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47ai5.

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LANGENSCHEIDT'S

German English
English* German
DICTIONARY
Entirely

new and

up-to-date. Full pronunciation in both lanfeature: Over 1 5,000 German nouns and verbs

guages. Unique
with information on declension and conjugation. An indispensable aid for students, teachers, home and office libraries.

LANGENSCHEIDTS

Deutsch Btglfsches
Englisch Deutsches

WRTERBUCH
ri
WASHINGTON SQUARE PRESS

PART I

GERMAN-ENGLISH
DICTIONARY

A
Aal ichth. [ail] m (-[e]s/-e) eel; '2glatt adj. (as) slippery as an eel.
Aas [a:s] n 1. (-es/S-e) carrion,
carcass; 2. fig. (-es/Aser) beast;
'
geier orn. m vulture.
ab [ap] 1. prp. (dat.): Briissel from
Brussels onwards; ~ Fabrik, Lager

ge-, h) untie, unbind, remove;

'

etc.
2

ex works, warehouse, etc.;


prp. (dat., F ace):
erstem or

ersten Marz from March 1st, on

and after March 1st; 3. prp. (gen.)


less; ~ Unkosten less charges; 4. adv.
time: von jetzt
from now on, in
future; und zu from time to time,
now and then; von da ~ from that

time forward; space: thea. exit, pi.


exeunt;

von

da

from

there

(on).

abander|n ['ap'-] vlt. (sep., -ge-3 h)


alter, modify; parI. amend; Sung
/ alteration, modification; parI.
amendment (to bill, etc.); Sungsantrag parl. m amendment.
'

'

abarbeiten ['ap'-] vlt. (sep., -ge-3 h)


work off (debt); sich drudge, toil.
Abart ['ap'-] / variety.
'
Abbau w 1. (-[els/no pi.) pulling
down, demolition (of structure);
dismantling (of machine, etc.); dismissal, discharge (of personnel);
reduction (of staff, prices, etc.);
cut (of prices, etc.); 2.
(-[e]s/-e)
working, exploitation; Sen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) pull or take down,
demolish (structure);
dismantle
(machine, etc.); dismiss, discharge
(personnel); reduce (staff, prices,
'

etc.); cut (prices, etc.);

work,

exploit.
'
ab beifien vlt. (irr. beiBen, sep.,
ge-, h) bite off; ' bekommen vft.
(irr. kommen, sep., no -ge-, h) get
off; s-n Teil or et. get one s share;
et.
be hurt, get hurt.
-

'

abberufjen vlt. ' (irr. rufen, sep., no


ge-, h) recall; Sung / recall.
'
abjbestellen v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
-

countermand, cancel one's order

for (goods, etc.); cancel one's subscription to, discontinue (newspaper, etc.); '~biegen vli. (irr. biegen, sep., -ge-, sein) p. turn off;
road: turn off, bend; noch rechts
(links)
turn right (left); von e-r
Strofle

turn off a road.

Abbild n likeness; image; Sen


'
[ dsn] vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) figure,
represent; sj e ist ouf der ersten
Se/te abgebildet her picture is on
the front page; ~ung [' durj] /
picture, illustration.
'
abbinden v/t. (irr. binden, sep.,
'

'

2*

ligate, tie up.


'

Abbitte / apology;
leisten or tun
make one s apology (be/ j-m wegen
et. to s.o. for s.th.); 'Sn vft. (irr.
bitten, sep., -ge-, h): j-m et.
apologize to s.o. for s.th.
'
ab|blasen v/t. (irr. blasen, sep.,
ge-, h) blow off (dust, etc.); call
off (strike, etc.), cancel; X break
off (attack); ' blattern v/i. (sep.,
ge-, sein) paint, etc.: scale, peel
'

(off);

s 'n: desquamate;

shed

the leaves; '~blenden (sep., -ge-, h)


1 v/t. screen (light); mot. dim, dip
(headlights); 2. vfi. mot. dim or dip
the headlights; phot, stop down;
'
blitzen F v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)
meet with a rebuff; ~ lassen snub;
'
brausen (sep., -ge-) 1. v/refl. (h)
have a shower(-bath), douche; 2. F
vli. (sein) rush off; ' brechen (irr.
brechen, sep., -ge-) 1. vlt. (h) break
off (a. fig.); pull down, demolish
(building, etc.); strike (tent); fig.
stop; das Lager
break up camp,
strike tents; 2. v/i. (sein) break off;
3 fig. v/i. (h) stop; Lbremsen v/t.
and v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) slow down;
brake; ' brennen (irr. brennen,
sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h) burn down
(building, etc.); let or set off (fire'
work); 2. v/i. (sein) burn away or
down; s. abgebrannt; Lbringen
vlt. (irr. bringen, sep., -ge-, h) get
off; j-n
von argue s.o. out of;
dissuade s.o. from; '~brdckeln v/i.
(sep., -ge-, sein) crumble (a. 'f).
'
Abbruch m pulling down, demolition (of building, etc.); rupture (of
relations); breaking off (of negotiations, etc.); fig. damage, injury; j-m
tun damage s.o.
.

'

ablbriihen

v/t.

(sep.,

-ge-,

h)

scald; s. abgebruht; ' biirsten vft.


(sep., -ge-, h) brush off (dirt, etc.);
brush (coat, etc.); Lbiifien v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) expiate, atone for
(sin, etc.); serve (sentence).
[bet.l
Abe [a:be'tse:] n (-/-) ABC, alpha-/
'
abdank en vli. (sep., -ge-, h) resign; ruler: abdicate; 'Sung/W-en)
resignation; abdication.
'

abldecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) uncover; untile (roof); unroof (building); clear (table); cover; ' dichten
vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) make tight; seal
up (window, etc.); pack (gland,
etc.); ' dienen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h):
s-e Ze/t
X serve one's time;
drangen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) push
aside; ' drehen (sep., -ge-, h)
~

abdrosseln

1 u/r. twist off (wire); turn off


(water, gas, etc.); switch off
(light); 2. &, %t v/i. change one's
course; ' drosseln mot. vjt. (sep.,
ge-, h) throttle.
'
Abdruck m (-[e]s/=e) impression,
print, mark; cast; 'Sen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) print; publish (article).
'
abdriicken (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
fire (gun, etc.); F hug or squeeze
affectionately; sich
leave an impression or a mark; 2. v/i. pull the
trigger.
Abend I'aibant] m (sl-e) evening;
am r, in the evening, at night; heute
abend tonight; morgen (gestern)
abend tomorrow (last) night; s.
essen; ' anzug m evening dress;
'
blatt n evening paper; ' brot n
dammerung /
supper, dinner;
(evening) twilight, dusk; lessen n
5
Abendbrot; ' gesellschaft /
evening party; ' kasse thea. f boxoffice; ' kleid n evening dress or
gown; ' land n (-[e]s/no pi.) the
Occident; Slandisch adj. ['UendiJ]
western, occidental; ' mahl eccl. n
(-[e]s/-e) the (Holy) Communion
the Lord's Supper; ' rot n evening
or sunset glow.
[evening, i
abends adv. [ oibants] in the!
.

'

20 -

m departure platform; ' slauf m


skiing: downhill race; ' ssignal n
starting-signal; ' szeit / time of
departure;
a. time of sailing.
'
Abfall m defection (von from), falling away (from); esp. pol. secession
(from); eccl. apostasy (from); often
Abfalle pi. waste, refuse, rubbish
Am. a. garbage; clippings pi.
shavings
pi.; at butcher's: offal;
'
eimer m dust-bin. Am. ash can;
'
Sen vfi. (irr. fallen, sep., -ge-, se/n)
leaves, etc.: fall (off); ground etc.:
slope (down); fig. fall away (von
from); esp. pol. secede (from); eccl.
apostatize (from); gegen come off
badly by comparison with, be inferior to; ' erzeugnis n waste prod,

uct; by-product.
'

abfallig adj. judgement, etc.: adverse, unfavourable; remark: dis-

'

paraging, depreciatory.
Abfallprodukt
n
by-product;
waste product.

'

ablfangen vlt. (irr. fangen, sep.,


ge-, h) catch; snatch (ball, etc.);
intercept (letter, etc.); Aj
prop;
-

X check (attack); %t flatten out;


mot., St right; ' farben i>/j. (sep.,
ge-, h): der Pullover farbt ab the
colo(u)r of the pull-over runs (auf
acc. on);
auf (acc.) influence, af-

'

'

Abendjschule / evening school,

night-school; ' sonne / setting


sim; ' toilette / evening dress;
'
zeiwind m evening breeze;
tung / evening paper.
Abenteu|er ['a-.bantDvar] n (si-)
adventure; Serlich adj. adventurous; fig.: strange; wild, fantastic;

fect.
'

abfassjen vjt. (sep., -ge-, b) com-

'

'

rer ['ovrar] m (-s/-) adventurer.


aber ['aibar] 1. adv. again; Tausende
und
Tausende thousands upon
thousands; 2. cj. but; oder otherwise, (or) else; 3. int.:
now
then!; ,
come, come!;
nein!
no!, on the contrary!; 4. 2 n (-s/-)

pose, write, pen; catch (thief, etc.);


'
Sung / composition; wording.
'

ablfaulen vji. (sep., -ge-, se/n) rot


off; ' fegen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
sweep off; ' feilen v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) file off.

but.
'

Aberlglaube m superstition; 2glaubisch adj. [' gbYbiJ] sui>erstitious.

aberkenn|en ['ap'-] v/t. (irr. kennen, sep., no -ge-, h): j-m et.
deprive s.o. of s.th. (a. r r); dispossess
s.o. of s.th.; 'Sung/(-/-en) deprivation (a. **z); dispossession.

aber|malig adj. ['oibarmaili?] repeated; finals adv.

['~s]

again,

abfordern

abfertig|en ['apfertigan] vjt. (sep.,


ge-, h) dispatch (a. Si); customs:
clear; serve, attend to (customer);
j-n kurz snub s.o.; 'Sung f(-l-en)
-

dispatch; customs: clearance;schroffe snub.


[(oif), discharge.!
'
abfeuern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fire/
'
abfindjen vlt. (irr. finden, sep.,
ge-, h) satisfy, pay off (creditor);
compensate; sich m/t et.
resign
o.s.
to s.th.; put up with s.th.;
'
Sung / (-/-en) setdement; satisfaction; compensation; 'SungCssumme) /indemnity; compensation.
'
ablflachen v/t. ' and v/refl. (sep.,
ge-, h) flatten; flauen v/i. (sep.,
ge-, sein) wind, etc.: abate; interest,
etc.: flag; f business: slacken; ' fliegen vji. (irr. fliegen, sep., -ge-,
-

'

once more.

ab|ernten ['ap'-] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

se/n) leave by plane;

'

reap, harvest; essen [ ap'-] (/rr.


essen, sep., -ge-} h) 1. vjt. clear

(plate); 2. v/i. finish eating; ' fahren (irr. fahren, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i.
(se/n) leave (nach for), depart (for),
start (for); set out or off (for);
2 v/t. (h) carry or cart away (load).
'
Abfahrt / departure (noch for),

start;

* take off,

'

fliefien v/i. (irr. flieBen,


sep., -ge-, se/n) drain or flow off or
'

away.
Abflug

[parture.j
* m take-off, start, de-i

'

start (for); setting out or off (for);

Abflufi m flowing or draining off


or away; discharge (a. jF); drain
(a. fig.); sink; outlet (of lake, etc.).
'
abfordern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m

skiing: downhill run; ' sbahnsteig

et. r, demand s.th. of or from s.o.

Abfuhr

Abfuhr f'apfurr] / (-/-en) removal;


fig. rebuff.
'

abfiihrlen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v\t.

lead off or away; march (prisoner)


off; pay over (money) (an acc. to);

2 & vli. purge (the bowels), loosen


.

the bowels; ' end

adj. purgative,
'

aperient, laxative; 2mittel & n


purgative, aperient, laxative.
'

abfiillen vft. (sep.-, -ge-, h) decant;


in Flaschen

ab -f less, minus; 2. v/t. (h)


measure by steps; patrol.
...

abge|hetzt adj. ['apgahetst] harassed; exhausted; run down;


breathless; -kartet F adj. [' kartatj:
Soche prearranged affair,
put-up job; ' legen adj. remote,
distant; secluded; out-of-the-way;
macht adj. f maxt]: ~! it's a
bargain or deal!; magert adj.
t margart] emaciated; neigt adj.
[ naikt] disinclined (dat. for s.th.;
~

'

bottle; 8/er in Fdsser

'

rack casks with beer.


'

abhalten

21 -

Abgabe / sports: pass; casting (of

zu tun to do), averse (to; from do-

s vote)i sale (of shares, etc.);


mst ~n pi. taxes p/.; rates pi.. Am.
local taxes p/.; duties pL \ 'Sfrei adj.
tax-free; duty-free; 'Snpflichtig
adj. taxable; dutiable; liable to tax
or duty.
'
Abgang m departure; start; thea.
exit (a. fig.); retirement (from a
job); loss, wastage; deficiency (in
weighty etc.); & discharge; # miscarriage; noch von der Schu/e after
leaving school.
'
abgangig adj. missing.
'
Abgangszeugnis n (school-)leaving certificate. Am. a. diploma.
'
Abgas n waste gas; esp. mot. exhaust gas.
[toil-worn, worn-out. 1

ing), unwilling (zu tun to do);


nutzt adj. [ nutst] worn-out.
Abgeordnete ['apga'Drdnata] m, f

'

one

abgearbeitet adj. [ apga'arbartat]/


'

'

(-n/-n) deputy

delegate; in Germany : member of the Bundestag or


Landtag; Bn. Member of Parliament, Am. Representative.

abgerissen/fe. adj. ragged; shabby;


style, speech: abrupt, broken.
'

Abgesandte m, f (-nj-n) envoy;

'

abgeschieden fig. adj. isolated,


secluded, retired; 2helt / (-/-en)

emissary; ambassador.
'

seclusion; retirement.
'

abgeschlossen adj. flat: self-contained; training, etc.: complete.


abgeschmackt adj. ['apgajmakt]
tasteless; tactless; 'Eheit / (-/-en)

'

abgeben vjt. (irr. geben, sep., -ge-,


h) leave (be/, an dat. at); hand in
(paper, etc.); deposit, leave (luggage);
cast (one s vote); sports: pass (ball,
etc.); sell, dispose of (goods); give off
(heat, etc.); e-e Erklarung make a
statement; s-e Meinung
express
one s opinion (iiber acc. on); j-m
et. von et. give s.o. some of s.th.;
e-n guten Ge/ehrten
make a good
scholar; sich mit occupy o.s. with
s.th
sie gibt sich gem mit Kindern
ab she loves to be among children.
'
abgelbrannt adj. burnt down; F
fig. hard up, si. broke; briiht fig.
adj. [' bryrt] hardened, callous;
'
droschen adj. trite, hackneyed;
feimt adj. [' fannt] cunning,
crafty; ' griffen adj. worn; book:
well-thumbed;
hartet adj. ['
hsrtet] hardened (gegen to), inured
(to); harmt adj. ['Jizimt] care'

'

.;

worn.
'

abgehen (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-)


1 v/i. (sein) go off or away; leave,
.

start, depart; letter, etc.: be dis'

patched; post: go; thea. make one s


exit; side-road: branch off; goods:
sell; button, etc.: come off; sram,
etc.: come out;
be discharged;
(von e-m Arm) ~ give up a post;
retire; von der Schule ~ leave school;
von digress from (main subject);
deviate from (rule); alter, change
(one's opinion); relinquish (plan,
etc.); diese Eigenschaft geht ihm ab
he lacks this quality; gut end well,
pass off well; hiervon geht or gehen

tastelessness; tactlessness.
'

abgesehen adj.: ~ von apart from,


Am. a. aside from.

abgelspannt fig. adj. ['apgajpant)


exhausted, tired, run down;

standen adj. stale, flat; ' storben


adj. numb; dead; stumpft adj.
[ Jtumpft] blunt(ed); fig. indifferent (gegen to); ' tragen adj.
worn-out; threadbare, shabby.
'
abgewohnen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h):
break or cure s.o. of s.th.;
j-m et
sich das Rauchen give up smoking.
abgezehrt adj. [ apgatseirt] emaci'

'

ated, wasted.
'

abgiefien
-

'

v/t. (irr.

ge-, h) pour off;

gieBen,

sep.,

decant; cast.

Abglanz m reflection (a. fig.).


abgleiten v/i. (irr. gleiten, sep.,
ge-, sein) slip off; slide off; glide
1 Abgott m idol.
[off.
abgottisch adv. [ apgoetiJJ: j-n
lieben idolize or worship s.o.; dote
(up)on s.o.
'
ab grasen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) graze;
fig. scour; ' grenzen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) mark off, delimit; demarcate (a. fig.); fig. define.
'
Abgrund m abyss; precipice;
chasm, gulf; am Rande des
on
'

'

the brink of disaster.


'

Abgufi m cast.
'
ab|hacken vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) chop
or cut off; Jbaken fig. vlt. (sep.,
ge-j h) tick or check off; ' halten
'

vjt. (irr. halten, sep., -ge-, h) hold


(meeting, examination, etc.); keep
out (rain); j-n von der Arbeit keep

abhandeln

from his work; j-n da von


et. zu tun keep or restrain s.o. from
doing s.th.; et. von j-m keep s.th.
handeln v/t.
away from s.o.;
s o
.

'

(sep.3 -ge-, h) discuss, treat; j-m


et. bargain s.th. out of s.o.
abhanden adv. [ap handan]: kom-

Abkehr fig. ['apkeir] / (-/no pi.)


estrangement (von from); withdrawal (from); 'Sen v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) sweep off; sich
von turn away
from; fig.: take no further interest
in; become estranged from; with-

'

'

Abhandlung / treatise (iiber acc.

[upjon), dissertation ([upjon, con-

cerning); essay.
'

Abhang

slope,

incline;

de-

clivity.
'

draw from.
'

men get lost.

abhangen 1. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) take


down (picture, etc.);
uncouple;
2 vli. (i'rr. hangen, sep., -ge-, h):
.

von depend (up)on.


abhangig adj. ['apherji?]: , von depi.)
pendent (up)on; 'Skeit /
dependence (von [up]on).

ab|harmen [ apherman] v/refl.


(sep., -ge-, h) pine away (iiber acc.
'

at); Lharten vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)


harden (gegen to), inure (to); sich
harden o.s. (gegen to), inure o.s.
(to); ' hauen (i'rr. houen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) cut or chop off;
2 F v/i. (se/n) be off; hau ab! si.
beat it!, scram!; '~hauten v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) skin, flay; '~heben
(jrr. heben, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. lift
or take off; teleph. lift (receiver);
(with)draw (money); sich
von
stand out against; fig. a. contrast
with; 2. vji. cut (the cards); teleph.
lift the receiver; ' heilen vji. (sep.,
ge-, se/n) heal (up); helfen v/i.
(jrr. helfen, sep., -ge-, h): e-m Ubel
m

abjklingen v/i. (irr. klingen, sep.,

ge-, se/n) fade away; pain, etc.: die


down;pain, illness: ease off; '~klopfen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. knock (dust,
etc.) off; dust (coat, etc.); & sound,
percuss; 2. v/i. conductor: stop the
orchestra; ' knicken v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) snap or break off; bend
off; ' kndpfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
unbutton; F j-m Geld
get money
out of s.o.; ' kochen (sep., -ge-, h)
1 vjt. boil; scald (milk); 2. v/i.
cook in the open air (a. ); Lkommandieren X v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
detach, detail; second (officer).
Abkomme ['apkoma] m (-n/-n)
-

descendant.
'

abkommen 1. v/i. (irr. kommen,


sep., -ge-, se/n) come away, get
away or off; von e-r Ansicht ~ change
one s opinion; von e-m
Thema
digress from a topic; vom Wege
lose one's way; 2. 2 n (-s/-) agree'

ment.
'

abk6mm|lich adj. [ apkoemlig] dispensable; available; er ist nicht


he cannot be spared; Sling ['Uig]
m (-s/-e) descendant.
'

ablkoppeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) uncouple; ' kratzen (sep., -ge-) 1. v/t.
(h) scrape off; 2. s/. v/i. (se/n) kick

'

cure or redress an evil; dem ist

nicht abzuhelfen there is nothing to


be done about it; ' hetzen v/refl.
(sep., -ge-, h) tire o.s. out; rush,
hurry.
'
Abhilfe / remedy, redress, relief;
schaffen take remedial measures.

the bucket; ' kiihlen vjt. (sep.,

ge-, h) cool; refrigerate; sich cool


down (a. fig.).
Abkunft ['apkunft] / (-l\*e) descent; origin, extraction; birth.
-

'

abkiirzlen

s o
.

'

.).

ablholen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fetch;

call for, come for; j-n von der Bahn


m go to meet s.o. at the station;
'
holzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fell,
cut down (trees); deforest; ' horchen & v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) auscultate, sound; ' horen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) listen in to, intercept (telephone conversation); e-n Schiiler m
hear a pupil's lesson.
Abitur [abi'tu-.r] n (-s/S-e) schoolleaving examination (qualifying for
university entrance).

abljagen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m et.

(sep.,

-ge-,

h)

viation; short cut.


'

abladen vjt. (irr. laden, sep., -ge-, h)


unload; dump (rubbish, etc.).

'

Ablage / place of deposit; filing


tray; files pi.; cloak-room.
'
abllagern (sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h)
season (wood, wine); age (wine);
sich m setde; be deposited; 2. v/i.
(se/n) wood, wine: season; wine: age;

Classen (irr. lassen, sep., -ge-, h)


1 v/t. let (liquid) run off; let
off (steam); drain (pond, etc.);
2 v/i. leave off (von et. [doing]

"

'

v/t.

shorten; abbreviate (word, story,


etc.)', den Weg
take a short cut;
'
Sung/C-Z-en) abridgement; abbre-

'

abhobeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) plane


(away, down).
abhold adj. ['aphDlt] averse (dat.
to s.th.); ill-disposed (towards

ablaufen

22 -

th.).
Ablauf m running off; outlet, drain;
sports: start; fig. expiration, end;
noch m von at the end of; 'Sen (nr.
s

'

s.th. from s.o.; ' kanzeln

laufen, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i. (se/n) run

F v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) reprimand, F


tell s.o. off; ' kaufen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h): j-m et. m buy or purchase

off; drain off; period of time: expire; "f- bill of exchange: fall due;
clock, etc.: run down; thread, film:
unwind; spool: run out; gut
end

recover

s.th

from s.o.

Ableben

well; 2. v/t. (h) wear out ( shoes);


scour (region, etc.); sich die Beine ~
run one s legs off; s. Rang.

town, etc.); 'Sung/notice of with-

'

drawal; notice of departure.


'

'

Ableben n (-s/ no pi.) death, decease (esp. 2*j)j 2*j demise.

'

abjlecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lick


(off); '~legen (fep., -ge-, h) 1. v/r.
take off (garments); leave off (arments); give up, break o.s. of (habit);
file (documents, letters, etc.); make
(confession, vow); take (oar/i, examination); Zeugnis bear witness (fur
to; von of); j. Rechenschaft; 2.
take off one's (hat and) coat.

'

Ableger
m (-s/-) layer, shoot.
'
ablehn[en (sep., -ge-, h) 1. r/r. decline, refuse; reject (doctrine, candidate, etc.); turn down (proposal,
etc.); 2. vli. decline; dankend ~ decline with thanks; ' end adj. negative; 'filing / (-/-en) refusal; rejection.

abreagieren

23 -

abmesslen vjt. (irr. messen, sep.,


ge-, h) measure; 'Sung / (-/-en)
-

measurement.
'

ab|montieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)


disassemble; dismantle, strip (machinery); remove (tyre, etc.);
miihen vfrefl. (sep., -ge-, h) drudge,

toil; ' nagen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)

gnaw off; pick (botie).


Abnahme ['apnarma] / (-/S-n)
taking off; removal; # amputation;
f taking delivery;
purchase; -f
sale; acceptance (of machine,
etc.); administering (of oath); decrease, diminution; loss (of weight).
"

'

abnehrn|en (zrr. nehmen, sep., -ge-,

h) 1. v/t. take off; remove; telepk.


lift (receiver); & amputate; gather
(fruit); accept (machine, etc.);
j-m et
take s.th. from s.o.;
a.
buy or purchase s.th. from s.o.;
j-m zuviel overcharge s.o.; 2. vli.
decrease, diminish; decline; lose
weight; moon: wane; storm: abate;
days: grow shorter; 'Ser * m (-s/-)
buyer; customer; consumer.
'
Abneigung / aversion (gegen to);
.

ableit[en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) divert


(river, etc.); drain off or away (wa-

ter, etc.); gr., fie, fig. derive (aus,


von iiom);fig. infer (from); Sung/
diversion; drainage; gr.,
derivation (a. fig.).
'

'

abllenken r/r. (sep., -ge-, h) turn


aside; divert (suspicion, etc.) (von

disinclination (to); dislike (to, of,

from); phys., etc.: deflect (rays, etc.);


distract s.o.
j-n von der Arbeit
from his work; ' lesen v/t. (irr.
lesen, sep., -ge-, h) read (speech,
etc.); read (off) (values from instruments);
leugnen vjt. (sep., -ge-,

for); antipathy (against, to).


abnorm adj. [ap'norm] abnormal;
anomalous; exceptional; Si'tat /
(-/-en) abnormality; anomaly

h) deny, disavow, disown.

'

'

abnotigen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m

'

'

ablieferjn v/t. (sep., -ge-s h) deliver; hand over; surrender; 'Sung/

et.

extort s.th. from s.o.

abinutzen vlt. and v/refl. (sep.,


niitzen v/t. and vJrefL
fe-j h),
(sep.,-ge-, h) wear out; 'Snutzung/,
Sniitzung /(-/-en) wear (and tear).
Abonniement [abanfeVma:] n (-si
'

'

delivery.
'

abloschen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) blot


(up) (ink); temper (steel).
'
ablosjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) detach;
take off; X, etc.: relieve; supersede
(predecessor in office); discharge
(debt); redeem (obligation); sich
come off; fig. alternate, take turns;
'
Sung / detachment; Xj etc.: relief; fig. supersession; discharge;
redemption.
'
abmachlen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) remove, detach; fig. setde, arrange
(business, etc.); agree (up)on (price,
etc.); 'Sung / (-/-en) arrangement,
settlement; agreement.
'

abmagerln vli. (sep., -ge-, sein)


lose flesh; grow lean or thin; 'Sung
/ (-/-en) emaciation.

'

abjmahen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) mow


(off); ' malen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
copy.

'

Abmarsch m start; X marching


off; 'Sieren v/i. (sep., no -ge-, sein)
start; X march off.
'
abmeldlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-n
von der Schule
give notice of the
withdrawal of a pupil (from school);
sich polizeilich
give notice to the
police of one s departure (from
'

s) subscription (auf acc. to); ent


'
m (-enj-en) subscriber;
Sieren [Jniirsn] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
-

[ nent]

subscribe to (newspaper); Siert adj.


U fni:rt]:

sein auf (acc.) take in


(newspaper, etc.).
,

abordn|en Tap9-] vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)


depute, delegate. Am. a. deputize;
'
Sung / delegation, deputation.
Abort [a'bart] m (-[e]s/-e) lavatory,
toilet.
'

ablpassen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fit,


adjust; watch for, wait for (s.o.,

opportunity); waylay s.o.; ' pfliikken vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) pick, pluck
(off), gather; ' plagen v/refl. (sep.,
ge-, h) toil; ' platzen v/i. (sep.,
ge-, sein) burst off; fly off; ' prallen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) rebound,
bounce (off); ricochet; ' putzen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) dean (off, up);
wipe off; polish; ' raten v/i. (irr.
raten, sep., -ge-, h): j-m
von dissuade s.o. from, advise s.o. against;
'
raumen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) clear
(away); '~reagieren v/t. (sep., no
-

ge-, h) work off (one s anger, etc.);

sich

F a. let off steam.

abrechnen

24 -

mate; value; assess; 'Sung/valuation; estimate; assessment.

'

abrechn|en (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.


dedua; settle (account); 2. v/i.: mit
settle (acj-m settle with s.o.
counts) with s.o., F get even with

.o.;

'

Sung / settlement (of ac-

counts); deduction, discount.


'

Abrede/: in

stdlen deny or ques-

'

Abschaum m (-[e)s/no pi.) scum;


fig. a. dregs pi.
Abscheu m (-[e]s/no pi.) horror
(vor dat. of), abhorrence (of); loathing (of); disgust (for).
abscheuern vft. (sep., -ge-, h)

'

'

tion s.th.

abreib|en v/t. (irr. re/ben, sep.,


ge-j
rub off; rub down (body);
polish; Sung / rub-down; F fig.
-

'

beating.

scour (off); wear out; chafe, abrade.


abscheulich adj. [ap'/ovli?] abominable, detestable, horrid; Skeit /
(-/-en) detestableness; atrocity
.

'

Abreise / departure (noch for); '2n


vfi. (sep., -ge-, se/ n) depart (noch
'

for), leave (for), start (for), set out


(for).
'

'

abreifijen (irr. reiBen, sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) tear or pull off; pull down
.

(building); s. abgerissen; 2. v/i.


(se/'n) break off; button, etc.: come

'

ab|schicken vft. (sep., -ge-, h) send


off, dispatch;

post, esp. Am.


mail; ' schieben vft. (irr. schieben,
sep., -ge-, h) push or shove off.
Abschied ['apji:t] m (-[e]s/S-e)
departure; parting, leave-taking,
farewell; dismissal, X discharge;
nehmen take leave (von of), bid

off; 'Skalender m tear-off calendar.

farewell (to); j-m den ~ geben


dismiss s.o.,
discharge s.o.;
s-n
nehmen resign, retire; ' sfeier / farewell party; ' sgesuch n
resignation.

'

ab|richten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) train


(animal), break (horse) (in); '~riegeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) bolt, bar

(door); block (road).


Abrifi m draft; summary, abstract;
(brief) outlines pi.; brief survey.

'

'

abjrollen (sep., -ge-) v/t. (h) and


v/i. (sein) unroll; uncoil; unwind,
unreel; roll off; ' riicken (sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) move off or away
(von from), remove; 2.
v/i. (sein)
-

march off, withdraw.


'

Abruf tn call; recall; auf


-if on
call; 'Sen v/t. (irr. rufen, sep., -ge-,
h) call off (a. Y)>
away; recall;
Si call out.

'

abjrunden v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) rovrnd

(ofO; '*rupfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


pluck off.
abrupt adj. [ap'rupt] abrupt.

'

ab|schie6en

abriistjen X /. (sep-, -ge-, h)


disarm; 'Sung X / disarmament.

off.

'

cut

off

'

tive; ~e Antwort refusal, denial.

Abschiagszahlung / payment on
account; instal(l)ment.

'

abschleifen vft. (irr. schleifen, sep.,


ge-, h) grind off; fig. refine, polish.
'
Abschlepp|dienst mot. m towing
-

service. Am. a. wrecking service;


'

Sen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) drag off;

mot. tow off.


'

abschliefien (nr. schlieBen, sep.,


ge-, h) 1. vft. lock (up); seal
(up); conclude (letter, etc.); settle
(account); balance (the books); effect
(insurance); contract (loan); fig. seclude, isolate; e-n Handel ~ strike
a bargain; sich seclude o.s.; 2. vfi.
conclude; ' d 1. adj. concluding;
-

'

final; 2. adv. in conclusion.


AbschluG m settlement; conclu'

priifung / final
examination, finals /., Am. a. graduation; ' zeugnis n leaving certificate; diploma.
sion; seal;

'

ab|schalen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) peel

abschatz|en vft. (sep., -ge-, h) esti-

off;

tack).

'

(off), pare; bark (tree); '-.schalten


vft. (sep., -ge-, h) switch off, turn
off or out; / disconnect.

off, strike

abschlagig adj. [ apjlergi?] nega-

'

refuse; recall (invitation); 2. vfi.


guest: decline; j-m
cancel one s
appointment with s.o.
'
absagen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) saw off;
F fig. sack s.o.
'
Absatz m stop, pause; typ. paragraph; Y sale; heel (of shoe); landing (of stairs); 'Sfahig -f adj. saleable, marketable; ' markt -f m
market, outlet; moglichkeit
f
opening, outlet.
'
abschaben vft. (sep., -ge-, h)
scrape off.
'
abschaff|en vft. (sep., -ge-, h)
abolish; abrogate (law); dismiss
(servants); 'Sung/(-/-en) abolition;
abrogation; dismissal.

beat

(head); refuse (request); repel (at-

'

Absage / cancellation; refusal; 'Sn


(sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. cancel, call off;

schieBen,

'

abrutschen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)

* skid.

(irr.

'

slip off, glide down;

vft.

sep., -ge-, h) shoot off; shoot, discharge, fire (off) (fire-arm); launch
(rocket); kill, shoot; (shoot or bring)
down (aircraft); s. Vogel; '~schinden vfrefl. (irr. schinden, sep., -ge-,
h) toil and moil, slave, drudge; '*,schirmen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) shield
(gegen from); screen (from), screen
off (from); '~schlachten vft. (sep.,
ge-, h) slaughter, butcher.
'
Abschlag "f m reduction (in price);
auf on account; Sen [ gan] vft.
(irr. schlagen, sep., -ge-, h) knock

'

'

abschmelzen

'

ab|schmeicheln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h):


j-m et ~ coax s.th. out of s.o.; '~schmelzen (irr. schmelzen, sep.}
.

abschmieren

ge-) v/t. (h) and v/i. (se/n) melt


(off); fuse; ' schmieren v/t.
(seP-, -&e-j ft) lubricate, grease;

25 '

Absenker
m (-$/-) layer, shoot.
absetzlen (sep., -ge-, b) 1. r/r. set
or put down, deposit; deduct (sum);
take off (hat); remove, dismiss
(official); depose, dethrone (king);
drop, put down (passenger); -if sell
(goods); typ. set up (in type); thea.:
ein Stiick take off a play; 2. vfi.
break off, stop, pause; 'Sung /
(-/-en) deposition; removal dis-

'

schnallen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) unbuckle; take off (ski, etc.); ,~schneiden (rrr. schneiden, sep.,

ge-> ft) !. v/t. cut (off); slice off;


den Weg take a short cut; j-m das
Wort ~ cut s.o. short; 2. r/i.: gut

come out or off well.

'

Abschnitt m A" segment; 'f coupon; ryp. section, paragraph; counterfoil, Am. a. stub (of cheque, etc.);
stage (of journey); phase (0/ cfere/opment); period (of time).
'
ablschopfen' v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
skim (off); schrauben v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) vmscrew, screw off.
'
abschrecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
deter (von from); scare away; ' d
adj. deterrent; repulsive, forbidding.
'
abschreibjen (irr. schreiben, sep.,
ge-, h) 1. v/t. copy; write off (debt,
etc.); plagiarize; in school: crib;
2 v/i. send a refusal; 'fier m copyist; plagiarist; 'Sung T / (-/-en)
depreciation.
'
abschreiten r/t. (irr. schreiten,
sep., -ge-, h) pace (off); e-e Ehren-

missal.
'

Absicht/W-en) intention, purpose,


design; 'Slich 1. adj. intentional;

'

absitzen (irr. sitzen, sep., -ge-)


1 vji. (se/n) rider: dismount; 2. v/t.

2 adv. on purpose.
.

(h) serve (sentence), F do (time).


absolut adj. [apzo'luit] absolute.

absolvieren [apzol'viiran] r/r. (tw


ge-, h) absolve; complete (studies);
get through, graduate from (school).
-

'

absonderln
separate;

wache inspect a guard of hono(u)r.


Abschrift / copy, duplicate.

'

ge-, h) absorb; ' speisen fig. vjt.


(sep., -ge-, h) put s.o. off.
abspenstig adj. ['apjpenstic]: ~
machen entice away (von from).
'

absperr|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lock;


shut off; bar (way); block (road);
turn off (gas, etc.); 'Shahn m stopcock.

'

Abschufi m discharge (of fire-arm);


launching (of rocket); hunt, shooting; shooting down, downing (of
aircraft); ' rampe / launching

abjspielen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) play


(record, etc.); play back (tape recording); sich
happen, take place;
'
sprechen v/t. (irr. sprechen, sep.,
ge-, h) deny; arrange, agree;
springen v/i. (irr. spr/ngen, sep.,
ge-, se/n) jump down or off; 2g*
jump, bale out, (Am. only) bail out;
-

'
'

abschiissig adj. [ apjysi?] sloping;

steep.

ablschiitteln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


shake off (a. fig.); fig. get rid of;
'
vSchwachen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
weaken, lessen, diminish; schweifen v/i. (sep., -ge-, se/n) deviate; fig.
digress; ' schwenken v/i. (sep.,
ge-, se/n) swerve; X wheel;
'
schworen v/i. (irr. schworen,
sep., -ge-, h) abjure; forswear;
'
segeln v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) set

rebound.
'

Absprung m jump; sports: takeoff.

'

'

abspiilen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) wash

'

abstammlen v/i. (sep., -ge-, se/n)

up; rinse.
be descended; gr. be derived (both:
von from); 'Sung / (-/-en) descent;
gr. derivation.

sail, sail away.

'

Abstand m distance; interval;


compensation, indemnification;

'

nehmen von desist from.

abseh|bar adj. [ apze:ba:r]: in ~er


Ze/t in the not-too-distant future;
'
en (irr. sehen, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
~

(foresee; j-m et. ~ learn s.th. by


observing s.o.; es abgesehen haben
auf (acc.) have an eye on, be aiming
at; 2. r/i.: ~ von refrain from; disregard.
abseits ['apzaits] 1. adv. aside,

apart; football, etc.: oft side; 2.prp.


(gen.) aside from; off (the road).
'
absendlen v/t. ([irr. senden,] sep.,
ge-, t) send off, dispatch;
m
post, esp. Am. mail; Ser

'

sender.
'

h)

with-

platform.
'

-ge-,

secretion.

'

'

(sep.,

ab|sorbieren [apzDr'bitrsn] vlt. (tw

abschiirflen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


graze, abrade (skin); Sung / (-/-en)
abrasion.

vjt.

secrete; sich

draw; 'Sung / (-/-en) separation; &

'

absteigen

absengen vft. (sep., -ge-,h) singe off.

ab|statten ['apjtatsn] v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h): e-n Besucb
pay a visit;
-

Dank

return or render thanks;

"

stauben v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) dust.


'
abstechjen (trr. stechen, sep., -ge-,
h) 1. v/t. cut (sods); stick (pig, sheep,
etc.); stab (animal); 2. v/i. contrast

(von with); 'Ser m (-s/-) excursion,


trip; detour.
'

ablstecken vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) vmpin,

imdo; fit, pin (dress); sum. mark


out; ' stehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep.,
ge-, ft) stand off; stick out, protrude; s. abgestanden; ' steigen
r/t. (irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein)
-

abstellen

descend; alight (von from) (carriage); get off, dismount (from)


(horse); put up (in dat. at) (hotel))
'

26 -

abweisen

'

abtreibjen (zrr. treiben, sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) drive away or off; em
Kind
procvu-e abortion; 2.
.

stellen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) put

down; stop, turn off (gas, etc.);


park (car); fig. put an end to s.th.;
'
stempeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
stamp; ' sterben v/i. (irr. sterben,
sep., -ge-, sein) die off; limb', mortify.
Abstieg ['apjtiik] m (-[e]s/-e) descent; . decline.
abstimm|en { sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/i.
vote; 2. v/t. tune in (radio); fig.:
harmonize; time; balance (books);
'
2ung / voting; vote; tuning.
Abstinenzler
[apsti'nentsbr]
m
(si-) teetotal(l)er.
'
abstoppen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
stop; slow down; sports: clock,
time; 2. v/i. stop.
'
abstofien v/t. (irr. stoBen, sep.,
ge-, h) knock off; push off; clear
off (goods); fig. repel; sich die Horner
sow one s wild oats; '*Afig.
adj. repulsive.
abstrakt adj. [ap strakt] abstract.
'
ab|streichen vlt. (irr. streichen,
sep., -ge-, h) take or wipe off;
'
streifen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) strip
off; take or pull off (glove, etc.);
slip off (dress); wipe (shoes); ' streiten v/t. (irr. streiten, sep., -ge-, h)
contest, dispute; deny.
'
Abstrich m deduction, cut;& swab.
'
ablstufen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) graduate; gradate; ' stumpfen (sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) blunt;
dull (mind);

v/i. (sein) drift off; 'Eung f


(-/-en) abortion

'

abtrennen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) detach; separate; sever (limbs, etc.);


take (trimmings) off (dress).

'

abtretlen (zrr. treten, sep., -ge-)


1 vjt. (h) wear down (heels); wear
out (steps, etc.); fig. cede, transfer;
2
vfi. (sein) retire, withdraw;
resign; thea. make one s exit; 'Ser
m (-si-) doormat; 'Eung / (-/-en)
.

'

'

cession, transfer.
'

abltrocknen (sep., -ge-) 1. vjt. (h)


dry (up); wipe (dry); sich
dry
oneself, rub oneself down; 2. /.

(sein) dry up, become dry; Ltropfen vji. (sep., -ge-, sein) liquid: drip;
dishes, vegetables: drain.
abtriinnig adj. ['aptryni?] unfaithful, disloyal; eccl. apostate; e [' ga]
m (-n/-n) deserter; eccl. apostate.
'

abjtun v/t. (irr. tun, sep., -ge-, h)


take off; setde (matter);fig.: dispose
of; dismiss; ~urteilen ['ap?-] v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) pass sentence on s.o.;
'
wagen v/t. ([irr. vvogen,] sep., -ge-,
h) weigh (out); fig. consider care-

'

fig. vji. (sein) become dull.

'

Absturz m fall;

crash.

'

ablstiirzen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)

fall down;
crash; ' suchen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) search (nach for);
scour or comb (area) (for).
absurd adj. [ap'zurt] absurd, preposterous.

Abszefi

[aps'tses] m (Abszesses/

Abszesse) abscess.

Abt [apt] m (-[e]s/--=e) abbot.


'
abtakeln & v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) vmrig,
dismantle, strip.
Abtei [ap'tai] / (-/-en) abbey.
Abl'teil E n compartment; 'teilen
vft. (sep., -ge-, h) divide; A par-

tition off; '~teilung / division;


teilung / department; ward (of
hospital); compartment;
detachment; teilungsleiter m head of a
'

'

department.
'

abtelegraphieren v/i. (sep., no -ge-,


h) cancel a visit, etc. by telegram.
Abtissin [ep'tisinJ/ Z-nen) abbess.
l
ab|toten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) destroy,
kill (bacteria, etc.); Ltragen v/t.
(irr. tragen, sep., -ge-, h) carry off;
pull down (building); wear out
(garment); pay (debt).
abtraglich adj. ['aptre:kli?] injurious, detrimental.

fully; ' walzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


roll away; fig. shift; ' wandeln
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) vary, modify;
'
wandern v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)
wander away; migrate (von from).
'
Abwandlung / modification, variation.
'

abwarten (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. wait


for, await; s-e Ze/t
bide one's
time; 2. v/i. wait.
abwarts adv. ['apverts] down, downward(s).
abwaschen vjt. (irr. waschen, sep.,

'

ge-, h) wash (off, away); bathe;


sponge off; wash up (dishes, etc.).
'
abwechseln (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
vary; alternate; 2. v/i. vary; alternate; mit j-m take turns; ' d adj.
-

alternate.

lAbwechs(e)lung / (-/-en) change;

alternation; variation; diversion;


zur
for a change.
'
Abweg m: auf e geraten go astray;

ig adj. [' gi?] erroneous, wrong.


Abwehr/defenlce, Am. -se; warding off (of thrust, etc.); ' dienst X
m counter-espionage service; Sen

'

'

v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) ward off; avert;


repulse, repel, ward off (attack,
enemy).
'
abweichjen v/i. (irr. weichen, sep.,
ge-, sein) deviate (von from),
swerve (from); differ (from); compass-needle: deviate; '2ung/(-/-en)
deviation; difference; deflexion,
(Am. only) deflection.
'
abweiden v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) graze.
'
abweisjen v/t. (irr. weisen, sep.,
-

ge-, h) refuse, reject; repel (a. X);

abweisend
rebuff;

'

end adj. unfriendly, cool;


Sung / refusal, rejection; repulse
(a. X); rebuff.
'
ablwenden vjt. (\trr. wenden,] sep.y
ge-, h) turn away; avert (disaster,
etc.); parry (thrust); sich ~ turn
away (von from); werfen v/t. (irr.
werfen, sep., -ge-, h) throw off;
drop (bombs); shed, cast (skin, etc.);
shed (leaves); yield (profit).
'
abwert|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) devaluate; Sung / devaluation.
abwesen|d adj. [ apveizant] absent;
'
Sheit / (-/S -en) absence.
'
ablwickeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) un'

'

27 -

regard; sich in acht nehmen be


careful; be on one s guard (vor j-m
or et. against s.o. or s.th.); look out
(for s.o. or s.th.).
'
achtbar adj. respectable.
'
achte adj. eighth; SI
n (-si-)
eighth (part).
'

'

achten (ge-, h) 1. v/t. respect,


esteem; regard; 2. v/i.: auf (acc.)
pay attention to; achte auf meine
Worte mark or mind my words;
darauf
da8 see to it that, take

'

'

wind, unreel,

wind

off;

transact

(business); ' wiegen v/t. (irr. wiegen,


sep., -ge-, h) weigh (out) (goods);
'
wiscben v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) wipe
(off); ' wiirgen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)
strangle, throttle, choke; mot. stall;
Lzahlen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) pay off;
pay by instal(l)ments; ' zahlen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) count (out, over).
'
Abzahlung / instal(l)ment, payment on account; ' sgeschaft n

care that.

achten ['ectan] v/t. (ge-, h) outlaw,


proscribe; ban.
'
Achter m (-s/-) rowing: eight.
achtfach adj. ['axtfax] eightfold.
'
achtgeben v/i. (irr. geben, sep.,
e-, h) be careful; pay attention
(auf acc. to); take care (of); gib
-

acht! look or watch out!, be careful!


'

achtlos adj. inattentive, careless,


heedless.

Acht'stundentag m eight-hour day.


'
Achtung / (-/no pi.) attention;
respect, esteem, regard; ~.' look out!,
X attention!;
Stufe.' mind the
step!; 'Ssvoll adj. respectful.

hire-purchase.
'

abzapfen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) tap,


draw off.

'

Abzehrung / (-/-en) wasting away,


emaciation; # consumption.
'
Abzeichen n badge;
* marking.
'

ab|zeichnen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)


copy, draw; mark off; initial; tick

Adrefibuch

'

achtzehn adj. eighteen; ~te adj.

P ta] eighteenth.
achtzig adj. ['axtsi<;] eighty; Lste
adj. eightieth.
achzen ['egtsan] v/i. (ge-, h) groan,
-v

moan.

off; sich gegen stand out against;


'
ziehen (irr. ziehen, sep., -ge-)
1 v/t. (h) take off, remove;
subtract; strip (bed); bottle (wine);
phot, print (film); typ. pull (proof);
take out (key); das Fell *. skin
(animal); 2. v/i. (sein) go away; X
march off; smoke: escape; thunder-

Acker ['akar] m (-s/--) field; ' bau


m agriculture; farming; 'Sbautreibend adj. agricultural, farm-

storm, clouds: move on.

add (up); Stion [adi tsjo:n]/(-/-en)


addition, adding up.
Adel ['aidal] m (-s/no pi.) nobility,
aristocracy; Sig adj. noble; 'Sn
v/t. (ge-, h) ennoble (a. fig.); Brt.
knight, raise to the peerage; ' sstand m nobility; aristocracy; Brt.

'

Abzug m departure; X withdrawal,

retreat; drain; outlet; deduction


(of sum); phot, print; typ. proof
(-sheet)
abziiglich prp. (gen.) ['aptsyrklig]
less, minus, deducting.
'
Abzugsrohr n waste-pipe.
.

abzweig|en ['aptsvaigan] (sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) branch; divert (money);
.

sich
branch off; 2. v/i. (sein)
branch off; 'Sung / (-/-en) branch;
road-junction.
ach int. [ax] oh!, ah!, alas!;
so!
oh, I see!

Achse ['aksa] / (-/-n) axis; : axle;


shaft; axle(-tree) (of carriage); auf
der ~ on the move.

Achsel ['aksal] / (-/-n) shoulder;


die ~n zucken shrug one's shoulders; ' hohle / armpit.
acht1 [axt] 1. adj. eight; in ~ Tagen
today week, this day week; vor

Tagen a week ago; 2. S / (-/-en)


(figure) eight.
Acht2 [ ] / (./no pi.) ban, outlawry;
attention; auBer acht lassen dis-

ing; ' gerate njpl. farm implements pi.; ' land n arable land;
'
Sn v/t. and v/i. (ge-, h) plough,
till. Am. plow.

addi|eren [a'dhran] v/t. (no -ge-, hi)


'

'

peerage.

Ader ['aidar] / (-/-n)


wood, etc.:
vein; anat.: vein; artery; zur
lassen bleed.

adieu int. [a'djo:] good-bye, farewell, adieu, F cheerio.


Adjektiv gr. ['atjsktiif] n (-s/-e) adjective.
Adler orn. ['a:dbr] m (-s/-) eagle;
'
nase / aquiline nose.

adlig adj. ['ardli?] noble; Se f' ga]


m (-n/-n) nobleman, peer.
Admiral -A- [atmi'ra:!] m (-s/-e, e)
admiral.

adopt|ieren [adop'tiiran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) adopt; Sivkind U'tirf-] n
adopted child.
Adressat [adre'sa:t] m (-enj-en)
addressee; consignee (of goods).
Adrefibuch [a'dres-J n directory.
-

Adresse

Adressje [a'drEsa] / (-/-n) address;


direction; per
care of (abbr. c/o);
ieren [ 'siiran] v/t. {no -ge-, h)
address, direct; Y consign; falsch
misdirect.

adrett adj. [a'drst] smart, neat.


Adverb gr. [at'vErp] (-s/-/en)
adverb.

Affare [a'terra] / (-/-n) (love) affair;


matter, business, incident.
Affe zo. f'afa] m (-n/-n) ape; monkey.

Affekt [a'fekt] m (-[e]s/-e) emotion;


passion; Siert adj. [Jn:rt] affected.
'
affig F adj. foppish; affected; silly.

Afrikan|er

[afri'karnar] m (-s/-)

African; Sisch adj. African.


After anat. ['aftar] m (-s/-) anus.
Agent [a'gsnt] m (-en/-en) agent;
broker; pol. (secret) agent;
ur
U tuir] / (-/-en) agency.
aggressiv adj. [agre'si.-f] aggressive.
Agio -f ['aisio] (-s/?20 pi.) agio,
premium.
'

Agitator
agitator.

[agi'taitor]

(-s/-en)
[brooch. \

Agraffe [a'grafa] / (-/-n) clasp;/


'

agrarisch adj. [a grarrij] agrarian.


Agypt|er [ei'gyptar] m (-s/-) Egyptian; 2isch adj. Egyptian.
ah int. [a:] ah!

aha int. [a'ha] aha!, I see!


Ahle ['aria] / (-/-n) awl, pricker;
punch.
Ahn [a:n] m (-[e]s, -en/-en) ancestor;
en pi. a. forefathers pi.
ahneln [ Einsln] v/t. (ge-, h) be like,
'

resemble.

ahnen ['ainan] v/t. (fe-, h) have a


presentiment of or that; suspect;
divine.

ahnlich adj. ['sinli?] like, resembling; similar (dat. to); iro.: das
sieht ihm
that s just like him;
'
Skeit / (-/-en) likeness, resemblance; similarity.
Ahnung ['arnuq] / (-/-en) presentiment; foreboding; notion, idea;
'

'

Sslos adj. unsuspecting; 'Ssvoll

adj. full of misgivings.


Ahorn
['aihom] m (-s/-e) maple
(-tree)

Ahre
['Eire] / (-/-n) ear, head;
spike;
/esen glean.
Akademi|e [akada'mi:] / (-/-n)
academy, society; ker [ 'dermiksr]
m (-s/-) university man, esp. Am.
university graduate; 2sch adj.
[

'

deimij] academic.

Akazie
[a'kaitsja] / (-/-n) acacia.
akklimatisieren
[aklimati'zirran]
v/t. and v/refl. (no -ge-, h) acclimatize, Am. acclimate.

Akkord [a'kort] m (-[e]s/-e) / chord;


f: contract; agreement; composition; im
by the piece or job;
Arbeit/ piece-work; arbeiter m
piece-worker; ~lohn m piecewages pi.

28 -

Alkoholvergiftung

akkredit|ieren [akredi'tiirsn] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) accredit (bei to); 2iv

[Jti:f] n (-s/-e) credentials pi.; "f


letter of credit.

Akku F ['aku] m (-s/-s), emulator Umu'lartor] m (sj-en)


accumulator, (storage-)battery.
Akkusativ gr. ['akuzadrf] m (-s/-e)
accusative (case).
[acrobat.!
Akrobat [akro'bait] m (-en/-en)/
Akt [akt] m (-[e]s/-e) act(ion), deed;
thea. act; paint, nude.
Akte ['akta]/(-/-n) document, deed;
file; n pi. records pi., papers pi.;
deeds pi., documents pi.; files pL;
zu den

n to be filed; zu den

legen file; ' ndeckel m folder; ' .nmappe /, ' ntasche / portfolio;
briefcase; ' nzeichen n reference
or file number.

Aktie -f ['aktsja] / (-/-n) share. Am.


stock; n 6es/tzen hold shares. Am.
hold stock; ' nbesitz m share-

holdings pi.. Am. stockholdings pi.;


'
ngesellschaft / appr. joint-stock
company. Am. (stock) corporation;
'
nkapital n share-capital. Am.
capital stock.
Aktion [ak'tsjorn] / (-/-en) action;
~

activity;

/., etc.: campaign, drive;

X operation; ~ar [Jn:r] m (-s/-e)


shareholder. Am. stockholder.

aktiv adj. [ak'tiif] active.

Aktiv|a "t" [ak'tirva] n/pl. assets pi.;


posten [ 'ti:f-] m asset (a. fig.).
aktuell adj. [aktu'el] current, present-day, up-to-date, topical.

Akustjik [a'kustik] /(-/?pi.) acoustics sg., pi.; isch adj. acoustic.


'

akut adj. [a kuit] acute.


Akzent [ak'tsent] m (-[e]s/-e) accent;
stress; Suieren Uu'irren] v/t. (no
ge-, h) accent(uate); stress.
-

Akzept f [ak'tsspt] n (-[e]s/-e)


acceptance; ~ant Y [ tant] m
(-enj-en) acceptor; Sieren U riiran]
'

'

vft. (no -ge-, h) accept.


Alarm [a'larm] m (-[e]s/-e) alarm;
blasen or schlagen
sound or

give the alarm; ..bereitschaft /:


in sein stand by; Sieren U'mirran]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) alarm.
Alaun
[a'laun] m (-[e]s/-e) alum.
albern adj. ['albam] silly, foohsh.
Album ['album] n (s/Alben) album.
Alge
['alga] / (-/-n) alga, seaweed.
Algebra A" ['algebra] / (-fno pi.)
algebra.
Alibi
['a:libi] n (-s/-s) alibi.

Alimente
[ali'menta] pi. alimony.
Alkohol ['alkohol] m (-s/-e) alcohol;
'
2frei adj. non-alcoholic, esp. Am.
soft; ~es Restaurant temperance
restaurant; ~iker [ hoilikar] m
(si-) alcoholic; 2isch adj. [ 'horli
alcoholic; ' schmuggler m liquorsmuggler, Am. bootlegger; ' verbot n prohibition; ' vergiftung /
alcoholic poisoning.
'

all

all1 [al] 1. pran. all;


es in

everybody;

em on the whole; vor

'

rechtigung/exclusive right; 2be-

sitz m exclusive possession; herrscher m absolute monarch, auto-

ig adj. only, ex-

clusive, sole; 2sein n loneliness,


solitariness,

solitude;

stehend

adj. p.: alone in the world; single;


building, etc.: isolated, detached;
verkauf m exclusive sale; monopoly; Svertreter m sole representative or agent; Svertrieb m sole
distributors pi.
allemal adv. fals ma:!] always; ein
fur once (and) for all.
'
allen falls adv. if need be; possibly, perhaps; at best.
allenthalben t adv. ['alant'halbsn]
everywhere.
'
allerl best adj. best ... of all, very
best; dings adv. ('Jdigs] indeed;
to be sure;
certainly!. Am. F
sure!; Verst 1. adj. first ... of all,
very first; foremost; 2. adv.: zu
'

alli lerjen

ally.

allj jahrlich 1. adj. annual; 2. adv.

'

'

annually, every year; 'Smacht /


(-/no pi ) omnipotence; 'machtig
adj. omnipotent, almighty; mahlich U'me:li<;] 1. adj. gradual;
2 adv. gradually, by degrees.
Allopathic
[alopa'ti:] allopathy.
all seitig adj. ['alzaitig] universal;
all-round; 'Sstrom / m (-[e]s/no
pi.) alternating current/direa current (abbr. A.C./D.C); '2tag m
workday; week-day; fig. everyday
life, daily routine; Jtaglich adj.
daily; fig. common, trivial; tagsleben n (-s/no pi.) everyday life;
'
'
wissend adj. omniscient; 'wissenheit
/ (-/no pi.) omniscience;
'
Jwochentlich adj. weekly; ' zu
adv. (much) too; ' zu'viel adv. too
.

much.

Aim [aim] / (-/-en) Alpine pasture,


alp.

Alxnosen ['almoizan] n (-s/-) alms;


pi. alms pi., charity.
Alpldruck ['alp-] m (-[e]s/=e),

Jirucken n (slno pi.) night-

'

mare.

Alpen ['alpan] pi. Alps pi.


Alphabet [alfa'bert] n (-[e]s/-e)
alphabet; 2isch adj. alphabetic(al).
'
Alptraum m nightmare.
als cj. [als] than; as, like; (in one's
capacity) as; but, except; temporal:
after, when; as;
ob as if, as
though; so v/ e/ as much as; er ist
'

first of all.

zu dumm,

Allergie 4? [aler'gi:] / (-/-n) allergy.


'
allerl'hand adj. of all kinds err
sorts; F das ist ja / F I say!; 5/.
that's the limit!; 'S'heiligen n
{-jno pi ) All Saints' Day; Jei adj.
[Vlai] of all kinds or sorts; 'E'lei n
(-s/-s) medley; Jletzt 1. adj. last
of all, very last; latest {netss, fashion,
etc.); 2. adv.: zu
last of all;
'
Jliebst 1. adj. dearest of all;
.

'

(most) lovely; 2. adv.: am

en best

of all; 'Jmeist 1. adj. most;


2 adv.: am en mosdy; chiefly;
.

'

nachst adj. very next; l neu(e)st


adj. the very latest; 'E'seelen n
{-Ino pi ) All Souls' Day; 'Jseits
adv. on all sides; universally;
'
Jwenigst adv.: am en least of all.
.

times, for ever.


'

alll gegenwartig adj. omnipresent,


ubiquitous;
1. adj.
ge mein
general; common; universal; 2. adv.:
im en in general, generally; 'Sge'

'

stand it; *.'bald adv.


Jdann adv. then.

immediately;

also ['alzo:] 1. adv. thus, so; 2. cj.


therefore, so, consequendy; no l
there you are!
alt1 adj. [alt] old; aged; ancient,
antique; stale; second-hancL
Alt2 J U] m (-s/-e) alto, contralto.
Altar [al'tarr] m (-[e]s/=e) altar.
Alteisen ['alt'-] n scrap-iron.
'
Alte (-n/-n) 1. m old man; F: der
the governor; hist.: die ~n pi. the
ancients pi.; 2. / old woman.
'
Alter n (-s/-) age; old age; seniority;
er ist in me/ nem
he is my age;
von mitt/erem
middle-aged.
alter adj. ['eltar] older; senior; der
'

Bruder the elder brother.

altern ['altsm] r/z. (ge~y h, se/n)


grow old, age.
Alternative [altema'tirva] / (-/-n)

'

meinheit / (-/no pi.) generality;


universality; general public; S'heilmittel n panacea, cure-all (both
a fig.).
Allianz [ali'ants] / (-/-en) alliance.

daB er es verste/ien

konnte he is too stupid to under-

'

allel samt adv. one and all, all


together; Vzeit adv. always, at all
'

v/re/l. (no -ge-, h) ally

(m/'t to, with); 2te m (-nf-n)

o.s.

'

'

Altersversorgung
'

em

first of all; 2. adj. all; every, each;


any;
be/de both of them; auf e
Falle in any case, at all events; ~e
Tage every day;
zwei Minuten
every two minutes.
All2 U] n (sltio pi.) the universe.
'
alle F adj. all gone;
werden come
to an end; supplies, etc.: run out.
Allee [a'le:] / (-/-n) avenue; (treelined) walk.
alle in [a lain] 1. adj. alone; single;
unassisted; 2. adv. alone; only;
3 cj. yet, only, but, however; 2be-

crat; diaator;

29 -

alternative; kene

haben have no

choice.
'

AltersIgrenze / age-limit; retirement age; ' heim n old people's


home; '-.rente / old-age pension;
fischwach adj. decrepit; senile;
'
schwache / decrepitude; 'wer'

sorgung / old-age pension.

Altertum

30 -

Altertum ['altarturm] n 1. (-s/no


pi.) antiquity; 2. (-s/ er) mst Altertumer pi. antiquities pi.
altertuinlich adj. [ altartyimli?]
ancient, antique, archaic.

health; '.Jjefugnis / competence,


authority; ' bereich m, ' bezirk

m jurisdiction; ' blatt n gazette;


'

'

Altertumslforscher m archaeol'

ogist; kunde / arch(a)eology.


altest adj. ['eltsst] oldest; eldest
(sister, etc.); earliest (recollectiom);
'
Se m (-n/-n) elder; senior; mein ~r
my eldest (son).

..

second-hand

dealer;

<w'weiber-

sommer m Indian summer; gossamer.

Aluminium

[alu'miinjum]

(-s/no pi ) aluminium. Am. alu.

minum.

am prp. [am] = an dem.


Amateur
[ama'toir]
m

(-s/-e)

amateur.

Ambofl ['ambos] m (Amfaosses/Ambosse) anvil.

ambulan|t
adj. [ambu'lant]:
Behandelter out-patient; 2z [~ts] /
(-/-en) ambulance
Ameise zo. ['aimaiza] / (-/-n) ant;
.

'

nhaufen m ant-hill.

Amerikan|er

[ameri'karnar]

in / (-/-nen) American;
2isch adj. American.
Amme ['ams] / (-/-n) (wet-)nurse.
Amnestic [amnes'ti:] / (-/-n) amnesty, general pardon.
Amor ['aimor] m (s/no pi.) Cupid.
Amortis|ation [amortiza'tsjom] /
(-/-en) amortization redemption;
Sieren U'ziiran] vjt. (no -ge-, h)
amortize, redeem; pay off.
Ampel ['ampal] / (-/-n) hanging
lamp; traffic light.
Amphibie zo. [am'firbja] / (-/-n)
(-s/-)

~er

seal;

amphibian.

Amt [arm] n (-[e]s/=er) office; post;


charge; office, board; official duty,
function; (telephone) exchange;

Sieren U'thran] v/i. (no -ge-, hj

hold office; officiate; 'Slich adj.


official; ' mann m district administrator; hist, bailiff.
'

Amtsjarzt m medical officer of

'

vorsteher m head official.

let, charm.

amiisjant adj. [amy'zant] amusing,


entertaining; sieren [ .'ziirsn] vjt.
(no -ge-, h) amuse, entertain; sich
amuse or enjoy o.s., have a good
time.

an [an] 1. prp. (dot.) at; on, upon;


in; against; to; by, near, close
to;
der Themse on the Thames;
der Wand on or against the wall;
es ist
dir zu inf. it is up to you
to inf.; am Leben alive; am 1. Mdrz
on March 1st; am Morgen in the
morning; 2. prp. (acc.) to; on; on
to; at; against; about; bis
as
far as, up to; 3. adv. on; von heute
from this day forth, from today;
von nun or jetzt ~ from now on.
analog adj. [ana'loik] analogous
(dat. or zu to, with).
Analphabet [anOalfa'beu] m (-en/
en) illiterate (person).
~

Analys|e [ana'lyiza] / (-/-n) analysis; Sieren [Jziirsn] vjt. (no


ge-, h) analy|se3 Am. -ze.
Anamie jF [ane'mi:] / (-/-n) an(a)e-

mia.

Ananas ['ananas] / (-/-, -se) pineapple.


Anarchic [anar'gi:]/(-/-n) anarchy.
Anatorn |ie [anato'mi:] / (-/no pi.)
anatomy; Sisch adj. [JtoimiJ]
anatomical.
'

anbahnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pave


the way for, initiate; open up; sich
be opening up.
'
Anbau m 1. S (-[els/no pi.) cultivation; 2. A (-[e]s/-ten) outbuilding,
annex, extension, addition; 'Sen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) f cultivate, grow;
A add (an acc. to); 'attache S f
arable land.

'

anbehalten vlt. (irr. halten, sep., no


ge-, h) keep (garment, etc.) on.
"

-.

bird.

m oath of office; ' einfiih-

Amulett [amu'kt] n (-[e]s/-e) amu-

Ampulle [am'pulal/C-Z-n) ampoule.


Amput|ation # [amputa'tsjoin] /
(-/-en) amputation; Sieren
'
I tiiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) amputate;
ierte m (-n/-n) amputee.
Amsel orn. ['amzal] / (-/-n) black-

eid

rung / inauguration; ' fiihrung /


administration; '~geheimnis
official secret; ' gericht n appr.
district court; ' geschafte nlpl.
official duties pi.; ',gewalt / (official) authority; ' Jbandlung / official act; ' niederlegung/ /S-en)
resignation; ' richter m appr. district court judge; ' siegel n official

'

Altistin $ [al'tistin] / (-/-nen) altosinger, contralto-singer.


'
altklug adj. precocious, forward.
altlich adj. feltli?] elderly, oldish.
'
Alt|material n junk, scrap; salvage; ' meister m doyen, dean, F
Grand Old Man (a. sports); sports:
ex-champion; 'Smodisch adj. oldfashioned;
Lpapier
n waste
paper; Lphilologe m classical
'
philologist or scholar; stadt/ old
town or city; Lwarenhandler m

Anbetracht

an'bei
'

adv. enclosed.

anjbeifien (irr. be/Cen, sep., -ge-, h)

v/t. bite into; 2. v/i. fish: bite;


bellen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) bark at;
beraumen
[Lbsraumsn]
v/t.
(sep., no -ge-, h) appoint, fix; ' beten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) adore, worship.
'
Anbetracht m: in , considering, in
1

'

consideration of.

anbetteln

anbetteln r/r. {sep., -go-, h) beg

31 -

andrehen r/r. (sep., -ge-, h) turn

on (gas, etc.); f switch on (light).


androhlen r/r. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m

from, solicit alms of.

'

Anbetung / (-/S-en) worship,


adoration; Eswurdig adj. adorable.

'

eu

'

'

an bieten

t/r.
'

(irr. b/eten, sep.,


binden v/t. (irr.

fe-, h) offer;
binden, sep., -ge-, h) bind, tie (up);
an (Jar., acc.) tie to; s. angebun<fen;
blasen c/r. (irr. blasen. sep.,
ge-, h) blow at or (up)on.
'
Anblick m look; view; sight, aspect; Sen r/r. (sep., -ge-, b) look
at; glance at; view; eye.
'
aniblinzeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) wink
-

'

at;

'

brechen (irr. brechen, sep.,

ge-) 1. vlt. (h) break into (provisions, etc.); open (bottle, etc.); 2. r/'.
(se/n) begin; Jay: break, dawn;
'
brennen (irr. brennen, sep., -ge-)
1 /'. (h) set on fire; light (ci>ar,
etc.); 2. c/i. (sem) catch fire; bum;
Vbringen vlt. (irr. bringen, sep.,
-

'

aneignen [ an'-] v/refl. (sep.

h)

disgust, sicken.

Anerbieten ['an'-] n (-s/-) offer.


anerkannt adj. ['an'-] acknowledged, recognized.
anerkenn en ['an9-] r/r. (irr. ken-

nen, sep., no -ge-, b) acknowledge


(als as), recognize; appreciate; own

(child); hono(u)r (bill); 'Sung /


(-/-en) acknowledgement; recogni
-

tion; appreciation.
'

anfahrjen (irr. fahren, sep., -ge-)

brccbt.

Anbruch m (-[e]s.'no pi.) begin-

ning; break (of day).


'

1 r/Y. (se/n) start; *A descend; an.

gefanren kommen drive up; 2. r r.


(b) run into; carrv-, convey; \-n .
let fly at s.o.; 'St/approach; drive.
'
Anfall
m fit, attack; 'Sen (irr.

fallen, sep., -ge-) 1. r/r. (b) attack;


assail; 2. r/:. (sefn) accumulate;

anbriillen v t (sep., -ge-, b) roar at.


'

Andacht ['andaxt] / (-/-en) devotion(s pi.); prayers pi.

andachtig adj. [ andEqti?] devout.


'
andauern vji. (sep., -ge-, b) last,
continue, go on.
Andenken n (si-) memory, re-

membrance; keepsake, souvenir;


rum an (acc.) in memory of.
ander adj. ['andsr] other; different; nest; opposite; cm ~.en Tag
(on) the next day; e-n Tag um den
en every other day; ein ,_er Freund
another friend; n/chts es nothing
else.
'

on the other hand.


'

andern [ encbm] vj t. (ge h) alter;


change; ich kann es nicht
I can t
help it; s/cb
alter; change.
-

'

'

andem'falls adv. otherwise, else.

anders

adv.

f'andars]

otherwise;
differently (els from); else; /. .
somebody else; icb fcann nicht ,
ich muB weinen I cannot help crying; ~ werden change.

'

ander'seits adv. s. andererseits.


'
anders'wo adv. elsewhere.
'

'

anderthalb adj. [ andsrt halp] one


and a half.
'

ter); grower

['andsrsr zarts]

andererseits adv.
'

money: accrue.

anfallig adj. [:anfEli?] susceptible


(fur to); prone to (diseases, etc.).
'
Anfang m beginning, start, commencement; Mai at the beginning
of May, early in May; 'Sen r/r.
and r/r. (irr. fangen, sep., -ge-, b)
begin, start, commence.
Anfang!er ['anfopr] m (-$,'-) beginner; 'Slich 1. adj. initial; 2. adv.
in the beginning.
anfangs adv. ['anfags] in the beginning; 'Sbuchstabe m initial (let-

Anderung / (-/-en) change, alteration.

ander warts adv. ['andar'verts]


elsewhere; Vweitig 1. adj. other;

'

2 adv. otherwise.

tinge.

'

andeutjen v,t. (sep., -ge-, b) indi-

'

'

gest;

'

Sung / intimation; hint;

suggestion.

Andrang m rush; Jf congestion.


andre adj. ['andre] s. andere.

anforderjn r/r. (sep., -ge-, h) demand; request; claim; Sung / demand; request; claim.

cate; hint; intimate; imply; sug'

capital letter; Sgriin-

de [' grynds] m'pl. elements pi.


'
anfassen (sep., -ge-, b) 1. r/r. seize;
touch; handle; 2. v i. lend a hand.
anfechtlbar adj. [ anfftba:r] contestable; '~en r/r. (irr. fechten, sep.,
ge-, b) contest, dispute; th avoid
(contract); 'Sung / (-/-en) contestation;
avoidance; fig. temptation.
anlfertigen [ anfertigan] r/r. (sep.,
ge-, b) make, manufacture;
feuchten r/r. (sep., -ge-, b) moisten, wet, damp; ' feuern r'r. (sep.,
ge-, h) fire, heat; sports: cheer;
ig. encourage;
flehen r/r. (sep.,
ge-, b) implore;
fliegen Sg* v/t.
(irr. fliegen, sep., -ge-, h) approach,
head for (airport, etc.); 'Sflug m
approach (flight); fig. touch,

'

-ge-,

acquire; adopt;

seize; usurp.

'

appropriate;

aneinander adv. [an'ai'nandar] together; -geraten r/i. (irr. roten,


sep., no -ge-, sein) clash (mit with).
anekeln ['an'-] r/r. (sep., -ge- h)

ge-, h) bring; fix (an dat. to), attach (to); place; T disp>ose of
(goods); lodge (complaint); s. ange-

threaten s.o. with s.th.; 'Sting

/threat.

'

anfragen

'

'

Anfrage / inquiry; Sn r i. (sep.,


ge-, h) ask (be/ j-m s.o.); inquire
-

(bei j-m nccb et. of s.o. about s.th.).

anfreunden

an|freunden ['anfroyndsn] v/refl.


(sep., -ge-, fi): sich

feel.

Anfuhr ['anfuir] / (-/-en) conveyance, carriage.

anfiihrlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lead;


allege; X command; quote, cite
(authority, passage, etc.); dupe, fool,

trick; 'Ser m (ring)leader; 'Sungszeichen n/pl. quotation marks pi.,


'

Angabe / declaration; statement;


instruction; F fig. bragging, showing off.
angeb|en (irr. geben, sep., -ge-, h)
1 v/t. declare; state; specify; allege;
give (name, reason); f quote (prices);
denounce, inform
against;
2.
v/i. cards: deal first; F fig. brag,
show off. Am. blow; 2er m (-s/-)
informer; F braggart. Am. blowhard; lich adj. T plig] supposed;
pretended, alleged.
'
angeboren adj. innate, inborn; &
congenital.
'
Angebot n offer (a. "f); at auction
sale: bid; -f supply.
ange|bracht adj. appropriate, suitable; well-timed;
bunden adj.:
kurz ~ sein be short (gegen with).
angehen (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-)
1 v/i. (sein) begin; meat, etc.: go
bad, go off; es geht an it will do;
2 v/t. (h): j-n
concern s.o.; das
geht dich nichts an that is no business of yours.
.

'

'

angeh6r|en v/i. (sep., no -ge-, h)


belong to; 2ige ['Ugs] m,f(-nl-n):
seine n pi. his relations pi.; die
nachsten ~n pi. the next of kin.
Angeklagte
['angsklatkts] m, f
(-nj-n) the accused; prisoner (at the
bar); defendant.

Angel ['arpl] / (-l-n) hinge; fishingtackle, fishing-rod.


'
angelegen adj.: sich et.
sein lassen make s.th. one's business;

'

heit / business, concern, affair,


matter.

'

punkt

Angelschnur / fishing-line.
angelmessen adj. suitable, appropriate; reasonable; adequate;
nehm adj. pleasant, agreeable,
pleasing; sehr
glad or pleased to
meet you; ~regt adj. [ rerktj stim-

'

'

ulated; discussion: animated, lively;


~

take to (smoking).
Angewohnheit / custom, habit.
Angina # [arj'gitna] / (-/Angineri)
angina; tonsillitis.
'

angleichen v/t. (irr. gleichen, sep.,


ge-, h) assimilate (on acc. to, with),
adjust (to); sich ~ an (acc.) assimi-

late to or with, adjust or adapt o.s.


to.

Angler ['arjbr] m (-s/-) angler.


'
angliedern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) join;
annex; affiliate.

Anglist [aq'glist] m (-en/-en) professor or student of English, Angli(ci)st.


'
angreiflen v/t. (irr. greifen, sep.,
ge-j h) touch; draw upon (capital,
provisions); attack; affect (health,
material);
corrode; exhaust;
'
2er m (-s/-) aggressor, assailant.
'
angrenzend adj. adjacent; adjoining.
'
Angriff m attack, assault; in , nehmen set about; skrieg m offensive
war; slustig adj. aggressive.
Angst [aqst] / (-/=e) fear; anxiety;
anguish; ich habe ~ I am afraid (vor
dat. of); ' hase m coward.
angstigen [ erjstigsn] v/t. (ge-, h)
frighten, alarm; sich
be afraid
(vor dat. of); be alarmed (um about).
angstlich adj. [ erjstlig] vmeasy,
nervous; anxious; afraid; scrupulous; timid; keit f(-lno pi.) anxiety; scrupulousness; timidity.
'
an|haben v/t. (irr. haben, sep., -ge-,
h) have (garment) on; das kann mir
nichts
that can t do me any harm;
'
haften v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) stick,
adhere (dat. to); haken v/t. (sep.,
ge-s h) hook on; tick (off). Am.
check (off) (name, item).
'
anhalten (irr. ha/ten, sep., -ge-, h)
1 v/t. stop; j-n
zu et. keep s.o. to
-

'

'

'

'

'

Angellsachse m Anglo-Saxon; '2-

'

face to

sachsisch adj. Anglo-Saxon.


'

zu

Angellgerat n fishing-tackle;
(ge-j h) 1. v/i. fish (nach for), angle
(for) (both a. ig.); ~ in fish (river,
etc.); 2. v/t. fish (trout);
fig. m pivot.

'

countenance; von

face; 'Ss prp. (gen.) in view of.


angestammt adj. ['angsjtamt] hereditary, innate.
Angestellte ['angajtelts] m,/(-n/-n)
employee; die .n pi. the staff.
'
ange|trunken adj. tipsy; ~wandt
adj. [' vant] apphed; '.vwiesen
adj.: sein auf (acc.) be dependent
or thrown (up)on.
'
angewohnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h):
accustom s.o. to s.th.; sich
j-m et
et.
get into the habit of s.th.;

'

'

Angesicht n (-[e]s/-er, -e) face,

'

inverted commas pi.

"

anhangen

'

mit make

friends with; ' frieren v/i. (irr.


frieren, sep., -ge-, se/n) freeze on
(on dat. or acc. to); ' ftigen v/t.
{sep., -ge-, h) join, attach (on acc.
to); ' fiihlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
feel, touch; sich

32 -

sehen adj. respected, esteemed.

th.; den Atem

hold one s breath;


'

v/i. continue, last; stop; um ein


Madchen
propose to a girl; ' d
adj. continuous; persevering.
'
Anhaltspunkt m clue.
'
Anhang m appendix, supplement
(to book, etc.); followers pi., adher2

ents pi.

anhanglen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.


hang on; affix, attach, join; add;
couple (on) (coach, vehicle); 2. vji.

'

Anhanger

(irr. hangen) adhere to; 'Ser m (-s/-)

'

adherent, follower; pendant (of


necklace, etc.); label, tag; trailer
(behind car, etc.).
anhanglich adj. ['anheqli?] devoted,
attached; 'Skeit / (-/mo pi.) devo-

ankiindiglen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) announce; advertise; 'fiung / announcement; advertisement.

Ankunft
'

crank up; die Wirtschaft

pendage.

anhauchen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


breathe on; blow (fingers).
'
anhauf|en v/t. and virefl. ' (sep.,
ge-, h) pile up, accumulate; JBung
/ accumulation.

smile at.
'

Anlage/construction; installation;
plant; grounds pl.} park; plan,
arrangement, layout; enclosure (to
letter);
investment; talent; predisposition, tendency; offentliche

anlheben v/t. (irr. heben, sep., -ge-,


h) lift, raise; ' heften v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) fasten (on acc. to); stitch
(to).
-

an'heini|fallen v/t. (irr. fallen, sep.,


ge-, sein): j-m fall to s.o.; stel-

n pi. public gardens pi.; '~kapital


m invested capital.
'
anlangen (sep., -ge-) 1. vft. (sein)
arrive at; 2. v/t. (h) F touch; con~

cern; was mich anlangt as far as I


am concerned, (speaking) for my-

len v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m et.

self.

leave s.th. to s.o.


'

Anhieb m: auf
at the first go.
'
Anhohe / rise, elevation, hill.

anhdren v/t. (sep., -ge-, ft) listen to;

Anlafi ['anlas] m (An/osses/An/osse)


occasion; ohne a//en
without any
reason.
'

sound.

Anilin

[ani'lim] n (s/no pi.)

anilin(e).
'

ankampfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h):


gegen struggle against.
'
Ankauf m purchase.
Anker
['aqkar] m (-s/-) anchor;
vor gehen cast anchor; ' kette

the occasion of.


'

anchor; ' uhr/ lever watch.

anketten vft. (sep., -ge-, h) chain


(on dat. or acc. to).

'

Anklage / accusation, charge;


a indictment; 'Sn v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
accuse (gen. or wegen of), charge

'

Anklager m accuser; dffentlicher

(dressing); lay in (provisions); Feuer


an (acc.) set fire to; 2. v/i.
land; moor;
auf (acc.) aim at;
'
lehnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lean (on
acc. against); leave or set (door)
ajar; sich
an (acc.) lean against

j S public prosecutor. Am. district


attorney.
'

anklammem v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

cling (an dat.

or acc. to).
'

Anklang nti

an (acc.) suggestion

of, <v finden meet with approval.


'

an kleben v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stick


on (on dat. or acc. to); glue on (to);
paste on (to); gum on (to); ' kleiden v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) dress; skh
dress (o.s.); ' klopfen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) knock (an acc. at); ' knipsen f v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) turn or
switch on;1Jkniipfen (sep., -ge-, h)
1 v/t. tie (on dat. or acc. to); fig.
begin; Verb/ndungen
form connexions or (Am. only) connections;
2 v/t. refer (on acc. to); ' kommen
vli. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein)
arrive;
auf (acc.) depend (up)on;
es darauf lassen run the risk, risk
it; darauf kommt es an that is the
point; es kommt nicht darauf an it

or on.

Anleihe ['anlaia] / (-/-n) loan.


'
anleitjen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) guide

(zu to); instruct (in dat. in); 'Sung


/ guidance, instruction; guide.
'
Anliegen (-s/-) desire, request.
'

does not matter.

Ankommling fankoemliq] m (-sf-e)


new-comer, new arrival.
3 SWEII

an | legen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. vft. put

(garment); found (town); & apply

a. indict (for).

'

clip s.th. on; sich

Anlauf m start, run; 'Sen (irr. laufen, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) run up;
start; tarnish, (grow) dim; rv gegen
run against; 2. & v/t. (h) call or
touch at (port).
(on acc. to, against); lay out (garden);
invest (money); level (gun); put on

(with);

anlassjen v/t. (irr. lassen, sep., -ge-,

h) F leave or keep (garment, etc.) on;


leave (light, etc.) on; start, set
going; sich gut
promise well;
'
2er mot. m (-s/-) starter.
anlafilich prp. (gen.) fanlesli?] on

/cable; 'En & vft. and vji. (ge-, h)

'

F boost

the economy; '~lacheln vlt. (sep.,


ge-, h), ' lachen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

'

sich

/ (-/mo pi.)

anjkurbeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) mot.

Anhangsel ['anhegzal] n (-s/-) ap-

'

['ankunft]

arrival.

tion, attachment.

'

Anmeldung

33 -

anjlocken vft. '(sep., -ge-, h) allure,


entice; decoy; machen vft. (sep.,
ge-, h) fasten (an acc. to), fix (to);
~

make, light (fire); switch on


(light); dress (salad); '~malen vft.
(sep., -ge-, h) paint.
'
Anmarsch m approach.

anmafilen ['anmarsan] vfrefl. (sep.,


ge-, h) arrogate s.th. to o.s.; assume (right); presume; ' end adj.
arrogant; 'Sung / (-/-en) arrogance, presumption.
-

'

anmeld|en vft. (sep., -ge-, h) announce, notify; sich ~ bei make an


appointment with; 'Sung / announcement, notification.

anmerken

anmerk|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) mark;


note down; j-m et.

'

anjrennen vji. (irr. rennen, sep.,

observe or

ge-, se/n):
gegen nm against;
ongeronnt kommen come running;
richten vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) prepare, dress (food, salad); cause, do
-

perceive s.th. in s.o.; 'Eung/C-Z-en)


remark;

note;

annotation;

com-

ment.
'

anmessen v/t. (irr. messen, sep.,


ge-, h): j-m e-n Anzug ~ measure
s.o. for a suit; s. cmgemessen.
nmut / (-/o pi.) grace, charm,
loveliness; 'Sig adj. charming,
graceful, lovely.
'
anjnageln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) nail
on (an acc. to); Lnahen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) sew on (an acc. to).
-

(damage).
anriichig adj. ['anry i?] disreputable.
'

anriicken v/i. (sep., -ge-, se/n)


approach.

'

Anruf m call (a. teleph.); 'Sen v/t.


(irr. rufen, sep., -ge-, h) call (zum
Zeugen to witness); teleph. ring up,
F phone. Am. call up; hail (ship);
invoke (God, etc.); appeal to (s.o.'s

annaherjnd adj. ['anneiamt] approximate; 'Sung / (-/-en) approach.


Annahme ['annaima] / (-/-n) acceptance; receiving-office; fig. assumption, supposition.
'
annehm|bar adj. acceptable;price:
reasonable; ' en (irr. nehmen, sep.,
ge-, h) 1. v/t. accept, take; fig.:
suppose, take it. Am. guess; assume; contract (habit); adopt
(child); parl. pass (bill); sich
(gen.) ~ attend to s.th.; befriend
s.o.; 2. //'. accept;
'21ichkeit /
(-/-en) amenity agreeableness.
Annexion [anek'sjoin] / (-/-en) an-

help).
'

anriihren v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) touch;


mix.

'

Ansage / announcement; 'Sn vjt.


(sep., -ge-, h) announce; ' r m (s/-)
announcer; compere. Am. master
of ceremonies.

'

ansammeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) collect, gather; accumulate, amass;


sich ~ collect, gather; accumulate.
ansassig adj. ['anzssi?] resident.
'

Ansatz m start.

'

anlschaffen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pro-

cure, provide; purchase; sich et.


provide or supply o.s. with s.th.;
'
schalten / v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
connect; switch on (light).

nexation.

Annonce [a'noisa] f (-/-n) advertisement.


[mous.
anonym adj. [ano'nyim] anonyanordnfen [ an'-] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
order; arrange; direct; 'Sung /
arrangement; direction; order.
'
anpacken vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) seize,
grasp ;fig. tackle.
'

'

anpassjen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) fit,

adapt, suit; adjust; try or fit (garment) on; sich adapt o.s. (dat. to);
'
Sung / (-/-en) adaptation; '~ungsfahig adj. adaptable.
'
anpflanzjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) cultivate, plant; 'Sung / cultivation;
plantation.
Anprall ['anpral] m (-[e]sl\-e)
impact; 'Sen vji. (sep., -ge-, se/n)
strike (an acc. against).
'
anpreisen v/t. (irr. preisen, sep.,
ge-, h) commend, praise; boost,
-

push.
'

Anprobe / try-on, fitting.


anlprobieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
try or fit on; ' raten v/t. (irr. raten,
sep., -ge-, h) advise; rechnen v/t.

'

anschaujen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) look

at, view; ' lich adj. clear, vivid;


graphic.
'
Anschauung / (-/-en) view; perception; conception; intuition;
contemplation; ' smaterial n illustrative material; ~sunterricht ['anJauurjs'-] m visual instruction, object-lessons pi.; Lsvermogen n
intuitive faculty.
'
Anscheln m (-[e]s/o pi.) appearance; 'Send adj. apparent, seeming.
~

an|schicken vlrefl. (sep., -ge-, h):


sich ~, et. zu tun get ready for s.th.;
prepare for s.th.; set about doing
s

'

Am. bulletin

board; Sen

[' gan] (irr. schlagen, sep., -ge-, h)


1 v/t. strike (an dat. or acc. against),
knock (against); post up (bill); /
touch; level (gun); estimate, rate;
2 vji. strike (an acc. against), knock
(against); dog: bark; & take (effect);
food: agree (bei with); ~saule
[' k-] / advertising pillar; zettel
[' k-] m notice; placard poster,
.

value

'

Anrecht n right, title, claim (auf

acc. to).
'

th.; ~schirren [' Jiran] v/t. (sep.,

board,

'

Anrede / address; 'Sn v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) address, speak to.
'
anreglen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stimulate; suggest; 'Mend adj. stimulative, stimulating; suggestive; 'Sung
/stimulation; suggestion.
'
Anreiz m incentive; 'Sen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, /)) stimulate; incite.

ge-, h) harness.
'
Anschlag nt stop, catch; j
touch; notice; placard, poster, bill;
estimate; calculation; plot; e-n
auf j-n veriiben make an attempt on
'
s.o. s life; ~brett [ k-] n notice-

(sep., -ge-, h) charge; hoch


highly.

anschlieflen

34 -

bill.
'

anschllefien vjt. (irr. schlieBen,


sep., -ge-, h) fix with a lock; join,
attach, annex; , / connect; sich
j-m M join s.o.; sich e-r Meinung

anschliefiend

follow an opinion;

adj. adjacent

35 '

ansied|eln v/t. and vjrefl. (sep.,


ge-, h) settle; Sler m settler; '2'

(an acc. to); subsequent (to).


'

Anschlufl m joining; S,
teleph.,
gas, etc.: connexionj (Am. only)
connection;
haben an (acc.) fi,
boat: connect with; C5 run in con-

nexion with;
finden make friends
(on acc. with), F pal up (with);
teleph.:
bekommen get through;

Ldose f f (wall) socket; ' zug S


m connecting train, connexion.

lung / settlement.
Ansinnen n (-s/-) request, demand.
'
anspannlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
stretch; put or harness (horses, etc.)
to the carriage, etc.; fig. strain,
exert; Sung fig. f strain, exertion.
'
anspeien v/t. (irr. sf>e/en, sep., -ge-,
'

'

h) spit (up)on or at.


'

anspiellen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) cards:

'

an[schmiegen vjrefl. (sep., -ge-, h):

lead; sports: lead off; football: kick


off; ~ auf (acc.) allude to, hint at;

sich an (acc.) nestle to; '- schmieren r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) (be)smear,

grease; F fig. cheat; '~schnallen


r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) buckle on; bitte
fasten seat-belts, please!;
'
schnauzen F r/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
snap at, blow s.o. up. Am. a. bawl
s o
out; ' schneiden v/t. (irr.
schneiden, sep., -ge-, h) cut; broach
(subject).
-

'

'

Sung / (-/-en) allusion, hint.


anspitzen r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) point,

'

sharpen.
'

Ansporn m (-[e]s/*v -e) spur; 'Sen


vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) spur s.o. on.
'
Ansprache / address, speech; e-e
ho/ten deliver an address.

Anschnitt m first cut or slice.

'

anlschrauben v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


screw on (on dat. or acc. to);
schreiben vjt. (irr. schreiben, sep.,
ge-, h) write down; sports, games:
score; et. lassen have s.th. charged
to one's account; buy s.th. on cred-

it; ' schreien v/t. (irr. schreien,


sep., -ge-, h) shout at.
'
Anschrift / address.
anjschuldigen ['anjuldigan] v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) accuse, incriminate;
'
schwarzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
blacken;/z. a. defame.
'
anschwelljen (irr. schwellen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) swell; increase,
rise; 2. vft. (h) swell; 'Sung /
swelling.
anschwemmjen ['anjveman] vft.
(sep., -ge-, h) wash ashore; gevl.
deposit (alluvium); 'Sung / (-/-en)
wash; geol. alluvial deposits pL,

'

ansprechen vft. (irr. sprechen, sep.,

ge-, h) speak to, address; appeal


to; 'd adj. appealing.
'
anlspringen (z rr. springen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) engine: start;
2 v/t. (h) jump (up)on, leap at;
'
spritzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) splash
0-n mit et s.th. on s.o.); (be-)
sprinkle.
'
Anspruch m claim (a. *%) (auf acc,
to), pretension (to);
title (to);
haben auf (acc.) be entitled to; in
-

'

nehmen claim s.th.; Ze/t in ~ neh'

men take up time; Sslos adj. unpretentious; unassuming; 'Ssvoll


adj. pretentious.

alluvium.
'

ansehen 1. vft. (irr. sehen, sep.,


-

ge-, h) (take a) look at; view; re-

gard, consider (o/s as); et. mit


witness s.th.;
fur take for; mon
sieht ihm sein Alter nicht an he does

not look his age; 2. S n (-s/no pi.)


authority, prestige; respect; F appearance, aspect.

ansehnlich adj. ['anzemli?] considerable; good-looking.


'
anlseilen mount, v/t. and v/re/L
(sep., -ge-, h) rope; ' sengen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) singe; ' etzen (sep.,
ge-, h) 1. v/t. put (on acc. to); add
(to); fix, appoint (date); rate; fix,
quote (prices); charge; put forth
(leaves, etc.); put on (flesh); put
(food) on (to boil); Rost
rust; 2.
v/i. try; start; get ready.
'
Ansicht / (-/-en) sight, view; fig.
view, opinion; meiner ~ nach in my
opinion; zur
on approval; ' s(post)karte / picture postcard;
'
ssache / matter of opinion.

'

anlspulen r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) s. on-

schwemmen; ' stacheln r/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) goad (on).
Anstalt ['anjtalt] / (-/-en) establishment, institution; en treffen zu
make arrangements for.
'
Anstand m 1. (-[e]s/=e) hunt, stand;
objection; 2. (-[e]s/S=e) good
manners pi.; decency, propriety.
anstandig adj. ['anjtendig] decent;
respectable; price: fair, handsome;
'
2keit/(-/*v-en) decency.
.
Anstandslgefiihl n sense of propriety; tact; Slos a<ir. unhesitatingly.
'
anstarren r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stare
-

'

or gaze at.

anstatt prp. (gen.) and cj. [an'/tat]


instead of.
'

anstaunen r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) gaze

'

ansteck|en r/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pin

at s.o. or s.th. in wonder.

on; put on (ring); & infect; set on


fire; kindle (fire); light (candle,
etc.); ' end adj. infectious; contagious; fig. a. catching; 'Sung
/
(-/-en) infection; contagion

3*

ansteUen

'

anlstehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep.,


ge-, h) queue up (nach for). Am.

stand in line (for); ' steigen v/i.


(irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein) ground:
rise, ascend; fig. increase.
'

anstell[en r/t. (sep.} -ge-, h) engage,

employ,

hire;

make

(ex-

anstellig

periments); draw (comparison); turn


on (light, etc.); manage; stch
queue up (noch for). Am. line up
(for); sich dumm
set about s.th.
stupidly; ' ig adj. handy, skil(l)ful;
'
fiung/place, position, job; employ'

ment.

Anstieg ['anjthk] m (-[e]s/-e) ascent.


'
anstiftlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) instigate; '2er m instigator; 'Sung /
instigation.
'
anstimmen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)
strike up (tune).
'
Anstofi m football: kick-off; fig.

impulse; offen|ce. Am. -se;


erregen give offence (be/ to); ~ nehmen an (dot.) take offence at;

geben zu et. start s.th., initiate


s

th.; 'Sen (irr. stoflen, sep., -ge-)

1 v/t. (h) push, knock (acc. or an


.

against); nudge; 2. v/i. (sein) knock


(on acc. against); border (on, upon);
adjoin; 3. v/i. (h): mit der Zunge
lisp; ouf y-s Gesundheit drink (to)
s.o. s health;
Send adj. adjoining.
anstofiig adj. ['anjtoisig] shocking.
'
anlstrahlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
illuminate; floodlight (building, etc.);
fig. beam at s.o.; ' streben vjt.
(sep., -ge-, h) aim at, aspire to,
'

'

strive for.
'

anstreichlen vlt. (irr. stre/c/ien,


sep.y -ge-, h) paint; whitewash;
mark; underline (mistake); 'Ser m
(si-) house-painter; decorator.

anstrengjen ['anjtregan] v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) exert; try (eyes); fatigue;
ProzeB bring an action (gegen j-n

36 '

Anti-Rakete/anti-ballistic missile.
antiseptisch jF adj. [anti'zeptij]
antiseptic.
Antlitz ['antlits] n (-esl\ -e) face,
countenance.

Antrag ['antrcuk] m (-[e]s/-e) offer,


proposal; application, request; parl.
motion; stellen auf (acc.) make an
application for; parl. put a motion
for; ' steller m (-s/-) applicant;
parl. mover; $% petitioner.
'

'

to s.o.; ',vwachsen v/i. (irr. wochsen, sep., -ge-, sein) take root; .
increase;
on (acc.) grow on

Sung / (-/-en) exertion, strain,

effort.
'

anstiirmen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)


storm, rush.

'

Anteil m share, portion;


nehmen
on (dat.) take an interest in;
sympathize with; ~nahme t' na:ma] / (-/no pi.) sympathy; interest;
'
scheln't *n share-certificate.
Antenne [an'tena] / (-/-n) aerial.
Antialkoholiker [anti'alko'hoilikar,
'
] m (-si-) teetotaller.
antik adj. [an'ti:k] antique.
Antilope zo. [anti'loipa] / (-/-n)
~

to.

Anwalt ['anvalt] m (-[e]s/e) lawyer;


solicitor. Am. attorney; counsel;
barrister. Am. counsellor; fig.
advocate.
'

Anwandlung /fit; impulse.


'
Anwarter m candidate, aspirant;
expectant.

Anwartschaft ['anvartjaft] / (-/-en)


expectancy; candidacy; prospect
(ouf acc. of).
'

Am. check; draft; s. Postanweisung.

Antipathic [antipa'tirJ/ Z-n) antipathy.


'

antippen F vft. (sep., -ge-, h) tap.

Antiquar

[anti'kvair]

(-s/-e)

second-hand bookseller; *iat Uar'

ja:t] n (-[e]s/-e) second-hand bookshop ; Sisch adj. and adv. [JkvairiJ]

anwendjen vlt. ([irr. wenden,] sep.,


ge-, h) employ, use; apply (ouf
-

acc. to); s. angewandt; 'Sung /


application.
'
anwerben v/t. (irr. werben, sep.,
ge-, h) X enlist, enrol(l); engage.
-

Anwesen n estate; property.


'
anwesenjd adj. present; 'Sheit /
'

second-hand.

Antiquitaten [antikvi'te an] flpl.


antiques pi.

anweislen vlt. (irr. we/sen, sep.,


ge-, h) assign; instruct; direct; s.
angewiesen; 'Sung / assignment;
instruction; direction; if: cheque,
-

'

antelope.

(en)trust s.o. with s.th.,

entrust s.th. to s.o.; confide s.th.

'

'

an|vertrauen vlt. (sep., no -ge-, h):


j-m et

against s.o.); sich exert o.s.; ' end


adj. strenuous; trying (fur to);

anjtreffen v/t. (irr. treffen, sep.,

ge-, h) meet with, find; ' treiben


(irr. treiben, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i. (sein)
drift ashore; 2. v/t. (b) drive (on);
fig. impel; ' treten (irr. treten, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (b) enter upon (office);
take up (position); set out on
(journey); enter upon take possession of (inheritance); 2. v/i. (sein)
take one's place; X fall in'
Antrieb m motive, impulse;
drive, propulsion.
'
Antritt m (-[e]s/*v -e) entrance
(into office); taking up (of position);
setting out (on journey); entering
into possession (of inheritance).
'
antun v/t. (irr. tun, sep., -ge-, h):
do s.th. to s.o.; sich et.
j-m et
lay hands on o.s.
'
Antwort/(-/-en) answer, reply (ouf
acc. to); 'Sen (ge-, h) 1. v/i. answer
(j-m s.o.), reply (j-m to s.o.; both:
auf acc. to); 2. v/t. answer (auf acc.
to), reply (to); Lschein m (international) reply coupon.

Anstrich m paint, colo(u)r; coat


(-ing); g : tinge; air.
'
Ansturm m assault; onset;
auf
(acc.) rush for; -f tun on (bank).

Anzahl

(-/no pi ) presence.
Anzahl / (-/no pi.) number; quantity.
.

'

anzahlen

37 -

'

task; paper; workmanship; be/ der

anzahl.en r/r. (sep., -ge-, h) pay on


account; pay a deposit; 'Sung /
(first) instal(l)ment; deposit.
'
anzapfen c/r. (sep., -ge-, h) tap.
'
Anzeichen n sjmptom; sign.

at work; sich on die

die

hoben be in (out of) work; die

advice; adver-

tisement; ri information; '11 r/f.

toil; 2. c/f. work; make.


Arbeiter m (-s/-) worker; workman, labo(u)rer, hand; ' in /
(-l-nen) female worker; working
woman, workwoman; ' klasse /
working class(es pi.); Lpartei /
Labo(u)r Party; ' schaft /(-/-en),

'

(Po -ge-j ) announce, notify; "f*


advise; advertise; indicate;
instrument: indicate, show; ther-

mometer: read {degrees); j-n ~


denounce s.o., inform against s.o.
'
anziehen (/rr. z/e/ien, sep., -ge-, hi)
1 v/t. draw, pull; draw (rein);
tighten (screa); put on (garment);
dress; J??. attract; 2 r/z. draw;
prices: rise; ' d ac//. attractive,

'

interesting.

Anziehung / attraction; ' skraft/


attractive power; attraction.

'

Anzug m 1. (-[e]s/=e) dress; stiit;


2 (-[e]s/?jo p/.): im
se/n storm:
be gathering; danger: be impend.

ing.
'

anziiglich aJ/. [ antsy.kli?] personal;


Skeit / (-/-en) personality.
'
anziinden vlt. (sep., -ge-, hi) light,
kindle; strike (match); set (building)
'

on fire.
"

apathisch a<f/ [a'paitij] apathetic


Apfel ['apfal] m (-s/=) apple; '-.mus
n apple-sauce;
sine U'zuna] /
.

(-/-n) orange;

'
~

wein m cider.

Apostel [a'pastslj m (-s/-) apostle.


Apostroph [apa'smr-f] m (-s/-e)
apostrophe.
Apotheke [apo'teika] / (-/-n) chemist's shop, pharmacy,
m. drugstore;
r m (si-) chemist. Am,
druggist, pharmacist.
Apparat [apa'rait] m (-[e]s/-e) apparatus; deWce; teleph.: am
l
speaking!; teleph.: am
bleiben

Appell [a'pel] m (-s/-e)


roll-call;
inspection; parade; fig. appeal (on
'
acc. to); Sieren [ liiren] vfi. (no
ge-, h) app>eal (on acc. to).
Appetit [ape'ti:!] m (-[e]s/-e) appetite; lich adj. appetizing, sa-

vo(u)ry, dainty.

(a'plaus]

'

Arbeitlgeber m (-s/-), ' geberin/


'

(-l-nen) employer;

(s/-),

' nehmerin

nehmer

(-l-nen)

employee.
arbeitsam adj. industrious.
'
Arbeitslamt n labo(u)r exchange;
'
anzug m overall; ' beschaffung
/ (-/-en) provision of work; ' bescheinigung / certificate of employment; ' einkommen n earned
income; 'Efahig adj. able to work;
'
gericht n labo(u)r or industrial
court;
' kleidung / working
clothes pi.;
kraft / working
power; worker, hand; Arbeitskrafte
pi. a. labo(u)r; ' leistung / efficiency; power (of engine); output
(of factory); ' lohn m wages pL,
pay; 'Slos adj. out of work, unemployed; lose m (-n/-n): die
pi. the unemployed pi.; ' losenunterstiitzung / unemplojTnent
benefit; beziehen F be on the dole;
'
Josigkeit / (-Ino pi.) unemployment; ' markt m labo(u)r market;
'
minister m AVinister of Labour,
Am. Secretary of Labor; ' nachweis(stelle /) m employment
registry office. Am. labor registry
office;
niederlegung / (-/-en)
strike. Am. F a. walkout; pause/
break, intermission; ' platz m place
raum m workof work; job;
room; 'Sscheu adj. work-shy;
'
scheu / aversion to work;
schutzgesetz n protective labo(u)r
law; 'tag m working day, workday; 'Sunfahig adj. incapable of
working; disabled; weise / practice, method of working; ' willige
m (-n/-n) non-striker; ' zeit /
working time; working hours pi.;
zeug n tools pi.; ' zimmer n
workroom; study.
Archaoiloge [arceo'kcga] m (-n/-n)
arch(a)eologist;
logie Uo gi:] /
(-(no pi ) arch(a)eology.
Arche ['args] / (-/-n) ark.
Architekt [ar i'tekt] m (-en/-en)
architect;
ur [ tuir] / (-/-en)
'

'

'

'

hold the line.

Applaus

stand m working class(es pi.),

labo(u)r.

'

mochen, on

gehen set to work; (ke/'ne)

n/eder/egen stop work, do\ *n tools;


'
Sen (ge-, h) 1. v i. work; labo(u)r,

Anzeige ['antsaiga] / (-/-n) notice,


announcement;

Areal

(-es/S

-e)

applause.

Aprikose [apri'koizs] / (-/-n) apricot.

April [a'pril] m (-[s]/-e) ApriL


Aquarell [akva'rel] n (-s/-e) watercolo(u)r (painting), aquarelle.
Aquarium
[a'kvarrium] n (-s/
Aquarien) aquarium
Aquator [e'kvcutor] m (-s/S -en)
equator.

Ara [;e:ra] /(-/S. Aren) era.


Arab'er ['arabar] m (si-) Arab;
Sisch
adj.
[a'raibij]
Arabian,
Arab(ic).

Arbeit ['arban] / (-/-en) work;


labo(u)rJ toil; emploj-ment, job;

'

'

'

'

'

'

architecture.

Archiv [ar' izf] n (s -e) archivespL;


record office.

Areal [are'arl] n (-s/-e) area.

Arena

Arena [a'rema] / (-/Arenen) arena;


bullring; (circus-)ring.

arg adj. [ark] bad; wicked; gross.


Arger ['ergar] m {-sjno pi.) vexation,
annoyance; anger; 'Slich adj.
vexed, F mad angry (auf, iiber acc.
at s.th., with j.o.)j annoying, vexatious; n vjt. (ge-, h) annoy, vex,
irritate, fret; bother; s/'ch
feel
angry or vexed (iiber acc. at, about
s.th
with s.o.); ' nis n (-ses/-se)
scandal, offen|ce,
-se.
'
Argjlist / (,-lno pi.) cunning, craft
(-iness); 'Slistig adj. crafty, cunning; '21os adj. guileless; artless,
unsuspecting; ~wohn [' voin] m
(-[e]s/no pi ) suspicion; Swohnen
[' voinan] vjt. (ge-, h) suspect;
'
fiwohnisch adj. suspicious.
Arie / ['airja] / (-/-n) aria.
Aristokrat [aristo'krait] m (.-enI-en),
in / (-/-nen) aristocrat; ie Ukra'
ti:] / (-/-n) aristocracy.
Arkade [ar'karda] / (-/-n) arcade.
arm1 adj. [arm] poor.
Arm2 U] m (-[e]s/-e) arm; branch
(of river, etc.); F: j-n auf den
nehmen pull s.o. s leg.
Armaturenbrett [arma'tuirenbret]
.

.;

38 -

Arznei [arts'nai] / (-/-en) medicine,


F physic; ~kunde / (-/tjo pi.)
pharmaceutics; ~mittel n medicine, drug.
Arzt [airtst] m (-es/=e) doctor, medical man; physician.
Arztin ['eirtstin] / (-/-nen) woman
or lady doctor.
arztlich adj. ['eirtstlig] medical.
As [as] n (-ses/-se) ace.
Asche ['aj3]/(-/-n) ash(espi.); ' nbahn / sports: cinder-track, mot.

dirt-track; ' .nbecher m ash-uay;


nbrodel [, nbr0:d3l] n (s/no pi.),
nputtel [' nputal] n 1. (sJtw pi.)
Cinderella; 2. (-s/-) drudge.
Ascher'mittwoch m Ash Wednes-

day.
'

'

browse.

Asiat [az'jan] m (-en/-en), in /


(-/-nen) Asiatic Asian; 2isch adj.
,

Asiatic, Asian.

Asket [as'keit] m (-en/-en) ascedc.


Asphalt [as'falt] m (-[e]s/-e) asphalt;

ieren U'tiiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

'

'

Arm|band n bracelet; ~banduhr


'
[ armbant'-] / wrist watch;

asphalt.
afS [a:s] pret. of essen.
Assistent [asis'tent] m (-en/-en),
in / (-/-nen) assistant.
Ast [ast] m (-esj-e) branch, bough;
knot (in timber); Lloch n knot-hole.
~

bruch m fracture of the arm.

Armee [ar'me:] / (-/-n) army.


Armel ['ermal] m (-s/-) sleeve;
'
kanal m the (English) Channel.
'

Astro|naut [astro'naut] m (-en/-en)


astronaut; ~nom [ noim] m (-en/
'

en) astronomer.

Armenlhaus n alms-house, Brt.

workhouse; ' pflege / poor


relief; '..pfleger m guardian of the
poor; welfare officer; ' unterstiitzung / poor relief.
armllch adj. [ Ermlig] s. armselig.
'
armselig adj. poor; wretched;
miserable; shabby; paltry.
Armut ['armurt] / (-/no pi.) poverty.
Aroma [a'ro.'ma] n (s/Aromen,
Aromata, -s) aroma, flavo(u)r;
a

'

fragrance.

Arrest [a'rest] m (-es/-e) arrest;


confinement; seizure (of goods);
detention (of pupil, etc.);
bekommen be kept in.
Art [a:rt] / (-/-en) kind, sort; , zo.
species; manner, way; nature;
manners pi.; breed, race (of animals); auf die(se) ~ in this way;
'
Sen v/i. (ge-, sein):
nach take
after.
[artery. l

Asyl [a'zy:!] n (-s/-e) asylum; fig.


sanctuary.

Atelier [ata'lje:] n (-s/-s) studio.


Atem ['artam] m (s/no pi.) breath;
ouCer
out of breath; Slos adj.
breathless; '-not
/ difficulty in
breathing; ' pause / breathingspace; ' .zug m breath, respiration.
Ather ['s.'tar] m 1. (s/no pi.) the
ether; 2.
(-s/-) ether; 2isch adj.
[e'terrij] ethereal, etheric.
Athlet [at'leit] m (-en/-en), in /
ik / (-/no pi.)
(-/-nen) athlete;
athletics mst sg.; 2isch adj. athletic.
atlantisch adj. [at'lantij] Atlantic.
Atlas ['atlas] m 1. geogr. (-/no pi.)
Atlas; 2. (-, -ses/se, Atlanten)
maps: atlas; 3. (-, -ses/se) textiles:
'

satin.

atmen ['aitman] v/i. and v/t. (ge-,h)


breathe.

'

Arterie anat. [ar'teirja] / (-/-n)/


'

artig adj. [ a:rtig] good3 well-behaved; civil, polite; 'Skeit / (-/-en)


good behavio(u)r; politeness; civility, a. civilities pi.
Artikel [ar'tkkal] m (-s/-) article;
commodity.
Artillerie [artila'ri:] / (-/-n) artillery.

Artist [ar'tist] m (-en/-en), *in /


(-(-nen) circus performer
.

asch'grau adj. ash-grey, ashy, Am.

ash-gray.
asen hunt, ['eizan] r/: (ge-, h) graze,

n instrument board, dash-board.

Atomkraftwerk

Atmosphar|e [atmD'sfEire] / (-/-n)


atmosphere; 2isch adj. atmospheric.
Atmung / (-/-en) breathing, respiration.
Atom [a'toim] n (-s/-e) atom; 2ar
adj. [ato'mair] atomic; ~bombe /
'

atomic bomb, atom-bomb, A-bomb;

energie / atomic or nuclear


energy; ~forschung / atomic
or nuclear research; ~kern m
atomic nucleus; ~kraftwerk n

Atommeiler

Lbieten vlt. (irr. bieten, sep., -ge-,


h) summon; exert; X raise; Lbinden v/t. (irr. binden, sep., -ge-, h)
untie; ' bleiben vji. (irr. bleiben,
sep., -ge-, sein) sit up; door, etc.:
remain open; ' blenden (sep.,
ge-, h) 1. mot. vji. turn up the
headlights; 2. vjt. fade in (scene);
Lblicken v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) look
up; raise one s eyes; blitzen v/i.
(sep., -ge-, h, sein) flash (up);
bliihen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) bloomj

nuclear power station; ~meiler m


atomic pile, nuclear reactor; ~physiker m atomic physicist; *,reaktor m nuclear reactor, atomic pile;
versuch m atomic test; ~waffe /
atomic or nuclear weapon; wissenschaftler m atomic scientist;
zeitalter n atomic age.
Attent|at [aten'toit] n (-[e]s/-e) (attempted) assassination; fig. outrage; ~ater [ E'.tar] m (-s/-) as-

flourish.
'

aufbrausen/z . v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)


fly into a passion; ' d adj. hottempered.

'

auflbrechen (irr.

attraction.

Attribut [atri'buit] n (-(e]s/-e) attribute; gr. attributive.


atz|en ['etsan] vjt. (ge-, h) corrode;
& cauterize; etch (metal plate);
Lend adj. corrosive; caustic (a.
fig.),- 'Sung / (-/-en) corrosion; &
cauterization; etching.
au int. [au] oh!; ouch!
auch cj. [aux] also, too, likewise;
even; ~ nicht neither, nor; wo
(/mmer) wher(eso)ever; ist es
wahr? is it really true?
Audienz [audi'ents] / (-/-en) audience, hearing.
auf [auf] 1. prp. (dat.) (up)on; in;
at; of; by;
dem Tisch (up)on
the table; ~ dem Morkt in the
market; ~ der Universitat at the

university;
e-m Ball at a ball;
2 prp. (acc.) on; in; at; to; towards (a.
... zu); up;
deutsch
in German; ~ e-e Entfernung von at
a range of; die Post etc. gehen go
to the post-office, etc.;
ein Pfund
gehen 20 Schilling 20 shillings go to
a pound; es geht neun it is getting
on to nine; ... bin on the strength
of; 3. adv. up(wards); . und ab
gehen walk up and down or to and
fro; 4. cj.: ~ dafi (in order) that;
dafi nicht that not, lest; 5. int.:
/up!
.

ritate 5.0.
'

Aufbruch m departure, start.


'
auf Ibiigeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) iron;
'
burden v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m et.
impose s.th. on s.o.; Ldecken
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) uncover; spread
(cloth); fig. disclose; Ldrangen

vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) force, obtrude

(j-m [up]on s.o.); Ldrehen v/t.


(sep., -ge-, h) turn on (gas, etc.).
'
aufdringlich adj. obtrusive.
'
Aufdruck m (-[e]s/-e) imprint;
surcharge.
'

aufdriicken

v/t.

(sep.,

ge-j h) work off (arrears of work);


furbish up; F do up (garments);
atmen fig. ['auf'-] v/i. (sep.,
ge-, h) breathe again.
-

h)

sive.

'

resurrection.
'

auf lessen [ auf'-] v/t. (irr. essen,


sep., -ge-, h) eat up; Lfahren v/i.
(irr. fahren, sep., -ge-, sein) ascend;
startup; , fly out ;& run aground;
mot. drive or run (auf acc. against,
into).
'

Auffahrt / ascent; driving up; approach; drive. Am. driveway;


'
srampe / ramp.

'

'

-ge-,

Aufenthalt ['aufenthaltTm (-[e]s/-e)


stay; residence; delay; $ stop; Lsgenehmigung / residence permit.
auferlegen [ auf'erleigan] vjt. (sep.,
no -ge-, h) impose (j-m on s.o.).
auferstehjen ['auferjie n] vji.
(irr. stehen, sep., no -ge-, sein) rise
(from the dead); 'Sung / (-/-en)

Aufbau m (-[e]s/no pi.) building


up; construction (of play, etc.);
F esp. Am. setup (of organization);
mot. body (of car, etc.); Sen v/t.

(sep.,

aufeinander adv. [auf'ai'nandar]


one after or upon another; Sfolge/
succession; ~folgend adj. succes-

'

vlt.

impress.

['auf'-]

brechen, sep.,

ge-) 1. v/t. (h) break open; force


open; 2. v/i. (sein) burst open; set
out (nach for); Lbringen v/t. (irr.
bringen, sep., -ge-, h) raise (money,
troops); capture (ship); rouse or ir-

Attrappe [a'trapa] / (-/-n) dummy.

aufjarbeiten

'

'

sailant, assassin.

Attest [a1 test] n (-es/-e) certificate;


Sieren U'tiiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
attest, certify.
Attraktion [atrak'tsjoin] / (-/-en)

Auffassung

39 -

(sep., -ge-, h) erect, build up; con-

'

struct.

ge-, sein) be conspicuous; j-m


'
fallend adj., '~fallig
adj. striking; conspicuous; flashy.
'
auffangen v/t. (irr. fangen, sep.,
ge-, h) catch (up); parry (thrust).
'
auffass|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) conceive;
comprehend;
interpret;
'
Sung/ conception; interpretation;

auflbauschen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


puff out; fig. exaggerate; Lbeifien
v/t. (irr. be/Cen, sep., -ge-, h) crack;
Lbekommen v/t. (irr. kommen,
sep., no -ge-, h) get open (door); be
given (a task); Lbessern v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) raise (salary); Lbewahren
-

vjt. (sep., no -ge-, h) keep; preserve;

aufjfallen v/i. (irr. fallen, sep.,


-

strike s.o.;

grasp.

auffinden

'

auffinden v/t. (irr. finden, sep.,


ge-, h) find, trace, discover, locate.
'
aufforderln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) ask,

'

aufheb|en v/t. (irr. heben, sep.,


ge-, h) lift (up), raise; pick up;
raise (siege); keep, preserve; cancel,
annul, abolish; break off (engagement); break up (meeting); sich
neutralize; die Tafel rise from the
table; gut aufgehoben sein be well
looked after; viel Aufhebens machen
make a fuss (von about); 'Sung /
(-/-en) raising; abolition; annulment; breaking up.
-

invite; call (up)on; esp.


mon;

sum-

'

Sung / invitation; esp. jfj

summons.
'

auffrischen (sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h)


freshen up, touch up; brush up

(knowledge); revive; 2. vji. (sein)


wind: freshen.
'

auffiihr|en vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) thea.


represent, perform, act; enumerate;

enter (in list); einzeln ~ specify,


Am. itemize; sich ~ behave; 'Sung
/ thea. performance; enumeration;
entry; specification; conduct.
'
Aufgabe / task; problem; school:
homework; posting. Am. mailing
(of letter); booking (of luggage),
Am. checking (of baggage); resignation (from office); abandonment;
giving up (business); es sich zur

'

auf jheitern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) cheer


up; sich
weather: clear up; face:
brighten; '~hellen v/t. and v/refl.
(sep., -ge-, h) brighten.

'

aufhetz|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) incite,


instigate s.o.; 'Sung / (-/-en) instigation, incitement.

'

aufjholen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.


make up (for);
haul up; 2. v/i.
gain (gegen on); pull up (to);
'
horen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) cease,
stop; Am. quit (all: zu tun doing);
F: da hort (sich) doch alles auf!

machen make it one's business.


'

Aufgang m ascent;

ast.

rising;

that's the limit!, Am. that beats

staircase.
'

'

aufgeben (r rr. geben, sep., -ge-, h)


1 v/t. give up, abandon; resign
from (office); insert (advertisement);
post. Am. mail (letter); book (luggage), Am. check (baggage); hand in,
send (telegram); -if give (order); set,
Am. assign (homework); set (riddle);
2 v/i. give up or in.
'
Aufgebot n public notice; X levy;
fig. array; banns pi. (of marriage).
'
aufgeben v/i. (irr. gehen, sep.,
ge-, sein) open; & leave no remainder; sewing: come apart; paste,
star, curtain: rise; seed: come up;
in (dat.) be merged in; fig. be
devoted to (work); in Flammen go

everything!; ' kaufen v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) buy up.
-

'

aufklarjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) clear


up; enlighten (iiber acc. on); X
reconnoitjre. Am. -er; sich
clear
up; Sung / enlightenment; X re'

connaissance.
'

auf jkleben vlt. (sep., -ge-,


h) paste
'
on, stick on, affix on;

Jdinken

button.
'

up in flames.

aufgeklart adj. ['aufgaklerrt] enlightened; '2heit / (-/no pi.) enlightenment.


'
Aufgeld "t" n agio, premium.
aufge|legt adj. ['aufgaleikt] dis-

v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) unlatch;


knopfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) un-

'

Auflehnung

40 -

aufkommen 1. v/i. (irr. kommen,


sep., -ge-, sein) rise; recover (from
illness); come up; come into fashion
or use; thought: arise;
fur et.
answer for s.th.;
gegen prevail
against s.o.; 2. 2 n (-sl?io pi.) rise;
recovery.
'

auf|krempeln [ aufkrempaln] v/t.


(sep., -ge-, h) turn up, roll up;
tuck up; ' lachen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)

posed (zu for); in the mood (zu inf.

burst out laughing; '~laden v/t.

for ger., to inf.); gut (schlecht) in


a good (bad) humo(u)r; ' schlossen fig. adj. open-minded; *,weckt
fig. adj. [' .vekt] bright.

(irr. laden, sep., -ge-, h) load; #

auf)gieCen v/t. (irr. gielien, sep.,

h) pour (on); make (tea);


greifen v/t. (irr. greifen, sep.,
ge-j h) snatch up, fig. take up;l
'
AufgufJ m infusion.
[seize./
'
auf |haben (irr. haben, sep., -ge-, h)
1 vlt. have on (hat); have open
(door); have to do (task); 2. F vli.i
das Geschaft hat auf the shop is
open; 'shaken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
unhook; 1 haken v/t. (irr. halten,
sep., -ge-, h) keep open; stop, detain,
delay; hold up (traffic); sich stay;
sich be/ dwell on; sich mit spend
one s time on; ' hangen v/t. (irr.
hangen, sep., -ge-, h) hang (up);
'

'

suspend.

charge.
'

Auflage/edition (of book); circulation (of newspaper); @ support.


auf|lassen v/t. (irr. lassen, sep.,
ge-, h) F leave open (door, etc.); F
keep on (hat); tfz cede; Llauern
v/i. (sep., -ge-, h): j-m lie in wait

'

for s.o.
'

Auflauf rn concourse; riot; dish:


souffle; Sen v/i. (irr. Iaufen, sep.,
ge-, sein) interest: accrue;
run
aground.
'
auflegen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. put
on, lay on; apply (auf acc. to);
print, publish (book); teleph. hang
up; 2. teleph. v/i. ring off.
'

'

auflehnjen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) lean


(on); sich ~ lean (on); fig. rebel,
revolt (gegen against); Sung /
'

(-/-en) rebellion

auflesen

'

auf jlesen v/t. (irr. lesen, sep., -ge-,


h) gather, pick up; ' leuchten v/i.
( sep., -ge-, h) flash (up); 'Uiegen
.

v/i. (irr. liegen, sep., -ge-, h) lie


(ouf dat. on).
'
aufloslbar adj. (dis)soluble; ' en
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) undo (knot);
break up ( meeting); dissolve (salt,
etc.; marriage, business. Parliament,
'

etc.); solve (fc, riddle); disintegrate;


fig. aufgeldst upset; 'Sung / (dis-)
solution; disintegration.
'

aufmach|en vjt. (sep., 'ge-, h)


open; undo (dress, parcel); put up
(umbrella); make up, get up; s/'ch
wind: rise; set out (noch acc. for);
make for;

die

Tur

41 -

excite; sich
get excited or upset
(iiber acc. about); aufgeregt excited; upset; 'Sung / excitement
agitation.
'
auf|reiben v/t. (irr. reiben, sep.,
ge-, h) chafe (skin, etc.); fig.: de,

stroy; exhaust, wear s.o. out; '(v-

reiften (irr. reifien, sep., -ge-) 1. vlt.


(h) rip or tear up or open; fling
open (door); open (eyes) wide;
2 vfi. (sein) split open, burst.
'
aufreizjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) incite,
stir
up; '~end adj. provocative;
'
ung / instigation.
'
aufrichten vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) set
up, erect; sich stand up; straight.

en; sit up (in bed).

answer the

door; 'ung / (-/-en) make-up,


get-up.
'

aufmarschieren v/i. (sep., no -ge-,


sein) form into line;
lessen

deploy.
'
aufmerksam adj. attentive (gegen
to); ;-n
mochen auf (acc.) call
'
s.o. s attention to;
Skeit / (-/-en)
'

'

aufrichtig adj. sincere, candid;


'
keit / sincerity, cando(u)r.
'
aufriegeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) unbolt.
'

Aufrifi A *n elevation.
'
aufrollen v/t. and vlrefl. (sep.,
-

Aufruf m call, summons; 'en vlt.


(irr. rufen, sep., -ge-, h) call up;

attention; token.

aufmuntern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

shot; shooting (of a film); '2fahig


adj. capable of absorbing; mind:
receptive (fur of); Lgebiihr / admission fee; Lgerat n phot, camera; recorder; ' priifung / entrance examination.
'

aufnehmen v/t. (irr. nehmen, sep.,


ge-, h) take up; pick up; take 5.0.
in; take down (dictation, etc.); take
s.th in (mentally); receive (guests);
admit; raise, borrow (money); draw
up, record; shoot (film); phot, take
(picture); gut (ubel) take well (ill);
-

call on s.o.

Aufruhr ['aufru:r] m (-[e]s/-e) uproar, tumult; riot, rebellion.


'
aufruhr I en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stir
up; revive; fig. rake up; 'er m
(-s/-) rebel; Lerisch adj rebel.

lious.
'

Aufriistung X / (re)armament.
auf Irtitteln vft. (sep., -ge-, h) shake
up; rouse; Lsagen v/t. (sep., -ge-,

'

h) say, repeat; recite.


aufsassig adj. ['aufzesi?] rebellious.
'
Aufsatz m essay; composition;
top.
'

aufjsaugen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) suck

es

mit be a match for.

aufopfer|n ['auf?-] vft. (sep., -ge-,


h) sacrifice; 'ung / sacrifice.
'
auf Ipassen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) attend
(ouf acc. to); watch; at school: be
attentive; look out; auf (acc.) take
care of; ' platzen v/i. (sep., -ge-,
sein) burst (open); ' polieren v/t.
(sep., no -ge-, h) polish up; '~prallen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein): auf den
Boden strike the ground; '*,pumpen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) blow up (tyre,
etc.); '~raffen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
snatch up; sich rouse o.s. (zu for);
muster up one's energy; ' raumen
(sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. put in order;
tidy (up). Am. straighten up; clear
away; 2. v/i. tidy up;
mit do
away with.
'
aufrecht adj. and adv. upright (a.
fig.), erect; Lerhalten v/t. (irr.
halten, sep., no -ge-, h) maintain,
uphold; 'erhaltimg / (-/no pi.)
maintenance.
'

aufreglen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stir up,

ge-, h) roll up; unroll.

'

'

rouse; encourage; cheer up.


Aufnahme ['aufnarma] /(-/-n) taking up (of work); reception; admission; phot.: taking; photograph,

aufschnelden

up; 'm absorb; ' scheuchen vft.


(sep., -ge-, h) scare (away); disturb;
rouse; ' scheuern v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) scour;
chafe; Lschichten v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) pile up; ' schieben
v/t. (irr. schieben, sep., -ge-, h) slide
open; /fc.: put off; defer, postpone;
adjourn.
'
Aufschlag m striking; impact; additional or extra charge; facing (on
coat), lapel (of coat); cuff (on sleeve);
tum-up (on trousers); tennis: service; en [' gan] (irr. schlagen, sep.,
ge-) 1. vlt. (h) open; turn up
(sleeve, etc.); take up (abode); pitch
(tent); raise (prices); cut (one's knee)
.

'

open; 2. v/i. (sein) strike, hit; "frise,

go

up

(in price);

tennis:

serve.
'

aufjschliefien v/t. (irr. schlieBen,


sep., -ge-, h) unlock, open; Lschlitzen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) slit or rip
open.

1 Aufschlufi fig. m information.


'

auf|schnallen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)


unbuckle; Lschnappen (sep., -ge-)
1. vft. (h) snatch; fig. pick up;
2. v/i. (sein) snap open; '~schnei-

Aufschnitt

prick open; & lance; ' stecken v/t.


(sep., -ge-, h) pin up; put up (hair);
'
stehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep., -ge-)
1 (sein) stand up; rise, get up; revolt; 2. F (h) stand open; ' steigen
vji. (irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein) rise,

den (irr. schneiden, sep., -ge-, h)


1
2

v/t. cut open; cut up (meat);


fig. v/i. brag, boast.

'

Aufschnitt m (slices pi. of) cold

meat, Am. cold cuts p/.


'

aufIschniiren vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)


untie; unlace; ' schrauben v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) screw (auf acc. on);
unscrew; ' schrecken (sep., -ge-)
1
vft. (h) startle; 2. vji. (irr.
schrecken, sein) start (up).

ascend;
'

'

Aufschrei m shriek, scream; fig.


outcry.

auf|schreiben v/t. (irr. schreiben,


Sep., -ge-, h) write down;
schreien v/i. (irr. schreien, sep.,
ge-, h) cry out, scream.
Aufschrift / inscription; address,
direction (on letter); label.
'
Aufschub m deferment; delay;
adjournment; respite.
'
auflschiirfen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)

'

Sung / putting up; drawing up;


statement;

erection; nomination;
list.

graze (skin); Lschwingen v/refl.


(irr. schwingen, sep., -ge-, h) soar,
rise; sich zu et.
bring o.s. to do
s

th.

'

Aufschwung m fig. rise, Am. upswing; Y boom.


'
aufsehen 1. v/i. (irr. sehen, sep.,
ge-, h) look up; 2. 2 n (-s/no pi.)

Aufstieg ['aufjtkk] m (-[e]s/-e)


ascent. Am. a. ascension; fig. rise.
'
auf [stobern fig. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
hunt up; ' stofien (irr. stoBen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) push open;
auf
(acc.) knock against; 2. vji. (h, sein)
offood: rise, repeat; belch; ' streichen v/t. (irr. streichen, sep., -ge-,
h) spread (butter).
'
Aufstrich m spread (for bread).
-

'

auf Istiitzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) prop


up, support s.th.; sich
auf (acc.)
lean on; '~suchen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
visit (places); go to see 5.0., look

sensation;

erregen cause a sensa-

tion; Lerregend adj. sensational.


Aufseher m overseer; inspector.
'
aufsetzen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. set
up; put on (hat, countenance); draw
up (document); sich
sit up; 2.
v/i. touch down.
1 Aufsicht / (-/-en) inspection, supervision ; store: shopwalker. Am. floorwalker; ' sbehorde/board of con'

s.o.
'

'

auf|tauchen vli. (sep., -ge-, sein)


emerge, appear, turn up; tauen
(sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h) thaw; 2. v/i.
(sein) thaw (a. fig.); Lteilen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) divide (up), share.
Auftrag ['auftrcrk] m (-[e]s/*e)
'

commission; instruction; mission;


j% mandate; Y order; 2en [' gan]
vjt. (irr. tragen, sep., -ge-, h) serve

trol; ' srat m board of directors.

auf|sitzen v/i. (irr. sitzen, sep.,


ge-j f>) rider: mount;
spannen

'

(up) (meal); lay on (paint); wear


out (dress); j-m et.
charge s.o.
with s.th.; ~geber [' k-] m (-s/-)
employer; customer; principal; serteilung [' ks'ertailuq] / (-/-en)
placing of an order.

spiefien v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pierce;


with horns: gore; run through,
spear; ' springen v/i. (irr. springer, sep., -ge-, sein) jump up; door:
fly open; crack; skin: chap; ' ptiren v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hunt up;
track down; ' stacheln fig. vjt.
(sep., -ge-, h) goad; incite, instigate;
'
stampfen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)
~

up.

Auftakt m i upbeat; fig. prelude,


preliminaries pi.

'

v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stretch; put up


(umbrella); spread (sails); '~sparen
vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) save; fig. reserve;
'
speichern vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
store up; ' sperren vjt. (sep., -ge-,
h) open wide; ' spielen (sep., -ge-,
h) 1. v/t. and vji. strike up; 2. v/refl.
show off; sich
als set up for;

take off; rider: mount.

aufstell|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) set


up, put up; X draw up; post (sentries); make (assertion); set (example); erect (column); set (trap);
nominate (candidate); draw up
(bill); lay down (rule); make out
(list); set up, establish (record);

'

auftiirmen

42 -

'

auf|treffen v/i. (irr. treffen, sep.,


ge-, sein) strike, hit; treiben v/t.
'

(irr. treiben, sep., -ge-, h) hunt up;


raise (money); trennen v/t. (sep.,
ge-> h) rip; unstitch (seam).
'
auftreten 1. v/i. (irr. treten, sep.,
ge-, sein) tread; thea., witness, etc.:
appear (als as); behave, act; difficulties: arise; 2. 2 n (-s/no pi.) appearance; occurrence (of events);
'

behavio(u)r.

'

'

stamp (one s foot).


'

Aufstand m insurrection; rebellion;


uprising, revolt.
aufstandisch adj. ['aufjtendij] rebellious; 'Se m (-n/-n) insurgent,

Auftrieb m phys. and fig. buoyancy; St lift;y?g. impetus.


'
Auftritt m thea. scene (a. fig.);
appearance (of actor).
'
auf |trumpfen . vji.' (sep., -ge-, hi)
put one s foot down; tun v/t. (irr.
tun, sep., -ge-, h) open; sich open;
chasm: yawn; society: form; ' tiirmen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pile or heap
'

'

rebel.
'

auf|stapeln vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) pile


'

stechen vlt.
up; -f store (up);
(irr. stechen, sep., -ge-, h) pvmcture,

aufwachen

up; sich

tower up; pile up; diffiwachen v/i.


(sep., -ge-, se/n) awake, wake up;
'
wachsen v/i. (irr. wochsen, sep.,
ge-, se/n) grow up.
'
Aufwallung / ebullition, surge.
Aufwand ['aufvant] m (-[e]s/n? pi.)
expense, expenditure (on dat. of);
pomp; splendid or great display (0/
'

culties: accumulate;

43 -

wind (up) (clock, etc.); j-n


tease
.o., pull s.o.'s leg; Saiten auf e-e
Violine string a violin; 2. v/i. (se/n)
X draw up; storm: approach.
'
Aufzucht / rearing, breeding.
'
Aufzug m hoist; lift. Am. elevator; thea. act; attire; show.
s

'

aufzwingen v/t. (irr. zw/ngen, sep.,


ge-, h): j-m et.
force s.th. upon
-

words, etc.).

s.o.

h)

Augapfel ['auk9-] m eyeball.


Auge ['auga] n (-s/-n) eye; sight;

Aufwartelfrau / charwoman. Am.


a
cleaning woman; '211 vli. (sep.,
ge-, h) wait (up)on s.o., attend on

bud; in me/nen n in my view;


/m
behalten keep an eye on;
keep in mind; ous den n ver//eren
lose sight of;
zudriicken turn

'

aufwarmen

vlt.

(sep.,

-ge-,

warm up.
'

s.o.i wait (at table).


aufwarts adv. ['aufvsrts] upward(s).
'
Aufwartung / attendance; visit;
j-m s-e machen pay one's respects

a blind eye (be/ to); ins


fa/Zen
strike the eye; grofle .n mochen
open one's eyes wide; unter v/er n
face to face, privately; ke/n zutun

to s.o., call on s.o.


'

aufwaschlen v/t. (irr.' waschen,


sep., -ge-, h) wash up; 2wasser n
dish-water.

'

(sep., ' -ge-, h)

'

'

blick m moment, instant; 'Sblicklich 1. adj. instantaneous;


momentary; present; 2. adv. instant(aneous)ly; at present; '-

braue / eyebrow; ' entziindung


/ inflammation of the eye; ',*heilkunde / ophthalmology; 'klinik / ophthalmic hospital; '~leiden & n eye-complaint; ' licht
eyesight; 'Jtid eyelid; ' mafi n:
e/n gutes a sure eye; nodi dem
by eye; Mmerk [' .rnerk] n (-[e]s/?
pi.): se/n
richten auf (acc.) turn
'

ization; revaluation.

one

'

aufwickeln v/t. and vjrefl. (sep.,


ge-, h) wind up, roll up.
aufwiegel|n ['aufvirgaln] vlt. (sep.,
ge-, h) stir up, incite, instigate;
'
Sung / (-/-en) instigation.
'
aufwiegen fig. vjt. (irr. w/egen,
sep., -ge-, h) make up for.
Aufwiegler f'aufviigbr] m (si-)
agitator; instigator.
.
aufwirbeln (sep., -ge-) 1. vlt. (h)
whirl up; raise (dust); fig. viel Staub
create a sensation; 2. v/i. (se/n)
whirl up.
-

'

aufwischjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


wipe up; 'Slappen m floor-cloth.
aufwiihlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) turn
up; g. stir.

'

'

aufzahllen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) count

vp;fig. enumerate. Am. a. call off;


specify. Am. itemize; 'Sung /
(-/-en) enumeration; specification
'
aufjzaumen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
bridle; ' .zehren vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)
.

attention

to; have s.th.

aufzeichnjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


draw; note down; record; 'Sung/
note; record.

auf|zeigen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) show;


demonstrate; point out (mistakes,
etc.); disclose; ' ziehen (irr. z/ehen, sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h) draw or
pull up; (pull) open; hoist (flag);
bring up (child); mount (picture);
.

in

view; '~schein

nebmen examine, view, inspect; 'S


scheinlich adj. evident; ' wasser
eyewash, eye-lotion; ' wimper/
eyelash; ' zeuge m eyewitness.
August [au'gust] m (-[e]s, - /-e)
August.
Auktion [auk'tsjoin] / (-/-en) auction; Mator Uo'naitor] m (-s/-en)
-

auctioneer.

Aula ['aula]/(-/Au/en, -s) (assembly)


hall. Am. auditorium.

aus [aus] l.prp. (dat.) out of; from;


of; by; for; in;
Achtung out of
respect; ~ London kommen come
from London;

this reason;

d/esem Grunde for


Ihrem Brief ersehe /ch

I see from your letter; 2. adv. out;


over; d/e Schule ist ~ school is over;
F: von m/r for all I care; auf et.
se/n be keen on s.th.; es ist ~ m/t
ihm it is all over with him; das

Spiel ist i the game is up!; er weil}


weder e/n noch

consume.

'

not to get a wink of sleep.

Augenfarzt m oculist, eye-doctor;

'

auflwecken vlt.

weichen
awake(n), wake (up);
(sep., -ge-) 1. vjt. (h) soften; soak;
2 vfi. (se/n) soften, become soft;
'
weisen v/t. (irr. we/sen, sep.,
ge-, h) show, exhibit; produce;
'
wenden v/t. ([irr. wenden,] sep.,
ge-, h) spend; Muhe take pains;
'
werfen vlt. (irr. werfen, sep.,
ge-, h) raise (a. question).
.
aufwertjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) revalorize; revalue; Sung / revalor-

'

ausatmen

he is at his wit

'

end; on instruments, etc.: an - ~


on - off.

ausarbeit|en ['aus'-] v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) work out; elaborate; Sung
'

/ (-/-en) working-out; elaboration;


composition.

ausjarten ['aus'-] v/i. (sep., -ge-,


se/n) degenerate; get out of hand;
atmen ['aus'-]

(sep.,

-ge-, h)

ausbaggern

1 v/i. breathe out; 2. vlt. breathe


out; exhale (vapour, etc.); ' baggern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) dredge
(river, etc.); excavate (ground).
'
Ausbau m (-[e]s/-ten) extension;
completion; development; 'Sen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) develop; extend;
finish, complete; dismantle

44 -

arette); fig. express; '~lich adj. ex-

(engine).
'

ausbedingen v/t. (irr. bedingen,


sep., no -ge-, h) stipulate.
'
ausbesserln v/t. (sep., -ge-s h)
mend, repair. Am. F a. fix; Sung/
repair, mending.
'
Ausbeutle / (-l\-n) gain, profit;
yield;
output; 'Sen v]t. (sep.,
fe-j h) exploit; sweat (workers);
'
ung / (-/-en) exploitation.
'
ausbild|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) form,
'

press, explicit.
'

'

perspiration; odo(u)r, smell.

to pieces; disassemble, disman-

tle; ~setzen fig. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


explain; sich m/t j-m + compound
with s.o.; argue with s.o.; have it
out with s.o.; sich m/t e-m Problem

drill.

get down to a problem; come to


grips with a problem; Ssetzung /
(-/-en) explanation; discussion; settlement (with creditors, etc.); kriege,

'

ausbitten v/t. (irr. bitten, sep., -ge-,


h): s/c/? et.. request s.th.; insist on

'

ausbleiben 1. vji. (irr. bleiben, sep.,


ge-, se/n) stay away, fail to appear;
2 2 m (slno pi.) non-arrival, non-

th.

rische

choice; select(ed).
auserwahlen [ aus'-] v/t. (sep., no
ge-, h) select, choose.

Ausblick m outlook (auf acc. over,


on), view (of), prospect (of); fig.

'

outlook (on).

drill; ' brechen (irr. brechen, sep.,


ge-) 1. v/t. (h) break out; vomit;
2 v/i. (sein) break out; Jig. burst
out (laughing, etc.).
.

ausbreit|en

v/t.

(sep.,

-ge-,

h)

spread (out); stretch (out) (arms,


wings); display; sich ~ spread;
'

Sung / (-/S-en) spreading.


ausbrennen (irr. brennen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) burn out;
cauterize; 2. v/i. (sein) burn out.
'
Ausbruch m outbreak; eruption
(of volcano); escape (from prison);
outburst (of emotion).
'
auslbriiten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hatch
(a. fig.); ' biirgern vjt. (sep., -ge-,
'

h) denationalize, expatriate.
'

Ausdauer / perseverance; '2nd


adj. persevering;
perennial.
'
ausdehnjen v/t. and v/refl. (sep.,
ge-, h) extend (auf acc. to); expand;
stretch; 'Sung / expansion; exten-

for a drive; rut (road);

sion; extent.

ausldenken v/t. (irr. denken, sep.,


ge-, h) think s.th. out. Am. a. think
s th. up, contrive, devise, invent;
imagine; '~ddrren v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) dry up; parch; ' drehen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) turn off (radio, gas);
turn out, switch off (light).
Ausdruck m 1. (-[e]s/n<7 pi.) expression; 2. (-[e]s/=e) expression;
-

'

term.

ausdriickjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, b)


press, squeeze (out); stub out (cig-

* lower

(undercarriage); '2t / drive; excursion; way out, exit (of garage, etc.);
gateway; departure.
'
Ausfall m falling out;
loss; deficit; 'Sen v/i. (irr. fallen, sep., -ge-,
sein) fall out; not to take place;
turn out, prove; lassen drop; cancel; die Schule folk aus there is no
school; Send adj. offensive, instilling.
'
ausjfasern v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)
ravel out, fray; ' fegen v/t. (sep.,
ge- h) sweep (out).
v/t.
ausfertig|en
[ ausfertigan]
(sep., -ge-, h) draw up (document);
make out (bill, etc.); issue (passport);
'
Sung / (-/-en) drawing up; issue;
draft; copy; in doppelter
in duplicate.
[dien find out; discover.1
ausfindig adj. ['ausfindi?]:
'
Ausflucht / (-/=e) excuse, evasion,
'

'

'

'

ausahr|en (irr. fabren, sep., -ge-)


1 v/i. (sein) drive out, go for a
drive; 4 leave (port); 2. v/t. (b)
take (baby) out (i;i pram); take s.o.
.

aus|bohren v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) bore,


-

'

armed conflict.

auserlesen adj. ['aus9-] exquisite,


'

appearance; absence.

'

Ausdiinstung / (-/-en) exhalation;

auseinander adv. [aus'ai'nandar]


asunder, apart; separate(d); ~bringen v/t. (irr. bringen, sep., -ge-, h)
separate, sever; ~gehen v/i. (irr.
gehen, sep., -ge-, sein) meeting,
crowd: break up; opinions: differ;
friends: part; crowd: disperse;
roads: diverge; ~nehmen v/t. (irr.
nehmen, sep. -ge-, h) take apart or

X drill; 'Sung / development;


training; instruction; education; X

'

ausdrucks|los adj. inexpressive,


expressionless; blank; ' voll adj.
expressive; 'Sweise / mode of expression; style.

develop; train; instruct, educate;

Ausfuhrartikel

shift, subterfuge.
'

Ausflug m trip, excursion, outing.


Ausfliigler ['ausflyrklar] m (-s/-)
excursionist, tripper, tourist.
'
Ausflufl m flowing out; discharge
(a. jF); outlet, outfall.
'
aus|fragen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) interrogate, Am. a. quiz; sound; ' fransen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) fray.
Ausfuhr -f ['ausfu:r] / (-/-en) exportation); ' artikel "t" m export
(article).

ausfiihrbar

'

ausfiihrlbar adj. practicable; 'f

ausgiebig adj. fausgiibi?] abundant, plentiful; meal: substantial.

exportable; ' en vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)

'

ausgiefien v/t. (irr. gielien, sep.,

execute, carry out, perform. Am. a.

fill; Y export; explain; j-n

take

'

Ausfuhrlgenehmigung / export
' handel

export

trade.
'

ausfiihrlich 1. adj. detailed; comprehensive; circumstantial; 2. adv.


in detail, at (some) length; 'Skeit/
(-/no pi ) minuteness of detail; particularity; comprehensiveness; co-

balance.
'

ausjgleiten v/i. (irr. gleiten, sep.,


ge-, sein) slip, slide; Lgraben vjt.

piousness.
'

'

(irr. graben, sep., -ge-, h) dig out


or up (a. fig.); excavate; exhume
(body).

Ausfiihrung / execution, performance; workmanship; type, make;


explanation; ' sbestimmungen If
flpl. export regulations pi.

Ausguck

"

turn out well, etc.; leer


away empty-handed; von et.

AusguC m sink; ' eimer m sloppail.

'

ausjhaken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) unhook; ' halten (irr. halten, sep.,
ge-, h) 1. v/t. endure, bear, stand;
/ sustain (note); 2. v/i. hold out;
last; haudigen [' hsndigan] v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) deliver up, hand over,
-

surrender.
'

Aushang m notice, placard, poster.


'
aushangejn 1. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
hang or put out; unhinge (door);
2 v/i. (irr. hangen, sep., -ge-, h)
have been hung or put out; '2schild n signboard.
aus]barren fausharsn] v/i. (sep.,
.

ge-, h) persevere; hold out; ' hau-

chen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) breathe out,


exhale; ' heben v/t. (irr. heben,
sep., -ge-, h) dig (trench); unhinge
(door); recruit, levy (soldiers); excavate (earth); rob (nest); clean out,
raid (nest of criminals); '~helfen v/i.
(irr. helfen, sep., -ge-, h) help out.
'
Aushilfje / (temporary) help or
assistance; s/e hat e-e

she has s.o.


to help out; 'Ssweise adv. as a
makeshift; temporarily.
'

aushohljen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hollow out; 'Sung / hollow.

'

ausjholen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/i.


raise one's hand (as if to strike);
weit
go far back (in narrating
s th.); 2. v/t. sound, pump s.o.;
'
horchen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) sound,
pump s.o.; Lhungern v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) starve (out); 'Jhusten v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) cough up; Lkennen
v/refl. (irr. kennen, sep., -ge-, h)
know one's way (about place); be
well versed, be at home (in subject);

come
start

from s.th.
'

ausge|lassen fig. adj. frolicsome,


boisterous; Lnommen prp. 1. (acc.)

except (for); 2. (nom.): Anwesende


present company excepted; ~pragt
adj. [' prsikt] marked, pronounced;
rechnet fig. adv. t' rsgnat] just;
er he of all people; heute today
of all days; '~schlossen fig. adj.
impossible.
'
ausgestalten v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
arrange (celebration); et. zu et.
develop or turn s.th. into s.th.

er kennt sich aus he knows what's

what; ' kleiden v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


undress; line, coat; sich

'

tsai nat] excellent.

un-

dress; '~klopfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


beat (out); dust (garment); knock
out (pipe); Jkliigeln ['Jdyigaln]
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) work s.th. out;

ausgejsucht fig. adj. ['ausgazurxt]


wachsen adj.
exquisite, choice;
full-grown; zeichnet . adj. f -

['ausguk] m (-[e]s/-e)

look-out.
'

Ausfuhrlverbot embargo on ex-

ports; ' waren flpl. exports pi.',


'
Mzoll m export duty.
'
ausfiillen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) fill out
or up; fill in, complete {form)'. Am.
fill out (blank).
'
Ausgabe/distribution; edition (of
book); expense, expenditure; issue
(of shares, etc.); issuing office.
'
Ausgang m going out; exit; way
out; outlet; end; result; Lskapital
f n original capital; ' spunkt m
starting-point; ' sstellung / starting-position.
'
ausgeben v/t. (irr. geben, sep., -ge-,
h) give out; spend (money); issue
(shares, etc.); sich
fiir pass o.s.
off for, pretend to be.
ausge|beult adj. ['ausgaboylt] baggy; bombt adj. [' bompt] bombed
out; wdehnt adj. [' deint] expansive, vast, extensive; ~dient adj.
[Ldi:nt] worn out; superannuated;
retired, pensioned off; er Soldat
ex-serviceman, veteran; ' falien
fig. adj. odd, queer, unusual.
'
ausgehen v/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-,
sein) go out; take a walk; end; colour: fade; hair: fall out; money,
provisions: run out; uns gehen die
Vorrate aus we run out of provisions; darauf
aim at; gut etc.

ge-, h) pour out.

Ausgleich fausglai?] m (-[e]s/-e)


compromise; compensation; if settlement; sports: equalization (of
score);
tennis: deuce (score of 40 all);
'
Sen v/t. (irr. gleichen, sep., -ge-, h)
equalize; compensate (loss); -f

s.o. out.

permit;

auskommen

45 -

contrive; puzzle s.th. out.


'

auskommen 1. v/i. (irr. kommen,


sep., -ge-, sein) get out; escape;

auskundschaften

46 -

mit manage with s.th.; get on with

out, erase; 'Josen v/t. (sep., -ge- h)


,

ohne do without; mit dem

s.o.;

Geld

make both ends meet; 2. 2 n

Ausreise

draw (lots) for.


'

(s/no pi.) competence, competency.


'
auskundschaften v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

auslos|en vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) release; redeem, ransom (prisoner);


redeem (from pawn); fig. cause,

explore; X reconnoit|re. Am. -er,

start; arouse (applause); '2er m

scout.

Auskunft ['auskunft] /
information; inquiry office, inquiries pi.,
Am. information desk; ' sstelle /
inquiry officej inquiries pi.. Am.

(s/-) @ release, esp. phot, trigger.


auslliiften v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) air,
ventilate; ' machen v/t. (sep., -ge-

'

h) make out, sight, spot; sum:


amount to; constitute, make up;
put out (fire); / turn out, switch
off (light); agree on, arrange; settle;

information bureau.
'

ausllachen v/t. (sep., -ge-j h) laugh


at, deride; laden vjt. (irr. laden,
sep., -ge-, h) unload; discharge
(cargo from ship); cancel s.o.'s invitation, put off (guest).
'
Auslage / display, show (of goods);
in der
in the (shop) window;
pi. expenses pi.
'
Ausland n (-[e]s/o pi.): das foreign countries pi.; ins , im
'

es mocht nichts aus it does not matter; wiirc/e es Ihnen et. , wenn ...?

would you mind (ger.) ...?; ' ma-

len v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) paint; sich eU


picture s.th. to o.s., imagine s.th.
'
Ausmafi n dimension(s pi.), meas~

ure ment(s pi.); fig. extent.

aus|mergeln

abroad.

Ausland|er ['auslsndsr] m (-s/-)j


~

h) measure.

Ausnahmje ['ausnaima] / (-/-n)


exception; Ssweise adv. by way of
'

'

auslass|en r/r. (irr. lassen, sep.,


ge-, h) let out (water); melt (down)
(butter); render down (fat); let out
(garment); let down (hem); leave
-

out, omit (word); cut s.th. out; miss


or cut out (meal); miss (dance); s-n
Zorn an j-m
vent one's anger on
s o
sich
iifaer (acc.) say s.th.
about; express one s opinion about;
'
Sung / (-/-en) omission; remark,
utterance; 'Sungszeichen gr. n
apostrophe.
.

.;

'

aus|laufen v/i. (irr. laufen, sep.,


ge-, se/n) run or leak out (ous et.

'

of s.th.); leak; end (in s.th.); machine: run down; & (set) sail; '
leeren vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) empty;
3? evacuate (bowels).
~

'

auslegjen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) lay


out; display (goods); explain, interpret; advance (money); Sung /
'

(-/-en) explanation, interpretation.


'

ausjleihen v/t. (irr. leihen, sep.,


ge-, h) lend (out), esp. Am. loan;
lernen vli. (sep., -ge-, h) finish
one s apprenticeship; man lernt n/e

exception; exceptionally.
'

ausnehmen v/t. (irr. nehmen, sep.,

ge-, h) take out; draw (fowl); F


fleece s.o.; fig. except, exempt; '4
1 adj. exceptional; 2. adv. exceedingly.
'
aus|nutzen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) utilize; take advantage of; esp.
exploit;
packen (sep., -ge-, h)
1 v/t. unpack; 2. F fig. v/i. speak
one s
mind;
pfeifen thea. v/t.
(irr. pfeifen, sep., -ge-, h) hiss; ',*plaudern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) blab
or let out;
polstern v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) stuff, pad; wad; Lprobieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h) try, test.
Auspuff mot. ['auspuf] m (-[e]s/-e)
exhaust;
gas mot. n exhaust gas;
Lrohr mot. n exhaust-pipe; ' topf
-

'

'

'

mot. m silencer. Am. muffler.


'

aus|putzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


clean;
quartieren v/t. (sep., no
ge-j h) dislodge;
billet out; '
'

'

Auslese / choice, selection; fig.


pick; Sn v/t. (irr. lesen, sep., -ge-,
h) pick out, select; finish reading
'

(book).
'

auslieferin v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hand


or turn over, deliver (up); extradite

(criminal); ausgeliefert se/n (dot.)


be at the mercy of; 'Sung / delivery; extradition.
'
aus|liegen v/i. (irr. liegen, sep.,
ge-, h) be displayed, be on show;
loschen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) put
out, switch off (light); extinguish
(fire) (a. fig.); efface (word); wipe
-

'

radieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)


erase; ' rangieren v/t. (sep., no

'

'

'

'

aus we live and learn.

v/t.

'

erin / (-/-nen) foreigner; alien;


'
Sisch adj. foreign;
zo. exotic.
'
Auslandskorrespondent m foreign correspondent.

['ausmergaln]

(sep., -ge-, h) emaciate; exhaust;


merzen [' msrtsan] v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) eliminate; eradicate; ',messen v/t. (irr. messen, sep., -ge-,

ge-, h) discard; Lrauben v/t.


(sep., -ge-, h) rob; ransack; ' raumen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) empty, clear
(out); remove (furniture); Lrechnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) calcxilate,
compute; reckon (out). Am. figure
out or up (all a. fig.).
'
Ausrede / excuse, evasion, subterfuge; 'Sn (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/i. finish
speaking;
lassen hear s.o. out;
2 v/t.: j-m et.
dissuade s.o. from
-

th.

'

ausreichen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) suffice; '~d adj. sufficient.


'
Ausreise / departure;
voyage
out.

ausreifien

'

'

ausreifijen (j rr. re/Ben, sep., -ge-)


1 .v/t. (h) pull or tear out; 2. vfi.
(se/n) run away; 'Ser m runaway.
ausjrenken ['ausreqkan] v/t. (sep.,
richten vjt.
ge-, h) dislocate;
(sep., -ge-, h) straighten; X dress;
adjust; deliver (message); do, effect;
accomplish; obtain; arrange (feast);
'

richte ihr e-n Gru/3 von mir aus!

remember me to her!;

rotten t1

'

Ausschlufl m exclusion; expulsion;


sports: disqualification.
'
ausschmiicken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
adorn, decorate; fig. embellish.
'
Ausschnitt m cut; decollete, (low)
neck (of dress); cutting. Am. clipping (from newspaper); fig. part,
section.
'

ausschreib|en v/t. (irr. schreiben,


sep., -ge-, h) write out; copy; write
out (word) in full; make out (invoice); announce; advertise; 'Sung/
(-/-en) announcement; advertise-

rDtan] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) root out;


fig. extirpate, exterminate.
'
Ausruf m cry; exclamation; 'Sen
(j'rr. rufen, sep., -ge-,h) 1. vji. ' cry
out, exclaim; 2. v/t. proclaim; e

ment.
'

ausschreitjen (irr. schreiten, sep.,

zeichen n exclamation mark. Am.

exclamation point; ' ung/(-/-en)


proclamation; ' ungszeichen n s.
Ausrufezeichen.
[-ge-, h) rest.l
'
ausruhen v/u, v/t. and vlrefl. (sep.,)
'
ausriistlen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) fit
out; equip; '2ung / outfit, equipment, fittings pi.
[disseminate.)
a.

'
'

aussaen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) sow;fig.i

Aussage / statement; declaration;


2<2 evidence; gr. predicate; '2n
(sep., -ge-, h) 1. vjt. state, declare;
2<2 depose; 2. $% vjt. give evidence.

'

Aussatz Jf m (-es/no pi.) leprosy.

'

aus | saugen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) suck


(out); g. exhaust (land); ' schalten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) eliminate; #
cut out, switch off, turn off or out

ge-) 1. v/i. (se/n) step out, take


long strides; 2. v/t. (h) pace (room),
measure by steps; 'Sung / (-/-en)
excess; en pi. riots pi.
'
Ausschufi m refuse, waste, rubbish; committee, board.
'
aus schiitteln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
shake out; ' schiitten v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) pour out; spill; Y distribute (dividend); j-m se/n Herz pour
-

out one's heart to s.o.; '

be on the look-out for, watch for.

ausscheidjen (irr. scheiden, sep.,


ge-) 1. v/t. (h) separate; /*, fr,
-

physiol. eliminate; & secrete;


2
v/t. (se/n) retire; withdraw;
sports: drop out; 'Sung / separation; elimination (a. sports); &

'

'

ausschwitzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


exude.

'

aussehen 1. v/i. (irr. sehen, sep.,


ge-, h) look; w/e sieht er ous?
-

what does he look like?; es sieht

nach Regen aus it looks like rain;


S n (-si no pi.) look(s pi.), ap-

'

auslschiffen vlt. and vlrefl. (sep.,


ge-, h) disembark; ' schimpfen
-

vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) scold, tell s.o.

off, berate; schirren [' Jiran] vjt.


(sep., -ge-, h) unharness; '~schlachten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) cut up; cannibalize (car, etc.); fig. exploit,
make the most of; '~schlafen (zrr.
schlafen, sep., -ge-, h) 1. vfr sleep
one's fill; 2. v/t. sleep off (effects
of drink, etc.).
'
Ausschlag m
eruption rash;
deflexion (of pointer); den
geben
settle it; Sen [' gan] (irr. schlogen,
sep., 'ge-) 1. v/t. (h) knock or beat
out; line; refuse, decline; 2. v/i. (h)
horse: kick; pointer: deflect; 3. v/i.
(h, se/n) bud; Sgebend adj. ['Jk-I
'

decisive.
'

ausschliefijen v/t. (irr. schlieften,

auBen adv. ['ausan] (on the) outside; von


her from (the) outside;
nach
(hin) outward(s); 'Saufnahme / film: outdoor shot;
'

Sbordmotor m outboard motor.

'

aussenden v/t. ([irr. senden,] sep.,


ge-, h) send out.
'
Aul5en|hafen m outport; ' handel
minister m
m foreign trade;
foreign minister; Foreign Secretary,
Am. Secretary of State; ' ministerium n foreign ministry; Foreign
Office, Am. State Department;
'
politik / foreign policy; 'Spolitisch adj'. of or referring to foreign
affairs; ' seite / outside, surface;
'
seiter m (-s/-) outsider; stande
t" [' Jtenda] pi. outstanding debts
pi.. Am. accounts pi. receivable;
'
welt / outer or outside world.
aufier ['ausar] 1. prp. (dat.) out of;
beside(s). Am. aside from; except;
sich se/n be beside o.s. (vor Freude
with joy); 2. cj.: dafi except that;
wenn unless; ' dem cj. besides,
-

'

"

moreover.

auBere ['ovsara] 1. adj. exterior,


outer, external, outward; 2. S n

( uGer[e]n/H0 pi.) exterior, outside,

Sep., 'ge-, h) shut or lock out; fig.:


exclude; expel; sports: disqualify;
'

Jich adj. exclusive.

pearance.

secretion.

chwar-

men v/i. (sep., -ge-, se/n) swarm


out; .v (lassen) X extend, deploy.
'
dissolute;
ausschweifjend
adj
'
Sung / (-/-en) debauchery, excess.

(light).
Ausschank ['ausjaqk] m (-[e]s/e)
retail (of alcoholic drinks); public
house, F pub.
'
Ausschau/(-/o/)/.):~ halten nach
'

aufiergewohnlich

47 -

outward appearance.
'

aufierlgewohnlich

adj.

extra-

aufierhalb

ordinary;
exceptional;
Lhalb
1 prp. (gen.) outside, out of; beyond; 2. adv. on the outside.
aufierlich adj. ['ovsarlig] external,
outward; 'Skeit / (-/-en) superficiality; formality.
aufiern ['ovsarn] v/t. (ge-, h) utter,
express; advance; sich
matter:
manifest itself; p. express o.s.
'
aufier'ordentlich adj. extraordi-

48 -

(daughter); get up (book); 'Sung/


(-/-en)

nary.

Aussicht / (-/-en) view (ouf acc.


of); fig. prospect (of), chance (of);
in ~ haben have in prospect; 'fislos
adj. hopeless, desperate; 'Ssreich
adj. promising, full of promise.

aussohn|en ['auszoman] vjt. (sep.,


ge-, h) reconcile s.o. (m/t to s.th.,
with s.o.); sich
reconcile o.s. (to
s.th
with s.o.); 'Sung / (-/-en)
-

.,

reconciliation.

aussondern

v/t.

(sep.,

-ge-,

h)

single out; separate.

ausjspannen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.


y

stretch, extend; F fig. steal (s.o. s


girl friend); unharness (draught
animal); 2. fig. v/i. (take a) rest,
relax; ' speien v/t. and v/i. (irr.
spe/en, sep., -ge-, h) spit out.
'

book).
'

aus|stechen v/t. (irr. stechen, sep.


-

aussperr en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


shut out; lock out (workmen); 'Sung
/ (-/-en) lock-out.

ausjspielen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.


play (card); 2. z;/t.
cards: lead; er
hot ausgespielt he is done for;
'
spionieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
spy out.
[cent; discussion.)

Aussprache / pronunciation, ac-/

'

'

aussprechen (t rr. sprechen, sep.,


ge-, h) 1. v/t. pronounce, express;
sich
fiir (gegen) declare o.s. for
(against); 2. v/i. finish speaking.
-

Ausspruch m utterance; saying;

'

remark.
'

ausjspucken vfi. and v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) spit out; Lspiilen v/t. (sep.,
-

'

ge-, h) 1. v/i. payments: be out-

standing;
2. w/r. endure, bear;
'
steigen v/i. (irr. ste/ gen, sep.,
ge-, sein) get out or off, alight.
'
ausstell|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) ex'

hibit; make out (invoice); issue


(document); draw (&//); 'Ser w (-s/-)
exhibitor; drawer; 'Sung / exhibition, show; 'Sungsraum m
show-room.

ge-, sein) die out; become extinct.

'

Aussteuer / trousseau, dowry.


'
ausstopfen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) stuff;
wad, pad.
'

ausstofilen v/t. (irr. stolien, sep.,

ge-, h) thrust out, eject; expel;


utter (cry); heave (sigh); X cashier;
'
Sung / (-/-en) expulsion.
'
aus|strahlen v/t. and v/i. (sep.,
ge-, h) radiate; ' strecken v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) stretch (out); ' streichen v/t. (irr. streichen, sep., -ge-,h)
strike out; smooth (down); '/vstreuen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) scatter;
spread (rumours); Lstromen (sep.,
ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) stream out; gas,
light: emanate; gas, steam: escape;
2 v/t. (h) pour (out); '~suchen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) choose, select.
'
Austausch m exchange; 'Sbar adj.
exchangeable; 'Sen v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) exchange.
-

'

austeillen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) distribute; deal out (blows); 'Sung /


distribution.

Auster zo. ['austar] / (-/-n) oyster.


'
austragen v/t. (irr. trogen, sep.,
ge-, h) deliver (letters, etc.); hold
-

(contest).

Austral|ier [au'strarliar] m (-si-)

'

'

ge-, h) cut out (a. fig.); put out

(eye); ' stehen (irr. stehen, sep.,

aussetz|en (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. set

'

equipment; furni-

aussterben v/i. (irr. sterben, sep.,

or put out; lower (boat); promise


(reward); settle (pension); bequeath;
expose (child); expose (dat. to);
et.
an (dat.) find fault with;
2 v/i. intermit; fail; activity: stop;
suspend; mot. misfire;
ung /
(-/-en) exposure (of child, to weather, etc.) (a. tfz).

'

'

remark.

'

outfit

ture; supply; dowry; get-up (of

aufierst ['ovsarst] 1. adj. outermost;


fig. utmost, extreme; 2. adv. extremely, highly.
aufierstande adj. [ausar'Jtanda]
unable, not in a position.
'
Aulierung / (-/-en) utterance,
'

Ausiibung

ge-, h) rinse.

Ausstand m strike. Am. F a. walk-

out; in den

treten go on strike,

Am. F a. walk out.


'

ausstatt|en [ ausjtatan] v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) fit out, equip; furnish;
-

supply (m/t with); give a dowry to

Australian; Sisch adj. Australian.


'

austreibjen v/t. (irr. tre/faen,


sep.,
ge-, h) drive out; expel; 'Sung /
-

(-/-en) expulsion

'

aus | treten (irr. treten, sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) tread or stamp out; wear
out (shoes); wear down (steps);
.

v/i. (sein) emerge, come out;

river:

overflow

its

banks;

(ous from); F ease o.s.;

retire

aus

leave (society, etc.); ' trinken (irr.

trinken, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. drink


up; empty, drain; 2. v/i. finish
drinking; 'Stritt m leaving; retirement; ' trocknen (sep., -ge-) 1. v/t.
(h) dry up; drain (land); parch
(throat, earth); 2. vji. (sein) dry up.
ausiiblen ['aus'-] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
exercise; practi|se. Am. -ce (profession); exert (influence); 'Sung /
practice; exercise.

Ausverkauf
'

Ausverkauf if m selling off or out


(of stock); sale; 'St Tj thea. adj.
'

sold out; theatre notice: full home'.


'

'

Auszahlung / payment.

lAuszehrung/(-/-en) consumption.
'

auszeichnlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


mark (out); fig. distinguish (sich

Auswahl / choice; selection;


assortment.

[choose, select.!

'

auswahlen

'

Auswander|er m emigrant; 'Sn


vji. (sep., -ge-} se/n) emigrate; ung

v/t.

(sep.}

-ge-,

'

ausziehlen (irr. ziehen, sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) draw out, extract; take
off (garment); sich undress; 2. v/i.
(sein) set out; move (out), remove,
move house; 'Splatte/leaf (of table).
.

/ emigration.

auswartiig adj. ['ausverti?] out-oftown; non-resident; foreign; das


Auswdrtige Amt s. AuBenminister/um;
adv. [ s] ouuvard(s); out
of doors; out of town; abroad;

'

Auszug m departure; X marching

'

out;

essen dine out.


'

auswechseln 1. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


exchange; change; replace; 2. 2 n
(s/no pi.) exchange; replacement.
'
Ausweg m way out (a. fig.); outlet;
fig. expedient.
'
ausweichen vfi. (irr. we/chen, sep.,
ge-, sein) make way (for); fig.
evade, avoid;
adj. evasive.
Ausweis f'ausvais] m (-es/-e) (bank)
return; identity card. Am. identification (card); Sen [' zan] v/t. (irr.
weisen, sep., -ge-, h) turn out, expel;
evict; deport; show, prove; sich
'
papiere
prove one s identity;
njpl. identity papers pi.; ~ung
[ zurj] / expvdsion; ' ungsbefehl
m expulsion order.
'
ausweiten o/r. and v/refl. (sep.,
ge-, h) widen, stretch, expand.
'
auswendig 1. adj. outward, outside; 2. adv. outwardly, outside;
fig. by heart.
-

expectorate; allow (sum of money);


'
werten v/t. (sep., -ge-, hi) evaluate; analyze, interpret; utilize, exploit; ' wickeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
unwrap; ' wiegen vft. (irr. wiegen,
sep., -ge-, h) weigh out; ' wirken
v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h) take effect,
operate; sich
auf (acc.) affect;
.

'

Swirkimg / effect; ' wischen v/t.


(sep., -ge-, h) wipe out, efface;
'
wringen v/t. (irr. wringen, sep.,
ge-, h) wring out.
-

Auswuchs

excrescence,

haltestelle / bus stop;

excerpt

didakt

Udi'dakt] m (-en/-en) autodidact,


self-taught person; ' droschke /
taxi(-cab). Am. cab; ' fahrer m
motorist; 'gramm n autograph;
Jgrammjager m autograph hunt~

er; ' handler m car dealer; ' kino

n drive-in cinema; krat [Jkra:t]


m (-enI-en) autocrat; kratie [ a'

ti:] / (-l-n) autocracy; ~mat


[ 'mart] m (-en/-en) automaton;
slot-machine, vending machine;
Jmatenrestaurant n self-service
restaurant. Am. automat; mation

[ ma'tsjorn] / (-/no pi.) automation; S'matisch adj. automatic;


'
mechaniker m car mechanic;
Mmobil [ mo bi:l] n (-s/-e) s. Auto;
Snom adj. [ 'no:m] autonomous;
nomie Uo'mi:] f(-l-n) autonomy.
Autor ['atrtDr] m (-s/-en) author.
'
Autoreparaturwerkstatt / car
repair shop, garage.
[thor(ess).l
Autorin [au'to rin] / (-/-nen) au-i
autorilsieren [autori'ziiren] v/t. (no
ge-, h) authorize; tar adj. [Jtzii]
authoritarian; 2'tat / (-/-en) authority.
'

'

Autolstrafie / motor-road; Lver-

out-

growth (a. fig.), protuberance.


'
Auswurf m # expectoration; i
f g.
refuse, dregs pi.

extract,

'

removal;

(from book); summary; if statement (of account), [tic, genuine.


authentisch adj. [au'tentij] authenAuto ['auto] n (-s/-s) (motor-)car,
Am. a. automobile;
fahren drive,
motor; '~bahn / motorway, autobahn; biogra'phie / autobiography; bus [ Ujus] ot (-ses/-se)
(motor-)bus; (motor) coach; ' bus-

'

auslwerfen vjt. (irr. werfen, sep.,


ge-, h) throw out, cast; eject; #

s.); 'Sung/marking; distinction;

hono(u)r; decoration.

h)/

'

'

Backenzahn

49 -

mietung / (-/-en) car hire service.

avisieren

[avi'ziiran] v/t. (no

out; pay s.o. off; ' zahlen v/u


(sep., -ge-, h) count out.

ge-, h) advise.
Axt [akst] / (-/=e) ax(e).
Azetylen
[atsety'lem] n (s/no
pi.) acetylene.
[2n adj. azure.!
Azur [a'tsuir] m (s/no pi.) azure;)

Bach [bax] m (-[e]s/=e) brook. Am.

v/t. bake; fry; dry (fruit); 2. v/i.

'

auslzahlen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pay

fbak-] n (-[e]s/-e)/

Backe ['baka] / (-/-n) cheek.

backen ['bakan] (t'rr., ge-, h) 1.


4 SWEII

bake; fry.

[port.!

a. run.

Backbord

'

BackenJbart
(side-)whiskers pU,
Am. a. sideburns pi.; ' zahn m
molar (tooth), grinder.

Backer

Backer ['bekar] m (-s/-) baker; ~ei


U'rai] / (-/-en) baker s (shop),
bakery.
'
Back|fisch m fried fish; fig. girl in
her teens, teenager. Am. a. bobby
'

soxer;

'

obst n dried fruit; Lofen

tn oven; ' pflaume/prune; Lpulver n baking-powder; ' stein m


brick; Lware / baker's ware.
Bad [ba:t] n (-[e]s/=er) bath; in river,

50 -

bandigen

Bake ['barka] / (-/-n)


beacon; 5
warning-sign.
Bakterie [bak'teirja] / (-/-n) barterium, microbe, germ.
bald adv. [bait] soon; shortly; before long; F almost, nearly; early;
so als moglich as soon as possible;
~

hier,

don now here, now there;

neh-

,ig adj. [' dig] speedy;


Antwort
f early reply.
Baldrian ['baldriain] m (-s/-e)

Bade|anstalt ['barda'-] / (public

Balg [balk] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) skin;

swimming) baths pi.; ' anzug m


bathing-costume, bathing-suit;
hose / bathing-drawers pi., (bathing) trunks pi.; Lkappe/bathingcap; 'Jkur/spa treatment; '*mantel m bathing-gown. Am. bathrobe;

body (of doll); bellows pi.; 2. F m, n


(-[e]s/er) brat, urchin; 2en ['bal-

etc.: a. bathe; 5. Bodeort; e/n


men take or have a bath.

'

valerian.

meister m bath attendant; swim-

ming-instructor; '2n (ge-, h) 1. vjt.


bath {baby, etc.); bathe {eyes, etc.);
2 vli. bath, tub; have or take a bath;
in river, etc.: bathe;
gehen go
swimming; ' ofen m geyser, boiler,

gan] v/refl. (ge-, h) scviffle (urn for),


wrestle (for).

Balken ['balkan] m (-s/-) beam;


rafter.

Balkon [bal'ko:; .'koin] m (s/s;


s/-e) balcony; thea. dress circle,
Am. balcony;
tiir / French
-

window.

Am.

a.

water

heater;

'~ort

watering-place; spa; seaside resort;


'
~

salz

bath-salt;

' strand

mer n bathroom.

Bagatell|e [baga'tEla] / (-/-n) trifle,


trifling matter, bagatelle; Si'sieren
vjt. {no -ge-, h) minimize (the
of).

Am.

a.

at the ball.

Ballade

bathing-beach; ' tuch n bathtowel; ' wanne /bath-tub; ' zim-

importance

Ball [bai] m (-[e]s/=e) ball; geogr.,


ast. a. globe; ball, dance; auf dem

play

down.

Bagger ['bagar] m (si-) excavator;


dredge(r); 'Sn vfi. and vjt. (ge-, h)
excavate; dredge.
Bahn [ba:n] / (-/-en) course; path;
@$ railway. Am. railroad; mot. lane;
trajectory (of bullet, etc.); ast. orbit;
sports: track, course, lane; skating:
rink; bowling: alley; Sbrechend
adj. pioneer(ing), epoch-making;
art: avant-gardist; ' damm m railway embankment. Am. railroad
embankment; 'Sen vjt. (ge-, h)
clear, open (up) (way); den Weg
prepare or pave the way (dat. for);
s/di e-n Weg ~ force or work or
elbow one's way;1 Jhof m (railway-)
station. Am. (railroad-)station;
linie / railway-line. Am. railroad
line; ' steig m platform; ' steigkarte / platform ticket; ' iibergang m level crossing. Am. grade
crossing.
Bahre ['baira] / (-/-n) stretcher,
'

litter; bier.

Bai [bai] / (-/-en) bay; creek.

Baisse t [lbe:s(3)] / (-/-n) depression (on the market); fall (in prices);
auf M spekulieren
bear, spectilate
for a fall. Am. sell short; ' pekulant m bear.

Bajonett X [bajo'net] n (-[e]s/-e)


bayonet; das
aufpflanzen fix the
bayonet.

[ba'laida] /

(-/-n) bal-

lad.

Ballast ['balast] m (-es/ -e) ballast; . burden, impediment; dead


weight.
'
ballen1 v/t. (ge-, h) (form into a)
ball; clench (fist); sich (form into
a) ball; cluster.
'

Ballen2 m (-s/-) bale; anat. ball;


Papier ten reams pi.
BaUett [ba'lEt] n (-[e]s/-e) ballet;
anzer [ba'lettentsar] m (si-)
ballet-dancer.

ball]f6rmig adj. ['balfcermig] ballshaped, globular; Skleid n ball'

dress.

Ballon [ba'lo:; o:n] m (sis; -s/-s,


e) balloon.
-

Balljsaal m ball-room; '~spiel n

'

ball-game, game of ball.


Balsam ['balzcnm] m (-s/-e) balsam,
balm (a. fig.); Sieren Ua'miiran]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) embalm.
Balz [baits] / (-/-en) mating season;
display (by cock-bird).
Bambus ['bambus] m (ses/se)
bamboo; ' rohr n bamboo, cane.

banal adj. [ba'na:l] commonplace,


banal, trite; trivial; 2itat Uali'te:t]
/ (-/-en) banality; commonplace;
triviality.
Banane [ba'nama] / (-/-n) banana;
nstecker / m banana plug.
Band [bant] 1. m (-[e]s/=e) volume;
2 n (-[e]s/=er) band; ribbon; tape;
anat. ligament; 3. fig. n (-[e]s/-e)
bond, tie; 4. 2 pret. of binden.
.

Bandag|e [ban'daisa] /(-/-n) bandage; Sieren Ua jiiran] vlt. (no


ge-, h) (apply a) bandage.
Bande ['banda] / (-/-n) billiards:
'

cushion;

, gang, band.

bandigen ['bendigan] v/t. (ge-, h)

Bandit

tame; break in {horse); subdue (a.


fig-),' fig- restrain- master.

Bandit [ban'dkt] m (-en/-en) banditBand.mafi n tape measure; ' sage


/ band-saw; '. scheibe anat. f
'

intervertebral disc; ' wurm zo. m


tapeworm.

bang adj. [bar)], e adj. [' a] anxious


(um about), uneasy (about), concerned (for); m/r j st
'

I am afraid

(vor dat. of); /-m bangs machen


frighten or scare s.o.; 'en o/i.
(gt-, h) be anxious or worried (um
about).

Bank

[baqk] / 1.

(-/=e) bench;

school: desk; F durch die

without

exception, all through; auf die


lange schieben put off, postpone;
shelve; 2.
(-/-en) bank; Geld auf
der money in the bank; ' anweisung / cheque. Am. check; aus'

weis m bank return or statement;


'

beamte m bank clerk or official;


einlage / deposit,
Bankett [baq'ket] n (-[e]5/-e) ban'

quet.
'

51 '

Barenzwinger m bear-pit.
barfufi adj. and adv. ['barr-J,
.

barg [bark] pret. of bergen.


Barjgeld n cash ready money;
Sgeldlos adj. cashless; ~er Zahlungsverkehr cashless money transfers pi.; Shauptig adj. and adv.
C hDTptii;] bare-headed, uncovered.
Bariton S ['boiritDn] m (-s/-e)
baritone.
[launch.!
'

'

Barkasse & [bar'kasa] / (-/-n)/


barmherzig adj. [barm'hertsi?]
merciful, charitable; der
Samor/ter the good Samaritan; 2e
Sc/iwester Sister of Mercy or Charity; keit / (-/-en) mercy, charity.
Barometer [baro'-J n barometer.
Baron [ba'roin] m (-s/-e) baron; -on
/ (-/-nen) baroness.
Barre ['bare] / (-/-n) bar.
Barren f'baren] m (-s/-) metalL bar,
ingot, bullion; gymnastics: parallel
bars pL
Barriere [bar'jsrre] / (-/-n) barrier.
Barrikade [bari'kotda] / (-/-n)
barricade;

'

banking operation; ' haus n bank(ing-house).


Bankier [baqk'je:] m (-s/-s) banker.
'
Bank konto n bank(ing) account;
'
note / (bank) note. Am. (bank)
,

bilL

bankrott [bag'krot] 1. adj. bankrupt; 2. 2 m (-[e]s/-e) bankruptcy,


insolvency, failure;
machen fail,
go or become bankrupt.
Bankwesen n banking.
Bann [ban] m (-[e]s/-e) ban; fig.
spell; eccl. excommunication; '2en
v/t. (ge-, h) banish (a. fig.); exorcize
(devil)') avert (danger); eccl. excommunicate; spellbind.
Banner ['banarj n (-s/-) banner (a.
fig.); standard; ' trager m stand'

ard-bearer.
'

Bannjfluch m anathema; '.jneile


/ precincts pL; rh area around
government buildings aithin tahich
processions and meetings are prohibited.

bar1 [bcur]

1. adj.: e-r Sache

destitute or devoid of s.th.;

es

Ge/d ready money, cash; er Unsinn


sheer nonsense; 2. adv.:

bezahlen

pav in cash, pay money down.


Bar2 U] / (-/-s) bar; night-club.
Bar [berr] m (-en/-en) bear; j-m e-n
en aufbinden hoax s.o.
Baracke [ba'raka] / (-/-n) barrack;
nlager n hutment.
Barbar [bar'borrj m (-en/-en) barbarian; ~ei [ a'rai] / (-/-en) barbarism; barbarity; 2isch [ 'bcurij]
adj. barbarian; barbarous; art,
taste: barbaric.
'

Barjbestand m cash in hand; '~betrag m amount in cash.


4*

n err/chten raise barri-

cades.

barsch adj. [bar/] rude, gruff, rouglu


'
Barlschaft / (-/-en) ready money,
cash;
scheck
m open cheque,
'

Am. open check.

iiCig

'

adj. and adv. [ Jy-.sig] barefoot.

Banklgeheimnis n banker's duty


of secrecy;
geschaft T n bank
(-ing) transaction

Bauart

barst [barst] pret. of bersten.


Bart [ba:rt] m (-[ejs/ ) beard; bit
(t>/ key); sich e-n
wachsen lassen
grow a beard.
bartig adj. ['be-.rtig] bearded.
bartlos adj. beardless.
'
Barzahlung / cash payment; nur
gegen
T terms strictly cash.
Basis ['Ixnzis] / (-/5asen) base; fig.
'

basis.

Bafi J" [bas] m (Basses/Bdsse) bass;


'

geige / bass-viol.
Bassist [ba'sist] m (-en/-en) bass
(singer).
Bast [bast] m (-es/-e) bast; velvet
(on antlers).
Bastard ['bastart] m (-[e]s/-e) bastard; half-breed; zo., % hybrid.

bastjeln ['bastsln] (ge-, h) 1. r/f.

build, F rig up; 2. vli. build; 'Sler


m (si-) amateur craftsman, do-ityourself man.
bat [ban] pret. of bitten.
Bataillon [batal'join] n (-s/-)
battalion.

Batist [ba'tist] m (-[e]s/-e) cambric


Batterie
[bats'ri:] / (-/-n)
battery.
Bau [bau] m 1. (-[e]s/m7 pL) building, construction; build, frame;
2
(-[e]s/-ten) building, edifice;
3 (-[e]s/-e) burrow, den (a. fig.),
.

eartli.
'

Baujarbeiter m workman in the


building trade; ' art/architecture,
style; method of construction;
mat. type, modeL

Bauch

Bauch [baux] tn
abdomen, belly;

(-[e]s/=e)
paunch;

anat.
ship:

bottom; 'Sig adj. big-bellied, bulgy;


'
Uandung / belly landing; ' redner m ventriloquist; ' schmerzen
mlpl., Lweh n (slnopl.) belly-ache,
stomach-ache.

bauen ['bauan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t. build,


construct; erect, raise; build, make
(nest); make (violin, etc.); 2. v/i.

build;

auf (acc.) trust (in); rely

Bauer ['bauar] 1. m (-n, -s/-n)


fanner; peasant, countryman; chess:
pawn; 2. n, m (-s/-) (bird-)cage.

Bauerin ['baYsrinj / (-l-nen) farm'

s wife; peasant woman.

Bauerlaubnis ['bau'-] / building


adj.

contp.

'

haus n farm-house; ' hof

baulfallig adj. out of repair,


dilapidated;
geriist n scaffold
(-ing); 'Shandwerker m craftsman
in the building trade; 'Sherr m
owner; 'Sholz n timber. Am. lum-

ber; 'Sjahr n year of construction;


1969 1969 model or make; '2ka-

sten m box of bricks; 'Skunst /


architecture.

baulich adj. architectural; structural; in gotem en Zustand in good

repair.
Baum [baum] m (-[e]s/=e) tree.
'

Baumeister m architect.

baumeln ['baumaln] v/i. (ge-s h)


dangle, swing; m/'t den Beinen
dangle or swing one's legs.
'

Baumlschere / (e/'ne a pair of)

pruning-shears pi.; ' schule f


nursery (of young trees); ' stamm
m trunk; ' wolle / cotton; Swollen adj. (made of) cotton.
'
Baujplan m architect's or building
plan; ' platzwi building plot or site,
Am. location; '~polizei / Board of
'

Surveyors.
Bausch [bauj] m (-es/-e, e) pad;
bolster; wad; in ~ und Bogen altogether, wholesale, in the lump;
'

Sen vjt. (ge-, h) swell; sich bulge,

swell out, billow (out).


'

Bau!stein m brick, building stone;


building block; fig. element;
stelle / building site; ' stil m (architectural) style; '~stoff m building material; ' unternehmer m
building contractor; ' zaun m
hoarding.

Bay|er ['baiar] m (-n/-n) Bavarian;

'

quieting.

beanspruchjen [ba'anjpruxan] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) claim, demand; require
(efforts, time, space, etc.); stress;
Sung / (-/-en) claim; demand (gen.
on); stress, strain.

beantragen [ba'antraigan] v/t. (no

m farm.

'

tionary; Civil Servant.

['bauam-

ferjar] m (-s/-) trickster, confidence

officer. Am. a. officeholder; func-

objection (gen. to).

Bauern|fanger

'

rural,

['bavsrli?]

rustic.

man;

(no -ge-, h) intend, mean, propose


(zu tun to do, doing).
be'achtjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) pay attention to; notice; observe; ~enswert adj. noteworthy, remarkable;
lich adj. remarkable; considerable; Sung / attention; consideration; notice; observance.
Beamte [ba'amta] m (-n/-n) official,

beanstandjen [ba'anjtandan] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) object to; Sung/(-/-en)

permit.

bauerlich

bedanken

be'angstigend adj. alarming, dis-

or count or depend on.

er

52 -

risch adj. Bavarian.

Bazill|entrager
[ba'tsilan-] m
(germ-)carrier; ~us Uus] m (-/8az/7/en) bacillus, germ.

beabsichtigen [ba'apzigtigan] v/t.

ge-, h) apply for;


parl. move,
make a motion; propose.

be'antwortlen vlt. (no -ge-, h) answer (a. fig.), reply to; Sung /
(-/-en) answer reply; in (gen.) in
,

answer or reply to.

be'arbeitlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) work;


*

till; dress (leather); hew (stone);


process;
treat; 2% be in charge
of (case); edit, revise (book); adapt
(nach from); esp. J" arrange; j-n
work on s.o.; batter s.o.; Sung /
(-/-en) working; revision (of book);
thea. adaptation; esp. J arrangement; processing;
treatment.
be'argwohnen v/t. (no -ge-, h) suspect, be suspicious of.

beaufslchtig|en

[ba'aufzigtigan]

v/t. (no -ge-, h) inspea, superintend, supervise, control; look after


(child); Sung / (-/-en) inspection,
supervision, control.
be'auftrag|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) commission (zu inf. to inf.), charge (m/t
with); Ste Ukta] m (-n/-n) commissioner; representative; deputy;
proxy.

be'bauen v/t. (no -ge-, h) A build


on;

cultivate.

beben t'beiban] vli. (ge-, h) shake


(vor dat. with), tremble (with);
shiver (with); earth: quake.
Becher ['be ar] m (-s/-) cup (a.
fig.).
Becken ['bekan] n (-s/-) basin. Am.
a
bowl; f cymbal(s pi.); anat.
pelvis.
bedacht adj. [ba'daxt]:
sein auf
(acc.) look after, be concerned
about, be careful or mindful of;
darauf
sein zu inf. be anxious
to inf.
bedachtig adj. [ba'decti?] deliber.

ate.

bedang [ba'darj] pret. of bedingen.


be'danken v/refl. (no -ge-, h): sich
bei j-m fur et. ~ thank s.o. for s.th.

Bedarf

Bedarf [ba'darf] m (-[e]s/o pi.)


need (an dat. oO, want (of); "f demand (for); sartikel [ba darfs*-]
m p/. necessaries pi., requisites pi.
bedauerlich adj. [ba'dauarli?] regrettable, deplorable.
be'dauern 1. r/r. (no -ge~, h) feel
or be sorry for s.o.; pity 5.0.; regret,
deplore s.th.; 2. 2 n (-s/m? p/.) regret; pity; swert adj. pitiable, deplorable.
be deck en r/r. (no -ge-, h) cover;
X escort; & convoy; ~t adj. sky:
overcast; Sung / cover(ing);
'

escort; w convoy.

be'denken 1. r/r. (irr. denken, no


ge-, h) consider; think s.tk. over;
remember
j-n in s-m Testament
s o in one's will; 2. 2 n (-s/-) consideration: objection; hesitation;
scruple; *los adj. unscrupulous.
be'denklich adj. doubtful; character: a. dubious; situation, etc.: dangerous, critical; delicate; risky.
Be'denkzeit / time for reflection;
ich gebe dir e-e Stunde
I give
you one hour to think it over.
-

be deut en vlt. (no -ge-, h) mean,


signify; stand for; end adj. important, prominent; sum, etc. considerable; sam adj. significant.

Be'deutung/meaning, significance;
importance; 2slos adj. insignificant; meaningless; 2svoll adj. significant; swandel ling, m semantic change.

be'dienSen (no -ge-, h) 1. r/r. serve;


wait on; operate, work (machim);

serve Cgun); answer (telephone);


"

sich
at tabU: help o.s.; 2. r/i
serve; wait (at table); cards: follow

suit; Sung / (-/-en) service, esp. "f


anendance;in restaurant, etc.: service; waiter, waitress; shop assistants p/.).

bedinglen [ba'dirjan] r/r. ([jrr.,] no


ge-, h) condition; stipulate; require; cause; imply;
adj. condi-

tional (durch on); restricted:

se/ n
'

durch be conditioned by; 2ung /


en) condition; stipulation; en
pi. -t terms pi.; ungslos adj. un(

conditional.

be'drang en r/r. (no -ge-, h) press


hard, beset; Snis / (-/-se) distress.
be'drohjen r/r. (no -ge-, h) threaten;
menace; ~Aich adj. threatening;
ung / threat, menace (gen. to).
be'driick'en r/r. (no -ge-, h) oppress; depress; deject; ung /
(- -en) oppression; depression; dejection.

bedungen [ba'duipnl p.p. of bedingen.

be'diirf [en r 1. (irr. durfen, no -ge-,


h): e-r Soche - need or want or re-

quire s.th.; Snis n (-ses,-se) need,


want, requirement; sein
verrichten relieve o.s. or nature; 2nisan-

Befestigung

53 '

stalt [ba dyrfnis9-] / public convenience, Am. comfort station;


tig adj. needy, poor, indigent.
be'ehren r'r. (no -ge-, h) hono(u)r,
favo(u)r; ich beehre mich zu inf.
I have the hono(u)r to inf.
be'eilen vfrefl. (no -ge-, hi) hasten,
hurry, make haste. Am. F a. husde.
beeindrucken [ba'amdrukanj r'r.
(no -ge-, h) impress, make an impression on.

beeinflusslen [ba'amflusssn] r/r.


(no -ge-, h) influence; affect; parL
lobby; 2ung / (-/-en) influence;
par/, lobbying.
beeintrachtig en [ba'amtrtftigsn]
r/r. (no -ge-, h) impair, injure, affect (adversely); Sung / (-/-en) impairment (gen. of); injury (to).
be'end en r r. (no -ge-, h), igen
[ igan] v,!. (no -ge-, h) (bring to
an) end, finish, terminate; Sigtmg
Uigui]] / (-/-en) ending, termina.

tion.

beengt adj. [bs'erjkt] space: narrow,


confined, cramped; sich
fuhlen
feel cramped (for room); feel oppressed or uneasy.
be'erben r/r. (no -ge-, h): j-n
be
s o
.

'
.

s heir.

beerdig en [ba'ezrdigsn] r/r. (no


fe-, h) bury; Sung/(-/-en) bxirial,
-

funeral.

Beere ['beira] / (-/-n) berry.


Beet y [be ] n (-[e]s;-e) bed.

befahigjen [ba'fengsn] r/r. (no


ge-, h) enable (zu inf. to inf.);
-

qualify (fur, zu for); t adj. [ gt]

(cap)able; Sung / (-/-en) qualification: capacity.


befahl [bs'fa:!] pret. of befehlen.
befahr bar adj. [ba'fatrbair] passable, practicable, trafficable;

navigable; en r r. (irr. fahren. no


ge-, h) drive or travel on; -if navigate (river).
be fallen r/r. O'rr. fallen, no -ge-, h)
attack; befall; disease: a. strike;
fejr: seize.
be fangen adj. embarrassed; selfconscious; prejudiced (a. fz)l fl
bias(s)ed; Sheit / (- -en) embarrassment; self-consciousness;
bias, prejudice.
be'fassen vlrefl. (no -ge-, h): sich
mit occupy o.s. with; engage in;
-

attend to; deal with.

Befehl [bs'fe-J] m (-[e]s/-e) command (uber acc. of); order; 2en


(irr., no -ge-, h) 1. r/r. command;

order; 2. r'l. command; 2igen


[ igan] r/r. (no -ge- h) command.
Be'fehlshaber m (-si-) command-

er(-in-chief); isch adj. imperious.

be'festigjen r/r. (no -ge-, h) fasten


(on dat. to), fix (to), attach (to);
fortify; fig. strengthen; Sung /
(-/-en) fixing fastening; X fortifi,

cation;

. strengthening.

befeuchten

be'feuchten vlt. (no -ge-, h) moisten, damp; wet.


be'finden 1. v/refl. (irr. finden, no

ge-, h) be; 2. 2 n (-s/no pi.) (state

of) health.

be'flaggen v/t. (no -ge-, h) flag.


be'flecken v/t. (no -ge-, h) spot,
stain (a. fig.); fig. sully.

beflissen a4/. [ba'flissn] studious;


Sheit / (-/no pi.) studiousness, assiduity.
befohlen [ba'foibnjp.p. of befehlen.
be'folglen v/t. (no -ge-, h) follow,
take (advice); obey (rule); adhere
to (principle); Sung / (-/S-en) observance (of); adherence (to).

be'forderfn v/t. (no -ge-, h) convey,


carry; haul (goods), transport; forward;

ship (a. &); promote (to

54 -

Begrabnis

begann [ba'gan] pret. of beginnen.


be'geben vjt. (irr. geben, no -ge-, h)
f- negotiate (bill of exchange); sich
happen; sich . nach go to, make
for; s/ch in Gefahr
expose o.s. to
danger.
begegn|en [ba'geignan] v/i. (no
ge-, sein) meet s.o. or s.th., meet
with; incident: happen to; anticipate, prevent; Sung / (-/-en) meet"

ing.
be'geben v/t. (irr. gehen, no -ge-, h)
walk (on); inspect; celebrate (birthday, etc.); commit (crime); make
(mistake); ein Unrecht
do wrong.

begehr|en [ba'gerran] v/t. (no -ge-,


h) demand, require; desire, crave
(for); long for; ~lich adj. desirous,
covetous.

be) (a. X); Sung / conveyance,


transport(ation), forwarding; promotion; Sungsmittel n (means of)
transport. Am. (means of) transpor-

begeister|n [ba'gaistam] v/t. (no

tation.

inspiration.
Be'gier /, ~de Uda] / (-/-n) desire
(nach for), appetite (for); concupiscence; Sig adj. eager (nach for,
auf acc. for; zu inf. to inf.), desirous (nach of; zu inf. to in/.),
anxious (zu inf. to inf.).
be'giefien vjt. (irr. g/eflen, no -ge-,
h) water; baste (roasting meat); F
wet (bargain).
Beginn [ba'gin] m (-[e]s/no pi.) beginning, start, commencement;
origin; Sen vjt. and v/i. (irr. no
ge-> h) begin, start, commence.
beglaubiglen [ba'glaubigan] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) attest, certify; legalize,
authenticate; Sung / (-/-en) attestation, certification; legalization;
Sungsschreiben n credentials pi.
be'gleichen
v/t. (irr. g/e/chen, no
ge-, h) pay, settle (bill, debt).

be'fragen v/t. (no -ge-, h) question,


interview; interrogate.

be'freilen v/t. (no -ge-, h) (set) free


(von from); liberate (nation, mind,
etc.) (from); rescue (captive) (from);
exempt 5.0. (from); deliver s.o. (aus,
von from); 2er m liberator; Sung/
(-/-en) liberation deliverance; exemption.
Befremden [ba'fremdan] n (-s/ nv
pi.) surprise.
befreund|en [ba'froYndsn] virefl.
(no -ge-, h): sich mit j-m
make
,

friends with s.o.; s/ch mit et.


get
used to s.th., reconcile o.s. to s.th.;
.et adj. friendly; on friendly terms;
sein be friends.
~

befriedig|en
[ba'frirdigan]
v/t.
(no -ge-, h) satisfy; appease (hunger); meet (expectations, demand);
pay off (creditor); _end adj. satisfactory; Sung / (-/-en) satisfaction.
be'fristen v/t. (no -ge-, h) set a
time-limit.

be'fruchtlen v/t. (no -ge-. h) fertilize; fructify; fecundate; impregnate; Sung / (-/-en) fertilization;
fructification; fecundation; impregnation.
Befug|nis [ba'furknis] / (-l-se)
authority, warrant; esp. 2*1 competence; St adj. authorized; competent.

be'fiihlen vlt. (no -ge-, h) feel;


touch, handle, finger.
Be'fund m (-[e]s/-e) result; finding(s pi.) # diagnosis.

be'fiirchtlen vlt. (no -ge-, h) fear,


apprehend; suspect; Sung/(-/-en)
fear, apprehension, suspicion.
befiirworten [ba'fyirvortan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) plead for, advocate.
-

begab|t adj. [bs'garpt] gifted, talented; Sung Ubug] / (-/-en) gift,


talent(s pi.).

ge-, h) inspire, fill with enthusiasm; sich


fur feel enthusiastic
-

about; Sung/(-/nopi.) enthusiasm,

be'gleit|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) accompany (a. / auf dat. on), escort; attend (a. fig.); see (5.0. home, etc.);
2er m (-s/-) companion, attendant;
escort; / accompanist; 2erscheinung / attendant symptom; 2schreiben n covering letter; Sung
/ (-/-en) company; attendants pi.,
retinue (of sovereign, etc.); esp. X
escort;
X convoy; / accompaniment.

be'gliickwiinschen v/t. (no -ge-, h)


congratulate (zu on).
begnadig|en [ba'gnardigan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) pardon;pol. amnesty; Sung
/ (-/-en) pardon; pol. amnesty.
begniigen [ba'gnyigsn] v/refl. (no
ge-, h): sich
mit content o.s.
-

with, be satisfied with.

begonnen [ba'gonan] p.p. of beginnen.

be'graben vlt. (irr. graben, no -ge-,


h) bury (a. fig.); inter.

Begrabnis jWgreipnis] n (-ses/-se)


burial; funeral, obsequies pi.

begradigen

begradigen [ba'graidigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) straighten (road, frontier,
-

Beifahrer

55 -

mit make shift with; sich

ohne

do without; ~sheim n temporary


home.

etc.).

be'greif |en v/t. (irr. greifen, no -ge-,


h) comprehend, understand; ~lich
adj. comprehensible.

be'grenzjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) bound,


border; fig. limit; Stheit / (-/-en)
limitation (of knowledge); narrow-

ness (of mind); Sung / (-/-en)


boundary; bound, limit; limitation.
Be'griff m idea, notion, conception;
sein zu inf.
comprehension; z m
be about or going to inf.
be'grundjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) establish, found; give reasons for, substantiate (claim charge); Sung /
establishment, foundation; , substantiation (of claim or charge);
'

behend adj. [ba'hent], e adj. Uda]


nimble, agile; smart; Sigkeit [~d-]/
(-jnopl ) nimbleness, agility; smart.

ness.

[lodge, shelter. \

be'herbergen vjt. (no -ge-, h))


be'herrschjen vlt. (no -ge-, h) rule
(over), govern; command (situation,
etc.); have command of (language);
sich control o.s.; Ser m ruler (gen.
over, of); Sung/(-/-en) command
,

control.

beherzigen [ba'hertsigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) take to heart, (bear in)
-

mind.

be'hexen v/t. (no -ge-, h) bewitch.


be'hilflich adj.: j-m sein help s.o.
(be/ in).

reason.

be'grxifllen vjt. (no -ge-, h) greet,


welcome; salute; Sung / (-/-en)
greeting, welcome; salutation.
begiinstiglen [ba'gynstigan] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) favo(u)r; encourage;
patronize; Sung (-/-en) /favo(u)r;
encouragement; patronage.

begutachten [ba'gun9-] v/t. (no


ge-, h) give an opinion on; exam-

be'hindern v/t. (no -ge-, h) hinder,


hamper, impede; handicap; obstruct (a. traffic, etc.).
Behorde [ba'hoirda] /(-/-n) authority, mst authorities pi.; board;
council.

be'hiiten v/t. (no -ge-, h) guard, preserve (vor dat. from).


behutsam adj. [ba'hurtzcrm] cau-

ine; ~ lassen obtain expert opinion on, submit s.th. to an expert.

tious, careful; Skeit / (-/no pi.)

begiitert adj. [ba'gynart] wealthy,

bei prp. (dat.) [bai] address: ~


Schmidt care of (abbr. c/o) Schmidt;
Buchhandler at the bookseller's;

well-to-do.

be'haart adj. hairy.


behabig adj. [ba'heibi?] phlegmatic,
comfort-loving; figure: portly.
be'haftet adj. afflicted (with disease,
etc.).

behagjen [ba'hargan] 1. v/i. (no


ge-, h) please or suit s.o.; 2. S n
-

(s/no pi.) comfort, ease; -.lich


adj. [~k-] comfortable; cosy, snug.

be'halten v/t. (irr. halten, no -ge-, h)


regain; keep (fur sich to o.s.); re-

caution.

uns with us; ~ der Hand nehmen

take by the hand; ich habe kein


Geld ~ mir I have no money about
or on me; der Kirche near the

church;

Behalter [ba'hEltar] m (-s/-) container, receptacle; box; for liquid:


reservoir; for oil, etc.: tank.
be'handjeln v/t. (no -ge-, h) treat;
deal with (a. subject); process;
treat; dress (wound); Slung /
treatment; handling; processing.
be'hangen vft. (no -ge-, h) hang,
drape (mit with); sich
mit cover
or load o.s. with (jewellery).
beharrlen [ba'haran] v/i. (no -ge-,
h) persist (ouf dat. in); ~lich adj.
persistent; Slichkeit / (-/no pi.)
persistence.
be'hauen v/t. (no -ge-, h) hew;
trim (wood).

behaupt]en [ba'hauptan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) assert; maintain; Sung /
-

(-/-en) assertion; statement

Behausung [ba'hauzur)] / (-/-en)


habitation; lodging.

Be'helf m (-[els/-e) expedient,


(make)shift; s. Notbehelf; Sen
v/refl. (irr. helfen, no -ge-, h): sich

Schiller he/flt as

Schiller says; die Schlacht


loo the Battle of Waterloo;

Watere-m

Close We/n over a glass of wine;


alledem for all that; Stunden neh-

men

member.

guter Gesundheit in good

health; wie es

take lessons from or with;

gunstigem Wetter weather permitting.


'
beibehalten v/t. (irr. halten, sep.,
no -ge-, h) keep up, retain.
'
Beiblatt n supplement (zu to).
'
beibringen vjt. (irr. bringen, sep.,
ge-, h) bring forward; produce
(witness, etc.); j-m et. ~ impart
(news, etc.) to s.o.; teach s.o. s.th.;
inflict (defeat, wound, etc.) on s.o.
Beichte ['bai9t3]/(-/-n) confession;
'
Sn vlt. and v/i. (ge-, h) confess.
beide adj. f'baida] both; nur wir
-

just the two of us; in .n Fd7/en in


either case.

beider|lei adi. ['baidarlai] of both


kinds; ~ Geschlechts of either sex;
'

seitig 1. adj. on both sides; mutual; 2. adv. mutually; ' seits


1 prp. on both sides (gen. of);
2 adv. mutually.
'
Beifahrer m (-s/-) (front-seat) passenger; assistant driver; motor racing: co-driver.
.

Beifall

56 -

'

Beifall nt (-[e]s/no pi.) approbation;


applause; cheers pi.
'
beifallig adj. approving; favourBeifallsruf nt acclaim; ~epl. cheers
Pi.
'
beifiigen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) add;

aid and abet s.o.

beikommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep.,


ge-, sein) get at.
Beil [bail] 71 (-[e]s/-e) hatchet;
chopper; cleaver; ax(e).
'
Beilage / supplement (to news-

paper); F trimming- pi. (of meal);


vegetables pi.
beilaufig adj. ['baibyfi?] casual;
incidental.

beileglen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) add

(dot. to); enclose; settle (dispute);


'
Sung / (-/-en) settlement.
Beileid ['bailait] condolence; j-m
sein
bezeigen condole with s.o.
(zu on, upon).
'
beiliegen vji. (irr. liegen, sep., -ge-,
h) be enclosed (dat. with).
'
beimessen vjt. (irr. messen, sep.,
ge-, h) attribute (dat. to), ascribe
(to); attach (importance) (to).
-

'

beimisch|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h): e-r


Sache et.
mix s.th. with s.th.;
'
Sung / admixture.
Bein [bain] n (-[e]s/-e) leg; bone.
Ibeinah(e) adv. almost, nearly.
'
Beiname m appellation; nickname.
'
Beinbruch m fracture of the leg.
beiordnen ['bai'-] vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
adjoin; co-ordinate (a. gr.).

beipflichten vji. (sep., -ge-, h)


agree with 5.0.; assent to s.th.

'

Beirat m (-[e]s/=e) adviser, counseI(l)or; advisory board.


be'irren v/t. (no -ge-, h) confuse.
beisammen adv. [bai'zaman] together.

(gen.) or

presence.

bei'seite adv. aside fapart; Spafi


joking apart!

beisetz|en vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) bury,


inter; 'Sung / (-/-en) burial, funeral.

Beisitzer jfe m (-s/-) assessor; associate judge; member (of committee).


'
Beispiel n example, instance; zum
for example or instance; 'Shaft
adj. exemplary; 'Slos adj. unprecedented, unparalleled; unheard of.
beifien ['baisan] (irr., ge-, h) 1. vjt.
bite; fleas, etc.: bite, sting; 2. vji.
bite (auf acc. on; in acc. into);
fleas, etc.: bite, sting; smoke: bite,
burn (in dat. in); pepper, etc.: bite,
~

ge-, h): j-m


help s.o.
-

stand by or assist or
,

h) contribute (zu to).


Beitrag ['baitratk] m (-[e]sl-e) contribution; share; subscription Am.
dues pi.; article (in newspaper etc.).
.

'

bei|treten v/i. (irr. treten, sep.,

ge-, sein) join (politicalparty, etc.);


Stritt m joining.
'
Beiwagen m side-car (of motorcycle) ; trailer (of tram).
'
Beiwerk n accessories pi.
beiwohnen vji. (sep., -ge-, h) assist
or be present at, attend.
bei'zeiten adv. early; in good time.
beizen ['baitsan] vjt. (ge-, h) corrode; metall, pickle; bate (hides);
stain (wood);
cauterize; hunt.
'

'

hawk.

bejahen [ba'jaian] v/t. (no -ge-, h)


answer in the affirmative, affirm;
d adj. affirmative.
be'jahrt adj. aged.
Bejahung / (-/-en) affirmation, affirmative answer; fig. acceptance.
~

be'jammern s. beklagen.

be'kampfen v/t. (no -ge-, h) fight


(against), combat; , oppose.
bekannt adj. [ba'kant] known (dat.
to); j-n mit j-m machen introduce
s o to s.o.; 2e m,f (-nj-n) acquaintance, mst friend; ~lich adv. as you
know; ~machen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
make known; Smachung / (-/-en)
publication; public notice; Sschaft
/ (-/-en) acquaintance.
.

be'kehrjen vlt. (no -ge-, h) convert;

Ste m, f (-nj-n) convert; Sung /


(-/-en) conversion (zu to)

be'kennjen vft. (irr. kennen, no -ge-,


h) admit; confess; sich schuldig
2% plead guilty; sich
zu declare

for; profess s.th.; Stnis n (-sesl

o s
.

von in the presence of s.o., in s.o.'s

'

beistehen vfi. (irr. slehen, sep.

'

'

'

beisteuern v/t. and vji. (sep., -ge-

Beigeschmack m (-[e]s/no pi.)


slight flavo(u)r; smack (of) (a. fig.).
'
Beihilfe/aid; allowance; for study:
grant; for project: subsidy; *h aiding and abetting; j-m
leisten th

Beisein n presence; im

hot.

'

enclose.
'

'

pungent (both a. fig.); pepper, etc.


Beistand m assistance.

'

'

burn (auf dat. on); '~d adj. biting


'

able.

'

beklecksen

se) confession; creed.

be'klagen v/t. (no -ge-, h) lament,


deplore; sich
complain (iiber acc.
of, about); swert adj. deplorable,
pitiable.
Beklagte [ba'klarkta] m, f (-nj-n)
civil case: defendant

the accused.

be'klatschen vlt. (no -ge-, h) applaud, clap.


be'kleben vjt. (no -ge-, h) glue or
stick s.th. on s.th.; mit Etiketten

label s.th.; mit Papier


paste s.th.
up with paper; e-e Mauer mit Plakaten
paste (up) posters on a
wall.

bekleckem F [ba'klekarn] v/t. (no


ge-j
stain (garment); sich ~ soil
-

'

one

s clothes.

be'klecksen v/t. (no -ge-, h) stain,


daub; blot.

bekleiden

be'kleidlen vlt. (no -ge-, h) clothe,


dress; hold, fill (office, etc.);
mit
invest with; Sung / clothing,
clothes pi.

be kJemmJen vlt. (no -ge-, h) oppress; ung / (-/-en) oppression;


anguish, anxiety.
be'kommen (irr. kommen, no -ge-)
1 r/r. (h) get, receive; obtain; get,
catch (illness); have (baby); catch
(train, etc.); Zahne
teethe, cut
one s teeth; 2. v/i. (se/n): j-m (gut)
agree with s.o.; j-m nicht or
schlecht disagree with s.o.
bekommlich
adj.
tba'kcemli?]
wholesome (dat. to).
.

'

bekostig'en [bs'koestigsn] r/r. (no


ge-, h) board, feed; Sung / (-/S
en) board(ing).
be'kraftiglen r/r. (no -ge-, h) confirm; ung / (-[-en) confirmation.
be'kranzen v/t. (no -ge-, h) wreathe;
-

festoon.

be'kritteln r/r. (no -ge-, h) carp at,


criticize.

be'kiimmern r/r. (no -ge-, h) afflict,


grieve; trouble; s. kummern.
be'laden r/r. (irr. laden, no -ge-, h)
load; fig. burden.
Belag [ba'laik] m (-[e]s/=e) covering; coat(ing); surface (of road);
foil (of mirror); # fur (on tongue);
(slices of) ham, etc. (on bread); filling (of roll).
Belagerjer [ba'largsrar] m (-$!-)
besieger; n t/r. (no -ge-, h) besiege,
beleaguer; ung / siege.
Belang [ba'laq] m (-[e]s/-e) importance; e pi. interests pi.; Sen t/r.
(no -ge-, h) concern; rz sue; 21os

adj. unimportant; josigkeit /


(-/-en) insignificance

be'Iasten r/r. (no -ge-, h) load; fig.


burden;
incriminate; mortgage
(estate, etc.); j-s Konto (mit e-r
Summe)
T charge or debit s.o.'s
account (with a sum).

belastiglen [bs'lsstigsn] r/r. (no


ge-, h) molest; trouble, bother;
Sung / molestation; trouble.
Be'lastung/W-en) load (a. /, 0);
fig. burden; -f debit; encumbrance;
I t incrimination; erbliche
hereditary taint; szeuge rh m witness
-

for the prosecution.

be'laufen vjrefl. (irr. laufen, no -ge-,


h): sich
auf (acc.) amount to.
be'Iauschen r/r. (no -ge-, h) overhear, eavesdrop on 5.0.
be'Iebjen fig. vlt. (no -ge-, h) enliven, animate; stimulate; ~t adj.
street: busy, crowded; stock exchange: brisk; conversation: lively,
animated.

bemiihen

57 -

Am. a. sign up for (course of lectures,


term); ein Brotchen mit et.
put
s th. on a roll, fill a roll with s.th.;
schaft / (-/-en) personnel, staff;
labo(u)r force; stelle / reference;
St adj. engaged, occupied; hotel,
etc.: full; voice: thick, husky;
tongue: coated, furred;
es 6rot
(open) sandwich.
be'lehrlen r/r. (no -ge-, h) instruct,
inform; sich
lessen take ad%ice;
end adj. instructive; Sung/(-/-en)
instruction; information; advice.
beleibt adj. [ba'laipt] corpulent,
stout, bulky, portly.
.

..

beleidig|en [ba'laidigsn] r/r. (no


ge-, h) offend (s.o.; ear, eye, etc.);
insult; ..end adj. offensive; insult-

ing; Sung / (-/-en) offen|ce. Am.


se; insult.

be'lesen adj. well-read.

be'leucht|en r/r. (no -ge-, h) light


(up), illuminate (a. fig.); fig. shed
or throw light on; Sung / (-/-en)
light(ing); illumination: Sungskorper m lighting appliance.
be'lichtlen phot. v/t. (no -ge-, h)
expose; Sung phot, / exposure.
Be'liebjen n (-s/o pi.) will, choice;
ncch

at will; es steht in Ihrem

I leave it you to; Sig 1. adj. any;


jeder e anyone; 2. adv. at pleasure;
v/e/e as many as you like; St adj.
Upt] popular (bei with); *theit /
(-/no pi ) popularity.
be'lieferjn r/r. (r/o -ge-, h) supply,
furnish (mit with); Sung/ (-'no pi.)
.

supply.

bellen fbdan] v/i. (ge-, h) bark.


belobigen [ba'loibigsn] r/r. (no -ge-,
h) commend, praise.

be'lohnlen r/r. (no -ge-, h) reward;


recompense; Sung/(-/-en) reward;
recompense.

be'liigen r/r. (irr. lugen, no -ge-, h):


j-n

lie to s.o.

belustiglen [bs'lusdgan] r'r. (no


ge-, h) amuse, entertain; s/ch
amuse o.s.; Sung / (-/-en) amuse-

ment, entertainment.

bemachtigen fba'mectigsn] vlrefl.


(no -ge-, h): sich e-r Sache * take
hold of s.th., seize s.th.; sich e-r

Person lay hands on s.o., seize s.o.


be'malen r/r. (no -ge-, h) cover
with paint; paint; daub.
bemangeln [bs'merpln] r/r. (no

ge-, h) find fault with, cavil at.

be'mannen r/r. (no -ge-, h) man.

be'merk bar adj. perceptible; en


r/r. (no -ge-, h) notice, perceive;
remark, mention;
enswert adj.
remarkable (wegen for); Sung /
(-/-en) remark
bemitleiden [bs'mitlaidsn] r/r. (no
ge-, h) pity, commiserate (with);
swert adj. pitiable.
.

Beleg [ba'leik] m (-[e]s/-e) proof;


(supporting) evidence; document;
voucher; Sen Ugsn] r/r. (no -ge-, h)
cover; reserve (seat, etc.); prove,
'

verify; ttm v enrol(l) or register for,


.

be'miihlen r/r. (no -ge-, h) trouble


(j-n in or wegen eu s.o. about s.th.);

Bemiihung

sich
trouble o.s.; endeavo(u)r;
s/di urn e-e Ste//e
apply for a
position; ung / (-/-en) trouble;
endeavo(u)r3 effort.

be'nachbart adj. neighbo(u)ring;


adjoining, adjacent (to).

benachrichtigien [ba'naixrigtigan]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) inform, notify; Y
advise; ung/(-/-en) information;
notification;

advice.

benachteilig]en

[ba'naixtailigan]

58 -

be'raub|en vlt. (no -ge- h) rob,


deprive (gen. of); Sung / (-/-en)
robbery, deprivation.
be'rauschen v/t. (no -ge-, h) in,

toxicate (a. jig.).

be'rechn|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) calculate; if charge (zu at); ~end adj.
calculating, selfish; Sung / calculation.

berechtig|en [ba'rEgtigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) j-n
zu entitle s.o. to;
authorize s.o. to; ~t adj. [ qt]
entitled (zu to); qualified (to);
claim: legitimate; Sung / (-/-en)
-

v/t. (no -ge-, h) place s.o. at a dis-

advantage, discriminate against s.o.;


handicap; s/di benachteiligt fuhlen
feel handicapped or at a disadvantage; Sung / (-/-en) disadvantage;
discrimination; handicap.
be'nehmen 1. vlrefl. (irr. nehmen,
no -ge-, h) behave (o.s.); 2. 2 n
(s/no pi.) behavio(u)r, conduct.
be'neiden v/t. (no -ge-, h) envy (j-n
um et. s.o. s.th.); ,swert adj.
enviable.

be'nennen v/t. (irr. nennen, no -ge-,


h) name.
[rascal; urchin.)

Bergsturz

title (zu to); authorization.

be'red|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) talk s.th.


over; persuade s.o.; gossip about
s o
Ssamkeit Utza:mkait] / (-/no
pi.) eloquence; ~t adj. Ut] eloquent
{a. fig.).
Be'reich m, n (-[e]s/-e) area; reach;
fig. scope, sphere; science, etc.:
field, province; Sern v\l. (no -ge-,h)
enrich; sich enrich o.s.; ~erung/
(-/-en) enrichment
.

.;

Bengel ['beipl] m (-s/-) (little)/

be'reif|en vjt. (no -ge-, h) hoop

benommen adj. [ba'noman] bemused, dazed, stunned;


se/n be

(barrel); tyre, (A m. only) tire (wheel);


Sung / (-/-en) (set of) tyres pi.,
(Am. only) (set of) tires pi.
be'reisen v/t. (no -ge-, h) tour (in),

in a daze.

be'notigen v/t. (no -ge-, h) need,


require, want.

travel (over); commercial traveller:


cover (district).

be'nutzlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) use (a.


patent, etc.); make use of; avail o.s.

of (opportunity); take (tram, etc.);


Sung / use.
Benzin [bEn'tsirn] n (-s/-e)
benzine; mot. petrol, F juice. Am.
gasoline, F gas; motor m petrol
engine. Am. gasoline engine; j.
Tank.

beobacht|en [ba'oibaxtan] v/t. (no


ge-,

h) observe;

watch; police:

bereit adj. [ba'rait] ready, prepared;


en v/t. (no -ge-, h) prepare; give
(joy, trouble, etc.); ~s adv. already;
Sschaft / (-/-en) readiness; police:
squad; ~stellen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
place s.th. ready; provide; Sung /
(-/-en) preparation;
willig adj.
ready, willing; Swilligkeit / (-/no
pi.) readiness, willingness.
be'reuen v/t. (no -ge-, h) repent (of);
~

shadow; 2er m (si-) observer; Sung


/ (-/-en) observation.

beordern [ba'Drdarn] v/t. (no -ge-,


h) order, command.

regret, rue.

Berg [berk] m (-[e]s/-e) mountain;


hill; ~e pi. von F heaps pi. of, piles
pi. of; uber den se/n be out of the

be'packen v/t. (no -ge-, h) load (m/t


with).
[(m/t with).l

wood. Am. be out of the woods;


iiber o//e ~e off and away; die Haare

be'pflanzen v/t. (no -ge-, h) plant/


bequem adj. [ba'kveim] convenient;

standen ihm zu
e his hair stood
on end; S'ab adv. downhill (a. fig.);

comfortable; p.: easy-going; lazy;


en vjrefl. (no -ge-, h): sich
zu

S'an adv. s. bergauf; ' arbeiter m


miner; S auf adv. uphill (a. fig.);
'
bahn
/ mountain railway;
'
bau m (-[e]slpl.) mining.
bergen ['bergan] v/t. (irr., ge-, h)
save; rescue s.o.; & salvage,

condescend to; consent to; Slich-

keit / (-/-en) convenience; comfort, ease; indolence.

be'rat|en (irr. roten, no -ge-, h)


1 v/t. advise s.o.; consider, debate,
discuss s.th.; sich confer (m/t j-m
with s.o.; uber et. on or about s.th.);
2 v/i. confer; u>er et.
consider,

'

salve.

debate, discuss s.th., confer on or

about s.th.; Ser m (-s/-) adviser,


counsel(l)or; consultant; ~schlagen (no -ge-, h) 1. v/i. s. beraten 2;
2 vjrefl. confer (m/t j-m with s.o.;
uber el. on or about s.th.); Sung /
(-/-en) advice; debate; consultation;
conference; Sungsstelle/advisory
.

bureau.

bergig adj. ['bcrgig] mountainous,


hilly.
'

Berg|kette / mountain chain or


mann 2$ m (-[e]s/Bergrange;
leute) miner; ' predigt / (-/no pi.)
'

the

Sermon

on the Mount;

recht n mining laws pi.;

'

rennen

mot. n mountain race; ' riicken m


ridge; ' rutsch m landslide, land~

slip;

'

spitze / mountain peak;


steiger m (si-) mountaineer;
Lsturz m s. Bergrutsch.
'

Bergung

'

Bergung / (-/-en) & salvage; rescue; ~sarbeiten [ bergugs'-] f/pl.


salvage operations pi.; rescue work.
'
Bergwerk n mine; ~saktien ['berkverks9-] f/pl. mining shares pi.
Bericht [ba'rict] m (-[e]s/-e) report
(iiber acc. on); account (of); Sen
(no -ge-, h) 1. v/t. report; j-m et.
'

inform s.o. of s.th.; tell s.o. about

th.; 2. v/i. report (uber acc. on);


journalist: a. cover (iiber et. s.th.);
,erstatter m (-s/-) reporter; correspondent; erstattung / reporting; report(s pi.).
s

berichtigjen [ba'rigtigan] vlt. (no


ge-, h) correct (s.o.; error, mistake,
-

etc.); put right (mistake)', emend


(corrupt text);
settle (claim, debt,
etc.); Sung / (-/-en) correction;
emendation; settlement.

be'riechen v/t. (irr. r/echen, no


ge-, h) smell or sniff at.
Berliner [ber'limar] 1. m (-s/-)
Berliner; 2. adj. (of) Berlin.
Bernstein ['bemjtam] m amber;
schwarzer jet.
bersten ['berstan] v/i. (irr., ge-,
sein) burst (fig. vor dat. with).
-

beriichtigt adj. [ba'ry ti t] notorious (wegen for), ill-famed.


beriicksichtiglen [ba'rykzi tigan]
vjt. (no -ge-, h) take s.th. into consideration, pay regard to s.th.;
consider 5.0.; Sung / (-/-en) consideration; regard.
Beruf [ba'ruif] m (-[e]s/-e) calling;
profession; vocation; trade; occupation; Sen 1. v/t. (irr. rufen, no
ge-, h): j-n zu e-m Amt appoint
s.o. to an office; sich auf j-n
refer
-

to s.o.; 2. adj. competent; qualified; Slich adj. professional; vocational.

Be'rufsjausbildung / vocational
or professional training; beratung
/vocational guidance; -Jdeidung/
work clothes pi.; ~krankheit / occupational disease; ~schule/vocational school; spieler m sports:
professional (player); Statig adj.
working; tatige Ugs] pi. working
people pi.
Be'rufung / (-/-en) appointment
(zu to); ** appeal (be? dat. to);
reference (auf acc. to); -vSgericht
n court of appeal.
be'mhen vji. (no -ge-, h):
auf
(dat.) rest or be based on; et. auf
sich lassen let a matter rest.

beruhig|en [ba'rurigan] v/t. (no


ge-. h) quiet, calm; soothe; srch
-

calm down; Sung / (-/-en) calming


(down); soothing; comfort; Sungsmittel # n sedative.
beriihmt adj. [ba'ryimt] famous

(wegen for); celebrated; Sheit /


(-/-en) fame, renown; famous or
celebrated person, celebrity; person
of note.

Beschimpfung

59 -

be'riihrlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) touch


(a. fig.); touch (up)on (subject);
Sung / (-/-en) contact; touch; in
kommen mit come into contact with.

be1 sag I en v/t. (no -ge-, h) say;


mean, signify;
adj. Ukt] (afore-)
said; above(-mentioned).
besanftigen [ba'zenftigan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) appease, calm, soothe.
Be'satz m (-es/=e) trimming; braid.
-

Be'satzung / X occupation troops


pl'i X garrison;
* crew; smacht X / occupying power.

be'schadigfen v/t. (no -ge-, h)

damage, injure; Sung / damage,


injury (gen. to).
be'schaffen 1. v/t. (no -ge-, h)
procure; provide; raise (money);
2 adj.: gut (schlecht) ~ sein be in
good (bad) condition or state; Sheit
/(-/-en) state, condition; properties
pi.
.

beschaftigjen [ba'Jsftigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) employ, occupy; keep busy;
sich ~ occupy or busy o.s.; Sung/
(-/-en) employment; occupation
be'schamlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) (put
to) shame, make 5.0. feel ashamed;
Mend adj. shameful; humiliating;
t adj. ashamed (iiber acc. of);
Sung /(-/-en) shame; humiliation.
beschatten [ba'Jatan] v/t. (no -ge-,h)
shade; . shadow s.o.. Am. si. tails.o.
be'schaujen v/t. (no -ge-, h) look at,
view; examine, inspect (goods, etc.);
lich adj. contemplative, medita-

tive.

Bescheid [ba'Jait] m (-[e]s/-e) answer; 2*2 decision; information


(iiber acc. on, about);
geben let
s.o.

or

know;
bekommen be informed
notified;
h/nter/assen leave
'

word (be? with, at);


wr ssen be
informed, know, F be in the know.
bescheiden adj. [ba'Jaidan] modest,

unassuming; Sheit / (-/wo pi.)


modesty.
bescheinigjen [ba'Jamigan] vlt.
(no -ge-, h) certify, attest; den mf>fong
acknowledge receipt; es
w/rd hiermit bescheinigt, do8 this is
to certify that; Sung / (-/-en)
certification, attestation; certificate;
receipt; acknowledgement.
be'schenken v/t. (no -ge-, h): j-n
make s.o. a present; j-n mit et.
present s.o. with s.th.; j-n reichlich
shower s.o. with gifts.

be'scher|en v/t. (?io -ge-, h): j-n


give s.o. presents (esp. for Christmas); Sung / (-/-en) presentation
of gifts; F fig. mess.

be'schiefl|en vlt. (irr. schielien, no


ge-, h) fire or shoot at or on;
bombard (a. phys.), shell; Sung /
-

(-/-en) bombardment

be'schimpf|en vlt. (no -ge-, h)


abuse, insult; call s.o. names; Sung
/ (-/-en) abuse; insult, affront.

beschirmen

be'schirmen v/t. (no -ge-, h) shelter,


shield, guard, protect (vor dat.
from); defend (against).
be'schlafen v/t. (:rr. schlafen, no
ge-, h): et.
sleep on a matter,
-

take counsel of one's pillow.

Be'schlag m @ metal fitting(s pl.)i


turnishing(s pi.) (of door, etc.); shoe
(of wheel, etc.); (horse)shoe; jfe
seizure, confiscation; in ~ nefimen,
m/t ~ belegen seize; jf* seize, attach
(real estate, salary, etc.); confiscate
(goods, etc.); monopolize s.o.'s
attention.

be'schlagen 1. v/t. (irr. schlagen,


no -ge-, h) cover (m/t with); fit,
mount; shoe (horse); hobnail (shoe);
2 v/t. (irr. schlagen, no -ge-, h)
.

window, wall, etc.: steam up; mirror,


etc. cloud or film over; 3. adj.
windows, etc.: steamed-up; fig. well
versed (auf, in dat. in).

Beschlagnahme [ba'/Iarknaima] /
(-/-n)

seizure; confiscation (of


contraband goods, etc.); 2*5 seques-

tration, distraint (of property); X


requisition (of houses etc.); embargo, detention (of ship); 2n v/t. (no
ge-, h) seize; attach (real estate);
confiscate; **z sequestrate, distrain
upon (property); X requisition;
,

embargo.

beschleuniglen [ba'/bynigan] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) mot. accelerate; hasten,
speed up; s-e Schritte
quicken
one s steps; 2ung/(-/-en) accelera'

tion.

be'schliefien v/t. (irr. schlieBen, no


-

ge-, h) end, close, wind up; resolve,

decide.

Be'schlufi m decision, resolution,

Am. a. resolve; *** decree; Sfahig


adj.: sein form or have a quorum;
fassung / (passing of a) resolution.

be'schmieren v/t. (no -ge-, h)


(be)smear (with grease, etc.).
be'schmutzen vjt. (no -ge-, h) soil
(a. fig.), dirty; bespatter.
be'schneiden vlt. (irr. schneiden,
no -ge-, h) clip, cut; lop (tree); trim,
clip (hair, hedge, etc.); dress (vinestock, etc.); fig. cut down, curtail,
F slash.

besch6nig|en [bs'Jo igan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) gloss over, paUiate; 2ung/
-

(-/-en) gloss, palliation.

beschrank|en [ba'Jreqkan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) confine, limit, restrict. Am.
curb; sich
auf (acc.) confine
o s to; ~t fig. adj. of limited intelligence; Sung / (-/-en) limitation,
-

restriction.

be'schreibjen v/t. (irr. schreiben,


no -ge-, h) write on (piece of paper,
etc.), cover with writing; describe,
give a description of; Sung/(-/-en)
description; account.

be'schriftjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) in-

60 -

Besiedlung

scribe; letter; Sung / (-/-en) inscription; lettering.

beschuldig|en

fba'Juldigan]

v/t.

(no -ge-, h) accuse (gen. of [doing]


th.), esp. tfr charge (with); Ste
[ kta] m,f(-nl-n) the accused; Sung

/ (-/-en) accusation, charge.


Be'schufi m (Beschusses/no

pi.)

bombardment.

be'schiitzlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) protect, shelter, guard (vor dat. from);
Ser m (-s/-) protector; Sung /
(-/-en) protection
be'schwatzen v/t. (no -ge-, h) talk
s o
into (doing) s.th., coax 5.0. into
(doing s.th.).
Beschwerde [ba'Jverrda] / (-/-n)
trouble; # complaint; complaint
(tiber acc. about);
objection
(gegen to);
buch n complaints
.

book.

beschwerjen [bs'Jverran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) burden (a. fig.); weight
-

(loose sheets, etc.); lie heavy on


(stomach); weigh on (mind, etc.);
sich
complain (iiber acc. about,
of; be/ to); ~lich adj. troublesome.
beschwichtigen [ba'JVigtigan] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) appease, calm (down),
soothe.

be'schwindeln v/t. (no -ge-, h) tell


a fib or lie; cheat, F diddle (urn out
of).
be'schwipst F adj. tipsy.
be'schworlen v/t. (irr. schworen, no
ge-, h) take an oath on s.th.;
implore or entreat s.o.; conjure (up),
invoke (spirit); Sung / (-/-en) conjuration.
be'seelen v/t. (no -ge-, h) animate,
inspire.
be'sehen v/t. (irr. sehen, no -ge-, h)
look at; inspect; s;ch et.
look at
-

th.; inspea s.th.

beseitig|en Ibs'zaitigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) remove, do away with;
-

Sung / (-/-en) removal.


Besen ['beizan] m (-s/-)
'

broom;

stiel m broomstick.

besessen adj. [ba'zesan] obsessed,

possessed (von by, with); w/e


like mad; Se m, f (-n/-n) demoniac.

be'setzjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) occupy


(seat, table, etc.); fill (post, etc.);
man (orchestra); thea. cast (play);

X occupy; trim (dress, etc.); set


(crown with jewels, etc.); *,t adj.
engaged, occupied; seat: taken; F
bus, etc.: full up; hotel: full; teleph.
engaged. Am. busy; Sung / (-/-en)
thea. cast; X occupation.
besichtig|en [ba'zigtigan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) view, look over; inspect (a.
X); visit; Sung / (-/-en) sightseeing; visit (gen. to); inspection (a.
X).
be'siedjeln v/t. (no -ge-, h) colonize,
settle; populate; Slung / (-/-en)
-

colonization, settlement.

besiegeln

be'siegeln vlt. {no -ge-, h) seal (a.


fig.).
be'siegen v/t. (no -ge-, h) conquer;
defeat, beat (a. sports).

be'sinn|en v/re/L (irr. sinnen, no


ge-, h) reflect, consider; sich auf
(acc.) remember, think of; lich
-

bestellen

61 -

you very much; sich von s-r en


Se/te zeigen be on one's best behavio(u)r; 2. adv. best; am en best;
oufs e, ens in the best way possible; zum en geben recite (poem),
tell (story), oblige with (song); j-n
zum *.en haben or ha/ten make fun
'

adj. reflective, contemplative.

Be'sinnung / (-Ino pi.) reflection;


consideration; consciousness; (w/eder) zur
kommen recover consciousness; fig. come to one s
senses; 2slos adj unconscious.
Be'sitz m possession; in ~ nehmen,
ergreifen von take possession of;
Sanzeigend r. adj. possessive; Sen
v/t. (irr. s/tzen, no -ge-, h) possess;
<wer m (si-) possessor, owner, proprietor; den
wechseln change
hands; ~ergreifung / taking possession (von of), occupation; tum
n (-s/=er), ung/(-/-en) possession;
'

'

property; estate.

be'sohlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) sole.


besold|en [bs'zoldan] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) pay a salary to (civilservant, etc.)',
pay (soldier); Sung / (-/-en) pay;
salary.
besonder adj'. [ba'zondar] particular, special; peculiar; separate; 2heitf (-/-en) particularity; peculiarity; ~s adv. especially, particularly; chiefly, mainly; separately.
besonnen adj'. [ba'zDnan] sensible,
considerate, level-headed; prudent;
discreet; 2heit / (-/no pi.) considerateness; prudence; discretion;
presence of mind.

be'sorglen v/t. (no -ge-, h) get (j-m


et. s.o. s.th.), procure (s.th. for s.o.);
do, manage; 2nis [ knis] / (-/-se)
apprehension, fear, anxiety, concern (iiber acc. about, at); jiiserregend adj. alarming;
adj.
Ukt] uneasy (um about); worried
(about), concerned (about); anxious
(um for, about); Sung / (-/-en) procurement; management; errand;
en mochen go shopping.

be'sprech|en v/t. (irr. sprechen, no

of s.o., F pull s.o. s leg; ich danke


ens! thank you very much!
Be'stand m (continued) existence;
*.

continuance; stock; .if stock-in-

trade; "f cash in hand; haben be


lasting, last.
be'standig adj. constant, steady;
lasting; continual; weather', settled;
2keit / (-/-en) constancy, steadiness; continuance.

Bestandlsaufnahme
"t
[ba'
Jtants9-] / stock-taking. Am. inventory; *teil m component, constituent; element, ingredient; part.
be'starken vlt. (no -ge-, h) confirm,
suengthen, encourage (in dot. in).
bestatig|en [ba'Jteitigan] vlt. confirm (a. 2* verdict, T order); attest;
verify (statement, etc.); ratify (law,
treaty); -f acknowledge (receipt);
Sung /(-/-en) confirmation; attestation; verification; ratification;
acknowledgement.

bestatt|en [ba'Jtatan] vft. (no -ge-,


h) bury, inter; Sung/(-/-en) burial,
interment; funeral; Sungsinstitut
[ba'Jtatuqs9-] n undertakers pi.
'
Beste 1. n (-n/no pi.) the best
(thing); zu deinem *n in your interest; zum

n der Armen for the

benefit of the poor; das ~ daraus


machen make the best of it; 2. m,f
in s-r Klasse
(-n/-n): er ist der
he is the best in his class.

Besteck [ba'Jtek] n (-[e]s/-e) #


(case or set of) surgical instruments

pi.; (single set of) knife, fork and


spoon; (complete set of) cutlery,
Am. a. flatware.

be'stehen 1. v/t. (irr. stehen, no -ge-,


h) come off victorious in (combat,
etc.); have (adventure); stand, un-

dergo (well) (test, trial); pass (test,


examination); 2. v/i. (irr. stehen, no
ge-, h) be, exist; continue, last;
auf (dat.) insist (up)on;
aus con-

ge-, h) discuss, talk s.th. over; arrange; review (book, etc.); sich
mit confer with (Ober acc. about);

Sung / (-/-en) discussion; review;

sist of; 3. 2 n (-s/no pi.) existence;

conference.

be'spritzen vlt. (no -ge-, h) splash,


(be)spatter.

h) steal from, rob.

besser ['besar] 1. adj. better; superior; 2. adv. better; ' n v/t. (ge-, h)
(make) better, improve; reform;
sich ,v get or become better, improve, change for the better; mend
'

s ways; 'Sung / (-/-en) improvement; change for the better;


reform (of character);
improveone

ment, recovery; gute


a speedy recovery!

I wish you

best [best] 1. adj. best; der erste


e (just) anybody; en Dank thank
~

continuance; passing.
be'stehlen vlt. (irr. steh/en, no -ge-,

be'steig]en vjt. (irr. steigen, no -ge-,


h) climb (up) (mountain, tree, etc.);
mount (horse, bicycle, etc.); ascend
(throne); get into or on, board (bus,

train, plane); 2ung/ ascent; accession (to throne).

be'stelljen vlt. (no -ge-, h) order;


a place an order for; subscribe
to (newspaper, etc.); book, reserve
(room, seat, etc.); make an appointment with s.o.; send for (taxi, etc.);
cultivate, till (soil, etc.); give (mes.

Bestellung

betrefifs

62 -

sage, greetings); j-n zu sich


send
for s.o.; Sung/order; subscription
(to); booking, esp. Am. reservation;
S cultivation; message.
'
besten'falls adv. at (the) best.

betatigen [ba'teitigan] vft. (no -ge-,

be'steuerjn v/t. (no -ge-, h) tax;


Sung / taxation.

betaubjen [ba'tDvban] vjt. (no -ge-,

bestilalisch adj. [best'jailij] bestial;


brutal; inhuman; weather, etc.: F
beastly; e [Lja] / (-/-") beast; fig.
brute, beast, inhuman person.
be'stimmen (no -ge-, h) 1. v/t. determine, decide; fix (date, place,
price, etc.); appoint (date, time,
place, etc.); prescribe; define (species, word, etc.); j-n fur or zu et.
designate or intend s.o. for s.th.;
2 v/i.:
uber (acc.) dispose of.
be'stimmt 1. adj. voice, manner, etc.:
decided, determined, firm; time,
etc.: appointed, fixed; point, number. etc.: certain; answer, etc.: positive; tone, answer, intention, idea:
definite (a. gr.);
nach &
bound for; 2. adv. certainly, surely;
Sheit / (-/-en) determination, firmness; certainty.
Be'stimmung/determination; destination (of s.o. for the church, etc.);
designation, appointment (of s.o. as
successor, etc.); definition; * provision (in document); (amtliche) en
pi. (official) regulations pi.;
ort
[b3lJtimur|sv-] m destination.
be'straflen v/t. (no -ge-, h) punish
.

(wegen, fiir for; mit with); Sung/


(-/-en) punishment

be'strahllen v/t. (no -ge-, h) irradiate (a. jb8<); Sung/irradiation;


ray treatment, radiotherapy.
Bc'streblen n (sjno pi.), ~ung /
(-/-en) effort endeavo(u)r.
be'streichen /r. (irr. streichen, no
ge-, h) coat, cover; spread; mit
,

Butter

butter.

be'streiten v/t. (irr. streiten, no


ge-. h) contest, dispute, challenge
(point, right, etc.); deny (facts, guilt,
etc.); defray (expenses, etc.); fill
(programme).
-

be'streuen v/t. (no -ge-, h) strew,


sprinkle (mit with); mit Mehl
flour; mit Zucker sugar.
be'stiirmen v/t. (no -ge-, h) storm,
assail (a. fig.); pester, plague (s.o.
with questions, etc.).

be'stiirzlt

adj.

dismayed,

struck

with consternation (iiber acc. at);

Sung/(-/-en)constemation, dismay.
Besuch [bs'zuix] m (-[e]s/-e) visit
(gen., be/, in dot. to); call (be/ on;
in dat. at); attendance (gen. at)
(lecture, church, etc.); visitor(s pi.),
company; Sen v/t. (no -ge-, h) visit;
call on, go to see; attend (school,
etc.); frequent; ~er m visitor, caller;
szeit / visiting hours pi.
be'tasten v/t. (no -ge-, h) touch,
feel, finger; # palpate.
~

h) operate (machine, etc.); put on


apply (brake); sich als act or work
as; sich po/i'isch
dabble in poli,

tics.

h) stun (a. fig.), daze (by blow, noise,


etc.); deafen (by noise, etc.); slaughtering: stun (animal); # anaesthe-

tize; Sung /(-/-en)

an(a)estheti-

zation;
an(a)esthesia; fig. stupefaction; Sungsmittel # n narcotic,
an(a)esthetic.
beteilig|en [ba'tailigan] vlt. (no
ge-, h): j-n
give s.o. a share (an
dat. in); sich
take part (an dat.,
bei in), participate (a. i%) (in); Ste
[~qt3] m, f (-n/-n) person or party
concerned; Sung / (-/-en) participation (a. 2%, -f), partnership;
share, interest (a. +).
beten ['bertan] vji. (ge-, h) pray (urn
for), say one's prayers; at table:
-

say grace

be'teuerjn v/t. (no -ge- h) protest


(one's innocence); swear (to s.th.;
that); Sung / protestation; solemn
declaration.

be'titeln vjt. (no -ge-, h) entitle


(book, etc.); style (s.o. 'baron', etc.).
Beton [be'to:; be'torn] m (-s/-s;
s/-e) concrete.
be'tonen v/t. (no -ge-, h) stress; fig.
a emphasize.
betonieren [beto'nirran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) concrete.
Be'tonung / (-/-en) stress; empha-

sis.

betdrjen [ba'toiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)


dazzle; infatuate, bewitch; Sung/
(-/-en) infatuation
Betracht [ba'traxt] m (-[e]s/no pi.):
in
ziehen take into consideration;
(nicht) in
kommen (not to) come
into question; Sen vjt. (no -ge-, h)
view; contemplate; fig. a. con.

sider.

betrachtlich adj. [bs'trEQtli?] considerable.

Be'trachtung / (-/-en) view; contemplation; consideration.


Betrag
[ba'traik]
m
(-[e]s/e)
amount, sum; Sen Ugan] 1. vft.
(irr. tragen, no -ge-, h) amount to;
2 v/refl. (irr. tragen. no -ge-, h)
behave (o.s.); 3. S n (-s/wo pi.) behaviour, conduct.
be'trauen v/t. (no -ge-, h): j-n mit
et. entrust or charge s.o. with s.th.
be'trauem v/t. (no -ge-, h) mourn
.

(for, over).

Betreff [ba'tref] m (-[e]s/-e) at head


of letter: reference; Sen v}t. (irr.
treffen, no -ge-y h) befall; refer to;
concern; was ... betrifft as for, as
to; Send adj. concerning; das
Geschoft the business referred to
or in question; Ss prp. (gen.) concerning; as to.

betreiben

be'treiben 1. vft. (Jrr. tre/ben, no

ge-, h) carry on (business, etc.);


pursue (one s studies); operate (rai7toay line, etc.); 2. 2 n (s/no pi.):
auf von at or by s.o. s instigation.
be'treten 1. vjt. (irr. treten, no -ge-,
h) step on; enter (room, etc.); 2. adj.
-

beugjen ['borgan] v/t. (ge-, h) bend,


bow; . humble, break (pride); gr.

'

inflect (word), decline (noun, adjective); sich , bend (vor dat. to), bow

'

embarrassed, abashed.

betreujen [ba'trovan] vjt. (no -ge-,


h) look after; attend to; care for;

Sung / (-/no pi.) care (gen. of, for).


Betrieb [ba'tritp] m (-[e]s/-e) working, running, esp. Am. operation;
business, firm, enterprise; plant,
works 5.; workshop. Am. a. shop;
fig. busde; in working; sam adj.

(to); 'Sung / (-/-en) bending; gr.


inflection, declension.

Beule ['boYla] / (-/-n) bump, swelling; boil; on metal, etc.: dent.


beunruhig|en [ba'unruugan] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) disturb, trouble, disquiet, alarm; sich
uber (acc.) be
vmeasy about, worry about; Sung /
(-/no pi ) disturbance; alarm; un.

easiness.

beurkund|en

ticate; Sung / (-/-en) attestation,


/

operating

instructions pi.; ausflug m firm's


outing; ferien pi. (firm s, works)
holiday; fiihrer m s. Betr/ebs/e/ter; -kapital n working capital;
kosten pi. working expenses pi.,
Am. operating costs pi. leiter m
(works) manager, superintendent;

certification, authentication.

beurlaub|en [ba'utrlauban] v/t. (no

'

ge-, h) give or grant 5.0. leave (of


absence); give 5.0. time off; sus-

pend (civil servant, etc.); Sung /


(-/-en) leave (of absence); suspen-

.v

jeitung / management;

mate-

rial n working materials pi.;


rolling stock; rat m works council;
Ssicher adj. safe to operate; foolproof; stoning / breakdown;
unfall m industrial accident, acci-

sion.

beurteiljen [ba'urtailan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) judge (nach by); Sung /
-

(-/-en) judg(e)ment
Beute ['borta] / (-/no pi.) booty,
spoil(s pi.); loot; prey; hunt, bag;
fig. prey, victim (gen. to).
Beutel ['boYtal] m (-s/-) bag; purse;
.

dent while at work.


-

concerted.

be'triiben v/t. (no -ge-, h) grieve,


afflict.

Be'trug m cheat(ing); fraud (a. jij);


deceit.

be'triiglen vft. (irr. trugen, no -ge-,


h) deceive; cheat (a. at games); defraud; F skin; 2er m (-s/-) cheat,
deceiver, impostor, confidence man,
swindler, trickster;
erisch adj.
deceitful, fraudulent.

be'trunken adj. drunken; pred.


drunk; e m (-n/-n) drunk(en man).
Bett [bet] n (-[e]s/-en) bed; ' bezug
m plumeau case; Ldecke/blanket;
bedspread, coverlet.

Bettellbrief ['betal-] m begging


letter; ei U'lai] / (-/-en) begging,

mendicancy; 'Sn vji. (ge-, h) beg

(urn for);
gehen go begging;
stab m: an den bringen reduce to
beggary.
'
Bettjgestell n bedstead; Slagerig
adj. [' lergari?] bedridden, confined to bed. Am. a. bedfast;
laken n sheet.

Bettler ['betbr] m (-s/-) beggar,


Am. si. panhandler.
'
Bettliiberzug m plumeau case;
uch ['bettu:x] n sheet; ' vorleger
m bedside rug; ' wasche / bedlinen; ' zeug n bedding.
be'tupfen v/t. (no -ge-, h) dab.

pouch.
'

Beutezug m plundering expedition.


bevolkerln [ba'fcelkam] v/t. (no
ge-, h) people, populate; Sung /
-

(-/-en) population

bevollmachtig]en [ba'folmegtigan]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) authorize, empower;
Ste Ufta] m,/(-n/-n)authorized person or agent, deputy; pol. plenipotentiary; Sung / (-/-en) authorization.

be'vor cj. before.


bevormund|en /fe. [ba'forrmimdan]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) patronize, keep in
tutelage; Sung ig. f (-/-en) patronizing, tutelage.
be'vorstehen v/i. (irr. steben, sep.,
ge-, h) be approaching, be near;
crisis, etc.: be imminent; j-m
be
in store for s.o., await s.o.; *,d adj.
approaching; imminent.
.

be'trinken vlrefl. (irr. trinken, no


ge-, h) get drunk.
betroffen adj. [ba'trofan] afflicted
(von by), stricken (with); fig. dis-

*,

[ba'uirkundan] v/t.

(no -ge-, h) attest, certify, authen-

active; industrious.

Be'triebslanleitung

bewahren

63 -

bevorzugjen [ba'foirtsuigan] v/t.

(no -ge-, h) prefer; favo(u)r; &


privilege; Sung/(-/-en) preference.
be'wach|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) guard,
watch; Sung /(-/-en) guard; escort.
bewaffn|en [ba'vafnan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) arm; Sung / (-/-en) arma-

ment; arms pi.

be'wahren v/t. (no -ge-, h) keep,


preserve (mst fig.: secret, silence,
etc.).
be'wahren v/refl. (no -ge-, h) stand
the test, prove a success; s/ch
a/s
prove o.s. (as) (a good teacher, etc.);
sich in prove o.s. efficient in (one s
profession, etc.); sich nicht
prove
'

a failure.

bewahrheiten

be'wahrheiten v/refl. (no -ge-, h)


prove (to be) true; prophecy, etc.:
come true.

be'wahrt adj. friend, etc.: tried;


solicitor, etc.: experienced; friendship, etc.: long-standing; remedy,
etc.: proved, proven.

Be'wahrung/s
ten der

wohren;

probation; in Zei-

in times of trial; s. be-

sfrist 2% / probation.

bewaldet adj. [ba'valdat] wooded,


woody. Am. a. timbered.

bewaltigen tba'veltigan] vjt. (no


ge-, h) overcome (obstacle); master
(difficulty); accomplish (task).
be'wandert adj. (well) versed (in
dat. in), proficient (in); in e-m Fach
gut
sein have a thorough knowledge of a subject.
-

64 -

Bezug

be'wirken v/t. (no -ge-, h) cause;


bring about, effect.

be'wirtlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) entertain;


schaften v/t. (no -ge-, h) farm
(land); f cultivate (field); manage
(farm, etc.); ration (food, etc.); control (foreign exchange, etc.); Sung/
(-/-en) entertainment; hospitality
bewog [ba'voik] pret. of bewegen1;
en [ba'vorgan] p.p. of bewegen1.
be'wohnlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) inhabit,
live in; occupy; Ser m (s/-) inhab~

itant; occupant.

bew61k|en [ba'voelkan] v/refl. (no


ge-, h) sky: cloud up or over; brow:
cloud over, darken; ~t adj. sky:
clouded, cloudy, overcast; brow:
clouded, darkened; Sung/ (-/no pi.)
clouds pi.
-

be'wasserln v/t. (no -ge-, h) water

be'wunderln v/t. (no -ge-, h) admire

(garden, lawn, etc.); irrigate (land,


etc.); Sung / (-/-en) watering; irri-

(wegen for); ~nswert adj. admirable; Sung / (-/-en) admiration.


bewufit adj. [ba'vust] deliberate, in-

gation.

bewegen1 [ba'vergan] v/t. (irr., no


-

ge-, h): j-n ~ zu induce or get s.o.

sein be

conscious or aware of s.th.; die

Sache the matter in question; ~los

to.

beweg|en2 U] v/t. and v/refl. (no


ge-, h) move, stir; Sgrund [ k-] m
motive (gen., fur for); lich adj.
Uk-] movable; p., mind, etc.: agile,
versatile; active; Slichkeit [Jc-] /
(-/no pi ) mobility; agility, versatility;
adj. Ukt] sea: rough, heavy;
fig. moved, touched; voice: choked,
trembling; life: eventful; times,
etc.: stirring, stormy; 2ung/(-/-en)
movement; motion (a. phys.); fig.
emotion; in setzen set going or in
motion; ~ungslos adj. motionless,
-

immobile.

be'weinen v/t. (no -ge-, h) weep or


cry over; lament (for, over).
Beweis [ba'vais] m (-es/-e) proof
(fur of); (e pi.) evidence (esp. j );

Sen [ zan] v/t. (irr. weisen, no -ge-,


h) prove; show (interest, etc.);
fiihrung/argumentation; grund
m argument;
material evidence; stiick n (piece of) evidence;
2% exhibit.
[leave it at that.)
be'wenden vb.: es dabei ~ lassenf

be'werblen v/refl. (irr. werben, no


ge-, h): sicb ~ urn apply for. Am.
run for; stand for; compete for
(prize); court (woman); Ser m (-$/-)
applicant (um for); candidate; com-

petitor; suitor; Sung/application;


candidature; competition; courtship; Sungsschreiben n (letter of)
application.

bewerkstelligen [ba'verk/tsligsn]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) manage, effect,
bring about.

be'wert|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) value


(auf acc. at; nach by); Sung/valuation.

bewillig|en [ba'viligan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) grant, allow; Sung/(-/-en)
grant, allowance.
-

tentional; sich e-r Sache

adj. unconscious; Ssein n (-s/nopl.)


consciousness.

be'zahllen (no -ge-, h) 1. v/t. pay;


pay for (s.th. purchased); pay off,
settle (debt); 2. v/i. pay (fur for);
Sung / payment; settlement.
be'zahmen v/t. (no -ge-, h) tame
(animal); restrain (one's anger, etc.);
sich control or restrain o.s.

be'zauberjn v/t. (no -ge-, h) bewitch, enchant (a. fig.); fig. charm,
fascinate; Sung / (-/-en) enchantment, spell; fascination.

be'zeichnlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) mark;


describe (als as), call; ~end adj.
characteristic, typical (fiir of); Sung
/ indication (of direction, etc.);
mark, sign, symbol; name, designation, denomination.

be'zeugen v/t. (no -ge-, h) jfe testify


to, bear witness to (both a. fig.);
attest.

be'ziehlen v/t. (irr. ziehen, no -ge-,


h) cover (upholstered furniture, etc.);
put cover on (cushion, etc.); move
into (flat, etc.); enter (university);
draw (salary, pension, etc.); get, be
supplied with (goods); take in
(newspaper, etc.); sich ~ sky: cloud
over; sich ~ auf (acc.) refer to; Ser
tn (-s/-) subscriber (gen. to).
Be'ziehung/relation (zu et. to s.th.;
zu j-m with s.o.); connexion, (Am.
only) connection (zu with); in dieser in this respect; Ssweise adv.
respectively; or rather.

Bezirk [ba'tsirk] m (-[e]s/-e) district, Am. a. precinct; s. Wahlbezirk.

Bezogene -f [ba'tsoigana] m (-n/-n)


drawee.

Bezug [ba'tsuik] m cover(ing), case;


purchase (of goods); subscription

beruglich

(w netsspaper); in
auf (arc.) with
regard or reference to, as to; ~ nehmen auf (acc.) refer to, make reference to.

beziiglich [ba'tsyddic] 1. adj. relative, relating {both: auf acc. to);


2 trrp. {gen.) regarding, concerning.
Be'zugsbedingungen flpl. terms
pi. of delivery.
be'zwecken vjt. {no -ge-, h) aim at;

bilden ['bildan] c/r. (ge-, h) form;


shape; fig.: educate, train {s.o.,
mind, etc.); develop {mind, etc.);
form, be, constitute {obstacle, etc.);
sich
form; fig. educate o.s., improve one s mind; sich e-e Meinung _ form an opinion'

m/'t intend by.

be'zweifeln vjt. {no -ge-, h) doubt,


question-

be'zwingjen vlt. {irr. zwingen, no


ge-, h) conquer {fortress, mountain,
-

etc.);

overcome,

master

{feeling,

difficulty, etc.); sich keep o.s. under control, restrain o.s.; Sung /
{-I-en) conquest; mastering
Bibel ['bubal] /(-/-n) Bible.
.

Biber zo. ['bizbsrj m (-s/-) beaver.


Bibliothek [bibUo'teA] / (-/-en)
library; ar Ue'ka;r] m (-s/-e)
librarian.

bibUsch adj. ['birbUn biblical,


scriptural; ~e Geschichte Scripture.
bieder adj. ['bi:d3r] honest, upright,
worthy {a.iro.); simple-minded; '2
keit / (-/no pi.) honesty, uprightness; simple-mindedness.
biegjen f'biigan] {irr., ge-) 1. vlt.
{h) bend; 2. v/refl. (h) bend; sich vor
Lachen double up with laughter; 3.
c/j. (se/ n): um e-e cke turn (round)
a comer; sam aJ;. [ biizaan]
cn rc, etc.: flexible; body: lithe, supple; pliant (a. fig.); Ssamlceit /
{-!no pi ) flexibility; suppleness;
pliability; 'Sung / (-/-en) bend,
wind {of road, river); curve {of road,
-

'

'

'

'

Bilderjbuch ['bildar-J n picturebook; ' galerie / picture-gallery;


'
'

ratsel n rebus.

Bildiflache /: F auf der erscheinen appear on the scene; F von dec

verschwinden disappear (from the


scene); '..funk m radio picture
transmission; television; ' hauer
m {-si-) sculptor; hauerei U rai]
/ (-/-en) sculpture; 'Slich adj. pictorial; tcord, etc.: figurative; 'nis
n {-sesj-se) portrait; rohre / picture or television tube; ' saule /
statue; ' schirm m (television)
screen; 'S chon adj. most beautiful; ' seite / face, head {of coin);
'
streifen m picture or film strip;
'
telegraphie / {-/no pi.) phototelegraphy.
'
Bildung / (-/-en) forming, formation {both a. gr.: of plural, etc.);
constitution {of committee, etc.);
education; culture; (good) breed'

'

ing.
[sg.; billiard-table.\
Billard ['bUjart] n (-s/-e) billiards/
biliig adj. ['bilig] just, equitable;
fair; price: reasonable, moderate;
goods: cheap, inexpensive; recht
und * right and proper; en t' flsn]
v/t. (ge-, h) approve of. Am. a. approbate; 'Skeit f{-}no pi.) justness,
equity; fairness: reasonableness,
moderateness; Sting [ gur)] f
'

(-/S-en) approval sanction.

arch).

Biene zo. ['bima] / (-/-n) bee; ' nkonigin / queen bee; 'jikorb m
(bee)hive; ' nschwarm m swarm
of bees; ' nstock m (bee)hive; n
nzuchter
zucht / bee-keeping;
m bee-keeper.
Bier [biu:] n (-[e]s/-e) beer; he//es
pale beer, ale; dunkles dark beer;
stout, porter;
vom FaB beer on
draught; '..brauer m brewer;
brauerei / brewery; ' garten m
beer-garden; ' krug m beer-mug,
'

'

Binde ['binds] / (-/-n) band; tie;


# bandage; (arm-)sling; s. Damenbinde; ' gewebe anat. n connective tissue; ' glied n connecting
link; ' haut anat. f conjunctiva;
hautentziindung
/ conjunctivitis; '2n (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t. bind,
tie (an acc. to); bind {book, etc.);
make {broom, vrreath, etc.); knot
(rie); sich
bind ar commit or engage o.s.; 2. vfi. bind; unite;
cement, etc.: set, harden; ' strich

m hyphen;

Am. stein.

Biest fbirst] n (-es/-er) beast, brute.


bieten ['binsn] (irr., ge-, h) 1. vjt.
offer;

B innenverkehr

65 -

'

story.

5 SWEII

wort gr. n (-[e]s =er)

Bindfaden ['bint-] m string; packthread.

at auction sale: bid; sich

opportunity, etc.: offer itself, arise,


occur; 2.
vfi. at auction sale: bid.
Bigamie [bi:ga,mi:J/(-/-n) bigamy.
Bilanz [bi'lants] / (-/-en) balance;
balance-sheet. Am. a. statement;
fig. result, outcome; die
ziehen
strike a balance; fig. take stock {of
one s life, etc.).
Bild [bilt] n (-[e]s/-er) picture; image; illustration; portrait; /zg. idea,
notion; ' bericht m press: picture

'

conjunction.
'

Bindung / (-/-en) binding (a. of


ski); $ slur, tie, ligature; fig. commitment (a. pol.); engagement; -~en
pi. bonds pi., ties pi.

binnen prp. {dat., a. gen.) ['binan]


within;
'

kurzem before long.


gewasser n inland water;
hafen m close port; ' handel m

Binnen

'

domestic or home trade. Am. do-

mestic commerce;

'
..

land n inland,

interior; '*verkehr m inland traffic


or transport.

Binse

Binse
['binza] / (-/-n) rush; F: in
die ~n gehen go to pot; ' .nwahrheit /, ' nweisheit / truism.
Biochemie [bioge'mi:] / (-/no pi.)
biochemistry.

Biograph|ie

[biogra'fi:] / (-/-n)

biography; 2isch adj. U'gratfiJ]


biographic(al).

Biolog|ie [biolo'gi:] / (-/no pi.)


biology; isch adj. U'loigiJ] biological.

Birke

fbirkaJ/C-Z-n) birch(-tree).

Birne f'bima] / (-/-n)

swell out (sails); sich


sails: belly
(out), swell out; sfo'rr: balloon out;
2 & v/i. cause flatulence; Lend &
adj. flatulent; Sung # / (-/-en)
.

'

flatulence, F wind.

Blam|age [bla'maisa] / (-/-n) disgrace, shame; Sieren [Jmiiran]


v/t. (no -ge-, h) make a fool of s.o.,
disgrace; sich
make a fool of o.s.
blank adj. [blaqk] shining, shiny,
bright; polished; F fig. broke.

blanko "f ['blaqko] 1. adj. form, etc.:

pear;

blank, not filled in; in blank; 2. adv.:

verkaufen stock exchange: sell

(electric) bulb; fig. $1. nob. Am.

short;

bis [bis] 1. prp. (ace.) space: to, as


far as; time: till, until, by; zwei

full power of attorney, carte blanche.

dre; two or three, two to three;


'

auf we/ teres until further orders,

Blaschen #

count up to four; alle ~ auf dre/


all but or except three; 2. cj. till,
until.

Bisamratte zo. ['biizam-] / muskrat.

Bischof ['bijaf] m (-s/=e) bishop.


bischoflich adj. ['bifeflig] episcopal.
bisher adv. [bis'heir] hitherto, up
to now, so far; ~ig adj. until now;
hitherto existing; former.
Bifi [bis] 1. m (BissesJBisse) bite;
2 2 pret. of be/Gen.
bifichen ['bis an] 1. adj.: ein
a
little, a (little) bit of; 2. adv.: ein
a little (bit).
Bissen ['bisan] m (si-) mouthful;
.

ware of the dog!


Bistum ['bistuim] n (-s/er) bishopric, diocese.
bisweilen adv. [bis'vaibn] sometimes, at times, now and then.

Bitte fbita] / (-/-n) request (um


for); entreaty; auf j-s
(hin) at
s request.

'

bitten O'rr., ge-, h) 1. v/t.: j-n um


et.
ask or beg s.o. for s.th.; j-n
um Entschuldigung
beg s.o. s
pardon; dtirfte ich Sie um Feuer
may I trouble you for a light?;
bitte please; (w/e) bitte? (I beg
your) pardon?; bittel offering s.th.:
(please,) help yourself, (please,) do
'

take some or one; danke (schon) -

bitte (sehr)! thank you - not at all,


re welcome, don t mention it,
F that's all right; 2. v/i.: um et.
ask or beg for s.th.
bitter adj. fbitar] bitter (a. fig.);
frost: sharp; 'fikeit/(-/-en) bitterness; fig. a. acrimony; 'Jtfch adv.
bitterly.
'

Bittlgang eccl. m procession; '

'

schrift / petition;
(si-) petitioner.

(-s/-)

'

band.

blafi adj. [bias] pale (vor dat. with);


werden turn pale; keine blasse
Ahnung not the faintest idea.
Blasse ['blesa] / (-/no pi.) paleness.
Blatt [blat] n (-[e]s/=er) leaf (of book,
%); petal (of flower); leaf, sheet (of
paper); J" sheet; blade (of oar, saw,

airscrew, etc.); sheet (of metal);

bissig adj. biting (a. fig.); remark:


cutting; Achtung, er Hundl be-

'

Blase fblaiza] / (-/-n) bubble;


blister (a. &); anat. bladder; bleb
(in glass); flaw; Lbalg m (ein
a pair of) bellows pi.; Sn (irr., ge-,
h) 1. vft. blow; blow, sound; play
(wind-instrument); 2. vji. blow.
Bias | instrument i ['blais-l n
wind-instrument; 'Jkapelle / brass

morsel; bite.
'

you

['bleisgan]

vesicle, small bhster.

for the meantime; ~ v/'er zahlen

'

'

Sscheck m blank cheque,


Am. blank check; 'Sunterschrift /
blank signature; 'Svollmacht /

bean.

s.o.

Blei

66 -

'

teller

blah|en ['bleran] (ge-, h) 1. vlt. inflate, distend, swell out; belly (out),

cards: hand; (news)paper.


Blattern # ['blatam] pi. smallpox.
blattern ['bletam] v/i. (ge-, h): in
e-m Such
leaf through a book,
thumb a book.
'

Blattemarb|e / pock-mark; '2ig

adj. pock-marked.
Blatterteig m puff paste.
'
Blatt|gold n gold-leaf, gold-foil;
Llaus zo.f plant-louse; '~pflanze/
foliage plant.
blau [blau] 1. adj. blue; Ffig. drunk,
tight, boozy; er Fleck bruise; ,es
Auge black eye; mit e-m ,en >Auge
dovon/commen get off cheaply; 2. 2
n (s/no pi.) blue (colo[u]r); Fahrt
ins ~e mystery tour.
[blue.)
blauen ['bbvan] v/t. (ge-, h) (dye)/
'
blaulgrau adj. bluish grey; '2jacke -tfr / bluejacket, sailor.
'
blaulich adj. bluish.
'

'

Blausaure

/ (-[no pi.) hydro-

cyanic or prussic acid.


Blech [ble?] n (-[e]s/-e) sheet metal;
metal sheet, plate; F fig. balderdash,
rubbish. Am. si. a. baloney;

biichse / tin. Am. can; '2ern adj.


(of) tin; sound: brassy; sound, voice:
tinny; '~musik / brass-band music; Lwaren flpl. tinware.
Blei [blai] (-[e]s/-e) 1. n lead; 2. F n,
m (lead) pencil.

bleiben

Blute

67 -

bleiben ['blaiban] vji. (irr., ge-,


se/n) remain, stay; be left; ruhig
keep calm; . be/ keep to s.th., stick
to s.th.i b/tte bleiben S/e am Apparat teleph. hold the line, please;
adj. lasting, permanent; Classen
vlt. (irr. lassen, sep., no -ge-, h)

flash; '2er mot. m (si-) flashing


indicator; 'euer n flashing light.
blinzeln ['blintssln] vli. (ge-, h)

leave s.th. alone; laB das bleiben I

blitzt it is lightening; '-gesprach


teleph. n special priority call;
lichtphot. n flash-light; '2'schnell
adv. vtixh lightning speed;
strahl m flash of lightning.
Block [bbk] m 1. (-[e]s/=e) block;
slab (of cooking chocolate); block,
log (of wood); ingot (of metal);
parl., pol.,
bloc; 2. (-[e]s/=e, -s)
block (of houses); pad, block (of
paper); _ade X, & [Jkcnds] /

don't do it!; leave it alone!; stop


that (noise, etc.)1.

bleich adj. [blai?] pale (vor dat.


with); ' en (ge-) 1. vlt. (h) make
pale; bleach; blanch; 2. vfi. (irr.,
se/n) bleach; lose coloCvOr, fade;
'
siichtig # adj. chlorotic green~

sick.
'

bleiem adj. (of) lead, leaden (a.fig.).

'

Bleilrohr n lead pipe; ' soldat m

'
tlft m (lead) pencil;
stifthiilse / pencil cap; ' stiftspitzer m (si-) pencil-sharpener;
'
vergiftung
f lead-poisoning.
Blendje ['blsnds] / (-/-n) phot, diaphragm, stop; A blind or sham
window; "Sen (ge-, h) 1. v/t. blind;
dazzle (both a. fig.); 2. vfi. light:
dazzle the eyes; J at erne ['blent-]
/ dark lantern.
blicb [blic] pret. of bleichen 2.
Blick [blik] m (-[e]s/-e) glance,
look; view (auf acc. of); auf den
ersten
at first sight; ein bcser
an evil or angry look; Sen v/i. (ge-,
h) look, glance (auf acc, nach at);
'
fang m eye-catcher.
blieb [bli:p] pret. of bleiben.
blies [bli:s] pret. of blasen.
blind adj. [blint] blind (a. fig.: gegen, fur to; vor dat. with); metal:
dull, tarnished; trindcno: opaque
(with age, dirt); mirror: clouded,
dull; cartridge: blank; er Alarm
false alarm;
er Passagier stowaway; auf e-m Auge blind in one

tin soldier;

blink (ar light, etc.); wink.


Blitz [blits] m (-esl-e) lightning;
'
ableiter m (si-) lightning-con-

ductor; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h) flash; es

adebrecher m
(-l-n) blockade;
(-s/-) blockade-runner; ' haus n

'

log cabin; Sieren U'kirran] (no


fe-j h) 1. v/t. block (up); lock
(wheel); 2. v/i. brakes, etc.: jam.
blod adj. [bloit], ~e adj. V da]
imbecile; stupid, dull; silly; 'Sheit
/ (-/-en) imbecility; stupidity, dullness; silliness; 'Ssinn m imbecility;
rubbish, nonsense;
sinnig adj.
imbecile; idiotic, stupid, foolish.
bloken ['blorkan] v/i. (ge-, h) sheep,
-

'

calf: bleat.

blond

'

eye.

Blinddarm anat. m blind gut; appendix; entziindung #/appen'

dicitis.

Blinde ['blinds] (-n/-n) 1. m blind


man; 2. / blind woman; nanstalt
['blindsn'-] / institute for the
blind;

' nheim n home for the

blind; ' nhund m guide dog. Am.


a
seeing-eye dog; ' nschrift /
.

braille.

blond,

fair

blofi [blo:s] 1. adj. bare, naked;


mere;

dem

e Worte mere words; mit

en Auge wahrnehmbar visible

to the naked eye; 2. adv. only,


merely, simply, just.
Blofie ['blaisa] / (-/-n) bareness,
nakedness; fig. weak point or spot;

sich e-e ~ geben give o.s. away; lay


o s.
.

open to attack; fce/ne ~ bieten

be invulnerable.
'

blofillegen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lay


bate, expose; ' stellen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) expose, compromise, unmask; sich
compromise o.s.
-

bliihen ['bly.an] v/i. (ge-, h) blossom, flower, bloom; fig. flourish,


thrive, prosper; Y boom.
Blume ['bluima] / (-l-n) flower;
wine: bouquet; beer: froth.
'
Blumenlbeet n flower-bed;
blatt n petal; 'chandler m florist;
'
straufi m bouquet or bunch of
flowers; ' topf m flowerpot;
-

'

blindjfliegen 2? (irr. fliegen, sep.,


ge-) v/t. (h) and v/i. (se/n) fly blind
or on instruments; Sflug Sg* m
blind flying or flight; 'Sganger m
M blind shell, dud; F fig. washout;
'
heit/ (-(no pi.) blindness; clings
adv. [ Jiijs] blindly; at random;
Sschleiche zo. f (-l-n) slow-worm,
blind-worm; ' schreiben v/t. and
vji. (irr. schreiben, sep., -ge-, h)
-

'

'

'

touch-type.

blink[en ['blirjkan] vfi. (ge-, h) star,


light: twinkle; metal, leather, glass,
etc.: shine; signal (with lamps),
5*

[bbnt]

'

adj.

(-haired)

zucht / floriculture.
Bluse fbluiza] / (-/-n) blouse.
Blut [blurt] n (-[e]slno pi.) blood;
n, vergieBen shed blood; boses
machen

breed

bad

blood;

' an-

drang # m congestion; 'Sarm adj.


bloodless, # an(a)emic; ' armut
/ an(a)emia; '..bad n carnage,
massacre; '~bank
f blood bank;
'
blase /blood blister; ' druck m

blood pressure; Sdiirstig adj.


[ '-.dyrstic] bloodthirsty.
Bliite fblyita] / (-l-n) blossom,

Blutegel

bloom, flower;

esp. fig.

prime, heyday {of life).

68 -

Borsenzeitung

paper); 'Sformig adj. arched;

flower;

gang A tn arcade; ' .lampe # f


arc-lamp; Lschiitze m archer

Blutegel ['bluu'eigal] m (-s/-) leech.


'
bluten vji. (ge-, h) bleed (ous

bowman.

bleed at the

Bohle ['borb] / (-/-n) thick plank,

Blutergufi # ['bluit?-] m effusion

Bohne ['botna] / (-/-n) bean; grilne


pi. French beans pi.. Am. string

from); ous der Nose

board.

nose.

of blood.
'

Bliitezeit / flowering period or


time; fig. a. prime, heyday.
'
BlutlgefaB anat. n blood-vessel;
gerinnsel # [' garinzal] n (-s/-)
clot of blood; ' gruppe / blood
group; ' hund zo. m bloodhound.
'
blutig adj. bloody, blood-stained;
es /st me/n

beans pi.; weilie ~n pi. haricot beans


pi.; F blaue n pi. bullets pi.; ' nstange / beanpole (a. F fig.).
bohnern ['bomarn] v/t. (ge-, h)
polish (floor, etc.), (bees)wax (floor).

bohrjen f'borran] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


bore, drill (hole); sink, bore (well,

er Ernst I am dead

serious; er Anfanger mere beginner, F greenhorn.


Blut|k6rperchen ['bluttkcerpargan]
n (s/-) blood corpuscle; Lkreislauf m (blood) circulation; ' lache
/ pool of blood; 'Sleer adj., 'Slos
adj. bloodless; ' probe / blood
test; ' rache / blood feud or revenge or vengeance, vendetta; '2'
rot adj. blood-red; crimson;Sriinstig adj. [' rynstic] bloodthirsty;
bloody; ' schande / incest;
spender m blood-donor; '2stillend
adj. blood-sta(u)nching; ' sturz &
m h(a)emorrhage; '2sverwandt
adj. related by blood (m/t to); ' sverwandtschaft / blood-relationship, consanguinity; ' iibertragung / blood-transfusion; ' ung /
(-/-en) bleeding
h(a)emorrhage;
'
Sunterlaufen adj. eye: bloodshot;
vergiefien n bloodshed;
'
vergiftung / blood-poisoning.
Bo [bo] / (-/-en) gust, squall.
Bock [bok] m (-[ejs/ e) deer, hare,
rabbit: buck; he-goat, F billy-goat;
sheep: ram; gymnastics: buck; e-n
,

'

shaft); bore, cut, drive (tunnel, etc.);


2 v/i. drill (a. dentistry); bore; 'Ser
.

m (-si-) borer, drill.


'

boig adj. squally, gusty;


bumpy.
Boje ['bocja] / (-/-n) buoy.
Bollwerk X ['bolverk] n bastion,
bulwark (a. fig.).
Bolzen ['boltsan] m (-s/-) bolt.
Bombard I ement [bombarda'ma:]
n (sj-s) bombardment; bombing;
shelling; Sieren U'di:ran] vjt. (no
ge-, h) bomb; shell; bombard (a.
-

fig-).

Bombe ['bomba] / (-/-n) bomb; ?.


bomb-shell; '2nsicher adj. bombproof; F g. dead sure; Lnschaden

m bomb damage;

'

:
,

m (-s/-)

bomber.

Bon 'f' [bo:] m (-s/-s) coupon; voucher; credit note.

Bonbon [bo'bo:] m, n (-s/-s) sweet


(-meat) bon-bon, F goody. Am.
candy.
,

Bonze F ['bontsa] m (-n/-n) bigwig,


Am. a. big shot.
Boot [bo:t] n (-[e]s/-e) boat; '~shaus
n boat-house; ' smann m C-[e]s/
8oots/eute) boatswain.

schielien commit a blunder, si.


commit a bloomer; den ~ zum

Bord [bort] (-[e]s/-e) 1. n shelf;

Gartner machen set the fox to keep


the geese; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h) horse:
buck; child: sulk; p. be obstinate or
refractory; mot. move jerkily. Am.
F a. buck; 'Sig adj. stubborn, obstinate, pigheaded; ' sprung m
leap-frog; gymnastics: vault over
the buck; Bockspriinge machen

(ship, aircraft, etc.); Uber


overboard; von
gehen go ashore;
'
funker
,
m wireless or radio
operator; ' stein m kerb. Am. curb.
borgen ['borgan] v/t. (ge-, b) borrow
(von, bei from, of); lend. Am. a.
loan (/-m et. s.th. to s.o.).
Borke [lbDrka]/(-/-n) bark (of tree).
borniert adj. [bor'nhrt] narrowminded, of restricted intelligence.
Borsalbe ['borr-] / boracic oint-

caper, cut capers.

Boden ['boidan] m (-s/-) ground;


S soil; bottom; floor; loft; ' kammer / garret, attic; 'filos adj.
bottomless; fig. enormous; unheard-of; ' personal * n groimd
personnel or staff. Am. groimd
crew; ' reform / land reform;
'
satz m grounds pi., sediment;
schatze ['..Jetsa] m/pl. mineral
resources/)/.; 'Sstandig adj.native,
indigenous.
bog [bo:k] pret. of biegen.
Bogen ['borgan] m (-s/-, .*) bow,
bend, curve;
arc; & arch; skiing: turn; skating: curve; sheet (0/
~

m: an

on board, aboard

ment.

Borse f'bcerza] / (-/-n) purse; t


stock

exchange;
stock-market;
money-market; ' nbericht m market report; 'Snfahig adj. stock:
negotiable on the stock exchange;
'
nkurs m quotation; ' nmakler
m stock-broker; ' nnotierung /
(official, stock exchange) quotation; ' npapiere n/pl. listed securities pi.; ' nspekulant m stockjobber; ' nzeitung / financial
newspaper.

Borste

or stigmatize s.o.; ' mauer / fire


(-proof) wall; ' schaden m damage
caused by or loss suffered by fire;
'
Sschatzen v\t. {ge-, h) lay {town)
under contribution; sack, pillage;
.
statte /, Lstelle / scene of fire;
stifter m incendiary. Am. F a.

Borst|e ['borsts] / (-/-n) bristle {of


hog or brush, etc.); 'fiig adj. bristly.
Borte ['borts] / (-/-n) border {of
carpet, etc.); braid, lace.
'
bosartlg adj. malicious, vicious;
malignant; 'Skeit / (-/-en) viciousness; & malignity.
Boschung ['boejui}] / (-/-en) slope;
embankment {of railway); bank
{of river).
bose ['beiza] 1. adj. bad, evil, wicked ; malevolent, spiteful; angry (iiber
acc. at, about; auf j-n with s.o.);
er me/nt es nicht ~ he means no

harm; 2. 2 n {-njno pi.) evil; Swicht


'
[ vi t] m (-[e]s/-er, -e) villain,
..

rascal.

bos | haft adj. ['borshaft] wicked;


spiteful; malicious; Sheit/(-/-en)
'

wickedness; malice; spite.


'

boswillig adj. malevolent;


Ab~
sicht
malice prepense; es Verlassen
wilful desertion; 'fikeit/
(-/-en) malevolence
bot [bo:t] pret. of bieten.
Botan|ik [bo'tarnik] / {-[no pi.)
botany; ..iker m (-s/-) botanist;
2isch adj. botanical.
Bote ['boits] m (-n/-n) messenger;
'
ngang m errand; Botenfonfe
.

machen run errands.


'

Botschaft / (-/-en) message; pol.


embassy; ' er m (-s/-) ambassador;
in British Commontoealth countries:

High Commissioner.
Bottich ['botic] m (-[e]s/-e) tub;
wash-tub; brewing: tun. vat.
Bouillon [bu'ljo:] / (-/-s) beef tea.
Bowie ['bo s] / (-/-n) vessel: bowl;
cold drink consisting of fruit, hock
and champagne or soda-water: appr.
punch.
box|en ['boksan] 1. vli. (jge-, h) box;
2 v/t. (ge-, h) punch s.o.; 3. 2 n
{-sfnopl ) boxing; pugilism; er m
(-s/-) boxer; pugilist; Shandschuh
m boxing-glove; 'Skampf m boxing-match, bout, fight;
sport m
boxing.
Boykott [boY'kot] (-[e]s/-e) boycott;
2ieren U'tiiran] v/t. {no -ge-, h)
.

'

Brautjungfer

69 -

firebug; ' stiftung / arson;

ung

[Lduri] / (-/-en) surf, surge, breakers pi.; ' wache / fire-watch;


'
wunde / bum; scald; ' zeichen
n brand.

brannte ['branta] pret. of brennen.


Branntwein ['brantvam] m brandy,
spirits pi.; whisk(e)y; gin; ' brennerei / distillery.
braten ['bra-.tsn] 1. v/t. {irr., ge-, h)
in oven: roast; grill; in frying-pan:
fry; bake {apple); am SpieB
roast
on a spit, barbecue; 2. v/i. {irr.,
ge-, h) roast; grill; fry; in der Sonne
p. roast or grill in the sun; 3.2 m
{-si-) roast (meat); joint; '2fett n
dripping; '2soCe / gravy.
'
Bratlfisch m fried fish; ' hering
m grilled herring; ' huhn n roast
chicken; ' kartoffeln pi. fried
potatoes pi.; '..ofen m (kitchen)
oven; ' pfanne/frying-pan. Am. a.
skillet; ' rohre f s. Bratofen.
Branch [braux] m (-[e]s/=e) custom,
usage; use, habit; practice; '2bar
adj. p., thing: useful; p. capable,
able; thing: serviceable; '2en (h)
1 v/t. {ge-) need, want; require;
take {time); use; 2. v/aux. (no -ge-):
du brauchst es nur zu sagen you
only have to say so; er hotte nicht
.

zu kommen

he need not have

come; '..turn n (-[e]s/=er) custom;


tradition; folklore.

Braue ['braua] / (-/-n) eyebrow.

brau|en ['brauan] v/t. {ge-, h) brew;


'

2er m {-si-) brewer; 2erei [ 'rai]


/(-/-en) brewery; 'Shaus n brewery.
braun adj. [braun] brown; horse:
bay;
werden get a tan {on one's
skin).

Braune ['brevna] / {-Ino pi.) brown


colo(u)r; (sun) tan; '2n (ge-, h) 1.
v/t. make or dye brown; sun: tan;
2 v/i. tan.

boycott.

brach [bra:x] 1. pret. of brechen;


2
S adv. fallow; uncultivated
{both a. fig.).
brachte ['braxts] pret. of bringen.
Branche + I'brarja] / (-/-n) line
(of business), trade; branch.
Brand [brant] w (-[e]s/=e) burning;
fire, blaze; # gangrene;
, S
blight, smut, mildew; '..blase /
blister; ' bornbe / incendiary
bomb; Sen [' dsn] v/i. {ge-, h)
surge (a. fig.), break {an acc, gegen
against); ' fleck m bum; 2ig adj.
V diq]
S bhghted, smutted;
gangrenous; 'mal brand; fig.
stigma, blemish; Smarken v\t.
(ge-, h) brand {animal); fig. brand
.

'

Braunkohle / brown coal, lignite.


'
braunlich adj. brownish.
Brause ['brauza] / (-/-n) rose,
sprinkling-nozzle {of watering can);
s

'

Brausebad;

s.

Brauselimonade;

bad n shower(-bath);

'Uimonade / fizzy lemonade; '2n v/i.


{ge-, h) wind, water, etc.: roar; rush;
have a shower(-bath); ' pulver n
effervescent powder.
Braut [braut] / (-/=e) fiancee; on
wedding-day: bride; ' fuhrer m
best man.

Brautigam ['broytigam] m (-s/-e)


fiance; on wedding-day: bride-

'

groom, Am. a. groom.


'

Brautjjungfer / bridesmaid;

Brautkleid

britisch

kleid n wedding-dress; ' kranz m

stinging nettle; ' glas n burning

bridal wreath; 'Ueute /., ' paar n


engaged couple; on wedding-day:
bride and bridegroom; ' schleier

glass;

m bridal veil.

brav adj. [bra:f] honest, upright;


good, well-behaved; brave.
bravo int. ['braivo] bravo!, well
done!

Bravour [bra'vurr] / {-jno pi.)


bravery, courage; brilliance.
Brecheisen ['bres'-] n crowbar;
(burglar's) jemmy. Am. a. jimmy.
'

70 -

brechen (irr., ge-)

1. v/t. (hi)

break; pluck (flower); refract (ray,


etc.); fold (sheet of paper); quarry
(stone); vomit; die Ehe
commit
adultery; sich
break (one s leg,
etc.); opt. be refracted; 2. v/L (h)
break; vomit; mit j-m break with
s o
3. v/i. (sei'n) break, get broken;
'

.;

bones: break, fracture,


'

Brech|mittel # n emetic; F fig.


sickener;

'

reiz m nausea;

'

stange

/ crowbar. Am. a. pry; ' ung opt.


f (-/-en) refraction.
Brei [brai] m (-[e]s/-e) paste; pulp;
mash; pap (for babies); made of
oatmeal: porridge;
(rice, etc.)
pudding; 'Sig adj. pasty; pulpy;
pappy.

breit adj. [bran] broad, wide; zehn


Meter

ten metres wide; ~e Schich-

ten der 8ev6/kerung large sections


of or the bulk of the population;
'

beinig 1. adj. with legs wide


apart; 2. adv.:
gehen straddle.
Breite ['braita] / (-/-n) breadth,
width; ast., geogr. latitude; '2n v/t.
(ge-, h) spread; ' ngrad m degree
of latitude;
nkreis m parallel (of
-.

'

holz n firewood; '..mate-

fuel;

' 61 n

lamp-oil;

fuel-oil; ' punkt m focus, focal


point; in den
riicken bring into
focus (a. fig.); im des Interesses

stehen be the focus of interest;


Lschere/curling-tongs pi.; ' spiritus m methylated spirit; ' stoff
m combustible; mot. fuel.

brenzlig ['brentsli?] 1. adj. burnt;


matter: dangerous; situation: precarious; er Geruch burnt smell,
smell of burning; 2. adv.: es riecht
it smells of burning.
Bresche ['breja] / (-/-n) breach (a.
fig-), gap; m die spr/'ngen help s.o.
~

out of a dilemma.

Brett [bret] n (-[e]s/-er) board;


plank; shelf; spring-board; 1 ..spiel
n game played on a board.
Brezel ['brertsal] / (-/-n) pretzel.
Brief [bri:f] m (-[e]s/-e) letter; ' aufschrift / address (on a letter);
'
beschwerer m (-s/-) paperweight; ' bogen m sheet of notepaper; ' geheimnis n secrecy of
correspondence; ' karte / correspondence card (with envelope);
'
kasten m letter-box; pillar-box;
Am. mailbox; 'Slich adj. and adv.
by letter, in writing; ' marke /
(postage) stamp; ' markensammlung / stamp-collection; ' offner
m letter-opener; ' vordner m letterfile; Lpapier n notepaper; ' porto
n postage; ' post / mail, post;
'
tasche / wallet. Am. a. billfold;
Ltaube / carrier pigeon, homing
pigeon, homer; ' trager m postman, Am. mailman;
umschlag
waage / letterm envelope;
balance; ' wechsel m correspondence;
zensur / postal censorship.
briet [bri:t] pret. of braten.
Brikett [bri'ket] n (-[e]s/-s) briquet
-

'

'

latitude).
'

breitlmachen vjrefl. (sep., -ge-, h)


spread o.s.; take up room; schlagen vlt. (irr. schlagen, sep., -ge-, h):
F j-n persuade s.o.; F j-n zu et.
'

talk s.o. into (doing) s.th.; 'fiseite


& f broadside.

Bremse ['bremza] / (-/-n) zo. gadfly; horse-fly; brake; 'Sn (ge-, h)


v/i. brake, put on the brakes; slow
down; 2. v/t. brake, put on the
brakes to; slow down; . curb.
'
Bremslklotz m brake-block;
*
wheel chock; pedal brake pedal;
'
vorrichtung/brake-mechanism;
'
weg m braking distance.
brenn|bar adj. ['brenba:r] combustible, burnable; 'Sdauer / burning
time; ' en (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t. burn;
distil(l) (brandy); roast (coffee);
bake (brick, etc.); 2. v/i. bum;
be ablaze, be on fire; wound, eye:
smart, burn; nettle: sting; vor
Ungeduld
burn with impatience;
F darauf
zu inf. be burning to
inf.; es brennt! fire!
'

'

rial

'

Brennjer m (-s/-) p. distiller; fixture: burner; ~essel ['brennessl] /

'

(-te)
Brillant [bril'jant] 1. m (-en/-en)
brilliant, cut diamond; 2. 2 adj.
.

brilliant; ~ring m diamond ring.


Brille ['brib] / (-/-n) (e/'ne a pair
of) glasses pi. or spectacles pi.;

goggles/?/.; lavatory seat; Lnfutteral n spectacle-case; ntrager m


'

person who wears glasses.

bringen ['brirpn] v/t. (irr., ge-, h)


bring; take; see (s.o. home, etc.);
put (in order); make (sacrifice);
yield (interest); an den Mann
dispose of, get rid of; j-n dazu ,
et. zu tun make or get s.o. to do
s

th.; et. mit sich ~ involve s.th.;

deprive s.o. of s.th.;


make s.o. laugh.
Brise ['briiza] / (-/-n) breeze.
j-n um et

j-n zum Lachen

Brit|e ['brits] m (-n/-n) Briton, Am.


a.

Britisher; die ~n pi. the British

pi.; 'fiisch adj. British.

brockeln

71 -

brockeln ['brcekaln] v/i. Cge-, h)

beef tea; F dirty water; drink: F

crumble; become brittle.

Brocken ['brokan] 1. m (-s/-) piece;


lump (0/ earth or stone, etc.);
morsel (of food); F ein barter
a
hard nut; 2. 2 v/t. (ge-} h): Brot in
die Suppe
break bread into soup.
brodeln ['brordoln] v/i. (ge-, h)
bubble, simmer.

dishwater; 'S'heiC adj. scalding hot;


'

des Gelachter roar of laughter.

brummlen f'bruman] v/t. (ge- h)


,

p. speak

in a deep voice, mumble;


growl (a. fig.); insect: buzz; engine:
buzz, boom; fig. grumble. Am. F

'

strauch m blackberry bush.


Bronchlialkatarrh & [broniji'a:!katar] m bronchial catarrh; ' ien
anat. flpl. bronchi(a) pi.; itis #
tis] / (-IBronchitiden) bronU

grouch; mir brummt der Schiidel

my head is buzzing; '2bar fig m


grumbler, growler, Atn. F grouch;
.

'

er m (-s/-) bluebottle; dungbeetle; ' ig adj. grumbling. Am. F

chitis.

booklet; brochure; pamphlet.


Brot [bro:t] n (-[e]s/-e) bread; loaf;
sein ~ verdienen earn one s living;
'
aufstrich m spread.
Briitchen fbro-.t an] n (-s/-) roll.
'
Brot|korb m: j-m den hoher hangen put s.o. on short allowance;
'
filos fig. adj. unemployed; unprofitable; Lrinde / crust;
schneidemaschine / bread-cutter; '~schnitte / shce of bread;
'
studium n utilitarian study;
'
teig m bread dough.
Bruch [brux] (-[e]s/=e) break(ing);
breach; # fracture (of bones);
hernia; crack; fold (in paper);
crease (in cloth); split (in silk);
fraction; breach (of promise); violation (of oath, etc.); violation, infringement (oflawy etc.); ' band
'

n truss.

briichig

adj.

['bry i?]

fragile;

brittle, voice: cracked.


'

Bruchllandung

/ crash-land-

ing; ' rechnung / fractional arithmetic, F fractions pi.; Ostrich A" m


fraction bar; ' stiick n fragment
(a. fig.); ' teil m fraction; im
e-r
Sekunde in a split second; ' .zahl
/ fraction(al) number.
Briicke ['bryka] / (-/-n) bridge;
carpet: rug; sports: bridge; e-e ~
schlagen Uber (acc.) build or throw
a bridge across, bridge (river); 'n
kopf X m bridge-head; Lnpfeiler
m pier (of bridge).
Bruder fbruidar] m (-s/-) brother;
eccl. (lay) brother, friar; ' krieg m
-

fratricidal or civil war;


fraternal kiss.

'~ku m

briiderlich ['bryrdarli?] 1. adj.


brotherly, fraternal; 2. adv.:
teilen share and share alike; 'Ekeit /
(-Ino pi ) brotherliness, fraternity.
.

Briihle ['bryiaJ/H-n) broth; stock;

wurfel m beef cube.

briillen ['brybn] v/i. (ge-, h) roar;


bellow; cattle: low; bull: bellow;
vor Lachen
roar with laughter;

Brombeer|e ['brom-] /blackberry;

Bronze ['broisa] / (-/-n) bronze;


'
medaille / bronze medal.
Brosche ['broja] / (-/-n) brooch.
broschierlen [bro'Jirran] v/t. (no
ge-3 h) sew, stitch (book); ~t adj.
book: paper-backed, paper-bound;
fabric: figured.
Broschiire [bro'Jyira] / (-/-n)

Buchdruckerei

grouchy.

briinett

adj.

[bry'net]

woman:

brunette.

Brunft hum. [brunft] / (-/=e) rut;


Lzeit / rutting season.
Brunnen ['brunan] m (-s/-) well;
spring; fountain (a. i
f g.);
graben sink a well; ' wasser n
pump-water, well-water.

Brunst [brunst] / (-/=e) zo. rut (of


male animal), heat (of female animal); lust, sexual desire.

briinstig adj. f'brynsti?] zo. rutting,


in heat; lustful.

Brust [brust] / (-/=e) chest, anat.


thorax; breast; (woman's) breast(s
pi.), bosom; aus voller at the top
of one s voice, lustily; Lbild n halflength portrait.
brtisten ['bryctan] v/refl. (ge-, h)
boast, brag.
'

'

Brust I fell anat. n pleura; ' fellentziindung 4? / pleurisy; Lkasten

m,

'Jkorb

chest,

anat.

thorax; '*,schwimmen n (sjno


pi.) breast-stroke.
Briistung ['brystur)] / (-/-en) balustrade, parapet.
'
Brustwarze anat. f nipple.
Brut [bruit] / (-/-en) brooding,
sitting; brood; hatch; fry, spawn
(of fish); fig. F brood, (bad) lot.
brutal adj. [bru'tail] brutal; 2itat
[ ali'teit] / (-/-en) brutality.
Brutapparat zo. f'bruit9-] m incubator.

briiten ['bryitan] vji. (ge-, h) brood,


sit (on egg); incubate;
diber (dot.)
brood over.
'

Brutkasten # m incubator.

brutto "f adv. ['bruto] gross; gewicht n gross weight; registertonne / gross register ton; '2verdienst m gross earnings pi.
Bube ['buiba] m (-n/-n) boy, lad;
knave, rogue; cards: knave, jack;
nstreich m,
nstiick n boyish
prank; knavish trick.
Buch [bu:x] n (-[e]s/=er) book;
volume; ' binder m (book-)binder;
'
drucker m printer; druckerei
'
U rai] / printing; printing-office,
Am. print shop.
'

Buche

Buche $ ['birxa] / (-/-n) beech.

buchen t'buixan] v/t. (ge-, h) book,


reserve (passage, flight, etc.); bookkeeping: book (item, sum), enter
(transaction) in the books; et. als
Erfolg
count s.th. as a success.

BiicherlabschluB

['by:?3r-] w

closing of or balancing of books;


Lbrett n bookshelf; ei U'rai] /
(-/-en) library; ' freund m booklover, bibliophil(e); ' revisor -f w
(-s/-en) auditor; accovmtant;

72 -

biirgen

nan'-] f/pl. stage directions p!.;


Lnbild n scene(ry); decor; stage
design; ' ndichter m playwright
dramatist; ' nlaufbahn / stage
career; ' nstiick n stage play.
,

buk [bu:k] pret. of backer).


Bulljauge
['bul-] n porthole
bull's eye; ' dogge zo. /bulldog.

Bulle ['bula] 1. zo. m (-n/-n) bull;


2

eccl. f (-/-n) bull.

Bummel F ['bumal] m (-s/-) stroll;

schrank m bookcase; ' wurm m

spree, pub-crawl, si. binge;


ei
U'lai] / (-/-en) dawdling; negli-

bookworm.

gence; 'Sn v/i. (ge-) 1. (sein) stroll,

Buch|fink orn. m chaffinch; ' hal-

saunter; pub-crawl; 2. (h) dawdle

ter m (si-) book-keeper; ' haltung / book-keeping; Lhandel m

(on way, at work), waste time;


'
streik m go-slow (strike). Am.
slowdown; Lzug m slow train. Am.
way train.
Bummler ['bumlar] m (-s/-) saunterer, stroller; loafer. Am. F a. bum;

'

book-trade; ' handler m bookseUer; ' Jbandlung / bookshop,


Am. bookstore.

Biichse ['byksa] / (-/-n) box, case;


tin. Am. can; rifle; '~nfleisch n
tinned meat. Am. canned meat;
'
noffner ['byksan?-] m tin-opener,
Am. can opener.

Buchstab|e ['burxjtaiba] m (-n/-n)


letter, character; typ. type; Sieren
[ a'bkran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) spell.
buchstablich ['buixjteiplig] 1. adj.
literal; 2. adv. literally; word for
word.

Bucht [buxt] / (-/-en) bay; bight;


creek, inlet.
'

Buchung / (-/-en) booking, reservation; book-keeping: entry.


Buckel ['bukal] 1. m (-s/-) hump,
hunch; humpback, hunchback;
boss, stud, knob; 2. / (-/-n) boss,
stud, knob.
'

buckelig adj. s. bucklig.


biicken ['bykan] v/refl. (ge-, h)
bend (down), stoop.
bucklig adj. ['buklig] humpbacked,
hunchbacked.

Buckling ['bykliq] m (-s/-e) bloater,


red herring; , bow.
Bude ['buida] / (-/-n) stall, booth;
hut, cabin. Am. shack; F: place;
den; (student's, etc.) digs pi.
Budget [by1 doe:] n (s/s) budget.
Biifett [by'fe:; by'fet] n (-[e]s/-s;
[e]s/-e) sideboard, buffet; buffet,
-

bar. Am. a. counter; ko/tes ~ buffet

supper or lunch.
Biiffel f'byfal] m (-s/-) zo. buffalo;
F fig. lout, blockhead.
Bug [bu:k] m (-[e]s/-e) * bow;
nose; fold; (sharp) crease.
Biigel ['byigal] m (s/-) bow (of
spectacles, etc.); handle (of handbag,
etc.); coat-hanger; stirrup; ' brett
n ironing-board; Leisen n (flat-)
iron; ' falte / crease; '2n v/t. (ge-,
h) iron (shirt, etc.), press (suit,

skirt, etc.).

Biihne ['byrna] / (-/-n) platform (a.


@); scaffold; thea. stage; fig.: die
the stage; die polhische* the political scene; ~nanweisungen ['by:-

dawdler.

Bund [bunt] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) pol.


union, federation, confederacy;
(waist-, neck-, wrist)band; 2. n
(-[e]s/-e)
bundle (of faggots);

bundle, truss (of hay or straw);


bunch (of radishes, etc.).
Biindel f'byndal] n (si-) bundle,
bunch; 'Sn vjt. (ge-, h) make into
a bundle, bundle up.

Bundes|bahn ['bundas-J / Federal


Railway(s pi.); ' bank / Federal
Bank; ' genosse m ally; Lgerichtshof m Federal Supreme
Court; '~kanzler m Federal Chancellor; Lministerium n Federal

Alinistry; ' post / Federal Postal


Administration; Lprasident m
President of the Federal Republic;
Lrat m Bundesrat, Upper House
of German Parliament; ' republik
/ Federal Republic; ' staat in
federal state; confederation; Ltag
m Bundestag, Lower House of
German Parliament.

biindig adj. ['byndig] style, speech:


concise, to the point, terse.
Biindnis ['byntnis] n (ses/se)
alliance; agreement.
Bunker ['burikar] m (si-)
coal,
fuel, etc.: bunker; bin; air-raid
shelter; X bunker, pill-box; 4(submarine) pen.
bunt adj. [bunt] (multi-)colo(u)red,
colo(u)rful; motley; bird, flower,
etc.: variegated; bright, gay; fig.
mixed, motley; full of variety;
Sdruck m colo(u)r-print(ing);
'
Sstift m colo(u)red pencil, crayon.
Biirde ['byrda] / (-/-n) burden (a.
fig.: fur j-n to s.o.), load.
Burg [burk]/(-/-en) castle; fortress,
citadel (a. fig.).
Biirge s% ['byrga] m (-n/-n) guarantor, security, surety, bailsman;
sponsor; '2n v/i. (ge-, h): fur j-n
stand guarantee or surety or security
for s.o.. Am. a. bond s.o.; stand

Burger

73 -

Charme

bail for s.o.; vouch or answer for

tuft, handful (of hair); wisp (of

sponsor s.o.; fiir et.


stand
security for s.th. guarantee s.th.;

straw or hair).

s o.;
.

'

vouch or answer for s.th.

Burger ['byrgar] m (-s/-) citizen;


townsman; ' krieg m civil war.
'
biirgerlich adj. civic, civil;
Ki/che plain cooking; Verlust der
en Ehrenrechte loss of civil rights;
BQrgerliches Gesetzbuch German
Civil Code; 'Se m (-n/-n) commoner.

Buschlholz n brushwood, underwood; 'Sig adj. hairy eyebrows, etc.:


bushy, shaggy; covered with bushes
or scrub, bushy; ' messer n bush-

knife; machete; ' neger m maroon;


'
werk n bushes pL, shrubbery
-.

Busen ['buizan] m (-s/-) bosom,


breast (esp. of woman); fig. bosom,
heart; geog. bay, gulf; ' freund m

'

Biirgerlmeister m mayor; in Germany. a. burgomaster; in Scotland:


provost; ' recht n civic rights pi.;
citizenship; ' schaft / (-/-en)
citizens pi.; ' steig m pavement,
Am. sidewalk; ' wehr / militia.
Biirgschaft ['byrkjaft] / (-/-en)
security; bail; guarantee.
Biiro [by'ro:] n (-s/-s) office; angestellte m, / (-n/-n) clerk; arbeit / office-work; klammer /
paper-clip; ~krat [ o'krait] m
(-en/-en) bureaucrat; kratie Uokra'ti:] / (-/-n) bureaucracy; red
tape; Skratisch adj. Uo'kraitiJ]
bureaucratic; stunden///)/. office
hours/)/.; vorsteher m head or
-

senior clerk.

Bursch [burj] m (-en/-en),


[' a]
m (-n/-n) boy, lad, youth; F chap,
Am. a. guy; e/n ubler a bad lot, F
a bad egg.
burschikos adj. [burji'kois] free and
easy; esp. girl: boyish, unaffected,
hearty.
Burste ['byrsta] / (-/-n) brush; 'Sn
v/t. (ge-, ft) brush.
Busch [bu/] m (-es/=e) bush,
shrub.

Caf6 [ka'fe:] n (-s/-s) cafe, coffeehouse.

Cape [ke:p] n (-s/-s) cape.


Cell list / [tje'list] m (-en/-en)
} [' .o] n
violoncellist, ( )cellist;
(-s/-s Celli) violonceUo, (')cello.
Celsius ['tselzius]: 5 Grad
(abbr.
5 C) five degrees centigrade.
Chaiselongue [jz(3)'lo:]/(-/-n, -s)
chaise longue, lounge, couch.
Champagner [Jam'panjar] m (-s/-)
champagne.
Champignon ['Jampinjo] m (-s/-s)
champignon, (common) mushroom.
Chance [7a:s(3)] / (-/-n) chance;
keine haben not to stand a chance;
sich e/ne
entgehen lassen miss a
chance or an opportunity; die ~n
sind gleich the chances or odds are
'

even.

bosom friend.

Bussard om. f'busart] m (-[e]s/-e)


buzzard.

Bufie ['bursa] / (-/-n) atonement


(for sms), penance; repentance;
satisfaction; fine; tun do penance.
biifien fbyrsan] (ge-, h) 1. vjt. expiate, atone for (sin, crime); er
muflte es m/t s-m Leben
he paid
for it with his life; das so//st du m/'r

/ you'll pay for that!; 2. vji. atone,


pay (fiir for).

'
'

Biifier m (-s/-) penitent.

bufilfertig adj. penitent, repentant,


contrite; 'Sfertigkeit / (-/no pi.)
repentance, contrition; 'Stag m day
of repentance; BuC- und Bettag day

of prayer and repentance.


Buste t'bysta] / (-/-n) bust; ' nhalter m (si-) brassiere F bra.
Biittenpapier ['bytan-] n handmade paper.
Butter ['butar] / (-jno pi.) butter;
'
blume
/ buttercup; ' brot n
-.

(slice or piece of) bread and butter;

F: fur e;n
for a song; ' brotpapier n greaseproof paper; ' dose /
butter-dish; ' fafi n butter-chum;
'
milch/buttermilk; 'Sn vji. (ge-,
h) churn.
~

Biischel t'byjal} n (-s/-) bunch;

Am. a. brush.

Chaos ['karos] n (-/no pi.) chaos.


Charakter [ka'raktar] m (-s/-e)
character; nature; bild n character (sketch); darsteller thea. m
character actor;

fehler m fault in

'

s character; Sfest adj. of firm


or strong character; Si'sieren v/t.
(no -ge-, h) characterize, describe
(als acc. as); ~i'sierung / (-/-en),
vistik U'ristik] / (-/-en) characterization; Sistisch adj. U'ristiJ] characteristic or typical (fur of); Slich
adj. of or concerning (the) character; 21os adj. characterless, without
(strength of) character, spineless;
rolle thea. f character role; ~zug
m characteristic, feature, trait.

sm.

charmjant adj. [Jar'mant] charming, winning; Se Lfarm] m (sino


pi.) charm jgrace.

Chassis

Chassis [Ja'si:] n (-/-) mot., radio:

74 -

Dachantenne

ral(e); hymn; ' gesang m choral


singing, chorus; Lsanger m mem-

frame, chassis.

Chauffeur [Jo'foir] m (-s/-e) chauf-

ber oi a choir; chorister.

Christ [kristl m (-enj-en) Christian;

feur, driver.

'

Chaussee [Jo'se:] / (-/-n) highway,


(high) road.
Chauvinismus [Jovi'nismus] m (-/

baum m Ch istmas-tree; ' en-

heit/(-Ino o/.): die Christendom;


entum n (s/n ./.) Christianity;
kind n (-[e]s/wo pi.) Christ-child,
Infant Jesus; 'Slicfc adj. Christian.
Chrom [k o:m] n (slno pi.) metal:
'

'

no pi.) jingoism; chauvinism.


Chef [Jet] m (-s/-s) head, chief; -f
principal, F boss; senior partner.
Chemjie [ge'mi:] / (-/wo pi.) chem-

istry; ~iefaser / chemical fib|re,

chromium; pigment: chrome.


chromatiucn J", opt. adj. [kro'ma:-

Am. -er; ikalien [u'kailjan] flpl.


chemicals ph; -.iker ['geimikar] m

tij] chromatic.
Chronik ['kroinik] / (-/-en) chronicle.

(sj-) (analytical) chemist; 2isch

chronisch adj. ['kroinij] disease:


chronic (a. jig.).
Chronist [kro'nist] m (-en/-en)

'

adj. [ (jermij] chemical.

Chiffr|e ['Jiwrl / (-/-n) number;


cipher; in advertisement: box num-

chroniclei.

ber; 2ieren [Ji'frirran] vjt. (no -ge-,

b) cipher, code (message, etc.); write


in cod; or cipher.

Chinesle [gi'neiza] m (-n/-n) Chinese, contp. Chinaman; Sisch adj.


Chinese.

Chinin

[?i'ni:n] n (-s/no pi.)

quinine.

chronologisch adj. [krono'loigij]


chronological.
circa adv. ['tsirka] about, approximately.
Clique ['klika] / (-/-n) clique, set,
group, coterie; Lnwirtschaft /
(-Ino pi ) cliquism.
Conferencier [kofera'sje:] m (-s/-s)
.

Chirurg [gi'rurk] m (-en/-en) surgeon; Ue U gi:] / (-l-n) surgery;


Sisch adi. [ gij] surgical.
Chlor "J, [klo:r] (s/no pi.) chlorine; Sen vlt. (ge-, h) chlorinate
(water); ' kalk
m chloride of
'

'

lime.

Chloroform

[kloro'form] n (-/no

pi.) chloroform; Sieren # [Jmi:ran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) chloroform.


Cholera # ['koibra] / (-Ino pi.)

compere, Am. master of ceremonies.

Couch ikautj] / (-/-es) couch.

Coup6 [ku'pe:] n (s/s) mot. coup6;

compartment.

Couplet [ku'ple:] n (-s/-s) comic or


music-hall song.
Coupon [ku'po:] m (-s/-s) coupon;
dividend-warrant; counterfoil.

Courtage

t [kur'ta a] / (-/-n)

brokerage.

cholera.
'

cholerisch adj. [ko le:riJ] choleric,


irascible.

Cousin [ku'zS] m (-s/-s),


[Ums]/
(-l-n) cousin
Creme [kre:m, kre:m] / (-/-s) cream
(a. fig.: only sg.).
Cut [koet, kat] m (s/s), ~away
['koetave:, katave:] m (s/s) cutaway (coat), morning coat.
.

Chor [ko:r] m 1. A a. n (-[e]s/-e, -e)


chancel,
choir;
(organ-)loft;
2 (-[e]s/-e) in drama: chorus; singers: choir chorus; piece of music:
chorus; ~al [ko ra:!] m (-s/--e) cho.

'

'

jies

wo

(of ger.); besides; nevertheless, yet,

where; fi/er und ~ here and there;


bin ich here I am; ~ haben wir's!
there we are!; von an from there;

for all that; was ist schon


what
does it matter?; /ossen w/r es
let's leave it at that;
bleiben stick

time: ~ erst only then, not till then;


von ~ an from that time (on), since

da'beijbleiben v/i. (irr. bleiben,

da [da:] 1. adv. space: there;

to one's point, persist in it.

sep., -ge-, sein) stay with it or them;


sein v/i. (irr. sein, sep., -ge-, sein)
be present or there; ~stehen vji.
(irr. stehen, sep., -ge-, h) stand by

then; hier und ~ now and then or

again; 2. cj. time: as, when, while;


nun, ~ du es einmal gesagt hast
now (that) you have mentioned it;
causal: as, since, because;
ich
krank war, konnte ich nicht kom'

men as or since I was ill I couldn

come.

dabei adv. [da'bai, when emphatic:


'
dciibai] near (at hand), by; about,

going (zu inf. to inf.), on the point

or near.
'

dableiben vli. (iir. bleiben, sep.,


ge-, sein) stay, remain.
da capo adv. [da'kaipo] at opera,
-

etc.: encore.

Dach [dax] n (-[e]s/-er) roof; fig.


shelter;
antenne / roof aerial;
'

Dachdecker
'

m (-s/-) roofer; tiler;


fenster n skylight; dormer window;
garten m roofgesellschaft
/ holdgarden;
ing company; ' kammer / attic,
garret; pappe / roofing feh;
rinne / gutter, eaves pi.
dachte ['daxta] prei. of denken.
Dachs zo. [daksj m (-es -e) badger;
-.

singles pi.; 'haft adj. ladylike;


'
Jconiektion / ladies' ready-made
clothes pi.; ' mannschaft/sports:

decker
'

slater;

'

'

'

'

bau m (-[e]s -e) badger's earth.

'

Dach.sparren m rafter; ' stube /


attic, garret; stuhl m roof framework; ziegel m (roofing) tile.
dadurch [da'durg, xzhen emphatic:
'

'

'

da:dur<;] 1. adv. for this reason, in


this manner or way, thus; by it or
that; 2. cj.: , daB owing to (the fact
that), because; by ger.
dafur adv. [da'fy: tchen emphatic:
da yrr] for it or that; instead (of
it); in return (for it), in exchange;
sein be in favo(u)r of it; se/n zu
inf. be for ger., be in favo(u)r of
it is not his
ger.; er konn ntchis
fault; sorgen, daB see to it that.
Da'fiirhalten n (s rw pi.)
' : nach
meinem
in my opinion.
'

'

dagegen [da" gc.gsn. tshen emphatic: 'dargegan] 1. adv. against it or


that; in comparison with it, compared to it;
se/n be against it, be
opposed to it; ich habe nichts
I
have no objection (to it); 2. cj. on
the other hand, however.

daheim adv. [da'hann] at home.


daher [da'heir, tshen emphatic: 'da:he:r] 1. adv. from there; prefixed
to verts of motion: along; fig. from
this, hence;
kam es, daB thus it

happened that; 2. cj. therefore;


that is (the reason) why.
dahin adv. [da'hin zchen emphatic:
'
dadiin] there, to that place; gone,
past; prefixed to verbs of motion:
,

along; j-n
bringen, daB induce
to inf.; m-e Meinung gebt ~,

s o
.

daB my opinion is that.

da'hingestellt adj.: es se/n lassen


Gob) leave it undecided (whether).
dahinter adv. [da'hiniar. tchen emphatic: 'daihintar] behind it or
that, at the back of it; es stedct

nichts there is nothing in it.


da'hinterkommen v/i. (rr. kommen, sep., -ge-, se/n) find out
about it.

damallig adj. ['daimarlig] then, of


thay time; der e Bes/tzer the then
owner; ' s adv. then, at that time.
~

Daraast [da'mast] m (-es/-e) damask.

Dame ['darma] /(- -n) lady; danc-

ing, etc.: partner; cards, chess:


brett n
queen; s. Domesp/e/;
draught-board. Am. checkerboard.
'

'

Damen binde / (woman's) sani-

tary towel. Am. sanitary napkin;


doppel n tennis: women's doubles pi.; '~einzel n tennis: women's
'

-w

daniederliegen

75 -

'

s team;
Schneider
ladies' tailor, dressmaker.
women

'

Damespiel n (game oO draughts


pi.. Am. (game oO checkers pi.

dam it 1. adv. [da'mit, tshen emphatic: 'darmit] uith it or that,


therewith, herewith; by it or that;
was w/// er _ sogen? what does he
mean by it?; w/e steht es ? how
about

h?;

e/nverstoncfen

se/n

agree to it; 2. cj. (in order) that, in

order to inf., so (that); , n/cht lest,


(so as) to avoid that; for fear that

{all trith subjunctive).


damlich F adj. ['deunli?]

silly,

asinine.

Damm [dam] m (-[e]s'=e) dam;


dike, dyke; S embankment; em-

bankment, Am. levee (o/ river);


'

bruch m
roadway; fig. barrier;
bursting of a dam or dike.
dammeriig adj. [ demari?] dusky;
'

Slicht n twilight; ' n v i. (ge-, h)

dawn (a. fig.: F j-m on s.o.); grow


dark or dusky; 'Sung / (-/-en) twilight, dusk; in the morning: dawn.
Damon ['deimon) m (-s'-en) demon; Sisch adj. [dE'mornin demoniac(al).

Dampf [dampf] m (-[e]s'e) steam;


vapo(u)r; ' bad n vaix)(u)r-bath;
'
boot n steamboat; 'Sen vli. (ge-,
-

h) steam.

dampfen ['dempfan] r/r. (ge-, h)


deaden (pain, noise, force of blcra);
muffle {bell, drum, oar); damp
{sound, oscillation, fig. enthusiasm);
/ mute {stringed instrument); soften
{colour, light); attenuate {tcave);
steam {cloth, food); stew {meat,
fruit); fig. suppress, curb {emotion).
'
Dampfer m {-si-) steamer, steamship.
'
Dampfer m {-s -) damper (a. J of
piano); J mute {for violin, etc.).
'
DampfIheizung / steam-heating;
'
Jtessel m (steam-yboiler; 'maschine / steam-engine; ' schiff n
steamer, steamship; ' walze /
-

steam-roller.

danach adv. [da na:x. tshen emphatic: 'da:na:x] after it or that;


afterwards; subsequendy; accord-

ingly; ich fragte ihn


I asked him
about it; iro. er sieht ganz
aus
he looks very much like it.
'

Dane ['d:na ] m (-n/-n) Dane.

daneben adv. (da'nerban, tshen emphatic: 'da:ne:ban] next to it or


that, beside it or that; besides,
moreover; beside the mark.

da'nebengehen F v/i. {irr. gehen,


sep-> -ge-, se/n) bullet, etc.: miss the
target or mark; remark, etc.: miss
'

one

s effect, F misfire.

daniederliegen

[da'ni:dar-]

vli.

danisch

(irr. liegen, sep., -ge-. h) be laid up


(an dat. with); trade', be depressed.
danisch adj. ['deinij] Danish.
Dank [darjk] 1. m (-[e]s/no pi.)
thanks pi., gratitude; reward; j-m
sagen thank s.o.; Gott sei ~i
thank God!; 2. 2 prp. (dat.)
owing or thanks to; '2bar adj.
thankful, grateful (j-m to s.o.; fur

for); profitable; ' .barkeit / (-jno

pi.) gratitude; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h)


thank (j-m fur et. s.o. for s.th.);
danke (schon)! thank you (very

much)!; danke thank you; Jne/n,


danke no, thank you; n/chts zu
don't mention it; 'Senswert adj.

thing: one can be grateful for; efforts, etc.: kind; task, etc.: rewarding, worth-while; ' gebet n thanksgiving (prayer); schreiben n let'

76 -

Dauerwelle

lay open, expose, disclose; show;


explain; demonstrate; point out;
'
Sung / (-/-en) exposition; explanation; statement.

Darlehen ['da:rle:3n] n (-s/-) loan.


Darm [darm] m (-[e]s/=e) gut, anat.
intestine; (sausage-)skin; Ddrmepl.
intestines pi., bowels pi.
'

darstelljen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) rep-

resent; show, depict; delineate;


describe; actor: interpret (character, part), represent (character);
graphic arts: graph, plot (curve,
etc.); '2er thea. m (-s/-) interpreter
(of a part); actor; 'Sung / representation; thea. performance.
'
dartun vlt. (irr. tun, sep., -ge-, h)
prove; demonstrate; set forth.
dariiber adv. [da'ryibar, when emphatic: 'dairyibar] over it or that;
across it; in the meantime;

ter of thanks.

dann adv. [dan] then;


und wann
(every) now and then.
daran adv. [da'ran, when emphatic:
'
dairan] at (or by, in, on, to) it or
that; sich festhalten hold on tight
to it; ~ festhalten stick to it; nahe
sein zu inf. be on the point or
verge of ger.
da'rangehen vli. (irr. gehen, sep.,
ge-, sein) set to work; set about

over it; ein Buch

darum [da'rum, when emphatic:


'
da:rum] 1. adv. around it or that;
er kiimmert s/ch nicht

[da'rauf,

when

, he does

not care; es hande/t s/ch


zu inf.
the point is to inf.; 2. cj. therefore,
for that reason;
ist er nicht gekommen that's (the reason) why

adv.

schreiben write

a book about it.

ger.

darauf

wer-

den Jahre vergehen it will take


years; wir sind
hinweg we got

he hasn't come.

em-

phatic: dairauf] space: on (top of)

darunter adv. [da'runtar, when em-

it or that; time: thereupon, after it


or that; am Tage
the day after,
the next or following day; zwe/

phatic:

that; beneath it; among them; less;

Jahre

under; was verstehst du ~1 what

'

zwe/ jahre und

two years later; ~ kommt es

under

it

or

two years and

do you understand by it?

an that s what matters; ~hin adv.


'

[darauf'hin, when emphatic: 'da:-

'darruntar]

das [das] s. der.

phatic: 'dairaus] out of it or that,

dasein ['da:-] 1. v/i. (irr. sein, sep.,


ge-, sein) be there or present;
exist; 2. S n (-s/tto pi.) existence,

from it or that; ~ folgt hence it


follows; was ist ~ geworden? what

dafi cj. [das] that; ~ nicht less;

raufhin] thereupon.
daraus adv. [da'raus,

when

em-

life; being.
es sei denn,

has become of it?; ich mache mir


n/chts
I don t care or mind

out ger.; nicht

'

(about it).
darben ['darban] v/i. (ge-, h) suffer
want; starve.

darbiet|en ['da:r-] v/t. (irr. bieten,


sep., -ge-, h) offer, present; perform; 'Sung / (-/-en) thea., etc.:
performance.

darbringen v/t. (irr. bringen, sep.,


ge-, h) offer; make (sacrifice).

'

darein

phatic:

adv. [da'rain, when em'


da:rain] into it or that,

therein.

da'reinjfinden vlrefl. (irr. finden,


sep., -ge-, h) put up with it; mischen v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h) interfere (with it); ~reden vli. (sep.,

ge-, h) interrupt;

, interfere.

darin adv. [da'rin, when emphatic:


'
da:rin] in it or that; therein; es
war n/chts ~ there was nothing in
it or them.

darleg|en ['da:r-] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

unless; ohne ~ with-

ich wulite not that

I know of.
'

dastehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep., -ge-,


h) stand (there).

Daten ['da:t3n] pi. data pi. (a. ),


facts pi.; particulars pi.; '~verarbeitung / (-/-en) data processing.
datieren [da'tiiran] v/t. and v/i. (no
ge-, h) date.
[(case).l
-

Dativ gr. ['da:ti:f] m (-s/-e) dative/

Dattel ['datal] / (-/-n) date.


Datum ['da:tum] n (-s/Daten) date.
Dauer ['dauar] / (-jno pi.) length,
duration; continuance; auf die
in the long run; fur die
von for a

period or term of; von


sein last
well; 'Shaft adj. peace, etc.: lasting; material, etc.: durable; colour,
dye: fast; '~karte / season ticket,
Am. commutation ticket; '~lauf m

jog-trot; endurance-run; '2n v/i.


(ge-, h) continue, last; take (time);
'
welle / permanent wave, F perm.

Daumen

Daumen fdauman] m (-s/-) thumb;


halten keep one's fingers
j-tn den
crossed (for s.o.); ' vabdruck m
(-[e]s/e) thumb-print
Daune ['dauna] / (-/-n): (n pi.)
down;
' ndecke / eiderdown
(quilt).
davon adv. [da'fon, when emphatic:
'
darfon] of it or that; thereof; from
it or that; off, away; was habe ich
what do I get from it?; das
kommt ~/ it serves you right!

etc.: vague; Len v/t. (ge-, h) extend; stretch; 'Sung / (-/-en) extension; stretch(ing).

da'von|kommen v/i. (irr. kommen,


sep.y -ge-, se/n) escape, get off;
laufen v/i. (irr. laufen, sep., -ge-,
n) nm away.
davor adv. [da'foir, when emphatic:
'
da:fo:r] space: before it or that, in
front of it or that; er furchtet sich
~

'

se/

he is afraid of it.

dazu adv. [da'tsu:, when emphatic:


'
dci:tsu:] to it or that; for it or that;
for that purpose; in addition to
that; noch
at that;
gehort Ze/ t
it requires time.

Deich [daig] m (-[e]s/-e) dike, dyke.


Deichsel ['daiksal] / (-/-n) pole,
shaft.

deinpctfj. pron. [dam] your; der (die,


das) e yours; ich b/n , I am yours;
die Deinen pi. your family;
erseits adv. [' ar'zaits] for or on your
part; Les'gleichen pron. your like,
your (own) kind, F the like(s) of
you.

Dekan eccl. and univ. [de'kain] m


(-s/-e) dean
Deklamjation [deklama'tsjorn] /
(-/-en) declamation; reciting; 2ieren U'mitran] vlt. and v/i. (no -ge-,
.

h) recite; declaim.

Deklinjation gr. [deklina'tsjoin] /


(-/-en) declension; Sieren gr [
'
nirran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) decline.
Dekorjateur [dekora'toir] m (-s/-e)
.

'

decorator; window-dresser; thea.


scene-painter; ~ation [ .'tsjoin] /
(-/-en) decoration; (window-)dressing; thea. scenery; Sieren [Jriiran]
vft. (no -ge-, h) decorate; dress

da'zujgehorig adj. belonging to it;

kommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep.,


ge-, se/n) appear (on the scene);

~
-

find time.

dazwischen adv. [da'tsvijan] between (them), in between; kommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-,
sein) thing: intervene, happen.

Debatt|e [de'bata] / (-/-n) debate;


ieren U'tiiran] (no -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
discuss; debate; 2. vfi. debate
(Uber acc. on).
Debiit [de'by:] n (-s/-s) first appear-

denkbar

77 -

(window).
Dekret [de'kreit] n (-[e]s/-e) decree.
delikat adj. [deli'kait] delicate (a.
fig.); delicious; fig. ticklish; Sesse
Ua'tesa] / (-/-n) delicacy; dainty.
Delphin zo. [derfim] m (-s/-e) dol-

phin.

Dementji [de'menti] n (-s/-s) (formal) denial; Sieren U'tiiran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) deny, give a (formal) denial
-

of.

ance, debut.

dechiffrieren [deji'friiran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) decipher, decode.
Deck & [dek] n (-[e]s/-s,
-e)
deck; Ladresse / cover (address);
'

Lbett n feather bed.

Decke ['dska] / (-/-n) cover(ing);


blanket; (travel[l]ing) rug; ceiling;

LI m (-s/-) lid, cover (of box or pot,


etc.); lid (of piano); (book-)cover;
'

2n (ge-, h) 1. v/t. cover; den Tisch


lay the table; 2. v/i. paint: cover.
'
Deck]mantel m cloak, mask, disguise; ' name m assumed name,
pseudonym; Lung/ (-/-en) cover;
security.
defekt [de'fekt] 1. adj. defective,

faulty; 2. m (-[e]s/-e) defect,

'

dem|entsprechend adv., Lgemafi


adv. correspondingly, accordingly;
Lnach adv. therefore, hence; accordingly; L nachst adv. soon,
shortly, before long.
'

demobili'sierjen (no -ge-, h) 1. v/t.

demobilize; disarm; 2. v/i. disarm;


Sung / (-/-en) demobilization.
Demokrat [demo'krait] m (-en/-en)
democrat; .ie Ua'ti:] / (-/-n) democracy; Sisch adj. [JkraitiJ ]
-

democratic.

demolieren [demo'liiran] v/t. (no


ge-j h) demolish.
-

Demonstrjation [demonstra'tsjoin]
/ (-/-en) demonstration; Sieren
'
U striiran] v/t. and v/i. (no -ge-, h)
demonstrate.

fault.

[dei'i'nirran] v/t. (no

Demontjage [deman'tarsa] / (-/-n)

ge-, h) define; Sition Ui tsjoin] /


(-/-en) definition; itiv adj. Ui'tiif]

disassembly; dismantling; Sieren


U'tiiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) disassem-

defin|ieren

'

definite; definitive.

ble; dismantle.

Deflzit t I'derfitsit] n (-s/-e) deficit, deficiency.


Degen ['deigan] m (-s/-) sword;
fencing: epee.
degradieren [degra'dirran] v/t. (no
ge-j b) degrade. Am. a. demote.

Demut ['de:mu:t] / (-/no pi.) humility, humbleness.


demiitig adj. ['deimyitig] humble;
en [Lgan] v/t. (ge-, h) humble,

dehn|bar adj. ['dernbair] extensi-

ceivable; thinkable, imaginable;


2 adv.: , einfach most simple;

ble; elastic; metal: ductile; notion,

humiliate.

denkjbar ['der)kba:r] 1. adj. con.

deaken
'

en (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/i. think;

an

{ace.) think of; remember;


tiber
(ace.) think about; ;-m zu
geben
set s.o. thinking; 2. v/r. think; s/ch
et.
imagine or fancy s.th.; das
hobe fch m/r gedacht I thought as
much; 'Smal n monument; memo-

rial; 'Sschrift / memorandum;


memoir; 'Sstein nt memorial stone;
Lwiirdig adj. memorable; 'Szettel
fig. m lesson.

denn [dsn] 1. cj. for; mehr

yc more

than ever; 2. adv. then; es sei

dafi unless, except; w/eso


how so.
dennoch c/. ['dennox] yet, still,
nevertheless; though.

Denunz|iant [denun'tsjant] m (-en/


en) informer; Nation [ 'tsjom] f
(-/-en) denxinciation; Sieren U'tsi:-

rsn] vft. {no -ge-, h) inform against,


denounce.

Depesche [de'psjs] / (-/-n) dispatch; telegram, F wire; wireless.


deponieren [depo'niirsn] v/t. (no
ge-, h) deposit.
Depositen f [depo'ziitan] pi. deposits pi.; ~bank / deposit bank.
der [de:r], die [di:], das [das] 1. art.
the; 2. dem. pron. that, this; he,
she, it; d/e pi. these, those, they,

78 -

Detail [de'tai] n (-s/-s) detail.


Detektiv [detsk'tirf] m (-s/-e) detective.

deuten ['dDYtsn] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


interpret; read (srars, dream, etc.)i
2 v/i.:
auf (acc.) point at.
'
deutlich adj. clear, distinct, plain.
deutsch adj. [dDYtJ] German; 'Se
m, f (-n/-n) German.
'
Deutung / (-/-en) interpretation,
.

explanation.
Devise [de'viizs] / (-/-n) motto; n
pi. -if foreign exchange or currency.
Dezember [de'tssmbar] m (-[s]/-)
December.

dezent adj. [de'tssnt] attire, etc.:


decent, modest; literature, etc.: decent; behaviour: decent, proper;
music, colour: soft, restrained; lighting, etc.: subdued.
Dezernat [detser'nart] n (-[e]s/-e)
(administrative) department.
dezimal adj. [detsi'ma:!] decimal;
Sbruch m decimal fraction; Sstelle

/ decimal place.

'

Dieberei

dezi'mieren v/t. (no -ge-, hi) decimate; fig. a. reduce (drastically).


Diadem [dia'de:m] n (-s/-e) diadem.
Diagnose [dia'gnoiza] / (-/-n) diagnosis.

them; 3. rel. pron. who, which, that.

diagonal adj. [diago'na:!] diagonal;

der'artig adj. such, of such a kind

2e / (-/-n) diagonal.
Dialekt [dia'lekt] m (-[e]s/-e) dialect; isch adj. dialectal.

of this or that kind.

derb adj. [derp] cloth: coarse, rough;


shoes, etc.: stout, strong; ore, etc.:
massive; p.: sturdy; rough; food:
coarse; p., manners: rough, coarse;
way of speaking: blunt, unrefined;
joke: crude; humour: broad.
der'gleichen adj. such, of that

Dialog [dia'lotk] m (-[e]s/-e) dialogue, Am. a. dialog.


Diamant [dia'mant] m (-en/-en)
diamond.

Diat [di'e:t] / (-tno pi.) diet; diat


leben live on a diet.
[yourself. \

kind; used as a noun: the like, such

dich pers. pron. [di?] you; ~ (se/bst)/

a thing; und ~ and the like; nichts


nothing of the kind.

dicht [di t] 1. adj. fog, rain, etc.:


dense; fog, forest, hair: thick; eyebrows: bushy, thick; crowd: thick,
dense; shoe, etc.: (water)tight;
2 adv.:
an (dot.) or bei close to.
'
dichten1 v/t. (ge-, h) make tight.

der- ['deirjeiniga], 'die-, 'dasjenige


dem. pron. he who, she who, that

which; diejenigen pi. those who,


those which.

der- [deir'zslbs], die-, das'selbe


dem. pron. the same; he, she, it.

Desert|eur [dezsr'toir] m (-s/-e)


deserter; ieren [Jthrsn] v/i. (no
ge-, sein) desert.
desgleichen [dss'glaicsn] 1. dem.
pron. such a thing; 2. cj. likewise.
deshalb ['dsshalp] 1. cj. for this or
that reason; therefore; 2. adv.: ich
tot es nur ~, weil I did it only be-

'

dichtjen2 (ge-, h) 1. v/t. compose,


write; 2. vji. compose or write
poetry; 2er m (-s/-) poet; author;
'
erisch adj. poetic(al); 'Ekunst /
'

poetry.

cause.

desinfizieren [dss'infi'tsiirsn] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) disinfect.
Despot [dss'poit] m (-en/-en) despot; 2isch adj. despotic.
destillieren [desti'liirsn] v/t. (no
ge-, h) distil.
desto adv. ['desto] (all, so much)
the;
besser all the better;
stounter (all) the more astonished.
deswegen cj. and adv. ['dss'veigsn]
-

s.

deshalb.

'

Dichtung1 / (-/-en) seal(ing).


'
Dichtung2 / (-/-en) poetry; fiction;
poem, poetic work.
dick adj. [dik] wall, material, etc.:
thick; book: thick, bulky; p. fat,
stout; 'Se/ Z-n) thickness; bulk-

iness;/>. fatness, stoutness; 'jEellig


adj. p. thick-skinned; ' tlussig adj.
thick; viscid, viscous, syrupy; icht
[' i?t] n (-[e]s/-e) thicket; 'kopf m
stubborn person, F pig-headed

person; ~leibig adj. [ Jaibi?] cor'

pulent; i
f g. bulky.
die [di:] s. der.

Dieb [di:p] m (-[e]s/-e) thief. Am.


F a. crook; ~erei [di:b3'rai]/(-/-en)
thieving, thievery.

DIebesbande

Diebesjbande ['dkbas-] / band of


thieves; '~gut n stolen goods pi.

diebjisch adj. ['dkbij] thievish;

'

malicious; Sstahl [ dirp-] m (-[e]s/


e) theft, rh mst larceny.
Dieie fdiila] / (-/-n) board, plank;
hall. Am. a. hallway.
dienen ['dirnan] vji. (ge-, h) serve
p-m s o als as; zu for; dazu, zu
.;

inf. to inf.); wom/'t kann ich


what can I do for you?
'
Diener m (si-) (man-, domestic)
servant; fig. bow (vor dat. to); ' in
/ (-/-nen) (woman-)servant, maid;
'
schaf t / (-/-en) servants pi.
'
dienlich adj. useful, convenient;
expedient, suitable.
Dienst [di:nst] m (-es/-e) service;
duty; employment;
hoben be on
duty; im (oufler)
on (off) duty.
Dienstag ['di:nsta:k] m (-[e]s/-e)
Tuesday.
'
Dienstjalter n seniority, length of
service; Sbar adj. subject (J-m to
s.o.); subservient (to);
' bote m
domestic (servant). Am. help;
'
fieifrig adj. (over-)eager (in one's
duty); 'fifrei adj. off duty; er Tag
day off; ' herr m master; employer;
'
Jeistimg / service; 'Elich adj.
'

official; '-jnadchen n maid. Am.

help; '~mann m (street-)porterj


.
stunden flpl. office hours pi.;
'
Btauglich adj. fit for service or
duty; tuend adj. [' tuiant] on
duty; 'Suntauglich adj. unfit for
service or duty; ' weg m official
channels pi.; '-wohnung / official
residence.

Dokument

79 -

Diplom

[di'plorm]

(-[e]s/-e)

diploma, certificate.
Diplomat [diplo'moit] m (-en/-en)
diplomat; diplomatist; ie Ua'ti:]/
(-/no pL) diplomacy; Sisch adj
[Jmaitif] diplomauc (a. fig.).
dir pers. pron. [diir] (to) you.
direkt [di'rekt] 1. adj. direa; er
Wagen Sf through carriage, Am.
through car; 2. adv. direct(Iy);
.

2ion U'tsjom] / (-/-en) direction;


management; board of directors;
2or [di'rektor] m (-s/-en) direaor;
manager; headmaster. Am. principal; Sorin [ 'to:rin] / (-/-nen)
headmistress. Am. principal; Srice
[ '111:5(3)] /
(-/-n)
directress;
manageress.

Diriglent / [diri'gent] m (-en/-en)


conduaor; Sieren
[ 'girran] v/t.
and v/i. (no -ge-, h) conduct.
Dirne ['dima] / (-/-n) prostitute.
Disharmon[ie J [disharmo'ni:] /
(-!-n) disharmony dissonance (both
o fig.); Sisch adj. [JmoiniJ] dis,

cordant, dissonant.

Diskont -f [dis'kont] m (-s/-e) discount; ieren [ 'tirran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) discoimt.
-

diskret adj. [dis'kreit] discreet;


2ion [ e'tsjoai] / (-{no pi.) discretion.

Diskujsslon [disku'sjom] / (-/-en)


discussion, debate; 2'tieren (no

ge-, h) 1. u/r. cSscxiss, debate;

vji.: ~ uber (acc.) have a discussion about, debate (up)on.


2

dispo|nieren [dispo'ni an] v/i. (no


ge-, h) make arrangements; plan
-

dies [di:s], er ['di:zar],


['diiza],
es fdiizas] adj. and dem. pron,
tbis;diesepl. these; d/eser Togeone
of these days; used as a noun', this
one; he, she, it; diese pi. they.
Dieselmotor ['diaal-] m Diesel
engine.

ahead; dispose (iiber acc. of); 2sition [ d'tsjom] / (-/-en) disposition; arrangement; disposal.
Distanz [di'stants] / (-/-en) distance
(a. fig.)', Sieren [Jtsi:ran] v[refl.
(no -ge-, h): sich
von dis(as)so-

dies | j ahrig adj. ['diisjeiri?] of this

Distel * ['distal] / (-/-n) thistle.


Distrikt [di'strikt] m (-[e]s/-e) district; region; area.
Disziplin [distsi'plfcn] / (-/-en) dis-

'

year, this year s; '~mal adv. this


time; for (tids) once; seits [' zarts]
1 adv. on this
on This side of.
.

side; 2. prp. (gen.)

cipline.

Dietrich ['dinrig] m (-s/-e) skeleton


key; picklock.
Differenz [difa'rents] / (-/-en) difference; disagreement.
Diktat [dik'tan] n (-[e]s/-e) dictation; noch ~ at or from dictation;
mjor Uor] m (-s/-en) dictator; o-

risch adj. [ a'torrij] dictatorial;


ur [ a mir] / (-/-en) dictatorship.
'

dik'tieren vju arid v/i. (no -ge-, h)


dictate.

Dilettant

m (-en/-en)

dilettante,, dabbler; amateur.


e in good spirits; vor o//en

en

first of all, above all.

Diphtheric

diphtheria.

Dividjende -f [divi'denda] / (-/-n)


dividend; Sieren U'dirran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) divide (durch by).
Diwan ['dirvcun] m (-s/-e) divan.
doch [dox] 1. cj. but, though; however, yet; 2. adv. in answer to
negative question: yes; 6/st du noch
-

nicht fertig? -

aren't you ready

yet? - yes, I am; also ! I knew


it!, I was right after all!; komm ~
herein! do come in!; n/'cht

[dile'tant]

Ding [dir)] n (-[e]s/-e) thing; guter


~

ciate o.s. from.

[difte'ri:] / (-/-n)

don't!

Docht [doxt] m (-[e]s/-e) wick.


Dock * [dak] n (-[e]s/-s) dock.
Dogge zo. ['doga] / (-/-n) Great
Dane.

lDobleom.Vdo-A3]f(-l-n) Gack)daw.
Doktor ['doktar] m (-s/-en) doctor.
Dokument [doku'ment] n (-[e]s/-e)

Dokumentarfilm

document; * instrument;

arf ilm

[Jtair-] m documentary- (film).


Dolch [dol?] m (-[e]s/-e) dagger;
poniard; ' stofi m dagger-thrust.
Dollar ['cblar] m (-s/-s) doUar.
dolmetschlen ['dolmstjan] v/i. and
vjt. (fe-, h) interpret; '2er m (-s/-)
interpreter.
Dom [do:m] m (-[e]s/-e) cathedral.
Domane [do'insms] /(-/-n) domain
(c. fig.); province.
Domino ['doimino] (-s/-s) 1. m
domino; 2. n (game of) dominoes
Pi.
Donner ['donsr] m (si-) thunder;
'
Sn v/i. (ge-, h) thunder (a. fig.);
'
schlag m thunderclap (a. fig.);
'
stag m Thursday; ' wetter n
thimderstorm; I- fig. telling off; F:
my word!, by Jove!; F zum !
F confound it!, si. damn it.

Doppel ['cbpsl] n (-s/-) duplicate;


tennis, etc.:

double. Am. doubles

pi.; ' bett n double bed; ' decker


m (-s/-) %t biplane; double-decker
(bus); ' ehe / bigamy; ganger
i gsqar] m (-s/-) double; punkt
m colon;
sinn m double meaning,
ambiguity;1 Ssinnig adj. ambiguous,
equivocal; stecker / m two-way
adapter; St 1. adj. double; 2. adv.
doubly; twice; ' zentner m quintal; Sztingig adj. [' xsyqiq] two'

'

'

'

'

faced.

Dorf [darf] n (-[e]s/=er) village; ' bewohner m villager.


Dorn [dom] m 1. (-[e]s/-en) thorn
(a. fig.)., prickle, spine; ;-m ein im
Auge se/n be a thorn in s.o.'s flesh
or side; 2. (-[e]s/-e) tongue (of
buckle); spike (of running-shoe, etc.);
punch; 'Sig adj. thorny (a. fig.).

dorr)en ['dcenm] v/t. (ge-, h) dry;


Sfleisch n dried meat; 'Sgemiise
n dried vegetables pi.; Sobst n
'

'

dried fruit.

Dorsch ichtk. [dorf] m (-es/-e)


cod(fish).
dort adv. [dort] there; over there;
'
*

her adv. from there; '*hin adv.

there, to that place; ' ig adj. there,


in or of that place.
Dose f'doiza] / (-/-n) box; tin. Am.
can; noffner [ doizsn'-] m (si-)
tin-opener. Am. can opener.
Dosis ['dorzis] / (-/Dosen) dose (a.
ig.)dotieren [do'tiiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

'

endow.

Dotter ['dotar] m, n (-s/-) yolk.


Dozent [do'tssnt] m (-en/-en) (university) lecturer. Am. assistant
professor.
Drache ['draxa] m (-n/-n) dragon;
'
n m (-s/-) kite; fig. termagant,
shrew, battle-axe.

Dragoner [dra'goinsr] m (s/-)


dragoon (a. fig.).
Draht [dra:t] m (-[e]s/=e) wire; 'Sen

80 -

Dreirad

v/t. (ge-, h) telegraph, wire; ' geflecht n (-[e]sl-e) wire netting;


hindernis X " wire entanglement; Sig adj. p. wiry; 'Slos adj.
'

'

wireless; ' seilbahn / funicular


(railway);
' stift m wire tack;
'
zieher F fig. m (-s/-) wire-puller.
drall adj. [dral] girl, legs, etc.:
plump; woman: buxom.

Drama ['drarma] n (s/Dramen)


drama; ~tiker [dra'maitikar] m
(s/-) dramatist; Stisch adj. [dra'
mortij] dramatic.
dran F adv. [dran] s. da ran; er ist
gut (iibel)
he s well (badly) off;
ich bin it's my turn.
Drang [drarj] 1. m (-[e]s/1*v=e)
'

pressure, rush; fig. urge; 2. S pret.


of dringen.
drangen ['dreqan] (ge-, h) 1. vft.
press (a. fig.), push; fig. urge;
creditor: dun; sich crowd, throng;
2 v/i. press, be pressing or urgent.
drangsalieren [draqza'lizrsn] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) harass, vex, plague.
drastisch adj. ['drastij] drastic.
drauf F adv. [drauf] s. darauf; und
dran se/n zu inf. be on the point of
ger.; Sganger [ gsipr] m (s/-)
dare-devil. Am. si. a. go-getter.
draus F adv. [draus] s. daraus.
draufien adv. ['drauson] outside;
out of doors; abroad; out at sea.
drechs|eln ['dreksaln] v/t. (ge-, h)
turn (tsood, etc.); Sler [' sbr] m
.

'

(si-) turner.
Dreck F [drek] m (-[e]slno pi.) dirt;
mud; filth (a. fig.); fig. trash; F
am Stecken haben not

to have a

clean slate; F das geht dich einen


on that s none of your business;
Sig adj. dirty; filthy.
Dreh | bank [' dre:-] f(-he) (turning-)
lathe; 'Sbar adj. revolving, rotating;
'
bleistift m propelling pencil;
'
buch n scenario, script; ' biihne
thea. f revolving stage; 'Sen f/r.
(ge-, h) turn; shoot (film); roll
(cigarette); es dreht sich darum zu
ifif. it is a matter of ger.; sich
turn; ' kreuz n turnstile; ' orgel/
barrel-organ; ' punkt m centre
'

'

of rotation, Am. center of rotation,


pivot (a. fig.); ' strom / m three~

'

stuhl m swivelphase current;


chair; ' tiir/revolving door; ' ung
/ (-/-en) turn; rotation.
drei adj. [drai] three; ' beinig adj.
three-legged; 'Seek n triangle;
'
eckig adj. triangular; ~erlei adj.
-

['

'

lai] of three kinds or sorts;


ach adj. [' fax] threefold, treble,
triple; ' farbig adj. three-colo(u)r(ed); Sfufi m tripod; jahrig
adj. [' je:ri?] three-year-old; trienar

'

nial;

'

mal adv. three times;

'

ma-

lig adj. done or repeated three


2*5
times; three; S meilenzone
/three-mile limit; 'Srad n tricycle.
'

dreiseitig

'

seitig adj. three-sided; trilateral;


Lsilbig adj. trisyllabic.
dreifiig adj. ['draisi?] thirty; '~ste
adj. thirtieth.
dreist adj. [draist] bold, audacious;
cheeky, saucy; 'Sigkeit / (-/-en)
boldness, audacity; cheek, sauciness.
'

dreilstimmig $ adj. for or in three


voices; ~tagig adj. [' teigi?] threeday; ' teilig adj. in three parts,
tripartite; ' zehn(te) adj. thirteen(th).

dresch|en ['drejan] u/t. and vji.


(irr., ge-, h) thresh; thrash; 'Eflegel
m flail;

'

2maschine / threshing-

machine.

dressieren [dre'siiran] vlt. (no -ge-,


h) train; break in (horse).

drillen X ,

fdribn] v/t. (ge-, h)

drill.

Drillinge ['drilirja] tnlpl. triplets pi.


drin F adv. [drin] s. darin.
dringen ['drirpn] vji. (irr., ge-)
1 (se/n):
durch force one's way
through s.th., penetrate or pierce
s th.; ~ aus break forth from s.th.i
noise: come from;
in (acc.) penetrate into; in j-n urge or press s.o.;
.

an die Offentlichkeit

get abroad;

(h):
auf (acc.) insist on, press
for; Ld adj. urgent, pressing;
suspicion: strong.
'
dringlich adj. urgent, pressing;
'
fikeit / (-Ino pi.) urgency.
drinnen adv. ['drinan] inside; in2

doors.

sure; squeeze (of hand, etc.); 2. typ.


(-[e]s/-e) print(ing);
bogen m
printed sheet; '~buchstabe m
'

block letter.

drucken f'drukan] v/t. (ge-, h) print;


lassen have s.th. printed, publish.

drucken ['drykan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


press; squeeze (hand, etc.); force
down (prices, wages, etc.); lower
(record); press, push (button, etc.).
F sich ~ vor (dat.) or von shirk
(work, etc.); 2. v/i. shoe: pinch. .
'
Drucker m (s/-) printer.
'
Driicker m (s/-) door-handle;
trigger.
Drucker[ei [druka'rai] / (-/-en)
printing office. Am. printery, print
shop; Lschwarze / printer s or
'

printing-ink.
'

Druck|fehler m misprint; Lfehlerverzeichnis n errata pi.; '2ertig adj. ready for press;'Jkammer
/ pressurized cabin; Lknopf m
patent fastener, snap-fastener;
push-button; 'JUift / compressed
air; Lpumpe / pressure pump;
'
sache(n pi.)
/ printed matter,
~

Am. a. second-class or third-class

matter;

'

schrift / block letters;


publication; ' taste / press key.
drum F adv., cj. [drum] s. darum.
drunter F adv. ['druntar] s. dorunter.

Driise anat. ['dryrza] / (-/-n) gland.


du pers. pron. [du:] you.
Dublette [du'blsta] / (-/-n) dupUcate.

dritt|e adj. ['drita] third; '2el n


(-s/-) third;
ens adv. thirdly;
Lletzt adj. last but two.
Drogje ['droiga] / (-/-n) drug;
erie [droga'ri:] / (-/-n) chemist's
'

(shop). Am. drugstore;

ist [dro-

'

gist] m (-enI-en) (retail pharma-

ceutical) chemist.

drohen ['droian] v/i. (ge-, h) threaten, menace.

Drohne ['drorna] / (-/-n) zo. drone


{a. fig.).
drohnen ['drornan] v/i. (ge-, h)
voice, etc.: resound; cannon, drum,
etc.: roar; voice, cannon: boom.
Drohung ['droiurj] / (-/-en) threat,
menace.

drolligajy. ['droli?] amusing, quaint,


comical.

Dromedar zo. [drDme'dair] n (-s/-e)


dromedary.
drosch [droj] pret. of dreschen.
Droschke ['drojka] / (-j-n) taxi
(-cab) Am. a. cab, hack; ' nkutscher m cabman, driver. Am. a.
.

hackman.

Drossel orn. Vdros3l]f(-l-n) thrush;


'
2n v/t. (ge-, h) throttle.
driiben adv. ['dryiban] over there,
yonder.

driiber F adv. ['dryibar] s. daruber.


Druck [druk] m 1. (-[e]s/'=e) pres6 SWEII

Diine

81 -

ducken

['dukan]

v/refl. (ge-, h)

duck, crouch; fig. cringe (vor dat.


to, before).

Dudelsack r ['duidal-] m bagpipes


pi.
Duell [du'el] n (-s/-e) duel; Sieren
[dus'liiran] v/refl. (no -ge-, h)
(fight a) duel (mit with).
Duett .T [du'st] n (-[e]s/-e) duet.
Duft [duft] m (-[e]sl-e) scent, fragrance, perfume; 'fien v/i. (ge-, h)
smell, have a scent, be fragrant;
'
Send adj. fragrant; 'Sig adj. dainty,
fragrant.

duldjen ['duldan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


bear, stand, endure, suffer (pain,
grief, etc.); tolerate, put up with;
2 v/i. suffer; ~sam adj. V~t-] tolerant; 'Ssamkeit / (-/no pi.) tolerance; ung [' dur)] / (-/S-en)
.

toleration; sufferance.

dumm adj. [dum] stupid, dull. Am.


F dumb; 'Sheit / (-/-en) stupidity,
dullness; stupid or foolish action;
'
Skopf m fool, blockhead. Am. si. a.
dumbbell.

dumpf adj. [dumpf] smell, air, eta


musty, fusty; atmosphere: stuffy,
heavy; sound, sensation, etc.: dull;
'
ig adj. cellar, etc.: damp, musty.
Diine ['dyma] / (-/-n) dune, sandhill.

Dung

82 -

Dung [durj] m (-[e]s/no pi.) dung,

through;

dunge|n ['dyrjan] vjt. (ge-, h) dung,


manure; fertilize; 'fir m (-s/-) 5.
Dung; fertilizer.
dunkel ['durjkal] 1. adj. dark; dim;
fig. obscure; idea, etc.: dim, faint,
vague; 2. 2 n (-s/no pi.) s. Dunkelheit.

Dunkel f'dyqkal] m (-s/no pi.)


conceit, arrogance; 'fihaft adj. conceited, arrogant.

Dunkeljheit/(-/mop/.) darkness (a.

JfeO; fig. obscurity; ' kammer


phot, f dark-room; 'fin v/i. (ge-, h)
grow dark, darken.
diinn adj. [dyn] paper, material,
voice, etc.: thin; hair, population,
etc.: thin, sparse; liquid: thin,
watery; aj r: rare(fied).
Dunst [dunst] m (-es/=e) vapo(u)r;
haze, mist; fume.
diinsten ['dynstan] (ge-. h) 1. v/t.
steam (fish, etc.); stew (fruit, etc.);
2 w/i. steam.

dringen (irr. dringen) 1. [' driqanj

v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) penetrate


(through); win acceptance (mit for)
(proposal); 2. U'drirpn] v/t. (no
ge-, h) penetrate, pierce; water,
smell, etc.: permeate.
durcheinander
[durc'ai'nandar]
1 adv. in confusion or disorder;
pell-mell; 2.2 n (-s/-) muddle, mess,
confusion; bringen v/t. (irr. bringen, sep., -ge-, h) confuse s.o.; fig.
mix (things) up; werfen v/t. (irr.
werfen, sep., -ge-, h) throw into
-

disorder;

ran] v/t. (sep., -ge-, sein) go or pass


or drive through; 2. [Jfarran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) go or pass or travel or
drive through; traverse (tract of
country, etc.);'St/passage (through);

dunstig adj. vaporous; hazy.


Duplikat [dupli'ka:t] n (-[e]s/-e)

gate(way);
'

durch [dur?] 1. prp. (acc.) through;


2 adv.: die ganze Nacht
all
night long;
und
through and
through; thoroughly.
durcharbeiten ['dur?'-] (sep., -ge-,
h) 1. v/u study thoroughly; sich
durch work through (book, etc.);
2 vli. work without a break.
durch 'aus
adv.
through
and
through; thoroughly; by all means;
absolutely, quite; nicht not at all,
by no means.
'
durchjbiegen v/t. (irr. 6/egen, sep.,
ge-, h) bend; deflect (beam, etc.);
sich
beam, etc.: deflect, sag;
blattern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) glance
or skim through (book, etc.). Am.
thumb through, skim; 'Sblick m:
auf (acc.) view through to, vista
over, view of; '~blicken v/i. (sep.,

Durchfall m # diarrh(o)ea; F fig.


failure. Am. a. flunk; Sen (irr. fallen) 1. [' falan] v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)
fall through; fail, F get ploughed
(in examination); thea. be a failure,
5/. be a flop;
lassen reject, F
plough; 2. U'falan] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
fall or drop through (space).

'

durchjfechten v/t. (irr. fechten,

sep., -ge-, h) fight or see s.th.


through; ' finden v/refl. (irr. finden, sep., -ge-, h) find one's way
(through).

durchj'flechten v/t. (irr. flechten,


no -ge-, h) interweave, intertwine;
Jforschen v/t. (no -ge-, h) search
through, investigate; explore (region, etc.).

ge-, h) look through;

lassen, daft

give to understand that.

durch]'bluten

v/t.

(no

-ge-, h)

supply with blood; Jbohren v/t.


(no -ge-, h) pierce; perforate; mit
Blicken look daggers at 5.0.
'

durchlbraten v/t. (irr. braten, sep.,


ge-, h) roast thoroughly; brechen
(irr. brechen) 1. [' .bre an] v/i. (sep.,
ge-, sein) break through or apart;
2 ['~] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) break apart
or in two; 3. U'breijan] v/t. (no
ge-, h) break through, breach; run
(blockade); crash (sound barrier);
brennen v/i. (irr. brennen, sep.,
ge-, sein) fuse: blow; F fig. run
away; woman: elope; ' bringen
v/t. (irr. bringen, sep., -ge-, h) bring
or get through; dissipate, squander
(money); 'fibruch m X break.

verboten / no thorough-

fare!

duplicate.
Dur J" [du:r] (-/-) major.

, mix up.

durchfahrjen (irr. fahren) 1. [' fa:-

'

breach; fig.

durch'denken v/t. (irr. denken, no


ge-, h) think s.th. over thoroughly.
'
durch|drangen v/refl. (sep., -ge-,h)
force or push one's way through;

'

rupture;

ultimate success.

manure.

'

durchgreifen

'

Durchfuhr if f (-/-en) transit.

durchfuhrjbar adj. ['dur?fy:rba:r]


practicable, feasible, workable; ' en
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lead or take
through or across; fig. carry out or
through; realize; 'fiungsbestimmung / (implementing) regulation.
'
Durchgang m passage; -f transit;
sports: run; Lsverkehr m through
traffic; -f- transit traffic; ' szoll m
transit duty.
'
durchgebraten adj. well done.
'
durchgehen (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-)
1 v/i. (sein) go or walk through;
bill: pass, be carried; run away or
off; abscond; woman: elope; horse:
bolt; 2. v/t. (sein) go through (street,
etc.); 3. v/t. (h, sein) go or look or
read through (work, book, etc.); ' d
1 adj. continuous; .er Zug through
train; 2. adv. generally; throughout.
durch'geistigt adj. spiritual.
.

'

durchjgreifen v/i. (irr. greifen,

durchgreifend

'

sep., -ge-, h) put one s hand


through; fig. take drastic measures
or steps; ' greifend adj. drastic;
radical, sweeping; ' halten (nr.
halten, sep., -ge-, h) 1. vjt. keep up
{pace, etc.),' 2. W. hold out;
hauen vft. (irr. hauen, sep., -ge-, h)
cut or chop through; fig. give 5.0.
a good hiding; ' helfen v/i. (irr.
..

helfen, sep., -ge-, h) help through


(a. fig.)', Lkampfen v/t. (.sep.,
ge-j *>) fight out; sich fight one s
way through; Lkneten v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) knead or work thoroughly;
'
kommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep.,
ge-, sein) come or get or pass
through; sick person: pull through;
in examination: pass.
durch'kreuzen v/t. (no -ge-, h)
cross, foil, thwart (plan, etc.).

83 -

durchstobern

asunder, tear in two; ~schauen (h)


1 [' /auan] v/i. and v/t. (sep., -ge-)
look through; 2. fig. U'Jauan] v/t.
(no -ge-) see through.
'
durchscheinen v/i. (irr. scheinen,
sep., -ge-, h) shine through; ' d
adj translucent; transparent.
'
durchscheuern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
rub through; ~schiefien (rr. schieBen) 1. [' Ji:s3n] v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)
shoot through; 2. [ ] v/i. (sep.,
.

'

'

'

ge-, sein) water: shoot or race

through; 3. U'Jrsan] v/t. (no -ge-,h)


shoot s.th. through; typ.: space out

(lines); interleave (book).


'

come through; take or have effect;


[JJlaigan] v/t. (no -ge-, h) pierce;
bullet: penetrate; 'Send adj'. effective, telling;
papier ['Jc-] n
3

copying paper.

durchschneiden v/t. (irr. schneiden,


h) 1. [' Jnaidan] (sep., -ge-) cut
through; 2. U'Jnaidsn] (no _ge_)
cut through, cut in two.
'

'

'

vlt.
(no -ge-, h) perforate, make holes

h) 1. v/i. see or look through; 2. v/t.

(sep., -ge-, h) filter, strain; ~setzen


v/t. (h) 1. [' zetsan] (sep., -ge-) put
(plan, etc.) through; force through;
seinen Kopf ~ have one s way; sich
opinion, etc.: gain acceptance;
2 U'zetssn] (no -ge-) intersperse.
'
Durchsicht / looking through or
over; examination; correcdon; typ.
reading; 'Sig adj. glass, water, etc.:
transparent; , clear, lucid; Ligkeit / (-/no pi.) transparency; fig.
'

into s.th.
'

durchmachen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

go through (difficult times, etc.);


undergo (suffering).
'
Durchmarsch
m
march(ing)
through.
'
Durchmesser m (-s/-) diameter.
durch'nassen v/t. (no -ge-, h) wet
through, soak, drench.
'

durchlnehmen vft. (irr. nehmen,


sep., -ge-, h) go through or over
(subject); ' pausen v/t. (sep., -ge-,

h) trace, calk (design, etc.).


durchqueren [durc'kverran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) cross, traverse.
'
durchlrechnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
(re)calculate, check; '2reise / journey or way through; reisen 1.1'
raizan] v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) travel
or pass through; 2. [ 'raizan] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) travel over or through
or across; 'Sreisende m, f (-n/-n)
person travel(l)ing through. Am. a.
transient; fi% through passenger;
reifien (irr. reiBen, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i.
(sein) tear, break; 2. v/t. (h) tear
-

6*

swert m average value.

durchjsehen (irr. sehen, sep., -ge-,


see or look through s.th.; look s.th.
over, go over s.th.; Lseihen v/t.

f g. investigate.
i
durchlochem [durg'lcegam]

Durchschnitt m cutting through;


section, profile; & intersection;
fig. average; /m ~ on an average;
Slich 1. adj. average; normal;
2 adv. on an average; normally;
'

'

durchlesen v/t. (irr. lesen, sep.,


ge-, h) read through.
durchleuchten (h) 1. [' bv tan]
v/i. (sep., -ge-) shine through;
2 [JbYgtan] v/t. (no -ge-) # X-ray;

[' Jlarganj v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

break or pass through; strain (peas,


etc.); sich
get along, make one's
way; 2. r~] v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) typ.

Durch|lafi ['durglas] m (DurchlasseslDurchlasse) passage; 'Slassen v/t. (irr. lassen, sep., -ge-, h)
let pass, allow to pass, let through;
Wosser leak; 'Slassig adj. pervious (to), permeable (to); leaky.
durchlaufen (irr. laufen) 1. ['Uaufsn] v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) run or pass
through; 2. r~] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
wear out (shoes, etc.); 3. [ 'laufsn]
vlt. (no -ge-, h) pass through (stages,
departments, etc.); sports: cover
(distance).
durch'leben v/t. (no -ge-, h) go or
live through.

Durchschlag m colander, strainer;


carbon copy; Sen (irr. schlagen)

clarity, lucidity.
'

durchjsickern v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)

seep or ooze through; news, etc.:


leak out; ~sieben vft. (h) 1. [' zirban] (sep., -ge-) sieve, sift; bolt
(flour); 2. [Jzirban] (no -ge-) riddle
(with bullets); '~sprechen v/t. (irr.
sprechen, sep., -ge-, h) discuss, talk
over; ~stechen v/t. (irr. stechen, h)
1
[' Jtesan] (sep., -ge-) stick
(needle, etc.) through s.th.; stick
through s.th.; 2. U'/te an] (mo -ge-)
pierce; cut through (dike, etc.);
'
stecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pass or
stick through.
'
Durchstich m cut(ting).
.

durch'stobern v/t. (no -ge-, h)


ransack (room, pockets, etc.); rum-

durchstreichen

mage

through

(drawers,

'

durchzwangen v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h)


squeeze o.s. through.
diirfen ['dyrfan] (irr., h) 1. v/i. (ge-):
ich darf (nicht) I am (not) allowed
to; 2. vjaux. (no -ge-): ich darf inf.
I am permitted or allowed to inf.;
I may inf.; du darfst nicht inf. you
must not inf.; iro.: wenn ich bitten
darf if you please.
durfte ['durfta] pret. of diirfen.
diirftig
adj.
['dyrfti?]
poor;

papers,

etc.).
'

durchstreichen v/r. (z'rr. streichen,


Sep., -ge-. h) strike or cross out,
cancel.

durch'streifen

v/t.

(no

-ge-, h)

roam or wander through or over or


across.

durch'suchjen v/r.
search

(a.

ebensowenig

84 -

(no -ge-, h)

Sung / (-/-en)

search.

durchtrieben adj. [durc'triiban]


cunning, artful; 2heit / (-/no pi.)
ctmning, artfulness.
durch'wachen vlt. (no -ge-, h)
pass (the night) waking.
durcfa'wachsen adj. bacon: streaky.
durchwandern 1. [Lvandam] v/t.
(sep., -ge-, sein) walk or pass
through; 2. [ 'vandam] vjt. (no
ge-, h) walk or pass through (place,
area, etc.).
durch'weben v/t. (no -ge-, h)
interweave; fig. a. intersperse.

scanty.

diirr adj. [dyr] wood, leaves, etc.:


dry; land: barren, arid; p. gaunt,

lean, skinny; '2e / (-/-n) dryness;


barrenness; leanness.

Durst [durst] m (-es/no pi.) thirst


(nach for);
haben be thirsty.

diirsten ['dyrstan] v/i. (ge-, h):


nach thirst for.
'

durstig adj. thirsty (nach for).


Dusche ['duja] / (-/-n) shower
'
(-bath); 2n vlrefl. and v/i. (ge-, h)

have a shower(-bath).
Diise ['dy.za] / (-/-n) nozzle; %
jet; ~nantrieb [' n'-] m jet propulsion; mit
jet-propelled; ' n
flugzeug n jet(-propelled) aircraft, F jet; ' njager
m jet
fighter.
duster adj. ['dyistar] dark, gloomy
(both a. fig.); light: dim; ig.: sad;
depressing; 'Sheit / (-/no pi.),
'
2keit / (-Ino pi.) gloom(iness).
Dutzend ['dutsant] n (-sf-e) dozen;
e/n /er a dozen eggs; e von Leuten dozens of people; 'Sweise adv.
by the dozen, in dozens.

durchweg adv. ['dur<;vek] throughout, without exception.

durch|weichen 1. [' vai an] v/i.


(sep., -ge-, sein) soak; 2. U'vaKjan]

'

vjt. (no -ge-, h) soak, drench; winden vlrefl. (irr. winden, sep., -ge-, h)
worm or thread one s way through;
wiihlen (h) I.fig. [ vyrlan] vlrefl.
(sep., -ge-) work one's way through;
2 U'vyibn] v/t. (no -ge-) rummage; '~zahlen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)
covmt; ziehen (irr. ziehen) 1. f'
tsiran] v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein) pass or
go or come or march through;
2
[M v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pull
(thread, etc.) through; 3. [Jtsiian]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) go or travel through;
scent, etc.: fill, pervade (room, etc.).
durch'zucken v/t. (no -ge-, h)
flash through.
'
Durchzug m passage through;
draught. Am. draft.

'

'

..

Dynamjik [dy'normik] / (-Ino pi.)


dynamics; Sisch adj. dynamic(al).
Dynamit [dyna'mirt] n (sjno pi.)
dynamite.
Dynamo [dy'na:mo] m (-s/-s), ~ma-

schine / dynamo, generator.


m
express
['de:tsu:k]

D-Zug
train.

E
Ebbe t'eba] / (-/-n) ebb(-tide); low
tide; 'Sn v/i. (ge-, sein) ebb.
eben ['e:ban] 1. adj. even; plain,

level; A* plane; zu er Erde on the


ground floor. Am. on the first
floor; 2. adv. exactly; just;
erst just now; 'Sbild n image,

likeness; ..biirtig adj. [' byrti?] of


equal birth; j-m ~ sein be a match
for s.o., be s.o.'s equal; Vda adv.,
Lda'selbst adv. at the very (same)
place, just there; quoting books:
ibidem (abbr. ib., ibid.); 'Jder,
'
'
die, 'Jdas dem. pron. = '~der'
selbe, ' die'selbe, ' das'selbe
dem. pron. the very (same); '
..

des'wegen

adv.

for

that

very

reason.

Ebene ['e:bana] / (-/-n) plain; &


plane; fig. level.
'
ebenjerdig adj. and adv. at street
level; on the ground floor. Am. on
the first floor; '*falls adv. likewise; 'Sholz n ebony; '*mafi n sym-

metry; harmony; regularity (of


features);
' mafiig adj. symmetrical;
harmonious;
regular;
'
o adv. just so; just as ...; likewise;

'

sosehr

adv.,

'

oviel

adv. just as much; ' sowenig


adv. just as litde or few (pi.), no
more.

Eber

eidesstattlich

83 -

Eber zo. ['etbar] m (-s/-) boar;

riage;

esche
/ mountain-ash.
ebnen [ e bnsnj r/r. (fe-, h) level;

contract.

'

smooth-

Echo ['eco] n (-s/-s) echo.


echt adj. [egt] genuine; true; pure;
real; colour', fast; document', authen-

tic; 'Sheit / (-/<> />/.) genuineness;


purity; reality; fastness; authenticity.
Eck [ek] n (-[e]s/-e) s. cke; '-ball
m sports: comer-kick; e / (-/-n)
comer; edge; Sigo f;. angiilar; fig.
awkward;
platz m comer-seat;
'

'

'

'

stein m comer-stone;
canine tooth.
'

zahn m

(gen.) in hono(u)r of; '2n o/r. (ge-,


h) hono(u)r; esteem.
'

ehrenlamtlich adj. honorary; 'burger m honorary citizen; 'Sdoktor m honorary doctor; 'Serklarung / (full) apology; 2gast m
guest of hono(u)r; Sgericht n
'

'

haft adj. honourable; Skodex m code of hono(u)r; Slegion ['-legiorn] / (-{no


pi.) Legion of Hono(u)r; 'Smarm m
man of hono(u)r; Smitglied n
honorary member; 'Splatz m place
of hono(u)r; 'Srecht n: burgerliche
e pi. civil rights pi.-, 'Srettung/
rehabilitation; ruhrigoJ/. defamatory-; Ssache/affair of hono(u)r;
point of hono(u)r; '-voll adj. hono(u)rable; '-wert adj. hono(u)rable;
'
Swort n
(-[e]s/-e) word of

cious; organs of the body: vital; '


denkend adj. noble-minded; '2rnarm m nobleman; Smut m generosity; -miitig adj. [' myrti?]
noble-minded, generous; '2stein m
-

precious stone; gem.


Edikt [e'dikt] n (-[e]s/-e) edict.

'

Efeu $ ['eifDY] m l-s/no pi.) ivy.

'

'

hono(u)r.
'

ehr|erbietig adj. [ e 'erbirtic] respectful; 2erbietung/(-/-en) rev'

'

erence; furcht/(-/S-en) respect


awe; ' furchtgebietend adj. aweinspiring, awesome; -fiirchtig adj.
[ fyr tic] respectful; 'Sgefiihl n
(-[e]s!no pi ) sense of hono(u)r;
'
Sgeiz m ambition; '-geizig adj.
-

'

'

same.

Egge ['zgs] f (-/-n) harrow; 'Sn c/r.


Cge-.. h) harrow.
Egoisjmus [ego'ismus] m (-/Ego/'smen) ego(t)ism; -t m (-en/-en) ego(t)ist; tisch adj. selfish, ego(t)is-

ambitious.
'

ehrlich

adj. honest; ccmmerce,


game: fair; opinion: candid; - wahrt
am langsten honesty is the best
policy; 'Skeit / (-/no pL) honesty;

ric(al).
ehe1 cj. I'eis] before.

Ehe2 [-j/(-/-n) marriage; matrimonjr;


'
anbahnung / (-/-en) matrimonial agency; ' brecher m (-s/-)
adulterer;
brecherin / (-/-nen)
'
adulteress;
Sbrecherisch
adj.
'
adulterous;
bruch m adultery;
'
frau/wife; '-gatte m, '-gattin/
spouse; ' leute pL married people
pL; 'Slich adj. confugal; child: legitimate; '-losigkeit / (-/no pi.) celibacy; single life.
ehemal'ig adj. ['ersmodic] former,
ex-...; old; ' s adv. formerly.
'
Ehejinann m husband; '-paar n
-

fairness.
'

ehrlos adj. dishono(u)rable, infamous:

'

married couple.
eher adv. sooner; rather; more
likely; ;'e
desto besser the sooner

'

the better.
'

Elhering m wedding ring.


ehera adj. ['ersm] brazen, of brass.
'

Ehe|scheidung/divorce; '-schlieCung / (-/-en) (contraction of) marriage; ' stand m (-[e]s/no pi.) married state, matrimony; '-stifter m,
'
stifterin / (-/-nen) matchmaker;
'
vermittlung f s. Eheanbchnung;
'
versprechen n promise of mar-

'

igkeit/(-/-en) dishonesty,

infamy.

'

'

'

'

edel adj. [ etdal] noble; miru pre-

Effekt [E'fekt] m (-[e]s/-e) effect;


en pi. effects pl.i't: securities pL;
stocks pL; -enhandel m dealing in
stocks; -hascherei [Jiaja'rat] /
(-/-en) claptrap; iv adj U'tir/]
effective; Suieren Uu iiran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) effect; esecute. Am. a.
fill; Svoll adj. effective, striking.
egal adj. [e go:!] equal; F all the

marriage

Ehre ['eirej / (-l-n) hono(u)r; zu

court of hono(u)r;

Ehrabschneider ['e:r*ap/naid3r] m
(si-) slanderer.
'
ehrbar adj. hono(u)rable, respectable; modest; 'Skeit f(-lno pi.) respectability; modesty.

'

'-vertrag

ehrlsam adj. s. ehrbar;

'

'

Sung /

(-/-en) hono(u)r (conferred on s o.)i


.

'

vergessen adj. dishono(u)rable,


infamous; 'Sverlust ft m (-es/no
pi.) loss of civil rights; '-wiirdig
adj. venerable, reverend.
ei1 int. [ai] ah!, indeed!
Ei'2 [-] n (-[e]s/-er) eggipkysiol.ovum.
Eibe % ['aiba] / (-/-n) yew(-tree).
Eiche
['ai?3] / (-l-n) oak(-tree);
1 [U] / (-l-n) % acorn; irds:
club; -thaher cm. [' herar] m
(s/-) jay.
eichen1 ('ai?3n] v/t. (ge-, h) ga(u)ge.
eichen2 adj. [-] oaken, of oak.
Eich|h6rnchen zo. ['ai hcemcpn] n
(si-) squirrel; '-mafi n standard.
Eid fan] m (-es/-e) oath; 'Sbriichig
-

'

adj.: - wercfen break one s -oath.

Eidechse zo. ['aidks3]/(-/-n) lizard.


eidesstattlich ft adj. [ aidas-] in
lieu of (an) oath; -e Erklarung statutory declaration.
'

eidlich

'

eidlich 1. adj. sworn; 2. adv. on

86 -

ein|arbeiten ['am9-] r/r. (sep., -ge-,


h): j-n ~ in (acc.) make s.o. acquainted with; armig adj. ['am'-]
one-armed; aschern ['ain'ejam]
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) bum to ashes;

oath.
'

Eidotter m, n yolk.

'

Eier|kuchen m omelet(te), pan-

cake; ' schale / egg-shell; ' stock


anat. tn ovary; ' uhr / egg-timer.
Eifer ['aifsr] m {-sjno pi.) zeal;
eagerness; ardo(u)r; ' er tn (-s/-)
zealot;
sucht f(-lnopl.) jealousy;

cremate (dead body); 'Sascherung


/(-/-en) cremation; atmen ['am9-]
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) breathe, inhale;

'

'

Ssiichtig adj. jealous (ouf acc. of).


eifrig adj. ['aifri?] zealous, eager;

Einerlei

'

augig adj. ['ain'oygi?] one-eyed.


EinbahnstraCe / one-way street.
einbalsamieren vlt. (sep., no -ge-,

'

h) embalm.

ardent.
'

eigen adj. [ aigsn] own; particular;


strange, odd; in compounds:
owned; peculiar (dor. to); 'Eart/
pecviliarity;
artig adj. peculiar;
singular; Sbrotler f breitlar] m
(-s/-) odd or eccentric person,
'

'

'

crank; Sgewicht n dead weight;


handig adj. and adv. [' hsndi?]
'

with one s own hands;

'

Sheim n

'

Einband

'

language: idiom;
Sliebe /
self-love; Slob n self-praise;
machtig adj. arbitrary; Sname m
proper name; niitzig adj. f' nytsi?]
self-interested, selfish;
adv.
expressly, specially; on purpose.
'
Eigenschaft / (-/-en) quality (o/
5.0.); property (of s.th.); in s-r
o/s
in his capacity as; ' swort gr. n
(-[e]s/=er) adjective
'
Eigensinn m (~[e]slnopl.) obstinacy;
'
Sig adj. wil(l)ful, obstinate.
'
eigentlich 1. adj. proper; actual;
true, real; 2. adv. properly (speaking).
'
Eigentum n (-s/=er) property.
Eigentiimler ['aigsntyrmar] m (-s/-)
owner, proprietor; lich adj. peculiar; odd;
lichkeit / (-/-en)
peculiarity.
'
Eigentumslrecht n ownership;
'

'

einbettjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) embed; 'Szimmer n single(-bedded)


room.

'

einbild|en v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h)


fancy, imagine; 'Sung / imagina-

tion, fancy; conceit.


einbinden v/t. (irr. binden, sep.,
ge-, h) bind (books).
'
Einblick m insight (in acc. into).
'
einbrechen (j rr. brechen, sep.,
ge-) 1. v/t. (h) break open; 2. v/i.
(se/n) break in; of night, etc.: set in;
in (acc.) break into (house).
Einbrecher m at night: burglar;
by day: housebreaker.
'
Einbruch m
invasion; housebreaking, burglary; be/ ~ der Nocht
(s)diebstahl m
at nightfall;
house-breaking, burglary.
'

'

'

einbiirgerln ['ambyrgam] v/t. (sep.,


'

ge-, h) naturalize; Sung / (-/-en)

'

flat.
'

naturalization.
'

Einlbufie/loss; 'Sbiifien v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) lose, forfeit.
ein|dammen ['amdsmsn] v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) dam (up); embank (river);
fig. check; '~deutig adj unequiv-

eigenwillig adj. self-willed;

, in-

ocal; clear, plain.

dividual.
'

eign|en [ aignan] v/refl. (ge-, h):


sich ~ fur be suited for; Sung /
'

'

eindringjen v/i. (irr. dr/ngen, sep.,


ge-, se/n) enter; penetrate; intrude;
-

in (acc.) penetrate (into); force


s way into; invade (country);

(-/-en) aptitude suitability.


,

'

Eiljbote

m express messenger;

durch n by special delivery;


brief
m express letter. Am. special delivery letter.
Eile ['aila] / (-/no pi.) haste, speed;
hurry; 'Sn v/i. (ge-. se/'n) hasten,
make haste; hurry; letter, affair:
be urgent; Snds adv. ['~ts] quickly,
speedily.
'

binding;

Am. induct.
'

'

copyright; Lwohnung / freehold

(-[e]s/=e)

ein|bauen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) build


in; install (engine, etc.); '~behalten
v/t. (irr. ho/ten, sep., no -ge- h)
detain; ' berufen v/t. (irr. rufen,
sep., no -ge-, h) convene; X call UP>

house of one's own; homestead;


'
2heit/(-/-en) peculiarity; oddity;

of

cover.
'

Eillfracht /, '~gut n express goods


pi., Am. fast freight; 'Sig adj. hasty,

speedy; urgent; es
hoben be in a
hurry.
Eimer ['aimar] m (-s/-) bucket, pail.
ein [am] 1. adj. one; 2. indef. art.
a, an.

einander adv. [ai'nandar] one another; each other.

one

'

'

Uich adj. urgent; Sling V Jiij] m

(-s/-e) intruder; invader

'

Eindruck m (-[e]s/=e) impression.

'

einjdriicken vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)

press in; crush (in) (hat); break


(pane); ' drucksvoll adj. impressive;
engen [ am9-] v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) narrow; , limit.
einjer1 [ ainar], ' e, , (e)s indef.
'

'

-.

pron. one.

Einer2 U] m (-s/-) & unit, digit; rozuing: single sculler, skiff.


einerlei ['amsr'lai] 1. adj. of the
same kind; immaterial; es ist mir
it is all the same to me; 2. 2 n (s/no
pi.) sameness; monotony; humdrum (of one's existence).

einerseits

87 -

einerseits adv. ['amar'zaits] on the

veterate; confirmed; er Junggeselle


confirmed bachelor.

one hand.
'

elnfach adj. [ ainfax] simple; single;


plain; meal: frugal; ticket: single,
Am. one-way; 'Sheit / (-/no pi.)
simplicity.
einfadeln ['ainfeidaln] v/t. (sep.,

'

eingehen (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-)


1 v/i. (sein) mail, goods: come in,
arrive;
animal: die; cease (to
exist); material: shrink; auf (acc.)
agree to; enter into; 2. v/t. (h, sein)
enter into (relationship); contract
(marriage); ein Risiko
run a risk,
.

ge-, h) thread; jig. start, set on

foot; contrive.
'

Einfahrt / entrance, entry.

esp. Am. take a chance; e-n Vergleich ~ come to terms; Verbindlich-

'

Einfall m X invasion; idea, inspiration; 'Sen v/t. (irr. fallen, sep.,


ge-, sein) fall in, collapse; break
in (on a conversation), interrupt, cut

keiten

short; chime in; J join in; invade;


"

occur to s.o.

Ein|falt ['ainfalt] / (-[no pi.) sim-

plicity; silliness; Sf ltig adj. [L-

felti?] simple; silly; Lfaltspinsel


m simpleton. Am. F sucker.
'
ein|farbig adj. one-colo(u)red, unicolo(u)red; plain; Lfassen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) border; set (precious
stone); Sfassung/border; setting;
'
fetten vft. (sep., -ge-, h) grease;
oil; ' finden v/refl. (irr. finden,
sep., -ge-, h) appear; arrive;
flechten fig. v/t. (irr. f/ec/iten,
sep., -ge-, h) put in, insert; ' lieiBen
v/i. (irr. flietien, sep., -ge-, sein)
flow in;
fn (acc.) flow into; lassen mention in passing; LfloCen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) infuse.
'
EinfluB m influx; fig. influence;
'
2reich adj. influential.
ein|formig adj. ['amfoermi?] uniform; monotonous; frieden L' frirdan] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fence,
enclose; Sfriedung / (-/-en) enclosure; ' frieren (irr. frieren,
sep., -ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) freeze (in);
2 v/t. (h) freeze (food); Lfiigen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) put in; fig. insert;

Eingemachte ['aingsmaxts] n (-nf


no pi.) preserves pi.; pickles pi.
'
eingemeinden u/r. (sep., no -ge-, h)
incorporate (dat. into).
'

einge|nommen adj. partial (fur to);


prejudiced (gegen against); von sich
conceited; 'Ssandt *> n (-sj-s)
letter to the editor; ~schnappt F

'

fig. adj. [' gajnapt] offended,


touchy; ' sessen adj. long-established; '2standnis n confession,
avowal; ' stehen v/t. (irr. stehen,

'

incur liabilities; e-e Wette

make a bet; eingegangene Gelder


njpl. receipts pi.; ' d adj. detailed;
thorough; examination: close.

/-m

einheimlsch

sep., no -ge-, h) confess, avow.


Eingeweide anat. ['amgavaida] pi.
viscera pi.; intestines pi.; bowels
pi.; esp. of animals: entrails pi.
'
einge|wohnen v/refl. (sep., no -ge-,
h) accustom o.s. (in acc. to); acclimatize o.s.. Am. acclimate o.s. (to);
get used (to).
eingewurzelt adj. [' gavurtsaltj
deep-rooted, inveterate.
'
eingiefien v/t. (irr. gietien, sep.,
ge-, h) pour in or out.
eingleisig adj. ['ainglaizi?] single-

track.
'

einlgraben v/t. (irr. graben, sep.,

ge-, h) dig in; bury; engrave; sich


X dig 0-s- in, entrench o.s.; fig.
engrave itself (on one s memory);
'
gravieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
-

sich ~ fit in.

Einfuhr f ['ainfuir] / (-/-en) import(ation); ' bestimmungen/Zp/.


import regulations pi.
'
einfiihren v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) -f import; introduce (s.o., custom); insert; initiate; install (s.o. in an office).
'
Einfuhrwaren 'f f/pL imports

'

engrave.
'

eingreifen 1. v/i. (irr. greifen,


sep., -ge-, h) intervene;
in (acc.)
interfere with; encroach on (s.o.'s

rights); in die Debatte join in the


debate; 2. 2 n (-s/no pi.) intervention.

Pi.
'

Eingabe/petition; application.
Eingang m entrance; entry; arrival
(of goods); nach
on receipt; ' sbuch Y book of entries.
eingeben v/t. (irr. geben, sep., -ge-,

'

'

h) give, administer (medicine) (dat.


to); prompt, suggest (to).
'

einge|bildet adj. imaginary; conceited (auf acc. of);


boren adj.
'

native; '2borene m, f(-nl-n) native.

Eingebung ['amgerbui)] / (-/-en)


suggestion; inspiration.
einge|denk adj. ['amgadsgk] mindful (gen. of); ' falien adj. eyes,
cheeks: sunken, hollow; emaciated;
fleischt fig. adj. [Lgaflaijt] in-

'

Eingriff m fig. encroachment; &

operation.
einhaken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) fasten;
sich bei j-m take s.o. s arm.
'
Einhalt m (-[e]slno pi.): ~ gebieten
(dat.) put a stop to; 'Sen fig. (irr.
halten, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. observe,
keep; 2. v/i. stop, leave off (zu tun
doing).
'

'

'

einlhangen ([irr. hangen,] sep., -ge-,

h) 1. v/t. hang in; hang up, replace


(receiver); sich bei j-m
take s.o.'s
arm, link arms with s.o.; 2. telepfu
v/i. hang up; 'Jaeften v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) sew or stitch in.
'
einheimisch adj. native (in dat.
-

Einheimische

to), indigenous (to) (a.


); & endemic; product: home-grown; '2e
m, f (-n/-n) native; resident.
'
Einheit / (-/-en) unity; oneness;

fc, phys., X unit; '211 ch adj. uniform; ' .spreis m standard price.
'
einheizen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. vli. make
a fire; 2. v/t. heat (5iove).
einhellig adj. [ amheli?] unanimous.
'
einholen (scp., -ge-, h) 1. u/r. catch
up with, overtake; make up for
(lost time); make (.inquiries); take
'

(order); seek (advice); ask for (permission); buy; 2. u/i.: ~ ge/ien go


shopping.

'

Einhorn zo. n unicorn.

'

einhiillen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) wrap


(up or in); envelop.
sem
einig adj. [ ami?] united;
agree; n/cht ~ sem differ (iiber acc.
about);
mJe/. pron. [' ga] several; some; en [' igan] vft. (ge-,
h) xrnite; sich come to terms; ~ermafien adv. [' gar'maisan] in
some measure; somewhat; es in'

88 -

einnicken

Einkiinfte ['amkynfta] pi. income,


revenue.
'

einladjen v/t. (irr. laden, sep., -ge-,


h) load (in) (goods) ;fig. invite; 'Sung

'

Einlage / enclosure (m letter); f


investment; deposit (of money);

/ invitation.

gambling: stake; inserted piece;


arch-support; temporary filling (of
tooth); '2rn -f v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
store (up).
Einlafi ['ainlas] m (Einlasses/Einlasse) admission, admittance.
'
einlassen v/t. (irr. lessen, sep., -ge-,
h) let in, admit;
in (acc.) imbed in; sich in or auf (both acc.)
engage in, enter into.
'
ein laufen v/i. (irr. laufen, sep.,
ge-, sein) come in, arrive; ship:
-

enter;

put in; insert; inlay; deposit


(money); pickle; preserve (fruit);
Berufung ~ lodge an appeal (be; to);
Ehre
mit gain hono(u)r or credit
by; 'Ssohle / insole, sock.
'

einleitjen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) start;


introduce; ' end adj. introductory;
'
Sung / introduction.

ein|impfen [ am'-] vjt. (sep., -ge-,


'

einjlenken fig. v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)


come round; Lleuchten v/i. (sep.,

s o
.

'

einjahrig adj. [ amje i?] one-yearold; esp. % annual; animal: yearling.


'

einlkalkulieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-,


h) take into account, allow for;
kassieren v/t. (sep., no -ge-, h)
cash; collect.

'

Einkauf m purchase; Einkaufe machen s. e/nkaufen 2; '2en (sep.,


-

ge-, h) 1. v/t. buy, purchase; 2. &/.

ge-, h) be evident or obvious;


Hefern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) deliver
(up); in ein Krankenhaus
take to
a hospital. Am. hospitalize; ' 16sen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) ransom (prisoner);
redeem (pledge); -f hono(u)r (bill);
cash (cheque); 'f meet (bill);
machen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) preserve
(fruit); tin. Am. can.
'
einmal adv. once; one day; auf
-

all at once; es war


once (upon a
time) there was; n/cht
not even;
2leins n (-/-) multiplication table;

make purchases, go shopping.


'
Einkaufer m buyer.

Einkaufs|netz n string bag;


preis "Y" m purchase price; ' tasche
/ shopping-bag.

'

einlkehren v/i. (sep., -ge-, sem)


put up or stop (at an inn); kerben
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) notch; kerkern
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) imprison; kla-

'
'

'

Sieren v/i. (sep., no -ge-, sein)

'

'

march in, enter.


'

einlmengen v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h),

'

'

'

bracket; put in brackets.


Einklang m unison; harmony.

'

v/t.

clothe; fit out;

'

(sep.,

-ge-,

h)

klemmen v/t.

(sep., -ge-, h) squeeze (in); jam;


'

Jklinken (sep., -ge-) 1. v/t. (h)


latch; 2. v/i. (sein) latch; engage;

Lknicken (sep., -ge-) v/t. (h) and


v/i. (sein) bend in, break; kochen
(sep., ge-) 1. v/t. (h) preserve; 2. v/i.
'

(sein) boil down or away.


'
Einkommen n (-s/-) income, revenue; ' steuer/income-tax.
'

einkreisen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) encircle.

mischen v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h)

-.

meddle, interfere (in acc. with),


esp. Am. si. butt in.

gen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) sue for;


klammern v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) typ.

einjkleiden

ig adj. single; unique.

Einmarsch m marching in, entry;

'

'

leben

einlege|n v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) lay or

'

/))
inoculate (a. fig.); ' jagen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h): j-m Furcht
scare

'

(in acc. to).


'

def. pron. I' gas] some(thing); '2keit / (-/wo pi.) unity; concord;
ment.

shrink;

v/refl. (sep., -ge-, h) accustom o.s.

2ung [' g-] / (-/-en) union; agree-

material:

Einmundung / junction (of roads);


mouth (of river).
einmiitig adj. ['ammyiti?] unanimous; 'Zkeitf /no pi.) unanimity.
Einnahme ['ainnaima] / (-/-n) X
taking, capture; mst n pi. takings
pi., receipts pi.
'
einnehmen v/t. (irr. nehmen, sep.,
ge-, h) take (meal, position, X) 5 T
-

take (money);
earn, make
(money); take up, occupy (room);

fig. captivate; '~d adj. taking, engaging, captivating.


'
einnicken v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein)
doze or drop off.

Einode

89 -

Einode I'am9-] / desert, solitude.


ein.ordnen [ am'-] r/r. (sep., -ge-,
h) arrange in proper order; classify;
file {letters, etc.); Lpacken v/r.
(sep., -ge-, h) pack up; wrap up;
'
pferchen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) pen
in; fig. crowd, cram; '.pflanzen
v/t. (sep-i -ge-, h) plant;fig. implant;
Lpokeln c/r. (sep., -ge-, h) pickle,
salt; ' pragen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
imprint; impress; sich ~ imprint

intervene; '.scharfen c/r. (sep.,


ge-, h) incxilcate (dat. upon);
'
vschatzen c/r. (sep., -ge-, h) assess, appraise, estimate (auf acc. at);
value (a. fig.); ' schenken v t.
(sep., -ge-, h) pour in or out;
'
schicken t?/r. (sep., -ge-, h) send
in; ' schieben vjt. (irr. schieben,
sep-> -ge-, h) insert; ' schiffen vft.
and vfrefl. (sep., -ge-, h) embark;
'
Eschiffung / (-/-en) embarkation;
'
schlafen vfi. (irr. schlafen, sep.,

'

itself; commit t.th. to one's mem-

ory; ' quartieren v/t. (sep., no


ge-, h) quarter, billet; ' rahmen
vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) frame; ' raumen
fig. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) grant, concede; ' rechnen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
comprise, include; '-.reden (sep.,
ge-, h) 1. r/r.: j-m
persuade or
talk s.o. into (doing) s.th.; 2. vji.:
auf j-n
talk insistently to s.o.;
'
reichen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hand
in, send in, present; '-reihen vjt.
(sep., -ge-, h) insert (unter acc. in);
class (with); place (among); s/ ch

ge-, sein) fall asleep; schlafern


[ Jlerfam] vft. (sep., -ge-, h) lull to
sleep;
narcotize.
-

-.

'

-.

'

'

take one s place.


'

einreihig adj. [ amraii?] jacket:


single-breasted.
Einreise / entry; ' erlaubnis /,
'
genehmigung / entry permit.

'

Einschlag m striking (of lightning);


impact (of missile); ig. touch; 'Sen
(irr. schlagen, sep., -ge-, h) 1. vft.
drive in (nail); break (in); smash
(in); wrap up; take (road); tuck in
(hem, etc.); enter upon (career);
2 vfi. shake hands; lightning, missile:
strike; fig. be a success; nicht fail;
(wie e-e Somfce) cause a sensation;
auf j-n
belabour s.o.
einschlagig adj. ['amjle:gi?] relevant, pertinent.
'
Einschlagpapier
n
wrappingf

'

'

einjreiflen (xrr. reiBen, sep., -ge-)


1
2

c/r. (h) tear; pull down (bwlding);

vji. (sein) tear; abuse, etc.: spread;

paper.
'

einlschleichen vfrefl. (irr. schleichen, sep., -ge-, h) creep or sneak in;


schleppen vft. (sep., -ge-, h) &
'

tow in; import (disease); ' schleusen fig. vft. (sep., -ge-, h) channel
or let in;
schliefien c/r. (irr.
schlie&en, sep., -ge-, h) lock in or up;
enclose; X surround, encircle; fig.
include; '-vSchlieClich prp. (gen.)
inclusive of; including, comprising;
'
schmeicheln vfrefl. (sep., -ge-, h)
ingratiate o.s. (bei with); ' schmei'
chelnd
adj.
insinuating;
schmuggeln vft. (sep., -ge-, h)
smuggle in; ' schnappen vfi. (sep.,
ge-, sein) catch; fig. s. eingeschncppt; ' schneidend fig. adj.

renken [' reijksn] v/t. (sep., -ge-,


h)
set; fig. set right.
'
einrichtlen v/t. (sep. -ge- h)
establish; equip; arrange; set up
(shop); furnish (flat); es manage;
s;ch
establish o.s., setde down;
economize; sich auf (acc.) prepare
for; 'tmg/establishment; arrangement, esp. Am. setup; equipment;
furniture; fittings pi. (of shop);
-

'

-.

institution.
'

einjrollen c/r. (sep., -ge-, h) roll up


'

rucken (sep.,
ge-) 1. vji. (sein) enter, march in;

incisive, drastic
'

Einschnitt m cut, incision; notch.

'

einlschniiren vft. (sep., -ge-, h)

join the army; 2. c/r. (h) insert


(advertisement in a paper); typ. indent (line, v:ord, etc.); ' riihren
c/r. (sep., -ge-, h) stir (in).
eins adj. [ams] one.
'

'

einsam adj. lonely, solitary; Skeit


/ (-/*v -en) loneliness, solitude.
'
einsammeln v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
gather; collect.
Einsatz m inset; insertion (of piece
of material); gambling: stake, pool;
/ striking in, entry; employment;

lace (up); -.schranken [' Jreqkan]


vft. (sep., -ge-, h) restrict, confine;
reduce (expenses); sich economize;
,
schrankting/(-/-en) restriction;
reduction.
'

Einschreibelbrief m registered
lener; 'Sn vft. (irr. schreiben, sep.,
-

operation; unter

action,

s-s Lebens at the

'

risk of one s life.

have registered; sich

enter one's

name.
'

einschreiten l.fig. vfi. (irr. schreiten, sep., -ge-, sein) step in, interpose, intervene; take action (gegen
against); 2. 2 n (-sfno pi.) inter-

'

einjsaugen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) suck


in; fig. imbibe; ' schalten o/r.
(sep., -ge-, h) insert; f switch or
turn on; cfen ersten Gang mot. go
into first or bottom gear; s/'ch

ge-, h) enter; book; enrol(l);

enlist, enrol(l); %; register; ~ lassen

'

engagement (a. JgQ;

or in; s;ch roll up; curl up; ' rosten vfi. (sep., -ge-, sein) rust;
screts, etc.: rust in;

Einschuchterung

vention.
'

einlschnunpfen vfi. (sep., -ge-,


sein) shrink; ' schiichtern vft.
(sep., -ge-, h) intimidate; bully;
'
schuchtenmg / (-/-en) intim-

einschulen

90 -

idation; ' schulen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

prepared for; adapt o.s. to; '2ung/


X enlistment; engagement; adjustment; focus; (mental) attitude,

put to school.
'

Einschufi m bullet-hole; -finvested


capital.
'
ein|segnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) consecrate; confirm (children); 'Ssegnung / consecration; confirmation.
'
einsehen 1. v/t. (irr. sehen, sep.,
ge-, h) look into; fig.: see, comprehend; realize; 2. 2 n (-sfno pi.):

mentality.
'

'

'

einsendlen v/t. ([irr. senden], sep.,


ge-, h) send in; 'fier m (-s/-)
sender; contributor (to a paper).
'
einsetz|en (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. set
or put in; stake (money); insert;
institute; instal(l), appoint (s.o.);
fig. use, employ; risk (one's life);
sich fur stand up for; 2. v/i. fever,
flood, weather: set in; J strike in;
'
Sung / (-/-en) insertion; appoint-

ment, installation.
'

Einsicht / (-/-en) inspection; fig.


insight, understanding; judiciousness; 'ig adj. judicious; sensible.
'
einsickern vji. (sep., -ge-, sein)

one-

ein|streuen
intersperse;
no -ge-, h)
stiirmen
'

f g. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


i
' studieren v/t. (sep.,
study; thea. rehearse;
v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein):

auf j-n
rush at s.o.; 'Ssturz m
falling in, collapse; ' stiirzen v/i.
(sep., -ge-, sein) fall in, collapse.
einst|weilen adv. ['amst'vaibn] for
the present; in the meantime;
Vweilig adj. temporary.
'
einltauschen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
exchange (gegen for); ' teilen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) divide (in acc. into);
classify; ' teilig adj. one-piece;
'
Steilung / division; classification.
eintonig adj. ['amtorni?] monotonous; 'keit / (-l\ -en) monotony.
lEintopf(gericht n) m hot-pot;
stew.
'

Eintracht / (-Ino pi.) harmony,


concord.

eintrachtig adj. ['aintrEfti?] har-

soak in; infiltrate.


'

Einsiedler m hermit.

einsilbig adj. ['amzilbi?] monosyllabic; fig. taciturn; 'Skeit / (-/ho


pi.) taciturnity.
'
einsinken v/i. (irr. sinken, sep.,
ge-, sein) sink (in).
Einspannjer ['ainjpensr] m (-s/-)
one-horse carriage; 2ig adj. one-

monious.
'

eintragen vjt. (irr. tragen, sep.,


ge-, h) enter; register; bring in,
yield (profit); sich ~ in (acc.) sign.
eintraglich adj. ['aintreikli?] prof-

itable.

'

Eintragung / (-/-en) entry; regis-

'

ein|trefen v/i. (irr. treffen, sep.,

'

horse.

tration.

'

ein|sparen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) save,

ge-, sein) arrive; happen; come

economize; ' sperren v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) imprison; lock up, confine;
'
springen v/i. (irr. springen, sep.,
ge-, sein) catch; fig. step in,
help out; fur j-n
substitute for
s.o.; Lspritzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
inject; 'Sspritzung / (-/-en) in-

true; ' treiben v/t. (irr. treiben,

sep., -ge-, h) drive in or home;

collect (debts, taxes); ' treten (irr.


treten, sep., -ge-) 1. v/i. (sein) enter;
occur, happen, take place;
fiir
stand up for;
in (acc.) enter into
(rights); enter upon (possession);
enter (room); join (the army, etc.);
2 v/t. (h) kick in (door); sich eu

jection.
'

Einspruch m objection, protest,


veto; appeal; ' srecht n veto.
'
einspurig adj. single-track.
einst adv. [amst] once; one or some
day.
'
Einstand m entry; tennis: deuce.
'
ein|stecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) put
in; pocket; plug in; 'steigen v/i.
(irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein) get in;
take your seats!. Am. all

run s.th. into one's foot.

aboard!
'

['amjtoekig]

storied.

haben show consideration.

'

einstimm|en / v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)


join in; ',ig adj. unanimous; 'JSigkeit / (-/no pi.) unanimity.

einstockig adj.

einseifen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) soap;


lather (beard); F fig. humbug (s.o.).
einseitig adj. ['amzaitig] one-sided;
jp, pol, 5% unilateral.

einverstanden

einstell|en v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) put in;


X enrol(l), enlist. Am. muster in;
engage, employ. Am. a. hire; give
up; stop, cease. Am. a. quit (payment, etc.); adjust (mechanism) (auf
acc. to); tune in (radio) (to); opt.,
focus (on) (a. fig.); die Arbeit ~ cease
working; strike. Am. a. walk out;
sich ~ appear; sich
auf (acc.) be

'

Eintritt m entry, entrance; admittance; beginning, setting-in (of


winter, etc.); ~ freil admission free!;
verboten.' no admittance!; '~sgeld
entrance or admission fee; sports:

gate money;

'

skarte / admission

ticket.
'

ein|trocknen vji. (sep., -ge-, sein)

dry (up); Ltriiben v/refl. (sep.,


ge-, h) become cloudy or overcast;
uben [ am'-] v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
practi se, Am. -ce s.th.; train s.o.
einver leiben [ ainferlaiban] v/t.
([sep.,] no -ge-, h) incorporate (dat.
-

'

'

in); annex (to); F sich et. ~ eat or


drink s.th.; 'Snehmen n (-s/no pi.)

agreement, understanding; in gutem on friendly terms; '~standen

Einverstandnis

'

adj.i ~ sein agree;

Sstandnis n

91 '

Einzug m entry, entrance; moving


in.

agreement.
'

Einwand m
(gegen to).

(-[elsZ-e)

objection

'

einzwangen v/t.

Einwanderler m immigrant; 'Sn

vji. {sep., -ge-, sein) immigrate;

'
ung / immigration.
einwandfrei adj. unobjectionable;

'

perfect; faultless; alibi: sound.


einwarts adv. ['amverts] inward(s).
'

Einwegflasche / one-way bottle,


non-return bottle.

'

einweihlen v/t. (.sep., -ge-, h) eccl.


consecrate; inaugurate;
in (acc.)
initiate 5.0. into; Lung / (-/-en)
consecration;
inauguration; initiation.

'

einwend|en vlt. ([irr. wenden,]


sep., -ge-, h) object; 2ung f objec-

Eis [ais] n (-es/nopl.) ice; ice-cream;


Lbahn/skating-rink; Lbar zo. m
polar bear; Lbein n pickled pork
shank; Lberg m iceberg; Ldecke
/sheet of ice; Ldiele/ice-cream
parlo(u)r.
Eisen ['aizan] n (-s/-) iron.
'
Eisenbahn / railway. Am. railroad;
m/t der
by rail, by train; Ler m
(-s/-) railwayman; Lfahrt / railway journey; Lknotenpunkt m
(railway) junction; Lungliick n
railway accident; Lwagen m railway carriage. Am. railroad car;

'

coach.
'

Eisen|blech n sheet-iron; Lerz n

tion.
'

einwerfen (irr. werfen, sep., -ge-, h)


1 v/t. throw in (a. fig.); smash,
break (window-pane); post. Am.

iron-ore; Lgiefierei / iron-foundry; 'Shaltig adj. ferruginous;


Lhiitte / ironworks sg.,pl.; Lwaren fjpl. ironmongery, esp. Am.

mail (letter); interject (remark);


v/i. football: throw in.

hardware; Lwarenhandlerm iron-

'

einwickeljn

v/t.

(sep.,

-ge-, h)

wrap (up), envelop; 'fipapier n


wrapping-paper.
einwillig|en fainviligan] v/i. (sep.,
ge-, h) consent, agree (in acc. to);
'
Sung / (-/-en) consent, agreement.
-

'

einwirkjen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h):

auf

(acc.) act (up)on; influence; effect;


'
Sung / influence; effect.
Einwohner ['amvoinar] m (sj-),
Lin / (-/-nen) inhabitant, resident.
'
Einwurf m throwing in; football:
throw-in; fig. objection; slit (for
letters, etc.); slot (for coins).
'
Einzahl gr. f (-/S-en) singular
(number); 'Sen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h)
pay in; Lung / payment; deposit
(ar bank).
einzaunen ['aintsovnan] vlt. (sep.,
ge-> h) fence in.
Einzel ['aintssl] n (-s/-) tennis:
single. Am. singles pi.; ganger
[Lgerjar] m (si-) outsider; F lone
wolf; Lhandel -f- m retail trade;
Lhandler m retailer, retail dealer;
Lheit / (-/-en) detail, item; .en pi.
particulars pi., details pi.; Sn 1. adj.
single; particular; individual; separate; of shoes, etc.: odd; im ,en in
detail; 2. adv.:
angeben or auffiihren specify, esp. Am. itemize;
Lne m (-nj-ri) the individual; Lver-

monger, esp. Am. hardware dealer.


eisern adj. ['aizarn] iron, of iron.
'

Eislgang m breaking up of the ice;

ice-drift; Sgekiihlt adj. [Lgakyilt]


iced; 'Sgrau adj. hoary; Lhockey
n ice-hockey; Sig adj. ['aizig] icy;
'
S'kalt adj. icy (cold); Lkunstlauf
m figure-skating; Llauf m, Llauen n (s/no pi.) skating; skate;
Llaufer m skater; Lmeer n polar
sea; Lschnellauf m speed-skating;
'
scholle / ice-floe; Lschrank
m s. Kuhlschrank; Lvogel orn. m
kingfisher; Lzapfen m icicle; Lzeit
geol. f ice-age.
eitel adj. ['anal] vain (auf acc. of);
conceited; mere; 'Skeit / (-/-en)
vanity.
Eiter # ['aitar] m (s/no pi.) matter,
pus; Lbeule # / abscess; 'Sig #
adj. purulent; Sn # v/i. (ge-, h)
fester, suppurate; Lung #/(-/-en)
suppuration.
eitrig
adj. ['aitri?] puriilent.
'
Eiweifi n (-es/-e) white of egg;
albumen; 'Shaltig
adj. albumin'

'

kauf m retail sale; Lwesen n individual.


'

(sep., -ge-, h)

squeeze, jam.

'

Elefant

'

einziehen (j rr. z/ehen, sep., -ge-)


1 v/t. (h) draw in; esp. @ retract;
.

call up. Am. draft, induct; s%


seize, confiscate; make (inquiries)
(iiber acc. on, about); 2. v/i. (sein)
enter; move in; liquid: soak in; in
(acc.) move into (flat, etc.).
einzig adj. [ amtsi?] only; single;
sole; unique; Lartig adj. unique,
singular.
'

ous.
'

Eizelle / egg-cell, ovum.


Ekel ['e:k3l] 1. m (s/no pi.) disgust
(vor dot. at), loathing; aversion; #
nausea; 2. F n (-s/-) nasty person;
'
Serregend adj. nauseating, sickening; 'Shaft adj., 'Sig adj. revolting;
fig. disgusting; 'Sn v/refl. (ge-, h):
sich
be nauseated (vor dat. at);
fig. be or feel disgusted (at).
eklig adj. ['e:kli?] s. ekelhaft.
elasti|sch adj. [e'lastij] elastic;
Szitat Utsi'ten] / (-/no pi.) elasticity.
Elch zo. [el?] m (-[e]s/-e) elk;
moose.

Elefant zo. [ele'fant] m (-en/-en)


elephant.

elegant

'

eleganjt adj. [ele gant] elegant;


smart; 2z Uts] /
pi.) elegance.
elektrifizier|en
[elsktrifi'tsiiran]
vjt. (no -ge-, h) electrify; Sung /
(-/-en) electrification

Elektri|ker [e'lektrikar] m (-s/-)


electrician; 2sch aaf/ electric(al);
'

2sieren [Jziiran] vjt. (no -ge-, h)


electrify.
Elektrizitat [elektritsi'tert] / (-/no
pi.) electricity; ~sgesellschaft /
electricity supply company;
swerk n (electric) power station,
power-house. Ant. power plant.
Elektrode [elek'trorda] / (-/-n)
electrode.

Elektro|gerat [e'lektro-] n electric


appliance; ~lyse [Jly.za] f (-/-n)
electrolysis.
Elektron / [e'kktron] n (-s/-en)
electron; engehirn [Jtrornan-] n
electronic brain; ik [ troznik] /
(-/no pi ) electronics sg.
Elektro'technik / electrical engi'

neering;

er m electrical engineer.

Element

[ele'ment]

(-[e]s/-e)

element.

elementar adj. [elemen'tarr] elementary; Sschule elementary or


primary school. Am. grade school.
Elend ['eilsnt] 1. n (-Ms/no pi.)

misery; need, distress; 2. 2 adj.


miserable, wretched; needy, distressed; ' sviertel n slums pi.
elf1 [elf] 1. adj. eleven; 2. 2/(-/-en)
eleven (a. sports).
Elf2 U] m (-enl-en), e ['elfa] /
(-/-n) elf fairy.
'
Elfenbein n (-[els/ v-e) ivory;
'
Sern adj. ivory.
Elf'meter m football: penalty kick;
marke / penalty spot.
'
elfte adj. eleventh.
Elite [e'Una] / (-/-n) elite.
Ellbogen anat. m (-s/-) elbow.
Elle ['els] / (-/-n) yard; anat. ulna.
Elster orn. ['Elstar] / (-/-n) magpie.
elterjlich adj. [ Eltarlig] parental;
n pi. parents />/.; ' nlos adj.
parentless, orphaned; '2nteil m
parent.
[(-/-n) enamel.
Email [e'marj] n (-s/-s), le [ ] /
Emanzipation [emantsipa'tsjorn] /
(-/-en) emancipation
Embargo [Em'bargo] (-s/-s)
,

'

'

embargo.

Embolie # [Embo'li:] / (-/-n) embolism.

Embryo biol. ['Embryo] m (sj-s,


nen) embryo.
Emigrant [emi'grant] m (-enl-en)
-

emigrant.

empfahl [Em'pfa:!] pret. of empfeh/en.

Empfang [Em'pfarj] m (-[e]s/ee)


reception (a. radio); receipt (of
s th.); nach or bei ~ on receipt; Sen
'

vjt. (irr. fangen, no -ge-, h) receive;

welcome; conceive (child).

92 -

Endzweck

Empfanger [Em'pfErpr] m (-s/-)


receiver, recipient; payee (of money),'
addressee (of letter); -f consignee
(of goods).

em'pfanglich adj. susceptible (fiir


to); Skeit/ (-/no pi.) susceptibility.
Em'pfangs|dame / receptionist;
gerat n receiver, receiving set;
schein m receipt; zimmer n
reception-room.
empfehl|en [Em'pferbn] vjt. (irr.,
no -ge-, h) recommend; commend;
Sie mich (dat.) please remember
me to;
enswert adj. (re)commendable; Sung / (-/-en) recommendation; compliments pi.
empfinden [sm'pfindan] v/t. (irr.
f/nden, no -ge-, h) feel; perceive.
empfindlich adj. [Em'pfintlig] sensitive (a. phot., '*) (fur, gegen to);
pred. a. susceptible (gegen to);
delicate; tender; p.: touchy, sensitive; cold: severe; pain, loss, etc.:
grievous; pain: acute; Skeit /
(-/-en)
sensitivity;
sensibility;
touchiness; delicacy.
empfindsam adj. [Em'pfintzarm]
sensitive; sentimental; Skeit /
(-/-en) sensitiveness; sentimentality
Empfindung [em'pfinduq] / (-/-en)
~

perception; sensation; sentiment;

Sslos adj. insensible; esp. fig. unfeeling; svermogen n faculty of


perception.

empfohlen [Em'pfoibn] p.p. of


empfehlen.
empor adv. [Em po:r] up, up'

wards.

emporen [sm'pe-.ran] v/t. (no -ge-,


h) incense; shock; sich
revolt (a.
fig.), rebel; grow furious (iiber acc.
at); emport indignant, shocked
(both: iiber acc. at).
'

porlkommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, se/n) rise (in the
world); Skommling [ koemlii)] m
(-s/-e) upstart; ragen v/i. (sep.,
ge-, h) tower, rise; ~steigen v/i.
(irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, se/n) rise,

em

ascend.

Em'porung

(-/-en)

rebellion,

revolt; indignation.
'

emsig adj. [ emzig] busy, industrious, diligent; Skeit / (-/no pi.)


busyness, industry, diligence.
Ende ['Enda] n (-s/-n) end; am
at or in the end; after all; eventually;
zu gehen end; expire; run short;
'
Sn v/i. (ge-, h) end; cease, finish.
endlgiiltig adj. [ Entgylti?] final,
definitive; '~lich adv. finally, at
last;
los adj. ['~lo:s] endless;
'
Spunkt m final point; 'Srunde /
sports: final; 'Sstation $9 / terminus, Am. terminal; Ssumme /
(sum) total.
Endung ling. ['Enduq] / (-/-en)
ending, termination.
Endzweck ['Ent-] m ultimate object.
'

'

'

Energie

Energie [ener'gi:] / (-/-n) energy;


21os adj. lacking (in) energy.
e'nergisch adj. vigorous; energetic.
eng adj. [eg] narrow; clothes: tight;
close; intimate; im
eren S/nne

remote (both a. fig.); Sung/(-/-en)


removal; distance; range; Sungsmesser phot, m (-s/-) range-finder.
ent'flammen (no -ge-) vjt. (h) and
vji. (sein) inflame; Jfliehen v/i.

(irr. fliehen, no -ge-, sein) flee,

strictly speaking.

engagieren [aga'siiran] vjt. (no


ge-, h) engage. Am. a. hire.
Enge ['eqa] /(-/-n) narrowness; .
-

straits pi.

Engel ['eqal] m (-s/-) angel.


engherzig adj. ungenerous, petty.
'

Englander

entkleiden

93 -

['eplendar]

m (si-)

Englishman; die pi. the English


pi.; '~in / (-/-nen) Englishwoman.
English;
englisch adj.
[ eqlij]
'

British.
'

EngpaC m defile, narrow pass. Am.


a notch; fig. bottle-neck.
en gros iT adv. [a gro:] wholesale.
En'groshandel "f m wholesale
.

'

trade.
'

engstimig adj. narrow-minded.


Enkel ['egkal] m (si-) grandchild;
grandson; .in / (-/-nen) granddaughter.
enorm adj. [e norm] enormous; F
fig. tremendous.
Ensemble thea.. i [a'sdibal] n
(s/s) ensemble; company.
entart|en [ent a:rt3n] v/i. (no -ge-,
sein) degenerate; Sung / (-/-en)
degeneration.
entbehrjen [ent beiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) lack; miss, want; do without; lich adj. dispensable; superfluous; Sung / (-/-en) want, priva'

'

'

tion.

ent'bindlen (irr. binden, no -ge-, h)


1 r/r. dispense, release (von from);
deliver (of a child); 2. v/t. be con.

fined; Sung / dispensation, release;


delivery; Sungsheim n maternity
hospital.

ent'SloCJen c/r. (no -ge-, h) bare,


strip; imcover (head);

.t adj. bare.

ent'deckjen o/r. (no -ge-, h) discover; detect; disclose; ~er m (-$}-)


discoverer; Sung / discovery.
Ente ['enta] / (-/-n) om. duck; false
report'. F canard, hoax.

ent'ehrjen vjt. (no -ge-, h) dishono(u)r; Sung/degradation; rape.


ent'eignjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) expropriate; dispossess; Sung / expropriation; dispossession.

ent'erben t>/r. (no -ge-, h) disinherit.


entern ['entam] v/t. (ge-, h) board,
grapple (ship).
entj'fachen vjt. (no -ge-, h) kindle;
fig. a. rouse (passions); Jfalien vji.
(irr. fallen, no -ge-, sein): j-m
escape s.o.; . slip s.o. s memory;
auf j-n fail to s.o. s share; s. wegfallen; .'falten v/t. (no -ge-, h)
\iniold;fig.: develop; display; sich
'

'

unfold; fig. develop (zu into).

ent'fernlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) remove;


sich ~ withdraw; *.t adj. distant,

escape (ous or dat. from); ,Jfrem-

den v/t. (no -ge-, h) estrange,


alienate (j-m from s.o.).
ent'fiihrlen r/r. (no -ge-, h) abduct,
kidnap; run away with; Ser m
abductor, kidnap(p)er; Sung / abduction, kidnap(p)ing.
ent'gegen l.prp. (dat.) in opposition
to, contrary to; against; 2. adv.
towards; ~gehen v/i. (irr. gehen,

sep., -ge-, sein) go to meet; _gesetzt adj. opposite; fig. contrary;


halten v/t. (irr. ho/ten, sep., -ge-,
h) hold out; . object; kommen
v/i. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein)
come to meet; fig. meet s.o.Cs
wishes) halfway; Skommen n
(sino pi.) obligingness ; kommend
adj. obliging; nehmen vjt. (irr.
nehmen, sep., -ge-, h) accept,
receive;
sehen v/i. (dat.) (irr.
sehen, sep., -ge-, h) await; look forward to; ~setzen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
oppose; stehen v/i. (irr. stehen,
sep., -ge-, h) be opposed (dat. to);
strecken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) hold
or stretch out (dat. to); -treten t>/:.
(dat.) (irr. treten, sep., -ge-, sein)
step up to 5.0.; oppose; face (danger).
entgegn|en [ent gergnan] v/i. (no
ge-, h) reply; return; retort; Sung
/ (-/-en) reply; retort.
ent gehen v/i. (irr. gehen, no -ge-,
~

'

'

sein) escape.

entgeistert adj. [ent'gaistart] aghast, thunderstruck, flabbergasted.


Entgelt [ent'gdt] n (-[e]s/no pi.)
recompense; Sen v/t. (irr. gelten,
no -ge-, h) atone or stiffer or pay for.
entgleisjen [snt'glaizan] v/i. (no
ge-, sein) run off the rails, be
-

derailed;

, (make a) slip; Sung/

(-/-en) derailment; ? slip.


,

'

gleiten vji. (irr. gleiten, no -ge-,


sein) slip (dat. from).
ent'halt|en vlt. (irr. halten, no
ge-, h) contain, hold, include;
sich (gen.) abstain or refrain from;
sam adj. abstinent; Ssamkeit /
(-/no pi ) abstinence; Sung /
ent

abstention.

ent'haupten o/r. (no -ge-, h) behead,


decapitate.
ent'hiilllen vft. (no -ge-, h) imcover; unveil; fig. reveal, disclose;
Sung / (-/-en) uncovering; unveiling; fig. revelation, disclosure.

Enthusiasjmus [entuzi'asmus] m
(-{no pi ) enthusiasm; -t m (-enf-en)
.

enthusiast; film, sports: F fan;


Stisch adj. enthusiastic.
ent'kleiden v/t. and v/refl. (no -ge-,
h) undress.

entkommen

ent'kommen 1. v/i. (irr. kommen,


no -ge-, se/n) escape O-m s.o.; aus
from), get away or off; 2. 2 n
(s/no pi.) escape.
entkraft|en [snt krsftan] v/t. (no
fe-, h) weaken, debilitate; fig.
refute; Sung / (-/-en) weakening;
debility; /z. refutation.
ent lad|en v/t. (irr. laden, no -ge-, h)
unload; esp. discharge; explode;
s/ch esp. discharge; gun: go off;
anger', vent itself; Sung / unloading; esp. discharge; explosion.
ent lang 1. prp. (dat.; acc.) along; 2.
adv. along; er geht die Stralie he
goes along the street.
ent'larven v/t. (no -ge-, h) unmask;
fig. a. expose.
'

'

'

ent'lass]en v/t. (irr. lessen, no -ge-,


h) dismiss, discharge; F give s.o.
the sack. Am. a. fire; Sung / (-/-en)
dismissal, discharge; Sungsgesuch
n resignation.
ent'lasten v/t. (no -ge-, h) unburden; % exonerate, clear (from suspicion).
Entiastung / (-/-en) relief; discharge; exoneration; ~sstrafie /
by-pass (road); ~szeuge m witness
for the defen|ce. Am. -se.

entjiaufen v/i. (irr. laufen, iw -ge-,


se/n) run away (dat. from); ~ledlgen U lerdigsn] v/refl. (gen.) (no
ge-, h): rid o.s. of s.th., get rid of
s th.; acquit o.s. of (duty); execute
(orders); Jleeren v/t. (no -ge-, h)
empty.
[of-the-way.l
ent legen adj. remote, distant, out-/
'

'

entl'lehnen v/t. (no -ge-, h) borrow


(dat. or aus from); -Jlocken v/t.
(no -ge-, h) draw, elicit (dat. from);
Jlohnen v/t. (no -ge-, h) pay (off);
Jliiften v/t. (no -ge-, h) ventilate;
militarisieren [ militari zirrsn]
v/t. (no -ge-, h) demilitarize; ~mutigen [ 'mumgsn] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
discourage;
.'nehmen v/t. (irr.
nehmen, no -ge- h) take (dat. from);
aus (with)draw from; fig. gather or
learn from; Jratseln v/t. (no -ge-,
h) unriddle; Jreifien v/t. (irr. reiCen, no -ge-, h) snatch away (dat.
from); Jrichten v/t. (no -ge-, h)
pay;
rinnen v/i. (irr. rinnen, no
ge-, se/n) escape (dat. from);
'
rollen v/t. (no -ge-, h) unroll;
Jriicken v/t. (no -ge-, h) remove
(dat. from), carry off or away; ~r
'
riickt adj. entranced; lost in
thought.
'

'

ent'rustlen v/t. (?io -ge-, h) fill with


indignation; sich
become angry
or indignant (iiber acc. at s.th., with
s.o.); ,vet adj. indignant (iiber acc.
at s.th., with s.o.); Sung / indignation.

ent'sag|en v/i. (no -ge-, h) renounce,


resign; Sung/(-/-en) renunciation,
resignation.

94 -

entvolkern

ent'schadiglen v/t. (no -ge-, h) indemnify, compensate; Sung / indemnification, indemnity; compensation.

ent'scheid|en (irr. scheiden, no -ge-,


h) l. v/t. decide; sich question, etc.:
be decided; p.: decide (fixr for; gegen
against; iiber acc. on); come to a
decision; 2. v/i. decide; ~end adj.
decisive; crucial; Sung / decision.
entschieden adj. [ent'Jirdan] decided; determined, resolute; Sheit/
(-/no pi ) determination.
ent'schliefien v/refl. (irr. schlieBen,
no -ge-, h) resolve, decide, determine (zu on s.th.; zu inf. to inf.),
make up one s mind (zu inf. to inf.).
ent schlossen adj. resolute, determined; Sheit / (-/no pi.) resolute.

'

'

ness.

ent'schliipfen v/i. (no -ge-, se/n)


escape, slip (dat. from).
Ent'schlufi m resolution, resolve,
decision, determination.
'

entschuldigjen [snt /uldigsn] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) excuse; sich apologize
(be/ to; fiir for); sich
lassen beg
to be excused; Sung / (-/-en) excuse; apology; ich b/tte (S/e) um
I beg your pardon.
ent'senden v/t. (irr. senden, no -ge-,
h) send off, dispatch; delegate, depute.

ent'setzlen 1. v/t. (no -ge-, h) dismiss (from a position);


relieve;
frighten; sich
be terrified or
shocked (iiber acc. at); 2. S n (-/no
pi.) horror, fright; Uich adj. horrible, dreadful, terrible, shocking.
ent'sinnen v/refl. (gen.) (irr. sinnen,
no -ge-, h) remember or recall s.o.,
s

th.

ent'spannlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) relax;


unbend; sich

relax; political situa-

tion: ease; Sung / relaxation; pol.


detente.

ent'sprechlen v/i. (irr. sprechen,


no -ge-, h) answer (description, etc.);
correspond to; meet (demand);
end adj. corresponding; appropriate; Sung / (-/-en) equivalent.
ent'springen v/i. (irr. springen, tw
ge-, sein) escape (dat. from); river:
-

rise. Am. head; s. entstehen.

ent'stammen v/i. (no -ge-, sein) be


descended from; come from or of,
originate from.

ent'steh|en v/i. (irr. stehen. no -ge-,


sein)

arise, originate (both: aus


from); Sung / (-/-en) origin.
ent'stell]en v/t. (no -ge-, h) disfigure; deface, deform; distort; Sung/
disfigurement; distortion, misrepresentation.
ent'tausch|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) disappoint ; Sung / disappointment.
ent'thronen v/t. (no -ge-, h) dethrone.
'

entvolker|n [ent foelkarn] v/t. (no

Entvolkerung
-

ge-, h) depopulate; Sung /(-/-en)

depopulation.

wachsen vfi. (im wachsen, no


ge-, se/n) outgrow.
entwaffn en [ent'vafnan] vjt. {no
ent
-

ge-, h) disarm; Sung / (-/-en) dis-

armament.

warnen vji. {no -ge-, h) civil defence: sound the all-clear (signal).
ent wasser|n vft. {no -ge-, h) drain;
Sung / (-/-en) drainage;
dehy'

ent

'

dration.
'
ent weder

cj.: *.... oder either ... or.


entl'weichen v/i. {irr. weichen, no
ge-, sein) escape (aus from);
-

'

weihen vjt. {no -ge-, />) desecrate,

profane; 'wenden vjt. {no -ge-, ti)


'

pilfer, purloin O m et. s.th. from


'
s.o.);
werfen vft. {irr. werfen, no
ge-, h) draft, draw up {document);
design; sketch, trace out, outline;
plan.
-

ent

Enzyklopadie [entsyklope'di:] /
(-/-n) (en)c> clop(a)edia.
Epidemic
[epide'mi:] / (-/-n)
epidemic (disease).
Epilog [epi'loik] m (-s/-e) epilog(ue).
episch adj. [ eipij] epic.
Episode [epi'zoida] / (-/-n) episode.
Epoche [e'poxa] / (-/-n) epoch.
Epos t'etpos] n (-/Epen) epic (poem).
er pers. pron. [e:r] he.
erachten [er -] l v/t. (no -ge-, h) consider, think, deem; 2. S n (-s/nopi.)
opinion; m-s ~s in my opinion.
erbarmen [er barman] 1. vfrefl.
{gen.) {no -ge-, h) pity or commiserate s.o.; 2. S n {-s/no pi.) pity,
compassion, commiseration; mercy;
'

'

'

'

'

'

swert adj

pitiable.
erbarmlich adj. [sr bermlig] pitiful, pitiable; miserable; behaviour:
~

devaluate;

cancel

{stamp);

Sung / depreciation, devaluation;


cancellation.
'

wickeln v/t. {no -ge-, h) develop


(a. phot.); evolve; sich develop.
Entwlcklung [ent'viklur)] / (-/-en)
development; evolution; shilfe /
development aid.
entj'wirren vjt. {no -ge-, h) disentangle, unravel; .Jwischen vfi. {no
ge-, sein) slip away, escape (j-m
[from] s.o.; ous from); j-m
give
s.o. the slip; ~w6hnen [ 'vainan]
v/t. {no -ge-, h) wean.
Ent'wurf m sketch; design; plan;
ent

draft.

entl'wurzeln r/f. {no -ge-, h) uproot; Jziehen o/r. (irr. ziehen, no


ge-j
deprive {j-m et s.o. of
s th.); withdraw {dat. from); s/ch
avoid, elude; evade {responsibility);
Jziffern vjt. {no -ge-, h) decipher,
'

make out; tel. decode.

ent'ziicken 1. vft. {no -ge-, h)


charm, delight; 2. S n {-s/no pi.)
dehght, rapture(s pi.), transports
ph).
ent'zuckend adj. delightfvd; charming.
Ent'zug m {-[e]slno pi.) withdrawal;
cancellation {of licence); depriva-

mean.
'

er

entziindjbar

adj.

'

[snt tsyntbarr]

(in)flammable; en v/t. {no -ge-, h)


inflame {a. #), kindle; sich ~ catch
fire; & become inflamed; Sung&f
inflammation.
ent'zwei adv. asunder, in two, to

pieces; ~en v/t. {no -ge-, h) disunite,


set at variance; sich
quarrel, fall
out {both: m/ t with); gehen /.
(irr. gehen, sep., -ge-, sein) break,
go to pieces; Sung / (-/-en) dis'

union.
tian.

barmungslos adj. pitiless, mer-

ciless, relentless.

er'baujen vjt. {no -ge-, h) build


(up), construct, raise; fig. edify;
Ser m {-sj-) builder; constructor;
lich adj. edifying; Sung fig. f
(-/-en) edification Am. uplift.
~

Erbe ['erba] 1. m (-n/-n) heir; 2. n


{-s/no pi ) inheritance, heritage.
er'beben vfi. {no -ge-, sein) tremble, shake, quake.
.

'

erben c/r. (ge-, h) inherit.

er'beutea vjt. {no -ge-, h) capture.


er'bieten vjrefl. {irr. bieten, no -ge-,
h) offer, volunteer.
Erbin / (-/-nen) heiress.
er'bitten vft. {irr. bitten, no -ge-, h)
beg or ask for, request, solicit.
'

er'bitterln vlt. {no -ge-, h) embitter, exasperate; Sung / (-/S -en)


bitterness, exasperation.
Erbkrankheit
['erp-] / hereditary disease.
erblassen [er'blasan] c/j. (no -ge-,
sein) grow or turn pale, lose colo(u)r.
Erblasser i% ['erplasar] m (-si-)
testator; Lin / (-/-nen) testatrix.
er'bleichen c/j. (no -ge-, sein) s. erblassen.

erblich adj. ['erplig] hereditary;


Skeit physiol. f (-/no pi.) heredity.
'

er'blicken vjt. (no -ge-, h) perceive,


see; catch sight of.

erblind|en [er'blindan] v/i. (no -ge-,

tion.

Enzian

'

wert|en v/t. {no -ge-, h) depre-

date,

Erbtei

95 -

['entsjam] m (-s/-e) gen-

sein) grow blind; Sung / (-/-en)


loss of sight.
er'brechen 1. v/t. (irr. brechen, no
ge-, h) break or force open; vomit;
sich
# vomit; 2. S n (-s/no pi.)
-

vomiting.

Erbschaft ['erp/aft] / (-/-en) inheritance, heritage.

Erbse
['erpsa] / (-/-n) pea; Lnbrei m pease-pudding. Am. pea
puree; Lnsuppe / pea-soup.
Erb|stiick ['erp-] n heirloom;
siinde/original sin; Lteil n (portion of an) inheritance.

Erdarbeiter

Erdlarbeiter ['eirt-] m digger, navvy; ' ball m globe; Lbeben n (-s/-)


/ strawearthquake; ' beere
berry; ' boden m earth; ground,
soil;
[ errda] / (-/v -n) earth;
ground; soil; world; 'Sen i>/f.
(ge-, h) earth, ground.
er'denklich adj. imaginable.
ErdgeschoC ['e:rt-] n ground-floor,
'

Am. first floor.

er'dichtlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) invent,


feign; ~et adj. fictitious.
erdig adj. ['eirdi?] earthy.

Erd|karte ['e t-] / map of the


earth;

'

kreis m earth, world; ,~-

kugel / globe; '~kunde / geography; 'Ueitung / / earth-connexion, earth-wire. Am. ground wire;
'

nufi / peanut; ' ol n mineral oil,

petroleum.

er'dolchen v/t. (no -ge-, h) stab


(with a dagger).
Erdreich ['e:rt-] n ground, earth.
er'dreisten v/refl. (no -ge-, h) dare,
presume.

er'drosseln v/t. (no -ge-, h) strangle,


throttle.

er'driicken v/t. (no -ge-, h) squeeze


or crush to death; ~dfig. adj. overwhelming.

Erdlrutsch ['e:rt-] m landslip;


landslide (a. pol.); ' schicht /
layer of earth, stratum; ' teil m
part of the world; geogr. continent.
er dulden vjt. (no -ge-, h) suffer,
'

endure.

er'eifern v/refl. (no -ge-, h) get excited, fly into a passion.

er'eignen v/refl. (no -ge-, h) happen, come to pass, occur.

Ereignis [er'aiknis] n (ses/se)


event, occurrence; 2reich adj.
eventful.

Eremit [ere'mi:t] m (-en/-en) hermit, anchorite.

ererbt adj. [er'erpt] inherited.


er fahrlen 1. v/t. (irr. fahren, no
ge-, h) learn; hear; experience;
2 adj. experienced, expert, skil(l)ful; Sung / (-/-en) experience;
practice; skill.
er'fassen v/t. (no -ge-, h) grasp (a.
jig.), seize, catch; cover; register,
'

record.

er'find]en v/t. (irr. finden, no -ge-,


h) invent; Ser m inventor; erisch
adj. inventive; Sung / (-/-en) invention.

Erfolg [er'falk] m (-[e]s/-e) success;


result; Sen Ugan] v/i. (no -ge-,
sein) ensue follow; happen; Slos
adj. [~k-] unsuccessful; vain; Sreich adj. [Ja-] successful.
er forder|lich adj. necessary; required; ~n v/t. (no -ge-, h) require,
demand; Snis n (ses/se) requirement, demand, exigence, exigency.
er forsch|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) inquire into, investigate; explore
'

'

Erhabenheit

96 -

(country); Ser m investigator; explorer; Sung / investigation; exploration.


er'freulen v/t. (no -ge-, h) please;
delight; gratify; rejoice; sich e-r
Sache ~ enjoy s.th.; Uich adj.
delightful, pleasing, pleasant, gratifying.

er'frier|en vli. (irr. fr/eren, no -ge-,


sein) freeze to death; Sung /(-/-en)
frost-bite.

er'frischlen v/t. (no -ge-, h) refresh;


Sung / (-/-en) refreshment.
er'froren adj. limb: frost-bitten.
'

fiilllen v/t. (no -ge-, h) fill; fig.


fulfil(l); perform (mission); comply
with (s.o. s wishes); meet (requirements); Sung / fulfil(l)ment; performance; compliance; Sungsort
tfl [er'fylugs9-] m place of performance (of contract).

er

'

erganz|en [er'gentsan] v/t. (tw -ge-,


h) complete, complement; supplement; replenish (stores, etc.); ~end
adj. complementary, supplemen-

tary; Sung / (-/-en) completion;


supplement; replenishment; gr.
complement;
Sungsband
m
(-[e]s/=e) supplementary volume
er geben 1. v/t. (irr. geben, no -ge-,
h) yield, give; prove; sich surrender; difficulties: arise; devote o.s.
to s.th.; sich
aus result from;
sich in (acc.) resign o.s. to; 2. adj.
devoted (dat. to); st adv. respectfully; Sheit/ (-[no pi.) devotion.
Ergeb|nis [er'geipnis] n (ses/se)
.

'

result, outcome; sports: score; ~ung

[Jduij] f (-/-en) resignation; X surrender.

er'gehen v/i. (irr. gehen, no -ge-,


sein) be issued;
lessen issue,
publish; uber sich
lassen suffer,
submit to; wie ist es ihm ergangen?
how did he come off?; sich

in

(dat.) indulge in.

ergiebig adj. [er'gi:bi<;] productive,


rich.
'

giefien v/refl. (irr. gieBen, tw


ge-, h) flow (in acc. into; Ober

er
-

acc. over).
'

er

gotzien 1. v/t. (no -ge-, h) delight;

sich
an (dat.) delight in; 2. S n
(s/no pi.) delight; Uich adj. delightful.

er'greif |en v/t. (irr. greifen, no -ge-,


h) seize; grasp; take (possession,
s.o. s part, measures, etc.); take to
(flight); take up (profession, pen,
'

arms);fig. move, affect, touch; Sung


/ (-/S -en) seizure.

Er'griffenheit / (-/no pi.) emotion.


er griinden v/t. (no -ge-, h) fathom;
fig. penetrate, get to the bottom of.
Er'gufi m outpouring; effusion.
er'haben adj. elevated; fig. exalted,
'

sublime;

sein iiber (acc.) be above;

Sheit / (-/S -en) elevation; fig.


sublimity.

erhalten

97 -

erlosen

er'haltjen 1. vlt. (irr. halten, no


ge-s
get; obtain; receive; pre-

erkoren adj. [sr'koa n] (s)elect,

serve, keep; support, maintain;


sich ~ von subsist on; 2. adj.'. gut
in good repair or condition; 2ung /
preservation; maintenance.
erhaltlich adj. [er heltli?] obtain-

er'krank|en vli. (no -ge-, se/n) fall


ill, be taken ill (an dat. of, with);
become affected; Sung / (-/-en)
illness, sickness, falling ilL
erl'kiihnen v/refL (no -ge-, ft) ven-

'

able.

ture, presume, make bold (zu inf.

erj'hangen v/t. (no -ge-, h) hang;

Jharten v/t. (no -ge-, h) harden;


fig. confirm; 'haschen o/t. (no
ge-, h) snatch, catch.
er'heblen vlt. (irr. heben, no -ge-, h)
lift, raise; elevate; exalt; levy, raise,
collect (taxes, etc.); Klage
bring
an action; sich rise; question, etc.:
arise; end fig. adj. elevating; ~lich
adj. [~p-] considerable; Sung [~buq] / (-/-en) elevation; levy (of
-

taxes); revolt; rising ground

erl'heitem vlt. (no -ge-, h) cheer

up, amuse; Jhellen vjt. (no -ge-, h)

light up; fig. clear up; Jhitzen vlt.


(no -ge-, h) heat; sich get or grow
hot; Jhoffen vlt. (no -ge-, h) hope
for.

er'h6h|en vft. (no -ge-, bi) raise; increase; Sung / (-/-en) elevation;
r se (in prices, wages); advance (in
i
prices); increase.

er'hollen vfre/L (no -ge-, h) recover;


(take a) rest, relax; Sung / (-/-en)
recovery;

recreation;

relaxation;

Sungsurlaub [er'hoJuqs*-] m holiday,

chosen.

Am.

vacation;

recreation

to inf.); Jkunden v/t. (no -ge-, h)


explore; X reconnoit|re. Am. -er.

erkundigfen [er'kundigan] v/refl.

(no -ge-, h) inquire (uber acc. sifter;


nach after or for s.o.; about s.th.);
Sung / (-/-en) inquiry.

erj'lahmen g. vji. (no -ge-, se/n)


grow weary, tire; slacken; interest:

wane, flag; Jlangen v/t. (no -ge-,


ft) obtain, get.

Erjlafi [sr'las] m (Erlasses/Erlasse)

dispensation, exemption; remission


(of debt, penalty, etc.); edict, decree; S'lassen v/t. (irr. lassen, no
ge-, h) remit (debt, penalty, etc.);
dispense (j-m et. s.o. from s.th.);
issue (decree); enact (law).
erlauben [er'lauban] vlt. (no -ge-, ft)
allow, permit; sich et. ~ indulge in
s th.; sich
zu inf. -f- beg to inf.
Erlaubnis [er'laupnis] / (-/no pL)
permission; authority; ~schem m
permit.
-

er'lauterln vft. (no -ge-, ft) explain,


illustrate; comment (up)on; Sung /
explanation, illustration; comment.

Erie * VaU] f (-/-n) alder.

leave;

convalescent leave, side-

erJleb(en vfu (no 'ge-, ft) (live to)

leave.

[(request),]

see; experience; go through; Snis


Upnis] s (ses/se) experience; ad-

er'horen v/t. (no -ge-, h) hear; grant!


erinnerln [er'inam] o/t (no -ge-, ft):
an (ace) remind 8 >. of; sich
i-n
(gen.), s/ch ~ on (acc) remember
5 o. or s.th., recollect uth.; Sung
/ (-/-en) remembrance; recollection;
reminder; jen pi. reminiscences pU
er'kalten c/t. (no -ge-, se/ n) cool
down (eu fig.), get cold.
erkaltlen [er'keltan] vfrefL (no -ge-,
ft): sich (sehry*. catch (a bad) cold;
Sung /(-/-en) cold.
er'kennen c/r. (irr. kennen, no -ge-,
ft) recognize (on Jat. by); perceive,
~

'

discern; realize.

er'kenntllch adj. perceptible; sich


zeigen show one's appreciation;
Skeit / (-/-en) gratitude; appreciation.

Er'kermtnls 1. / perception; realization; 2.


n (-ses/-se) decision,
sentence, finding.
Erker ['erksr] m (-s/-) bay; '-ienster n bay-window.

er'klarlen o/t. (no -ge-, ft) explain;


account for; declare, state; sich

declare (fur for; gegen against);


Jich adj. explainable, explicable;
wt adj. professed, declared; Sung /
explanation; declaration.
er klingen r/i. (irr. klingen, no -ge-,
se/n) (re)sound, ring (out).
.

7 SWEJI

venture.

erledigjen

[er'leidiesn]

vft.

(no

ge-, ft) dispatch; execute; settle


(matter); t adj. Uct] finished, settled; fig.i played out; F done for;
F: du bist (Or mich I am through
with you; 2ung Ugtm] / (-/S -en)
dispatch; settlement.
er'leichterln v/t. (no -ge-, ft) lighten
(burden); fig.x make easy, facilitate;
relieve; Sung / (-/-en) ease; relief;
facilitation; ~en pi facilities pU
-

erl'lelden vfu (irr. leiden, no -ge-, ft)


suffer, endure; sustain (damage,
loss); .'lernen vfu (no -ge-, ft)
learn, acquire.
er'leuchtjen c/t. (no -ge-, ft) illuminate; fig. enlighten; Sung / (-/-en)
illumination; fig. enlightenment.
er'llegen c/i. (irr. tiegen, no -ge-,
se/n) succumb (dat. to).
erlogen adj. [er'loiganj false, untrue.

Erlos [er'lsrs] m (-esf-e) proceeds pL


erlosch [st'IoJ] pret. of erldschen;
men. 1. p.p. of erloschen; 2. adj. extinct.

er'loschen r/i. (irr., no -ge-, se/n) go


out; fig. become extinct; contract:
expire.

er'los|en v/t. (no -ge-, ft) redeem;

Erloser

deliver; 2er m (-s/-) redeemer, deliverer; eccl. Redeemer, Saviour;


Sung/redemption; deliverance.
ermachtiglen [Er'megtigan] vjt. (no
ge-, h) authorize; Sung / (-/-en)
authorization; authority; warrant.

98 -

Er'oberjer m (-s/-) conqueror; Sn


v/t. (no -ge-, h) conquer; ~ung /
(-/-en) conquest
.

er'offnjen v/t. (no -ge-, h) open;


inaugurate; disclose O'-m et. s.th.

er'mahnlen v/t. (no -ge-y h) admonish; Sung / admonition.


er'mangel |n v/i. (no -ge-, h) be
wanting (gen. in); Sung / (-/no pi.):
in (gen.) in default of, for want of,
failing.

er'maSiglen vft. (no -ge-, h) abate,


reduce, cut (down); Sung / (-/-en)
abatement, reduction.
er

'

mattjen (no -ge-) 1. vlt. (h) fa-

tigue, tire, exhaust; 2. v/i. (sein)

tire, grow weary; Jig. slacken; Sung

/ (-]\ -en) fatigue, exhaustion.


'

messen 1. vlt. (irr. messen, no


ge-, h) judge; 2. S n (s/no pi.)
judg(e)ment; discretion.

er
-

er'mittleln v/t. (no -ge-, h) ascertain, find out; j% investigate; S(e)lung [ (3)luq] / (-/-en) ascertainment; inquiry; jfa investigation.
er'moglichen v/t. (no -ge-, h) render or make possible.

er'mord|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) murder;


assassinate; Sung/(-/-en) murder;
assassination.

er'miidlen (no -ge-) 1. v/t. (h) tire,


fatigue; 2. vji. (sein) tire, get tired

or fatigued; Sung / (-/S-en)


fatigue, tiredness.
er'munter|n v/t. (no -ge-, h) rouse,
encourage; animate; Sung/(-/-en)
encouragement, animation.

ermutigjen [Er'muitigan] v/t. (no


ge-, h) encourage; Sung / (-/-en)

er'nahrjen vlt. (no -ge-, h) nourish,


feed; support; Ser m (si-) breadwinner, supporter; 2ung/(-/ v -en)
nourishment;
support; physiol.
nutrition.

er'nennjen vlt. (irr. nennen, no -ge-,


h) nominate, appoint; Sung /
nomination, appointment.
er'neujern v/t. (no -ge-, h) renew,
renovate; revive; Serung / renewadv. once

more.

erniedrigjen [er'nitdrigsn] vlt. (no


-

to s.o.); notify; Sung / opening;


inauguration; disclosure.

erorterln [er'oertsrn] vft. (no -ge-, h)


discuss; Sung/(-/-en) discussion.
Erpel om. ferpal] m (-s/-) drake.
erpicht adj. [er pict]:
auf (acc.)
'

bent or intent or set or keen on.

er'presslen v/t. (no -ge-, h) extort


(von from); blackmail; Ser m (si-),
Serin / (-/-nen) extort(ion)er;
blackmailer; Sung / (-/-en) extortion; blackmail.

er'proben v/t. (no -ge-, h) try, test.


erquick|en [er'kvikan] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) refresh; Sung/(-/-en) refreshment.

erj'raten v/t. (irr. raten, no -ge-, h)


guess, find out; Jrechnen v/t. (no
ge-, h) calculate, compute, work

out.

erreg bar adj. [er'reikbarr] excitable; en Ugsn] v/t. (no -ge-, h)


excite; cause; Ser Ugar] m (-s/-)
exciter (a. /); # germ, virus; Sung
[ guq] / excitation; excitement.
er'relchjbar adj. attainable; within
reach or call; en v/t. (no -ge-, h)
reach; fig. achieve, attain; catch
(train); come up to (certain standard).

er'rett|en v/t. (no -ge-, h) rescue;


Sung / rescue.

er'richtlen vft. (no -ge-, h) set up,


erect; establish; Sung / erection;
establishment.

er|'ringen v/t. (irr. ringen, no -ge-,

encouragement.

al, renovation; revival;

erschlagen

ge-, h) degrade; humiliate, humble;

Sung / (-/-en) degradation; humiliation.

Ernst [emst] 1. m (-esfno pi.)


seriousness; eamest(ness); gravity;
im in earnest; 2. S adj. = 'Shaft
adj., 'Slich adj. serious, earnest;
grave.

Ernte ['emt3]/(-/-n) harvest; crop;


Jdankfest n harvest festival; 'Sn
vft. (ge-, h) harvest, gather (in),
reap (a. fig.).

er'niichterln v/t. (no -ge-, h) (make)


sober; . disillusion; Sung/(-/-en)
sobering; , disillusionment.

h) gain, obtain; achieve (success);


JrSten v/t. (no -ge-, sein) blush.
Errungenschaft [er'ruipnjaft] /
(-/-en) acquisition; achievement
Er'satz m (-es/no pi.) replacement;
substitute; compensation, amends
5., damages pi.; indemnification;
.

Ersatzmann, Ersatzmittel;

lei-

sten make amends; ~mann m sub-

stitute; mine/ refill (for pencil);


mittel n substitute, surrogate;
reifen mot. m spare tyre, (Am.
only) spare tire; teil , m spare
(part).
er'schaffjen vft. (irr. schaffen, no
ge-, h) create; Sung / (-/no pi.)
~

creation.

er'schallen v/i. ([irr. schailen,] no


ge-, sein) (re)soimd; ring.
er'schelnjen 1. v/i. (irr. scheinen,
no -ge-, sein) appear; 2. S n (s/no
pi.) appearance; Sung/(-/-en) appearance; apparition; vision.
erpschieCen v/t. (irr. schiefien, no
ge-, h) shoot (dead); Jschlaffen
v/i. (no -ge-, sein) tire; relax; fig.
languish, slacken; Jschlagen v/t.
(irr. schlagen, no -ge-, h) kill, slay;
-

erschliefien

Jschliefien v/t. (irr. schlieBen, no

ge-> h) open; open up (nets market);


develop (district).
er'schopflen v/t. (no -ge-, h) exhaust; Sung / exhaustion.
erschrak [er Jraik] pret. of er-

'

schrecken 2.

er'schrecken 1. r/r. (no -ge-, h)


frighten, scare; 2. v/i. (irr., no -ge-,
se/n) be frightened (Ober acc. at);
d adj. alarming, startling.
erschrocken [er /rokan] 1. p.p. of
erschrecken 2; 2. adj. frightened,
'

erschiitterln [er /ytam] vft. (no


ge-, h) shake; fig. shock, move;
Sung / (-/-en) shock; fig. emotion;
jj? concussion; percussion.
er'schweren vlt. (no -ge-, h) make
-

more difficult; aggravate.


'

schwinglen vlt. (irr. schw/ngen,


no -ge-, h) afford; ~lich adj. within
j.o. j means; prices: reasonable.
erl'sehen v/t. (irr. sehen, no -ge-, h)
see, learn, gather (all: aus from);
Jsehnen r/r. (no -ge-, h) long for;
Jsetzen r/r. (no -ge-, h) repair;
make up for, compensate (for);
replace; refund.
er sichtlich adj. evident, obvious.
er'sinnen r/r. (irr. sinnen, no -ge-, h)

er

'

'

contrive, devise.

er'sparjen r/r. (no -ge-, h) save;


spare s.o. s.th.; Snis /
j-m eu
~

(-/-se) saving

er'spriedich adj. useful, benefidaL


erst [e:rst] 1. adj.: der (die, das) *e
the first; 2. adv. first; at first; only;
till or untiL

r/i.

(no

-ge-,

se/n)

stiffen; solidify; congeal; set; grow


numb; fig. blood: ran cold; t adj.

benumbed; ung / (-/-en) numbness; solidification; congealment;


setting.
erstatt[en [er Jtatsn] r/r. (no -ge-, h)
restore; s. ersetzen; Bericht (make
'

'

a) report; Sung/(-/-en) restitution.


Erstauffiihrung / thea. first night
or performance, premiere; film:
first run.

'

er

staunjen 1. r/:. (no -ge-, se/n) be

astonished (ui>er acc. at); 2. r/r. (no


-

ge-, h) astonish; 3. S n astonish-

ment; in

setzen astonish;

lich

adj. astonishing, amazing.


'

er

er'suchen 1. vft. (no -ge-, h) request;


2 S n (s/-) request.
erl'tappen r/r. (no -ge-, h) catch,
surprise; s. frisch; Jtonen v/i. (no
.

ge-, se/n) (re)sound.

Ertrag [er'troik] m (-[e]s/*e) produce, yield; proceeds pi., returns


pi.;
output; Sen Ugan] r/r. (irr.
tragen, no -ge-, h) bear, endure;
suffer; stand.

ertraglich adj. [er'treikli?] tolerable.

erl'tranken v/t. (no -ge-, h) drown;


trinken v/i. (irr. trinken, no -ge-,
w

'

not

erwiirgen

'

terrified.

er'starrlen

99 -

stechen r/r. (irr. stechen, no -ge-,

h) stab.

er'steigjen r/r. (irr. steigen, no -ge-,


hi) ascend, climb; Sung / ascent.

se/n) be drowned, drown;

iibri-

gen [er'yibrigan] r/r. (no -ge-, h)


save; spare (time); sich ~ be un-

necessary; 'wachen r/i. (no -ge-,


se/n) awake, wake up.
er'wachsen 1. v/i. (irr. wachsen, no
ge-, se/n) arise (aus from); 2. adj.
grown-up, adult; e m, / (-n/-n)
-

grown-up, adult.

er'waglen r/r. (irr. wdgen,no -ge-, h)


consider, think s.th. over; Sung /
(-/-en) consideration
er'wahlen r/r. (no -ge-, h) choose,
.

elect.

er'wahnjen v/u (no -ge-, h) mention; Sung / (-/-en) mention.


er'warmen r/r. (no -ge-, h) warm,
heat; sich warm (up).
er'wart|en r/r. (no -ge-, h) await,
wait for; fig. expect; Sung / expectation.
erl'wecken r/r. (no -ge-, h) wake,
rouse; fig. awake; cause (fear);
arouse (suspicion); Jwehren v/refU
(gen.) (no -ge-, h) keep or ward off;
Jweichen r/r. (no -ge-, h) soften;
fig. move; Jweisen r/r. (irr. we/sen,
no -ge-, h) prove; show (respect);
render (service); do, pay (honour);
do (favour).

er'weiterln r/r. and v/refl. (no -ge-,


h) expand, enlarge, extend, widen;
Sung / (-/-en) expansion, enlargement, extension.

Erwerb [er'verp] m (-[e]s/-e) acquisition; living; earnings pi.;


business; Sen Ubsn] v/t. (irr.
werben, no -ge-, h) acquire; gain;
earn.

erwerbsjlos adj. [er'verpslo:s] unemployed; ~tatig adj. (gainfully)


employed; ~unfahig adj. [er'
verps'-] incapable of earning one s
living; Szweig m line of business.
Erwerbung [er'verbur)] / acquisi'

tion.

erstens adv. ['errstans] first, firsdy.


er stick'en (ru> -ge-) v/t. (h) and v/i.

erwider|n [er virdam] r/r. (no -ge-,

(se/n) choke, suffocate; stifle; Sung

Sung/(-/-en) return; answer, reply.


er'wischen r/r. (no -ge-, h) catch,
trap, get hold of.
er'wiinscht adj. desired; desirable;

'

/ (-/-en) suffocation, [rate, F A 1.


'

erstklassig adj. first-class, first-

er'streben v/t. (no -ge-, h) strive


after or for; swert adj. desirable.
er'strecken v/refl. (no -ge-, h) extend; sich
uber (acc.) cover.
7*

'

h) return; answer, reply; retort;

welcome.

er'wurgen r/r. (no -ge-, h) strangle,


throttle.

Erz

Erz J$ [e:rts] n (-es/-e) ore; poet.


brass.

er'zahllen vft. (no -ge-, h) tell;


relate; narrate; 2er m. Serin /
(-/-nen) narrator; writer; 2ung /
narration; (short) story, narrative.
'

Erzlbischof ecd. m archbishop;


'

bistum

eccl. n archbishopric;
engel eccl. m archangel.
er'zeuglen v/t. (no -ge-, h) beget;
produce; make, manufacture; 2er
m (si-) father (of child); if producer; 2nis n produce; production;
product; 2ung / production.
'

'

Erzjfeind m arch-enemy;
' herzog m archduke; ' herzogin /

Exempel

100 -

Essenz [e'sents] / (-/-en) essence.

Essig ['esi?]
Lgurke /
gherkin.

m (-s/-e) vinegar;
pickled cucumber,

'

Efilloffel m soup-spoon; ' nische/


dining alcove. Am. dinette; '~tisch

m dining-table; ' waren flpl. eatables pi., victuals pi., food; Lzimmer dining-room.
etablieren [eta bhiran] v/t. (no -ge-,
'

h) establish, set up.

Etage [e'taisa] / (-/-n) floor,


stor(e)y; nwohnung / flat, Am.
apartment.

Etappe [e'taps] / (-/-n) X base;


fig. stage, leg.

n arch-

Etat [e'ta:] m (-s/-s) budget, parl.


the Estimates pi.; ~sjahr n fiscal

er'zieheln v/t. (irr. z/ehen, no -ge-,


h) bring up, rear, raise; educate; 2r
m (si-) educator; teacher, tutor;
2rin / (-/-nen) teacher; governess;
risch adj. educational, pedagogic

year.
[or sg.\
Ethik ['eitik] f (-l\ -en) ethics/)/./

archduchess;1 Jherzogtum

duchy.

<-al)
Er'ziehung / (-l\ -en) upbringing;
breeding; education;
sanstalt
[sr'tsiiuris9-] / reformatory, approved school; ~swesen n (s/no pi.)
educational matters pi. or system.
erj'zielen v/t. (no -ge-, h) obtain;
realize (price); achieve (success);
sports: score (points, goal); Jztirnen v/t. (no -ge-, h) make angry,
irritate, enrage; Jzwingen v/t.
(irr. zwingen, no -ge-, h) (en)force;
.

compel; extort (von from).


es pers. pron. [ss] 1. pers.: it, he, she;
wo /st das Buch? ist auf dem
Tisch where is the book? - it is on

the table; das Madchen blieb stehen,


a/s
seine Mutter sah the girl
stopped when she saw her mother;
2 impers.: it;
g/fat there is, there
are;
ist kalt it is cold;
klopft
.

there is a knock at the door.

Esche
['sja] / (-/-n) ash(-tree).
Esel zo. ['eizal] m (-s/-) donkey;
esp. fig. ass; ~ei U'lai] / (-/-en)
stupidity, stupid thing, folly; ' sbriicke/ at school: crib. Am. pony;
sohr ['eizalsH n dog's ear (of
~

book).

Eskorte [Es'kDrta] / (-/-n) X escort;


.

(i>. convoy.

Espe
['sspa] / (-/-n) asp(en).
'
efibar adj. eatable, edible.
Esse ['esa] / (-/-n) chimney.
essen ['ssan] 1. vli.(irr.,ge-, h)eat;
zu Mittag
(have) lunch; dine,
have dinner; zu Abend

dine, have

dinner; esp. late at night: sup, have


supper; auswarts eat or dine out;
2 v/t. (irr.,ge-,h) eat;et.zu Mittag
etc. have s.th. for lunch, etc.; 3. 2
n (si-) eating; food; meal; dish;
midday meal: lunch, dinner; evening
meal: dinner; last meal of the day:
supper;
szeit / lunch-time; dinner-time; supper-time.
.

Etikett [eti'kst] n (-[e]s/-e, -s) label,


ticket; tag; gummed: Am. a. sticker;

e / (-/-n) etiquette; Sieren U'ti:ran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) label.


etliche indef. pron. ['sdiga] some,
~

several.

Etui [e'tvi:] n (-s/-s) case.


etwa adv. fetva] perhaps, by chance;
about. Am. a. around;
ig adj.
V 9is] possible eventual.
etwas ['etvas] 1. indef. pron. something; anything; 2. adj. some; any;
3 adv. somewhat; 4. 2 n (-/-): das
gewisse ~ that certain something.
euch pers. pron. [dy?] you; ~ (selbst)
yourselves.
euer pass. pron. ['DYSr] your; der
(die, das) eu(e)re yours.
Eule orn. ['dyIs] / (-/-n) owl; n
nach Athen tragen carry coals to
~

Newcastle.

euresgleichenpron. [ DYras'glaigan]
'

people like you, F the likes of you.

Europajer [oYro'psiar] m (-s/-)

European; 2isch adj. European.


Enter ['ovtsr] n (si-) udder.
evakuieren [evaku'iiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) evacuate.
evangeli|sch
adj.
[evarj'gedij]
evangelic(al); Protestant; Lutheran;
2um [~jum] n (sjEvangelien)
gospel.
eventuell [eventu'sl] 1. adj. possible; 2. adv. possibly, perhaps.
ewig adj. ['eivi?] eternal; everlasting; perpetual;
for ever;
'
fikeit/(-/-en) eternity; F: seit e-r
for ages.
-

exakt adj. [e'ksakt] exact; 2heit /


(-/-en) exactitude

exactness; ac-

curacy.

Exam | en [E'ksarman] n (s/-, Examina) examination, F exam; 2inieren Uami'niiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
examine.

Exekutive [sksaku'tiiva] / (-/no pi.)


executive power.
Exempel [s'kssmpal] n (-s/-) example, instance.

Exemplar

Exemplar [eksem'plair] n (-s/-e)


specimen; copy (of book).
exerzier|en
[ekser tsirrsn] vfi.
and vjt. (no -ge-, h) drill; Splatz X
m drill-ground, parade-ground.
Exil [e'ksi:!] n (-s/-e) exile.
Existenz [eksis'tents] / (-/-en)
existence; living, livelihood; mi-

explo|dieren [eksplo'diirsn] v/i. (no


ge-, se/n) explode, burst; 2sion

U'zjom] / (-/-en) explosion; ~siv

'

nimum n subsistence minimum.

exis'tieren v/i. (no -ge-, h) exist;


subsist.

exotisch adj. [e'ksoitij] exotic.


expedjieren [ekspe'diirsn] v/t. (no
ge-, h) dispatch; ition Ui tsjorn]
/ (-/-en) dispatch, forwarding; expedition;
dispatch or forwarding
'

office.

Experiment
[eksperi'mentj
w
(-[e]s/-e) experiment; 2ieren U'ti:ran] v/i. (no -ge-, h) experiment.

Fabel ['farbal] /(-/-n) fable (a. fig.);


plot (of story, book, etc.); haft adj.
fabulous; marvellous;
v/t. (ge-,
h) tell (tall) stories.
Fabrik [fa'briik] / (-/-en) factory,
works sg pl., mill; *,ant [ i'kant] m
(-en/-en) factory-owner mill-owner; manufacturer; arbeit /factory
,

work; s. Fabrikware;

arbeiter m

factory worker or hand; *,at Ui'kait]


(-[e]s/-e) make; product; ~ationsfehler [ a'tsjorns-] m flaw; be-

sitzer m factory-owner; ~marke /


trade mark; stadt / factory or
industrial town; *,ware / manufactured

article;

~zeichen

Fach [fax] n (-[e]sf--er) section,


compartment, shelf (of bookcase,
cupboard, etc.); pigeon-hole (m
desk); drawer; fig. subject; s. Fachgebiet; ' arbeiter m skilled worker;
'
arzt m specialist (fur in); Lausbildung / professional training;
'

ausdruck m technical term.

facheln ['fesaln] v/t. (ge-, h) fan


s.o.

Facher ['fegar] m (-$/-) fan; 2ormig adj. [' foermii;] fan-shaped.


'
Fach|gebiet n branch, field, province; Lkenntnisse f/pl. specialized knowledge; ' kreis m: in *,en
among experts;
kundig adj.
competent, expert; 'Uiteratur /
specialized literature; Lmann m

expert; Smannisch adj. [' meni/]


expert; ' schule/technical school;
'
werk A n framework.
Fackel ['fakal] / (-/-n) torch; n F
v/i. (ge-, h) hesitate, F shilly-shally;
Lzug m torchlight procession.
fad adj. [fa:t], e adj. ['fords] food:
~

adj. U'ziif] explosive.


Export [eks'part] m (-[e]s/-e) exportation); 2ieren [ .'tiiran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) export.
extra adj. ['ekstra] extra; special;
blatt n extra edition (of newspaper), Am. extra.
Extrakt [eks'trakt] m (-[e]s/-e) extract.

Extrem [eks'trerm] 1. n (-s/-e) ex-

treme; 2. 2 adj. extreme.


Exzellenz [ekstse'lents] / (-/-en)
Excellency.
exzentrisch adj. [eks'tsentrij] eccentric.

ExzeC [eks'tses]
zesse) excess.

(xzesses/x-

insipid, tasteless; stale; p. dull,


boring.
Faden ['faidan] m (-s/") thread (a.
fig-)i fig'' on e-m hongen hang by
a thread; Lnudeln f/pl. vermicelli
pi.; 2scheinig
adj.
[L/amig]
threadbare; excuse, etc.: flimsy,
thin.

fahig adj. ['ferig] capable (zu inf. of


ger.;gen. of); able (to inf.); keit/
(-/-en) (cap)ability; talent faculty.
fahl adj. [foil] pale, pallid; colour:
faded; complexion: leaden, livid.
fahnd en ['fomdsn] vji. (ge-, h):
nach j-m search for s.o.; ung/
,

s.

Fabrikmarke.

Fahrerflucht

101 -

(-/-en) search

Fahne ['forna] / (-/-n) flag; standard; banner; 4>.,


fig' colo(u)rs
pi.; typ. galley-proof.
'
Fahnenleid m oath of allegiance;
'
flucht / desertion; '2fluchtig
adj.: werden desert (the colo[u]rs);
'
stange / flagstaff. Am. a. flag~

pole.
'

Fahrlbahn/, ' damm m roadway.'

Fahre ['feirs] / (-/-n) ferry(-boat).


fahren ['fairsn] (irr., ge-) 1. v/i.
(se/n) driver, vehicle, etc.: drive, go,
travel; cyclist: ride, cycle;
sail;
mot. motor; m/t der Eisenbahn go
by train or rail; spazieren go for
or take a drive; m/t der Hand

(acc.) pass one's hand over;

iiber

lessen

let go or slip; gut (schlecht)


bei
do or fare well (badly) at or with;
er ist gut dabei gefohren he did very
well out of it; 2. v/t. (h) carry,
convey; drive (car, train, etc.); ride
(bicycle, etc.).
'
Fahrer m (-s/-) driver; ' flucht /
(-Ino pi ) hit-and-run offence. Am.
.

hit-and-run offense.

Fahrgast
'

Fahrjgast m passenger; in taxi:


fare; Lgeld n fare; ' gelegenheit
/transport facilities ph; Lgestell n
mot. chassis;
undercarriage,
landing gear; '~karte / ticket;
'
kartenschalter m booking-office, Am. ticket office; 'Slassig adj.
careless, negligent; 'J&ssigkeit /
(-/S-en) carelessness negligence;
Llehrer mot. m driving instructor;
Lplan m timetable. Am. a. schedule; 'Eplanmafiig 1. adj. regular,
Am. scheduled; 2. adv. on time,
Am. a. on schedule; ',preis m fare;
'
rad n bicycle, F bike; ' schein
m ticket; Lschule Ttwt. f driving
school, school of motoring; '~stuhl
<v

farben

schirmspringer m parachutist;
'
strick m snare; Ltiir/trap door.
falsch [fal/] 1. adj. false; wrong;
bank-note, etc.: counterfeit; money:
base; bill of exchange, etc.: forged;
p. deceitful; 2. adv.:
gehen watch:
go wrong;
verbunden! teleph.
sorry, wrong number.

falsch|en ['feljan] vju (ge-, h) falsify; forge, fake (document, etc.);


counterfeit (bank-note, coin, etc.);
fake (calculations, etc.); tamper
with (financial account); adulterate
(food, wine); 'Ser m (-si-) forger,
faker; adulterator.
'

Falsch|geld n counterfeit or bad or

m lift. Am. elevator; Lstuhlfuhrer

base money; Lheit / (-/-en) falseness, falsity; duplicity, deceitful-

m Uft-boy, lift-man. Am. elevator


operator; ' stunde mot. f driving

ness; ' meldung / false report;


Lmiinzer m (-s/-) coiner; Lmiin-

lesson.

zerwerkstatt

Fahrt [fa:rt] / (-/-en) ride, drive;


journey; voyage, passage; trip;
ins 8/oue mystery tour; in voller M
(at) full speed.
Fahrte ['feirtal/W-n) track (a. fig.);
auf der fa/schen
sein be on the
wrong track.
'
Fahrlvorschrift/rule of the road;
'
wasser
navigable water;
fig. track; ' weg m roadway; Lzeug
..

n vehicle;

(-s/-en) factor;
(-s/-s, Faktoten)
'turr] / (-/-en),

/ (-/fokturen)

invoice.

sharper.
'

Falschung / (-/-en) forgery; falsification; fake; adulteration.

Fait|boot ['fait-] n folding canoe,


Am. foldboat, faltboat; .e [' a] /
(-/-n) fold; pleat (in skirt etc.);
crease (in trousers); wrinkle (on
,

face); 'fien vlt. (ge-, h) fold; clasp


or join (one s hands); 2ig adj.
'

folded; pleated; wrinkled.


Falz [falts] m (-es/-e) fold; rabbet
(for woodworking, etc.); bookbinding: guard; 'fien vjt. (ge-, h) fold;
rabbet.

Fakultat univ. [fakul'teit] / (-/-en)


faculty.
Falke om. ['falka] m (-n/-n) hawk,
falcon.

Fall [fal] m (-[e]s/e) fall (of body,


stronghold, city, etc.); gr., jfr, &
case; gesetzt den
suppose; auf
alle Falle at all events; auf jeden
in any case, at any rate; auf keinen
on no account, in no case.

Falle ['fala] / (-/-n) trap (a. fig.);


pitfall (a. fig.); e-e
stellen set a
trap (j m for s.o.).
fallen ['falan] 1. v/i. (irr., ge-, sein)
fall, drop; X be killed in action;
shot: be heard; flood water: subside; auf j-n
suspicion, etc.: fall
on s.o.;
lassen drop (plate, etc.);
2 2 (sfno pi.) faU(ing).
fallen ['fetan] vft. (ge-, h) fell, cut
down (tree); X lower (bayonet);
pass (judgement), give (decision).
'
fallenlassen v/t. (irr. iassen, sep.,
no -ge-, h) drop (plan, claim, etc.).
fallig adj. ['feli?] due; payable;
'
Ekelt/ /S-en) maturity; 'Skeitstermin m date of maturity.
'
Falllobst n windfall; ~reep
[Lreip] n (-[e]s/-e) gangway.
falls cj. [fals] if; in the event of ger.;
'

in case.

Fall|schirm

/ coiner's den;
spielen vji. (sep., -ge-, h) cheat
(at cards); Lspieler m card'

'

vessel.

Fakt|or ['faktor] m
otum [ 'to:tum] n
factotum; ur -f [
ura -if [ 'turraj

'

102 -

parachute;

familiar adj. [famil'jEir] familiar;


informal.

Familie [fa'miilja] / (-/-n) family


(a. zo., ).

Fa'milienlangelegenheit / family
affair;

anschlufi m:

haben live

as one of the family; nachrichten


flpl. in newspaper: birth, marriage
and death announcements pi.;
name m family name, surname,
~

Am. a. last name; ..stand m marital


status.

Fanati|ker

[fa'ncntiksr]

(-si-)

fanatic; 2sch adj. fanatic(al).


Fanatismus [fana'tismus] m (-/no
pi.) fanaticism.

fand [fant] pret. offinden.


Fanfare [fan'faira] / (-/-n) fanfare,
flourish (of trumpets).
Fang [far)] m (-[e]s/=e) capture,
catch(ing); hunt, bag; '2en v/t. (irr.
ge-, h) catch (animal, ball, thief,
etc.); Lzahn m fang (of dog, wolf,
etc.), tusk (of boar).
Farb band f'farp-] n (typewriter)
ribbon; ~e [' ba] / (-/-n) colo(u)r;
paint; dye; complexion; cards:
suit; Eecht adj. ['farpM colourfast.

farben ['ferban] v/t. (ge-, h) colo(u)r (glass, food, etc.); dye (material,
hair, Easter eggs, etc.); tint (hair,

farbenblind

paper, glass); stain (wood, fabrics,


glass, etc.); sich _ take on or assume
a colo(u)r; s/ch rot mm or go red.
'
farben blind adj. colo(u)r-blind;

Edruck m (-[e]s/-e) colo<u)r print;


'
prachtig adj. splendidly col-

'

o{u)rfuL
Farber ['ferbsr] m (-s/-) dyer.

Farblfernsehen ['farp-] n colo(u)r


television; '-film m coIo(u)r film;

2ig adj. ['-bi J colo(u)red; glass:


tinted,

stained; fig. colo(u)rful;


21os adj. ['-vP-] colo<u)rless; '-photographic /colo(u)r photography;
stift m cxlo(u)red pencil; stoff
m colo(u)ring matter; ton m tone;
'

'

Fehlgeburt

103 -

faul adj. [faul] fruit, etc.: rotten,


bad; fish, meat: putrid, bad; fig.
lazy, indolent, idle; fishy; -e Ausrede lame excuse;
en c/t. (ge-, h)
rot, go bad, putrefy.
'

faulenze|n ['faulEntssn] vji. (ge-, h)


idle; laze, loaf; '2r m (-si-) idler,
sluggard, F lazy-bones.
Faullheit / (-Ino pi.) idleness,
laziness; 'ig adj. putrid.
Faulnis ['forlnis] / (-Ino pi.) rottenness; putrefaction; decay.
'
Faullpelz m
Faulenzer; '-tier n
zo. sloth (a. fig.).
Faust [faust] / (-/=e) fist; auf e/gene
'

on one's own initiative;

'

shade, tint.

Farbung ['ferbugl/C-Z-en) colo(u)ring (a. ig.); shade (a.


.).

Farnkraut

['famkraut] n fem-

Fasan om. [fa'zarn] m (-[e]s/- tn])


pheasant.

Faseljei [farza'lai] / (-/-en) drivelling, waffling; twaddle; n p/j.


(ge-, h) blather; F waffle.
Faser ['faizsr] / (-/-n) amzr., ,
fib|re. Am. -er: cotton, tvool, etc.:
staple; 2ig adj. fibrous; 'En vji.
(ge-, />) coo/: shed fine hairs.
'

'

Fafi [fas] n (PassesIFasser) cask,


barrel; tub; vat; '-bier n draught

make faces.

Fazit ffcutsit] n (-s/-e, -s) result,


upshot; total; das - z/ ehen sum or
total up.
Februar ['fe:brua:r] m (-[s]/-e)
February.
'

fechtjen ['fectsn] v/i. (irr., ge-, h)


fight; fe?u:. fence; 'er m (-s/-)
fencer.

Feder ffeidar] / (-/-n) feather;


(ornamental) plume; pen; spring;
'

beer.

'

nach
s/c/i kurz - be brief: 2- / :
reach for.
[cervable.!
.

fafilich adj. comprehensible, con-/

'

Fassung/(-/-en) setting (of jezsels);

socket; fig.: composure; draft


(-ing); wording version; d/e ,

ver//eren

lose

'

one s

self-control;
aus der - bringen disconcert; ' s
kraft / (powers of) comprehension,
mental capacity;
svermogen n
(holding) capacity; fig. s. Fassungskrafu
fast adv. [fast] almost, nearly; -

'

n/chts next to nothing; - n/e hardly


ever.

fasten ['fastsn] v/i. (ge-, h) fast;


abstain from food and drink; 'Szeit

/Lent.
'

bett n feather bed; '-busch m

Fassade A [fa'sa:d3]/(-/-n) facade,


front (a. fig.); -nkletterer m (-s/-)
cat burglar.
fassen ['fasan] (ge-, h) 1. r/r. seize,
take hold of; catch, apprehend
(criminal); hold; s. einfassen; fig.
grasp, understand, believe; pluck
up (courage); form (plan); make
(decision); sich - compose o.s.;
'

hand-

schuh m mitt(en); '-schlag m blow


with the fist, punch. Am. F a. slug.
Favorit [favo'rirt]
m
(-en/-en)
favo(u)rite.
Faxe ['faksa] / (-/-n):
machen
(play the) fool; -/i schne/den pull or

Fasching I'faju)] m (-s/- , -s) carnival.

'

Fastlnacht f (-/no pi.) Shrovetide;

carnival; ' tag m fast-day.


fatal adj. [fa'tatl] situation, etc.:

tuft of feathers; plume; '-gewicht


n boxing, etc.: featherweight; ' halter m (-si-) penholder; '-kiel m
quill; '-kraft/elasticity, resilience;
'
krieg m paper war; literary controversy; 'S'leicht adj. (as) light as
a feather; ' lesen n (-slno pl.)i
-

nicht vie!

unfortu-

'

'

'

'

clean.

Fehde ['feida] / (-l-n) feud; private

war; in - liegen be at feud; F be at


daggers drawn.
Fehl [fe:l] m: ohne
without fault
or blemish;
betrag m deficit,
'

deficiency.
fehlen ['ferlsn] vfi. (ge-, h) be absent;
be missing or lacking; do wrong;
es fehlt ihm an (dat.) he lacks; was
fehlt Ihnen? what is the matter with

you?; weit gefehlt! fax off the mark!


Fehler ['ferbr] m (-si-) mistake,
error, F slip; fault; defect, flaw;
'

Efrei adj., 'los adj. fauldess,


perfect; flawless; Shaft adj.
'

fauchen ['fauxan] r,V. (ge-, h) cat,


etc.: spit; F p. spit (m tA anger);
'

locomotive, etc.: hiss.

'

messer n penknife; n
vfi. (ge-, h) be elastic; 2nd adj.
springy, elastic; strich m stroke
of the pen;
vieh n poultry;
'
zeictmung / pen-and-ink drawing.
Fee [fe:]/(-/-n) fairy.
Fegefeuer ['fe:g3-] n purgatory.
fegen ['feigan] c/r. (ge-, h) sweep;
work of;

awkward; business, etc.:


nate; mistake, etc.: fataL

machen mit make short

faulty; defective; incorrect.


'

Fehljgeburt / miscarriage, abor-

fehlgehen

104 '

tionj 'Sgehen vji. (irr. gehen, sep.,


ge-j se/n) go wrong; ' griff fig. tn
mistake, blunder; ' schlag fig. m
failure; 'fischlagen fig. v\i. (jirr.
schlagen, sep., -ge-, se/n) fail, miscarry; ' schufi m miss; 'Streten
v/i. (irr. treten, sep., -ge-, seiri)
make a false step; ' tritt m false
step; slip; fig. slip, fault; ' urteil
j% n error of judg(e)ment; ' ziindung mot. f misfire, backfire.
Feier f'faiar] / (-/-n) ceremony;

frucht / fruit of the field; Lgeschrei w war-cry, battle-cry;


'
herr m general; ' kessel m
camp-kettle; 'Uazarett X n field-

hospital; ' lerche orn. f skylark;


'
'

'
~

schiacht X/battle; ' stecher m

(-s/-) (e/n a pair of) field-glasses pi

'

stuhl m camp-stool; ~webel


[Lveibal] m (-s/-) sergeant; ' weg
m (field) path; ' zeichen X
~

abend m finishing or closing time;


machen finish, F knock off; 'Slich

adj. promise, oath, etc.: solemn;


act: ceremonial; ' lichkeit/C-Z-en)
solemnity; ceremony; 'Sn (ge-, h)
1 v/t. hold (.celebration); celebrate,
observe (feast, etc.); 2. vji. celebrate; rest (from work), make
holiday; Ltag m holiday; festive
day.
feig adj. [faik] cowardly.
feige1 adj. ['faiga] cowardly.
Feige2 U] f (-/-n) fig; ' nbaum 3m fig-tree; Lnblatt n fig-leaf.
.

standard; Lzug m X campaign (a.


fig.), (military) expedition; Am. fig.
a

cowardice, cowardliness; ~ling


'
[ kliq] m (-s/-e) coward.
fell adj. [fail] for sale, to be sold;
fig. venal; ' bieten v/t. (irr. bieten,
sep., -ge-, h) offer for sale.
Feile ['faib] f(-l-n) file; 'n (ge-, h)
1 v/t. file (a. fig.); fig. polish; 2. v/i.:
an (dot.) file (at); fig. polish (up).
feilschen ['failjan] v/i. (ge-, h) bargain (um for), haggle (for, about),
Am. a. dicker (about).
fein adj. [fain] fine; material, etc.:
high-grade; wine, etc.: choice;
fabric, etc.: delicate, dainty; manners: polished; p. polite; distinction: subtle.

V); 'Slich adj. hostile, inimical;


V schaft/(-/-en) enmity; animosity,
hostility; 'Sselig adj. hostile (gegen
to); ' seligkeit / (-/-en) hostility;
malevolence.
'

feinlfiihlend adj., '~fuhlig adj.


sensitive; 'Sgefiihl n sensitiveness;
delicacy; 'Sgehalt m (monetary)
standard; 'Sheit/ (-/-en) fineness;
politeness;

elegance; 'Skost / high-class groceries pi.. Am. delicatessen; 'Smechanik / precision mechanics;
'
Sschmecker m (si-) gourmet,
epicure; ' sinnig adj. subde.
feist adj. [faist] fat, stout.
Feld [felt] n (-[e]s/-er) field (a.
,
55, sports); ground, soil; plain;
chess: square;
panel, compartment; ;ns
ziehen take the
field; ' arbeit / agricultural work;
'
bett n camp-bed; ' blume /
wild flower; Ldienst X
iie
service; ' flasche / water-botde;
~

'

drive.

Fell [fel] n (-[e]s/-e) skin, pelt, fur


(of dead animal); coat (of cat, etc.);
fleeze (of sheep).

Fels [fels] m (-en/-en), ~en [' zan]


m (-s/-) rock; ~block ['fels-] m
rock; boulder; ig adj. [' zi?] rocky.
Fenchel
['fen al] m (sjno pi.)
fennel.

Fenster ['fenstar] n (-s/-) window;


'
brett n window-sill; Lfliigel m
casement (of casement window);
sash (of sash window); ' kreuz n
cross-bar(s pi.); Lladen m shutter;
'

'
riescheibe

rahmen m window-frame;
'

gel m window-fastener;
/ (window-)pane; ' sims m, n win-

Feind [faint] m (-[e]s/-e) enemy (a.

Felge ['felga] / (-/-n) felloe (of


cart-wheel); rim (of car wheel, etc.).

Feig|heit ['faikhait] / (-/no pi.)

daintiness;

marschall m Field Marshal;


2marschmaUig
adj. in full

marching order; '~maus zo./fieldmouse; Lmesser m (land) surveyor; ' post X/ai'my postal service;

celebration; festival; festivity;

delicacy,

Fernlaster

dow-sill.

Ferien ['feirjan] pi. holiday(s pi.),


esp. Am. vacation; leave. Am. a.
furlough; parl. recess;
vacation,
'
recess;
kolonie / children's
holiday camp.
Ferkel ['ferkal] n (-s/-) young pig;
contp. p. pig.
fern [fern] 1. adj. far (off), distant;
remote; 2. adv. far (away); von
from a distance.
'

Fernamt teleph. n trunk exchange,


Am. long-distance exchange.
'
fernbleiben 1. vji. (irr. bleiben,
sep., -ge-, se/n) remain or stay away
(dat. from); 2. 2 n (s/no pi.) absence (from school, etc.); absenteeism (from work).

Fern|e fferna] / (-/-n) distance;


remoteness; ous der

from or at a

distance; 'Ser 1. adj. farther; fig.:


further; future; 2. adv. further
(-more) in addition, also; //efen...
m long-disalso ran ...; ' flug
tance flight; Sgelenkt adj. [Lgalerjkt] missile: guided; aircraft, etc.:
'
remote-control(l)ed;
gesprach
teleph. n trunk call. Am. long-distance call; 'Sgesteuert adj. s. fernge/enkt; Lglas n binoculars pi.;
'
Ehalten v/t. and v/refl. (irr. ho/ten,
sep., -ge-, h) keep away (von from);
,

'

Jheizung / district heating; ' la-

Femlenkung

ster F mot. m long-distance lorryj


Am. long haul truck; ' lenkung /
(-/-en) remote control; 'Sliegen
vli. (jrr. liegen, sep., -ge-, h): es

liegt mir fern zu inf. I am far from


ger.; ' rohr n telescope; ' schreiber tn teleprinter. Am. teletypewriter; ' sehen 1. n (s/tio pi.)
television; 2. 2 v/i. (irr. sehen, sep.,
-

ge-, h) watch television;

'

seher

m television set; p. television viewer, televiewer; ' sehsendung /


television broadcast, telecast;
slcht / visual range.
'

Fernsprech|amt n telephone
exchange, Am. a. central; ' anschlufi
m telephone connection; ' er m
telephone; ' leitung / telephone
line; ' zelle / telephone box.
-

'

fem|stehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep.,


ge-, h) have no real (point of)
contart (dat. with); steuerung /
s
Fernlenkung; 'Sunterricht m
.

correspondence course or tuition;


'

fiverkehr m long-distance traffic.


Ferse ['ferzs] / (-/-n) heel.
fertig adj. ['ferti?] ready; article,
etc.: finished; clothing: ready-made;
mil et.
werden get s.th. finished;
m/t et.
sein have finished s.th.;
'
bringen v/r. (irr. bringen, sep.,
ge-, h) bring about; manage;
'
Skeit / (-/-en) dexterity; skill;
fluency (in the spoken language)',
'
machen v/t. {sep., -ge-, h) finish,
complete; get s.th. ready; fig. finish,
settle s.o.'s hash; sich ~ get ready;
'
Sstellung / completion; 'Swaren
f/pl. finished goods pi. or products
Pi.
fesch F adj. [fej] hat, dress, etc.:
smart, stylish, chic; dashing.
Fessel ['fesal] / (-/-n) chain, fetter,
shackle; vet. fetlock; fig. bond,
fetter, tie; ' ballon m captive
balloon; 'n v/t. (ge-, h) chain,
fetter, shackle; j-n
hold or ar-

rest s.o.'s attention; fascinate s.o.

fest [fest] 1. adj. firm; solid; fixed;


fast; principle: firm, strong; sleep:
sound; fabric: close; 2. 2 n (-es/-e)
festival, celebration; holiday, eccl.
feast; '~binden v/t. (irr. binden,
sep., -ge-, h) fasten, tie (an dat. to);
lessen n banquet, feast; ' fahren
vjrefl. (irr. fabren, sep., -ge-, h)
get stuck; fig. reach a deadlock;
'
2halle / (festival) hall; ' halten
(irr. halten, sep., -ge-, h) 1. vli.
hold fast or tight; an (dat.) adhere
or keep to; 2. v/t. hold on to; hold
tight; sich
an (dat.) hold on
to; ~igen [' igan] v/t. (ge-, h)
consolidate (one's position, etc.);
strengthen (friendship, etc.); stabilize (currency); Sigkeit [' -J /
(-/no pi ) firmness; solidity; 'Sland
n mainland, continent; ' legen vlt.
(sep., -ge-, h) fix, set; sich auf et.
.

Feuerwerkskorper

105 -

commit o.s. to s.th.; ' lich adj'


meal, day, etc.: festive; reception}
etc.: ceremonial; lichkeit/X-Z-en)
festivity; festive character; ' machen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. vft. fix,
fasten, attach (an dat. to); k moor;
2 & v/i. moor; put ashore; '2mahl
n banquet, feast; Snahme I' na:ma] / (-l-n) arrest; ' nehmen vlt.
(irr. nebmen, sep., -ge-, h) arrest,
take into custody; 'Srede / speech
of the day; ' etzen vjt. (sep., -ge-,
h) fix, set; sich dust, etc.: become
ingrained; p. settle (down); '2spiel
n festival; ' stehen v/i. (irr. stehen,
sep., -ge-, h) stand firm; fact: be
certain; ' stehend adj. fixed,
~

stationary;fact: established; ' stellen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) establish


(fact, identity, etc.); ascertain, find
out (fact, s.o.'s whereabouts, etc.);
state; see, perceive (fact, etc.);

stellung / establishment; ascertainment; statement;


tag m
festive day; festival, holiday; eccl.

feast; 'Sung

/ (-/-en) fortress;

'

2zug m festive procession.


fett [fst] 1. adj. fat; fleshy; voice:
oily; land, etc.: rich; 2.2 n (-[e]s/-e)
fat; grease (a. (); druck typ. m
bold type; fleck m grease-spot;
'
ig adj. hair, skin, etc.: greasy,
oily; fingers, etc.: greasy; substance:
fatty.

Fetzen ['fetsan] m (-$/-) slired; rag,


Am. a. frazzle; scrap (ofpaper); in
in rags.
feucht adj. [ioYqt] climate, air, etc.:
damp, moist; air, zone, etc.: humid;

Sigkeit / (-/no pi.) moisture (of


substance); dampness (ofplace, etc.);
humidity (of atmosphere, etc.).
Feuer ['foYar] n (-si-) fire; light;

fig. ardo(u)r;

fangen catch fire;

fig. fall for (girl); ' alarm m fire


alarm; 'Sbestandig adj. fire-proof,
fire-resistant; ' bestattung / cremation; ' eifer m ardo(u)r; 'Sfest
adj. s. feuerbestandig;
efahrlich adj. inflammable; 'shaken m
poker; ' loscher m (-s/-) fire
extinguisher; Lmelder m (-s/-)
fire-alarm; '20 (ge-, h) 1. X W*'*
shoot, fire (auf acc. at, on); 2. F
fig. vft. hurl; Lprobe fig. / crucial
test;
'rot adj. fiery (red), (as) red
as fire; ' sbrunst / conflagration;
'
schiff & n lightship; ' schutz m
fire prevention;
covering fire;
'
sgefahr / danger or risk of fire;
'
2speiend adj.: er Berg volcano;
'
pritze / fire engine; ' stein m
flint; ' versicherung / fire insurance (company); ' wache / fire
station. Am. a. firehouse; ' wehr/
fire-brigade. Am. a. fire department; ' wehrmann m fireman;
'
werk n (display of) fireworks pi.;
'
werkskorper m firework;
~

Feuerzange

zange / (e-e a pair of) firetongs pi.;


'
vZeug n lighter.
feurig adj. ['fovri?] fiery (a. fig.);
fig. ardent.
Fiasko [fi'asko] n (-s/-s) (complete)
failure, fiasco; si. flop.
Fibel ['fhbsl] / (-/-n) spelling-book,
primer.
Fichte
['fists] / (-/-n) spruce;
'
nnadel / pine-needle.
fidel adj. [fi'derl] cheerful, merry,
jolly. Am. F a. chipper.
Fieber ['firbsr] n (-s/-) temperature,

106 -

Inspector

perature; ' anfall m attack or bout


of fever; 'Shaft adj. feverish (a.
/?.); febrile; '2krank adj. ill with
fever; ' mittel n febrifuge; '2n v/i.
(ge-, h) have or run a temperature;
nach crave or long for; ' schauer
m chill, shivers pi.; ' tabelle/temperature-chart; thermometer n

of

Taxes;

~en

f/pl.

finances pi.; Siell adj. [ 'tsjelj

fever; haben have or run a tem-

Fischvergiftung

financial; Sieren [Jtsiiran] vlt. (no


ge-, h) finance (scheme, etc.); sponsor (radio programme, etc.); ~lage /
financial position; ~mann m finan-

cier;

minister

minister

of

finance; Chancellor of the Exchequer, Am. Secretary of the Treasury; ~ministerium n ministry of
finance; Exchequer, Am. Treasury
Department; ~wesen n (slno pi.)
finances pi.; financial matters pi.
Findelkind ['findsl-] n foundling.
finden ['findsn] (irr., ge-, h) 1. vjt.
find; discover, come across; find,
think, consider; w/e S/e ...? how
do you like ...?; s/ch
thing: be
found; 2. vfi.: zu find one's way
to.

'

Finder m (-s/-) finder; 'John m


finder's reward.

'

'

clinical thermometer.

fiel [fi:l] pret. of fallen.


Figur [fi'gurrl/W-en) figure; chess:
chessman, piece.

figiirlich adj. [fi'gy:rli?] meaning,

findig adj. resourceful, ingenious.


Findling ['findir)] m (-s/-e) foundling; geol. erratic block, boulder.
fing [fiq] pret. of fangen.
Finger ['firpr] m (si-) finger;
s/ch die

etc.: figurative.
pork, etc.).
Filiale [fil'jarb] / (-/-n) branch.
Filigran(arbeit /) [fili'gra:n(9-)l n
(-s/-e) filigree
Film [film] m (-[e]s/-e) film, thin
coating (of oil, wax, etc.); phot, film;
film, (moving) picture. Am. a. motion picture, F movie; e-n e/n/egen
phot, load a camera; ' ateller n
film studio; ' aufnahme/filming,
shooting (of a film); film (of sporting event, etc.); 'Sen (ge-, h) 1. v/t.
film, shoot (scene, etc.); 2. u/t. film;
make a film; ' gesellschaft / film
company. Am. motion-picture company; '~kamera / film camera,
Am. motion-picture camera; '~regisseur m film director; ' reklame / screen advertising; ' schauspieler m film or screen actor,
Am. F movie actor; ' spule / (film)
reel; ' streifen m film strip;
.

picture or F movie theater; ' vVerleih m (-[e]s/-e) film distributors


pi.; ' vorfiihrer m projectionist;
'
vvorstellung / cinema perform.

ance, Am. F movie performance.


Filter ['filtsr] (-s/-) 1. m (coffee-,
etc.) filter; 2. n filter; 'Sn v/t.

(ge-, h) filter (water, air, etc.); filtrate (water, impurities, etc.); strain
(liquid); ' zigarette / filter-tipped
cigarette.
Filz [filts] m (-es/-e) felt;>fe. F skinflint; 'Sig adj. felt-like; of felt; .
F niggardly, stingy; '~laus / crab
louse.

Finanz|amt [fi'nants'amt] n (inland) revenue office, office of the

'

hut m thimble;

foxglove; '2n

vfi. (ge-, h): ~ nach fumble for;


'
spitze/finger-tip; ' spitzengefiihl fig. n sure instinct; ' iibung
J" / finger exercise; zeig [' tsaik]
*n (-[e]s/-e) hint, F pointer.
Fink orn. [figk] m (-enl-en) finch.
finster adj. ['finstsr] night, etc.:
dark; shadows, wood, etc.: sombre;
night, room, etc.: gloomy, murky;
person, nature: sullen; thought, etc.:
sinister, sombre, gloomy; '2nis /
(-Ino pi ) darkness, gloom.
Finte ['fints] / (-/-n) feint; fig. a.
.

ruse, trick.

Firma f t'firma] / (-/F/rmen) firm,


business, company.

theater n cinema. Am. motion-

'

verbrennen burn one

fingers; er riihrte keinen he lifted


no finger; ' abdruck m fingerprint; ' fertigkeit / manual skill;

Filet [fi'le:] n (-s/-s) fillet (of beef,

firmen eccl. ['firman] v/t. (ge-, h)


confirm.
'

Firmen|inhaber m owner of a

firm; '-Avert m goodwill.


Firn [firn] m (-[e]s/-e) firn, ndv6.

First 4 [first] m (-es/-e) ridge;


ziegel m ridge tile.
Fisch [fij] m (-esj-e) fish; ' dampfer m trawler; 'Sen v/t. and v/i.
(ge-, h) fish; '..er m (-s/-) fisherman; ' erboot n fishing-boat; ' erdorf n fishing-village; ~erei [ .'rai]
/ (-/-en) fishery; fishing; ' fang m
fishing; ' geruch m fishy smell;
Lgrate / fish-bone; ' gratenmuster n herring-bone pattern;
'

handler m fishmonger. Am. fish

dealer; 'Sig adj. fishy; Llaich m


spawn; ' leim m fish-glue; Lmehl
schuppe / scale;
n fish-meal;
'
tran m train-oil; ' .vergiftung
'

Flschzucht

Flicken

107 -

/fish-poisoning; Lzucht/pisci-

drink: stale; colour: pale, dull; if

culture, fish-hatching; ' zug m


catch, haul, draught (of fish).
fiskallsch adj. [fis'kailij] fiscal,
governmental.
Fiskus ['fiskus] m
-se, Fisken)
Exchequer, esp. Am. Treasury;

market, business, etc.: dull, slack;


e Ze/t slack period.
Flaum [flaum] m (-[e]s/o pi.)
down, fluff; fuzz.
Flauls [flaus] m (-es/-e), sch UJ] m
(-esl-e) tuit(ofwool etc.); napped
coating.

government.

Fistel
['fistsl] / (-/-n) fistual;
'
stimme / / falsetto.
Fittich ['fiti*;] nt (-[e]sl-e)poet. wing;
j-n unter s-e e nehmen take s.o.
tinder one's wing.

fix adj. [fiks] salary, price, etc.:


fixed; quick, clever, smart; e-e
Wee an obsession; ein er Junge a
smart fellow; 2ierbad phot, [fi'
ksi:rba:t] n fixing bath; ~ieren
[fi'ksirran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) fix (c.
phot.); fix one's eyes (up)on, stare
'
Sstern ast. m fixed star;
Sum n (-s/F/xo) fixed or basic
salary.
flach adj. [flax] roof, etc.: flat;
ground, ere: flat, level, even; water,
plate, fig.: shallow;
plane.
Flache ['flega] / (-/-n) surface. A- aplane; sheet (of water, snow, etc.);
geont. area; tract, expanse (of land,
etc.); wninhalt A- ['fle sn9-] m
(surface) area; '~nmafi n square or

at s.o.;
'

surface measure.
'

Flach|land n plain, flat country;

Lrennen n turf: flat race.


Flachs
[flaks] m (-es/no pi.) flax.
flackern ['flakarn] v/i. (ge-, h) light,
flame, eyes, etc.: flicker, wave;
voice: quaver, shake.
Flagge X ['fl
ags] / (-/-/) flag,
colo(u)rs pi.; '2n vji. (ge-, h) fly or
hoist a flag; signal (with flags).
Flak
[flak] / (-/-, -s) anti-aircraft
gun; anti-aircraft artillery.
Flamme ['flama] / (-l-n) flame;
blaze; '~nmeer n sea of flames;
'
nwerfer X m (-s/-) flamethrower.

Flanell [fla'nel] m (sf-e) flannel;


anzug m flannel suit; hose /
flannel trousers pi., flannels pi.
Flankle ['flarjka] / (-/-n) flank (a.
Aj j Xj mount.); side; 2ieren
U'kirran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) flank.
Flasche ['flaja] / (-l-n) bottle; flask.
'
Flaschen|bier n bottled beer;
hals m neck of a bottle; ' offner

m (si-) bottle-opener; Lzug @ m


block and tackle.

flatterlhaft adj. ['flatarhaft] girl,


etc.: fickle, flighty; mind: fickle,
volatile; ' n v/i. (ge-) 1. (h, sein)
bird, butterfly, etc.: flutter (about);
bird, bat, etc.: flit (about); 2. (h)
hair, flag, garment, etc.: stream,
fly; mot. wheel: shimmy, wobble;
car steering: judder; 3. (sein): auf
den Boden
flutter to the ground.
flau adj. [flau] weak, feeble, faint;
sentiment, reaction, etc.: lukewarm;

Flausen F ['flauzan] f/pl. whimsy/.,


fancies pi., (funny) ideas pi.; F fibs
pi.; j-m
in den Kopf setzen put
funny ideas into s.o.'s head; j-m
vormachen tell s.o. fibs.

Flaute ['flama] / (-l-n) vfc dead


calm; esp. if dullness, slack period.

Flechtje ['flefta] / (-/-n) braid, plait

(of hair); % lichen; & herpes; 'Een


vft. (irr., ge-, h) braid, plait (hair,
ribbon, etc.); weave (basket, wreath,
etc.); wreath (flowers); twist (rope,
etc.); ' vwerk n wickerwork.
Fleck [flek] m (-[e]s/-e, -en) 1. mark
(of dirt, grease, etc.; zo.); spot (of
grease, paint, etc.); smear (of oil,
blood, etc.); stain (of wine, coffee,
etc.); blot (of ink); place, spot; fig.
blemish, spot, stain; 2. patch (of
material); bootmaking: heel-piece;
'
en m (si-) s.
Fleck 1; small
(market-)town, townlet; Lenwasser n spot or stain remover; Lfieber
n (epidemic) typhus; 'Sig
adj. spotted; stained.
Fledermaus zo. ['flezdar-J/bat.
Flegel ['fletgal] m (si-) flail; fig.
lout, boor; ei U'laiJ/W-en) rude,
ness; loutishness; 'Shaft adj. rudeill-mannered; loutish; Ljahre pL
awkward age.
flehen ['fleran] 1. vji. (ge-, h) entreat, implore (zu j-m s.o.; urn et.
s th.); 2.2 n (s/nopl.) supplication;
imploration, entreaty.
Fleisch [flaij] n (-es/no pi.) flesh;
.

meat; 4 P P; '~bruhe / meat-

broth; beef tea; Ler m (-s/-)


butcher;
erei [Jrai] / (-/-en)
butcher's (shop). Am. butcher
shop; ' extrakt m meat extract;
'
Sfressend adj. carnivorous;
hackmaschine/mincing machine,
mincer. Am. meat grinder; '2ig adj.
fleshy;
pvilpy; Lkonserven flpl.
tinned or potted meat. Am. canned
meat; 'Jkost/meat (food); 'Slich
adj. desires, etc.: carnal, fleshly;
'
21os adj. meatless; Lpastete /
meat pie. Am. a. potpie; ' speise /
meat dish; Lvergiftung / meat or
ptomaine poisoning; Lware/meat
(product); ' wolf m s. Fleischhackmaschine.

Fleifi [flais] m (-es/no pi.) diligence,


industry; 'Sig adj. diligent, industrious, hard-working.
fletschen ['fletjan] v/t. (ge-, h): die
Zahne
animal: bare its teeth; p.
bare one's teeth.

Flicken ['flikan] 1. m (-s/-) patch;

flicken
2

2 v/t. (ge-, h) patch (dress, tyre,

etc.); repair (shoe, roof, etc.); cobble


(shoe).
'

Flicklschneider m jobbing tailor;


'

108 -

schuster m cobbler;

'

vWerk

(-[e]slno pi ) patchwork.
.

Flieder
['fhrdar] m (-s/-) lilac
Fliege ['fli-.ga] / (-/-n) zo. fly;
bow-tie.
'

fliegen 1. v/i. (irr., ge-, sein) fly;


go by air; 2. o/r. (irr., ge-, h) fly,
pilot (aircraft, etc.); convey (goods,
etc.) by air; 3. 2 n (s/no pi.) flying;
a

aviation.

Flugwesen

business,

etc.:

flourish,

prosper,

thrive.

Floskel ['fbskal] / (-/-n) flourish;


empty phrase.
flofi1 [fbs] pret. offlieBen.
Flofi2 [flo:s] n (-es/=e) raft, float.
Flosse ['flosa] / (-/-n) fin; flipper
(of penguin, etc.).
flofi en ['floisan] v/t. (ge-, h) raft,
float (timber, etc.); '2er m (-s/-)
rafter, raftsman.

Flote / ffloita] / (-f-n) flute; '211


(ge-, h) 1. v/i. (play the) flute; 2. v/t.
play on the flute.

Fliegen|fanger ['flirganfEqar] m
fenster n fly(-si-) fly-paper;
screen;
gewicht n boxing, etc.:
flyweight; ' klappe/fly-flap. Am.

flott adj. [fbt] & floating, afloat;

'

Flieger m (-s/-) flyer;


airman,
aviator; pilot; F plane, bomber;
f
cycling: sprinter; ' abwehr

Flotte ['fbta] / (-/-n) * fleet; X


navy; ' nstiitzpunkt X ** naval

anti-aircraft defen|ce. Am. -se;

Flotille * [fb'tilja] / (-/-n) flotilla.

'

pace, etc.: quick, brisk; music, etc.:

'

gay, lively; dress, etc.: smart, stylish;


car, etc.: sporty, racy; dancer, etc.:

fly swaner; ' pilz 4 Ay agaric.

alarm X
air-raid alarm or warning; ' bombe X / aircraft bomb;
'
offizier X m air-force officer.

flieh|en ['fhian] (irr., ge-) 1. v/i.


(sein) flee (vor dat. from), mn away;
v/t. (h) flee, avoid, keep away
from; 'Skraft phys. f centrifugal

excellent.

base.

Flozgeol.,

Fluch [flu:x] m (-[e]s/=e) airse,


malediction; eccl. anathema; curse,
swear-word;
en v/i. (ge-, h)
swear, curse.

force.
[(floor-)tile.\
Fliese ['flfcza] / (-/-n) (wall-)tile;/
Flief3|band ['flhs-] n (-[e]s/=er) con-

[floits] n (-es/-e) seam;

layer, stratum.

Flucht [fluxt] / (-/-en) flight (vor


dat. from); escape (ous dat. from);
line (of windows, etc.); suite (of
rooms); flight (of stairs).

veyor-belt; assembly-line;'2en vli.


(irr., ge-, se/n) river, traffic, etc.

flucht|en ['flyman] (ge-) v/i. (sein)

flow; tap-water, etc.: run; 'Send 1.


ajy. water: running; traffic: moving;
speech, etc.: fluent; 2. adv.:
lesen
(sprechen) read (speak) fluently;
Lpapier n blotting-paper.
Flimmer ['flimar] m (-s/-) glimmer,
glitter; 2n v/i. (ge-, h) glimmer,
glitter; television, film: flicker; es
flimmert mir vor den Augen everything is dancing in front of my eyes.
flink adj. [flirjk] quick, nimble,

away; escape; ig adj. fugitive (a.


fig.); thought, etc.: fleeting; fame,
etc.: transient; p. careless, superficial; /2, volatile; Sling ['.Jir)] m
(-s/-e) fugitive; pol refugee; '2lingslager n refugee camp.
Flug [flu:k] m (-[e]s/=e) fUght; im
(e) rapidly; quickly; ' abwehrrakete/anti-aircraft missile; '~bahn
/ trajectory of (rocket, etc.);%? flight
path; ' ball m tennis, etc.: volley;
'
blatt n handbill, leaflet. Am. a.
flier; '~boot
n flying-boat;

'

brisk.

Flinte ['flinta] / (-/-n) shotgun; die


ins Korn werfen throw up the
sponge.

Flirt [flcert] m (-es/s) flirtation;


'
Sen vli. (ge-, h) flirt (m;t with).
Flitter ['flitar] m (-s/-) tinsel (a.fig.),
spangle;
kram m cheap finery;
Lwochen pi. honeymoon.
flitzen F ['flitsan] v/i. (ge-, sein)
whisk, scamper; dash (off, etc.).
flocht [fbxt] pret. of flechten.
'

Flock|e ['fbka] / (-/-n) flake (of


snow, soap, etc.); flock (of wool);
'

2ig adj. fluffy,


flog [flo:k] pret.
floh1 [flo:] pret.
Floh2 zo. U] m

flaky.
of fliegen.
of fliehen.
(-[e]s/=e) flea.

Flor [flo:r] m (-s/-e) bloom, blossom; fig. bloom, prime; gauze;


crepe, crape.

Florett fenc. [flo'ret] n (-[e]s/-e) foil.


florieren [flo'ri:ran] v/i. (no -ge-, h)

and vjrefl. (h) flee (nach, zu to); run


'

dienst

* m air service.

Fliigel fflyrgal] m (-s/-) wing (a. A


X)l blade, vane (of propeller,
etc.); s. Fensterflugel, Turfliigel,
Lungenflugel; sail (of windmill, etc.);
J" grand piano;
fenster A n casement-window; Slahm adj. brokenwinged; ' mann X m marker;
flank man; Ltiir A / folding door.
Fluggast ['flu:k-] m (air) passenger.
fliigge adj. f'flyga] fledged;
werden fledge; fig. begin to stand on
'

'

one

'

s own feet.

'

Fluglhafen m airport; ' linie/ *


air route; airline; Lplatz m airfield, aerodrome. Am. a. airdrome;
airport; sandgeol. m wind-blown
sand; '~schrift / pamphlet;
sichemng / air traffic control;
'

'

sport m sporting aviation;

wesen n aviation, aeronautics.

Flugzeug
'

Flugzeug n aircraft, aeroplane, F


planej Am. a. airplane; ' bau m
aircraft construction;

'

fiihrer m

'

halle / hangar; ' rumpf


m fuselage, body; ' trager m aircraft carrier. Am. si. flattop; ' imgliick n air crash or disaster.
Flunder ichth. fflundar] / (-/-n)

pilot;

Forster

109 -

Folter I'foltar] / (-/-n) torture; auf


die
spannen put to the rack; .
F a. keep on tenterhooks; 'Sn vft.
(ge-, h) torture, torment; '~qual /
torture, , a. torment.
Fonds
[fo:] m (-/-) fund (a. fig.);
funds pi.
Fontane [fon'tema] / (-/-n) fountain.

flounder.

Flunkerjei F [flvujka'rai] /' (-/-en)


petty lying, F fib(bing); Sn vli.
(ge-, ti) F fib, tell fibs.

foppen I'fopan] v/t. (ge-, h) tease,


F pull s.o.'s leg; hoax, fool.
forcieren [for'sirren] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

fluoreszieren [fluorEs'tsiiran] vli.


(no -ge-, h) fluoresce.

'

force (up).

Forderlband n (-[e]s/er)

trance-)hall.
Flufi [flus] m (F/usses/f/iisse) river,
stream; flow(ing); fig. fluency,
flux; 2'abwarts adv. downriver,
downstream; 2'aufwarts adv. upriver, upstream; Lbett n river bed.
fliissig adj. ['flysig] fluid, liquid;
metal: molten, melted; t" money,
capital, etc.: available, in hand;
style: fluent, flowing; 'Skeit /
(-/-en) flviid liquid; fluidity, liquidity; availability; fluency.
"

'

Flufillauf m course of a river;

con-

veyor-belt; 'Slich adj. conducive


(dat. to), promotive (of); ' korb

Flur [flu:r] 1. / (-/-en) field, meadow; poet, lea; 2. m (-[e]s/-e) (en-

m cage.

fordern ffordam] v/t. (ge-, h) demand; claim (compensation, etc.);


ask (price, etc.); challenge (to duel).

fordern ['foerdam] vlt. (ge-, h)


further, advance, promote;
haul,
raise (coal, etc.); zutage ~ reveal,
bring to light.
Forderung / (-/-en) demand;
claim; charge; challenge.
'
Forderung / (-/-en) furtherance,
advancement, promotion; X haulage; output.
[trout. \
'

miindung / mouth of a river;

Forelle ichth.

pferd zo. n hippopotamus;

Form [form] / (-/-en) form; figure,


shape; model; ( mo(u)ld; sports:
form, condition; Sal adj. [Jmcul]
formal; ~alitat [ ali'tEit] / (-/-en)
formality; ~at U'man] n (-[e]s/-e)
size; von
of distinction; *el V~3l]
f (-l-n) formula; Sell adj. [Jmel]
formal; 'Sen vft. (ge-, h) form (object, character, etc.); shape, fashion
(wood, metal, etc.); mo(u)ld (clay,
character, etc.); ' enlehre r. / accidence; ' fehler m informality; 2%
flaw; Sieren U'miiran] vjt. (no
ge-, h) form; draw up, line up;
sich line up.
formlich adj. ['foermli?] formal;
ceremonious; 'Skeit / (-/-en) formality; ceremoniousness.
'
formlos adj. formless, shapeless;
fig. informal.
Formular [formu'larr] n (-s/-e)

schiffahrt / river navigation or


traffic.

fliistern t'flystam] v/i. and vlt. (ge-,


h) whisper.

Flut [fhr.t] /(-/-en) flood; high tide,


(flood-)tide;> . flood, torrent, deluge; 'Sen (ge-) 1. v/i. (se/'n) water,
crowd, etc.: flood, surge (liber acc.
over); 2. v/t. (h) flood (dock, etc.);
'
welle / tidal wave.
focht [foxt] pret. of fedi ten.
Fohlen zo. ['foilan] 1. n (s/-) foal;
male: colt; female: filly; 2. 2 vji.
(ge-, h) foal.
Folge t'folga] /(-/-n) sequence, succession (of events); instalment, part
(of radio series, etc.); consequence,
result; series; set, suit; future;
pi. aftermath.
'
folgen v/i. (dat.) (ge-, se/'n) follow;
succeed (j-m s.o.; auf acc. to);
follow, ensue (ous from); obey (j-m
s.o.);
dermal3en adv. [' darma:san] as follows; ' schwer adj. of
~

grave consequence, grave.


'

folgerichtig adj. logical; consistent.

folger|n ffolgam] vft. (ge-, h) infer,


conclude, deduce (aus from); 'Sung

form. Am. a. blank.

formu'lieren v/t. (no -ge-, h) formulate (question, etc.); word, phrase


(question, contract, etc.).

forsch adj. [forj] vigorous, energetic; smart, dashing.


forsch|en ['forjan] v/i. (ge-, h):
nach (dat.) search for or after;
in
(dat.) search (through); 'Ser m

/ (-/-en) inference, conclusion, deduction.


'

folgewidrig adj. illogical; inconsistent.

folglich cj. ['folkli?] therefore, consequently.

folgsam adj. ['folkzaim] obedient;


Skeit/ (-/no pi.) obedience.
'

Folie ['fo:lj3] / (-/-n) foil.

[fo'reb] / (-/-n)/

(si-) researcher, research worker.


'

Forschung / (-/-en) research


(work); ' reise / (exploring) expedition; ' sreisende m explorer.
Forst [forst] m (-es/-e[n]) forest;
aufseher m (forest-)keeper, gamekeeper.

Forster ['fcerstar] m (s/-) forester;


ranger.

Forsthaus

'

Forstlhaus n forester's house;


revier n forest district;

'

wesen ,

Lwirtschaft / forestry.

Forti X [fo:r] n (-s/-s) fort.


fort8 adv. [ton] away, gone; on;

gone, lost; in e-m m continuously;


und so

and so on or forth; 5. a.

weg.
'

fort|bestehen v/i. (irr. stehen, sep.,


no -ge-, h) continue, persist; ' bewegen v/t. {sep., no -ge-, h) move
(on, away); s/ch
move, walk; '2dauer/continuance; ' dauern v/i.
( sep., -ge-, h) continue, last; ' fah.

ren v/i. (irr. fahren, sep., -ge-) 1.


(sein) depart, leave; drive off; 2. (h)
continue, keep on (et. zu tun doing
s th.); ' fiihren v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
continue, carry on; 'Sgang m departure, leaving; continuance;
gehen v/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-,
sein) go (away), leave; ' geschritten adj. advanced; 'Skommen n
(s/no pi.) progress; ' laufend adj.
consecutive, continuous; ' pflanzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) propagate;
sich
bial. propagate, reproduce;
phys., disease, rumour,' be propagated; pflanzung / propagation;
reproduction; ' reiflen u/r. (irr.
reilien, sep., -ge-, h) avalanche, etc.
sweep or carry away; ' schaffen
/t. (sep., -ge-, h) get or take away,
'
remove;
schreiten t/i. (irr.
schreiten, sep., -ge-, sein) advance,
proceed, progress; ' schreitend
adj. progressive; 'Sschritt m progress; ' schrittlich adj. progressive;
.

110 -

1 v/t. ask; question; es fragt sich,


ob it is doubtful whether; 2. v/i.
ask; ' er m (-s/-) questioner; ' ewort gr. n (-[e]s/=er) interrogative;
'
ezeichen n question-mark, point
of interrogation. Am. mst interrogation point;21ich adj. ['frark-] doubtful, uncertain; in question; 21os
adv. ['frark-] undoubtedly, unquestionably.
Fragment [frag'ment] n (-[e]s/-e)
fragment.
fragwiirdig adj. ['frark-] doubtful,
dubious, questionable.
Fraktion parl. [frak'tsjoin] / (-/-en)
(parliamentary) group.
frank]ieren [fraq'kr.ren] vft. (no
ge-, h) prepay, stamp; ~o adv.
V o] free; post(age) paid; parcel:
carriage paid.
Franse ['franza] / (-/-n) fringe.
Franz|ose [fran'tsoiza] m (-n/-n)
Frenchman; die .n pi. the French
pi.; ~6sin Uorzin] /(-/-nen) Frenchwoman;
26sisch
adj.
[ 0:zij]
.

French.

fras en f'frerzan] v/t. (ge-, h)


mill; 2maschine ['freis-] / millingmachine.

Frafi [fra:s] 1. F m (-es/-e) si. grub;


2 2 pret. of fressen.
Fratze ['fratsa] / (-/-n) grimace, F
face; ~n schneiden make grimaces.
Frau [frau] / (-/-en) woman; lady;
.

wife; ~ X Mrs X.
'

Frauenjarzt

adv. constandy, always.

Forum ['forrum] n (-s/Foren, Fora


and -s) forum.
Foto... ffoito-] s. Photo...
Foyer [foa'je:] n (-sf-s) thea. foyer,
Am. and parl. lobby; hotel: foyer,
lounge.
Fracht [fraxt] / (-/-en) goods pi.;
Sk carriage, freight;
* freight
(-age) cargo; ' brief m ft consignment note. Am., it- bill of
lading; ' dampfer m cargo steamer, freighter; ' er m (-sj-) freighter;
frei adj. carriage or freight paid;
,

Vfxihrer m carrier. Am. a. team-

ster;

'

geld n carriage charges pi.,


Am. freight; ' gut n goods
pi., freight; Lstiick n package.
Frack [frak] m (-[e]s/=e, -s) dress
coat, tail-coat, F tails; ' anzug m
dress-suit.

Frag|e ['fraiga] / (-/-n) question;


gr., reth. interrogation; problem,
point; e-e
ste//en ask a question;
in
stellen question; ' ebogen m

questionnaire; form; '2en (ge-, h)

gyn(a)ecologist;

'

klinik / hospital for women;


rechte ntpl. women s rights pi.;
'
stimmrecht pol. n women s suffrage; ' zimmer mst contp. n
'

'

setzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) continue, pursue; '2setzung / (-/-en)


continuation, pvu uit;
folgt to be
continued; ' wahrend 1. adj. continual, continuous; perpetual; 2.

freigeben

'

female, woman.

Fraulein ['froylam] n (-si-, F -s)

young lady; teacher; shop-assistant; waitress;


X Miss X.
fraulich adj. womanly.
frech adj. [free] impudent, insolent,
F saucy, cheeky. Am. F a. sassy, si.
fresh; lie, etc.: brazen; thief, etc.:
bold, daring;
heit / (-/-en) impudence, insolence; F sauciness,
'

cheek; boldness.

frei adj. [frai] free (von from, of);


position: vacant; field: open; parcel:
carriage-paid; journalist, etc.: freelance; liberal; candid, frank; licentious; ~ Ho us
franco domicile;
er Tag day off; im Freien in the
open air.
'
Frei I bad n open-air bath; beuter
['JsoYtar] m (-sj-) freebooter;
'
2bleibend -f adj. price, etc.: subject to alteration; offer: conditional;
'
brief m charter; fig. warrant;
'
denker m (-sj-) freethinker.
Freier ['fraiar] m (-si-) suitor.
'
Freilexemplar n free or presentation copy; ' frau/baroness; '~gabe / release;
geben (irr. geben,
sep., -ge-, h) 1. vlt. release; give
~

freigebig

frledllch

Ill -

boarding
house;
nindustrie
['frsmdan9-] / tourist industry;
'
nlegion X / Foreign Legion;

(i.o. an hour, etc.) off; 2. v/i.: j-m


give s.o. time off; Sgebig adj.
gebigkeit /
generous, liberal;
'

'

'

(-/-en) generosity liberality; ' ge,

'

lirr. haben, sep., -ge-, h) have a

holiday; have a day off; ' hafen m


free port; 'Shalten v/t. (j'rr. halten,
sep., -ge-, h) keep free or clear; in

nverkehr

tovu-ism,

tourist

traffic; ' nzimmer n spare (bed-)

pack n free luggage; Shaben v/i.

room; tourism: room.


'

Fremdlherrschaft / fofeign rule;

Freiheit / (-/-en) liberty; freedom;


d/'chter/sche
poetic licence. Am.
poetic license.

'
korper & m foreign body;
21andisch adj. [' IsndiJ] foreign,
exotic; ' sprache / foreign language; lsprachig adj., 'Ssprachlich adj. foreign-language; ' wort
n (-[e]s/=er) foreign word.
Frequenz phys. [fre'kvsnts] / (-/-en)

Freilherr m baron; Lkarte / free


(thea. a. complimentary) ticket;

fressen ['fressn] 1. v/t. (irr., ge-, h)

2Iassen vjt. (zrr. lassen, sep., -ge-,


h) release, set free or at liberty;

eat; beast of prey: devour; F p.


devour, gorge; 2. v/i. (irr., ge-, h)
eat; F p. gorge; 3. n (slno pi.)

restaurant, etc.: treat;

'

handel m

free trade.
'

frequency.

'

gegen Kaution

j% release on bail;

feed, food.

lassung / (-/-en) release; ' lauf

'

'

Frefilgier / voracity,

m free-wheel.

freilich adv. indeed, certainly, of


course; admittedly.
'
Frei lichtbiihne / open-air stage

'

'

or theatjre. Am. -ex; Smachen


o/r. (sep., -ge-, h) % prepay, stamp
(letter, etc.); sich
undress, take
'

one
'

s clothes off;

'

marke/stamp;

maurer m freemason;

maure-

rei U'rai] / (-/m? pi.) freemasonry;


'
mut m frankness; 2mutig adj.
'
'
[ mytti?] frank; Sschaffend adj.:
er Kiinst/er free-lance artist;
scharler
[L/sirlar] m (si-)
volunteer, irregular; ' schein m

licen|ce. Am. -se; 'Esinnig adj.


liberal; 'Ssprechen vjt. (irr. sprechen, sep., -ge-, h) esp. eccl. absolve
(von from); 2% acquit (of); release
(apprentice) from his articles;
'
prechung / (-/-en) esp. eccl.
absolution; release from articles;
= ' spruch 2% m acquittal; ' staat

pol. m free state; 'Sstehen vji. (irr.


stehen, sep., -ge-, h) house, etc.:
stand empty; es steht //wen frei zu

inf. you are free or at liberty to inf.;


stellen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h): j-n
exempt s.o. (von from) (a. Q; j-m
et.

leave s.th. open to s.o.;' stofi

m football: free kick; ' tag m Friday; ' tod m suicide; 'Etragend A
adj. cantilever; ' treppe / outdoor
staircase; willig 1. adj. voluntary;
2 adv. a. of one's own free will;
willige I viliga] m (-nj-n) volun.

'

teer;

' zeit / free or spare or

leisure time; Sziigig adj. V~xsyigiq]


free to move; ' ziigigkeit / (-/o
pi.) freedom of movement.
fremd adj. [fremt] strange; foreign;
alien; extraneous; ' artig adj.
strange; exotic.

Fremde ['frsmda] 1. / (-/no pi.)


distant or foreign parts; in der
far away from home, abroad; 2. m,f
(-n/-n) stranger; foreigner; Lnbuch n visitors' book; Lnfiihrer
m guide, cicerone; ' nheim n

gluttony;

'

napf m feeding dish.


Freude ['froYda] / (-/-n) joy, gladness; delight; pleasure; hoben on
(dat.) find or take pleasure in.
'
Freudenlbotschaft / glad tidings
pi.; ' fest n happy occasion;
'
feuer n bonfire; ' geschrei n
shouts pi. of joy; ' tag m day of
rejoicing, red-letter day; ' taumel
m transports pi. of joy.
'
freudjestrahlend adj. radiant with
joy; '.Jg adj. joyful; happy; es
Ereignis happy event;
los adj.
['froYtlois] joyless, cheerless.
freuen ['frovan] v/t. (ge-, h): es
freut mich, do8 I am glad or pleased
(that); sich
iiber (acc.) be pleased
about or with, be glad about; sich
auf (acc.) look forward to.
Freimd [frornt] m (-es/-e) (boy-)
friend; Jtn [' din]/(-/-nen) (girl-)
friend; 'Elich adj. friendly, kind,
nice; cheerful, bright; climate:
mild; U'chkeit / (-/-en) friendliness, kindness; ' schaft / (-/-en)
friendship; schlielien make friends
(mit with);
'fischaftlich adj.
friendly.
Frevel ['freifal] m (-s/-) outrage (an
dat., gegen on), crime (against);
'
Shaft adj. wicked, outrageous;
impious; '2n w/i. (ge-, h) commit a
crime or outrage (gegen against).
Frevler ['freiflar] m (-s/-) evil-doer,
offender; blasphemer.
Friede(n) rfri:d3(n)] m (Fr/edens/
Friederi) peace; im Frieden in peacetime; laB mich in Frieden I leave me
alone!
'

Friedens|bruch m violation of
(the) peace; ' stifter m peacemaker; ' storer m (-si-) disturber
of the peace; ',verhandlungenflpl.
peace negotiations pi.; ' vertrag
m peace treaty.

fried|fertig adj. ffrirt-] peaceable,


peace-loving; l2hot m cemetery,
graveyard; churchyard; '~lich adj.

friedliebend

friedfertig; peaceful; ' liebend

adj. peace-loving.
frieren ['fritran] v/i. (irr., ge-)
1
(se/n) liquid: freeze, become
frozen; river, etc.: freeze (over, up);
window-pane, etc.: freeze over;
2 (h) be or feel cold; m/cfi fr/'ert
.

or ich fr/ere an den Fulien my feet


are cold.

Fries A [fri:s] m (-es/-e) frieze.


frisch [frif] 1. adj. food, flowers,
etc.: fresh; egg: new-laid; linen, etc.:

clean; auf er Tat ertappen catch


red-handed; 2. adv.: ~ gestrichen!
wet paint!. Am. fresh paint!; 2e
V~3] f ( fao pi.) freshness.
Friseu|r [fri'zorr] m (-s/-e) hairdresser; (men's) barber; se [ za] /
(-/-n) (woman) hairdresser
fri'sierjen v/t. (no -ge-, h): j-n
-

do or dress s.o.'s hair;

F:

einen

Wagen mot. tune up or soup up or


hot up a car; s/'ch ~ do one's hair;
Skommode / dressing-table; 2salon m hairdressing saloon; tisch
w i. Frisierkommode.

Frist [frist] /(-/-en) (fixed or limited)


period of time; time allowed; term;

j% prescribed time; *, -f- respite,


grace; 'Sen v/t. (ge-, h): se/n
Dasein
living.

scrape along, scrape a

Frisur [fri'zuir] / (-/-en) hair-style,


hair-do, coiffure.

frivol adj. [fri'vo:!] frivolous, flippant; itat Uoli'teit] / (-/-en)


frivolity, flippancy.
froh adj. [fro:] joyful, glad; cheer*
ful; happy; gay (a. colour).
frohlich adj. ['fro'.li?] gay, merry,
cheerful, happy. Am. F a, chipper;
'
Skeit / (-/S -en) gaiety, cheerfulness; merriment.

frohj'locken v/i. (no -ge-, h) shout

for joy, be jubilant; exult (tiber acc.


at, in); gloat (over); 'Eslnn m
(-[e]s/M pi ) gaiety, cheerfulness.
fromm adj. [from] p. pious, religious; life, etc.: godly; prayer, etc.:
devout; horse, etc.: docile;
Luge
.

112 -

Fiihler

Frost [frost] m (-es/=e) frost; chill;


'
beule / chilblain.
frosteln ['froestaln] v/i. (ge-, h)
.

feel chilly, shiver (with cold).


frostig adj. frosty (a. fig.); fig. cold,
frigid, icy.
'
Frost salbe#/chilblain ointment;
'
schaden m frost damage;
schutzmittel mot. n anti-freezing
mixture; ' wetter n frosty weather.
frottierjen [fro'ti n] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) rub; S(hand)tuch n Turkish
'

towel.

Frucht [fruxt] / (-/=e)


fruit (a.
fig.); com; crop; fig. reward,
result; 2bar adj. fruitful (esp.fig.);
fertile (a. biol.); ' barkeit / (-/no
pi.) fruitfulness; fertihty; 'Sbringend adj. fmit-bearing; fig. fruitful; 'Sen fig. v/i. (ge-, h) be of use;
'
knoten
m ovary; '21os adj.
fruitless; , a. ineffective.
friih [fry:] 1. adj. early; am en
Morgen in the early morning; es
Aufstehen early rising; ~e Anzeichen
early symptoms; er former; 2. adv.
in die morning;
aufstehen rise
early; heute ~ this morning; morgen
tomorrow morning; er earlier;
formerly, in former times; ~estens
at the earliest; '2aufsteher w (-s/-)
early riser, F early bird; '2e / (-/no
pi.): in alter
very early in the
morning; 'Sgeburt / premature
birth; premature baby or animal;
'
Sgottesdienst m early service;
.
Sjahr n, Sling [' liq] m (-s/-e)
spring; 'morgens adv. early in
the morning; Lreif fig. adj. precocious;
port w early morning
exercises; '2stuck n breakfast;
'
stiicken (ge-, h) 1. v/i. (have)
breakfast; 2. v/t. have s.th. for
breakfast; 'Szug
m early train.
Fuchs [fuks] m (-es/=e) zo. fox (a.
fig.)t horse: sorrel.
Fiichsin zo. ['fyksin] / (-/-nen) she'

fox, vixen.
'

Fuchsljagd/fox-hun
tfing); ' pelz
'
nt fox-fur;

wishful

S'rot adj. foxy-red,


sorrel; ' schwanz m foxtail;

Frommelei [frcema'lai] / (-/-en)

pad-saw; amarant(h); '2 teufels'


wild F adj. mad with rage, F

white

lie;

er

Wunsch

'

thinking, idle wish.


affected piety, bigotry.
'

Frommigkeit / (-/-en) piety,


religiousness; godliness; devoutness.

Fron [from] / (-/-en), ' arbeit /,

hopping mad.
fuchteln ['fuxtaln] vji. (ge-, h):
mit (dat.) wave (one s hands) about.
Fuder ['fuidar] n (si-) cart-load;
'

tun (of wine).

[J" fugue.j

dienst hist, m forced or com-

Fuge ['fuiga] / (-/-n) joint; seam;/

pulsory labo(u)r or service; fig.


drudgery.
fronen ['froman] v/i. (dat.) (ge-, h)
indvdge in; be a slave to.
Front [front] / (-/-en) A front,
facade, face; X front (line), line;
pol., "f, etc.: front.
fror [frorr] pret. of frieren.
Frosch zo. [frof] m (-es/=e) frog;
'
perspektive / worm s-eye view

fiiglen ['fyigsn] vlrefl. (ge-, h) sub-

'
.v

'

mit, give in, yield (dat., in acc. to);

comply (with); ~sam adj. [ fydc-j


'

(com)pliant; manageable.
fiihl|bar adj. ['fy:lba:r] tangible,
palpable; fig. sensible, noticeable;
'
en (ge-, h) 1. c/t. feel; be aware
of; s/ ch glucklich
feel happy;
2 v/i.: mit j-m
feel for or sympathize with s.o.; 'Ser m (-s/-) feeler
'

Fuhlung

(a. fig.); 'Sung / (-/-en) touch,


contact (a. X); haben be in touch
(m/t with);
verlieren lose touch.
fuhr [fu ] pret. of fahren.
Fuhre ['furrs] / (-/-n) cart-loacL
fiihren ['fytrsn] (ge-, h) 1. f/r. lead,

guide (bltnd person, etc.); show (zu

dar. to); wield {paint-brush, etc.);


X command (regiment, etc.); have,
bear (m&, fc.); cany on (convrrsaticm, etc.); conduct (campaign, etc.);
run (shop, etc.); deal in (goods);
lead (/i/e); keep (diary, etc.); ft try
(cai); wage (cxzr) (m/t, gegen
against); durch show round; sich
conduct o.s.3 behave (o.s.); 2. r/i.
par/r, etc.: lead, run, go (noch, zu
to); sports, etc.: (hold the) lead, be
ahead;

zu lead to, result in;

'

113 -

fungieren [fuq'giiran] v/i. (no -ge-,


h): - als officiate or act as.

Funk [fui)k] m (sjno pi.) radio,


wireless; '-anlage / radio or wireless installation or equipment;
'
bastler m do-it-yourself radio
ham; '-bild n photo-radiogram.
Funke ['fuijks] m (-nsf-n) spark;
-.

fig. a. glimmer.
'

fxmkeln

Fuhrer m (-s/-) leader (a. pol.,


*
sports); guide(-book); ' raum
m cockpit; ' schein mot. m driving

* pilot s seat;
stand S m (driver s) cab.
'
Fuhr geld n, 'John m cartage,
carriage; ' mann m (-[e]s =er, Fohr/eute) carter, carrier, wag(g)oner;
'

'

broadcast.
'

Funkier m (si-) radio or wireless


operator; '-gerat n radio (communication) set; '-spruch m radio or
wireless message; ' station / radio
or wireless station; ' stille / radio
-

or

ni sn] v/i. (no -ge-, h) function,

work.

Funk'turcn m radio or wireless


tower; '-verkehr m radio or wire-

less communication; '-wagen m


radio car; wesen n (sino pi.) radio
'

communication.

fiir prp. (acc.) [fya-] for; in exchange


or return for; in favo(u)r of; in

carrier,

haulage contractor, Arru a. trucker,


teamster; 'werk n (horse-drawn)
vehicle; cart, wag(g)on.
Fulle ['fyb] / (-Ino pi) fullness (a.
fig.) I corpulence, plumpness, stoutness; fig. wealth, abundance, profusion.

fiillen1 ['fylan] vju (ge-, b) fill (a.

tooth); sniff (cushion, poultry, etc).

Fiillen2 zo. U] n (si-) foal; male:


colt; female: filly.
'

Fulller F m (-s/-), ' federOialter

m) / fountain-pen; '-horn n horn


of plenty; '..ung / (-/-en) filling;
panel (of door, etc).
Fund [funt] m (~{e]sl-e) finding,
discovery; find.
Fundament[funda'ment]n(-[e]s/-e)
A foundation; fig. basis.
'
Fimdlburo n lost-property office;
'

gegenstand m object found;


grube fig. f rich source, mine.
fiinf adj. [fynfj five; 'Seek n pentagon; -fadb adj. [' fas] fivefold,
quintuple; 'kampf m sports: pen'

tathlon; linge ['Ui p] mfpL quintuplets pL; ' e adj. fifth; '2tel
(si-) fifth; '..tens ait?, fifthly, in
the fifth place; '-ZehnCte) adj.
fifteen(th); zlg adj. [' jsi?] fifty;
'
zigste adj. fiftieth.
.

8 SWEII

'

s place; Schritt ~ Schritt step by


step; Tag Tag day after day; ich
s o
.

me/ne Person ... as for me, I

Fuhriunternehmer

'-streifen-

'

-.

'

silence;

'

conduct.

wireless

wagen m radio patrol car.


Funktion [furik'tsjom] / (-/-en)
function; -ar Utsjo'nsir] m (s/-e)
functionary, official; Sieren Uo-

driver; '-park m fleet (of lorries),


Am. fleet (of trucks).
'
Fuhrung / (-/-en) leadership; conduct, management; guidance; conduct, behavio(u)r; sports, etc: lead;
'
szeugnis n certificate of good

sparkle,

Funken1 esp. fig. m (-s/-) *. Funke.


ftmken2 c/r. (ge-, h) radio, wireless,

'

m mot. driver s seat,

h)

'

licence. Am. driver's license; ' sitz


'

(ge-,

'

adj. leading, prominent. Am. a.


'

v'i.

glitter; star: twinkle, sparkle.

banner.

Furstenhaus

das Fur und Wider the pros and


cons pi.
'
Furbitte / intercession.
Furche ['furip] / (-/-n) furrow (a.
in face); rut; groove; 'n c/t.
(ge-, h) furrow (a. face); groove.
Furcht [furtt] / (-Ino pL) fear, dread;
ous vor for fear of; 'Sbar adj.
awful, terrible, dreadful.
fiirchten ['fyrftsn] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.
fear, dread; sich * vor (dat.) be
afraid or scared of; 2. v/t.:
urn
fear for.
'

fiirchterlich adj. s. furchtbar.


'
furchtilos adj. fearless; 'Slosigkeit/(-JnopL) fearlessness; '-sam
adj. timid, timorous; 'Ssamkeit/
(-Ino pL) timidity
Furie fig. ['fu p] / (-/-n) fury.
Furnler [fur'ni ] n (-s/-e) veneer;
Sen vju (no -ge-, h) veneer.
'
Fiirlsorge / care; Cffentliche
public welfare work; '-sorgeamt n
welfare department; ' sorgeerrfehong / corrective training for
juvenile delinquents; ' sorger m
(-s/-) social or welfare worker;
'
sorglich
adj.
considerate,
thoughtful, solicitous; '-sprrache /
intercession (fur for, be; with);
'
sprecher m intercessor.
Furst [fyrst] m (-enI-en) prince;
sovereign; ' enhaus n dynasty;
.

Fiirstenstand

'

Lenstand m prince's rank; Centum n (-s/=er) principality; 'Slich


1 adj. princely (a. fig.), royal; fig.
magnificent, sumptuous; 2. adv.:
leben live like a lord or king; '~lichkeiten flpl. royalties pi.
Furt [furt] / (-/-en) ford.
Furunkelj? [fu'rurikal] m (-s/-) boil,

2611 vji. (ge-, h):


auf (dat.) be
jased or founded on;
ganger
'
gerjar] m (-s/-) pedestrian; Lgeenk anat. n anlde joint; ' note /
footnote; ' pfadm footpath; ' sack
m foot-muff; ' sohle anat. f sole

of the foot; ' soldat X m footsoldier, infantryman; ' spur/footprint; track; ~stapfe ['Jtapfa] /
(-/-n) footprint fig. a. footstep;
'
steig m footpath; ' tritt m kick;
'
wanderung / walking tour, hike;
'
weg m footpath.

furuncle.
'

Fiirwort gr. n (-[e]s/=er) pronoun.


Fusel F ['fuizal] m (-s/-) low-quality
spirits, F rotgut.
Fusion 'f [fu:'zjo:n]/(-/-en) merger,
amalgamation.
Fufl [fu:s] m (-es/Ke) foot; ~ fossen
find a foothold; fig. become established; auf gutem (sch/echtem)
stehen m/ t be on good (bad) terms
with; zu
on foot; zu
gehen
walk; gut zu sein be a good walker;
'
abstreifer m (si-) door-scraper,
door-mat; ' angel / mantrap;
Lball m (association) football, F
and Am. soccer; ' ballspieler m
football player, footballer; ' bank
/ footstool; ' bekleidung / footwear, footgear; ' boden m floor
'
(-ing); bodenbelag m floor covering; ',bremse mot. f foot-brake;
'

-.

gab [ga:p] pret. of geben.


Gabe ['garba] / (-/-n) gift, present;
alms; donation;
dose; talent.
Gabel ['gaibal] / (-/-n) fork; '2n
v/refl. (ge-, h) fork, bifurcate; ' ung
/ (-/-en) bifurcation.
gackern ['gakam] v/i. (ge-, h)
.

cackle.

gafien ['gafan] v/i. (ge-, h) gape;


stare.

Gage ['gaisa] / (-/-n) salary, pay.


gahnen ['geman] 1. vji. (ge-, h)
yawn; 2. 2 n (s/no pi.) yawning.
Gala ['gala] / (-/no pi.) gala; in ~ in
full dress.
'

galant adj. [ga lant] gallant; courteous ; 2erie [ a ri:] / (-/-n) gallantry;
'

courtesy.

Galeere * [ga'leira] / (-/-n) galley.


Galerie [gala'ri:] / (-/-n) gallery.
Galgen ['galgan] m (-s/-) gallows,
gibbet; ' frist / respite; Lgesicht n gallows-look, hangdog look;
'
Jtiumor
m
grim
humo(u)r;
'
strick m, Lvogel m gallows-bird,
hangdog.
Galle anat. ['gala] / (-/-n) bUe (of
person); gall (of animal) (a. fig.);
'
nblase anat. f gall-bladder; ',nleiden & n bilious complaint; ' nstein
m gall-stone, bile-stone.
Gallert ['galart] n (-[e]s/-e),
[ga'lerta] / (-f-n) gelatine, jelly.
~

Gangelband

114 -

Futter ['futsrj n 1. (-s/m> pi.) food,


si. grub. Am. F a. chow; feed,
fodder; 2. (-s/-) lining; A casing.
Futteral [futa'ra:!] n (-s/-e) case
(for spectacles, etc.); cover (of umbrella); sheath (of knife).
'
Futtermittel n feeding stuff.
fiittem ['fytam] vft. (ge-, h) feed;
line (dress, etc.); A case.
'

Futter|napf m feeding bowl or


dish; '~neid fig. m (professional)
jealousy; '..stoff i lining (material).
'
Futterung/(-/-en) feeding; lining;
A casing.
Futur gr. [fu'tu:r] n (-s/-e) future
(tense).

'

gallig g. adj. bilious.


Galopp [ga'bp] m (-s/-s, -e) gallop;
canter; 2ieren U'pirran] v/i. (no
ge-, sein) gal'op; canter.
gait [gait] pret. of gelten.
galvani|sch adj. [gal varnij] galvanic; sieren [ ani -] v/t (no -ge-,
h) galvanize.
Gang1 [garj] m (-[e]s/e) walk; 5.
Gangart; fig. motion; running,
working (of machine); errand; way;
course (of events, of a meal, etc.);
passage(-way); alley; corridor, gallery; in vehicle, between seats: gangway, esp. Am. aisle; g corridor,
Am. aisle; fencing: pass; anat. duct;
mot. gear; erster (zwe/ter, dritter,
vierter)
low or bottom (second,
third, top) gear; in
bringen or
setzen set going or in motion. Am.
operate; in , kommen get going,
get started; im sein be in motion;
be working or running; fig. be
-

'

in progress; in vollem
swing.

~ in full

gang2 adj. [J] r. und gabe customary,


traditional.
'

Gang)art / gait, walk (of person);


pace (of horse); '2bar adj. road:
practicable, passable; money: current; -if goods: marketable; s. gangig-

Gangelband ['gerjal-J n leading-

gangig

115 -

gaukeln

fuhren keep in

beit / gardening; ' bau m horti-

leading-strings, lead by the nose.


gangig adj. fgerjig] money: current;

culture; ' erde/(garden-)mo(u)ld;


Lfest n garden-party. Am. a. lawn
party; Lgerate nfpl. gardeningtools pi.; ' stadt / garden city.

strings pi.; am

f goods: marketable;

er Ausdruck

oirrent word or phrase.


Gans om. [gans] / (-/=e) goose.

Ganse|bliimchen 4 ['genzablyim-

gan] (-s/-) daisy; Lbraten m roast


goose; ' feder / goose-quill;
fuOchen [' fyis an] n/pl. quotation marks pi., inverted commas pi.;
Lhaut / goose-skin; fig. a. gooseflesh, Am. a. goose pimples pi.;
'
klein n ( s/no pi.) (goose-)giblets
pi.; ' marsch m single or Indian
file; rich om. [' rig] m (-s/-e)
gander; ' schmalz goose-grease.
ganz [gants] 1. adj. all; entire,
whole; complete, total, full; den
en Tag all day (long); 2. adv.
quite; entirely, etc. (s. 1.); very;
Auge (Ohr) all eyes (ears); , und gor
wholly, totally; und gar nicht not
at all; im ~en on the whole, generally; in all; "f* in the lump; 'Se n
(-n/no p/ ) whole; totality; aufs
gehen go all out, esp. m. i/. go the
whole hog.
ganzlich adj. ['gentsli?] complete,
~

total, entire.
'

Ganztagsbeschaftigung

/ full-

time job or employment.

gar [ga:r] 1. adj. food: done; 2. adv.


quite, very; even; , nicht not at all.
Garage [ga'rarsa] / (-/-n) garage.
Garantie [garan'tiiJ/W-n) guarantee, warranty, s% guaranty; 2ren
v/t. (no -ge-, h) guarantee, warrant.
Garbe ['garba] / (-/-n) sheaf.
Garde ['garda] / (-/-n) guard.
Garderobe [garda'roiba] / (-/-n)
wardrobe; cloakroom. Am. checkroom; thea. dressing-room; ~nfrau
/ cloak-room attendant. Am. hatcheck girl; ~nmarke / check; *,nschrank m wardrobe;

nstander

Gartner ['gertnar] m (-s/-) gardener;

ei U'rai] / (-/-en) gardening, horticulture; nursery; ' in / (-/-nen)


gardener.

Garung ['geirurj] / (-/-en) fermentation.

Gas [ga:s] n (-es/-e) gas;


geben
mot. open the throttle. Am. step on
the gas; ' anstalt / gas-works,
Am. a. gas plant; Lbehalter m
gasometer. Am. gas tank or con-

tainer; Lbeleuchtung / gaslight;


'
brenner m gas-burner; 2formig
adj. [' foermig] gaseous; '-Jiahn m
gas-tap; ' herd m gas-stove. Am.
gas range; '-leitung / gas-mains

pi.;
' messer m (-s/-) gas-meter;
'
ofen m gas-oven; ' pedal mot. n
accelerator (pedal). Am. gas pedal.
Gasse ['gasa] /(-/-n) lane, by-street,
alley(-way); '~nhauer m (-s/-)
street ballad, popular song; ' njunge m street arab.
Gast [gast] m (-es/=e) guest; visitor;
customer (of public house, etc.);
thea.: guest (artist); guest star;
'
arbeiter m foreign worker;
'
bett n spare bed.
Gaste|buch ['gesta-] n visitors'
book; '~zimmer n guest-room;
spare (bed)room; s. Costs tube.
'
gastlfreundlich adj. hospitable;
'
fifreundschaft/hospitality; 'figeber m (-s/-) host; 'Egeberin /
'
(-/-nen) hostess; fihaus n, '2hof m
restaurant; inn, hotel; 'Shorer
univ. m guest student. Am. a.
.

auditor.
'

gastieren thea. [gas tiiran] vji. (no


ge-j h) appear as a guest.

'

gastjlich adj. hospitable; 'Smahl n


feast, banquet; 'Srecht n right of
or to hospitality; 'Srolle thea. /
guest part; starring part or role;
'
2spiel thea. n guest appearance or
performance; starring (performance) ;' 2statte /restaurant;12stube
/ taproom; restaurant; '2wirt m
innkeeper, landlord; '2wirtin /
innkeeper, landlady; '2wirtschaft
/ inn, public house, restaurant;

m coat-stand, hat-stand, hall-stand.


Garderobiere [gardaro'bjeira] /
(-/-n) s
Garderobenfrau; thea.
.

wardrobe mistress.

Gardine [gar'dirna] / (-/-n) curtain.

gar|en ['geiran] vfi. (trr., ge-, h,


se/n) ferment; 'mittel n ferment.
Garn [gam] n (-[e]s/-e) yam;
thread; cotton; net; j-m ins ~ gehen
fall into s.o.'s snare.

Garnele

zo.

[gar'neila]

garrison, post.

Garnitur [gami'tuir] / (-/-en)


trimming; fittings pi.; set.
garstig adj. ['garsti?] nasty, bad;
ugly.
Garstoff m ferment.

Garten ['gartan] m (-s/O garden;


'
anlage / gardens pi., park; ' ar~

8*

2zimmer s. Gastezimmer.

'

garnieren [gar'niinm] vjt. (no -ge-,


h) trim; garnish (esp. a dish).
Garnison X [gami'zoin] / (-/-en)

'

'

/ (-/-n)

shrimp.

Gas|uhr / gas-meter; '~werk n *.


Gasanstalt.

Gatte ['gata] m (-n/-n) husband;


spouse, consort.

Gatter ['gatar] n (-s/-) lattice; rail'

ing, grating.
Gattin/(-/-nen) wife; spouse, consort.

Gattung ['gatuq] / (-/-en) kind;


sort; type; species; genus.
gaukeln ['gaukaln] v/i. (ge-, h)
juggle; birds, etc.: flutter.

Gaul

Gaul [gaul] m (-[e]s/=e) (old) nag.


Gaumen anat. ['gaumsn] m (-s/-)
palate.
Gauner ['gaunsr] m (-s/-) scoundrel,
swindler, sharper, si. crook;
ei
I 'rai] / (-/-en) swindling, cheating,
trickery.
Gaze ['garza] / (-/-n) gauze.
Gazelle zo. [ga1tsel3]/(-/-n) gazelle.
Geachtete [gs'sgtsts] m, f (-n/-n)
outlaw.

Geback [ga'bek] n (-[e]s/-e) baker's


goods pi.,' pastry; fancy cakes pi.
ge'backen p.p. of backen.
Gebalk [ga'belk] n (-[e]s/o pi.)
framework, timber-work; beams pi.
gebar [ga barr] pret. of gebaren.
'

Gebarde [ga'beirdaJ/ -Z-n) gesture;


2n vlrefl. (no -ge-, h) conduct o.s.,
behave; ~nspiel n (-[e]s/o pi.)
gesticulation; dumb show, pantomime; ~nsprache / language of
gestures.

Gebaren [ga'barren] n (-s/no pi.)


condurt, deportment, behavio(u)r.
gebaren [ga berran] vlt. (zm, no
ge-, h) bear, bring forth (a. fig.);
give birth to.
'

Gelbaude [ga'bDYda] n (-s/-) building, edifice, structure; ~bell U'bel]


n (-[e]s/nu pi.) barking.
geben ['geibsn] vtt. (im, ge-, h)
give (j-m et. s.o. s.th.); present
(s.o. with s.th.); put; yield s.th.;
deal (cards); pledge (one's word);
von sich ~ emit; utter (words); bring
auf
up, vomit (food); et. (n; chts)
(acc.) set (no) great store by; sich
geschlagen ~ give in; sich zufr/eden
'

content o.s. (m/t with); sich zu


erkennen

make o.s.

known; es

Geburtstag

116 -

[ 'blyrmt]pattern, design: flowered;


material: sprigged; 'bogen l.p.p.
of biegen; 2. adj. bent, curved;
boren U'borran] 1. p.p. of gebaren; 2. adj. bom; e/n er Deutscher German by birth; e Schmidt
nee Smith.

ge'borgen 1. p.p. of bergen; 2. adj.


safe, sheltered; 2heit / (-Ino pi.)
safety, security.
geborsten [ga'bDrstan] p.p. of bersten.

Ge'bot n (-[e]s/-e) order; command;


bid(ding), offer; eccl.: die Zehn
pi. the Ten Commandments pi.;
2en p.p. of bieten.
'
ge|bracht [gs braxt] p.p. of bringen;
brannt [ 'brant] p.p. of brennen;
Jbraten p.p. of braten.
Ge'brauch m 1. (-[ejsjno pi.) use;
application; 2. (-[e]s/=e) usage,
practice; custom; 2en v/t. (no -ge-,
h) use, employ; 2t adj. clothes, etc.
-

second-hand.

gebrauchlich adj. [ga'breYsli?] in


vise; usual, customary.

Ge'brauchsjanweisung / direc-

tions pi. or instructions pi. for use;


artikel m commodity, necessary,
requisite; personal article; 2fertig
adj. ready for use; coffee, etc.:
instant;
muster
n sample;
registered design.
Ge'brauchtlwagen mot. m used
car; ~waren f/pl. second-hand
articles pi.
Ge'brechen n (-si-) defect, infirmity; affliction.
ge'brechlich adj. fragile; p.: frail,
weak; infirm; 2keit / (-/-en)
fragility; infirmity.
~

gibt there is, there are; was gibt es?


what is the matter?; thea.: gegeben

gebrochen [ga'braxan] p.p. of bre-

werden be on.

Gelbriider [ga'bryidar] pi. brothers


pi.; -briill U'bryl] n (-[e]s/no pi.)

Gebet [ga'beit] n (-[e]s/-e) prayer.


beten p.p. of bitten.
Geblet [ga'biit] n (-[e]s/-e) territory;
district; region; area; fig.: field;
province; sphere.
'

chen.

ge

roaring; lowing (of cattle).


Gebiihr lg9[by:i]f(-l-en) due; duty;
charge; rate; fee; en pi. fee(s pi.),
dues pi.; 2en vji. (no -ge-, h) be

ge'bietlen (zrr. b/eten, no -ge-, h)

due (dot. to); sich


be proper or
fitting; 2end adj. due; becoming;
proper; 2enfrei adj. free of charge;
2enpflichtig adj. liable to charges,
chargeable.
gebunden [ga bundsn] 1. p.p. of
binden; 2. adj. bound.
Geburt [ga'buirt] / (-/-en) birth;
enkontrolle /, ~enregelung /
birth-control; enziffer / birth-

v/t. order, command; 2. v/i. rule;


2er m (-s/-) master, lord, governor;
1

2erm / (-j-nen) mistress; erisch


adj. imperious; commanding.
Gebilde [ga'bilda] n (-si-) form,
shape; structure; 2t adj. educated;
cultured, cultivated.

Gebirg e [gs'birga] n (-si-) mountains pi.; mountain chain or range;


2ig adj. mountainous;
bewohner m mountaineer; szug m mountain range.

'

rate.

gebiirtig adj. [ga'byrtig]:

aus a

native of.

Ge'bifi (Gefa/sses/Geb/sse) (set of)


teeth; (set of) artificial or false
teeth, denture; harness: bit.

gefbissen p.p. of be/flen; Jblasen


of blasen; Jblichen p.p. of
bleichen 2; ~blieben U'bli-bsn]

Ge'burtslanzeige / annovmcement
of birth; ~fehler m congenital
defect;
.heifer m obstetrician;
hilfe / obstetrics, midwifery;

p.p.

p.p.

tive country; ort m birth-place;


schein m bixxh certificate; tag m

of

bleiben;

~blumt

adj.

jahr n year of birth; Jland n na-

Geburtsurkunde

birthday; ~urkunde / birth certificate.

Gebiisch [ga'byj] n (-es/-e) bushes


pi., undergrowth, thicket.
gedacht [ga daxt] p.p. of denken.
Gedachtnis [ga'degtnis] n (-ses/-se)
memory; remembrance, recollection; im behalten keep in mind;
zum (gen.) in memory of; ~feier
/ commemoration.
Gedanke [ga'daqka] m (-ns/-n)
thought; idea; in ~n (versunken or
verloren) absorbed in thought; sich
machen iiber (ace.) worry about.
'

Ge'danken|gang m train of thought;


leser m, ~leserin / (-/-nen)
thought-reader; 21os adj. thoughtless; strich m dash; 2voll adj.
thoughtful, pensive.
Geldarm [ga'derm] n (-[e]s/-e) mst
pi. entrails pi., bowels pi., intestines
pi.; ~deck U'dek] n (-[e]s/-e) cover;
menu; ein auflegen lay a place.
gedeihen [ga'daian] 1. vfi. (irr., no
ge-, sein) thrive, prosper; 2. 2 n
(s/no pi.) thriving, prosperity.
ge'denken \.vli.(gen.) (irr. denken,
no -ge-, h) think of; remember,
recollect; commemorate; mention;
zu inf. intend to inf.; 2. 2 n (s/no
pi.) memory, remembrance (on acc.
of).
-

Ge'denkjfeier / commemoration;
stein m memorial stone;

tafel /

commemorative or memorial tablet.

Ge'dicht n (-[e]s/-e) poem.


[ga'diigan]
gediegen adj
'

solid;
pure; 2heit / (-jno pi.) solidity;
.

purity.
'

gedieh [ga di:] pret. of gedeihen;


en p.p. of gedeihen.
Gedrangle [ga'dreip] n (s/no pi.)
crowd, throng; 2t adj. crowded,
packed, crammed; style: concise.
~

gejdroschen

[ga'drojan]

p.p.

of

dreschen; Jdriickt fig. adj'. depressed;


drungen U'drurjan]
1 p.p. of dringen; 2. adj'. compact;
squat, stocky, thickset.
Geduld [ga'dult] / (-/no pi.) patience; 2en Udan] vfrefl. (no -ge-,
h) have patience; 2ig adj'. Udig]
patient.
gejdunsen adj. [gs'dunzan] bloated;
.

Jlurft U'dvurft] p.p. of diirfen 1;

hrt adj. U'e:rt] hono(u)red; correspondence: Sehr ~er Herr N.t Dear
Sir, Dear Mr N.;
eignet adj.
U'aignat] fit (fur, zu, als for s.tfu);
suitable (to, for); qualified (for).
Gefahr [ga'fair] / (-/-en) danger,
peril; risk; auf eigene *, at one s
own risk;
laufen zu inf. run the
risk of ger.
gefahrden [ga'feirdan] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) endanger; risk.
ge'fahren p.p. of fahren.
Me

'

gefahrlich adj. [ga'feirli?] dangerous.

Gefiige

117 -

ge'fahrlos adj. without risk, safe.


Geahrt|e [ga'feirta] m (-en/-en),
in / (-/-nen) companion, fellow.
Gefalle [ga'fela] n (-s/-) fall, slope,
incline, descent, gradient, esp. Am.
a grade; fall (of river, etc.).
Ge'falien 1. m (si-) favo(u)r; 2. n
finden an (dat.) take
(-s/no pi ):
(a) pleasure in, take a fancy to or
for; 3. 2 vji. (irr. fallen, no -ge-, h)
please (j-m s.o.); er gefallt mir I
like him; sich et. lessen put up
with s.th.; 4. 2 p.p. of fallen.
gefallig adj. [ga felig] pleasing,
agreeable; p.: complaisant, obliging;
kind; 2keit / (-l\-en) complaisance, kindness; favo(u)r; st adv.
(if you) please.
ge'fangen 1. p.p. of fangen; 2. adj.
captive, imprisoned; 2e m (-n/-n),
/ (-nj-n) prisoner, captive; 2enlager n prison(ers') camp; 2nahme/(-Ino pi.) capture; seizure,
arrest; ~nehmen t/r. (irr. nehmen,
sep., -ge-, h) take prisoner; , captivate; 2schaft / (-Ino pi.) captivity, imprisonment; ~setzen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) put in prison.
Gefangnis [ga'fegnis] (-ses/se)
prison, jail, gaol. Am. a. penitentiary;
direktor m governor,
warden; strafe/(sentence or term
~

'

of)

imprisonment;

.warter

warder, gaoler, jailer, (prison)


guard.
Gefafi [ga'fers] n (-es/-e) vessel.
gefafit adj. [ga fast] composed;
auf (acc.) prepared for.
'

Ge|echt [ga'fegt] n (-[e]s/-e) engagement; combat, fight; action;


ieder [Jfirdar] n (-s/-) plumage,

feathers pi.

gepfleckt adj. spotted; ~flochten


[Jfbxtsn] p.p. offlechten; flogen
[Jflorgan] p.p. of fliegen; flohen
[Jfloran] p.p. of fliehen;
[Jfbsan] p.p. of fliefien.

flossen

Gel'fliigel n (-s/no pi.) fowl; poultry; ~fluster [Jflystar] n (-s/no pi.)


whisper(mg).
'

gefochten [ga fDxtan] p.p. of fechten.

Ge'folgle

n (-s/no

pi.)

retinue,

train, followers pi.; attendants pi.;


schaft [Jcjaft] / (-/-en) foUowers
pi.
gefrafiig adj. [ga frersi?] greedy,
voracious; 2keit/(-/no pi.) greediness, gluttony, voracity.
ge'fressen. p.p. of fressen.
~

'

ge'frierlen v/i. (irr. frieren, no -ge-,


sein) congeal, freeze; Sfleisch n
frozen meat; 2punkt m freezingpoint; 2schutz(mittel n) m antifreeze.
'

gefroren [ga froiran] p.p. of frieren;


2e
n (-n/no pi.) ice-cream.
Gefiige [ga'fyiga] n (si-) structure;
texture.

gefugig

ge'fiigig adj. pliant; keit / {-Ino


pi.) pliancy.

sentimental.

ge|funden [ga'fundan] p.p. of finden; ~gangen [ 'gaqsn] p.p. of


gehen.
ge'geben p.p. of geben; enfalls
adv. in that case; if necessary.
gegen prp. (acc.) ['geigsn] space,
time: towards; against, 2*5 versus;
about. Am. around; by; compared
with; (in exchange) for; remedy:
for; freundlich sein
be kind to
bar for cash.
(-wards);

Gegen|angriff m cotmter-attack;
'
antrag m counter-motion;
antwort / rejoinder; ' befehl m

counter-order; ' beschuldigung /


besuch m return
countercharge;
visit; Lbewegung/counter-move'

ment;

',beweis

counter-evi-

dence.

Gegend ['ge:g3nt] / (-/-en) region;


area.
'

Gegenjdienst m return service,


service in return;

ter-pressure;

'

druck m coun-

. reaction; Sei'nan-

der adv. against one another or


each other; ' erklarung/counterstatement; ' forderung / counterclaim; ' frage /counter-question;
.

geschenk n return present;

gewicht n counterbalance, counterpoise; '..gift


n antidote;
kandidat m rival candidate;

klage / countercharge; ' leistung


/ return (service), equivalent;
lichtaufnahme phot, ['gaiganli t'-]/back-lighted shot; ' liebe/
requited love; kerne
finden meet

vriih no sympathy or enthusiasm;

Lmafinahme / counter-measure;
'
,mittel
n remedy (gegen for),
antidote (against, for); ' partei /
opposite party;
probe / checktest; '~satz m contrast; opposition;
'

/m

zu in contrast to or with, in

opposition to; Ssatzlich adj.


zetsli?] contrary, opposite; ' seite/
opposite side; 'Sseitig adj. mutual,
reciprocal; '~seitigkeit/(-/no pi.):
auf assurance: mutual; auf ~ beruhen be mutual; ' spieler m
games,

sports:

opponent;

antago-

nist; 'espionage / counter-espionage; '~stand m object; subjea,


topic; '~str6mung / counter-current; stiick n counterpart; match;
Lteil n contrary, reverse; im on
the contrary; 'Steilig adj. contrary,
opposite; S'iiber 1. adv. opposite;
2 prp. (dat.) opposite (to); to
(-wards); as against; face to face
with; Jiiber n (si-) vis-a-visj
'

gehen

S'iiberstehen

v/i. (irr. stehen, sep.,

ge-, h) (dat.) be faced with, face;


Jiiberstellung esp.
/ confrontation; Lvorschlag m coimterproposal; ~wart [' vart] /(-/no pi.)
presence; present time; gr. present
tense; wartig [' verti?] 1. adj.
present; actual; 2. adv. at present;
'
vwehr / defen|ce. Am. -se; resistance; '~wert m equivalent; ' wind
m contrary wind, head wind;
wirkung / counter-effect, reaction;
'
Szeichnen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
covmtersign; ' zug m counter-move
(a. fig.);
corresponding train.
ge|gessen [ga'gessn] p.p. of essen;
glichen U'gli93n] p.p. of gleichen; ,'gliedert adj. articxilate,
jointed; glitten [ 'ghtan] p.p. of
gleiten; ~glommen [ 'gbman]
p.p. of glimmen.
Gegner ['geignsr] m (-s/-) adversary, opponent; ' schaft / (-/-en)
-

Gefiihl [gs'fy:!] n (-[e]s/-e) feeling;


touch; sense (fur of); sensation;
Slos adj. unfeeling, insensible (gegen to); Ssbetont adj. emotional;
voll adj. (full of) feeling; tender;

'

118 -

opposition.

ge I golten [ga'goltsn] p.p. of ge/ten;


goren [ 'goiran] p.p. of garen;
gossen [ 'gosan] p.p. of gieBen;
graben p.p. of graben; griffen
U'grifan] p.p. of greifen;
habt
U'haipt] p.p. of haben.
~

'

Gehalt [ga'halt] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) contents pi.; capacity; merit; 2. n


(-[e]s/=er) salary; Sen p p. of hal.

ten; 21os [Jo:s] adj. empty; , 8empfanger [gs'halts9-] m salaried


employee or worker; ~serh6hung
[ga'halts9-] / rise (in salary). Am.
raise; 2voll adj. rich; substantial;
urine: racy.
gehangen [ga'harjsn] p.p. of hangen 1.
gehassig adj. [gs'hesig] malicious,
spiteful; Skeit / (-/-en) malice,
spitefulness.
ge'hauen p.p. of hauen.
Ge|hause [ga'hoyza] n (-s/-) case,
box; cabinet; shell; core (of apple,
etc.); ~hege U'heigs] n (-$/-) enclosure.
'

geheim adj. [ga haim] secret; 2dienst m secret service.

Ge'heimnis

n (-ses/-se) secret;
mystery;
kramer m mysterymonger; 2voll adj. mysterious.

Ge'heim]polizei / secret pohce; ~polizist m detective; plain-clothes


man; ~schrift / cipher; tel. code.
ge'heifien p.p. of heiBen.
gehen ['geian] v/i. (irr., ge-, sein)
go; walk; leave; machine: go,
work; clock, watch: go; merchandise:
sell; toind: blow; paste: rise; wie
geht es Ihnen? how are you (getting
on)?; das geht n/cht that won t do;
in sich repent; wieviel Pfennige ~
auf e-e Mark? how many pfennigs
go to a mark?; das Fenster geht
'

nach Norden the window faces or

looks north; es geht nichts fiber

Geheul

119 -

adj. insane, mentally ill;

(acc.) there is nothing like; wenn


es nach mir ginge if I had my way.
Geheul [ga'hsYl] n (-[ejs/no pi.)
howling.
Ge'hilf |e m (-n/-n),
/ (-/-nen)
assistant;/? , helpmate.
Ge'hirn n (-[e]s/-e) brain(s pi.)',

erschiitterung # / concussion (of


the brain); ~schlag jj? m cerebral

schwach adj. feeble-minded, im-

becile; Lverwandt adj. congenial;


2wissenschaften f/pl. the Arts
'

pi., the Humanities pi.;

zustand

m state of mind.
'

geistig adj. intellectual, mental;


spiritual;

e Getronfce n/pl. spirits

pi.
'

gehoben [gs ho sn] 1. p.p. of heben; 2. adj. speech, style: elevated;


Stimmung elated mood.
Gehoft [ga'hoift] n (-[e]s/-e) farm
.

'

geholfen [ga hDifsn] p.p. of helfen.


Geholz [gs'hoelts] n (-es/-e) wood,
coppice, copse.
Gehor [ga'hoir] n (-[e]s/rjo pi.)
hearing; ear; nach dem
by ear;
schenken lend an ear to s.o.;
j-m
sich
verschaffen make o.s. heard.
ge horchen vji. (no -ge-, h) obey
O m s.o.).
ge'horlen v/i. (no -ge-, h) belong
(dat. or zu to); es gehort sich it is
proper or fit or right or suitable;
das gehort nicht hierher that's not
to the point; ig 1. adj. belonging
(dat. or zu to); fit, proper, right;
due; F good; 2. adv. duly; F thoroughly.
gehorsam [gs'horrzarm] 1. adj.
obedient; 2. 2 m (s/no pi.) obedi'

'

'

Gehlsteig m, Lweg m pavement,

Am. sidewalk; '~werk n clockwork, works pi.


Geier orn. ['gaiar] m (s/-) vulture.

Geige J ['gaigs] / (-/-n) violin, F


fiddle; (auf dec)

spielen play (on)


the violin; ' nbogen J m (violin-)
bow; '~nkasten J" m violin-case;
'
r J m (-s/-), Lrin J" / (-/-nen)

violinist.

Geigerzahler

'

'

geistlich adj. spiritual; clerical;


sacred; '26 m (-n/-n) clergyman;
minister; keit / (-/no pi.) clergy.
geistjlos adj. spiritless; dull; stupid; ' reich adj., ' voll adj. ingenious, spirited.

Geiz [gaits] m (-esfno pi.) avarice;


hals m miser, niggard; 'Sig adj.
~

avaricious, stingy, mean.

Gejammer [gs'jamar] n (s/no pi.)


lamentation(s pi.), wailing.
gekannt [gs'kant] p.p. of kennen.
Geklapper [ga'klapar] n (s/no pi.)
rattling.

Geklirr [ga'klir] n (-[e]sJno pi.),


e [ a] n (s/no pi.) clashing, clank-

ing.

gejklungen [Jklurpn] p.p. ofklingen; Jkniffen p.p. of kneifen;


Jkommen
p.p.
of kommen;
konnt U'kont] p.p. of kdnnen 1,2.

Gejkreisch [gs'kraij] n (-es/no pi.)


screaming, screams pi.; shrieking;
kritzel [Jkritssl] n (s/no pi.)
~

scrawl(ing), scribbling, scribble.

ence.

'

krank-

heit / insanity, mental illness;

apoplexy.

(-stead)

Geld

phys.

Geiger

ge|krochen [gs'krDxsn] p.p. of


kriechen; ~kunstelt adj. [Jkynstslt] affected.

Gelachter

[gs'lsgtar]

(-s/-)

laughter.

ge'laden p.p. of laden.


Ge'lage n (si-) feast; drinkingbout.

Gelande [gs'lsnds] n (-s/-) ground;


terrain; coimtry; area; 2gangig
mot. adj. cross-covmtry; ~lauf m
sports: cross-country race or run.

covmter.

geil adj. [gail] lascivious, wanton;


luxuriant.

Geisel ['gaizal] / (-/-n) hostage.


Geifi zo. [gais] / (-/-en) (she-,
n (-[e]s/n<j
nanny-)goat; ' blatt
pi.) honeysuckle, woodbine; Lbock
zo. m he-goat, billy-goat.
Geifiel ['gaisal] / (-/-n) whip, lash;
fig. scourge; '2n v/t. (ge-, h) whip,
lash; fig. castigate.
Geist [gaist] m (-es/-er) spirit;
mind, intellect; wit; ghost; sprite.
'
Geisterlerscheinung / apparition;
'
Ehaft adj. ghostly.
'
geistes abwesend adj. absent'
minded;
Earbeiter
m
brainworker, white-collar worker; '2
-

blitz m brain-wave, flash of genius; gabe/talent; '2gegenwart/


presence of mind; ' gegenwartig
adj. alert; quick-witted; ' gestort
adj. mentally disturbed; ' krank
.

Gelander [gs'Isndar] n (-$/-) railing, balustrade; banisters pi.


ge'lang pret. of gelingen.
ge'langen v/t. (no -ge-, se/n):
an
(acc.) or in (acc.) arrive at, get or
come to; ~ zu attain (to), gain.
ge'lassen 1. p.p. of lassen; 2. adj.
calm, composed.
Gelatine [sela'tims] / (-Jno pi.)
gelatin(e).

gel'laufen p.p. of /oufen; ~lauflg


adj. [ 'bvfi?] current; fluent, easy;
tongue: voluble; familiar; flaunt
adj. [Jlaunt] in a (good, etc.) hamo(u)r or Am. mood.
Gelaut [gs'bYt] n (-[e]s/-e),
[ a]
n (-s/-) ringing (of bells); chimes pi.
(of church bells).

gelb adj. [gelp] yellow; Llich adj.


yellowish;
sucht # / (-Jno pi.)
jaundice.
Geld [gslt] n (-[e]s/-er) money; im

Geldangelegenheit

schwimmen be rolling in money;


zu

mochen turn into cash; '*an-

gelegenheit / money-matter;
anlage / investment; ' ausgabe /
expense; beutel m purse; ' entwertung / devaluation of the currency; Lerwerb m money-making; ',geber m (-s/-) financial
backer, investor; ' geschafte w/p/.
money transactions pi.; 'Sgierig
adj. greedy for money, avaricious;
'
mittel n/pl. funds pL, resources
pi.; ' schein m bank-note. Am.
bill; Lschrank m strong-box safe;
'
sendimg / remittance; strafe/
fine; ' stiick n coin; ',tasche /
money-bag; notecase. Ant. billfold;
'
iiberhang m surplus money;
'

'

'

umlau

m circulation of money;
umsatz m turnover (of money);

'
'

verlegenheit / pecuniary embar-

rassment; Lwechsel m exchange

of money; Lwert m (-[e]s/o pi.)


value of money, money value.
Gelee [ja'le:] n, m (-s/-s) jelly.
ge'legen 1. p.p. of liegen; 2. adj.
-

situated. Am. a. located; conven-

ient, opportune; heit / (-/-en)


occasion;
opportunity; chance;
facility; bei on occasion.
Ge'legenheitsjarbeit / casual or
odd job. Am. a. chore; arbeiter
m casual labo(u)rer, odd-job man;
kauf m bargain.
~

ge'legentlich 1. adj. occasional;


2 prp. (gen.) on the occasion of.
ge lehrjig adj. docile; Sigkeit /
.

'

(-Ino pi ) docility; 2samkeit/(-/wo


pi.) learning; ~t adj. Ut] learned;
te [~3] m (-n/-n) learned man,
.

scholar.

Geleise [ga'laiza] n (si-) rut, track;


B rails pi., line, esp. Am. tracks pi.
Geleit [ga'Iait] n (-[e]s/-e) escort;
attendance; j-m das geben accompany s.o.; Sen v/t. (no -ge-s h)
accompany, conduct; escort; ,zug
m convoy.

Gelenk anat., ,
[ga'leqk] n
(-[e]s/-e) joint; 2ig adj. pliable
supple.

ge|'lernt

adj.

worker:

skilled;

trained; Jlesen p.p. of lesen.


Geliebte [ga'lhpta] (-n/-n) 1. m
lover; 2. / mistress, sweetheart.
geliehen [ga U an] p.p. of leiben.
'

ge'linde

1.

adj.

soft,

smooth;

gentle; 2. adv.: gelinde gesagt to


put it mildly, to say the least.
gelingen [ga lirpn] 1. v/i. (irr., no
ge-, sein) succeed; es gelingt mir
zu inf. I succeed in ger.; 2. 2 n
(sfno pi.) success.
ge'litten p.p. of leiden.
gellen [ gelan] (ge- h) 1. v/i. shrill;
'

'

yell; of ears: ring, tingle; 2. vft.


shrill; yell;
adj. shrill, piercing.
ge'loben v/t. (no -ge-, h) vow, promise.

120 -

Gemetzel

Geldbnis [ga'lerpnis] n (ses/se)


promise, pledge; vow.
ge'logen p.p. of liigen.
gelt|en ['geltan] (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t.
be worth; 2. o/:'. be of value; be
valid; go; count; money: be current; maxim, etc.: hold (good or
true); et. ~ have credit or influence;
j-m concern s.o.; fur or als pass
for, be reputed or thought or supposed to be; ~ fur apply to; ~ /ossen let pass, allow; ~d machen
maintain, assert; s-n EinfluB bei
j-m d machen bring one's influence to bear on s.o.; das gilt nicht
that is not fair; that does not count;
es gait unser Leben our life was at
stake; '2uag / (-l\ -en) validity;
value; currency; authority (of
person); zur
kommen tell; take
effect; show; '2ungsbedurfnis n
desire to show off.
[ise; vow.l
Geliibde [ga'lypda] n (-$/-) prom-/
gelungen [ga'lmpn] 1. p.p. of gelingen; 2. adj. successful; amusing,
funny; F: das ist ja
that beats
everything!
gemachlich adj. [ga mergli?] comfortable, easy; 2keit / (-/no pi.)
~

'

ease, comfort.

Gemahl [ga'ma:!] m (-[e]s/-e) consort; husband.

ge'mahlen p.p. of mahlen.


Gemalde [ga'merlda] n (-s/-) painting, picture; ~galerie / picturegallery.
'

gemafi prp. (dat.) [ga mers] according to; ,igt adj. moderate; temperate (a. geogr.).

gemein adj. [ga'mam] common;


general; low, vulgar, mean, coarse;
et.

haben mit have s.th. in com-

mon with.

Gemeinde [ga'mamda] / (-l-n)


community; parish; municipality;
eccl. congregation; ~bezirk m district; municipality; .rat m municipal council; ,steuer / rate. Am.
local

tax;

,vorstand

district

council.

ge'meinlgefahrlich adj. dangerous


to the public; *jer Mensch public
danger. Am. public enemy; 2heit/
(-/-en) vulgarity; meanness; mean
trick; ~nutzig adj. of public utility;
2platz m commonplace; ~sam adj.
common; joint; mutual; 2schaft/
(-/-en) community; intercourse; schaftlich adj. s. gemeinsam; 2schaftsarbeit [ga'mamjafts?-] /
team-work; 2sinn m (-[e]slno pi.)
public spirit; verstandlich adj.
popular; Swesen n commvmity;
2wohl n public welfare.
Ge'menge n (-s/-) mixture.
ge'messen 1. p.p. of messen; 2. adj.
measured; formal; grave.
Gemetzel [ga'metsal]
n (-s/-)
slaughter, massacre.

gemieden

gemieden [ga'miidan] p.p. of meiden.

Gemlsch [ga'mij] n (-es/-e) mixture;


compound, composition.

gelmocht [ga'maxt] p.p. of mogen;


Mmolken [ga'molkan] p.p. of me/ken.

Gemse zo. ['gemzaJ/C-Z-n) chamois.


Gemurmel [ga'murmal] n (s/no
pi.) murmur(ing).
Gemiise [gs'myrza] n (-s/-) vegetable(s pi.); greens pi.; ~anbau m
vegetable

gardening.

Am.

truck

farming j ~garten m kitchen garden; chandler m greengrocer.

gemuUt [ga'must] p.p. of miissen 1.


Gemiit [ga'myit] n (-[e]s/-er) mind;
feeling; soul; heart; disposition,
temper; lich adj. good-natured;
genial; comfortable, snug, cosy,
cozy; Mlichkeit / (-/no pi.) snugness, cosiness; easy-going; genial
temper.

Ge'miitslart / disposition, nature,


temper, character; ~bewegung /
emotion; krank adj. emotionally
disturbed; melancholic; depressed;
Jkrankheit / mental disorder;
melancholy; ~ruhe / composure;
verfassung /, zustand m state
of mind, humo(u)r.
ge'miitvoll adj. emotional; full of
feeling.
genannt [gs'nant] p.p. of nennen.
genas [ga nats] pret. of genesen.
genau adj. [gs'nau] exact, accurate;
precise; strict; es nehmen (m/t) be
particular (about); Seres full particulars pi.; 2igkeit/ (-/-en) accuracy, exactness; precision; strict~

'

ness.

genehm adj. [ga'nean] agreeable,


convenient; ~igen Uigsn] v/t. (no
fe-, h) grant; approve (of); igung
/ (-/-en) grant; approval; licenjce,
Am. -se; permit; permission; con-

sent.

geneigt adj. [ga'naikt] well disposed


O m towards s.o.); inclined (zu to).
General X [gena'ra:!] m (-s/-e, e)
general; Mbevollmachtlgte m chief
representative or agent; direktor
m general manager, managing director; Jfeldmarschall X m
'

field-marshal; Mintendant thea. m

(artistic) director; Mkonsul m consul-general; ~konsulat n consulate-general; Mleutnant


m lieutenant-general; Mmajor X w
major-general; ~probe thea. f dress
rehearsal; stab X
general staff;
stabskarte X / ordnance (survey) map, Am. strategic map;
streik m general strike;
versammlung / general meeting;
vertreter m general agent; vollmacht / full power of attorney.

Generation [gensra'tsjom] / (-/-en)


generation.

121 -

Gepacknetz

generell adj. [gena'rel] general.


genes|en [gs'neizan] 1. v/i. (irr.} no
ge-, se/n) recover (von from);
p.p. of 1; Sende m, f (-n/-n)
convalescent; Sung / (-/S -en)
-

recovery.

genial adj. [gen'ja:!] highly gifted,


ingenious; Sitat Uali'teit] / (-/no
pi.) genius.

Genick [ga'nik] n (-[e]s/-e) nape (of


the neck), (back of the) neck.
Genie foe'ni:] n (-s/-s) genius.
ge'nieren v/t. (no -ge-, h) trouble,
bother; sich

feel or be embar-

rassed or shy; be self-conscious.


'

geniefien [ga'nirssn] v/t. (z rr., no


ge-, h) enjoy; eat; drink; et.
take some food or refreshments;
be in s.o.'s confij-s Vertrauen
-

dence.

Genitiv gr. ['ge:mti:f] m (-s/-e)


genitive (case); possessive (case).
ge|nommen [ga'noman] p.p. of
nehmen; 'normt adj. standardized; ~nofi U'nos] pret. of geniefien.
Genossje [ga'nosa] m (-nj-n) companion, mate; comrade (a. pol.);
Sen p.p. of geniefien; Menschaft
/ (-/-en) company, association;
co(-)operative (society);
in /
(-l-nen) (female) companion; comrade (a. pol.).

genug adj. [gs'mr.k] enough, sufficient.

Geniigle [ga'nyrgs] / (-/no pi.): zur


enough, sufficiently; Sen v/i. (no
ge-, h) be enough, suffice; das
that will do; j-m ~ satisfy
s.o.; Send
adj. sufficient; Ssam
adj. Uk-] easily satisfied; frugal;
Msamkeit [Jc-] / (-/no pi.) modesty; frugality.
Genugtuung [g3lnu:ktu:ui)]/(-/-en)
satisfaction.
[gender. \
Genus gr. ['gemus] n (-/Genera)}
Genufl [ga'nus] m (Genusses/Geniisse) enjoyment; pleasure; use;
consumption; taking (of food); fig.
treat; ~mlttel n semi-luxury;
sucht/ (-/no pi.) thirst for pleasure;
Ssiichtig adj. pleasure-seeking.
-

'

genu gt

Geo|graph [geo'grarf] m (-en/-en)


geographer;
graphic Ua'fi:] /
(-/no pi ) geography; Sgraphisch
.

adj. U'grarfiJ] geographic(al);


loge U'lorga] m (-n/-n) geologist;
logie [Uo'gi:] / (-/no pi.) geology;
Slogisch adj. [JloigiJ] geologic(al);
metric Ume'tri:] / (-/-n) geometry; Smetrlsch adj. U'mertriJ]
geometric(al).
Gepack [ga'pek] n (-[e]s/o pi.) luggage, X or Am. baggage; ~annahM

me/luggage (registration) counter,

Am. baggage (registration) counter;


aufbewahrung / (-/-en) left-luggage office. Am. checkroom; Mausgabe / luggage delivery office. Am.
baggage room; ~netz n luggage~

Gepackschein

rack. Am. baggage rack; ~schein m


luggage-ticket. Am. baggage check;
trager m porter. Am. a. redcap;
on bicycle: carrier; wagen m luggage van. Am. baggage car.
~

122 -

geruhen
'

reizt adj. irritable, irritated; 2heit / (-/no pi.) irritation.


ge'reuen v/t. (no -ge-, h): es gereut
m/ch I repent (of) it, I am sorry
ge

for it.

ge|pfiffen [ga'pfifsn] p.p. of pfeifen; pflegt adj. [Jpflerkt] appear-

Gericht [ga'rigt] n (-[e]s/-e) dish,

ance: well-groomed; hands, garden,


etc.: well cared-for; garden, etc.:
well-kept.

fig. tribunal; 21ich adj. judicial,

Gepflogenheit [ga'pfloiganhart] /
(-/-en) habit; custom; usage

course; s. Gerichtshof; mst rhet. and


legal.

Ge'richtsibarkeit / (-/-en) jurisdiction; bezirk m jurisdiction;


diener m (court) usher; gebau~

Ge|plapper [ga'plapar] n (s/no pi.)

de n court-house; ~hof m law-

babbling, chattering; plauder [~'


plaudsr] n (s/no pi.) chatting,
small talk;
polter U'poltar] n

(law-)costs pi.;
saal m courtroom; schreiber m clerk (of the

(s/no pi.) rumble; ~prage [ 'pre:ga] n (si-) impression; stamp (a.


fig.)-

ge priesen [gs'priizan] p.p. of preisen; quollen [ kvolsn] p.p. of


quellen.
gerade [ga rarda] 1. adj. straight (a.
fig.); number, etc.: even; direct;
bearing: upright, erect; 2. adv.
just; er schrieb ~ he was (just)
writing; nun now more than ever;
on dem Tage on that very day;
3 2 / (-n/-n) A- straight line;
straight(o/racc-cowrje);//nke(rechte)
boxing: straight left (right); Jaus
adv. straight on or ahead; he raus
adv. frankly; ~nwegs adv. [ nve:ks]
directly; stehen r/z. (zrr. stehen,
sep., -ge-, h) stand erect;
fiir answer for s.th.; ~wegs adv. Uve:ks]
straight, directly; Jzu adv. straight;
'

'

'

almost; downright.
rannt p.p. of rennen.
Gerassel [ga'rasal] n (slno pi.)
clanking; rattling.

ge

'

Gerat [ga'reit] n (-[e]s/-e) tool, implement, utensil; @ gear; teleph.,


radio: set; apparatus; equipment;
e/ektr/sches electric(al) appliance.
ge'raten 1. vji. (irr. roten, no -ge-,
sein) come or fall or get (on acc. by,
upon; auf acc. on, upon; in acc. in,
into); (gut) succeed, turn out
well; in
Stocken

Brand ~ catch fire; ins


come to a standstill; in

Vergessenhe/t ~ fall or sink into oblivion; in Zorn fly into a passion;


2 p.p. of roten.
Gerate'wohl n: aufs ~ at random.
geraumig adj. [ga'roymi?] spacious.
Gerausch [gs'rayj] n (-es/-e) noise;
21os adj. noiseless; 2voll adj. noisy.
.

court, court of justice;

kosten pi.

court); ~stand m (legal) domicile;


tag m court-day; verfahren n legal proceedings pi.,
lawsuit; -verhandlung / (court)
hearing; trial; vollzieher m (s/-)
venue;

(court-)bailiff.
gerieben [ga'riibsn] p.p. of re/ben.
gering adj. [gs'riq] little, small;
trifling, slight; mean, low; poor;
inferior; achten v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
think little of; disregard; er adj.
inferior, less, minor; fiigig adj.
insignificant, trifling, slight;
schatzen vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) 5. ger/ngochten; schatzig adj. disdainful, contemptuous, slighting; 2-

schatzung / (-Ino pi.) disdain;


disregard;

st adj. least; nicht im

en not in the least.


'

rinnen v/i. (irr. r/nnen, no -ge-,


sein) curdle (a. fig.); congeal; coag-

ge

ulate clot.
.

Ge'rippe n (-s/-) skeleton (a. fig.);


framework.
'

ge|rissen [ga rissn] l.p.p. of reiBen;


2 fig. adj. cunning, crafty, smart;
ritten [Jritan] p.p. of re/ten.
germanis|ch adj. [ger marnij] Germanic, Teutonic; 2t [ a nist] m
.

'

'

German
scholar; student of German.

(-en I-en)

Germanist

'

gern(e) adv. [ gernfe)] willingly,


gladly; hoben or mogen be fond
of, like; er singt ~ he is fond of
singing, he likes to sing.
ge'rochen p.p. of riechen.
Geroll [gs'roel] n (-[e]s/-e) boulders
pi.
'

geronnen [gs ranan] p.p. of r/nnen.


Gerste
['gersta] / (-/-n) barley;
nkorn n barleycorn;
sty(e).
Gerte ['gerts] / (-/-n) switch, twig.
'

gerb|en ['gerbsn] vlt. (ge-, h) tan;

Geruch [gs'rux] m (-[e]s/e) smell,

er m (si-) tanner; 2erei U'rai] /


(-/-en) tannery
ge'recht adj. just; righteous;
werden (dat.) do justice to; be fair
to; meet; please s.o.; fulfil (require-

odo(u)r; scent; fig. reputation; 21os


adj. odo(u)rless, scendess; ssinn
m (-[e]s/ no pi.) sense of smell.
Geriicht
[ga'rygt]
n
(-[e]s/-e)

ments); Sigkeit / (-jno pi.) justice;

righteousness; j-m
widerfahren
lassen do s.o. justice.
Ge'rede n (s/no pi.) talk; gossip;
rumo(u)r.

rumo(u)r.
'

ge

ruchtilgend

adj.:

es

M/ttef

deodorant.
'

ge rufen p.p. of rufen.


'
ge ruhen v/i. (no -ge-,

condescend, be pleased.

h) deign,

Geriimpel

geschossen

123 -

Geriimpel [ga'rympal] n (s/no pi.)

1; 3. 2 n (-s/-) events pi., happenings pi.

lumber, junk.

'

Gerundium gr. [ga'rundjum] n


(-s/Gerund/en) gerund
gerungen [ga rurjan] p.p. of ringen.
Geriist [ga'ryst] n (-[e]s/-e) scaffold(ing); stage; trestle.

gescheit adj. [ga Jait] clever, in-

ge'salzen p.p. of salzen.


gesamt adj. [ga zamt] whole, entire,
total, all; Sausgabe / complete
edition; Sbetrag m sum total;

story; tale; fig. affair; 2. (-/no pi.)


history; 21ich adj. historical; ~s-

'

'

deutsch adj. all-German.


'

gesandt [ga zant] p.p. of senden;


2e [ ,3] m (-n/-n) envoy; Sschaft/

n (-[e]s/-e)
present, gift; ~packung / gift-box.

Geschlcht]e [ga'Jicta] / l. (-/-n)


forscher m,

behind.

schaffen p.p. of schaffen 1.


Geschaft [ga'Jeft] n (-[e]s/-e) business; transaction; affair; occupation ; shop. Am. store; 2ig adj. busy, '
active; ~igkeit / (-/no pi.) activity;
lich 1. adj. business ...; commer'

cial; 2. adv. on business.

Ge'schaftslbericht m business
report; ~brief m business letter;
,rau / business woman; ~freund

m business friend, correspondent;


iiihrer m manager;
haus n

Ge'schick n 1. (-[e]s/-e) fate; destiny; 2. (-[e]s/wo pi.) = lichkeit/


(-/-en) skill; dexterity; aptitude;
clever.
'

[ga JiJdan]

p.p. of
scheiden; schienen [Jfriian] p.p.
of scheinen.
Geschirr [ga'Jir] n (-[e]s/-e) vessel;
dishes pi.; china; earthenware,
crockery; service; horse: harness.
'
ge schlafen p.p. of schlafen;
'
schlagen p.p. of schlagen.
Ge'schlecht n (-[e]s/-er) sex; kind,
species; race; family; generation;
gr. gender; 21ich adj. sexual.
Ge'schlechtslkrankheit & f venereal disease; ~reife / puberty;
teile anat. n/pl. genitals pi.;
trieb m sexual instinct or urge;
verkehr m (-[e]s/wo pi.) sexual
intercourse; .wort gr. n (-[e]s/uer)

ge|schieden

article.

business firm; office biiilding; ~in-

ge|schlichen

haber m owner or holder of a busi-

schleichen;

ness; shopkeeper; ~jahr n financial


or business year. Am. fiscal year;
lage / business situation; Jeute
pi. businessmen pi.;
rnann m
businessman; Smaftig adj. business-like; ~ordnung / standing
orders pi.; rules pi. (of procedure);
papiere n/pl. commercial papers
pi.; .partner m (business) partner;
raume m/pl. business premises
pi.; reise/business trip; ~relsende m commercial travel(l)er. Am.
travelling salesman; schlufi m
closing-time; nach
a. after business hours; stelle / office; ~trager m pol. charge d affaires; 'f
agent, representative; Stiichtig adj.
efficient, smart; ~unternehmen n
business enterprise; verbindung
/business connexion or connection;
~

'

viertel n business cent]re. Am.

-.

er;

Am.

cent]re.

sschreiber m histo-

rian.

2t adj. skil(l)ful; dexterous; apt;

(-/-en) legation

Ge'sang m (-[e]s/=e) singing; song;


buch eccl. n hymn-book; slehrer
m singing-teacher;
verein m
choral society, Am. glee club.
Gesaft anat. [ga'zers] n (-es/-e) seat,
buttocks pi., posterior, F bottom,
ge

telligent, bright.
Geschenk [ga'JsDlc]

downtown;

shopping

Am. -er; ~zeit / office

hours pi., business hours pi.;


zlmmer n office, bureau; ~zweig
m branch (of business), line (of
business).
'

geschah [ga Ja:] preu of geschehen.


'

geschehen [ga Jeran] 1. v/i. (irr., no


ge-, sein) happen, occur, take
place; be done; es geschieht ihm
-

recht it serves him right; 2. p.p. of

'

[ga JHcan]

p.p.

schliffen

U'flifan]

of

1 p.p. of schleifen; 2. adj. jewel:


cut; fig. polished; ~schlossen
U'Jbsan] I. p.p. ofschlieBen; 2. adj.
formation: close; collective;
Gesellschaft private party; ~schlungen [ 'Jlurjan] p.p. of schlingen.
Geschmack [ga'Jmak] m (-[e]s/=e,
co. -er) taste (a. fig.); flavo(u)r;
finden an (dat.) take a fancy to;
21os adj. tasteless; pred.fig. in bad
taste; ~(s)sache / matter of taste;
2voll adj. tasteful; pred.fig. in good
.

taste.

ge|schmeidig

adj.

[ga'Jmaidi?]

supple,
pliant;
~schmissen
[ 'Jmisan]
p.p.
of schmeilien;
schmolzen [ 'Jmoltsan] p.p. of
schme/zen.

Geschnatter

[ga'Jnatar] n (s/no
pi.) cackling (of geese); chatter(ing)
(of girls, etc.).
ge|schnitten [gs Jnitan] p.p. of
'

schneiden; ~schoben U'Jo an]


of schieben; ~scholten [Jfoltan] p.p. of schelten.

p.p.

Geschopf

[ga'Joepf]

(-[e]s/-e)

creature.

ge'schoren p.p. of scheren.


Geschofi [ga'Jas] n (Geschosses/
Geschosse) projectile; missile; stor(e)y, floor.
geschossen [ga'/Dsan] p.p. of schieBen.

Geschrei

124 -

gestanden

Ge'schrei n (-[e]s/no pi.) cries pi.;


shouting; fig. noise, fuss.
gejschrieben [ga'Jriiban] p.p. of
schreiben; schrie(e)n [JSri:( 3)n]

ge'setzwidrig adj. unlawful, illegal.


Ge'sicht n (-[e]s/-er) face; counte-

of
schreien;
schritten
U'/ritan] p.p. ofschreiten; schun-

nance; fig. character; zu


bekommen catch sight or a glimpse of; set

den [JJvmdan] p.p. of schinden.


Geschiitz X [ga'Jyts] n (-es/-e) gun,

Ge'sichtsjausdruck m (facial) ex-

p.p.

cannon; ordnance.

Geschwader X [ga'Jvardar] n (-s/-)


& squadron;
wing. Am.
group.

Geschwatz [ga'Jvets] n (-es/no pi.)


idle talk; gossip; 2ig adj. talkative.
geschweige cj. [ga Jvatga]: (denn)
'

not to mention; let alone, much less.

geschwiegen [ga Jvhgan] p.p. of


'

mature; 2. cj.: ~ den Fall, (do/3) ...


suppose or supposing (that) ...

eyes on.

pression;
farbe / complexion;
kreis m horizon; punkt m point
of view, viewpoint, aspect, esp. Am.
angle; ~zug m mst Gesichtszuge pi.
feature(s pi.), lineament(s pi.).
Ge'sims n ledge.
Gesinde [ga'zinda] n (-s/-) (domestic) servants pi.; ~1 [ 1] n (s/no pi.)
~

rabble, mob.
'

schweigen.

sinn] t adj. in compounds: ...-minded; wohl


well disposed (j-m towards s.o.); 2ung / (-/-en) mind;
conviction; sentiment(s pi.); opinions pi.
gesinnungs]los adj. [ga'zinuoslors]
unprincipled; ~treu adj. loyal;
2wechsel m change of opinion; esp.
ge

'

geschwind adj. [ga /vint] fast,


quick, swift; Sigkeit Udi?kait] /
pace;
(-/-en) quickness; speed
phys. velocity; rate; m/ t e-r von ...
at the rate of ...; Sigkeitsbegrenzung / speed limit.
Geschwister [ga'Jvistar] n (-s/-):
pi. brother(s pi.) and sister(s pi.).
ge|schwollen [ga JvDlan] 1. p.p. of
schwellen; 2. adj. language: bombastic, pompous; ~schwommen
[ Jvoman] p.p. of schwimmen.
geschworen [ga'Jvorran] p.p. of
schwdren; e [ a] m,f(-nl-n) juror;
die ~n pi. the jury; 2engerichtn jury.
Geschwulst
[ga'Jvulst] / (-/=e)
swelling; tumo(u)r.
ge|schwunden [ga jvundan] p.p. of
schwinden; schwungen [JJvurjan]
p.p. of schw/'ngen.
Geschwiir 0- [ga'Jvyir] n (-[e]s/-e)
,

'

'

'

'

abscess, ulcer.
'

pol. volte-face.

gejsittet adj.

[ga'zitat] civilized;

well-bred, well-mannered; Jsoffen


p.p. of
p.p. of
1 p.p.

saufen; ~sogen U'zoigan]


saugen; sonnen U'zonan]
of s/'nnen; 2. adj. minded,
disposed; ~sotten [ .'zotan] p.p. of
sieden; Jspalten p.p. of spalten.
Ge'spann n (-[e]s/-e) team. Am. a.
span; oxen: yoke; fig. pair, couple.
ge'spannt adj. tense (a. fig.); rope:
tight, taut; fig. intent; attention:
close; relations: strained; se/n auf
(acc.) be anxious for; auf em FuB
on bad terms; heit / (-/no pi.)
.

tenseness, tension.

sehen p.p. of sehen.


Gesell S [ga'zel] w (-en/-en), ~e
[ a] m (-n/-n) companion, fellow;
journeyman; en v/refl. (no

Gespenst [ga'Jpenst] n (-es/-er)


ghost, spect re. Am. -er; 2isch adj.
ghostly.

fe-, h) associate, come together;

Ge'spiel|e m (-n/-n), .in / (-/-nen)

ge

'

s/

ch zu j-m

join s.o.; 2ig adj.

Ge'sellschaft / (-/-en) society;


company (a. "f); party; j-m , leisten
keep s.o. company; . er m (-s/-)
companion; 'f' partner;
erln /
part(-/-nen) (lady) companion;
ner; Slich adj. social.

Gelsellschats|dame/(lady) companion; .reise/ party tour; ~splel

n party or rovmd game; Jtanz m


ball-room dance.

gesessen [ga'zesan] p.p. of sitzen.


Gesetz [ga'zets] n (-es/-e) law;
statute;

buch

playmate.
gespien [ga Jpim] p.p. of spe/en.
Gespinst [ga'Jpinst] n (-es/-e) web,
tissue (both a. fig.); spun yarn.
gesponnen [ga'Jponan] p.p. of
'

social; sociable.

code;

statute-

book; entwurf m bill; eskraft /


legal force; ~essammlung / code;
2gebend adj. legislative; ~geber m
(s/-) legislator; gebung / (-/-en)
legislation; 21ich 1. adj. lawful,
legal; 2. adv.: geschutzt patented,
registered; los adj. lawless; 2mafiig adj. legal; lawful.
ge'setzt 1. adj. sedate, staid; sober;

spinnen.

Gespott tga'Jpoet] n (-[e]s/no pi.)


mockery, derision, ridicule; zum
der Leute werden become a laughing-stock.
Gesprach [ga'Jpre:?] n (-[e]s/-e)
talk; conversation; teleph. call; dialogue; 2ig adj. talkative.
'
ge|sprochen [ga Jroxan] p.p. of
sprossen
p.p. of spr/esprechen; .
Cen; sprungen [ 'Jpruqan] p.p. of
springen.
Gestalt [ga'Jtalt] / (-/-en) form,
figure, shape; stature; 2en vjt. and
v/refl. (no -ge-, h) form, shape;
ung / (-/-en) formation; arrange'

ment, organization.

gestanden
stehen.

[ga Jtandan]
'

p.p.

of

gestandig

'

stand|ig adj.: ~ sein confess;


2nis t~t-] n (-ses/-se) confession.
Ge'stank m (-[e]s/o pi.) stench.
gestatten [ga Jtatan] v/t. {no -ge-, h)
allow, permit.
Geste ['gssta]/(-/-n) gesture.
ge stehen (irr. stehen, no -ge-, h)
1 v/r. confess, avow; 2. v/j. confess.
Gel'stein n (-[e]s/-e) rock, stone;
< stell
U'Jtel] n (-te]s/-e) stand,
rack, shelf; frame; trestle, horse.
gestern adv. [ gestarn] yesterday;

ge

'

'

'

abend last night.


'

gestiegen [ga Jxi-.ganlp.p. ofsteigen.


Ge'stirn n (-te]s/-e) star; astr.
consteUation; 2t adj. starry.
'
gejstoben [ga Jtoiban] p.p. of stie-

ben; stochen

U'/toxan] p.p. of
stechen; stohlen U Jtozbn] p.p. of
stehlen; ~storben U'Jtorban] p.p.
o/sterben; stofBen p.p. of stoBen;
strichen [ 'Jtrican] p.p. of strei'

'

speicher m granary, grain silo,

Am. elevator.

ge'treten p.p. of treten.


ge'treuflich) adj. faithful, loyal;
true.

Getriebe [ga'triiba] n (si-) bustle;


gear(ing); drive.
gejtrieben [gs triiban] p.p. of trei6en; troffen [ 'trofan] p.p. of
'

treffen; ~trogen U'troigan] p.p. of


triigen.
'

trost adv. confidently.


ge'trunken p.p. of trinken.
Ge|tue [ga'tuia] n (slno pi.) fuss;
tummel t 'tymal] n (-s/-) turmoil; .viert [ fiirt] n (-[e]s/-e)

ge

'

square.

Gewachs [ga'veks] n (-es/-e) growth


(a. #); plant; vintage; ~haus n
greenhouse, hothouse, conservatory.
'

gel wachsen 1. p.p. of wachsen;


adj.: j-m ~ sein be a match for
e r Soche
sein be equal to
s th.; sich der Lage ~ zeigen rise to
the occasion; wagt adj. [ 'varkt]
risky; bold; wahlt adj. [JvE-Jt]
style: refined; wahr adj.: ~ werden (acc. or gen.) perceive s.th.;
become aware of s.th.;
werden,

chen.

gestrig adj. fgestri?] of yesterday,


yesterday s ...
ge stritten p.p. of streiten.
Gestriipp [ga'Jtryp] n (-[e]s/-e)
'

'

ken.

Gestiit [ga'Jtyn] n (-te]s/-e) stud


farm; horses kept for breeding, etc.:
stud.

Gesuch Iga'zuzx] n (-[e]s/-e) application, request; petition; t adj.


wanted; sought-after; politeness:
studied.
'

gesund adj. [ga zunt] sound, healthy; salubrious; wholesome (a. fig.);
Menschenverstond

common

sense; ,en Udan] v/i. (no -ge-, sein)


recover.

Ge'sundheit / (-/no

pi.)

health

(-iness); wholesomeness (a fig.); auf


j-s trinken drink (to) s.o.'s health;
.

Slich adj. sanitary;


geht es ihm
gut he is in good health.
Ge'sundheitsjamt n Public Health
Department; ~pflege / hygiene;
public health service; Eschadlich
adj. injurious to health, unhealthy,
unwholesome;

~wesen

s o.;

'

brushwood; xmdergrowth.

gestunken [ga'Jttujkan] p.p. of stin-

,er

Gewehrlauf

125 -

Public

Health; zustand m state of health,


physical condition.
ge|sungen [ga'zurian] p.p. ofsingen;
sunken [Jzvirjkan] p.p. of sinken,tan U'tain] p.p. of tun.
Getose [gs'toiza] n (slno pi.) din,
~

noise.

ge'tragen 1. p.p. of tragen; 2. adj.


solemn.

Getrank [ga'tregk] n (-[e]s/-e)


drink, beverage.
ge'trauen vjrefl. (no -ge-, h) dare,
venture.

Getreide [ga'traida] n (si-) com,


esp. Am. grain; cerealspi.; (an)bau
m corn-growing, esp. Am. grain
growing; ~pflanze / cereal plant;

da/3 become aware that.

Gewahr [ga'vsrr] / (-/no pi.) guarantee, warrant, security; 2en vlt.


(no -ge-, h) grant, allow; give, yield,
afford; j-n lassen let s.o. have his
way; leave s.o. alone; Sleisten vlt.
(no -ge-, h) guarantee.
Ge'wahrsam m (-s/-e) custody,
safe keeping.
Ge'wahrsmann
m
informant,
source.

Gewalt [ga'valt] / (-/-en) power;


authority; control; force, violence;
hd/iere act of God; m/'t by force;
herrschaft / despotism, tyranny;
ig adj. powerful, mighty; vehe

ment; vast; ~mafinahme / violent

measure; 2sam 1. ad>\ violent;


adv. a. forcibly; ~ offnen force
open; open by force; ,tat / act of
violence; tatig adj. violent.
Gewand [ga'vant] n (-te]s/-er)
garment; robe; esp. eccl. vestment.
ge'wandt 1. p.p. of wenden 2; 2.
adj. agile, nimble, dexterous, adroit;
clever; 2heit / (-/no pi.) agility,
nimbleness; adroitness, dexterity;
2

cleverness.

ge'wann pret. of gewinnen.


Gewasch F [ga'vej] n (-eslno pi.)
twaddle, nonsense.

ge'waschen p.p. of waschen.


Gewasser [ga'vesar] n (s/-) water(s
PL).
Gewebe [ga'veiba] n (-s/-) tissue (a.
anat. and fig.); fabric, web; texture.
Ge'wehr n gun; rifle; kolben m
(rifle-)butt; lauf m (rifle-, gun-)
barrel.

Geweih

Geweih [ga'vai] n (-[e]s/-e) horns


pi., head, antlers pi.
Gewerbe [gs'verba] n (-s/-) trade,
business; industry; ~freiheit /

126 -

gewohnen [gs'voinsn] vIt. (no -ge-,


h) accustom, get used (on acc. to)
Gewohnheit [gaW.nhait] / (-/-en)
habit; custom; Ssmafiig adj. ha.

freedom of trade; ~schein m trade

licenjce. Am. -se;

schule / tech-

bitual.
'

steuer / trade tax;

wohnlich adj. common; ordinary; usual, customary; habitual;

Streibend adj. carrying on a business, engaged in trade; ~treibende

ge'wohnt adj. customary, habitual;

nical school;

ge

common, vulgar.

in (-n/-n) tradesman.

(es) se/'n zu inf. be accustomed or


used to inf.

'

gewerbllich adj. [gs verpli?] commercial, industrial; ~sinafiig adj.


professional.
Ge'werkschaft / (-/-en)

Gewolbe [ga'vcelba] n (-$!-) vault.

ge|wonnen [ga'vonan] p.p. of getrade(s)

winnen; worben [JvDrban] p.p. of


werben; worden [ 'vordan] p.p.

union. Am. labor union; Ier m

(-s/-) trade(s)-unionist; 21ich adj


trade-union;

sbund

Union Congress, Am. Federation


of Labor.

ge|wesen [ga'veizan] p.p. of se/n;


wichen [ 'vi an] p.p. of weichen.
~

Gewicht [ga'vigt] n (-[e]s/-e) weight,


Am. F a. heft; e-r Soche

of werden; worfen [ -'vorfan] p.p.


of werfen; wrungen [ 'vrurian]

Trade

be/messen

attach importance to s.th.;


hoben
carry weight (be/ dot. with);

legen auf et. lay stress on s.th.; ins


fallen be of great weight, count,
matter; 2ig adj. weighty (a. fig.).
ge|\viesen [ga vnzan] p.p. of we/sen;
willt adj. [Vvilt] willing.
Ge|wimmel [gs'vimsl] n (s/no pi.)
swarm; throng; winde U vin'

'

da] n (si-) thread.

Gewinn [gs'vin] m (-[e]s/-e) gain;


Y gains pi.; profit; lottery ticket:
prize; game: winnings pi.; ~anteil
m dividend; ~beteiligung / profitsharing; Sbringend adj. profitable;
Sen (irr., no -ge-, h) 1. v/t. win;
gain; get; 2. v/i. win; gain; fig.
improve; Send adj. manner, smile:
winning, engaging; ~er m (-s/-)

p.p. of wringen.
Gewiihl [ga'vy:!] n (-[e]s/>w pi.)

busde; milling crowd.

gewunden [ga'wundan] 1. p.p. of


winden; 2. adj. twisted; winding.
Gewiirz [ga'vyrts] n (-es/-e) spice;
condiment; ~nelke
/ clove.
ge'wufit p.p. of wissen.

Ge|'zeit /: mst ~en pi. tide(s pi.);


Jzeter n (s/no pi.) (shrill) clamo(u)r.

gej'ziert

adj.

affeaed;

zogen

'

tsorgan] p.p. of ziehen.


Gezwitscher [ga'tsvitjar] n (sjno
pi.) chirping, twitter(ing).
gezwungen [ga'tsvuqan] 1. p.p. of
zw/ ngen;
2. adj. forced, con[

'

strained.

Gicht [gi?t] / (-Ino pi.) gout;


'
Sisch # adj. gouty; ' knoten m
gouty knot.
Giebel ['grbal] m (si-) gable(-end).
Gier [gi:r] / (-Ino pi.) greed(iness)
(noch for); 'Sig adj. greedy (noch
for, of).
'

winner.

Giefibach m torrent.

Ge'wirr n (-[e]s/-e) tangle, entanglement; streets: maze; voices: confusion.


'

'

gewifi [gs vis] 1. adj. certain; e/ n


gewisser Herr N. a certain Mr. N.,
one Mr. N.; 2. adv.: ! certainly!,
to be sure!. Am. sure!

Ge'wissen n (s/-) conscience; Shaft


adj. conscientious; Slos adj. unscrupulous; ~sbisse mlpl. remorse,
pangs pi. of conscience; sfrage /
question of conscience.
gewissermafien
adv.
[gavisar'
maissn] to a certain extent.
Ge'wifiheit / (-/-en) certainty;
certitude.

wolke

/ thundercloud.
'
ge[woben [gs voibsn] p.p. of weben;
'
wogen 1. p.p. of wagen and wiegen1; 2. adj. (dat.) well or kindly
disposed towards, favo(u)rably inclined towards.

pour; @ cast, found; water (flowers); 2. v/i.: es g/eflt it is pouring

(with rain); 'Ser m (s/-) founder;


Serei [Jrai] / (-/-en) foundry;
Skanne / watering-can or -pot.
Gift [gift] n (-[e]s/-e) poison; venom
(esp. of snakes) (a. fig.); malice,
spite; 'Sig adj. poisonous; venomous; malicious, spiteful; '~schlange/venomous or poisonous snake;
zahn m poison-fang.
Gigant [gi'gant] m (-en/-en) giant.
Gimpel orn. f'gimpal] m (-$/-)
'

'

bullfinch.

ging [giq] pret. of gehen.

Gewitter [gs'vitar] n (-s/-) (thunder)storm; Sn v/i. (no -ge-, h): es


gew/ttert there is a thunderstorm;
,regen m thunder-shower;

'

giefi|en [ girsan] (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t.

Gipfel ['gipfal] m (s/-) summit,


top; peak; '~konferenz pol. f
summit meeting or conference; '2n
v\i. (ge-, h) culminate.
Gips [gips] m (-es/-e) min. gypsum;
plaster (of Paris); ' abdruck m,
'
abgufi m plaster cast; '2en vlt.
(ge-, h) plaster; ' verband # m
plaster (of Paris) dressing.
Giraffe zo. [gi'rafa] / (-/-n) giraffe.

girieren

127 -

Gleitschutzreifen

girieren -f [si'riiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

believer; 2er -f l gar] m (-s/-)

endorse, indorse (bill of exchange).


Girlande [gir'landa] / (-/-n) gar-

glaubwiirdig adj. ['glaup-] cred-

creditor.
ible.

land.

Giro 't Vsi'.ro] n (-s/-s) endorsement, indorsement; ' bank /


konto n current
clearing-bank;
~

gleich [glaig] 1. adj. equal (on dat.


in); the same; like; even, level; in

'

er We/se likewise; zur en Ze/t at


the same time; es ist mir
it's all

account.

girren f'giran] v/t. (fe-, h) coo.


Gischt [gijt] m (-es/S -e) and f

the same to me; das

froth; spray;
(-/S -en) foam
spindrift.
Gitarre J [gi'tara] / (-/-n) guitar.
Gitter ['gitar] n (-s/-) grating; lattice; trellis; railing; ' bett n crib;
,

alike, equally; immediately, presently, directly, at once; just; es ist


ocht (Uhr) it is close on or nearly
eight (o'clock); ~altrig adj. [Laltrig]
(of) the same age; ' artig adj.
homogeneous;
similar; uniform;
'
bedeutend adj. synonymous;
equivalent (to); tantamount (mit to);
'
berechtigt adj. having equal
rights; '~bleibend adj. constant,
steady; ' en v/i. (irr., ge-, h) equal;

Lfenster n lattice-window.

Glac handschuh [gla'se:-] m kid


glove.
Glanz [giants] m (-es/no pi.) bright-

ness; lustlre. Am. -er; brilliancy;


splendo(u)r.
'

glanzen [ glentsan] v/i. (fe-, h)


d adj. bright,
glitter, shine;
brilliant; fig. splendid.
'
Glanzjleistung / brilliant achievement or performance; ' papier n
glazed paper; ' punkt m highlight;
'
zeit / golden age, heyday.
Glas [gla:s] n (-es/ er) gkss; ,er
[' zar] m (-s/-) glazier.
glasern adj. ['glsrzam] of glass; fig.
'

resemble.
'

gleichlfalls adv. also, likewise;


formig adj. [' foermig] uniform;
'
gesinnt adj. like-minded; 'Egewicht n balance (a. fig.); equilib-

rium, equipoise; poL:


der Krofte
balance of power; '.vgiiltig adj.
indifferent (gegen to); es ist mir

-.

I don't care;

Glas | glocke /(glass) shade or cover;


globe; bell-glass; ' hiitte / glassworks 5jr., pJ.

glasieren [gla'zirran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)


glaze; ice, frost (cake).
glasig adj. ['glaizi?] glassy, vitreous.

'

Glasscheibe / pane of glass.


Glasur [gla'zuir] / (-/-en) glaze,
glazing; enamel; icing, frosting (on
cakes).

glatt [glat] 1. adj. smooth (a. fig.);


even; lie, ere: flat, downright; road,
etc.: slippery; 2. adv. smoothly;
evenly;
anliegen fit closely or
tightly; rasiert clean-shaven; et.
ableugnen deny s.th. flatly.
Glatte ['gleta] / (-/-n) smoothness;

'

road, etc.: slipperiness.


'

Glatteis n glazed frost, icy glaze,


Am. glaze; F: ;-n oufs fuhren lead
s o. up the garden path.
.

'

glatten v/t. (ge-, h) smooth.


Glatze ['glatsa] / (-/-n) bald head.
Glaube I'glauba] m (-ns/S-n)
faith, belief (on acc. in); '2n (ge-, h)
1 v/t. believe; think, suppose. Am.
a. guess; 2. vfi. believe (j-m s.o.; an
.

acc. in).
'

Glaubenslbekenntnis

wos du tust no

matter what you do; 'Sgiiltigkeit/


indifference; 'Sheit/ (-/-en) equality; likeness; 'Sklang m unison;
consonance, harmony; ' kommen
v/i. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein):
e-r Sache
amount to s.th.; j-m ,
equal s.o.; ' laufend adj. parallel;
'
lautend adj. consonant; identical; Lmachen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h)
make equal (dat. to), equalize (to
or with); 'Smafi n regularity; evenness; fig. equilibrium; Lmafiig
adj. equal; regular; constant; even;
'
fimut m equanimity; '~mutig adj.
even-tempered; calm; namig adj.
[' natmig] of the same name; Snis
n (-sesl-se) parable; rhet. simile;
'
sam adv. as it were, so to speak;
'
schalten vlt. (sep., -ge-, h) (&
synchronize; pol. co-ordinate, unify;
'
seitig adj. equilateral; ' setzen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) equate (dat. or
mit with); ' stehen v/i. (irr. ste/ien,
sep., -ge-, h) be equal; ' stellen
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) equalize, equate
(dat. widi); put 5.0. on an equal
footing (with); 'Sstellung / equalization, equation; 'Sstrom / m
direct current; 'Sung
f (-/-en)
equation; ' wertig adj. equivalent,
of the same value, of equal value;
'
zeitig adj. simultaneous; synchro-

glassy.
'

the same;

as much; er /st n/cht (mehr) der e


he is not the same man; 2. adv.

creed,

profession or confession of faith;


'
lehre /, Lsatz m dogma,
doctrine.

glaubhaft adj. ['glaup-] credible;

nous; contemporary.

Gleis [glais] n (-es/-e) s. Geleise.


gleiten ['glaitan] v/i. (irr., ge-, sein)

plausible; authentic.

glaubig adj. ['gloybig] believing,


faithful; 2e [' ga] m, f (-n/-n)

glide, slide.
'

Gleit|flug m gliding flight, glide,


volplane; ' schutzreifen m
*

Gleitschutz(vorrichtung)

- 128 -

non-skid tyre, (Am. only) non-skid


tire; '*schutz(vorrichtimg /) m
anti-skid device.

Gletscher ['gletjar] m (-s/-) glacier;


'
vSpalte / crevasse.
glich [gUg] pret. of gleichen.
Glied [gli:t] n (-[e]s/-er) anat. limb;
member (a. anat.); link;
rank,
-

file; 2ern [' darn] o/r. (ge-, h)


joint, articulate; arrange; divide
O n acc. into); ' rung / (-/-en)
articulation; arrangement; division;
formation; wmafien [' tmaisan] pi.
limbs pi., extremities pi.
glimmen ['gliman] v/i. ([irr.,] ge-, h)
fire: smo(u)lder (a. fig.); glimmer;
'

glow.

glimpflich ['glimpfli?] 1. adj.


lenient, mild; 2. adv.: ~ davonkommen get off lightly.
glitschig adj. ['glit/ig] slippery.
glitt [glit] pret. of gleiten.
glitzern ['glitsarn] v/i. (ge-, h)
glitter, glisten.
Globus ['gloibus] m (-, -ses/Ghben,
Globusse) globe.
Glocke ['obka] / (-/-n) beU; shade;
(glass) cover.
'

Glocken|schlag m stroke of the

clock; ' spiel n chime(s pi.);


'
stuhl m bell-cage; ' turm m bell
tower, belfry.
Glockner ['gloeknar] m (-s/-) bellringer.
glomm [gbm] pret. of glimmen.
Glorie ['gloirja] / (-/-n) glory; '.uischein fig. m halo, aureola.
glorreich adj. ['glorr-] glorious.
glotzen F ['gbtsan] v/i. (ge-, h)
stare.

Gliick [glyk] n ( [e]slnopl.) forttme;


good luck; happiness, bliss, felicity;
prosperity; auf gut
on the off
chance; hoben be lucky, succeed;
das
hoben zu inf. have the good
fortune to in/.; j-m M wiinschen
congratulate s.o. (zu on); vie/ ~/
good luck!; zum
fortunately;
'
bringend adj. lucky.
Glucke om. ['gluka] / (-/-n) sitting
hen.
[gen.l
-

gliicken v/i. (ge-, se/n) 5. gelin-f

'

gluckern I'glukarn] v/i. (ge-, h)


water, etc.: gurgle.
'
gliicklich adj. fortunate; happy;
lucky; '.er'welse adv. forttmately.
'
Gliicksbringer m (-s/-) mascot.
'
gliick selig adj. blissful, blessed,
happy.

glucksen ['gluksan] v/i. (ge-, h)


gurgle.
'

Gliickslfall m lucky chance, stroke


of (good) luck; Lgottia/ Fortune;
'
kind n lucky person; 1.pfennig
m lucky penny; ' pilz m lucky
person; ' piel n game of chance;
fig. gamble; ' stern m lucky star;
'
wtag m happy or lucky day, red.

letter day.

GotteslSsterer

'

gliicklstrahlend

adj.

radiantly

liappy); 'Swunsch m congratulation, good wishes pi.; compliments


pi.; zum Geburtstag many happy
returns (of the day).
Gliihlblrne / ['gly:-] / (electriclight) bulb; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h) glow;
'
Send adj. glowing; iron: red-hot;
coal: live; fig. ardent, fervid;
lS(end)lheifi adj. burning hot;
'
wlampe / incandescent lamp;
'

wein m mulled wine;

chen

zo.

[' vyrmsan]

wiirm-

(-s/-)

glow-worm.

Glut [glu:t] / (-/-en) heat, glow (a.


fig.); glowing fire, embers pi.; fig.
ardo(u)r.
Gnade ['gnaida] / (-/-n) grace;
favo(u)r; mercy; clemency; pardon;
X quarter.
'

Gnadenjakt m act of grace; ',brot

n (-[e]slno pi.) bread of charity;


'
frist/reprieve; '~gesuch n petition for mercy.
gnadlg adj. ['gnerdi?] gracious;
merciful; address: 2e Frau Madam.

Gnom [gno:m] m (-en/-en) gnome,


goblin.
Gobelin [goba'le:] m (-s/-s) Gobelin
tapestry.

Gold [golt] n (-[e]slno pi.) gold;


'
barren m gold bar, gold ingot,
bullion; ' borte / gold lace; Sen
adj. [' dsn] gold; fig. golden;
'
Jfeder / gold nib; 'Mfisch m
goldfish; 'Sgelb adj. golden(-yel*,

low); rgraber [' greibar] m (-s/-)

gold-digger; '-grube / gold-mine;


ShaltIg adj. gold-bearing, containing gold; Sig fig. adj. V
sweet, lovely. Am. F a. cute; ' xnine
/ gold-mine; '*,munze / gold
coin; 'vschmled m goldsmith;
'
schnltt m gilt edge; mit ~ giltedged; ' stiick n gold coin;
'
wwaage / gold-balance; Lwahrung / gold standard.
Golf * geogr. [golf] m (-[e]s/-e) gulf.
Golf2 U] n (sjno pi.) golf; 'Mplatz
m golf-course, (golf-)links pi.;
'
schlager m golf-club; ' spiel
golf; 'spieler m golfer.
Gondel ['gondal] / (-/-n) gondola;
'

mst car.

gonnen ['goensn] v/t. (ge-, h): j-m


et.
8.0.

allow or grant or not to grudge


s.th.

'

Conner m (-s/-) patron; Am. a.


sponsor; 'Shaft adj. patronizing.

gor [go:r] pret. of garen.


Gorilla zo. [go'rila] m (s/s) gorilla.
gofi [gos] pret. of gieBen.
Gosse ['gosa] / (-/-n) gutter (a. fig.).
Gott [got] m (-es,
-s/ser) God;
god, deity; 'Sergeben adj. resigned
(to the will of God).

Gottesldienst

'

eccL

(divine)

service; 'Sfiirchtig adj. godfearing;


'
whaus n church, chapel; '.laste-

Gotteslasterung

rer m (-s/-) blasphemer; ' lastemng / blasphemy.


'
Gottheit / (-'- n) deity, divinity.
Gdttin t'gcetin] / (-/-nen) goddess.
gottlich adj. t'gcEtli?] divine.
gott lob int. thank God or goodness!; Jos adi. godless; impious;
F fig. deed: unholy, wicked; 'ver'

trauen n trust in God.

129 -

Greuel

Grassteppe

['gra:s-]

prairie

savanna(h).

Grat [gra:t] m (-[e]s -e) edge, ridge.


Grate I'giz-.xa] f (-.-n) (fish-)bone.
Gratifikation [gratifika'tsjo:n] /
(-/-en) gratuin bonus.
gratis adv. ['grains] gratis, free of
charge.
Gratul ant [gram lant] m (-en/-en)
congratulator; ation [ tsjoin] /
( l-en) congratulation; ieren f
lirrsn] c z. (no -ge-, h) congratulate
(j-m zu et. s.o. on s.th.); j-m zum
Gebunstag wish s.o. many happy
returns (of the day).
grau adj. [grau] grey, esp. Am. gray.
grauen1 r z. (ge-, h) day: dawn.
grauen2 1. vli. (ge-, h): mir graut
vor (dat.) I shudder at, I dread;
2 2 n (-s no pi.) horror (vor dat. of);
erregend adj.,' Jiaft adj., 'woll
adj. horrible, dreadruL
graulich adj. ['grorli?] greyish, esp.
Am. grayish.
Graupe ['graup?] / (-/-n) (peeled)
barley, pot-barley; ' In 1. f'pL
sleet; 2. v i. (ge-, h) sleet.
grausam adj. cruel; Skeit/W-en)
cruelty.
grausen [ grauzsn] 1. v,i. (ge-, h)
5
greuen2 J; 2. 2 n (s'no pL)
horror (vor da. Ci).
grausig adj. horrible.
[graver.
Graveur [gra'vorr] m (-s -e) engravieren [gra viirsn] r/r. (no -ge-,
h) engrave; ~.dfig. adj. aggravating.
gravitatisch adj. [gravi ieitij] grave;
dignified; solemn; stately.
Grazie ['grartsp] / (-/-n) grace(ful*

Gotze ['gcetss] m (-n/'-n) idol;


'
Jibild n idol;' jidienst m idolatry.

Gouvemjante [guver'nants]/" /-!!)


'

governess;

eur [ narr] m (-s/-e)

governor.

Grab [gra:p] n (-[e]s/=er) grave,


tomb, sepulchre. Am. -er.
Graben ['grarbsn] 1. m (-S/=) ditch;
trench; 2. 2 v t. (z'tt., ge-, h)
dig; ammal: burrow.

Grab'gewolbe [ gra:p-] n vault.


tomb; ' mal n monument; tomb,
sepulchjre. Am. -er; ' rede/funeral
sermon; funeral oration or address;
'

schrift / epitaph;

'

statte /

burial-place; grave, tomb; ' stein


m tombstone; gravestone.
Grad [grart] m (-[e]s/-e) degree;
grade, rank; 15 ~. Kalte 15 degrees

below zero; ' einteilung/ graduation; ' mes.ser m (-s/-) graduated


scale, graduator; fig. criterion;
Jietz n map: grid.
Graf [gra:f] m (-enZ-en) in Britain:
'

earl; count,

Grafin ['gre:fin]/(-'-nen) countess.


'
Grafschaft / (-/- n) county.
Gram [grarm] 1. m (-[e]s no pL)
grief, sorrow; 2. 2 adj.: j-m
sein bear s.o. ill will or a grudge.
gramen ['grermsn] v t. {ge-, h)
grieve; sich
grieve (ui>er acc. at,

'

'
'

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

ness).
'

grazios adj. [gra tsjers] graceful.


greifen [ graifsn] (jrr., ge-, h) 1. v,t.
seize, grasp, catch hold of; / touch
(string); 2. v,i.: an den Hut touch
'

for, over).

Gramm [gram] n (-s/-e) gramme,


Am. gram.
GrammatTk [gra'matik] / (-/-en)
grammar; 2sch adj. grammaticaL
Granat min. [gra'nart] m (-[e]s/- )
garnet;
shell; grenade:
splitter X m shell-splinter;
trichter X m shell-crater; werfer X m (-s'-) mortar.
Granit m-n. [gra'ni:t] m (-s/-e)
granite.
Granne
['grana] / (-/-n) awn,

'

s hat;
nach grasp or snatch
at; um sich
spread; j-m unter die
Arme
give s.o. a helping hand;
zu strengen iMitte/n
resort to
severe measures; zu den Wcffen
take up arms.
Greis [grais] m (-esi-e) old man;
one

2eiihaft adj. [' zan-] senile (a. &);


[ zin] / (- -nen) old woman.
grell adj. [grel] light: glaring;
colour: loud; sottnd: shrilL

beard.

Graphi;k ['grcufikl/C-'-en) graphic


arts pL; sch adj. graphic(al).
Graphit min. [grafirt] m (-s/-e)
graphite.
Gras
[gra:s] n (-es/=er) grass;
'

Sbewachsen adj. [' bavakssnj


grass-grown, grassy; Sen [' zsn)

vli. (ge-, h) graze; jialm m blade


of grass;
narbe / turf, sod;
'
platz m grass-plot, green.
grassieren [gra'siirsn] vfi. (no -ge-,
'

'

h) rage, prevaiL

grkfilich adj. [ greslig] horrible;


hideous, auocious.

'

SWEII

Grenze ['grents?] / (-/-n) limit;


territory: boundary; state: frontier, borders pi.; e-e - ziehen draw
the line; n v/i. (ge-, h): cn (acc.)
border on (a. fig.); fig. verge on;
20105 adj. boundless.
'
Grenzlfall m border-line case;
Jand n borderland; '.Jinie /
boundary or border line; ' schutz
'

'

m frontier or border protection;

frontier or border guard; ' stein m


boundary stone; ' iibergang m
frontier or border crossing(-point).
Greuel ['groTsl] m (-s/-) horror;

Greueltat

abomination;
atrocity.

'

Grossist [gro'sist] m (-en/-en) s.

Griechje Vgriiqa] m(-nl-n) Greek;

grofi|jahrig adj. Cgroisjerrig] of age;


werden come of age; 'Sjahrigkeit
/ (-/no pi.) majority, full (legal) age;

Sisch

tat

Grundbesitz

'

atrocity;

130 -

Grofthandler.

adj. Greek; A> features:

Grecian.

griesgramig

adj.

'

'

[ griisgrsimig]

Skaufmann

morose, sullen.

Griefi [gri:s] m (-es/-e) gravel (a.


jgB1) grit; semolina; ' brei m semolina pudding.
Griff [grif] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) grip,
grasp, hold; J touch; handle (0/
knife, etc.); hilt (of sword); 2. 2
pret. of gre/fen.
Grille ['grib] / (-/-n) zo. cricket;
fig. whim, fancy; 'Snhaft adj.
,

whimsical.

Grimasse [gri'masa] / (-/-n) grimace;


schneiden pull faces.
Grimm [grim] m (-[e]slno pi.) fury,
rage; Sig adj. furious, fierce, grim.
Grind [grim] m (-[e]s/-e) scab,
'

/ (-/no

wholesale

mer-

pi.) generosity;

miitig

'

adj. [ myiti?] magnanimous, gen-

erous;
mutter / grandmother;
'
2neffe m great-nephew, grandnephew;
nichte / great-niece,
grand-niece;
Sonkel m greatuncle, grand-uncle; Sschreibung
/ (-/-en) use of capital letters; capitalization;
' sprecherisch adj.
boastful; ' spurig adj. arrogant;
stadt / large town or city;
stadtisch adj. of or in a large town
or city; 'Stante/great-aunt, grand'

'

scurf.

aunt.
'

grinsen [ grinzan] 1. v/i. (ge-, h)


grin (uber acc. at); sneer (at); 2. 2
n (-s/mo pi.) grin; sneer.

Grippe # ['gripaj / (-/-n) influenza,

grofitenteils

adv.

'

[ groistantails]

mostly, chiefly, mainly.


grofi|tun v/i. (irr. tun, sep., -ge-, h)
swagger, boast; sich mit et.
boast
or brag of or about s.th.; Svater m
grandfather; Sverdiener m (-s/-)
big earner; '2wild n big game;
ziehen vlt. (irr. ziehen, sep., -ge-, h)
bring up (child); rear, raise (child,
animal); ~zugig adj. [ tsyigig]
liberal; generous; broad-minded;
planning: a. on a large scale.
grotesk adj. [gro tssk] grotesque.
Grotte ['grota] / (-/-n) grotto.
grub [gru:p] pret. of graben.
Griibchen ['gryip an] n (-s/-)
'

F flu(e), grippe.

grob adj. [grop] coarse; gross; rude;


work, skin: rough;
heit / (-/-en)
coarseness; grossness; rudeness;
en pi. rude things pi.
'
grolen F [ grerlan] v/t. and vji.
(ge-, h) bawl.

Groll [grol] m (-[e]s/o pi.) grudge,


ill will; 'Sen vli. (ge-, h) thunder:
rumble; ;-m
bear s.o. ill will or
a grudge.

Gros1 -f [gros] n (-ses/-se) gross.


Gros2 [gro:] n (-/-) main body.
Groschen ['grojan] m (-s/-) penny.
grofi adj. [gro:s] great; large; big;
figure: tall; huge; . great, grand;
heat:

chant;
kraftwerk f n superpower station; 'Smacht / great
power; 'Smaul n braggart;
mut

intense; cold:

severe;

'

'

'

dimple.

Grube ['gruiba] / (-/-n) pit; 55


mine, pit.

Grubel|ei

[gryiba'lai]

(-/-en)

loss:

brooding, musing, meditation; 2n

heavy; die 2en pi. the grown-ups


pi.; im en wholesale, on a large

['Un] v/i. (ge-, h) muse, meditate,


ponder (all: uber acc. on, over),

scale; im en (und) ganzen on the


whole; ~er Buchstabe capital (let-

ter); das ~e Los the first prize; ich


bin ke/n ~er Tanzer I am not much

of a dancer;

'

artig adj. great,

grand, sublime; first-rate;

'

2auf-

nahme f film: close-up.


GrolJe ['groisa] / (-/-n) size; largeness; height, tallness; quantity (esp.
fc); importance: greatness; p. celebrity; thea. star.
'
Grofieltern pi. grandparents pi.
'
grofienteils adv. to a large or great
extent, largely.
'
Grofienwahn m megalomania.
'
Grofijgrundbesitz m large landed
property; ' handel "f m wholesale
trade; ' handelspreis "f m wholesale price; ' handler "f m wholesale dealer, wholesaler; ' handlung "f f wholesale business;
herzog m grand duke; 'Jmdustrielle m big industrialist.

Am. F a. mull (over).

'

Grubenlarbeiter
gas

n fire-damp;

'

m miner;
lampe Rf

'

miner s lamp.

Gruft [gruft] / (-/-e) tomb, vault.


griin [gry:n] 1. adj. green; er Her/ng fresh herring; er Junge greenhorn; ~ und blau schlagen beat s.o.
black and blue; vom

en Tisch aus

armchair (strategy, etc.);


(sino pi.) green; verdure.

2. 2

Grund [grunt] m (-[e]sl e) ground;


soil; bottom (a. fig.); land, estate;
foundation; fig.: motive; reason;
argument; von
auf thoroughly,
fundamentally; ' ausbildung /
basic instruction; X basic (military) training; ' bedeutung/basic
or original meaning; Lbedingung
/' basic or fundamental condition;
begriff m fundamental or basic
idea; e pi. principles pi.; rudiments pi.; Lbesitz m land(ed prop-

Grundbesitzer

'

erty); besitzer m landowner;


buch n land register.
grund[en [ gryndsn] r/r. Cge-, h)
establish; T promote; sich
auf
(acc.) be based or founded on; 'Ser
m (si-) foimder; T promoter.
grundl falsch adj. fundamentally
wrong; Sfarbe / ground-colo(u)r;
opt. primary colo(u)r; flache /
base; area (of room, etc,); 'Sgebiihr
/ basic rate or fee; flat rate; 'Sge'

131 -

Grutze ['grytsa] / (-/-n) grits pL,


groats pL
gucklen [ guksn] r/i. (ge-, h) look;
peep, peer; Sloch n peepn or spy'

'

hole.

Guerilla

'

'

Sgesetz n fundamental law; fz


appr. constitution; Skapital T "
capital (fund); Slage / foundation,
basis; 'Jegend adj. fundamental,
'

'

basic.
'

griindlich adj. [ gryntli?] thorough;


knoizledge: profound.
Grund linie /base-line; 'Slos adj.
bottomless; fig.: groundless; unfounded; ' mauer / foundationwalL
[Thursday. 1
Grun'donnerstag eccl. m Maundy/
'
Grundtregel / fundamental rule;
'
rifi m A ground-plan; outline;
satz m principle;
compendium;
Ssatzlich [' zetsli?] 1. adj. fundamental; 2. adv. in principle; on
principle; schule / elementary or
primary school; stein m A foundation-stone; fig. comer-stone;
steuer/land-tax; ' stock m basis,
foundation; ' stoff m element;
'

'

'

'

strich m down-stroke; ' stuck n

plot (of land);

(real) estate; prem-

ises pi.; ' stiicksmakler m real


estate agent. Am. realtor;
/ keynote; ground shade.
'

'

ton m

GrundujQg / (-/-en) foundation,


establishment.

'

'

grundlver schieden adj. entirely


different; 'Swasser geol. n (under-)
ground water; 'Szahl gr. / cardinal
number; 'zug m main feature,
characteristic

'

griinlich adj. greenish.


Grunischiiabel fig. m greenhorn; whipper-snapper; ' span m

'

(-[e]slno pi ) verdigris.
.

(-/-s)

'

giiltig adj. [ gylti?] valid; effective,

'

danke m basic or fundamental idea;

[ge'ril(j)aj

guer(r)illa war.

'

'

Gut

in force; legal; coin: current; ticket:


available;

'

Skeit / (-/no pi.) validity; currency (of money); availability (of ticket).
Gummi ['gumi] n, m (sf-s) gum;
(india-)rubber; ' ball m rubber
ball; ' band n elastic (band); rubber band; ' baum
m gum-tree;
(india-)rubber tree.
gum'mieren v/t. (no -ge-, h) gum.
'

Gummi handschuh

rubber

glove; ' kniippel m truncheon,


Am. club; ' schuhe m!pl. rubber
shoes pi.. Am. rubbers pi.; sohle
/ rubber sole; ' stiefel m Wellington (boot). Am. rubber boot; ' zng
m elastic; elastic webbing.
Gunst [gunst] / (-/rw pi.) favo(u)r,
goodwill; zu en (gen.) in favo(u)r
'

of.
'

gunst.ig adj. [ gynsti?] favo(u)rable;


omen: propitious; im slen Fall at
best; zu en Bedingungen y on easy

terms; Sling ['JLu]] m (-s/-e) favo(u)rite.

Gurgel ['gurgal] / (-/-n): j-m an


die
springen leap or fly at s.o.'s
throat; 'Sn vfi. (ge-, h) & gargle;
gurgle.
Gurke ['gurks] / (-/-n) cucumber;
pickled: gherkin.
gurren ['guaran] vH. (ge-, h) coo.
Gurt [gurt] m (-[e]s/-e) girdle; harness: girth; strap; belt.
Giirtel ['gyrtsl] m (si-) belt;
girdle; geogr. zone.
Gufi [gus] m (GusseslGusse)
fotsnding, casting; typ. foimt. Am.
font; rain: downpour, shower;
eisen n cast iron;
cast-iron;

'

'

Seisern adj.

stahl m cast steeL

gut1 [gu:t] 1. adj. good;

Worte

grunzen [ gmntssn] v/i. and vju

fair words; es Wetter fine weather;

(ge-, h) grunt.
Grupple ['grups] / (-/-n) group;
X section. Am. squad; Sieren f '
pi an] v/t. (no -ge-, h) group,
arrange in groups; sich - form

er Dinge or en Mutes se/ n be of


good cheer; e Miene zum bosen
Spiel machen grin and bear it;
so.' good!, well done!;
werden
get well, heal; fig. turn out well;
ganz
not bad; scnon
never
mind!, all right!; sei so
und ...
(will you) be so kind as to inf.;
auf
deutsch in plain German;
sein love or like s.o.; 2. adv.
j-m

'

groups.

Gruselgeschichte ['gruizsl-] / tale


of horror, spine-chilling story or
tale, F creepy story or tale.
Grufi [gru:s] m (-es/=e) salutation;
greeting; esp. X,
salute; mst
Griifle pi. regards p/.; respects pi.,
compliments pi.
grufien [ gryis n] vft. (ge-, h) greet,
esp. X salute; hail; ~ Sie ihn von
mir remember me to him; j-n
lassen send one's compliments or
regards to s.o.
'

9*

'

well; e/n

gehendes Geschaft a

flourishing business; du hcst


lachen it's easy or very well for
you to laugh; es haben be lucky;
be well off.

Gut3 U] n (-[e]s/=er) possession,


property; (landed) estate;
goods
PL

Gutachten

132 -

'

Gutlachten n (-s/-) (expert) opin-

ion; ' achter m (-s/-) expert; consultant; 'Sartig adj. good-natured;


# benign; diinken [' dynkan] n
(s/no pi.): nach
at discretion or
pleasure.
Gute 1. n (-n/no pi.) the good; ~s
tun do good; 2. m, f (-nl-n): die
n pi. the good pi.
Giite ['gyita] / (-/no pi.) goodness,
kindness; if class, quality; in
amicably; F: me/ ne
good gracious!; haben S/e die
zu inf. be
so kind as to inf.

approve (of); ' herzig adj. goodnatured, kind-hearted.


'

giitig adj. good, kind(ly).


'
giitlich adv.: sich
einigen settle
s th. amicably; sich
tun an (dat.)
.

regale o.s. on.


'

gutlmachen v/t. (sep.s -ge-, h)


make up for, compensate, repair;
miitig adj. [' my:ti?] good-natured; 'Smiitigkeit / (-/** -en)

*.

'

'

Giiterjabfertigung / dispatch of
goods; = ' annahme / goods office, Am. freight office; ' bahnhof
m goods station. Am. freight depot
or yard; gemeinschaft s%/community of property; ' trennung
/separation of property; ' verkehr
m goods traffic. Am. freight traffic;
'

'

gut gelaunt adj. good-humo(u)red;


Lg aubig adj. acting or done in
good faith; s. leichtglaubig; ' haben v/t. (irr. haben, sep., -ge-, h)
have credit for (sum of money); 'haben Y n credit (balance); LheiCen v/t. (irr. he/Oen, sep., -ge-, h)

Haar [ha:r] n (-[e]s/-e) hair; sich die


e kammen comb one s hair; sich
die r*e schneiden lassen have one's
'

hair cut; aufs

to a hair; um e/n

by a hair's breadth; ' ausfall m


loss of hair; ' biirste / hairbrush;
'
Sen v/i. and v/refl. (ge-, h) lose or
shed one s hairs; ' esbreite/: um
by a hair's breadth; '2'fein adj. (as)
'

fine as a hair; fig. subtle; ' gefafi


anat. n capillary (vessel); 'Sge'nau
adj. exact to a hair; ig adj. hairy;
in compounds: ...-haired; 'S'klein
'

adv. to the last detail;

'

klemme /
hair grip. Am. bobby pin; ' nadel/
hairpin; ' nadelkurve / hairpin
bend;

'~netz

n hair-net;

' ol n

hair-oil;'2'scharf 1. adj. very sharp;


fig. very precise; 2. adv. by a hair's
breadth; ' schneidemaschine /
(e-e a pair of) (hair) clippers pi.;
'
Schneider m barber, (men s)
hairdresser; ' schnitt m haircut;
'

'

good nature.
Gutsbesitzer m landowner; owner

'

of an estate.
'

Gutlschein m credit note, coupon;


voucher;
fischreiben v/t. (irr.
schreiben, sep., -ge-, h): j-m e-n
Betrag
put a sum to s.o.'s credit;
'
schrift -f / credit(ing).
'
Gutsjhaus n farm-house; manor
house; Lherr m lord of the manor;
landowner; ' hof m farmyard;
estate, farm; ' verwalter m (land'

wagen m (goods) vvag(g)on. Am.

freight car; offener (goods) truck;


geschlossener
(goods) van. Am.
boxcar; ' zug m goods train. Am.
freight train.

schwund m loss of hair; ~spal-

te'rei / (-/-en)
hair-splitting;
'
JSstraubend adj. hair-raising, hor'
rifying;
tracht / hair-style,
coiffure; ' wasche / hair-wash,

hacken

lord's) manager or steward.


'

gutwillig adj. willing; obliging.


Gymnasi|albildung [gymna'zja:!-]
/ classical education; ~ast [ ast] m
(-enj-en) appr grammar-school boy;
um U'narzjum] n (-s/Gymnasien)
appr. grammar-school.
.

Gymnasti|k [gym'nastik] / (-jno


pi.) gymnastics pi.; 2sch adj. gymnastic.

Gynakologe 4? [gyne:ko'lo:g3] m
(-nl-n) gyn(a)ecologist
.

shampoo; ' wasser n hair-lotion;


'
wuchs m growth of the hair;
'

wuchsmittel n hair-restorer.

Habe ['haiba] / (-Ino pi.) property;


belongings pi.
haben ['hcr.ban] 1. vlt. (irr., ge-, h)
have; F fig.: sich
(make a) fuss;
be of (no)
etwas (n/ chts) auf sich
consequence; unter sich
be in
'

control of, command; zu


obtainable, to be had; da

goods:
'

wir sl

there we are!; 2. 2 Y n (-s/-) credit


(side).
Habgier ['harp-]/avarice, covetousness; '2ig adj. avaricious, covetous.

habhaft adj. ['harphaft]:


werden
(gen.) get hold of; catch, apprehend.
Habicht orn. ['haibi t] m (-[e]s/-e)
(gos)hawk.

Hab|seligkeiten ['ha:p-] f/pl. property, belongings pi.; ' sucht / s.


Habgier; '2suchtig adj. s. habgierig.
Hacke ['haka] / (-/-n) S hoe, mattock; (pick)axe; heel.
Hacken ['hakan] 1. m (-s/-) heel;

die

one

zusammenschlagen

'

chck

s heels; 2. 2 v/t. (ge-, h) S

Hackfleisch

hack {soil);
'

133 -

kat n semi-finished product;


gar adj. underdone. Am. a. rare;
'
2gott m demigod; 'Ofaeit / (-/-en)

mince {meat); chop

'

(wood).
Hackfleisch n minced meat, Am.
ground meat.

Hacksel ['hEksal] n, m (-sjno pi.)


chaff, chopped straw.
Hader ['haidar] m (-sjno pi.) dispute, quarrel; discord; '2n vji.
(ge-, h) quarrel (mit with).
Hafen ['haifan] m (s/-) harbo(u)r;
port; Lanlagen f/pl. docks pi.;
'
arbeiter m docker. Am. a. longshoreman; '~damm m jetty; pier;
'
stadt / seaport.
Hafer ['haifar] m (-s/-) oats pi.;
'
brei m
(oatmeal)
porridge;
'
flocken flpl. porridge oats pi.;
'
griitze / groats pi., grits pi.;
'
schleim m gruel.
Haft j% [haft] / (-/wo pi.) custody;
detention, confinement; '2bar adj.
responsible,2% liable (fiir for); ' befehl m warrant of arrest; 'Sen v/i.
(ge-, h) stick, adhere (on dat. to);
fur j% answer for, be liable for.
Haftling fheftliri] m (-s/-e) prisoner.
'
Haftpflicht & f liabUity; 'Sig adj.
liable (fiir for); '~versicherung /
third-party insurance.
'
Haftung / (-/-en) responsibility,
2% liability; mit besdironkter

half-measure.

halbieren [hal'birran] v/t. (no -ge-,


h) halve, divide in half;

Halb|insel / peninsula; ' jahr n


half-year, six months pi.; 2jahrig
adj. [ je'.ri?] half-year, six months;
of six months; 'Sjahrlich 1. adj.
half-yearly; 2. adv. a. twice a year;
kreis m semicircle; Lkugel /
hemisphere; 'Slaut 1. adj. low,
subdued; 2. adv. in an undertone;
'

'

'

Smast adv. (at) half-mast. Am. a.


(at) half-staff; ' messer A" w (-i/-)
radius;
mond m half-moon,
crescent; 'Spart adv.: ~ machen go
halves, F go fifty-fifty; ' schuh m
(low) shoe; ' schwester / halfsister; tagsbeschaftigung/parttime job or employment; 'Stot adj.
half-dead; Swegs adv. [' .'verks]
half-way; fig. to some extent,
tolerably; ' welt / demi-monde;
Swiichsig adj. [' vy:ksi?] adoles'

'

cent, Am. a. teen-age;


sports: half(-time).

'

hailstorm.

hager adj. ['hargar] lean, gaunt;


scraggy, lank.
Hahn [ha:n] m 1. orn. (-[e]s/=e)
cock; rooster; 2. (-[e]s/=e, -en)
(stop)cock, tap. Am. a. faucet;
'
enkampf m cock-fight; ' en~

schrei m cock-crow.

Hai ichth. [hai] m (-[e]s/-e), Lf isch


m shark.

Hain poet, [ham] m (-[e]s/-e) grove;


wood.

hakeljn ['heikaln] v/t. and vji. (ge-,

Halde ['halda] / (-/-n) slope;


dump.

half [half] pret. of helfen.


moiety; die
von half of.
Halfter ['halftar] m, n (-s/-) halter.
Halle ['hate] / (-/-n) hall; hotel:
lounge; tennis: covered court;
hangar.
hallen ['haten] vli. (ge-, h) (re)sound,
ring, (re-)echo.
'

Hallen|bad n indoor swimmingbath, Am. a. natatorium; ' sport

m indoor sports pi.


hallo [ha'lo:] 1. int. hallo!, hello!,
hullo!; 2. 2 fig. n (-s/-s) hullabaloo.
Halm * [halm] m (-[e]s/-e) blade;
stem, stalk; straw.
Hals [hals] m (-es/*e) neck; throat;
tiber Kopf head over heels;
auf dem
haben have on one s
'

back, be saddled with; sich den


verrenken crane one s neck; ' ab-

h) crochet; 'Snadel/crochet needle

'

or hook.

schneider fig.

Haken ['harkan] 1. m (-s/-) hook


(a. boxing); peg; fig. snag, catch;

2 vji. (ge-, h) get stuck, jam.


'
hakig adj. hooked.
halb [halp] 1. adj. half; e/ne .e
Stunde half an hour, a half-hour;
erne ~e Flasche Wein a half-bottle

er Ton / semitone. Am. a. half


tone; 2. adv. half;
voll half full;

so//e/ half as much; es schlug


it struck the half-hour.

halbjamtlich

adj.

semi-official;

Sbruder m half-brother; 'Sdun-

kel n semi-darkness; dusk, twi-

er prp. (gen.) ['halbar] on

account of; for the sake of; 'Sfabri-

extortioner, F

(for dog, etc.); ' entziindung #/

of wine; e/n ~es }ahr half a year;


Note r minim. Am. a. half note;

shark; '~band n necklace; collar

light;

' zeit /

Halfte ['helfta] / (-/-n) half, sj

limited.

Hagel ['haigal] m (-s/-) hail; . a.


shower, volley; ' .korn n hailstone;
2n vli. (ge-, h) hail (a. fig.);
schauer m shower of hail, (brief)

'

bisect.

'

'

halten

throat; ' kette / necklace;


string; chain; ' kragen m collar;
'
schmerzen m/pl.: ~ hoben have
a sore throat; 'Sstarrig adj. stubborn, obstinate; '~tuch n neckerchief; scarf; ' weite / neck size.
Halt [halt] m (-[e]s/-e) hold; foothold, handhold; support (a. fig.);
fig.: stability; security, mainstay.
sore

halt 1. int. stop!;


halt!; 2. F adv.
just; das ist so that's the way it is.
'
haltbar adj. material, etc.: durable,
lasting; colour: fast; fig. theory,
etc.: tenable.

halten (irr.,ge-, h) 1. vjt. hold (/erf,

'

Haltepunkt

position, water, etc.); maintain (position, level, etc.); keep (promise, order,
animal, etc.); make, deliver (speech);
give, deliver (lecture); take in (newspaper);
fur regard as, take to be;

134 -

Handlungsgehilfe

handshake; ' klatschen n (-s/no


pi.) (hand-)clapping; applause.

Handel ['handal] m 1. (-s/no pi.)

m/t side with; be fond

commerce; trade; business; market; traffic; transaction, deal, bargain; 2. (-s/=): Handel pi. quarrels

of; kurz
keep s.o. short; We/
(wenig) von think highly (little) of;
s/ch
hold out; last; food: keep;
sich gerade
hold o.s. straight;

pi., contention; 'Sn v/i. (ge-, h) act,


take action; -f trade (m/t with s.o.,
in goods), deal (in goods); bargain
(um for), haggle (over);
von treat

s/ch gut
in examination, etc.: do
well; p. be well preserved; sich ~ an
(acc.) adhere or keep to; 2. v/i.
stop, halt; ice: bear; rope, etc.:
stand the strain; ~ zu stick to or by;
auf (acc.) set store by, value; auf
sich
pay attention to one s appearance; have self-respect.
'
Halte punkt m
etc.: wayside
stop, halt; shooting: point of aim;
phys. critical point; ' r m (-s/-)
keeper; a. owner; devices:... holder;
'
stelle / stop; 5 station, stop;
'
signal
n stop signal.

of, deal with; es handelt sich um it


concerns, it is a matter of.

take for; es

'

'

Handels | abkommen n trade agreement; ' bank / commercial bank;


'
Seinig adj.:
werden come to
terms; ' genossenschaft/traders'
co-operative association; Lgericht
n commercial court; gesellschaft
'

/ (trading) company; '~haus n


business house, firm; ' kammer/
Chamber of Commerce; ' marine

/ mercantile marine; ' minister m


minister of commerce; President
of the Board of Trade, Am. Secre-

haltflos adj. ['haltlo:s] p. unsteady,


unstable;

etc.: baseless,
without foundation;
machen v/i.
(sep., -ge-, h) stop, halt; vor nichts
stick or stop; at nothing; 'Sung /
(-/-en) deportment carriage; pose;
fig. attitude (gegenuber towards);
self-control; stock exchange: tone.
hamisch adj. ['he:mij] spiteful,

tary of Commerce; ' ministerium


n ministry of commerce; Board of
Trade, Am. Department of Com-

theory,

'

merce;

malicious.

mutton chop.
Hammer f'hamar] m (-s/=) hammer;

man; Lschiffahrt / merchant


shipping; ' schule / commercial
school; ' stadt/commercial town;
'
Siiblich adj. customary in trade;
'
vertrag m commercial treaty,
trade agreement.
'
handeltreibend adj. trading.
'

Handlfeger m (-s/-) hand-brush;


fertigkeit / manual skill; 'Sfest
'

adj. sturdy, strong; , well-founded, sound; ' feuerwaffen flpl.


small arms pi.; ' flache / flat of
the hand, palm; 'Sgearbeitet adj.
hand-made; Lgeld n earnest money; X bounty; ' gelenk anat. n
wrist; ' gemenge n scuffle, melee;
gepack n hand luggage. Am.

(auctioneer's) gavel; unter den


kommen come under the hammer.

hammern ['hemarn] (ge-, h) 1. vjt.


hammer; 2. v/i. hammer (a. an dat.
at door, etc.); hammer away (auf
dat. at piano); heart, etc.: throb
(violently), pound.
Hamorrhoiden # [hemDro'iidan]
flpl. h(a)emorrhoids pi., piles pi.
Hampelmann
['hampalman]
m
jumping-jack; fig. (mere) puppet.
Hamster zo. ['hamstar] m (-s/-)
hamster; '2n vjt. and v/i. (ge-, h)

hand baggage; ' granate X /


hand-grenade;
'Sgreiflich adj.
violent; fig. tangible, palpable;
werden turn violent. Am. a. get

tough; '~griff m grasp; handle,


habe
grip; fig. manipulation;
fig. f handle; 'Shaben vjt. (ge-, h)
handle, manage; operate (machine,
etc.); administer (law); ' karren m
'

hoard.

Hand [hant] / (-l-e) hand; j-m die


geben shake hands with s.o.; an
(gen.) or von with the help or aid of;
ous erster first-hand, at first hand;

hand-cart;

be/ cfer , zur


at hand;
und FuB
haben be sound, hold water; seine

im Spiele haben have a finger in the


pie; Larbeit / manual labo(u)r or
work; (handi)craft; needlework;
'
arbeiter m manual labo(u)rer;
'

reisende m commercial

F drummer; '~schiff n merchant-

Hammel f'hamal] m (-s/-, =) wether;


'
fleisch n mutton; ' keule / leg
of mutton; ' rippchen n (-s/-)

'

traveller. Am. traveling salesman,

' .koffer

suitcase,

Am. a. valise; ' kufi m kiss on the

hand; 'clanger m (-s/-) hodman,


handy man; fig. dog's-body, henchman.

Handler ['hendlar] m (-si-) dealer,


trader.
'

bibliothek / reference library;


breit 1. / (-/-) hand's breadth;
2 2 adj. a hand's breadth across;
bremse mot. f hand-brake;

handlich adj. handy; manageable.


Handlung ['handluq] / (-/-en) act,
action; deed; thea. action, plot; if
shop. Am. store.

'

'

buch n manual, handbook.

Hande|druck ['henda-] m (-[e]s/ae)

HancIlungs|bevollmachtigte
m
proxy; ' gehilfe m clerk; shop-

Handlungsreisende

assistant. Am. salesclerk; Lreisen-

de m s. Handelsreisende; ' weise /


conduct; way of acting.

Handlriicken m back of the hand;

'

'

schelle / handcuff, manacle;


'
schlag m handshake; ' schreiben autograph letter; ' schrift
/ handwriting; manuscript; '2schriftlich 1. adj. hand-written;
2 adv. in one's own handwriting;
'
streich
m
schuh m glove;
surprise attack, coup de main; im
nehmen take by surprise; Ltasche
/handbag. Am. a. purse; Ltuch n
towel; ' voll / (-/-) handful; ' wagen m hand-cart; 'werk n
(handi)craft, trade; ' werker m
artisan;
(-s/-) (handi)craftsman
workman; ' werkzeug n (kit of)
tools pi.; ' wurzel anat. f wrist;
'
zeichnung / drawing.
Hanf
[hanf] m (-[e]s/no pi.) hemp.
Hang [hag] m (-[ejs/ e) slope,
incline, dechvity; hillside; fig.
inclination, propensity (zu for; zu
inf. to inf-),' tendency (to).
Hange boden ['herp-] m hangingloft;
briicke A / suspension
bridge; 'Uampe / hanging lamp;
Lmatte / hammock.
hangen ['hegan] 1. v/i. (irr., ge-, h)
hang, be svispended; adhere, stick,
cling (on dat. to);
an (dat.) be
attached or devoted to; 2. v/t. (ge-,
h) hang, suspend; ' bleiben v/i.
(irr. bleiben, sep.t -ge-, sein) get
caught (up) (an dat. on, in); fig.
stick (in the memory).
hanseln ['hsnzaln] v/t. (ge-, h)
tease (wegen about), F rag.
Hansestadt ['hanza-] / Hanseatic
-.

'

town.

Hanswurst [bans'-] m (-es/-e, F =e)


merry andrew; Punch; fig. contp.
clown, buffoon.

Hantel ['hantal] / (-/-n) dumb-beU.


hantieren [han'tirrsn] vli. (no -ge-,
h) be busy (m/'t with); work (an dat.
on).

Happen f'hapan] m (s/-) morsel,


mouthful, bite; snack.
Harfe / fharfa] / (-/-n) harp.
Harke S ['harka] / (-/-n) rake; 'Sn
v/t. and v/t. (ge-, h) rake.
harmlos adj. ['harmlo-.s] harmless,
innocuous; inoffensive.

Harmon|ie

[harmo'ni:]

(-/-n)

harmony (a. /); Sieren v/i. (no


ge-, h) harmonize (mit with); fig.
a be in tune (with); ~ika / [ 'mo:nika]/(-/-s, Harmoniken) accordion;
mouth-organ; 2isch adj. [Jmo'.nifi
-

harmonious.

Harn [ham] m (-[e]s/-e) urine;


Lblase anat. f (urinary) bladder;
'

Sen v/i. (ge-, h) pass water, urinate.


['hamif]
m
(-es/-e)
armo(u)r; in ~ geraten be up in

Harnisch

arms (iiber acc. about).

haufen

135 '

Harnrohre anat. f urethra.


Harpun e [har'pu:na] / (-/-n) harpoon; Sieren Uu'ni:ran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) harpoon.
hart [hart] 1. adj. hard; fig. a,
harsh; heavy, severe; 2. adv. hard;
-

arbeiten work hard.

Harte ['herta] / (-l-n) hardness; fig.


a
hardship; severity; 'Sn (ge-, h)
l.v/t. harden (metal); temper (steel);
case-harden (iron, steel); 2. v/i. and
vfrefl. harden, become or grow
hard; steel: temper.
'
Hartlgeld n coin(s pi), specie;
'
gummi m hard rubber; Y ebonite, vulcanite; 'Sherzig adj. hardhearted; Skopfig adj. [' koepfi?]
stubborn, headstrong; Snackig adj.
'
[ neki?] p. obstinate, obdurate;
effort: dogged, tenacious; # ailment: refractory.
Harz [ha:rts] n (-es/-e) resin; $
rosin; mot. gum; 'Sig adj. resinous.
Hasardspiel [ha'zart-] n game of
chance; , gamble.
haschen ['hajan] (ge-, h) 1. vlt.
catch (hold of), snatch; s/ch
children: play tag; 2. vji.: ~ nach
snatch at; fig. strain after (effect),
fish for (compliments).
Hase ['ha:za] m (-n/-n) zo. hare; e/n
.

alter

an old hand, an old-timer.

HaselnuC

['haizalnus] / hazel-

nut.
'

Hasenlbraten m roast hare; Lfufi


F fig. m coward, F funk; ' panier F
'

n: das
ergreifen take to one s
heels; ' scharte # / hare-lip.
HaC [has] m (Hasses/no pi.) hatred.
'
hassen v/t. (ge-, h) hate.
haClich adj. ['hesli?] ugly; fig. c,
nasty, unpleasant.
Hast [hast] / (-/no pi.) hurry, haste;
rush; in wilder
in frantic haste;
'
Sen v/i. (ge-, sein) hurry, hasten;
rush; '2ig adj. hasty, hurried.
hatscheln ['heitjaln] v/t. (ge-, h)
caress, fondle, pet; pamper, coddle.
hatte ['hata] pret. of haben.
Haube ['hauba] / (-l-n) bonnet (a.
@, mot.); cap; orn. crest, tuft; tnot.
Am. a. hood.

Haubitze

[hau'bitsa] / (-l-n)

howitzer.

Hauch [haux] m (-[e fK-e) breath;


fig.: waft, whiff (of perfume, etc.);
touch, tinge (of irony, etc.); 'Sen
(ge-, h) 1. v/i. breathe; 2. v/t.
breathe, whisper; gr. aspirate.
Haue ['haua] / (-l-n) f hoe, mattock; pick; F hiding, spanking; '2n
(['"'.,] ge-, h) 1. vlt. hew (coal,
stone); cut up (meat); chop (wood);
cut (hole, steps, etc.); beat (child);
sich (have a) fight; 2. vli.: nach
cut at, strike out at.

Haufen ['haufan] m (-si-) heap, pile


(both F a. fig.); fig. crowd.
haufen ['harfan] v/t. (ge-, h) heap

haufig

Jhalterin [Lheltarin] / (-/-nen)


housekeeper; l halt(s)plan parl.
m budget; ' haltung / housekeeping; household, family; 'Jhaltwaren flpl. household articles pi.;
'
Jherr m master of the family;

(up), pile (up); accumulate; s;ch


pile up, accumulate; Jig. become
more frequent, increase.
'

haufig

adj.

frequent;

'Skeit /

(-/wo pi ) frequency.
Haufung fig. f (-/-en) increase, fig.
.

'

landlord.

accumulation.

Haupt [haupt] n (-[e]s/=er) head;


fig. chief, head, leader; Laltar m
high altar; '~anschlufi teleph. m
subscriber s main station;
'

'

hausierjen [hau'ziiran] vli. (no -ge-,


h) hawk, peddle (mit et. s.th.); M
gehen be a hawker or pedlar; 2er m

bahn-

hof
m main or central station;
'
beruf tn full-time occupation;
'
buch 'f n ledger; ' darsteller
thea. m leading actor; Lfach univ. n
main or principal subject. Am. a.
major; ' film m feature (film);
~

Lgeschaft n main transaction;


main shop; Lgeschaftsstelle /
head or central office; ' gewinn m
first prize; ' grund m main reason;
handelsartikel -f ['haupthan-

(si-) hawker, pedlar.


'

Haus|kleid

['hovptlir)]

house

dress;

knecht m boots; ' .lehrer m private tutor.

hauslich adj. ['hovslig] domestic;


domesticated; '2keit / (-/mo pi.)
domesticity; family life; home.
'

Haus|madchen n (house-)maid;
Lmannskost / plain fare; ' .meister m caretaker; janitor; ' mittel
n popular medicine; ' ordnung /
mles pi. of the house; ' rat m
household effects pi.; '~recht n
domestic authority; ' sammlung
/ house-to-house collection; '~schliissel m latchkey; front-door
key; ' .schuh m slipper.
~

dals9-] tn staple.

Hauptling

heben

136 -

(-s/-e)

chief(tain).
'

Hauptllinie Si / main or trunk


line; '~mann X m (-[e]s/Houpt/eute) captain; ' merkmal n characteristic feature; ' .postamt n
general post office. Am. main post
office; ' punkt m main or cardinal
point; ' quartier n headquarters
sg. or pi.; ' rolle thea. f lead(ing
part); ' sache / main thing or
point; 'Ssachlich adj. main, chief,
principal; Lsatz gr. m main clause;

Hauss|e -f [ 0:3(3)] / (-/-n) rise,

'

landlord; ' wirtin / (-/-nen) landlady.


Haut [haut] / (-/-e) skin; hide;
film; bis auf die ~ to the skin; ous
der
fahren jump out of one's

stadt / capital; stadtisch adj.


metropolitan; ' .strafie / main
~

street; major road; ' .treffer m


first prize, jackpot; ' .verkehrsstrafie / main road; arterial road;
'
verkehrsstunden ///>/., ' verkehrszeit / rush hour(s pi.), peak

boom; ~ier [hos'je:] m (-s/-s) spec-

ulator for a rise, bull.


Hausjstand m household; e-n

'

grilnden set up house; ' suchung


2% / house search, domiciliary visit,
~

Am. a. house check; ' tier n domestic animal; ' tiir / front door;
'
verwalter m steward; ' wirt m

skin; F e-e ehrliche

'

F prep; 'Sbacken fig. adj. homely;


bar / cocktail cabinet; ' bedarf

'

m household requirements pi.;


besitzer m house-owner; ' diener

m (man-)servant;
boots S.

hotel:

porter,

hausen ['hauzan] v/i. (ge-, h) live;


play or work havoc (in a place).
'
Haus flur m (entrance-)hall, esp.
Am. hallway; ' frau / housewife;
'
halt m household; '2halten v/i.
(irr. ho/ten, sep., -ge-, h) be economical (mit with), economize (on);
.

an honest

soul; ' abschiirfung # / skin


abrasion; ' arzt m dermatologist;
'
ausschlag # m rash; 'Seng adj.
garment: skin-tight; ' farbe /

hour(s pi.); ' versammlung /


general meeting; ' wort gr. n
(-[e]sl-er) substantive noun.
Haus [haus] ?z (-es/=er) house; building; home, family, household; dynasty; -f (business) house, firm;
parl. House; nach
home; zu
at home, F in; ' angestellte /
(-n/-n) (house-)maid;
apotheke/
(household) medicine-chest; ' arbeit / housework; ' arrest m
house arrest; ' arzt m family doctor; ' aufgaben flpl. homework,

complexion.

Hautgout [o'gu] m (s/no pi.) high


taste.

hautig adj. ['hovtig] membranous;


covered with skin.
'

Hautjkrankheit / skin disease;


'
pflege / care of the skin;
~

schere / (e-e a pair of) cuticle scissors pi.


Havarie
[hava'ri:] / (-/-n) average.

X t'ha:-] / H-bomb.
he int. [he:] hi!, hi there!; I say!
Hebamme ['heip'ama] / midwife.
H-Bombe

Hebejbaum ['he:b3-] m lever (for


raising heavy objects); ' buhne mot.
/lifting ramp; '~eisen n crowbar;
'
kran m lifting crane.
Hebel ['herbal] m (si-) lever;
~

'

arm m lever arm.

heben ['heiban] v/t. (irr., ge-, h)


lift (a. sports), raise (a. fig.); heave
(heavy load); hoist; recover (treas-

Hecht

ure); raise (sunken ship); fig. promote, improve, increase; sich


rise, go up.
Hecht ichth. [hegt] m (-te]s/-e) pike.
Heck [hek] n (-[e]s/-e, -s) & stem;
mot. rear; * tail.
Hecke fheka] / (-/-n) S hedge;
zo. brood, hatch; 'Sn v/t. and v/i.

(fe-, h) breed, hatch; 1 jirose


dog-rose.
heda int.

['he:da:)

hi

[hallo!
(there)!,

Heer [he:r] n (-[e]s/-e)


army;
fig. a. host; ' esdienst m military
'
service;
esmacht / military
force(s pi.); ' eszug m military
expedition; fiihrer m general;
lager n (army) camp; ' schar /
army, host; ' strafte / military
road; highway; zug m s. Heeres'

'

heilig adj. ['haili?] holy; sacred;


solemn; 2er Abend Christmas Eve;
2e [' ga] m, / (-n/-n) saint; .en
[ gan] vlt. (ge-, h) sanctify (a. fig.),
hallow; '2keit / (-/no pi.) holiness;
sacredness, sanctity;
sprechen
vlt. (irr. sprechen, sep., -ge-, h) canonize; '2sprechung / (-/-en) canonization; '2tum n (-[e]s/=er) sanctuary; sacred relic; Sung [' gurj] /
(-/-en) sanctification (a fig.), hallowing.
'
Heil|kraft / healing or curative
power; '2kraftig adj. healing, curative; '.kunde / medical science;
'
2105 fig. adj. confusion: utter,
great; '.mittel n remedy, medicament; '.praktiker m non-medical
practitioner; '.quelle / medicinal
spring; 2sam adj. curative; fig.
salutary.
[Army.\
Heilsarmee ['hails'-] / Salvation)
'
Heil|ung / (-/-en) cvire, healing,
'

'

'

zug.

Hefe fherfa] / (-/-n) yeast; barm.


Heft [heft] n (-[e]s/-e) dagger, etc.:
haft; knife: handle; fig. reins pi.;
exercise book; periodical, etc.:
issue, number.
'

heftlen vft. (ge-, h) fasten, fix (an


acc. on to); affix, attach (to); pin
on (to); tack, baste (seam, etc.);
stitch, sew (book); 'Sfaden m basting thread.

'

heftig adj. storm, anger, quarrel, etc.:


violent, fierce; rain, etc.: heavy;
pain, etc.: severe; speech, desire, etc.:
vehement, passionate; p. irascible;
'
Ekeit / (-/S -en) violence, fierceness; severity; vehemence; irascibility.
'
Heftiklammer / paper-clip;
pflaster n sticking plaster.
hegen fheigsn] v/t. (ge-, h) preserve
(game); nurse, tend (plants); have,
entertain
(feelings);
harbo(u)r
(fears, suspicions, etc.).
Hehler
['he:br] m (si-) receiver
(of stolen goods); ei U'rai] / (-/
en) receiving (of stolen goods).
Heide f'haida] 1. rn (-n/-n) heathen;
2 /(-/-n) heath(-land); = '.kraut
n heather; 'Uand n heath(-land).

successful treatment; '.verfahren

n therapy.
heim [harm] 1. adv. home; 2. 2 n
(-[e]s/-e) home; hostel; Sarbeit /
'

homework, outwork.

Heimat [ 'haima:t] / (-/S -en) home;


own country; native land; '.land
n own country, native land; '21ich
adj. native; '21os adj. homeless;
'
ort rn home town or village;
vertriebene m expellee.
Heimchen zo. ['haimtpn] n (-s/-)
.

cricket.
'

heimisch adj. trade, industry, etc.:


home, local, domestic;
zo., etc.:
native, indigenous; . werden settle
down; become established; s/ch

fuhlen feel at home.

Heim|kehr ['haimke: / (-/no pi.)


return (home), homecoming; 2
kehren v/i. (sep., -ge-, se/n), '2kommen v/i. (irr. kommen, sep.,
'

ge-, se/n) return home.


heimlich adj. plan, feeling, etc.:
secret; meeting, organization, etc.:
clandestine; glance, rrwz-ement, etc.:
stealthy, furtive.

'

'

Heidenlgeld F n pots pi. of money;


Jarm F m hullabaloo; ' spafl F m
'

'

Heiin|reise / homeward journey;


2suchen vIt. (sep., -ge-, h) disaster,

'

capital fun; '~tum n (-sjno pi.)


heathenism.
[(-ish).l
heidnisch adj. ['haidnij] heathen/
heikel adj. ['haikal] p. fastidious,
particular; problem, etc.: delicate,

etc.: afflict, strike; ghost: haunt;


God: visit, punish; '.tiicke/underhand malice, treachery; tiickisch
adj. malicious, treacherous, insidious; 2warts adv. [ verts] homeward (s); ' weg rn way home;
weh n homesickness, nostalgia;
'

awkward.

heil [hail] 1. adj. p. safe, unhurt;


whole, sound; 2. 2 n (-[e]s/no pi.)
welfare, benefit; eccl. salvation;
3 int. hail!
.

Heiland eccl. f'hailant] m (-[e]s/-e)


Saviour, Redeemer.
'

Heiljanstalt / sanatorium. Am. a.


sanitarium;

'

bad

medicinal

bath;
'

Heiratsvermittler

137 -

spa; 'Sbar adj. curable;


Sen (ge-) 1. vlt. (h) cure, heal;
von cure s.o. of; 2. r/j. (se/n) heal

(up); '.gehilfe m male nurse.

haben be homesick.

Heirat ['hairart] / (-/-en) marriage;


'
2en (ge-, h) 1. v/t. marry; 2. v/i.
marry, get married.
'

Heirats|antrag m offer or proposal


'

of marriage; 2fahig adj. marriageable;


kandidat rn possible marriage partner; ' schwindler m
vermittler
marriage impostor;
m matrimonial agent.
'

'

heiser

heiser adj. f'haizar] hoarsej husky;


'
2keit/(-/wop/.) hoarseness; huski-

herausputzen

Henker ['herjkar] m (-s/-) hangman,


executioner; F: zum
hang it
(all)!

ness.

heifi adj. [hais] hoi; jig. a. passionI am or feel


ate, ardent; mi r ist
'

hot.

heifien f'haisan] (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t.:


call 5.0. a liar; wille-n Lugner
kommen
welcome; 2. v/i. be
called; mean; w/e
Sie? what is
your name?; wos he/fit das auf
englisch? what s that in English?
heiter adj. ['hartar] day, weather:
bright; sky: bright, clear; p., etc.:
cheerful, gay; serene; 2keit/ (-/no
pi.) brightness; cheerfulness, gaiety; serenity.
'

'

heiz|en ['haitsan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


heat (room, etc.); light (stove); fire
(boiler); 2. v/i. stove, etc.: give out
heat; turn on the heating; mit
Kohlen
burn coal; 'Ser m (-s/-)
stoker, fireman; Skissen n electric
heating pad; 'Skorper m central
heating: radiator; / heating element; 'Smaterial n fuel; Sung /
(-/-en) heating
Held [helt] m (-en/-en) hero.
'
Heldenlgedicht n epic (poem);
'
Shaft adj. heroic, valiant; ' mut
m heroism, valo(u)r; Smiitig adj.
'
[ my:tig] heroic; Ltat / heroic or
valiant deed; ' tod m hero's death;
'
tum n (-[e]slno pi.) heroism.
helfen ['helfen] v/i. (dat.) (irr., ge-,
h) help, assist, aid; gegen be good
'

'

for; sich nicht zu w/'ssen be helpless.


'

Heifer m (-s/-) helper, assistant;


'
shelfer m accomphce.
hell adj. [hel] sound, voice, light, etc.:
.

clear; light, flame, etc.: bright; hair:


fair; colour: light; ale: pale; ', blau adj. light-blue; '~bIond adj.
horig adj. p. quick of
very fair;
hearing; fig. perceptive; A poorly
sound-proofed; Sseher m clair'

'

voyant.

Helm [hslm] m ([-e]s/-e)


helmet;
A dome, cupola; & helm; '~busch
m plume.
Hemd [hemt] n (-[e]s/-en) shirt;
vest; ' bluse / shirt-blouse. Am.
shirtwaist.
[hemisphere.!

Hemisphare [he-.mi'sfeira] / (-/-n)/

hemmjen fheman] v/t. (ge-, h)


check, stop (movement, etc.); stem
(stream, flow of liquid); hamper
(free movement, activity); be a hindrance to; psych.: gehemmt sein be
inhibited; 'Snis n (sesj-se) hindrance, impediment; 'Sschuh m
slipper; fig. hindrance, F drag (fur
acc. on); 'Sung / (-/-en) stoppage,
check; psych.: inhibition.
Hengst zo. [herjst] m (-es/-e) stallion.

Henkel ['heqkal] m (-s/-) handle,


ear.

138 -

Henne zo. ['hena] / (-/-n) hen.


her adv. [he:r] here; hither; es ist
schon ein Jahr
da3 ... or seit ...
it is a year since
w/e lange ist
es , seit ... how long is it since ...;
h/'nter (dat.)

sein be after;

da-

mit! out with it!

herab adv. [he'rap] down, down-

ward; ~lassen v/t. (irr. lassen, sep.,


ge-, h) let down, lower; fig. sich
condescend; ~lassend adj. condescending; setzen v/t. (sep., -ge-,
h) take down; fig. belittle, disparage
5 0.; Y reduce, lower, cut (price,
etc.); Ssetzung fig. f (-/-en) reduction; disparagement; ~steigen v/i.
(irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein) climb
down, descend;
wiirdigen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) degrade, belittle,
-

abase.

heran adv. [he'ran] close, near; up;


nur
come on!; ~bilden vjt. (sep.,
ge-, h) train, educate (zu as s.th.,
to be s.th.); ~kommen v/i. (irr.
kommen, sep., -ge-, sein) come or
draw near; approach;
an (acc.)
-

come up to s.o.; measure up to;

wachsen v/i. (irr. wachsen, sep.,

ge-, sein) grow (up) (zu into).


herauf adv. [he'rauf] up(wards), up
here; upstairs; ~beschw6ren vjt.
(irr. schwdren, sep., no -ge-, h)
evoke, call up, conjure up (spirit,
etc.); fig. a. bring about, provoke,
give rise to (war, etc.); ~steigen v/i.
(irr. steigen, sep., -ge-, sein) climb
up (here), ascend; ~ziehen (irr.
ziehen, sep., -ge-) 1. vjt. (h) pull or
hitch up (trousers, etc.); 2. v/i.
(sein) cloud, etc.: come up.
heraus adv. [he'raus] out, out here;
zum Fenster
out of the window;
mit der Sprache! speak out!; bekommen v/t. (irr. kommen, sep.,
no -ge-, h) get out; get (money)
-

back; fig. find out; ~bringen v/t.


(irr. bringen, sep., -ge-, h) bring or

get out; thea. stage; ~finden v/t.


(irr. finden, sep., -ge-, h) find out;

fig. a. discover; Sforderer m (-s/-)


challenger; ~fordern v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) challenge (to a fight); provoke; Sforderung / (-/-en) challenge; provocation; ~geben (irr.
geben, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. surren-

der; hand over; restore; edit (periodical, etc.); publish (book, etc.);

issue (regulations, etc.); 2. v/i. give


change (auf acc. for); Sgeber m
(-s/-) editor; publisher; kommen
v/i. (irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein)
come out; fig. a. appear, be pub~

lished; nehmen vjt. (irr. nehmen,

-ge- h) take out; sich vie!


take liberties; ~putzen vjt. (sep.,
ge-, h) dress up; sich dress (o.s.)

sep.
-

herausreden

ing; ' einzel n tennis: men's singles

up;

reden v refl. (sep., -ge-, h)


s way out; stellen vft.
(sep., -ge-, h) put out; fig. emphatalk one

pi.; ' haus n manor-house; 2los adj. ['Jois] ownerless; ' reiter
m sports: gentleman-jockey;

'

emerge, mm
out; strecken v,t. {sep., -ge-, h)
stretch out; put out; streichen
c/r. (irr. streichen, sep., -ge-, h)
cross out, delete {zsord, etc.); fig.
extol, praise; winden fig. vlrefl.
{irr. winden, sep., -ge-, h) extricate

size, set forth; s/ch

o.s.

schneider m men s tailor;


'

'

terness.

herrichten ['he:r-] c'r. {sep., -ge-, h)


arrange, prepare.
'

herrisch adj. imperious, overbearing; voice, etc.: commanding, per-

'

herrlich adj. excellent, glorious,


magnificent, splendid;
keit /
(-/-en) glory splendo(u)r.
'
Herrschaft / (-/-en) rule, dominion (uber acc. of); fig. mastery;
,

master

m-e

en.'

'

rious.

herjrnhren ./"- {sep., -ge-, b):

Herd [he:rt] m (-[e]s -e) hearth,


fireplace; stove; fig. seat, focus.
Herde ['heirda] / (- -n) herd {of
cattle, pigs, ere.) {contp. a. fig.); flock
{of sheep, geese, etc.).
herein adv. [he'ram] in (here);
come in!; ~brechen fig. v'i. {irr.
brechen, sep., -ge-, se/'n) night: fall;
uber {acc.) misforzzme, etc.: befall;
_

fallen fig. v i. {irr. fallen, sep.,


ge-, se/n) be taken in.

von come from, originate with;


sagen c/t. {sep., -ge-, h) recite; say
{prayer); ' stammen v i. {sep.,

ge-, h):
von or ous be descended
from; come from; be derived from;
-

'
-

tellen v't. {sep., -ge-, h) place

here;

make, manufacture, pro-

duce; 'stellung / {- -en) manufacture, production.


heriiber adv. [hE'ryibar] over (here),
across.

her'.falien r'/".(jrr. fallen, sep., -ge-,


se/n):
uber {acc.) attack {a. fig.),
fall upon; F fig. pull to pieces; '2gang m course of events, details
pi.; '~geben c t. {irr. geben, sep.,
ge-, h) give up, pan with, return;
yield; s/ch
zu lend o.s. to; gebracht fig. adj. traditional; custom-

'

ary; 'Jialten {irr. balten, sep., -ge-,


h) 1. c/r. hold out; 2. v i.:

mussen

be the one to pay or suffer (fur for).


Hering ichth. [ he:rii)] m {-$ -e)
herring.
'
her kommen r i. {irr. kommen,
sep., -ge-, sein) come or get here;
von

come

from; fig. a. be due to. be caused


by;
kommlich adj. [ kcemlig]

traditional; customary; Skunft l' kunft] / (- no pi.) origin; birth, descent; Ueiten v't. {sep., -ge-, h)
lead here; fig. derive {von from);
'

Sleitung/z?. / derivation.

Herold I'he.rDlt] m {-[e]s -e) herald.


Herr (her] m (-n, S -en -en) lord,
master; eccl. the Lord; gentleman;
Maier Sir Maier; mein
Sir;
m-e
en gentlem.n;
der Situation
master of the situation.
'

mistress:

'

Am. a. fall.

'

and

ladies and gendemen!; 'Slich adj.


belonging to a master or landlord;
fig. high-class, elegant.
herrsch en ['herjan] r/i. (ge-, b)
rule (uber acc. over); monarch: reign
(over); govern; ?, prevail, be; er
m (-s/-) ruler; sovereign, monarch;
Ssucht/thirst for power; ..suchtig adj. thirsting for power; impe-

Herbst [herpst] m (-[e]s -e) autumn,

come or draw near;

zim-

emptory.

'

'

mer n study; smoking-room.

(aus from).

herb adj. [herp] fruit, flavour, etc.:


tart; trine, etc.: dry; features, etc.:
austere; criticism, etc.: harsh; disappointment, etc.: bitter.
herbei adv. [har'bai] here; .' come
here!; eilen [her bai*-] t- i". {sep.,
ge-, seifi) come hurr>-mg; fiihren
fig. vjt. {sep., -ge-, h) cause, bring
about, give rise to; schaffen vU.
{sep., -ge-, h) bring along; procure.
Herberge [ herberga] / (-/-n) shelter, lodging; inn.
Herbheit/C- no pi.) tartness; dryness;fig.: austerity; harshness, bit-

hervorbringen

139 -

Herren ekleidung / men's cloth-

herum adv. Ihe'rum] (a)round;


about; fiihren r t. {sep., -ge-, h)
show (a)round;
in {dat.) show

over; jungern v i. {sep., -ge-, h)

loaf or loiter or hang about: reichen v t {sep., -ge-, h) pass or hand


round;
sprechen v refl. {irr.
sprecben, sep., -ge-, h) get about,
spread; treiben v refl. {irr. treiben, sep., -ge-, b) F gad or knock
'

about.

hernnter

adv.

[he runtar]

down

(here); downstairs: von oben down


from above;
bringen v t. {irr.
bringen, sep., -ge-, b) bring down;

fig. a. lower, reduce; kommen


vli. {irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein)
come down(stairs); fig.: come down
in the world; deteriorate;

machen

v/i. {sep., -ge-, h) take down; turn


{collar, etc.) down; fig. give s.o. a
dressing-down; fig. pull to pieces;
reifien vjt. {irr. re/Ben, sep., -ge-,
h) pull or tear down; fig. pull to
pieces; sein F fig. v i. {irr. sein,
sep.. -ge-, sein) be low in health;
wirtschaften v t. {sep., -ge-, h)
run down.

hervor adv. [her'foir] forth, out;

bringen vjt. {irr. bringen, sep.,

hervorgehen
-

ge-, h) bring out, produce (a. fig.);

yield (fruit); fig. utter (word);

gehen v/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-,


sein) p. come (aus from); come off
(victorious)
(from); fact,
etc.:
emerge (from); be clear or apparent
(from); ~heben fig. vjt. (irr. heben,
sep., -ge-, h) stress, emphasize; give
prominence to; ~holen v/t. (sep.,
fe-, h) produce; ragen v/i. (sep.,
-

ge-, h) project (uber acc. over); fig.


tower (above); ragend adj. projecting, prominent; fig. outstanding, excellent; ~rufen vjt. (irr. rufen, sep., -ge-, h) thea. call for; fig.
arouse, evoke; stechend fig. adj.
outstanding; striking; conspicuous.
Herz [herts] n (-ens/-en) anat. heart
(a. fig.); cards: hearts pi.; fig. courage, spirit; sich ein
fassen take
heart; mit ganzem en whole-heartedly; sich et. zu en nehmen take
-

th. to heart; es nicht ilbers

brin-

gen zu inf. not to have the heart to


inf.; '~anfall m heart attack.
'
Herzens|brecher m (-s/-) ladykiller; ' lust /: nach
to one's
heart's

content;

' wimsch

heart's desire.
'

herzjergreifend fig. adj. heart-

moving; 'Sfehler j? m cardiac defect; 'Sgegend anat. f cardiac region; haft adj. hearty, good; ' ig
adj. lovely. Am. a. cute; Sinfarkt
# [' 'infarkt] m (-[e]s/-e) cardiac
infarction; 'Sklopfen # ?j (-sjno pi.)
palpitation; ' krank adj. having
heart trouble; ' lich 1. adj. heartfelt; cordial, hearty; ~es Beileid sincere sympathy; 2. adv.: gem with
pleasure; ' los adj. heardess; unfeeling.
Herzog t'hertsoik] m (-[e]s/ae, -e)
duke; ' in / (-/-nen) duchess;
tum h (-[e]s/=er) dukedom; duchy.
'

'

Herzjschlag m heartbeat; # heart


failure; ' schwache # / cardiac
insufficiency; ' verpflanzung #/
heart transplant; 'Szerreifiend adj.
heart-rending.

Hetz|e ['hetss] f(-l-n) hurry, rush;


instigation

(gegen

acc.

against);

baiting (of); '2en (ge-) 1. v/t. (b)


course (hare); bait (bear, etc.);
hound: hunt, chase (atiimal); fig.
hurry, rush; s/ch hurry, rush; e-n
Hund auf j-n
set a dog at s.o.;
2 v/i. (h) fig.: cause discord; agitate (gegen against); 3. fig. v/i.
(sein) hurry, rush; ' er fig. m
'
(-s/-) instigator; agitator; Serisch
adj. virulent, inflammatory; ' jagd
fhunt(ing);fig.: virulent campaign;
rush, hurry; ' presse / yellow
.

press.

Heu [hov] n (-[e]slno pi.) hay; '.v


boden m hayloft.
Heuchel|ei [hDY s'lai] / (-/-en)
hypocrisy; 'Sn (ge-, h) 1. v/t. sim-

140 -

hierzu

ulate, feign, affect; 2. v/i. feign,


dissemble; play the hypocrite.
Heuchler m (-s/-) hypocrite; 'Sisch
adj. hypocritical.
heuer ['hoYsr] 1. adv. this year;
2 2 & f (-l-n) pay, wages pi.; ' n
vjt. (ge-, h) hire; & engage, sign
on (crew), charter (ship).
heulen ['hDYlsn] v/i. (ge-, h) wind,
etc.: howl; storm, wind, etc.: roar;
siren: wail; F p. howl, cry.
'
Heu|schnupfen # m hay-fever;
chrecke zo.
f' Jreks] / (-l-n)
grasshopper, locust.
'

heut|e adv. ['hoYts] today;

abend

this evening, tonight;


margen this morning;

fruh,
in acht

Tagen today or this day week;


var acbt Tagen a week ago today;
Lig adj. this day's, today's; present; zutage adv. ['hDYttsutaiga]
nowadays, these days.
Hexe fheksa] / (l-n) witch, sorceress; fig.: hell-cat; hag; Sn v/i. (ge-j,
h) practice witchcraft; F fig. work
miracles;
nkessel fig. m inferno;
'
nmeister m wizard, sorcerer;
'
nschufi # m lumbago; rei U'
rai] / (-/-en) witchcraft, sorcery,
magic.
Hieb [hi:p] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) blow,
stroke; lash, cut (of whip, etc.); a.
punch (with fist);fenc. cut; ~e pi.
hiding, thrashing; 2. 2 pret. of
'

'

hauen.

hielt [hi:lt] pret. of halten.


hier adv. [hi:r] here; in this place;
present!;
entlang! this way!

bier|an adj. ['hh'ran, when emphatic


'

hi:ran] at or by or in or on or to it
or this; ~auf adv. [ hii'rauf, when
emphatic hiirauf] on it or this;
after this or that, then; ~aus adv.
'
['hi: raus, when emphatic hi'.raus]
'

'

'

from or out of it or this; ~bei adv.

['hiir'bai, when emphatic 'hirrbai]


here; in this case, in connection
'

with this; durch adv. [ hiir'durg,


when emphatic hiirdur?] through
here; by this, hereby; ~fur adv.
['hi:r fy:r, when emphatic 'hiirfyir]
for it or this; ~her adv. ['hiir'heir,
when emphatic
hhrherr] here,
'

'

'

hither; bis

as far as here;

in adv.

'

['hii'rin, when emphatic hi:rinj in


it or this; in here; mit adv. ['hirr'
mit, when emphatic hiirmit] with
it or this, herewith; .nach adv.
t'hiir'naix, when emphatic 'hi:rna:x]
after it or this; according to this;
'

iiber adv. ['hii'ryibar, when emphatic 'hiiryibsr] over it or this;


over here; on this (subject); unter
adv. t'hii'runtar, when emphatic
'
hiiruntsr] under it or this; among
these; by this or that; ~von adv.
'
['hi:r fDn, when emphatic 'hiirfon]

of or from it or this; ~zu adv.


'
['hi:r tsu:, when emphatic 'hhrtsu:]

hiesig
with

it

or this; (in addition) to

141 '

Hinjblick m: im

hiesig adj. ['hiizig] of or in this


place or town, local.

hinder|lich adj. ['hindsrlig] hindering, impeding; j-m


se/n be in
s o s way; Ln vjt. (ge-, h) hinder
hamper (be/, in dat. in); an (dat.)
'

helpful.

race.

Hilfslaktion / relief measures pi.;

'

arbeiter m unskilled worker or

labo(u)rer; 'Sbediirftig adj. needy,


indigent; ' lehrer m assistant
teacher; ' mittel n aid: device;

remedy; expedient;

'

motor

hin'durch adv. through; all through

throughout; across.
hinein adv. [hi'nain] in;

m/t d/r/
in you go!; gehen vli. (irr. gehen
sep., -ge-, se/n) go in; m (acc.) go
into; in den Topf gehen ... hinein
,

m:

Fahrrad mit

motor-assisted bicyquelle/resource; ' schule/

cle; '
elementary
'

tion.

school for backward


werk
relief organiza[berry, i

Himbeere

the pot holds or takes ...


'

Hinlfahrt / journey or way there;


Sfallen v/i. (irr. fallen, sep., -ge-,
se/n) fall (down); 'Sfallig adj. p.
'

frail;

['himbeira] / rasp-/

Himmel ['himsl] m (-s/-) sky,


heavens pi.; eccl.,fig. heaven; ' bett
n tester-bed; 'Sblau adj. sky-blue;
'
fahrt eccl. f ascension (of Christ);
Ascension-day; 'Sschreiend adj.
crying.
'

Himmelsjgegend / region of the


sky; cardinal point;
korper m
celestial body;
richtung / point
'

'

of the compass, cardinal point;


direction; ' strich m region, climate zone.
'

himmlisch adj. celestial, heavenly.


bin adv. [hin] there; gone, lost;

back.

hinab adv. [hi'nap] down; steigen


v/i. (irr. ste/gen, sep., -ge-, se/n)
climb down, descend.

hinarbeiten ['hin9-] v/i. (sep., -ge-,


h): auf (acc.) work for or towards.
hinauf adv. [hi'nauf] up (there);
upstairs; gehen v/i. (irr. gehen,
sep., -ge-, se/n) go up(stairs);
prices, wages, etc.: go up, rise;
steigen vji. (irr. ste/gen, sep.,
ge-, se/n) climb up, ascend.
hinaus adv. [hi'naus] out;
m/t
euch.' out with you!; auf (v/e/e)
Johre ~ for (many) years (to come);
gehen r/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-,
se/n) go or walk out;
iiber (acc.)
go beyond, exceed;
auf (acc.)
vnndotv, etc.: look out on, overlook;
intention, etc.: drive or aim at;
Jaufen v/i. (irr. laufen, sep., -ge-,
se/n) run or rush out;
auf (acc.)
come or amount to; ~schieben fig.
vjt. (irr. sch/eben, sep., -ge-, h) put
off, postpone, defer; ~werfen vlu
(irr. werfen, sep., -ge-, h) throw
out (ous of); turn or throw or F
~

chuck s.o. out.

invalidate,

invalid;

render

inval-

id.

hing [hiq] pret. of hdngen 1.


'
Hinlgabe / devotion (on acc. to);
Sgeben v/t. (irr. geben,sep., -ge-,h)
give up or away; s/ch
(datj give
o.s. to; devote o.s. to; ' gebung /
(-/-en) devotion; 'Sgehen vfi. (irr.
gehen, sep., -ge-, se/n) go or walk
there; go (zu to); path, etc.: lead
there; lead (zu to a place); 'Shalten
v/t. (irr. ho/ten, sep., -ge-, h) hold
out (object, etc.); put 5.0. off.
hinken ['hiriksn] v/i. (ge-) 1. (h)
'

limp (auf dem rechten FuB with one's


right leg), have a limp; 2. (se/n) limp
(along).

und wieder now and again

or then; * und zuriick there and

regulation, etc.:

machen

und her to and fro, Am. back and

forth;

etc.: fence; 'Snisrennen n obstacle-

hilfjlos adj. helpless; ' reich adj.

children;

prevent from; '2nis n (-ses/-se)


hindrance; sports: obstacle; turf

'

'

auf (acc.) in view

of, with regard to; '2bringen vjt.


(irr. br/ngen, sep., -ge-, h) take
there; while away, pass (time).

this.

hiefi [hi:s] pret. of heilien.


Hilfe ['hilfs] / (-/-n) help; aid, assistance; succour; relief (fur to);
! help!; m/t
von with the help
or aid of; ' ruf m shout or cry for
help.

hinten

'

hinjlanglich adj. sufficient, adequate; ' legen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)


lay or put down; s/ch
lie down;
'
nehmen v/t. (irr. nehmen, sep.,
ge-, h) accept, take; put up with;
'
raffen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) death,
etc.: snatch s.o. away, carry s.o. off;
'
reichen (sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t.
-

reach or stretch or hold out (dat.


to); 2. v/i. suffice; ' reifien fig. v/t.
(irr. reifien, sep., -ge-, h) carry away;
enrapture, ravish; ' reifiend adj.
ravishing, captivating; ' richten
v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) execute, put to

death; 'Srichtung / execution;


'
setzen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) set or
put down; s/ch sit down; Ssicht
/ regard, respect; in
ouf (acc.) =
'
sichtlich prp. (gen.) with regard
to, as to, concerning; ' stellen v/t.
(sep., -ge-, h) place; put; put down;
et.
als represent s.th. as; make
s th. appear (as).
'

hintan|setzen [hint'an-] v/t. (sep.,


ge-, h) set aside; Ssetzung / (-/-en)
-

setting aside; stellen v/t. (sep., -ge-,


h) set aside; Sstellung/ (-/-en) setting aside.
hinten adv. ['hintan] behind, at the

hinter

142 -

back; in the background; in the

auf (acc.) point at or to, indicate (a

hinterprp. ['hintar] 1. (dat.) behind,

sich lassen out-

throw down; ?.: dash off (sketch


etc.); say s.th. casually; 'Swirken
v/i. (sep., -ge-, h):
auf (acc.)
,

distance; 2. (ace.) behind; 'fibein n

hind leg; Sbliebenen pi. U'bliibanan] the bereaved pi.; surviving


dependants pi.; Jbringen v/t.
(irr. bringen, no -ge-, h): j-m et.
inform s.o. of s.th. (secretly);
ei'nanderacf .one after the other;
in succession; 'Sgedanke m ulterior motive;
gehen vjt. (irr. gehen, no -ge-, h) deceive, F doublecross; S ehung/C-Z-en) deception;
'
Sgrund m background (a. fig.);
'
Shalt m ambush; ~haltig adj.
V heltiq] insidious; underhand;
'
haus n back or rear building;
her adv. behind; afterwards;
l2hof m backyard; Skopf m back
of the head; -. lassen vjt. (irr.
lassen, no -ge-, h) leave (behind);
2'lassenschaft / (-/-en) property
(left), estate; Jlegen v/t. (no -ge-,h)
deposit, lodge (be/ with); S'legung
/(-/-en) deposit(ion); 'Slist/deceit;
craftiness; insidiousness; ' listig
adj. deceitful; crafty; insidious;
'
Smann m X rear-rank man; fig.:
Y subsequent endorser; pol. backer;
wire-puller; instigator; 'Sn F m
(-s/-) backside behind, bottom;
'

work towards; use one's influence

to; '2ziehen (irr. ziehen sep.,


ge-) 1. fig. vjt. (h) attract or draw
there; sich
space: extend (bis zu
,

to), stretch (to); time: drag on;


vli. (sein) go or move there;
'
Szielen fig. vji. (sep., -ge-, h):
auf (acc.) aim or drive at.
hin'zu adv. there; near; in addition;
Jfiigen vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) add (zu
to) (a. fig.); Sfiigung / (-/-en) addition; kommen vfi. (irr. kom2

'

'

Srad n rear wheel;

riicks adv.

'

[ ryks] from behind; fig. behind

his, etc. back; 'Sseite / back; 'Steil


n back (part); rear (part); F s.
Hintern; .'treiben vjt. (irr. tre/ben,
no -ge-, h) thwart, frustrate;
'
Streppe / backstairs pi.; 'Stiir /
back door; 'ziehen tfi v/t. (irr.
ziehen, no -ge-, h) evade (tax, duty,
etc.); 2'ziehung / evasion.
hiniiber adv.
[hi'nyibar]
over
(there); across.
Hin- und 'Riickfahrt / journey
there and back. Am. round trip.
hinunter adv. [hi'nuntar] down
(there); downstairs; ~schlucken
vft. (sep., -ge-, h) swallow (down);
fig. swallow.
'
Hinweg1 m way there or out.
hinweg2 adv. [hin'vek] away, off;
gehen vji. (irr. gehen, sep., -gesein):
uber (acc.) go or walk over
or across; fig. pass over, ignore;
kommen vji. (irr. kommen, sep.,
ge-, sein):
uber (acc.) get over
(c. fig.); ~sehen vji. (irr. sehen,
sep., -ge-, h):
uber (acc.) see or
look over; fig. overlook, shut one's
eyes to; setzen vjrefl. (sep., -ge-,
h): sich
uber (acc.) ignore, disregard, make light of.

(and) moreover;
rechnen vjt.
(sep., -ge-, h) add (zu to), include
(in, among); ~setzen vjt. (sep.,
ge-, h) s. hinzufugen; treten vli.
(irr. treten, sep., -ge-, sein) s. hinzukommen; join; ziehen v/t. (irr. ziehen, sep., -ge-, h) call in (doctor, etc.).
Hirn [him] n (-[e]s/-e) anat. brain;
fig. brains pi., mind; '~gespinst n
figment of the mind, chimera; 'Slos
fig. adj. brainless, senseless;
schale aitat. f brain-pan, cranium;
'
schlag
m apoplexy;
verbrannt adj. crazy, F crack-brained,
-

cracky.
Hirsch zo. [hirj] m (-esf-e) species:
deer; stag, hart; ' geweih n
(stag's) antlers pi.; '~kuh / hind;
'

Hin|weis ['hinvais] m (-esj-e) reference (auf acc. to); hint (at); indication (of); 'Sweisen (z rr. we/sen, sep.,
ge-, h) 1. v/t.: j-n auf (acc.) draw
or call s.o. s attention to; 2. /.:
'

'

leder n buckskin, deerskin.

Hirse
['hirza] / (-/-n) millet.
Hirt [hirt] m (-en/-en),
[' .a] m
(-nj-n) herdsman; shepherd
hissen ['hisan] vji. (ge-, h) hoist,
.

raise (flag); & a. trice up (sail).

Histori|ker [hi'sto:rikar] m (-s/-)


historian; 2sch adj. historic(al).

Hitz|e ['hitsa] / (-/no pi.) heat;


'

Sebestandig adj. heat-resistant,


heat-proof; '~ewelle / heat-wave,
hot spell; '2ig adj. p. hot-tempered,
hot-headed;
discussion:
heated;
'

kopf m hothead; ' schlag # m

heat-stroke.

men, sep., -ge-, sein) come up (zu


to); supervene; be added; es kommt
(noch) hinzu, dad add to this that,

'

'

fig-);fig-' point out; hint at; 'Swerfen v/t. (irr. werfen, sep., -ge- h)

rear.

Am. a. back of;

Hochachtung

hob [ho:p] pret. of heben.


Hobel ['ho:bal] m (-s/-) plane;
'
bank / carpenter's bench; '0
v/t. (ge-, h) plane.
hoch [ho:x] 1. adj. high; church
spire, tree, etc.: tall; position, etc.:
high, important; guest, etc.: distinguished; punishment, etc.: heavy,
severe; age: great, old; hohe See
open sea, high seas pi.; 2. adv.:
lebe
long live ...! 3. 2 n (-s/s)
cheer; toast; meteorology: high
(-pressure area)
-.

'

hoch|achten vit. (sep., -ge-, h)


esteem highly; Sachtung / high
'

hochachtungsvoll
esteem or respect;

'

achtungsvoll
adj. (most) respectful; 2. adv.
correspondence: yours faithfully or
sincerely, esp. Am. yours truly;
'
Sadel m greater or higher nobility;
'
2amt eccl. n high mass; 'Santenne
/overhead aerial; 'Sbahn/elevated
or overhead railway. Am. elevated
1

railroad;

'

Ebetrieb m intense ac-

Hocke ['hoka] / (-/-n) gymnastics:


squat-vault; skiing: crouch; 'Sn
v/i. (ge-, h) squat, crouch; ' r m
(-s/-) stool
.

Hocker ['hoekar] m (-s/-) surface,


etc.: bump; camel, etc.: hump; p.
hump, hunch; 'Sig adj. animal:
humped; p. humpbacked, hunchbacked ; surface, etc.: bumpy, rough,

tivity, rush; 'Sburg fig. f stronghold; ' deutsch adj. High or standard German; 'Sdruck m high pressure {a. fig.)', mit arbe/ten work at

high pressure; 'Sebene / plateau,


tableland; ' fahrend adj. highhanded, arrogant;
'~fein
adj.
in top
superfine; Sform /: in
form; 'Sfrequenz / / high frequency; Sgebirge n high mountains />/.; '2genufi m great enjoyment; Sglanz m high polish;
Shaus n multi-stor(e)y building,
skyscraper;
herzig adj. nobleminded; generous; Sherzigkeit /
(-/-en) noble-mindedness; generosity; 'Skonjunktur Y / boom,
business prosperity; 'Sland n
upland(s pi.), highlands pi.; Smut
m arrogance, haughtiness; miitig
adj. [' my:ti?] arrogant, haughty;
wnasig F adj. [' neizi?] stuck-up;
'
Sofen m blast-furnace; ' 'rot
adj. bright red; 'saison / peak
season, height of the season;
'
schatzen vjt. (sep., -ge-} h) esteem
highly; 'Sschule/university; academy; 'Sseefischerei / deep-sea
fishing; 'Ssommer m midsummer;
'
Sspannung / / high tension or
voltage; 'Ssprung m sports: high
jump.
bochst [hoicst] 1. adj. highest; fig.

uneven.

Hode anat. ['hoida] m (-n/-n), /


(-/-n)

'

'

'

'

'

a :
supreme; extreme;
highly, most, extremely.

2.

Hochstapjelei

adv.

[ho-.xjtaips'lai]

(-/-en) swindling;

'

ler m (-s/-)

confidence man, swindler.

hochstens adv. [W.gstsns] at (the)


most, at best.
'

Hochstlform / sports: top form;


'
geschwindigkeit / maximum
speed; speed limit; Lleistung /
sports: record (performance);
maximiim output (of machine, etc.);
'
~

'

lohn m maximum wages pi.;


mafi n maximum; ' preis m

maximum price.
'

hochltrabend fig. adj. high-flown;


pompous; Sverrat m high treason;
'

'

Swald m high forest; 'Swasser n


high tide or water; flood; ' wertig
adj. high-grade, high-class; 'Swild
n big game; 'Swohlgeboren m
(-si-) Right Hono(u)rable
Hochzeit ['hoxtsait] / (-/-en) wedding; marriage; 'Slich adj. bridal,
nuptial; ' sgeschenk n wedding
present; '~sreise / honeymoon
(trip).
.

anat. m (si-) testicle.

,
'

Hof [ho:f] m (-[e]s/=e) court(yard);


farm; king, etc.: court; ast. halo;
j-m den

mochen court s.o.; ' da-

me / lady-in-waiting; 'fahig adj.

'

'

Hohlspiegel

143 -

presentable at court.

Hoffart ['hofart] / (-/no pi.) arrogance, haughtiness; pride.


hoffen ['hofan] (ge-, h) 1. v/i. hope
(auf acc. for); trust (in); 2. v/t.:
das Beste
hope for the best; ' tlich adv. it is to be hoped that
I hope, let's hope.
Hoffnung ['hofnuij] / (-/-en) hope
(auf acc. for, of); in der
zu inf.
in the hope of ger., hoping to inf.;
s-e
setzen auf (acc.) pin one's
hopes on; 'Sslos adj. hopeless;
'
Ssvoll adj. hopeful; promising.
'
Hofhund m watch-dog.
hofisch adj. ['heifij] courtly.
hoflich adj. ['hoifli?] polite, civil,
courteous (gegen to); 'Skeit/(-/-en)
pohteness, civility, courtesy.
'
Hofstaat m royal or princely household; suite, retinue.
Hohe fhoia] / (-/-n) height; 2?, fr,
,

'

ast., geogr. altitude; hill; peak;


amount (of bill, etc.); size (of sum,
fine, etc.); level (of price, etc.);
severity (of punishment, etc.); S
pitch; in g/eicher
mit on a level
with; auf der
sein be up to the
mark; in die , up(wards).
Hoheit ['ho:hait] / (-/-en) pol.
sovereignty; title: Highness; '~sgebiet n (sovereign) territory; ' sgewasser nlpl. territorial waters
pi.; ' szeichen n national emblem.
'

H6hen|kurort

high-altidude

health resort; Lluft / mountain


air; ' sonne / mountain sun; #

ultra-violet lamp; ' steuer

elevator; ' zug m mountain range.


'
Hohepunkt m highest point; ast.,
fig. culmination, zenith; fig. a.:
climax; summit, peak.

hohl adj. [ho:l] hollow (a. fig.);


cheeks, etc.: sunken; hand: cupped;
sound: hollow, dull.

Hohle ['ho.ia] ./ (-/-n) cave, cavern;


den, lair (of bear, lion, etc.) (both a.
fig.); hole, burrow (of fox, rabbit,
etc.); hollow; cavity.
'
HohllmaC n dry measure; '~raum
m hollow, cavity; ' spiegel m
concave mirror.

Hohlung

Hohlung ['hoilurj] / (-/-en)


cavation; hollow, cavity.

144 -

Hotelbesitzer

'

kuchen m honey-cake; ginger-

ex-

bread; '2suB adj. honey-sweet


honeyed (a. fig.); ' wabe / honey,

'

Hohlweg m defile.
Hohn [ho:n] nt (-[e]s/no pi.) scorn,
hohnen ['homan] v/i. (ge-, h) sneer,
jeer, mock, scoff (uber acc. at).
'
Hohngelachter scornful or
derisive laughter.
'
hohnisch adj. scornful; sneering,
derisive.

Hoker f'hoikar] m (-s/-) hawker,


huckster; '2n vji. (ge-, h) huckster,
hawk about.

holen ['horbn] vjt. (ge-, h) fetch; go


for;

a. ~ lassen

send

'

['holEndar]

exchange).

Hopfen f'topfan] m (-s/-)

hops | a int. fhopsa] (wh)oops!; upsadaisy!; ' en F vji. (ge-, se/n) hop,

(-s/-)

m (-s/-) eavesdropper.
Horde ['horda] / (-/-n) horde, gang.

h6r|en ['hoiran] (ge-, h) 1. vjt. hear;


listen (in) to (radio); attend (lecture,

haben be

etc.); hear, learn; 2. vji. hear (von


dat. from); listen; au f (acc.) listen
to; schwer
be hard of hearing;
S/e mal! look here!; I say!; 'Ser m
(-s/-) hearer; radio: listener(-in);
univ. student; teleph. receiver;

in-a mortal fright or F blue funk;


'
larm F fig. m infernal noise;
'
maschine / infernal machine,
time bomb; ' pein F fig. f torment
of hell.
'

hop;

brewing: hops pi.

horchjen ['honjan] vji. (ge-, h)


listen (auf acc. to); eavesdrop; 'Zer

Dutchman.

Hollenlangst fig. f: e-e

tsjoiran] pi. notabilities/)/.; 2ieren


[Jriiran] vjt. (no -ge-, h) fee, pay
a fee to; if hono(u)r, meet (bill of

catch
seek

Holle ['hoeb] / (-1%-n) hell.


'

atioren Ua-

'

jump.
horbar adj. ['hoirbarr] audible.

s advice.

Hollander

royalties pi.; salary;

draw

for;

(breath); sich e-e Krankheit


a disease; sich bei j-m Rat
s o

comb.

Honor|ar [hono'rarr] (-s/-e) fee;

disdain; derision.

hollisch adj. hellish, infernal (both


a fig.).
.

holper|ig adj. ['holparif;] surface,


road, etc.: bumpy, rough, uneven;
vehicle, etc.: jolty, jerky; verse,
style, etc.: rough, jerky; ' n (ge-)
1 vji. (se/n) vehicle: jolt, bump;
.

vji. (h) vehicle: jolt, bump; be


jolty or bumpy.
Holunder
[ho'lundar] m (-s/-)
2

'

Serschaft/X-Z-en) audience; 'figerat n hearing aid; ' ig adj.: j-m


se/n be enslaved to s.o.; 'Sigkeit /
(-jno pi ) subjection.
Horizont [hori'tsDnt] m (-[e]s/-e)
horizon; skyline; s-n
erwe/tern
broaden one's mind; das gebt uber
me/nen
that s beyond me; 2al adj.
[ 'ta:!] horizontal.
Hormon [hor'morn] n (-s/-e) hor.

'

elder.

mone.

Holz [holts] n (-es/-er) wood; timber,


Am. lumber; ' .bau A m wooden
structure; ' bildhauer m woodcarver; ' blasinstrument / n
woodwind instrument; ' boden m
.

wood(en) floor; wood-loft.


holzern adj. ['hoeltsarn] wooden;
fig. a. clumsy, awkward.
'

Holzlfaller m (-s/-) woodcutter,


woodman. Am. a.
lumberjack,
logger; 'whacker m (-s/-) woodchopper, woodcutter. Am. lumberjack; 1 chandler m wood or timber
merchant. Am. lumberman;

'

Horn [tiDrn] n 1. (-[e]s/=er) horn

(of bull); i, mot., etc.: horn; X


bugle; peak; 2. (-[e]s/-e) horn,
horny matter; ' haut/horny skin;
anat. cornea (on eye).
Hornisse zo. [hor'nisa] / (-/-n)
hornet.

Hornist / [hor'nist] m (-en/-en)


horn-player; X bugler.
Horoskop [horo'skoip] n (-s/-e)
horoscope; j-m das
ste//en cast
s o
.

oscope; ' saal m


'
spiel n radio play;

haus

wood-carver;

'

schuh m wooden

'

shoe, clog; stofi m pile or stack of


wood; stake; ' v/egfig. m: auf dem
se/nbeon the wrong track; ' wolle
/ wood-wool; fine wood shavings
pi.. Am. a. excelsior.
.

Homeopath # [homoo'pait] m (-en/


en) hom(o)eopath(ist); ~ie [ a'ti:]
/ (-jno pi.) hom(o)eopathy; 2isch
-

adj. [ 'paitij] hom(o)eopathic.


Honig ['homi?] m (-s/-e) honey;

lecture-hall;

n wooden house. Am. frame house;

2ig adj. woody; ' kohle/charcoal;


platz m wood or timber yard. Am.
lumberyard; ' schnitt m woodcut,
wood-engraving; ' schnitzer m

s horoscope.

Horlrohr n ear-trumpet; # steth-

'

'
.

'

'

weite/: in

within earshot.

Hose ['horza] / (-/-n) (e-e a pair of)


trousers pi. or Am. pants pi.; slacks
pi.
'

Hosenjklappe/flap; latz ['Uats]

m (-esj-e) flap; fly; ' tasche /


trouser-pocket; ' trager m: (em
Poor)
pi. (a pair of) braces pi. or
Am. suspenders pi.
Hospital [hospi'ta:!] n (-s/-e, =er)
hospital.
Hostie eccl. ['hostja] / (-/-n) host,
consecrated or holy wafer.
Hotel [ho'tel] n (-sj-s) hotel; besitzer m hotel owner or proprietor;

Hotelgewerbe

145 -

hundred; 2. 2 n (-s/-e) hundred;


funf vom five per cent; zu en by
hundreds: ' fach adj., ' faltig adj.

gewerbe n hotel industry; ier


U'je:] m (-s s) hotel-keeper.
-

Hub

[hu:p] m (-[e]s'= ) mot.


stroke (ofpiston); lift (of valve, etc.);
raum mot. m capacity.
hiibsch adj. [hypj] pretn', nice;
good-looking, handsome; attractive.
Hubschrauber
m (si-) heli-

hundredfold; 2'jahrfeier / centenary, Am. a. centennial; jahrig


adj. [ jEirig] centenary, a hundred
years old;
st adj. hundredth.

'

'

'

'

'

steuer / dog tax.


zo. [ hyndin] / (-/-nen)

Hiindi n

'

'

bitch, she-dog; 'Ssch adj. doggish;


fig. servile, cringing.
'

rier.

hunds ge'mein

F adj. dirty, mean,

Huft;e anat. ['hj-fts] / (-/-n) hip;


gelenk n hipesp. 20. haunch;
joint; ' giirtel m girdle; suspender
belt. Am. garter belt.
Httgel I'hyrgal] m (si-) hill(ock);
ig adj. hilly.
Huhn orn. [hu:n] n (-[e]s,=er) fowl,
chicken; hen; junges chicken.
Hiihnchen
[ hy:n?3n]
n
(si-)
chicken; ein zu rupfen haben have
a bone to pick (mit with).

scurvy;

'

days pi.
Hiine [ hyrna] m (-nj-n) giant.
Hunger ['hurpr] m (slnopl.) hunger
(fig. nach for);
bekommen get
hungry; haben be or feel hungry;
kur / star -ation cure; ' leider F
m (s -) starveling, poor devil;
lohn m starvation wages pi.; '2n
v i. (ge-, h) hunger (fig. nach after,
'

'

Hiihnerlauge # ['hymsr-J n com;

for); go without food;


lassen
starve s.o.; .snot / famine;

ei n hen s egg; 1 Jiof m poulm*'


hund
yard. Am. chicken yard;
'

'

m pointer, setter;

'
-

streik m himger-strike; '.tod m

Jeiter /

death from star\-ation; '.tuch fig.


n: am nagen have nothing to bite.
'
hungrig adj. hungry (fig. nach for).
Hupe mot. ['hu:pp] f (-/-n) horn,
hooter; klaxon; 2n v/i. (ge- h)

chicken-ladder.

Kuld [hult] / (-Itio pi.) grace, favo(u)r; Sigen [ digan] v/i. (dat.)
(ge-, h) pay homage to (sovereign,
lady, etc.); indulge in (vice, etc.);
'

sotmd one s hom, hoot.


'

igung / (-/-en) homage; 'Sreich

hupfen [ hypfan] r/j. (ge-, se/n) hip,

'

adj., Svoll adj. gracious.


Hiille [!hyl3] / (-'-n) coverCing),
wrapper; letter, balloon, etc.: envelope; book, etc.: jacket; umbrella,
etc.: sheath; '2n f/f. (ge-, h) wrap,
cover, envelope (a. fig.); sich in
Schweigen
wrap o.s. in silence.
Hiilse I/hylza] / (-/-n) legume, pod
(of leguminous plant); husk, hull (of
rice, etc.); skin (of pea, etc.); X
'
case;
nfrucht / legume(n);
leguminous plant; 1 jifriichte f,pl.
pulse.
human adj. [hu'marn] hiamane; Sitat [ ani'tsit] / (-ino pi.) humanity.
Hummel zo. ['humsl] / (-/-n)

skip; gambol, frisk (about).

Hurde ['hyrd3]/(-/-n) hurdle; fold,


pen; '.nrermen n hurdle-race.

Hure [ h\i:ra] / (-/-n) whore, prostitute.

hurtig adj. ['hurtii;] quick, swift;


agile, nimble.
Husar
[hu'za:r] m (-en/-en)
hussar.

husch int. [huj] in or like a flash;


shoo!; .en vji. (ge-, se/n) slip,
dart; small animal: scurry, scamper;
bat, etc.: flic

husteln ['hyistaln] 1. vji. (ge-, h)


cough slightly; 2. 2 n (slito pi.)
slight cough.
husten ['hirstsn] 1. c/i. (ge-, h)
cough; 2. 2 m (-s/S-) cough.
Hut [hu:t] 1. m (-[e]s,=e) hat; den

bumble-bee.

Hummer

zo.

['humsr]

(sf-)

lobster.

'

abnehmen take off one s hat; . ab

Humor
[hu'moir]
m
(-s/S-e)
humo(u)r; ist [ o'rist] m (-en/-en)

vor (dui.)l hats off to ...!; 2. f (-Ino


pi.) care, charge; guard; auf der
se/n be on one s guard (vor dat.

humorist; Sistisch adj. [ o'ristij]

'

humorous.

humpeln ['humpaln] vfi. (ge-)


1
(se/n) hobble (along), limp
(along); 2. (h) (have a) limp, walk

against).

hiiteln ['hyitan] c/r. (ge-, h) guard,


protect., keep watch over; keep

with a limp.

Hund [hunt] m (-[e]s/-e) zo. dog;


tub; ast. dog, canis; auf den
kommen go to the dogs.
'

Hundeihiitte/dog-kennel. Am. a.
doghouse; ' kuchen m dog-biscuit;
leine / (dog-)lead or leash;
peitsche / dog-whip.
'
'

hundert ['hundsrt] 1. adj. a or one


10 SW E II

'

mise rabel F adj. ronen,

wretched, lousy; 'Stage m!pl. dog-

'

'

Hunde sperre / muzzling-order;


'

copter.

Huf [hu:f] m (-[e]s/-e) hoof; ' eisen


n horseshoe; schlag m hoof-beat;
(horse's) kick; ' schmied m far-

zo.

Hutte

(secret); tend (sheep, etc.); das Belt


be confined to (one's) bed; sich
'

vor (dat.) beware of; 2r m (si-)


keeper, guardian; herdsman.
'
Hut futter n hat-lining; '.krempe
/ hat-brim; '.macher m (s/-)
haner; '.nadel/hat-pin.
Hiitte ['hyts] / (-/-n) hut; cottage,
cabin; metallurgical plant; mount.
.

Hiittenwesen

refuge; ' nwesen n metallurgy,

146 -

Hypochond|er

metallurgical engineering.

Hyane zo. [hylE:n3]/(-/-n) hy(a)ena.


Hyazinthe
[hya'tsinta] / (-/-n)
hyacinth.
[hydrant. 1
Hydrant [hy'drant] m (-en/-en)l
Hydrauli|k phys. [hy'draulik] J
(-Ino pi ) hydraulics pi.; 2sch adj.
hydraulic.
Hygien|e [hy'gjems] / (-/mo pi.)
hygiene; 2isch adj. hygienic(al).
Hymne ['hymns] / (-/-n) hymn.
Hypno|se [hyp'nozza] / (-/-n) hypnosis; Stisieren [ oti zitran] v/t.
and v/i. (no -ge-, h) hypnotize.
.

'

ich [ig] 1. pers. pron. I; 2. 2 n (-[s]/


[s]) self; psych, the ego.

Ideal [ide'a-.l] 1. n (-s/-e) ideal; 2.


2 adj. ideal; Sisieren Uali'zirran]
vlt. (no -ge-, h) idealize; ismus
Ua'lismus] m (-/Idealismen) idealism; ist [ a'list] m (-enj-en) idealist.

Idee [i'de:] / (-/-n) idea, notion.


(no -ge-, h) identify; sich identify
o s
sch adj. [i'dentij] identical;
2tat U'tsrt] / (-/no pi.) identity.
.;

Ideolog|ie [ideolo'gi:] / (-/-n)


ideology; 2isch adj. [JloigiJ] ideological.
Idiot [idi'on] m (-en/-en) idiot; ie
[ o ti:] / (-J-n) idiocy; 2isch adj.
[ Jo:tiJ] idiotic.
Idol [i'do:!] n <-s/-e) idol.
Igel zo. V'v.gsl] m (-s/-) hedgehog.
'

Ignor|ant [igno'rant] m (-enj-en)


ignorant person, ignoramus; ~anz

Uts] / (-jno pi.) ignorance; 2ieren


vjt. (no -ge-, h) ignore, take no

Hypotenuse A1 [hypote'nuiza] /
(-/-n) hypotenuse
Hypothek [hypo'te J/C-Z-en) mortgage; e-e
aufnehmen raise a
mortgage; Sarisch adj. Ue'karrif]:
Be/astung mortgage.
Hypothe|se [hypo'teizs] / (-/-n)
hypothesis; 2tisch adj. hypothet.

ical.

Hyster|ie psych, [hyste'ri:] / (-/-n)


hysteria; 2isch psych, adj. [JteiriJ]
hysterical.

ige pass. pron. ['.Jga]: der (die,


das)
hers; theirs; der (die, das)
Ihrige yours.
illegitim adj. [ilegi'tirm] illegiti~

mate.

illusorisch adj. [ilu'zorrij] illusory,


deceptive.
illustrieren [ilu'striiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) illustrate.
Iltis zo. ['iltis] m (-ses/se) fitchew,
polecat.
im prp. [im] = in dem.

imaginar adj. [imagi'nsir] imaginary.


'

Imbifl m light meal, snack; ' stube


/ snack bar.
Imker fimkar] m (-s/-) bee-master,
bee-keeper.
immatrikulieren [imatriku'liiran]

v/t. (no -ge-, h) matriculate, enrol(l);


sich
lassen matriculate, enrol(l).
immer adv. ['imar] always;
mehr
more and more; ~ wieder again or

time and again; fiir


for ever, for
good; griin n (-s/-e) evergreen;
'
hin adv. still, yet; 'Jzu adv.
always, continually.
Immobilien [imo'biiljsn] pi. immovables pi., real estate; chandler
'

notice of.

ihm pers. pron. [i:m] p. (to) him;


thing: (to) it.
ihn pers. pron. [i:n] p. him; thing: it.
'
ihnen pers. pron. (to) them; Ihnen
sg. and pi. (to) you.
ihr [i:r] 1. pers. pron.: (2nd pi. nom.)
you; (3rd sg. dat.) (to) her; 2. pass.
pron.: her; their; /hr s. andpl. your;
der (die, das) e hers; theirs; der (die,
das) Ihre sg. and pi. yours; ~erseits
[' ar'zaits] adv. on her part; on
their part; Ihrerseits sg. and pi. on
your part; ' es'gleichen pron. (of)
her or their kind, her or their equal;
Ihresgleichen sg. (of) your kind,
your equal; pi. (of) your kind,
your equals; ' et'wegen adv. for
her or their sake, on her or their

account; Ihretwegen sg. or pi. for

your sake, on your account;


willen adv.: um

[hypo'xDndsr]

(si-) hypochondriac; Srisch adj.


hypochondriac.

identijfizieren [identifi'tsirran] v/t.


.

Impfstoff

'

et-

s. ihretwegen;

m s. Grundstucksmakler.

immun adj. [i'mum] immune (ge'

gen against, from); 2itat [ uni teit]


/ (-/no pi.) immunity.

Imperativ r. ['imperatiif] m (-s/-e)


imperative (mood).
Imperfekt gr. ['imperfskt] n (-s/-e)
imperfect (tense), past tense.

Imperialis|mus [imperia'lismus] m
(-jnopi ) imperialism; ~t m (-enj-en)
.

imperialist; 2tisch adj. imperialistic.

impertinent

adj.

[impsrti'nEnt]

impertinent, insolent.

impfjen

['impfsn] vjt. (ge-, h)

'
Sschein m
of vaccination or in'Sstoff
ni vaccine;

vaccinate; inociilate;
certificate
oculation;

Impfung

serum; 'Sung/(-/-en) vaccination;

imponieren [impo'nhran] v/i. (no


ge-, h): j-m - impress s.o.
Import 'f [im'port] m (-[e]s/-e)
import(ation); eur "t [.v'toir] m
'
(-s/-e) importer; Sieren [ tiiran]
r/f. (no -ge-, h) import.
imposant adj. [impo'zant] imposing,
impressive.
impragnieren [impre'gniirsn] r/r.
(no -ge-, h) impregnate; (water-)
proof (raincoat, etc.).
-

improvisieren [improvi'ziirsn] v/t.


and vli. (no -ge-, h) improvise.
Im'puls m (-es/-e) impuls; 2iv adj.

impulsive.

[be able.|

imstande adj. [im'Jtanda]:


seinf
in prp. (dat.; acc.) [in] 1. place: in,
at; within; into, in; toith names
of important tovms: in,
at, of;
tcith names of villages and less important towns: at; im House in the
house, indoors, in; im ersten Stock
on

the

Indizienbeweis

[in'diitsjan-] m

circumstantial evidence.

inoculation.

U'2i:f]

Inland

147 -

first

floor;

Indoss|ament f [indosa'ment] n
(-sl-e) endorsement, indorsement;

Sieren -f [ 'si

Industrialisierung [industriali'zi:rurj] / (-l-en) industrialization.


Industrie [indus'tri:] / (-/-n) industry; anlage / industrial plant;
arbeiter m industrial worker;
usstellung / industrial exhibition; erzeugnis n industrial product; gebiet n industrial district
or area; 211 adj. Ui el] industrial;
~

'

lle [ i'sls] m (-nj-n) industrialist;

staat m industrial country.

ineinander adv. [in'at'nandar] into


one another; greifen v/i. (irr.
greifen, sep., -ge-, h) gear into one
another, interlock.

infam adj. [in'faim] infamous.

Infanter|ie
[infanta'ri:] / (-/-n)
infantry; ist X m (-enl-en) in-

. der Schule

(im Theater) at school (the thea-

fantryman.

Infektion

. England in England;
waren Sie schon einmal in England?
have you ever been to England?;

Infinitiv gr. finfinitiif] m (-s/-e)


infinitive (mood).

infizieren [infi'tsi:ran] v/t. (no -ge-,


h) infect.

tion, state: im Alter von funfzehn


Jahren at (the age of) fifteen;
Behandlung under treatment.
'
Inbegriff m (qviint)essence; embodiment, incarnation; paragon;
'
Sen adj. included, inclusive (of).
'
Inbrunst / (-/no pi.) ardour,

[flation.)

Inflation [infla'tsjo ] / (-/-en) in-/


in'folge prp. (gen.) in consequence
of, owing or due to; Jdessen adv.
consequendy.

Inform|ation

tinforma'tsjom]

(-l-en) information; Sieren U'mi:-

ran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) inform; falsch

Reichweite within reach; 4. condi-

/ infect-

ious disease.

time: in, at, during; within;


drei Tagen (with)in three days;
heute
vierzehn Tagen today fortnight; im Jahre 1960 in 1960; im
Februar in February; im Friihling in
(the) spring;
der Nacht at night;
letzter Ze/t lately, of late, recently;
3 mode:
groBer Eile in great haste;
Frieden leben live at peace; ~

[infek'tsjom] / (-/-en)

infection; skrankheit

t|re. Am. -er);


die Schule (~s
Theoter) to school (the theat|re,
Am. -er);

n] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

indorse, endorse.

misinform.

Ingenieur [inoe'njoir] m (-sl-e) engineer.


Ingwer ['irjvar] m (-sjno pi.) ginger.
Inhaber ['inhoibar] m (-s/-) owner,
proprietor (of business or shop): occupant (of flat); keeper (of shop);
holder (of office, share, etc.); bearer
(of chequ;, etc.).
Inhalt m (-[e]s/-e) contents pi. (of
bottle, book, etc.); tenor (of speech);
geom. volume; capacity (of vessel).
'

fervo(u)r.
'

inbriinstig adj. ardent, fervent.


in'dem cj. whilst, while; by (ger.);
er mich ansah, sagte er looking at
~

'

Inhaltsjangabe / summary; '2108

me he said.

adj. empty, devoid of substance;


'
Sreich adj. full of meaning; life:
rich, full; ' verzeichnis n on par-

Inder ['indar] m (-si-) Indian.


m des(sen)
I. adv. meanwhile; 2.
cj. while; however.
,

(-s/-)

cel: list of contents; in book: table


of contents.

Indikativ gr. ['indikatkf] m (-s/-e)

Initiative [irutsja'thva] / (-/no pi.)


initiative; die ~ ergreifen take the

Indianer

[in'djaznar]

(American or Red) Indian.

initiative.

'

indicative (mood).
indirekt adj. indirect.
indisch adj. t'indij] Indian.

Inkccso't [in'kaso] n (-s/-s. Inkassi)

'

'

indiskret adj. indiscreet; 2ion


[ e tsjo:n] / (-l-en) indiscretion.
indiskutabel adj. ['indiskutazbal]
'

out of the question.

individu|ell adj. [individu'el] individual; 2um [ 'viiduum] n (-s/


Individuen) individual.
10*

collection.

inkonsequenlt adj. inconsistent;


2z T ts] f (-/-en) inconsistency.
In'krafttreten n (-s/no pi.) coming
into force taking effect (of new
,

law, etc.).
'

Inland n (-[e]s/m? pi.) home (coun-

try); inland!.

inlandisch

inlandisch adj. f'inlEndiJ] native;


inland; home; domestic; product:
home-made.

Inlett ['inlEt] n (-[e]s/-e) bedtick.


in'mitten prp. (gen.) in the midst
of, amid(st).
'

innejhaben vft. (irr. haben, sep.,


ge->
possess, hold (office, record,
etc.); occupy (flat); ' halten v/i.
(irr. halten, sep., -ge-, h) stop,
-

pause.

148 -

maintain;
setzen repair; Shaltung / maintenance; upkeep.
'
instandig adv.: j-n
bitten implore or beseech s.o.
Instanz [in'stants] / (-/-cn) authority; j% instance;
enweg 1% m
stages of appeal; auf dem through
the prescribed channels.
Instinkt [in'stigkt] m (-[e]s/-e) in-

stinct; 2iv adv. [ .'ti'.f] instinctively.


Institut [insti'tuit] n (-[e]s/-e) in-

innen adv. ['inan] inside, within;


indoors; nach

intrigieren

stitute.

Instrument [instru'mEnt] n (-[e]s/

inwards.

'

Innenlarchitekt m interior decorator; ' ausstattung / interior


decoration, fittings pi., furnishing;
'

e) instrument.

inszenierjen esp. thea. [instse'ni:ran] vjt. (no -ge-, h) (put on the)

stage; Sung thea. f (-/-en) staging,

minister m minister of the inte-

production.

rior; Home Secretary, Am. Secre-

tary of the Interior; ' ministe-

Integrjation [integra'tsjo:n]/(-/-en)

rium n ministry of the interior;


Home Office, Am. Department of
the Interior; Lpolitik / domestic
policy; ' seite / inner side, inside;
'
stadt / city. Am. downtown.
inner adj. ['inar] interior; inner;

integration; Sieren [Jgrkran] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) integrate.
intellektuell adj. [intElektu'el] intellectual, highbrow; 2e m (-n/-n)
intellectual, highbrow.

pol. internal; '2e n (-njno pi.) in-

ligent; 2z [ ts]/(-/-en) intelligence.


Intendant thea. [intEn'dant] m
(-enj-en) director

terior; Minjster(fum) des Innern s.

Innenminister(ium); 2eien [ .'raian]


flpl. offal(s pi.); ' halb 1. prp.
(gen.) within; 2. adv. within, inside;
lich adv. inwardly; esp. j? internally.
innig adj. ['ini?] intimate, close;
'

intelligen|t adj. [intEli'gcnt] intel-

intensiv adj. [intEn'ziif] intensive;


intense.

interess|ant adj. [inters'sant] interesting; 2e [ 'resa] n (-s/-n) interest


(on dot., fiir in); Sengebiet [Jresan-] n field of interest; Sengemeinschaft [.JrEsan-] / community of interests; combine pool,
trust; . ent U'sent] m (-en/-en)

affectionate.

Innung ['inur)] / (-/-en) guild, corporation.

inoffiziell adj. ['in9-] unofficial.


ins prp. [ins] = in das.
Insasse ['inzasa] m (-nj-ri) inmate;
occupant, passenger (of car).
'
Inschrift / inscription; legend (on
coin, etc.).
Insekt zo. [in'zekt] n (-[e]s/-en) in-

interested

an interest in.

intern adj. [in'tern] internal; Sat


[ na:t]
n (-[e]s/-e) boarding'

sect.

Insel finzal] / (-/-n) island; ' bewohner m islander.

school.

international adj. [intErnatsjo'na:!]

Inser|at [inza'ra:!] n (-[e]s/-e) advertisement, F ad; Sieren iVriiran]


vlt. and v/i. (no -ge-, h) advertise.

insgel'heim adv. secretly;

person or party;

prospective buyer, esp. Am. prospect; sieren [ 'si:ran] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) interest (fiir in); sich
fur take

'samt

adv. altogether.
in'sofem cj. so far; als in so tar as.
insolvent -f adj. ['inzolvent] insolvent.

Inspektjion [inspek'tsjom] f (-/-en)

international.

inter) 'nieren v/t. (no -ge-, h) intern; S'nierung / (-/-en) internment; S nist # m (-enl-en) internal
'

specialist. Am. internist.

inter|pretieren [intErpre'tiiran] v/t.


(no -ge-, h) interpret; Spunktion
[ puqk'tsjoin] / (-/-en) punctuation; 2vall U'val] n (sl-e) interval;

inspection;
.or [in'spektor] m
(-s/-en) inspector; surveyor; over-

venieren
-

install.

instand adv. [in'Jtant]:


halten
keep in gaod order; keep up;

v/i.

(no

m interzonal trade; 2'zonenverkehr m interzonal traffic.

seer.

inspirieren [inspi'riiran] v/t. (no


ge-, h) inspire.
inspizieren [inspi'tsiiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) inspect (troops, -re); examine (goods); survey (buildings).
Install|ateur [instala'toir] m (-s/-e)
plumber; (gas- or electrical) fitter;
Sieren U'lkrsn] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

[ ve'ni:ran]

ge-, h) intervene; S'zonenhandel

intim adj. [in'ti:m] intimate (mit


with); 2itat Uimi'tEit] / (-/-en)
intimacy.
'

intoleranlt adj. intolerant; 2z ['~tsj

/ (-/-en) intolerance.
intransitiv gr. adj.

['intranziti:f]

intransitive.

L:trig|e [in'trirga] / (-/-n) intrigue,


scheme, plot; Sieren [~i'gi:ran] v/i
(no -ge-, h) intrigue, scheme, plot.

Invalide

Jagd

149 '

Invalidje [inva'liida] m (-n/-n) invalid; disabled person; ~enrente /


disability pension;
itat t idi'
t&:t] f (-/no pi.) disablement, dis-

n 1. v/i. (ge-, h) err; wander;


vlrefl. (ge-, h) be mistaken (in
dat. in s.o., about s.th.); be wrong.
'
Irrenjanstalt & f lunatic asylum,

ability.
Inventar [inven'tair] n (sf-e) inventory, stock.
Inventur T [inven'tuir] / (-/-en)
stock-taking;
mochen take stock.
investiieren f [inves'tiiran] vlt. (no
ge-, h) invest; 2ition 'f [U tsjom]/
(-/-en) investment
inwiel'fern cj. to what extent; in
what way or respect; Jweit cj.

mental home or hospital; ' arzt


m alienist, mental specialist; ' haus

'

'

how far, to what extent.


meanwhile.

Ion phys. [Vcr.n] n (-s/-en) ion.


ird|en adj. ['irdsn] earthen; ' .isch
adj. earthly; worldly; mortal.
Ire t'irra] m (-n/-n) Irishman; die ~n
pi. the Irish pi.
irgend adv. ['irgant] in compounds:
some; any (a. negative and in questions); wenn ich konn if I possibly
can; ,*, ein(e) indef. pron. and adj.
some(one); any(one); ' einer indef. pron. s. irgend jemand;
,
ein(e)s indef. pron. some; any; ,
etwas indef. pron. something; anything;
jemand indef. pron.
someone; anyone; ' wann adv.
some time (or other); 'Jwie adv.
somehow; anyhow; '-.'wo adv.
somewhere; anywhere; '-.wo'lier
adv. from somewhere; from anywhere;
wo hin adv. somewhere;
anywhere.
irisch adj. Irish.
Iron|ie [iro'ni:] / (-/-n) irony; 2isch
adj. [i roini/] iromc(al).
irre t'ira] 1. adj. confused; # insane; mad; 2. 2 / (-/no pi.): in die
gehen go astray; 3. 2 m, / (-n/-n)
lunatic; mental patient; wie ein
like a madman; ' fiihren v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) lead astray; fig. mislead;
Lgehen v/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-,
sein) go astray, stray; lose one s
way;
machen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
puzzle, bewilder; perplex; confuse;
,

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

ja [ja:] 1. adv. yes; .it, parl. aye,


Am. parl. a. yea;
doch,
freilich
yes, indeed; to be sure; da ist er
well, there he is!; ich sogte es
Ihnen
I told you so; tut es
nichtl don t you dare do it!; vergessen Sie es
nicht! be sure
not to forget it!; 2. cj.:
sogar,
selbst nay (even); wenn
if so;
er ist me/n Freund why, he is
my friend; 3. int.: , we/fit du
'

n s. Irrenanstalt.
'

irrereden v/i. (sep., -ge-, h) rave.

'

Irrjfahrt / wandering; Odyssey;


'

garten m labyrinth, maze;


glaube m erroneous belief; false
doctrine, heterodoxy; heresy; '2glaubig adj. heterodox; heretical;

ig adj. erroneous, mistaken, false,


wrong.

in'zwischen adv. in the meantime,

'

irritieren [iri'thran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)


irritate, annoy; confuse.
'
Irr|lehre / false doctrine, heterodoxy; heresy; ' licht n will-o'-the'

wisp, jack-o lantem; ' sinn m in-

sanity; madness; sinnig adj. insane; mad; .: fantastic; terrible;


'
sinnige m, f (-n/-n) s. irre 3;
'
tum m (sl-er) error, mistake;
-w

im

sein be mistaken; Stiimlich

[' tyimli?] 1. adj. erroneous; 2. adv.

= 2tunilicherweise adv. by mis'

take; mistakenly, erroneously;

wisch m s. Irrlicht; p. flibbertigibbet.

Ischias # f'ijias] /, F a.: n, m (-/no


pi.) sciatica.
Islam ['islam, is'laim] m (sino pi.)
Islam.

Island|er ['iislendsr] m (-s/-) Icelander; 'Sisch adj. Icelandic.


Isolator / [izo'la r] m (-s/-en)
insulator.

Isolier|band / [izo'liir-] n insulating tape; Sen v/t. (no -ge-, h) isolate; ~masse / f insulating compound; schicht / / insulating
layer; ~ung / (-/-en) isolation (a.
j?); # quarantine; / insulation.
Isotop
phys. [izo'toip] n (-s/-e)
isotope.
Israeli [isra'eili] m (-s/-s) Israeli.

Italien|er [ital'jernar] m (-s/-) Italian; 2isch adj. Italian.


I-Tiipfelchen fig fiitypfal an] n
to a T.
(-s/-): bis aufs
.

denn nicht, do/3 why, don't you


know that.

Jacht & [jaxt] / (-/-en) yacht;


klub m yacht-club.
acke ['jaka] / (-/-n) jacket.
ackett [sa'ket] n (-s/-e, -s) jacket.
agd [ja:kt] / (-/-en) hunt(ing); with
a gun: shoot(ing); chase; s. Jagdrevier; auf (die) gehen go hunting
or shooting. Am. a. be gunning;
mochen ouf (acc.) hunt after or for;

Jagdaufseher

150 -

jedenfalls

'
aufseher m gamekeeper. Am.
game warden;
bomber X Tn
(-s/-) fighter-bomber; ' biichse /
sporting rifle; ' flinte / sporting
gun; fowling-piece; flugzeug X
n fighter (aircraft);
geschwader
X " fighter wing. Am. fighter
group; gesellschaft / hunting or
shooting party; Jhaus n shootingbox or -lodge, hunting-box or
lodge; 'Jtiund m hound; ' hiitte/
shooting-box, hunting-box;
pachter m game-tenant; ' rennen
n steeplechase; ' revier n huntingschein m shootground, shoot;

Jalousie [3alulzi:]/(-/-n) (Venetian)

ing licen|ce. Am. -se; ' schlofi n

jammer|n fjamarn] v/i. (ge-, h)

hunting seat; Ltasche/ game-bag.


jagen ['jargan] (ge-, h) 1. vji. go
hunting or shooting, hunt; shoot;
rush, dash; 2. vft. hunt; chase; ous

lament (nocb, um for; iiber acc.


over); moan; wail, whine; L'schade

'

Jahr|markt m fair; Jtausend n

'

'

'

'

'

'

dem House ~ turn s.o. out (of doors).

Jager fjeigar] m (-s/-) hunter


huntsman; sportsman; X rifleman;
'
latein F fig. n huntsmen's yarn,
tall stories pi.
[jaguar.!
Jaguar zo. ['jaiguarr] m (-s/-e)i
jah adj. [je:] sudden, abrupt; precipitous, steep.

Jahr [ja:r] n (-[e]s/-e) year; e/n ho/bes


half a year, six months pi.;
emmo/ im

once a year; /m

in 1900; m/t t8

1900

en, im Alter von

18 ~en at (the age of) eighteen;


letztes last year; das ganze ~ hindurch or iiber all the year round;
S'aus adv.: , jahrein year in, year
out; year after year; ' buch n yearbook, annual; Jein adv. s. jahraus.
'

jahrelang 1. adv. for years; 2. adj.:


e Erfahrung (many) years of experience.
jahren ['jeiran] v/refl. (ge-, h): es
jahrt sich heute, daft ... it is a year
ago today that
it is a year today
since ...
'

Jahresjabonnement n annual subscription (to magazine, etc.); thea.


yearly season ticket; ' abschlufi m
annual statement of accounts;
anfang m beginning of the year;
zum

die besten

Wunsche! best

wishes for the New Year; ' bericht


m annual report; ' einkommen n
annual or yearly income; ' ende n
.

end of the year; ' gehalt n annual


salary; Ltag tn anniveisary;
wechsel tn turn of the year; '~zahl
/ date, year; ' zeit / season, time
of the year.
'
Jahrgang m volume, year (of periodical, etc.); p. age-group; univ.,
school: year, class; wine: vintage.
Jahr'hundert n (-s/-e) century; ~feier / centenary. Am. centennial;
wende/turn of the century.
jahrig adj. ['je:rig] one-year-old.
jahrlich ['jeirlig] 1. adj. annual,
yearly; 2. adv. every year; yearly,
~

once a year.

(-s/-e)

millennium;

'
.

tausend-

feier / millenary; Jzehnt n


(-[e]s/-e) decade
Jahzorn m violent (fit of) temper;
irascibility; 'Sig adj. hot-tempered;
.

'

irascible.
blind. Am. a. window shade.

Jammer ['jamar] m (-s/no pi.) lamentation; misery; es ist ein


is a pity.

it

jammerlich adj. ['jemarli ] miserable, wretched; piteous; pitiable


(esp. contp.).

adj.: es ist it is a thousand pities,


it is a great shame.
Januar ['janua:r] m (-[s]/-e) January.

Japan|er [ja'patnar] m (-si-) Japanese; die


pi. the Japanese pi.;
Sisch adj. Japanese.
Jargon foar'go] m (-s/-s) jargon,
cant, slang.
Jasmin
[jas'mhn] m (-s/-e) jasmin(e), jessamin(e).
'
Jastimme parl. f aye. Am. a. yea.
jaten ['jertan] v/t. (ge-, h) weed.
Jauche ['jauxa] / (-/-n) S liquid
manure; sewage.

jauchzen ['jauxtsan] v/i. (ge-, h)


exult, rejoice, cheer; vor Freude ~
shout for joy.
jawohl adv. [ja'vo:!] yes; yes, indeed; yes, certainly; that's right;
X etc.: yes. Sir!
'
Jawort n consent; j-m das
geben
accept s.o. s proposal (of marriage).
je [je:] 1. adv. ever, at any time;
always; ohne ihn ~ gesehen zu haben
without ever having seen him; seit
eh und
since time immemorial,
always; distributive with numerals:
>

'

zwei two at a time, two each, two

by two by or in twos; sie bekamen


zwei A[>fel they received two apples each; fur
zehn Worter tor
every ten words; in Schachteln mit
or zu
zehn Stuck verpackt packed
in boxes of ten; 2. cj.: nach GroBe
according to or depending on size;
nachdem it depends;
nochdem,
was er fiir richtig halt according as
he thinks fit;

nachdem, wie er

sich fuhlt depending on how he


feels;

mehr, desto besser the more

the better;
longer,
lieber the
longer the better; 3. prp.: die Birnen kosten e-e Mark
Pfund the
pears cost one mark a pound; s.
pro.

jede|(r, -s) indef. pron. ['je:da(r, -s)]


every; any; of a group: each; of
two persons: either; jeder, dec whoever; jeden zweiten Tag every other

day; ' n'falls adv. at all events, in

jedermann

'

any case;
rmann indef. pron.
everyone, everybody; Lr'zeit adv.
always, at any time; ' s'mal adv.
each or every time;
wenn when-

tum n (slno pi.) Judaism; ' nver-

folgung / persecution of Jews,


Jew-baiting; pogrom.

Jiidjin ['jyrdin] / (-/-nen) Jewess;


'

ever.

jedoch cj. [je'dox] however, yet,

Sisch adj. Jewish.


Jugend ['juigant] / (-/o pi.) youth;
amt n youth welfare department;
'
buch n book for the young;
freund m friend of one's youth;
school-friend; Lfursorge / youth
welfare;
Lgericht n juvenile court;
'
herberge/youth hostel; ',jahre
'

nevertheless.
'

jeher adv.: von or se/t at all times


always, from time immemorial.
jemals adv. ['jeimarls] ever, at any
.

time.

jemand indef. pron. ['jermant]


someone, somebody; with questions
and negations: anyone, anybody.
jene|(r, -s) dem. pron. ['je-.naCr, -s)]
that (one); jene pi. those pi.
jenseitig adj. fjenzaiti?] opposite.
jenseits 1. prp. (gen.) on the other

nlpl. early years, youth; ' kriminalitat / juvenile delinquency; '2lich adj. youthful, juvenile, young;
'
liche m, f (-nj-n) young person;
juvenile; young man, youth; young
girl; teen-ager; '~liebe / early or
first love, calf-love. Am. a. puppy
love; old sweetheart or flame;
schriften flpl. books for the young;
schutz m protection of children
,

'

side of, beyond, across; 2. adv. on


the other side, beyond; 3. n (-/no
pi.) the other or next world, the
world to come, the beyond.
jetzig adj. ['jetsi?] present, existing;
prices, etc.: current.
jetzt adv. [jetst] now, at present;
bis ~ until now; so far; efaen
just
now; erst only now; fur for the
present; gleich
at once, right
away; noch
even now; von
an
from now on.

jeweillig adj. ['je'.'vaili?] respective;


s adv. V~s] respectively, at a time;

from time to time (esp.

Joch [j'dx]

(-[e]s/-e)

yoke; in

mountains: col, pass, saddle; &


bay; Lbein anat. n cheek-bone.
Jockei ['djoki] m (s/s) jockey.
Jod
[jo:t] n (-[e]s/o pi.) iodine.

jodeln ['joicbln] v/i. (ge-, h) yodel.

Johanni [jo'hani] n (-/no pi.), ~s [~s]


n (-/no pi.) Midsummer day; < sbeere / currant; rote red currant;
stag m eccl. St John's day; Midsummer day.
johlen fjoilan] vfi. (ge-} h) bawl,
yell, howl.
Jolle * ['jab] / (-l-n) jolly-boat,
yawl, dinghy.
Jongl eur [so'gloir] m(-s/-e) juggler;
Sieren v/t. and v/i. (no -ge-, h)
juggle.
Journal four'nail] n (-s/-e) journal;
newspaper; magazine; diary; .&
log-book; ,vist [ a'Ust] m (-en/-en)
journalist. Am. a. newspaperman.
Jubel ['juibsl] m (sfno pi.) jubilation, exultation, rejoicing; cheering; 'Sn vji. (ge-, b) jubilate; exult,
rejoice (iifaer acc. at).
Jubil|ar [jubi'larr] m (-s/-e) person
celebrating his jubilee, etc.; aum
[ eium] (si Jubilaen) jubilee.
Juchten ['juxtan] m, n (slno pl.)}
'
leder n Russia (leather).
jucken ['juksn] (ge-, h) 1. vfi. itch;
2 vjt. irritate, (make) itch; F sich
scratch (o.s.).
Jude ['juida] m (-n/-n) Jew; 'finfeindlich adj. anti-Semitic; Ln-

'

and young people; ' streich m


youthful prank; ' werk early work
(of author);
pi. a. juvenilia pi.',
'

zeit / (time or days of) youth.


Jugoslavje [juigo'slcnvs] m (-en/-en)
Jugoslav,

Yugoslav;

Sisch

adj.

Jugoslav, Yugoslav.

Juli ['juili] m (-[s]/-s) July.


jung adj. [jut)] young; youthful;
peas: green; beer, wine: new; es
Gemiise young or early vegetables
pi.; F fig. young people, small fry.
'
Junge 1. m (-n/-n) boy, youngster;
lad; fellow, chap. Am. guy; cards:
knave, jack; 2. n (-nf-n) young;
puppy (of dog); kitten (of cat); calf
(of cow, elephant, etc.); cub (of beast
of prey);
werfen bring forth
young; ein ~s a young one; '2nhaft
nstreich m boyish
adj. boyish;
'

prank or trick.

Jungverheirateten

151 -

jiinger ['jyqsr] 1. adj. younger, junior; er ist drei Jahre als ich he is
my junior by three years, he is
three years younger than I; 2. m
(si-) disciple.
Jungfer ['jurjfsr] / (-l-n): o/te
old maid or spinster.
'
Jungfernlfahrt & / maiden voyage
or trip; flug
m maiden flight;
'
rede / maiden speech.
'

'

Junglfrau / maid(en), virgin; fraulich adj. V hoYlig] virginal;


fig. virgin; '~fraulichkeit / (-/no

pi.) virginity, maidenhood; Lgeselle m bachelor; ' gesellenstand


m bachelorhood;
gesellin /
'

(-/-nen) bachelor girl

Jiingling ['jyrjlir)] m (-s/-e) youth,


young man.

jiingst [jyqst] 1. adj. youngest; time:


(most) recent, latest; das e Geri cht, der e Tag Last Judg(e)mentj
Day of Judg(e)ment; 2. adv. re'

cendy, lately.
'

jungverheiratet adj. newly married; en pi. the newlyweds pi.

Juni

152 -

Juni t'jurni] m (-[s]/-s) June; ' kafer zo. m cockchafer, June-bug.


junior ['jiiinjor] 1. adj. junior;
2 2 m (-s/-en) junior (a. sports).
Jura ['juira] n/pl.:
studieren read

Kamera

judicial officer; gebaude n courthouse; inspektor m judicial officer; -Jrrtum m judicial error; minister m minister of justice;
Lord Chancellor, Am. Attorney

or study law.

General;

Jurist [ju'rist] m (-en/-en) lawyer;


law-student; 2isch adj. legal.
Jury [sy'ri:] / (-/-s) jury.
justier en [jus'tirran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) adjust; Sung @ / (-/-en)

ministerium n minis-

try of justice; Am. Department of


Justice; ~mord tn judicial murder.

Juwel [ju've:!] m, n (-s/-en) jewel,


gem; en pi. jewel(le)ry;
'
lirr] m (-s/-e) jewel(l)er.

adjustment.

Justiz [ju'stiits] / (-/no pi.) (administration of) justice; beamte m

ier [ e-

Jux F [juks] m (-es/-e) (practical)


joke, fun, spree, lark; prank.

K
(Compare also C and Z)

Kabel t'ka-.bal] n (-s/-) cable.


Kabeljau ichth. ['katbaljau]

Kalauer t'karlausr] m (-s/-) stale


m

(-s/-e -s) cod(fish)

'

kabeln vjt. and vji. (ge-, h) cable.


Kabine [ka'birns] / (-/-n) cabin; at
hairdresser's, etc.: cubicle; cage
(of lift).
Kabinett pol. [kabi'nst] n (-s/-e)
cabinet, government.
Kabriolett [kabrio'let] n (-s/-e)
cabriolet, convertible.

Kachel fkaxal] / (-/-n) (Dutch or


glazed) tile; ofen m tiled stove.
Kadaver [ka'daivar] m (si-) car'

joke; pun.
Kalb zo. [kalp] n (-[e]s/=er) calf; 2en
t' bsn] v/i. (ge-, h) calve; ' fell
n calfskin;

fleisch n veal; Lleder

n calf(-leather).
'

Kalbsjbraten m roast veal; ' keule


/leg of veal; 1 Jeder n s. Kalbleder;
'

nierenbraten m loin of veal.

Kalender [ka'lsndar] m (-s/-) calendar; almanac; ~block m dateblock; jahr n calendar year; uhr
/ calendar watch or clock.
Kali
['kaili] n (-s/-s) potash.

Kaliber [ka'lr.bsr] n (-s/-) calib|re,

cass.

Kadett [ka'det] m (-en/-en) cadet.


Kafer zo. ['ksifar] tn (-si-) beetle,

Am. -er (a.fig.), bore (of firearm).


Kalk [kalk] m (-[e]s/-e) lime; geol.
limestone;

chafer.

coffee-cup.

kahl adj. [ka:l] p. bald; tree, etc.:


bare; landscape, etc.: barren, bleak;
rock, etc.: naked; Skopf m baldhead, baldpate; kopfig adj. [',*kcepfig] bald(-headed).
Kahn [ka:n] m (-[e]s/=e) boat; riverbarge; ~ fahren go boating; ' fahren n (-s/no pi.) boating.
Kai [kai] m (-s/-e, -s) quay, wharf.
Kaiser t'kaizsr] m (-s/-) emperor;
'
krone / imperial crown; 'Slich
'
tum n
adj. imperial; ' reich n,
(-[e]s/=er) empire; ' wiirde / imperial status.
Kajiite & [ka'jyits] / (-/-n) cabin.
Kakao [ka'kaio] m (-s/-s) cocoa; '
'

a. cacao.

Kakt|ee
[kak'te s)] / (-/-n), us
[' us] m (-/Kakteen, F Kaktusse)

r:

lime-

limy; ' ofen m limekiln; '~stein m

limestone;

/ coffee-mill or -grinder; O- atz


m coffee-grounds pi.; (%tasse /

Kafig fkerfig] m (-s/-e) cage (a.fig.).

' .brenner

bumer; 'Sen vjt. (ge-, h) whitewash


(wall, etc.); S lime (field); 'Sig adj.

Kaffee ['kafe, ka'fe:] m (-s/-s) coffee; O-bohne


/ coffee-bean;
O kanne / coffee-pot; O- niiihle

cactus.

'

' steinbruch m lime-

stone quarry.

Kalorie [kalo'ri:] / (-/-n) calorie.


kalt adj. [kalt] climate, meal, sweat,
etc.: cold; p., manner, etc.: cold,
chilly, frigid; m/r /st
I am cold;
Kiiche cold dishes pi. or meat,
etc.; j-m die .e Schu/ter zeigen give
bliitig adj.
s o the cold shoulder;
[' bly:ti?] cold-blooded (a. fig.).
Kalte fkslts] / (-/no pi.) cold; chill;
coldness, chilliness (both a. fig.);
vor ~ zittern shiver with cold; funf
Grad
five degrees below zero;
'
grad m degree below zero;
welle / cold spell.
.

kalt|stellen fig. v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)

'

shelve, reduce to impotence;

'

welle / cold wave.

kam [ka:m] pret. of kommen.


Kamel zo. [ka'me:!] n (-[e]s/-e)
camel;

haar n textiles: camel hair.

Kamera phot, ['kamsra] / (-/-s)


camera.

Kamerad

Kamerad [kama'rart] m (-en -en)


comrade; companion; mate. F pal,
chum; schaft / (- -en) comrade-

for apply for, stand for. Am. run


for (office, etc.).
Kanguruh zo. ['kegguru:] n (-s,-s)

ship, companionship; 2schaftlich


adj. comradely, companionable.
Kamille
[ka'mila] / (-/-n) camomile; ntee m camomile tea.

Kamin [ka'mirn] m (-s -e) chimney


(a. mount.); fireplace, fireside;
sims m. n mantelpiece; vorleger
m hearth-rug; vorsetzer m (-s/-)
fender.

Kamm [kam] m (-[e]s'=e) comb;


crest (of bird or tsave); crest, ridge
(of mountain).

kkmmen fkemsn] r/r. (ge-, h)


comb; s/ch (die Haare)
'

one

comb

kangaroo.

Kaninchen zo. [ka'nirn an] n (si-)


rabbit; *bau m rabbit-burrow.

Kanister [ka'nistar] m (-s/-) can.


Kanne ['kans] / (-/-n) milk, etc.:

jug; coffee, tea: pot; oil, milk: can;


giefier F fig. m political wiseacre.
Karmibal e [kani'bails] m (-n/-n)
cannibal; Sisch adj. cannibal.
kannte ['kants] pret. of kennen.
Kanon / ['katnon] m (-s s) canoru
Kanonjade X [kano'narda] / (- -n)
cannonade; e U'norna] /(-/-n) X
cannon, gun; F fig.: big shot; esp.
'

s hair.

sports: ace, crack.

Kam me r ['kamar] / (-,'-n) (small)


room; closet; pol. chamber; board;

Ka'nonen:boot

'

herr
richt
n supreme court;
m chamberlain;
jager m vermin

exterminator;

music;

'

musik / chamber
zofe / chambermaid.

Kamm'garn
'

worsted

(yam);

rad n cogwheel.

Kampagne

[kam'panja]

(-/-n)

campaign.

Kampf [kampf] m (-[e]s/=e) combat, fight (a. fig.); struggle (a. fig.);
battle (a. fig.); fig. conflict; sports:
contest, match; boxing: fight, bout;
'
bahn / sports: stadium, arena;
'
Sbereit adj. ready for battle.
kampfen ['kempfsn] vji. (ge-5 ti)
fight (gegen against; mit with; um
for) (a. fig.); struggle (a. ig.); fig.
contend, wrestle (mit with).

Kampfer ['kampfsr] m (sjno pi.)


camphor.
Kampfer ['kempfsr] m (-$!-) fighter
(a. fig.); X combatant, warrior.
Kampf.flugzeug n tactical aircraft; ' geist m fighting spirit;
platz m battlefield; fig., sports:
arena; ' preis m sports: prize;
cut-throat price; ' richter m referee, judge, umpire; 'gunfahig adj.
'

disabled.

kampieren [kam'piiran] vfi. (no


ge-, h) camp.
Kanal [ka'narl] m (-s/=e) canal;
channel (a. , fig.); geogr. the
Channel; sewer, drain;
isation
[ aliza'tsjom] / (-/-en) river: canalization; tovrn, etc.: sewerage; drainage; Sisieren Uali'ztrsn] v/t. (no
-

ge-, h) canalize; sewer.

Kanarienvogel om. [ka'nairian-] m


canar>'(-bird).

Kandare [kan'darra] / (-/-n) curb


(-bit)

Kandid[at [kandi'da ] m (-en/-en)

gunboat;

Kanonier X [kano'niir] m (s -e)

'

'

"

ter fig. n cannon-fodder; kugel /


cannon-ball; rohr n gun barrel.

'

'

dormer m boom of cannon; Gut-

j*l division (of court); diener m


valet;
frau / lady's maid; ' ge-

'

kapitulieren

153 -

gunner.

Kant e ['kants] f(-l-n) edge; brim;


en m (-s/-) end of loaf; 'Sen r/r.
(ge-, h) square (stone, etc.); set on
edge; tilt; edge (skis); 'Sig adj.
angular, edged; square(d).
Kantine [kan'tkns] / (- -n) canteen.
Kanu ['katnu] n (-s/-s) canoe.
Kaniile # [ka'nyaa] / (-/-n) tubule,
'

cannula.

Kanzel [,kants3l]/(-/-n) eccl. pulpit;


cockpit; X (gun-)turret.; ' redner m preacher.
Kanzlei [kants'lai] / (-/-en) office.
Kanzler m (-$!-) chancellor.
Kap geogr. [kap] n (-s -s) headland.
Kapazitat [kapatsi'tert] / (-/-en)
capacity; fig. authority.
Kapellle [ka'pela] / (-/-n) eccl.
chapel; J band; meister m band'

leader, conductor.

kaper|n & ['kaipam] v/t. (ge-, h)


capture, seize; Eschiff n privateer.
kapieren F [ka'pirran] vjt. (no -ge-,
'

h) grasp, get.
Kapital [kapi'ta:!] 1. n (-s/-e, -/en)
capital, stock, funds pi.; und Zinsen principal and interest; 2. 2
adj. capital; anlage / investment;
flucht/ flight of capital; gesellschaft / joint-stock company; Si-

sieren [ Jili'ziiran] vjt. (no -ge-, h)


'

capitalize;
ismus [ a lismus] m
(-/no pi ) capitalism; ist Ua'list]
m (-enf-en) capitalist; markt
U'ta:!-] m capital market; *verbrechen n capital crime.
Kapitan [kapi'tein] m (-s'-e) captain;
zur See naval captain;
leutnant m (senior) lieutenant.
Kapitel [ka'pitsl] n (-s/-) chapter
( a. fig.).
.

atur

Kapitul ation X [kapitula'tsjoin]/

Ua'tu:r] / (-/-en) candidature, candidacy; Sieren U'dirren] c/i. (no

(-/-en) capimladon surrender; Sieren U'lirran] v/i. (no -ge-, h) capit-

candidate;

applicant;

ge-, h) be a candidate (fur for);

ulate, surrender.

Kaplan

Kaplan eccl.

[ka'plarn] m (-s/=e)

chaplain.

Kappe ['kapa] / (-/-n) cap; hood


(a. ); bonnet; '2n vjt. (ge-, h) cut
(cable); lop, top (tree).
Kapriole [kapri'oib] / (-/-n) equitation: capriole; fig.: caper; prank.
Kapsel ['kapsal] / (-/-n) case, box;
anat., etc.: capsule.

kaputt adj. [ka'put] broken; elevator, etc.: out of order; fruit, etc.:
spoilt; p.: ruined; tired out, F
fagged out; gehen v/i. (irr. gehen,
sep., -ge-, sein) break, go to pieces;
spoil.
Kapuze [ka'punss] / (-/-n) hood;
eccl. cowl.

Karabiner

[kara'bimsr]

154 -

n &

chart-house; fig. house of


cards; ' legerin / (-/-nen) fortuneteller from the cards; ' spiel n
card-playing; card-game.
Kartoffel [kar'tofal] / (-/-n) potato,
F spud; brei m mashed potatoes
pi.; ~kafer m Colorado or potato
beetle. Am. a. potato bug; ,schalen
flpl. potato peelings pi.
Karton [kar'to:, kar'toin] m (s/s, -e)
cardboard, pasteboard; cardboard

box, carton.

Passion Week.

Kase ['keiza] m (-s/-) cheese.

Karaffe [ka'rafs] /(-/-n) carafe (for


wine or water); decanter (for liqueur,

Kasern|e

[karambo'larsa] /

crash; billiards:
cannon. Am. a. carom; Sieren v/i.
(no -ge-, sein) cannon. Am. a. carom; F fig. collide.
Karat [ka'rart] n (-[e]s/-e) carat.
Karawane [kara'vaina] / (-/-n)

collision

barrack.

'

kasig adj. cheesy; complexion: pale,


pasty.

Kasino [ka'ziino] n (s/s) casino,


club(-house); (officers ) mess.
Kasperle ['kasperla] n, m (-s/-)
'

Punch;

caravan.

Karbid [kar'birt] n (-[e]s/-e) carbide.


Kardinal eccl. [kardi'na:!] m (-s/-e)
cardinal.

Karfreitag eccl. [kair1-] m Good


Friday.
karg adj. [kark] soil: meagre; vegetation: scant, sparse; meal: scanty,
meagre, frugal; ~en t' gsn] v/i.
(ge-, h): m/'t be sparing of.
karglich adj. ['kerklig] scanty,
meagre; poor.

kariert adj. [ka'rhrt] check(ed),


chequered. Am. checkered.

Karik|atur [karika'tuir] / (-/-en)


caricature, cartoon; Sieren [ 'ki:ran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) caricature,
cartoon.

karmesin adj. [karme'zim] crimson.


Karneval ['karnsval] m (sj-e, -s)
Shrovetide, carnival.

Karo f'kairo] n (-s/-s) square,


check; cards: diamonds pi.
Karosserie mot. [karosa'ri:] / (-/-n)
body.

[ka'rota] / (-/-n) carrot.

Karpfen tchth. ['karpfsn] m (-s/-)


carp.

Karre ['kara] / (-/-n) cart; wheelbarrow.

Karriere [karlje:r3]/(-/-n) (successful) career.

Karte ['karta] / (-/-n) card; postcard; map; chart; ticket; menu,


bill of fare; list.

Kartei [kar'tai] / (-/-en) card-index;


karte / index-card, fDing-card;
schrank m filing cabinet.
~

Kartell -f [kar'tel] n (-s/-e) cartel.


'

Kartenlbrief m letter-card; ' haus

[ka'zerna] / (-/-n) bar-

racks pi.; enhof m barrack-yard


or -square; 2ieren U'niiran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) quarter in barracks,

etc.).

Karambcl|age

Karotte

[Kartei.\

Kartothek [karto'teik] / (-/-en) 5./


Karussell [karu'sel] n (-s/-s, -e)
roundabout, merry-go-round. Am.
a car(r)ousel.
Karwoche eccl. ['katr-J / Holy or

(-s/-)

carbine.

(-/-n)

Katarrh

Ltheater

Punch

and

Judy show.
Kasse ['kasa] / (-/-n) cash-box; till
(in shop, etc.); cash-desk, pay-desk
(in bank, etc.); pay-office (infirm);
thea., etc.: box-office, booking-office; cash; be/'
in cash.
'

Kassenlabschlufi "f m balancing


of the cash (accounts); ' .anweisung / disbursement voucher;
'

bestand m cash in hand; ' bote

m bank messenger; Lbuch n cash


book; ' erfolg m thea., etc.: boxoffice success; ' patient w panel
schalter m bank, etc.:
patient;
*,

'

teller's counter.

Kasserolle [kasa'rola] / (-/-n) stewpan, casserole.


Kassette [ka'seta] / (-/-n) box (for
money, etc.); casket (for jewels, etc.);
slip-case (for books); phot, plateholder.

kassiere|n [ka'si:ran] (no -ge-, h)


1 v/i. waiter, etc.: take the money
(fur for); 2. v/t. take (sum of money);
collect (contributions, etc.); annul;
j% quash (verdict); 2r m (-s/-)
.

cashier; bank: a. teller; collector.

Kastanie

[ka'stamja] / (-/-n)

chestnut.

Kasten ['kastan] m (-s/=, S-) box;


chest (for tools, etc.); case (for
violin, etc.); bin (for bread, etc.).
Kasus r. ['kaisus] m (-/-) case.
Katalog [kata'loik] m (-[e]s/-e)
catalogue. Am. a. catalog; 2isieren
Uogi'zizran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) catalogue, Am. a. catalog.
Katarrh
[ka'tar] m (-s/-e) (common) cold, catarrh.

katastrophal

katastrophjal

adj.

[katastro'farl]

catastrophic, disastrous; 2e [Jstro:fa] / (-/-") catastrophe, disaster.


Katechismus eccl. [kate' ismus] m
(-/Kotech/smen) catechism
Katego|rie [katego'ri:] / (-/-n)
category; Srisch adj. [ .'gorrij]
categorical.
Kater fkaitar] m (si-) za. male cat,
tom-cat; fig. s. Katzenjammer.
Katheder [ka'terdar] n, m (-s/-)
lecturing-desk.
[cathedral.l
.

Kathedrale [kate'draib] / (-/-n)i

Katholi|k
(Roman)

[kato'li:k]
Catholic;

m (-en/-en)
2sch
adj.

[JtoiliJ] (Roman) Catholic.


Kattun [ka'tuin] m (-s/-e) calico;
cotton cloth or fabric; chintz.

Katze zo. f'katsa] / (-/-n) cat; Lnjammer F fig. m hangover, morning-after feeling.
Kauderwelsch f'kaudarvElJ] n (-[s]/
no pi.) gibberish, F double Dutch;
'
Sen v/i. (ge-, h) gibber, F talk

kauern ['kausm] (ge-, h) 1. v/i.


crouch; squat; 2. vlrefl. crouch
(down); squat (down); duck (down).
Kauf [kauf] m (-[e]s/-e) purchase;
bargain, F good buy; acquisition;
purchasing, buying; ' brief m deed
of purchase; 'Sen vjt. (ge-, h) buy,
purchase; acquire (by purchase);
sich et. buy o.s. s.th., buy s.th. for
.

Kaufer ['kovfar] m (-s/-) buyer,


purchaser; customer.
'

Kau|haus
'

department

store;

laden m shop. Am. a. store.

kauflich ['koyfli?] 1. adj. for sale;


purchasable; fig. open to bribery,
bribable; venal; 2. adv.: erwerfaen
(acquire by) purchase; uberlassen
transfer by way of sale.
'

Kauf|mann

'

player, Am. bowler.

Kehl|e

['keita]

(-/-n)

throat;

'

kopf anat. m larynx.


Kehre ['ke'.ra] / (-/-n) (sharp) bend,
turn; '2n vft. (ge-, h) sweep,
brush; turn (noch oben upwards);
turn one's back
j-m den Rucken
-v

on s.o.

Kehricht fkeirigt] m, n (-[e]s/no pi.)


sweepings pi., rubbish.
'
Kehrseite / wrong side, reverse;
esp. fig. seamy side.
'
kehrtmachen v/i. (sep., -ge-, h)
turn on one's heel; X turn r face
about.

keifen ['kaifan] vfi. (ge-, h) scold,


Keil [kail] m (-[e]s/-e) wedge; gore,
gusset; e F / (-/no pi.) thrashing,
hiding; ' er zo. m (-s/-) wild-boar;
erei F U'rai] / (-/-en) row, scrap;
Sformig adj. [' fcermi?] wedgekissen n
shaped, cvmeiform;
wedge-shaped bolster; ' vschrift /
cuneiform characters pi.
Keim [kaim] m (-[e]s/-e)
, biol.
germ/
seed-plant; shoot; sprout;
fig. seeds pi., germ, bud; 'Sen v/i.
(ge-, h) seeds, etc.: germinate; seeds,
plants, potatoes, etc. sprout; fig.
b(o)urgeon; 'Sfrei adj. sterilized,
sterile; ' trager # m (germ-)carrier;
zelle / germ-cell.
kein indef. pron. [kam] as adj.: (e)
no, not any;
onderer ais none
other but; as noun: er, .e, (e)s
'

chew.

Kegel fkeigal] m (-s/-) games:


skittle, pin; esp. fc, cone;
sch/eben s. kege/n; bahn/skittle,
alley, Am. bowling alley; Sformig
adj. f' fcermi?] conic(al), coniform;
tapering; '2n v/i. (ge-, h) play (at)
skittles or ninepins. Am. bowl.
Kegler ['keigbr] m (-s/-) skittle-

chide.

double Dutch.

kauen ['kauan] v/t. and v/i. (ge-, h)

o s

kennenlemen

155 -

(-[e]s/Kauf/eute)

- *.

'

'

none, no one, nobody;


er von
be/den neither (of the two); .er von
uns none of us;

'

'
.

es

falls adv.,

es-

businessman;merchant,-trader, deal-

wegs adv. [' 'veiks] by no means,

er, shopkeeper; Am. a. storekeeper;


Smannisch adj. [' mEniJ] commercial, mercantile; '-vvertrag m

not at all;

contract of sale.
'

'
~

mal adv. not once,not

a single time.
Keks [ke:ks] m, n (-, -es/-, -e) biscuit, Am. cookie; cracker.

Kaugummi m chewing-gum.
kaum adv. [kaum] hardly, scarcely,
barely;
glaublich hard to believe.
Kautabak m chewing-tobacco.
Kaution
[kau'tsjorn] / (-/-en)

Kelch [kel?] m (-[e]s/-e) cup, goblet;


eccl. chalice, communion-cup;
calyx.
Kelle f'kEb] / (-/-n) scoop; ladle;

security, surety;
mst bail.
Kautschuk ['kautjuk] m (-s/-e)
caoutchouc, pure rubber.

Keller ['kfibr] m (-s/-) cellar; basement; ei [ Jrai]/(-/-en) wine-vault;

'

Kavalier [kava'liir] m (-s/-e) gentleman; beau, admirer.

Kavallerie X [kavab'ri:] / (-/-n)


cavalry, horse.
Kaviar ['kcr.viar] m (-s/-e) caviar(e).

keck adj. [kek] bold; impudent,


saucy, cheeky; 'Sheit/(-/-en) boldness ; impudence, sauciness, cheekiness.

tool: trowel.

'

geschof5 n basement;

'

meister

m cellarman.

Kellner ['kelnar] m (-s/-) waiter;


'
in / (-/-nen) waitress.
Kelter ['kfiltar] / (-/-n) winepress;
'
Sn v/t. (ge-, h) press.
~

kennjen ['kenan] v/t. (trr., ge-, h)


know, be acquainted with; have
knowledge of s.th.; '-venlernen v/t.
( sep., -ge-, h) get or come to know;
.

Kenner

make s.o.'s acquaintance, meet s.o.:


'

Ser m (-s/-) expert; connoisseur;


'
tlich adj. recognizable (on daz.
by); machen mark; label; '2tnis/
nehmen von
(-/-se) knowledge;
take not(ic)e of; 'Szeichen n mark,
sign; mot. registration (number),
Am. license number; fig. hallmark,
criterion; ' zeichnen v/t. (ge-, h)

Kilo ['kiilo] n (-s/-[s]), gramm


[kilo'gram] n kilogram(me); ~hertz
U'herts] n (-/no pi.) kilocycle per

second; 'meter m kilometjre. Am.


-

Kinder|arzt m p(a)ediatrician; ~el

fission.

Kerze ['kertsa] / (-/-n) candle; '~nlicht n candle-light; ' nstarke /


candle-power.
kefi F adj. [kes] pert, jaunty; smart.
Kessel ['kesal] m (-s/-) kettle; cauldron; boiler; hollow.
Kette ['keta] / (-/-n) chain; range
(of mountains, etc.); necklace; '2n
vlt- (ge-, h) chain (an acc. to).
'

Ketten|hund m watch-dog; '~raucher m chain-smoker; ' reaktion

/ chain reaction.

Ketzer ['ketsar] m (si-) heretic; ~ei


U rai] / (-/-en) heresy; 'Eisch adj.
'

rai] / (-/-en) childishness; childish trick; trifle; ' frau / nurse;


franlein n governess; ' funk m
children s program(me); Lgarten
m kindergarten, nursery school;
'
lahmung # / infantile paralysis,
polio(myelitis); 'S'leicht adj. very
easy or simple, F as easy as winking
'

'

or as

lied

children's

song; Slos adj. childless; ' madchen n nurse(maid); ' spiel n


children s game; e/n
s. k/nder/e/'cht; ' stube / nursery; fig.
manners pi., upbringing; ' wagen
m perambulator, F pram. Am. baby
carriage; ' zeit/childhood; ' zim'

'

mer n children s room.


'

Kindeslalter n childhood, infancy;


'
beine n/pl.: von ~n an from childhood, from a very early age; 'Jkind

n grandchild.
'

Kindlheit / (-/no pi.) childhood;


isch adj. I' diJ] childish; 'Slich

adj. childlike.
Kinn anat. [kin] n (-[e]s/-e) chin;

backe /, ' backen m (s/-) jaw


'
haken m boxing: hook
to the chin; uppercut; ' lade /
'

(-bone);

jaw(-bone).

Kino ['kirno] n (-s/-s) cinema, F the


pictures pi.. Am. motion-picture
theater, F the movies pi.; ins
gehen go to the cinema or F pictures,
Am. F go to the movies; ' besucher m cinema-goer. Am. F
moviegoer; ' vorstellung / cinema-show,
Am.
motion-picture
.

show.

Kippe F ['kipa]/(-/-n) stub, fag-end,


Am. a. butt; auf der

heretical.

stehen or se/n

hang in the balance; 'Sn (ge-)


1 v/i. (se/n) tip (over), topple (over),
.

tilt (over); 2. vlt. (h) tilt, tip over

cough.

Keule ['kDYla] / (-/-n) club; leg


(of mutton, pork, etc.).
keusch adj. [koyj] chaste, pure;
Sheit / (-/no pi.) chastity, purity.
kichern ['ki arn] vji. (ge-, h) giggle,

or up.

Kirche ['kirga] / (-/-n) church.


'

Kirchenjalteste m (-n/-n) church'

buch n parochial
warden, elder;
register; ' diener m sacristan,

'

'

sexton;
gemeinde / parish;
'
jahr n ecclesiastical year; '~lied n
hymn; ' musik / sacred music;
'
schiff A n nave; ' steuer /
church-rate; Lstuhl m pew; vor-

titter.

Kiebitz ['kirbits] m (-es/-e) orn.


pe(e)wit; F fig. kibitzer; 'Sen F fig.
vji. (ge-, h) kibitz.
Kiefer ['khfar] 1. anat. m (-s/-)
jaw(-bone); 2.
/(-/-n) pine.
Kiel [ki:l] m (-[e]s/-e)
keel; quill;

raum m bilge, hold;

'

ABC;
'

keuch|en ['kDYtan] vji. (ge-, h) pant,


gasp; 'fihusten # m (w)hooping

'

'

indent.

.'watt n kilowatt.

'

kentern 4 ['kentarn] v/t. (ge-, se/'n)


capsize, keel over, turn turtle.
Kerbe ['kerba] / (-/-n) notch, nick;
slot; 'n v/t. (ge-, h) notch, nick,

'

er;

Kimme fkima] / (-/-n) notch.


Kind [kint] n (-[e]s/-er) child; baby.

mark, characterize.

Kerker ['kerkar] m (-s/-) gaol, jail,


prison; ' meister m gaoler, jailer.
Kerl F [kerl] m (-s, S-es/-e, F -s)
man; fellow, F chap, bloke, esp.
Am. guy.
Kern [kern] m (-te]s/-e) kernel (of
nut, etc.); stone. Am. pit (of cherry,
etc.); pip (of orange, apple, etc.);
core (of the earth); phys. nucleus;
fig. core, heart, crux; Kern... s. a.
Atom...; ' energie/nuclear energy; ' forschung / nuclear research;
'
gehause n core; 'Sge'sund adj.
thoroughly healthy, F as sound as
a bell; '2ig adj. full of pips; fig.:
pithy; solid;
punkt m central or
crucial point; ' spaltung /nuclear

Kirsche

156 -

'

wasser n

wake (a. fig.).


Kieme zo. ['ki:ma] / (-/-n) gill.
Kies [ki:s] m (-es/-e) gravel; 5/. fig.
dough; ~el [' zal] m (si-) pebble,
flint; ' weg m gravel-walk.

'

steher m churchwarden.
'

Kirch I gang m church-going; ganger [ geqar] m (-s/-) churchhof m churchyard; 'Slich


goer;
adj. ecclesiastical; spiel n parish;
'
turm m steeple; ~weih ['~vai] /
'

'

'

(-/-en) parish fair


Kirsche ['kirja] / (-/-n) cherry.
.

Kissen

nen his teeth were chattering with


cold; ' schlange zo. f rattlesnake,

Kissen ['kisanj n (-s/-) cushion;


pillow; bolster, pad.
Kiste ['kista] / (-/-n) bos, chest;

Am. a. rattler.
'

crate.

Klapp kamera phot, f folding


camera; ' messer n clasp-knife,
jack-knife; ' sitz m tip-up or flap
seat; ' stuhl m folding chair;
'
tisch m folding table. Am. a.
gate-Ieg(ged) table;
ult [ klai>pult] n folding desk.
Klaps [klaps] m (-es/- ) smack, slap;
Sen v/t. (ge-, h) smack, slap.
klar adj. [klcr.r] clear; bright; transparent, limpid; pure; ig.: clear,
distinct; plain; evident, obvious;
sich - se/n Ci>er (acc.) be clear about;
en Kopf bewahren keep a clear
.

'

smock, frock.
'

kitten v/t. (ge-, h) cement; putt.


kitz|oln ['kitsaln] (fe-, h) 1. r/r.
tickle; 2. c/i.: me/ne Nose kitzelt
my nose is tickling; ' lig adj. ticklish (a. fig.).
Kladde fklads] /(-/-n) rough notebook, waste-book.

klaffen ['klafsn] vli. (ge~, h) gape,

'

'

Kitsch OdtJ] m (-es/no pi.) trash,


rubbish; Sig adj. shoddy, trashy.
Kitt [kit] m (-[e]sy- ) cement; putty.
Kittel ['kitsl] m (-s/-) overaU;

head.

yawn.

klaffen ['kiefan] c/i. (ge-, h) yap,


yelp.
klagbar t*t adj. ['klazkbarr] mattery
etc.: actionable; debt, etc.: suable.
Klage ['klarga] / (-(-n) complaint;

lament; rh action, suit; 'Sn (ge-, h)


1 r/i. complain (dlber acc. of, about;
.

f>e/ to); lament; rz take legal action


(gegen against); 2. r/r.: J-m et.
complain to s.o. of or about s.ttu
Klager rz ['kkzgar] m (-s/-) plaintiff; complainant.
klaglich adj. ['klErkli?] pitiful, piteous, pitiable; cries, etc.: plaintive;
condition: wretched, lamentable;
performance, result, etc. miserable,
poor; failure, etc.: lamentable,
miserable.

klamxn [klam] 1. adj. hands, etc.:


numb or stiff with cold, clammy;
2 2 / (-/-en) ravine, gorge, canyon.
Klammer ['klamar] / (- -n)
clamp, cramp; (paper-)clip; gr.,
W-j P< bracket, parenthesis; 'Sn
(ge-, h) 1. c/r. clip together;
dose (jaound) with clips; s/ch _ an
{acc.) cling to {a. fig.); 2. vli. boxing:
.

clinch.

Klang [klar)] 1. m (-[e]s/=e) sound,


tone (of voice, instrument, etc.); tone
(of radio, eu.); clink (of glasses,
etc.); ringing (of bells, etc.): timbre;
2

Klebstoff

157 -

2 pret. of klingen; ' fiille / /

sonority; 'los adj. toneless; '2voU


adj. sonorous.

klaren ['kleirsn] vlt. (ge-, h) clarify;


fig. clarify, clear up, elucidate.
klarilegen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h),
stellen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) clear up.
Klarung/ (-/-en) clarification; fig.
'

'

'

elucidation.

Klasse ['klasa] / (-l-n) class, category; school: class, form. Am. a.


grade; (social) class.
'

Klasseniarbeit/(test) paper; 'Sbewufit adj. class-conscious; ' be-

wuCtsein
'

class-consciousness;

buch n class-book; ' hafi m class-

hatred; ' kamerad m classmate;


'
kampf m class-warfare): ' zimmer n classroom, schoolroom.

klassifizierjen [klasifi'tsiiran] vft.


(no -ge-, h) classify; Sung / (-/-en)
classification.

Klass'iker ['klasikar] m (-s/-) classic; Sisch adj. classic(al).


'

klatsch [klatj] 1. int. smack!, slap!;


2 2 m (-es/-e) smack, slap; F fig.:
gossip; scandal; Sbase f barza] /
(-l-n) gossip; Se / (-/-n) fly-flap;
'
en (ge-, h) 1. vlt. fling, hurl; Beifall clap, applaud O-m s.o.) 2. v'i.
splash; applaud, clap; F fig. gossip;
Jiaft adj. gossiping, aossipv;
.

'

'

'

'

Smaol Fns. KJatschbase; 'JnaB F

adj. soaking wet.


Klaue ['klaua] / (-/-n) claw; paw;
fig. clutch.
Klause ['klauzs] / (-l-n) hermitage;
celL

Klappe ['klapa] / (-/-n) flap; flap,

Klausel fl ['ttavzal] f (-/-n) clause;

drop leaf (of table, etc.); shoulder


strap (of uniform, etc.); tailboard
(of lorry, etc.); , , ayiat. valve;

proviso; stipulation.
Klaviatur / [klavja'tu :] / (-/-en)
keyboard, keys pi.
Klavier / [kla'viir] n (-s/-e) piano
(-forte); konzert n piano concert
or recital; Jtehrer m piano teacher;

/ key; ? fig.: bed; trap; '2n (ge-, h)


1 vlt.: nach oben
tip up; nach
.

unten
lower, put down; 2. vli.
clap, flap; fig. come off well, work
out fine. Am. si. a. click.

Klapper ['klapar] / (-/-n) rattle;


Sig adj. vehicle, etc.: rattly, ram'

shackle; furniture: rickety; person,


horse, etc.: decrepit; Otasten F m
wretched piano; rattletrap; '%n vli.
(ge-, h) clatter, rattle (mit et. s.th.);
er klapperte vor Kalte mit den Zah-

vessel m music-stool;

stimmer

m (si-) piano-tuner;
piano-lesson.

stunde /

kleblen ['klerban] (ge-, h) 1. vft.


glue, paste, stick; 2. vfi. sock, adhere (cn dat. to); ' end adj. ad-

hesive; 'Sepflaster n adhesive or


sticking plaster; rig adj. adhesive,
sticky; 'stoff m adhesive; glue.
'

Klecks

Klecks [kkks] m (-es/-e) blot (of


ink); mark ( of dirt, grease, paint,
etc.); spot (of grease, paint, etc.);
stain (of wine, coffee, etc.); 'fieri
(ge-) 1. v/i. (h) make a mark or spot
or stain; 2. v/i. (sein) ink, etc.: drip
(down); 3. v/t. (h): et. auf et.
splash or spill s.th. on s.th.
Klee
[kle:] m (-s/no pi.) clover,

158 -

Kluft

Klette f'kleta] / (-/-n) $ bur(r);


a

leech.

pi.; Sen f' dan] v/t. (ge-, h) dress,


'

clothe; s/ ch
dress (o.s.); j-n gut ~
suit or become s.o.

Kleider|ablage ['klaidar-] / cloak-

room, Am. a. checkroom; ' biigel


m coat-hanger; ' biirste / clothesbrush; 'shaken m clothes-peg;
'
schrank m wardrobe;
m hat and coat stand;

'

stander
stoii m

'

dress material.
'

kleidsam adj. becoming.


Kleidung ['klaidur)]/(-/-en) clothes
'

sstiick n
pi., clothing; dress;
piece or article of clothing; garment.

Kleie ['klaia] / (-j-n) bran.

klein [klam] l.adj. little (only attr.),


small;fig. a. trifling, petty; 2. adv.:
schreiben

write

(initial) letter;

with

small

anfangen start in a

small or modest way; 3. noun: von


'

auf from an early age; Sauto n


baby or small car; 'Sbahn/narrowga(u)ge railway; Sbildkamera /
miniature camera; Sgeld n (small)
change; Lglaubig adj. of little
'

'

faith; '2handel -f m retail trade;


.
Shandler m retailer; 'Sheit /
(-/no pi ) smallness, small size;
'
Sholz firewood, matchwood,
.

kindling.
'

Kleinigkeit / (-/-en) trifle, triviality; ' skramer m pettifogger.


'
Klein|kind n infant; 'Slaut adj.
subdued; Slich adj. paltry; pedantic, fussy; ' mut m pusillanimity;
despondency; Smiitig adj. [' my:ti?] pusillanimous; despondent;
.
fischneiden v/t. (irr. schneiden,
sep., -ge-, h) cut into small pieces;
'

'

vStaat

'

m small or minor state;


stadt / small town; stadter m
'

small-town dweller, Am. a. small-

towner;

'Sstadtisch adj. smalltown, provincial; ' vieh small


livestock.

Kleister ['klaistar] m (si-) paste;


Sn v/t. (ge-, h) paste.
'

Klemm|e

fklema] / (:/-n)

clamp; terminal; F in der ~


sitzen be in a cleft stick, F be in a

jam; 'Sen vjt. (ge-, h) jam, squeeze,


pinch; ' er m (-s/-) pince-nez;
schraube / set screw.
Klempner ['klempnar] m (si-) tinman, tin-smith. Am. a. tinner;
plumber.
Klerus ['kle:rus] m (-/no pi.) clergy.
*,

'

'

U'martiJ] climatic.

klimpern ['klimparn] v/i. (ge-, h)


jingle, chink (m/t et. s.th.); F strum
or tinkle away (auf acc. on, at piano,
guitar).

Klinge ['klirp] / (-/-n) blade.


Klingel ['klirpl] / (-/-n) bell, handbell; ' .knopf m bell-push; 'Sn v/i.
(ge-j h) ring (the bell); doorbell,
etc.: ring; es klingelt the doorbell is
ringing; ' zug m bell-pull.
klingen ['kliqan] v/i. (irr., ge-, h)
sound; bell, metal, etc.: ring;
glasses, etc.: clink; musical instrument: speak.

Klini|k ['kliinik] / (-/-en) nursing


home; private hospital; clinic(al
hospital); 'Ssch adj. clinical.
Klinke ['klirikaJ/ Z-n) latch; (door-)
handle.

Klippe ['klipa] / (-/-n) cliff; reef;


crag; rock; /?. rock, hurdle.
klirren ['kliran] v/i. (ge-, h) windowpane, chain, etc.: rattle; chain,
swords, etc.: clank, jangle; keys,
spurs, etc.: jingle; glasses, etc.:
_

clink, chink;pots, ere: clatter;


rattle; jingle.

mit

Klistier # [kli'stKr] n (-s/-e) enema.


Kloake [klo'arka] / (-/-n) sewer,
cesspool (a. fig.).

Klob|en ['klotban] m (-s/-) 0 pulley,


block; log; 'Sig adj. clumsy (a. ig.).
klopfen ['kbpfan] (ge-, h) 1. v/i.
f

trefoil.

Kleid [klait] n (-[e]s/-er) garment;


dress, frock; gown; ~er pi. clothes

Kletter|er f'kletarar] m (-s/-)


climber; 'Sn v/i. (ge-, se/n) climb,
clamber (auf e-n Baum [up] a tree);
pflanze / climber, creeper.
Klient [kli'ent] m (-en/-en) client.
Klima ['klhma] n (-s/-s, -te) climate;
fig. a. atmosphere; Lanlage / airconditioning plant; Stisch adj.

heart, pulse: beat, throb; knock (at


door, etc.); tap (on shoulder); pat
(on cheek); es k/opft there's a knock
at the door; 2. v/t. knock, drive
(nail, etc.).

Kloppel ['kloepal] m (s/-) clapper


(of bell);
lacemaking: bobbin;
beetle; ' spitze/pillow-lace,bonelace.

Klops [kbps] m (-es/-e) meat ball.


Klosett [klo'zst] n (-s/-e, -s) lavatory,
(water-)closet, W.G., toilet; .papier n toilet-paper.
Klofi [klo:s] m (-es/-e) earth, clay,
etc.: clod, lump; cookery: dumpling.
Kloster ['klo:star] n (-s/) cloister;
monastery; convent, nunnery; '.vbruder m friar; ' .frau/nun; ' geliibde n monastic vow.

Klotz [kbts] m (-es/=e) block, log


(a. fig.).
Klub [klup] m (sj-s) club; Lkamerad m clubmate; ' sessel m loungechair.

Kluft [kluft] / 1. (-H) gap (a. fig.),

klug

159 -

subjugate; ' schaft / (-Ino pi.)


servitude, slavery.

crack; cleft; gulf, chasm (both a.

fig-); 2. F (-/-en) outfit, F togs pi.;


uniform.

klug adj. [klu:k] clever; wise, intelligent, sensible; prudent; shrewd;


cunning; 'Sheit / (-/no pi.) cleverness;
intelligence;
prudence;

Knorren

kneif|en ['knaifan] (jrr., ge-, h)


1 v/t. pinch, nip; 2. vli. pinch; F
fig. back out, Am. F a. crawfish;
Ser m (-s/-) pince-nez; 'Szange /
(e-e a pair of) pincers pi. or nippers
.

'

shrewdness; good sense.

pi.

Klump|en ['klumpan] m (-s/-) lump


(of earth, dough, etc.); clod (of
earth, etc.); nugget (of gold, etc.);
heap; ' fufi m club-foot; 'Sig adj.

Kneipe ['knaipa] / (-/-n) public


house, tavern, F pub. Am. a. saloon;
2n vli. (ge-, h) carouse, tipple, F
booze; Jrei / (-/-en) drinking-

lumpy; cloddish.
knabbern ['knabarn] (ge-5 h) 1. v/t.
nibble, gnaw; 2. v/i. nibble, gnaw

kneten ['kne:t3n] v/t. (ge-, h) knead


(dough, etc.); # a. massage (limb,

(on dat. at).

Knabe f'knaiba] m (-n/-n) boy; lad;


F alter ~ F old chap.
'
Knabenlalter n boyhood; ' chor
m boys choir; 'Shaft adj. boyish.
Knack [knak] m (-[e]s/-e) crack,
snap, click; 'Sen (ge-, h) 1. v/i.
wood: crack; fire: crackle; click;
2 vlt. crack (nut, etc.); F crack open
(safe); e-e horte NuB zu
haben
have a hard nut to crack;
Us] m
(-es/-e) s Knock; Ffig. defect; 'Ssen
v/i. (ge-, h) s. knacken 1.
Knall [knal] m (-[e]s/-e) crack, bang
(of shot); bang (of explosion); crack
(of rifle or whip); report (of gun);
detonation, explosion, report;
bonbon m, n cracker; ' effekt fig. m
sensation; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h) rifle,
whip: crack; fireworks, door, etc.
bang; gun: fire; cork, etc.: pop;
explosive, etc.: detonate.
knapp adj. [knap] clothes: tight,
close-fitting; rations, etc.: scanty,
scarce; style, etc.: concise; lead,
victory, etc.: narrow; majority, etc.

'

bout, carousal.

etc.).
Knick [knik] m (-[e]s/-e) wall, etc.:
crack; paper, etc.: fold, crease; path

etc.: bend; 'Sen v/t. (ge-, h) fold

'

crease; bend; break.

Knicker

'

mot. roar.

Knauel ['knoYsl] m, n (-s/-) clew,


baling, bimch, cluster.
Knauf [knauf] m (-[e]s/=e) knob;
pommel (of sword).
Knauser ['knauzsr] m (-s/-) niggard,
miser, skinflint; ~ei [ 'rai] / (-/-en)
niggardliness, miserliness; 'Sig adj.
niggardly, stingy; 'Sn vli. (ge-, h)
be stingy.

Knebel ['kneibal] m (-s/-) gag; 'Sn


vlt. (ge-, h) gag; fig. muzzle
(press).
Knecht [kne?t] m (-[e]s/-e) servant;
farm-labo(u)rer, farm-hand; slave;
'
Sen v/t. (ge-, h) enslave; tyrannize;

(-s/-) s.

(drop a) curts(e)y (vor dat. to).


adv. on one s knees;
'

'

kehle anat.

/hollow of the knee; 'Sn v/i. (ge-, h)


kneel, be on one's knees; ' scheibe

anat. f knee-cap, knee-pan;


strumpf m knee-length sock.
Kniff [knif] 1. m (-[e]s/-e) crease,
fold; fig. trick, knack; 2. S pret. of
kneifen; S(e)lig adj.
V
hg]
tricky; intricate.

knipsen fknipsan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t.


clip, punch (ticket, etc.); F phot.
take a snapshot of, snap; 2. F phot.
v/i. take snapshots.
Knirps [knirps] m (-es/-e) little man;
little chap, F nipper; 'Sig adj. very
small.

knirschen I'knirfan] v/i. (ge-, h)

Se 5 m (-nj-ri) miner; '.Jialten

vlt. (irr. ho/ten, sep., -ge-, h) keep


s.o. short; 'Sheit / (-/no pi.) scarcity, shortage; conciseness;
schaft
/ (-/-en) miners society.
Knarre f'knara] / (-/-n) rattle; F
rifle, gun; 'Sn vfi. (ge-, h) creak;
voice: grate.
knattern I'knatam] vji. (ge-, h)
crackle; machine-gun, etc.: rattle;

Knie [kni:] n (-s/-) knee; 'Sfallig

bare; m/t -er Not entr/nnen have a


'

['knikar]

Knicks [kniks] m (-esf-e) curts(e)y;


e-n
mochen = 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h)

narrow escape; ~ werden run short;

Knauser.

gravel, snow, etc.: crunch, grind;

teeth, etc. grate; m/t den Zahnen


grind or gnash one's teeth.

knistern ['knistam] vfi. (ge-, h)


woodfire, etc.: crackle; dry leaves,
silk, etc.: rustle.

knitter|frei adj. ['knitar-] creaseresistant; 'Sn vjt. and vfi. (ge-, h)


crease, wrinkle.

Knoblauch
['knoiplaux] m
(-[e\slno pi ) garlic
Knochel anar. ['kncegal] m (-s/-)
.

knuckle; ankle.

Knoch|en anat. ['knoxan] m (-si-)


bone; ' enbruch m fracture (of a
bone); 'Sig adj. bony.
Knodel ['knoidal] m (si-) dumpling.
KnoUe
['knob] / (-/-n) tuber;
bulb.

Knopf [knopf] m (-[e]s/=e) button.


knopfen I'kncepfan] vft. (ge-, h)
button.
'

Knopfloch n buttonhole.
Knorpel ['knorpal] m (-s/-) cartilage, gristle.

Knorrjen ['knoran] m (-s/-) knot,

knorrig

knag, gnarl; 'fiig adj. gnarled.


knotty.
Knospe
['knosps] / (-/-n) bud;
n vfi. (ge-, h) (be in) bud.
Knot|en ['knoitsn] 1. m (-s/-) knot
{a. fig., 40; 2. vjt. (ge-, h) knot;
'
enpunkt m junction; intersection; 'ig adj. knotty.
Knuff F [knuf] m (-[e]s/=e) poke,
cuff, nudge;
en F vjt. (ge-, h)
poke, cuff, nudge.
kniilleln ['knybn] vft. and vji. (ge-,
h) crease, crumple; 'fir F m (-s/-)
'

Komitee

160 -

Kokain

[koka'iin]

{-s/no

pi.)

cocaine, si. coke, snow.

kokett adj. [ko'ket] coquettish; 2erie Ualri:]/(-/-n) coquetry, coquet-

tishness; ieren [ 'tiirsn] vji. {no

ge-, h) coquet, flirt (m/t with; a.


f g.).
i
Kokosnufi
['koikos-] / coconut.
Koks [ko:ks] m (-es/-e) coke.
-

Kolben ['kolbsn] m (-s/-) butt {of


rifle); piston; ' stange /
piston-rod.
Kolchose [kol'coiza] / (-/-n) collective farm, kolkhoz.

hit.

kniipfen ['knypfsn] w/r. (ge-, ft)


make, tie {knot, etc.); make {net);
knot {carpet, etc.); tie {shoe-lace,
etc.); strike up {friendship, etc.);
attach {condition, etc.) {an acc. to).
Kniippel ['knypsl] m (-s/-) cudgel.
knurren fknuran] vji. (ge-, ft)
growl, snarl ;fig. grumble (iiber acc.
at, over

about); stomach: rumble.

knusp(e)rig<z#. [Iknusp(3)ri?] crisp,


crunchy.

Kolleg wiiv. [ko'leik] n (-s/-s, -jen)


course of lectures; ~e [ ga] m
(-n/-n) colleague; ium [ gjum]
(-s/Ko//eg/en) council board; teach,

ing staff.

Kollekt|e eccl. [ko'lekts] /(-/-n) collection; ~ion "t" [ 'tsjoin] / (-/-en)


collection, range.
Koller ['kolsr] m {-si-) vet. staggers

pi.; F fig. rage, tantrum; 'fin v/i.


1 (h) turkey-cock: gobble; pigeon:
.

coo; bowels: rumble; vet. have the

Knute ['knu:t3] /(-/-n) knout.


Kniittel ['knytsl] m (-s/-) cudgel.
Kobold ['koibDlt] m (-[e]s/-e) (hob-)
goblin, imp.
Koch [kox] m (-[e]s/-e) cook; ' buch
n cookery-book, Am. cookbook;
'
fien (ge-, h) 1. vft. boil {water, egg,

kolli|dieren [koli'diiran] v/i. {no


ge-, se/n) collide;fig. clash; Ssion

fish, etc.); cook {meat, vegetables,


etc.) {by boiling); make {coffee, tea,
etc.); 2. vji. water, etc.: boil {a. fig.);

Kolnischwasser ['koelnij-] n eaude-Cologne.


Kolonialwaren [kolo'nja:!-] flpl.

do the cooking; be a {good, etc.)


cook; ' er m (-s/-) cooker.
Kocher ['kcegsr] m (-s/-) quiver.

groceries pi.; chandler m grocer;


handlung / grocer's (shop). Am.

'

Kochlkiste / haybox; '.Joffel m


wooden spoon; nische / kitchenette;
salz n common salt; ' topf
'

'

m pot, saucepan.

Koder [lk0:d3r] m (-s/-) bait {a. fig.);


lure {a. fig.); '2n vft. (ge-, ft) bait;
lure; fig. a. decoy.
Kodex fkoideks] m (-es, -/-e, Kod/zes) code.
Koffer ['kofsr] m {-$/-) (suit)case;
trunk; '~radio n portable radio
(set).

Kognak ['kDnjak] m (-s/-s, \-e)

'

n s/ tzen be on tenterhooks.

Kohlen|bergwerk
scuttle;
chant; '

coal-mine,

'

eimer m coal'
handler m coal-merkasten m coal-box; bre-

coal-pit, colliery;

vier 5$ n coal-district; ' saure


/ carbonic acid; '*stoff
m
carbon.
'

Kohle | papier carbon paper;


zeichnung / charcoal-drawing.
'

'

Kohllkopf m (head of) cabbage;


riibe / Swedish turnip.
'

Koje
bunk.

roll.
-

'

zjom] / (-/-en)

collision;

zg.

clash, conflict.

grocery.

Kolonjie [kolo'ni:] / (-/-n) colony;


Sisieren Ui'ziiran] v/t. {no -ge-, h)
colonize.

Kolonne [ko'bns] / (-/-n) column;


convoy; gang {of workers, etc.).
kolorieren [kolo'riirsn] v/t. {no
ge-, h) colo(u)r.
-

Kolo|fi [ko'bs] m (Ko/osses/Ko/osse)


colossus; Sssal adj. [ 'sa:!] colossal,
huge {both a. fig.).

Kombin|ation [kDmbina'tsjoin] /
(-/-en)

combination; overall;

flying-suit; football, etc.: combined


attack; Sieren [Jniirsn] {no -ge-,

French brandy, cognac.

Kohl $ [ko:l] m (-[e]s/-e) cabbage.


Kohle ['koila] / (-/-n) coal; charcoal; / carbon; wie auf {gliihenden)
~

staggers; 2. (se/n) ball, tears, etc.:

['koijs] / (-/-n)

berth,

h) 1. v/t. combine; 2. v/i. reason,


deduce; football, etc.: combine,
move.

Kombiise & [kDm'byrza] / (-/-n)


galley, caboose.
Komet ast. [ko'meit] m (-en/-en)
comet.

Komfort [kDm'foir] m {-s/no pi.)


comfort; 2abel adj. UDr'tcr.bal]
comfortable.

Komik ['koimik] / {-/no pi.)


humo(u)r, fun(niness); ' er m
{-si-) comic actor comedian.
komisch adj. ['koimij] comic(al),
funny; fig. funny, odd, queer.
Komitee [komi'te:] (-s/-s) com,

mittee.

Kommandant

Kommand, ant X [koman'dant] m


(-en/-n) ~eur X [-'dorr] m (-s/- )
,

commander, commanding officer;


Eieren [ 'dirrsn] (tw -ge-, h) 1. vli.
order, command, be in command;
2

r r. X command, be in command

of; order; itgesellschaft f


'
dirt-] / limited partnership; ~A>
[ mando] n (-s'-s) X command,
order; order(s p/.), direcave(s p/.);
X detachment: obrticke
/
navigating bridge.
kommen ['komsn] vli. (irr., ge-,
'

se/n) come; arrive;

lassen send

for
order s.th.; et.
sehen foresee; an die Reihe
it is one s turn;
'

ouf (acc.) think of, hit upon; remember; zu dem SchluB ~, da6 de-

cide that; hinter et. find s.th. out;


urn et. lose s.th.; zu et. - come by
s

th.; wieder zu sich ~. come roimd

or to; wie Sie dazu! how dare you!


Komment ar [komen'toir] m (-s/-e)

commentary, comment; ator [-.or] m (-s'-en) commentator; ieren [ 'ti an] v t (no -ge-, h) com'

ment on.

Kommissar [komi'sarr] m (-s/-e)

commissioner; superintendent; pot


commissar.

KommiCbrot F [ko'mis-] n army or


ration bread. Am. a. G.I. bread.

agent.

Kommode [ko'mords] / (-/-n) chest


of drawers,

m. bureau.

Roma'nis-

mus] m (-Ino pi.) communism; .t m


(-en/-en) commvinist; tisch adj
communistic).
.

Komod ant [kome'djant] m (-en/


en) comedian; fig, play-actor; ie
U'me-.djs] / (-/-n) comedy; - sp/ e
/en play-act.
Kompagnon
[kompan'jo:] m
(-s/-s) (busmess-)partner associate.
Kompanie
[kompa'ni:] / (-/-n)
-

'

company.

Kompafi ['kompas] m (Komfxjsses/


Kompasse) compass.
kompetent aJ;'. [kompe'tsnt] com-

/um5).

[kompli'ment]

(-[e]s/-e) compliment

Komplize [kom'plirtsa] m (-n/-n)


accomplice.

komplizierlen [kampli'tsuren] r/t.


(tw -ge-, h) complicate; .t oJ/. nwcmn, etc.: comphcated; argzamru,
sinuuum, etc.: complex; *er Bruch
# compound fracture.
Komplott Dom'pbt] n (-[e]s/-e)
plot, conspiracy.
11 SWEII

[kompo'nirrsn]

r r. am/ c/i. (m? -ge-, h) compose;


S nist m (-en/-en) composer; sition [ zi'tsjorn] / (-/-en) composi'

tion.

Kompott [kom'pDt] n (-[e]s/-e) compote, stewed fruit. Am. a. sauce.


komprimieren [kompri'mursn] c/r.
(no -ge-, h) compress.
Kompromi fi
[kompro'mis]
m
(KompromisseslKompromisse) compromise; filos adj. uncompromising; ttieren U'tia n] v/t. (no -ge-,
h) compromise.
Kondensjator [konden'zanar] m
(si-en) / capacitor, condenser (a.
Sieren U'zi n] v't. (no -ge-,
h) condense.

Kondenslmilch Don'dens-] / evaporated milk; streifen Ss* m condensation or vapo(u)r trail; *wasser n water of condensation.

Konditor [kon!di:Dr] m (-s/-en)


confectioner, pastry-cook; ei [ ito'rai] / (-/-en) confectionery, confectioner's (shop); eiwaren f pL
confectionery.
Konfekt Don'fskt] n (-[e]s/-e) sweets
pL, sweetmeat. Am. a. sort candy;
chocolates pi.
Konfektion [konfek tsjo:n] / (- -en)
.

ing; ~sanzng [konfek'tsjoins9-] m


ready-made suit;
sgeschaft n
ready-made clothes shop.
Konferjenz [konfe'rents] / (-/-en)
conference; Sieren U'rursn] v/L
(no -ge-, h) confer (ufaer ace on).
Konfession [kDnfe'sjom] / (-/-en)
confession, creed; denomination;
Sell adj. Uo'nd] confessional, denominational; sschule [ 'sjouis-]
/ denominational school.
Konfirmjand eccL [konfir'mant] m
(-en/-en) candidate for confirma-

tion, confirmee; . ation [ 'tsjoai] /


(-/-en) confirmation; Sieren U'
miiran] o/f. (no -ge-, h) confirm.
konfiszieren
[konfis'tsuran] o/t.
(no -ge-, h) confiscate, seize.
Konfitnre [konfi'tyaa] / (-/-n) preserve(s pi.), (whole-fruit) jam.
Konflikt [kon'flikt] m (-[e]s/-e) conflict.

petent.

komplett ai/. [kom'pkt] complete.


Komplex [kom plsks] m (-es/-e)
complex (a. psych,); block (o/
Kompliment

kompo'nieren

(manufacture of) ready-made cloth-

Kommission [komi'sjoin] / (-/-en)


commission (a. 'f); committee; ~ar
[ o'ne ] m (-s/-e) commission

Kommunis]mus poL

Konjugatioti

161 -

konform adv. [kon'form]:


gehen
mit agree or concur with.
konfrontieren Donfron'tursn] r/t.
(no -ge-, h) confront (mit with).
konfus adj. [kon'fuis] p., a. ideas:
muddled; p. muddle-headedKongrefi [kan'grss] m (Kongresses/

Kongresse)

congress;

Am. part

Congress; Jtalle / congress hall.


Kbnig ['kfnni?] m (-s'-e) king; Slich
adj. C k-] royal; regal;
reich
t'Oc-] n kingdom; swiirde [' ks-]/
royal dignity, kingship; wtaia
'

'

n (-s =er) monarchy; kingship

Konjtigiation gr. [kbnjuga'tsiom] /

konjugierea

Kopfsalat

162 -

(-/-en); 2ieren U'girran] v/t. (no

sul; ~atpol. Wla:t] n (-[e]s/-e) con-

ge-, h) conjugate.
Konjiuikt|iv gr. ['lonj'uriktr.f] m
(-s/-e) subjunctive (mood); ur t
IJtuir] f (-/-en) trade or business
cycle; economic or business situa-

sulate; 2ltieren v\t. (no -ge-, h)


consult, seek s.o. s advice.

"

tion.

konkret adj. [kon'kreit] concrete.


Konkurrent [konku'rent] m (-en/
en) competitor, rival.
Konkurrenz [konku'rents] / (-/-en)
-

competition; competitors pi., rivals


pi.; sports: event; fahig adj. able to
compete; competitive; geschaft n
rival business or firm; Jkampf m
competition.
konkur'rieren v/i. (no -ge-, h) compete (mit with; urn for).
Konkurs -f, j% [kDn'kurs] m (-es/-e)
bankruptcy, insolvency, failure; ~
anmelden file a petition in bankruptcy; in
gehen or geraten become insolvent, go bankrupt; erklarung % / declaration of insolvency; .masse 2% / bankrupt s
estate; .verfahren jft n bankruptcy proceedings pi.; verwalter 2%
m trustee in bankruptcy; liquida'

tor.

konnen ['kcenan] 1. vli. (irr., ge-, h):


ich kann nicht I can't, I am not

able to; 2. vlt. (irr., ge-, h) know,


understand; e-e Sprache ~ know
a language, have command of a

language; 3. v/aux. (irr., no -ge-, h)


be able to inf., be capable of ger.;
be allowed or permitted to inf.; es
kann sein it may be; du kannst hingehen you may go there; er kann
schwimmen he can swim, he knows

how to swim; 4. 2 n (s/no pi.)


ability; skill; proficiency.

Konnossement -f [konDsa'ment] n
(-[e]s/-e) bill of lading
konnte ['konta] pret. of konnen.
.

konsequen|t adj. Donze'kvsnt] consistent; 2z Uts] / (-/-en) consistency; consequence; die ~en ziehen do
the only thing one can.
konservativ
adj.
[konzerva'tirf]
conservative.

Konserven [kon'zervan] flpl. tinned


or Am. canned foods pi.; biichse
/ dose/tin. Am. can; fabrik/
tinning factory, esp. Am. cannery.
konservieren [konzer'viiran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) preserve.
,

Konsonant gr. [lonzo'nant] m (-en/


-

Konsum [kon'zurm] m 1. (-s/no /.)


consumption; 2. (-s/-s) co-operative shop. Am. co-operative store,
F co-op; 3. (s/no pi.) consumers'
co-operative society, F co-op; ~ent
Uu'msnt] m (-en/-en) consumer;
Sieren Uu'mirran] v/t. (no -ge-, h)
consume;

Konsortium -f [k3n,zortsjvim] n
(-s/Konsort/en) syndicate
konstruieren [kDnstru'irran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) gr. construe; : con.

struct; design.

Konstruk|teur [lonstruk'to ] m
tion [Jtsjoin]

/(-/-en) construction; .'tionsfehler m constructional defect.


Konsul pol. ['lonzul] m (-s/-n) con-

verein m s. Konsum 3.

Kontakt [kan'takt] m (-[e]s/-e) contact (a. f); in ~ stehen mit be in


contact or touch with.

Kontinent ['kantinent] m (-[e]s/-e)


continent.

Kontingent [kontirj'gent] n (-[e]s/


e) X contingent, quota (a. -f).
Konto -f ['konto] n (-s/Konten, Kontos, Konti) account; ' auszug if m
-

statement of account;

.korrent-

konto Y [ lo'rent-] n current account.

Kontor [kon'toir] n (-s/-e) office;


ist Uo'rist] m (-en/-en) clerk.
Kontrast [kon'trast] m (-es/-e) contrast.

Kontrollje [kon'trob] / (-/-n) control; supervision; check; 2ieren


[ 'liiran] vlt. (no -ge-, h) control;
supervise; check.
Kontroverse [kontro'verza] / (-/-n)
controversy.

konventionell adj. [kDnventsjo'nsl]


conventional.

Konversation [konverza'tsjom] /
(-/-en) conversation; slexikon n
encyclop(a)edia.
Konzentr|ation [kontssntra'tsjo:n]
/ (-/-en) concentration; 2ieren [~'
triiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) concen~

trate, focus (attention, etc.) (auf acc.


on); sich concentrate (auf acc. on).

Konzern
[kon'tsern] m (-s/-e)
combine, group.
Konzert i [kDn'tsert] n (-[e]s/-e)
concert; recital; concerto; saal $
m concert-hall.

Konzession [kontse'sjorn] / (-/-en)


concession; licenjce. Am. -se; 2ieren Uo'nirran] vlt. (no -ge-, h)
license.

Kopf Dopf] m (-[e]s/=e) head; top;


brains pi.; pipe: bowl; ein fahiger
a clever fellow; ~ hoch! chin up!;
j-m iiber den
wachsen outgrow
s.o.;
. get beyond s.o.; '-.arbeit
~

/brain-work; ' bahnhof


minus,

en) consonant.

(-s/-e) designer;

'

Am.

terminal;

m ter' bedek-

kung / headgear, headwear.


kopfen ['kcepfan] v/t. (ge-, h) behead, decapitate; football: head
(ball).

Kopf|ende n head;

'.Jiorer m

headphone, headset;

Lkissen

pillow; '2108 adj. headless;./fe. confused; ' nicken n (s/no pi.) nod;
'
rechnen n (s/no pi.) mental arithmetic j ' salat m cabbage-lettuce;

Kopfschmerzen

'

schmerzen mlpl. headache;


'
tuch n scarf;
E'iiber adv. head first, headlong;
'
vveh n (-[e]s/-e)5. Kopfschmerzen;
'
zerbrechen n (s/no pi.): j-m ~
machen puzzle s.o.

spning m header;

Kopie [ko'pi:] /(-/-n) copy; duplicate; phot., film: print; rstift m


indelible pencil.
Koppel I'kopsl] 1. / (-/-n) hounds:
couple; horses: string; paddock;
2 X " (-s/-) belt; 'Sn v/t. (ge-, h)
couple (a. , /).
Koralle [ko'rala] / (-/-n) coral; n.

fischer m coral-fisher.

Korb [korp] m (-[e]s/=e) basket;/fe.


refusal;

walk;

'

Hohn

im

cock of

163 '

Kosten2 1. pi. cost(s pi.); expense(s


pi.), charges pi.; auf (gen.) at the
expense of; 2. S v/t. (ge-, h) cost;
take, require (time, etc.); ' anschlag m estimate, tender; 'Sfrei
1 adj. free; 2. adv. free of charge;
.

'

los s. kostenfrei.

Kostjganger ['kostgeipr] m (si-)


boarder; ' geld n board-wages
Pi.
kostlich adj. ['kcestlig] delicious.
Kostjprobe/taste, sample (a. fig.);
Sspielig adj. [' /piili?] expensive,
'

costly.

Kostiim [kos'tyrm] n (sl-e) costume, dress; suit; fest n fancydress ball.

the

mobel nlpl. wicker furni-

Kot [ko:t] m (-[e]s/no pi.) mud,

I'kordal] / (-/-n)

Kotelett [ko
'let] n (-[e]s/-s, N -e)
pork, veal, lamb: cutlet; pork, veal,
mutton: chop; _en pi. sidewhiskers
pi.. Am. a. sideburns pi.

mire; excrement.

ture.

Kordel

Kramer

string,

twine; cord.

Korinthe [ko'rinta] / (-/-n) currant.


Kork [kork] m (-[e]s/-e), ' en m
(si-) cork; '(en)zieher m (-s/-)
corkscrew.

'

Kotjflugel mot. m mudguard. Am.


a fender; 'Sig adj. muddy, miry.
Krabbe zo. ['kraba] /(-/-n) shrimp;
.

Korn [korn] 1. n (-[e]s/=er) seed;


grain; 2. n (-[e]s/-e) com, cereals
pi.; 3. n (-[e]s/S-e) front sight;
4
F m (-[e]s/-) (German) com
whisky.
kornig adj. ['koemi?] granular; in
compounds: ...-grained.

crab.

krabbeln ['krabsln] v/i. (ge-, sein)


crawl.

Korper ['koerpsr] m (-s/-) body (a.


phys., llJi
solid; ' bau m build,
physique; Sbehindert adj. [ bahindart] (physically) disabled, handicapped; ' beschaffenheit / confiille / corstitution, physique;
pulence; geruch m body-odo(u)r;
'
grofie / stature; kraft / physical strength; Slich adj. physical;
corporal; bodily; pflege/care of
the body, hygiene; ' schaft /
body (corporate)
(-/-en) body;
verletzung z f
corporation;
bodily harm, physical injury.
korrekt adj. [kD'rekt] correct; or
[or] m (si-en) (proof-)reader; ur
[ 'turr] / (-/-en) correction; 2urbogen m proof-sheet.
Korrespondjent [korEspDn'dent] m
(-en/-en) correspondent; enz [ ts]
/ (-/-en) correspondence; Sieren
[ dirran] v/i. (no -ge-, h) correspond (mit with).
korrigieren [kori'giiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) correct.
Korsett Ikor'zet] n (-{e]s/-e, -s)

Krach [krax] m (-[e]s/-e, -s) crack,


crash (a. 'f); quarrel, si. bust-up;
F row; mochen kick up a row; 'Sen
v/i. (ge-) 1. (h) thunder: crash;
cannon: roar, thunder; 2.
crash (a. -f), smash.

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

corset, stays pi.


Kosename ['kotza-] m pet name.
Kosmetik [tos'meitik] / (-/no pi.)

beauty culture;

erin / (-/-nen)

beautician, cosmetician.

Kost [lost] / (-Ino pi.) food, fare;


board; diet; '2bar adj. present, etc.:

(sein)

krachzen ['kre tssn] v/t. and v/i.


(ge-, h) croak.
Kraft [kraft] 1. / (-/=e) strength;
force (a. $0; power (a. S, );
energy; vigo(u)r; efficacy; in ~ sein
(setzen, treten) be in (put into,
come into) operation or force;
ouSer ~ setzen repeal, abolish (law);
2 2 prp. (gen.) by virtue of; '~anlage / / power plant; ' briihe /
.

beef tea; ' fahrer m driver, motor-

ist; ' fahrzeug n motor vehicle.


kraftig adj. ['krefti?] strong (a. fig.),
powerful; fig. nutritious, rich; ~en

i gan] (ge-, h) 1. v/t. strengthen;


'

2
'

vji. give strength.

kraft|los adj. powerless; feeble;


weak; 2probe / trial of strength;
'
Srad n motor cycle; 'Sstoff mot.
m fuel; voll adj. powerful (a.fig.);
'
2wagen m motor vehicle; 'werk
'

'

n power station.
Kragen ['kraigsn] m (si-) collar;
'
knopf m collar-stud. Am. collar
button.

Krahe orn. fkrera] / (-/-n) crow;


'
Sn vli. (ge-, h) crow.

Kralle ['krala] / (-/-n) claw (a. fig.);


talon, clutch.

costly, expensive; health, time, etc.:

Kram [kra:m] m (-[e]s/m> pi.) sniff,


odds and ends pi.; fig. affairs pl.3

valuable; mineral, etc.: precious.


'
kosten1 v/t. (ge-, h) taste, try,
sample.

Kramer I'kreimar] m (si-) shopkeeper.

11*

business.

Krampf

Krampf & [krampf] m (-te]s/e)


cramp; spasm, convulsion; ' ader
& f varicose vein; 'Shaft adj. &
spasmodic,

convulsive;

laugh:

forced.

164 -

Kreuzverhor

Krebs [kre:ps] m (-es/-e) zo. crayfish, Am. a. crawfish; ast. Cancer,


Crab; # cancer; e pi. If returns
pi.
Kredit -f [kre'diit] m (-[e]s/-e) cred-

[kra:n] m (-[e]s/=e, -e)

it; auf ~ on credit; Sfahig -f adj.

krank adj. [kragk] sick; organ, etc.:


diseased; ~ se/n p. be ill, esp. Am.

Kreide ['kraidal/X-Z-n) chzlk;paint.

be sick; animal: be sick or ill; ~

Kreis [krais] m (-es/-e) circle (a.fig.);


ast. orbit; circuit; district. Am.
county; fig.: sphere, field; range.
kreischen ['kraijan] (ge-, h) 1. vlt.
screech, scream; squeal, shriek;
circular saw, etc.: grate (on the ear);
2 vlt. shriek, screech (insult, etc.).

Kran

credit-worthy.

crane.

werden p. fall ill or esp. Am. sick;


animal: fall sick; 'Se m, f (-n/-n)
sick person, patient, invalid.
krankeln f'krerikaln] vji. (ge-, h) be
sickly, be in poor health.
'
kranken fig. v/i. (ge-, h) suffer (on
dat. from).

kranken ['kregkan] v/t. (ge-, h)


offend, injure; wound or hurt s.o. s
feelings; sich ~ feel hurt (uber acc.

crayon.

Kreisel ['kraizal] m (-s/-) (whipping-)top; kompafl m gyro-com'

'

at, about).
'

Krankenjbett n sick-bed; ' geld n


'

haus n hospital;
kasse / health insurance (fund);
'
kost / invalid diet; ' lager n s.
Krankenbett; ' pflege / nursing;
Lpfleger m male nurse; ' schein

sick-benefit;

kreisen ['kraizan] vji. (ge-, h) (move


in a) circle; revolve, rotate;
bird: circle; bird: wheel; blood,
money: circulate.
kreis|f6rmig adj. ['kraisfoermic]
circular; 'Slauf m physiol., money,
etc.:

trade:

health or sickness insurance; ' wa-

Am.

gen m ambulance; ' zimmer n

roundabout (traffic).

'
.

'

schwester

'

ical; '2heit / (-/-en) illness, sick-

saw;

'Sverkehr m

hat).

rubbish, stuff, lumber.

erscheinung /
ogenic agent;
symptom (a. fig.).
'
kranklich adj. sickly, ailing.
'

Krankung/(-/-en) insult, offen|ce,

krepieren [kre'piiran] v/i. (no -ge-,


se/n) shell: burst, explode; si. kick
the bucket, peg or snuff out; animal: die, perish.

Krepp [krep] m (-s/-s, -e) crSpe;


crape; apier [ kreppapiir] n crepe
paper; ' sohle / crepe(-rubber)
'

Am. -se.

Kranz [krants] m (-es/e) wreath;


garland.
Kranzchen . ['krents an] n (-s/-)
tea-party, F hen-party.
krafS adj. [kras] crass, gross.
kratzen I'kratsan] (ge-, h) 1. v/i.
scratch; 2. v/t. scratch; sich ~

sole.

Kreuz [kovts] 1. n (-es/-e) cross (a.

fig.); crucifix; anat. small of the


back; # sacral region; cards: club(s
pi.); J sharp; zu ~(e) kriechen eat
humble pie; 2. 2 adv.: ~ und quer
in all directions; criss-cross.

scratch (o.s.).

kraulen ['kraulan] (ge-) 1. v/t. (h)


scratch gently; 2. v/i. (se/n) sports:
crawl.

kraus adj. [kraus] curly, curled;


crisp; frizzy; die Stirn ~ ziehen knit
one s brow;
Se / (-/-n) ruff(le),
'

frill.

krauseln ['krovzaln] v/t. (ge-, h)


curl, crimp (hair, etc.); pucker
(lips); sich ~ hair: curl; waves, etc.:
ruffle; smoke: curl or wreath up.

Kraut
[kraut] n 1. (-[e]s/er)
plant; herb; 2. (-[e]s/no pi.) tops
pi.; cabbage; weed.
Krawall [kra'val] m (-[e]s/-e) riot;
shindy, F row, si. rumpus.
Krawatte [kra'vats] / (-/-n) (neck-)
tie.

Kreatur [krea'turr] / (-/-en) creature.

buzz

Krempel F ['krempal] m (s/no pi.)

ness; disease.

Krankheitsjerreger & m path-

'

a.

Krempe ['krempa] /(-/-n) brim (of

sick-room.

'

business,

/ (sick-)nurse; ' versichervmg /

kranklhaft adj. morbid, patholog-

'

circulation;

cycle; 'Slaufstorungen # flpl.


circulatory trouble; ' rund adj.
circular; Ssage / circular saw,

m medical certificate;

'

pass.

'

kreuzen (ge-, h) 1. v/t. cross, fold


(arms, etc.);
zo. cross(-breed),
hybridize; s/ch
roads: cross, intersect; plans, etc.: clash; 2. & vji.
cruise.

'

Kreuzer & m (-&[-) cruiser.

'

Kreuzlfahrer hist, m crusader;


fahrt / hist, crusade; & cruise;
'
feuer n
cross-fire (a. fig.);
Sigen [' igan] vjt. (ge-, h) crucify;
Ugung [' iguq] / (-/-en) crucifixion; hotter zo. f common viper;
fritter hist, m knight of the Cross;
'
schmerzen m/pl. back ache;
spinne zo. f garden- or cross-spider; ' ung / (-/-en)
, roads, etc.:
'

crossing, intersection; roads: cross-

roads;

zo. cross-breeding, hy-

bridization; ' verhor fa n crossexamination; ins

nehmen cross-

kreuzweise

165 -

'

viewer; 2sch adj. [ kriitij] critical


(gegenufaer of); 2sieren [kriti'zi:ran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) criticize; re-

examine;

weise adv. crosswise,


crossways; ' wortratsel n crossword (puzzle); ' zug hist, m

view (book).

crusade.

kriechjen t'kri an] vji. (irr., ge-,


se/n) creep, crawl; fig. cringe (vor
dat. to, before); '2er contp. m (-s/-)
toady; 2erei contp. [Jrai] / (-/-en)
toadyism.
Krieg [kri:k] m (-[e]s/-e) war; tm m
at war; j. fuhren.
kriegen F ['kriigan] v/t. (ge-, h)
catch, seize; get.

kritt|eln fkritsln] vjt. (ge-, h) find


fault (on dat. with), cavil (at); 21er
[Vlar] m (-s/-) fault-finder, caviller.

Kritzel|ei

'

erdenktnal n war memorial;


.
Serisch adj. warlike; militant;
'
Sfiihrend adj. belligerent; ' fiihrung / warfare.

Kriegsjbeil fig. n: das


begraben
bury the hatchet; 2beschadigt adj.
[ bsjerdigt] war-disabled; ' beschadigte m (-n/-n) disabled exserviceman;
dienst
tn war
service; ' dienstverweigerer X m
er(-s/-) conscientious objector;
klarung / declaration of war;
flotte / naval force; '-.gefangene
m prisoner of war;
gefangenschaft X f captivity; ' gericht tft
n court martial; ~gewinnler I
gavinbr] m (-s/-) war profiteer;
hafen m naval port; ' kamerad
m wartime comrade;
list / stratmacht / military forces
agem;
pi.; ' minister hist, m minister of
'

'

'

*,

'

war; Secretary of State for War,


Am. Secretary of War; ' ministerium hist, n ministry of war; War
Office, Am. War Department;

rat m council of war;

'

schauplatz

X theatjre or Am. -er of war;

schiff n warship; ' schule /


military academy; teilnehmer m
combatant; ex-serviceman. Am.
veteran; ' treiber m (-s/-) warmonger; ' verbrecher m war criminal; ' zug m (military) expedition,
campaign.
Kritninal|beamte [krimi'na:!-] m
criminal investigator. Am. plainclothes man; ~film m crime film;
thriller; polizei / criminal investigation department;
roman m
detective or crime novel, thriller,
si. whodun(n)it.
kriminell adj. [krimi'nel] criminal;
2e m (-n/-n) criminal.
Krippe ['krips] / (-/-n) crib, manger; creche.
Krise ['krhza] /(-/-n) crisis.
Kristall [kris'tal] 1. m (-s/-e) crystal;
2 n (slnopl.) crystal(-glass); 2isieren Ui'ziiran] v/i. and v/refL (no
ge-, h) crystallize.
Kriti|k [kri'ti-.k] / (-/-en) criticism;
/, thea., etc.: review, criticism; F
unter alter ~ beneath contempt;
'

'

iiben an (dat.) s. kr/t/s/eren; ~ker


['krirtiksrj m (-s/-) critic; books: re-

(-/-en)

scribble.

kroch [krox] pret. of kriechen.


Krokodil zo. [kroko'di:!] n (-s/-e)
crocodile.

Krone

fkroms] / (-/-n) crown;

coronet (of duke, earl, etc.).


kronen ['kroman] v/t. (ge-, h)
crown (zum Konig king) (a.fig.).
'

Kronjleuchter
m
chandelier;
lust|re. Am. -er; electrolier;
'

prinz m crown prince; prinzessin / crown princess.


'
Krdnung / (-/-en) coronation,
crowning;/ , climax, culmination.
'
Kronzeuge s% m chief witness;
King's evidence, Am. State's evidence.

Kropf # [kropf] goitjre. Am. -er.


Krote zo. I'kroits] / (-/-n) toad.
Kriicke ['kryks] / (-/-n) crutch.
Krug [kru:k] m (-[e]s/-=e) jug, pitch-

'

'

[kritsa'lai]

scrawl(ing), scribble, scribbling;


n v/t. and vfi. (ge-, h) scrawl,

Krieg|er ['kriigsr] m (-s/-) warrior;

'

Kiichenschrank

er; jar; mug; tankard.

Krume ['knr.ms] / (-/-n) crumb;


S topsoil.
Kriimel ['kryrmsl] m (si-) small
crumb; '2n w/r. and v/i. (ge-, hi)
crumble.

krumm adj. [krum] p. bent, stooping; limb, nose, etc.: crooked; spine:
curved; deal, business, etc.: crooked;
'
beinig adj. bandy- or bow-legged.
kriimmen ['kryman] v/t. (ge-, h)
bend (arm, back, etc.); crook
(finger, etc.); curve (metal sheet,
etc.); sich ~ person, snake, etc.:
writhe; worm, etc.: wriggle; sich
vor Schmerzen
writhe with pain;
sich

vor

Lachen

be

convulsed

with laughter.
'

Kriimmung / (-/-en) road, etc.:


bend; arch, road, etc.: curve; river,
path, etc.: turn, wind, meander;
earth s surface, spine, etc.: curva'

ture.

Kriippel f'krypal] m (-s/-) cripple.


Kruste ['krusts] /(-/-n) crust.
Kubel Ckyrbal] m (-si-) tub; pail,
bucket.

Kubik)meter [ku'bi:k-] n, m cubic


met|re. Am. -er; wurzel A'/cube
root.

Kiiche t'kyga] / (-/-n) kitchen;


cuisine, cookery; s. katt.
Kuchen ['kurxan] m (-s/-) cake,
flan; pastry.
'

Kiichenlgerat n, ' geschirr n


kitchen utensils pi.; ' herd m
(kitchen-)range;
cooker,
stove;
'
schrank m kitchen cupboard or

Riichenzettel
'

Kupplung

166 -

zettel m bill of fare,

buddy; el f' pal] m (si-, F -s)


pitman, collier; F work-mate; F s.

Kuckuck om. ['kukuk] m (-s/-e)

Kumpan.
Kunde fkunda] 1. m (-n/-n) cus-

cabinet;
menu.

cuckoo.

Kufe ['kurfa] / (-/-n)

skid; sleigh,

etc.: runner.

Kiifer ['kyrfar]

m (-s/-)

cooper;

kiindigjen

cellarman.

Kugel I'kurgsl] / (-/-n) baU;


bullet; A-, geogr. sphere; sports:
shot, weight; 26rmig adj. [ fcermiq] spherical, ball-shaped, globular; ' .gelenk @, anat. n ball-andsocket joint; Jager @ n ballbearing; 'Sn (ge-) 1. o/i- (sefn) ball,
etc.: roll; 2. w/r. (h) roll (ia//, ere);
'

'

S(ch ~ children, etc.: roll about; F

double up (vor with laughter);


schreiber
ball(-point)-pen;
stofien (-slno pi.) sports: putting
the shot or weight.
Kuh zo. [ku:] / (-/=e) cow.

kiihl adj. [ky:l] cool (a.


.); 'Sanlage / cold-storage plant; 'Se /
(-Ino pi ) cool(ness); ' en vlt. (ge-,
h) cool (wine, wound, etc.); chill
(wine, etc.); 'Ser mot. m (-s/-)
.

radiator; 'Sraum m cold-storage


chamber; 'Sschrank m refrigerator,

audacious.
'

Kuhstall m cow-house, byre. Am.


bam.

Kiiken om. f'kyrkan] n (-s/-) chick.


kulant -f adj- [ku'lant] firm, etc.:
accommodating, obliging; price,
terms, etc.: fair, easy.
Kulisse [ku'lisa] / (-/-n) thea. wing,

side-scene; fig. front;


pi. a.
scenery; hinter den
behind the
scenes.

Kult [kult] m (-[e]s/-e) <nilt, worship.


kultivieren [kulti'v ran] v/t. (no

2 adv. in future, from now on.


.

Kunst [kunst] / (-/=e) art; skill;


'
akademie / academy of arts;
'
ausstellung / art exhibition;
'
druck m art print(ing); ' diinger
m artificial manure,fertilizer; 'Sfer-

tig adj. skilful, skilled; ' fertigkeit / artistic skill; ' gegenstand
m objet d art; Sgerecht adj. skilful; professional, expert; ' .geschichte / history of art;
ge'

'

werbe n arts and crafts pi.; applied

arts pi.; ' glied n artificial limb;


'
griff m trick, dodge; artifice,
knack; 'handler m art-dealer;
'

kenner m connoisseiar of or in

art; 'Ueder n imitation or artificial


leather.

Kiinstler ['kynstlar] m (-s/-) artist;


/, thea.
artistic.

performer;

'Sisch adj.

kiinstlich adj. ['kynstlig] eye, flower,


light, etc.: artificial; teeth, hair, etc.:
false; fibres, dyes, etc.: synthetic.
'
Kunstjliebhaber m art-lover;
maler m artist, painter; reiter m
equestrian; circus-rider; schatze
[ Jstsa] m/pl. art treasures pi.;
seide/artificial silk, rayon; stiick
n feat, trick, F stunt; tischler m
cabinet-maker;
verlag m art
publishers pi.; Svoll adj. artistic,
.

tion; .: culture; civilization; Sell


adj. Uu rel] cultural; film U turr-]
m educational film; geschichte /
history- of civilization;
volk n
'

civilized people.
Kultus f'kultus] m (-IKulte) s. Kult;
'

minister m minister of education


and cultural affairs; ' ministe-

'

'

'

'

'

elaborate;

'

werk n work of art.

kunterbunt F fig. adj. f'kuntar-]


higgledy-piggledy.

riuni n ministry of education and

Kupfer

cultural affairs.

copper; ' geld n copper coins pi.,


F coppers pi.; 'Sn adj. (of) copper;
'
Srot adj. copper-colo(u)red;
stich m copper-plate engraving.
Kupon [ku'po:] m (-s/-s) s. Coupon.
Kuppe ['kupa] / (-/-n) rounded hilltop; nail: head.

Kummer ['kumar] m (-s/no pi.)


grief, sorrow; trouble, worry.

kiimmerllich adj. ['kymarlig] life,


etc.:

miserable, wretched; conditions, etc.: pitiful, pitiable; result,


etc.: poor; resources: scanty; ' n
vlt. (ge-, h): es kummert mich I
bother, I worry; sich ~ um look
after, take care of; see to; meddle
with.
'

h)

'

ge-, h) cultivate (a. fig.).

Kultur [kul'tu:r]/(-/-en) S cultiva'

(ge-,

kiihn adj. [ky:n] bold (a. fig.), daring;


cow

['kyndigan]

v/i.: j-m ~ give s.o. notice; 2. v/t.


call in (capital);
cancel (contract); pol. denounce (treaty);
'
Sung/(-/-en) notice; -f calling in;
cancellation; pol. denunciation.
'
Kundschat/(-/-en) customers pi.,
chents pi.; custom, clientele; ' er
X m (-si-) scout; spy.
kiinftig ['kynftig] 1. adj. event,
years, etc.: future; event, programme,
etc.: coming; life, world, etc.: next;
1

'

F fridge.

a.

tomer, client; 2./(-/-n) knowledge.


Kundgebung ['kunt-]/(-/-en) manifestation ; pol. rally.

kummervoll adj. sorrowful.

Kump|an F [kum'parn] m (-s/-e)


companion; F mate, chum. Am. F a.

f'kupfar]

(-slno pi.)

Kuppel AJ'kupal] / (-/-n) dome,


'

cupola; ei tfz U lai] / (-/-en) procuring; 'Sn (ge-, h) 1. vft. s. koppe/n; 2. mot. vji. declutch.
Kuppl|er ['kuplar] m (-s/-) pimp,
procurer; ' .ung / (-/-en) coupling (a. S); mot. clutch.

Kur

167 -

time work; 'Sarbeiter 'f m shorttime worker; atmlg adj. [L'q:u


mig] short-winded.

Kur [ku:r] / (-/-en) course of treatment, cure.

Kiir [ky:r] / (-/-en) sports: s. Ktirlauf; voluntary exercise.


Kuratorium [kura'to:rium] (-$/
Kurotor/en) board of trustees.

Kurbel ['kurbsl] / (-/-n) crank,


winch, handle; 211 (ge-, h) 1. v/t.
shoot (film); in die Hohe ~ winch up
(load, etc.); wind up (car window,
etc.); 2. vfi. crank.
'

Kiirze ['kyrts3]/(-/op/.) shortness;


brevity;
in ~ shortly, before long;
'
2n vjt. (ge-, h) shorten (dress, etc.)
(um by); abridge, condense (book,
etc.); cut, reduce (expenses, etc.).
'
kurzler'hand adv. without hesitation; on the spot; '2film m short

4 Tkyrbis] m (-ses/-se)

(film); form / shortened form;


Lfristig adj. short-term; -f bill,

pumpkin.
'
Kurjgast m visitor to or patient at
a health resort or spa; haus n spa

etc.: short-dated;
geschichte /
(short) short story; .lebig adj.

Kiirbis

'

['Je:big] short-lived; 'Onachrichten flpl. news summary.

hotel.

Kurier [ku'rirr] m (-s/-e) courier,


express (messenger).
kurieren 4? [ku'riiran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) cure.
kurios adj. [kur'jors] curious, odd,
strange, queer.
[skating. 1

kiirzlich adv. ['kyrtsli?] lately, recently, not long ago.

'

Kurzlschlufi

Kurlauf m sports: free (roller)/


Kur|ort m health resort; spa;
pfuscher m quack (doctor); pfusche'rei/(-/-en) quackery.
Kurs [kurs] m (-es/-e) if currency;
rate, price;
and fig. course;
'
'

course, class; ' bericht


m
market-report; ' buch
n railway
guide. Am. railroad guide.
Kiirschner ['kyrjnsr] m (-s/-)

in short, in a word.
'

Kiirzung / (-/-en) shortening (of


dress, etc.); abridgement, condensation (of book, etc.); cut, reduction
(of expenses, etc.).

'

Kurz|waren flpl.

wave; radio: short-wave band.

class.

Kusine [ku'ziins] / (-/-n) s. Cousine.

Kirfi [kus] m (Kusses/Kusse) kiss;


echt adj. kiss-proof.
kiissen f'kyssn] v/t. and v/i. (ge-, h)
kiss*
'

kufifest adj. s. kuBecht.


Kiiste ['kysts] / (-/-n) coast; shore.
'

Kurslverlust -f m loss on the stock


exchange;
value;

haberdashery,

Am. dry goods pi., notions pi.;


Lweil / (-/wo pi.) amusement,
entertainment; 'Sweilig adj. amusing, entertaining; ' welle //short

furrier.

kursieren [kur'ziirsn] v/i. (no -ge-,


h) money, etc.: circulate, be in circulation; rumour, etc.: circulate, be
afloat, go about.
Kursivschrift typ. [kur'zkf-j /
italics pi.
Kursus ['kurzus] m (-/Kurse) course,
'

m short circuit, F

short; Lschrift / shorthand, stenography;


sichtig adj. shortsighted, near-sighted; 2 111 adv.

'

'

wert
m market
zettel 'f m stock exchange

list.

Kurve ['kurva] / (-/-n) curve; road,


etc.: a. bend, turn.

Kux

kurz [kurts] 1. adj. space: short;


time, etc.: short, brief; und bundig
brief, concise; ~e Hose shorts pi.;
mit ~en Worten with a few words;
den kiirzeren ziehen get the worst
of it; 2. adv. in short; ~ angebunden
se/n be curt or sharp;
und gut in
short, in a word; ~ vor London short

of London; sich
fassen be brief
or concise; in ~em before long,
shortly; vor ~em a short time ago;
zu ~ kommen come off badly, get a
raw deal; um es ~ zu sogen to cut a

long story short; l2arbeit',jr/short-

Kiistenlbewohner m inhabitant of

a coastal region; ' fischerei / inshore fishery or fishing; ' gebiet n


coastal area or region; ' schiffahrt
/ coastal shipping.
Kiister eccl. f'kystsr] m (-s/-) verger,
~

sexton, sacristan.

Kutsch|bock I'kutJ-] m coach-box;


'
e / (-/-n) carriage, coach; ' enschlag m carriage-door, coachdoor; ' er m (si-) coachman; 2ieren [ 'tjiirsn] (no -ge-) 1. v/t. (h)

drive 5.0. in a coach; 2. vji. (h)

(drive a) coach; 3. v/i. (se/n) (drive


or ride in a) coach.

Kutte ['kuts] / (-/-n) cowl.


Kutter & ['kutsr] m (-s/-) cutter.

Kuvert [ku'vert; ku'verr] n (-[e]s/-e;


s/-s) envelope; at table: cover.
Kux R [kuks] m (-es/-e) mining
-

share.

Lab

168 -

Landedeck

L
Lab zo. [la:p] n (-[e]s/-e) rennet.
labil adj. [la'bi:!] unstable (a.
&);pkys.,
labile.
Labor [la'boir] n (-s/-s3 -e) s. Laboratorium; ant [labo'rant] m (-en/
en) laboratory assistant; atorium
[labora'toirjum] n (-s/ Laborotor/en)
laboratory; Sieren [ o'riiran] vfi.
(no -ge-, h):
an (dat.) labo(u)r
-

Sie sich in meine

Lager ['largar] n (si-) couch, bed;


den, lair (of wild animals); geol.
deposit; bearing; warehouse,
storehouse, depot; store, stock (
pi. a. Lager);
ere: camp,encamp-

ment; auf
'
~

under, suffer from.

'

down, rest;

1. vji. (ge-, h)

sneer (iiber acc. at); 2. 2 n (sjnopi.)

lie down, rest; ' platz m if depot;


resting-place;
etc-' camp-site;
raum m store-room; '~ung /

smile; hohnisches ~ sneer.

(-/-en) storage (of goods)

smile (uber acc. at); hohn/sch

lacben f'laxan] 1. v/i. (ge-, h) laugh


(iiber acc. at); 2. 2 n (s/no pi.)

'

sich

(ge-, h) be lame.

machen make a fool of o.s.

Lachs ichth. [laks] m (-es/-e) salmon.

Lack [lak] m (-[e]s/-e) (gum-)lac;


varnish; lacquer, enamel; 2ieren
[la'kiirsn] v/t. (no -ge-, h) lacquer,
varnish, enamel;
leder n patent
leather; ' schuhe tnlpl. patent
leather shoes pi., F patents pi.
'

Lade|fahigkeit ['la:d3-] / loading


flache / loading area;
capacity;
hemmung X / jam, stoppage;
'

'

'

Uinie
/ load-line.
laden1 ['lardan] v/t. (irr., ge-, h)
load; load (gun), charge (a. /);
freight, ship; 3% cite, summon; invite, ask (guest).
Laden2 U] w (si-) shop. Am. store;
shutter;

'

inhaber;

besitzer

' dieb

s.

diebstahl m shop-lifting; 'philter m drug on the market; ' inhaber m shopkeeper. Am. storekeeper; ' kasse / till; ' .preis m

selling-price, retail price; ' schild


schlufi m closing
n shopsign;
~

'

time; noch

after hours; ' tisch m

counter.

Ladelplatz m loading-place;
rampe / loading platform or ramp;
'

lahmen ['leiman] v/t. (ge-, h)


(make) lame; paralyjse. Am. -ze
{a. fig.).
'
lahmlegen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
paralyjse. Am. -ze; obstruct.
'
Lahmung
f (-/-en) paralysis.
Laib [laip] m (-[e]s/-e) loaf.
Laicb [lai?] m (-[e]s/-e) spawn;
'
2en v/i. (ge-, h) spawn.
Laie ['laia] m (-n/-n) layman;
'
amateur;
nbiihne / amateur
theat|re. Am. -er.
Lakai [la'kai] m (-en/-en) lackey
(a. fig.), footman.
Lake ['Icr.ks] / (-/-n) brine, pickle.
Laken ['laikan] n (s/-) sheet.
lallen f'lalan] v/i. and v/t. (ge-, h)
stammer; babble.

Lamelle [la'meb] / (-/-n) lamella,

lamina; 4 giU (of mushrooms).

lamentieren [lamen'tiiran] v/i. (no

Laden-

shop-lifter;

'

'

Lagune [la'guina] / (-/-n) lagoon.


lahtn adj. [la:m] lame; ' en v/i.

laugh(ter).

lacherlich adj. fle arli?] ridiculous,


laughable, ludicrous; absurd; derisory, scoffing; * machen ridicule;

'

(en)camp; if be

stored; 2. v/t. lay down; X (en-)


camp; -f- store, warehouse; sich ~

dle.

'

~ on hand, in stock;

buch n stock-book; ' feuer n

camp-fire; ' geld n storage; ' haus


n warehouse; Sn (ge-, h) 1. v/i. lie

Labyrinth [laby'rint] n (-[e]s/-e)


labyrinth, maze.
Lache ['laxa] / (-/-n) pool, pud-

lacheln ['le aln]

put yourself in

my place.

raum m loading space; .& hold;


schein & m bill of lading.

Ladung / (-/-en) loading; load,


freight;
cargo; f charge (a. 0/
gun); tfz summons.
lag [la:k] pret. of liegen.
Lage ['larga] / (-/-n) situation, position; site, location (of building);
state, condition; attitude; geol.
layer, stratum; round (of beer, etc.);
in der ~ se/n zu inf. be able to inf.,
be in a position to inf.; versetzen

ge-, h) lament (um for; iiber acc.

over).
Lamm zo. [lam] n (-[e]s/=er) lamb;
'
fell n lambskin;
'fromm adj.

(as) gentle or (as) meek as a lamb.


Lampe ['lamps] / (-/-n) lamp.
'

Lampenlfieber n stage fright;


'
Uicht n lamplight; ' schirm m
lamp-shade.

Lampion [la'pjo:] m, n (s/s) Chinese lantern.

Land [lant] n (-[e]s/-er, poet, -e)


land; country; territory; ground,
soil; an ~ gehen go ashore; auf dem
e in the country; aufs ~ gehen go
into the country; auBer ~es gehen
~

'
arbeiLbesitz m

go abroad; zu ~e by land;
ter

farm-hand;

landed property; 2% real estate;


'

besitzer

landowner,

landed

'

bevolkerung / rural

Lande]bahn

['lands-]/runway;

proprietor;
population.
'

eck

n flight-deck.

landeinwarts

cultural;
Maschinen flpl.
Landmaschinen; ' zunge / spit.

land'einwarts adv. upcountry, inland.

landen ['landan] (ge-) 1. vji. (se/n)


land; 2. u/r. (h) & disembark
{troups); * land, set down (troups).
'
Landenge / neck of land, isthmus.
Landeplatz %t ['landa-] m landing-

week; uber kurz oder

(e) entbehrt long-missed; (e) ersehnt long-wished-for; dos ist


schon .(e) her that was a long time

Landes]grenze ['landas-]/frontier,
boundary; ' innere n interior, inland, upcountry; ' kirche/national church; Brt. Established Church;

gierung

government;

in

Germany: Land government;

sprache / native language, vernac'Siiblich adj. customary;

ular;
'
,*

verrat m treason;

'

verrater m

traitor to his country; ' verteidigung / national defen|ce. Am. -se.


'
Landjflucht/rural exodus; ' friedensbruch

ago; -w und breit at (full or great)


.(e) nicht not for a
long time yet; far from ger.; wie
/ernen S/e schon Englisch? how
long have you been learning
English?; atmig adj. [' aitmi?]
long-winded; ' e adv. s. lang 2.
Lange ['lerp] / (-/-n) length; tallness; geogr., ast. longitude; der
noch (at) full length, lengthwise.
length; noch

international match.

j-e

m breach of the

public peace; ' gericht n appr.


district court; ' gewinnung /
(-/-en) reclamation of land; gut n
haus
n
country-seat, estate;
karte /
country-house, cottage;
map; ' icreis m rural district;
21aufig adj. [' brfi?] customary,

langen ['laqan] v/i. (ge-, h) suffice

be enough; ~ noch reach for.


'

Langen|grad m degree of longi-

'

langer 1. adj. longer;

tude; ' mafi n linear measure.

'

'

the better.
'

'

or race.
'

'

forbearance.

axis.

langlsam

'

'

Landjvermesser m (-s/-) surveyor;


vermessung / land-surve Tng;
warts adv. [' .verts] landward(s);
'
weg m: auf dem e by land;
'
wirt m farmer, agriculturist;
'

'

wirtschaft / agricnalture, farm-

ing; 'Swirtschaftlich adj. agri-

slow;

schlafer

abed; 'Sspielplatte / long-playing


record.

langst adv. [leqst] long ago or since;


ich weiB es

I have known it for a

long time; ' ens adv. at the longest;

'

gang-plank.

adj.

[' jlerfar] m (si-) late riser, lie-

Land[strafie/ highway, high road;

Army; ground forces pi.; ' strich


m tract of land, region; ' tag m
Landtag, Land parliament.
Landung ['landuri] / (-/-en)
,
landing; disembarkation; arrival;
.
sbriicke & f floating: landingstage; pier; ssteg * m gangway,

1. prp. (gen., dat.)

alongside of);
der Kiiste fahren
& (sail along the) coast; 2. adv.
lengthwise; 'Sachse / longitudinal

'

streicher m (-s/-) vagabond,


tramp. Am. si. hobo; ' streitkrafte flpl. land forces pi., the

langlich adj. longish, oblong.


Langmut / (-/no pi.) patience,

langs [lerjs]

'

'

langjfristig adj. long-term; ' jahrig adj. of long standing; ~e r-

fahrung (many) years of experience;


Slauf m skiing: cross-country run

'

'

Langeweile/(-, Langenweilelno pi.)


boredom, tediousness, ennui.

'

current, common.

landlich adj. ['lentli?] rural, rustic.


Landlmaschinen flpl. agricultural
or farm equipment; ' partie /
picnic, outing, excursion into the
country; ' plage iro. f nuisance;
'
rat m (-[e]s/=e) appr. district
president; ratte & / landlubber;
'
recht n common law; regen m
persistent rain.
'
Landschaft / (-/-en) province,
district, region; countryside, scenery; esp. paint, landscape; Slich
adj. provincial; scenic {beauty, etc.).
'
Landsmann m (-[e]s/Lonc/s/eute)
(fellow-)countryman, compatriot;
was sind S/e fur e/n ? what s your
native country?

Ze/t (for)

some time; 2. adv. longer; ich kann


es n/cht
ertragen I cannot bear it
any longer; je ~, je lieber the longer

'

'

sooner or

later; ~(e) anhaltend continuous;

field.

s.

lang [lag] 1. adj. long; p. tall; er


mochte e/n ~es Gesicht his face fell;
2 adv. long; e-e Woche ~ for a

Landereien [lenda'raisn] pi. landed

property, lands pi., estates pi.


Landerspiel ['lEndar-j n sports:

lappisch

169 -

at the latest; at the most.


'

langjstielig adj. long-handled; 3long-stemmed, long-stalked; '2streckenlauf m long-distance run


or race; 'Sweile/G, Langenweilelno
pi.) s. Langeweile; ' weilen vjt.
(ge-, h) bore; s/ch be bored; '..wei-

lig adj. tedious, boring, dull;


Person bore; 'Swelle / f long
wave; radio: long wave band;
wierig adj. [' viiri?] protracted,
lengthy;

lingering.

Lanze f'lantsa] / (-/-n) spear, lance.


Lappalie [la'pailja] / (-/-n) trifle.
Lapp|en ['lapan] m (-s/-) patch;
rag; duster; (dish- or floor-)cloth;
anat., % lobe; 'Sig adj. flabby.
lappisch adj. ['lepij] foolish silly.
,

Larche

Larche $ ['ler ] / (-/-n) larch.


Larm [lerm]
m (-[e]s/n3 pi.)
noise; din; ~ schlagen give the
alarm; 'Sen v/i. (ge-, h) make a
noise; 'Send adj. noisy.
Larve ['larfa] / (-/-n) mask; face
(often iro.); zo. larva, grub.
las [la:s] pret. of /esen.

lasch F adj. [laj] limp, lax.


Lasche ['laja] /(-/-n) strap; tongue
(of shoe).
lassen ['lassn] (zrr., h) 1. v/t. (ge-)
let; leave; laB das1, don't!; laB das
Weinen! stop crying!; ich kann es
nicht ~ I cannot help (doing) it;
sein Leben
fur sacrifice one s life
for; 2. vji. (ge-): von et.
desist
'

170 -

Lauterung

lau adj. [lau] tepid, lukewarm (a.


fig.).
Laub [laup] n (-[e]s/no pi.) foliage,

leaves pi.; 'jjaum m deciduous

tree.

Laube ['laubs] / (-/-n) arbo(u)r,


bower; ' ngang m arcade.
'
Laublfrosch zo. m tree-frog;
'
sage / fret-saw.
~

Lauch

[laux] m (-[e]s/-e) leek.

Lauer ['lauar] / (-/no pi.): auf der


liegen or sein lie in wait or ambush,
be on the look-out; 'Sn v/i. (ge-, h)
lurk (auf acc. for);
auf (acc.)
watch for; 2nd adj. louring, lowering.
Lauf [lauf] m (-[e]s/=e) run(ning);
'

from s.th., renounce s.th.; do with-

sports: a. run, heat; race; current

out s.th.; 3. v/aux. (no -ge-) allow,

(of water); course; barrel (of gun);

permit, let; make, cause; drucken


have 5. th. printed; gehen ~ let s.o.
go; ich habe ihn dieses Buch /esen ~

I have made him read this book;


von sich horen ~ send word; er laBt
'

sich nichts sagen he won t take


advice; es laBt sich nicht leugnen
there is no denying (the fact).
lassig adj. flesi?] indolent, idle;
sluggish; careless.
Last [last] / (-/-en) load; burden;
weight; cargo, freight; , weight,
charge, trouble; zu en von f to
the debit of; j-m zur
fallen be a
burden to s.o.; j-m et. zur ~ legen
lay s.th. at s.o.'s door or to s.o.'s
auto n s. Lastkraftwacharge;
'

J run; im e der Ze/t in (the) course

half-back.
'

Lauf |masche/ladder. Am. a. run;


'

'

paC F m sack, 5/. walking papers


pi.; ' planke & / gang-board,
gang-plank; schritt m: im ~ running; steg m footbridge; & gang~

gen.

'

'

lasten /t. (ge-, h): ~ auf (dot.)


weigh or press (up)on; Saufzug m
goods lift, Am. freight elevator.
Laster ['lastsr] n (-s/-) vice.
Lasterer ['lestsrar] m (-s/-) slan-

'

'

way.

Lauge ['laugs] / (-/-n) lye.

Launje ['launsj / (-/-n) humo(u)r;


mood;

temper; caprice, fancy,


whim; guter
in (high) spirits;
Senhaft adj. capricious; 'Sisch

derer, backbiter.
'

lasterhaft adj. vicious; corrupt.

Lasterjmaul t'lestsr-] n s. Lasterer;


'

2n v/i. (ge-, h) slander, calumniate,


defame; abuse; '~ung / (-/-en)
slander, calumny.
lastig adj. f'lesti?] troublesome;
annoying; uncomfortable, inconvenient.
'

Lastlkahn m barge, lighter;


kraftwagen m lorry. Am. truck;
'
schrift Y / debit; ' tier n pack
wagen m s. Lastkraftanimal;

'

adj. moody; wayward.


Laus zo. [lavs] f (-/-e) louse; *,bub
[' burpl tn (-enI-en) young scamp, F
young devil, rascal.

lausch|en ['laujsn] r/z. (ge-, h)


listen; eavesdrop; ' ig adj. snug,
cosy; peaceful.
laut [laut] 1. adj. loud (a. fig.);

noisy; 2. adv. aloud, loud(ly);


(sprechen S/e) er.' speak up!. Am.
louder!; 3. prp. (gen., dat.) according
to; t as per; 4.2 m (-[e]s/-e) sound;
'
Se I f (-l-n) lute; '~en v/i. (ge-,

'

wagen.

Latein [la'tam] n (-s/no pi.) Latin;


Sisch adj. Latin.
Laterne [la'terna] / (-/-n) lantern;
street-lamp; ~npfahl m lamp-post.
latschen F ['laitjan] v/i. (ge-, sein)
shuffle (along).
Latte I'lats] / (-/-n) pale; lath;
n
sports: bar;
nkiste / crate;
verschlag m latticed partition;
'
nzaun m paling. Am. picket
'

'

fence.

Latzchen
feeder.

fletsgan]

'

bahn/career; ' bursche


m errand-boy, office-boy; ' disziplin f sports: running event.
'
laufen (irr., ge-) 1. vji. (sein) run;
walk; flow; time: pass, go by,
elapse; leak; die Dinge ~ lassen let
things slide; j-n lassen let s.o. go;
2 vlt. (sein, h) run; walk; '~d adj.
running; current; regular; en Monots "f instant; auf dem en sefn
be up to date, be fully informed.
Laufer ['bvfsr] m (-s/-) runner (a.
carpet); chess: bishop; football:
of time;

n (-s/-) bib,

h) sound; words, etc.: run; read;

auf (acc.) passport, etc.: be issued


to.

lauten ['bvtsn] (ge-, h) 1. vji. ring;


toll; es lautet the bell is ringing;
2 v/t. ring; toll.
lauter adj. pure; clear; genuine;
sincere; mere, nothing but, only.
.

'

lauter|n ['bytarn] vlt. (ge-, h)


purify; cleanse; refine; Sung/
'

(-/-en) purification; refining.

lautlos

'

lautjlos adj. noiseless; mute; silent;


silence: hushed; Sschrift / phonetic transcription; Ssprecher m
loud-spyeaker; 'Sstarke / sound intensity; radio: (sound-)volume; 2starkeregler [ rezgbr] m (-s/-)
'

'

pi.; ' zeichen n sign of life; ' zeit


/lifetime; auf for life.
Leber anat. ['leibar] / (-/-n) liver;
fleck m mole;
krank adj., '2-

leidend adj. suffering from a livercomplaint; ' tran m cod-liver oil;


'
wurst / liver-sausage. Am. liver-

'

volume control.

'

lauwarm adj. tepid, lukewarm.


Lava geol. ['Icr.va] / (-'Laven) lavaLavendel * [la'vendal] m (-s/-)
lavender.

lavieren [la'viiran] vfi. {no -ge-, fi,


sein)
tack (a. fig.).
Lawine [la'virna] / (-/-n) avalanche.
lax adj. [laks] lax, loose; morals: a.

wurst.
'

Lebewesen n living being, creature.

Lebe'wohl n (-[e]s/-e, -s) farewelL

lebjhaft adj. ['le.phaft] lively; vmd;


spirited; interest: keen; traffic:
busy;
kuchen m gingerbread;
.

Jos adj. lifeless;

zeiten pi.:

zu s-n - in his lifetime.

lechzen ['le tsan] v/i. (ge-, h): ~

easy.

Lazarett llatsa'rst] n (-Ie]s/-e)


(military) hospital.
leben1 ['le an] (ge-, h) 1. r/i. live;
be alive;
Si'e wohll good-bye!,
farewell!; ;-n hoch/efaen /ossen cheer
s.o.; at table: drink s.o. s health;
'

von et.

live on s.th.; h/er /ebt es

sich gut it is pleasant living here;


2 c/r. Uve {one's life).
Leben2 U] n (si-) life; stir, animation, bustle; am
bleiben remain
alive, survive; am
erhalten keep
alive; e/ n neues
beginnen turn over
a new leaf; ins * rufen call into being;
sein ~ oufs Spiel setzen risk one s
life; sein
long all one's life; ums
kommen lose one's life; perish.
.

'

'

lebendig adj. [le'bendi?] living;


pred.: alive; quick; lively.
Lebensjalter n age; ' anschauung / outlook on life; ' art / manners pi., behavio(u)r; auffassung
/ philosophy of life; ' bed ingungen flpl. li\-ing conditions pl.'s
beschreibung / life, biography;
Ldauer / span of life; 0 durability; '2echt adj. true to life; ' erfahnmg / experience of life; '2fahig adj.
and fig. viable; ' gefahr / danger of life; / danger (of
'

'

death)!; unter

at the risk of one's

life; 'Sgefahrlich adj. dangerous


(to life), perilous; ' gefahrte m
life's companion; ' grofie / lifesize; in
at full length; ' fcraft /
vital power, vigo(u)r, vitality;
langlich adj. for life, lifelong;

Oauf m course of life; personal

record, curriculum vitae; lustig


adj. gay, merry; ' mittel pi. food
(-stuffs pi ), provisions pi., groceries pi.; miide adj. weary or tired
..

of life;

Lehnstuhl

171 -

notwendig adj. vital, es-

sential; ' retter m life-saver, rescuer; ' standard m standard of

living; ' unterhalt m livelihood;


s-n
verdienen earn one's living;
'
versicherung / life-insurance;
'
wandel m life, (moral) conduct;
'
weise / mode of living, habits
pi.; gesunde regimen; weisheit
/ worldly wisdom;
wichtig adj.
vital, essential; ~e Orgone pi. vitals
'

nach languish or yearn or pant for.


Leek tlek] 1. n (-[e]s/-s) leak; 2.

adj. leaky;

warden

spring a

leak.

lecken ['lekan] (ge-, h) 1. r/r. lick;


2 vji. lick; leak.
.

lecker adj. ['lekar] dainty; delicious;


2bissen m dainty, dehcacy.
Leder f'lerdar] n (-s/-) leather; in
gebunden leather-bound; '2n adj.
'

leathern, of leather.

ledig adj. ['le:di<;] single, unmarried;

child: illegitimate; Jich adv. [

'

k-j

solely, merely.

Lee & [le:] / (-/no pi.) lee (side).


leer [le:r] 1. adj. empty; vacant;
void; vain; blank; 2. adv.:laufen
idle; '2e f (-/no pi.) emptiness, void
(a. fig.); phys. vacuum; ' en t/r.
(ge-, b) empty; clear (out); pour

out;

gut

n empties pi.;

'

lauf

m idling; mat. neutral gear; yig.

waste of energy; ' stehend adj.


flat: empty, unoccupied, vacant.
legal adj. [le'ga:!] legal, lawful.
Legat [le'gait] 1. m (-en/-en) legate;
2 ft n (-[e]s/-e) legacy.
legen ['leigan] (ge-, h) 1. r/r. lay;
place, put; sich
urind, etc.: calm
down, abate; cease; V/ert
ouf
(acc.) attach importance to; 2. vji.
hen: lay.
Legende [le'gsnda] / (-/-n) legend.
legieren [le'giiran] t/r. (no -ge-, h)
alloy; cookery: thicken (m/t
.

with).

Legislative [leigisla'tirva] / (-/-n)


legislative body or power.
legitim adj. [legi'titm] legitimate;
Jeren [ i'mirren] vjt. (no -ge-, h)
legitimate; authorize; sich
prove
one s identity.
Lehm [le:m] m (-[e]s/-e) loam;
mud; '2ig adj. loamy.
Lehnje ['lerna] / (-/-n) support;
arm, back (of chair); Zen (ge-, b)
'

'

vji. lean (on dat. against); 2. v/t.

lean, rest (on ace, gegen against);


sich
an (acc.) lean against; sich ~
auf (acc.) rest or support o.s. (up-)
on; sich aus dem Fenster
lean out
of the window; ' sessel m, ' stuhi

m armchair, easy chair.

Lehrbuch

Lehrbuch ['le-.r-] n textbook.


Lehre ['leira] / (-/-n) rule, precept;
doctrine; system; science; theory;
lesson, warning; moral (of fable);
instruction, tuition; ga(u)ge;
pattern; in der ~ se/n be apprenticed
(bei to); in die ~ gefaen apprentice,
article (both: bei, zu to); 'Sn v/t.
(ge- h) teach, instruct; show.
'
Lehrer m (si-) teacher; master,
instructor; ' in / (-/-nen) (lady)
teacher; (school)mistress; ' .kollegium n staff (of teachers).
'

172 -

Leichnam ['laignaim] m (-[e]s/-e) s.


Leiche.

leicht [laigt] 1. adj. light; easy;


slight; tobacco: mild; 2. adv.: es ~
nehmen take it easy; 'Sathlet m

athlete; 'Sathletik / athletics pi.,


Am. track and field events pi.; ' fertig adj. light(-minded); careless;
frivolous, flippant; 'Sfertigkeit /
levity; carelessness; frivolity, flippancy; Sgewicht n boxing: lightweight; ' glaubig adj. credulous;
'
hin adv. lightly, casually; igkeit I' iq-] / (-/-en) lightness; ease,
facility; ' lebig adj. easy-going;
Smetall n light metal; 'Ssinn m
'

'

Lehr|ach n subject; ' film m in'

structional film;

gang m course
(of instruction); ' geld n premium;
Lherr m master, si. boss; Ljahre
n/pl. (years pi. of) apprenticeship;
Ljunge m s. Lehrling; ' korper m
teaching staff; univ. professoriate,
faculty; ' kraft / teacher; professor;
ling m (-s/-e) apprentice;
'
madchen n girl apprentice;
meister m master;
methode /
method of teaching; ' plan m curriculum, syllabus; Sreich adj. in'

'

'

structive;

'

satz m

theorem; doc-

trine; eccl. dogma; ' stoff m subject-matter, subjectsp/.); ' stuhl m


professorship; ' vertrag m articles
pi. of apprenticeship, indentured
pi.); ' zeit/apprenticeship.
Leib [laip] m (-[e]s/-er) body; belly,
anat. abdomen; womb; be/ /ebendigem
alive; m/t und See/e body
and soul; sich j-n vom ~e halten
keep s.o. at arm's length; ' .arzt m
physician in ordinary, personal
physician; ' chen n (-s/-) bodice.
.

'

(-[e]s/wo pi ) frivolity, levity; carelessness; ' sinnigadj. light-minded,


frivolous; careless; ' .verdaulich
adj. easy to digest; ' verstandlich
adj. easy to understand.
leid [lait] 1. adv.: es tut mir ~ I am
sorry (um for), I regret; 2. 2 n
(-[e]s/no pi ) injury, harm; wrong;
grief, sorrow; en [' dan] (z rr., ge-,
h) 1. v/i. suffer (an dot. from);
2 vjt.: (nicht)
kdnnen (dis)like;
Sen [' dan] n (-s/-) suffering; &
complaint; end # adj. [' dant]
ailing.
Leidenschaft / (-/-en) passion;
Slich adj. passionate; ardent; vehement; Sslos adj. dispassionate.
'
Leidenslgefahrte m, ' gefahrtin
/ fellow-sufferer.
.

'

'

'

'

leidjer adv. ['laidar] unfortunately;


int. alas!; mud ich inf. I'm (so)
sorry to inf.; ich mufi ~ gehen I am
afraid I have to go;
ig adj.
disagreeable; ~lich adj. ['lait-]
tolerable; fairly well; Stragende
t'lait-] m, f (-nf-n) mourner; er ist

Leibeigen|e

Leinwand

'

['laip'aigana] m (-n/

n) bond(s)man, serf; ' schaft /


(-/no pi ) bondage, serfdom.

Leibes|erziehung ['laibas-J / phys-

der ~ dabei he is the one who suf-

ical training; ' frucht / f(o)etus;


'
kraft /: ous Le/beskraften pi.
with all one s might; ' iibung /
bodily or physical exercise.

fers for it; Swesen ['lait-] n (-s/no


pi.): zu meinem ~ to my regret.
Leier / ['laiar] / (-/-n) lyre; ' kasten m barrel-organ; Lkastentnann m organ-grinder.

'

'

Leiblgarde / body-guard; ' gericht n favo(u)rite dish; Shaftig


adj. [Jhaftig]: der ~e Teufel the

Leih|bibliothek ['lai-] /, Lbiicherei / lending or circulating library,


Am. a. rental library; 'Sen v/t. (irr.,
ge-, h) lend; borrow (von from);
gebiihr / lending fee(s pi.);
'
haus n pawnshop. Am. a. loan

devil incarnate; 'Slich adj. bodily,


corpor(e)al; Lrente / life-annuity;
'
schmerzen m/pl. stomach-ache,
belly-ache, # colic; ' .wache /
body-guard; ' .wasche / underwear.

Leiche ['laiga] / (-/-n) (dead) body,


corpse.

Leichen|beschauer 1% ['laicanbsJauar] m (-s/-) appr. coroner; ' bestatter m (-s/-) undertaker. Am. a.
'
mortician;
bittermiene F /
woebegone look or countenance;
'

O'blalJ adj deadly pale; ' halle/


mortuary; ' schau 2% / appr.
(coroner's) inquest; ' schauhaus n
morgue; ' tuch n (-[els/ er) shroud;
Lverbrennung/cremation; ' wagen m hearse.
.

'

office; 'Sweise adv. as a loan.

Leim [laim] m (-[e]s/-e) glue; F ous


dem * gehen get out of joint; F: auf
den ~ gehen fall for it, fall into the
trap; 'Sen vjt. (ge-, h) glue; size.
Lein $ [lam] m (-[e]s/-e) flax.
Leine ['lama] / (-/-n) line, cord;
(dog-)lead, leash.
leinen ['laman] 1. adj. (of) linen;
2 S n (sj-) linen; in ~ gebunden
.

cloth-bound;

'

Sschuh

canvas

shoe.
'

Leinlol n linseed-oil; ' samen m


linseed; ' .wand / (-/no pi.) linen
(cloth); paint, canvas; film: screen.

leise

leise adj. ['laiza] low, soft; gentle;


slight, faint;
stellen turn down
( radio).
Leiste ['laistal/O-Z-n) border, ledge;
& fillet; anat. groin.
lelsten ['laistan] 1. v/t. (ge-, h) do;
perform; fulfil(l); take (oath);
render (service); ich kann mir das ~
I can afford it; 2. m (-s/-) last;
.

boot-tree.

bruch

Am. a. shoetree;
m inguinal hernia.

'2-

'

Lelstung / (-/-en) performance;


achievement; work(manship); results pi.); capacity; output (of
factory); benefit (of insurance company); 'fisfahig adj. productive;
efficient, a. powerful; ' sfahigkeit / efficiency; productivity;
capacity, producing-power.
Leit|artikel ['lait-] m leading article,
leader, editorial; ' bild n image;
example.
leiten f'laitan] v/t. (ge-, h) lead,

guide; conduct (a. phys., j); fig.

direct, rvm, manage, operate; preside over (meeting); ' d adj. leading;
~.

phys. conductive; ~e Stellung key


position.
'
Leiter 1. m (-si-) leader; conductor
(c. phys., J); guide; manager; 2. /
(-/-n) ladder; Lin / (-/-nen) leader;
conductress, guide; manageress;
Lwagen m rack-wag(g)on.
'
Leitjfaden m manual, textbook,
guide; Lmotiv / n leit-motiv;
'
spruch m motto; Ltier n leader;
Lung / (-/-en) lead(ing), conducting, guidance; management, direction, administration. Am. a. opera-

tion; phys. conduction; / lead;


circuit; tel. line; mains pi. (for gas,
water, etc.); pipeline; die ~ ist besetzt teleph. the line is engaged or
Am. busy.
'
Leitungsjdraht m conducting wire,
conductor; Lrohr n conduit(-pipe);
main (forgas, water, etc.); Lwasser
n (-s/f) tap water.
Leitwerk
n tail unit or group,
empennage.

Lekt|ion [Isk'tsjom] / (-/-en) lesson;


or ['lektor] m (-s/-en) lecturer;
reader; ..iire [ 'tyrra] / 1. (-/no pi.)
reading; 2. (-/-n) books pi.
Lende anat. ['lenda] / (-/-n) loin(s
Pi.).
~

lenkjbar adj. ['leqkbair] guidable,


manageable, tractable; docile;
steerable, dirigible; Len v/t. (ge-,h)
direct, guide; turn; rule; govern;

drive (car);
steer; Aufmerksamkeit ~ auf (acc.) draw attention to;
'
Srad mot. n steering wheel; '2saule mot. f steering column; '2Stange / handle-bar (of bicycle);
'
2ung mot. f (-/-en) steering-gear.
Lenz [lents] m (-es/-e) spring.
Leopard zo. [leo'part] m (-en/-en)
leopard.

Lichtanlage

173 -

Lepra & ['lerpra] / (-{no pi.) leprosy.


Lerche orn. ['ler a] / (-/-n) lark.

lernjbegierlg adj. ['km-] eager to


learn, studious; Len vft. and vfi.
(ge-, h) learn; study.
Lese rieiza] / (-/-n) gathering; s.
We/n/ese; Lbuch n reader; Llam-

pe / reading-lamp.
lesen ['leizan] (irr., ge-, h) 1. v/t.
read; S gather; Messe ~ eccl. say
mass; 2. vji. read; univ. (give a)
lecture (u'ber acc. on); ' swert adj.
worth reading.
'
Leser m (s/-), Lin / (-/-nen)
reader;
gatherer; vintager; lich
adj. legible; Lzuschrift / letter to
the editor.
'

Lesezeichen n book-mark.

'
Lesung parl. f (-/-en) reading.
letzt adj. [Istst] last; final; ulti-

mate; ~e Nachrichten pi. latest news


pi.; ~e Hand on/egen put the finishing touches (on acc. to); das ~e the
last thing; der
ere the latter;
der (die, das) Letzte the last (one);
zu guter Letzt last but not least;
finally; Lens adv., L'hin adv.
lately, of late; Llich adv. s. /etz-

tens; finally; ultimately.3


Leuchtje ['bYgta] / (-/-n) (fig. shining) light, lamp (a. fig.), luminary
(a. fig., esp. p.);
en v/i. (ge-, h)

(give) light, shine (forth); beam,


gleam; Len n (-sjno pi.) shining,
light, luminosity; 'Send adj. shining, bright; luminous; brilliant (c.
fig.); Ler m (-s/-) candlestick; s.
Kronleuchter; Lfeuer n

etc.:

beacon(-light), flare (light); Lkafer


zo. m glow-worm; Lkugel X /
Very light; flare; Lturm m lighthouse; Lziffer / luminous figvure.

leugnen ['bYgnan] vlt. (ge-, h) deny;


disavow; contest.

Leukamie j? [bYke'ini:] / (-/-n)


leuk(a)einia.
Leumund ['bymunt] m (-[e]s/o
pi.) reputation, repute; character;
'

szeugnis *& n character reference.


Leute ['bYta] pi. people pi.; persons
pLy'
pol. men pi.; workers: hands
pi.; F folks pi.; domestics pi., servants pi.
Leutnant
['bytnant] m (-sl-s,
\ -e) second lieutenant.
leutselig adj. ['bytzeili?] affable.
Lexikon ['Isksikon] n (-s/Lexika,
Lexiken) dictionary; encyclopaedia.

Libelle zo. [li'bsb] / (-/-n) dragonfly.


liberal adj. [libe'ra:!] liberal.
Licht [list] 1. n (-[e]s/-er) light;
brightness; lamp; candle; hunt.
eye; ~ mochen switch or turn on
the light(s pi.); das ~ der Welt erblicken see the light, be born; 2. 2
adj. light, bright; clear; ~er Augen-

blick

lucid interval; Lanlage /

Lichtbild

lighting
(-graph);
lecture; '
Lbogen

plant; '~bild n photo


Jjildervortrag m slide
blick . m bright spot;
f m arc; '2durchlassig
adj. translucent; Secht adj. fast
(to light), unfading; 'Sempfindlich adj. sensitive to light, phot.
'

'

sensitive;
'

machen sensitize.

lichten vlt. (ge-, h) clear (forest);


den Anker ~ & weigh anchor; sich ~
hair, crowd: thin.

licbterioh adv. f'ligtar'lo:] blazing,


in full blaze.
'

Lichtlgeschwindigkeit / speed of
light; ' hof m glass-roofed court;

patio; halo (a. phot.); Lleitung /


lighting mains pi.; ' maschine
mot. f dynamo, generator; ' pause
/blueprint; ' quelle/light source,
source of light; ' reklame / neon
sign; ' schacht m well; ' schalter
m (light) switch; schein m gleam
of light; Escheu adj. shunning the
light; ' signal n light or luminous
spieltheater n s. Filmsignal;
theater, Kino; Lstrahl m ray or
beam of light (a. fig.); 'Sundurchlassig adj. opaque.
'
Lichtung / (-/-en) clearing, open'

'

'

ing, glade.

Lichtzelle / s. Photozelle.
Lid [li:t] n (-[e]s/-er) eyelid.
lieb adj. [li:p] dear; nice, kind;
child: good; in letters: er Herr N.
dear Mr N.; er Himmel! good
'

Heavens!, dear me!; es /st mir

dafi I am glad that; 'Schen n (-s/-)


sweetheart.

Liebe ['liiba] / (-/no pi.) love (zu of,


for); ous for love; aus * zu for the
love of; 'Sn (ge-, h) 1. vft. love; be
in love with; be fond of, like; 2.vli.
(be in) love; ' nde m, f (-nj-ri): die
n pi. the lovers pi.
'
liebenslwert adj. lovable; charming; ' wiirdig adj. lovable, ami-

'

Linde

Jlich

adj.

lovely,

charming,

delightful.

Liebling ['liiplirj] m (-s/-e) darling;


favo(u)rite; esp. animals: pet; esp.
form of address: darling, esp. Am.
honey; ' sbeschaftigung / favo(u)rite occupation, hobby.

liebjlos adj.['li:p-] unkind; careless;


Eschaft / (-/-en) (love-)affair;
'

'

Sste m, f (-n/-n) sweetheart; darling.

Lied [li:t] n (-[e]s/-er) song; tune.


liederlich adj. fli darlig] slovenly,
disorderly;

careless;

loose,

dis-

solute.

lief [li:f] pret. of laufen.


Lieferant [lirfa'rant] m (-en/-en)
supplier, purveyor; caterer.
Liefer|auto ['liifar-] n s. Lieferwogen; Sbar adj. to be delivered;
available;
bedingungen flpl.
terms pi. of delivery; ' frist/term
of delivery; Sn v/t. (ge-, h) deliver;
j-m et furnish or supply s.o. with
s th.;
' schein m delivery note;
'
ung / (-/-en) delivery; supply;
consignment; instal(l)ment(o/6oo/j);
Lungsbedingungen flpl. s. Lieferbedingungen; ' wagen m deliveryvan, Am. delivery wagon.
Liege ['liigs] / (-/-n) couch; bed'

'

'

chair.

liegen ['lirgan] v/i. (irr., ge-, h) lie;


house,

etc.:

be

(situated);

room:

face; an wem liegt es? whose fault


is it? es liegt an or bei ihm zu inf.
it is for him to inf.; es liegt daran,
daft the reason for it is that; es liegt
mir daran zu inf. I am anxious to
inf.; es liegt mir nichts daran it does
not matter or it is of no consequence
to me; ' bleiben v/i. (irr. bleiben,
sep., -ge-, sein) stay in bed; break

down (on the road, a. mot., etc.);


work, etc.: stand over; fall behind;

von Ihnen that is

f goods: remain on hand; Classen


v/t. (irr. lassen, sep., [-ge-,] h) leave;

very kind of you; Swiirdigkeit/

leave behind; leave alone; leave off

able; das /st sehr

'

(work); j-n links ~ ignore s.o., give

(-/-en) amiability, kindness.


'

174 -

lieber 1. adj. dearer; 2. adv. rather,


sooner; ~ haben prefer, like better.
Liebeslbrief m love-letter;
dienst m favo(u)r, kindness; good
turn; ' erklarung/: e-e ~ mochen
declare one's love; ' heirat / lovematch; Jkummer m lover's grief;
'
paar n (courting) couple, lovers
pi.; ' verhaltnis n love-affair.
liebevoll adj. loving, affectionate.

'

'

'

lieb|gewinnen ['li:p-] v/t. (irr. gew/nnen, sep., no -ge-, h) get or grow


fond of; ' haben vjt. (jrr. haben,

sep., -ge-, h) love, be fond of;

'

Sha-

ber m (si-) lover; beau;/j. amateur;

Shaberei

. U,rai]/(-/-en) hobby;

fihaberpreis w fancy price; 'Sha-

'

berwert

sentimental

value;

kosen v/t. (no -ge-, h) caress,


fondle; 'Skosung / (-/-en) caress;
'

s.o.

the cold shoulder; 'Sschaften

flpl. real estate.


1 LiegeJstuhl

m deck-chair;

'

wagen

$1 m couchette coach.
lieh [li:] pret. of leihen.
liefi [li:s] pret. of lassen.
Lift [lift] m (-[e]s/-e, -s) lift. Am.
elevator.

Liga ['liiga] / (-/L/gen) league.


Likor [li'korr] m (-s/-e) liqueur,
cordial.

lila adj. ['liila] lilac.

Lilie * I'li-ija]/<-/-n) lily.


Limonade [limo'na a] / (-/-n) soft
drink, fruit-juice; lemonade.
Limousine mot. [limu'zima] / (-/-n)
limousine, saloon car. Am. sedan.

lind adj. [lint] soft, gentle; mild.


Linde $ ['linda] / (-/-n) lime(-tree),
linden(-tree).

lindem

linder|n

['lindsm]

vft.

(ge-,

175 -

vlt. (ge-, h) loosen; slacken; relax


(grip); break up (soil); sich loosen,
(be)come loose; give way; fig.

h)

soften; mitigate; alleviate, soothe;


'

allay, ease CpaiVi); Sung /(-/S -en)


softening; mitigation; alleviation;
easing.
Lineal [line'a:!] n (-s,'-e) ruler.

Linie ['limp] / (-/-n) line; 'jipa-

relax.
'

lockig adj. curly.

'

Lockimittel n s. Koder; ' vogel m


decoy (a. fig.); Am. a. stool pigeon

'

pier n ruled paper; jirichter m


sports: linesman; Sntreu pol. adj.:
'

se/n follow the party line.


liii(i)ieren [li'nirran; lini'uran] v/t.
(no -ge-, h) rule, line.

link adj. [lir)k] left;


Se/'te left
(-hand) side left; of cloth: wrong
side; 2e / (-n/-n) the left (hand);
pol. the Left (Wing); boxing: the
left; '-Jsch adj. awkward, clumsy.
,

'

links adv. on or to the left; 2hander

t'Uiendsr] m (-s/-)
Am. a. southpaw.
Linse ['linza] / (-/-n)

left-hander,

lentil; opt.

lens.

Lippe ['Upa] / (-/-n) Up; ' nstift m


lipstick.
liquidieren [likvi'dhran] c/r. (no
ge-, h) liquidate (a. pol.); wind up
(business company); charge (Jee).
lispeln ['lispsln] r/i. and vjt. (ge-, h)
lisp; whisper.
List [list] / (-/-en) cunning, craft;
artifice, ruse, trick; stratagem.
Liste I'lista] / (-/-n) list, roU.
listig adj. cunning, crafty, sly.
Liter ['lirtsr] n, m (si-) litlre. Am.

(a. fig.).

lodern ['lordsm] v/i. (ge-, h) flare

blaze.

Loffel ['Icefsl] m (s!-) spoon; ladle;


2n vlt. (ge-, h) spoon up; ladle
'

out;

er.

literarisch adj. [lite'rorrij] literary.


Literatur

[litera'turr]

(--en)

literature;
beilage / literar>'
supplement (in netvspaper); geschichte / history of literature;

verzeichius n bibliography.

litt [lit] pret. of leiden.


Litze f'litss]/ (-/-n) lace, cord, braid;
f strand(ed wire).
Livree [li'vre:] / (-/-n) livery.

'

masonry: lodge; nschlieCer thea.


m (si-) box-keeper.
logieren [lo'siiran] c/i. (no -ge- h)
lodge, stay. Am. a. room (all: bei
with; in dat. at).
,

logisch adj. ['loigij] logical; ' er'


weise adv. logically.
Lohn [lorn] m (-[e]s/=e) wages pl.}
pay(ment); hire;j

. reward; ' biiro n pay-office; ' empfanger m


wage-eamer; 'Sen vft. (ge-, h)
compensate, reward; sich _ pay; es
lohnt sich zu inf. it is worth while
ger., it pa\*s to inf.; 'Send adj. paying; advantageous; fig. rewarding;
'
erhohimg/increase inwages, rise,
-.

Am. raise; ' fordening / demand

for higher wages; ' steuer / tax


on wages or salary; ' stopp m
(sfno pi.) wage freeze; ' tarif m
wage rate; ' tiite / pay envelope.
lokal [lo'kod] 1. adj. local; 2. S n
(-[e]s/-e) locality place; restaurant;
public house, F pub, F local. Am.
,

saloon.

Lokomotivje [lokomo'tirva] / (-/-n)


(railway) engine, locomotive; fiihrer [Jti:f-] m engine-driver. Am.
engineer.

Lorbeer

Lizenz [li'tsents] / (-/-en) licen|ce,


Am. -se;

inhaber m licensee.

Lob [lo:p] n (-[e]slno pi.) praise;


'

commendation; Sen [ lo:b3n] vlt.

(ge-, h) praise; Senswert adj.


['lorbsns-] praise-worthy, laudable;
gesang [ lorpn] m hymn, song of
praise; Jiudelei [loiphurds lai] /
'

'

/st

curl.
'

locken2 vjt. (ge-, h) hunt.: bait;


decoy (a. fig.); fig. allure, entice.
LockenJkopf m curly head; wickler [' viklsr] m (si-) curler, roller.
locker adj. ['bksr] loose; slack; 'ji
'

? what is the matter?, F what

'

'

up?. Am. F what s cooking?; - se/n


be rid of; 2. int.:
! go (on or
ahead)!
losarbeiten ['lors'-] vli. (sep., -ge-,
h) start work(ing).
losbar adj. ['kcsbcur] soluble,
solvable.

card.

Locke ['bks] / (-/-n) curl, ringlet.


'
locken1 vlt. and vlrefl. (ge-, h)

m (sf-eri)

Lore ['loirs] / (-/-n) lorry, truck.


Los1 [lo:s] n (-esf-e) lot; lottery
ticket; fig. fate, destiny, lot; das
Grofie
ziehen win the first prize,
Am. si. hit the jackpot; durchs
entscheiden dedde by lot.
los2 U] l.pred. adj. loose; free; was

Loch [bx] n (-[e]s/=er) hole; 'Sen


r/r. (ge-, h) perforate, pierce; punch
(ticket, etc.); ' er m (si-) punch,
perforator; ' karte / punch(ed)

['brben:]

laurel, bay.

(-/-en) adulation base flattery.

loblich adj. ['lerplig] s. lobenswert.


Lobrede ['loip-j/eulogy, panegyric

'

voll m (-/-) spoonful.


log [lo:k] pret. of lugen.
Loge ['lo a] / (-/-n) thea. box; free-

'

'

loschen

'

losjbinden v/t. (irr. binden, sep


brechen
ge-, h) tmtie, loosen;
'

(irr. brechen, sep.. -ge-) 1. v/t. (h)


break off; 2. v/i. (se/n) break or
burst out.

Loschiblatt ['IceJ-] n blotting-paper;


Sen vft. (ge-, h) extinguish, put
out (fire, light); blot out (uniting);
'

Loscher

erase { tape recording); cancel {debt);


quench (thirst); slake (.lime),'
unload; ' er m (-s/-) blotter; ' papier n blotting-paper.
lose adj. ['loiza] loose.
'
Losegeld n ransom.
losen ['lorzan] v/i. (ge-, h) cast or

176 -

Lowenlanteil F m lion's share;

draw lots (um for).

losen ['kczan] v/t. (ge-, h) loosen,


untie; buy, book (ticket); solve
(task, doubt, etc.); break off (engagement); annul (agreement, etc.);
dissolve; e/n SchuB loste sich the

gun went off.


'

loslfahren v/i. (irr. fahren, sep.,


ge-, sein) depart, drive off;1 gehen
v/i. (irr. gehen, sep., -ge-, sein) go
or be off; come off, get loose; gun:
-

go off; begin, start; F auf j-n ~ fly


at s.o.;
haken v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
unhook;
kaufen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h)
ransom, redeem; ketten v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) unchain; ' kommen v/i.
(irr. kommen, sep., -ge-, sein) get
loose or free; ' lachen v/i. (sep.,
ge-, h) laugh out; Classen v/t.
(irr. lassen, sep., -ge-, h) let go;

maul
'

out a gap; fig.: unbroken; complete; ~er Bewe/ s close argument.


'

lud [lu:t] pret. of laden.


Luft [luft] / (-/=e) air; breeze;
breath; frische ~ schopifen take the
air; an die ~ gehen go for an airing;
aus der
gegriffen (totally) unfounded, fantastic; es liegt et. in
der ~ there is s.th. in the wind; in

die ~ fliegen be blown up, explode;


in die ~ gehen explode, si. blow
one s top; in die ~ sprengen blow
up; F j-n on die
setzen turn s.o.
out. Am. si. give s.o. the air; sich
or s-n Gefuhlen ~ mochen give vent
to one's feelings.

'

'

'

Luft|alarm m air-raid alarm; ' angriff m air raid; '~aufnahme /

release.

aerial

dung.

Losung ['loizur)] / (-/-en) solution;


'

'

smittel n solvent.

loslwerden v/t. (irr. werden, sep.,

ge-, sein) get rid of, dispose of;


ziehen v/i. (irr. ziehen, sep., -ge-,
sein) set out, take off, march away.
Lot [lo:t] n (-[e]s/-e) plumb(-line),
plummet.
loten ['loitan] v/t. (ge-, h) solder.
Lotse & ['loitsa] m (-n/-n) pilot;
'
Sn v/t. (ge-, h) & pilot (a. fig.).
Lotterie [bts'ri:] / (-/-n) lottery;
gewinn m prize; Jios n lottery
-

'

ticket.

Lotto ['bto] n (-s/-s) numbers pool,


lotto.

Lowe zo. ['Laivs] m (-n/-n) lion.

' ballon

graph, airview; ' blase / airbubble; ' briicke / air-bridge; for


supplies, etc.: air-lift.

*,

Losung ['loizuq] /1. (-/-en) X password, watchword; fig. slogan;


2 hunt, (-/no pi.) droppings pi.,

photograph;

(air-)balioon; ' bild n aerial photo-

rush at.

'

'

m (-[e]slno pi.) dandelion

Lowin zo. f (-l-nen) lioness.


loyal adj. [loa'jo:!] loyal.
Luchs zo. [luks] m (-es/-e) lynx.
Liicke ['lyks] / (-/-n) gap; blank
void (a. fig.); ' nbiifier m stopgap;
Snhaft adj. full of gaps; fig. defective, incomplete; nlos adj. with-

n (-[e]slno pi.) snapdragon;

zahn

'

'

loslich
adj. ['laisli?] soluble.
'
loslldsen v/t. (sep., -ge-, h) loosen,
detach; sever; ' machen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) unfasten, loosen; sich ~ disengange (o.s.)(van from); ' reil5en
v/t. (irr. reiBen, sep., -ge-, h) tear
off; sich ~ break away, esp. fig. tear
'
o.s. away (both: von from);
sagen
vjrefl. (sep., -ge-, h): sich
von
renounce; ' schlagen (irr. schlagen, sep., -ge-, h) 1. v/t. knock off;
2 v/i. open the attack; auf j-n
attack s.o.; ' schnallen v/t. (sep.,
ge-, h) unbuckle; ' schrauben
vjt. (sep., -ge-, h) unscrew, screw
off; ' sprechen v/t. (irr. sprechen,
sep., -ge-, h) absolve (von of, from);
acquit (of); free (from, of); ' stiirzen v/i. (sep., -ge-, sein): auf (acc.)

Luftstiitzpunkt

'

Liiftchen ['lyft sn] n (-s/-) gentle


breeze.
'

luftldicht adj. air-tight; 'fidruck


phys. m (-[e]slno pi.) atmospheric or
air pressure; 'Edruckbremse /

air-brake;

'

durchlassig adj. per-

meable to air.

liiften ['lyftsn] (ge-, h) 1. v/i. air;


2

v/t. air; raise (hat); lift (veil);

disclose (secret).

Luft|fahrt / aviation, aeronautics;


'
feuchtigkeit
/
atmospheric
humidity; 'ggektihlt adj. air-

cooled; ' hoheit / air sovereignty;

2ig adj. airy; breezy; flimsy;


kissen air-cushion; ' klappe/

'

air-valve;

'

Corridor m air corri-

dor; ' krankheit / airsickness;


'
krieg m aerial warfare; ' kurort
m climatic health resort;

'

lande-

truppen f/pl. airborne troops pi.;


'
Sleer adj. void of air, evacuated;
er Raum vacuum; 'Jiinie / air
line, bee-line; ' loch n
airpocket; vent(-hole); ' post / air
mail; ' pumpe / air-pump;
raum m airspace; ' rohre anat. f
windpipe, trachea; ' schacht m
air-shaft; ' schaukel/swing-boat;
'
schiff n airship; ' schlofi n
castle in the air or in Spain;
schutz m air-raid protection;
'
schutzkeller m air-raid shelter;
spriinge [' .Jpryrjs] mlpl.: ~ machen cut capers pi.; gambol; ' r
stiitzpunkt
m sdi base.

Liiftung
'

Liiftung / (-/-en) airing; ventila-

177 -

lungem ['lurprn] vji. (ge-, h) s.


herumlungern.

tion.
'

Luftlveranderung / change of air;


'

verkehr

air-traffic;

'

Lupe ['lurpa] / (-/-n) magnifyingglass; unter die nehmen scrutinize,


take a good look at.

ver-

kehrsgesellschaft / air transport

company,

airway.

Lverteidigung

Am.

airline;

/ air defen|ce,

Am. -se; ' waffe


/ air force;
'
weg m airway; auf dem by air;
'
zug m draught, Am. draft.
Liige ['lyiga] / (-/-n) lie, falsehood;
j-n n strofen give the lie to s.o.
'
liigen o/i. (irr., ge-, h) (tell a) lie;
'
Jhiaft adj. lying, mendacious; un-

Lust [lust] / (-/"e) pleasure, delight;


desire; lust;
haben zu inf. have a
mind to inf., feel like ger.; haben Sie
auszugehen? would you like to go
out?

liistern adj. ['lystarn] desirous (noch


of), greedy (of, for); lewd, lascivi-

ous, lecherous.
'

lustig adj. merry, gay; jolly, cheer-

true, false.

ful; amusing, funny; sich ~ machen

Liigner ['lyignar] m (-s/-), ' in /


(-/-nen) liar; 'Sisch adj. s. lugenhaft.
Luke ['hr.ka] / (-/-n) dormer- or
garret-window; hatch.
Liimmel ['lymsl] m (-$/-) lout,
boor; saucy fellow; '2n v/refl. (ge-,
h) loll, lounge, sprawl.
Lump [lump] m (-en/-en) ragamuffin, beggar; cad. Am. si. rat, heel;
scoundrel.
'

nicht

lassen

come

down

handsomely; '~pack n rabble, riffraff; ' sammler m rag-picker.


'
lumpig adj. ragged; fig.: shabby,
paltry; mean.
Lunge ['lugs] / (-/-n) anat. lungs
pi.; of animals: a. lights pi.
'

iiber (acc.) make fun of;


pi ) gaiety, mirth;

(-/mo

Lungenlentziindung
/ pneumonia; 'Jiliigel anat. m lung;
'
Skrank & adj. suffering from consumption, consumptive; ' kranke
& m, f consumptive (patient); '<krankheit ! f Ivmg-disease;
schwindsucht
/ (pulmonary)
consumption.

haben have s.th.

keit /
jollity,

cheerfillness; fun.

tuary, libertine.
'

lustllos adj. dull, spiridess; "f" flat;


'

Smord m rape and murder; 'Sspiel

n comedy.

lutschen flutjsn] v/i. and v/t. (ge-,


h) suck.
Luv & [lu:f] / (-/o pi.) luff, windward.

luxuries adj. [luksu'rjois] luxurious.


Luxus ['luksus] m (-/no pi.) luxury
(a. fig.); ' artikel m luxury; ' ausgabe / de luxe edition (of books);
'
ware / luxury (article); fancy
goods pi.

Lymph|druse anat. ['lymf-] /


lymphatic gland; ' ef(-l-n) Ijrmph;
& vaccine; Lgefafi anat. n lymphatic vessel.
lynchen ['lyn sn] vIt. (ge-, h) Ijaich.
Lyrik ['lyirik] / (-/no pi.) lyric
verses pi., lyrics pi.; Ler m (-s/-)
lyric poet.
'

Maat
[mart] m (-[e]s/-e[n])
(ship's) mate.
Mache F ['maxa] / (-/no pi.) makebelieve, window-dressing, si. eyewash; et. in der

Liistling ['lystlirj m (-s/-e) volup-

Lumpen 1. m (-s/-) rag; 2. 2 vb.:


sich

Machtwort

lyrisch adj. lyric; lyrical (a. fig.),

about; sich et. ~ lassen have s.th.

made; 2. F v/i.: no, mach schon!


hurry up!; 'Sschaften flpl. machinations pi.

Macht [maxt] / (-/=e) power; might;

in hand.

'

authority; control (u ber acc. of); an

machen ['maxan] (ge-, h) 1. vlt.


make; do; produce, manufacture;
give (appetite, etc.); sit for, undergo
(examination); come or amount to;
make (happy, etc.); was macht das
(aus)? what does that matter?; das
macht nichtsi never mind!, that's

(quite) all right!; da(gegen) kann


man nichts ~ that cannot be helped;
ich mache mir nichts daraus I don't

der ~ pol. in power; ' befugnis /


authority, power; '.Jiaber pol. m
(-si-) ruler
machtig adj. Vmeqdq] powerful (a.
fig.); mighty; immense, huge;
sein (gen.) be master of s.th.; have
command of (language).
.

'

Machtjkampf m struggle for power; 'glos adj. powerless; ' politik

sen, was er will let s.o. do as he

/ power politics sg., pi.; policy of


the strong hand; ' spruch m
authoritative decision; 'Svoll adj.
powerful (a. fig.); ' vollkommen-

pleases; sich

heit / authority; ' wort n (-[e]s/-e)

care about it; mach, daB du forvkommst! off with you!; j-n ~ las-

12 SW EII

an (acc.) go or set

Machwerk

word of command;
sprechen
put one s foot down.
'
Machwerk n concoction, F put-up
job; e/endes ~ bungling work.
Madchen ['men an] n (-s/-) girl;
maid(-servant);
fur alles maid of
all work; fig. a. jack of all trades;
'
fihaft adj. girlish; ' name m girl's
name; maiden name; ' schule /
girls school.
Made zo. ['maida] / (-/-n) maggot,
mite; fruit: worm.
Madel ['meidal] n (-s/-, F -s) girl,
'

'

lass(ie).

madig adj. ['maidi?] maggoty, full


of mites; fruit: wormeaten.
Magazin [maga'tsim] n (-s/-e) store,
warehouse; X, in rifle, periodical:
magazine.

178 -

Majestat [maje'steit] / (-/-en)


majesty; 2isch adj. majestic; sbeleidigung / lese-majesty.
Major X [ma'joir] m (-s/-e) major.
Makel ['maikal] m (-s/-) stain, spot;
fig. a. blemish, fault; 'Slos adj.
stainless, spotless; , a. unblemished, faultless, immaculate.

makeln F fmeikaln] v/i. (ge-, h)


find fault (on dot. with), carp (at),
F pick (at).
Makler Y ['maiklar] m (-s/-) broker;
'
gebiihr -f f brokerage.
Makulatur [makulaltu:r]/(-/-en)
waste paper.

Mai1
sign;
spot,
MaP

ant).

Magen ['maigan] m (sh, a. -)


stomach, F tummy; animals: maw;

times, multiplied by; drei ~ funf ist


funfzehn three times five is or are

beschwerden flpl. stomach or

/v

gastric trouble, indigestion; 1 bitter m (si-) bitters pi.; ' geschwiir


krampf m
n gastric ulcer;
krebs
m
stomach cramp;
stomach cancer; 'Ueiden n gastric
complaint; Lsaure / gastric acid.
'

'

-.

mager adj. ['maigar] meag|re. Am.


er (a. fig.); p., animal, meat: lean,
Am. a. scrawny; 'Smilch / skim
-

fifteen; F s. einmal.
'

malen v/t. (ge-, h) paint; portray.


'
Maler m (-s/-) painter; artist; ei
U'rai] / (-/-en) painting; 2isch adj.
pictorial, painting; , picturesque.
'
Malkasten m paint-box.
'
malnehmen A" v/t. (irr. nehmen,
sep., -ge-, h) multiply (m/t by).
Malz [malts] n (-esjno pi.) malt;
'

'

milk.

Magie [ma'gi:] / (-jno pi.) magic;


r ['maigjar] m (-s/-) magician.
magisch adj. [ maigij] magic(al).
Magistral [magis'tran] m (-[e]s/-e)
municipal or town council.
Magnet [ma'gneit] m (-[e]s, -en/
e[n]) magnet (a. fig.); lodestone;
2isch adj. magnetic; Sisieren
Ueti'ziiran] v/t. (no -ge-, h) magnetize;
nadel U'gnen-] / mag'

netic needle.

Mahagoni [maha'gomi] n (s/nopl.)


mahogany (wood).
mahen ['meian] vft. (ge-, h) cut,

[ma:l] n (-[e]s/-e, "er) mark,


sports: start(ing-point), goal;
stain; mole.
[ ] i.
(-[e]s/-e) time; fur

dieses
this time; zum ersten .e
for the first time; mit e-m ~e all at
once, all of a sudden; 2. 2 adv.

Magd [ma:kt] / (-/=e) maid(-serv-

'

Mangel

bier n malt beer.

Mama [ma'ma:, F 'mama] / (-/-s)


mamma, mammy, F ma. Am. F a.
mummy, mom.

man indef. pron. [man] one, you,


we; they, people; ~ sagte mir I was
told.
[manager.!
Manager ['menidsar] m (-sl-)f
manch [man?], '~er, ' e, ' .es adj.
and indef. pron. many a;
pi.
some, several; .erlei adj. [' ar'lai]
diverse, different; all sorts of, ... of
several sorts; auf ~ Art in various
ways; used as a noun: many or
various things; ' .mal adv. sometimes, at times.

mow, reap.

Mahl [ma:l] n (-[e]s/=er, -e) meal,

Mandant jfe [man'dant] m (-en/-en)


client.

repast.
'

mahlen (irr., ge-, h) l.vjt. grind,


mill; 2. vji. tyres: spin.
'
Mahlzeit/s. Mahl; F feed.
Mahne ['meina] / (-/-n) mane.
mahn|en [ ma-.nan] vjt. (ge-, h)
remind, admonish (both: an acc. of);
}-n wegen e-r Schuld ~ press s o for
payment, dun s.o.; 'Smal (-[e]s/-e)
memorial; 'Sung / (-/-en) admonition; -f- reminder, dunning; 'Szet'

tel m reminder.

Mai [mai] m (-[e]s, -/-e) May;


'
baurn m maypole; glockcben
[' gloekcan] n (-s/-) lily of the
valley; '-.kafer zo. m cockchafer,
may-beetle, may-bug.
Mais
[mais] m (-es/-e) maize,
-.

Indian corn. Am. corn.

Mandarine
[manda'ri:n3]/(-/-n)
tangerine.
Mandat [man'datt] (-[e]s/-e) authorization; 2% brief; pol. mandate;
parl. seat.
Mandel ['mandal] / (-/-n) * almond; anat. tonsil; ' baum
m
almond-tree; ' entziindung & f
tonsillitis.

Manege [ma'neisa] / (-/-n) (circus-)


ring, manege.

Mangel1 ['marjal] m 1. (-s/tkj pi.)


want, lack, deficiency; shortage;
penury; ous ~ an for want of; ~
/e/den an (dat.) be in want of;
2 (-sfc) defect, shortcoming.
Mangel2 U] / (-/-n) mangle; calen.

der.

mangelhaft

maschenfest

179 -

mangelhaft adj. defective; deficient; unsatisfactory; '2igkeit /


{-Ino pi ) defecriveness; deficiency.
'
mangeln1 vli. (ge-, h): es monge/t

Marine [ma'rirna] / (-/-n) marine;


X navy, naval forces pi.; minister

an Brot there is a lack or shortage


of bread, bread is lacking or want-

tary of the Navy; ministerium n


ministry of naval affairs; the Admiralty, Am. Department of the
Navy.
marinieren [mari'nhran] v/t. (no
ge-, h) pickle, marinade.
Marionette [mario'neta] / (-/-n)
puppet, marionette; ..ntheater n
puppet-show.
Mark [mark] 1. / (-/-) coin: mark;
2 n (-[e]s/no pi.) anat. marrow;
pith; . core.
markant adj. [mar kant] characteristic; striking; (well-)marked.
Marke ['marks] / (-/-n) mark, sign,
token;
etc.: stamp; -f brand,
trade-mark; coupon; ' nartikel "f*
m branded or proprietary article.

'

m minister of naval affairs; First

ing; es monge/t ihm an (dat.) he is


in need of or short of or wanting
in, he wants or lacks.
'

mangeln* v/t. (ge-, h) mangle


(clothes, etc.); calender (cloth,
paper).
'
mangels prp. (gen.) for lack or
want of; esp. j** in default of.
'
Mangelware Y / scarce commodity; goods pi. in short supply.
Manie [ma'ni:] / (-/-n) mania.
Manier [ma'nirr] / (-/-en) manner;
21ich adj. well-behaved; polite,
mannerly.
[manifesto. I
Manifest [mani'fest] n (-es/-e)/
Mann [man] m (-[e]s/=er) man; hus-

Lord of the Admiralty, Am. Secre-

'

mar'kier|en (no -ge-, h) 1. v/t.

band.

mannbar adj. marriageable; '2


keit / (-Ino pi.) puberty, manhood.

'

mark

Mannchen ['menpn] n (-%!-) little


man; zo. male; birds: cock.

'

Manneslalter n virile age, manhood; ' kraft / virility.


mannig|fach adj. [ mani?-], ' faltig adj. manifold, various, diverse;
'
Sfaltigkeit / (-Ino pi.) manifoldness, variety, diversity.
mannlich adj. ['menlic] male; gr.
masculine; fig. manly; '2keit /
(-Ino pi ) manhood, virility.
'
Mannschaft / (-/-en) (body of)
men; & crew; sports: team, side;
'
sfUhrer m sports: captain; '~sgeist m (-eslno pi.) sports: team
spirit.
Man6v|er [ma'nervar] n (-si-) ma'

..

noeuvre, Am. maneuver; firieren

U'vrirrsn] vji. (no -ge-, h) manoeuvre, Am. maneuver.

Mansarde [man'zard3]/(-/-n) attic,


garret; nfenster n dormer-win-

'

1 vft. mix, work; 2. vli. dabble (in


.

dat. in); S'rei F / (-/-en) mixing,


F mess; dabbling.
Manschette [man'/Etaj/ Z-n) cuff;
nknopf m cuff-link.
Mantel ['mantalj m (-s/=) coat; overcoat, greatcoat; cloak, mande (both
a
fig.); case, jacket; (outer)
.

cover (of tyre).

Manuskript [manu'skript] n (-[e]s/


e) manuscript; typ. copy.
Mappe ['maps] / (-/-n) portfolio,
-

brief-case; folder; s. a. Schreibmoppe, Schulmappe.


Marchen ['mEircan] n (-s/-) fairytale ; fig. (cock-and-bull) story, fib;
'

buch n book of fairy-tales; 'Shaft


adj. fabulous (a. fig.).
Marder zo. ['mardar] m (-s/-) mar~

ten.

12*

sports);

brand

(cattle,

2ung/(-/-en) mark(ing).

markig adj. marrowy; fig. pithy.


Markise [mar'kirzs] / (-/-n) blind,
(window-)awning.
'

Markstein m boundary-stone, landmark (a. fig.).


Markt [markt] m (-[e]s/=e) Y market; s. Marktplatz; fair; auf den >,

br/ngen -f put on the market; ' flecken m small market-town;

platz m market-place; ' schreier


m (s/-) quack; puffer.
Marmelade [marms'laida] / (-/-n)
jam; marmalade (made of oranges).
Marmor ['marmor] m(-s/-e) marble;
Sieren Uo'rursn] v/t. (no -ge-, h)

marble, vein, grain; 2n adj. [ omj


'

(of) marble.
[whim, caprice.!
Marotte [ma'rota] / (-/-n) fancy,)
Marsch [marj] 1. m (-es/=e) march
(a. /); 2. / (-/-en) marsh, fen.
Marschall ['marjal] m (-s/=e) marshal.

dow.

manschejn F ['man/an] (ge-, h)

(a.

goods, etc.); 2. F fig. vli. put it on;

'

Marsch|befehl
m marching
orders pi.; 2ieren [ 'Jirran] vji. (no
ge-, se/n) march; '~land n marshy
-

land.

Marter ['martsr] / (-/-n) torment,


torture; '2n w/f. (ge-, h) torment,
torture; ' pfahl m stake.
Martyrer ['mertyrsr] m (-s/-) martyr; ' tod m martyr's death; ' tum
n (s/no pi.) martyrdom.
Marxis|mus pol. [mar'ksismus] m
(-Ino pi ) Marxism; t pol. m (-en/
.

en> Marxian, Marxist; Stisch poL

adj. Marxian, Marxist.


Marz [merts] m (-[e]s/-e) March.
Marzipan [martsi'pain] ns S m
(-s/-e) marzipan marchpane.
Masche ['ma/s] / (-/-n) mesh; knitting: stitch; F fig. trick, line; infest adj. ladder-proof. Am. run,

proof.

Maschine

180 -

Maschine [ma'Jiina] / (-/-n) machine; engine.


maschinell adj. [maji'nei] mechanical; ~e Bearbe/tung machining.

extravagant; -nahme [' narma] /


(-/-n) measure step, action; '2re,

geln v/t. (ge-, h) reprimand; inflict


disciplinary punishment on;
Schneider m bespoke or Am. custom tailor; '-stab m measure,
rule(r); maps, etc.: scale; fig. yardstick, standard; '2voll adj. moder-

Ma'schinenlbau m (-[e]s/no pi.)


gewehr
X n machine-gun; Smafiig adj.
mechanical; automatic;
pistole
X/ sub-machine-gun; -.schaden m
engine trouble; schlosser m (engine) fitter; chreiberin/C-Z-nen)
typist; schrift / typescript.
Maschin]erie [majina'ri:] / (-/-n)
machinery; ist f nist] m (-en/-en)

mechanical engineering;

ate.

Mast1

Mask|e f'maska] / (-/-n) mask (a.


fig.);- ' enball tn fancy-dress or
'

masked ball; ~erade [ rarda] /


(-/-n) masquerade; Sieren U ki:'

ran] vjt. (no -ge-, h) mask; s/ch

put on a mask; dress o.s. up (o/s


as).

Massage [ma'saisa] / (-/-n) massage.

Mafianzug m tailor-made or bespoke suit. Am. a. custom(-made)


suit.

Masse t'masa] / (-/-n) mass; bulk;


substance; multitude; crowd; i%
assets pi., estate; die are/te ~ the
rank and file; F e-e ~ a lot of, F lots

pi. or heaps pi. of.


'
Mafleinheit / measuring unit.

(-es/-e[n])

Masta S [-] / (-/-en) fattening;


mast, food;

'

darm anat. m rec-

tum.

feed; stuff (geese, etc.).


Mastkorb & m mast-head, crows-

'

nest.

Material [mater' ja:l] n (-s/-/en)


material; substance; stock, stores
pi.; fig.: material, information; evidence; -ismus phis. Ua'lismus] m
(-fno pi ) materialism; -ist Ua'hst]
m (-en/-en) materialist; 2istisch
adj. [ a listij] materialistic.
Materie [ma'terrja] / (-/-n) matter
(a. fig.), stuff; fig. subject; 211 adj.
[~er jel] material.
Mathematijk [matema'tiik] / (-/no
pi.) mathematics sg.; -ker [-'ma:tikar] m (si-) mathematician; 2sch
adj. [- martij] mathematical.
Matinee thea. [mati'ne:] / (-/-n)
morning performance.
Matratze [ma'tratsa] / (-/-n) mat-

'

n common grave; -giiter

'

'

'

tress.

Matrone [ma'troma] / (-/-n) matron; 2nhat adj. matronly.


Matrose
[ma'troiza] m (-n/-n)
sailor, seaman.

Massen|flucht/stampede; '-grab
gy:-

tar] nlpl. bulk goods pi.; 'Shaft adj.


abundant; produktion
/mass
production;
versammlung /
mass meeting. Am. a. rally; 2
weise adv. in masses, in large num'

'

'

bers.

Masseu|r [ma'seir] m (-s/-e) masseur; -se Uza] / (-/-n) masseuse.

mafilgebend adj. standard; author-

itative, decisive; board: competent;


circles: influential, leading; ' halten v/i. (irr. halten, sep., -ge-, h)
keep within limits, be moderate.
mas'sieren v/t. (no -ge-, h) massage,
-

knead.

Matsch [mat/] m (-esfrio pi.), -e F


/ (-/"o Pi-) puip> squash;
mud, slush; '2ig adj. pulpy,
squashy; muddy, slushy.

matt adj. [mat] faint, feeble; voice,


etc.: faint; eye, colour, etc.: dim;
colour, light, t* stock exchange, style,
etc.: dull; metal: tarnished; gold,
etc.: dead, dull; chess: mated; /
bulb: non-glare; - geschliffen glass:
g