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# Virtual Calculator

## Excellent use of Virtual calculator for GATE-2016

It is an interactive PDF file just click on the content and you will be directed to the required page

## For Mechanical Engineering

General Instructions

Production Engineering

Some functions

## Theory of Metal Cutting

1. Exp

Shear angle

2. ln
3. log
4. logyx
5. ex
6.

10x

7.

xy

8.

Shear strain
Velocity relations
Merchant Circle
Force Relations
Turning
Specific Energy
Linear Interpolation
Tool life equation

9.

Linear regression

10.

Economics

11.1/x

Metrology

Rolling

Forging

tanh-1

## 14. Factorial n (n!)

15. Linear Interpolation
16. Linear regression

Extrusion
Wire Drawing
Sheet Metal Operation
Casting
Welding
Machine Tools
ECM Calculation

Strength of Materials
Elongation
Thermal Stress
Principal stresses
Deflection of Beams
Bending stresses
Torsion
Spring
Theories of column
Theories of Failure
Theory of Machines
Frequency
Transmissibility ratio
Thermodynamics
SFEE
Entropy Change
Available Energy
Heat and Mass Transfer
Conduction
Unsteady Conduction
Heat Exchanger
Radiation
Industrial Engineering
Forecasting
Regression Analysis
Optimum run size

## How to use Virtual Calculator

2|Page

General Instructions

## Operation procedures and sequence of operations are totally different in Virtual

calculator. Hence all students are requested to practice the following procedures.

## It is very weak calculator, cant handle large equation at a time, we have to

calculate part by part.

## BODMAS rule should be followed

B Bracket
O Order (Power and roots)
D Division
M Multiplication
A Addition
S Subtraction
For answer must click on =
[= means you have to click on this = button]

## In the starting of any calculation you must click on C

[ C means you have to click on this C button]

For writing sin30 first write 30 and then click on sin (same procedure should be
follow for all trigonometric calculations)
[ sin means you have to click on this sin button]

Here mod button is simply a showpiece never press mod button. It is indicating
calculator is in deg mode or in rad mode. For changing degree mode to radian
mode you have to press radio button.

Some functions
1. Exp
It is actually power of 10
102

Made Easy

1 Exp 2 =

100

By: S K Mondal

3|Page

200 GPa

200 Exp 9 =

2. ln
ln2

2 ln =

0.6931472

2ln2

2 * 2 ln =

1.386294

3ln5

3 * 5 ln =

4.828314

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

4|Page

3. log
log100

100 log =

## Note: you have to first type value then log button.

5 log50

5 * 50 log =

8.494850

4. logyx
log10100

100

logyx

10 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then logyx button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator

5|Page

log550

50 logyx 5

7log550

7 * ( 50 logyx 5 ) =

2.430677
17.01474

## Note: In this case ( ) is must. if you press 7 * 50 logyx it becomes

350 logx Base y and give wrong answer. But see in case of 5 log50 we simply use
5 * 50 log = 8.494850 and no need of ( ).

5. eX
e2

2 eX

7.389056

## Note: you have to first type value of x then eX button.

5 e2

5 * 2 eX

36.94528

4 e(5 x 3.4 1)

4 * ( 5 x 3.4 1 ) eX =

3.554444e+7

6. 10X
102

2 10X

100

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

6|Page

5 x 102

5 * 2 10X

105/3

(5/3) 10X

10

1.41
1.4

(1.41)
)
1.4

10(

500

46.41592

1.930698

## Or you may simplify

10

1.41
1.4

0.4

10(1.4)

(0.4/1.4)10X =

1.930698

7. Xy
23

2 xy

3 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then xy button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator

7|Page

2
1

1.4
1.41

(5/3) xy 1.4/(1.4 1) =

8.

5.111263

32

32

5 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

## We may use xy function also

32 = 321/5 = 32 xy (1/5) =

But in this case (1/5) is must you cant use 32 xy 1/5 wrong

9.
5

Made Easy

5 +/- =

By: S K Mondal

8|Page

10.
5

2.236068

## Note: you have to first type value then button.

32 + 42 =

32 + 42

= ( 3 x2 + 4 x2 )

But
=
=

1
2
1
2

1 2

+ 2 3

97.74 22.96

+ 3 1

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

9|Page

x2 =

97.74 22.96

5592.048

22.96 20

x2 =

8.7616

20 97.74

x2 =

6043.508

## Now Press MR button 11644.32 [ It is total value which is under root]

Now press button 107.9089
[ it is =

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

107.9089 / 2
Therefore, =

76.30309

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

= 76.30309

## After the calculation you must press MC button.

11. 1/x
This is generally used at middle of calculation.
0.4512
1 0.4512
We first calculate 1 0.45sin12 then use 1/x button.
1 0.45 * 12 sin

Made Easy

0.9064397

By: S K Mondal

10 | P a g e

12. sin

cos

1.103217

0.4855991

tan

## Calculator must be in degree mode.

Always value should be given first then the function.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

11 | P a g e

sin30

30 sin

0.5

cos45

45 cos

tan30

30 tan =

Made Easy

0.707

0.577

By: S K Mondal

12 | P a g e

sin230

(30 sin ) x2

0.25

cos245

(45 cos ) x2 =

0.5

tan230

(30 tan ) x2 =

0.3333333

(30 10.5 ) sin =

0.3338

## cos ( + - ) = cos (20.15 + 33 -10 )

( 20.15 + 33 - 10) cos =

0.729565

## tan ( - ) = tan (17.3 10)

(17.3 10 ) tan =

0.128103

2.0

= 2 20 = 2.0/(20 sin ) x2

13. sin-1

cos-1

17.09726

tan-1

## Calculator must be in degree mode.

If needed in radians calculate by
multiplying /180. We may use in rad mode but i will not recommend it because
students forget to change the mode to degree and further calculations may go
wrong.

sin-10.5

Made Easy

0.5 sin-1

30

degree

By: S K Mondal

13 | P a g e

cos-10.5

0.5 cos-1

60

tan-10.5

0.5 tan-1

26.565 degree

degree

3!

3 n!

5!

5 n!

120

25!

25 n!

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

14 | P a g e

## 15. Linear Interpolation formula

You have to first calculate upto last form
1
1
=
2 1 2 1
1.8 0.8
10
=
2.0 0.8 60 10
10 = 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

= 10 + 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

Made Easy

51.66667

By: S K Mondal

15 | P a g e

## 16. Linear regression analysis

Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

## Next step multiply both side of original equation by x

xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

## Just solve this two equations and find A and B

Example:
Data
1
2
3

x
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

y
1
2
3
= 6

xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2 = 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button
12

1 x2 M+

22

2 x2 M+

32

3 x2 M+

Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

Made Easy

. . ()
. . ()

By: S K Mondal

16 | P a g e

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

## Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1

y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

17 | P a g e

Production Engineering
Theory of Metal Cutting
Shear angle ()

= 1 =
=

0.45 12
10.45 12

## First find the value of

0.45 * 12 cos / ( 1 0.45 * 12 sin ) =

0.4855991

Then find
Just press button tan-1

25.901

Shear strain ()
= + tan
( )
= 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10)
1

= 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10)
It is a long calculation; we have to use M+
1
17.3

= 1 / 17.3 tan

tan
(17.3 10) = (17.3 - 10) tan

3.210630
=

## M+ then press C button

0.1281029 M+

Then find
Just press button MR

3.338732

( ) = 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10) = 3.34

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

18 | P a g e

Velocity relations

10
=
2.5 22.94 10
= 2.5

10
22.94 10

2.526173

Merchant Circle
(i)

= = 285

30.51
20.15

## 285 * 3 * 0.51 / (20.15 sin )

(ii)

1265.824

= +
=

1265.8
=
+
20.15 + 33 10
[We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

## 1265.8 / ((20.15 + 33 - 10) cos )

1735.005

Force Relations
=
= 900 30 600 30
900 * 30 cos - 600 * 30 sin

Made Easy

479.4229

By: S K Mondal

19 | P a g e

Turning
(i)

= = 0.32 75
0.32 * 75 sin

(ii)

=
=

0.3091

800

75

800 / ( 75 sin )

828.2209

Specific Energy

= 1000 =

800
1000 0.22

## Linear Interpolation formula

You have to first calculate upto last form
1
1
=
2 1 2 1
1.8 0.8
10
=
2.0 0.8 60 10
10 = 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

= 10 + 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

Made Easy

51.66667

By: S K Mondal

20 | P a g e

## Tool life equation

(i)

1 1 = 2 2
or 100 10 = 75 30
or

100

or

75

30

10

= 3

or

or =

= 3

3
4
3

## [We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

(4/3) ln / ( 3 ln )

(ii)

0.2618593

Find C
C = 100 x 1200.3
100 * 120 xy 0.3 =

(iii)

3 = 1

= 30

420.4887

60 0.204
30

30 * ( 60 / 30 ) xy 0.204 =

(iv)

90 0.45

>

60 0.3

90 0.45
or

or

90 0.3

Made Easy

34.55664

=
=

60 0.3

60 0.45

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

21 | P a g e

or

0.45
0.3

or

0.15

60 0.45

900.3
60 0.45
900.3

or = 1.636422

= 60 xy 0.45

/ 90 xy 0.30 = 1.636422

1
0.15

26.66667

## (v) Linear regression analysis

Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

## Next step multiply both side of original equation by x

xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

## Just solve this two equations and find A and B

Example:
Data
1
2
3

X
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

y
1
2
3
= 6

xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2 = 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

22 | P a g e

12

1 x2 M+

22

2 x2 M+

32

3 x2 M+

Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

. . ()
. . ()

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

## Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1

y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

6.5
0.5

1 0.2
0.2

= +
= 3 +

64 min

Now =
or 64

0.2

= 60

60

or = 64 0.2
60 / 64 xy 0.2 =

Made Easy

26.11 m/min

By: S K Mondal

23 | P a g e

Metrology
3

= 0.45 + 0.001
3

## = 0.45 97.98 + 0.001 97.98

0.45 * 97.98

+ 0.001 * 97.98

2.172535

Rolling
cos = 1

5
= 1

600

= 1 - 5 / 600

cos-1

7.40198o

If you want in radian after calculating 7.40198 just press * /180 and you will
get = 0.129189

Forging
(i)

12
4

1 =

2 = 1

22
4

1
50
= 100
= 100 2
2
25

100 * ( 50 / 25)
or 100 * 2

(ii)

= 48

141.4214

141.4214

6
20.25

1
20.25

48 (6 / 2 / 0.25 ) * (1 / 2 / 0.25 ) ln

(iii)

= 2

39.68223

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

24 | P a g e

= 2 +

= 2 +

2
2

= 2 + 2

4.04
6

39.682

510418.2

= 510418.2

= 2

= 4

= 4

=
=

4
2

2 4.04 150 6
0.25

20.25
4839.68
6

## (2 * 4.04 * 150 * 6 / 0.25) * (((2 * 0.25/6) * (48 39.68)) ex - 1) =

This is very large calculation; this weak calculator cant handle at once, we have
to calculate part by part
First calculate (2 * 4.04 * 150 * 6 / 0.25) =

29088

Made Easy

1.000372

By: S K Mondal

25 | P a g e

## Now multiply both 29088 * 1.000372 =

29098.82

= 29098.82
= + = 510418.2 + 29098.82 = 539517 = 539.52

Extrusion
= 2

82
5
= 2 400

4
4
It is a long calculation, after some part we press
multiplication is done .
2 * 400 * ( * 8 x2 / 4) =
Now 40212.38 * (5 / 4) ln

## button then further

it gives 40212.38
=

8973.135 N

Wire Drawing
(i)

1+

1 + 1.7145
5
= 400
1
1.7145
6.25

21.7145

It is a long calculation,
First calculate, 400

1+1.7145
1.7145

## = 400 * (1 +1.7145) / 1.7145

633.3040

Then calculate,
1

5
6.25

21.7145

= (1 (5 / 6.25) xy (2 * 1.7145)) =

## Now multiply 0.5347402 * 633.3040

0.5347402

338.65 MPa

[At that time in your calculator 0.5347402 is present just multiply it with
previous value 633.3040]

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

26 | P a g e

(ii)

1+

400 = 400
Let
or

1 + 1.7145
1
1.7145
6.25

21.7145

6.25

21.7145

6.25

21.7145

50

400 = 400

Calculate, 400
or

1+1.7145
1.7145

1+1.7145

1 + 50

## = 400 * (1 +1.7145) / 1.7145

1.7145

633.3

400 = 633.3 1 + 50
633.3400

or =

633.350

0.4 =

or = 6.25 0.4

21.7145

6.25

1
21.7145

4.784413 mm

## Sheet Metal Operation

(i)

= 0.0032
= 0.0032 1.5 294
0.0032 * 1.5 * 294

(ii)

0.08230286 mm

=
= 2 + = 2 100 + 50 5 300
2 * (100+50) * 5 * 300

(iii)

450000 N = 450 KN

= 2 + 4
=

252 + 4 25 15

( 25 x2 + 4 * 25 * 15)

Made Easy

=

46.09772 mm

By: S K Mondal

27 | P a g e

(iv)

1 2

1.5

0.05 0.09

## [Extra bracket for denominator]

1.304038 mm

Casting
(i)

=
=

2
4

0.1202
0.180 11300 1600 9.81
4

(ii)

193.7161 N

B * (V / A) x2

Welding
(i)

+ = 1

45
500
+
=1

. . ()

55
400
+
=1

. . ()

## Now (ii) x 5 - (i) x 4 will give

55 5 45 4
= 54 = 1

or OCV = 95 V
Now from equation (i)

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

28 | P a g e

45 500
+
=1
95
500

45

or = 1 95
or =

500
45
95

500 / ( 1 45 / 95)

(ii)

950 V

## = 2 = 300002 100 106 0.005

30000 x2 * 100 * 6 +/- 10x * 0.005

450 J

Machine Tools
(i)

Turning time ( T ) =

++

(L+A+O) / (f *N)

(ii)

Drilling time ( T ) =

+++

L = 50 mm
=

15
=
= 15/ (2 59 tan ) = 4.5
2
2 59

A = 2 mm
O = 2 mm
f = 0.2 mm/rev
N = 500 rpm
=

50 + 4.5 + 2 + 2
0.2 500

Made Easy

0.585 min

By: S K Mondal

29 | P a g e

ECM Calculation
(i)

## Find average density of an alloy

1 1 2 3 4
= + + +
1 2 3 4
or

0.7
8.9

0.2
7.19

0.05
7.86

0.05
4.51

First calculate
0.7 / 8.9 +0.2 / 7.19 +0.05 / 7.86 +0.05 / 4.51 =

0.1239159

= 8.069989 /
(ii)

## Find equivalent weight of an alloy

1 1 2 3 4
=
+ + +
1 2 3 4
or
or

=
=

1 1
1

0.72
58.71

2 2

0.22
51.99

3 3
3

4 4

0.052
55.85

0.053
47.9

First calculate
0.7 * 2 / 58.71+0.2 * 2 / 51.99+0.05 * 2 / 55.85+0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

0.03646185

## Then just press 1/x button

= 27.42593
Alternate Method 1:

First calculate
0.7 * 2 / 58.71 =

0.02384602

0.03153981

## Then 0.03153981 + 0.05 * 2 / 55.85 = 0.03333032

Then 0.03333032 + 0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

0.03646185

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

30 | P a g e

= 27.42593
Alternate Method 2: Use M+ button
0.7 * 2 / 58.71 =

## 0.2 * 2 / 51.99 = 0.007693788 press M+ button the press C button

0.05 * 2 / 55.85 = 0.001790511 press M+ button the press C button
0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

= 27.42593

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

31 | P a g e

Strength of Materials
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Elongation
(i)

or =

or =

1010 3 1000
5 2
20010 3
4

1004

52 2

[After cancelling common terms from numerator and denominator and one extra
bracket in the denominator has to be put]
100 * 4 / ( * 5 x2 * 2)

2.546480 mm

Thermal Stress
(ii)

0.512.510 6 20
1+

500.5
0.01 2
200 10 6
4

First calculate

500.5
0.01 2
4

20010 6

500.54
0.012 20010 6

0.001591550

Then add 1
0.001591550 + 1

1.001592

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

32 | P a g e

0.9984105
Then multiply with 0.5 12.5 106 20
0.9984105 * 0.5 * 12.5 * 6 +/- 10x * 20 =

0.0001248013

## Principal stress and principal strain

(iii)

+
2

80 20
2

+ 402

[One bracket for denominator one bracket for square and one for square root]
(((80-20) / 2 ) x2 + 40 x2 )

For

1,2 =

+
2

First calculate

2
2

50 MPa

2
+

+
2

## And then calculate

2
2
+

Deflection of Beams
(iv)

4
8

1010 3 54
8781250

10 * 3 10x * 5 xy 4 / (8 * 781250 ) =

Made Easy

1 mm

By: S K Mondal

33 | P a g e

Bending stresses
(v)

9.5710
=
=

0.1

0.10.2
12

Pa

9.57 103 12
0.23

Torsion
(vi)

409.256

32

10.74 4

or

4 =

8010 9
1180

32409.256180
2

10.74 8010 9

## First calculate 32 * 409.256 * 180 = 2357315

Then calculate 2 1 0.74 80 109
x2 * (1 0.7 xy 4) * 80 * 9 10x
Now 4

2357315
5.99993010 11

5.999930e+11

= 0.000003928904

Spring
(vii)

8 3

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

34 | P a g e

820010 3 10 6 10
8010 9 84 10 12
8*200*310x 6 +/- 10x 10 /(80* 9 10x 8 xy 4 * 12 +/- 10x ) =

0.04882813 m

= 48.83 mm

Theories of column
(viii)

## [For one end fixed and other end free]

42
3

10 10 =

4
64

2 21010 9
44 2

or 10 10 4 42 64 = 2 210 10

or 4 =

1010 3 442 64

3 21010 9

## First calculate 10 103 4 42 64

10 * 3 10x * 4 * 4 x2 * 64

= 4.096000e+7

x3 * 210 * 9 10x
4 =

= 6.511319e+12

4.096000e + 7
= 0.000006290584
6.511319 + 12

## Just press button twice, d = 0.05008097 m 50 mm

Theories of Failure
(ix)

=
=

1
2
1
2

1 2

+ 2 3

97.74 22.96

+ 3 1

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

97.74 22.96

Made Easy

x2 =

5592.048

By: S K Mondal

35 | P a g e

22.96 20

x2 =

8.7616

20 97.74

x2 =

6043.508

## Now Press MR button 11644.32 [ It is total value which is in under root]

Now press button 107.9089
[ it is =

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

107.9089 / 2
Therefore, =

=
1
2

76.30309
97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

= 76.30309

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

36 | P a g e

Theory of Machines
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Frequency
(i)

4010 3

100

(40 * 10 x3 / 100 ) / 2 /

3.183099

Transmissibility ratio
(ii)

1+ 2 2
1 2 2 + 2 2
1 + 2 0.15 18.85

1 18.852

First calculate 2
(2 * 0.15
PressM+
Next find 1 2

+ 2 0.15 18.85

= 2 0.15 18.85

* 18.85 ) x2

= 1 18.852

(1 18.85 x2 ) x2

125544.4

Press MR + 1 =

then press

5.742737

## Then find denominator

Press MR + 125544.4 =

then press

354.3676

## Now Find (TR)

Press 1/x and * 5.742737 =

0.01620559

TR = 0.01620559 (Answer)

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

37 | P a g e

Thermodynamics
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

SFEE
(i)

1 +

12
2000

1000

= 1 +

12
2000

1000

1602 9.81 10
1002 9.81 6
3200 +
+
+ 0 = 2600 +
+
+
2000
1000
2000
1000

M+
3200

M+
=

M+

Press M+

M-

M-

M-

2600

Press M-

1602 9.81 10
1002 9.81 6
= 3200 +
+
2600

2000
1000
2000
1000

Entropy Change
(ii)

= 1.005
M+

Made Easy

300
50
0.287
350
150
M-

By: S K Mondal

38 | P a g e

First calculate

1.005

300
350

## 1.005 * (300 / 350 ) ln =

Then calculate 0.287

50
150

## 0.287 * (50 /150 ) ln

-0.3153016 Press M-

= 0.16 /

Available Energy
(iii)

2 1

2
1

First calculate

1250
450
1250
450

490.4397

## Then multiply with 2000 0.5

490.4397 * 2000 * 0.5 =

Made Easy

490439.7 KJ = 490.44 MJ

By: S K Mondal

39 | P a g e

## Heat and Mass Transfer

(Only for the type of equations which are not covered yet)

Conduction
(i)

2
1

3
2
+

2 1 1200 600
0.025
0.055

0.01 +
0.025
19
0.2

0.025
0.01

19

0.055
0.025

0.2

## But it is very weak calculator cant calculate two ln in a operation

Calculate
(0.025 / 0.01) ln / 19 = 0.04822583 Press M+ then press C button
Then
(0.055 / 0.025) ln / 0.2 = 3.942287 Press M+
Then press MR it is denominator

3.9905128299999996

## Now Press 1/x button 0.2505944

Multiply with Numerator 2 1 1200 600
0.2505944 * 2 * * 600 =

Made Easy

944.7186

W/m

2 1 1200 600
= 944.72 /
0.025
0.055

0.01 +
0.025
19
0.2

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

40 | P a g e

Unsteady Conduction
(ii)

= =

298 300
3
= 4252.3533 10
30 300
or

298300

or

30300

30300

## = 425 2.3533 103

298300

30300

or

298 300
4252.3533 10 3

((30-300) / (298-300)) ln =
Note: Several times use of

/ 425 =
=

/ 2.3533 =

/ 3 +/- 10x =

4.904526 S

## is good for this calculator.

Heat Exchanger
(iii)

9040
90
40

(90 / 40) ln = then press 1/x then multiply with numerator * (90 40) = 61.65760

Radiation
(iii)

Interchange factor

12 =

1
1 1 1
+
1
1 2 2

First calculate

1
1 210 3 1
+
1
0.6
100
0.3

210 3

100

0.3

Made Easy

0.00004666666

By: S K Mondal

41 | P a g e

## Then add 1/0.6

0.00004666666 + 1 / 0.6 ) =

1.666714

## Then press 1/x

0.5999830
f12 =0.5999830 0.6

Now

= 12 1 14 24

## = 0.6 5.67 108 2 103 8004 3004

First calculate 0.6 5.67 108 2 103
0.6 * 5.67 * 8 +/- 10x * 2 * 3 +/- 10x =

6.804000e-11

## Then multiply with 8004 3004

6.804000e-11 * (800 xy 4 - 300 xy 4) = 27.31806 W
= 0.6 5.67 108 2 103 8004 3004 = 27.32

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

42 | P a g e

Industrial Engineering
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Forecasting
(i)

= + 1 1 + 1 2 2 + 1 3 3
= 0.4 95 + 0.4 0.6 82 + 0.4 0.62 68 + 0.4 0.63 70
M+
0.4 * 95

M+
=

0.4 * 0.6 * 82

38

M+

M+

## = 19.68 Press M+ then press C button

0.4 * 0.6 x2 * 68

## 19.68 Press M+ then press C button

0.4 * 0.6 x3 * 70

6.048 Press M+

## Then press MR button 73.52

= 0.4 95 + 0.4 0.6 82 + 0.4 0.62 68 + 0.4 0.63 70 =73.52

Regression Analysis
(ii)

Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

## Next step multiply both side of original equation by x

xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

Example:

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

## How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

43 | P a g e

Data
1
2
3

x
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

Y
1
2
3
= 6

Xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2
= 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button
12

1 x2 M+

22

2 x2 M+

32

3 x2 M+

Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

. . ()
. . ()

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

## Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1

y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

44 | P a g e

(iii)

2 30000 3500
2.5 + 10

2.5
10

First calculate

230000 3500
2.5

2.5+10
10

1.050000e+8

## Then just press

1.050000e+8 =

10246.95

END

If you got the above points, of the way of calculation then you should be happy enough
because we finally succeeded in its usage.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal