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COLUMN CALCULATION SHEET

One-Stop Solution for Column

TITLE

DESCRIPTION

PROJECT/JOB NO.

140747104

PROJECT/JOB NAME

140747104

CLIENT NAME

Tower Bersama Group

SITE NAME

Purworejo Barat

DOCUMENT NO.
REFERENCE NO.
STRUCTURE NAME

HALTE JPO

GROUP NAME
LOADCOMBINATION GROUP NAME
REV

DATE

DESCRIPTION

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

PREP'D

CHK'D

APPR'D

APPR'D

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

CONTENTS
1. INPUT DATA
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 PIER DATA
1.3 LOADING DATA

2. CANTIL BEAM DESIGN


2.1 FORMULA
2.2 CANTIL BEAM DESIGN

3. TENSION DESIGN
3.1 FORMULA
3.2 TENSION DESIGN

4. PM DIAGRAM
4.1 FORMULA
4.2 PM DIAGRAM & ANALYSIS
4.3 ANALYSIS & RESULT
4.4 DETAIL PM DIAGRAM

5. ONE-WAY SHEAR
5.1 FORMULA
5.2 ONE-WAY SHEAR

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

Project Na. : BATAM15


Project No. : BATAM15
Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 1

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 2

1. INPUT DATA
1.1 General
Design Code

American Concrete Institute (ACI 318) [Metric]

Input Unit

MKS

f Bending

f Axial

0.8

f'c
100 kgf/cm

f Sprial reinf.
0.8

fy (D10 ~ D16)
2

Output Unit

4000 kgf/cm

MKS

f Tied reinf.

0.7

fy (D19 ~)
2

2400 kgf/cm

f Shear

0.7

Ec

0.75

Es
2

208908 kgf/cm

2000000 kgf/cm

Steel Db

Cover

KS D3504 (D)

50 mm

1.2 Pier Data


50

500

500

Main Bar
Bar Check

Main Bar
Bar Check

500

500

Main Bar
Bar Check

Ver Bar

D13, 8 8 EA

Pier Shape

Rectangle

Tie Bar

D10 @ 200 mm

Width

500 mm

f'c

100 kgf/cm

Length

500 mm

fy

4000 kgf/cm

Height

500 mm

Using As

35.47 cm

dx

434.12 mm

dy

434.12 mm

8-8-28 , Area = 35.47cm , Amin (1%) = 25cm , Amax (8%) = 200cm


Reinforcrment Area is OK
50

500

500

Pier Name

Pier Name

Ver Bar

D13, 8 8 EA

Pier Shape

Rectangle

Tie Bar

D10 @ 200 mm

Width

500 mm

f'c

100 kgf/cm

Length

500 mm

fy

4000 kgf/cm

Height

500 mm

Using As

35.47 cm

dx

434.12 mm

dy

434.12 mm

8-8-28 , Area = 35.47cm , Amin (1%) = 25cm , Amax (8%) = 200cm


Reinforcrment Area is OK
50

Pier Name

Ver Bar

D13, 8 8 EA

Pier Shape

Rectangle

Tie Bar

D10 @ 200 mm

Width

500 mm

f'c

100 kgf/cm

Length

500 mm

fy

4000 kgf/cm

Height

500 mm

Using As

35.47 cm

dx

434.12 mm

dy

434.12 mm

8-8-28 , Area = 35.47cm , Amin (1%) = 25cm , Amax (8%) = 200cm


Reinforcrment Area is OK

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 3

1.3 Loading Data


1.3.1 Load Case
Pier Name

Unit( tonf , tonf-m )

Name

1
2
3

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

SW

-0.3

TLC

-2.157

-2

SW

-0.3

TLC

-2

-2

-2

SW

-0.3

TLC

-2

-2

-2

1.3.2 Load Combination List


Comb . ID

Load Combination for Reinforcement

1.0 SW + 1.0 TLC

1.3.3 In Pier Top

Unit( tonf , tonf-m )

P. Name

LC#

SFx

SFy

SFz

SMx

-2.157

-2

-2

-2

-2

-2

-2

-2

1.3.4 In Pier Bottom

SMy

Unit( tonf , tonf-m )

P. Name

LC#

SFx

SFy

SFz

SMx

SMy

-2.157

-2.3

1.784

1.8

-2

1.7

-2.2

-2.2

-2

1.7

-2.2

-2.2

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 4

2. CANTIL BEAM DESIGN


2.1 FORMULA
- Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement
As = fac b h

---- ACI CODE 7.12.2

, fac = following

Area of shrinkage and temperature reinforcement shall provide at least the following ratio
of reinforcement area to gross concrete area, but not less than 0.0014
(a) Slabs where Grade 40 or 50 deformed bars are used.............................................................................0.0020
(b) Slabs where Grade 60 deformed bars or welded wire reinforcement are used
.........................................0.0018
(c) Slabs where reinforcement with yield stress exeeding 60,000 psi measured at a yield
strain of 0.35 percent is used...........................................................................................................

0.0018 60,000
fy

- Required Reinforcement by Analysis


As As2
- At every section of flexural members where tensile reinforcement is required
As As5

As4

---- ACI Eq (10-3)

- The requirements of Eq (10-3) need not be applied, if every section As provided is


at least one -third greater then that required by analysis

---- ACI CODE 10.5.3

As2 = r.req b d
As3 = 1.333 r.req b d
200
As4 =
bd
fy
3 fck
As5 =
bd
fy
Asmax = 0.75 rb b d
fck
0.003 Es
rb = 0.85 b 1
fy 0.003 Es + fy
Selected As = Max ( As1 , As2 , Min ( As3 , Max ( As4 , As5 ) ) )
If Selected As < Using As < Asmax , then OK!!
Note : The reinforcement is calculated bases on the maximum moment under the foundation in each direction.
But, the 'ISO' , 'OCT' , 'HEX' , 'COMB' , 'TANK1' foundations are calaulated as face pier
Where,
Mu
0.85 fck
Rn =
2 , f = 0.8 , r.req =
fbd
fy

( 1-

1-

2Rn
0.85fck

2.2 CANTIL BEAM DESIGN

Unit( cm )

P.Name

bx

by

dx

dy

50

50

43.412

43.412

50

50

43.412

43.412

50

50

43.412

43.412
2

Unit(cm )

P.Name

Pier As

temp. As (As1)

Using As (All)

Result

35.47

4.5

35.47

OK

35.47

4.5

35.47

OK

35.47

4.5

35.47

OK
2

Unit(cm )

P.Nam

Dir

LC#

UsingAs

As2

As3

As4

As5

AsSelect

Result

10.13

1.31

1.75

7.63

4.32

1.75

OK

10.13

1.3

1.74

7.63

4.32

1.74

OK

10.13

1.61

2.15

7.63

4.32

2.15

OK

1
2

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 5

10.13

1.61

2.15

7.63

4.32

2.15

OK

10.13

1.61

2.15

7.63

4.32

2.15

OK

10.13

1.61

2.15

7.63

4.32

2.15

OK

3. TENSION DESIGN
3.1 FORMULA
D1

-For rectangular shape


A = 2(D1+D2) t = Nb As
t = A / (2 * (D1 + D2))
3
3
(D1 + t) * (D2 + t)
(D1 - t) * (D2 - t)
Ix =
12
12
3
3
(D2 + t) * (D1 + t)
(D2 - t) * (D1 - t)
Iy =
12
12
-S Fz
Mux (D2 / 2)
Tux = (
+
) As
A
Ix
-S Fz
Muy (D1 / 2)
Tuy = (
+
) As
A
Iy
Tu = Max(Tux, Tuy)
Tu
Req.As =
, f = 0.8
f fy

D2

Dia

-For circular or octagonal shape


S Fz
4 SMu
Tu = As fs =
Nb Dia
Nb
If Tu is negative that means Tu is in compression. That Case is N/A!!
Tu
Req.As =
, f = 0.8
f fy
Nb = number of bars
Dia = Diameter of Rebar arrangement
SFz = vertical load + Pier self weight

3.2 TENSION DESIGN

Unit(mm , tonf,cm )

P. Name

LC#

Dia (D1/D2)

Tu

UsingAs/EA

Req.As/EA

Result

368.24 / 368.24

0.44

1.27

0.14

OK

368.24 / 368.24

0.7

1.27

0.22

OK

368.24 / 368.24

0.7

1.27

0.22

OK

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

4. PM DIAGRAM
4.1 FORMULA
1) Maximum Axial Load Strength
- Po = 0.85 f'c (Ag-Ast) + S fy Ast
- Pnmax = f1 Po

( f1 = Axial Strenth Resuction Factiors)

- Mnmax = The Value of diagram, When P is Pn.


- Pumax = f2 Pnmax
f2 = Sprial or Tied Reinforcement Reduction Factor

2) Balanced Strain Condition


A balanced Strain condition exists at a cross-setion
when the maximum strain at the extreme
compression fiber just reacheseu = 0.003 simultaneously
with the first yield strain ofes = fy/Es in the tension reinforcement.
The ratio of neutral axis depth bc is shown below
eu
Cb
=
eu + ey
d
eu = 0.003
fc = 0.85 fck

3) Strength for Combined Flexure and Axial Load


Maximum usable strain at extreme
concrete compression fiber shall
be assumed equal toeu = 0.003
if c that is neutral axis is supposed,
Pn and Mn can be calculated as below
fPn = f0.85 fck ( Acomp - S(1 to 11) Ast ) + S(1 to 28) fs Ast
fMn = f0.85 fck ( Acomp - S(1 to 11) Ast ) ( h/2 - c + yc )
+S(1 to 28) fs Ast ( h/2 - c + ys )
fs(i) = e(i) Es

, - fy

fs(i)

fy

Sprial or Tied Reinforcement Reduction Factor f = 0.9 - 0.2

Pn
Pa

0.9

Pa = 0.1 fck Ag
Acomp is Area from top to a b( 1c)
b 1c = 0.85 - 0.05 ( fck - 4000 ) / 1000 0.65

(psi)

4) Slenderness Effects
dns =

Cm
1-Pu/0.75Pc

p EI
2
(klu)
2

Pc =

5) Shear
fVc = f 2

f'c bw d

, fVs =

fVsmax = f 8 f'c bw d (psi)


fVn = fVc + fVs

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

f fy Av d
(psi)
s

EI =

0.2EcIg + EsIse
1+b d

Project Na. : BATAM15


Project No. : BATAM15
Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 6

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project Na. : BATAM15


Project No. : BATAM15
Client : Tower Bersama .....

4.2 PM DIAGRAM & ANALYSIS


4.2.1 Pier Name : 1
(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
200

fPnmax

150
100

Balanced

50
0

Mx

Axis

X - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

Axis

Y - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

-50
-100
-150
10

20

30

40

(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
200

fPnmax

150
100

Balanced

50
0

My

-50
-100
-150
10

20

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

30

40

Page 7

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project Na. : BATAM15


Project No. : BATAM15
Client : Tower Bersama .....

4.2.2 Pier Name : 2


(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
200

fPnmax

150
100

Balanced

50
0

Mx

Axis

X - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

Axis

Y - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

Axis

X - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

-50
-100
-150
10

20

30

40

(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
200

fPnmax

150
100

Balanced

50
0

My

-50
-100
-150
10

20

30

40

4.2.3 Pier Name : 3


(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
200

fPnmax

150
100

Balanced

50
0

Mx

-50
-100
-150
10

20

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

30

40

Page 8

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation
(tonf , tonf-m )

P
350
300

Pnmax

250
fPnmax

200
150
100

Balanced

50
0

My

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Axis

Y - Axis (All comb.)

Po

351.358 tonf

Pn / fPn

281.086 tonf / 196.760 tonf

Mn / fMn

12.75 tonf-m / 8.92 tonf-m

Pb / fPb

97.732 tonf / 68.412 tonf

Mb / fM

30.85 tonf-m / 21.6 tonf-m

c(Balanced)

260.47 mm

emin

30.24 mm

klu / rx

6.67

Slender

Neglect

Page 9

-50
-100
-150
10

20

30

40

4.3 ANALYSIS & RESULT


4.3.1 Moment Check

unit (tonf-m )

Pier

L/C#

dx

dy

SdMux

SdMuy

fMnx

fMny

Result

1.78

1.8

12.69

12.69

OK

2.2

2.2

12.78

12.78

OK

2.2

2.2

12.78

12.78

OK

4.3.2 Force Check

unit (tonf )

Pier

L/C#

SFz

fPs

fPnmax

Result

-110.89

-113.5

196.76

2.3

OK

196.76

-1.7

OK

-113.5

196.76

-1.7

OK

4.4 DETAIL PM DIAGRAM


Pier Name : 1 , L/C= 2 , Axis Angle : 45 degree
P

(tonf , tonf-m )

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150

My

(tonf-m )

25
Pnmax
(13,13)

fPnmax

10
0

Balanced
(P=2,Mu=3,Mn=18)

Mx

-10

-25
5

10

15

20

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

25

30

25

10

-10

-25

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14


Project Na. : BATAM15

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project No. : BATAM15


Client : Tower Bersama .....

Page 10

Pier Name : 2 , L/C= 2 , Axis Angle : 45 degree


P

(tonf , tonf-m )

My

(tonf-m )

25

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150

Pnmax
(13,13)

fPnmax

10
0

Balanced
(P=-2,Mu=3,Mn=18)

Mx

-10

-25
5

10

15

20

25

30

25

10

-10

-25

Pier Name : 3 , L/C= 2 , Axis Angle : 45 degree


P

(tonf , tonf-m )

My

(tonf-m )

25

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150

Pnmax
(13,13)

fPnmax

10
0

Balanced
(P=-2,Mu=3,Mn=18)

Mx

-10

-25
5

10

15

20

25

30

5. ONE-WAY SHEAR
5.1 FORMULA
ACI 318-05 CODE 11.3.1.1
- For members subject to shear and flexure only.
- Vc = 2 fck Bw d
Av fy d
- Vs =
s
- Vu <= f Vc + f Vs

(eq 11-3)
(eq 11-15)
, f = 0.75 (eq 11-1)

- When, Value off Vs shall not exceedf 8

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved

fck Bw d (Vs max)

25

10

-10

-25

Method 1 - ACI318(MKS) 14-Dec-14

Calculation Sheet
of
Foundation

Project Na. : BATAM15


Project No. : BATAM15
Client : Tower Bersama .....

5.2 ONE-WAY SHEAR


P. Name

Page 11

Unit(tonf)

Dir.

LC#

fVc

fVs

fVs max

Vu

Result

8.633

23.224

34.532

OK

8.633

23.224

34.532

2.157

OK

8.633

23.224

34.532

OK

8.633

23.224

34.532

OK

8.633

23.224

34.532

OK

8.633

23.224

34.532

OK

Copyright (c) GS E&C. All Rights Reserved