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VT Tutorial

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Lecture 9 : VT Tutorial

Objectives

In this lecture we will solve tutorial problems to:

Design a CCVT.

Example 1 :

Design a CCVT for a 132kV transmission line using the following data. Resistive Burden

frequency deviation to be subjected to

= 150VA,

choices of V 2 as 33 kV, 11 kV, 6.6 kV and 3.3 kV. Transmission line voltage V = 132 kV. The standardized

VT secondary voltage is 110 volts (L - L).

Answer:

Let V 2 (L - N) be the voltage to be produced by the capacitive potential divider with capacitance values C 1

and C 2 . Let L be the value of tuning inductor. Our first task is to come up with a value of L. Here the

specification for phase angle error

calculated as follows:

At tuning frequency,

from

by

Substituting

Example 1: (contd..)

From figure 9.3,

Using this equation the value L for different values of V 2 is found out.

(1) Let V 2 be 33kV (L - N) Then;

Example 1 : (contd..)

(2)

(3)

, tan

(4)

Example 1 : (contd..)

The values of L,

V2

L in H

33 kV

6722.2

0.00151

11 kV

747.2

0.0136

6.6 kV

269

0.0377

3.3 kV

67.25

0.151

From the above table it is clear that smaller the value of V 2 , the smaller is the value of L and higher the

value of C 1 and C 2 for tuning condition. If we select too low value of V 2 and L then capacitance values

will be beyond available limits, and if we select higher value of V 2 and L, then CCVT's inductor will

become bulky. So a compromise solution is necessary and let us select V 2 = 6.6 kV

For V 2 = 6.6 kV

L = 269 H

Now,

In this design, we have explained the basic concept for CCVT design and we assumed the transformer to

be ideal. However in real life design, the value of magnetizing impedance of transformer, resistance of

reactor etc have to be taken into account, as the ratio error

and the phase angle error

will also

get affected by these values. The next example brings out these issues.

Example 2:

The equivalent circuit of a CCVT

is shown in fig 9.4. The values of

and

C 1 and C 2 are 0.0018

0.0186

respectively. Tuning

497H and resistance of 4620 .

X m of the VT referred to 6.6 kV

side is 1M , core loss = 20

watts per phase, VA burden =

150VA per phase. Value of C m for

compensating the current drawn

.

by X m is equal to

(b)

Find out the nominal value of V/V2

(c)

If the frequency drops from 50Hz to 47Hz, what would be the values of ratio error and phase angle error?

(a)

Answer (a):

If

and

where

and

Now,

C m has to be in parallel resonance with X m. Therefore,

The value is also same as the selected value of C m. Hence, the selection of both L and C m is appropriate.

Answer (b):

= 11.33

V = 11.33 x 6.6

Thus, this VT is connected to a 132 kV bus.

Example 2: (contd..)

Answer (c):

Core loss = 20 W

at

= 50 Hz

Example 2 : (contd..)

The frequency of interest is 47Hz. Hence values of X m and other impedance can be calculated at 47Hz.

Figure 9.5 can be simplified as figure 9.6.

Where

source is nothing but open circuit emf. V T is the terminal voltage on load. Hence % ratio error

=1.81%

Phase angle error

.

Clearly, the phase angle error is on the higher side.

Review Questions

1.

Assume that the primary voltage of a CCVT is 400 kV and the voltage to be produced by the capacitive

potential divider is

3.3 kV. If C 2 is taken as 0.02

2.

and X m = 1.2 M

values of tuning

inductance and capacitance to be connected across CCVT's secondary for compensating X m. Standardized

secondary voltage of a VT is 110V (L-L).

3.

Design a CCVT for a 400 kV transmission line using the following data. Secondary resistive burden (3

= 300VA.

Core loss (3

angle error

) = 50W.

Recap

In this lecture by solving the tutorial problems we have learnt the following:

How to decide V 2 .

How to choose

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