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Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
KK-5
Holmes Avenue
Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

5,178

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

72

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

385

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

106

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,162

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

86

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

213

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

58

Mean (mg/l)

9.9

Median (mg/l)

9.8

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

92

Mean (mg/l)

0.131

Median (mg/l)

0.072

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

77

Mean (mg/l)

1.24

Median (mg/l)

0.91

Mean (mg/l)

9.7

Median (mg/l)

3.8

Mean (mg/l)

0.0040

Median (mg/l)

0.0009

Kinnickinnic River @ Holmes Avenue Creek (RI 830)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Holmes Avenue Creek (RI 830)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Kinnickinnic River @ Holmes Avenue Creek (RI 830)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Holmes Avenue Creek (RI 830)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Holmes Avenue Creek – Reach 830
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Holmes Avenue Creek – Reach 830
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions
1.E+05

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Box & Whiskers
Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Holmes Avenue Creek – Reach 830
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Holmes Avenue Creek – Reach 830
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point KK-6

Assessment Point: KK-6
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Kinnickinnic watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the
following data, Assessment Point KK-6 is also represented by:
o Reach 820
o RI-820
o Villa Mann Creek

94
59

894

io n

Villa ge of
WEST MILW AUKE E

ve
al A

SOUTH 43RD ST REET DIT CH

B

re

st

H

om

e

A

ve

38

20 t h St

27 t h St

i

35 t h St

o
el

43 r d S t

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

ve
tA

Fo

60 t h St

45

794

B ur nha m S t

B ur nha m S t

Linc oln A v e

Linc oln A v e

COMBINED SEWER AREA

24

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

C le v e la nd A v e

T
Ok la hom a A v e

Fo

r

t
es

H

om

e

A

C le v e la nd A v e

ve

Ok la hom a A v e

C ha s e A v e

6t h S t

13 t h St

20 t h St

35 t h St

43 r d S t

60 t h St

27 t h St

LYONS PARK CREEK

62

C le m en t Av e

N at

13 t h St

100

59

181

59

32

Mo rg an A v e

Mo rg an A v e

241

U

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

WILSON PARK CREEK
H owa r d A ve

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

894

36

45

43

B oliv ar A ve

94
38

Y

La y ton A v e

Y

62

Pe nn sy lv a nn ia A v e

H owe ll Av e

6t h S t

La y ton A v e

13 t h St

24

894

35 t h St

N

43

20 t h St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27 t h St

100

VIL LA MANN CREEK

Edg e rt on A ve

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

32

Gr a nge Av e

Gr a nge Av e

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

LEGEND
Water

KK WATERSHED

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

0

1,150 2,300
Feet

4,600

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

ve
Burnham St
Burnham St

H
st
re
Fo

Linc oln Ave

Linc oln Ave

COMBINED SEWER AREA

KINNICKINNIC RIVER
Cleveland Ave

Okla homa Ave

e
Av

20th St

27th St

e
Av

35th St

o it

43rd St

l
Be

60th St

SOUTH 43RD STREET DITCH

e

om

H
st
re
Fo

e

om

Cleveland Ave

e
Av
Okla homa Ave

Chase Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

LYONS PARK CREEK

Clement Ave

A
na l

13th St

o
Nati

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK
Howard Ave

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

Bolivar Ave

VILLA MANN CREEK
Lay ton Ave

Pennsy lvannia Ave

Howell Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Lay ton Ave

Edgerton Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

Gra nge Ave

Gra nge Ave

LEGEND
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds

Aerial Map

Subwatersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Combined Sewer Service Area
Civil Divisions

0

1,100 2,200
Feet

4,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

94
59

ve

38
13th St

20th St

Lincoln Ave

Lincoln Ave

43rd St

24
Cleveland Ave

Cleveland Ave

60th St

KK-9

KK-3

KK-10
Oklahoma Ave

20th St

ve

43rd St

eA

27th St

s
re
Fo

Oklahoma Ave

om
tH

35th St

T

32

Morgan Ave

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

Morgan Ave

62

Clement Ave

it

m
Ho
st
re

eA

13th St

lo
Be

27th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

Fo

KK-2

e
Av

794

Burnham St

Burnham St

60th St

45

Villa ge of
WEST MILWAUKEE

Av e

Chase Ave

894

nal

6th St

o
Na ti

35th St

100

59

181

59

KK-1

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

241

U

Howard Ave

894

KK-8

KK-7
36

45

43

Bolivar Ave

94
38

Y

Layton Ave

62

Pennsylvannia Ave

Howell Ave

Layton Ave

6th St

24

KK-6
Y
35th St

N

894

13th St

Y
43

43

20th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27th St

100

Edger ton Ave

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

KK-4

KK-5

32

Grange Ave

Grange Ave

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

ZZ

ZZ

LEGEND

Assessment Points

32

Combined Sewer Service Area

KK Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area

Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed
Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

1,200 2,400
Feet

4,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

KK-6
Bolivar Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Layton Ave

Edg erto n Ave

Gran ge Ave

LEGEND

Assessment Points
CSO

Water

Assessment Point Map : KK-6

Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed

SSO

Waterbodies

NonContact Cooling Water

Civil Division

0

335

670
Feet

1,340

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

KK-6
Bolivar Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Layton Ave

Edg erto n Ave

Gran ge Ave

LEGEND
Assessment Points
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area

Land Use

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetland, and Woodland, Open Lands

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Institutional and Governemntal

Civil Divisions

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication, and Utilities

Commercial

Surface Water

Land Use Map : KK-6
0

335

670
Feet

1,340

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Kinnickinnic River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Kinnickinnic River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
KK-6, Reach 820, Villa Mann Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Moderate

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good to Moderate

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Poor

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Good to Moderate

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Very Good

Very Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level about 25% of the time.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that are ‘below 400’.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The phosphorus concentrations on most days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. The concentrations do not exceed 0.45 mg/l on any day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The vast majority of days are less
than 25 mg/l and the concentration did not exceed 100 mg/l on any day.
Dissolved oxygen concentrations are highly variable in the spring. This variability suggests that either there is excessive
algal growth or organic enrichment and biochemical oxygen demand within the ecosystem. The decline in concentrations
during the summer is typical due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. However, the concentrations
during the summer decline more than would be expected or desired.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values
decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also
note that the summer and fall account for many of the ‘below 400’ days mentioned above while the winter and early
spring have many of the ‘above 5,000’ days. Conditions are particularly poor in March and are likely related to snow
melt.
Phosphorus concentrations peak in March, then decline through the late spring, summer, and early fall. The decline may
be related to uptake by plants during the growing season.
Suspended solids concentrations fall below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher
concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil. As this is a concrete-lined
channel, there is little sediment to re-suspend from the stream bed.

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
During mid to low flows, dissolved oxygen concentrations decline more relative to the other flow conditions. The decline
Moderate

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Moderate

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

at the lowest flow is likely related to a lack of water agitation (which would allow greater diffusion of oxygen into the
water) and high temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with summer which has higher temperatures and
lower oxygen solubility).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the highest
flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met
nearly all of the time. During these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming),
although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Phosphorus concentrations are greatest at high flows. This suggests that the sources are primarily non-point source
pollution. Concentrations exceed the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline over 50% of the time at the highest flows and over 25%
of the time under moist conditions.
Suspended solids concentrations increase with increased flows. This suggests a prevalence of non-point sources. All of the
instances when the concentration exceeds the reference condition occur at the high flow condition. These conditions most
often occur following large storms or major snow-melt events. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a
sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of
some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and resuspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to
sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Flashiness index
Reach
820

Location
Villa Mann Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index
1.01

Average Daily Flows
Villa Mann Creek (820)
50
AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
KK-6
Villa Mann Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

5,565

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

72

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

557

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

38

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,339

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

87

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

346

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

19

Mean (mg/l)

7.4

Median (mg/l)

6.6

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

70

Mean (mg/l)

0.061

Median (mg/l)

0.034

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

85

Mean (mg/l)

0.70

Median (mg/l)

0.74

Mean (mg/l)

8.9

Median (mg/l)

5.0

Mean (mg/l)

0.0041

Median (mg/l)

0.0013

Kinnickinnic River @ Villa Mann Creek (RI 820)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Villa Mann Creek (RI 820)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Kinnickinnic River @ Villa Mann Creek (RI 820)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Villa Mann Creek (RI 820)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Villa Mann Creek – Reach 820
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Villa Mann Creek – Reach 820
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions
1.E+05

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Box & Whiskers
Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Villa Mann Creek – Reach 820
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.0090

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Villa Mann Creek – Reach 820
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point KK-7

Assessment Point: KK-7
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Kinnickinnic watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the
following data, Assessment Point KK-7 is also represented by:
o Reach 019
o RI-019
o Cherokee Park Creek

94
59

894

io n

Villa ge of
WEST MILW AUKE E

ve
al A

SOUTH 43RD ST REET DIT CH

B

re

st

H

om

e

A

ve

38

20 t h St

27 t h St

i

35 t h St

o
el

43 r d S t

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

ve
tA

Fo

60 t h St

45

794

B ur nha m S t

B ur nha m S t

Linc oln A v e

Linc oln A v e

COMBINED SEWER AREA

24

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

C le v e la nd A v e

T
Ok la hom a A v e

Fo

r

t
es

H

om

e

A

C le v e la nd A v e

ve

Ok la hom a A v e

C ha s e A v e

6t h S t

13 t h St

20 t h St

35 t h St

43 r d S t

60 t h St

27 t h St

LYONS PARK CREEK

62

C le m en t Av e

N at

13 t h St

100

59

181

59

32

Mo rg an A v e

Mo rg an A v e

241

U

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

WILSON PARK CREEK
H owa r d A ve

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

894

36

45

43

B oliv ar A ve

94
38

Y

La y ton A v e

Y

62

Pe nn sy lv a nn ia A v e

H owe ll Av e

6t h S t

La y ton A v e

13 t h St

24

894

35 t h St

N

43

20 t h St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27 t h St

100

VIL LA MANN CREEK

Edg e rt on A ve

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

32

Gr a nge Av e

Gr a nge Av e

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

LEGEND
Water

KK WATERSHED

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

0

1,150 2,300
Feet

4,600

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

ve
Burnham St
Burnham St

H
st
re
Fo

Linc oln Ave

Linc oln Ave

COMBINED SEWER AREA

KINNICKINNIC RIVER
Cleveland Ave

Okla homa Ave

e
Av

20th St

27th St

e
Av

35th St

o it

43rd St

l
Be

60th St

SOUTH 43RD STREET DITCH

e

om

H
st
re
Fo

e

om

Cleveland Ave

e
Av
Okla homa Ave

Chase Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

LYONS PARK CREEK

Clement Ave

A
na l

13th St

o
Nati

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK
Howard Ave

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

Bolivar Ave

VILLA MANN CREEK
Lay ton Ave

Pennsy lvannia Ave

Howell Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Lay ton Ave

Edgerton Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

Gra nge Ave

Gra nge Ave

LEGEND
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds

Aerial Map

Subwatersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Combined Sewer Service Area
Civil Divisions

0

1,100 2,200
Feet

4,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

94
59

ve

38
13th St

20th St

Lincoln Ave

Lincoln Ave

43rd St

24
Cleveland Ave

Cleveland Ave

60th St

KK-9

KK-3

KK-10
Oklahoma Ave

20th St

ve

43rd St

eA

27th St

s
re
Fo

Oklahoma Ave

om
tH

35th St

T

32

Morgan Ave

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

Morgan Ave

62

Clement Ave

it

m
Ho
st
re

eA

13th St

lo
Be

27th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

Fo

KK-2

e
Av

794

Burnham St

Burnham St

60th St

45

Villa ge of
WEST MILWAUKEE

Av e

Chase Ave

894

nal

6th St

o
Na ti

35th St

100

59

181

59

KK-1

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

241

U

Howard Ave

894

KK-8

KK-7
36

45

43

Bolivar Ave

94
38

Y

Layton Ave

62

Pennsylvannia Ave

Howell Ave

Layton Ave

6th St

24

KK-6
Y
35th St

N

894

13th St

Y
43

43

20th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27th St

100

Edger ton Ave

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

KK-4

KK-5

32

Grange Ave

Grange Ave

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

ZZ

ZZ

LEGEND

Assessment Points

32

Combined Sewer Service Area

KK Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area

Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed
Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

1,200 2,400
Feet

4,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

KK-7

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

Howard Ave

Bolivar Ave

Assessment Points
CSO

Water

Assessment Point Map : KK-7

Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed

SSO

Waterbodies

NonContact Cooling Water

Civil Division

13th St

20th St

27th St

LEGEND

35th St

Layton Ave

0

335

670
Feet

1,340

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

KK-7

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

Howard Ave

Bolivar Ave

Assessment Points
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area

Land Use

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetland, and Woodland, Open Lands

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Institutional and Governemntal

Civil Divisions

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication, and Utilities

Commercial

Surface Water

13th St

20th St

27th St

LEGEND

35th St

Layton Ave

Land Use Map : KK-7
0

335

670
Feet

1,340

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Kinnickinnic River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Kinnickinnic River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
KK-7, Reach 19, Cherokee Park Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Poor

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Very Good

Very Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level about 25% of the time, but never below 3 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal may be to determine the
conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An
additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that are
‘below 400’.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The phosphorus concentrations on most days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. However, the concentrations do not exceed 0.4 mg/l on any day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations on most of the
days are less than 25 mg/l. The concentrations do not exceed 100 mg/l on any day.
While it is natural for dissolved oxygen to decline in warmer months, the concentration falls below the standard more than
75% of the time during June, July and August. Dissolved oxygen is also highly variable, particularly in the spring. This
variability suggests that either there is excessive algal growth or organic enrichment and biochemical oxygen demand
within the ecosystem.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile value declines
substantially during the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Conditions are particularly
poor in March and are likely related to snow melt. March is the only month when the standard is exceeded more than half
the time.
Phosphorus concentrations rise in the spring, possibly due to a combination of snow-melt and fertilizer. Concentrations
then decline during the summer and early fall, likely related to uptake by plants during the growing season.
Suspended solids concentrations fall below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher
concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil. Most of the reaches upstream of
this site are natural; additionally, ponds and wetlands along the watercourse may also be allowing the sediment to settle.

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow
Fecal coliform by
flow

Phosphorus by
flow
Suspended solids
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
During medium to low flows, dissolved oxygen concentrations are lower relative to the higher flow conditions. This may
Moderate to Poor
Moderate to Poor

Good to Moderate
Very Good

be related to a lack of water agitation (which would allow greater diffusion of oxygen into the water).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the highest
flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard and during moist conditions, fecal coliform counts exceed the
standard 50- 75% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met nearly all of the time. During
these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses like wading.
Concentrations are greatest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline nearly 50% of
the time at the highest flows. This suggests that phosphorus inputs are primarily from non-point sources.
Suspended solids concentrations increase with increased flows. This suggests a prevalence of non-point sources. The
concentrations only exceed the reference condition during the high flow condition. Nevertheless, the reference level is met
25% of the time during high flows.

Flashiness index
Reach
19

Location
Cherokee Park Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index
0.96

Average Daily Flows
Cherokee Park Creek (19)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
KK-7
Cherokee Park
Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

4,715

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

75

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

453

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

47

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,187

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

87

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

337

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

19

Mean (mg/l)

7.3

Median (mg/l)

6.5

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

71

Mean (mg/l)

0.054

Median (mg/l)

0.033

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

88

Mean (mg/l)

0.67

Median (mg/l)

0.59

Mean (mg/l)

7.7

Median (mg/l)

5.0

Mean (mg/l)

0.0036

Median (mg/l)

0.0012

Kinnickinnic River @ Cherokee Park Creek (RI 19)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Cherokee Park Creek (RI 19)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Kinnickinnic River @ Cherokee Park Creek (RI 19)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Cherokee Park Creek (RI 19)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Cherokee Park Creek – Reach 019
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Cherokee Park Creek – Reach 019
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions
1.E+05

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Box & Whiskers
Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Cherokee Park Creek – Reach 019
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.0096

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Cherokee Park Creek – Reach 019
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point KK-8

Assessment Point: KK-8
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Kinnickinnic watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the
following data, Assessment Point KK-8 is also represented by:
o Reach 818
o RI-818
o Wilson Park Creek

94
59

894

io n

Villa ge of
WEST MILW AUKE E

ve
al A

SOUTH 43RD ST REET DIT CH

B

re

st

H

om

e

A

ve

38

20 t h St

27 t h St

i

35 t h St

o
el

43 r d S t

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

ve
tA

Fo

60 t h St

45

794

B ur nha m S t

B ur nha m S t

Linc oln A v e

Linc oln A v e

COMBINED SEWER AREA

24

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

C le v e la nd A v e

T
Ok la hom a A v e

Fo

r

t
es

H

om

e

A

C le v e la nd A v e

ve

Ok la hom a A v e

C ha s e A v e

6t h S t

13 t h St

20 t h St

35 t h St

43 r d S t

60 t h St

27 t h St

LYONS PARK CREEK

62

C le m en t Av e

N at

13 t h St

100

59

181

59

32

Mo rg an A v e

Mo rg an A v e

241

U

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

WILSON PARK CREEK
H owa r d A ve

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

894

36

45

43

B oliv ar A ve

94
38

Y

La y ton A v e

Y

62

Pe nn sy lv a nn ia A v e

H owe ll Av e

6t h S t

La y ton A v e

13 t h St

24

894

35 t h St

N

43

20 t h St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27 t h St

100

VIL LA MANN CREEK

Edg e rt on A ve

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

32

Gr a nge Av e

Gr a nge Av e

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

LEGEND
Water

KK WATERSHED

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

0

1,150 2,300
Feet

4,600

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

ve
Burnham St
Burnham St

H
st
re
Fo

Linc oln Ave

Linc oln Ave

COMBINED SEWER AREA

KINNICKINNIC RIVER
Cleveland Ave

Okla homa Ave

e
Av

20th St

27th St

e
Av

35th St

o it

43rd St

l
Be

60th St

SOUTH 43RD STREET DITCH

e

om

H
st
re
Fo

e

om

Cleveland Ave

e
Av
Okla homa Ave

Chase Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

LYONS PARK CREEK

Clement Ave

A
na l

13th St

o
Nati

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK
Howard Ave

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

Bolivar Ave

VILLA MANN CREEK
Lay ton Ave

Pennsy lvannia Ave

Howell Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Lay ton Ave

Edgerton Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

Gra nge Ave

Gra nge Ave

LEGEND
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds

Aerial Map

Subwatersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Combined Sewer Service Area
Civil Divisions

0

1,100 2,200
Feet

4,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

94
59

ve

38
13th St

20th St

Lincoln Ave

Lincoln Ave

43rd St

24
Cleveland Ave

Cleveland Ave

60th St

KK-9

KK-3

KK-10
Oklahoma Ave

20th St

ve

43rd St

eA

27th St

s
re
Fo

Oklahoma Ave

om
tH

35th St

T

32

Morgan Ave

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

Morgan Ave

62

Clement Ave

it

m
Ho
st
re

eA

13th St

lo
Be

27th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

Fo

KK-2

e
Av

794

Burnham St

Burnham St

60th St

45

Villa ge of
WEST MILWAUKEE

Av e

Chase Ave

894

nal

6th St

o
Na ti

35th St

100

59

181

59

KK-1

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

241

U

Howard Ave

894

KK-8

KK-7
36

45

43

Bolivar Ave

94
38

Y

Layton Ave

62

Pennsylvannia Ave

Howell Ave

Layton Ave

6th St

24

KK-6
Y
35th St

N

894

13th St

Y
43

43

20th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27th St

100

Edger ton Ave

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

KK-4

KK-5

32

Grange Ave

Grange Ave

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

ZZ

ZZ

LEGEND

Assessment Points

32

Combined Sewer Service Area

KK Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area

Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed
Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

1,200 2,400
Feet

4,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Assessment Points
CSO

Water

Assessment Point Map : KK-8

Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed

SSO

Waterbodies

NonContact Cooling Water

Civil Division

Clement Ave

Cha se Ave

6th St
6th St

13th St
13th St

27th St

20th St
20th St

35th St

LEGEND

Okla hom a Ave

KK-8

27th St

e

35th St

m

43rd St

r
Fo

o
tH
s
e

e
Av

0

400

800
Feet

1,600

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Assessment Points
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area

Land Use

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetland, and Woodland, Open Lands

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Institutional and Governemntal

Civil Divisions

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication, and Utilities

Commercial

Surface Water

Clement Ave

Cha se Ave

6th St
6th St

13th St
13th St

20th St
20th St

27th St
27th St

LEGEND

Okla hom a Ave

KK-8
35th St

e

35th St

m

43rd St

r
Fo

o
tH
s
e

e
Av

Land Use Map : KK-8
0

385

770
Feet

1,540

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Kinnickinnic River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Kinnickinnic River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
KK-8, Reach 818, Wilson Park Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Very Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year
Monthly
dissolved oxygen
Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
phosphorus

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
suspended solids

Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Good
Very Good
Moderate to Poor

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site
consistently exceed this level.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. Another goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days
that are ‘below 400’.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on many days are at or below the
0.1 mg/l recommendation. The concentrations exceed 0.5 mg/l on some days.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy. This can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult,
and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations on most of the days fall below 25 mg/l.
Notice the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility
of oxygen in warmer water.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median concentrations decline during the
summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the
summer accounts for many of the ‘below 400’ days mentioned above while the winter and early spring have many of the
‘above 5,000’ days.
Phosphorus concentrations are more consistent and generally lower during the late spring, summer, and early fall. This
may be related in part to uptake by plants during the growing season and the release of phosphorus from sediments and
decomposing organic matter. In addition, a large phosphorus load reaches the stream during the winter, perhaps related to
upstream de-icing activities at the airport. De-icing chemicals may contain phosphorus compounds that serve as corrosion
inhibitors.
Suspended solids concentrations decline during the winter months. This is probably linked to a number of factors
including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like
rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
During low flows, the median concentration is lower relative to moist conditions. This is likely due to a combination of
Good

Fecal coliform by
flow

Poor

Phosphorus by
flow
Suspended solids
by flow

Moderate
Good

water agitation which allows greater diffusion of oxygen into the water (or lack thereof at low flows) and temperatures
(low flow conditions are often associated with summer which has higher temperatures and lower oxygen solubility).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during
any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard; during moist conditions, fecal
coliform counts exceed the standard 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is met over 75% of the time.
During these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming).
Concentrations are greatest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline nearly 75% of
the time at the highest flows. This suggests that phosphorus inputs are primarily from non-point sources.
Suspended solids concentrations increase with increased flows. This suggests a prevalence of non-point sources. The
concentrations exceed the reference condition predominantly during the high flow condition. These conditions most often
occur following large storms or major snow-melt events. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a
sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of
some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and resuspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to
sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Flashiness index
Reach
818

Location
Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gauge)

Richards Baker Flashiness Index
0.81

Average Daily Flows
Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gauge) (818)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

250

200

150

100

50

0
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
KK-8
Wilson Park
Creek, USGS
Gauge

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

5,124

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

56

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

697

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

35

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,552

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

73

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

357

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

26

Mean (mg/l)

10.9

Median (mg/l)

11.2

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

100

Mean (mg/l)

0.116

Median (mg/l)

0.055

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

77

Mean (mg/l)

0.96

Median (mg/l)

0.7

Mean (mg/l)

14.1

Median (mg/l)

4.8

Mean (mg/l)

0.0044

Median (mg/l)

0.0018

Kinnickinnic River @ Wilson Park Creek, USGS Gage (RI 818)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Wilson park Creek, USGS Gage (RI 818)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Kinnickinnic River @ Wilson Park Creek, USGS Gage (RI 818)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Kinnickinnic River @ Wilson Park Creek, USGS Gage (RI 818)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gage) – Reach 818
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gage) – Reach 818
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions
1.E+05

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Box & Whiskers
Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gage) – Reach 818
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Wilson Park Creek (USGS Gage) – Reach 818
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

C onc e ntra tion (m g/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point KK-9

Assessment Point: KK-9
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Kinnickinnic watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the
following data, Assessment Point KK-9 is also represented by:
o Reach RI-12
o Reach 807
o RI-12
o South 27th Street
o Kinnickinnic River Downstream of Wilson Park Creek

94
59

894

io n

Villa ge of
WEST MILW AUKE E

ve
al A

SOUTH 43RD ST REET DIT CH

B

re

st

H

om

e

A

ve

38

20 t h St

27 t h St

i

35 t h St

o
el

43 r d S t

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

ve
tA

Fo

60 t h St

45

794

B ur nha m S t

B ur nha m S t

Linc oln A v e

Linc oln A v e

COMBINED SEWER AREA

24

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

C le v e la nd A v e

T
Ok la hom a A v e

Fo

r

t
es

H

om

e

A

C le v e la nd A v e

ve

Ok la hom a A v e

C ha s e A v e

6t h S t

13 t h St

20 t h St

35 t h St

43 r d S t

60 t h St

27 t h St

LYONS PARK CREEK

62

C le m en t Av e

N at

13 t h St

100

59

181

59

32

Mo rg an A v e

Mo rg an A v e

241

U

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

WILSON PARK CREEK
H owa r d A ve

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

894

36

45

43

B oliv ar A ve

94
38

Y

La y ton A v e

Y

62

Pe nn sy lv a nn ia A v e

H owe ll Av e

6t h S t

La y ton A v e

13 t h St

24

894

35 t h St

N

43

20 t h St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27 t h St

100

VIL LA MANN CREEK

Edg e rt on A ve

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

32

Gr a nge Av e

Gr a nge Av e

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

LEGEND
Water

KK WATERSHED

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

0

1,150 2,300
Feet

4,600

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

ve
Burnham St
Burnham St

H
st
re
Fo

Linc oln Ave

Linc oln Ave

COMBINED SEWER AREA

KINNICKINNIC RIVER
Cleveland Ave

Okla homa Ave

e
Av

20th St

27th St

e
Av

35th St

o it

43rd St

l
Be

60th St

SOUTH 43RD STREET DITCH

e

om

H
st
re
Fo

e

om

Cleveland Ave

e
Av
Okla homa Ave

Chase Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

43rd St

60th St

LYONS PARK CREEK

Clement Ave

A
na l

13th St

o
Nati

Morgan Ave

Morgan Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK
Howard Ave

CHEROKEE PARK CREEK

Bolivar Ave

VILLA MANN CREEK
Lay ton Ave

Pennsy lvannia Ave

Howell Ave

6th St

13th St

20th St

27th St

35th St

Lay ton Ave

Edgerton Ave

WILSON PARK CREEK

HOLMES AVENUE CREEK

Gra nge Ave

Gra nge Ave

LEGEND
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds

Aerial Map

Subwatersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Combined Sewer Service Area
Civil Divisions

0

1,100 2,200
Feet

4,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

94
59

ve

38
13th St

20th St

Lincoln Ave

Lincoln Ave

43rd St

24
Cleveland Ave

Cleveland Ave

60th St

KK-9

KK-3

KK-10
Oklahoma Ave

20th St

ve

43rd St

eA

27th St

s
re
Fo

Oklahoma Ave

om
tH

35th St

T

32

Morgan Ave

KINNICKINNIC RIVER

Morgan Ave

62

Clement Ave

it

m
Ho
st
re

eA

13th St

lo
Be

27th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

Fo

KK-2

e
Av

794

Burnham St

Burnham St

60th St

45

Villa ge of
WEST MILWAUKEE

Av e

Chase Ave

894

nal

6th St

o
Na ti

35th St

100

59

181

59

KK-1

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
S
S TT .. FF R
RA
AN
NC
C II S
S

241

U

Howard Ave

894

KK-8

KK-7
36

45

43

Bolivar Ave

94
38

Y

Layton Ave

62

Pennsylvannia Ave

Howell Ave

Layton Ave

6th St

24

KK-6
Y
35th St

N

894

13th St

Y
43

43

20th St

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
G
N FF II E
EN
EE
RE
GR

27th St

100

Edger ton Ave

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
C
CU
UD
DA
AH
HY
Y

KK-4

KK-5

32

Grange Ave

Grange Ave

119

Village of
HALES CORNERS

Village of
GREENDALE

62

ZZ

ZZ

LEGEND

Assessment Points

32

Combined Sewer Service Area

KK Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area

Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed
Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

1,200 2,400
Feet

4,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

43rd St

Lincoln Ave

Clevelan d Ave

Cha se Ave

13th St

6th St

Okla hom a Ave

20th St

e

35th St

m

43rd St

r
Fo

o
tH
s
e

KK-9

e
Av

Morgan Ave

LEGEND

Assessment Points
CSO

Water

Assessment Point Map : KK-9

Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watershed

SSO

Waterbodies

NonContact Cooling Water

Civil Division

0

285

570
Feet

1,140

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

43rd St

Lincoln Ave

Clevelan d Ave

Cha se Ave

13th St

6th St

Okla hom a Ave

20th St

e

35th St

m

43rd St

r
Fo

o
tH
s
e

KK-9

e
Av

Morgan Ave

LEGEND
Assessment Points
Water

Waterbodies
Watersheds
Routing Reach Tributary Area

Land Use

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetland, and Woodland, Open Lands

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Institutional and Governemntal

Civil Divisions

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication, and Utilities

Commercial

Surface Water

Land Use Map : KK-9
0

285

570
Feet

1,140

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
KINNICKINNIC RIVER WATERSHED
September 24, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target
1

Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed
Fecal Coliform

1,000 counts/100 ml
1

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month
1

2,000 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

2 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness
1

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Kinnickinnic River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
KK-9, Reach 807, RI-12, Kinnickinnic River Downstream of Wilson Park Creek (South 27th Street)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Very Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year
Monthly chloride
grab samples (CL
not from models)
Monthly
dissolved oxygen
Monthly fecal
coliform

Poor

Monthly
phosphorus

Poor

Monthly
suspended solids

Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Good
Inconclusive (no
winter data)
Very Good
Moderate to Poor

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site
consistently exceed this level and the variance standard of 2 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000, another goal would be to find ways to
decrease coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most days are above the 0.1
mg/l recommendation. The concentrations exceed 0.5 mg/l on some days.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy. This can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult,
and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations on most of the days are less than 25 mg/l.
These samples show chloride values that fall below levels that are acutely toxic to fish and invertebrates. Concentrations
in March consistently exceed the chronic toxicity threshold. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there
is no winter data. Winter chloride concentrations would be expected to exceed March’s chloride concentrations.
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen levels in the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the medians decline during the summer
swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also, the summer accounts for
many of the ‘below 400’ days mentioned above while the winter and early spring have many of the ‘above 5,000’ days.
Phosphorus concentrations consistently exceed the planning guideline, though they tend to be lower during the late spring,
summer, and early fall. This may be related to uptake by plants during the growing season and the release of phosphorus
from sediments and decomposing organic matter throughout the year.
Suspended solids concentrations tend to be lower during the winter months. This is may be due to frozen conditions,
decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Chloride by flow
(Cl not from
models)
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Inconclusive (no
It is difficult to assess chloride without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not being
actively applied, some amount is in a ‘reservoir’ (sediment) that is gradually released and is particularly noticeable during
winter data)
Good

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Poor

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

mid-to-dry conditions. As flow increases, the concentrations decline due to dilution.
The median values are lower during low flow conditions relative to moist conditions. This is likely due to a combination
of water temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with summer which has higher temperatures and lower
oxygen solubility) and water agitation which allows greater diffusion of oxygen into the water (or lack of diffusion at low
flows).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when a substantial non-point load is already present. Note that during
periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the variance standard and during moist conditions, fecal
coliform counts exceed the standard over 50% of the time. During dry conditions and low flows, the variance standard is
met nearly all of the time. These times would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming).
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows, although most of the concentrations exceed the planning
guidelines under all flow conditions. The higher concentrations at flow extremes suggests a background level at low
flows (perhaps due to inputs of non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point sources of phosphorus at high flows.
Suspended solids concentrations increase with increased flows. This suggests a prevalence of non-point sources. The
concentrations exceed the reference concentration predominantly during the high flow condition. These conditions most
often occur following large storms or major snow-melt events. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a
sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of
some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and resuspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to
sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Flashiness index
Reach
RI-12

Location
South 27th Street (RI-12)

Richards Baker Flashiness Index
0.84

Average Daily Flows

South 27th Street (807)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

250
200
150
100
50
0
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point

Water Quality
Indicator

KK-9
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
Kinnickinnic River
(annual)
Downstream of
Wilson Park
Creek

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

80

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

492

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

296

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,660

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1

90

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

361

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

150

Mean (mg/l)

6.6

Median (mg/l)

6.3

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

100

Mean (mg/l)

0.052

Median (mg/l)

0.031
88

Mean (mg/l)

0.66

Median (mg/l)

0.67

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l)

8.5

Copper

Mean (mg/l)

0.0036

Median (mg/l)

0.0013

Median (mg/l)

1

5,659

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

5.0

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.