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Name： ______________ Class： ______________( ) Date: 05 / 06 / 2006 Full Mark: 36
Part 1: Multiple Choice (10 marks)
1 Find the critical angle of a diamond. Given that the refractive index for diamond is 2.42. A. B. C. D. 2 0.042° 0.43° 23.68° 24.4° 5 4 If a student stands 3 m in front of a mirror, what is the distance between he and his image? A. B. C. D. 1.5 m 3m 6m 7.5 m
Which of the following figures shows how light rays enable us to see a near object correctly? A.
When parallel rays of light are incident on an irregular surface as shown in the figure, which phenomenon of light occurs? A. B. C. D. 3 Refraction Diffraction Regular reflection Diffuse reflection D. The figure shows a light ray moving towards a smooth surface. Which arrow represents the possible direction of light ray after reflection? 6 If a child walks towards a mirror at a rate of 0.2 m s−1, at what speed will the child and his image approach each other? A. A. B. 7 C. B. C. D. 0.1 m s−1 0.2 m s−1 0.4 m s−1 0.5 m s−1 C. B.
Which of the following phenomena is/are mainly caused by refraction of light? (1) (2) (3) The bending of chopstick when one side of it is immersed in water. The formation of mirage in desert. The use of periscope in submarine. (1) only (3) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only
A. B. C. D.
S4 Form Quiz / Waves – Reflection and Refraction of Light/ p.1
A light ray travels from water to air at an angle of incidence smaller than the critical angle of water. Which of the following figures shows the correct light path? A.
A light ray passes from air into a glass block. Which of the following ray diagrams is/are correct? Given that the refractive index of the glass block is 1.5.
(1) A. B. B. C. D. (1) only (3) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only
10 Which of the following statements correctly describe(s) a light ray entering a glass block C. from air? (1) The frequency of the light ray is unchanged, so the colour of the light does not change. (2) D. (3) A. B. C. D. The light ray always bends towards the normal. Total internal reflection occurs. (1) only (3) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only
Part 2: Conventional Question (26 marks)
1 Two light signals, red light and blue light, are sent from a transmitter to a receiver by two methods. (a) What is the speed of the signals? (1) (b) Which signal will arrive the receiver first? (1) (c) State one advantage of using the optical fibre to transmit the signal. (1) (d) To calculate the speed of the light in the optical fibre, the time for the blue light to travel from the transmitter to the receiver is taken. The time taken is then divided by the length of the optical fibre. Comment on this method. (2)
S4 Form Quiz / Waves – Reflection and Refraction of Light/ p.2
State the conditions for total internal reflection. (2)
(ii) Draw a diagram to show how an optical fibre makes use of total internal reflection. (1) (iii) Practically, the light signals degrade when they are travelling along the optical fibre. Why? (1) (b) Some optical instruments, such as periscopes, use two prisms for the transmission of light. Light typically enters perpendicular to the face of the prism, undergoes total internal reflection and then exits out of another prism. (i) Draw a simple diagram to show the structure of a periscope. (2) (ii) Explain briefly why manufacturers prefer to use prisms instead of mirrors inside periscopes. (1) 3 (a) State the laws of reflection. (2) (b) A beam of parallel light is incident on a plane mirror at an angle of 60° with the normal of the mirror. Draw a diagram to show the reflection. (2) (c) State four nature of the image formed by the plane mirror. (4) 4 A small light source is placed at a depth of 0.5 m under a liquid. A bright circular patch of radius 0.47 m is seen from above. (a) Find the critical angle of the liquid. (3) (b) From the result in (a), find the refractive index of the liquid. (2) (c) What would be the change in the radius of the bright patch if the source is moved farther down the water? (1)
S4 Form Quiz / Waves – Reflection and Refraction of Light/ p.3
S4 Physics Quiz (Wave – Reflection and Refraction of Light) - Answer Part 1: Multiple Choice (10 Marks) 1 6 D C 2 7 D A 3 8 D C 4 9 C B 5 10 C A
Part 2: Conventional Question(26 Marks)
(a) 3 × 108 m s−1 (b) The red light (c) There will be less interference with other signals.
(1A) (1A) (1A)
(d) The result obtained by this method is not consistent with the value 3 × 108 m s−1 , because the actual travelled distance of the blue light is longer than the length of the optical fibre. (2A)
(a) (i) (ii)
Light rays travel from an optically denser medium to an optically less dense one. (1A) The angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle of the optically denser medium. (1A)
(iii) It is due to the impurities in the glass that used as the core of the optical fibre. (1A) (b) (i)
(ii) A prism will allow light to undergo total internal reflection while a mirror will allow light to undergo both reflection and refraction. Therefore, a prism reflects all the incoming light but a mirror only reflects some of the light. It is therefore not effective enough to use a mirror in a periscope. (1A)
S4 Form Quiz / Waves – Reflection and Refraction of Light/ p.4
The incident ray, reflected ray and normal all lie in the same plane. The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence. (2A)
(c) The image formed is virtual, erect, laterally inverted and the same size as the object. (2A)
0.47 , 0. 5
(a) tan c =
(1M+1A) (1A) (1M+1A)
c = 43.2° (b) n =
1 1 = =1.46 sin c sin 43.2 °
(c) The radius of the bright patch becomes larger. (1A)
S4 Form Quiz / Waves – Reflection and Refraction of Light/ p.5