You are on page 1of 18

<A>

Abnoki
- A nation of 20 Indian Tribes in early Maine history.
Advirondacks - Mountains of N.E. New York.
Alabama
- "Thicket Clearers", a State and a Tribe - Texas.
Alaska
- "Great Big Land", our 49th State.
Aleut
- Indians of Alaska and Aleutian Islands.
Allegheny - "Fairest River", with Monongohela River forms Ohio River at Pittsburgh, PA.
Algonquin - A language, stock name of my tribes of the N.E.U.S., usually allies of the French.
Apache
- "Elk horn fiddlers", a fierce tribe of AZ and NM.
Apalahicola - A FL tribe, part of the Seminoles.
Appalachia - Appalachia Indians in Eastern U.S.
Appomattox - "Tobacco Country", Virgina City Va., Lee surrendered here.
Apropaho
- "Mother of Tribes", tribe of Wyoming & Oklahoma.
Arizona
- "Little Spring Place", our 48th State.
Arkansas
- "South Wind People", our 25th State.
Aroostook - "Good River", a river in Maine.
Assiniboine - Tribe in Montana & Canada, River in Saskatchewan.
Aubbeenoubbee - "Looking Backward", Potawatomi chief, Indian.
Au-taw-ataw - Miami Chief, Grant County, Indiana.
Aztec
- Early Indians of Mexico. Conquered by Cortez in 1520.
<B>
Blackfeet - Indian tribe and reservation in Montana.
Black Hawk - "Ma-ka-ta-mi-ci-kiah kiak", black sparrow, Hawk: an Illinois Sauk Chief who
resisted Americans, 1831-1832.
Black Loon - "Makahlamongwah", Miami Chief, son of Little Turtle.
Blue Jacket - Shawnee Chief who fought at Tippicanoe and Fallen Timbers, Ohio.
Buchongahelas - "Breaker To Pieces", Delaware Chief who fought at Fallen Timbers, Ohio.
<C>

Caddo
Cahokia

- "Real Chiefs", Tribes of Arkansas and Oklahoma.


- A tribe in Illinois; An Illinois town where
Pontiac was killed in 1769.
Calumef
- Rivers of Northwestern Indiana, Peace pipe,
French origin.
Canada
- "Village, Wigwams" (Kamela) Our Northern neighbor.
Catawba
- An early tribe in the Carolinas.
Cayuga
- A tribe of Five Nations.

Charley

- "Sleepy" (Retongah) A Miami Chief and village near


Wabash Indiana.
Challahooche - "Pictured Rocks", creek name, river between
Georgia and Alabama.
Chattanooga - "Eagle Nest", city in Tennessee.
Chaulauqua - "Foggy Place", Lake Choutauqua in N.Y.
Che-chauk-kose-"Little Crane", a Pottawatomic Chief, Indian.
Cherokee
- "Cave People", Large Indian tribe of N. Carolina
and Tennessee, 18,000 were removed in 1838 to
Oklahoma. Helped Jackson subdue the Seminoles,
"Unto These hills at Cherokee, N.C."
Chesapeake - "Salty Pond", Great Salt Water", a large bay that
is an arm of the Atlantic that divides Maryland
River and the Suquehanna James, and Potonos rivers
empty into it.
Cheyenne
- "Cut Fingers", a tribe of CO, MT and Wyoming.
Chicago
- "Place Of Wild Onions, Bad Smell", a river; city
in Il., founded in 1833, site of Ft. Dearborn.
Chickamauga - "River Of Death", city in GA, a civil war battle.
Chillicothe - "Town Or Village", a city of OH on the Scioto River.
Chinquapin - A small edible acorn of the oak tree by that name.
Chicopee
- A city in MA, site secured from Chief Nippunisit.
Chickasaw - A tribe of Mississippi & TN now in OK.
Chinook
- A warm S.E. wind in the winter and spring in the
pacific N.W. A dry wind from Washington blowing
dowsing down the Eastern slope of the Rockies, a
tribe of Washington.
Chippewa
- "To Pucker Up", a tribe of the area from E. of Lk.
Erie to N. Dakota. Also, called Ojibwa.
Choctaw
- A tribe of Mississippi & now of OK.
Cochise
- "A famous Apache Chief who died in 1874.
Coesse
- "Old Man", a Miami Chief, grandson of Little
Turtle, an Indian town. Miami name "M-tek-kyah,
means "woods".
Comanche
- "Snakes", a tribe of TX and OK.
Conestoga - "Beautiful Magic Land", a tribe of Lancaster
County, PA; a creek by that name in PA, here the
Conestoga was made.
Connecticut - "Upon The Long River", 5th state to join union.
Cornstalk - "Sunshine", Ah-son-zong, a Miami Chief, Thorntown,
Indiana.
Coshocton - "Home of Owls, area in Pennsylvania, Ohio County.
Cree
- A tribe of Indians in Saskatchewan.
Creek
- A tribe of Alabama and Georgia, now Oklahoma.
Crow
- A tribe and reservation on Montana.
Curtis,Charles- A Kow Indian, VP of the U.S., 1929-1933.

<D>

Dakota, N & S - "Friends, Allies", 39th ad 40th states.


(North & South)
Delaware
- Lenni Lenape, "True Men", Wa-pa-naki or
"Eastlanders". Delaware is from Lord Delaware.
First state to ratify constitution.
<E>

Eel River

- Ke-na-po-co-mo-co, "Smoke Fish or Eel". River in


Indiana, a tribal branch of Miami in Indiana.
Erie
- "At The Place Of The Panther", a great lake; a
tribe who became Senecas.
Eskimos
- Indians of N. Canada and Alaska.
<F>

Flat Belly

- Pa-pa-kee-chee, Miami Chief of Indiana. Brother of


WaWa-Indian. Fish hatchery named after him near
Syracuse, Indiana.
Flat Head - A tribe and reservation in Montana; called
themselves "Sailfish".
Fort Wayne - Rekionga, "Clipped Hair", City in Indiana at the
junction of the River St. Joseph and St. Marys to
form the Maumee. Site of Harmar's is defeat in 1790.
French & Indian War - 1754-1763, Iroquois large on the side of
the English, and Algonquins on the side of the
French.
<G>

Geronimo
Gnadenhutten

- Apache Chief, 1834-1909, surrendered (1886).


- An OH Indian Mission destroyed by white men,
March, 1782.
Godfroy, Clarence - 1882-1962, Miami (Ko-poh-pwah), "Looking Out
Over", Author "Miami Indian Stores", Ed. by
Mrs. una McClurg, 1961.

Godfroy, Francis - 1840, Last war Chief of the Miami's in


Indiana.
Godfroy, Gabriel - 1834-1910, "White Blossom", (Wa-pah-na-ki-kahpah-lons-wah), son of Francis Godfroy, had
trading post at Peru.
<H>

Haiti
Hiawatha
Hopi
Huntington
Hurons

- "Mountainous Country", Island country in West


Indies.
- Chief of the Mohawks who formed the Five
Nations, Famous legendary character of
Longfellow's epic "Hiawatha".
- Indian tribe of AZ & NM, belongs to Pueblos.
- We-pe-chah-bi-oon-gi, "Place of Flints", City
of Indiana.
- "Hair Style", the Wyandottes of Canada and MI.
<I>

Idaho
Illinois

- "It Is Morning", our 43rd state.


- "men, Warriors", Confederacy of Kaskaskias,
Peorias & Cakokis of IL & WI, our 21st state.
Incas
- Early Indians of Peru, S.A., highly cultures,
conquered by Pizarro in 1531.
Indiana
- "Land Of The Indians", 19th state, Dec. 11,
1816.
Indianapolis
- Chan-tun-oon-gi, "Make A Noise Place", Capital
of Indiana.
Iowa
- "Sleepy Ones", "Marrow", Indian tribe, 29th
state.
Iroquois
- Mingo, Maquas, "I have spoken", Real
Serpents", the name of the Five Nation
Confederacy formed by Hiawatha.
<J>

Joseph Chief

- Nez Perc outstanding leader and Chief, 18401904.

<K>

Kaibab
Kalamazoo
Kalispel
Kanawbra
Kankakee
Kansas
Kaskaskia
Katahdin
Kayak

- "On The Mountain", Plateau in WA.


- "Otter's Tail", a city in MI.
- A city in the state of Montana.
- A river of WV, tributary of OH.
- "Swampy Country", A river in Northern Indiana.
- "South Wind People", 34th state of the Union.
- "Hide Dressers", a tribe of IL, now in OK.
- "Great Mountain", Highest mountain in Maine.
- An Eskimo canoe of skins, opening in the
middle.
Kearsarge
- "High Place", ship that sank the AL, Civil War.
Kekionga
- "Clipped Hair", Gateway to the W. Indian, name
for the site of Ft. Wayne, Indiana.
Ke-na-po-co-mo-co - "Snake Fish", name for Eel River, North IN.
Kennebeo
- "Long Place Of Water", a chief river of Maine.
Keobuk
- "Watchful Fox", Chief of Sauk & Fox, a city of
Iowa, a great dam across the Mississippi
River.
Kenosha
- "Long Fish", a pike, a city of WI.
Kentucky
- "Where rivers start, Potawatomi Chief, town in
IN.
Kickapoo
- "he Moves About", "Otter's Ghost", the tribe in
IL now in OK, member of the Miami Confederacy.
Killbuck
- A Delaware Chief on White River, IN.
Kilosquah
- "Sun Woman", granddaughter of Little Turtle.
Kin-ni-ki-nick
- A mixture of dried sumac leaves smoked by the
American Indians.
Kiowa
- "Principal People", tribe of area Montana to
Texas, in OK.
Klamath
- Tribe and name of lake in Oregon.
Kokomo
- "The Driver", Kok-ah-mah, Miami Chief, City in
Indiana.
<L>

Lackawanna

- "Stream That Forks", tributary of the


Susquehanna.
LaFontaine, Francis - "Topeah", "Frost On The Bush", a son-in-law
of Richardville, a town in Wabash County,
Indiana. LaFontaine has his headquarters at

the Forts of the Wabash.


LeGros
- "Lagro", Oh-za-la-mo-nee, "Blood Root", Miami
Chief and a town in Indiana on the Wabash at
the mouth of the Salamonie.
Little Turtle
- Me-shi-kin-no-quah, Greatest war Chief of
Miami's, wiped out LeBaume's forces in 1789,
defeated Humer in 1790 and St. Clair in 1791,
advised against fighting Wayne at Fallen
Timbers but fought against him, signed
Greenville Treaty, 1795.
Logan Chief John - Iroquois orator, lived during the Revolution.
Lycoming
- "Sandy Stream", a river in PA.
<M>

Mackinac
- "Turtle Island" in Mi.
Ma-con-a-quah
- Also Muk-kuns-kwa, "Little Bear Woman", Miami
name for France Slocum 1774-1847, as a
captive lived with Indians 69 years.
Majinica
- "Big Body", name of Miami Chief who lived in
Huntington County, Indiana who contested
Francis Godfroy in the naming of the Chief of
the Miami's. Name of town and creeks in
county.
Manhattan
- Manahala,Menatey, "Island", main part of NY
City.
Manitou
- "Spirit", Kiji Manitou means "God", the Good
Spirit. Potawatomi words.
Mankato
- "Green Earth", the name of a town in
Minnesota.
Massachusetts
- "Large Hill Place", settled in 1620, 6th
state.
Massaqua
- A rattle snake.
Massasoit
- Wampamoag Indian Chief who attended the
Pilgrim's Thanksgiving.
Maumee
- "Standing Rocks", a river flowing into Lake
Erie.
Maxinbuckee
- "Big Stone County", an Indiana Lake.
Mayas
- Early Indians of Yucatan with high culture.
Menominee
- "Wild Rice Eaters", a Potawatoms tribe and
Chief of Northern Indiana, moved west by
government, 1838, "River Of Death".
Merrimac
- "Swift River", river of New England.
Me-shin-go-me-sia - "Large Leaf Burr Oak", Chief of last village

of Miami's in Indiana near LaFontaine.


Mesquabuck
- "Copper Of Red Color", "Color At Sunrise Or
Sunset", Village of Potawatomis near Oswego
Laken Indiana, Potawatomi Chief.
Metea
- "Kiss Me", Potawatomi Chief of Indiana.
Metocinyah
- "The Living", Miami Chief, son of Ozandia and
father of Meshingimesia, name of creek and
village Campbell, burned in 1812.
Miami
- "All Beavers, All Friends, Cry Of The Crane,
People Who Live On The Peninsula", all are
meanings given to this tribal name, name found
on more places in the USA than any other
Indian name. A tribe and confederacy which
included: Miami, Weas, Kickapoos, Pianheshaws,
Delaware, Shawnees, Potawatomi, Twightwees,
Chippewas, Wyandottes and Munsees. Name of
county and town in Indiana, city in FL, etc.
Michigan
- "Big Sea Water", name of great lake, 26th
state.
Milwaukee
- "Rich Land", city in WI.
Mingo
- A name for the Iroquois.
Minnehha
- "Laughing Waters", names of waterfall,
Longfellow's heroine.
Minnesota
- "Sky-tinted Water", our 32nd state.
Mishawaka
- "Country of Dead Trees", name of Shawnee
princess, city east of S. Bend, Indiana.
Mish-i-kib-a-kwa - "Little Turtle", one spelling of this name.
Mississinewa
- "Much Fall In The River", famous river in
Indiana. On this river lived the Godfroys,
Frances, Slocum - an Metocinyah.
Mississippi
- "Father Of Waters", name of river and 20th
state.
Missouri
- "Great Muddy", Indian tribe, river and 24th
state.
Mohawk
- "Man Eaters", one of the Iroquois Confederacy
tribes.
Modoc
- "Enemy", "Southerners", an early tribe in
Oregon.
Mohave
- A tribe of AZ, name of a desert.
Mahican
- "Wolf", an early tribe in Connecticut and
Pennsylvania, Cooper wrote of them.
Monon
- "Tote", Potawatomi word, town in Indiana.
Monongahela
- "Falling Bank", river in PA joins Allegheny at
Pittsburgh, PA.
Montezuma
- Ruler of Aztecs, defeated by Cortez.
Mota
- "Big Bottle or Jug", Potawatomi word, from

Indiana.
Muchkatahmoway
- Potawatomi Chief of Indiana who signed
Greenville Treaty.
Mugwump
- One who acts independently, 1884, Mugwump
Republicans.
Muncie
- "People On The Stony Country", city in Indiana,
Delaware Co.
Munsee
- A tribal division of the Delawares, NY,
Delaware, Pennsylvania, OK.
Muskabuck
- See'Mesquabuck.
Muscotaluck
- "Drift Wood In Water", a park in Indiana.
Musky
- "A Swampy Marsh".
Muskegon
- "Plenty Of Fish", a city in MI.
Mukelange
- "The Great Pike", a lake in Indiana.
Muskingum
- "Moose Eye River", a city in OH.
<N>

Nantucket

- "Far Away Light", sound island, town and light


in Massachusetts.
Nappanee
- "Flour Mill", Miss-i-sanga-na-pa-ni, town in
Indiana.
Narragansett
- A tribe of Rhode Island, friendly to Roger
Williams.
Na-swaw-kee
- "The Feather Arrow", Potawatomi Chief, an res.
Notchez
- "Warriors Of The High Bluff", a tribe of the
lower Mississippi.
Navajo
- Largest tribe and reservation in AZ and N.
Mexico.
Nealongquah
- "Big Leaves", a chief of the Miami and
reservation.
Nebraska
- "Flatwater", 37th state.
Nez Perc
- Tribe brought from Oregon and Idaho with the
Chief Joseph to reservation in OK.
Niagara
- "Roaring Waters", a river and fall, NY &
Canada.
Niskayuna
- "Field Of Corn", an area in NY.
Notawkah
- "He Hears", Potawatomi Chief from Meniminee
reservation who signed treaty 1836, giving up
final lands.
<O>

Ocelot
- A cat-like S.American animal.
O-gi-maw-kee
- Mit-i-gwa-ki, "Queen Of The Woods", the name
Simon Pokagon gave to his wife Lonidaw in his
autobiography bearing that name, she drowned
trying to save her young daughter.
Oglaba
- A tribe of Sioux, one chief was "Sitting
Bull".
Ohio
- "Beautiful River", an Iroquois word, river, and
our 17th state.
Ojibwa
- "Those Who Draw Pictures", same as Chippewa.
Okeechobee
- "Grassy Lake, a lake in FL, north of
Everglades, also a town on this lake.
Oklahoma
- "Land of Red Man", name given our 46th state by
Choctaw Chief Allen Wright in 1866 in the
treaty of that year.
Omaha
- "Upstream", a city in Nebraska.
Ontario
- "Beautiful hills, rocks, rivers", Wyandotte was
a great lake and a province of Canada.
Oregon
- "Beautiful Water", our 33rd state.
Osage
- "The Neutral", a tribe of the plains, an Indian
village in Indiana where an Indian treaty was
signed and where Tecumeh tried to form a large
confederacy. Near Peru Indian on the
Mississinewa.
Osceola
- "Medicine Drink", Chief of the Seminoles, town
in IN.
Oshkosh
- "Claw Marking Or Scratches", a city in
Wisconsin.
Oswego
- "Flowing Out", lake and town in each NY and
Indiana.
Ottawa
- "Traders", a tribe in MI and Canada, capital of
Canada.
Ouiatanon
- "Place Of An Eddy In River", Miami town on the
Wabash.
Ozandia
- A Miami Chief, father of Metocinyah, signed
treaties, OH.
<P>

Paiute
- A tribe of Nevada and Colorado.
Papakeechee
- "Flat Belly", brother of Wawasee, N. Indiana,
Lake, Miami.
Patoka
- "How Deep", a Fox Chief of IL.
Pagago
- A tribe in New Mexico

Passaic
- "Peaceful Valley", a river in NJ.
Passamaquoddy
- A tribe and bay in Maine.
Paune
- "Horn People", a tribe in West, Kansas &
Nebraska.
Pemmican
- Dried meat pounded into a paste and mixed with
meal.
Penn's Treaty
- 1682, treaty made with Indians by William Penn
on a site now in Philadelphia, Never broken.
Penobscot
- "Rocky River", a tribe and longest river of
Maine.
Pensacola
- "Hairy People", a tribe and city of FL.
Peoria
- "Place Of Fat Beasts", a tribe and city in IL.
Pequot
- An early tribe in eastern Connecticut, name of
war in 1637 in which they were wiped out.
Peru
- The Miami word means "A Straight Place In The
River", a city in Indiana, county seat of
Miami County.
Peshewa
- "Wild Cat", name for Miami Chief, Richard
Ville.
Petosky
- Indian family name which a city in MI bears.
Phillip King
- Wampananoag son of Massasoit who waged war and
was defeated by Massachusetts colonists,
1675-1677.
Piankeshaw
- "Those Who Formed A Tribe", a tribe of Miami,
Indiana.
Pima
- A tribe of Az.
Piqua
- "Ashes", a city of OH.
Pocahontas
- "Shield", daughter of Powhaton, married John
Rolfe, saved life of Captain John Smith in
Vas, died in 1614 in England.
Pokagon
- "Shield", Leopold, a Potawatomi Chief who sold
the land on which Chicago stands to the white
man, father of Simon Prokagon. A state park
named after him in Indiana.
Pokagon
- "Shield", Simon, son of Leopold lived in N.
Dakota and S. Michigan, wrote autobiography,
see Ogimawkwa Mitigwaki, spoke at the 1893
Chicago World Fair, (Picture on book jacket).
Ponca
- "Scared Head", a tribe in the Dakotas and OK.
Pontiac
- An Ottawa Indian who formed an unsuccessful
"conspiracy" in 1761-1763, killed at Cohakia,
IL in 1796.
Potawatomi
- "Maker's Of The Fire", tribe in Canada, MI and
Indiana.
Potlatch
- A festival and distribution of gifts, a
feast.

Potomac

- "Burning Pines River", a river between


Maryland & VA.
Powhattatan
- Father of Pocahontas, a tribe in Virginia.
Prophet, The
- Shawnee brother of Tecumseh, lost battle
Tippecanoe.
Puccoon
- Red or yellow dye from a puccoon plant, like
blood root.
Pueblo
- "Village Dwellers", in homes of stone or adobe
in southwest, Some Indians are called
Pueblos.
Punk
- Decayed wood or dry fungus used to build
fire.
<Q>

Quapaw

- "Down Stream People", an Arkansas tribe found


by DeSota.
<R>

Richardville,
Jean Baptiste

- Pinjewah or Peshewa, "Wild Cat",


son of Tah-kum wah, sister of Little Turtle
who was the daughter of Ackquenacque (Old
Turtle),
Richardville was the last head Chief of the
Miami, lived 1761-1841, had many trading
posts.
Rappahannock
- "Quick Raising Water", a river of Virginia.
Red Cloud
- A chief of the Sioux, 1822-1909.
Red Jacket
- A chief of the Senecas, 1756-1830.
Roanoke
- Indian name for shell money, city in
Virginia, town in Indiana, home of Kilsoquah.
Rogers, Will
- Cherokee humorist, died in Alaska in plane
crash, 1935.
<S>

Sacagowea

- "Bird Woman", woman guide for Louis and Clark,


1804-6.
St. Joseph River - Sagwasibi, "Coming Out River", portage, river

emptying into Lake Michigan, had portage to


the Kankatee.
St. Joseph River - Kotaisasipi, "Bean River", Miami for river at
Ft. Wayne.
St. Mary's River - At Fort Wayne, Mahmaywahsepeway, Miami for
Sturgeon Creek, unites at Fort Wayne with the
St. Joseph to form the Maumee River.
Salamonie
- "Blood Root", Miami word, a tributary of the
Wabash, see Lagro, On-za-lamo-mi.
Samoset
- A pernaquid friend of the Pilgrims, 15901658.
Sandusky
- "Large Pools Of Water", river and city in OH.
Saratoga
- "Sparkling Place", a city in NY, Battle of
Revolution.
Saskatchewan
- "Swift River", province of Canada.
Sauk & Fox
- "People Of The Outlet", allied tribes of the
Great Lakes area, allies of Tecumseh, led by
Black Hawk, 1831-2.
Savannah
- "Grassy Plains", a city in Georgia.
Schenectady
- "End Of Trail", a city in NY.
Schaykill
- "Hidden Crek", a tributary of the Delaware
creek in PA.
Scioto
- "Hairs In The Waters", a river in OH.
Sebogo
- "Landlocked", a lake and park in Maine were
Camp Fire Girls began.
Seminole
- "Run Away People", tribe in FL, some removed
to
OK.
Seneca
- "People Of The Standing Stone", largest tribe
of NY, the Five Nations of the Iroquois
Confederation.
Seminole Wars
- 1817-Under Jackson, 1835-1838 see Osceola.
Sequoia
- "Guessed At", Cherokee Chief who invented an
alphebet.
Shabbona
- An Ottawa adopted by the Potawatomis and made
Chief, called "White Man's Friend", lived in
IL and N. Indiana, went with the Potawatomis
to Kansas.
Shawnee
- "Southerns", a tribe of TN and OH.
Sheboygan
- "Starts From Springs", a city in WI, "Place Of
Ore".
Shemacamah
- Miami Chief at Thornstown, Indiana.
Shenandoah
- "Hillside Stream", river in the valley of
Virginia.
Shepahcannah
- "Deaf Man", Miami chief, husband of Frances
Slocum, village of the Misissinewa.

Shoshone
Silver Heels
Sioux
Sitting Bull
South Bend

- "Sheep Eaters", Linguistic stock, a tribe,


river and lake, WY.
- Shawnee Chief at Fallen Timbers, 1794.
- "Cut Throats", a large tribe of the Dakotas,
also called Dakotas.
- Outstanding Chief of the Sioux, 1834-1890.
- Sakiwagungi, Miami word for "Coming Out
Place" or portage to the Kankee from the St.
Joseph, city in Indiana.
<T>

Teepee

- "Dwelling", skin covered cone-like dwellings


of the Mohawks, became a famous, became a
famous Catholic nun of Montreal.
Tekawitha, Catherine- 1680, Lily of the Mohawks, became a famous
Catholic nun of Montreal.
Temiskwotowa
- Name for the prophet, brother of Tecumseh,
also Lawlewasikaw.
Tennessee
- "Cherokee Village", Cherokee Chief was
Tannassic, 16th state.
Terrapin
- From the Delaware tortoise or turtle.
Teton
- "Nipple", on a land without trees, western
Sioux division, Grand Teton are mountians in
WY, a county in Idaho.
Texas
- "Friendly Allies", our 28th state.
Thayendanega
- "He Sets Two Bits", Joseph Brant, a noted
Mohawk Chief.
Thorpe, Jim
- 1888-1953, outstanding Sauk athlete. He was a
great-great grandson of Black Hawk. Statue at
Cartisle, PA.
Thunderbird
- Indian concept of a great bird in the sky
that causes the lightning and thunder.
Tillamook
- Importnant Chinook tribe in Oregon, a county
in Oregon.
Tillicum
- "Friend", Chinook word.
Tioga
- "Where I Forks", a trail in Pennsylvania
crossing Bradford Co., counties in
Pensylvannia and NY.
Tippicanoe
- Kithtippeconmuck, "Bufalo Fish", river and
town in Indiana, site of battle between
Harrison and the Prophet, near present
Lafayette.
Tlingit
- Indians of the west coast of Alaska & Canada.

Toltecs
Tomahawk
Tomochichi
Tonawanda
Topeak
Topeaka
Topinebee
Toronto
Tranois
Tuscon
Tupelo
Tuscaloosa
Tuscarora
Tuscarawas
Tuskegee
Tutelo
Tuxedo
Twightwees

- Indians of Mexico, contemporaries of the


Aztecs.
- The Indian war axe or club.
- A creek chief who was a friend of Oglethorpe
in 1733.
- "Confluent Stream", Senicca, settlement and
reservation in NY.
- Indian name for Frances LaFontaine, son-inlaw of Richardville.
- "Potato Country", city in Kansas.
- "Quite Setting Bear", a Potawatom Chief,
friend of white man, signed many treaties
(1795-1821), died from over drinking.
- "Meeting Place", a city in Ontario, Canada.
- A pole drag pulled by ponys.
- "Black Area Or Rock", city in AZ.
- A southern gum tree, a Mohican word.
- "Black Warrior", a city in AL.
- "Hemp Gatherers", a tribe of N. Carolina who
went North to join the Five Nations in 1772.
- River and valley in OH, a settlment of the
Wyandotte.
- "Warriors", a tribe, city & institute in
Alabama.
- A Siorian tribe, now extinct, visited by John
Smith in Virginia and N. Carolina.
- "Place of beans"
- An English name for Miamis at Kekionga.
<U>

Unalachtigo
Umatilla
Umtak
Umpqua
Unami
Uncas
Utah
Ute

- "People Who Live Near The Ocean", one of the


main division of the Delawares who lived in
Delaware and N.J.
- A tribe on the Umatilla River in Washington.
- Eskimo woman's boat.
- A tribe in Oregon on the Umpqua River.
- Delawares along the Delaware River in what is
now Pennsylvania.
- "The Circler", a Mohegan ally of the English
against King Philip, name of the "Last Of The
Mohicans" by Cooper.
- "Higher Up", our 45th state.
- "Dark Skinned", restless warriors of the tribe

of Colorado and Utah.


<V>

Venango
Vermillion

- A Sencca village and fort held by both French


and English in Pennsylvania.
- "Yellow, Red River", Kickapoo division, county
in Indiana.
<W>

Wasbash

- "White Flat Rocks", a main tributary of the


Ohio in Indiana, a town and county in
Indiana, also called Wabashiki.
Wabemine
- "White Pigeon", a Potawatomi chief of MI, a
city there name after him.
Wabakieshiek
- "The White Cloud", prophet advisor of Black
Hawk.
Wachusett
- "At The Small Mountain", a mountain in
Massechusetts.
Waco
- A tribe in TX, a town named after them there.
Wahoo
- Cork elm tree used for rope, Indian arrow
head.
Wakaruso
- "Hip Deep In Mud", town in Indiana.
Walam Olum
- "Pointed Record, Red Score", Delaware
pictograph record of the origin of the
Delawares from Siberia across the strait.
Translated by Eli Lilly from the French
version of Rafineque, 1954.
Wahapo
- "Pine Tree Folks", a Yuman tribe along the
Colorado River.
Walla-Walla
- "Many Waters", a tribe and city in Washington.
Wampanoag
- "Eastern People", Massachusetts tribe of
Massasoit and King Philip.
Wampum
- String of shells used as money and gifts.
Wanatah
- Town in Indiana, a site of a Potawatomi
village.
Wapiti
- Shawnee name for the American elk.
Wasatch
- "Beautiful Mountains", a mountain range in
Utah.
Wasco
- "Cup Or Bowl", Chinook tribe along the
Columbia.

River in Oregon.
Washakie
- "Shoot The Buffalo Running", 1804-1900 a
Shoshoni Chief who was a friend and
negotiator for his people with the Americans.
Watauga
- A Cherokee name used in the name of a town
and a county in TN.
Waupecong
- "White Bones", a town in Indiana.
Wawasee
- "Full Moon", a leading Chief of the Miamis in
Indiana, signed many treaties, lived first on
Lake Wawhee and then with his brother,
Papakeechee on what came to be know as Lake
Wawasee.
Waxham
- A tribe of the Carolinas, practiced head
flattening.
Wea
- "Bend of The Stream" Tribe of Miami Confedercy
Indian Ohio.
Weatherford, William- Creek leader who lost to Jackson in Creek
War.
Weiser, Conrad
- A noted agent for the colonists and
ambassador for the Indians of Pennsylvania
and NY, lived from 1696-176?, came to America
as an immigrant in 1710, married Ann Eve Fick
in 1720, had fourteen children, one of whom
Anna Maria, married Henry Melchior
Muhlenberg. The Indians called Weiser
"Torachiawagon", he who holds the heavens.
Wenatchee
- "River Coming Out Of A Canyon", a river, lake
and city of the state of Washington.
Wesaro
- "Animal, Gallbladder", a Miami Chief in
Indiana.
White River
- Wapihani, Miami for white waters, a river in
Indiana.
Wichita
- "A Big Arbor", a tribe in OK on TX mountains
in OK, a river and city in Kansas bear the
name.
Wickiup
- A brush shelter form of a house.
Wigwam
- An Abnaki word for a dwelling made from bark,
saplings or brush.
Willamette
- "Running Water", a river in Oregon.
Winamac
- "Cat Fish", a Potawatomi Chief, friend of the
Whites, visited Washington, died in 1821,
earlier Winamac fought with Tecumseh and
claimed to have caused the massacre at Fort
Dearborn.
Winnebago
- "People Of The Stinking Water", a tribe in WI.
Winnipeaukee
- A tribe, river and lake in N. Hampshire.

Winona
Wisconsin
Wissahickon

- Sioux term for first born female child.


- "Where Waters Gather", our 30th state.
- A stream in Pennsylvania flowing through
German Town southward.
Woodchuck
- A Cree word for ground hog.
Wowoka
- "Mesiah", a Pouitte who led Indians in a new
religion that caused the uprising of 18801890 in the Dakotas.
Wright, Allen
- 1825-1885, A Choctaw preacher and statesman
of his people in Mississippi and OK,
suggested the name OK for the territory, an
outstanding scholar and leader.
Wyalusing
- A tributary of the White River in Indiana.
Wyandotte
- "Islanders", a tribe called Hurons by the
French, lived from Quebec to Green Bay, WI.
Wyoming
- "Large Prarie Place", our 44th state, a valley
in Pennsylvania which was the scene of a
massacre on July 3, 1778. From this valley
Frances Slocum was stolen on November 2,
1778.
<X>

No Entry
<Y>

Yakima
Yalobusha
in

- "Runaway", a tribe of Washington, a river and


city of Washington.
- A tributary of the Yazoo River and a county

Mississippi.
Yamasee
- A Muskegean tribe along the coast of Florida
and Georgia.
Yankton
- "At The End", one of seven, divisions of the
Sioux.
Yaqui
- "Chief River", a tribe of Northern Mexico.
Yozoo
- A river and an extinct tribe of Mississippi.
Yellow River
- Welhamamik, Potawatomi word for "Yellow
Yokut
- A name of a Mariposa band of Indians.
Yosemite
- "Grizzly Bear", a valley, falls and park in
CA.

Yucca
Yukon
Yuma
Yurok

- "Silk Grass", a plant used for food, sandals,


rope, nets, soap, dye, point brushes, tread
to sew robes.
- A large river in Alaska.
- A tribe and language groups of the Southwest
of the USA.
- "Downstream", a tribe on the lower Klamath
River in CA.
<Z>

Zapotecs
Zuni

- Indians of Mexico, contemporaries of the


Aztecs.
- Pueblo Indians along the Colorado River in
New Mexico.