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Mequon Road

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Ap
pl
et
on

Av
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MN-5

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Main St.
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St

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LEGEND

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Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

800 1,600

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-5
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-5, Reach 823, RI-16, Menomonee River at Washington-Waukesha County Line (County Line Road)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Very Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year

Moderate to Poor

Monthly chloride
grab samples (CL
not from models)

Inconclusive (no
winter data)

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Good

Monthly fecal
coliform

Good to Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Moderate

Moderate

Very Good

Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably low at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall
below this level.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are ‘below 400’. This site exhibits fewer spikes of ‘above 5,000’ counts than many of
the downstream sites.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most days are at or below the
0.1 mg/l planning guideline, but occasionally, the concentrations exceed 0.5 mg/l.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l during most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 125 mg/l on any day
These samples exhibit chloride concentrations that are below those that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. Concentrations
measured in March consistently exceed the chronic toxicity threshold. However, a common source of chloride is road salt
and there is no winter data. Note that concentrations in the March samples (which include snow melt and spring runoff)
are higher than the rest of the year. However, chloride concentrations during the winter would be expected to be greater
than those measured in March.
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of
oxygen in warmer water. Conditions in early-to-mid summer approach the dissolved oxygen standard. While this is not a
problem, it suggests that small amounts of additional organic inputs or algal growth may increase biochemical oxygen
demand and create problems.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values
decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also
note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline 25% to 50% of the time. Note that the lowest
range of concentrations increase in the late spring and early summer, possibly related to fertilizer runoff.
The concentrations of suspended solids are relatively low year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower
concentrations during the winter are probably related to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact
storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Chloride by flow
(Cl not from
models)
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Inconclusive (no
As the field data used to develop this figure do not include samples from the winter, it is impossible to draw accurate
winter data)
conclusions regarding chloride from this figure.
Good

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Suspended solids
by flow

Very Good to
Good

Note the slight decline in the concentration of dissolved oxygen that occurs at low flows. This is likely due to a
combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the
warm summer months).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are present. Note that during any
period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard 75% of the time. During low flows,
the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating,
swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that is
particularly noticeable during low flows as well as non-point loading of phosphorus at high flows (likely associated with
suspended sediment).
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

RI-16

County Line Road

0.33

Average Daily Flow
County Line Road (823)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-5
Menomonee River
at WashingtonWaukesha County
Line

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

68

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

205

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

202

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

890

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

82

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

105

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

125

Mean (mg/l)

10.5

Median (mg/l)

10.7

Total Suspended Solids

0.097

Median (mg/l)

0.063
70

Mean (mg/l)

1.21

Median (mg/l)

1.08

Mean (mg/l)

10.2

Median (mg/l)
Copper

99

Mean (mg/l)

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

1,417

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)
Total Phosphorus

Condition
Existing

6

Mean (mg/l)

0.0041

Median (mg/l)

0.0016

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ County Line Road (RI 16)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

County Line Road (RI-16) – Reach 823
Chloride
Flow Conditions

Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L)

Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

70

80

90

100

County Line Road (RI-16) – Reach 823
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

County Line Road (RI-16) – Reach 823
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

County Line Road (RI-16) – Reach 823
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

County Line Road (RI-16) – Reach 823
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-6

Assessment Point: MN-6
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-6 is also represented by:
o Reach 834
o Nor-X-Way Channel

45
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u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
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RG
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BU
RB
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§
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43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
QU
EQ
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
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C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
EN
ND
DA
A LL E
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
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§
¦
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43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
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B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
M II LL W
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
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C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
SA
OS
A
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
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LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
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94

18
t
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DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
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18
t
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§
¦
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94

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o ff
S
SH
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A

94

18
t
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§
¦
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894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
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43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
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"
)T

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57

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175

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145

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WILLOW CREEK

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FISH

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100

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190

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100

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PE

45
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ER
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W
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SA
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WLOWER
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94

18
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94

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181

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SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

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59

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59

59

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RIV

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@
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100

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41
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45
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100

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164

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HONEY CREEK

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EW
W B
BE
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32

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18
t
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E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
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18
t
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DEER

FT
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)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
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190

164

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EE
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LILLY CREEK

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57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

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32

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45
t
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UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

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Q
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BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
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175

@
?

E

@
?

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VE
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145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
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43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

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CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
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RE
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EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
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119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
WA
AU

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

!
!

Mequon Road

!

!

Main St.

Brown D

MN-6

!

!

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies

0

Civil Division

850 1,700
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-6
3,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

!

!
!

Mequon Road

!

!

Main St.

Brown D

MN-6

!

!

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

850 1,700

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-6
3,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-6, Reach 834, Nor-X-Way Channel
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Good to Moderate

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus

Very Good to
Good

Monthly
suspended solids

Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall
below this level.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on most of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to determine
the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An
additional goal may be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have
‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any
day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l during the majority of the days, but the concentrations of suspended solids exceed 200 mg/l on some days.
Note the lower dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of
oxygen in warmer water. Conditions in early-to-mid summer approach the standard. While this is not a problem, it
suggests that small amounts of additional organic inputs or algal growth may increase biochemical oxygen demand and
create problems.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the 75th percentile values decline during the
summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the
conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th
percentile concentrations decline during the late spring and early summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from
plants and algae.
The 75th percentiles of suspended solids concentrations are highest in the late winter and early spring. Particularly in
March, this is probably related to runoff from snow melt. The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in
the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound
the soil like rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water
Good

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow
Suspended solids
by flow

Good
Good

agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). This is
somewhat natural, but may be exacerbated by alterations in the stream and watershed (for example, a concrete-lined
channel).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the highest
flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more than 75% of the time. During dry conditions and low
flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating,
swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are lowest at high and low flows. This suggests that the inputs are primarily non-point
sources that are activated during small storms, but that are diluted by heavy storms.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness
Index

834

Nor-X-Way Channel

0.48

Average Daily Flow
Nor-X-Way Channel (834)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-6
Nor-X-Way
Channel

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

3,261

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

72

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

208

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

200

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

1,962

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

83

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

113

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

114

Mean (mg/l)

10.0

Median (mg/l)

9.9

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

100

Mean (mg/l)

0.056

Median (mg/l)

0.038

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

90

Mean (mg/l)

0.75

Median (mg/l)

0.70

Mean (mg/l)

16.0

Median (mg/l)

4.3

Mean (mg/l)

0.0037

Median (mg/l)

0.0011

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834 )
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Nor-X-Way Channel (RI 834)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Nor-X-Way Channel – Reach 834
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Nor-X-Way Channel – Reach 834
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Nor-X-Way Channel – Reach 834
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Nor-X-Way Channel – Reach 834
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-7

Assessment Point: MN-7
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-7 is also represented by:
o Reach 841
o Lilly Creek

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

Main St.
!

!

MN-7

!

!
!
!

Capitol Dr.

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

800 1,600
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-7
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

!

Main St.
!

!

MN-7

!

!
!
!

Capitol Dr.

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

800 1,600

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-7
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-7, Reach 841, Lilly Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Moderate to Poor

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus

Good to Moderate

Monthly
suspended solids

Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level about 15% of the time. Concentrations occasionally fall below 2 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease the fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number
of days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.4 mg/l on any
day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on the majority of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
It is normal for dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer to decline due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water; however, the lower concentrations during February, March, and May to December are lower than would be
expected. This may be due to increased oxygen demand from aquatic organisms or from the decomposition of organic
matter.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile concentrations drop
during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that
the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. There is an increase in the minimum values in
July and August – the cause of this is uncertain.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th
percentile concentrations decline in the late spring and summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from plants and
algae.
The 75th percentiles of suspended solids concentrations are highest during the late winter and early spring. The maximum
concentrations for suspended solids are lowest in the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased construction
activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Note the decline of dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows; the standard is met only half of the time. This is
Moderate

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Good

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

likely due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated
with the warm summer months). This is somewhat natural, but may be exacerbated by human-caused alterations of the
stream and watershed.
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows,
fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more 75% of the time. During dry conditions and low flows, the
standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming,
wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests that the phosphorus inputs are primarily non-point
sources. Much of the phosphorus is likely sediment-associated, particularly under moist conditions. Note the similarities
between the phosphorus and suspended solids data.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

841

Lilly Creek

0.69

Average Daily Flow
Lilly Creek (841)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-7
Lilly Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

2,427

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

69

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

359

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

89

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

1,416

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

81

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

265

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

38

Mean (mg/l)

9.3

Median (mg/l)

9.3

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

92

Mean (mg/l)

0.063

Median (mg/l)

0.040

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

85

Mean (mg/l)

0.74

Median (mg/l)

0.67

Mean (mg/l)

19.0

Median (mg/l)

7.9

Mean (mg/l)

0.0051

Median (mg/l)

0.0013

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Lilly Creek (RI 841)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Lilly Creek – Reach 841
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Lilly Creek – Reach 841
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Lilly Creek – Reach 841
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Lilly Creek – Reach 841
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-8

Assessment Point: MN-8
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-8 is also represented by:
o Reach 855
o Butler Ditch

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

!

MN-8

!
!

Capitol Dr.

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

!

Rd.

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

800 1,600
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-8
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

!

!

MN-8

!
!

Capitol Dr.

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

!

Rd.

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

800 1,600

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-8
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-8, Reach 855, Butler Ditch
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Moderate

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Moderate to Poor

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Good to Moderate

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level about 10% of the time.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to determine
the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. An
additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have
‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.35 mg/l on
any day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
It is normal for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during the summer due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water; however, the ranges of concentrations are wider than would be expected. This may be due to increased
oxygen demand from aquatic organisms or from the decomposition of organic matter.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the 75th percentile values decline during the
summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the
conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. There is an increase in the minimum values in July
and August – the cause of this is uncertain.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the 75th
percentile values decline during the late spring and summer, possibly related to phosphorus uptake from plants and algae.
The maximum concentrations for suspended solids are the lowest during the winter. This is likely due to frozen
conditions, decreased construction, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows; the standard is met 75% of the time. This is likely due
Moderate

Fecal coliform by
flow

Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Good to Moderate

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the
warm summer months). This is somewhat natural, but is likely exacerbated by human-caused alterations in the stream and
watershed.
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that
during periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform exceeds the regulatory standard. During dry conditions and low
flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating,
swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests that the phosphorus inputs are primarily non-point
sources. Much of the phosphorus is likely associated with sediment. Note the similarities between the phosphorus and
suspended solids data.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness index
Reach
855

Location
Butler Ditch

Richards Baker Flashiness Index
0.67

Average Daily Flows

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

Butler Ditch (855)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-8
Butler Ditch

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

2,425

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

64

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

424

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

82

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

1,325

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

79

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

286

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

31

Mean (mg/l)

9.6

Median (mg/l)

9.3

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

93

Mean (mg/l)

0.065

Median (mg/l)

0.042

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

85

Mean (mg/l)

0.68

Median (mg/l)

0.62

Mean (mg/l)

17.5

Median (mg/l)

7.9

Mean (mg/l)

0.0046

Median (mg/l)

0.0014

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Butler Ditch (RI 855)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Butler Ditch – Reach 855
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Butler Ditch – Reach 855
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Butler Ditch – Reach 855
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Butler Ditch – Reach 855
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-9

Assessment Point: MN-9
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-9 is also represented by:
o Reach 848
o RI-21
o Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch
o 127th Street Extended

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

Main St.
!

!

pp
A

!

!
!

MN-9

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

800 1,600
Feet

!

Assessment Point
Map: MN-9
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

!

Main St.
!

!

pp
A

!

!
!

MN-9

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

800 1,600

Civil Division

Feet

!

Land Use
Map: MN-9
3,200

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-9, Reach 848, RI-21, Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch (127th St. Extended)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year

Moderate to Poor

Monthly chloride
grab samples (CL
not from models)

Inconclusive (no
winter data)

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Good

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Moderate to Poor

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Good

Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level infrequently.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations are at or below the 0.1 mg/l
planning standard on about two-thirds of the days, but the concentrations exceed 1.5mg/l on some of the days.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
These samples have chloride concentrations that are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a
common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. In other parts of the watershed, chloride is higher in
March – probably a residual from road salt. As this is not the case here, it is possible that chloride may not be problematic
at this site.
The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water. The upper portions of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges
(below the 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected during the summer. This may indicate excess organic
matter and biochemical oxygen demand within the stream.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values
decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also
note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline about 25% to 50% of the time. Note that the
phosphorus concentrations increase in March and is likely from snow melt.
The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions,
decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Chloride by flow
(Cl not from
models)
Dissolved oxygen
by flow
Fecal coliform by
flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Inconclusive (no
It is difficult to assess chloride without data from the winter months; however, the data suggests that high flows may dilute
winter data)
the chloride concentration.
Good
Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentration at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during
periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more the 75% of the time. During
low flows, the standard is met more than 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating,
swimming, wading, etc.).
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source that is particularly
noticeable during low flows (perhaps from non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point loading of phosphorus during
medium and high flows.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

RI-21

127th Street Ext.

0.42

Average Daily Flow
127th Street Ext. (848)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-9
Menomonee River
Downstream of
Butler Ditch

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

57

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

489

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

72

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

76

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

229

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

51

Mean (mg/l)

10.8

Median (mg/l)

11

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

99

Mean (mg/l)

0.101

Median (mg/l)

0.061

Mean (mg/l)

Mean (mg/l)
Median (mg/l)

Copper

1,571

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

Median (mg/l)
Total Suspended Solids

2,828

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

69
1.08
1
15.7
6

Mean (mg/l)

0.0052

Median (mg/l)

0.0019

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ 127th Street Ext (RI 21)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) – Reach 848
Chloride
Flow Conditions

Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L)

Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

70

80

90

100

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) – Reach 848
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) – Reach 848
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) – Reach 848
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

127th Street Ext. (RI-21) – Reach 848
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-10

Assessment Point: MN-10
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-10 is also represented by:
o Reach 861
o Little Menomonee Creek

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

ad

!

MN-10

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

485 970
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-10
1,940

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

ad

!

MN-10

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

500 1,000

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-10
2,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-10, Reach 861, Little Menomonee Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Very Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good to Moderate

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Very Good to
Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Moderate

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Very Good to
Good
Good to Moderate

Variable (some
good, some bad)

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
2 mg/l infrequently.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any
day
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat).The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l during the majority of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges
(below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may
indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile values decline
during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that
the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the
minimum values increase during the late spring and into the summer. This is likely related to runoff of fertilizer.
The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest during the winter, likely due to frozen conditions, decreased
construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good to Moderate Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Good

Suspended solids
by flow

Moderate

water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Also,
note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline during high flows, suggesting that the stormwater runoff may carry a
relatively large organic load and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows,
fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard more the 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is
consistently met. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the
amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows. This suggests the prevalence of non-point loads of phosphorus.
Unlike many of the other sites, the phosphorus concentrations do not appear to correlate well with suspended solids
concentration data.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness
Index

861

Little Menomonee Creek

0.31

Average Daily Flow
Little Menomonee Creek (861)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-10
Little Menomonee
Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

4,970

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

57

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

438

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

91

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

3,710

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

73

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

201

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

62

Mean (mg/l)

9.2

Median (mg/l)

9.2

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

97

Mean (mg/l)

0.061

Median (mg/l)

0.049

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

89

Mean (mg/l)

1.06

Median (mg/l)

0.93

Mean (mg/l)

24.6

Median (mg/l)

10.8

Mean (mg/l)

0.0031

Median (mg/l)

0.0014

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861 )
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee Creek (RI 861)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Little Menomonee Creek – Reach 861
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee Creek – Reach 861
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee Creek – Reach 861
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee Creek – Reach 861
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-11

Assessment Point: MN-11
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-11 is also represented by:
o Reach 871
o Little Menomonee River

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

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Y
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41
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RI
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R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
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NOR-X
-W

@
?

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PP
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PP
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G LL E

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45
t
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@
?

LILLY

74

S
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S
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57

100

SUS SEX

E
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)

VV
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)

§
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43

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@
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181

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LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

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CREEK

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@
?
190

@
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?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

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UKE
WA

M
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§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
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)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
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)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
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D
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41
t
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@ t
?
45
u
100

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164

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43

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CR E

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NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
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)

E
CR

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)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

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@
?

KINNICKINNIC

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)

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?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

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?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
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)

EE
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"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

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W
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145

74

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WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
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)

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IA

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RIV

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@
?
W
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)

32

.
CR

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175

@
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181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

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WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
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MO

Y
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)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

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?
57

@
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LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
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)

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D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
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)

@
?
24

§
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¨
94

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38

§
¦
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CR.

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)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

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)
Y

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)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
M EE Q
QU
UO
ON
N

!

Mequon Road
Mequon Road

!

Brown Deer Rd.

!

!

G
G

d

d.
Bay R
Green

n
Fo

76th St.

ain St.

u
D
c
La
A

n
to
le
pp

v.

A

!

v.

!

A

MN-11

!
!

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies

³
0 1,2002,400

Civil Division

Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-11
4,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

!

Mequon Road
Mequon Road

!

Brown Deer Rd.

!

!

G
G

d

d.
Bay R
Green

n
Fo

76th St.

ain St.

u
D
La
c
A

le
pp

v.

A
n
to

!

v.

!

A

MN-11

!
!

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

1,250 2,500

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-11
5,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-11, Reach 871, Little Menomonee River
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good to Moderate

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Very Good to
Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Moderate

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Very Good to
Good
Very Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall
below this level and never below 2 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any
day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges
(below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may
indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile
concentrations decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar
radiation. Also note that the conditions are poor in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In each month, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the
minimum concentrations increase during the late spring and into the summer and are likely due to runoff of fertilizer.
The maximum concentrations for suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions,
decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow
Fecal coliform by
flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water
Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Good

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during periods with the highest flows,
fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard nearly all of the time. During low flows, the standard is met
consistently. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the
amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high flows. This suggests the dominance of non-point sources of
phosphorus. Note also that the minimum concentration increases at low flows, possibly due to background phosphorus
sources such as non-contact cooling water.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness
Index

871

Little Menomonee River

0.46

Flashiness Index
Little Menomonee River (871)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-11
Little Menomonee
River

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

53

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

700

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

68

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

4,477

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

70

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

261

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

48

Mean (mg/l)

10.4

Median (mg/l)

10.5
98

Mean (mg/l)

0.058

Median (mg/l)

0.043

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

7,777

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)
Total Phosphorus

Condition
Existing

89

Mean (mg/l)

0.58

Median (mg/l)

0.56

Mean (mg/l)

13.2

Median (mg/l)

4.6

Mean (mg/l)

0.005

Median (mg/l)

0.0017

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871 )
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Little Menomonee River (RI 871)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Little Menomonee River – Reach 871
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee River – Reach 871
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee River – Reach 871
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Little Menomonee River – Reach 871
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-12

Assessment Point: MN-12
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-12 is also represented by:
o Reach 857
o RI-22
o Hampton Avenue
o Menomonee River Downstream of Little Menomonee River

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!
!
!

!

MN-12

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies

0

Civil Division

370 740
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-12
1,480

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

!
!
!

!

MN-12

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Argiculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

375 750

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-12
1,500

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-12, Reach 857, RI-22, Menomonee River Downstream of the Little Menomonee River (Hampton Avenue)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good

Phosphorus v.
days per year
Suspended solids
v. days per year

Moderate to Poor

Monthly chloride
grab samples (CL
not from models)

Inconclusive (no
winter data)

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Good

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Moderate to Poor

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Very Good to
Good

Very Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site rarely fall
below this level and never below 3 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations are at or below the 0.1 mg/l
planning standard on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 0.5mg/l on some of the days.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
These samples have chloride concentrations that are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a
common source of chloride is road salt and there is no winter data. Note that March data (which include snow melt and
spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. Winter chloride concentrations would be expected to exceed those
measured in March.
The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges
(below the median or 25th percentile) declined more than would be expected, particularly during the summer. This may
indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median and 75th percentile values decline
during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that
the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline between 25% and 50% of the time.
The maximum concentrations of suspended solids are lowest in the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions,
decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure
Chloride by flow
(Cl not from
models)
Dissolved oxygen
by flow
Fecal coliform by
flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Inconclusive (no
It is difficult to assess chloride trends without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not
being actively applied, some amount is in a ‘reservoir’ (sediment). This chloride is gradually released and this is
winter data)
Good
Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Moderate

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

particularly noticeable during mid-to-dry conditions. During higher flow conditions, the concentration becomes diluted.
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when a substantial non-point load is already present. Note that during
periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard nearly all of the time. During low
flows, the standard is met over 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating,
swimming, wading, etc.).
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows. This suggests a background source of phosphorus that is
particularly noticeable at low flows (possibly from non-contact cooling water) as well as non-point loads of phosphorus
during high flows.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

RI-22

Hampton Avenue

0.42

Average Daily Flow
Hampton Avenue (857)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-12
Menomonee River
Downstream of
Little Menomonee
River

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

50

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

795

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

31

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Copper

2,175

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

69

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

348

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

21

Mean (mg/l)

10.7

Median (mg/l)

10.9

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

99

Mean (mg/l)

0.1

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

4,366

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

Median (mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

0.061
69

Mean (mg/l)

1.07

Median (mg/l)

1.01

Mean (mg/l)

13.4

Median (mg/l)

5.2

Mean (mg/l)

0.0054

Median (mg/l)

0.0021

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

AverageTP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Hampton Avenue (RI 22)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) – Reach 857
Chloride
Flow Conditions

Acute Toxicity (757 mg/L)

Chronic Toxicity (395 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

1000

100

10

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data; Chloride Field Data

70

80

90

100

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) – Reach 857
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) – Reach 857
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) – Reach 857
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Hampton Avenue (RI-22) – Reach 857
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-13

Assessment Point: MN-13
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-13 is also represented by:
o Reach 890
o Underwood Creek

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

Capitol Dr.

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

!

MN-13

und Rd.

Greenfield Av.

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

700 1,400
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-13
2,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Capitol Dr.

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

!

MN-13

und Rd.

Greenfield Av.

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilities

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

700 1,400

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-13
2,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target

Geometric Mean Standard

200 counts/100 ml

Fecal Coliform

Not to Exceed Standard

400 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Minimum Concentration Standard

5 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-13, Reach 890, Underwood Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0
Good

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Moderate

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Moderate to Poor

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate to Poor

Monthly
phosphorus

Moderate

Monthly
suspended solids

Very Good

Variable (some
good, some bad)

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are below
this level about 10% of the time, but never below 2 mg/l.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. An additional goal could be to find ways to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of
days that have ‘below 400’ counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on majority of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on
any day.
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 200 mg/l on some of the days.
The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in
warmer water. The upper portion of the ranges for each month is fairly typical; however, the lower portions of the ranges
(below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected. This may indicate excess organic matter and
biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.
While the ranges of concentrations are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile
values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation.
Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt.
In most months, phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. Note that the
minimum concentrations increase in the late spring and summer, possibly due to runoff of fertilizer. Also, the phosphorus
concentration increases in March and is likely related to snow melt.
The maximum values for suspended solids are lowest during the winter. This is likely due to frozen conditions, decreased
construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain). In each month, the reference
concentration is exceeded less than 25% of the time.

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased
Moderate

Fecal coliform by
flow

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Moderate

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). While
this is not unexpected, the concentrations of dissolved oxygen occasionally fall below desirable concentrations.
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point source is already present. Note that during
periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard all of the time. During low flows, the
standard is met nearly all of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading,
etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high flows and suggest the presence of non-point loads of phosphorus. The
similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with
suspended sediment.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

890

Underwood Creek

0.65

Average Daily Flow
Underwood Creek (890)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-13
Underwood Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

Total Suspended Solids

Copper

9,075

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

61

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

789

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

44

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

4,377

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<400 cells per 100 ml)

77

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

404

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

17

Mean (mg/l)

10.1

Median (mg/l)

9.8

Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen
standard (>5 mg/l)

96

Mean (mg/l)

0.069

Median (mg/l)

0.050

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)
Total Nitrogen

Condition
Existing

83

Mean (mg/l)

0.68

Median (mg/l)

0.61

Mean (mg/l)

17.2

Median (mg/l)

7.6

Mean (mg/l)

0.0048

Median (mg/l)

0.0013

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890 )
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 890)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Underwood Creek – Reach 890
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Underwood Creek – Reach 890
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+05
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Underwood Creek – Reach 890
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1.00

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

0.10

0.01
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Underwood Creek – Reach 890
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

1000

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-14

Assessment Point: MN-14
The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the
Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout
the following data, Assessment Point MN-14 is also represented by:
o Reach 905
o Underwood Creek

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
RG
UR
BU
RB
C
AR
DA
ED
CE

§
¦
¨
43

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
N
ON
UO
EQ
QU
ME

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

41
t
u
45
t
u

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

§
¦
¨
43

LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45
t
u
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
ND
EN
A LL E
G LL E
DA
E

LILLY CREEK

45
t
u

§
¦
¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41
t
u
C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
WA
AU
M II LL W
UK
KE
EE
E

45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

§
¦
¨

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

43

UNDERWOOD CREEK

41
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DOUSMAN DITCH

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

o ff
S
SH
HA
A

94

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

HONEY CREEK

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N

§
¦
¨

45
t
u

94

§
¦
¨
894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
D
E LL D
N FF II E
G
EN
EE
RE
GR

§
¦
¨
43

³

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Combined Sewer Area
Civil Divisions

0

0.5

1
Miles

Watershed Map
2

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

"
)T

"
)T

45
t
u

M
"
)

G
"
)

Y
"
)
C
"
)

@
?
145

M
"
)

C
"
)

@
?
181

@
?
57

BR.

N.

M

PIG
EO
N

NO

Y
"
)

E

ME
NO
MO
.
NEE
BR

"
)
RIVER

41
t
u

NE

"
)F

RI
VE
R

MENOM
O

W.

45
t
u

@
?
167

@
?
167

Y
"
)

57

@
?
181

BAR

CREEK

K

175

@
?
145

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

WILLOW CREEK

LAC
du
COURS

ER

WIL LOW

FISH

RIV

Q
"
)

AY

"
)F

NOR-X
-W

@
?

ME

B
"
)

PP
"
)

PP
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff

G
"
)

G
DA
E
EN
A LL E
ND
G LL E

@
?
Y
"
)

V
"
)
VV
"
)

@
?

45
t
u
@
?

LILLY

74

S
"
)

S
"
)

57

100

SUS SEX

E
"
)

VV
"
)

§
¦
¨
43

"
)
YY

E
CR E

@
?
181

K
"
)

LINCOLN

BUTLER DITCH

"
)J
CREEK

Y
"
)

@
?
190

@
?

@
?

190

190

@
?

41
t
u

100

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
WA
UK
KE
EE
E
M II LL W

PE

45
t
u

UN

ER
RIV

M
"
)

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
O
A
W
A RIVER
SA
OS
A TTMENOMONEE
WLOWER
UW
WA
AU

OD
RW O

E

RIV
ER

DE

UKE
WA

M
"
)

§
¦
¨
94

18
t
u

DITCH

Y
"
)
JJ
"
)

J

ONE E
RIVER

K
EE
CR

DOUSMAN DITCH

"
)

43

MENO
M

TJ
"
)

§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
94

K

t
u
18

§
¦
¨

@
?
59

@
?

@
?
181

894

SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

AR
PL
PO

@
?
59

@
?

59

59

ER
RIV

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

@
?
100

O
"
)

D
"
)
Y
"
)

41
t
u

@ t
?
45
u
100

"
)
O

164

"
)I

"
)I

§
¦
¨
43

EK
CR E

W
IL

SO

N

U
"
)

Y
"
)
U
"
)

@
?

Y
NE

HONEY CREEK

EK

HO

ES
"
)

E
CR

"
)

NN

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
9

32

LYONS

"
)T

D
"
)

@
?

KINNICKINNIC

D
"
)

@
?

18
t
u

94

CRE
E

CREEK

A
A

41
t
u

18
t
u

DEER

FT
"
)

MILL

§
¦
¨

UNDERWOOD CREEK

FOX

DOUSMAN

57

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

@
?

@
?

@
?

@
?

190

164

K
EE
"
)

EE
"
)

K
"
)

JJ
"
)

F

CREEK

LILLY CREEK

"
)J

"
)J

W
"
)

145

74

E
WHIT

@
?

@
?

W
"
)

N
IA

ER
RIV

RI V ER

@
?
W
"
)

32

.
CR

E

ER

175

@
?

181

O NE

RIV

100

E

@
?

M

YY
"
)

@
?

WAUK
E
MIL

N

41
t
u

NEE
MO

Y
"
)

100

O

NO
ME

74

@
?

43

100

@
?

74

§
¦
¨

57

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

CREEK

32

@
?

45
t
u

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@
?

145

@
?

LITTLE

Q
"
)

V
"
)

VV
"
)

@
?
57

@
?

Q
"
)

@
?

LITTLE

LAKE

CH
AN
NE
L

BARK

W
"
)

IN
D

AMY
BELL
LAKE

32

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME
NO
MO
NE
E

175

@
?

E

@
?

G

VE
R

145

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

K

@
?

43

RI

167

CREEK

EE

E
CRE

N
MO

@
?

§
¦
¨

PIT
LAKE

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

36

N
"
)

@
?
24

§
¦
¨
94

@
?
38

§
¦
¨

CR.

894

Y
"
)

PA
RK

@
?
CREEK

"
)
Y

"
)I

@
?
OK

119

ES
"
)

LEGEND
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Subwatersheds
Civil Divisions

UPPER KELLY
LAKE
LOWER KELLY
LAKE

@
?
24

³
0 2,600 5,200
Feet

Aerial Map
10,400

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45
t
u

MN-1

§
¦
¨
43

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
ME
EQ
QU
UO
ON
N

MN-1

!

MN-3
41
t
u

MN-2

!!

MN-3

MN-10

MN-2

45
t
u

MN-10

MN-6

!

!

MN-5

MN-4
MN-4
MN-5

!

MN-11

§
¦
¨
43

MN-6

!
MN-9

45
t
u
41
t
u

MN-7

!

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
G LL E
E
DA
ND
EN
A LL E

MN-7

45
t
u

MN-12

!!

MN-8

MN-9

§
¦
¨
43

MN-11

!
!

MN-12
MN-8

MN-15
41
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
B
BR
RO
OO
OK
K FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
M
AU
UK
KE
EE
WA
E
M II LL W
45
t
u

MN-13

MN-14
MN-13

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
A
SA
OS
A TT O
WA
UW
AU
WA

!

43

!

§
¦
¨

!
!
MN-16 !
MN-17

MN-17
MN-14

94

§
¦
¨

MN-15
41
t
u

18
t
u

18
t
u

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨

MN-18

94

A
A

18
t
u

! MN-18

§
¦
¨

18
t
u

894

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
W
WE
ES
S TT A
A LL LL II S
S

41
t
u

MN-16

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
N
NE
EW
W B
BE
ER
R LL II N
N
45
t
u

C
C ii tt yy oo ff
G
GR
RE
EE
EN
N FF II E
E LL D
D

§
¦
¨
94

§
¦
¨
894

§
¦
¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Routing Reach Tributary Area
Watersheds
Waterbodies
Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000
Feet

MN Watershed
Model Reach Tributary Area
10,000

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

oo ff
FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt
W
W
UW
AU
WA
!

MN-14
!

C
C ii tt yy
W
WE
ES
S TT A

³

LEGEND

!
"
"

#

Assessment Points

Watersheds

CSO

Assessment Point Basins

SSO

Water

NCCW

Waterbodies
Civil Division

0

700 1,400
Feet

Assessment Point
Map: MN-14
2,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

oo ff
FF II E
E LL D
D

C
C ii tt
W
W
UW
AU
WA
!

MN-14
!

C
C ii tt yy
W
WE
ES
S TT A

³

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points
Water
Waterbodies
Watersheds
Assessment Point Basins

Land Use

Institutional and Governmental

Agriculture

Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands

Low Density Residential

Transportation, Communication and Utilites

High Density Residential

Manufacturing and Industrial

Commercial

0

700 1,400

Civil Division

Feet

Land Use
Map: MN-14
2,800

WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN
MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets
Constituent

Measure

Standard/Target
1

Variance Standard - Geometric mean not to exceed
Fecal Coliform

1,000 counts/100 ml
1

Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month
1

2,000 counts/100 ml

Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration

2 mg/l

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated
background concentration)

17.2 mg/l

Total Phosphorus (TP)

Flashiness
1

Planning Guideline
Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency
and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index
ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow)

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

0.1 mg/l

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet
MN-14, Reach 905, Underwood Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure
Flashiness index

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0

Dissolved oxygen
v. days per year
Fecal coliform v.
days per year

Good to Moderate

Phosphorus v.
days per year

Good

Suspended solids
v. days per year

Good

Monthly
dissolved oxygen

Good to Moderate

Monthly fecal
coliform

Moderate

Monthly
phosphorus
Monthly
suspended solids

Good to Moderate

Variable (some
good, some bad)

Good

to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location.
Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below
this level occasionally, but never fall below the 2 mg/l variance standard.
For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml).
The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to
determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these
conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to reduce
fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts.
Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or
below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on
any day
Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and
invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25
mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 100 mg/l on some of the days.
While it is natural for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during warmer months, the concentrations decline
sporadically in March and during the summer and early winter – this is unusual. The low concentrations in March may be
related to pollutants and biochemical oxygen demand in the runoff associated with snow melt.
While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile value declines
substantially in the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Bacteria are most prevalent in
the winter and conditions are particularly poor in March. This is most likely related to snow melt.
Phosphorus concentrations are greatest in March and are likely related to snow-melt. Concentrations then decline during
the summer and early fall. This could be related to uptake by plants during the growing season.
Suspended solids concentrations are below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher
concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil.

Figure
Dissolved oxygen
by flow
Fecal coliform by
flow

Overall Project
Analysis
Team Assessment
Note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water
Good
Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by
flow

Good to Moderate

Suspended solids
by flow

Good

agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months).
Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows
(fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5
years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point sources are already present. Note that
during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the variance standard. During moist conditions,
fecal coliform exceeds the standard 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met nearly all
of the time. During these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming), although
the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading.
Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline
over 50% of the time at the highest flows. This suggests the prevalence of non-point loads of phosphorus. The
similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with
suspended sediment.
The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources.
The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended
stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a
result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and re-suspension of stream sediments likely make less of a
contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that
experience these activities.

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index

905

Underwood Creek

0.72

Average Daily Flow
Underwood Creek (905)

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS)

200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment
Point
MN-14
Underwood
Creek

Water Quality
Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(annual)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria
(May-September: 153
days total)

Dissolved Oxygen

Total Phosphorus

Statistic

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

5,659

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1

80

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

492

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

296

Mean (cells per 100 ml)

2,660

Percent compliance with single sample
standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)1

90

Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml)

361

Days of compliance with geometric mean
standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)1

150

Mean (mg/l)

6.6

Median (mg/l)

6.3

Percent compliance with dissolved
oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)1

100

Mean (mg/l)

0.052

Median (mg/l)

0.031

Percent compliance with recommended
phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

88

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l)

0.66

Median (mg/l)

0.67

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l)

8.5

Median (mg/l)

5.0

Copper

1

Condition
Existing

Mean (mg/l)

0.0036

Median (mg/l)

0.0013

Variance standards are from Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code apply.

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)

400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>10

9-10

8-9

7-8

6-7

5-6

4-5

3-4

2-3

1-2

0-1

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>5000

4000-5000

3000-4000

2000-3000

1000-2000

600-1000

400-600

0-400

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905 )
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)
400

360

Average Number of Days Per Year

320

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0
>200

175-200

150-175

125-150

100-125

75-100

50-75

25-50

0-25

Average TSS (mg/L)

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

100

Concentration (mg/L)

Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Low
Flows

Dry
Conditions

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions
1.E+05

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)
Mid-range
Flows

Moist
Conditions

High
Flows

Box & Whiskers
Dry
Conditions

Low
Flows

C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

70

80

90

100