Gold Panning in the GPOC Demonstration Troughs


THE PROSPECTOR’S official publication of The Gold Prospectors of Colorado
Letter From Your President
Fellow Prospectors,      Hope this letter finds everyone in good health. We've had several of our members in and out of the hospital this month and so far the recovery rate is good, thank heavens. We had a long cold winter but the moisture levels were not as the Farmers Almanac had predicted. The water levels on the Arkansas River are much lower than last yearʼs melt off.      I had planned an outing on the river for as soon as the weather permitted and made it out to the Wet Mountain Valley in Westcliffe at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, which with the snow pack were breathtaking to say the least. While there we went to a wood carving shop that was owned by a geologist who likes to carve some very interesting pieces. We spoke over dinner with Mr. Greg Tovrea about older mountain ranges like the Wet Mountains to our southwest and newer ones like the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. He spoke of temporal moraines and geyser tubes and how gold is formed during volcanic micro venting prior to a major eruption, and said he would be willing to speak at one our next meetings. continued on next page

vol. 37 no. 4

President’s Letter New Member’s Letter from Editor Minutes Tom’s Baby Benchmark Monthly Calendar Topographic Maps Map Resources “Fool’s Gold” Claims Committee Calendar 2


4 5 6 7






We have a GPOC PRIVATE GROUP where you can exchange information with your fellow prospectors! You can include photos, discussions, add events and links. You can access the page by searching for Gold Prospectors of Colorado on


President Ben Higley Vice President Wayne Wittkopp Secretary Elise Pearce

Treasure Helen Bennet
Webmaster Stacey Smith

One Year

Contact Info Bob Hale (719)213-3383 Special Events Phil Vigil (719) 391-9975

Patrick Hill
Two Year Quill Editor

Gary Beaderstadt
Three Year

Lin Smith

Bob Bennett

Presidentʼs Letter, continued
     The next day we went down on the Arkansas River to play with a new universal underground survey apparatus called a Runabout that Mr. Steve Garrett bought in Pahrump Nevada. This unit is hooked up to a laptop computer and uses magnetic deviation to detect anomalies of both ferrous and non-ferrous targets up to 200 feet below the earthʼs surface. This equipment could be the answer to the worldʼs next gold strike but with a high price tag it certainly won't be by chance.      Our group did some bedrock busting and metal detecting that day and didnʼt find any nuggets but the gold was good and as a matter of fact, I found the easiest gold I've ever come across in my life when Steve and I were returning to the truck. Lo and behold, a gold pan was floating down the river right towards me! With gold in it!  But I knew who it belonged to as my son was running down the bank yellin' Dad! Dad!      The next day we walked with the geologist along the river looking at the ancient riverbed near the parking lot in Parkdale. Then we went rockhounding in Copper Gulch along the roadside and learned about formations near some of the exposed bedrock areas in the creek bed. We were saturated with intense snow that made for an early end to our journey.      You know it's not often we have an opportunity to walk with a geologist and have him pick-up a specimen of gold ore from the river bank to show us where the gold in the river comes from and how placers are deposited in the sands, gravels, bedrocks and clays. He's a precious metal prospector himself and his pickle jar process is unique, but that is another story in itself, so, I'll let him tell that story.  Good prospecting to you and everyone. If you keep Bob Hale posted as to when and where you are going prospecting we can join you. We prospect almost every weekend and would enjoy your company too! See you out throwing rocks... at people...or bears...or cars........................good luck!          Sincerely, Big Ben (PS-that hole in the side of your pan-tie a string to it!) HINT Use a piece of flexible vinyl wall base molding as a dam for your

Robert & Sharon Humphrey, CO Eric & Dorene Rovegno, CO Dick & Sue McClurg, CO Steven & Annabel Carney, CO Duane & Paula Colvin, CO Larry & Carol Corder, CO Tom & Evie Esely, CO Fred Frisbie, CO Jim & Lauri Gephart, CO Jack Hoyt, CO Don Johnston, CO Harvey Kuntz, CO William Lewelling, CO Daniel & Kim Romero, CO Richard Sweeny, CO

  WELCOME BACK! Stuart Carr


Letter from the Editor
I have prepared a large article on resources for maps and historical information that will be accesible at There is extensive information on the web, but it is not consolidated. Hopefully you will be able to research your next prospecting site a little easier. If you access the newsletter on the web you can have direct links to the websites listed in the newsletter. I am trying a new layout to see if it is easier to read. If you wish to contact the editor of the Quill please be aware that in the web address there is only one L -

sluice. It is lightweight and inexpensive.



Tom’s Baby

7:11 p.m.

7:13 p.m.

7:15 p.m.

7:22 p.m.

7:30 p.m. 7:35 p.m. 7:50 p.m. 9:00 p.m.

Meeting called to order by President Ben with the Pledge of Allegiance. New member’s stood and introduced themselves to the club, all were given ticket to “Gold Draw”, and welcomed to the club by other members. Old Business-Cache Creek Hosts are eligible for volunteer days for their work as camp hosts. Individual’s claiming to be club members are contacting the BLM and Forest Service claiming they represent the club. This is to cease immediately. We have an appointed representative for the club. Your concerns can be given to Bob Hale. New Business • Steven Veatch is willing to charter a bus for the club for an outing to Cripple Creek & Victor and for an exclusive mine tour. • Individuals with club materials were requested to make copies for safe keeping in the club’s safe deposit box. This includes teasurer, editor, volunteers, historical documents, membership, board members, etc. • Phil Vigil has rescended his position as Claims Committee Chairman. • There will be a meeting of the Claims Committee on March 20th at the WMMI • Phil Vigil will be the Special Events Chairman. • If anyone is aware of any events of interest to the club please contact the Ben Higley or Bob Hale. • On March 27th there will be a class at the Roc Doc on Beach placers. • The Board will meet on March 28th to review the By-laws and Constitution. • On April 17th there will be a New Member’s Outing at Woody’s Claim. • The CS Mineral Club will be having an auction at the WMMI on April 17th. • April 17th-18th Gold Pan Days will be at the WMMI a few volunteers are needed to hand out info. • Member’s were asked if they would attend the King Tut exhibit-more than ten said yes so arrangements will be made • Ben asked if anyone was willing to volunteer for an outing at Dinosaur Ridge. There were no volunteers so we will not participate. • May 15-16 2-day Teacher Seminar at WMMI volunteers needed to demo equipment. Helen Bennet gave the Treasurer report. Break for 15 minutes. Big Ben introduced speaker for meeting Richard Sweeny of Big Ben presented Richard Sweeny with “Nugget” for club’s appreciation of speaking to membership.

Tom’s Baby
The largest know specimen of lode gold ever found in Colorado was discovered outside of Breckenridge Colorado in the Fuller Placer on Farncomb Hill at the head of French Gulch. Tom Groves and Harry Lytton recovered more than 243 troy ounces of gold, the equivilant of 20 pounds on July 23, 1887 in just four hours. One specimen weighing 136 troy ounces was wrapped in a blanket like a baby and carried to town and hence the name “Tom’s Baby.” It was rumored that it was displayed at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science in 1900. Years later Tom’s Baby disappeared and was not even on the inventory for the museum. Two large pieces of gold were discoverted in a Denver bank vault in 1972. When the two pieces were assembled they matched photo’s that had been taken of the original Tom’s Baby. There were however 34 troy ounces missing. Tom’s Baby is a mass of crystallized lode gold currently weighing102 troy ounces and is once again on display at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science.

Title: Cast Bronze Benchmark
Description: Benchmarks can be divided into two general groups: the "vertical control points" are points that mark a very precise elevation above the standard datum plane (usually referred to as elevation above sea level) and the "horizontal control points" are points with precisely established latitude and longitude. The National Geodetic Survey, not the U.S. Geological Survey, is the Maintainer of federal Vertical Control Marks. This specimen is a Reference Benchmark and not a geodetic control mark. In actual use, this marker would have been used to keep the location of a triangulation station from being lost. Its arrow would be set to the location of the triangulation station; the station's description would have accurate azimuth and horizontal (not slope) distance to each of its reference marks so that it can be re-set from them if necessary. Object ID: USGS-000181 U.S.Geological Survey

april calendar
For further information contact

meetings 1
Board Meeting
7:00 PM 4125 Center Park Drive

events 8
Geo Thermal Power
Western Museum of Mining and Industry 225 N. Gate Road CS, CO (719) 499-0880

events 17
Gold Pan Days
Western Museum of Mining and Industry 225 N. Gate Rd. CS, CO Volunteers to hand-out brochures 9-4

events 23-25
Mineral & Fossil
Show Holiday Inn 4849 Babcock Street Denver, Colorado

Bob Hale at (719) 213-3383

GPOC Membership Meeting
3400 N. Nevada, CS, CO 7:00 PM Beginning Dredging by Bob Bennet

New Member Outing
Woody’s Claim Hands On Dredging Bob Hale (719) 213-3383

New Member Orientation Western Mining Museum Steaven Veatch 10-3 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383

Reading Topographic Maps
Interpreting the colored lines, areas, and other symbols is the first step in using topographic maps. Features are shown as points, lines, or areas, depending on their size and extent. For example, individual houses may be shown as small black squares. For larger buildings, the actual shapes are mapped. In densely built-up areas, most individual buildings are omitted and an area tint is shown. On some maps, post offices, churches, city halls and other landmark buildings are shown within the tinted area.The first features usually noticed on a topographic map are the area features such as vegetation (green), water (blue), some information added during update (purple), and densely built-up areas (gray or red).Many features are shown by lines that may be straight, curved, solid, dashed, dotted, or in any combination. The colors of the lines usually indicate similar kinds or classes of information: brown for topographic contours; blue for lakes, streams, irrigation ditches, etc.; red for land grids and important roads; black for other roads and trails, railroads, boundaries, etc.; and purple for features that have been using aerial photography, but not field verified. Various point symbols are used to depict features such as buildings, campgrounds, springs, water tanks, mines, survey control points, and wells. Names of places and features also are shown in a color corresponding to the type of feature. Many features are identified by labels, such as "Substation" or "Golf Course.Topographic contours are shown in brown by lines of different widths. Each contour is a line of equal elevation; therefore, contours never cross. They show the general shape of the terrain. To help the user determine elevations, index contours (usually every fourth or fifth contour) are wider. The narrower intermediate and supplementary contours found between the index contours help to show more details of the land surface shape. Contours that are very close together represent steep slopes. Widely spaced contours, or an absence of contours, means that the ground slope is relatively level. The elevation difference between adjacent contour lines, called the contour interval, is selected to best show the general shape of the terrain. A map of a relatively flat area may have a contour interval of 10 feet or less. Maps in mountainous areas may have contour intervals of 100 feet or more. Elevation values are shown at frequent intervals on the index contour lines to facilitate their identification, as well as to enable the user to interpolate the values of adjacent contours.Bathymetric contours are generally offshore since they show the shape and slope of the ocean bottom. They are shown in blue or black. Bathymetric contours are shown in meters at intervals appropriate to map scale and coastal profile, and should not be confused with depth curves.Depth curves are shown along coastlines and on inland bodies of water where the data are available from hydrographic charts or other reliable sources. Depth figures, shown in blue along the curves, are in feet on older USGS maps and in meters on newer maps. Soundings, individual depth values, may also be shown. USGS

Gurley Dip Needle Lake Superior Model with Case
Description: Also known as a Forrester's Compass or Miner's Compass, a dip (or dipping) needle is an instrument for measuring the intensity of the earth's magnetic field. It is used to locate buried or hidden metal. Manufactured by W. & L.E. Gurley, Troy, New York. Object ID: USGS-000345

Map Resources
April Shower’s Bring May Outings
Colorado Places by County
David Rumsey
The historical map collection has over 21,000 maps and images online. Library of Congress
The Geography and Map Division (G&M) has custody of the largest and most comprehensive cartographic collection in the world.

Denver Public Library images/index.html
Field Records Library USGS
Denver Federal Center Building 20, Room C-2002 8:00 a.m. — 4:00 p.m. Mountain Time Monday through Friday Closed Federal holiday

Clues From Old Maps
The first explorers of Colorado were also map makers. Their maps serve as a portal for todays research of mining locations. Geological maps are valuable for scientific and academic research as well as for the research that might be done by small scale miners. The purpose of geological maps has changed through time as the uses of the land in Colorado has changed. In the early territory days of Colorado geological maps focused on metal resources located in the rugged high country because minerals were the dominate industry. As the exploration for fuel resources became more prominent, geologic mapping began to focus on the lower sedimentary basins. Today, the historical geological maps are still of value to the small scale miner because of their historical documentation. In your research you may come across names or locations which no longer exist. It might be the name of a gold mine you’d like to learn more about, or maybe you have the name of a business but have no idea where it was located. Current on-line maps may help you get started on your research when you look at names on the maps.

Colorado Geological Survey 1313 Sherman St. #715 Denver, Colorado 80203 USGS Map Sales Building 810 Denver Federal Center Denver, Colorado 1-888-275-8747 USGS Store %28xcm=r3standardpitrex_prd%29/.do denlib.html#Begin
GEIO Communicator National Integrated Land System GeoComm/index.shtm
Historical Maps of Colorado historicalmaps/us_states/colorado/ index.html
National Mine Map Repository

USGS State Geologic Maps maps.html#anchorStatemaps
University of Colorado, Boulder Map Library

USGS Rocky Mountain Mapping Center
Introduction To Topographic Maps Geospatial Training and Analysis Cooperative Field_Exercise/topomaps/index.htm U.S. Maps and Data ZcvRCoIwGAXgZkJDplUXhpY4rKi2nC7kVFDBm4GRVFPn7 K1oM7Vf76fAwEOYeVdN_KmOytbVBDT mtTRIhtew7lJwH9p_kds5YgVQTIvyyBbL4e PxEnh6DhJvrZ2FqdRWBK_LINQLwxl3hnV O5_1fZzuKUSrGnl6glowo602qXOINjhYqhP9biqdPQGvVHAuw!!/delta/ base64xml/ L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0xf SVI!

USGS National Map

BLM The Official Federal Land Records Site Colorado Geological Survey Statewide Maps of Colorado tabid=62

Properties of Pyrite
Lustre Transparency Colour Streak Hardness Specific Gravity Tenacity Cleavage Crystal System Chemical Class

Fool’s Gold

Pyrite in Quartz

Metallic Opaque Pale brass-yellow Greenish-black 6 - 6½ 4.9-5.2 Brittle Poor/Indistinct Isometric Sulfide


Essential elements Fe, S All elements listed in formula Fe, S Common Impurities Ni, Co, As, Cu, Zn, Ag, Au,Tl ,Se, V

Properties of Gold
Lustre Transparency Colour Streak Hardness Specific Gravity Tenacity Cleavage Crystal System Chemical Class. Metallic Opaque Gold yellow Yellow-gold 2.5 - 3 19.3 Malleable None Isometric Element

Iron pyrite is frequently found in the same locations as gold. Many an inexperienced prospector has been taken in by its glitter. Captain John Smith the leader of the colonists who founded Jamestown in 1607 mistakenly sent a ship laden with “gilded dirt” to England only to be told it was iron pyrite. References to “fool’s gold” appear in music, literature, marketing and advertisements. It is found worldwide and is the most common of the sulfide minerals. Pyrite comes from the Greek word, pyr, meaning fire. It is thought that the name came about because iron pyrite will spark when hit with flint or steel. This sparking made it a common component in early guns. Iron pyrite is used as an industrial mineral in the production of sulfur dioxide in the manufacture of paper products. Iron pyrite is also used in the production of sulfuric acid. There are several ways that you can distinguish iron pyrite from gold. If you place your pan in the shadows all that is not gold will appear dull. The gold in your pan will retain its golden color and luster. If your pan “glitters” in the sun it is probably not gold. Gold is malleable and ductile-it can be dented or bent. You will be able to scratch gold with a knife or your fingernail. Iron pyrite is harder, more brittle and less dense than gold and will break, fracture and crumble If you found the material on the surface it is more than likely not gold. Because gold is heavy it will seek the lowest point, frequently on top of bedrock, clay or limestone. A streak test will also show you the difference. Scratching a real gold nugget on a ceramic tile will leave a yellow-gold streak. Iron pyrite will leave a greenish-black streak. In Colorado we find a lot of flour gold and a magnet will be your best tool. If you use a magnet to get the magnetite out of the way, the pyrite will easily separate from the gold because of its lower specific gravity.

Claims Committee
On March 20, 1020, Big Ben held a meeting with people interested in participating on the Claims Committee. The following individuals attended: Ben Higley & son, Phil Vigil, Richard Stockton, Trish Barr, Steve Garrett & son, Floyd Glick, Bill & Linda Smith, and Will Foster The group discussed setting up three subgroups within the committee: • A research group will conduct internet and literature searches to identify prospective claims • A field-prospecting group will make on-site inspections of promising sites and sample the area • A claims management group will work with the government to file and maintain club claims. The committee agreed to the following initial set of criteria in the search for new claims: • Each prospective claim should be at least 10 acres • Prospective claims should be within 200 miles of Colorado Springs; however, promising opportunities outside the 200-mile radius may be considered • Prospective claims should be ½ mile or less from a road accessible by 4-wheel drive • Each claim must have a source of water, preferable a stream or river • Each prospective claim must be accessible to people with limited mobility • Prospective claims need to be reasonably free of environmental hazards that the club would be obligated to clean up later. We have several people interested in participating in the research and field-prospecting group, but we are looking for one or two club members who can advise the committee on filing claims paperwork. The Claims Committee is open to any member who wants to participate. If you’re interested in helping us, please contact Bill Smith at www,gpoc,com or talk to him at the April meeting. The committee will likely meet again on April 10th with the location to be determined.

Quill Advertising Rates
Allow for a 3/8” margin on all sides of your ad. Payment must be received before placement. Send check to: GPOC, PO Box 1593, CS, CO, 80901

Ad sizes are approximate Prices Per Issue Business Card Size $ 6.00 4” x 5” (1/4 page) $12.00 5” x 8” (half page) $24.00 8” x 10” (full page) $48.00


3rd 9th 12th-13 17th 19th-20th 20th 24th 26th 27th

Board Meeting GPOC Meeting New Member Outing A Trek Through Time Kingdom Days Quill Deadline On the Cripple Creek Mineral Trail WMMI Rock Fair WMMI Rock Fair Board Meeting

4125 Center Pk Dr. 3400 N. Nevada CS Beaver Creek Claim Cave of The Winds Breckenridge, CO Cripple Creek 225 N. Gate Rd. 225 N. Gate Rd. 4125 Center Pk Dr. Denver Art Museum 100 W 14th Ave Denver, CO 100 W. 14th Ave Norris Penrose Center CS, CO Woody’s Claim Victor, CO Fairplay, CO Nederland, Co 4125 Center Pk Dr. Breckenridge, CO 225 N. Gate Rd. CS 3400 N. Nevada CS Pros. Claim #3 Buena Vista, CO 4125 Center Pk Dr. 3400 N. Nevada CS 225 N. Gate Rd. CS Cache Creek Denver, CO 4125 Center Pk Dr. 225 N. Gate Rd. 3400 N. Nevada CS

7PM 7PM Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 (719)748-3253 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Lin Smith

Sand Creek Police Station Panning, Sluicing & Concentrate CleanUp Panning, Sluicing, Work Party, Reclamation, Claim-Marking Hike through Williams Canyon with Geo. Chris Siddoway, RSVP $6.00 Volunteers needed for Outfitters & Gold Demo. Ads, Articles, Information, Activities, Etc. S. Veatch, T of Cresson Mining Project, RSVP our Panning Tournament, Yellow Jacket Stamp Mill Panning Tournament Sand Creek Police Station runs 7/1-1/2/2011 if 10 or more club members will receive 50% discount date(s) to be announced \ Volunteers needed for Outfitters/Gold Demo. Dry Washing and Metal Detecting Ads, Articles, Information, Activities, Etc. Volunteers needed for Outfitters/Gold Demo. Kid & adult Mining competitions Spike driving, mucking, single jack etc. Sand Creek Police Station Volunteers needed Outfitters/Gold Demo. Advanced Dredging - Bob Bennett Advanced Dredging


(719) 748-3253 (719)488-0880 (719)488-0880




1st 14th 14th-17th 17th-18th 16-17-18 20th 24th-25th 24th-25th August 5th 6th-8th 7th 11th 14th-15th 14th-15th 20th Sept. 2nd 8th 9th 11th-12th 17th-19th 20th 25th Oct. 7th 9th 13th 16th-17th

King Tut GPOC Meeting Pikes Peak or Bust Rodeo New Member Outing Gold Rush Days Quill Deadline Burro Days Old Timers & Miners Days Board Meeting Gold Championships Burro Birthday Bash GPOC Meeting New Member Outing Gold Rush Days Quill Deadline Board Meeting GPOC Meeting Mining & Legal Issues New Member Outing Denver Gem & Mineral Show Quill Deadline Public Lands Day Board Meeting Family Exploration Day GPOC Meeting New Member Outing 7PM Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Lin Smih Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 (303) 258-0567 www, minersdays.html Shirley Weilnau (719)488-0880 7PM Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Roc Doc 539-2019 Lin Smith Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 7PM (719)488-0880 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Lin Smih Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 7PM 7PM (719)488-0880 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 Bob Hale (719) 213-3383 (719)

Ads, Articles, Information, Activities, Etc. Sand Creek Police Station High-banking Cache Creek, Subject to change Volunteers needed for Outfitters & Gold Demo. F 9-6, S 10-6 Sun10-5 pm Work projects with the BLM and/or USFS Sand Creek Police Station Board Elections Location to be announced

Gold Panning & Prospecting For Fun
GPOC Meets the 2nd Wednesday of every Month at the Elk’s Club 3400 N. Nevada Colorado Springs, Colorado

Notice to GPOC Members The mining claim, Toby's Hope (formerly known as Starr Jayde and Thornton 1) that borders the North side of Colorado Prospector #3 is now a private mining claim with no mineral removal. Any previous agreements or arrangements with Eric Westfall, Richard Lutz or Nolan Thorton are void. Prospecting or mineral removal from this claim is prohibited.

Board Members

Robert & Helen Bennett



The Prospector’s

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