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Engineering Mathematics-1

Question

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UNIT-I
THEORY OF MATRICES

1 3i

1 3i

Find the eigen values of the matrix

2
3

If A is Hermitian matrix Prove that it is skew- Hermitian matrix


State Cayley- Hamilton Theorem

Prove that

1 1 i
2 1 i

1 i
is a unitary matrix.
1 i

1 2 3
5 Find the value of k such that rank of 2 k 7 is 2 .
3 6 10
6

Find the eigen values of the matrix

1| Pa g e

2
3 4i
3 4i
2

Question

S. No
Find A
8

1 i

if A =

2
3
4

Define modal matrix.


1

Find the Skew- symmetric part of the matrix

6
7
8
9

f
x y

f
.
x y

When two functions u,v of independent variables x,y are functional


dependent
If x = u(1-v), y = uv prove that JJ=1
Find the maximum and minimum values of
If u

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5

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Define Rolles Mean value theorem.


Verify Lagranges Mean Value theorem for f(x) = log x in [1, e]
Verify Lagranges Mean Value theorem for function f(x) = cos x in [0, / 2].
Verify Cauchys Mean Value theorem for f(x)
=x2, g(x) =x3 in[1, 2].
Find first and second order partial derivatives of ax2+2hxy+by2 and

verify

Remember

2 i 4 2i

10 If 2, 3, 4 are the eigen values of A then find the eigen values of adj A
UNIT-II
DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUSMETHODS
1

Course
Outcome

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ex siny,v ex cosy then find .

3axy

(u,v)
(x, y)

10 Verify Rolles Mean value theorem for f(x)=(x+2)3(x-3)4 in [-2,3]


Analyze
UNIT-III
IMPROPER INTEGRALS, MULTIPLEINTEGRALSAND ITSAPPLICATIONS
1 Prove that (m, n)
Analyze
(n,m) .

( (a x)m 1 xn 1dx (a b)m

Prove that

n 1

(m,n),m 0,n 0

Analyze

Apply

Remember

Evaluate

Evaluate

y )dxdy .

Evaluate

l ogzdxdydz .

Evaluate

Compute (11 / 2), (1 / 2), ( 7 / 2) .

Write the value of

5
6

(1) .

2 x

Evaluate
Evaluate

ydydx

0 0

asin
0

rdrd .

3 1

Evaluate

Evaluate

2| Pa g e

0 0

xy(x

e logy ex
1 1

Question

S. No
9

find the value of

1
1

2
2

3
3

dxdydz .

10 Write the spherical polar coordinates

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14

UNIT-1V
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONSAND APPLICATIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Solve (x+1)dy/ dx y=e3x (x+1)2


Write the working rule to find orthogonal trajectory in Cartesian form.
Form the D.E.by eliminate c in
y=1+c1-x2
Solve (x+y+1) dy/dx =1
Prove that the system of parabolas
y2 = 4a (x+a) is self orthogonal.
Find the O.T. of the family of curves
State Newtons law of cooling
A bacterial culture, growing exponentially, increases from 200 to 500 grams
in the period from 6 a.m to 9 a.m. . How many grams will be present at
noon.

Solve
-3 + 2y =0
10 Define S.H.M. and give its D.E
UNIT-V
LAPLACE TRANSFORMS AND ITSAPPLICATIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Find Laplace transform of


State and prove first shifting theorem.
Define change of scale property of
Find
If
is periodic function with period T then find
Find
Find
Find
)
Define inverse L.T. of f(s)
Use L.T to solve D.E.
when t=0

1. Group - B (Long Answer Questions)


S. No

Question
UNIT-I
THEORY OF MATRICES
Show that only real number
for which the system x+2y+3z= x ,
3x+y+2z= y , 2x+3y+z= z has non-zero solution is 6 and solve them
when =6
Express the matrix
matrix and skew- Hermitian matrix.

3| Pa g e

as the sum of Hermitian

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3

Question
Given that

show that

is unitary

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matrix.

5
6

7
8

Find Inverse by elementary row operations of

Find whether the following equations are consistent if so solve them


Solve the equations using partial pivoting Guass Elimination method of

1 1 1
Diagonalize the matrix A= 0 2 1 and find A4
4 4 3
Prove The Eigen Values of Real symmetric matrix are Real.

Reduce the Quadratic form


form.
Reduce the quadratic form
10
canonical form by orthogonal reduction.
9

11

12

to the

Find rank by reducing to Normal form of matrix

Solve the following System of equations 4x+2y+z+3w=0,


6x+3y+4z+7w=0, 2x+y+w=0

Find
13

-4xy-4yz to the Canonical

such that x

and

x 2y

2y

1, x 2 y

1 has (i) no solution (ii) Unique solution (iii)

Many solutions

14

15

Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of

1
1
0

1
1
0

State Cayley-Hamilton theorem and verify the matrix A =

4| Pa g e

0
0
0

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8 x1 x3 and find the rank, index and

Analyze

Prove that the eigen values of a Skew-Hermitian matrix are purely


imaginary or zeros.

Analyze

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S. No

Question

1
0
1

16

1
1
0

1
2
1

Diagonalize the matrix A

Diagonalize the matrix A


17

3
1
2

2
2
2

2
1
1

1
1

1
2

2 by an orthogonal
1

transformation.
Reduce to sum of squares, the quadratic form
18

x12

2x 22

7 x32

4 x1 x 2

signature.

19

If A is any square matrix then prove that i) A + A


20

are Hermitian iii) A - A

ii) AA , A A

are skew Hermitian

UNIT-II
DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUSMETHODS
1

if f ( x ) =

x , g ( x) =

1
prove that c of the CMVT is the geometric
x

mean of a and b for any a>0,b>0


2
3
4

z 2 given x y z 3a
u v
prove using mean value theorem sin u sin v
find the minimum value of

yz
,v
x

xz
,w
y

x2

y2

xy
(u, v, w)
find
z
( x, y, z )

Apply

Analyze

Apply

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Apply

if
using mean value theorem prove that the function
5
6

f ( x)

x2 4 x 7 is increases when x

Calculate approximately

2 decreasing when x

by using LMVT
2

7
8

find the region in which f ( x) =1-4 x - x is increasing and the region in


which it is decreasing using mean value theorem
find three positive numbers whose sum is 100 and whose product is
maximum

5| Pa g e

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Find the volume of the greatest rectangular parallelepiped that can be

11

y2 z 2
1
b2 c 2
Using mean value theorem for 0 a b prove that
a
b b
1
6 1
1
log
1 and hence Show that
log
6
5 5
b
a a
2
2
find the maxima and minima of f ( x) 2( x
y ) x 4 y4

12

Using mean value theorem prove that tanx>x in 0

13

Prove that

10

14

x2
inscribed in the ellipsoid 2
a

1
3

5 3

cos

3
5

1
using LMVT
8

If

Also Show that


=1
2

Prove that u xy yz zx, v x


y z , w x y z are
functionally dependent and find the relation between them
throughout an interval [a,b] prove using mean value
16 If
theorem f(x) is a constant in that interval.
Divide 24 into three points such that the continued product of the first,
17
square of the second and cube of the third is maximum
15

18

using rolle s theorem show that g ( x)


zero between 0 and 1

19

If

20

If

8 x3 6x 2 2x 1 has a

x y z u, y z uv, z uvw show that ( x, y, z)


(u, v, w)
x u(1 v), y uv prove that JJ 1 1

u 2v

UNIT-III
IMPROPER INTEGRATION, MULTIPLEINTEGRATION AND APPLICATIONS
By transforming into polar coordinates Evaluate
1

the annular region between the circles x

x2

y2

y2

x2 y 2
dxdy over
x2 y 2
a 2 and

Evaluate

Evaluate

Evaluate

Apply

b2 with b a
(x

Evaluate
2

y z )dzdydx where Ris the region bounded by the

planes x

0, x 1, y
1

0, y 1, z

0, z 1

1 z1 y z

xyzdxdydz

3
0

Evaluate
Find the volume of the tetrahedron bounded by the plane
4

x
a

6| Pa g e

y
b

z
1 and the coordinate planes by triple integration
c

S. No

Question

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Evaluate

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Evaluate

Analyze

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Evaluate

Evaluate

a (1 cos )

r 2 cos drd

5
0

Evaluate

xydxdy taken over the positive quadrant of the

Find the value of


6

ellipse

x2
a2

y2
b2
a sin

1
a2 r 2
2

rdzdrd
Evaluate

ProveThat

Show that

10

Evaluate

where p>0, q>0

(1 / 2)

11

a2 y 2

(x2

Evaluate the double integral


0

y 2 ) dydx

12

Show that

Analyze

13

Show that

Analyze

Evaluate

Evaluate

Evaluate

Evaluate

14
Evaluate

r2
drd
( r 2 a 2 )2
0
1 2 x

15

xydxdy

By changing the order of integration, evaluate


0 0

By changing the order of integration, evaluate


a

a2 x 2

a2

16
0

x2

y 2 dydx

sin p cos q d

17
Express 0

7| Pa g e

in terms of beta function.

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Evaluate

Evaluate

Evaluate

Analyze

10

a 2 ( xdy ydx)
x2 y 2

Apply

10

y 2 1)dx 0

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11

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S. No

18

Question

Evaluate

x 2dxdy over the region bounded by hyperbola

xy

0, x 1, x

4, y
log 2

19

x log y

ex
Evaluate

y z

dxdydz

Evaluate by changing the order of integration


a

ax

y2

20

dydx

y4 a2 x2

UNIT-IV
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONSAND APPLICATIONS
A bacterial culture, growing exponentially, in increases from 200 to 500
grams in the period from 6 am to 9 am. How many grams will be
present at noon?

xdx ydy

2
Solve

( x2

Solve 2 xydy

Find the orthogonal trajectories of the family of curves x

( x 1)

5
6

dy
dx

y2

a2

e3 x ( x 1)2

Solve the D.E


Obtain the orthogonal trajectories of the family of curves

r (1 cos )

2a

A particle is executing S.H.M, with amplitude 5 meters time 4 sec.find


the time required by the Particle in passing between points which are at
distances 4 &2 meters from the centre of force and are on the same side
of it.

Solve

( D2 3D 2) y

Solve

D2 (D2 4) y 96 x 2 sin 2 x k

10

By using method of variation of parameters solve ( D

11

x
Solve

dy
dx

2cos(2 x 3) 2ex

x2
2

1) y cos ecx

x3 y 6

If the air is maintained at 25 c and the temperature of the body cools


12

from 100 c to 80 c in 10 minutes, find the temperature of the body


after 20 minutes and when the temperature will be 40 c

8| Pa g e

S. No
13

Question
Solve ( D

1) y sin x sin 2 x e x x 2
x

14

x
)dy
y

(1 e y )dx e y (1
Solve

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Outcome

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Evaluate

12

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12

A copper ball is heated to a temperature of 80 c and time t=0, then it is


placed in water which is maintained at 30 c . If at t=3minutes,the
15

temperature of the ball is reduced to 50 c find the time at which the


temperature of the ball is 40 c

16

Solve ( D

6D 2 11D 6) y
dy
3x 2 tan y
dx

x3 sec2 y

2x

3x

cos x

17

Solve

18

A body weighing 10kgs is hung from a spring pull of 20kgs will stretch
the spring to 10 cms. The body is pulled down to 20 cms below the
static equilibrium position and then released. Find the displacement of
the body from its equilibrium position at timet seconds, the maximum
Velocity and the period of oscillation

19

20

2D 1) y x cos x
Solve the D.E ( D
The number N of bacteria in a culture grew at a rate proportional to N.
The value of N was initially 100 and increased to 332 in one hour. What
was the value of N after 1

1
hours?
2
UNIT-V
LAPLACE TRANSFORMSAND ITS APPLICATIONS

Using L.T Evaluate

e
t

2t

dt

Find L

Find L f(t) where f(t)=

Find L

(s

1)(s

9)(s 2 25)
t,

if0<t<b

2b-t, if b<t<2b

cos 4t sin 2t
t
cos(t-

Find L g (t ) where g(t)=

2
),
3

0,
6

Find the .L.T of

9| Pa g e

of period 2b

2 S 2 6S 5
S 3 6S 2 11S 6

2
3
2
if t<
3

if t>

S. No
7
8
9

Question

3 y ' 2 y 4t e3t , y (o) y ' (0) 1


d2 y
dy
Solve the D.E using L.T,
2
2 y 5sin t , y(0) y ' (0) 0
2
dt
dt
s2 4
Find the .L.T of log( 2
)
s 9
Solve the D.E using L.T, y

''

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Use Laplace transforms, solve


10
11

12
13
14

15

16

( D2 1) x t cos 2t , givenx(0)

2S 2 6 S 5
Find the Inverse L.T of 3
S 6S 2 11S 6
e 2s
1
Find L
s 2 4s 5
Using L.T solve ( D

18

2D 3) y sin x, y (0)

y' (0) 0

2t

Find the Laplace transform of te sin 3t


Find the L.T of periodic function f (t ) with period T where

4ET
T
-E, if 0 t
2
f(t)= T
4ET
T
3E, if
t T
T
2
2S 3
-1
Find L
3
S 6S 2 11S 6
Solve the D.E using L.T

17

x' (0) 0

d2x
dx
2
2
dt
dt

e2 t with

dx
x(0) 2,
1 at t=0
dt
Find L t sin 3t cos 2t
Using L.T solve

19
20

( D3 D 2 4D 4) y 68e x sin 2 x, y 1, Dy
at x 0
3t
Find L e sinh 3t using change of scale property

19, D 2 y

37

3. Group - III (Analytical Questions)


S. No

Questions
UNIT-I
THEORY OF MATRICES

If A is n rowed matrix A

aij where aij

integer then find the value of det A

10 | P a g e

i
, . denotes greatest
j

S. No

Questions

If a=diagonal(1 -1 2)and b=diagonal (2 3 -1)then find 3a+4b

If a=

1 0
Find the value of k for which matrix A= 0 1
k 0

5
6

then find A4n

k
3 Is invertible.
1

What is rank of 4x5 matrix


If 1,2,3 are eigen value of A then find
eigen value of Adj A.
If

1
0
0 & 1 are two orthogonal vectors of 3x3 matrix then find third
1
0

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vector
If A is nxn matrix , rank is k and normal form is
8

Ik

0 0

then find order

of null matrix below side of I k

9
10

3 0 0
3
If A= 5 4 0 then express A in terms of A.
3 6 1

Apply

Remember

Apply

Find the rank of quadratic form whose eigen values are 0 ,0 ,6


UNIT-II
DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUSMETHODS
When the Jacobian Transformation is used?
Find the functional relationship between u=x + y +z, v=x y +y z + z x, w =
x2+y2+z2
What are critical points?

Remember

x y
Write the relationship between u
,v tan 1 x tan 1 y .
1 xy

Remember

Apply
Remember

6
6

Remember

Remember
Apply

6
6

Apply

1
2

5
6
7
8
9
10

Find the stationary values of x3 y2 (1-x-y).


What are saddle points?
What is condition for f( x , y)to have maximum and minimum values at
(a, b)?
What is the demerit of Lagranges method of undetermined multipliers?
If f(x, y) = x y+(x-y) then find stationary points.

If u=x y then x

UNIT-III
IMPROPER INTEGRALS, MULTIPLEINTEGRALS AND ITSAPPLICATIONS
Write the relationship between beta and gamma functions.
Remember

11 | P a g e

S. No

Questions

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Outcome

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8
9
8

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10

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12

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12

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12
13

Apply

12

si n4 cos2 d using

What is the value of

-function

3
4

What is the value of


Find

(p+1,q) +

(p,q+1).

(m, m)

An equivalent iterated integral with order of integration reversed for


5

1 ex

dydx is

0 1

6
7
8

How to find the area of bounded region.


How to find the volume of closed surface.
What is difference between proper and improper integrals

Convert

10

a2 x 2

a
0 1

What is the area of


circles r

si n ,r

(x2

y 2 ) dydx to polar co-ordinates.

r 3drd over the region included between the


4si n .
UNIT-IV
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
6

d2y
Find the order and degree of
dy2

A spherical rain drop evaporates at a rate proportional to its surface area


at any instant t. The differential equation giving the rate of change of the
radius (r) of the rain drop is.

If x

4
5
6

When the differential equation is said to be homogeneous?


Mention two applications of higher order differential equations.
What is general solution of higher order differential equations?

what is orthogonal form of the function f (x, y,

3
4

what is general solution of linear differential equation


when the Bernoulls differential equation becomes linear differential
equation
Give the complementary function for (D2+6D+9)y=0
UNIT-V
LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
Give example where the Laplace Transforms technique is used
What are the conditions that the functions has to satisfy to Apply laplace
transform
Where the convolution theorem is in laplace transforms
What are periodic functions

Find L

9
10

1
2

dy
dx

12 | P a g e

x2

1
s a

dy
dx

y 2, y(1) 1 then y(2) is

dx
dr
), f (r , , )
dy
d

S. No
6

Questions
What is Laplace Transform of unit impulse function
'

If f(0)=0 find L f (t )

Find the value of L 2

When L 1

10

If y+ y=sin 3t with y=y=0 then find

13 | P a g e

1
is possible
sn

L f (t )

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