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TABLE OF CONTENT

DECLARATION
ABSTRACT i
PREFACE ..ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ...iii
TABLE OF CONTENT... v
TABLE LISTvii
FIGURE LIST.viii
APPENDIX LIST .....ix
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Background................................................................................1
Research Problem .....................................................................................4
Research Objective........................................................5
The Significance of Research ...............................................5
Research Paper Structure..............................................................................5

CHAPTER II PROBLEM BASED EXPERIMENT AND PROBLEM SOLVING


SKILLS
A.

Problem based

Learning ...............................................................................7
B.
Problem
C.

based

Experiment............................................................................8
Problem Solving

Skill..................................................13
D.
Content Analysis of Separation Method
E.

.............................................15
Rationale
Framework..............................................................................12

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY


A.

Research Subject ...


..............................................................20

B.

Research

Design..........................................................................................20
C.
Research
Method.........................................21
D.
Operational Definition
E.

............................................21
Research Procedure

........................................................................22
F.
Instructional Tools
G.

..................25
Research Instrument

H.

...25
Instrument Development ...

.....27
I.
Data Analysis Procedure
32
CHAPTER IV RESULT AND DISCUSSION
A. Students Problem Solving Skills in Domain of Problem Analysis, Problem
Solving Planning, and Evaluating Problem Solving .................................37
B. Students Problem Solving Skills in Domain of Conducting Problem
Solving ..44
C. Students Response toward Problem based Experiment ..47
D. The Implementation of Problem based Experiment .51
E. Result Analysis Related to the Implementation of Problem based
Experiment 60
CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
A. Conclusion ...64
B. Recommendation .64
BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 66
APPENDICES ..68

TABLE LIST
2.1.

Rationale Framework ...


.........................................................................18
Classification of Validation Coefficient ......

3.1.

28
3.2.

Classification of Reability Coefficient


..........29
Classification of Difficulty Level Coefficient ...

3.3.

...30
Classification of Discrimination Power Coefficient ....

3.4.

31
3.5.

Analysis of Instrument Trial


.32
Category of Problem Solving Level .

3.6.

34
3.7.

Gain Criteria ..
34

3.8.

Percentage Interpretation

..........36
4.1. Analysis of Problem Solving Test ...40
4.2. Improvement of Problem Solving Skills ..
41
4.3. Profile of Students Problem Solving Skills 43
4.4. Analysis of Performance Test ..46
4.5. Students Response toward Science Instruction ... ..48
4.6. Students Response toward Problem based Experiment .
.49
4.7. Observation Result of Teacher Activity . 55
4.8. Observation Result of Students Activity .....56
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4.9. Group Worksheet Fulfillment..... 58


4.10. Individual Worksheet Fulfillment.... 59

FIGURE LIST
2.1.

Problem based Learning Cycle (Silver,2005)


. 7
2.2.
Problem based Learning: Gallet Model
... 11
3.1.
Design Illustration of One Group Pre-test and Post-test
.. 21
3.2.
Research Plot
... 24
4.1.
Pre-test and Posttest Comparisons of Problem Solving
Test 42
4.2.
Percentage Comparisons of Teacher Activities during the Implementation
.... 55
4.3.
Percentage Comparisons of Students
Activity..................................................... 57
4.4.
Chart of Students Worksheet Fulfillment
... 60

APPENDIX TABLE
A.1.
A.2.

A.3.
B.1.
B.2.
B.3.
B.4.
C.1.

Lesson Plan 68
Experiment Module
A.2.1. Experiment Module....73
A.2.2. Experiment Module 2 ... 79
A.2.3. Experiment Module 3 .. 85
A.2.4. Experiment Module 4.... 91
Individual Worksheet ....97
Problem Solving Test Blue Print .100
Problem Solving Test Draft .107
Performance Test Rubric .112
Performance Test Draft ....114
Teacher Observation Sheet
C.1.1. Teacher Observation Sheet of 1st Meeting ..102
C.1.2. Teacher Observation Sheet of 2nd Meeting ..105
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C.2.

C.3.

C.1.3. Teacher Observation Sheet of 3rd Meeting...106


Student Observation Sheet
C.2.1. Student Observation Sheet of 1st Meeting .. 108
C.2.2. Student Observation Sheet of 2nd Meeting ..110
C.2.3. Student Observation Sheet of 3rd Meeting .. 112
Student questionnaire
C.3.1.
Blueprint of Students Questionnaire
. 114
C.3.2.
Students Questionnaire Draft

.... 116
Instrument Analysis of Problem Solving Test 118
Data interpretation of Problem Solving Test Analysis 123
Data Distribution of Pre-Test . 124
Data Distribution of Post-Test .. 125
Normalized Gain Analysis for Problem Solving Test .126
Data Distribution of 1st Performance Data Analysis ...127
Data Distribution of 2nd Performance Data Analysis....128
Normalized gain Analysis for Performance Test .129
Questionnaire Analysis 130
Analysis of Teacher Observation Sheet
E.9.1. Analysis of Teacher Observation Sheet in 1st Meeting 131
E.9.2. Analysis of Teacher Observation Sheet in 2nd Meeting . 133
E.9.3. Analysis of Teacher Observation Sheet in 3rd Meeting .. 134
E.9. Analysis of Students Observation Sheet
E.9.4. Analysis of Students Observation Sheet in 1st Meeting .. 135
E.9.5. Analysis of Students Observation Sheet 2nd Meeting . 138
E.9.6. Analysis of Students Observation Sheet 3rd Meeting . 140
E.10. Analysis of Worksheet Fulfillment
E.10.1. Analysis of Group Worksheet......142
E.10.2. Analysis of Worksheet Fulfillment .143
F. Documents .144
F.1 Covering Letter of Resear...155
F.2 Annotation Letter of Research ...... 156
F.3 Documentation.. 159
F.4 Authors Profile 161
D.1.
D.2.
E.1.
E.2.
E.3.
E.4.
E.5.
E.6.
E.7.
E.8.

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