FO~M A -AREA Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Assessor's Sheets

USGS Quad

Area Letter

Form Numbers in Area

Marlborough

AO

43, 123, 801

1253-1282
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Town Marlborough Place (neighborhood or village)

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Name of Area Present Use

West Hill residential

Construction Dates or Period Overall Condition -----------fair to good

ca 1780's to early 20th C.

Major Intrusions and Alterations !lome "ii;ible alteration, e.g. synthetic siding, window change. Mid- to late-20th C houses bujlt on former farm land and woods. Acreage ca 100 acres Recorded by Organization Anne Forbes. consultant Marlborough Historical Comm.
5/9/95

Date (month/day/year) Streets included:

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Berlin Road (to #439) Pleasant Street, (#241 to Hudson line) West Hill Road

SEE ATIACHED

SHEET

Follow Massachusetts

Historical Commission

Survey Manual instructions for completing this form

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AREA FORM ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION [X] see continuation sheet Describe architectural, structural and landscape features and evaluate in terms of other areas within the community. The large 100-acre area in the vicinity of Marlborough's West Hill is today a residential area, its scattered nineteenth-century vernacular farmhouses contributing their Victorian character to an increasing concentration of modem wood- frame houses on upper Pleasant Street and Berlin and West Hill Roads. Three out of what were originally eight eighteenth-century buildings still stand here in relatively intact form. The Ithamar Brigham House at 343 Pleasant Street (Form #43) is a square two-story, hiproofed, center-chimney building with an early Federal doorway surrounded by fluted Doric pilasters. The house of Phineas Howat 399 Berlin Road has had many additions over time, but the general lines of a two-story side-gabled house, probably built just before 1800, can still be seen, and the north wing of the largel Greek Revival James Gleason farmhouse at 760 Pleasant Street also has the general lines of a two-story, side-gabled house. (Cont.) (
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HISTORICAL NARRATIVE [X] see continuation sheet Explain historical development of the area. Discuss how this area relates to the historical development of the community. The section of northwest Marlboro in the vicinity of West Hill was a farming district through the nineteenth century. Its roadless interior was largely occupied, as it is today, by woods and the wetlands of Flagg Swamp, which were drained west to east by Fort Meadow Brook. The area's three main roads, Pleasant Street and Berlin and West Hill Roads, were all in place by the end of the eighteenth century. By that time the area was dotted with scattered farms. Only three of its eight pre-1800 farmhouses, those of Ithamar Brigham at 343 Pleasant Street (see Form #43), James Gleason at 760 Pleasant, and Phineas Howat 399 Berlin Road remain, however. A few more farmhouses were built here in the middle years of the nineteenth century. Three are located on Pleasant Street near its intersection with Berlin Road and Ash Street, which was extended west in about 1850--the houses of Ozias Huntington, (#462), EE Hutchins (#515), and David Brown (#525). By the time of the Civil War, a few Irish immigrants had acquired or established some farms in the outlying sections of Marlborough. Here in the vicinity of West Hill, Jeremiah Shaughnessy began his family's long ownership of the old Gleason farm, and R. Tighe was farming on the south side of Berlin Road. After the establishment of Maplewood Cemetery as the town's main public cemetery in the 1860's, (see Form #801), a few houses were constructed on small lots near its entrance on Pleasant Street, though three of them were later demolished for a cemetery expansion. The two houselots on either side of the comer of Pleasant and Russell Street were part of the subdivision John Frye laid out east of this area on part of his farm (see Area W.) (Cont.)

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BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [ ] see continuation sheet Maps, birdseye views, and atlases: 1803, 1835, 1853, 1856-7, 1871, 1875, 1878, 1879 (Pictorial Marlborough), 1889, Sanborns from 1920. Bigelow, Ella. Historic Reminiscences of Marlborough. 1910. Bigelow, James. "Photographs and Descriptions of Some Old Houses in Marlborough." 1927. Marlborough directories and tax valuations. [] Recommended as a National Register District. If checked, you must attach a completed
National Register Criteria Statement form.

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Area Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s)
AO

ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION, cont. A few of the many simple, vernacular gable-end farmhouses in the area's northern section may date to the middle years of the nineteenth century. The main section of the Gleason House, with its granite foundation and echinus cornice is typical of the Greek Revival influence of that time, and was probably constructed about 1850. The long 2 1/2-story gable-ends at 241 and 250 Pleasant Street, though updated and altered, date to about the same time. Farther up Pleasant Street, near the intersections of West Hill Road and Ash Street, are three large farmhouses of other types, which probably date to the 1860's. The hip-roofed David Brown House at 525 Pleasant is highly altered, and the Hutchins House at #515 is obscured by large, later additions, but the Ozias Huntington House at #462, which was standing by 1860, is a fairly intact example of a 2 1I2-story, 5 by 2-bay, side-gabled farmhouse with one chimney remaining behind the roof ridge. By 1870, as was true elsewhere in Marlborough, nearly all houses here were being built with their gable ends facing the street, and had an ell or two-story wing extending to the rear or, if the lot was wide enough, to the side. From the late 1860's through the mid-1880's, they were likely to have 2over-2-sash windows, molded, boxed cornices, and some vernacular Italianate detailing. Most examples in the West Hill area are altered, but typical details of the period remain here and there. The house at 54 Berlin Road is one of the most intact examples-It retains its original windows, cornice, bay window, and two original glass-and-panel doors--a double-leaf door at the main entry, and a two-light single door on the side wing. A typical Italianate round-headed window remains in the large "upright-and-wing" house at 287 Pleasant Street. The greatest growth in the area took place during the late 1880's and 1890's, when the Queen Anne style was in full swing. Most houses built were still of the gable-end type, either two-story cottages, or large, taller 2 I/2-story, three-bay houses. One of the latter, at 274 Pleasant Street, has an overhanging pedimented gable on the facade, and a large "picture" window with a colored-glass panel at the top. A trio of 1890's cottages on Pleasant Street above the Berlin Road intersection has bracketed, shed-roofed hoods over the windows, and two of the houses have through-cornice dormers on the side. (Cf. #s 374, 378, and 380 Pleasant Street.) Several houses in this area retain their original doors and windows, such as #294 Pleasant Street, with 2-over-2-sash windows and a glass-andpanel door with two long glass lights. The greatest concentration of vernacular Queen Anne houses is on lower Berlin Road, where several examples have the turned-posted porches that are typical of the 1890's. #100 Berlin, one of the best-preserved on the street, and one of the few to retain its wood clapboards, has a wraparound, bracketed porch, and the same type of window hoods as the three on Pleasant Street. The wraparound porch at #116 Berlin Road has a jigsaw-cut balustrade. Farther west on Berlin Road, #250 has the clapboarded first story, shingled second story, and patternedshingle gables that became popular during the 1890's. #396 Berlin Road also has a prominent patterned-shingle gable, as well as a typical two-story Queen Anne bay on the east side, in which the second story overhangs the first, which is polygonal in shape. This type of bay is also found at 43 Berlin Road. Other well-preserved Queen Anne houses are the large farmhouse at 716 Pleasant Street, complete with comer brackets, decorated verge board, and king-post trusses in the gables, and the lovely little cottage at 282 Pleasant, which retains nearly all its details and materials, including clapboard and shingle siding, and both turned posts and balusters at its wraparound porch. (Cont.)

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Area Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s) AO

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION, cont. In the early twentieth century, several small houses were built on more lots subdivided out of the old farms, especially at the foot of West Hill Road, where #s 10, 22, 32, and 41 all represent different interpretations ofthe one-story "Cape Cod cottage" house-type of the 1930's and early 1940's. Around the comer on Pleasant Street, another one-story Cape Cod variation, #556 Pleasant, is the area's only brick building, with shingling in the gables. 300 Pleasant Street, opposite the cemetery, is an unusually intact two-story Colonial Revival house for Marlborough. Probably built in the 1920's, it has a typical den or sunporch at either end, 8-over-8-sash windows, and a balconied entry on triple Tuscan columns. The West Hill neighborhood lacks the broad range of early-twentieth-century house types that is found elsewhere in Marlborough, but variety is added by three small houses on Pleasant Street-- two gableend bungalows of the 1920's at #s 268 and 298, and a side-gabled bungalow of 1920 at #281 Pleasant. On Berlin Road, #61, a ca. 1925 side-gabled bungalow with front porch under the main roof overhang, has the beveled "drop-siding" that was typical of the late 1920's and 1930's.

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, cont. Four houses were standing at the lower end of Berlin Road by the mid-1880's, and two more appeared on West Hill Road about that time, as well. Shoe-manufacturer John A. Frye, who was simultaneously developing a shoe-worker's neighborhood on side streets just south of this area near his Pleasant Street home (see Area Forms U, V, and W), put up five houses on the south side of lower Berlin Road in the early 1890's from #170 west. By the end of the 1890's, much of Berlin Road and the adjoining section of Pleasant Street were built up with houses, creating a small, rural neighborhood much like that at the opposite side of town, in the River and Walker Street section of south Marlborough (see Area Form AE.) Building in the early twentieth century here was again concentrated near the intersections, as more houses were built on Pleasant Street both south and north of Maplewood, and at the base of Berlin and West Hill Roads. Today, some vegetable and tree crops are still grown on Berlin and West Hill Roads, but much of the open roadside land has been filled with late-twentieth-century residential development. The little store at the intersection of Pleasant and Berlin Road continues the area's one main commercial focus, however, as it stands on the site of McGee's cider mill, which operated for decades until the 1950's.

The buildings discussed above and listed on the Area Data Sheet represent some of the most historically or architecturally significant resources in the area. There are several more historic properties located in the area, however. See Area Sketch Map for their locations.

INVENTORY

FORM CONTINUATION

SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos.

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s)

AD

43, 123, 801, 1253-1283

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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s) AO AREA DATA SHEET

Although the inventory includes the entire area outlined on the Area Sketch Map, only NOTE: resources which are mentioned in text of the Area Form have been given inventory numbers and are listed on the Area Data Sheet. As a rule, these represent the most historically or architecturally significant resources in the area. There are many more historic properties located within the area, however. (See Area Sketch Map for their locations.) Starred properties (*) have individual forms. MHC# 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 *123 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 Parcel # 55-6 55-18 55-5A 55-13 55-10 41-27 54-5 41-42 41-37 55-43 55-37 55-35 55-34 55-33 55-227 55-32 55-30 Street Address 43 Berlin Road 54 Berlin Road 61 Berlin Road 100 Berlin Road 116 Berlin Road 170 Berlin Road 250 Berlin Road 396 Berlin Road 399 Berlin Road Phineas How (e) House Historic Name Approximate Date 1890's ca. 1870's ca. 1925 1890's 1890's 1880's 1890's 1890's ca. 1790's ca. 1850 ca. 1860's 1920's 1890's 1890's ca. 1870 1890's 1920's Style/type Queen Anne vernacular Italianate Bungalow Queen Anne Queen Anne Queen Anne Queen Anne Queen Anne Federal farmhouse Greco-Italian ate Italianate vernacular Bungalow Queen Anne Queen Anne Italianate vernacular Queen Anne Bungalow (continued)

241 Pleasant Street Frye/Lawrence House 250 Pleasant Street S.c. Fay House 268 Pleasant Street 274 Pleasant Street 282 Pleasant Street 287 Pleasant Street 294 Pleasant Street 298 Pleasant Street

INVENTORY

FORM CONTINUATION

SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s) AO

AREA DATA SHEET, cont. MHC# *801 1260 *43 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1273 1272 1271 1270 Parcel # 55-214, -228-230 55-27 55-231 42-8 42-7 42-6 42-84 42-70 29-15 29-9 28-14 15-5 29-14 29-13 29-12 29-10 Street Address Historic Name Maplewood Cemetery Approximate Date mid-19th C. ca. 1920's Ithamar Brigham Hse. ca. 1783 1890's 1890's 1890's Colonial Revival Federal Queen Anne Queen Anne Queen Anne side-gabled farmhouse side-gabled farmhouse side-gabled farmhouse Cape Cod cottage Queen Anne Greek Revival vernacular Cape Cod cottage Cape Cod cottage Cape Cod cottage Cape Cod cottage Style/type

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Pleasant Street

300 Pleasant Street 343 Pleasant Street 374 Pleasant Street 378 Pleasant Street 380 Pleasant Street

462 Pleasant Street Ozias Huntington Hse. mid-19th C. 515 Pleasant Street E.E. Hutchins House 525 Pleasant Street David. Brown House 556 Pleasant Street 716 Pleasant Street 760 Pleasant Street 10 West Hill Road 22 West Hill Road 32 \Vest Hill Road 41 West Hill Road Gleason/Shaughnessy House mid-19th C. mid-19th C. ca. 1940's 1890's 18th C./ ca. 1850 ca. 1930's ca. 1930's ca. 1930's ca. 1940's

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION

SHEET

Community

Property West Hill Form Nos.
43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Areais)
AO

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s) AO

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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s) AO

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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Area(s)
AO

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street. Boston, Massachusetts 02116
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West Hill Fonn Nos. 43, 123, 801,

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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Area(s) AO

West I-Jill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

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INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION

SHEET

Community Marlborough

Property

West Hill
Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Arears) AO

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION

SHEET

Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Area(s)
AO

West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community

Property West Hill

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Areats)
AO

Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

IlWENTORY FORM CONTINUATION

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Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Area(s) AO

West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

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INvENTORY FO~1 CONTINUATION SHEET

Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Arears) AO

West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801,

1253-1282

iNVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET

Community

Property

Marlborough Massachusetts Historical Commission 80 Boylston Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Area(s) AO

West Hill Form Nos. 43, 123, 801, 1253-1282

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