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Virtual Calculator

Excellent use of Virtual calculator for GATE-2016


It is an interactive PDF file just click on the content and you will be directed to the required page

For all Branch of Engineering

For Mechanical Engineering

General Instructions

Production Engineering

Some functions

Theory of Metal Cutting

1. Exp

Shear angle

2. ln
3. log
4. logyx
5. ex
6.

10x

7.

xy

8.

Shear strain
Velocity relations
Merchant Circle
Force Relations
Turning
Specific Energy
Linear Interpolation
Tool life equation

9.

Linear regression

10.

Economics

11.1/x

Metrology

12.sin cos tan sinh cosh tanh

Rolling

13. sin-1 cos-1 tan-1 sinh-1 cosh-

Forging

tanh-1

14. Factorial n (n!)


15. Linear Interpolation
16. Linear regression

Extrusion
Wire Drawing
Sheet Metal Operation
Casting
Welding
Machine Tools
ECM Calculation

Strength of Materials
Elongation
Thermal Stress
Principal stresses
Deflection of Beams
Bending stresses
Torsion
Spring
Theories of column
Theories of Failure
Theory of Machines
Frequency
Transmissibility ratio
Thermodynamics
SFEE
Entropy Change
Available Energy
Heat and Mass Transfer
Conduction
Unsteady Conduction
Heat Exchanger
Radiation
Industrial Engineering
Forecasting
Regression Analysis
Optimum run size

How to use Virtual Calculator

2|Page

General Instructions

Operation procedures and sequence of operations are totally different in Virtual


calculator. Hence all students are requested to practice the following procedures.

It is very weak calculator, cant handle large equation at a time, we have to


calculate part by part.

Use more and more bracket for calculations

BODMAS rule should be followed

B Bracket
O Order (Power and roots)
D Division
M Multiplication
A Addition
S Subtraction
For answer must click on =
[= means you have to click on this = button]

In the starting of any calculation you must click on C


[ C means you have to click on this C button]

For writing sin30 first write 30 and then click on sin (same procedure should be
follow for all trigonometric calculations)
[ sin means you have to click on this sin button]

Here mod button is simply a showpiece never press mod button. It is indicating
calculator is in deg mode or in rad mode. For changing degree mode to radian
mode you have to press radio button.

Some functions
1. Exp
It is actually power of 10
102

Made Easy

1 Exp 2 =

100

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

3|Page

200 GPa

200 Exp 9 =

2e+11 means 2 x 1011

Note: Instead of Exp we will use 10X button often.

2. ln
ln2

2 ln =

0.6931472

Note: you have to first type value then ln button.


2ln2

2 * 2 ln =

1.386294

3ln5

3 * 5 ln =

4.828314

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

4|Page

How to use Virtual Calculator

3. log
log100

100 log =

Note: you have to first type value then log button.


5 log50

5 * 50 log =

8.494850

4. logyx
log10100

100

logyx

10 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then logyx button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

5|Page

log550

50 logyx 5

7log550

7 * ( 50 logyx 5 ) =

2.430677
17.01474

Note: In this case ( ) is must. if you press 7 * 50 logyx it becomes


350 logx Base y and give wrong answer. But see in case of 5 log50 we simply use
5 * 50 log = 8.494850 and no need of ( ).

5. eX
e2

2 eX

7.389056

Note: you have to first type value of x then eX button.


5 e2

5 * 2 eX

36.94528

4 e(5 x 3.4 1)

4 * ( 5 x 3.4 1 ) eX =

3.554444e+7

6. 10X
102

2 10X

100

Note: you have to first type value of x then 10X button.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

6|Page

5 x 102

5 * 2 10X

105/3

(5/3) 10X

10

1.41
1.4

(1.41)
)
1.4

10(

500

46.41592

((1.4 1)/1.4) 10X =

1.930698

Or you may simplify

10

1.41
1.4

0.4

10(1.4)

(0.4/1.4)10X =

1.930698

7. Xy
23

2 xy

3 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then xy button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

7|Page

2
1

1.4
1.41

(5/3) xy 1.4/(1.4 1) =

8.

5.111263

32

32

5 =

Note: you have to first type value of x then button then value of y. Logically
value of x should be given first then value of y.

We may use xy function also

32 = 321/5 = 32 xy (1/5) =

But in this case (1/5) is must you cant use 32 xy 1/5 wrong

9.
5

Made Easy

5 +/- =

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

8|Page

10.
5

2.236068

Note: you have to first type value then button.


32 + 42 =

32 + 42

= ( 3 x2 + 4 x2 )

But
=
=

1
2
1
2

1 2

+ 2 3

97.74 22.96

+ 3 1

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

Using bracket also we cant calculate it directly, we have to use M+

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

9|Page

x2 =

97.74 22.96

5592.048

M+ then press C button

22.96 20

x2 =

8.7616

M+ then press C button

20 97.74

x2 =

6043.508

M+ then press C button

Now Press MR button 11644.32 [ It is total value which is under root]


Now press button 107.9089
[ it is =

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

Now divide it with 2


107.9089 / 2
Therefore, =

76.30309

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

= 76.30309

After the calculation you must press MC button.

11. 1/x
This is generally used at middle of calculation.
0.4512
1 0.4512
We first calculate 1 0.45sin12 then use 1/x button.
1 0.45 * 12 sin

Made Easy

0.9064397

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

10 | P a g e

Then press 1/x button

Then multiply by 0.45 * 12 cos =

12. sin

cos

1.103217

0.4855991

tan

Calculator must be in degree mode.


Always value should be given first then the function.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

11 | P a g e

sin30

30 sin

0.5

cos45

45 cos

tan30

30 tan =

Made Easy

0.707

0.577

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

12 | P a g e

sin230

(30 sin ) x2

0.25

cos245

(45 cos ) x2 =

0.5

tan230

(30 tan ) x2 =

0.3333333

sin (A B ) = sin (30-10.5)


(30 10.5 ) sin =

0.3338

cos ( + - ) = cos (20.15 + 33 -10 )


( 20.15 + 33 - 10) cos =

0.729565

tan ( - ) = tan (17.3 10)


(17.3 10 ) tan =

0.128103

2.0

= 2 20 = 2.0/(20 sin ) x2

same procedure for

13. sin-1

cos-1

17.09726

sinh cosh tanh

tan-1

Calculator must be in degree mode.


If needed in radians calculate by
multiplying /180. We may use in rad mode but i will not recommend it because
students forget to change the mode to degree and further calculations may go
wrong.

sin-10.5

Made Easy

0.5 sin-1

30

degree

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

13 | P a g e

cos-10.5

0.5 cos-1

60

tan-10.5

0.5 tan-1

26.565 degree

same procedure for

degree

sinh-1 cosh-1 tanh-1

14. Factorial n (n!)

You have to first input the value the n! button.

3!

3 n!

5!

5 n!

120

25!

25 n!

Made Easy

1.551121 e+25 = 1.551121 x 1025

By: S K Mondal

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How to use Virtual Calculator

15. Linear Interpolation formula


You have to first calculate upto last form
1
1
=
2 1 2 1
1.8 0.8
10
=
2.0 0.8 60 10
10 = 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

= 10 + 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

10 + (60 10) * (1.8 0.8) / (2.0 0.8) =

Made Easy

51.66667

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

15 | P a g e

16. Linear regression analysis


Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

Next step multiply both side of original equation by x


xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

Just solve this two equations and find A and B


Example:
Data
1
2
3

x
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

y
1
2
3
= 6

xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2 = 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button
12

1 x2 M+

then press C button

22

2 x2 M+

then press C button

32

3 x2 M+

then press C button

Then press MR button, Therefore 2 = 14


Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

Made Easy

. . ()
. . ()

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator

16 | P a g e

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1


y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

17 | P a g e

Production Engineering
Theory of Metal Cutting
Shear angle ()

= 1 =
=

[We have to use one extra bracket in the denominator]

0.45 12
10.45 12

First find the value of


0.45 * 12 cos / ( 1 0.45 * 12 sin ) =

0.4855991

Then find
Just press button tan-1

25.901

Shear strain ()
= + tan
( )
= 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10)
1

= 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10)
It is a long calculation; we have to use M+
1
17.3

= 1 / 17.3 tan

tan
(17.3 10) = (17.3 - 10) tan

3.210630
=

M+ then press C button

0.1281029 M+

Then find
Just press button MR

3.338732

( ) = 17.3 + tan
(17.3 10) = 3.34

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

18 | P a g e

Velocity relations

10
=
2.5 22.94 10
= 2.5

10
22.94 10

2.5 * 10 cos / ((22.94 - 10) cos )

2.526173

Merchant Circle
(i)

= = 285

30.51
20.15

[we have to use extra bracket for denominator]

285 * 3 * 0.51 / (20.15 sin )

(ii)

1265.824

= +
=

1265.8
=
+
20.15 + 33 10
[We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

1265.8 / ((20.15 + 33 - 10) cos )

1735.005

Force Relations
=
= 900 30 600 30
900 * 30 cos - 600 * 30 sin

Made Easy

479.4229

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

19 | P a g e

Turning
(i)

= = 0.32 75
0.32 * 75 sin

(ii)

=
=

0.3091

800

[We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

75

800 / ( 75 sin )

828.2209

Specific Energy

= 1000 =

800
1000 0.22

[We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

800 / ( 1000 * 0.2 * 2 ) =

Linear Interpolation formula


You have to first calculate upto last form
1
1
=
2 1 2 1
1.8 0.8
10
=
2.0 0.8 60 10
10 = 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

= 10 + 60 10

1.8 0.8
2.0 0.8

10 + (60 10) * (1.8 0.8) / (2.0 0.8) =

Made Easy

51.66667

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

20 | P a g e

Tool life equation


(i)

1 1 = 2 2
or 100 10 = 75 30
or

100

or

75

30

10

= 3

or

or =

= 3

3
4
3

[We have to use extra bracket for denominator]

(4/3) ln / ( 3 ln )

(ii)

0.2618593

Find C
C = 100 x 1200.3
100 * 120 xy 0.3 =

(iii)

3 = 1

= 30

420.4887

60 0.204
30

30 * ( 60 / 30 ) xy 0.204 =

(iv)

90 0.45

>

60 0.3

90 0.45
or

or

90 0.3

Made Easy

34.55664

=
=

60 0.3

60 0.45

[Make power opposite]

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

21 | P a g e

or

0.45
0.3

or

0.15

60 0.45

900.3
60 0.45
900.3

or = 1.636422

= 60 xy 0.45

/ 90 xy 0.30 = 1.636422

1
0.15

For finding x the just press button xy (1 / 0.15 ) =

26.66667

[Because in the calculator 1.636422 already present]

(v) Linear regression analysis


Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

Next step multiply both side of original equation by x


xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

Just solve this two equations and find A and B


Example:
Data
1
2
3

X
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

y
1
2
3
= 6

xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2 = 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

22 | P a g e

12

1 x2 M+

then press C button

22

2 x2 M+

then press C button

32

3 x2 M+

then press C button

Then press MR button, Therefore 2 = 14


Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

. . ()
. . ()

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1


y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

Economics in metal cutting

6.5
0.5

1 0.2
0.2

= +
= 3 +

To = ( 3 + 6.5 / 0.5 ) (1 0.2 ) / 0.2 =

64 min

Now =
or 64

0.2

= 60

60

or = 64 0.2
60 / 64 xy 0.2 =

Made Easy

26.11 m/min

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

23 | P a g e

Metrology
3

= 0.45 + 0.001
3

= 0.45 97.98 + 0.001 97.98


0.45 * 97.98

+ 0.001 * 97.98

2.172535

Rolling
cos = 1

5
= 1

600

= 1 - 5 / 600

cos-1

7.40198o

If you want in radian after calculating 7.40198 just press * /180 and you will
get = 0.129189

Forging
(i)

12
4

1 =

2 = 1

22
4

1
50
= 100
= 100 2
2
25

100 * ( 50 / 25)
or 100 * 2

(ii)

= 48

141.4214

141.4214

6
20.25

1
20.25

48 (6 / 2 / 0.25 ) * (1 / 2 / 0.25 ) ln

(iii)

= 2

39.68223

we have to first integrate without putting values

Made Easy

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How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

24 | P a g e

= 2 +

= 2 +

2
2

= 2 + 2

= 2 150 16.16 39.68 +

4.04
6

39.682

2 * 120 * ( 16.16 * 39.68 + ( 4.04 / 6 ) * 39.68 x2 ) =

510418.2

= 510418.2

= 2

= 4

= 4

=
=

4
2

2 4.04 150 6
0.25

[Note: extra brackets are used]


20.25
4839.68
6

(2 * 4.04 * 150 * 6 / 0.25) * (((2 * 0.25/6) * (48 39.68)) ex - 1) =


This is very large calculation; this weak calculator cant handle at once, we have
to calculate part by part
First calculate (2 * 4.04 * 150 * 6 / 0.25) =

29088

Then calculate (((2 * 0.25/6) * (48 39.68)) ex - 1) =

Made Easy

1.000372

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

25 | P a g e

Now multiply both 29088 * 1.000372 =

29098.82

= 29098.82
= + = 510418.2 + 29098.82 = 539517 = 539.52

Extrusion
= 2

82
5
= 2 400

4
4
It is a long calculation, after some part we press
multiplication is done .
2 * 400 * ( * 8 x2 / 4) =
Now 40212.38 * (5 / 4) ln

button then further

it gives 40212.38
=

8973.135 N

Wire Drawing
(i)

1+

1 + 1.7145
5
= 400
1
1.7145
6.25

21.7145

It is a long calculation,
First calculate, 400

1+1.7145
1.7145

= 400 * (1 +1.7145) / 1.7145

633.3040

Then calculate,
1

5
6.25

21.7145

= (1 (5 / 6.25) xy (2 * 1.7145)) =

Now multiply 0.5347402 * 633.3040

0.5347402

338.65 MPa

[At that time in your calculator 0.5347402 is present just multiply it with
previous value 633.3040]

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

26 | P a g e

(ii)

1+

400 = 400
Let
or

1 + 1.7145
1
1.7145
6.25

21.7145

6.25

21.7145

6.25

21.7145

50

400 = 400

Calculate, 400
or

1+1.7145
1.7145

1+1.7145

1 + 50

= 400 * (1 +1.7145) / 1.7145

1.7145

633.3

400 = 633.3 1 + 50
633.3400

or =

633.350

0.4 =

or = 6.25 0.4

21.7145

6.25

1
21.7145

or = 6.25 * 0.4 xy (1 / 2 / 1.7145) =

4.784413 mm

Sheet Metal Operation


(i)

= 0.0032
= 0.0032 1.5 294
0.0032 * 1.5 * 294

(ii)

0.08230286 mm

=
= 2 + = 2 100 + 50 5 300
2 * (100+50) * 5 * 300

(iii)

450000 N = 450 KN

= 2 + 4
=

252 + 4 25 15

( 25 x2 + 4 * 25 * 15)

Made Easy

[Extra bracket used]


=

46.09772 mm

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

27 | P a g e

(iv)


1 2

1.5

0.05 0.09

1.5 / ( 0.05 ex * 0.09 ex ) =

[Extra bracket for denominator]


1.304038 mm

Casting
(i)

=
=

2
4

0.1202
0.180 11300 1600 9.81
4

( * 0.12 x2 / 4 ) * 0.18 * (11300 - 1600) * 9.81 =

(ii)

193.7161 N

Find values of V and A separately and then


B * (V / A) x2

Welding
(i)

+ = 1

45
500
+
=1

. . ()

55
400
+
=1

. . ()

Now (ii) x 5 - (i) x 4 will give


55 5 45 4
= 54 = 1

or OCV = 95 V
Now from equation (i)

Made Easy

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How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

28 | P a g e

45 500
+
=1
95
500

45

or = 1 95
or =

500
45
95

500 / ( 1 45 / 95)

(ii)

950 V

= 2 = 300002 100 106 0.005


30000 x2 * 100 * 6 +/- 10x * 0.005

450 J

Machine Tools
(i)

Turning time ( T ) =

++

(L+A+O) / (f *N)

(ii)

Drilling time ( T ) =

+++

L = 50 mm
=

15
=
= 15/ (2 59 tan ) = 4.5
2
2 59

A = 2 mm
O = 2 mm
f = 0.2 mm/rev
N = 500 rpm
=

50 + 4.5 + 2 + 2
0.2 500

(50 + 4.5 + 2 + 2 ) / (0.2 * 500) =

Made Easy

0.585 min

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

29 | P a g e

ECM Calculation
(i)

Find average density of an alloy


1 1 2 3 4
= + + +
1 2 3 4
or

0.7
8.9

0.2
7.19

0.05
7.86

0.05
4.51

First calculate
0.7 / 8.9 +0.2 / 7.19 +0.05 / 7.86 +0.05 / 4.51 =

0.1239159

Then just press 1/x button


= 8.069989 /
(ii)

Find equivalent weight of an alloy


1 1 2 3 4
=
+ + +
1 2 3 4
or
or

=
=

1 1
1

0.72
58.71

2 2

0.22
51.99

3 3
3

4 4

0.052
55.85

0.053
47.9

First calculate
0.7 * 2 / 58.71+0.2 * 2 / 51.99+0.05 * 2 / 55.85+0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

0.03646185

Then just press 1/x button


= 27.42593
Alternate Method 1:

First calculate
0.7 * 2 / 58.71 =

0.02384602

Then 0.02384602 + 0.2 * 2 / 51.99 =

0.03153981

Then 0.03153981 + 0.05 * 2 / 55.85 = 0.03333032


Then 0.03333032 + 0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

0.03646185

Then just press 1/x button

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

30 | P a g e

= 27.42593
Alternate Method 2: Use M+ button
0.7 * 2 / 58.71 =

0.02384602 press M+ button the press C button

0.2 * 2 / 51.99 = 0.007693788 press M+ button the press C button


0.05 * 2 / 55.85 = 0.001790511 press M+ button the press C button
0.05 * 3 / 47.9 =

0.003131524 press M+ button the press MR button

Then just press 1/x button


= 27.42593

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

31 | P a g e

Strength of Materials
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Elongation
(i)

or =

or =

1010 3 1000
5 2
20010 3
4

1004

52 2

[After cancelling common terms from numerator and denominator and one extra
bracket in the denominator has to be put]
100 * 4 / ( * 5 x2 * 2)

2.546480 mm

Thermal Stress
(ii)

0.512.510 6 20
1+

500.5
0.01 2
200 10 6
4

First calculate

500.5
0.01 2
4

20010 6

500.54
0.012 20010 6

50 * 0.5 * 4 / ( * 0.01 x2 * 200 * 6 10x ) =

0.001591550

Then add 1
0.001591550 + 1

1.001592

Then press button 1/x

Made Easy

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How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

32 | P a g e

0.9984105
Then multiply with 0.5 12.5 106 20
0.9984105 * 0.5 * 12.5 * 6 +/- 10x * 20 =

0.0001248013

Principal stress and principal strain


(iii)

+
2

80 20
2

+ 402

[One bracket for denominator one bracket for square and one for square root]
(((80-20) / 2 ) x2 + 40 x2 )

For

1,2 =

+
2

First calculate

2
2

50 MPa

2
+

+
2

And then calculate

2
2
+

Deflection of Beams
(iv)

4
8

1010 3 54
8781250

10 * 3 10x * 5 xy 4 / (8 * 781250 ) =

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1 mm

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Bending stresses
(v)

9.5710
=
=

0.1

0.10.2
12

Pa

9.57 103 12
0.23

9.57 * 3 10x * 12 / (0.2 xy 3 ) = 1.435500e+7 Pa = 14.355 MPa

Torsion
(vi)

409.256

32

10.74 4

or

4 =

8010 9
1180

32409.256180
2

10.74 8010 9

First calculate 32 * 409.256 * 180 = 2357315


Then calculate 2 1 0.74 80 109
x2 * (1 0.7 xy 4) * 80 * 9 10x
Now 4

2357315
5.99993010 11

5.999930e+11

= 0.000003928904

Just press button twice , D = 0.04452130 m = 44.52 mm

Spring
(vii)

8 3

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820010 3 10 6 10
8010 9 84 10 12
8*200*310x 6 +/- 10x 10 /(80* 9 10x 8 xy 4 * 12 +/- 10x ) =

0.04882813 m

= 48.83 mm

Theories of column
(viii)

[For one end fixed and other end free]

42
3

10 10 =

4
64

2 21010 9
44 2

or 10 10 4 42 64 = 2 210 10

or 4 =

1010 3 442 64

3 21010 9

First calculate 10 103 4 42 64


10 * 3 10x * 4 * 4 x2 * 64

= 4.096000e+7

Then calculate 3 210 109


x3 * 210 * 9 10x
4 =

= 6.511319e+12

4.096000e + 7
= 0.000006290584
6.511319 + 12

Just press button twice, d = 0.05008097 m 50 mm

Theories of Failure
(ix)

=
=

1
2
1
2

1 2

+ 2 3

97.74 22.96

+ 3 1

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

Using bracket also we cant calculate it directly, we have to use M+


97.74 22.96

Made Easy

x2 =

5592.048

M+ then press C button

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35 | P a g e

How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

22.96 20

x2 =

8.7616

M+ then press C button

20 97.74

x2 =

6043.508

M+ then press C button

Now Press MR button 11644.32 [ It is total value which is in under root]


Now press button 107.9089
[ it is =

97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

Now divide it with 2


107.9089 / 2
Therefore, =

=
1
2

76.30309
97.74 22.96

+ 22.96 20

+ 20 97.74

= 76.30309

After the calculation must press MC button.

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Theory of Machines
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Frequency
(i)

4010 3

100

(40 * 10 x3 / 100 ) / 2 /

3.183099

Transmissibility ratio
(ii)

1+ 2 2
1 2 2 + 2 2
1 + 2 0.15 18.85

1 18.852

First calculate 2
(2 * 0.15
PressM+
Next find 1 2

+ 2 0.15 18.85

= 2 0.15 18.85

* 18.85 ) x2

= 1 18.852

(1 18.85 x2 ) x2

31.97903 This data is needed again so

125544.4

Now find the value of numerator


Press MR + 1 =

then press

5.742737

Then find denominator


Press MR + 125544.4 =

then press

354.3676

Now Find (TR)


Press 1/x and * 5.742737 =

0.01620559

TR = 0.01620559 (Answer)

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Thermodynamics
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

SFEE
(i)

1 +

12
2000

1000

= 1 +

12
2000

1000

1602 9.81 10
1002 9.81 6
3200 +
+
+ 0 = 2600 +
+
+
2000
1000
2000
1000

M+
3200

M+
=

M+

Press M+

M-

M-

M-

then press C button

160 x2 / 2000 = Press M+

then press C button

9.81 * 10 / 1000 = Press M+ then press C button


2600

Press M-

then press C button

100 x2 / 2000 = Press M-

then press C button

9.81 * 6 / 1000 = Press MNow Press MR and it is answer = 607.8392400000004

1602 9.81 10
1002 9.81 6
= 3200 +
+
2600

2000
1000
2000
1000

Entropy Change
(ii)

= 1.005
M+

Made Easy

300
50
0.287
350
150
M-

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First calculate

1.005

300
350

1.005 * (300 / 350 ) ln =


Then calculate 0.287

-0.1549214 Press M+ then press C button

50
150

0.287 * (50 /150 ) ln

-0.3153016 Press M-

Just press MR and it is the answer 0.16038020000000003


= 0.16 /

Available Energy
(iii)

2 1

2
1

= 2000 0.5 1250 450 303


First calculate

1250 450 303

1250
450
1250
450

(1250-450)-303 * (1250 / 450) ln

490.4397

Then multiply with 2000 0.5


490.4397 * 2000 * 0.5 =

Made Easy

490439.7 KJ = 490.44 MJ

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39 | P a g e

Heat and Mass Transfer


(Only for the type of equations which are not covered yet)

Conduction
(i)

2
1

3
2
+

2 1 1200 600
0.025
0.055

0.01 +
0.025
19
0.2

First calculate denominator

0.025
0.01

19

0.055
0.025

0.2

But it is very weak calculator cant calculate two ln in a operation


Calculate
(0.025 / 0.01) ln / 19 = 0.04822583 Press M+ then press C button
Then
(0.055 / 0.025) ln / 0.2 = 3.942287 Press M+
Then press MR it is denominator

3.9905128299999996

Now Press 1/x button 0.2505944


Multiply with Numerator 2 1 1200 600
0.2505944 * 2 * * 600 =

Made Easy

944.7186

W/m

2 1 1200 600
= 944.72 /
0.025
0.055

0.01 +
0.025
19
0.2

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Unsteady Conduction
(ii)

= =

298 300
3
= 4252.3533 10
30 300
or

298300

or

30300

= 425 2.3533 103

30300

= 425 2.3533 103

298300

30300

or

298 300
4252.3533 10 3

((30-300) / (298-300)) ln =
Note: Several times use of

/ 425 =
=

/ 2.3533 =

/ 3 +/- 10x =

4.904526 S

is good for this calculator.

Heat Exchanger
(iii)

9040
90
40

(90 / 40) ln = then press 1/x then multiply with numerator * (90 40) = 61.65760

Radiation
(iii)

Interchange factor

12 =

1
1 1 1
+
1
1 2 2

First calculate

1
1 210 3 1
+
1
0.6
100
0.3

210 3

100

0.3

(2 * 3 +/- 10x / 100) * (1 / 0.3 1 ) =

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0.00004666666

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How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

41 | P a g e

Then add 1/0.6


0.00004666666 + 1 / 0.6 ) =

1.666714

Then press 1/x


0.5999830
f12 =0.5999830 0.6

Now

= 12 1 14 24

= 0.6 5.67 108 2 103 8004 3004


First calculate 0.6 5.67 108 2 103
0.6 * 5.67 * 8 +/- 10x * 2 * 3 +/- 10x =

6.804000e-11

Then multiply with 8004 3004


6.804000e-11 * (800 xy 4 - 300 xy 4) = 27.31806 W
= 0.6 5.67 108 2 103 8004 3004 = 27.32

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Industrial Engineering
(Only for the type of equations which are not yet covered)

Forecasting
(i)

= + 1 1 + 1 2 2 + 1 3 3
= 0.4 95 + 0.4 0.6 82 + 0.4 0.62 68 + 0.4 0.63 70
M+
0.4 * 95

M+
=

0.4 * 0.6 * 82

38

M+

M+

Press M+ then press C button

= 19.68 Press M+ then press C button

0.4 * 0.6 x2 * 68

19.68 Press M+ then press C button

0.4 * 0.6 x3 * 70

6.048 Press M+

Then press MR button 73.52


= 0.4 95 + 0.4 0.6 82 + 0.4 0.62 68 + 0.4 0.63 70 =73.52

Regression Analysis
(ii)

Let us assume the equation which best fit the given data
y = A + Bx
First take summation of both sides

= +

. . ()

Next step multiply both side of original equation by x


xy = Ax + Bx2
Again take summation of both sides

= + 2

. . ()

Just solve this two equations and find A and B


Example:

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How to use Virtual Calculator in Mechanical Engineering

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Data
1
2
3

x
1
2
3
= 6
For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

Y
1
2
3
= 6

Xy
1 x1
2x2
3x3
= 14

x2
12
22
32
2
= 14

For 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
For 1 * 1 + 2 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 14
For 2 Use M+ button
12

1 x2 M+

then press C button

22

2 x2 M+

then press C button

32

3 x2 M+

then press C button

Then press MR button, Therefore 2 = 14


Now = +
or

6 = 3 + 6

. . ()
. . ()

and = + 2
or

14 = 6A + 14 B

. . ()
. . ()

Solving (i) and (ii) we get A = 0 and B = 1


y = 0 + 1. x is the solution.

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Optimum run size


(iii)

2 30000 3500
2.5 + 10

2.5
10

First calculate

230000 3500
2.5

2.5+10
10

(2 * 30000 *3500 / 2.5) * ((2.5 + 10) / 10) =

1.050000e+8

Then just press


1.050000e+8 =

10246.95

END

If you got the above points, of the way of calculation then you should be happy enough
because we finally succeeded in its usage.

Ek Ghatiya Calculator ka Sahi Upyog

Made Easy

By: S K Mondal