical and magnetic properties of the Y
1-x
Lu
x
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
bulk
superconducting compound was analyzed through the resistance-temperature (R-T), ac magnetic
susceptibility (;-T), scanning electron microscope (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements.
XRD analysis showed that the samples show c-axis growth and SEM pictures indicated that grain size
becomes small while Lu doping increases. The change in the Lu doping concentration slightly affected
the transition temperatures (T
c,zero
), whereas, the magnetic susceptibility of the samples and their
magnetic field (B) dependencies were noticeably affected.
































S-P-033

Magnetic levitation of YBaCuO superconductor prepared by top seeded melt growth process

C.M. YESILKANAT
1
, S. YILDIZ
2
, F. DOGAN
3
, F. INANIR
4
, U. KOLEMEN
2
and S. KUTUK
5


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Artvin Çoruh University, 08000 Artvin, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Gaziosmanpaşa University, 60240 Tokat, TURKEY
3
Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
4
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Rize University, 51100 Rize, TURKEY
5
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Karadeniz Teknik University, 61080 Trabzon, TURKEY
cmyesilkanat@artvin.edu.tr


Bulk YBaCuO superconductor was manufactured with the top seeded melt growth process.
Levitation measurements have been carried out for both the zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field cooled
(FC) regimes at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K). We have also introduced the theoretical
calculations exploiting critical state model to fit experimental data [1,2]. Features of the high
temperature superconducting levitation to a permanent magnet are also discussed with verification
made by experimental measurements [3,4]. Experimental values were in good agreement with
theoretical values. Losses in the levitation process in this system are analyzed. It was attributed that the
changes in levitation force are related to decreases of first penetration field. Time relaxation force of
the levitation force was also studied [5].




[1] Carles Navaua and Alvaro Sanchez, Physical Review B, 58, 2 (1998).
[2] Gang Li, Meng Jun Quin, Hua Kun Liu, and Shi Xue Dou, IEEE Transactions on applied
superconductivity, 13, 2 (2003).
[3] Xing-Yi Zhang, You-He Zhou, Jun Zhou, Physica C 468, 369 (2006).
[4] G. E. Jang, W. S. Oh, C. J. Kim, Y. H. Han, S. Y. Jung, T. H. Sung, Physica C 468, 1411 (2008).
[5] You-He Zhou, Xing-Yi Zhang, and Jun Zhou, Journal of Applied Physics, 103, 123901 (2008).



















S-P-034

Physical-mechanical properties of Y 1-2-3 superconductor ceramics doped by gallium


E. SANAIA
1
, E. KUTELIA
2
and G. DARSAVELIDZE
1

1
Ilia Vekua Sokhumi Institute of Physics and Technology, 0160, Tbilisi, GEORGIA
2
Republic Cener for Structure Reseaches, Georgian Technical University, 0175 Tbilisi, GEORGIA
esanaia@gmail.com


The temperature and amplitude dependence of the dynamic shear modulus, and the elastic
energy dissipation coefficient Q
-1
has been studied between 300 and 1000 K in ErBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x

superconductor ceramics doped with various amount of Ga (0.05, 0.10, 0.15 mass% Ga). Near 700 and
775K occur two unusual peaks. Increase of activation characteristics, intensity and temperature of
maxima of internal friction (IF) are observed in the doped specimens. These are explained by blocking
of twinning dislocation by gallium atoms. Investigation of amplitude dependence IF and shear
modulus reveals superposition of three different processes at the amplitudes: <1×10
4
;

1×10
4
’5×10
4
;
<5×10
4
, which significantly changes by retardation of full dislocation in gallium doped materials.
The IF spectra of non doped ErBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
ceramics exhibits relaxation maximum near a
temperature of 475K and the shear modulus exhibits softening at about this temperature also.
Considering the tendency of structure ErBaCuO type ceramics to twinning, it is possible to suppose,
that relaxation IF and defect of shear modulus are caused by motion of the polysynthetic twin grain
boundaries which interacted with the oxygen atoms. The non relaxation maximum revealed at 875K
coincides with the temperature of the polymorphic phase transformation (O→T).

























S-P-035

Excess conductivity studies in Zn
0.95
Mn
0.05
O and ZnO added YBa
2
Cu
3
O
y
superconductors

I. BOUCHOUCHA, F. BEN AZZOUZ and M. BEN SALEM

L3M, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna, TUNISIA
faten.benazzouz@fsb.rnu.tn & Mohamed.bensalem@fsb.rnu.tn


We report electrical conductivity fluctuation analyses on YBa
2
Cu
3
O
y

(denoted asYBCO)
granular samples added with nano-size Zn
0.95
Mn
0.05
O and ZnO (30 nm) particles. Nano-particles are
added to the precursor powders during the final sintering cycle of a two-step preparation process.
Phase analysis by X-ray diffraction and granular structure examination by transmission electron
microscopy (TEM) were carried out. When Zn
0.95
Mn
0.05
O and ZnO are added to the YBCO, the
orthorhombic structure is maintained. TEM and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis show
the presence of inhomeginities embedded in the superconducting matrix. The temperature dependence
of electrical resistivity in zero magnetic field has been measured on free 1 wt. % Zn
0.95
Mn
0.05
O and 1
wt. % ZnO added samples and the effect of microscopic inhomogeneities in the paraconductivity
region has been reported. Data about the dimensionality of the thermodynamic fluctuation is obtained
by analyzing the excess of conductivity Δζ as a function of the reduced temperature ) ( = c 1 - ln
mf
c
T
T
on
the basis of the Aslamazov–Larkin theory. In the means field region a crossover from 3D to 2D was
observed for each sample. 1D behaviour of fluctuation conductivity was found at high temperatures
(above the 2D regime) for nanoparticles added samples.
























S-P-036

Effect of Yb211 doping on the critical current J
c
and susceptibility of (Sm123)
1-x
(Yb211)
x
bulk superconductor

S. AKBULUT
1
, K. OZTURK
1
, S. CELIK
2
, S. KUTUK
1
, M. BASOGLU
1
, S. BOLAT
1
and
E. YANMAZ
1


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Rize University, 53100, Rize, TURKEY
senol.akbulut@ktu.edu.tr


We have investigated the improvement of the critical current properties in Yb211 doped Sm123
superconductor prepared by Melt-Powder-Melt-Growth method. The magnetization properties were
measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) made by Quantum Design PPMS system for
the respective constant temperatures such as 5, 50 and 77K with the magnetic field along the
perpendicular to the surface. The magnetization and AC susceptibility measurements show that the
critical transition temperature, T
c
, decreases from 93.7 to 90.2 K when the doping level increases.
































S-P-037

Magnetoresistive effect in polycrystalline 1-2-3 YBaCuO embedded with nano-YBaCuO
particles

F. BEN AZZOUZ, A. HIMRITTA and M. BEN SALEM
L3M, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna, TUNISIA
Mohamed.bensalem@fsb.rnu.tn


We have studied the magnetoresistive in polycrystalline 1-2-3 YBaCuO embedded with nano-
YBaCuO particles which generated by the high-energy ball milling technique. Bulk samples were
synthesized from a precursor powder YBaCuO, which prepared from the commercial high purity
Y
2
O
3
, Ba
2
CO
3
and CuO via a one-step annealing process in air at 950°C. After the high-energy ball
milling process of the precursor, the obtained powder was uniaxial pressed and subsequently annealed
at 950°C in air. Phase analysis by X-rays diffraction (XRD), granular structure examination by
scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microstructure investigation by transmission electron
microscopy (TEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were carried out.
Electrical resistance as a function of temperature ) T ( ρ revealed that the zero resistance temperature,
T
c0
, is 90 and 84.5 K respectively for unmilled and milled samples. We have found that the milled
ceramics exhibit a large magnetoresistance in weak magnetic fields at liquid nitrogen temperature, this
attractive effect is of high practical significance, it makes them promising candidates for practical
application in magnetic field sensor devices.




























S-P-038

Effect of Zn doping on magnetic and structural properties of
Bi(Pb)2223 ceramic superconductors

M. HAMEL
1
, M.-F. MOSBAH
1
, F. BENMAAMAR
1
, N. BOUSSOUF
1
, F. BOUAICHA
1
and
A. AMIRA
2


1
Laboratoire Couches Minces et Interfaces, Université Mentouri Constantine, ALGERIA
2
Laboratoire des Essais Non Destructifs, Université de Jijel, ALGERIA
faycalmos@yahoo.fr


Doping with Zn change strongly the superconducting properties of high temperature
superconductors reducing the critical temperature and the critical density of current. Explanations have
been proposed based on very strong quasi-particle scattering rates and dramatic reduction in the order
parameter near the Zn site. Scanning Tunneling Measurements in Zn doped Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+d
(Bi2212)
crystal seems to confirm suppression of superconductivity at the Zn site[1]. Doping by Zn on Cu site
of whiskers of Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+d
(Bi2223) phase has the same effect on the superconducting
properties and particularly the transition temperature T
c
which is reduced [2]. On the other hand, co
doping by addition of ZnO in a lead doped Bi2223 phase (Bi
2-x
Pb
x
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+d
) shows no influence
on the T
c
but a reduction of the critical current density Jc [3].
The samples of Bi
1.6
Pb
0.4
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3-y
Zn
y
O
10+d
where y varies from 0 to 0.05, have been
prepared using the conventional solid-state reaction technique. Microstructure of the prepared samples
was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). AC
susceptibility measurements were made on a SQUID magnometer. Indexation of the peaks and
determination of cell parameters has been made by use of CELREF software. The results show an
effect of the doping on the microstructure and the critical temperature T
c
. Cell parameters c diminishes
when the rate y of zinc increases. Zn doping has an effect on the critical temperature T
c
and on the
apparent superconducting volume fraction.




[1] Pan S. H., Hudson E. W., Lang K. M., Eisaki H., Uchida S., Davis J. C., Nature 403, 746 (2000).
[2] Kuo Y. K., Schneider C. W., Skove M. J., Nevitt M. V. and Tessema G. X.; Phys. Rev. B 56,
6201 (1997).
[3] Kozuka T., Ogawa H., Kan A., Suzumura A., J. Eur. Cer. Soc. 21, 1913 (2001).














S-P-039

Low field AC susceptibility study of YBCO prepared by Top Seeded Melt Growth

N.GUCLU
1
, C.M. YESILKANAT
2
, H. AGIL
3
, F. DOGAN
4
, A. GENCER
3
and U.KOLEMEN
1


1
Gaziosmanpaşa University, Department of Physics, 60240, Tokat, TURKEY
2
Artvin Çoruh University, Department of Physics, 08000, Artvin, TURKEY
3
Ankara University, Department of Physics, 06100, Ankara, TURKEY
4
University of Washington, Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering, 98195, Washington, USA
guclu06@hotmail.com


The superconducting bulk YBCO was prepared by the top-seeded melt growth. The produced
sample was then characterized by AC susceptibility measurement. The measured susceptibilities show
a dependence on the ac and dc fields. The observed T
n
÷ ; curves were analyzed by the simplified
Kim Model. We have obtained an empirical function for the penetration field H
p
= H
o
( )
|
÷ t 1
,
where t is
the reduced temperature. The experimental value agrees well with the model calculations.

































S-P-040

A model for nucleation-crystallization in the glass-ceramic Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+o
superconducting
system

O. KIZILASLAN, M.A. AKSAN and M.E. YAKINCI

Inonu Universitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakultesi, Fizik Bolumu, 44280 Malatya, TURKEY
maksan@inonu.edu.tr


In the present study, the nucleation-crystal growth in the system with Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+o

nominal composition prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique was investigated. The
fabricated Bi
2
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
10+o
glass materials were heat treated at 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800,
830
o
C for 60 h, respectively. The nucleation centers started to form on the surface of the glass
materials at 200
o
C, Figure 1. It was seen that branchs occurred on the nucleation centers. The crystal
growth was observed with increasing the temperature (Figure 2); especially at temperatures higher
than 800
o
C, single crystal superconducting Bi-2212 whiskers were obtained, Figure 3. A theoretical
model was applied to nucleation and crystal growth [1]. It was found that this type of nucleation
centers strongly depends on increase of surface tension anisotropy and that the results obtained on
materials heat treated at different temperatures are good agreement in the applied theoretical model.


Figure 1. The nucleation centers (200
o
C
for 60 h).

Figure 2. The nucleation centers and crystal growth
(800
o
C for 60 h).


Figure 3. Whiskers formed on the material surface (830
o
C for 60 h).




[1] S. Li, J.S. Lowengrub, P.H. Leo and V. Cristini, J. Crystal Growth, 267, 703-713 (2004).
[2] S. Li, J.S. Lowengrub and P.H. Leo, Physica D, 208, 209-219 (2005).




S-P-041

Magnetorsistance studies of (Bi,Pb)-2223 added SnO
2
-nano Oxide

N.H. MOHAMMED, W. ABDEEN, R. AWAD and A.I. ABOU-ALY

Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, EGYPT
rawad64@yahoo.com


In this work, we studied the effect of weak magnetic fields up to 0.5 T on the electrical
resistivity of (Bi,Pb)-2223 added by SnO
2
-nano Oxide. The nano oxide SnO
2
varied from 0.0 to 2.0
wt.% from the total sample mass. The electrical resistivity data showd that the superconducting
transition temperature enhaned for lower SnO
2
–nano oxide concntratons. On the other hand, the higher
SnO
2
-nano oxide concentration reduced the phase formation of (Bi,Pb)-2223 and the superconducting
transition temperature. The applide magnetic field showed a little effect on the supercoducting
transition temperature in the first stage of the transition, whereas it had a significant effect in the
second stage of trasition. The experimental data, in the second stage of superconducting transition, fit
well with the thermally activated flux creep model and the activation energy U(B) shows a power law
dependence on magnetic field as B
−β
. Also, the transition width is related to the magnetic field
according to the relation ΔT αB
n
. Furthermore, the effect of SnO
2
-nano oxide addition on the flux
pinning of (Bi,Pb)-2223 was reported.






























S-P-042

Levitation force properties in different cooling conditions of (Sm123)
1-x
(Yb211)
x
bulk
superconductor fabricated by MPMG Process

S. AKBULUT
1
, K. OZTURK
1
, S. CELIK
2
, S. KUTUK
1
, M. BASOGLU
1
, S. BOLAT
1
and
E. YANMAZ
1


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Rize University, 53100, Rize, TURKEY
senol.akbulut@ktu.edu.tr


The (Sm123)
1-x
(Yb211)
x
superconductor samples were prepared by the melt-powder-melt-
growth (MPMG) method. The levitation force measurements were determined during vertical traverse
in zero field cooling (ZFC) and field cooling (FC) regime for various doping levels (x= 0.00; 0.05;
0.10; 0.15; 0.20; 0.25; 0.35). It was determined that the vertical force density of the samples increases
generally when the doping level increases and reached the maximum value for x=0.25 doping level for
both repulsive and attractive levitation force density. The pinning properties were enhanced up to a
certain Yb211 doping level both ZFC and FC regime by introducing locally suppressed
superconducting regions. The results show that, optimization of the fabrication conditions and sample
size of the Sm123 superconductor should be further investigated in different cooling process to
improve technological and electronic applicability.





























S-P-043

Superconductivity and solubility of Co ion in Cu(BaSr)
2
YCu
2
O
7-δ


SHIVA KUMAR
1,2
, M. HUSAIN
2
, H. KISHAN
1
and V. P. S. AWANA
1



1
National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, INDIA

2
Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi-110025, INDIA
sighsk@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


We have studied series of compounds Cu
1-x
Co
x
BaSrYCu
2
O
7-δ
(CuCoBaSr) (x=0.0 to 1.0) and
Cu
1-y
Co
y
Ba
2
YCu
2
O
7-δ
(CuCoBa) (y=0.0 to 1.0). Noticeable changes are observed in structure and
electrical behavior with increasing Co concentration in both series. Rietveld Refinement of X-ray
diffraction pattern of studied samples shows that the orthorhombic Pmmm structure of pristine samples
changes to tetragonal P4/mmm structure with x>0.10 and with y>0.30. The samples of CuCoBa series
are crystallized in mixed phase of Pmmm and P4/mmm within concentration 0.05≤y≤0.30. While Co
substitutes Cu completely in CuCoBaSr, whereas it substitutes only up to y=0.80 in CuCoBa series.
Superconductivity is observed up to x=0.20 above 25 K in both series (Fig.1). The resistivity (R-T)
behavior of CuCoBaSr series samples, show that oxygen annealed samples at 650 C loses
superconductivity whereas CuCoBa series samples remained superconducting. The disappearance of
superconductivity is attributed to overdoing of oxygen in Cu/CoO
x
chains. Magnetic measurement (M-
T) shows that there is antiferromagnetic ordering in non superconducting samples. The solubility of Co
at Cu-site in parent YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7
system is controlled by Ba site Sr substitution in the host unit cell.
Further the Ba site Sr substitution also controls the O-T transition and appearance of superconductivity
in the system.


Fig. 1 R-T of Cu
1-x
Co
x
BaSrYCu
2
O
7-δ
.

[1] F. Maury, I. Mirebeau, J. A. Hodges, P. Bourges, Y. Sidis, A. Forget Phy. Rev. B 69, 094506
(2004). [2] J. A. Hodges, Y. Sidis, P. Bourges, I. Mirebeau, M.Hennion, X. Chaud Phy. Rev. B 66,
020501 (2002).



S-P-044

Levitation force density in different thicknesses of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
bulk superconductor fabricated
by FQMG Process

S. KUTUK
1
, S. BOLAT
1
, K. OZTURK
1
, S. AKBULUT
1
and O. CAKIR
2


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, TURKEY
2
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon,
TURKEY
sezaikutuk@ktu.edu.tr


A precursor YBCO in the stoichiometric ratio of 1:2:3 was prepared by the flame-quench-melt-
growth (FQMG) method. Both the superconducting and non-superconducting regions were decided by
measuring the magnetic levitation force per unit volume as a function of thickness of the
superconducting sample. It was determined that superconducting forming ratio depends on where it
forms in the sample and thus a region near the top surface of the sample contains more
superconducting forming ratio than the other regions. The levitation force density measured at
different thicknesses of the sample ranging from 6.54 to 1.58 mm firstly increased and then reached a
saturation point of maximum value for both repulsive and attractive levitation force density. It was
found that the maximum values of the repulsive and attractive levitation forces were 125 mN/cm
3
and -
23 mN/cm
3
, respectively. The considerably improved F
L
-d performance in FQMG sample can be
translated to large-scale Y123 blocks intended for real superconducting levitation applications.




























S-P-045

Formulation of the experimental levitation force results of the (Sm123)
1-x
(Yb211)
x

superconductor samples

S. CELIK
1
and K. OZTURK
2

1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rize University, 53100, Rize, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61000, Trabzon, TURKEY
sukrucelik@yahoo.com


The nominal compositions of (Sm123)
1-x
(Yb211)
x
for x=0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25
were prepared to examine experimentally the effect of x in the composition on the levitation force
density after the preparation of Sm123 and Yb211 by melt-powder-melt-growth and solid-state-
reaction techniques, respectively. Although the amount of Yb211 increased on increasing the content
x, the levitation force density increased because the Yb211 phase structure decomposed into Yb123
and liquid phase. Owing to the fact that Yb123 welded the Sm123 grains under a slow-cooling regime,
the increasing of the interaction between Sm123 grains gave rise to high potential barriers of the flux
pinning and resulted in increasing of the levitation-force density with the content x. The results of the
obtained general functions of the levitation-force density for all samples are in good agreement with
the experimental data. This new formulation of the levitation-force density is very useful for material
optimization to other researchers.





























S-P-046

Microstructure study in different thicknesses of disc shaped YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
prepared by
FQMG method

S. KUTUK, S. BOLAT, K. OZTURK, S. AKBULUT and E. YANMAZ

Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, TURKEY
sezaikutuk@ktu.edu.tr


The flame-quench-melt-growth (FQMG) method was used for the preparation of bulk
YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
(Y123). Both the superconducting and non-superconducting regions changing with
thickness of superconducting sample were observed by the polarized optical microscope and
determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern. It was observed that superconducting forming ratio
which was examined for different thicknesses of the sample ranging from 6.54 to 1.58 mm strongly
enlarged. This means that a region near the top surface of the sample contains more superconducting
phase than the other regions. These observations would be helpful in designing and manufacturing the
practical applications of YBCO systems.

































S-P-047

Thermal analysis studies of (Bi,Pb)-2223/ linear low density polyethylene composite materials

S.G. ELSHARKAWY
1
, N.H. MOHAMMED
2
, A.I. ABOU-ALY
2
and R. AWAD
2


1
Basic and Applied Sciences Department, College of Engineering and Technology, Arab Academy for Sciences and
Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria, EGYPT
2
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Moharam Bek, Alexandria 21511, EGYPT
ssharkawy@hotmail.com


A series of superconductor/polymer composites was prepared using high-temperature superconductors
Bi
1.8
Pb
0.4
Sr
2
Ca
2.1
Cu
3.2
O
10+δ
phase and Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE). The LLDPD varied
from 0.0 to 50 wt. % of the sample's total mass. The composite materials were characterized using x-
ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), whereas the crystallization point of
LLDPE and its composite was determined using differential scanning calorimetery (DSC).
Furthermore, the thermal expansion measurements for composite materials were measured from room
temperature up to 180°C. The results showed that the thermal expansion coefficient increases with the
increasing of the percentage of LLDPE
































S-P-048

Influence of pelletization pressure on the nanomechanical behavior of TlCaBaCuO
superconductor

F. YILMAZ
1
, S. YILDIZ
1
, U. TOPAL
2
, U. KOLEMEN
1
and O. UZUN
1


1
Gaziosmanpaşa University, Department of Physics Tokat, TURKEY
2
TUBİTAK-UME (National Metrology Institute), TURKEY
fyilmaz@gop.edu.tr


Nanohardness test and AFM imaging were applied to characterize the mechanical properties of
the TlCaBaCuO samples with nominal composition of Tl
2
Ca
2
Ba
2
Cu
3
O
10-x
pelletized different
pressures. In order to evaluate nanohardness and reduced modulus of the samples, load-depth curves
were analyzed by Oliver-Pharr method. A remarkably increase in hardness and reduced modulus was
observed as the pelletization pressure increased. This can be attributed to the stronger links between
grains as a result of increasing of pelletization pressure.


































S-P-049

Oxidation behavior of Bi(Pb,Ga)SrCaCuO system

Y. BALCI
1
, M. CEYLAN
2
, M. A. AKSAN
1
and M.E YAKINCI
1


1
İnönü Üniversitesi, Fen Edebiyat Üniversitesi, Fizik Bölümü, 44069 Malatya, TURKEY
2
Firat Üniversitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, Elaziğ, TURKEY
ybalci@inonu.edu.tr


A nominal compositions of BiSrCaCuO (3:2:2:3), (2:2:2:3), (4:3:3:4) and BiPbGaSrCaCuO
(3:0.5:2:2:3), (3:0.3:0.3:2:2:3) have been prepared by conventional melt-quenching method. The
oxidation behaviors of samples prepared were analyzed using a thermogravimetric analyze system,
TGA. Total mass gains of samples, average oxidation rates and maximum oxidation rates were
calculated separately. TGA measurements of all samples were carried out under the normal
atmosphere pressure.



































S-P-050

Carbon addition in bulk MgB
2

ERCAN ERTEKIN
1
, EKREM YANMAZ
2
and ALI GENCER
1

1
Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Ankara University, Tandoğan 06100, Ankara, TURKEY,
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts&Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, TURKEY
ercan.ertekin@science.ankara.edu.tr


Flux pinning is an important issue to enhance critical current density in MgB
2
for large scale
applications, for example wires and tapes. In this study we have done a systematic study of C
inclusions in the main matrix of MgB
2
. To study the effect of C doping in MgB
2
, various powders of
C were added to the main matrix of MgB
2
as MgB
2-x
C
x
with varying from 0 to 0.1 and optimum
sample preparation techniques with solid state reaction method were then applied in Ar atmosphere.
For structural characterization, XRD patterns were measured. With increasing C content, minor phases
were reported to be formed. For magnetic characterization, M-T, M-H, and AC susceptibility
measurements were performed on structurally characterized samples. Magnetization measurements for
C doped samples showed that, critical current density decreases uniformly with Carbon content, while
negligible variation in critical temperature have been observed. We compared our magnetic data with
the theoretical models in cases where analytic solutions are impossible to the governing equations of
flux dynamics related with flux pinning. In addition, classic critical state model of Bean will also be
compared with experimental data. Discrepancies and consistencies between experimentally measured
data and model simulations will be presented.



























S-P-051

Influence of diffusion-annealing temperature on the physico-mechanical properties of Au-doped
Bi-2223 superconductors

O. OZTURK
1
, I. BELENLI
2
and C. TERZIOGLU
2


1
Department of Physics, Kastamonu University, 37100 Kuzeykent, Kastamonu, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280 Golkoy, Bolu, TURKEY
oozturk@kastamonu.edu.tr


In order to investigate the influence of Au doping and diffusion-annealing temperature on the
mechanical and superconducting properties of Bi-2223, Bi
1.8
Pb
0.35
Sr
1.9
Ca
2.1
Cu
3
O
y
superconductors
were prepared by standard solid-state reaction methods. Doping of Bi-2223 was carried out by means
of gold diffusion during sintering from an evaporated gold film on pellets. The investigation consisted
of scanning electron microscopy, dc resistivity and hardness measurements. Electrical resistivity
measurements indicated that the room temperature resistivity value decreased with decreasing
diffusion-annealing temperature from 830 to 500 C

and these samples (G830, G800, G750, G700,
G600 and G500) show the resistive behavior above the onset critical transition temperature with the
zero-resistivity transition temperatures of 104 K, 80 K, 98 K, 95 K, 102 K and 103 K, respectively. To
investigate mechanical properties of the samples, we have measured the diagonal length as a function
of test load in the range of 0.245-2.940 N. Mechanical properties (microhardness, Young‘s modulus,
yield strength and fracture toughness) of the samples are found to be load and diffusion-annealing
temperature dependent. In addition, we have calculated the load independent hardness, Young‘s
modulus, yield strength, and fracture toughness of the samples. The possible reasons for the observed
changes in superconducting and mechanical properties due to Au diffusion and diffusion-annealing
temperature were discussed.

This work is supported by the Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey (Project no:
104T325).





















S-P-052

Magnetic characterization of SiC doped bulk MgB
2
superconductor

D. BUMIN
1
, E. YANMAZ
2
and A. GENCER
1


1
Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Ankara University, Tandoğan 06100, Ankara, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts&Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080-Trabzon, TURKEY
dbumin@science.ankara.edu.tr


Flux pinning is very significant tool to improve critical current density in MgB
2
in many
applications, such as developing the performance of wires and tapes. In this study we have done a
systematic study of SiC inclusions in the main matrix of MgB
2
. Sample production in the form of
MgB
2-x
(SiC)
x
are carried out by using solid state reaction method (x=0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.10) in
the argon atmosphere. Main structure and the diffraction patterns of the MgB
2
are observed by the X-
ray diffraction patterns of the samples. SEM measurements also showed that MgB
2
‘s structure is
particulate and increasing the doping ratio makes grains smaller and causes agglomeration. Magnetic
properties were determined by M-H, M-T measurements and AC susceptibility measurements. M-H
curves performed at 10K, 20K, and M-H curve at 10K of at x=0.04 SiC doped MgB
2
indicated a local
flux jumping, it is known that this is a problem for the application of superconductivity. M-H curves
are broadened when doping ratio is at x=0.04 SiC, then narrowed at higher ratios and maximum J
c

value is observed for the x=0.04 doped sample. The critical current density (J
c
) is determined by the
M-H measurements while the critical temperature (T
c
) of the samples is determined by the M-T
measurements. Introduction of defects, grain boundaries and impurities act as effective flux pinning
centers in MgB
2
. We report that the critical current density, J
c
, increases with SiC content up to x=0.04
SiC doped sample, then decreases immediately for the higher values, in rather contradiction with XRD
data. M-T results showed that, T
c
is decreased with increasing the doping dose. The harmonic
susceptibilities of the samples are measured depending on the applied AC field‘s magnitude. It is also
observed that increasing applied fields do not change transition to the superconductivity significantly
and superconductivity of the domain between the particles and peaks of the imaginary parts of the
main harmonic susceptibility observed at the lower temperatures.




















S-P-053

The magnetic and structural properties of SiC-doped MgB
2
bulks prepared by the standard
ceramic processing

T. DILEK and E. YANMAZ

Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, TURKEY
tgbdilek@gmail.com.tr


According to general formula MgB
2-x
SiC
x
(x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2), MgB2 and SiC-doped bulk
superconductors were prepared by the standard ceramic processing. The mixtures of the corresponding
powders were sintered at 750 0C for 0.5 h under pressure of 8 bar Argon. X- ray diffraction patterns
show that all the samples have MgB2 as the main phase with a very small amount of MgO; further,
with SiC- doped the presence of Mg2Si is also noted. The magnetization-temperature measurements
showed a transition temperature of 37.5K for undoped sample which indicates the typical transition
temperature of MgB2. When the content of SiC increased in the sample, the transition temperatures
decreased to the lower temperatures systematically. The M-H loops measured using a VSM showed
very large magnetization value at low temperature for SiC doped samples. The largest M-H loops were
taken from the sample contains %5 SiC.. The critical current density of samples calculated from M-H
loops indicated a value of around 4x105 A/cm2, which is in good agreement with the literature.






























S-P-054

Superconductivity of molybdenum with surface carbided

YU.N. CHIANG
1
, M.O. DZYUBA
1
, A.V.SEMENOV
2
, O.G. SHEVCHENKO
1
and
V.PH. KHIRNYI
2

1
B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkov
61103, UKRAINE
2
Institute of Single Crystals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkov 61072, UKRAINE
chiang@ilt.kharkov.ua


The molybdenum carbide possessing superconducting properties is synthesized in surface
layers of massive molybdenum by ionic-plasma bombardment of molybdenum surface by carbon and
silicon ions. Character of the resistive superconducting transition on temperature of molybdenum
samples with carbided surface depending on a thickness and integrity of this layer is studied. It is
revealed that the critical temperature and width of superconducting transition specify in realization of
Mo
2
C - phase in the carbided layers and display a non-uniform superconductivity.

































S-P-055

Microwave impedance characterization of single crystal Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
using sapphire disk
quasi-optical resonator

A. BARANNIK
1
, N. CHERPAK
1
, N. NI
2
, M. A. TANATAR
3
, S. VITUSEVICH
4
,
K. TOROKHTII
5
,V. SKRESANOV
1
, V. GLAMAZDIN
1
, P.C. CANFIELD
2,3
and R. PROZOROV
2,3


1
Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, UKRAINE
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA50011, USA
3
Ames Laboratory USDOE, Ames, IA50011, USA
4
Institute of Bio- and Nanostructures, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Juelich, GERMANY
5
National Technical Institute-KhPI, Kharkiv, UKRAINE
a.a.barannik@mail.ru


Iron arsenide Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
represents a new class of high-T
c
superconducting materials. In this
communication we report results of the temperature-dependent microwave surface impedance, Z
s
=R
s
+iX
s
,
measurements in optimally doped single crystals Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
(x=0.074). Microwave measurements
were performed in Ka-band (35-40GHz) range using sapphire disk quasi-optical resonator excited on
whispering gallery modes. The resonator with conducting endplates (CEPs), developed earlier for
millimeter-wave impedance characterization of the cuprate HTS films [1], was modified into the disk
resonator with a radial slot. This resonator geometry, using CEPs made of cuprate Y-123, was developed
specifically for precision measurements of superconductors with T
c
lower than that of the cuprate HTS. We
also developed a novel technique for processing the frequency response for the resonators with partial
removal of mode degeneration, which allowed us precise determination of both the resonance frequency and
the Q-factor, and thus surface impedance.

5 10 15 20 25
0,01
0,1
1

S
u
r
f
a
c
e

i
m
p
e
d
a
n
c
e

(

O
h
m
)
R
s

Temperature (K)
X
s

Figure 1. Temperature dependence of the surface
impedance in single crystal Ba(Fe
1-x
Co
x
)
2
As
2
.
The value of X
s
(T
c
) in the N-state was
determined from the dependence AX
s
(T)
measured in our experiment, calibrated using
the value of the penetration depth ì(0)=210nm
known from the literature [2]. The R
s
(T) was
determined from measured AR
s
(T) in the S-state
by calibrating X
s
(T)=R
s
(T) in the N-state. The
results allow one to evaluate the value of the
residual resistance, R
res
=R
s
(T=0)=9mO.The
London penetration depth ì(T), as determined
from microwave data, demonstrates the power
law temperature dependence at low
temperatures, similar to radiofrequency range
measurements [2]. Obtained dependences for
concentration of quasiparticles and Cooper pair
as a function of temperature are discussed.

[1] N. Cherpak, A. Barannik, Y. Filipov, Y. Prokopenko and S. Vitusevich, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.
13, 3570 (2003).
[2] R. T. Gordon, N. Ni, C. Martin, M. A. Tanatar, M. D. Vannette, H. Kim, G. D. Samolyuk, J. Schmalian,
S. Nandi, A. Kreyssig, A. I. Goldman, J. Q. Yan, S. L. Bud'ko, P. C. Canfield, and R. Prozorov, Phys. Rev.
Lett. 102, 127004 (2009)


S-P-056

Superconductivity in iron silicide Lu
2
Fe
3
Si
5
probed by radiation-induced disordering

A.E. KARKIN, YU.N. AKSHENTSEV and B.N. GOSHCHITSKII

Institute of Metal Physics UB RAS, 18 S. Kovalevskoi Str., Ekaterinburg 620219, RUSSIA
aekarkin@rambler.ru


Resistivity p(T), Hall coefficient R
H
(T), superconducting temperature T
c
and the upper critical
field slope ÷dH
с2
/dT were studied in Fe-based superconductor Lu
2
Fe
3
Si
5
disordered by fast neutron
irradiation. Atomic disordering leads to increase in residual resistivity p
0
(from ~15 to ~400 uOcm)
and decrease in dp/dT, similar to the behavior observed in an irradiated A-15 compound such as Nb
3
Sn
[1]. The changes in R
H
(T) are relatively small. T
c
decreases linear with p
0
, T
c
÷ 0 at p
0
~100 uOcm.
The same dependence of T
c
as a function of p
0
was observed in Lu
2
Fe
3
Si
5
doped with magnetic (Dy)
and non-magnetic (Sc, Y) impurities [2]. The fast suppression of superconductivity under irradiation
was observed also in a novel FeAs-based superconductor La(O-F)FeAs [3].
Instead of a linear increase in ÷ dH
с2
/dT with p
0
, as it might be

expected from conventional
superconductors [1], an opposite behavior is observed. Like in many novel FeAs-based
superconductors [4], the relation ÷ dH
с2
/dT ~ aT
c
is realized in disordered Lu
2
Fe
3
Si
5
with
approximately the same coefficient a. Such a relation is interpreted as being caused by strong pair
breaking [4] arising from scattering by non-magnetic impurities or radiation defects in unconventional
superconductors in which the sign of the order parameter changes between different Fermi sheets (s
±

model) [5].




[1] A. E. Karkin et al., Phys. stat. sol. (a) 46, k87 (1978).
[2] T. Watanabe, H. Sasame, H. Okuyama, K. Takase, and Y. Takano, ArXiv:0906.5569.
[3] A. E. Karkin, J. Werner, G. Behr and B. N. Goshchitskii, Phys. Rev. B 80, 174512 (2009).
[4] V. G. Kogan, ArXiv:0910.4728.
[5] I. I. Mazin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 057003 (2008).

















S-P-057

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy on Iron Chalcogenide
Superconductor Fe
1+δ
Se
1-x
Te
x


T. KATO
1
, Y. MIZUGUCHI
2,3,4
, H. NAKAMURA
1
, T. MACHIDA
2
,
Y. TAKANO
2,3,4
and H. SAKATA
1


1
Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601, JAPAN
2
Superconducting Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science,
1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, JAPAN
3
Japan Science and Technology Agency–Transformative Research-Project on Iron-Pnictides (JST–TRIP),
1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, JAPAN
4
Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba,
1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, JAPAN
tkato@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp


We report on the investigation of the quasiparticle local density of states and superconducting
gap in the iron-chalcogenide superconductor Fe
1+δ
Se
1-x
Te
x
(T
c
~ 14 K). The surface of a cleaved
crystal revealed an atomic square lattice, superimposed on the inhomogeneous background, with a
lattice constant of ~ 3.8 Å without any reconstruction. Tunneling spectra measured at 4.2 K exhibit the
superconducting gap, which completely disappears at 18 K, with a magnitude of ~ 2.3 meV,
corresponding to 2Δ/kBT
c
= 3.8. In stark contrast to the cuprate superconductors, the value of the
observed superconducting gap is relatively homogeneous, following a sharp distribution with a small
standard deviation of 0.23 meV. Conversely, the normal state local density of states observed above Tc
shows spatial variation over a wide energy range of more than 1 eV, probably due to the excess iron
present in the crystal.




[1] T. Kato, Y. Mizuguchi, H. Nakamura, T. Machida, H. Sakata, Y. Takano, Phys. Rev. B 80,
180507(R) (2009).



















S-P-058

High-pressure X-ray absorption spectroscopy study on β-Fe
1.01
Se superconductor

S.C. HAW
1
, J.M. LEE
1,2
, T.L. CHOU
1
, S.A. CHEN
1
, W.T. CHUANG
1
, K.T. LU
1
, H.S. SHEU
1
,
J.F. LEE
1
, C.M. LIN
3
, N. HIRAOKA
1
, H. ISHII
1
, K.D. TSUEI
1
and J.M. CHEN
1


1
National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
3
Department of Applied Science, National Hsinchu University of Education, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
jmchen@nsrrc.org.tw


The electronic structures, spin states, and structural transformation of β-Fe
1.01
Se
superconductor under high pressure have been investigated by x-ray diffraction, x-ray emission
spectroscopy, and lifetime-broadening-suppressed x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The peak
position of the Fe K|
1,3
emission is shifted toward lower energy by about 0.6 eV and the Fe K|‘
satellite intensity is significantly reduced as the pressure increases up to 65 Gpa, indicating a reduced
magnetic moment of β-Fe
1.01
Se superconductor. Based on high pressure X-ray diffraction study up to
20 GPa, there is clearly a phase transition above 12.5 GPa . The tetragonal form is dominant below 6
GPa. Above 6 GPa, the sample contains a mixture of tetragonal and hexagonal forms. The very wide
two-phase hexagonal and tetragonal phase region is observed. According to the XAS under high
pressures, the intensity of white line in Fe K-edge x-ray absorption decreases progressively and the
pre-edge peak of Fe K-edge spectra gradually shifts towards higher energy with increasing external
hydrostatic pressure, indicating semiconducting behavior in hexagonal phase of Fe
1.01
Se.



























S-P-059

Synthesis and superconductivity of FeTe
1-x
Se
x
(0.0 ≤ x ≥ 0.50)

ANAND PAL
1
, M.HUSAIN
2
, VPS AWANA
1
and H.KISHAN
1


1
Superconductivity Div. National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi-110012, INDIA
2
Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi-110025, INDIA
sandhuanand@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


After the discovery of Iron based pnictides superconductors, recently superconductivity is
discovered in α–phase FeSe
x
system. Here we report the pure phase synthesis and structural analysis of
FeTe
1-x
Se
x
(0.0 ≤ x ≥ 0.55) compound. All the samples were synthesized by conventional single step
solid state reaction route along with vacuum encapsulation method. Titular samples ie., FeTe
1-x
Se
x

compound crystallized (Fig.1) in P4/nmm space group with lattice cell parameters a = 3.8219 Ǻ, c =
6.2868 Ǻ for FeTe and a = 3.8015 Ǻ, c= 6.0280 Ǻ for FeTe
0.50
Se
0.50
. It is found that Se substitutes Te
ionic site in parent compound (FeTe) with an isostructural lattice producing slightly compressed unit
cell. Successive doping of Se at Te ion site induces superconductivity with highest Tc (12 K) for
FeTe
0.5
Se
0.5
, however the parent compound is non superconductor. Resistivity under magnetic field of
these compounds shows that dT
c
/dH are barely decrease (Fig.2) in comparison with Nb based BCS,
HTSC and Borides or even the recently invented FeAs superconductors. The estimated upper critical
field Hc(2) appears to be over 180 Tesla (Fig.3). Magnetization of the FeTe
0.5
Se
0.5
exhibited bulk
superconductivity (Fig.4).




























S-P-060

Impact of sintering temperature on superconducting properties of n-SiC added bulk MgB
2

superconductor

RAJVEER JHA, ARPITA VAJPAYEE, V.P.S. AWANA and H. KISHAN

Superconductivity & Cryogenics Division, National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi-12, INDIA
vajpaya@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


We study the impact of sintering temperature on the crystal structure, critical temperature (T
c
),
critical current density (J
c
) and flux pinning in n-SiC added bulk MgB
2
superconductor. We reported
that by n-SiC addition the superconducting parameters like critical current density (J
c
), upper critical
field (H
c2
), irreversible field (H
irr
) and flux pinning strength improves significantly for the samples
sintered at 850
o
C via solid-state reaction route [1]. Dou et al [2] demonstrated that the n-SiC added
samples synthesized at lower temperature shows the better improvement in J
c
and H
c2
values

in
comparison to the samples synthesized at higher temperature. Keeping this in mind four batches of
samples of MgB
2
+(n-SiC)
x
; x=0.0, 0.05 & 0.10 were prepared at four different sintering temperatures
i.e. 850, 800, 750, and 700
o
C with the heating rate 10
o
C/min.
XRD measurements reveals that the samples sintered at higher sintering temperature have the
less impurity/unreacted peaks in XRD pattern as compared to the samples, which are sintered at lower
temperature. An increase in sintering temperature improves the critical temperature (T
c
). The lower
sintering temperature has a significant advantageous effect on Jc(H) for pristine and n-SiC added
samples. It seems that C substitution together with low-temperature processing results in reduction in
grain size, extra defects and embedded inclusions that enhance flux pinning behavior of pristine and n-
SiC added MgB
2
samples.




[1] A. Vajpayee, V.P.S. Awana, G.L. Bhalla and Hari Kishan, Nanotechnology 19, 125708 (2008).
[2] S. X. Dou, O. Shcherbakova, W. K. Yeoh, J. H. Kim, S. Soltanian, X. L. Wang, C. Senatore, R.
Flukiger, M. Dhalle, O. Husnjak and E. Babic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 097002 (2007).


















S-P-061

Ambiance dependent influence of heavily blended Mg on MgB
2
samples synthesized by solid
state synthesis technique

B.B. SINHA
1
, M.B. KADAM
1,2
and S.H. PAWAR
2


1
Superconductivity Lab, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur 416 004
Maharashtra, INDIA
2
Department of Technology, D. Y. Patil University, Kolhapur 416006 INDIA
Bhavsinha@yahoo.co.in


The influence of heavy Mg blending was studied by varying the amount of Mg systematically
in the samples synthesized under innovatively employed carbon virtual inert (CVI) environment and
under argon environment. The heavy Mg blending captivatingly assisted in the formation of MgB2
phase in the samples synthesized under CVI environment, and was also found to be carbon doped. The
resistivity behavior with decrease in temperature was studied and the sample showed the
superconducting transition at 33.5K along with the critical current density of the order of 105 A/cm2
under self field at 10K. The charge carriers in these samples encountered boundary scattering instead
of phonon scattering which led to a linear behavior of resistivity with decrease in temperature.
The effect of heavy Mg blending was also studied for both carbon doped and undoped samples
synthesized under argon environment. Both doped and undoped samples showed a slight decrease in
superconducting transition with increase in the Mg content. But unlike the carbon doped samples, the
undoped samples showed enhancement in flux pinning as well as critical current density from 1.5x104
to 6.4x104 A/cm2 under self field at 10K with increase in amount of Mg.


























S-P-062

Fabrication and superconducting properties of ex-situ processed MgB
2
/Fe/Cu multifilament
wires without any intermediate annealing

E. YUCEL
1
, A. GENCER
2
and I. BELENLI
3


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Abant I zzet Baysal University, 14280 Bolu, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ankara University, 06100 Ankara, TURKEY
3
Hakkari University, 30000 Hakkari, TURKEY
ersin_yucel@msn.com

We have fabricated superconducting MgB
2
/Fe/Cu 6 and 7 filament wires by ex-situ powder-in-
tube (PIT) method using Cu-sheath without any intermediate annealing.
MgB
2
/Fe/Cu 6 and 7 filament wires were annealed at 900
o
C for 120 minutes in high purity
argon (Ar) gas atmosphere. Critical current densities (J
c
) of the wires were measured at 20 K with the
standard four-probe method under self-field. The critical current density (J
c
) values of the MgB
2
/Fe/Cu
6 and 7 filament wires were obtained 447.74A/cm
2
and 188.18 A/cm
2
respectively. The wires were
characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM), electron dispersive spectroscopy (EDS),
optical microscopy, Quantum Design Physical Property Measurement System (PPMS) and Vibrating
Sample Magnetometer (VSM) System.






























S-P-063

Mitigation of magnetic fields by MgB
2
bulk samples of different geometries

R. GERBALDO
1
, G. GHIGO
1
, L. GOZZELINO
1
, F. LAVIANO
1
, G. LOPARDO
1
, B. MINETTI
1
,
A. AGOSTINO
2
and E. MEZZETTI
1


1
Department of Physics, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, ITALY
2
Department of General and Organic Chemistry, Università di Torino, 10125 Torino, ITALY
laura.gozzelino@polito.it


Magnetic shielding properties of MgB
2
bulk samples with different geometries were
experimentally studied. This bulk is less brittle and less affected by weak-link presence than high-T
c

cuprate superconductors and its working temperature is easily attainable by single stage cryocooler.
These properties make this compound very suitable for the fabrication of magnetic shields where, as in
the medical sector, controlled magnetic shielding and low magnetic field background are required. In
such framework a research program centred on analysis and modelling of components of magnetic
field shielding structures is in progress. The needed measurement equipment was designed and
calibrated. Then first measurement runs were performed to compare experimental results with
predictions of suitable models.
In detail, a dedicated cryogenic insert, equipped by a moving sample holder where a GaAs Hall
probe array was mounted, was designed and developed. The sample holder is moved by means of a
motorized actuator along a linear travel of 100 mm with a spatial resolution of 1 um. Magnetic fields
up to 35 mT are generated by a copper coil whereas a superconducting magnet is used for larger fields.
The applied magnetic field as well as the sample holder position and the Hall probe voltage acquisition
system are controlled by a user Labview
TM
interface.
For what concerns measurements, passive shielding of homogeneous disk- and tube-shaped
samples are investigated. In particular the effect on the shielding properties of the interconnection
junctions between superconducting elements of single components is evaluated. Experimental spatial
distributions of magnetic field are then compared with those predicted for circular disks [1-3] or
superconducting tubes [4], aiming at suitable rescaling to real equipments.




[1] J. Clem and A. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. B 50, 9355 (1994).
[2] E. H. Brandt, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4246 (1996).
[3] A. Sanchez and C. Navau, Phys. Rev. B 64, 214506 (2001).
[4] S. Denis, L. Dusoulier, M. Dirickx, Ph. Vanderbemden, R. Cloots, M. Ausloos and B.
Vanderheyden, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 20, 192 (2007).











S-P-064
Surface Characterization of MgB
2
and AlB
2
by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

M. FAIZ
1
, Kh. A. ZIQ
1
, A. F. SALEM
1
, MONIKA MUDGEL
2
and V. P. S. AWANA
2


1
Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
2
National Physical Laboratory(CSIR), Dr. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India
mmfaiz@kfupm.edu.sa


Samples of MgB
2
and AlB
2
were prepared by solid state reaction method. The samples were
then characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), resistivity, thermoelectric power, magnetic
susceptibility versus temperature measurements, and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The
XRD analysis revealed a minor phase MgO as well as a major phase closed to MgB
2
in the MgB
2

sample. The AlB
2
sample was entirely of AlB
2
phase. The resistivity, thermoelectric power and
magnetization measurements showed that MgB
2
was superconducting below 38 K [1] while AlB
2
was
not [2]. The XPS analysis revealed that both samples had carbonate and oxide over layers. These
oxides were identified as B
2
O
3
and MgO or Al
2
O
3
. Traces of B and Mg were also detected. B 1s
spectral region suggests a surface state at about 185.8 eV as well as a bulk state at about 187.4 eV in
MgB
2
, whereas only the bulk state was present at about 186.6 eV in AlB
2
. Interestingly both MgB
2
and
AlB
2
crystallize in same space group with a slight change in c/a being 1.14 for the former and 1.07 for
the later. Both are two band systems, former being dominated with B driven Sigma band and later with
Al driven Pi band [2]. The appearence of superconductivity in MgB
2
is controlled by sigma band and
role of B plane is important. Our XPS results clearly identifying the B 1s surface and bulk states for
MgB
2
and shifted bulk state for AlB
2
shed some light on the appearence/disappearence of
superconductivity in MgB
2
/AlB
2
.


[1]. V. P. S. Awana, Arpita Vajpayee, Monika Mudgel, V. Ganesan, A.M. Awasthi, G.L. Bhalla, and
H. Kishan " Physical property chracterization of bulk MgB2 superconductor" Eur. Phys. J. B 62, 281-
294 (2008)

[2]. Monika Mudgel, V.P.S. Awana,G. L. Bhalla, H. Kishan, L.S. Sharath Chandra, V. Ganesan, and
A.V. Narlikar "Anomalous thermoelectric power of Mg1-xAlxB2 system with x = 0.0 to 1.0" J. Phys.
Cond. Matt. 20, 095205 (2008)
















S-P-065

Effect of substrates on superconducting properties of MgB
2
thick films fabricated by spraying
method

M. OZABACI
1
, M.A. AKSAN
1,2
and M.E. YAKINCI
1,2

1
Scientific and Technological Research Center (IBTAM), Inonu University 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Inonu University 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
ozabacim@yahoo.com


MgB
2
thick films have been prepared on Al
2
O
3
, MgO and SrTiO
3
ceramic substrates using the
spray method with two different heat treatment cycles, 925
c
C with 10 min (Group A) and 610
o
C with
24 h (Group B). The structural/microstructural (XRD, SEM) and transport (R-T, MR-T) properties of
the films prepared were investigated.
XRD analysis showed that the films in Group A and Group B consisted mainly of MgB
2
, but
the peaks originated from the substrates were also observed in films fabricated on Al
2
O
3
substrate.
From scanning electron microscopy, it was seen that the surface of MgB
2
thick films prepared is not
sufficiently homogeneous. Some cracks and heaps with different sizes were observed.
The best electrical results were obtained for films in Group A on Al
2
O
3
substrate. The T
c
value for
films in Group A was found 36.1 K, 36 K and 35 K, for Al
2
O
3
, MgO and SrTiO
3
substrates,
respectively. Any superconducting state was not reached for films in Group B on SrTiO
3
substrate. In
all the films which showed superconducting state, the magnetic field strongly affected T
c
. A tail in
resistance curves was observed with increasing the magnetic field for films in Group A on MgO and
SrTiO
3
substrate. At magnetic fields above 1 T for films in Group A on SrTiO
3
substrate and above 2
T for films in Group A on MgO substrate, zero resistance temperature, T
0
, was not obtained.

























S-P-066

Calculation of the |-material for bulk MgB
2
superconductor

N. GUCLU, O. UZUN and U. KOLEMEN

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Arts, Gaziosmanpaşa University, 60240, Tokat, TURKEY
guclu06@hotmail.com


Vickers microindentation tests were carried out on a bulk MgB
2
superconductor with the load
of ranging from 300 to 1500 mN at room temperature [1]. The load-penetration depth curves were
analyzed. The | -material for bulk MgB
2
is determined.




[1] O. Uzun, N. Güçlü, U.Kölemen, O.Şahin, Mater. Chem. and Phys, 112 5-10 (2008).

































S-P-067

MgB
2
thin films prepared in situ by using pulsed laser deposition technique and characterization
of their superconducting parameters and Josephson Junctions made with various barrier
materials

D. ABUKAY, S. TOZAN and S. SEZER

Department of Physics, İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, 35430, İzmir, TURKEY
doganabukay@iyte.edu.tr


We have fabricated thin film samples of MgB
2
by using a standard pulsed laser deposition
(PLD) working with an Excimer laser of ì=248 nm and 125 mJ/pulse. We have used an in situ
technique allowing to get films with high transition temperatures and a surface smoothness acceptably
good for device applications. We have also tried to form Josephson Junctions by using a planar
junction approach and we have tried out some barrier materials to obtain a good junction behavior in
multilayer configuration.
Due to its high vapor pressure and low sticking coefficient at temperatures higher than
~300°C of Mg metal, the fabrication of MgB2 thin films is considerably difficult. To overcome these
difficulties many experimental ways have been reported [1,2,3]. We have used an in situ technique in
which the samples after deposited by PLD they are annealed at temperatures between 600° - 700°C in
the presence of Mg vapor in a closed metal box within the same chamber and argon gas at ~200 Torr
pressure. We have used various laser fluency values ranging from 2.3 J/cm
2
to 6.0 J/cm
2
. We also used
different target elements as mixtures of MgB2+ Mg or Mg +B. Characterization of the samples were
done by R(T), AC-susceptibility, XRD, EDX and AFM measurements.
The Josephson junctions (JJs) are made by employing AFM scratching over the micro bridges
who formed weak links to get Josephson behavior. We also have tried AlN and MgO barriers for the JJ
structures to form multilayer features. The results obtained are discussed in comparing with the
common literature [ 4,5].




[1] A. Heinrich, C Leirer and B Stritzker, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, 1215-1217 (2005).
[2] D Mijatovic, A Brinkman, H Hilgenkamp, H Rogalla, G Rijnders, D H A Blank, Appl. Phys. A 79,
1243-1246 (2004).
[3] Y S Wu, Y Zhao, D Wexler, J H Kim, S X Dou, Physica C 468, 218-222 (2008).
[4] A Brinkman, D Mijatovic, H Hilgenkamp, G Rijnder, I Oomen, D Veldhuis, F Roethuis, H Rogalla
and D H A Blank, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16, 246-253 (2003).
[5] A Brinkman, J.M Rowell, Physica C 456, 188-195 (2007).










S-P-068

AC magnetic susceptibility of MgB
2
samples doped with Al

A. F. SALEM
1
, KH. A. ZIQ
1
, M. SHAHABUDDIN
2
and A. A. BAHGAT
3


1
Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, SAUDI ARABIA
2
Department of Physics, P.O. Box 2455, King Saud University, Riyadh11451, SAUDI ARABIA
3
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, EGYPT
afsalem@kfupm.edu.sa


Samples of Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2
(x = 0, 0.025, 0.045 and 0.065) were prepared by solid state reaction
method. The samples were then characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The real and the complex
parts of AC susceptibility have been measured at different frequencies and amplitudes of the applied
AC field.
The critical temperatures of the samples were determined using the real part of AC susceptibility
curve. The results are approximately the same as the one extracted from VSM measurements (within
the experimental error). The lower critical field H
c1
is found to be enhanced with Al doping. The
highest H
c1
value is achieved with the 4.5 % concentration of Al. We have proved that grain
boundaries in MgB
2
pure and doped samples are highly transparent to current flow. MgB
2
can carry a
large amount of current across grain boundaries. This was evident from Cole-Cole plots.






























S-P-069

Fabrication of MgB
2
thin films on MgO substrates by electron beam evaporation technique and
superconducting properties

EZGI TAYLAN KOPARAN and EKREM YANMAZ

Karadeniz Technical University, Science &Arts Faculty, Physics Department,61080 Trabzon, TURKEY
etaylan@pamukkale.edu.tr


MgB
2
thin films were prepared on MgO (001) single crystal substrates without a buffer layer by using
electron beam evaporation technique (EB) and in situ annealing procedures. Our precursor films had a
multilayered structure of B/Mg/B/MgO (001) by depositing Mg and B alternately on MgO substrates.
The precursors were annealed in the same vacuum chamber (about 10
-7
mbar). It was founded that
after annealing process the peaks belongs to main phase of MgB
2
. Some amount of MgO phase was
also observed. The magnetic properties of MgB
2
thin films were measured using VSM and displayed a
transition temperature of 34K.


































S-P-070

Superconductivity in Pd
17
Se
15
as contrasted with Rh
17
S
15


H.R. NAREN, A. THAMIZHAVEL and S. RAMAKRISHNAN

Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, INDIA
nareni@tifr.res.in


Pd
17
Se
15
crystallizes in a cubic structure in the space group Pm3m (Ref. [1]). It has two formula
units and hence 64 atoms in a unit cell arranged in a cage-like structure. It provides for an interesting
study in comparison with the iso-structural Rh
17
S
15
in which strongly correlated superconductivity (T
c

= 5.4K) was reported by us (Ref. [2]). We have observed superconductivity below 2K in a poly-
crystalline sample of Pd
17
Se
15
. We report here the Resistivity, Susceptibility and Specific Heat
Capacity data on Pd
17
Se
15
and contrast it with that of Rh
17
S
15
. Our preliminary investigations reveal a
greatly reduced Upper Critical Field (H
c2
) and Sommerfeld Coefficient (Gamma) as compared with
Rh
17
S
15
which could be attributed to a reduction in strong correlations. The smallest Rh-Rh distance in
Rh
17
S
15
is around 4% lesser than the smallest Rh-Rh distance in elemental Rhodium and we had earlier
argued that strong Rh-Rh interactions could be a reason for the strongly correlated nature (Ref. [2]). In
comparison, the smallest Pd-Pd distance in Pd
17
Se
15
is around a percent more than that in elemental
Palladium and this could be the cause for the absence of strong correlations here. There is a remarkable
difference in the dc susceptibility data as well where Pd
17
Se
15
displays a diamagnetic crossover at
higher temperatures.




[1] S. Geller, Acta Cryst. 15, 713 (1962).
[2] H. R. Naren, A. Thamizhavel, A. K. Nigam and S. Ramakrishnan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100,
026404 (2008).





















S-P-071

Magnetic field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition in interface superconducting
nanostructures based on PbTe/PbS and PbTe/YbS heterostructures

O. YUZEPHOVICH
1,2
, S. BENGUS
1,2
, A. SIPATOV
3
, E. BUCHSTAB
4
and N. FOGEL
4


1
Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, 61103 Kharkov, UKRAINE
2
International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, 53-421 Wroclaw, POLAND
3
National Technical University “Kharkov Polytechnical Institute” Kharkov 61002, UKRAINE
4.
Solid State Institute, Technion, 32100 Haifa, Israel
yuzephovich@ilt.kharkov.ua


Here we report on observation of the magnetic field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition
(SIT) found in a new type of superconductors. Recently new kind of intrinsically 2D superconductors
arising on the interface of epitaxially grown semiconducting A
IV
B
VI
heterostructures has been
discovered [1]. Superconductivity is inherent only to the layered systems, while individual films
constituting them are not superconducting. The metallic-type conducting (and correspondingly,
superconducting) layers are adjacent to the interfaces.
We present results of experimental studies of the SIT transition in two-layer PbTe/PbS and
PbTe/YbS heterostructures in magnetic fields H up to 14T. For these samples all typical features of
the SIT have been observed: the fan-like set of R(T) dependences, the crossing of R(H) curves in a
single point obtained at different T for both perpendicular and parallel to the interface magnetic fields
and the negative magnetoresistance. The resistance increase is usually in a limit of about 10% in a
magnetic field 14T at temperatures about 1.7K.
As was shown earlier [2], in a case of heterostructures studied we deal with dislocation-
induced superconductivity. Due to such origin, the superconducting layers have periodical nano-net
structure.
We found that the presence of defects in superconducting interfacial nano-nets, which are due
to the defects in dislocation grids, essentially influences features of SIT in these systems. As follows
from the TEM study [1, 3], such defects are always present in the samples with thin semiconducting
layers (at the layer thickness d less than 80nm). For heterostructures with more perfect nano-nets
(values of d > 100nm), SIT is not observed. The nature of the SIT in studied systems is most probably
associated with percolation phenomenon, but its detailed interpretation requires additional
experiments at the lower temperatures.
This work was supported by the grant for young scientists of NAS of Ukraine ―Magnetic field
induced phase transitions in magnetic and nonmagnetic nanostructures‖ (N15-2009).




[1] N.Ya. Fogel et al., Phys. Rev. B 73, RC161306 (2006).
[2] N.Ya. Fogel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 512 (2001).
[3] O.I. Yuzephovich et al., Low Temp. Phys. 34, 985 (2008).







S-P-072

Superconductivity and magnetism in In
2
O
3
-ZnO observed in bulk and nano-samples

FRANCISCO ASCENCIO
1
, KARLA HERNANDEZ
2
and ROBERTO ESCUDERO
1


1
Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. A. Postal 70-360.
Mexico, D. F. 04510. MEXICO
2
Universidad de Sonora, Escuela de Quimica. Hermosillo, Sonora, MEXICO
escu@servidor.unam.mx


We prepared and studied compounds with In
2
O
3
powders and ZnO nanoparticles. Samples were
prepared under different stoichiometric conditions and reacted at different temperatures. The initial
temperatures where the oxides are mixed were in the range of 300
0
C, final temperatures are close to
1100
0
C. Samples were annealed in oxygen and argon atmospheres. The resulting black compounds
present superconducting behavior with maximum transition temperatures above 4.5 K. Magnetic
measurements show bulk superconducting diamagnetism to the maximum value about -1/4t. This
type II superconducting material presents a critical magnetic file H
C1
of 55 Oe and H
C2
of 345 Oe, at
1.7 K. Isothermal magnetic measurements, below and above the superconducting transition
temperature show that the compounds are also ferromagnetic.































S-P-073

AC loss evaluation of MgB
2
superconducting windings located in a stator core slot with a finite
element method

K. KAJIKAWA
1
, R. OSAKA
2
, T. NAKAMURA
3
, M. SUGANO
4
,
M. TAKAHASHI
5
and T. WAKUDA
5


1
Research Institute of Superconductor Science and Systems, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, JAPAN
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, JAPAN
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8510, JAPAN
4
Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8510, JAPAN
5
Hitachi Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi 319-1292, JAPAN
kajikawa@sc.kyushu-u.ac.jp


The superconducting induction/synchronous motor to drive a pump for transportation or
circulation of the liquid hydrogen has been proposed in order to utilize it at the hydrogen supply
station in the near future [1]. Both the rotor and stator windings of the motor are composed of an MgB
2

superconducting wire. The prospective advantages of such a motor are (1) the coexistence of slip and
synchronous modes, (2) low loss and high efficiency, (3) large torque output, (4) compact size and
light weight, (5) robust control for overload, (6) self-field application of superconducting wires and (7)
freedom from the penalty factor of refrigeration [1].
In the present study, the AC losses in the stator winding of motor with MgB
2
wire are
numerically evaluated by means of a finite element method [2]. It is assumed that the transport
property of the MgB
2
wire is given by Bean's critical state model [3], in which the critical current
density is independent of the local magnetic field. The critical current density of the MgB
2
wire at the
liquid hydrogen temperature is obtained from the extrapolation of the experimental results for higher
temperatures [4]. The influences of core slot sizes and turn number of windings on the AC losses are
discussed quantitatively toward the optimum design of the stator winding with the MgB
2
wire.

This work was supported by the Industrial Technology Research Grant Program in 2008
(08B38006a) from the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of
Japan.




[1] K. Kajikawa and T. Nakamura, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19, 1669 (2009).
[2] K. Kajikawa, T. Hayashi, R. Yoshida, M. Iwakuma and K. Funaki, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.
13, 3630 (2003).
[3] C. P. Bean, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 250 (1962).
[4] Y. Yamada, T. Nakamura, M. Sugano, K. Kajikawa, M. Takahashi and M. Okada, 2009 Annual
Meeting Record I.E.E. Jpn., 5-120 (2009).








S-P-075

Chemical solution deposition of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
thin films on STO substrates with Au
nanoparticles

S.K. OH
1
, G.E. JANG
1
and O.B. HYUN
2

1
Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 361-763, Korea
2
Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-380, Korea
gejang@chubgbuk.ac.kr


A number of methods have been reported to be enough effective for magnetic flux
immobilization in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-δ
(YBCO) films. We studied the microstructural properties of YBCO
thin films with Au nanoparticles. Au nanoparticles were synthesized on STO substrates with self
assembled monolayer YBCO films were grown by chemical solution deposition technique on STO
substrates with Au nanoparticles. Microstructural analysis of the obtained YBCO films was performed
by using cross-section transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Phase and textural analysis was done
using X-ray diffraction. The surface morphology and surface roughness (R
a
) of the layers were
measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The electrical and magnetic properties on the film with
or with Au nanoparticles will be systematically investigated.































S-P-076

Effect of glassification by adding Bi
2
O
3
on the BiSrCaCuO whiskers fabrication and their
properties

S. ALTIN, M. A. AKSAN, Y. BALCI and M. E. YAKINCI

Inonu Universitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fizik Bölümü, Süperiletkenlik Araştırma Grubu, 44280, Malatya, TURKEY
saltin@inonu.edu.tr


Bi-2212 Superconducting whiskers have been fabricated by annealing a melt quenched
Bi
3
Sr
2
Ca
2
Cu
3
O
8+o
(Bi
2
O
3
)
x/2
materials where x=1 and 2. Approximately 1-3 mm long whiskers were
obtained and their physical, electrical and magnetic properties were investigated. Crystallization
activation energy of the materials fabricated were calculated using Kissinger and Auguss-Bennet
method from DTA data. Microstructural changes from glass to heat treated materials at different
temperatures were studied with SEM-EDX and XRD measurments. From XRD analysis, the whiskers
have high c-axis oriented and single crystalline Bi-2212 phase. The whiskers fabricated were very
smooth surface without cracks and dislocation. The T
c
values of the whiskers were found to be 83.2 K
and 79.8 K for x=1 and 2 respectively. M-H properties were investigated for 10-40 K and J
cmag
was
calculated by using Bean model.































S-P-077

Improved critical current densities in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
multilayer films interspaced
with Palladium nanodots

A. SARKAR
1
, V.S. DANG
1
, P. MIKHEENKO
1
, M.M. AWANG KECHIK
1
, J.S. ABELL
1
and
A. CRISAN
1,2


1
School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UNITED KINGDOM
2
National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest 077125, ROMANIA
a.sarkar@bham.ac.uk


Power applications of superconducting coated conductors in high magnetic fields require thick
films with high critical current densities J
c
and strong artificial pinning centres. Here we report on the
artificial pinning centres induced in YBCO quasi-multilayer films interspaced with Palladium
nanodots.
Quasi-multilayered (QM) YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
(YBCO) films composed of YBCO layers interspaced
with quasi-layers of Palladium nano-dots were grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition on SrTiO
3
(100)
substrates. Frequency-dependent J
c
(77.3 K, µ
o
H
DC
) measurements for these thick films showed
significant improvement as compared to pure YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
films of same or even smaller thickness.
In order to obtain structural information about the crystal imperfections, TEM studies were
conducted on samples similar to those investigated in the J
c
measurements. We observed regions of
planar defects, columnar defects and a-axis oriented grains, with dimensions commensurate with
pinning centres effective for immobilizing the vortices. These defects significantly contribute to the
pinning of magnetic flux and increase critical current in the films.























S-P-078

Intermittent flux penetration in YBCO on miscut substrates

A.J. QVILLER, V.V. YURCHENKO and T.H. JOHANSEN

Department of Physics, University of Oslo NORWAY
atleq@fys.uio.no


Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) is an important high-temperature superconductor (HTS).
YBCO grown on tilted substrates has commercial applications such as manufacture of HTS wires and
Josephson junctions.
Flux penetration into a series of YBCO samples grown on tilted NdGaO
3
substrates has been
visualized with magneto-optical imaging. These systems are already known to show anisotropic flux
penetration and a flux penetration pattern consisting of thin filaments in one direction. In samples with
small and large miscut angles, a smooth penetration is seen as the applied magnetic field is increased.
However, in several samples with intermediate miscut angles (8°-14°), an intermittent penetration of
flux bundles is seen. This intermittency can potentially be a source of noise in commercial
applications. We have studied the reproducibility, relaxations and the statistical distribution of sizes of
flux jumps at different temperatures in order to understand the causes and dynamics of the intermittent
penetration.






























S-P-079

A model for temperature effect on levitation force of high-temperature superconductors

S. YILDIZ
1
, F. INANIR
2
, U. KOLEMEN
1
and S. CELEBI
3


1
Gaziosmanpaşa University, Department of Physics Tokat TURKEY
2
Rize University, Department of Physics 53100 Rize, TURKEY
3
Kradeniz Technical University, Department of Physics, Trabzon, TURKEY
inanir@ktu.edu.tr


We have investigated the temperature influence on levitation force employing critical state
model. Temperature versus Levitation force curves was obtained. Some superconducting parameters
were determined. The results were compared with the experiment and reproduced Refs. [1, 2].




[1] T. Suzuki. et al, Physica C, 463-465, 283 (2007).
[2] E. Ito et al, Physica C 445-448 412 (2006).































S-P-081

Surface impedance in inhomogeneous superconductors in mixed state

L.V. BELEVTSOV

Department of Applied Mathematics, Donbass Engineering Academy,
Kramatorsk 84313, UKRAINE
apmath@dgma.donetsk.ua


.High-temperature superconductors consist of a large number of granular boundaries, which
locally decreases the order parameter due to the short coherence length. The grain boundaries are a
great interest both in fundamental physics and in applied superconductivity and play a significant role
in the microwave response and surface resistance of high-temperature films.
It was study the joint influence of granule boundaries and Abrikosov vortices on the behavior
of surface impedance of type-II superconductors. Two-liqued model and vortex model for
intragranular transport current on granules [1], as well as the model of intergranular Josephson
junction have been considered. A limit of low-density Abrikosov vortices is analysed when their
interaction can neglected. It follows that in contrast to the Mawatari vortex-free model [2] the surface
resistance monotonously depends on critical-current density at the intergranular boundaries and on
granule size. The presence of Abrikosov vortices results in a more intensive microwave dissipation
with increazing both the critical current and grain size.




[1] L.V. Belevtsov , Europhys. Lett. 59, 768 (2002).
[2] Y. Mawatari, Phys. Rev. B71, 64507 (2005).























S-P-082

Grain structure and irreversibility line of bronze route Nb
3
Sn
superconducting multifilamentary wire

M.J.R. SANDIM
1
, D. STAMOPOULOS
2
, M. TASSI
2
, S. ZAEFFERER
3
, D. RAABE
3
,
S. AWAJI
4
and K. WATANABE
4


1
Escola de Engenharia de Lorena – USP – 12600-970 – Lorena – SP, BRAZIL
2
Institute of Materials Science, NCSR Demokritos, 153-10, Athens, GREECE
3
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforshung, D-40237, Düsseldorf, GERMANY
4
Institute of Materials Research – Tohoku University – 980-8577 – Sendai, JAPAN
msandim@demar.eel.usp.br


Nb
3
Sn is one of the most important superconducting materials used in the manufacture of high
field magnets operating above 10 T. It is well known that for the superconducting A15 phase the grain
boundaries are the major flux pinning centers. However, it remains unclear how grain boundary
pinning in Nb
3
Sn occurs in detail. In this scenario the detailed knowledge of the grain structure can
give useful information in order to elucidate the grain-boundary pinning force issue for the A15 phase.
In this work we present results of microstructural and magnetic characterization in a
commercial multifilamentary wire of Nb
3
Sn. The investigated wire was produced by Furukawa
Electric Co. Ltd (Japan) by the bronze method. The 1-mm in diameter wire contains 11,457 Nb
3
Sn
individual filaments in a bronze matrix. This wire was heat treated at 670
o
C for 96 h. It must be
noticed that this wire has excellent superconducting properties with J
c
~ 300 A/mm
2
at 16 T and B
c2
~
23.9 T at 4.2 K, where J
c
is the critical current density and B
c2
is the upper critical field. Each filament
in this conductor is comprised by a Nb core surrounded by an A15 layer with a typical thickness of
about 1.5 um. The microstrucutral characterization of the Nb
3
Sn phase was performed using high-
resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) based on field emission gun scanning electron
microscopy (FEG-SEM). The obtained mean grain size of the Nb
3
Sn phase is about 135 ± 70 nm.
Concerning the misorientation distribution for the Nb
3
Sn phase, the EBSD data reveals a random
distribution of orientations with a large fraction of high angle boundaries. Such distribution is essential
to improve pinning at the grain boundaries. A more complete study of the Nb
3
Sn phase using the
EBSD technique can be found in [1]. DC magnetization measurements were performed using a
SQUID magnetometer (Quantum Design), with magnetic field applied perpendicular to the wire axis.
Isofield magnetization curves, m(T), were obtained for zero field (ZFC) and field (FC) cooled
condition in the temperature range 4 < T < 20 K, for several values of DC magnetic field up to 50
KOe. Concerning FC and ZFC magnetization curves, we have identified a temperature range below the
critical temperature, T
c
, for which the flux motion is reversible. The magnetization-field dependence of
the lower-boundary of this temperature region is the so-called irreversibility temperature, T
r
(H) [2].
Such observation is in agreement what it was observed for another Nb
3
Sn multifilamentary wires
obtained from the bronze method [2-3]. According to [3], the observation of such IL, clearly distinct
from T
c
(H) confirms that the pinning is due to grain boundaries.

[1] M.J.R. Sandim, H. R. Z. Sandim, S. Zaefferer, D. Raabe, S. Awaji and K. Watanabe, Scripta
Mater. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2009.10.002.
[2] M. Suenaga, A. K. Ghosh, Y. Xu and D. O. Welch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1777 (1991).
[3] M. G. Adesso, R. Flukiger, D. Uglietti, M. Polichetti and S. Pace, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.
17, 2619 (2007).



S-P-083

Quasimultilayers of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7−x
and gas-phase condensated nanoparticles

M. SPARING
1,2
, T. THERSLEFF
1,2
, J. HÄNISCH
1
, R. HUHNE
1
, B. RELLINGHAUS
1
,
L. SCHULTZ
1,2,3
and B. HOLZAPFEL
1,3


1
IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, P.O. Box: 270116, 01171 Dresden, GERMANY
2
Dresden University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Materials Science,
01062 Dresden, GERMANY
3
Dresden University of Technology, Department of Physics, Institute for Physics of Solids, 01062 Dresden, GERMANY
m.sparing@ifw-dresden.de


The application of superconducting YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7−x
(YBCO) thin films

in external magnetic
fields is limited by their critical current density J
c.
. Since J
c
strongly depends on the density and
structure of pinning defects in the material, it can be increased by the introduction of artificial pinning
centers, e.g. non-superconducting nanoparticles and surrounding defects and strain states. In order to
tailor YBCO films for applications it is important to understand the correlation between the particle
properties, the defect structure and the superconducting characteristics of YBCO. Therefore a
controlled preparation of nanoparticles with adjustable properties is required.
A technique which allows for the preparation of isolated particles with a predefined diameter in
the range of 10 nm and an independently chosen areal density is the condensation of nanoparticles via
DC-magnetron sputtering in an inert gas atmosphere. We already reported that YBCO thin films
grown on substrates decorated with this kind of particles show an improved Jc(B) behavior [1]. The
incorporation of such particles in YBCO thin films is a very promising tool for the systematic study of
the particle influence on the pinning properties.
Here we present the integration of gas phase condensated Hafnium nanoparticles in PLD-grown
YBCO thin film quasimultilayers in a combined PLD-Sputtering system. These heterostructures were
investigated by TEM on cross sectional FIB lamella. The influence of the areal density and the particle
volume content on the structural and superconducting properties of YBCO thin films is discussed.




[1] Sparing M, Backen E, Freudenberg T, Hühne R, Rellinghaus B, Schultz L and Holzapfel B
Supercond. Sci. Technol. 20 S239 (2007).















S-P-084

Magneto-optical transmission measurements of thin NbN superconducting films in Faraday and
Voigt orientation at THz frequencies

M. ŠINDLER
1,2
, R.TESAŘ
1,2
, J.KOLÁŢEK
2
and L. SKRBEK
1


1
Department of Low-TemperaturePhysics Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles Universityin Prague, Prague,
CZECH REPUBLIC
2
Instituteof Physics of the AS CR, Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC
sindler@fzucz


The terahertz transmission of a thin NbN superconductor layer with the critical temperature 16
K at several frequencies within the (0.40 – 2.52) THz range was observed in Faraday and Voigt
orientation for several magnetic fields up to 10 T. Both temperature scans in a fixed static magnetic
field and magnetic field scans at fixed temperature have been measured. In addition, for several
temperatures down to 10 K without magnetic field complex conductivity have been measured by time-
domain terahertz spectroscopy. Transmission observed in zero magnetic fields can be explained by the
theoretical model based on the BCS theory [1]. Superconductor in magnetic field H (H
c2
>H>H
c1
) is in
Abrikosov state which can be thought of as inhomogeneous state with the presence of vortex lattice
which greatly influences superconductor behavior. Transmission of THz radiation presents suitable
tool for investigating this system. In order to describe Abrikosov state Clem model [2] was used to
describe single vortex. Vortex core can be thought as normal-state inclusion of cylindrical shape in
superconducting matrix. Such composite system can be effectively described by Bruggeman theory
[3]. The mentioned model does not include the vortex motion due to the interaction with THz radiation
which leads to absorption and consequently affecting transmission as well. Even without vortex
dynamics the model successfully describes the basic features of experimentally observed transmission
even for the highest magnetic fields.




[1] W. Zimmermann, E.H. Brandt, M. Bauer, E. Seider, L. Genzel, Physica C 183, 99 (1991).
[2] J.R. Clem, Journal of Low Temperature Physics 18, 427 (1975).
[3] Tuck C. Choy, Effective medium theory Principles and Applications (Oxford University Press,
1999) p10-15.















S-P-085

Influence of the AC current on the nonlinear DC resistive response
in a tilted washboard pinning potential

O.V. DOBROVOLSKIY
1,2


1
Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077 Kharkov, UKRAINE
2
Physikalisches Institut, Goethe-Universität, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, GERMANY
Dobrovolskiy@Physik.uni-frankfurt.de


One of the unsolved problems in the temperature-dependent pinning-mediated vortex dynamics
is the influence of an ac current of arbitrary amplitude and frequency on the static current-voltage
characteristics (CVC's) of type-II superconductors. Here this problem is discussed in context of the
previously solved dc nonlinear guiding problem in the presence of the Hall effect for the washboard
planar pinning potential (PPP) within the frames of the Langevin equation [1]. In the presence of
dc+ac current directed under the angle α to the PPP channels this problem can be solved exactly in
terms of a matrix continued fraction without the recourse to the Fokker-Planck approach [2]. The
influence of ac current on the longitudinal and transverse (with respect to the dc current direction)
even and odd (with respect to the magnetic field reversal) α-dependent nonlinear anisotropic
magnetoresistivities
,
p
±
±
is considered. The current and frequency dependence of the number and
position of the Shapiro steps on the CVC's is calculated and analyzed for the transverse geometry (the
current density vector is perpendicular to the pinning channels) at low temperatures. In particular, in
the adiabatic limit three distinct regions on the CVC curves and two different types of the Shapiro
steps in the low-frequency regime for the vortex problem under discussion are obtained exactly. A
simple physical picture of the vortex motion in a tilted (due to the presence of the dimensionless dc
driving force) washboard PPP is elucidated.




[1] V.A. Shklovskij and O.V. Dobrovolskiy, Phys. Rev. B, 78, 104526 (2008).
[2] V.A. Shklovskij, A.A. Soroka, and A.K. Soroka, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 116, 2103 (1999).

















S-P-086

Detailed elaboration method and magnetic study of nano-metrical YBCO/YIG system

S. KHENE
1
, M. GASMI
1
and G. FILLION
2


1
Physics Department, Badji Mokhtar University, PO box 12, 23000, Annaba, ALGERIA
2
LCMI, CNRS, 38042, Grenoble cedex 9, FRANCE
samirkhene@yahoo.fr


The blending of magnetic elements or compounds into a superconducting matrix has a direct
effect on the physical properties of this later and provides precious information on the
superconductivity mechanisms, the spins/vortices interaction and the vortices pinning. In our
knowledge, any study on the addition of nano-particles of yttrium iron garnet Y
3
Fe
5
O
12
(called
commonly YIG) in the copper, barium and yttrium oxide YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7 o
(well known under the YBCO
appellation) nano-metrical matrix has performed up to the present time. In this work, a detailed
description of the used ways to elaborate the nano-metrical YBCO/YIG system is given and the results
on the vortices pinning to which this study has lead are displayed. The interaction spins/vortices study
will be dealt with in another article. The YBCO and YIG powders have been elaborated by
conventional ceramic process. The obtained products have been characterized by magnetization
measurements, X-rays diffraction and optical microscopy. The used ways to reduce their grains sizes
below of the fifty of nanometers and to mix them avoiding the formation of grains crowds have been
explained. Their nano-metrical sizes have been confirmed by an atomic force microscope analysis.
Eight pellets, of 5 mm in diameter and a half millimeter in thickness, squeezed under two tons, have
been elaborated and have been dealt with in a deepened magnetic study. The thermal variations of
Zero Field Cooled magnetizations, in a residual field of 44 G, have shown that the introduction of 5
and 9% in weight of a non superconductor material (YIG) into a superconducting matrix (YBCO) has
reduced the T
C
only of 1°K for ybcoyig5% pellet and 1.57°K for ybcoyig9% one, comparatively with
the ybcopur reference pellet T
C
. The superconducting quality of our samples has been thus well
preserved from beginning to end of elaboration process. By another way, our results have shown that
the incorporation of YIG in very low quantities, between 0 and 0.5% in weight of YIG, increases the
value of critical current J
C
. of ybcopur pellet (and so, the vortices pinning). By fitting our experimental
points starting from 0.5% in weight of YIG, an empirical law of the J
C
variation versus of added YIG
percentage has been suggested.

















S-P-087

Fabrication of artificial anisotropic pinning structures in thin niobium films sputtered onto
sapphire substrates

O.V. DOBROVOLSKIY
1,2
,
M. HUTH
2

and V.A. SHKLOVSKIJ
1,3

1
Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077 Kharkov, Ukraine
2
Physikalisches Institut, Goethe-Universität, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
3
Institute for Theoretical Physics, NSC-KIPT, 61108 Kharkov, Ukraine
Dobrovolskiy@Physik.uni-frankfurt.de


We demonstrate a possibility to realize various types of the anisotropic periodic pinning
potentials (PPP) in thin niobium films sputtered onto α-alumina (11-20) substrates. Arrays of the
highly periodic channels as well as ferromagnetic cobalt lines were fabricated using focused ion beam
etching and gas-assisted focused electron beam deposition techniques [1], respectively. During the
patterning three different nanostructure profiles were used. By this way either uniaxial or
bianisotropic, or asymmetric (ratchet) pinning structures have been fabricated. Niobium films with
such pinning structures (described by the corresponding PPP) exhibit guided vortex motion in the
Shubnikov phase under perpendicular field orientation with regard to the film plane [2].
A thorough theoretical description of the nonlinear two-dimensional vortex dynamics in a
washboard [3], bianisotropic [4] or ratchet [5] PPP was carried out as well as the influence of point-
like disorder and ac transport current on the guiding of vortices was previously analyzed [6]. The
experimental realization of artificial anisotropic pinning structures in thin-film geometry opens up a
controlled pathway for a variety of experimental studies of directed motion of vortices by measuring
longitudinal and transverse voltages.




[1] M. Huth in ―Nanofabrication using focused ion and electron beams: principles and applications‖
(Oxford University Press, to be published 2010).
[2] O. K. Soroka, V. A. Shklovskij and M. Huth, Phys. Rev. B 76, 014504 (2007).
[3] V. A. Shklovskij, A. A. Soroka and A. K. Soroka, J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 89, 1138 (1999).
[4] V. A. Shklovskij, Phys. Rev. B 65, 092508 (2002).
[5] V. A. Shklovskij and V. V. Sosedkin, Phys. Rev. B 80, 214526, 2009.
[6] V. A. Shklovskij and O. V. Dobrovolskiy, Phys. Rev. B 74, 104511 (2006); 78, 104526 (2008).














S-P-088

A comparative study of peak effect in microwave surface resistance

F. INANIR
1
, S. YILDIZ
2
and U. KOLEMEN
2


1
Rize University, Department of Physics 53100 Rize, TURKEY
2
Gaziosmanpaşa University, Department of Physics Tokat TURKEY
sukruyildiz@gop.edu.tr


We have studied the temperature dependence of in-plane microwave surface resistance
employing critical state model. in order to obtain the high field peak (or so-called fish-tail ), we added
a Gaussian term to the exponential model for the field dependence of critical current density. Our
results can repreduce the experimental data obtained by Bonn et al [1].
This study has been supported by Scientific Research Projects Commission of Gaziosmanpasa
University (Project No: 2009/10).

[1] A. Hosseini, Saeid Kamal, D. A. Bonn, Ruixing Liang, and W. N. Hardy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1298
(1998).
































S-P-089

Detection and manipulation of Abrikosov vortices in mesoscopic josephson junctions

T. GOLOD, A. RYDH and V.M. KRASNOV

Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, SE-106 91 Stockholm, SWEDEN
taras.golod@fysik.su.se


In this work we study phase shifts in a Josephson junction induced by Abrikosov vortices in
superconducting mesoscopic electrodes. We use two types of Josephson junctions as phase sensitive
detectors of vortices: Nanoscale Nb/PtNi/Nb junctions of the overlap type made by Focused Ion Beam
(FIB) sculpturing and planar Nb/CuNi(Cu)/Nb junctions of the ―variable thickness‖ type made by
cutting CuNi(Cu)/Nb double layers by FIB. The positions of vortices in the overlap-type junction are
controlled by suitable sample geometry. In order to have a favorable vortex location near the planar
junction we make a small hole with diameter ~ 30 nm, working as a vortex trap. Vortices are
introduced into the superconducting electrode by applying an external magnetic field and kept outside
the junction, parallel to the junction plane, to avoid formation of fluxons. The vortex induces a
different flux shift Au in the measured Fraunhofer modulation of the Josephson critical current
depending on the position of the vortex and/or geometry of the junction. When the vortex is close to
the junction it induces Au equal to u
0
/2 leading to switching of the junction into the 0-t state. By
changing the bias current through the junction at constant magnetic field the vortices can be
manipulated and the system can be switched between two consecutive vortex states which are
characterized by different critical currents of the junction. A mesoscopic superconductor thus acts as a
non-volatile memory cell in which the junction is used both for reading and writing information
(vortex).
























S-P-090

Combination of Ag substrate decoration and BaZrO
3
nano-inclusions for enhancing critical
current density of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7
films


V.S. DANG
1
, A. SARKAR
1
, P. MIKHEENKO
1
, M.M. AWANG KECHIK
1
, J.S. ABELL
1
,
P. PATURI
2
, H. HUHTINEN
2
and A. CRISAN
1,3


1
School of Metallurgy and Materials, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2
Wihuri Physical Laboratory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, FI-20014, University of Turku, FINLAND
3
National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest 077125, ROMANIA
v.dang@bham.ac.uk


First cost-effective method for introducing artificial pinning centres in superconducting films
was the substrate decoration, in which nanoislands of certain materials (e.g., Ag) are grown on
substrates prior to the superconducting films deposition.[1]. Recently, nanoscale additions in the
targets was also shown to increase critical current density (J
c
) of YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
(YBCO) films. BaZrO
3

(BZO) has been most commonly used as an impurity addition to YBCO target [2] and has been shown
to be able to self-organize into correlated nano-rods within the film microstructure.
We have investigated the combination of Ag substrate decoration and BZO nano-inclusion in
YBCO films by using a 4% wt. BZO-doped YBCO target and a Ag target, the nanostructured films
being fabricated by pulse laser deposition (PLD) method. BZO doped YBCO films were deposited on
single crystal SrTiO
3
(STO) substrate decorated with few laser pulses on Ag target. We have studied
the diameter and density of Ag nano-dots on STO substrate as function of number of laser pulses on
Ag target. 15 laser pulses gave optimum results in increasing of J
c
in comparison with BZO-doped
YBCO films of the same thickness, in all applied magnetic fields, while higher number of Ag laser
pulses led to increasing critical current density only in high applied magnetic field. We have studied
films with thickness from 0.3 um to 3 um and found that the highest J
c
at all applied field is for the1.2
um thick film.
The structure of the films was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope
and atomic force microscope. The films show very good epitaxy even though of 4% BZO doped and
Ag substrate decoration. Transmission electron microscope and angle-dependent transport
measurement show BZO nano-inclusion induced strong, mainly isotropic, pinning centres.




[1] A. Crisan, S. Fujiwara, J.C. Nie, A. Sundaresan, H. Ihara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4547 (2001).
[2] J. L. MacMannus-Driscoll, S. R. Foltyn, Q. X Jia, H. Wang, A. Serquis, L. Civale, B. Maiorov, M.
E Hawley , M. P. Maley and D. E. Peterson, Nat. Mater. 3, 439 (2004).










S-P-091

Flux pinning in nanostructured YBCO films grown by chemical solution deposition

V. ROUCO, A. PALAU, C. MONTON, T. PUIG and X. OBRADORS

Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona, CSIC, 08193, Barcelona, SPAIN
vrouco@icmab.es


High critical current YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
(YBCO) coated conductors are nowadays a reality.
However, their application in most power devices still depend on improving vortex pinning
capabilities at high magnetic fields and temperatures. This implies a fine control of the nano-defects
induced in the YBCO films which can be modified by tailoring their nanostructure. Understanding
vortex pinning mechanisms and correspondingly the interaction between vortices and defects is then, a
crucial issue to optimize properties of nanostructured YBCO films. For this purpose we have used
transport critical current measurements at different field orientations and temperatures. We have
studied films with different interfacial nanostructures and nanocomposites with nano-particles
distributed on the YBCO matrix. Results will be discussed in terms of capability of the different vortex
pinning centers (isotropic and anisotropic) with different strain (strong and weak) which have been
separated and quantified in a wide temperature and magnetic field range, resulting in a general
methodology to analyze the relevant vortex pinning contributions.





























S-P-092

The next generation thermally actuated flux pump for high temperature superconductors

Y. YAN, Z. HONG, W. XIAN, W. YUAN and T. A. COOMBS

Superconductivity Group, Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, UK
yy300@cam.ac.uk


Recent progress in material processing has showed that High Temperature Superconductors
(HTS) have the great potential to trap large magnetic fields at cryogenic temperatures. For example,
HTS are widely used in MRI scanners and in magnetic bearings. As the most commonly studied HTS,
YBCO single domains are proved to be able to trap the field up to 10 Tesla at 77K, which is the
boiling point of liquid nitrogen. However, using the traditional ways to magnetize the YBCO will
always need the applied field to be as high as the expected field on the superconductor or much higher
than it.
In this paper, we find a way of the YBCO magnetization in liquid nitrogen that only requires
the applied field to be the permanent magnet level. Moreover, rather than applying a pulsed high
current field on the YBCO, we use a thermally actuated material (Gadolinium) as an intermedia and
create a travelling magnetic field through it by changing the partial temperature to magnetize the
YBCO and build up the magnetic field on the YBCO gradually after multiple pumps.
The Gadolinium bulk are located between the YBCO and the permanent magnet and is heated
and cooled repeatedly from the outer surface to generate a travelling thermal wave inwards. In the
according experiment, an obvious accumulation of the flux density is detected on the surface of the
YBCO bulk.
Firstly, the theory of the Thermally Actuated Magnetization Method will be introduced. Then,
the design of the experiment system will be presented. Finally, the results of the experiment will be
compared to lead to the conclusion of this paper.













S-P-094

Coexistence of ferromagnetism and diamagnetism in Y-Ba-Zn-O compound

UGUR TOPAL

Tübitak-UME, P.K. 54 41470 Gebze-Kocaeli, TURKIYE
ugur.topal@ume.tubitak.gov.tr


In the present study, we investigate the magnetic properties of Y-Ba-Zn-O system in which
Y
2
O
3
, BaCO
3
and ZnO powders were mixed at atomic ratios of Y:Ba:Zn=1:2:3. Abnormal magnetic
behavior has been seen on the M-H and M-T curves. At liquid nitrogen temperature, the samples expel
the permanent magnets but no levitation is observed unlike type II superconducting samples. The M-H
curves are quite dependent on the field direction (H//ab and H±ab-plane). At low field regime,
ferromagnetism is clearly seen but diamagnetism appears at fields higher than 1 Tesla. We could also
see some traces of Meissner-like expulsion up to 500 Oe. The M-T curves reveal diamagnetism at 300
K and its degree increases as temperature decreases. The results seem to attract the attention of both
theoreticians and experimentalists.


















S-P-095

Consistent description of magnetic excitations and phase diagram of High-T
c
cuprates within a
strong-coupling approach

S. BREHM
1
, E. ARRIGONI
2
, M. AICHHORN
3
and W. HANKE
1


1
Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Würzburg, GERMANY
2
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Computational Physics, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, 8010 Graz,
AUSTRIA
3
Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, FRANCE
arrigoni@tugraz.at


Magnetic excitations of the high-Tc cuprate superconductors (HTSC) are shown to be correctly
reproduced within a two-dimensional Hubbard model in the appropriate strong-coupling regime. In
particular, salient properties of the magnetic resonance mode, its intensity behavior in the underdoped
regime and the ``hour glass'' dispersion display a good agreement with experiments. Our results are
obtained in an essentially parameter-free theory based on an extension of the variational cluster
approach (VCA) to treat two-particle excitations. When combined with earlier phase-diagram
calculations using the VCA, it lends further support to a Hubbard-model description of the interplay of
magnetism and superconductivity in the cuprate HTSC.




[1] S. Brehm and E. Arrigoni and M. Aichhorn and W. Hanke, http://arxiv.org/abs/0811.0552.
[2] M. Aichhorn and E. Arrigoni and Z. B. Huang and W. Hanke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 257002
(2007).













S-P-096

Superconductivity in La
1.84
Sr
0.16
CuO
4
/ La
1.48
Nd
0.4
Sr
0.12
CuO
4
bilayers

P.K. ROUT and R.C. BUDHANI

Condensed Matte – Low Dimensional Systems Laboratory,
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur – 208016, INDIA
pkrout@iitk.ac.in


The physics of high-temperature superconductors is highly intriguing due to the
interplay/competition between several coexisting phases like pseudogap phase [1] and the presence of
spatially ordered charge/spin states at special doping levels [2], more colloquially known as ―stripes"
in addition to antiferromagnetism and superconductivity. We present a study of bilayer thin film
systems of nearly optimally doped La
1.84
Sr
0.16
CuO
4
(LSCO) and static stripe ordered
La
1.48
Nd
0.4
Sr
0.12
CuO
4
(LNSCO). This provides an interesting possibility of interaction between two
contrasting phases in proximity to each other at the interface. The crystallographic structure and
interface roughness of the bilayers were characterized using x-ray scattering in θ-2θ, ω, θ and grazing
angle incidence x-ray reflectivity (GIXR) modes. The dc transport measurements of bilayers show
only one superconducting transition corresponding to LSCO layer as shown in the figure. In order to
detect interfacial effects, we have used a two-coil mutual inductance technique similar to the one
described by Jeanneret et al. [3]. The pick-up coil voltage due to screening supercurrent flowing in the
film clearly shows the superconducting transition of individual layers. Apart from these two
transitions, we observe another small; but distinct transition, which we believe to be a consequence of
existence of superconductivity at the interface of LSCO and LNSCO layers (See figure).


10
-8
10
-7
10
-6
10
-5
10
-4

p

(
m
O
.
c
m
)
5 10 15 20 25
0
10
20
30
Im V

R
e

V
,

I
m

V

(
u
V
)
T (K)
Re V x 4



[1] K. Tanaka, W. S. Lee, D. H. Lu, A. Fujimori, T. Fujii, Risdiana, I. Terasaki, D. J. Scalapino, T. P.
Devereaux, Z. Hussain and Z.-X. Shen, Science 314, 1910 (2006).
[2] J. M. Tranquada, B. J. Sternlieb, J. D. Axe, Y. Nakamura and S. Uchida, Nature (London) 375, 561
(1995).
[3] B. Jeanneret, J. L. Gavilano, G. A. Racine, Ch. Leemann and P. Martinoli, Appl. Phys. Lett.55,
2336 (1989).




S-P-097

Tunneling conductance in two-dimensional electron gas/d-wave superconductor junctions with
Rashba spin-orbit coupling

B. SRISONGMUANG
1
, P. PAIROR
1
and M. BERCIU
2


1
School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, Muang District 30000, Nakhon Ratchasima, THAILAND
2
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia,Vancouver V6T 1Z1, CANADA
pairor@sut.ac.th


The tunneling conductance spectrum of a junction of two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) with
Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) and a d-wave superconductor is theoretically studied. The
spectrum shows strong dependence on junction orientation. The effects of RSOC strength and potential
barrier on the tunneling conductance are different for different Fermi levels of the 2DEG

















S-P-098

Improvement of high Tc phase formation in BPSCCO superconductor by adding Vanadium and
Titanium
DUYGU YAZICI and BEKIR OZCELIK
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, Çukurova University 01330 Adana,Turkey
ozcelik@cu.edu.tr
We have produced the (BiPb)
2
V
x
Sr
2
Ca
3
Cu
4-y
Ti
y
O
12+δ
with x=0.1 and y=0.050, 0.10, 0.2 and
0.3 compounds by melt-quenching method. Structural and superconducting properties of the produced
samples were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-ray diffraction patterns, EDAX,
electrical resistance measurements and dc-magnetic hysteresis loop measurements. The pure high-T
c

phase (2223) is nearly found with Ti substitution for x = 0.05 and 0.10. The onset critical temperature
(Tc.
onset
) of the samples increases up to 111 K with doping up to x = 0.20. In addition, considerable
large values of the critical current densities (j
c
), calculated from the hysteresis loop measurements by
using Bean‘s critical state model are obtained for the samples in the same doping range. Our data have
indicated that J
c
decreases with increasing temperature and Ti concentration.


This work was supported by the Research Fund of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, under
grant contracts no. FEF2009D11.















S-P-099

Structural and magnetic properties of FeSe and FeSe
0.5
Te
0.5
superconductors

E. YANMAZ
1
, M.Y. HACISALIHOGLU
2
, C. DANCER
3
, S. SPELLER
3
and
C.R.M. GROVENOR
3


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Rize University, 53100 Rize, TURKEY
3
Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PH, UK
muammeryasinhacisalihoglu@hotmail.com


The effect of atomic substitution of Te in iron based superconductors FeSe (1:1 type), which
exhibits the simplest crystal structure among the iron-based superconductors, have been investigated in
terms of structural and magnetic properties using XRD, EDX, SEM, VSM and AC Susceptibility.
Polycrystalline samples of FeSe
1-x
Te
x
in the stoichiometric ratios of x=0 and 0.5 were prepared using
the solid state reaction method. FeSe and FeSe
0.5
Te
0.5
samples showed bulk diffraction patterns. The c
axis lattice parameters and the cell volume increased monotonically with increasing Te concentration.

















S-P-100

Effect of Vanadium-Titanium co-doping on the BPSCCO Superconductor

DUYGU YAZICI
1
, BEKIR OZCELIK
1
, SERDAR ALTIN
2
and M.EYYUPHAN YAKINCI
2


1
Department of Physics,Faculty of Sciences and Letters, Çukurova University 01330 Adana,TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, İnönü University 44069, Malatya, TURKEY
ozcelik@cu.edu.tr


We have produced the (BiPb)
2
V
x
Sr
2
Ca
3
Cu
4-y
Ti
y
O
12+δ
compounds for x=0.05 and y=0, 0.05,
0.10 and 0.20 by glass-ceramic method. The effects of Vanadium adding and Ti doping on the
structure have been investigated by electrical resistance, scanning electron micrographs (SEM), XRD
patterns and magnetic hysteresis loop measurements. It has been found that the high-T
c

superconducting phase, (2223), is formed in the samples annealed at 845
o
C for 185, with concentration
x= y=0.05. However, with increasing Ti doping the (2223) phase transforms into the (2212) phase. We
have observed no superconducting properties for x=0.05 and y=0.20 compound. It has completely
transformed to semiconductor.
The magnetization measurements have been carried out as a function of magnetic field for
fields up to 5 kOe at temperatures. The hysteresis loop areas decrease with increasing Ti concentration
y and temperature. The critical current densities (J
c
) of the samples, have been calculated by using
Bean critical state model.

This work was supported by the Research Fund of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, under
grant contracts no. FEF2009D11.














S-P-101

Effect of high valancy cations on the (BiPb)
2
Sr
2
Ca
3
Cu
4
O
12+δ
compounds

DUYGU YAZICI
1
, BEKIR OZCELIK
1
, SERDAR ALTIN
2
and M.EYYUPHAN YAKINCI
2


1
Department of Physics,Faculty of Sciences and Letters, Çukurova University 01330 Adana, TURKEY
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, İnönü University 44069, Malatya, TURKEY
ozcelik@cu.edu.tr


We have produced the (BiPb)
2
V
x
Sr
2
Ca
3
Cu
4-y
Ti
y
O
12+δ
compounds by melt-quenching method.
The effects of Vanadium adding and Ti doping on the structure have been investigated by electrical
resistance, scanning electron micrographs (SEM), XRD patterns and magnetic hysteresis loop
measurements. It has been found that the high-T
c
superconducting phase, (2223), is formed in the
samples annealed at 845
o
C for 185 and 192 h, with concentration x=0.2 and y=0.05. However, with
increasing Ti doping the (2223) phase gradually transforms into the (2212) phase. The magnetization
measurements have been carried out as a function of magnetic field for fields up to 5 kOe at
temperatures well below the zero resistance temperatures of the annealed samples. The hysteresis loop
areas decrease with increasing Ti concentration y and sintering time. The fast decreases in the
hysteresis loop areas related to the superconducting volume, with increasing y and/or T seem to imply
an existence of flux pinning centers in our samples. In order to support this implication the critical
current densities J
c
, of the samples, have been estimated at several fixed temperatures. Our data have
indicated that the critical current, J
c
, firstly increases up to critical magnetic field (H
c1
) then decreases
with increasing magnetic field.

This work was supported by the Research Fund of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, under
grant contracts no. FEF2009D11.













S-P-102

A different calcination process to prepare polycrystalline Bi-based superconductor with
improved Bi(2223) phase

S. MEMARZADEH
1
, A. AMIRABADIZADEH
1
, N. TAJABOR
2

Sh. POORMAND
3
and H. FARSI
4

1
Department of physics, Faculty of science University of Birjand, Birjand, IRAN
2
Department of physics, Faculty of science Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, IRAN
3
Research center of Kansaran Binalood center, Mashhad, IRAN
4
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of science University of Birjand, Birjand, IRAN
ahmadamirabadi@yahoo.com


In this research two samples of a nominal composition (Bi-Pb)
2
Sr
2
Ca
n-1
Cu
n
O
x
were prepared by the
solid state reaction method, using two different routes. Codes A and B are used to refer to the samples.
In preparing A sample, the standard method for calcination was used, while in B sample, SrCO
3
and
CaCO
3
were calcinated at 1100
º
C for 3 h. Calcination was done just separately on SrCO
3
and CaCO
3

in order to eliminate CO
2.
Then after mixing and grinding, the powders mixture of Bi
2
O
3
, CuO, PbO,
SrO and CaO were calcinated at 840
º
C for 70 h. The effects of this calcination on structure and
different superconducting phases (Bi-2212 and Bi-2223) are investigated by XRD, SEM and ac
susceptibility. The results show that the new calcination process helps us to increase the Bi-2223 phase
rather than 2212 one.
The results are as:
a) The volume fraction of Bi(2223) and Bi(2212) phases is estimated by x-ray diffraction patterns.
The XRD patterns show that the new Calcination favorite the formation of Bi(2223) phase.
b) The SEM studies of samples show that by using new Calcination process, the size of the largest
particle would be increased.
c) The ac susceptibility studies show that by using new Calcination process, the transition of the real
part of ac susceptibility for the intragranular component is sharper; indicating that new Calcination
process improves the formation of the Bi(2223) phase.

















S-P-103

Thickness dependence of critical current density in MgB
2
films prepared by thermal evaporation
method

Z.D. YAKINCI
1
and Y. AYDOGDU
2


1
İnönü Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri MYO, 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
2
Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 23100-Elazığ, TURKEY
dyakinci@inonu.edu.tr


MgB
2
films with the thickness of 600 nm to 1.3um have been successfully prepared on the
Al
2
O
3
single crystal substrates from high purity B and Mg powder by thermal evaporation method.
Films were then heat treated ex-situ under Mg vapor at 800
0
C to achieve actual MgB
2
stoichiometry.
The thickness of the films, so the deposition times, was varied to investigate its influence on critical
current density of the films. The films obtained are analyzed by means of microstructural, transport
and magnetic properties by XRD, SEM-EDX, R–T, M–H and J
mag
c analysis. The best T
c
and T
zero

values were obtained to be 38.5 K and 37.1 K, respectively and decreased with increasing the
thickness. We also found that the critical current density of the films prepared are highly thickness
dependent. The maximum J
mag
c value was calculated to be 1.63 × 10
7
Acm
−2
at 5 K and zero field for
700nm thick films but dropped to 1.61×10
5
Acm
−2
for 1.3um thick films. Significantly high J
mag
c
values obtained from thinner films were found to be very promising particularly for microelectronic
applications.
















S-P-104

Synthesis and characterization of MgB
2
thin films prepared by 2.4 MHz ultrasonic spray
pyrolysis system

Z.D. YAKINCI
1
and Y. AYDOGDU
2


1
İnönü Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri MYO, 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
2
Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 23100-Elazığ, TURKEY
dyakinci@inonu.edu.tr


Nano-sized B and Mg powders have been successfully deposited respectively onto single
crystal MgO(100) and Al
2
O
3
substrates using 2.4 MHz ultrasonic spray pyrolysis system and an
appropriate solution to obtain thin films of MgB
2
superconductors. Substrates were heated up to 950
0
C
during spraying process and after this in-situ process 100-600nm thick superconductor films were
obtained. The microstructure, transport and magnetic properties were characterized by means of
particle size analyzer, XRD, SEM-EDX, R–T and M–H analysis. The effects of particle concentration
in the solution, spraying time and heating temperature on the quality of the MgB
2
films were
discussed. The best T
c
and T
zero
results were obtained to be 37.9 K and 36.4 K, respectively. Magnetic
properties, M–H curves of the MgB
2
films, were investigated at 3 different temperatures up to 5 T.
Symmetric hysteresis loops for all temperature and field cases were obtained and maximum J
mag
value
was calculated to be 1.16 × 10
7
Acm
−2
at 4.2 K for 0 T but dropped to 3.42×10
6
Acm
−2
at 30 K for 0 T.
The results obtained were found to be highly dependent on the particle concentration in the solution,
heating temperature of substrates and carrier gas flow rate during spraying.


























S-P-105

Nano-sized spherical MgB
2
superconducting powder fabrication using MHz range ultrasonic
spray pyrolysis (USP) system

M.E. YAKINCI
1
, M.A. AKSAN
1
, Y. BALCI
1
, S. ALTIN
1
, Y. ONAL
2
and Y. AYDOGDU
3


1
İnönü Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
2
İnönü Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Kimya Müh. Bölümü, 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
3
Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 23100-Elazığ, TURKEY
eyakinci@inonu.edu.tr


In this work, we have successfully fabricated 70-150nm in size MgB
2
superconducting
spherical powders by using a 2.4 MHz ultrasonic spray pyrolysis system and consecutive high
temperature heating and powder collection chamber. Various solutions which contains different Mg, B
and ethanol concentrations and gas atmospheres were used to obtain MgB
2
superconducting powders.
Microstructural, transport and magnetic characterization of the powders were performed using XRD,
SEM-EDX, XRF, R-T, M-T, M-H analysis and critical current density measurements. The most
important result were obtained on the critical current density calculation which is in the range of 10
7

Acm
-2
indicating improved flux pinning properties.































S-P-106

Effects of in-situ and ex-situ heat treatment procedures on the transport properties of the MgB
2

superconducting thin films fabricated by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) system

M.E. YAKINCI
1
, Y. AYDOGDU
2
, M.A. AKSAN
1
, Y. BALCI
1
and S. ALTIN
1


1
İnönü Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 44280-Malatya, TURKEY
2
Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen Edb. Fakültesi, Fizik Bölümü, 23100-Elazığ, TURKEY
eyakinci@inonu.edu.tr


Superconducting MgB
2
thin films have been prepared using Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis (USP)
system. 2.4 MHz USP system and various solutions which contains different Mg, B and ethanol
concentrations and gas atmospheres were used to obtain 800nm to 1.4um thick MgB
2
films. Some of
the films produced were heated in-situ in the spraying chamber during deposition and some of them
were annealed in the tube furnace under Mg vapor. According to results obtained ex-situ annealed
samples have better transport performance than the in-situ produced films. The T
c
of the samples were
obtained to be 38.3 K and 37.6 K for ex-situ and in-situ prepared films, respectively. The critical
current density of the films, 2.1x10
7
Acm
-2
for ex-situ annealed films and 8.8x10
6
Acm
-2
for in-situ
produced films, have also showed similar behavior. This indicates that ex-situ annealing process
provides an improvement for the flux pinning mechanism and that gives an increase on H
c2
.






























S-P-107

Nonlinear TE and TM –polarized guided waves in coplanar superlattice transmission lines

V.E. GRISHIN
1
and L.A. MURAVEY
2


1
Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, AUSTRALIA
2
RSTU, RUSSIA
jefunr@hotmail.com
We have investigated the nonlinear properties of coplanar superlattice waveguide transmission
lines of the S-N(D)-S type. The system under consideration consists of layer bounded at two sides by
nonlinear medium characterized by diagonal dielectric tensor whose elements depend on the amplitude
of the electric field to e11= e22 ~|E1|^2 +|E2|^2. The power-dependent wavevector of one transverse
electric (TE) polarized mode and two transverse magnetic (TM) modes is calculated. It was shown that
besides symmetric and asymmetric there exist asymmetric modes at lower power flows exceeding
some certain minimum value. Bistable states of P-polarized nonlinear surface waves provided that the
power flow in the wave is the control parameter are also found .The phenomena of such Kerr-like
nonlinearities on the power-dependent wavevector and field distributions is given for a number of
potential devices proposed earlier for nonlinear media, including such as upper and low threshold
devices, optical layered switches, electromagnetic controlled antenna beam scanning, and perhaps
bistable layered switches. Materials in general limit the experimental relations of all the nonlinear
guided wave phenomena predicted to date.

The authors thank Dr. T. McMinn for useful discussions.




[1] V. E. Grishin , L.A.Muravey. Microwave radiation features of dissipative lattice. Journal of
Physics D: Applied Physics. Submitted in the 2009 .
[2] V. E. Grishin and M. A. Pinsky. ―Exact Solution Approach in Analysis of Resonance Properties of
Two-Dimensional Dissipative Josephson Lattice‖, Journal of Supercond. V.8, N 2, p.p.247-258
(1995).


















S-P-108

Enhancement of transport and mechanical properties of alloyed in situ MgB
2
wires after cold
high densification (CHPD)

M. S. A HOSSAIN
1
, C. SENATORE
1
AND R. FLUKIGER
1


1
Department of Applied Physics (GAP), University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Shahriar.hossain@unige.ch


Binary and Malic acid doped MgB
2
wires were fabricated by the in situ PIT method and were
subsequently treated by Cold High Pressure Densification (CHPD) before the final reaction of 4 hours
at 650°C [1, 2]. The sample length varied between 40 and 150 mm. The effect of pressure on J
c
, B
irr

and on the exponential n factor was studied at operating temperatures between 4.2 and 25 K. The
highest J
c
performance so far was obtained after applying pressures of 1.5 GPa and more. The behavior
of J
c
was found to be almost isotropic, the value of J
c
= 1 x 10
4
A/cm
2
at 4.2 K for the best wires being
found at 13.4 and 13.0 T in parallel and perpendicular field, respectively. The corresponding values at
20 K were 6.4 and 6.0, respectively. The exponential n factors in cold densified binary and malic acid
doped wires were also strongly increased, at 4.2 as well as at 20 and 25 K. The observed improvement
of J
c
and B
irr
as well as the enhanced n factors in cold densified MgB
2
wires were found to be
correlated to the improved connectivity, as shown by the reduction of the normal state electrical
resistivity and the higher local homogeneity, as revealed by calorimetric measurements. After
densification at various pressures, an increase of the Vickers microhardness in the filament cross-
sections and an enhancement of the mass density from 46 to 60% of the theoretical density were
observed.

The present CHPD method was successfully applied to a variety of configurations, on binary and
alloyed MgB
2
wires (the additives being malic acid and SiC) and on monel and Fe sheaths. So far, wire
lengths up to 150 mm length have been successfully densified, the improvement of J
c
and B
irr
being
confirmed in all cases, even after a succession of 6 overlapping pressure steps. This is a promising step
in view of the future application of CHPD to industrial wire lengths.


[1] R. Flükiger, M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, Supercond. Sci. Technol., 22(2009)085002
[2] M.S.A. Hossain, C. Senatore, M.A. Rindfleisch, M.J. Tomsic, J. H. Kim, S. X. Dou , R. Flükiger,
Supercond. Sci. Technol., 22(2009)095004.







S-P-109

Nanostructural high-pressure synthesized MgB
2
-based materials with extremely High SC
performance

T. PRIKHNA
1
, W. GAWALEK
2
, YA.SAVCHUK
1
, M. EISTERER
3
, W.GOLDACKER
4
,
M. WENDT
2
, J. DELLITH
2
, V. TKACH
1
, V. MEEROVICH
5
, H.WEBER
3
, S. DUB
1
,
V.MOSHCHIL
1
, N.SERGIENKO
1
, T.HABISREUTHER
2
, D.LITZKENDORF
2
, CH. SCHMIDT
2
,
V.MELNIKOV
1
, P.NAGORNY
1
and V.SVERDUN
1


1
Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev 04074, UKRAINE
2
Institut für Photonische Technologien, Jena, D-07745,GERMANY
3
Atomic Institute of the Austrian Universities, 1020 Vienna, AUSTRIA

4
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Technische Physik, Postfach 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
5
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 ISRAEL
prikhna@mail.ru, prikhna@iptelecom.net.ua


Superconducting transition temperatures from 34.5 up to 39.4 K, critical current densities of 1.8–
1.0·10
6
A/cm
2
in self field and 10
3
in 8 T field at 20 K, 3–1.5·10
5
A/cm
2
in self field at 35 K, H
C2
15 T at 22
K and H
irr
13 T at 20 K have been registered for nanocrystalline high-pressure synthesized MgB
2
-based
materials. As TEM and SEM study show, dispersed higher borides and rather big amount (5-14%) of
oxygen (bonded simultaneously with Mg and B) can be present in the structure even if X-ray pattern
contains only reflexes of well crystallized MgB
2
with traces of MgO. Materials with such a rather high
oxygen content demonstrated high superconducting characteristics and no regularities between a total
oxygen content and critical current density have been found. There are no clear regularities between the
structural features of the material and its superconducting characteristics (T
c
, j
c
, B
c2
, H
irr
), as well as
generally accepted mechanisms of the effect of specially introduced additives on these characteristics. At
present it is established that nanosized MgB
12
grains provide effective pinning in polycrystalline material.
It is highly probable that the additives (Ti, Ta, Zr, SiC) together with synthesis or sintering temperature can
affect the distribution of oxygen and hydrogen in the material structure as well as the formation of grains of
higher borides, thus influencing superconducting properties. The fact that rather high critical current
densities (commensurable with that for the materials with additions) can be attained in materials produced
only from Mg and B or from MgB
2
is support the idea concerning the primary importance for high
superconducting characteristic of MgB
2
-based materials of the character or manner of oxygen (oxygen
enriched Mg-B-O inclusions, in particular), boron (or higher borides), hydrogen, and carbon admixture
(which probably present in the starting materials) distribution in the material.
The possibility to attain a comparatively high critical current density in a material with near MgB
12
matrix points to the probability that the MgB
12
phase has the SC properties (with T
c
about 37 K) or that for
a flow of comparatively high percolation current it is surprisingly small amount of MgB
2
phase in the
material enough to be present. The existed uncertainty in connection with the determination of MgB
12

structure (orthorhombic or hexagonal) and a mosaic structure of grains of phase with near MgB
12

stoichiometry, which are formed in polycrystalline materials, still leave the question open, despite the
mentioned in literature fact that for the orthorhombic MgB
12
single crystal preliminarily measurements
showed the absence of SC down to 2 K.
The highest mechanical properties achieved for bulk MgB
2
–based materials are as follows: the
Vickers hardness under a 148.8 N-load H
v
=10.12±0.2 GPa and fracture toughness under the same load
K
1C
=7.6± 2.0 MPa m
0.5
, Young modulus E=273 GPa. The bulk MgB
2
–based materials can be used for
cryogenic machine-building (electromotors, pumps, generators), for magnetic shielding and fault current
limitation, in microwave devices.



S-P-110

Observation of higher suppression of superconducting transition temperature in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/
La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3
as compared to YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
bilayers

D. SAMAL and P.S. ANIL KUMAR

Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science,C V Raman Avenue, Bangalore 560012, INDIA
anil@physics.iisc.ernet.in


We report the experimental investigations of suppression of superconductivity due to pair
breaking effect induced by ferromagnetic layer in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3
and YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/
La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
bi-layers of various thicknesses fabricated by pulsed laser deposition. The
magnetization measurements such as M-H and M-T plots reveal the coexistence of both ferromagnetic
and superconducting diamagnetic phases present in the bilayers. The current dependent electrical
transport studies in the bi-layers exhibit a significant reduction in the superconducting transition
temperature with the increase in applied current as compared to single YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
layer and
moreover the superconducting transition temperature in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
bilayer is
surprisingly found to be much larger than the YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3
bilayers. In the context of
spin polarized driven pair-breaking effect, it is highly pertinent to believe a higher suppression of
superconductivity in YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
as compared to YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-o
/ La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3

bilayers, since La
0.7
Sr
0.3
MnO
3
has very high spin polarization at the Fermilevel. However, it appears
from our present experimental results that the current driven from a low spin polarization (-11%)
ferromagnetic material like La
0.5
Sr
0.5
CoO
3
can also suppress the superconductivity to a larger extent
This indicates that the spin polarization of the ferromagnetic electrode is not the only criteria to
determine the suppression of superconductivity by pair breaking effect in superconductor/ferromagnet
hybrid structures; rather the transparency of the interface for the spin polarization, the formation of
vortex state due to the stray field of ferromagnetic layer and ferromagnetic domain patterns might play
compound significant roles to understand such effect.



















S-P-111

Development of high performance (RE)BCO bulk nanocomposites for high field engineering
applications

N. HARI BABU
1
, Y. SHI
2
, K. IIDA
3
and D. A.CARDWELL
2

1
BCAST, Brunel University, UK
2
Department of Engineering, Cambridge University, UK
3
IFW-Dresden, Germany
mtsthbn@brunel.ac.uk


Single grain (LRE)-Ba-Cu-O (light rare earth, LRE = Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd) high temperature
superconductors (HTS) have considerable potential for engineering applications because of their
ability to trap magnetic fields significantly higher than those achievable with permanent magnets. As a
result, bulk HTS offer considerable potential for both improving the performance of existing devices
that incorporate permanent magnets and developing new, high field applications. Due to their higher
critical current density, Jc and irreversibility field, Birr, the magnetic field trapping ability of (LRE)-
Ba-Cu-O [(LRE)BCO] bulk superconductors is generally superior to that of the more commonly melt-
processed YBCO. However, potential large scale application of these materials to date has been
limited due to the lack of a practical processing technique, particularly for medium scale, batch
production levels. Such a processing route for the fabrication of (LRE)BCO single grains involving a
generic seed crystal has been developed based on a cold seeding technique and a top seeded melt
growth (TSMG) process that is performed in an air atmosphere. In addition, we have developed a
novel processing route for the introduction of nanoscale RE
2
Ba
4
CuMO
y
phase inclusions into the
single grain for improving magnetic flux pinning. We report these recent processing developments for
the fabrication of high performance RE)-Ba-Cu-O single grain nano-composites.













S-P-112

Impact of Mn substitution at Ru site in RuSr
2
(Eu
1.4
Ce
0.6
)Cu
2
O
10-δ
magneto-superconductor

ANUJ KUMAR
1,2
, SHAHNAWAZ
1
, V.P.S. AWANA
2
and H. KISHAN
2


1
Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 INDIA
2
National Physical Laborator (CSIR), Dr.K.S.Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012 INDIA
kumaranuj1@mail.nplindia.ernet.in


We observed the effect of Mn ion substitution on the structural, superconducting and magnetic
properties of polycrystalline series Ru
1-x
Mn
x
Sr
2
(Eu
1.4
Ce
0.6
)Cu
2
O
10-δ
. Structural analysis and
Magnetization study have been carried out on a series of compound with x = 0.0-0.50. All the samples
crystallizes with tetragonal structure in I4/mmm space group. RuSr
2
(Eu
1.4
Ce
0.6
)Cu
2
O
10-δ
(EuRu-1222)
is a reported magneto-superconductor with magnetic ordering at 100K and superconductivity occurs at
~ 40K[1,2]. The exact nature of Ru spin magnetic ordering is still being debated and no conclusion has
been reached yet. Here we found the superconducting transition temperature T
c
=14K from the dc
magnetization measurements for undoped samples. The superconducting transition temperature
decreases with the Mn doping. DC magnetic susceptibility measurements exhibited ferromagnetic like
transition for all the synthesized samples. It was also observed that the net magnetic moment decreases
gradually with Mn doping, though not monotonically. It seems that doping of Mn in EuRu-1222 at Ru
site enhance the AFM of Ru spin and suppress the FM components. So the RuO
6
octahedra of EuRu-
1222 may cause the frustration of magnetic ordering of the Ru ions leading to glassy behavior in this
compound. Therefore our results point out some coupling between superconductivity and magnetism.




[1] I. Felner, U. Asaf, Y. Livi and O. Millo, Phys. Rev. B 55, R3374 (1997).
[2] V.P.S. Awana, H. Kishan, O. Eshkenazi, I. Felner, R. Rawat, V. Ganesan, and A.V. Narlikar, J.
Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 026203 (2007).



0 50 100 150
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
-1000 -500 0 500 1000
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
T = 5K
M

(
e
m
u
/
g
)
H(Oe)
EuRu-1222
H = 10 Oe
M

(
e
m
u
/
g
)
T (K)
1/10-eum/g-Mn0%
emu/g-Mn1%
emu/g-Mn2%
emu/g-Mn5%
emu/g-Mn10%
emu/g-Mn20%


S-P-113

Transition temperature and superconducting energy gap of single-wall carbon nanotubes

HESHMATOLLAH YAVARI and MOHAMADALI ERFAN SHAHREZA

University of Isfahan, Faculty of science, Department of Physics, Hezarjerib.st, Isfahan IRAN
hs_yavary@yahoo.com


Based on the BCS mean field theory the superconducting transition temperature Tc and
superconducting energy gap of single-wall carbon nanotubes are calculated analytically. We found that
the transition temperature and superconducting paring at zero temperature decreases exponentially
with the increase of the tube diameter because the density of states near the Fermi energy is inversely
proportional to the tube diameter.


















S-P-114

Structural and optical characteristics of ZnS/CdS thin films

K.S. CHANG




Department of Natural Science, Korea Air Force Academy, Cheongwon-gun, Chungbuk, KOREA
eunja59@naver.com


In order to find the optical properties of ZnS/CdS thin films compared with those of CdS thin
films, they were made using 99.99% ZnS and CdS (Aldrich) powders in 7 × 10
-6
torr. The ZnS layer
was coated over the CdS layer on an AlOx membrane within a vacuum, at the average speed of 1
Å/sec. After studying the ZnS/CdS and CdS thin films (both with the dimensions of 2.52 nm), using
fluorescence spectroscopy and comparing the respective results together, we found that although both
of the resulting spectra peaked at 390 nm, the ZnS/CdS thin films showed a narrower peak, and a
higher intensity of photoluminescence than the CdS thin films. The particles of ZnS/CdS thin films
also proved to be more homogeneous in size. In addition, the ZnS layer acted as a protective layer.
Also, after studying the spectra of ZnS/CdS thin films taken 30 days after their preparation, we found
no signs of aging. These results were verified through the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX
analysis, thin film X-ray diffraction, and luminescence spectroscopy.















S-P-115

Investigations for the growth of large underdoped Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+d
single crystals and neutron
scattering measurements

SONIA DE ALMEIDA-DIDRY
1,2
, FABIEN GIOVANNELLI
1
, ISABELLE LAFFEZ
1
,
YVAN SIDIS
2
and PHILIPPE BOURGES
2


1


Laboratoire d’Electrodynamique des Matériaux Avancés, UMR 6157 CNRS-CEA, Université François Rabelais, Site de
l’IUT de Blois, 3 pl. Jean Jaurès, 41029 Blois, FRANCE
2
Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, FRANCE
sonia.dealmeida@univ-tours.fr

In optimally and underdoped regimes, high-T
c
copper oxide superconductors exhibit a pseudo-
gap state with anomalous properties below a temperature T*, large compared to the superconducting
transition temperature, T
c
. The origin of pseudogap is a challenging issue as it might eventually lead to
identify the superconducting mechanism. To explore the pseudo-gap, we have studied
Bi
2
Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
8+d
(Bi-2212) system in the underdoped regime of the phase diagram.
Among high temperature superconducting copper oxide materials, Bi-2212 system has attracted
a lot of interest since this system can be easily cleaved and provides high quality surfaces. It has been
therefore widely used for the study of electronic excitations using surface sensitive techniques such as
ARPES, STM, optical conductivity and electronic Raman spectroscopy [1]. At variance, its magnetic
properties have been hardly studied by inelastic neutron scattering technique, since it is still rather
difficult to grow large underdoped single crystals.
In order to overcome this difficulty, we studied the crystal growth of Bi-2212 by travelling
solvent floating zone method (TSFZ) [2]. Then different routes have been investigated to obtain
underdoped single crystals with volumes larger than hundreds of mm
3
: influence of low oxygen
pressure during the growth [3], synthesis of Y-doped Bi-2212 [4] and effect of low oxygen pressure
annealing on Bi-2212 single crystals [5].
Using polarized elastic neutron diffraction on 4F1 at LLB (CE Saclay), we could identified a
hidden magnetic order in the underdoped Bi-2212 system already observed in YBa2Cu3O6+d and
HgBa2CuO4+d compounds. We have also carried out a polarized neutron scattering study on IN20 at
ILL. The energy scan performed at the antiferromagnetic wave vector (0.5,0.5,14) indicates an
excitation located at 40 meV which corresponds to the so-called magnetic resonance peak as observed
at E
r
~5.4k
B
T
c
in the superconducting state of optimally doped and overdoped Bi-2212 [6-9].


[1] For a review, M. Eschrig, Adv. Phys. 55, 47 (2006).
[2] J.S. Wen et al, J. Crystal Growth 310, 1401 (2008).
[3] B. Liang, C.T. Lin, J. Crystal Growth 237 (2002) 756.
[4] D. B. Mitzi, L. W. Lombardo, and A. Kapitulnik, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6564 (1990).
[5] B. Liang, C.T. Lin, A. Maljuk, Y. Yan, J. Crystal Growth 366, 254 (2002).
[6] H.F. Fong et al, Nature 398, 588 (1999).
[7] H.F. He et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1610 (2001).
[8] L. Capogna et al, Phys. Rev. B 75, 060502(R) (2007).
[9] B. Fauqué et al., Phys. Rev. B 76, 214512 (2007).




S-P-116

Effect of Y
2
BaCuO
5
precursor refinement on the critical current density of liquid infiltration
growth processed YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-y
bulk superconductors

A. MAHMOOD
1, 2
, B. H. JUN
1
and C. J. KIM
1


1
Neutron Science Division, Superconductivity Research Laboratory, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI),
Daejon 305-353, Korea
2
University of Science and Technology (UST), Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-333, Korea
asifmahmoodawan@hotmail.com


We have succeeded in enhancing the critical current density (J
c
) of liquid infiltrated Y-Ba-Cu-
O (YBCO) bulk superconductors by employing the attrition milled Y
2
BaCuO
5
(Y211) powder as a
precursor. The milling time was optimized by milling the precursor powder for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 h at a
rotation speed of 400 rpm using ZrO
2
balls in ethanol. Single-grain YBCO samples up to 20 mm in
diameter were fabricated from the precursors containing milled Y211 powders. The microstructure
investigation was done by an optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) for
the polished/etched surfaces of the infiltrated samples. The magnetization curves of the rectangular
samples with the dimensions of about 2x2.5x2 mm
3
were obtained at 77 K and H//c-axis using a
superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. For oxygen embedding in
YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-x
(Y123) samples, the infiltrated YBCO samples were annealed at 500
o
C for 300 h in
flowing oxygen.
The microstructure analysis revealed that the infiltrated samples exhibited a significantly lower
porosity and crack free surfaces. A refinement and uniform distribution of the Y211 particles in the
Y123 phase matrix were achieved by using the attrition milled Y211 powder. The J
c
of the YBCO
bulk superconductors fabricated in this study were observed to correlate well with the attrition milling
time of the Y211 precursor powder. The J
c
increased with the increase of milling time and reached to a
maximum for the sample prepared using powder milled for 8 h without any degradation of
superconducting transition temperature.
It is concluded that the attrition milling of the precursor powder has a beneficial effect on the
morphology, the size and the distribution of Y211 inclusions, leading to microstructural and pinning
improvements.










S-P-117

Milling effect of Y
2
BaCuO
5
precursor powder with 1 wt.% CeO
2
addition on the critical current
density of liquid infiltration growth processed YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7-y
bulk superconductors

A. MAHMOOD
1, 2
, B- H. JUN
1
, Y. H. HAN
3
and C- J. KIM
1


1
Neutron Science Division, Superconductivity Research Laboratory, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI),
Daejon 305-353, Korea
2
University of Science and Technology (UST), Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-333, Korea
3
Superconductivity and Application Group, Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-380, Korea
asifmahmoodawan@hotmail.com


We have succeeded in enhancing the critical current density (J
c
) of liquid infiltration growth
(LIG) processed Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) bulk superconductors by employing the milled Y
2
BaCuO
5

(Y211) powder as a starting material. The Y211 precursor powder having 1 wt.% CeO
2
addition was
milled for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 h at a rotation speed of 400 rpm using ZrO
2
balls in ethanol. All the Y211
green compacts were sintered at 1200
o
C for 2 h in air prior to the LIG process. The microstructure
investigation was done by an optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) for
the polished/etched surfaces of the infiltrated samples. For the measurement of superconducting
properties, the infiltrated YBCO samples with the dimensions of about 2.5x2x1 mm
3
were annealed at
500
o
C for 300 h in flowing oxygen. The magnetization curves of the rectangular samples were
obtained at 77 K and H//c-axis using a magnetic property measurement system (MPMS).
The microstructure analysis revealed that the infiltrated samples exhibited a significantly lower
porosity in the sample prepared using 8 h milled powder as compared to other samples. A refinement
and uniform distribution of the Y211 particles in the Y123 matrix varied as a function of milling time.
A relatively high density and uniform distribution of Y211 inclusions were in the sample prepared
using 8 h milled powder. The J
c
of the LIG processed YBCO bulk superconductors achieved was
dependent on the milling time for the Y211 precursor powder. The J
c
increased with the increase of
milling time and reached to a maximum for 8 h without any degradation of superconducting transition
temperature.
The results strongly indicate that the introduction of milled Y211 precursor powder having 1
wt.% CeO
2
addition as well as sintering at high temperature prior to the LIG process has valuable
effects on the microstructure and the superconducting properties of single-domain YBCO bulk
superconductors.

Acknowledgement

This research was supported from Electric Power Industry Technology Evaluation & Planning
(ETEP) Center, Republic of Korea.







S-P-118

Superconductivity in Undoped Diamond-like BC
3
Phase

A.K.M.A. ISLAM, M. M. ALI, F. PARVIN and M. AFTABUZZAMAN

Department of Physics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, BANGLADESH
azi46@ru.ac.bd


Two possible phases of superhard material BC
3
originating from the cubic diamond structure
are investigated by ab initio pseudopotential density functional method using generalized gradient
approximation (GGA). We calculate their structural properties, elastic constants, electronic band
structure, and density of states (DOS). The phonon frequencies, electron-phonon coupling constant and
possible superconducting T
c
of the metallic phase with tetragonal symmetry (t-BC
3
, space group m P 2 4 )
formed by alternately stacking sequence of metallic CBC block and insulating CCC block have also
been investigated. The calculated electron-phonon coupling = 0.66 and the logarithmically-averaged
ln
,= 763 cm
-1
show superconductivity for the undoped t-BC
3
at T
c
= 17.5 K.

















S-P-119

Reversible and irreversible properties of MgB
2
Samples Doped with Al

A.F. SALEM
1
, KH. A. ZIQ
1
and A.A. BAHGAT
2


1
Department of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, SAUDI ARABIA
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, EGYPT
afsalem@kfupm.edu.sa


Samples of Mg
1-x
Al
x
B
2
(x = 0, 0.025, 0.045, 0.065, 0.14 and 0.27) were prepared by solid state
reaction method. Magnetization measurements were performed at various temperatures below T
c
and
in fields up to 9 T using VSM. The transition temperature has been found to decrease with Al content.
Two slopes of T
c
vs x were observed; a small slope of T
c
for low doping levels of Al (i.e. 2.5 %, 4.5 %
and 6.5%) in comparison with a steeper drop at high Al-concentrations (14% and 27%).
The irreversible properties have been studied using Beans critical state model: in particular, the
critical current density (J
c
) and the pinning force (P
f
) have been evaluated.
The reversible magnetization has been used to calculate the thermodynamic critical field (H
c
).
Based on the behavior of H
c
for different samples at different temperatures, we managed to calculate
the jump in the electronic specific heat, the lower energy gap, strength of coupling and the electronic
density of states near the Fermi level.
As far as the lower energy gap is concerned, the samples with low Al-concentration have
almost the same gap. However, the 14 % shows a large energy gap then 27 % shows the smallest gap.
Our results are compared with direct measurements done by others using high resolution scanning
tunneling spectroscopy (STS) [1].
The coupling in the pure sample, lies overall above the zero line which makes it just in the
strong phonon coupling region. The addition of Al weakens the phonon coupling, ultimately becoming
weak coupling superconductor.
The density of states near Fermi level found to decrease as the Al-concentration increases. This
is one of the reasons of the decrease of the transition temperature according to the BCS theory.
In the intermediate field region, beyond the maxima in the pinning force, low Al-doping (<5%)
causes increase in both the critical current density and the pinning force values. However, higher Al-
concentrations lead to a gradual reduction in both the critical current density and the pinning force.
A new scaling approach has been applied to obtain a universal behavior for both J
c
and P
f
. This
approach is based on vortex core energy (which is related to H
c
2
).



[1] F. Giubileo, F. Bobba, A. Scarfato, A. M. Cucolo, A. Kohen, D. Roditchev, N. D. Zhigadlo,
and J. Karpiniski, Phys. Rev. B 76, 024507 (2007).







S-P-120

New superconducting Tl-based 1212 cuprates containing selenium (Tl
1-x
Se
x
)Sr
2
CaCu
2
O
7-δ


A.N. ELDEWIK
1
, M.M. HAMZA
1
and F.S. RAZAVI
2


1
Chemistry Dept., Faculty of Science, 7
th
of April University, Zawia, LIBYA
2
Dept. of Physics, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, L2S 3A1 CANADA
beldewik@7aprilu.edu.ly


New superconducting layered cuprates of the 1212 phase have been synthesized in the (Tl
1-x
Se
x
)
Sr
2
Ca Cu
2
O
7- δ
system using sol–gel process. X-ray diffraction study shows that the almost-single
phase samples are obtained within a region of 0.0≤x ≤ 0.4. The sample with x = 0.0, 0.1 and 0.3 shows
a semiconductor-like behavior down to 10K. For the sample with x = 0.2 and 0.4 are superconductor
materials with T
c
72K, and 82K respectively. The crystal structure of sample with x = 0 has a
tetragonal symmetry with the lattice parameters of a = 0.378 nm and c = 1.209 nm.

















S-P-121

Effective surface resistance of superconductors: Numerical simulation

I.O. HAMZA
1
and O. YILDIRIM
2

1
Ordu cad. Sehit Fikret Sogutler Sk. Enes Apt. No: 20/5 Bahcelievler, Istanbul, TURKEY
2
Istanbul Kultur Universitesi, Incirli Yerleskesi, Incirli, Bakırkoy, Istanbul, TURKEY
ilknurhamza@gmail.com & o.yildirim@iku.edu.tr


As it is well-known, the materials may be characterized as dielectrics, semiconductors,
magnetic materials and so on by means of electromagnetic waves. In other words, the material
properties such as permitivity, permeability, mobility, and surface impedance can be depicted by using
electromagnetic properties of the material. Dielectric properties of materials have been widely used in
a variety of applications ranging from medical devices to space technologies. This research deals with
the electromagnetic methods for material properties characterization that has used in many disciplines.
It is noted that the accurate measurements of the surface resistance of high temperature
superconductors are essential for the development and commercialization of the next generation of
high performance industrial systems. For example, a superconductor wire which works at at high
temperature offers high power density and high efficiency compared to conventional copper wire.
Similarly, superconductor generators offer higher efficiencies than conventional machines over their
full range of operation.
In this research we discuss the effective surface resistance of superconductor through numerical
simulations including the properties of the various types of superconductors used in commercial
systems. The results indicate that the effects of the substrate on the measured surface resistance of
superconducting layer must be taken into account.













S-P-122

Microwave Surface Impedance of κ-(BEDT-TTF)
2
Cu[N(CN)
2
]Br Single Crystals

A.F. SHEVCHUN
1
and M.R. TRUNIN
1,2

1
Institute of Solid State Physics RAS, Chernogolovka, RUSSIA
2
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, RUSSIA
trunin@issp.ac.ru


We have performed accurate microwave measurements of the in-plane surface impedance
Z
ac
(T)=R
ac
(T)+iX
ac
(T) on two single crystals of organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-
TTF)
2
Cu[N(CN)
2
]Br in the temperature range 0.5 K ≤ T ≤ 100 K. The crystals have the approximate
dimensions 0.5×0.5×0.05 mm
3
. To measure the surface impedance Z
ac
we employed a ―hot-finger‖
cavity perturbation technique at a frequency of 28 GHz.
In the normal state we find the temperature dependence of resistivity ρ
ac
(T). Just above T
c
=12
K, we obtain ρ
ac
(13 K)=170 μΩ cm. At temperatures about 45 K the normal state skin-depth δ(T) is
comparable with the sample thickness, and the shape of the ρ
ac
(T) curves is influenced by the size
effect.
In the superconducting state the in-plane penetration depth λ
ac
(0) = 0.7 μm is determined. The
observed linear temperature dependence Δλ
ac
(T) ~ T at T<T
c
/3 indicates d-wave order parameter
symmetry in this compound.


Figure1. Temperature dependence of the surface impedance components R
ac
(T) and X
ac
(T) in the
crystal. Inset : (a) In-plane resistivity ρ
ac
(T). (b) Penetration depth λ
ac
(T) at low temperatures.





S-P-123

Size effect of insulating nano-inclusions in Y-Ba-Cu-O bulk superconductors fabricated by
seeded infiltration growth

NAHED MOUTALBI
1
, ALI M‘CHIRGUI
1
and JACQUES G. NOUDEM
2


1
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, 7021 Zarzouna Bizerte TUNISIA
2
CRISMAT Laboratory, CNRS UMR 6508 ENSICAEN/CNRS et Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, 6 Bd Maréchal
Juin, F-14050 Caen Cedex 04 FRANCE
nahed.moutalbi@yahoo.fr


The generation of effective artificial pinning centers can contribute to the enhancement of
pinning capability and the improvement of J
c
performance under high magnetic fields. We have
conducted an experimental study on the effect of the pinning centers size on the superconducting
properties in textured YBCO samples. In this work, we investigated the effectiveness of an insulating
inclusion addition on superconducting and magnetic properties of textured YBCO bulk materials. The
purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the size of artificial pinning centers is able to affect the
superconducting properties of our samples. To this effect insulating nano-pinning centers with two
different size distributions have been successfully incorporated within YBCO matrix of bulk
superconductor by slightly doping with nano-particle alumina dispersions. Two alumina nano-particle
dispersions with mean size diameters of about 20nm and 130nm were used. The microstructure and
superconducting properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and SQUID.
The results indicate that slight inclusions of nano-alumina can greatly enhance the flux pinning
capability of samples. This study underlines the dependence of the pinning force on the size of the
pinning centers. We have found that the size of the pinning centers can affect considerably the J
c

performance in high magnetic fields. Our results provide a new insight towards understanding the
effect of the pinning size that can improve superconducting properties. An improved experimental and
theoretical understanding of the effect of the size of the pinning centers on the pinning force could
permit the design of the optimal size of the pinning center and lead to the achievement of a high
critical current density J
c
in high magnetic field.











S-P-124

The YBa
2
Cu
3
O
7
-based film with defect comprised of self-assembled nanoinclusions

O. BOYTSOVA
1
, S. SAMOILENKOV
2
, V. AMELICHEV
3
, RUDNEV
4
and A. KAUL
3


1
Materials Sciences Department, Moscow State University, RUSSIA

2
Institute of High Temperature RAS, RUSSIA
3
Department of Chemistry,Moscow State University, RUSSIA
4
Moscow State Ingineering Physics Institute, RUSSIA
boytsova@gmail.com


Significant research activity of recent years is focused on processing of YBCO (or RBCO)
films containing nano-sized non-superconducting inclusions of secondary phases, which can act as
pinning centers. Special attention is paid to inclusions of oxides with perovskite structure, such as
BaZrO
3
[1], BaSnO
3
[2] and BaHfO
3
[3]. The critical current of YBCO superconducting coatings in
external magnetic field can be enhanced by incorporating high density of extended nanometer-sized
defects to act as pinning centers for magnetic vortexes. One particular variant involves the deposition
superconducting film with columnar defects comprised of self-assembled BaZrO
3
, BaSnO
3
or BaHfO
3

nanoinclusions. Here we report the results of our study of YBCO films with different inclusions
prepared by MOCVD. For the first time, we succeeded in growth of YBCO films with oriented
nanoinclusions of BaCeO
3
phase and demonstrate that it does not reduce T
c
of YBCO, in contrast to
BaZrO
3
or BaSnO
3
. The best composite thin films revealed the T
c
value of about 88K and critical
current density at 77K above 1MA/cm
2
in self-field and around 0.3 MA/cm
2
in 1 T (B//c)




[1] Goyal Aet al. Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, 1533 (2005)
[2] Varanasi C V, Barnes P N, Burke J, Brunke L et al Supercond.Sci.Technol,. 19, L37 (2006).
[3] Engel S, Thersleff T, Hühne R, Schultz L and Holzapfel B Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 102505 (2007).











S-P-125

Spin and Phase dynamics in Ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

I. PETKOVIC
1
, M. APRILI
1
, S. BARNES
2,3
and S. MAEKAWA
4,5

1
Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, University Paris-Sud, CNRS, UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay, France.
2
Theory of Condensed Matter Group, Cavendish Laboratory, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK.
3
Physics Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA.
4
Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan.

5
CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan.


We‘ll present two experiments on the coupled dynamics of the superconducting and
ferromagnetic order parameters. More precisely, we will focus on the effect of spin waves on the
phase dynamics of ferromagnetic Josephson junctions. We identify a coupling that arises within the
Fraunhofer interferential description of the Josephson effect, because the magnetic layer acts as a time
dependent phase plate. We show that the ac-Josephson current excites the ferromagnetic resonance
(FMR) that in turn reduces the Josephson current. Therefore a spinwave resonance at a frequency w
s
implies a dissipation that is reflected as a depression in the current-voltage curve of the Josephson
junction when hw
s
=2eV. Furthermore this dynamical coupling may originate hybrid spin and
electromagnetic modes in large area junctions in which the electromagnetic cavity modes have energy
comparable with the spin-waves. We have investigated the dispersion law of these modes by
measuring their strength as functions of the external applied magnetic field in a way similar to that
usually employed for the Fiske‘s steps in non-magnetic Josephson tunnel junctions.



This work was in part supported by CREST of JST, and EPSRC(UK)




















MAGNETISM












INVITED TALKS















M-I-001

New coherence effects in magnetism: Nanometer-size qubits and spin-orbit qubits

B. BARBARA

Institut Néel, CNRS,
and
Institut Nanosciences et Cryogénie, CEA, Grenoble FRANCE


Rabi oscillations have been recently observed for the first time in two new species of magnetic
materials: the Single Molecular Magnets (SMMs) and the Rare-Earth ions (REs).
The SMM consisted of of 3d-transition metal ion V
15
clusters embedded in a self-organized
non-magnetic environment. Coherence times
__
on the microsecond scale despite huge Hilbert space
dimensions
__
have been studied vs molecule concentration showing the interplay between intra-
molecular nuclear-spin decoherence and inter-molecular electronic spin decoherence.
The Rare-Earth ions

are simple paramagnetic ions (Gd
3+
, Ho
3+
, Er
3+
, Yb
3+
…) diluted in a non-
magnetic matrix (YLiF
4
, CaWO
4
…). Coherence times
__
reaching in some cases the milli-second scale
despite strong spin-orbit coupling favoring spin-lattice decoherence
__
have been studied vs field
orientation evidencing highly anisotropic Rabi frequencies resulting from their coupling with the
environmental crystal-field. The REs spin qubits, involving a strong spin-orbit coupling, can be called
―spin-orbit qubits‖.
The nanometer-size SMMs qubits would be particularly important in the case of self-organized one- or
two-dimensional supramolecular networks, where well separated magnetic species could be addressed
selectively, whereas the anisotropic behavior of Rabi oscillations of REs ions could be used for a new
type of spin manipulations using applied field vectors.

























M-I-002

Reversible Strain Dependence of Ferroic Orders in Oxide Films

K. DÖRR
1
, A. D. RATA
1
, A. HERKLOTZ
1
, O. BILANI-ZENELI
1
, M. C. DEKKER
1
, L. SCHULTZ
1
,
M. REIBOLD
2
, M. D. BIEGALSKI
3
and H. M. CHRISTEN
3


1
IFW Dresden, Postfach 270116, 01171 Dresden, Germany
2
University of Technology Dresden, Triebenberglabor, Dresden, Germany
3
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, PO Box 2008, Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge,
TN 37831, USA
k.doerr@ifw-dresden.de


Mechanical strain is an efficient tool to control electronic properties in particular in strongly
correlated oxides with ferroelectric or magnetic orders. Recent advances in ab initio theory and
simulations of domain patterns provided meaningful predictions of strain dependences in
ferroelectrics. Even though efficient strain control is achieved by epitaxial growth on slightly
mismatching substrates, the reversible strain is a favourable complementary technique especially for
microstructure-dependent properties such as coercive fields or electrical conduction.

We investigate the continuous control of biaxial in-plane strain in epitaxial oxide perovskite
films and multilayers on piezoelectric substrates of Pb(Mg
1/3
Nb
2/3
)
0.72
Ti
0.28
O
3
(001) (PMN-PT) by
thorough structure analysis using x-ray diffraction. Reversible strain experiments conducted in two
classes of materials will be discussed. (i) The doped LaCoO
3
family is known for a pressure-dependent
spin state of the Co ions. We investigate the strain-dependent magnetization and electrical transport of
(La,Sr)CoO
3
films to explore the strain control of the Co magnetic moment. (ii) The ferroelectric
polarization loops of epitaxial BiFeO
3
and PbZr
0.48
Ti
0.52
O
3
films in reversibly controlled strain states
are analysed. A strong and unusual strain dependence of the BiFeO
3
coercivity suggests crucial impact
of strain on switching kinetics (domain nucleation or wall motion).





















M-I-003

ZnO-based diluted magnetic semiconductors for spintronic applications

N. AKDOGAN

Gebze Institute of Technology, Department of Physics
Nanomagnetism and Spintronic Research Center (NASAM), TURKEY
akdogan@gyte.edu.tr


Diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) are promising candidates for spintronic applications
at ambient temperatures, provided that their Curie temperature (T
C
) is far enough above room
temperature. Therefore, a number of different semiconductor hosts have been investigated to test their
magnetic properties. In particular, the calculations of Dietl et al. [1] were the first to indicate that Mn-
doped ZnO could exhibit ferromagnetism above room temperature. Later, Sato et al. have also
investigated ZnO-based DMS by ab initio electronic structure calculations and reported ferromagnetic
ordering of 3d transition metal ions in ZnO [2]. These theoretical predictions initiated an outburst of
experimental activities of TM-doped ZnO. Actually, some of these studies indeed claim ferromagnetic
signals above room temperature. However, the origin of ferromagnetism in this system is still under
debate.
In this talk, I present a corresponding detailed study of the structural and magnetic properties of
a Co-implanted ZnO film grown on a sapphire substrate. The structural data indicate a Co cluster
formation in the sapphire substrate close to the ZnO/Al
2
O
3
interface. However, no indication of
clustering in the ZnO layer has been found. The XAS data with a multiplet structure around the Co L
3

edge clearly shows that the implanted cobalt ions are in the Co
2+
oxidation state in Co-implanted ZnO
film. The magnetization measurements show that there are two magnetic phases in the Co-implanted
ZnO/Al
2
O
3
films. One is the ferromagnetic phase due to the Co substitution on Zn sites in the ZnO
host matrix and the second magnetic phase originates from Co clusters in the sapphire substrate.
Furthermore, we have found very high magnetic moment of 2.81 µB per substituted cobalt atom with a
very high Curie temperature (T
C
>>400 K) in Co-implanted ZnO film [3]. The six-fold in-plane
magnetic anisotropy of the FMR signal has been observed for the first time in ZnO-based diluted
magnetic semiconductors is also a clear indication for long range ferromagnetic ordering between
substitutional cobalt ions in the single-crystalline ZnO films [4].




[1] T. Dietl, H. Ohno, F. Matsukura, J. Cibert, and D. Ferrand, Science, 287, 1019 (2000).
[2] K. Sato and H. Katayama-Yoshida, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L334 (2001).
[3] N. Akdogan, A. Nefedov, K. Westerholt, H. Zabel, H. W. Becker, C. Somsen, R. Khaibullin, L.
Tagirov, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 165001 (2008).
[4] N. Akdogan, B. Rameev, S. Guler, O. Ozturk, B. Aktas, H. Zabel, R. Khaibullin, and L. Tagirov,
Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 102502 (2009).








M-I-004

Large magnetoresistance in half-metallic Heusler alloy Co
2
MnSi-based current-perpendicular-
to-plane magnetoresistive devices

K. TAKANASHI, Y. SAKURABA, K. IZUMI, S. BOSU and K. SAITO

1
Institute for Materials Research (IMR), Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, JAPAN
koki@imr.tohoku.ac.jp


Half-metallic materials have an energy band gap at the Fermi level only in the up or down spin-
channel. Therefore, a large spin-asymmetry of electron scattering, i.e., large difference between electrical
resistances for the up and down spin-electrons, is anticipated in current-perpendicular-to-plane (CPP) giant
magnetoresistance (GMR) devices. CPP-GMR devices consist of only metallic layers, therefore they attract
much interest as a next generation magnetic read head for higher-density hard disk drives (HDDs) above
the 1Tbit/inch
2
class because of their small resistance per unit area (RA) suitable for high-speed reading.
Recently, our group has intensively studied CPP-GMR properties and interlayer exchagne coupling in
epitaxial trilayer structures using half-metallic Heusler alloy Co
2
MnSi(CMS) and Cr interlayer.[1-3] In this
study, we fabricated the CPP-GMR devices with fully-epitaxial CMS/Ag/CMS structures and
systematically investigated the magneto-transport properties compared with those in CMS/Cr/CMS.
CMS/Ag/CMS epitaxial trilayer films were prepared by UHV-compatible magnetron sputtering.
Both top and bottom CMS layers were annealed at 350 or 500°C. The films were patterned into CPP-type
pillar structure with the size of 50 x 100 nm
2
to 300 x 600 nm
2
via micro-fabrication process. CPP-GMR
characteristics were investigated by a DC 4-probe method.
For the quantitative estimation of spin-asymmetries in CMS/Cr/CMS and CMS/Ag/CMS devices,
we investigated the CMS thickness dependence of ARA before and after annealing (Fig.1). CMS layers
were annealed at 350°C in both samples. As a result of fitting based on Valét-Fert model[4], bulk and
interfacial spin-asymmetries, | and ¸, were evaluated to be 0.72 and 0.51, respectively, at RT for the
CMS/Cr/CMS. Interestingly, ¸ was clearly large (~ 0.73) in the CMS/Ag/CMS compared to that in the
CMS/Cr/CMS. Furthermore, It was also found that | drastically increased to about 0.9 at low temperature
in both CMS/Ag/CMS and CMS/Cr/CMS.





In the CMS/Ag/CMS devices annealed at
500°C, we found the highest MR ratio of 29.3% at RT
and 62.1% at 100K [5], which were much larger than
those observed in the CMS/Cr/CMS (8% at RT, 17%
at 10 K). The large MR ratio in CMS/Ag/CMS was
achieved by the above-mentioned large interface spin-
asymmetery which is due to good electrical band
matching of majority spin-band at the CMS/Ag
interface. Annealing temperature dependence of |,
¸ and the MR ratio will be also discussed.

[1] K. Yakushiji et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 222504
(2006).
[2] Y. Sakuraba et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 012511
(2009).
[3] H. Wang et al. 90, 142510, (2007).
[4] T. Valét and A. Fert, Phys. Rev. B, 69, 144413
(2004).
[5] T. Iwase et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 2, 063003 (2009)

Fig. 1. CMS thickness dependence of ARA in
CMS/ Cr/CMS and CMS/Ag/CMS devices.
The solid and dash lines are fitting results
based on ref. [4].



M-I-005

Biomagnetite: A promising nanoparticle and biomarker?

C. JIMENEZ-LOPEZ
1
, T. PEREZ-GONZALEZ
1
, C.VALVERDE-TERCEDOR
1
, T. PROZOROV
2

and D.A. BAZYLINSKI
3


1
Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Granada. Avda. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, SPAIN
2
US DOE Ames Laboratory, Ames 50011, IA
3
School of Life Sciences, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4004 USA
cjl@ugr.es


Magnetite, ferrous-ferric oxide (Fe
3
O
4
), is a commonly-occurring mineral on Earth usually found in
many modern and ancient environments including sediments, soils and even meteorites. This mineral can
be produced either inorganically or biologically by a number of organisms, from prokaryotic
microorganisms to possibly humans. The biomineralization of magnetite by prokaryotes can be separated
into two mechanistic modes: 1) biologically induced mineralization (BIM), and 2) biologically controlled
mineralization (BCM) [1]. In general, BIM is a result of changes in the chemistry of the culture media
induced by the metabolic activity of microorganisms (mainly dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria), also
helped by the fact that these microorganisms provide surfaces such as cell walls, membranes, debris and/or
polymeric materials, which act as important sites for the adsorption of ions and subsequent mineral
nucleation and growth. For both these reasons, BIM minerals are deposited external to the cell and share
much of the features of the inorganic precipitates [2], although it has been shown that some incorporate
organics within the crystal structure that alter such an structure [3]. On the contrary, BCM magnetites are
precipitated intracellularly as membrane-bounded structures called magnetosomes, suggesting that the
organism exerts a significant degree of control (probably genetic) over the nucleation and growth of the
crystals and thus, over the composition, size, habit, and intracellular location of the particles [4]. These
magnetites have unique crystal morphologies and a narrow size range, leading to their use as
magnetofossils and in nanotechnology. On one hand, and regarding the use of magnetite as a biomarker,
because of the discovery of nanometer-sized crystals of magnetite in the Martian meteorite ALH84001,
there is currently great debate over what criteria to use in the determination of whether natural magnetite
crystals are biogenic or not. In the last decade, new criteria have been established and new tools and
technologies are been developing to be able to recognize the origin of specific types of magnetite. On the
other hand, and since the nanotechnological applications of magnetite nanoparticles range from quantum
computing to cancer therapy, the synthesis of nanometer-sized magnetic particles has became one of the
most promising fields of applied nanotechnology and is a rapidly growing business that generates millions
of dollars. Magnetite biomineralization processes are a topic of intense study, due to the fact that, while
magnetotactic bacteria are able to produce magnetites that are structurally perfect, single domains, with
narrow size distribution, the production of such a magnetites by chemical means can be challenging.
Some factors not considered so far, like the presence of organics in the environment, cations
different to iron, and the presence of a magnetic field are able to alter the structure, chemical composition
and magnetic properties of magnetites and should be considered, on one hand when trying to recognize the
origin (biogenic/inorganic) of natural magnetites and, on the other hand, when trying to tune the magnetic
properties of magnetites to produce particles with novel magnetic properties.

[1] R. B. Frankel and D. A. Bazylinski, Rev. Mineral. Geochem., 54, 217-247 (2003).
[2] D. A. Bazylinski, R. B. Frankel and K. O. Konhauser, Geomicrobiol. J., 24, 465-475 (2007).
[3] T. Perez-Gonzalez, C. Jimenez-Lopez, et al., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (in press) (2009).
[4] D. A. Bazylinski and R. B. Frankel, Rev. Mineral. Geochem., 54, 95-114 (2003).



M-I-006

Iron et al.: The incorporation of manganese into the crystal lattice of magnetosome magnetite

T. PROZOROV
1
, T. PEREZ-GONZALEZ
2,3
, C. JIMENEZ-LOPEZ
2
,
D. A. BAZYLINSKI
3
, S. K. MALLAPRAGADA
1,4
and R. PROZOROV
1,5


1
US DOE Ames Laboratory, Ames IA 50011, USA
2
Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Granada. Avda. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, SPAIN
3
School of Life Sciences, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
4
Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
5
Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames IA 50011, USA
tprozoro@ameslab.gov


The synthesis of nanometer-sized magnetic particles, through variety of methods represents one
of the most promising fields of applied nanotechnology,and is a rapidly growing business that
generates millions of dollars. The biomineralization of magnetotactic bacterial magnetite nanoparticles
is a topic of intense research due to the particles‘ well-ordered crystal structure, narrow size range and
consistent species-specific morphologies and, as a consequence of these features, their well-defined
magnetic properties [1].
It has long been thought possible to influence the biomineralization of magnetite by controlling
culture conditions of magnetotactic and dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria in the presence of metal
ions other than iron, in order to produce magnetic nanocrystals of complex stoichiometry with novel
magnetic properties. Recently, the incorporation of small amounts of cobalt and manganese in
magnetosome magnetite crystals in cultured and uncultured magnetotactic bacteria, respectively, was
reported [2]. Magnetic properties of the uncultured cells and their magnetosomes were not determined
while only very small changes in the magnetic properties of the cultured cells grown with cobalt and
their magnetosomes were observed. In addition, there was little to no evidence to show that these
metals were actually incorporated into the crystal lattice [2].
In the presented work, we grew cells of a magnetotactic bacterium, Magnetospirillum
gryphiswaldense strain MSR-1, in the presence of manganese, ruthenium, zinc and vanadium. While
cells grown in the presence of these ions exhibited changes in the number of magnetosomes per cell
and magnetosome size, only manganese was incorporated within the magnetosome magnetite crystals
[3]. We demonstrate, for the first time, that the magnetic properties of magnetite crystals of
magnetotactic bacteria can be significantly altered, as signaled by a major shift in the Verwey
transition, by the incorporation of metal ions, other than iron, in the crystal structure [3].





[1] R. B. Frankel, D. A. Bazylinski, Nanobiotechnology, 136 (2004).
[2] S. Staniland et al., Nature Nanotechnology 3, 158 (2008).
[3] T. Prozorov et al., Advanced Functional Materials, (2009, submitted).







M-I-007

On chip manipulation of biological entities carried by magnetic beads via domain wall conduits

R. BERTACCO
1
, M. DONOLATO
1
, A. TORTI
1
, D. PETTI
1
, M. DERYABINA
2
, M.F.HANSEN
2
,
V. METLUSHKO
3
and P. VAVASSORI
4

1
L-NESS – Dipartimento di Fisica Politecnico di Milano, Via Anzani 42, 22100 Como ITALY
2
DTU Nanotech, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby DENMARK
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 USA
4
CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian, SPAIN
riccardo.bertacco@polimi.it


A novel method, based on magnetic domain wall conduits, for the manipulation (capture,
transport, accumulation and release) of nanometric magnetic particles in suspension with active control
of position (at the nm scale) and time, is presented. In respect to other approaches for manipulation of
nano-particles, [1,2] our method represents a breakthrough because it combines the true single nano-
particle manipulation ability at the nanoscale and the compatibility with lab-on-chip applications
(patent application VI2009A000026).
Magnetic nanoparticles are captured by the stray field of a
magnetic domain walls (DWs) in nanoscale magnetic strips
(conduits) and their transport and release is obtained via
precise control over DW nucleation, displacement, and
annihilation processes through application of external
magnetic fields. This can be obtained in conduits made of
rectilinear segments (zig-zag), thus implementing a stepper
motor for the digital motion of magnetic particles (Fig. 1), or
in curved conduits allowing for a continuous motion with
precise control of the particle position with a precision of the
order of 100 nm. Pulsed magnetic fields with duration of 100
us in the case of the zig-zag conduits, or continuous rotating
fields in the case of circular rings, are applied through an
electromagnet monitoring in real time the beads
displacement using an optical microscope.

Because magnetic particles with functionalized
surfaces are commonly used as molecule carriers or labels,
our approach holds potential for several intriguing applications including single molecule or cell
manipulation, bioseparation and biomagnetic sensing.
As an example of application in this paper we present the manipulation of beads coated with
streptavidin, protein A and fluorescent antibodies (Anti-streptavidin-Cy3), as well as pairs of beads
bound by chemical affinity between streptavidin and fluorescent antibodies. Furthermore, cell
manipulation and real time remotely programmable transport in networks including bifurcations are
demonstrated.


[1] De Vries, A. H. B., Krenny, B. E., van Driel, R. & Kanger, J. S. Biophys. J. 88, 2137 (2005)
[2] Conroy, R. S., Zabow, G., Moreland, J. & Koretsky, A. P. Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 203901 (2008).


Fig. 1: Zig-zag conduit and potential
well for a magnetic bead, originating
from the stray field from the DW.


M-I-008

Spark plasma sintered NdFeB-based nanocomposite hard magnets with enhanced magnetic
properties

UN. LUPUU
1
, M. GRIGORAS
1
, M. LOSTUN
1,2
and H. CHIRIAC
1


1
National Institute of Research and Development for Technical Physics, 700050 Iasi, ROMANIA
2
”Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Physics, 700506 Iasi, ROMANIA
nicole@phys-iasi.ro

Nanocomposite RE-Fe-B permanent magnets mainly consist of a fine mixture of RE
2
Fe
14
B
hard magnetic phase and one magnetically soft component with high saturation magnetization (most
commonly Fe-based), exchange coupled [1]. Recent work proved the important role played by
magnetostatic interactions in the increase of the nucleation and coercive field values of nanocomposite
permanent magnets in the detriment of the exchange coupled interactions [2].
In this paper, we will discuss our results on the magnetic properties of nanocomposite magnets
prepared by SPS method from mixtures of ball-milled powders of non-stoichiometric Nd-Fe-B
nanocrystalline melt-spun ribbons and Fe-based or Co-based crystalline or amorphous alloys. Non-
stoichiometric Nd
15
Fe
79
B
6
and Nd
16
Fe
78
B
6
nanocrystalline melt-spun ribbons as well as Fe
2
Co
crystalline melt-spun ribbons having thicknesses of 25 µm and widths of 3-5 mm were prepared.
Fe
77.5
Si
7.5
B
15
and Co
68.25
Fe
4.5
Si
12.25
B
15
amorphous wires of 100-125 µm in diameter have been
prepared by in-rotating water quenching method. The ribbons and wires have been further used as
precursors to prepare powders by high-energy ball-milling. The size of the micropowders varied
between 5 and 150 µm, depending on the milling time. Commercial Fe based micropowders (below 10
µm in diameter) have been used, too. The powders have been mixed in different weight ratios, placed
into a graphite die, and then sintered under vacuum by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) technique at 2
different pressures of 50 and 70 MPa, respectively, applied during the heating to 600
0
C. The
specimens were 1 mm in diameter and 1-2 mm in thickness.
The addition of FeSiB and CoFeSiB soft magnetic powders increases the remanent
magnetization of the SPS magnets from 4.8-5 to 6.2-6.5 kG, whilst the estimated maximum energy
product is also increased from 6-6.5 to 9.6-10.6 MGOe. The optimum magnetic properties were
obtained for NdFeB/Fe nanocomposite magnets consolidated at an applied pressure of 50 MPa: B
r
=
6.6 kG,
i
H
c
= 18.5 kOe and (BH)
max
= 10.9 MGOe for Nd
15
Fe
79
B
6
-5Fe and respectively B
r
= 6.4 kG,
i
H
c
= 17.5 kOe and (BH)
max
= 10.2 MGOe for Nd
16
Fe
78
B
6
-4Fe. Whereas Fe
2
Co ball-milled powders
have B
s
= 22 kG, their mixture with NdFeB followed by SPS consolidation leads to moderated values
of the magnetic characteristics (measured at 3 T), i.e. B
s
= 7.4 kG, B
r
= 5.7 kG,
i
H
c
= 20.0 kOe and
(BH)
max
= 8.1 MGOe for 4 wt.% addition of Fe
2
Co and an applied pressure of 50 Mpa. The profile of
the demagnetizing curves is smoother for SPS nanocomposite magnets compared with ball-milled
powders, being an indication of a cooperative process in which both exchange-coupling between
grains and magnetostatic interactions between the powders of hard and soft magnetic materials are
present. All these aspects will be discussed in detail considering the composition and ratio of the
mixed powders, as well as the compaction parameters.

Support from the Romanian NUCLEU Programme (Project PN 09-43 02 01) is highly
acknowledged.

[1] E.F. Kneller, R. Hawig, IEEE Trans. Magn. 27, 3588 (1991).
[2] A.M. Gabay, M. Marinescy, G.C. Hadjipanayis, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 08B506 (2006).



M-I-009

Spin mapping and magnetometry on the atomic scale

ROLAND WIESENDANGER

Institute of Applied Physics and Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center Hamburg, University of Hamburg, D-20355
Hamburg, GERMANY
wiesendanger@physnet.uni-hamburg.de, Web: www.nanoscience.de

A fundamental understanding of magnetic phenomena requires the determination of spin structures and
spin excitations down to the atomic scale. The direct visualization of atomic-scale spin structures [1-4] has first
been accomplished by combining the atomic resolution capability of Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM)
with spin sensitivity, based on vacuum tunnelling of spin-polarized electrons [5]. The resulting technique, Spin-
Polarized Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (SP-STM) [6], nowadays provides unprecedented insight into
collinear and non-collinear spin structures at surfaces of magnetic nanostructures and has already led to the
discovery of new types of magnetic order at the nanoscale [7,8].
More recently, the development of subkelvin SP-STM has allowed studies of magnetic properties of
individual magnetic adatoms on non-magnetic substrates as well as the magnetic interactions between them

[9,10]. Based on SP-STM experiments performed at temperatures of 300 mK, indirect magnetic exchange
interactions at the sub-milli-electronvolt energy scale between individual paramagnetic adatoms as well as
between adatoms and nearby magnetic nanostructures could directly be revealed in real space up to distances of
several nanometers. In both cases we have observed an oscillatory behavior of the magnetic exchange coupling,
alternating between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic, as a function of distance.
Moreover, the detection of spin-dependent exchange and correlation forces has allowed a first direct
real-space observation of spin structures at surfaces of antiferromagnetic insulators [11]. This new type of
scanning probe microscopy, called Magnetic Exchange Force Microscopy (MExFM), offers a powerful tool to
investigate different types of spin-spin interactions based on direct-, super-, or RKKY-type exchange down to
the atomic level.
Finally, the combination of spin state read-out and spin state manipulation, based on spin-current
induced switching across a vacuum gap by means of SP-STM [12], provides a fascinating novel type of
approach towards ultra-high density magnetic recording without the use of magnetic stray fields.

[1] R. Wiesendanger, I. V. Shvets, D. Bürgler, G. Tarrach, H.-J. Güntherodt, J. M. D. Coey, S. Gräser, Science
255, 583 (1992).
[2] S. Heinze, M. Bode, O. Pietzsch, A. Kubetzka, X. Nie, S. Blügel, R. Wiesendanger, Science 288, 1805
(2000).
[3] A. Kubetzka, P. Ferriani, M. Bode, S. Heinze, G. Bihlmayer, K. von Bergmann, O. Pietzsch, S. Blügel, R.
Wiesendanger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087204 (2005).
[4] M. Bode, E. Y. Vedmedenko, K. von Bergmann, A. Kubetzka, P. Ferriani, S. Heinze, R. Wiesendanger,
Nature Materials 5, 477 (2006).
[5] R. Wiesendanger, H.-J. Güntherodt, G. Güntherodt, R. J. Gambino, R. Ruf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 247 (1990).
[6] R. Wiesendanger, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1495 (2009).
[7] K. von Bergmann, S. Heinze, M. Bode, E. Y. Vedmedenko, G. Bihlmayer, S. Blügel, R. Wiesendanger,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 167203 (2006).
[8] M. Bode, M. Heide, K. von Bergmann, P. Ferriani, S. Heinze, G. Bihlmayer, A. Kubetzka, O. Pietzsch, S.
Blügel, R. Wiesendanger, Nature 447, 190 (2007).
[9] F. Meier, L. Zhou, J. Wiebe, and R. Wiesendanger, Science 320, 82 (2008).
[10] L. Zhou, J. Wiebe, S. Lounis, E. Vedmedenko, F. Meier, S. Blügel, P. H. Dederichs, and R. Wiesendanger,
Nature Physics (in press)
[11] U. Kaiser, A. Schwarz, and R. Wiesendanger, Nature 446, 522 (2007).
[12] S. Krause, L. Berbil-Bautista, G. Herzog, M. Bode, and R. Wiesendanger, Science 317, 1537 (2007).



M-I-010

New method to synthesize magnetic diamond nanoparticles and possible applications

ALI R. KOYMEN

Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, Box 19059, Arlington, Texas 76019 USA
koymen@uta.edu


Diamond nanoparticles are finding increasing use in biological applications and possible photo
thermal therapy of cancer. However, conventional synthesis of these nanoparticles is very cumbersome
and involves detonation of explosives. A simple method has been developed for controlled synthesis of
diamond nanoparticles using dense medium plasma generated in the cavitation field of an ultrasonic
horn surrounded by Benzene solution using two metal electrodes. In this method, the electrode
(magnetic) material is incorporated into the diamond nanoparticles, as confirmed by measurements
using a SQUID magnetometer. HRTEM images show the lattice planes of the diamond clearly and the
size of the diamond nanoparticles are in the range of 5-10nm. The size correlates with the voltage used
during the synthesis of the diamond nanoparticles. The optical absorption spectrum in the near-IR
region (900-1100nm) was measured to be of similar value as in the visible region, making these
nanoparticles a very useful candidate for photothermal therapy using a near-infrared laser in the
biological window. Since these diamond nanoparticles are hydrophobic in nature and are produced in a
surfactant-free medium, it was found that these particles aggregate and tend to form clusters. For in-
situ dispersion of these nanoparticles, use was made of the absorption property of these nanoparticles
using a focused near-IR cw laser microbeam (1064nm). We believe the magnetic property of these
nanoparticles would allow effective localization in the tumor region by application of an external
magnetic field.





















M-I-011

Magnetic micro- and nanomaterials for biosensing applications

H. CHIRIAC

National Institute of Research and Development for Technical Physics, 700050 Iasi, ROMANIA
hchiriac@phys-iasi.ro

The need for low cost, reliable, high sensitive and rapid sensors for biomedical applications
continues to grow as the complexity of the application areas enlarges. In the following 4 types of
biosensors based on magnetic micro- and nanowires will be discussed.
(1) First, a new giant magnetoimpedance (GMI) biosensor prototype based on a glass-coated
amorphous microwires array and polymer-based magnetic beads will be described. Compared with the
GMR biosensors used for similar purposes, GMI sensors are more sensitive to low magnetic fields and
present smaller power dissipation per unit area. The highest relative change in MI response, i.e., about
35% was obtained when all the glass-coated microwires in the array were active, and for the highest
concentration of polymer-based magnetic beads. Due to the exposed particular characteristics, the
magnetoimpedance-based biosensors could be used for target bio-molecules detection, i.e. from
antibodies to DNA detection.
(2) A different detection system is based on multilayer metallic nanowires. The aim was to
realize, characterize, functionalize and detect a number of multilayer metallic nanowires made of
consecutive sequences of magnetic and non-magnetic layers (so called code bar nanowires structures),
and their use in identification of biomolecules by optical or magneto-optical methods, combined or not
with magnetophoresis. Magnetic metallic nanowires are also used as supports for the immobilization
of the enzymes to be involved in the electrochemical biosensor functions: (i) manipulation of the
immobilized enzymes by the magnetic field and their uniform orientation towards the working
(detection) electrode surface and (ii) decreasing the detection level (the best results ever have been
obtained with gold nanowires).
(3) A novel and complex approach at the interface between physics, chemistry, engineering and
medicine, is the development of acoustic microsensors based on magnetostrictive nanowire arrays to
be used in cochlear implants. The acoustic microsensors, single or in arrays, receive the sound signals
from the environment and are converting them into electrical signals, through direct and inverse
magnetoelastic effects and magnetoresistive effects, which are then transmitted to the brain.
(4) Detection and quantification of biomolecules (analytes) represent an important objective for
medicine and genetics, both for the diagnosis of different novel diseases and for the discovery of new
drugs. Our goal was to realize three types of magnetic sensors for analytes detection, based on the
following nanostructures: (i) one magnetic particle with double function: (a) sensor‘s sensing element,
and (b) targeting receptor for biomolecules; (ii) one magnetic nanoparticle with only sensing element
function; (iii) one nanosize magnetic sensing element (for example a magnetic nanowire single or
multilayered), obtained in-situ, with one function (sensing element only) or double function (sensing
element and receptor).
Further perspectives in the field of magnetic biosensors development and implementation will
be presented, too.

Financial support from the following PN II-Partnership Programme projects is highly acknowledged:
NANOBIODET (Contract No. 11-072/2007), SENAN (Contract No. 12-109/2008), SANAM
(Contract No. 12-114/2008), as well as from NUCLEU Project PN 09-43 01 02.



M-I-012

CoPt-based films for perpendicular magnetic recording

D. FIORANI, G. VARVARO
,
S. LAURETI, E. AGOSTINELLI and A.M. TESTA

ISM - CNR, Area ROMA 1, Via Salaria km 29.500, 00016 Roma, ITALY
dino.fiorani@ism.cnr.it


Magnetic recording represents one of the most rapidly developing high technology areas in the
word today. In particular, the computer hard disk drives have experienced an exponential increase in
data capacity over time making it the preeminent storage system for digital data [1]. This high growth
rate has imposed more and more pressing requirements for the recording media and has driven the
research and the development of new materials (e.g. L1
0
-Co(Fe)Pt films, [Co/Pd]
n
multilayers), new
architectures (e.g. AFC systems, tilted and exchange spring media), new recording modes (e.g.
perpendicular recording, thermally assisted writing) and new designs (e.g. patterned media) in order to
get the better trade-off among three fundamental requirements (recording trilemma): thermal stability,
medium signal-to-noise ratio and writibility.
In this work, we will report on the investigation on the magnetic properties of two different
systems for perpendicular recording: tilted easy axis L1
0
-CoPt(111)/Pt(111)/MgO(100) films and
perpendicular easy axis [(Co
90
Cr
10
)
80
Pt
20
]
92
:(SiO2)
8
media. The magnetic measurements were
performed by using a vector VSM with a non-conventional design, i.e. both the sample and the 4
magnetization pick-up coils are stationary, while the field rotation is accomplished by rotating the
electromagnet.
(111) oriented films of the L1
0
-CoPt alloy have been deposited by using a conventional frontal
Pulsed Laser Deposition. A very thin Pt (111) underlayer has been grown on MgO(100) and used to
favour the epitaxial growth of the magnetic layer along the [111] direction, i.e. with the c-axis tilted at
an angle of 36° with respect to the film plane. From the analysis of the angular dependence of the
remanent magnetization, it has been found that the system presents 4 out-of-plane 36° easy axes with
orthogonal in-plane projections. Such a system can be used, like a common single-axis tilted medium,
to record information in perpendicular mode at a sensibly lower writing field, while maintaining a high
thermal stability due to the high anisotropy of the L1
0
CoPt phase. Moreover, in agreement with
theoretical work [2], the compensation of the in-plane moments may favor a media noise reduction so
that better performances can be achieved with respect to a conventional single-axis tilted system.
[(Co
90
Cr10)
80
Pt
20
]
92
@(SiO2)
8
films have been grown by magnetron sputter deposition onto
thermally oxidised Si wafers. A complex seed layer stack – Cr(5nm)/Ru(8nm)/Ru(12nm) – has been
used to promote a perpendicular anisotropy. The effects of the magnetic layer thickness and the
addition of oxygen in the reactive gas during the growth process has been investigated. The
experimental data indicate that both Stoner-Wohlfarth and Kondorsky reversal mechanism are present,
with a predominance of the Kondorsky character with decreasing magnetic layer thickness. The
formation of domain walls at low thickness is due to a stronger exchange coupling between grains at
the initial stage of the film growth, as confirmed by the TEM analysis as well as the higher value of the
slope of the hysteresis loop at the coercive field observed at lower film thickness. The addition of
oxygen, on the contrary, does not affect significantly the magnetization reversal mechanism.

[1] H. J. Richter and A. Y. Dobin, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 287, 41 (2005).
[2] L. Guan and J.G. Zhu, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 7735 (2003).




M-I-013

Fe/Ag/Fe(001) spin torque vortex oscillators

D.E. BÜRGLER

Institut für Festkörperforschung, Elektronische Eigenschaften (IFF-9) and
Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (JARA-FIT),
Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, GERMANY
d.buergler@fz-juelich.de


A spin-polarized current entering into a ferromagnetic material exerts a torque on the
magnetization by transferring spin angular momentum from the current to the ferromagnet. This so-
called spin-transfer torque (STT) gives rise to current-driven magnetization dynamics with
unprecedented properties like the switching of the magnetization without applying an external field or
the excitation of persistent large-angle precessions of the magnetization with frequencies in the GHz
range, which are the basis of spin-transfer oscillators (STO) devices.
STOs have originally been realized in nanopillars comprising two largely uniformly
magnetized ferromagnetic layers separated by a non-magnetic spacer layer [1], where the STT excites
standing-wave modes in the free layer. A more recent approach makes use of the dynamics of a
magnetic vortex in the free layer. The gyrotropic motion of a vortex, which is its lowest excitation
mode, can be driven by spin-polarized currents [2], too, and thus allows using vortices as nano-
oscillators [3].
Here we report on nanopillar-type samples made of a 20 nm Fe/ 6 nm Ag/ 2 nm Fe multilayer.
The 20 nm-thick Fe layer is structured into a circular disc of 230 nm diameter. Due to its size and
shape we are able to prepare two distinctly different magnetization states, namely (i) the uniform in-
plane magnetization state and (ii) the vortex state. Both can serve as oscillating structures for STOs.
We are able to switch by applying a current perpendicular to the layers (CPP geometry) between these
two states that we identify based on the comparison to giant magnetoresistance (CPP-GMR)
measurements and micromagnetic calculations. Thus, we can directly compare the critical current,
agility, emitted power, and line width of the high-frequency (HF) output signals of both states. There
are significant differences concerning the oscillator agility, the spanned frequency range, and in
particular the emitted power, which is nearly three times larger for the vortex state [4]. The latter is an
intrinsic feature of the gyrotropic mode: At each spot within the trajectory of the vortex core, the
magnetization rotates during one period of the gyrotropic cycle by full 2π about the sample normal.
Thus, for a vortex core moving on a trajectory close to the rim of the sample the product of oscillation
amplitude times area, where oscillations take place, is maximized.
Additionally, we study the coupling of the vortex‘ dynamic mode to externally applied electric
HF signals of different frequencies and amplitudes. The observed phase-locking is a prerequisite to
achieve synchronization of a large number of STOs in order to further increase the output power for
applications.

[1] S. I. Kiselev et al., Nature, 425, 380 (2003).
[2] S. Kasai et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 10