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# Angular Quantities

## Uniform Circular Motion

Rotational Motion

Center of Gravity

Angular Momentum

Torque

2.

Angular Position ()

## Direction of the displacement vector drawn from the axis to

the location of the object (revolution)

Angular Displacement ()

## Difference between initial (i) and

final (f) angular positions

= f - i
*Property of STI

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Angular Quantities
Angular Velocity

1.

Angular Quantities

*Property of STI

Angular Position/Displacement

## Rate of change in objects angular position

Angular displacement per unit of time t

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Find the angular
velocity of a sprinter
that makes two laps
around an oval in
10.0 minutes.

Angular Acceleration

*Property of STI

f i
t

## where f and i are the final and initial angular velocities

respectively
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*Property of STI

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## A compact disc makes 500

revolutions per minute. If
the CD accelerates
uniformly in 4.0 seconds
from rest, what is its
angular acceleration in

## Angular velocity and angular acceleration are

vectors
= same direction as
= opposite direction of

Right-hand rule

*Property of STI

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Angular quantities as vectors

*Property of STI

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Angular quantities as vectors

*Property of STI

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*Property of STI

## Angular displacement is not a vector quantity

Addition of angular displacements is not
commutative

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## Movement of an object along a circular path

with constant speed and constant angular
velocity

## Speed of an object along a circular path

v

*Property of STI

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Tangential Speed (v)

Other equations:
v r
2r
v
2rf
T

*Property of STI

## where v is the tangential speed, r is the radius of

the circular path and t is the time

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Centripetal Acceleration (ac)

## Not denoted as a vector because its direction is

never constant
Formulas:
ac =

T = period of revolution
f = frequency

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v2
r

a c = 2r

1
f
T
*Property of STI

r
t

ac =
*Property of STI

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4 2 r
T2

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path

## It is not denoted as vector because its direction

is never constant
Formulas:
Fc =m 2 r

Fc = mac

Fc =
*Property of STI

mv 2
r

Fc =m

4 2 r
T2

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A 40 kg child makes 10 revolutions around the
Cliffhanger in 29.3 seconds. The radius of the barrel
is 2.9 meters, what is the centripetal force acting on
the child?

*Property of STI

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*Property of STI

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A 0.035 kg pebble is made to whirl in a circular
path at the end of a 1.00 m string. What is the
tangential velocity if the pebble makes one
revolution in 1.50 s? What is the centripetal
acceleration? What is the tension in the string?

*Property of STI

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Centrifugal Force

## Not a real force, but experienced as if they are

actual force
Arises due to inertia
Objects tend to resist centripetal force and
move in straight path

Rotational Motion

Translational Motion

*Property of STI

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Rotation
Movement of an object along its axis causing it
to change its orientation in space

*Property of STI

## Movement of an object along a path causing it

to change its location in space

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Rotational Inertia

axis

## The farther is the bulk of mass from the axis, the

greater is the rotational inertia

## Expressed using Newtons Second Law for Rotational

Motion

t=Ia

*Property of STI

I = rotational inertia

t = the torque

## a = the angular acceleration

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*Property of STI

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Center of Gravity

## A point within the object which when used as a

pivot point will result in balanced torque and
hence will not cause any rotation

is no mass

Angular Momentum

## The product of the moment of inertia I

and the angular velocity
L = I

## An object or system of objects will maintain

its angular momentum unless acted upon
by an unbalanced external torque.
*Property of STI

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Law of Conservation of Angular
Momentum

## If no unbalanced external torque acts on

a rotating system, the angular
momentum of that system is constant

*Property of STI

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Cross Multiplication

## Type of vector multiplication where the product of

two vectors a and b is another vector c, such that
c lies perpendicular to the plane of a and b
c=ab

## Magnitude of c is determined by the formula:

c ab sin
where is the angle between a and b

*Property of STI

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## Direction is determined by right-hand rule

Not commutative

*Property of STI

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Torque ()
Force acting at a certain distance away from the axis;
this distance is called lever arm
The cross-product of force and lever arm:

=Fr

= Fr sin

F = force
r = lever arm
= the angle between them

r
*Property of STI

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*Property of STI

## unit of torque is Newton

meter (N m)
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You pull the door open with a
perpendicular force of 10.0 N.
Your hand is 0.400 m away
from the door hinge. How
much torque is produced?

*Property of STI

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*Property of STI

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## Solve for the torque due to a force of 15 N on a

body if the lever of arm is 0.75 m in length.

Rotational Equilibrium

## An object is in rotational equilibrium if the sum

of all torques acting on it is zero
NET 1 2 3 0

*Property of STI

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At what distance from the center of the seesaw
should a man weighing 75.0 kg sit in order to
balance the seesaw while a 30.0 kg child is sitting
on the other side 2.0 m away from the center?

*Property of STI

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*Property of STI

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