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ME2353 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

PART B

UNIVERSITY QUESTIONS

1. A fixed beam length of 2L m carries a uniformly distributed load of a w (in


N/m) which run over a length of L m from the fixed end, as shown in Fig.
Calculate the rotation at point B using FEA. (pb no 2.1)

PART A
1. Write down the strain-displacement relation.
2. What is shape function? Write the shape function of a one dimensional
line element.
3. Write the properties of Global Stiffness Matrix.
4. What are called CST elements?
5. What is an axisymmetric problem?
6. Give four applications where axisymmetric elements can be used.
7. Define plane strain analysis.
8. Why polynomials are generally used as shape function?
9. State the assumptions made while finding the forces in a truss.
10. State the properties of stiffness matrix.
11. Distinguish between plane stress and plane strain problem.
12. Give one example each for plane stress and plane strain problem.
13. What do you mean by Constitutive Law?
14. Differentiate CST and LST element.
15. Write down the interpolation function of a field variable for three-node
triangular element.
16. Highlight at least two rules to guide the placement of the nodes when
obtaining approximate solution to a differential equation.
17. List the characteristics of shape functions.
18. Draw the shape function of a CST element.
19. Write down the constitutive relationship for the plane stress problem.
20. Write down the constitutive relationship for the plane strain problem.

2. Find the nodal displacement and elemental stresses for the bar shown in
Fig. Assume E = 200 Gpa. (similar to pb no 2.10)

3. A thin plate a subjected to surface fraction as shown in Fig. Calculate the


global stiffness matrix.

Take t = 25 mm, E = 2 10 5 N/mm2 and = 0.30. Assume plane stress


condition. (pb no 3.15)

4. Calculate nodal displacement and elemental stresses for the truss shown
in Fig. E= 70 Gpa. Cross-sectional area A = 2 cm 2 for all truss members.

6. Compute element matrices and vectors for the element shown in figure,
when the edge kj experiences convection heat loss. (pg no S.26, pb no
13(b))
Y

h=10 W/cm2K
T=40C

k
X

5. The triangular element shown in figure is subjected to a constant


pressure 10 N/mm 2 along the edge ij. Assume E = 200 GPa, Poissons ratio
= 0.3 and thickness of the element = 2 mm. The coefficient of thermal
expansion of the material is = 2 10-6 / C and T = 50C. Determine the
constitutive matrix (stress-strain relationship matrix D) and the nodal
force vector for the element. (pg no S.29, pb no 14(a))
Y (mm)

25K

2
5m
3

1
45

10
3

7. Consider a two-bar truss supported by a spring shown in figure. Both bars


have E = 210 GPa and A = 5.0 10 -4 m2. Bar one has a length of 5 m and
bar two has a length of 10 m. The spring stiffness is k = 2 kN/m.
Determine the horizontal and vertical displacement at the joint 1 and
stresses in each bar. (pg no S.23, pb no 12(b))

10 N/mm2

k=2000 kN/m
4

---------ALL THE BEST---------

k
1

X (mm)