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Question Bank

Class: 12 Month: October


Subject: Physics

Worksheet Number: 12/Phy/08/01


Chapter: 8 Electromagnetic waves

Name: ____________________________________________

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Section A
Each question carries 1 mark:
Name the electromagnetic radiation to which the following wavelength belong i) 10-2m ii) 1 Ao
What is the name given to that part of electromagnetic spectrum which is used for taking
photograph of earth under foggy conditions from great heights?
What is the name given to that part of electromagnetic spectrum which is used in Radar?
Microwaves are used in Radar. Why?
Name the electromagnetic wave that have frequencies greater than those of ultra violet light but
less than those of gamma rays.
Name the scientists who first i) predicted the existence of electromagnetic waves ii)
experimentally demonstrated the existence of electromagnetic waves.
Why is short wave band used for long distance radio broadcast?
Arrange the given electromagnetic radiations in the descending order of their frequencies: infrared, X-rays, Ultraviolet and gamma rays.
Why are short wave bands used for long distance transmission of signals?
Why are T.V signals not transmitted using sky waves?
What is the ratio of speed of gamma rays and radio waves in vacuum?
State the reason why ground waves cannot be transmitted above the frequency range of 1500
KHz.
Give a reason to show that microwaves are better carriers of signals for long range transmission
than radio waves.
Why is the transmission of signals using ground wave restricted to frequencies upto 30 MHz?
Why microwaves are are used in radar?
Which part of electromagnetic spectrum has highest frequency?
Which part of electromagnetic spectrum has highest penetrating power?
Write the frequency limit of visible range of electromagnetic spectrum in kHz?
Name the electromagnetic radiation used for studying crystal structure of solids.
In an apparatus, the electric field was found to oscillate with amplitude of 18 V/m. Calculate the
magnitude of the oscillating magnetic field.
Let us consider an example of a plane electromagnetic wave propagating along z direction. The
electric field E is along the x-axis and varies sinusoidally with z, at a given time. What is the
direction of magnetic field?
What is the source of electromagnetic waves?
Write the energy of electromagnetic wave in vacuum.
If eo and mo are the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability in vacuum, e and m are
corresponding quantities in medium, then write an expression for refractive index of the medium.
What is the ratio of speed of gamma rays and radio waves in vacuum?
Name the electromagnetic radiations used for viewing objects through haze and fog?
What is the frequency of electromagnetic radiation to which the human eye is most sensitive?
An electromagnetic wave is propagating along y-axis. What is the direction along which
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Question Bank
Class: 12 Month: October
Subject: Physics

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Worksheet Number: 12/Phy/08/01


Chapter: 8 Electromagnetic waves

oscillations of magnetic field are taking place?


What is the ratio of speed of infrared rays to ultraviolet rays in vacuum?
Which of the following has shortest wavelength? Microwaves, ultraviolet rays and X-rays.
What is the name given to that part of electromagnetic spectrum which is used in radar?
What is the wavelength and frequency limit of visible range of electromagnetic spectrum?
What are microwaves? Write its uses.
Give the formula for velocity of electromagnetic waves in free space?
Where does Infrared radiation lie? Explain how infrared radiation also plays an important role in
maintaining the earths warmth.
Section B
Each question carries 2 marks:
A plane electromagnetic wave of frequency 25 MHz travels in free space along the x-direction.
At a particular point in space and time, E = 6.3 J V/m. What is B at this point?
Find the wavelength of electromagnetic waves of frequency 5 x 1019 Hz in free space. Give its
two applications.
Find the wavelength of electromagnetic waves of frequency 4 x 109 Hz in free space. Give its two
applications.
A plane electromagnetic wave travels in vacuum along the y direction. Write the i) ratio of the
magnitudes and ii) the direction of its electric and magnetic field vectors.
Find the wavelength of E.M. wave of frequency 5 x 1019 Hz in free space. Give its two
applications.
The oscillating electric field is given by Ey = 30 sin ( 2 x 1011t + 300 x) V/m
i) Calculate wavelength ii) Write equation for magnetic field.
In a plane E.M wave the electric field oscillates with a frequency of 2 x 10 10 /s and amplitude of
40 V/m i) What is the wavelength of the wave? ii) What is the electrical energy density?
A parallel plate capacitor as shown in Fig. made of circular plates each of radius R = 6.0 cm has a
capacitance C = 100 pF. The capacitor is connected to a 230 V ac supply with a
(angular) frequency of 300 rad s1. (a) What is the rms value of the conduction
current?
(b) Is the conduction current equal to the displacement current?
(c) Determine the amplitude of B at a point 3.0 cm from the axis between the plates.
Figure shows a capacitor made of two circular plates each of radius 12 cm, and separated by 5.0
cm. The capacitor is being charged by an external source (not shown in the figure). The charging
current is constant and equal to 0.15A.
(a) Calculate the capacitance and the rate of charge of potential difference between the
plates.

(b) Obtain the displacement current across the plates.


(c) Is Kirchhoffs first rule (junction rule) valid at each plate of the capacitor? Explain.
The magnetic field in a plane electromagnetic wave is given by By = 2 10 7 sin
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Class: 12 Month: October
Subject: Physics

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Worksheet Number: 12/Phy/08/01


Chapter: 8 Electromagnetic waves

(0.5103x+1.51011t) T.
a) What is the wavelength and frequency of the wave?
b) Write an expression for the electric field.
Light with an energy flux of 18 W/cm2 falls on a nonreflecting surface at normal incidence. If the
surface has an area of 20 cm2, find the average force exerted on the surface during a 30 minute
time span.
Suppose that the electric field part of an electromagnetic wave in vacuum is E =3.1cos (1.8) y +
(5.4 106 t) .
i) What is the direction of propagation? ii) What is the wavelength ?
ii) What is the frequency ?
iii) What is the amplitude of the magnetic field part of the wave?
iv) Write an expression for the magnetic field part of the wave.
A parallel plate capacitor made of circular plates each of radius R = 5 cm has a capacitance C =
100 pF. The capacitor is connected to a 220 V a.c supply with angular frequency of 295 rad s 1.
What is the rms value of the conduction current?
Section C
Each question carries 3 marks:
Write two applications of each of i) microwaves ii) infra-red waves and iii) radio waves
Identify the following electromagnetic radiations as per the wavelengths given below. Write one
application of each i) 10-3 nm ii) 10-3m iii) 1 nm
Name the part of electromagnetic spectrum whose wavelength lies in the range of 10 -10m. Give its
one use.
Name the following constituent radiations of electromagnetic spectrum which
i)
which are used to kill germs in water purifiers
ii)
which are used in TV communications
iii)
which are used in maintaining earths warmth.
Write one more application for each of these radiations.
Name the following constituent radiations of electromagnetic spectrum which
1. Produce intense heating effect.
2. Is absorbed by the ozone layer in the atmosphere.
3. Is used for studying crystal structure.
Write one more application for each of these radiations.
Which of the following, if any, can act as a source of electromagnetic wave?
a. a charge moving with constant velocity ii) a charge moving in a circular orbit
b. a charge at rest
Give reason.
Identify the part of the electromagnetic spectrum, to which waves of frequency i) 10 20Hz ii)
109Hz belong. Find the ratio of their velocities in glass (n=1.5)
Which constituent radiation of the electromagnetic spectrum is used in
a. radar ii) to photograph internal parts of a human body
b. for taking photographs of the sky during night and foggy condition.
Give reason for your answer in each case.
What is Maxwell displacement current? Derive an expression for it.
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Question Bank
Class: 12 Month: October
Subject: Physics

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Worksheet Number: 12/Phy/08/01


Chapter: 8 Electromagnetic waves

Name the following constituent radiations of electromagnetic spectrum which


iv)
which are used to treat muscular strain
v)
which are used by an F.M radio station for broadcasting
vi)
which are used to detect fractures in bones
Write one more application for each of these radiations.
Identify the part of the electromagnetic spectrum to which the following wavelength belong
i) 10-1 m ii) 10-12 m iii) 1 mm iv) 10-11 m
Write the uses of each. What physical quantity is same for all these radiations?
Write the following radiations in ascending order in respect of their frequencies:
X ray, microwaves, ultraviolet rays and radio waves
Draw a sketch of a plane electromagnetic wave propagating along the z- direction. Depict clearly
the directions of electric and magnetic fields varying sinusoidally with z.
An electron does not suffer any deflection while passing through a region of uniform magnetic
field. What is the direction of the magnetic field?