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Materials Engineer Test Reviewer

1.Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____ %
throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed asoften as the
Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continuedaccuracy.
a) 1.0 %
b) 1.5 %
c) 0.5 %
d) 2.0 %
2. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may berejected
unless mixed within _____ hours of such contact.
a) 1.5 hours
b) 2.0 hours
c) 0.5 hours
d) 2.5 hours
3.When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shallnot be
less than ______ nor more than ____ unless mixer performance testprove adequate
mixing of concrete in a shorter time period.
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum bythe end
of the first ____ seconds of the mixing period.
a) 45 seconds
b) 30 seconds
c) 15 seconds
d) 20 seconds
5.Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the ingredientswere charged
into the mixing drum shall be used.
a) 120 minutes
b) 150 minutes
c) 60 minutes
d) 90 minutes

6.When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may beadded to the
batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slumpto meet the specified

requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided allthese operation are

performed within ____ after the initial mixing operation
and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded.
a) 30 minutes
b) 15 minutes
c) 45 minutes
d) 60 minutes
7.A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. Atextraction, it was found
out that the dry aggregate weighed 950grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight
of mix?
a) 5.2 %
b) 5.0 %
c) 5.4 %
d) 4.8%
8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface of the timber piles
shall be ____
a) 150 mm
b)200 mm
c) 250 mm
d) 100 mm
9. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for themixture supported
by laboratory test data along with samples of resources of components and
viscosity temperature relationships tothe Engineer for testing and approval at
least ____.
a) two weeks
b) three weeks
c) one week
d) four weeks
10. The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditionedtemperature
within the range of ____ until the time of test.
a )18* C to 24* C
b) 15* C to 18* C
c) 14* C to 24* C
d) 18* C to 28* C
11.This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high ____ property, that is, it
absorb and retain water.
a) Potassium Chloride
b) Calcium Chloride
c)Magnesium Chloride

d) Sodium Chloride
12.The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/limeproportions should not
be more than ____
a) 40 %
b) 50 %
c)45 %
d) 55 %
13.The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine travelis _____ .
a) 0.05 in/ min
b) 0.10 in /min
c) 0.08 in /min
d) 0.09 in /min
14.Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at least ____ and until
the compressive strength has reached the strength specified.
a) 7 days
b) 10 days
c) 14 days
d) 20 days
15. The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt.
a) Consistency
b) Softness
c) Hardness
d) Flash Point
16.Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____ of asphalt
a) 20 tons
b) 200 tons
c) 50 tons
d) 40 tons
17.The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design andevaluation of
bituminous concrete mixes.
a) Job mix formula
b) Design mix
c) Marshall Stability
d) Extraction
18.Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses perminute under
load at a maximum spacing of ____ cm.
a) 30 cm

b) 50 cm
c) 60 cm
d) 40 cm
19.The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test foraggregate
should be with in the range of ____.
a)1.151 to 1.174
b) 1.250 to 1.178
c) 1.051 to 1.154
d) 1.058 to 1.184
20. The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used insoundness test for
aggregate should be within the range of ____ .
a) 1.280 to 1.408
b) 1.180 to 1.308
c) 1.295 to 1.308
d) 1.195 to 1.318
21.Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the bituminousmixture
asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight of the mix. Theexact percentage to be
used is determined by the _____
a) Trial mix
b) Design mix
c) Job mix
d) Job order
22._____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
a) Blue smoke
b) Stiff appearance
c) Rising steam
d) Mix slumps in truck
23.In checking the temperature of the mix, the thermometershould be inserted into
the mix at least ____.
a) 2 inches
b) 6 inches
c) 4 inches
d) 6.0 mm
24. _____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface withbituminous
a) Bituminous Prime Coat
b) Bituminous Tack Coat
c) Bituminous Seal Coat

d) Bituminous Surface Treatment

25. The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall becooled to a
temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at thattemperature for at least _____.
a) 24 hours
b) 36 hours
c) 48 hours
d)18 hours
26.Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it will ______.
a) Increase the shear strength
b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
d) All of the above
27.In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable?
a) Item 301
b) Item302
c) Item 304
d) Item 308
28.Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed on______.
a) Sandy soils
b) Silty soils
c)Organic soils
d) Clayey soils
29.Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ samples
a) Disturbed
b) Undisturbed
c) Consolidated
d) both a & b
30.A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less than_____ of its
diameter before capping or height less than its diameterafter capping shall not be
a) 93 %
b) 94 %
c) 95 %
d) 96 %
31.The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by

a) Tri axial shear test

b) Direct shear test
c) Bearing test
d) All of the above
32.In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the averagestrength
of the cores is equal to what?
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of specifiedstrength
b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is lessthan 80% of specified strength
c) 85% of specified strength& if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength
33.Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least _____ before
a) one week
b) 14 days
c) two weeks
d) 12 days
34.Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall beheated at ____ at
anytime after delivery.
a) 107*
b) 159*
c) 120*
35.Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed ____ of the time it is
introduce into the mixing unit.
a) 1.5 mass %
b) 2.0 mass %
c) 1 mass %
36.Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.
a) 1 %
b) 2 %
c) 3 %
37.Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for morethan how many
a) 24 hours
b)3 hours
c) hour
d) 72 hours
38.As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with majorhoneycombed area that is
considered as defective work?

a) Plaster
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
39.If the strength of control specimen does not meet therequirement and not
feasible to obtain cores due to structuralconsideration, as a Materials Engineer what
will be your decision?
a) Removed and replaced
b) Area will not be paid
c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price
40.After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully weltedand in
position for how many hours?
a) 14 hours
b) 24 hours
c)72 hours
d) 15 18 hours
41.Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade within the limitof the
a) 100mm
b)150 mm
c) 200 mm
42.Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____.
a) 3 meter
b) 6 meter
c) 7 meter
d) 4.5 meter
43.Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____ old.
a) 7 days
b) 14 day
c) 28 days
44.Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle.
a) 20 % & 80 %
b) 21 % & 79 %
c) 79 % & 21 %
d) 80 % & 20 %
45.Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is _____.

a) 100 mm
b) 150 mm
c) 200 mm
46. Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________.
a) +/- 1%
b) +/- 2 %
c) +/- 3 %
d) +/- 4
47.Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________.
a) 2.0 mm
b)2.2 mm
c) 2.7 mm
d) 3.4 mm
48.Minimum density of gabions is ___________.
a) 1,000 kg/cu. m
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m
c)1,400 kg/cu. m
d) 1,500 kg/cu. m
49.Soundness loss of field gabions is __________________.
a) 9 % after 5 cycles
b) 10 % after 5 cycles
c) 11 % after 5 cycles
d) 12 % after 5 cycles
50.The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic materialduring
application is _____
a) 130 +/- 7* C
b) 150 +/- 7* C
c) 200 +/- 7* C
d) 211 +/- 7* C
51.Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for asphaltcement is -------.
a) 5 kg
b) 10 kg
c) 20 kg
d) 100 kg
52.For how many years does the small Contractor given to procurenecessary testing

a) 2 years
b) 4 years
c) 5 years
d) 6 years
53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____ anda width of ___.
a) 40 mm & 6 mm
b) 50 mm & 5 mm
c) 40 mm & 5 mm
d)50 mm & 6 mm
54.Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during rainy/wet period is
a) false
b) true

Materials Engineer

1.In soil Engineering the term SOIL includes

d.all of the preceding
2.The compressibility of a fine grained soil is
b.low depends upon the grain size
3.Sand has a greater load-carrying capacity than clay
b.false depends on gradation depends on water content
4.The highest moisture content in the plastic consistency of fine-grained soil is
theliquid limit
a.plastic limit
b.shrinkage limit
5.Compaction increases the strength of soil by
a.expelling air from its voids
b.forcing soil particles into more intimate contact
c.both a and b
6.Indicates a range of moisture content over which soil is plastic
a.plastic limit
b.shrinkage limit
c.plasticity index
7.Water content of an undisturbed soil is called
a.optimum moisture content
b.hygroscopic moisture content
c.natural water content
8.In the performance of Moisture Density Relations Test, the equipment used is
a.liquid limit device
b.sand-cone apparatus
c.rammer and mold
d.none of the above
9.Peat and muck are
a.fair subgrade soils
b.stable soils
c.unstable soils
d.good subgrade soils
10.The particle size distribution of a soil is determined by

a.liquid limit test

b.sieve analysis test
c.plastic limit test
d.any of the preceding
11.To prevent intrustion of soft subgrade material into the aggregate base or
a.reinforced earth
b.rock buttress
d.geotextile may be used
12.The CBR value is generally selected at
d.0.20 penetration
13.One of the methods in improving the properties of a soil to make it suitable for a
particular purposeis
a.particle rearrangement
b.sodding or sprigging
d.none of the preceding
14.A sample of saturated clay has a mass of 102.8 g. After oven drying, the same
soil weighs 73.4 g. If the specific gravity is 2.74, its wet density, g/ml isa.1.829
b.1.825c.1.827d.1.83015.The dry density, g/ml is
16.Blown Asphalt are usually used for paving
b.false depends upon its ductility
17.A mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent is called
a.R. C. cutback
b.M. C. cutback
c.Asphalt emulsion
d.Oxidized asphalt
a) Marshall Stability Test
b) Immersion-Compression Test
c) Job-Mix formula
compares thecompressive strength of dry and wet specimens of asphalt mixes.
19.The effective asphalt content is

a) lower than
b) higher than
c) equal to the actual asphalt content.
20.Which of the following percent air voids is most preferable in bituminous mixture
21.a) Viscocity
b) solubility
c) Flash point
d) Extraction test
determines the bitumen content of asphaltcement
22.a) Distillation
b) Penetration
c) Viscocity
d) Ductility
is the consistency test on solid asphalt.
23. a) Tack coat
b) Prime coat
c) Seal coat
is the bituminous coating applied to an old concrete pavement to be used as base.
24. A Job-mix formula provides for close control of
a.asphalt content
b.aggregate gradation
c.both a and b
25.a) Flexibility
b) Durability
c) Stability
d) Workability
is the resistance of an asphalt pavementagainst weathering.
26.The temperature of hot mixes being delivered should not be less than its
d.compaction temperature
27.A Bituminous Seal Coat is usually applied with aggregate
b.false depends on the surface application

28. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by
weight of mix is 2.6.If the specific gravity of an asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity
of the aggregate is equal to
29.The weight in air of a core specimen taken from asphalt pavement is 4,128 g. If
its SSD weight is4,137 g. and its weight in water is 2,237 g. Therefore, its bulk
density is
30.The bulk specific gravity of a sample of bituminous pavement taken from a newly
rolled section is2.244. If the laboratory compacted specific gravity is 2.362 and the
minimum compactionrequirement is 95%, the pavement is
a.satisfactorily rolled
b.over compacted need of more rolling
31.Concrete specimen molded in a 6 x 6 x 21 beam mold should be rodded
d.63 times
32.Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires
a.abrasion test
b.sieve analysis
d.both a and b
33.Concrete fine aggregate should be tested for
d.none of the preceding
34.Admixtures are used to
a.improve workability
b.increase strength
c.retard initial setting
d.all of the preceding
35.a) Compressive strength
b) Flexural strength
c) Bond

d) All of the preceding will improve if water cement ratio is lowered.

36.Angular coarse aggregate will require more
c.both a and b
d.coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete.
37.Slump test could be used to detect
a.increase in cement content
b.increase in water
c.increase in volume
d.increase in aggregate
38.Greatest net water is required in a concrete mix with
a.very coarse
c.fined.very fine, fine aggregate
39.If the concrete beam specimen is raptured during test outside the middle third,
but within 5% of thespan length, the formula to be used in computing the stress is
a.R = PL/bd2
b.R = 3Pa/bd2
c.R = Pla/bd2
40.Concrete mix should be in placi
a.100 min
b.90 min
c.15 min, after the cement is added into the aggregates and water.
41.The fineness modulus is highest for
b.very coarse
d.very fine, sand.
42.In molding concrete cylinder specimen, each layer should be rodded
d.100 times.
43.Concrete cylinder sample should be molded in
d.4 equal layers
44.Maintaining the water-cement ratio, the concrete containing
a.50.0 mm
b.37.5 mm

c.19.0 mm
d.12.5 mm maximum size aggregate will develop the highest strength.
45.Paving concrete will need less
c.coarse aggregate
d.both a & b, than that of structural concrete.
46.The maximum percentage of abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
aggregate is
47.For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if asphalt cement is used, the
percentage based on theweight of aggregate should be
a.3 to 5%
b.5 to 8%
c.6 to 10%
48.An aggregate base course of 21,600 m3 will require
c.72 quality tests
.49.Coarse aggregate for Crushed Stone Aggregate Surface Course should have not
less than
d.60 with at least one fractured face
50.Crushed Gravel Base Course, Grading C, shall be compacted in layers of not
more than
a.10 cm
b.15 cm
c.20 cm loose thickness.
51.An embankment to be constructed to a height of 65 cm will have a minimum of
c.6 layers.
52.To give Bituminous Plant Mix Base Course greater to resistance to water
a. to 1%
b.1 to 2%
c.2 3% hydrated lime should be added during mixing.
53.The type of Bituminous Macadam Pavement is

a.asphalt cement
b.asphalt emulsion
c.rock asphalt
d.either a or b.
54.Prestressed Concrete Structures use concrete class
55.a) 5
b) 9
c) 3 pipes should be taken as sample to represent 225 reinforced concrete pipes.
56.Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a.seal coated
b.tack coated coated
57.Concrete used in reinforced concrete culvert pipe should generally have a
compressive strength of a
a.16.54 Mpa ( 2400)
b.27.56 Mpa ( 4000)
c.20.67 Mpa ( 3000)
d.34.45 Mpa ( 5000)
58.Concrete railings, pipes, and piles require the use of what class of concrete?
59.Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its
d.both a and c for properties.
60.Aggregate Base Course with a volume of 112,000m3 will have a minimum
number of
d.374 quality tests.
61.Which plasticity index is most suitable for aggregate base course?

d.50 The fraction passing the 0.425 mm (No.40) shall have a liquid limit not greater
than 25 and plasticity index not greater than 6.
62.The specified flexural strength for paving concrete is
63.The sample of 12.5 mm diameter steel bar to be submitted for test should be at
a.20 cm
b.40 cm
c.100 cm
d.none of the above
64. a) Third point loading
b) Three-edge bearing test
c) Mid-span loading
d) none of the above
is themethod used in determining the strength of concrete pipes.
65 Prestressed concrete requires the use of Class
d.D concrete
66.If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete
pavement coat
b.tack coat
c.seal coat
d.mortar coat should be applied to the concrete pavement.
67.For bituminous concrete mixes, the asphalt material may either be asphalt
cement or asphaltemulsion
68.Coarse Aggregate for Bituminous Macadam Pavement should be
a.crushed gravel or stone
b.natural gravelc.both a and b
d.none of the above
69/70. Tests for coarse aggregate include
b.mortar strength
d.all of the preceding

71/72. Tests for fine aggregate for concrete include

b.mortar strength
d.all of the preceding
73.Unless otherwise specified in the special provision, the type of portland cement
used in pavingconcrete shall be
a.Type I
b.Type II
c.Type III
d.Type IV
74.During construction of a road project, if all the materials to be used are tested for
quality, inspectionis no longer required
75.The degree of compaction of an embankment in our present Specifications is
based on
a.CBR method
b.Unconfined compression test
c.AASHTO Designation T-180
d.Bulk Specific Gravity
76/77. Under Excavation for Structure, Item 106, the backfilling operation shall be
done in
20 cm
looselayer and compacted to at least
95 Percent.
78.Soils are natural aggregates of minerals connected by strong and permanent
cohesive forces
79.The boundary between sand and gravel is
a.0.425 mm (#40)
b.4.750 mm (#4)
c.2.00 mm (#10)
d.0.075 mm (#200)
a) sandy clay
b) clayey sand
c) sand clay
d) none of the preceding is a soil which exhibits the properties of a clay but contains
an appreciable amount of sand.
81.Plasticity test is done on soils passing

a.0.425 mm (#40)
b.2.00 mm (#10)
c.0.075 mm (#200) sieve.
82.a) Soil compaction
b) mechanical analysis
c) In-place unit weight
d) CBR is the process wherebysoil particles are contained more closely together
through a reduction in the air voids, generally bymechanical means.
83.Soils containing more than 35% passing 0.075mm (#200) sieve are classified
a.silt-clay materials
b.granular materials depends on the plasticity index
84.a) Surface drainage
b) chemical admixtures
c) compaction
d) subsoil drainage is provided for the purpose of counteracting moisture movement
within the structure either by seepage or capillaryaction.
85.A subgrade soil with a CBR value of
a) 5%
b) 15%
c) 30%
d) 3% will require a thicker layer of subbase and base course.
86.a) Particle arrangement
b) sodding or sprigging
c) paving
d) flattening is one of the methods of stabilizing inferior soils.
87.The physical and engineering properties of soils may be improved by
c.both a and b
d.neither a nor b.
88.Water content of soils is generally based on the weight of soil volume of soil
c.weight of solids
d.none of the preceding
89.The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to
a.compactive efforts
b.water content
c.both a and b
d.none of the preceding

90.Disturbed samples may be used for

a.sieve test
b.liquid limit
c.compaction test
d.any of the preceding
91.A soil with a Group Index of 5 is stronger than another with a Group Index of 10
a.true depends on the water content
92. a) Water content
b) void ratio
c) degree of saturation
d) porosity determines the relative amount of water in the voids.
93.a) Rock asphalt
b) Asphalt emulsion
c) asphalt cement
d) cutback asphalt is an asphalt formed by natural process of evaporation.
94. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous
b.false depends on the type of bituminous material
95. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
96.a) Solid
b) liquid
c) Blown
d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.
97.a) Distillation
b) Extraction
c) Penetration
d) Solubility is the test used in determining amount of asphalt cement in a liquid
98.a) Asphalt cement
b) cut-back asphalt
c) asphalt mixes
d) asphalt emulsion are usually tested for extraction.
99.Extraction test is the procedure used for separating

a.the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt

b.asphalt from mineral aggregates
c.asphalt from kerosene solventd.asphalt from gasoline solvent
100. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability test is the
average of the asphalt contentof the Maximum Stability, Maximum density and
a.Maximum flow
b.Maximum air voids
c.4% air voids
d.4% flow
101.a) VMA
b) Air voids
c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.
102. The main difference between a bulk measured specific gravity of a bituminous
mixtures and itsmaximum measured specific gravity is the
a.weight of the voids
b.weight of the asphalt
c.volume of the voids
d.volume of the aggregates
103.a) Asphalt cement
b) emulsified asphalt
c) Rapid curing
d) medium curing cut-back is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
104.A bituminous coating applied in an existing road prior to laying of a bituminous
surface overlay is
a. prime coat
b tack coat
d.seal coat
105.The distance traveled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample
of asphalt under conditions for normal penetration is 8.6 mm. The material is
a.40 50
b.85 100
c.120 150
d.200 300 penetration grade
106.The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by
weight of mix is 2.5.if the specific gravity of the asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity
of the aggregate is equal to
107.A job-mix formula provides for close control of
a.aggregate gradation

b.asphalt content
c.both of them
d.neither of them
108.The desired property of fresh concrete is
d.water tightness
109.The sieve used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test is
a.1.70mm ( No. 12 )
b.0.425mm ( No. 40 )
c.4.75mm ( No. 4 )
d.0.075mm ( No. 200 )
110. Normally, concrete mix with
a) 0.75
b) 0.35
c) 0.50
d) 0.45 water-cement ratio will develop thelowest strength.
111. The most important single factor which affects the quality of concrete is
a.cement content
b.aggregate gradation
c.water-cement ratio
d.aggregate quality
112. Paving concrete will need less
c.coarse aggregate
d.both a and b than that of structure concrete.
113.Concrete specimen molded in a 6x6x21 beam should be rodded
114. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires
a.abrasion test
b.sieve analysis
d.both a and b
115. Concrete mix should be in place
a.100 minute
d.90 after the cement is added into the aggregate and water.

116. Concrete beam specimens for paving concrete are molded in

a.2 equal layers
b.3 equal layers
c.4 equal layers
d.any of the preceding
117. A minimum cement factor of
d.10.0 bags/cubic meter of concrete is required for paving concrete (Based on the
94 lbs. Bag of cement)
118. The volume of the
d.all of the preceding can be calculated by performing the unit weight test on the
fresh concrete.
119. The used of manufactured fine aggregate will generally require more
a.mixing water
b.fine aggregate
c.coarse aggregate
d.both a and b.
120. The two (2) major components of concrete are
a.paste and mineral aggregates
b.cement and water
c.water and coarse aggregates
121. The coarser the fine aggregate, the higher the fineness modulus
b.noc.depends on grading test
122. The more the concrete is exposed, the greater the range of movement is
a.true depends upon the type of cement
123. The samples of RSB to be submitted for test should be at least
a.20 cm
b.40 cm
c.100 cm
124. The efficient compaction, the embankment material should at the time of
rolling be
b.wet optimum moisture content

125. a) 15,000 kg
b) 10,000 kg
c) 5,000kg of 12.5mm diameter steel bar for concrete reinforcement isthe maximum
quantity that a sample can represent.
126 a)
Rock asphalt
b) asphalt emulsion
c) Asphalt cement
d) Cut-back asphalt is anasphalt formed by natural process of evaporation.
127.Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous
b.false depends on the type of bituminous material.
128.The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
129. a) Solid
b) liquid
c) blown
d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.
130.a) Distillation
b) Extraction
c) Penetration
d) solubility is the test used in determining the amount of asphalt cement in a liquid
131. a) Asphalt cement
b) Cut-back asphalt
c)Asphalt mixes
d) Asphalt emulsion areusually tested for extraction.
132.Extraction test is the procedure used for separating
a.the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt
b.asphalt from mineral aggregates
c.asphalt from gasoline solvent
d.asphalt from kerosene solvent.
133.a) Distillation
b) Viscosity
c) Flash point
d) Softening point indicated the safe workingtemperature of the asphalt.

134.The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability Test is the

average of the asphaltcontent of the Maximum stability, maximum density and
a.maximum flow
b.maximum air voids
c.4% air voids
d.45 flow
135.a) VMA
b) Air voids
c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.
136.a) Asphalt cement
b) Emulsified asphalt
c) rapid curing cut-back
d) medium curing cut- back is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
137.The field density of a bituminous pavement shall not be less than
a.92 %
b.95 %
c.98 % of the specific gravity of the laboratory compacted specimen.
138.For ITEM 311 PCC pavement, coarse aggregate shall have a mass percent of
wear not exceeding
a.50 %
b.40 %
c.45 %d.60 % when tested by AASHTO T- 96.
139.Plasticity Index for Aggregate Surface Course is
a.not greater than 6
b.not greater than 25
c.4 to 9
140.At least one (1) set of 3 concrete cylinder samples shall be taken from
d.150 cubic meter of each class of concrete or fraction thereof, placed each day.
141.Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall contain not more than
d.1 percent of material passing the 0.075mm sieve by washing.
142.The degree of compaction required for embankment is at least
d.85 percent of the maximum density as determined by AASHTO T-90 Method.

143.Requirement of PCCP Construction

a.opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was placed
b.opening to traffic after 28 days the concrete was placed
c.a compressive strength of 25.08 Mpa or more
d.none of the above.
144.Roadway embankment in earth material shall be placed and compacted in
horizontal layers notexceding
a.150 mm
b.200 mm
c.100 mm
d.250 mm loose requirement, before the next layer is placed.
145.Steel bars for concrete reinforced is tested for its
d.both a and c.
146.To give Bituminous Concrete Surface Course greater resistance to water
a.2 - 3 %
b.1 - 2 %
c. - 1 %
d.4 5 % hydrated lime should be added.
147.In Aggregate Subbase Course, the degree of compaction of each layer shall
continue until a fielddensity of at least
c.90 percent of the maximum dry density determined in accordance with AASHTO T180,Method D has been attained.
148.The maximum percentage wear allowed for Aggregate Subbase Course in a
coarse portion retainedon a 2.00mm (No. 10) sieve is
d.55 percent by Los Angeles Abrasion Test determined by AASHTO T-96.
149.In manufacture of culvert pipes, the class of concrete used is
a.Class C
b.Class B
c.Class A
d.Class P
150.For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if Asphalt cement is used, the
percentage based on theweight of aggregate should be
a.3 to 5 %
b.5 to 8 %

c.6 to 10 %
d.4.5 to 8 %
151.Coarse aggregate for Crushed stone Aggregate Surface Course should have a
mass percent of notmore than
a.40 %
b.45 %
c.60 %
d.50 % of the particle retained on the 4.75mm (No.4) sieve and shall have at least
one (1)fractured face.
152.Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a.seal coated
b.tack coated coated
153.Prestressed Concrete structures uses concrete of class
154.An aggregate base course of 21,600m3 will require
c.72 ?
155.An embankment to be constructed to a height of 600mm will have a minimum
number of
d.6 layers.
156.Aggregate base course with a volume of 112,000 m3 will have a minimum
number of
d.62 quality tests.
157.A portland cement concrete pavement, 6.5m wide and 23 cm. thick will be
constructed for a total paved area of 165,000 m3. Angular coarse aggregate will be
used. If pavement will be opened totraffic 14 days. many bags of cement will be required for Class A concrete?
b.How many quality tests are required for the cement?
c.How many quality and grading tests each are required for the coarse and fine
d.How many sets of concrete beam samples will be required?

Vconcrete = 165000 x 0.23 = 37,950 m3

a. cement = 37950 x 9.1 = 345,345 bags
b. QT of cement = 345,345/2000 = 173
c.VFA = 37950 x 0.54 = 20493 ; QFA = 20493/1500 = 14 ; GFA = 20493/75 =
274VCA = 37950 x .68 = 25,886 ; QCA = 25806/1500 = 18 ; GCA = 25806/75 =
d.37950/75 = 506 sets
158.Per our present Specifications for Highways and Bridges, including
amendments, it is mandatiry toopen PCCP to traffic not later than
a.14 days after pouring
b.21 days after pouring
c.7 days after pouring
d.28 days after pouring
159.For 850 m3 of concrete paved in one day
c.1 sets of concrete beam samples should be taken and tested for strength
(thickness of pavement= 0.23 m).
160.For 4050 m3 concrete coarse aggregate
d.4 samples should be submitted for quality tests.
161.The coarse aggregate of Item 201, Aggregate Base Course shall have a
percentage of wear of notmore than
a.40 %
b.45 %
c.50 %
d.60 % as determined by Los Angeles Rattler Test.
162.The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as bituminous prime coat is
a.0.5 to 1.0 liter
b.1.0 to 1.5 liter
c.1.5 to 2.0 liter per square meter.
163.Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its
d.both a and c properties.
164.For 250 gallons of Red Lead Paint
c.3 samples should be submitted for quality test.

165.The number of samples of structural steel (reduced section) required for 38,000
kg. Is
166.a.) Third - point loading
b.) mid span loading
c.)three edge bearing is the method used in determining the strength of concrete
167.An aggregate base course of 23750 m3 will require
c.16 quality tests.
168.The Plasticity Index of aggregate base course should not be greater than
169.Concrete Hollow Blocks are tested for its
b.absorption and dimension
d.both a and b.
170.Item 306 is called
a.Bituminous Surface Treatment
b.Bituminous Road Mix Surface Course
c.Bituminous Plant Mix (Stockpile Maintenance mixture)
d.Bituminous Penetration Macadam Pavement
171.In the preparation of an asphalt design mix intended for Item 310, the
proportion of bituminousmaterial (asphalt cement) on the basis of total dry
aggregates shall be from:
a.4 to 8 %
b.3 to 5 %
c.5 to 7 %
d.5 to 8 %
172.Item -------- includes general requirements that are applicable to all types of
bituminous plant mixsurface courses irrespective of gradation of aggregates or kind
and amount of bituminous material.
a.Item 306
b.Item 307
c.Item 308
d.Item 310

173.---------- is the result of asphalt layer instability or granular base or subgrade

weakness. The pavement usually twist out of shape.
174. ---------- the localized upward displacement if a pavement due to swelling of the
subgrade or some portion of the pavement structure.
b.edge cracking
175 Item ---------- consist of furnishing and placing one or more courses of graded
aggregatesand one or more application of bituminous material followed by a seal
coat with cover aggregatesconstructed in a prepare base is:
176.An asphalt cement submitted in the laboratory for quality test should always
have acorresponding
a.Job mix formula
b.Test report
c.Sample card
d.Minimum testing requirements
177.If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete
pavement, ----------should be applied to the pavement.
a.tack coat coat
c.seal coat
d.mortar coat
178.The amount of emulsified asphalt to be added in a Bituminous Plant-Mix
Surface Course, ColdLaid (Item 308) shall be ------------ mass percent, total dry
aggregate basis:
a.4 to 8
b.5 to 10 NOTE: If MC is used the proportion of bituminous material on the basis of
c.6 to 10total dry aggregate shall be from 4.5 to 7.0 %.
d.7 to 12
179.------------ test is measure by the distance to which it will elongate before
breaking when two (2)ends of a briquet with specimen are pulled apart at a
specified speed and temperature.

180.Another name for hot asphalt is ----------a.bituminous asphalt
b.asphalt cement
c.emulsified asphalt
d.blown asphalt
181.In cutback asphalt, medium curing type is a combination of the following
a.asphalt cement and road oils
b.asphalt cement and kerosene
c.asphalt cement and gasoline
d.asphalt cement and emulsifier
182.------------ test determines the amount of asphalt present in a bituminous mix
183.The softness and hardness of an asphaltic material can be determined by -------test.
a.softening point
b.loss on heating
184. The temperature of bituminous hot mix delivered in the project site should not
be less than its -------temperature.
184.Resistance to deformation of bituminous mixture is measured by ----------a.flow index
b.index of retained strength
c.ductility test
d.extraction test
185.The apparatus used in determining the grade of asphalt cement is:
186.In an Immersion-Compression test, molding of specimen is done into ------layer/s.
NOTE: In Marshall Stability, molding of specimen is done into


one (1) layer.

187.The actual cementing power in asphalt is called the -----------a.petrolene

188.------------- test indicates the temperature in which an asphalt cement may be
heated without thedanger of catching fire. It is used as criterion in eliminating fire
a.softening point
b.flash point
c.laser point
d.heating point
189.An asphalt pavement needs sufficient -------- to avoid flushing or bleeding.
b.air voids
d.mineral filler
190.A job mix formula provides for close control of:
a.asphalt content
b.aggregate gradation
c.temperature of asphalt, aggregate and mix
d.all of the above
191.The thinnest and most fluid grade of medium curing cutback asphalt is:
a.MC 800
b.MC 250
c.MC 70
NOTE: For MC, the higher the grade the thicker
d.MC 30
192.The amount of asphalt in a typical asphalt emulsion is:
a.40 %
b.50 %
NOTE: After distillation the amount of asphalt (residual) retained
c.60 %at
Least 60 %.
d.70 %
193.Another name for joint filler is:
a.asphalt cement
b.cutback asphalt
c.mineral filler
d.blown asphalt
194.The type of asphaltic material that is usually classified by its viscosity is:
a.liquid asphalt
b.blown asphalt

c.rock asphalt
d.lake asphalt
195.Item 310, Bituminous Surface Course, Hot Laid provides an air voids between:
a.3 5 %
b.5 7 %
c.5 8 %
d.8 10 %
196.Emulsified asphalt that has a positive charge particle is usually classified:
197.The characteristics of a bituminous mix that indicates resistance to
disintegration is called:
198.The coarse aggregates used in bituminous mix are those retained at sieve No.
199.---------- test compares the compressive strength of dry and wet specimen of
bituminous mix
a.marshall stability
d.bulk specific gravity
200.In item 310, bituminous Surface Course, Hot laid requires 70% minimum index
of retainedstrength (IRS). In the immersion-compression test, the dry stability is
about 900 psi. Based onthe data, the wet stability should be at least ------- psi
Wet stability
NOTE: IRS = ----------------- X 100
d. 1500
Dry stability
201.A compacted bituminous pavement shall have a minimum density of equal to or
greater than
a.85 %
b.90 %
NOTE: The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to,
or greater than 95
c.95 %
mass percent of the density of a laboratory specimen
d.100 %

202.The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as tack coat, should be within
the range of
a.0.2 0.5 liter/ m2
b.0.2 0.7 NOTE:
The rate of application of either the Rapid Curing or the
c.0.15 0.7
Emulsified asphalt shall be within the range of 0.2 to 0.7
d.1.0 2.0
liter/m2, the exact rate as determined by the Engineer.
203.The type of asphaltic material that is being referred to by penetration grade is:
a.emulsified asphalt
b.cutback asphalt
c.asphalt cement
d.mastic asphalt
204.The optimum asphalt content obtained in a marshall stability test is the
average of the asphaltcontent of maximum stability, maximum density and
a.minimum flow index
b.maximum VMA
c.4 % or designed air voids
d.maximum VFA
205.The service performance of an asphalt pavement is greatly influenced by:
a.grade of asphalt
b.quantity of asphalt
c.a and b
d.none of the above
206.In bituminous mixture, aggregates account for 92 % to 95 % of the weight of
the mixture, whileasphalt ( the binder of the aggregates ) accounts for --------------a.3 5 %
b.5 8 %
NOTE: The proportion of bituminous material on the basis of total
c.5 10 %
dry aggregate, shall be from 5.0 to 8.0 mass percent.
d.7 10 %
207.In asphalt pavement, prior to acceptance, a sample of full depth, 150mm x
150mm or 100mmdiameter shall be taken by a saw or core drill for -------- test
a.thickness determination
d.a and b
208.In an asphalt pavement construction, after spreading bituminous mix,
compaction will followwhere rolling shall begin at the sides and proceed
longitudinally parallel toward the roadcenterline, each trip overlapping ------- of the
roller width, gradually progressing to the crown of the road

209.The control of temperature during the mixing and compaction is of great

significance in the ----of the resulting pavement
b.skid resistance
d.all of the above
210.based on the minimum testing requirements for Item 309, Bituminous Plant
Mix, General, onequality test for asphaltic material requires for every ------ tonnes or
fraction thereof.
211.The test in emulsified asphalt which determines the resistance of the emulsion
to break whenmixed with mineral aggregates
b.sieve test
c.cement mixing stability
212.What Item in the DPWH standards and specification is Bituminous Tack Coat?
213.In identifying project location intended for asphalt pavement, which of the
following criteria isnot appropriate to recommend?
a.drainage facilities is well-maintained
b.location is not a typhoon belt area
c.existing base course is stable
d.flood-prone section
214.An asphalt cement can be a good bituminous binder material for Item:
215.Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended for sealing
weakened planeand construction joints of the PCCP.
a.asphalt cement
b.emulsified asphalt
c.cutback asphalt
d.joint filler asphalt

216.The primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt mixtures
which will have ahigh degree of uniformity that will satisfy job requirements is
a.marshall stability test
b.job mix formula
c.immersion compression stability test
d.a and b
217.When a completed asphalt pavement exhibits too much voids, it is usually
caused by thefollowing except of:
a.rolling the mixture below the temperature requirements
b.too much coarse aggregates
c.too little binder
d.too much fine aggregates
218.Test results from specimen taken from a recently rolled asphalt pavement
showed that its totalasphalt content is 5.45 % by weight of mix. If the asphalt
absorbed by the aggregate is 0.95 %,the effective asphalt content by weight of mix
a.4.8 % Pba
b.4.552 % NOTE: Pbe = ----- x Ps
c.5.10 %
d.5.50 %
Where: Pbe = effective asphalt content, percent by total weight of mixturePba =
absorbed asphalt, percent by weight of aggregatePb = asphalt content, percent by
total weight of mixturePs = aggregate content, percent by total weight of mixture
219.An asphalt mix prepared in the laboratory used 30 %, 50 %, 20 % by weight of
coarse aggregate(CA), fine aggregate (FA) and mineral filler (MF), respectively. If the
specific gravity of CA, FA, and MF are 2.50, 2.65 and 2.50, respectively, the overall
specific gravity of compositeaggregates is:
30 + 50 + 20
SG oa = --------------------------------c.2.66
30/2.5 + 50/2.65 + 20/2.5
220.If 95 % of the aggregates in question no. 45 is mixed with 5 % asphalt by
weight of mix, thespecific gravity of the mix
(if it is voidless) is:
specific gravity of asphalt is 1.01.
Gmm = Gmb = -------------------------d.2.18
( voidless) 95/2.58 + 5/1.01
221.If the bituminous mix in No.46 has a 5 % air voids, the bulk specific gravity
(Gmb) can becomputed as:
Gmm - Gmb
% Air Voids = ----------------- x 100

d. 2.41

2.39 - Gmb5/100 = ------------------2.39

222.If the dry stability of a bituminous mix is 3,950 lbs. And its wet stability is 2,830
lbs., the Indexof Retained Strength (IRS) is:
a.50.20 %
b.71.60 %
Wet Stability
c.73.20 %
IRS = ----------------- x 100
d.61.10 %
Dry Stability
223.The voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) is:
a.the sum of the air voids and the volume of the mix
b.the difference between the volume of the mix and the volume of aggregate
c.the sum of the air voids and volume of aggregate
d.the difference between the volume of mix and volume of asphalt
224.The distance travelled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample
of asphalt cementunder condition for normal penetration is 9.0 mm ( the
penetration scale has 1/10 mmcalibration). Asphalt cement is classified as --------penetration grade.
a.60 70
b.85 100
c.120 150
d.200 300