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US 20140319933A1

(19) United States
(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. N0.: US 2014/0319933 A1
Lane
(54)

(43) Pub. Date:

WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF ENERGY

(52)

Oct. 30, 2014

US. Cl.

THROUGH CONCENTRIC LASER-INDUCED

CPC .................................... .. H04B 13/00 (2013.01)

PLASMA CHANNELS IN ATMOSPHERE

USPC ........................................................ .. 307/149

(71) Applicant: GLENN LANE FAMILY LIMITED
LIABILITY LIMITED

PARTNERSHIP, Summer?eld, FL (US)
(72) Inventor:

Glenn E. Lane, Summer?eld, FL (US)

(21) Appl. No.: 14/326,143
(22)

Filed:

JUL 8, 2014

(63)

Related U‘s‘ Apphcatlon Data
Continuation of application NO_ 12/917,009, ?led on
Nov. 1, 2010, now Pat. No. 8,772,974.

_

(60)

. .

.

_

.

Prowslonal applicatlon No. 61/280,129, ?led on Oct.

31 2009'

Publication Classi?cation
(51)

Int. Cl.

H04B 13/00

62

16

(2006.01)

(57)

ABSTRACT

A method and apparatus for transmission of charged particles
along a laser-induced conduction path of concentric plasma
channels in atmosphere. The apparatus comprises a high
power laser array in operable communication with a high
energy output means to accomplish initiation of at least two

concentric plasma channels in atmosphere, a second energy
source for outputting the charged particles to be transmitted,
and means for introducing the charged particles to be trans
mitted into the wall of at least one of the laser-induced con

.

.

.

duction channels. Other embodiments further include means
for inducing the energy across the conduction path to a target

capable of receiving and storing the energy, and a plurality of
charging rods bearing a negative or positive charge and in
communication with each conductive channel for shaping
and stabilizing the charge transmitted therethrough.

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WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF ENERGY
THROUGH CONCENTRIC LASER-INDUCED
PLASMA CHANNELS IN ATMOSPHERE

to destroy a target or to disable a target’s electronics). Such

paths can also ?nd application in the harvesting of energy
from the upper atmosphere as described more fully in appli

cant’s co-pending US. Patent Application entitled, Charged
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED
APPLICATIONS

[0001]

The present application is a continuation of US.

patent application Ser. No. 12/917,009, ?led Nov. 1, 2010,
which claims the bene?t of US. Provisional Application Ser.
No. 61/280,129, ?led Oct. 31, 2009, both ofwhich are hereby

incorporated by reference herein in their entirety, including
any ?gures, tables, or drawings.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002]

The present invention relates to the transmission of

Particle Induction From Ionosphere to Ground, ?led contem

poraneously with the instant application and incorporated
herein in its entirety by reference. Still further, such a means
of power transfer ?nds application in the bulk power trans
mission industry itself which is the context in which the
subject invention is described herein.
[0007] Electric power transmission is the bulk transfer of
electrical power (or more correctly energy). A power trans

mission network typically connects power plants to multiple
substations near a populated area. Electric power transmis

sion allows distant energy sources (such as hydroelectric
power plants) to be connected to consumers in population

energy through concentric laser-induced plasma channels in

centers, and may allow exploitation of low-grade fuel

atmosphere.

resources such as coal that would otherwise be too costly to

transport to generating facilities.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003]

It has been a longstanding goal of physicists to

develop a means of large scale wireless power transmission

through the air along a controlled path. The operative word in
this goal is “controlled”, an element which until now has
eluded researchers. It is recognized that a laser beam of suit
able wavelength and energy can penetrate through a gas

medium over great distances (i.e., in the kilometric range) and
will establish a partially ionized trail therethrough which is
straight. Pulsed lasers are now available in the. Megawatt
class and can deliver pulses on the order of femtoseconds
(10—15 seconds); that is one quadrillionth, or one millionth of
one billionth of a second. For context, a femtosecond is to a

second, what a second is to about 31.7 million years.

[0004]

When generating a plasma channel, each pulse of

[0008]

A power transmission network is referred to as a

“grid”. Multiple redundant lines between points on the net
work are provided so that power can be routed from any

power plant to any load center, through a variety of routes,
based on the economics of the transmission path and the cost

of power. Much analysis is done by transmission companies
to determine the maximum reliable capacity of each line,
which, due to system stability considerations, may be less
than the physical or thermal limit of the line.
[0009] Usually transmission lines use three phase altemat

ing current (AC), however, high-voltage direct current sys
tems are used for long distance transmission, or some under
sea cables, or for connecting two different ac networks.

Electricity is transmitted at high voltages (1 10 kV or above) to
reduce the energy lost in transmission.

[0010]

High voltage direct current (HVDC) is used to trans

the laser bombards the atmosphere with a measured amount
of photonic energy. When this energy is increase to a certain

mit large amounts of power over long distances or for inter

level, electrons in the atmosphere become disassociated from
their atoms, creating an ionized plasma state. Between laser

energy is required to be transmitted over very long distances,

pulses, the electrons begin to return back to their atoms. The
integrity of the ?eld is maintained as long as the pulsing
frequency of the laser is faster than the relaxation rate of the
ionized plasma. Due to the Kerr-lens effect, once the refrac
tive index has been modi?ed, the plasma ?eld has a self
focusing effect on the laser beam. This effect reduces the
amount of laser power required to maintain the plasmas ?eld.

[0005] Unfortunately, current-carrying plasma channels
tend to self constrict due to magnetic forces stemming from

the current ?owing through the plasma. This phenomenon
results is known as the “plasma pinch” or “electron spin

magnetic pinch”. Upon closing of the plasma channel as a
result of the pinch, the current will then follow the path of
least resistance to ground which is by its nature unpredictable
and dangerous. Clearly, there is a need in the art for a means

of obviating and/ or compensating for the above adverse phe
nomena to provide for the bulk transmission of power in a
more safe and controlled fashion.

[0006] The provision of a method and apparatus for con
trolled wireless power transfer in atmosphere would have
many scienti?c and industrial applications. For example, a
controlled atmospheric conduction path could be used to

connections between asynchronous grids. When electrical
it is more economical to transmit using direct current instead

of alternating current. Nonetheless, high-voltage direct cur
rent lines are also restricted by thermal limits and voltage
drops due to resistance.
[0011]

Based on the above, it is clear that there is a need in

the art to reduce reliance on wire-based energy transmission.

It is also clear that in order for wireless-based energy trans
mission to be a viable solution it is critical that the conductive

path be stabilized during energy transmission therethrough
and that there be provided a means for capturing an errant

charge in the event the channel though which it is traveling
closes. The methods and apparatus described herein are

directed to meeting these important objectives.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0012] The subject invention relates to methods and appa
ratus for the wireless transmission of energy along ionized
conductive paths (i.e. of plasma) in a gas media such as the

atmosphere where the length of the path is practically suited
(i.e., on the order of kilometers) for electric power transmis
sion from a power source to a remote target such as a power

plants, airports, launch sites, etc. Militarily, such paths can be

grid or other receiving station. Rather than providing a single
conductive pathway over which a charge is carried, the sub
ject transmission path is comprised of at least two concentric
plasma channels (“con-channels”). As used herein, the term

used to send a current pulse to a distant object (for example.

“channel” means an elongated, substantially cylindrical or

safely and repetitively control the discharge of lightning
strikes before natural breakdown occurs to protect power

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frustum-shaped conductive plasma wall, substantially ring
like in cross-section, the wall being normally insulated on
both sides by atmosphere and serving as the conductive path
through which energy travels.
[0013] Thus, according to one aspect of the present inven
tion there is provided a laser-induced or “laser-augured” con

duction path of concentric plasma channels in atmosphere
along which electrical energy may be transmitted in pulsed or

preferably constant fashion. More speci?cally, the subject
apparatus comprises at least one high power, ultra-fast (i.e.,
femtosecond) pulsed, “Kerr”, non-linear laser in operable
communication with a high energy output means to accom

plish initiation of at least two, and preferably at least three
ionizing beams which, when caused to rotate via various

mechanical and/or optical means, produce corresponding
concentric plasma channels, and means for introducing a ?ow
of charged particles into at least one channel for transmission
to a target such as a receiving station adapted to receive and
store the energy transmitted. Each concentric channel has an
essentially ring-shaped cross section, serves as a separate

conductive pathway, and is continuously regenerated during
operation thereby stabilizing the conductive path as a whole
from point to point, and allowing for continuous ?ow of

charge. Atmospheric conditions permitting. The path need
only remain open for relatively short intervals to transmit high
orders of energy, however, the present invention provides for

[0021] f. means for introducing said ?ow of electrically
charged particles into said wall of either said ?rst con
ductive channel, said second conductive channel, or
both; whereby said walls of said ?rst conductive channel
and said second conductive channel provide concentric
pathways for the transmission of said electrically

charged particles.
[0022]

In another embodiment, the subject apparatus for

wireless energy transmission further includes a “Debye

charging system” comprised of a plurality of charging rods
situate both interiorly and exteriorly of each plasma channel,
means for moving the rods across each con-channel, a control
system, magnetic ?eld feedback sensors and a power source,
all electrically connected. The charging rods can carry a nega

tive or a positive charge. When operated in accordance with

the method of the subject invention, the Debye charging sys
tem permits “shaping” of the charge being transmitted and
optimizing stabilization, of the current-carrying channel
within the variables associated with Debye radius calcula
tions. Alternate embodiments of the subject apparatus are

adapted for both sending and receiving high order energy. A
plurality of the subject apparatus may be arranged in point
to-point fashion with the distances between points (i.e.,
between sending and receiving stations) being of kilometric
order to create a “pipeline” connecting a power source to a

sustained transmissions as well.

remote target, such as a remote receiving station adapted for
energy collection and storage, or an existing power grid.

[0014] The provision of at least two separate, but proxi
mally located con-channels for energy transmission not only

Additionally, a plurality of the subject apparatus may be

provides redundancy, but meets the need in the art for added
safety. In the event that a current-carrying channel should
close as a result of plasma pinch or other in?uences, a neigh

boring concentric plasma channel (“con-channel”) will be the
closest path of least resistance “found” by the errant charge
seeking ground, thus avoiding unintended strikes to objects,
structures or people in the ?eld of operation. At least one
neighboring con-channel is open at all times as described
more fully herein.

[0015]

According to one aspect of the invention, therefore,

there is provided an apparatus for the wireless transmission of

energy through the atmosphere, comprising:

arranged so as to create a wireless energy transmission grid.

[0023]

There has thus been outlined, rather broadly, the

more important components and features of the invention in
order that the detailed description thereof that follows may be
better understood, and in order that the present contribution to
the art may be better appreciated. There are, of course, addi
tional features of the invention that will be described herein
after and which will form the subject matter of the claims

appended hereto. In this respect, before explaining at least
one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be under
stood that the invention is not limited in its application to the
details of construction and to the arrangements of the com

wall of partially ionized atmosphere; said ?rst conduc
tive channel having a substantially ring-shaped cross
section; said ring having a diameter;
[0019] d. means for rotating said second pulsed ionizing

ponents set forth in the following description or illustrated in
the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments
and of being practiced and carried out in various ways. Also,
it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology
employed herein are for the purpose of description and should
not be regarded as limiting. As such, those skilled in the art
will appreciate that the conception, upon which this disclo
sure is based, may readily be utilized as a basis for the design
ing of other structures, methods and systems for carrying out
the several purposes of the present invention. It is important,
therefore, that the claims be regarded as including such
equivalent constructions insofar as they do not depart from
the spirit and scope of the present invention.

beam to form a second conductive channel comprised of
a wall of partially ionized atmosphere; said second con

[0024] Further, the purpose of the foregoing abstract is to
enable the Us. Patent and Trademark Of?ce and the public

ductive channel having a substantially ring-shaped cross
section; said ring having a diameter greater than said
diameter of said ?rst conductive channel; said ?rst con
ductive channel and said second conductive channel

tioners in the art who are not familiar with patent or legal
terms or phraseology, to determine quickly from a cursory
inspection the nature and essence of the technical disclosure

[0016]

a. a ?rst pulsed ionizing beam emitting means for

producing a ?rst pulsed ionizing beam through the atmo

sphere;
[0017]

b. a second pulsed ionizing beam emitting means

for producing a second pulsed ionizing beam through
the atmosphere;
[0018]

c. means for rotating said ?rst pulsed ionizing

beam to form a ?rst conductive channel comprised of a

being concentric and being separated by a distance ther

ebetween;
[0020]

e. an energy source capable of outputting a ?ow of

electrically charged particles; and

generally, and especially the scientists, engineers and practi

of the application. The abstract is neither intended to de?ne
the invention of the application, which is measured by the
claims, nor is it intended to be limiting as to the scope of the
invention in any way.

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US 2014/0319933 A1

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0025]

The invention will be better understood and objects

other than those set forth above will become apparent when

consideration is given to the following detailed description
thereof. Such description makes reference to the annexed

24 which emits second ionizing beam 26, and means for
moving ?rst and second ionizing beams to form channels as
herein described.
[0041] The term “ionizing beam emitting means” as used

herein includes not only presently known lasers, but also

drawings wherein:

other light sources which will excite ionization in a medium.
Lasers utilize the natural oscillations of atoms or molecules

[0026]

between energy levels for generating a beam of highly ampli

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a ?rst embodiment

of the subject apparatus for wireless transmission of energy
through concentric laser-induced plasma channels in atmo

sphere;
[0027]

FIG. 2 is frontal view of the ionizing beam emitting

?ed and coherent electromagnetic radiation of one or more
discrete frequencies. The laser means used to establish con

ductive paths 28,28',30,30' should be selected with regard to
energy, pulsewidth and wavelength so that it provides control

means of FIG. 1 mounted to a conductive disc;

of ionization concentration in each plasma channel. In a gas

[0028]

medium it is important that the ionizing beams 22,22' ,26,26'

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the invention of

FIG. 1 taken along line 3-3;
[0029] FIG. 4 is a perspective illustration of energy being
transmitted along concentric plasma channels of the subject

invention;
[0030] FIG. 5 is a frontal illustration of wireless conductive
channel producing means of a three-channel embodiment of

the subject apparatus for wireless transmission of energy;
[0031] FIG. 6 is a perspective illustration of the wireless
conductive channel producing means of
[0032] FIG. 5 shown in a extended position;
[0033] FIG. 7 is a perspective illustration of the wireless
conductive channel producing means of FIG. 5 shown in a

retracted position;
[0034]

FIG. 8 illustrates a dual sending and receiving

embodiment of the subject invention;
[0035] FIG. 9 illustrates a pair of dual sending and receiv
ing stations with three con-channels established there

between in point-to-point fashion;
[0036] FIG. 10 illustrates how each of the three con-chan
nels of FIG. 10 can be manipulated to take on different shapes

through adjustment of the direction and focal point of each
ionizing beam emitting means;
[0037] FIG. 11 illustrates a charge being transmitted
between sending and receiving stations without the bene?t of
the Debye charging system of the subject invention; and
[0038] FIG. 12 illustrates a charge being transmitted
between sending and receiving stations with the bene?t of the

Debye charging system of the subject invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED
EMBODIMENT

are controlled for optimum transmission of a charge.

[0042] Technologies that facilitate the creation of the sub
ject con-channels include recent advancements in ultra-high
intensity pulsed lasers and their transmission optics which
together can generate a plasma ?eld and have precise control
over the ?eld’s geometry. Information regarding the manipu
lation and transmission of high powered lasers is generally
classi?ed due to the nature of their application. It is well
known however, that successful high power laser systems are
currently operation, and it follows that the condition and
control optics are in place to handle such a system. According
to an embodiment described herein, this technology is
adapted to generate the con-channels. Ultra-high power
pulsed or continuous lasers are now available in the Megawatt

class, such as the Airborne Laser (ABL) built by Northrop
Grumman The lasers employed by the subject apparatus and
methods should also by capable of varying the chirp of the
input pulse to achieve control of the ?lamentation over hori
zontal kilometric distances. By way of example, one embodi
ment may include a Ti:sapphire CPA (Chirp Pulse Ampli?
cation) laser system operating at 10 Hz and delivering a
maximum output power of 0.2 TW per pulse. The pulse

duration approximates 130-135 fs (FWHM).The beam may
be truncated by a circular aperture having a desired radius in
order to have a more stable beam shape with a perfect or

near-perfect circular symmetry.
[0043]

With additional reference to FIG. 2, in this two

channel embodiment, ?rst and second ionizing beam emitting
means 20,24 are each comprised of at least one laser (or

possibly a laser diode) that emits ?rst and second ionizing

beams 22,26 (“laser beams”), respectively, into the air. Beams
22,26 cause blooming of the components of the atmosphere
resulting in the formation of two electrically conductive paths
of plasma 28,30, respectively, as represented by the shaded

[0039] At the outset it should be appreciated that each
embodiment of the subject apparatus will include at least two,
and preferably at least three, concentric plasma channels.

areas along each ray. It should be appreciated that in addition
to lasers, other light sources of high steradiancy which will

Reference is now made to FIG. 1 in which there is illustrated
a ?rst embodiment of an energy transmission apparatus of the

excite ionization in a gas medium may be employed.
[0044] As previously stated, the term “channel” means an

subject invention designated generally by reference numeral

elongated, substantially cylindrical or frustum-shaped con
ductive plasma wall, substantially ring-shaped in cross-sec
tion, the wall being created by the movement (i.e., rotation) of

10. Apparatus 10 is comprised of two primary sub-systems
each being operably connected to an energy supply source,
namely: 1) wireless conductive channel producing means 12
which is connected to and powered by ?rst energy source 14,
and 2) charge introduction means 16 which is connected to a
second energy source 18 capable of providing the electrical
energy to be transmitted.
[0040] Wireless conductive channel producing means 12

?rst and second conductive paths 28,30, respectively, about a
common axis; the plasma wall being normally insulated on
both sides (interiorly and exteriorly) by the atmosphere or
other gas medium and serving as the conductive path through
which energy travels.
[0045] With continued reference to the two-channel

(hereinafter “plasma channel producing means”) is com

embodiment of the subject invention generally, and to FIG. 3

prised of ?rst ionizing beam emitting means 20 which emits
?rst ionizing beam 22, second ionizing beam emitting means

in particular, ?rst plasma channel 32 and secondplasma chan
nel 34 are preferably but not essentially circular in cross

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US 2014/0319933 A1

section and share a common central longitudinal axis; they
are concentric channels (or co-axial from a three-dimensional

52 which in turn is supported by motor stand 54. A base 56
supports both motor stand 54 and bearing mount 46. As

linear perspective). U.S. Pat. No. 6,377,436 issued to Mar

should be readily understood, rotation of conducting tube 36

golin onApr. 23, 2002 and entitled, Microwave Transmission

causes rotation of each ionizing beam and corresponding
conductive path to generate the desired sleeve-like plasma
channels along which energy will be transmitted in the man

Using a Laser-Generated Plasma Beam Waveguide, which
said reference is incorporated herein in its entirety to the
extent it is not inconsistent with the explicit teachings of this
speci?cation, teaches various directed energy beam systems
in the form of channels or “shells”. Although the Margolin

ner described herein below.

shells are used as a guide through the interior of which micro
waves are transmitted rather than high order energy through

ring assembly 58 in a manner well known in the art. The

the “wall” of the shell (channel) itself, the means by which the
shells are created are instructive and ?nd utility in various

embodiments of the subject invention.
[0046] With continued reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, there
fore, an example of a simple Margolin-based mechanical
means for moving (rotating) ?rst and second ionizing beams
22,26 to form corresponding ?rst and second concentric
plasma channels 32,34. Additional ionizing beams and cor
responding means for moving the same to form correspond
ing concentric plasma channels may be added. The mechani
cal means is comprised of conducting tube 36 in electrically

[0049]

Power to all ionizing beam emitting means

20,20'24,24' is supplied by ?rst energy source 14 through slip
voltage required is related to and increases with the length of
the path to be ionized. The energy in Joules required to excite
the gas molecules in the path into ionization can be calculated
in advance knowing the density of the molecules and the
approximate diameter and length of the conductive path over
which the energy from second energy source 18 is to be

transmitted. By way of example, and not intending to be
limiting, ?rst energy source 14 may be comprised of a Marx

generator which is capable of generating a high-voltage
pulse. Voltages produced may exceed 2 million volts.

tive disc 38 to which ?rst and second (or additional) ionizing

[0050] It should be appreciated that in addition to the
example mechanical means of creating plasma channels
32,34, it is also contemplated that other rotating ionizing
beam emitting means may be employed including but not

beam emitting means 20,24 are mounted. In the alternative,
each ionizing beam emitting means may be mounted to a

limited to optical systems which are used to move the beam
(s), or a combination of both. Especially in embodiments

separate disc or mounting ring (not shown) capable of inde
pendent rotation selectively in a clockwise or counterclock

where optical systems are employed to direct each ionizing
beam, the ionizing beam emitting means may be located

wise direction. Disc 38 has a centrally disposed aperture 40

remotely relative to the optical system.

through which a ?rst end of tube 36 is mounted. A counter

[0051] Having described a ?rst embodiment of a wireless
conductive channel producing means 12, we turn to the

conductive communication with a ?rst electrically conduc

weight 42 with centrally disposed aperture 44 is mounted to
the opposite end of tube 36 to provide dynamic balancing.
[0047] In the embodiment illustrated, third and fourth ion
izing beam emitting means 20',24' are mounted to the same

surface of disc 38 opposite ?rst and second ionizing beam
emitting means 20,24, respectively. First and third ionizing
beam emitting means 20,20' are precisely aligned so that only
a single conductive plasma channel 32 is formed upon rota
tion of disc 38. Second and fourth ionizing beam emitting
means 24,24 are similarly aligned to produce second plasma
channel 34. As taught by Margolin, the reason for using
opposing laser systems is to dynamically balance disc 38 and
to reduce the speed at which the system must rotate. Alter

remaining components of this ?rst embodiment, namely sec
ond energy source 18 which, as already apparent, is the source
of electrical energy to be transmitted to a remote target along
the wireless conductive path, as well as the means for intro

ducing said energy into the path. Regarding the former, sec
ond energy source 18 may be any source of electrical energy

or charge intended to be transmitted via the subject apparatus.
For example, second energy source 18 could be an existing
power grid from which power is to be “tapped” for transmis
sion to a remote location, or second energy source 18 could be

a means of generating high voltage locally for transfer to
remote location. By way of example only, second energy

nately, one laser system can be replaced by the appropriate

source 18 could be a transformer or Cockcroft-Walton

balancing weights. As a further alternative, more than two
laser systems may be used as long as they are spaced appro
priately in order to preserve the dynamic balance of the entire

(“CW”, not to be confused with the acronym for “Continuous

laser assembly. In all cases where more than one laser system

is used to create a single plasma channel, they must be evenly
distributed and precisely aligned so that only a single con
ductive shell is produced. Each ionizing beam emitting means
may further include means for allowing independent move

ment of its corresponding ionizing beam in a multiple direc
tions in order to focus and reshape its corresponding plasma
channel. Each individual ionizing beam is manipulated for
the duration of the charge transfer to maintain a conductive

path. Plasma pinch and continuous regeneration of the “eye
wall” (conductive path) are managed by electromagnetic ?eld
readings and computerized control device not covered in the

present application.
[0048]

Conducting tube 36 is mounted onbearing mount 46

to allow disc 38 and the components attached thereto to rotate.
Ring gear 48 is mounted around the circumference of con

ducting tube 36 and engages gear 50 which is turned by motor

Wave”) generator or “multiplier”, which is basically a voltage
multiplier that converts AC or pulsing DC electrical power
from a low voltage level to a higher DC voltage level. A Marx
generator, which has a similar circuit with the same “ladder”

structure but consists of resistors, capacitors and spark-gaps,
may also be employed. The Marx generator produces short
pulses, whereas the CW generator produces a constant DC.
[0052] With regard to the means for introducing the energy
or “charge” to be transmitted through the wireless conductive
path, in the simplest sense all that is required is that one end
of each con-channel be in electrical contract with second
power source 18 and the opposite end of each con-channel be
in electrical contact with a target which acts as a ground. The

potential between electrical source 18 and the target will

result in the ?ow of charge (current) through the con-chan
nels. For example, a single electrode such as electrode 64
situate within the interior of the wall of ?rst and second
conductive paths 28,30 or electrode 66 situate outside the wall
of either the ?rst or second conductive paths 28,30 is in

Oct. 30, 2014

US 2014/0319933 A1

electrical contact with second energy source 18 on one end

heavy busbars, which may be water-cooled copper pipes car

(such as through output leads 60 and 62, respectively), and in

rying current to the electrode holders. The whole arm may

electrical contact with either ?rst or second conductive path
28,30 on the other end. Once these connections are made,

carry the current, increasing e?iciency. These can be made
from copper-clad steel or aluminum. Since the electrodes
move in and out, heavy water-cooled cables connect the bus

energy will instantly ?ow from power source to target subject

to the stability of the charge. Accordingly, an important fea
ture of the subject invention is the provision of a strong
induced grounding at the target, provided that there is a strong
ground and polycentric conductive channels at least one of
which carries a charge which does not collapse under the

magnetic ?ow of electron spin. Premature grounding is pre
vented through the combined effect of a strong ground and

negative resistance point-to-point. There must also be enough
non-ionized atmosphere between the transmission channel
and the Earth to provide insulation. The laser auger channel
must be the path of least resistance from the point of trans
mission to the designated ground at the target.
[0053] In a second embodiment, power to be transmitted
may be transmitted across two electrodes (i.e. electrodes 64
and 66) and the current moved into contact with either con
channel upon which the electrical energy will instantly ?ow
from power source to target. Accordingly, charge introduc
tion means 16 can be any device that creates an electric
current 100 between two electrodes. Second energy source 18

has a large potential difference between its output leads 60,62

tubes/arms with second energy source 18 located adjacent to
conductive channel producing means 12 or alternatively
remote therefrom. Heat transmitted through the electrodes
and water-cooled cables may be converted to steam and uti
lized by steam turbine generators to maximize energy recov
ery.

[0055]

In operation, all ionizing beam emitting means as

well as second energy source 18 are controlled by a suitable

control circuit (not shown) so as to cause the second energy
source to apply its voltage to an electrode 64 or 66 when in
contact with a con-channel, or alternatively between elec
trodes 64,66 at a time when at least one plasma channel 32,34

is present and passing between those electrodes. Referring to
FIGS. 1 and 3, a current 100 of charged particles is emitted
from electrode 66 in the direction of electrode 64 but before
reaching electrode 64 comes into contact with ?rst plasma
channel 32 which diverts the energy to ?ow therethrough.
Although shown as a ray in FIG. 1 it should be understood that

channel 28 is tubular in shape. If ?rst plasma channel 32 were
not active at the time energy is emitted from electrode 66 it

undesired arcing between an electrode and neighboring com

would be intercepted by the next available concentric plasma
channel, in this case second plasma channel 34. Depending
on the polarity of the electrodes (or theirpotential difference),

ponents of apparatus 10. Electrodes 64,66 are preferably but

energy from second energy source 18 may be emitted from

not essentially made of carbon or graphite. The insulated

centrally disposed electrode 64 in the direction of electrode

portion 64' of electrode 64 is disposed through tube 36 pro
jecting outwardly therefrom a distance d from conductive

with second plasma channel 34 and be diverted there along. If

which are connected respectively to the electrodes 64,66 each

of which includes heavily insulated portion 64',66' to prevent

disc 38 sul?cient to prevent current 100 from coming into
contact with other components of apparatus 10. The insulated

portion of all other electrodes, namely electrode 66 in the
instant embodiment, will extend the same distance d beyond
conductive disc 38 which said distance is at least equal to the
distance between ionizing beam emitting means 20,20'24,24'

and the beginning of corresponding conductive paths 28,28',

30,30' along corresponding ionizing beams 22,22',26,26'.
Thusly extended, it is assured that the conducting portion of
electrodes is proximate ionized gas which is critical to proper
functioning of the apparatus. Note that electrode 64 is situate
inside all concentric plasma channels 32,34 whereas all other
electrodes 66 are situate outside of all concentric plasma
channels, but movable in a variety of directions including into
the adjacent channel. Depending on the polarity of the elec
trodes relative to one another, a current 100 may move from
outer electrode 66 to inner electrode 64 or a current 100' may
move from inner electrode 64 to an outer electrode 66. Addi

tional outer electrodes spaced around and between the con
centric plasma channels are contemplated as shown in FIG. 5,

for example.

66 in which case current 1 00' would ?rst come into contact

second plasma channel 34 was not active at the time energy is

emitted from electrode 66 it would be intercepted by the next
available concentric plasma channel, in this case ?rst plasma
channel 32 and travel there along.

[0056]

Each ionized beam is created by operating ionizing

beam emitting means or its power source in pulsed fashion
using a controller electrically connected to one or both com

ponents. The controller will comprise a trigger, suitable for
?ring each ionizing beam emitting means and/or its power
source, and also for controlling the rate at which one or both

repeat their outputs.
[0057] Pulsed systems have the advantage of providing
quiescent intervals between their output pulses. A pulse sys
tem is bene?cial since it is straight, highly de?ned and con
centrated. The controller also keeps at least one channel open
at any point in time thereby assuring that the energy to be
transmitted always has a pre-de?ned conductive path to travel
upon to the target. For instance, while plasma channel 32 is
pinched, the control circuit assures that plasma channel 34 is

active/open. As previously stated, the periodic discharges

couplings, so that as the electrodes wear, new segments canbe

from the at least two ionizing beam emitting means can be
synchronized to produce, in the aggregate, a constant direc
tional plasma channel to a target 200.
[0058] FIG. 4 is a conceptual illustration of the manner in

added. The electrodes are automatically extended and

which energy is transmitted from its point of origin, namely

[0054] Electrodes 64,66 are preferably but not essentially
round in section, and typically in segments with threaded
retracted by a positioning system (not shown). which may use
either electric winch hoists, hydraulic cylinders or other
means. Electrodes situate outside of disc 38 are capable of
multi-directional movement including in directions closer to
or further from electrode 64 using the same positioning sys
tem. They may be designed to articulate for this purpose. In
another embodiment, mast arms holding the electrodes carry

from electrodes 64,66 to a remote target 200. First and second

plasma channels 32,34 comprise a plasma which is highly
conductive and which is progressing longitudinally along
directional arrow 101. Prior to the introduction of the energy

to be transmitted into plasma channels 32,34, the channels
remain fairly well de?ned for a usable interval of time. How
ever, when the energy to be transmitted is introduced into and

Oct. 30, 2014

US 2014/0319933 A1

travels along a given plasma channel, the charge will eventu
ally begin to self constrict due to magnetic forces stemming
from the current ?owing through the plasma causing the
charge to close upon itself and leaving the energy being
transmitted with no clear path to follow, potentially striking
unintended targets.
[0059] The employment of at least two, and preferably at
least three, concentric plasma channels in accordance with
the subject invention mitigates such occurrences by providing
adjacent conductive paths to which energy from second
energy source 18 can “jump” when losing its point-to-point
direction. After the charge transitions to its new conductive

or retracted relative to housing 110. FIG. 6 is a perspective

illustration of the wireless conductive channel producing
means of FIG. 5 wherein ?rst ring 102, second ring 104 and
third ring 106 are shown in an extended position. FIG. 7 is a

perspective illustration of the wireless conductive channel
producing means of

[0062]

FIG. 5 wherein ?rst ring 102, second ring 104 and

third ring 106 are shown in a retracted position within the
con?nes of housing 10 for the reasons described below. Note
that some of the electrodes have been eliminated from FIGS.
6 and 7 for ease of illustration only. As should be appreciated,

additional rings and corresponding ionization beam emitting

path, the last-travelled path is regenerated by its correspond

means 120 may be added in concentric fashion. As should

ing ionization beam emitting means. The subject apparatus
and methods, therefore, provide that at least one conductive
path is always open and in close proximity to a neighboring

also now be apparent, the at least three rings and correspond
ing ionization beam emitting means 120, when activated, are
caused to rotate to produce corresponding conductive plasma

current-carrying plasma channel.

channels 122,124,126 (not shown in these ?gures) which

[0060] In the example illustrated in FIG. 4, current 100'
traveling from centrally disposed ?rst electrode 64 to second

share a common axis (i.e., they are concentric). The atmo
sphere-containing area between each con-channel can be

electrode 66 comes into contact with second plasma channel
34 and begins to travel there along a ?rst time interval or
distance dl until the charge self-constricts and seeks out a new

adjusted by changing the direction of each ionization beam

path of least resistance, in this case neighboring ?rst plasma
channel 32 onto which the energy will “jump” and then travel
a second time interval or distance d2. As energy traverses

second distance d2 second plasma channel 34 is regenerated
serving as the next adjacent “jump site” onto which the charge
may wander. Energy will jump to second plasma channel 34
and travel there along a third time interval or distance d3 until
the charge self-constricts at which point it jumps to another
conchannel. Energy will travel in channel-to-channel fashion
from its point of origin to its target 200. It is possible, of
course, that in certain circumstances a current will follow a

single path to the target, particularly if the charge can be

stabilized using the Debye charging system described infra.
What is important here is that there is always a prede?ned
alternate directional conductive path for the energy to travel if
its current path becomes constricted or less-conductive.

[0061]

While the subject apparatus has been described in

terms of two concentric channels, a preferred embodiment for

sustaining open atmospheric plasma channels and conduct
ing charges for long durations involves a greater number of
concentric channels which are collapsing and charging simul

emitting means 120. For instance, pointing them away from
the axis of rotation of each ring will result in a frustum-shaped
channel wall, as opposed to the cylindrically-shaped wall
created when the ionization beam emitting means are pointed
in a direction parallel with the axis of rotation. An important

aspect of the subject invention is maintaining an adequate
insulating area of atmosphere around each con-channel wall.
[0063] The unique electrode array together with other com

ponents described below play an integral role in keeping each
con-channel open during energy transmission therethrough.
Also referred to herein as “charging rods”, each electrode is
connected, directly or indirectly to second power source 18 as
well as to a control system 112 having, at a minimum: a) one
or more processors or computers, and b) memory for process

ing and/or storing information related to laser control, ring
movement, plasma channel generation, feedback and main
tenance, and charging and movement of electrodes. As in the
above described embodiment, a ?rst electrode 164 is disposed
through ?rst ring 102 and extends into the centermost con
channel. At least three electrodes 166 are uniformly distrib
uted outside and adjacent to the perimeter of ring 102, and at
least three electrodes 166 are uniformly distributed outside

and adjacent to the perimeter of each additional ring 104,106
and so forth. The distal end of each electrode 166 has an

taneously. Referring now to FIGS. 5 through 7 as well, an
alternate wireless conductive channel producing means and
electrode array of a three-channel embodiment of the subject
apparatus for wireless transmission of energy is illustrated. In

unobstructed line of sight to the distal end of ?rst electrode
164, and extends a distance beyond where its corresponding
con-channel is initiated. Each electrode or “rod” is capable of

this embodiment, the wireless conductive channel producing

independent movement in multiple directions. For example,

means is comprised of ?rst ring 102 supporting at least one
ionization beam emitting means 120, a second ring 104 sup
porting at least one ionization beam emitting means 120, and
a third ring 106 supporting at least one ionization beam emit
ting means 120. Here also, ionization beam emitting means

each rod can be moved such that its distal end is situate
exteriorly, interiorly or anywhere within the width of a con
channel wall (i.e., deeper towards the core of the channel wall
or more outward towards either outer edge of the wall). The
power introduced into each rod is independently variable.

120 include not only presently known lasers, but also other

Rods 164,166, means for moving rods (not shown), control
system 112, magnetic ?eld sensors (not shown) and second

light sources which will excite ionization in a medium, and
each individual ionization beam emitting means 120, also
referred to herein as a “nozzle”, is capable of independent

directional adjustment. First ring 102, second ring 104 and
third ring 106 share a common axis of rotation (they are

concentric), are capable of independent rotation in either a
clockwise or counter clockwise direction as indicated by

directional arrows 108. Moreover, ?rst ing 102, second ring
104 and third ring 106 are capable of independent movement
along their common axis such that they may each be extended

power source 18, are all electrically connected and together

form the “Debye charging system” component of the subject
apparatus.
[0064] It is anticipated that the charge ?ow across each
conductive channel will be modulated and shaped by the
charging rods for the duration of the charge transfer at the
sending location, and in cases where the receiving station is
equipped with an apparatus of the subject invention, at both

sending and receiving stations. The magnetic ?eld generated

Oct. 30, 2014

US 2014/0319933 A1

by the ?ow of charged particles across each conductive path

Thusly mounted, the energy transmitting apparatus in the

way is monitored at both ends of each current-carrying con
channel and across its full length and this feedback data is
then sent to the control system 112 in order to continuously

sending. side 114 can be aimed at target for the transmission
of energy thereto. FIG. 9 illustrates a pair of tower-mounted
dual units with three con-channels 122,124,126 established

adjust operating variables including but not limited to laser

there between in point-to-point fashion. Note that the sending
side 114 ofthe ?rst dual unit (left) has its rings 102,104,106
in an extended position whereas the receiving side 116 of the
second dual unit (right) has its rings in a retracted position in

beam direction; frequency, intensity, pulse width and rate,
and electrode position and charge.
[0065] The Debye charging system permits “shaping” of
the charge being transmitted and optimizing stabilization of
the current-carrying channel within the variables associated
with Debye radius calculations. A set of charging rods is
associated with each con-channel and capable of imparting a

order to protect ionization beam emitting means from an

energy strike during power transmission. Note further that
although the ionization beam emitting means have been
retracted into housing 110 on the receiving side, electrodes

charge thereto. Each charging rod is movable in multiple

164,166 remain fully extended to intercept the incoming ?ow

directions such that the radius of the charge within the chan
nel can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld associ
ated with the charge re-optimized during the course of energy

of electrical energy which is then either routed to the sending

transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality between the

both, as desired.

side for retransmission, sent to energy storage means at

ground level (not shown), or divided for a combination of

electromotive force of the transmitted charge and the charged

[0069]

particles that constitute the channel. Moreover, at least one
con-channel that neighbors the current-carrying channel can

charge is initiated in one or more charging rods 164,166 on

be selectively positively or negatively charged and manipu
lated by the Debye charging system to in?uence, stabilize and
contain the charge being transmitted in the current-carrying
channel. Essentially, the charge being transmitted can be con
?ned within an opposing ion- sheath that will naturally form at
or near Debye radius because of the strong attraction of the

magnetic ?eld. The magnitude of charge is modulated in

Referring to FIG. 10, in another embodiment, a

the receiving side 114 of the receiving station. The charge is
capable of attracting the energy to be transmitted from the
sending station. Such a mechanism emulates the natural phe
nomenon of a lightning strike. Charge accumulates in a cloud

(the transmitting station) which induces an opposite charge in
the ground (the receiving station). Step leaders emanate from
the cloud reaching out to the ground, traveling not by the
shortest route, but by the path of least resistance. Streamers

order to assist in both initiating and sustaining of the ?ow of

from ground reach up to meet the leaders and induce the

energy through the walls of at least one con-channel. The

negative cloud charge to ground. In the subject embodiment,

polarization changes resulting from manipulation of the dis
tance between conduction rods as well as the orientation of

the rods relative to the channels also enables shaping of the
charge for maximum ef?ciency. In this way, the conductive
channel producing means at both sending and receiving sta

tions, and the strength and shape of the charge at both stations
all work together to maximize ef?ciency.
[0066] FIG. 8 illustrates a dual sending and receiving
embodiment of the subject invention (hereinafter “dual
unit”). A common housing 110 encloses or partially encloses

two oppositely disposed apparatus of the subject invention;
one on a sending side 114, the other on the receiving side 116.

The terms “sending side” and “receiving side” is somewhat
misleading in that any embodiment of the apparatus of the

subject invention may be utilized for producing the subject
con-channels and for both sending and receiving an electrical

charge there through. Each energy transmission apparatus

the ground charge is arti?cially created in the receiving sta
tion rather than induced, and the energy travels from the
transmission station to the receiving station along the pre

de?ned conductive path rather than randomly through the
atmosphere. Note that once the con-channels 122,124,126,
etc. have been established, they may be manipulated to pro
vide greater or lesser distance between them by directional

adjustment of their corresponding ionization beam emitting
means.

[0070] To summarize the method of this embodiment, the
?ow of energy through a con-channel is initiated by the
receiving station which sends an induction leader into the
ionized channel. The induction leader can be less than the

dielectric breakdown potential, because the potential gradient
inside of the channel will induce a return stroke to the receiv

ing station once a high order charge is propagating from the
sending station. The sending station introduces a charge

within the dual unit is electrically connected to second power
source 18 as well as control system 112, and is grounded. It
should be appreciated that “tri -units”, “quad-units”, and so on

through the concentric ionized channels which are main

are also contemplated for the creation of a wireless energy

tained through the cooperative integrated magnetic ?eld

transmission grid.
[0067] As is the case with all embodiments of the apparatus
of the subject invention, the dual unit may be mounted atop a
tower or other support structure far enough above ground
level to assure that adequate insulative non-ionized air exists
and is maintained between the outermost con-channel and
ground. Moreover, each such apparatus may be mounted on a
standard azimuth-elevation mount 68 (FIG. 1) to allow the
system to be aimed. Additionally, the entire dual unit may be
mounted in a manner that permits multi-directional move
ment.

[0068] Once mounted, the dual unit may be connected to
?rst energy source 14 (not shown) and second energy source
18. respectively, which are preferably located at ground level.

above the dielectric breakdown criteria for co-channel con

ditions, and the charge is induced to the receiving station

manipulation of both the sending and receiving stations.
While transfers of 40 kilo amps to 120 kilo amps and 5 to 350
coulombs are possible, it would be dif?cult to control both the
heat and the ?eld collapse at those strengths. The heat can
cause ambient ionization outside of the channel blowing it

out, while electron spin can produce a magnetic collapse of
the charge. The concentric channels have to balance these
factors in order to sustain current through the channel for
much longer duration than would occur naturally, which is
about 30 micro seconds for an average lightning bolt. FIG. 11

illustrates a charge being transmitted between sending and
receiving stations without the bene?t of the Debye charging
system of the subject invention. Each charge-carrying chan
nel is more likely to destabilize and collapse, but because of

Oct. 30, 2014

US 2014/0319933 Al

the redundancy of the con-channel con?guration there is

b. a second pulsed ionizing beam emitting means for pro

always a neighboring open channel onto which an errant

ducing a second pulsed ionizing beam through the atmo

charge can jump. FIG. 12 illustrates a charge being transmit
ted between sending and receiving stations with the bene?t of

the Debye charging system of the subject invention being
employed. The current-carrying channel, in this case con
channel 122, will remain open for a longer period of time due
to the in?uence of the electromagnetic ?eld imposed by the
Debye charging system on the neighboring con-channel 124
which stabilize the double layers formed in the current-car
rying channel 122. When combined with directional manipu
lation of the charging rods 166 across the charge, the shape
and stability of the transmitted charge is controlled for more
ef?cient power transmission.

[0071] In order to keep enough insulating non-ionized
atmosphere between the charged channels and the Earth,
another embodiment of the subject invention further includes
a second plasma channel producing means located at the

receiving station for producing a complimentary set of at least
one conductive plasma channels in cooperative engagement
with the ?rst set of at least one conductive plasma channels

generated at the transmitting station. The plasma channel
producing means at both the sending and receiving stations
may be aimed upwardly (not shown) at an angle above the
curve of the Earth such that the channels created by each
intersect at a greater distance above ground than would occur

if they were transmitted along the same axis. Such adjust
ments of the channel paths above the Earth’s surface may be
implemented to maintain a desired distance between the con

ductive path and ground and, therefore, a relatively uniform
volume of insulating nonionized atmosphere therebetween.

sphere;
c. means for rotating said ?rst pulsed ionizing beam to form
a ?rst conductive channel comprised of a wall of par

tially ionized atmosphere; said ?rst conductive channel
having a substantially ring-shaped cross section; said
ring having a diameter;
d. means for rotating said second pulsed ionizing beam to
form a second conductive channel comprised of a wall of

partially ionized atmosphere; said second conductive
channel having a substantially ring-shaped cross sec

tion; said ring having a diameter greater than said diam
eter of said ?rst conductive channel; said ?rst conductive
channel and said second conductive channel being con

centric and being separated by a distance therebetween;
e. an energy source capable of outputting a ?ow of electri

cally charged particles; and
f. means for introducing said ?ow of electrically charged
particles into said wall of either said ?rst conductive
channel, said second conductive channel, or both;
whereby said walls of said ?rst conductive channel and
said second conductive channel provide. concentric
pathways for the transmission of said electrically

charged particles.
2. An apparatus for the wireless transmission of energy

through the atmosphere, comprising:
a. at least two pulsed ionizing beam emitting means each

for producing a separate pulsed ionizing beam through
the atmosphere;

factured conditions that simulate lightning. It is further
expected that the power oscillations of the DC current will

b. means for rotating each of said pulsed ionizing beams
such that each pulsed ionizing beam forms a separate
conductive channel comprised of a wall of partially ion
ized atmosphere; each said conductive channel being
concentric and being separated by a distance therebe
tween;

resemble magnetic roping of the AC current when properly

c. an energy source capable of outputting a ?ow of electri

[0072]

While AC current transfer within the described

channel technology may be employed, it is expected that high
voltage DC will be most conducive and natural to the manu

manipulated for maximum ef?ciency.
[0073] Also, it is more desirable to have a sustainable long
duration charge transfer, than to have a maximum short dura
tion charge under mo st conditions. Circumstances may prefer
one over the over. Premature grounding, channel collapse and
heating are considerations to balance with cost and ef?ciency.
[0074] As should now be appreciated; all embodiments of
the subject apparatus serve as a means for transmitting high
order energy from distant energy sources through the atmo
sphere and into a load center for further distribution using
conventional transmission lines and/ or additional apparatus

of the subject invention in point-to-point or grid-like fashion.
[0075] Although the present invention has been described
with reference to the particular embodiments herein set forth,
it is understood that the present disclosure has been made only
by way of example and that numerous changes in details of
construction may be resorted to without departing from the
spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, the scope of the
invention should not be limited by the foregoing speci?ca
tions, but rather only by the scope of the claims appended
hereto.

1. An apparatus for the wireless transmission of energy

through the atmosphere, comprising:
a. a ?rst pulsed ionizing beam emitting means for produc

ing a ?rst pulsed ionizing beam through the atmosphere;

cally charged particles; and
d. means for introducing said ?ow of electrically charged
particles into said wall of 12 at least one of said conduc

tive channels;
whereby said walls of each said conductive channel pro
vides a pathway for the transmission of said electrically

charged particles.
3. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 1, further including a target to which said ?rst pulsed

ionizing beam and said second pulsed ionizing beam are
directed; said target including means for inducing to said

target said ?ow of electrically charged particles introduced
into said wall of said ?rst and/or said second conductive
channel.
4. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 2, further including a target to which said at least two

pulsed ionizing beams are directed; said target including
means for inducing to said target said ?ow of electrically
charged particles introduced into said wall of said at least one
conductive channels.
5. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 1, further including a target to which said ?rst pulsed
ionizing beam and said second pulsed ionizing beam are

directed; said target including means for receiving and/or

storing said electrically charged particles transmitted thereto
via said ?rst conductive channel and/or said second conduc
tive channel.

US 2014/0319933 A1

6. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 2, further including a target to which said at least two

pulsed ionizing beams are directed; said target including
means for receiving and/or storing said electrically charged

Oct. 30, 2014

carrying channel such that the radius of the charge within the
channel can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld
associated with the charge re-optimized during the course of

energy transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality

particles transmitted thereto via said at least two conductive
channels.
7. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 3, wherein said target further includes means for receiv

between the electromotive force of the transmitted charge and

ing and storing said electrically charged particles transmitted

centermost conductive channel; a ?rst charging rod partially
extending into said area; and at least three additional charging
rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to the outer
perimeter of said wall of each said conductive channel; said at

thereto via said ?rst conductive channel and/or said second
conductive channel.
8. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy 4,
wherein said target further includes means for receiving and

storing said electrically charged particles transmitted thereto
via said ?rst conductive channel and/or said second conduc
tive channel.
9. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of

the charged particles that constitute the channel.
12. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 2, further including an area between said wall of the

least three additional charging rods being selectively posi
tively charged or negatively charged; each of said at least
three additional charging rods having a channel wall engag

ing portion; whereby said channel wall engaging portion of
each said at least three additional charging rods is capable of

claim 1, further including a ?rst charging rodpartially extend

independent movement across the wall of a charge-carrying

ing into an area between said ?rst conductive channel and said
second conductive channel; and at least three additional

charging rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to

channel such that the radius of the charge within the channel
can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld associated
with the charge re-optimized during the course of energy

the outer perimeter of said wall of each said conductive chan

transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality between the

nel; said at least three additional charging rods being selec
tively positively charged or negatively charged; each of said at
least three additional charging rods having a channel wall

engaging portion; whereby said channel wall engaging por

electromotive force of the transmitted charge and the charged
particles that constitute the channel.
13. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 1, further including a ?rst charging rod partially extend

tion of each said at least three additional charging rods is
capable of independent movement across the wall of a charge

ing into an area between said ?rst conductive channel and said
second conductive channel; and at least three additional

carrying channel such that the radius of the charge within the

charging rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to

channel can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld
associated with the charge re-optimized during the course of

the outer perimeter of said wall of each said conductive chan

energy transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality

nel; said at least three additional charging rods being selec
tively positively charged or negatively charged; each of said at

between the electromotive force of the transmitted charge and
the charged particles that constitute the channel.

engaging portion; whereby said channel wall engaging por

10. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 2, further including an area between said wall of the

centermost conductive channel; a ?rst charging rod partially
extending into said area; and at least three additional charging
rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to the outer
perimeter of said wall of each said conductive channel; said at

least three additional charging rods having a channel wall
tion of each said at least three additional charging rods is
capable of independent movement across the wall of a charge
carrying channel such that the radius of the charge within the
channel can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld
associated with the charge re-optimized during the course of

energy transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality

least three additional charging rods being selectively posi

between the electromotive force of the transmitted charge and

tively charged or negatively charged; each of said at least
three additional charging rods having a channel wall engag

the charged particles that constitute the channel.

ing portion; whereby said channel wall engaging portion of
each said at least three additional charging rods is capable of
independent movement across the wall of a charge-carrying

channel such that the radius of the charge within the channel
can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld associated
with the charge re-optimized during the course of energy

transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality between the
electromotive force of the transmitted charge and the charged
particles that constitute the channel.
11. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 1, further including a ?rst charging rodpartially extend
ing into an area between said ?rst conductive channel and said
second conductive channel; and at least three additional

14. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 2, further including an area between said wall of the

centermost conductive channel; a ?rst charging rod partially
extending into said area; and at least three additional charging
rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to the outer
perimeter of said wall of each said conductive channel; said at

least three additional charging rods being selectively posi
tively charged or negatively charged; each of said at least
three additional charging rods having a channel wall engag

ing portion; whereby said channel wall engaging portion of
each said at least three additional charging rods is capable of
independent movement across the wall of a charge-carrying

channel such that the radius of the charge within the channel
can be manipulated and the electromagnetic ?eld associated

charging rods uniformly distributed around and adjacent to

with the charge re-optimized during the course of energy .

the outer perimeter of said wall of each said conductive chan

transmission by maintaining dynamic neutrality between the

nel; said at least three additional charging rods being selec
tively positively charged or negatively charged; each of said at
least three additional charging rods having a channel wall

engaging portion; whereby said channel wall engaging por

electromotive force of the transmitted charge and the charged
particles that constitute the channel.
15. The apparatus for wireless transmission of energy of
claim 1, further including a ?rst charging rod partially extend

tion of each said at least three additional charging rods is
capable of independent movement across the wall of a charge

ing into an area between said ?rst conductive channel and said
second conductive channel; and at least three additional